Newspaper Page Text
THE WEATHER FORECAST.
Increasing 'cloudiness to-day; rain and
warmer at night; to-morrow, rain.
Highest temperature yeiterday, 46; lowest, 36.
Detailed weather, mall and murine reports on page 13.
IT SHINES FOPv ALL
VOL. LXXXIV. NO. 100.
NEW YORK, SATURDAY,. DECEMBER 9, 1916 . Copyright, 1316, by the Sun Printing anil Publishing Attoviation,
In firratrr Now York, I Hiiew-lifre
Jersey City and Newark. I TWO t'KNTS.
ADMIRALS MXAB0R chiefs
riA ct rvDDDMriD
Bradley A. Fluke mill John It.
Kihvtmls Say Foe Could
PEOPLE BLIND TO DANGER
Fleet on Both Oceans, Strong
holds in (liiain and
Two near Admiral of the United
tales Navy, Bradley A. Flake mid John
B. Kd wards, apoke right out In meeting
about the stupid handling of our naval
defences when he American boc.cty 01 ,,,,, ,., of -,..t....i...it
vnfftnr ussrmhled vrster-' . ..... ...v.,.
ty In the Knglneerlng Societies'
Building In West Thirty-ninth street for
the third day session of the soclely'H an
The assembled engineers, realizing
that outspoken criticism of military af
fairs hy army ana navy . ';:
manifested unusual Interest when Ad-
inirsl Klske and Admiral Kdwnrds took I
fairs by army and navy officers Is rare,
the Important paper of the day, "Hie
Development of Our Fleet and Naval
Stations." The paper was written and
read by Prof. W. I Cathcart. a consult
ing naval engineer of Philadelphia
J.:;, ria.hnr. m hi. nancr had dwelt
: .... : .i. Jmm, ,. r,,reiii
Power couiu scue important Amniuu
ort i the vital necessity If the Monroe
wtr could nclie Impo
ports, the vital necevvlty
&ct Ine U to be upheld and the Panama
Canal protected-of our mastery of the
Caribbean Sea. the Importance of
fling lluam and Hawaii, tne necus oi our
navy yards anil similar subjects, nil,
pointing toward deplorable naval unpre- j
paretiness. noi oniy ms uui m .....
liter of shore stations.
A "Forceful Paper."
"I'rof. Cathcart's paper," said Admiral
Edwards when discussion of the paper
was Invited, "undoubtedly will receive
serious consideration, not oniy irora
Congress but from the Amtsjienn people.
1 know of no more aide and forceful ll 11 SVl Vailill. t'W Voi'k Coil
paper presented during the present dec- ""' ,n""1"' ' " 10,K l-ul"
de. Prof. Cathcart Is the nrst writer I f . , . ... ,,,,
uttit of the
service in nrinu oui
strongly the land end of our naval af
fairs. "South of Hnttera we haven't a crane
that will lift a gun out of the turret of,
t battleship, and It la a fact that there
Is no place along the coast south of that I
cape where a baiuesnip couiu go ioi .-
pairs If It were crippled In action.
irhl. lilmlrul Kilwnrd COI1- I
tlnued with inlic'l earnestness, "should
trongly urge ample equipment for our
nsty yards and a sufficient number of
them. Charleston, S. c. woum mane i
splendid, a wonderful base with proper
ni.inmi.nt. It Is nearest to the groat
railroad systems and a near the coal
fltlds as Norfolk. We need nnd ne.'d
badly a strong naval nase in i naricsiuo
nd one In the Oulf to protect the Pun
The condition of our shore stall .':.
.i,i i,iinlrl Ulwarils. Is tne Krea
menace to this country. He -idilO'l ,
that a base at Charleston would make I
an enemy exten u m ,
,,r:.,' , d";:n or m,;; i
S f .here be no other wav-lf It I.-.-
If there tie noouicr wn " " -
absolutely necessary." Admiral hdwi ds
eoiulude.1. "I should ntmse ine ran
out of the building of one capital snp
u our ituv.il stations."
Ilauurr at Ileallsed
Hear Admiral Flske. who was next
railed upon to discuss the paper that bin.
i.,.. i 1 k.om ii- poMinllm,iulnir
I'mf. .'athcart' effort generally.
la I. verv unfortunate." Admiral
Piske then went on. "that the Amerlciu
nonle do not think there Is nny danger
at all of attack by enemies. Our troubln
Ii Ignorance. The American people do
not rrallie their danger any more tiiar.
dce ,i baby nn n railroad track.
"Power and duty always go together.
Since you men heie assembled have the
power to accomplish Important things It
la the dutv of eiery member of this so
ciety to point out to your fellow citizens
our daniror. You must Isalnt out what
our nuntry murt do or perish." ,
Naval based sultatiie ror nosine oper.i
tlon. Prof. Cathcart pointed out early output
In hit paper, are fairly numerous along I
our roast. Ah suitable baseH he men- j
. . .... lB,,.,n,in,.ll ! ii.
Bav. Provlncetown. Mass., und n num- .
. . .. '
ber of ntliers.
"Hut these liases," he continued, "In
tl.etr present defenceless state could bo
celzed with euse If our fleet wi-te first
defeated. As to our naval station on
tliii coast, they, all lie within an air line
Jl.. ... rr.lt ...II-. un.l nnr All.'llltc
umiinii r ill ii'iv niiicn .. mm. .... .... -
awl Oulf coast lines are more than 8,000
"If an enemy should gain possession
o these 500 miles of coast our dread,
naughts would be homeless utiles tho
fiea-t could flee to the Day of Panama,
since the yards at Charleston, Pensacola
ami New Orleans are equipped for small
Thr fnrllibenn Hru.
"The Caribbean Sen for Its slie has
more strategic positions than any other
Important expanse of sea on the globe,
l'c.r the I'nlted States It mastery In
v. a r Is almost vital, since that mastery I
l l.ie bulwark of our defence of the
Monroe Dnctrlno and of the iMintma ,
rai.a' strategic dnininance on ine sen.
trm from us, -
"liuain and Hawaii. If made ocean
rortrasses, wouiai oe aiur ..i.uin
Olhraltar against aggression by an cue- 1
niv sailing from the Fur K.ist. If In .
ar we had strong fleet Imseal there
t"i enemy from Asiatic water woulil
alare to pass (luani without masking or .
rei'irlrg It and destroying or dispersing
lt. tieet. Later he would hnvi" a similar
r'uiy to win off Hawaii before the
I'i tic coast would meet the shock of,
And jet, like (iuantaiiaino and Cu-
lent i. liuain lies lieglectrd and mule-
i- lipsii, there nt the very threshold of
ll. Far Cast, an easy prey for any for
".i i nation which would alarn war with
ii- ! take And. too, the fotiltlcatlon
quliinent of Hawaii prnava'al but
Hie uaiy Is to be built up and
'. lined u It sh"Ubl be -Alii Prof,
in. we m ed pot only all thi navy
- wi' biiie now but inoir. Our
ariln. lie said, lark iiiurli In
... tt-r aif dredging of rhauuelH of
'a , n, f inodern rqulpmenl for
- Jililns anal icpulrliir.
Threaten to Defeat Representatives Who Oppose
Wilson Measure for Shorter Workday
for Railroad Trainmen.
. WAftlliNoTos', Dec. 8. The Houae
Committee on Interatnte Commerce,
which ha Jurisdiction over railroad leg
Matlon, virtually shifted to the Senate
Interstate Commerce Committee to-day
the responsibility of taking the Initiative
In acting on the recommendations, made
ly the President In his message to Con
Kress. At the name tlmo strong opposition
developed at the meeting of the Inter
state Commerce Committee of the Hen
ate to the President's proposal for a law
that would forbid n atrlko on the rail
roads ponding nn Investigation Into the
merlin of the controversy. Only by the
mine in tret l lrouirli I 'mnrm. m.v .,'
of thlM kind that has h compulsory fea
ture attached. '
Shifting their nctlvltles, the labor com
biimtlon has determined to bring pres
sure to benr on the Democratic party
leader In Congre Instead of working
on the President with the avowed pur
pose of defeating the compulsory plan to
.. .i.i.. ..... . ,.
whirl, the President sla da com ml ed"
Threat, far Congressmen.
the Democratic committee, which went
so far An to put certain members of the
railroad brotherhoods on Its payroll in
ou.ii.-n ime unio unci California.
.. 11 rj now preparing to hold over
every Congressman having
a large labor vote l i.i ,ii..,i7. ViZ
,i,-, ,i,, vr . : ......
','r.fnt ', hi" vote s not cast agalns:
c" " "UJustment
,f railroad labor disputes his head will
fortl-,"'" " ' the next election. Whether
BY 4 RAILWAYS
i ...... ............
rm'r big rnllroads. the Pennsylvania.
me .ew voiK'L'entral. the IJrle and the
.Wnbash, placed embargoes In forre es-
terday on shipments of foodstuffs from
.the West to the Atlantic coast.
With few slight exceptions the em
bargoes Include every kind of food (ex
cept perishables and live stock now In
.lrnl,) exi.elt Hc, s shipped In cold
The strictest embargoes sue on the
Krle nnd Pcnns)lvuuia roads. These In
titule live stock, shipments from connect-
lug lines and nil kinds of food except
foodstuffs which require cold storage.
The Wabash embargo applle only to
grain, while the New- Vurk Central's em-
Ibargo Is against nil foodslutT except
perishables and live stock.
. iimi.H i1H111,i wtdeli the
Hii lUi e in I Inv " V,'1'...
":...""'"" .. .. . .
Krle, Marlon. Ohio; the Wabash. Detroit, I
anil the New York Central, liuffalo.
The nuri o of the en birgoes Is tc
dc ir the traka a id f is t terminals
, V Hnl the lines It lro'.d
. Western shlpiwrs have ten sending
.. ... ..vi ,.. i.'..P.,.,u .. i.
,"v R arranged for bottoms to carry the
.,rr ..ems- il,e neean; the result has 1
,.,.,. ,llat thousand of carloads nic now
.....iii.,.. tu i,c taken away from the
raiirolu.. fntll this is done the conges-
Hon in terminal and on track and the
scarcity of freight cars will continue.
Among the foodstuff barred by these
orders are potatoes, flour, beet sugar and
canned goods. Wheat, corn, building
material and manufacturing articles arc
aliio under the ban.
U. S.'SHIP BUHDIN0 GROWS.
ThU Vrar More Than
WANlllNr.TO.v. Dec. ti, Merchant ship
i,nt In tho United State In the first
., .v. ..i .,.iu ..., ..,,
eleven llioilllin i-i linn jvai mule ,,,.,i,
doubled In tonnage the whole of last
ine oureati aii nuviga-
tlon announced to-day that 1,115 ve
t. t.i u.n tiirnpii mil. with a erns
tonnage of 521.711. All but forty-nine
.... n .
w ero HIT Ilia' inii-i iviin im.
Domestic wooden vessel numbered
93(1. with a tonnage of 12i.2i0
steel 130, with a 3B1.170 tonnage,
steel 1.111. w in ii J-.1.I.- " mk. ,
r.ke H and Westerr i river 143.
There now ate lm hng nn.l under cot.-'
iract vesseb. with ggrega o
r2a0.000 the . ge f ev reported I
,i. ,.,.ntrv' history. '
$11 ni v "
FRANCE HONORS MRS. DURYEA.
President Polncnrr (fives
Medal for Wltr Relief.
M epester II. (Nina I.) Diif)i'a,
,iaug iter-In-law or me one lien, iiiraiu
iillry,.a who wa In Dlnard, Franca., at
1 outbreak of the war, organlzeal a
!cer nrganUatlon und since then has
,evoted all her time and a great deal
f money to raring for wounded Flench
solilleis. Mrs, Harry 11, Durca Is her
PREDICT McADOO WILL STICK.
Olllrlnl Close Wll.aall Alan In
sist Houston Will llruiiiln.
W'AHIIIN-TOS'. Dec. v in sille of re-
Iterated teporls to tlm 'iintiary ollliials
close to President Wilson Inslsti'd to
night th"t Itelthel' Secielii. MrAdno
nor SccH'lary llniilnu will letlie fiom
the Cabinet at the rinse aif lite Piesl
alellf III sf term.
Mtnrney.ilenet'al (Iregory, who t-
lurrieal to-da rmin rcxa. ieriisi o
say wiiolher he was planning tu r.'.icn
In hi case, however, the general belief
among hi friends Is that he will realm.
hold s hour
the President can combat this Influence
successfully In the view nf the feeling
of many Congressmen iind some of the
Senators that they now have much more
at stake than he remains to be seen.
The action of the House committee
to-day was tnken by many as Indicating
that the Democratic l.iders of the
House In the face of the hostile declara
tion nf the- labor leaders are not anxious
to burn their lingers yet with this leg
islation. Legislation Jill)' Ile llrlrtl.
They decided the President's recom
mendations would better 1 considered
ns amendments to the bill to teorgmlxe
the Interstate Commerce Commission
now before the Senate committee. Un
less the tommlttec should reconsider Its
action the door practically will be cloced
to railroad legislation In the House un
While some of the Democrat asserted
that such a method of procedure would
hasten the President's prolamine, there
was no Indication that the House com
mittee had any such purHse In view.
There wero Intimations from the mem
ber of the House Committee on Inter
state Commerce that no action would be
tnken unless it were found to be neces
sary In the public Interest.
Senator A. II. Cummins, one or the ,
KcpuDiican memners or ine .-cwiamis
committee, after the meeting said that '
ncimbllca.1 members of the Newlands
nn hill Involving the compulsory feature
could pass either house.
Senator NewljndK Is for the bill. He
made the point that It would not com
pel any man from abstaining fiom work
In hi Individual capacity, but only
would prohibit concerted action. He In
sisted this In no way Involved Involun
tary servitude, such us tlompers and
the brotherhood have been talking about.
TO CAR SHARPS
Government Agents to Lay
B. It. Evidence Ileforc
Federal Grand Jury.
Washington, Dec. S. The railroads
have been brousht Into the cost of liv
ing investigation. iovrnnient agents
In the sweeping Inquiry now going on
have turned up evidence In connection
with the transportation phase of the
high price of food and fuel which will,
probably within the next week or two, be
laid before a Federal Oirand Jury In De
Holt. In this connection there a a dispo
sition here to attach significance In the
embargoes declariil to-day by several
Kastern railroads on shipment to East
ern teirltnry because of the concestlon
at. New York. So far as could be nscer-1
tallied, however, the-e nnbargoes have
mining io no witn ine alleged car short-
age conspiracy now under Investigation.!
,. ' . ""1 '' 'h- ' 've .
, ' ' uii appearances io manipu-
'' r", thu glle Impetus to the
rising prices of coil, who now have been
practically singled out for attack, (ioy-
fmment agent are convinced that the 1
situation, which H coiered In he!
In progress, has been hroueht about in
:!TK'' "'i""f, ' the lack of cars, and
,.,1!,t "'c ,:"'k "' ''aTH has ' "' '
"anlpulatlon, contributed to the,
1 v,, . ,h ,.?a-"i
" no me mauipul.i
iium ore ine liovcru-i
'"'"n " '"" .V'' ,lMoe-1
" "aH however, that no rrponlhle 1
"'.,u'ul. a "t"l'ccted of partlcl
aunt, in the alleged conspiracy, hut
lllor" is a conviction that certain Inter
- ""i aoie m mantiuiate Ihe
movement of cars so ns to bring about !
ruil famines at certain point.
., . I
PAKAl CUXrUKKXCE.'TU other house, on the same scale ,
VlnrkelliiK hiiiI Iturnl Credit llrle
antrs Prolrat Foaid Rnthnma,
nicAiii), nee. s. rattle .raisers.
7 " nl , ,"''T c'""" "'"I the Hoy.
eminent, plain farmer, inarketlin?
ierts to the number of SOU who have
l'" " "'"" " toui tli .National Con
!e'"QV on, Marketing nnd l ariu Credits
nere cniiipicieii me nnor to-i in v. Ren.
,lfi,. ,,, ,n,,, - .. .
'., 7"" ."y ,hcl.,!m!' "I""' ' 'a' ""e "'mpany offer
.inrt , ,. . n
the live stock and packing InduMHe by 1
the Federal Trade Commission wa I
ii. nn..', j .in.i-i niiifiii invesiigiiiion nr
Congress Is asked to have the Federal
Trade Commission Imestlcate Hie nme. '
ketlng of live stock and to study
wh(!t,er ,iOVernment or rnnnen .
11 ;Ml"k, I'ro.luctlon. .
2'" rr-...rlmeut of Agriculture Is,
"1.!" SLnl1 f'!'!"
.'." '. " """
l.lir.H,.n t1 .).wt.-..,o,. .i .,
. ,.r,.H ,.iV. V;.: ' 1 hr"""'KH'?r
A paragianh wa tlevnted In dm .. i
phatlc assertion that the farmers nm. I
test iiitiiIii.i nnv iMiiliti...... ....
mi fniidsllirrsf A nnil..! ..I... ...
tered against the Shields ami ir,
wilier jiower inns ns negiecilng t
CHILE OETS FIVE SUBMARINES.!
njnirnt by i:nulniid for
As partial aniends for having seized
two suprrilre.iilnoughlN being Imllt In
i.nsi.itni for tne Chilean naiy at Ihe
time Hie piesent war began, (licit lliit
ain ha decided to give to Chile live sub
in t lilies The undersea iess,.iM w,.e
built here for (heat llrltaln by tho
llethleliein Steel Cnrporiitloii and were
half o' i lot nf ten, Hi" ilelli cry of which
to (ill1. 1' lliitllll was lilolenteil lie Will.
lam .1 llnan when Secretary of State
on Hie n'outi'l Hilt It would be a viola-
tain of H eutr.ilily of tills eiiuiitry '
Th oioiii nines are now In Hie I
iuilesimn nisi .i.inl, They were 1
'"i It i.iiilnes. Mass , ami the engine ,
i' I 'oaau-nr (litltiKs were supplied I, v
ha. i:ie hi itout Cnmp.my '
i ne mi's I..IOU pi.ui jo: rn u iv
was -.f 'he IMnami Canal The mo
iiiiperdii'iilnuimhii "(UK for Chll which
.,. i. ,!., i.i .iu mi iiiiiaiiii air now
dulng artlve servlre with the British
JANITORS TELLlGERMANY GETSf
Uivc Wiek. Committee
ON MILKMEN'S PAYROLL
One Concern Tays $25,000
Cash and Gives Away $3,000
in Goods a Year.
Perquisites of certnln superintendents
of apartment houses nobody imed the
word "graft" piny an Important part In "S"'""' to deportation of llelgluns for
boosting household bills of the ultimate I forf,'l ,l,,or " violation of the prlncl
consumer It was -disclosed vesterdnv by "f humanity was made public to-
four of these functionaries themselves on
the witness stand before the Wicks legis
lative committee. Not only havo they
been collecting from 1 to $1.50 for every
quart customer they get among tenant
for their favored milk company, but the
baker dally furnishes them with free
bread and rolls and the Iceman with free
Ice for similar services.
It was figured out that the $1.50 pay-
mrnl ,or "w H"" customer means nil
expense to the milkman of 4 1-10 mlllsn,a"' A" Information available, how-
on every quart that he sella during an ",0 - --
entire year. In the case of $1 payments (continuing, and It Is known that through
,,. ... . , , ,, . ,,, .earlier Informal representations Charge
to a superintendent or Janitor. 3 mills j,.rew ,enniei ,hnt ', li(.rlimll ,,,
per fpiart are added to the distributing , was that the policy was a military neces
cost, which ultimately has to be charged slty and not In violation of International
up to tho customer. During the recent
milk strike Ilorden's Condensed Milk , " the failure of America's efforts.
Company Issued a statistical statement !n s Oi" "f Spain. Holland nnd
showing that Its net prollt on every the Vatican, the only action which olllclnls
ipiart of milk sold during the year end-.here apparently tiellevc this lioiernment
lug June 30, 191G. was :.C mills. can take I the full publication of the
facts In Its possession. Admittedly dlplo
Milk Men "Forced" to llrlltrr. 1 mntlc procedure has been exhausted. The
I Thomas It. Hvans of the Sheffield
j Farms-Slawson-Decker Company testl
j tied that It was a question of submitting
, to the demands of superintendent and
janitors for recompense tor services ren- .
tli.r,l nt pnlnir rtut ,.f ltiiMlnau 11a .. v I
plained th.it since the price of milk to
the farmer wa advanced his company
has reduced the payments, but has not
altogether eliminated the -giving of free
Mr. llians said that not only apart
i.tans earn inai noi onii apart- thfl VnUe.l State had made fuither rip
superintendent nnd Janitors, hut 1 r..,..,,.,i.,- .... i.o ....... ,.....i ., ,i,
cooks and butlers In private families. 1)roml Kroun(ls ,,, mnlaIll().,
employees of restaurant, and hotels The note, with the Department's sfitc
saloonkeepers and charitable Instltu- mcnl Inakl , ,t ,, 'follows:
Hons hold up the company at least once
a year for the price of admission to
dances, card parties and other functions.
In all these cases Mr. Kvans's company
furnished the milk at the places where
these people were employed. Tho sum
total paid out upon these various de
mands Mr. Kvans said, was very large.
commmec'. said the InvVstigluoM have
juuge ueorge w. ward, counsel to the
learned of one llrooklyn milk concern
which" pays ikooo a ,car to , iVoV '
and superintendent and glie away
! ,5.000 worth of milk, one quart to each. .
I'rer Milk. Hrea.l and l.-r.
I.uclus M. Kimball, superintendent of '
, .,,,-.rtM,,,t o, sir. uv.. i.i ...,. .
an apartment at 3
YJ 1 . -1 ."V .'
the last w Itness nf the day, testified that
"e neais wun Miemein r nrms,
"1 Kct 11.50 h qu.ut." he said, "from
customer In the house. They hae
made me two or three payments, each
for 125. The last payment was In No
vember." "Who brings the Ice?" asked Judge
"Corcoran tc Ward." was the reply.
I think they pay $2 a customer. They
made the last navment six wseks o
1 think It was 130. They've made two
l"'mcnt-around 50 for the two."
"' get a loaf of bread and five rolls
U,.h ,r i ' L";..
. v .....I, ,,,.- .,tnV(, III- Villi-
""ru. ic iijh-ii i any agreement i
" hat other thlt
things do you get
""' '"' ? R't from tl.e owner?" .
"I get $130 per month." said Kim. .
ball. "I have charge of two booses
i . i ' ,f "'"aii .in
tiiij i uniiiitiiiri slllll III Ifla nn lam I
,:.7;rrr:"8'nR 10 "ay ""l
"It iloem't make any difference who
the comp.inle are. They all pay. We
get annoyed a good deal by the com
Our Co in in (Iffrrrtl Hint l.-,0.
"I'll ll.lil milt fnmninln. . .
..... nn- unu hj ?uer-
iiem on a ciuari nas s. i iinn'i .(..!.,
ii.ai sV-peHn.endenV and janho s"hav '
brought on this condition," '
'Oh, there's nothing unlawful nlimia
It." said Judge Ward.
lldward SchnU. sunerlnte mlem nr ..
apartment house at 42(1 West Hnd ,.
title, s.ild that four comnanles "
has the most of em." lie said he gave
l- company a list of the tenant and ,
i,0 '' !!' " " added
1" .." ll .VOT? H!" "
imf fr... ln- 1,1 til. il -..ti.. . i
"- uu lie '
,. . " .7 '"'
.... .... ,.r
Company put In free Ice eiery ,i,.
He get $75 a mouth and free rent framJ
Moose I a Mixed One,
W Z , ,,.... ,... ,
,., ,. ' ' ' . .V ,,nB "'nnswer.
... P , "( "'UK a i
day. but they have cut It out now." i
nci unneiiiiin. sain ne wouiain t respond
" "" "I,'1T.,,,I;S, ,f. ",,r. ""'"Panic
lieeaitse Shellleld l.urmu I .... i '
i .1 it a.
,7i,i i i.i... f .i-u. ii. ".
milk business, he said, nnd had to give
free milk himself. Ha said he got out of
the buslne on account of poor health,
Jefferson D, Fuller, agent for the Shef.
Held Farms, told the committee that If
he wa abb- to get the superintendent of
a newly erected apartment house to give
,, .w, .... ,,,ir(. iii in,.
Jl for a ciislomer who Used one of, t
alallv und 50 renls for a cusioiner 1. 1., !
mm ine privilege oi ine House p,, pu (
- . .. . . - ".w...... nr more nassinnaieiv in ;prminii ii.o.. iii siou. oui a niv slim w tm in.tii.'iinii-,i ,n n..
, i nas ine nousc na a newsstand In the , without result. On October 2ai he n:n ' ,i.i, n,., .. '7.. . ' .' '" n... n,.,.i i. i .... . ii.. ... ".''."" '.
. I ne ithborhood. 1 think this nartleni.., .iira.i ... ml. n u ""'. " " ' '' I're- V'.. .'":" ' """'." ":r " " aitiiougii
house got $25. That cover- f,.r nil ttm ch ii- ..., n,i,. ,...n' ,i ..' " "' "'""reai wu.ll " ' 7 " 7'"V " r ...n ...- i rnment
ueal a pint alally. ! c'"' ciiple nf their pmtest to llrand
Mr. Fuller snial that on November 1 "v,li,l'"'1. ""' American Minister to lle.
the irli-es were cut down from $ ier,Kl"1"' MaiquU dn Vlllalnbar, the
quail to 50 cent and from An a-ent peri rtpanlsh Minister at llrussels, and to the
pint to 25 cents. ' I diplomatic ieireseiitiitlies of other
Thomas II. Uvans or the samn ,n. roiitttrle.
n: nv rxn itinei Hie n H s of i i. ,n. i
nrrapgel plan with superintendent of
npattmrnt whereby (he mllli I taken
lino ine uuiioiiik in ine rsriy morning i
Cost indent on fourth Pagi. I
Ii uniiu uuwiFiniuiiLiu
PROTEST OF U.S. GIVES UP FIGHT ,
Objections Made to Belgian De
portations on the Broad
Ground of Humanity.
BELIEF WOHK IN DANGEB
State Department Gives Out
Note With Comment "Inter
view Has Taken PIace.,,
Washington, Dec. S. The American
i ovemmeiit' formal protest to Oermntiy
, d"5' ''' ,,1P s,a, IX-partment. It was
In the form of n note cabled to Charge
Crew at Herlln with Instructions that
he seek an Interview with the Herman
Chancellor nnd read It to him, and was
given out by the Department with the
"The Interview has tyken place."
Ollliials refused to add to this state
ment, and so far n could bo learned to
night there has been no reply from tier-
ltlll...l l..t..U .t.u.. ll1.'llll
at lierlln and Is declarnl by otllclal to ,
have gone even beond the conventional
diplomatic lights In the matter. I
Pal nn Cable .November -!.
The American note wa put nn the
cable November US. the night of the day
Ambassador Oeraril saw President Wil
son preparatory to his return to Her
II n, nnd the night It wa announce 1 that
"On November "9 Mr. t.rew, our
Charge nt Uerlln, was directed to ob'ffl i
nn Interview with the Herman Chancel
lor and read to him the following:
'"The IJovernment of the United
States has learned with the grentest
concern and regret of the pollry of the
Herman Cloverntnent to deport from Hel-
Su '-" ?" ?v Population
I for the purpose of forcing them to labor
;rnl.,-. and Is .onstralned to ,o.
' . " friendly splr . but most sol-
those humane principles of International 1
','V V',,,, "1, ..' ,v I i,o ,,, itnA. , Vh, ir '
followed b clvlllred nations In their ,
""" '"'" en u iitiureii iiiiiiiii
tTeatment of non-combatants.
"Furlhei more, the linvernment of the
n ted State convinced that h ef- A mollu,Ilt ls p,.Hally suited
i ?iiV .Ii f t lf,'.'.r "'r;1', T"' '".r'i t further effort for peace. The Ten
.probability be fatal to the telglan relief , ,. ,.,. , itlmillna alll, 1P .
r.rf;,nv "I?1:! ""r" M ?C: msmlou. military s.tperlorl.y they show
cessfully carried out. a result which K rl(,.tlloUH rtiri,,.r talk by the Hn
woubl be generally deplored and which. . . , . ,.,.,,.,.. weakness ihe
It I assumed, would seriously embarrass 1 ' er s-. s k" ' "U
the Cerman Covernment.' 1'cwsp.iper sns.
"The Interview has taken place." I Uermnny Fur rr.iiu Defeai.
l onferences at WnabliiKlon.
,,.,. .i,.,i. .i.i.k ... i
J . V 1 ."'! "hJ. "::.'
i,.. i u'li.ii r9ntt " . . . . "
... I...S.U,... ....... Hnr,m ,.. ItllJ i
'ei.iriineui iimimii-u uieir wnnirnaie i
i nner M-cretary. ,
unusual proce.bjre. and to say what an
unfortunate effect the cnntliiin...e ,,f n,
.i.nn.... ,t.i i, ..'..'".
"... ' ..i .
rounTry had' 7h, .'...ereaYH of' 'bclglan
civilians very mucn at heart,
VlUr had heard his presenta.icVn ,
i nnrL'A lirtuv rTinrirt flinf in il,ni
riki. ii I r ti'i.i ,.iT,.r..ii nn ilia.
I ... t. .. . . ..
Hon nor promise. Thereuiwin a series J
of conferences followed In Washington
between President Wilson, Secretary I
...t.-i i-Aiii.ii ,i- .
Lansing, Ambassador Cerard and Coj,
l' M. House, with the result that the
formal protest wns ilespatched,
ter with tho then
----- - . ic Mi.iiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiini'k. tin irnii:imi' w iii mnui unm Aifn iiiiit in in i I v ,it tiih luitiiii'iitiiii ititu ii.. .
During that time also llelglum had I step forward, Vour bran. II ii irl nn. ,n,i the eccmomlc oiBanUitlon of the rutin-nte-ted
oilbially tn this (ioverntnent ,...nniu. n. in ' " try. Is eciitlvaleiit tn saving that there
prote-ted oilbially to this (iovernnent
and requested active Intervention on the,,,,, the, plains again gain,.,! iinper sh il le
bas's of statcm nts that more than nm,. ',,.... Thl. ,,,. ,, .. J'1
!! '.J.";!0'7i ,'V".i '""'"..''"rtrd to tler-lpr,,,,.,,,,,,,, typical soldier of our li e ge
on jsTl, ' be X Z '
many and Hut the d, ly r V.t
a.ooii i:cl.-,.,.l !acr i,', ,,n 1
midit threatened the illscontlnuanre of
American icllcf work unless the depor
tat Ion ceased,
Information in the hands nf the de.
statem.nt of the ltelga and llrl Is
Covermuent showing that whole "ec
tlon of llelglum have been systematl-
eMy 1,,rl,",e" nf Wl,rk,","
'Viirwn nV.l.r.lWV .innnirl
..v....' ...........nn . 1 1 1 iv.t
...-.. i,.nnr. .
Protest gnlnst llrpnrtntlmia,
Havrk, Dec S, b'lie hunched .ln,ins
,tie"; "" ,,",Nln-;' ""V'll.tary Covernor
I nf llelglum, agtilnst the deportation of
iiciciaus a in coiuempt of natural
,i..ni .,f n... st..n.in i . .. . . ,
ii.ssji... - . i .i tiilll 111 I
and of the
law of nations." The letter appeal fur
reversal of the decrees un l.'r wh i.
. . ..... . ""'n iin.ll
tne iiepniiaiions aie cainducteil,
man I the master nf hH person.
of hi energies anal of hi will,' the
Idler nibls. "Forced labor Is a punish
ment re"crril for great crimes."
Twenty Belgian Senators and twenty
three Itelglan Deiiiitie nniv iiiin. i.. '
llrussels have taken the nerKnti.il h.i, !
o sending a signed protest to den. von '
"I"""1"'' BIti"''t ,ho d'i"M tiitlons. The
Sen itoi s and Deputies at the same time
Among me signer or me unites! nr.,
four former Ministers Huron ile fi-
reau. Preldent of the Senate; Count
""'' auirs .niiiciqircri ooom and Jo
Conlpiiird on Second rage.
Trapped in l'rahova Valley,
Greater Part of Force
VI THDRAWA L CONT 1 N t'ES
)Iain Body of Troops From
Bucharest Line Fall Back
IjONtmN', Dec. 8. Disaster follows dis
aster for the beaten Rumanians. Mote
troojis, outmniueuvred nnd surrounded
by Von Mnckensen, havo been forced to
surrender. In the last twenty-four hour
( ltcrn hun ammulP,,() ,,, cul,me r 27,-
UOO Humanlnns anil twenty-six guns.
The main body of Itusslnn and Itu-
,,, gr(.aty ,,0,lMl.,, ,,y .a(y
losses. Is still In retreat, leaving Will
lachla to the Teutons. "In Itumnnla the
pursuit lias gained ground" Is the brief
bulletin from Ileilln to-night, while
Petrograd admits that the retirement
Fenrs that the Ittimnnlan mmy In the
Prahova Valley, north of Ploescl, would
be lost have been realized. It did not;ahouts, tne Adnilnilty mills.
retreat quickly enough when the swift
Teuton advance on Ploescl threatened to
cut the only line of retreat, the Ploescl -
.. 'r ......
Havarlans commanded by !en. von
Dellmenslngeii dashed forward and cut.
the railroad, placing tnemseues in tear
of till army. Then the Ausliian and
Hungarian, who had long opposed -the
Itunnnlans from In front, attacked and
the ltutuanlnus were caught lietwecn up-1
cr a,i nther millstones. The greater,
portion of this army, which long held tit (
bay tho Teutons attiuklng fiom the
north, was captured. There I no news
of the whereabouts of C.cn. Avercscu.
accounted Itumanla's foremost Held lien-
eral, who when last heard of was In
The coup de grace 1ms been adminis
tered t" the Hi sol a army, which was cut
off In western Itumnnla when Craiova
was taken nearly a month ago.
The fate of the Ilumanlan troop In
the Prahova Valley sector, which In-
eludes also the Altschanz or Predclus.
the Itratocea and the Tctarulul passes.
W the 'Tn'sVlvan.' Alp? smuh
of Kronstadt. mouse rears Here lor
the troops holding the Huieu valley.
only a few miles east of this group of
f VoPs ro n t ie I ons tailt
, , ,,. OVer
, Ja,, JhMW
' k ' J " '
passes. It is supposed mat ine rem
T"lH llt,rr "'llap-e of the Kuinanlan
i,,. ,....- n, Socialist newsn i.
per t'nrirnrrM of lierlln In an editorial
on the capture or llucharest to urge that
The pi?oples were lied to," continues
article, "when they were told that
""' "Lout in l,k alow,,.
'.ney were ne'i io wi eii mey were told
.n l,,,,,!,,..' u-ltllflj Hrt,
ice In order to
.,,. . ,i.f.., n,,,i ,,, .....
I..I..U mil nf n ..nrl'.l.. ilntn
V. ........... ,
"Never has peace been talked louder ,
JermanV has ae rve.1 .1 ri. ,.7"V..
i.-... . . ..7. 7 """
I 7'.. 7 ."" ' """"r "ln '""tnBe
' .' . " " "crman i.nvern-
i'rir for ilnvnrlmis.
" "J "I II17('I llil ITT.
iiiiiKes mi i ii. in rn nn hi.
tory telegrum sent bv the Kaiser l, tl L
King nf llavarl.i Won liie fill ,,f
"The beaten IMmanl.in army has
ah.indonaal its fortlll.il capital. win,
icin.ru nni.iMii,., .... i,. ....
1'aa.l'ccti a source of Inspiration to us
Tim "lirti vi iirinPit' upa 1.1.. i -
Prince Henry of Itavarla. uepheiv of the
The llrrllu lti'iort,
Cerinan headquarter makes the fn.
lowing ofYMal leport to-night on the
Front of Archduke Joseph After
u" '"iuif i
the failure of the gieat relieving nffen.
tlmC.irpilhl.inH Ihe Hiisslaus
hale on v
hale only mulct taken local attacks.
esta'i'alay they sevct.il tlma'S aliole
against our line on the I .ml ova and
In Ihe i'rntus Valley. They were sail
Front of Field Marshal von Mcken.
sen - Our adiiincn against and across
thai lluiiiarest-l'lnesii Hun pmceeded
so rapidly that the Itiimanl.li.H lo.'atrii
in Ihe frontier mountains, in tn,. (,..
dial and Allschauz passes, hail no
i banco to nircat In time. On their re
tlii'ineut they encouiitcreil Oertnan ami
Ailstio-lluiigatiati Hoops, and being
ptesscd f oui the north, the gteiiter
poitlun of them altcaaly haie been
made pi Isniiers.
Itetwceu the lunuiitaln and Iho
Danube the pursuit I jiroceiallug. The
Ninth Army yaslcralay took mom than
10, una prisoner."
Army Pureed to A Irlil.
On the Alt the Ituin.uilan force cut
off In western Itum.inlu met their un-
( ail, miii Siilie, with
Auslro-lliingarian and Herman Hoops
, I undi'C his rniiunaud, on December
fniifd them to stiiiender ivn bat- I
taliotis, one squadron and six tiat
lilies, numbering KnOii men with
twenly.slx caiiiion, laid down their
The ISllSrian stati'liient Io day lends
Itumaulan front' In that iMluz Val-
.,,.,,,. .,, l, ,,.,. i,i., i.,..i.
'ii VlaiUiiiln ftdlnw nig ll .iup.i-
tlon of lliiiiiarel, Hie Itiiiiinnlnn and
our HooM continued to irtlre
In the Daibrudja and on the Danube
calm hue prevailed.
TLJXM OF GREECE
Two German I'-lioats Iteportcd!
in Bay of Fundy; City
Puts Out Lights.
llANCoit, Me., Dec. S. Prlvnte me
sage received here to-night say the city
of St, John, N, II., I In darkness, the
military authoiltlc having ordend all
lights out becatiso of the piesencc In the
Hay nf Fundy. directly off the harbor
mouth, of nt least one and probably two (
Cerman submarines. i
News of the stibsen boats' presence
wns brought tn St. John by fishermen
to St. John by fishermen,
ed that at 3 o'clock till
1 Cape Spencer, they saw n
out P-'O feet long with two
masts rise from the se.i, and after her
oftlcers had surve.iel the shore and the1
tlfhlng fleet with their glnsse (.uddculy
A Utile later In the afternoon an
Allan l.lue steamship nriivid from (Has
gow reported sighting nnuther L'-bojt.
The new ha thrown the city Into n
state of excitement In fear of bombard
ment. DISGUISED SHIP SIGHTED
Vessel Snlil o llr nil Armril lirr
inn ii Mercliiiiitmnn.
Iismio.v, Doc. S, The Admiralty an
nounced to-night that a report had been
j rccep,i that a illgtilsei armed liernian
lesse of mcrciiiit Me tp, was sighted
i In tho North Atlantic on December 4.
N fuither Information has been re -
! relied concerning tin- vessel where-
' . ',',.!'x;i. ' ZVL'l
ntlitr u'liu unl ne.l liv HrltlMlt tmi'-.t r.n.
.. ms to.nigin t ,, t10 ntkriu ,
, fur a sttangu vessel, believed to be a'
raider, which wa Intercepted on lie
I eember "J, off the notthwesteiu coast of'
Scotland, anil ailoweit to proceed tindei
tho Imiuesslon that she was
: steamer (iumma.
Later It was learned that the (lamina
was lit Kirkwall on Hint date and i J
no( pav(, ()lt1 ,,,.,,.,. x
FRANCE TO REMOLD
HARTNRT AND ARMY
VilDlllLJl tXLMf fill 111 1
4,.w If f i0IS Will lit' Called to
"lligh Command," Snys
PAnis, Dec s.. special meeting of
' the French Cabinet was held this morn-
MK . tll(1 Ey!,fl. yuUm.
,vi ine con-
: ? ' he fo.lowlng
"mn mm muni,
"After examining tbc mllltaiy and
dlplomatlo situation the Cabinet con- I
sldered measures Just'.lle I by the lote
7C Vh uX'r f DemU e "
' t Here U e nJ. , b l" Int'.
,, ?m t!
".' ,'',"";' m "'
crest as to
eriltneiit s del -
leimng the Inch, r comiii.ind of the
aitn and the general diicctbin nf tin
The iicwspaptrs point out that the
geticials who began the war In supreme
iimm.ind haie been superceded, pointing
to the (ir.md Duke Nicholas nf ltula.
Vim Mnltki. and Von I'alkcnhnMi ami
Sir John French.
The public sesloti follouml the se let
niie'itig of the I'h.imber. Paul 1 'esiii.uu I.
' pteslilelll nf the Chamber, lead twenty
landers of the day, wlnretipou Piemlrr
I iri.ari.i. speaking
from Ills seal. mi.
nnunca'd that the n.ixernmi-nt would ai
aept the fan
in rniirlli mi ah., tua I.I..I. ..ii...t
oigaulratlou of the high l onimand
an. I a'xptessid cotiflalence in the (loiern-
I ha' first two paragraph of the icso.
lull, in il....h,itr ..III. II... I.I..1 ......h.i
....,, ... ,l,,j
'"'d war i nun. il, were acc. pleal w Itliout
tlirlitnig ...nks. l.'nglan.l ,, e , e i. .Iv
i.. i....... . i i.. :ji . .... . ... . .... ..'
, " . '. '"'
' 7 ''''""' "'"' '"""m, ,
Tho" tlte Vion, a ma.
Jnrity of 11.
1 "The tlrst paingrapli aif the retaliation
I adopted by the chamber, which deals i
with the high cntmuanil. means that the
"'"rganliatlnii will ailed Its personnel
"lll'rs M ailed Io
t lit- cointnainl," aseiis the '((((
' ",!.'., ''"' . , . ,.
. 1,10 "mni1 paragraph, dealing with
me general conduct or t ha war and w It i
1,0 ,l !,n" "r w',r ''""" " anabigotis
to what Prime Minister l.lod Oeotge '
-t.Jl.i t,.l. and that an ceo-
lionile council .ilsn will be created
ill" third paiiuiaph Heats of
"I'j";'"""""111 "f sierlilce among the.
.lines, anil ine mean in oinaiii irom
the llies a illmimitlon nf tha cfloliH
dematiileil of 1'ianee b dividing the
bunleii more equitably."
Tin' I'rtlt ,oiiriiii. In the same vein,
"Tiie two piitiiip.il points of the ten.
lutliui iiilnpled aie Ihe ienrgaiil.ation of
the high rntnmand and the leiluctlmi nf
Ihe number aif men III the (iinertiinent
who hair a harge aif the general conduct
of tin- war Mot finer. Io change mid te-
nrgauUe the h gli command will be only
follow lug the evaiupli' of Ihe other conn-1
Hli-s louieineil in the war1'
The 7 mips lefer to the liuwielilly
chiiunicr aif a Caiiinet of nmre than
, twenty ma inbeis.
On Satttiilay the I'li'inh Chamber nf
1 Deputies by a vole nr .14 1 to i",n passed
jn it'soliitiou avpra'.-siug onlldciu'c in
Hie (iciiriumrut In its a'ouduct if the
GEN. WOOD PREDICTS WAR.
sol r ime, Prt-paretlne., to Ile
llenal for I onfllrl.
"Wat i ' a aiming as slur as Hnd Is In
Iiimviii and Hie sun shines In the ski,"
ala'iiaied Majoi ( liui l.i'ainaul Wood last
night Hi an nilduss at a dinner of Hit
I New Yank Aluiniu Assniiallou of Ihe
Wailii'slcr PnlMeilltUi' luslllllln III Hie
gland ballli'om of the Hotel .MrAlpin
, i t-r miking Ibis pieilliilon Major
(leu. Wood appealed for nicnstiies of
n iqi.il riHii ss.
"(inr our Ameilcan bn.is a spoiling
' a liana a'," he said "Don't let lliem be
food for pun iter, ll we piep,ui uin.
sclirs against nut' possible liueign u- i
lasloii iind get out nf this stale of im-
.iri.n., r... Iiimsh u , In. , v n.n.,1 ,,.,...l (,.
'' ; i i i . si-i
e... . tne lints '
st hulls iiuprcpntcil, and their s not a
War Olllce in Humps) Hint does not Know
TO BE DEPOSED.
Allies Ifi'mly to Dethrone
Monarch and l'lnee Veni
zclos in Power.
-t i.'oo i rivij utfvrn rrr
M ftfcnAlTJto hhM TO
V KJi VV HWVTi
Plan for Joint .At lack on
SarraiTs Army Js
SKBS S 1JK0UN"
Heavy Reeiiforeeinents on
1 II...,,,,.:,. v i n i i
-'MMIilMJr T 10111 I l('l UUC
to New Campaign.
Sptriat Cnl.lt Dttpntch to The Srr,
London, Dec. R. Within a week
Kln -'ni"tiiiitlne of Clreccc will bo an
i exile, depose!) frum hi tlirnne by th
I Allies, und M. Vonlelos Mill In
' ' "
"'iige in me ureclc (.nveniincnt. Th
(lieek army alo win be illsnrmed.
This Is the expectation here.
King Constantino ha brought his
, ime upon niinself bv pcisistcntly In-
tri"1"'" wl" ,ho Kuls,r ,,,l,p re-
pcated uarnlngH from tho Alllc. h
iPKtilnily semis mid receives nies.igea
from tin- Kaiser through neutral illnlo-
I "'"tic iliannel. Somo of these Illcs-
s.igi's have been lntereiited and are
now in the hand of tho Allies.
The Kaiser has urged King Constantino
to declare war upon the Allies nnd Join
the Central Power In a great campaign
tu sweep tho Alllc from tho llalknna
nccoidlng to n Home wireless desniitch
which say the Oreeks wero to attnek
; "-'-"- In the rear, while ,h.
M-rinillis Arr lleenroreeil.
Heavy reeiiforceinent.s aif (ferman
traiaips aic alra'.uly ariiiimr on the whole
.iionanir rront In southern Serbia, ac
aordlng to Salonlci dispatches Probably
thee.' aio forra's raiaasa'd fraim Jttunanla
by I tie big Teutonic lctor
' With all the i-vMcuce ill h.i" l. iho fate
of King Constantino, already dec nlcl upon
1 by the Allies, but delayed In the hope
that It could be ava rta-il, now- Inevita
ble, according to information available
It Is an open sivict that fie KIiik's
refusal taa comply with the last denvindi
aif tin- Miles was aimed nt pmiokitig a
iciolutiiiu n tliacai and competing the
Inndlng of nlllaal troop. Evidence of
the King' Inti'iitlon in tins parti nt.ir t
said to be in the bands aif the Allies, and
!t 1 nola-il that most aif tl.e troops em.
ployed fan- the aiccupntam aif Athens ate
WueJ.tckets landed from the allied fleet,
"" ,ll!,t t,el1, s.irrall s army ha not been
HfllJlllsl Trillin., Vl.,..l
Meantime tin. ,.,,,v.i....m. ..e ,,...i.
troops continue to excite alarm.
on Wednesday the Greek (toy.
explained that these moveineniH
. L: "!':,"rm' "ll'ln.nats de-
'".imn jesieiuay an cxpiauaunu of the
According to n despatch from Paris.
ii'iiiian new sour, eh report that King
Cons', iiitlne's health is again a-.inslng
anxiety. The old wound In the Klng'i
side continue to suppurate, the di spatch
says, and has i,, i. kept open, The King
Is s-ald tn be la-ry weak.
The blockade of (ired-o bv the Allies
began olllclall at o clm k till morning,
a .ordlng in an Athens despatch Thai
members of the Hrltlsh naval mission
have bean aualereil tai embark on tho
aiieek ttansatlaiitic liner King Cnn.stan
tine. In.clays otllclal new Indicates that
perhaps the gieat Teuton offenslie upon
S.un.ir front In Macslonla. w.th which
the lire, ks worn to cooperate by striking
hi icr, ha been undertaken nlieady.
Herbs lleimlse AHm-Us,
.vgii.it nnd iicatn tne lleini m. ..,.t
lliilgar attacked unlently the Serbs In
( their newly captured posiiinu cast of
the Cerna. The Serbian iitllciai state-
j inent sn.i s the i lerinan had been heavily
j reen forced, but t ln-y weia- hurled had;.
r There wa serious lighting yesterday
at all tho point am the Macedonian
liont that are held by Snrlihti troops,
i the Serbian stati'inanit nalils The Scrhi
made a vigorous resNtaine, i) tn,
Inip nf 1'iench nrllller, and the Teuton
, lo-es weir hrav.i.
The Fretult ht.iteincnt s.ns that dttr.
I lug Wednesday nluht 1 cany Thitrs.
day morning Ihe Herman and Iliilgnri
' attacl;a-d the Serlilans Miree timai witli
great vioirnee. All tho ,iit ,1;, VVPr,
sharply repulsed by the siet c n state,
ment snjs. ( in Thursalay t iro w-i very
bad weather, whbh In'a rfa . i d th mil.
Accoidlng to the licrtr.a'i siniement
to-day tho Serbs attaikeil ! st night
near Trnoi.i, bu' (nrmaii .,, Huj.
; gnrian troop! irpu.seii tne .in.i, s, xhn
i Hrltlsh also came to tlu ntt . K mrilu
'h" ..r.,.,n,'.'!'. " ' ,f "
....... ..,.... ...... , ... nii'ii n.ir ..
Iho tierin.tn sns
Fort'Utn Serrentry lilies'
Mnnd l llnseil nn Tri'iilirs,
l.oNPO.v, Dec "i. -The fii.nv,tu state.
Ilient "P Hie (il'riii slliiatiun wlnih ll
atilhotied by Viscount a I'melgq
Secictaiy. has been handed i.i uln jH,
"It sninetlmes has been "-I it niq by
our raienues but by clitics m m ulial
rountiles who nro not ton , iimii,m.,i
tn'.vnrd ii", tint i"ir i..es,..,,-,. ,,,
,1m. m mil ilin.ie n nm ... . .1 1.1 ..
f I Olll
lirosence of Ihe (lei num., in Helghun.
Hy till It I not incini In suugri that
our livop- IimVii ever Uca gutltj of tbtj