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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, February 08, 1917, Image 1

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' THE WEATHER FORECAST.
Cloudy to-day, probably rain or snow;
to-'morrow fair and mutVh colder.
Highest temperature yesterday, 37; lowest, ig.
Detailed weather, mail and marina reports on past 12.
'XT SHINES FOPv ALL .
VOL. LXXXIV. NO. 161.
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1917. Copyright, 1917.' bU the Sun Printing and PubUMng Association.
"iMP PTrMT 'n Greater New Yr. j Elsewhere
JiXlU X 3mtr City and Newark. IHII CENTS.
CALIFORNIA, ONE U S. CITIZEN ABOARD, SUNK UNWARNED;
SUBMARINES SEND THIRTEEN MORE SHIPS TO BOTTOM;
AMERICAN SHIPS MA Y ARM ON OWN RESPONSIBILITY
UNABLETOHALT
DESTRUCTION ON
GERMANS' SHIPS
U. S. Only Has Police Power
to Prevent Damage to
Ports and Neighbors.
WASHINGTON KNOWS
OF CRAFTS' CRIPPLING
Unwilling to Seize Vessels,
Self-detained, Because
of Complications.
tVAGHiNaTON, Feb. 7. Information
kis been received In Washington consenting-
The Sun's report of the dis
abling of the German vessels In New
Tork harbor. Officially the existence of
these reports Ik not admitted by the
federal authorities because of the pos
sible effect they might have in precipi
tating hostilities. Whether they know
the extent to which the ships have been
damaged or not 11 was Impossible to
ascertain to-day. Officials hero cog
nizant of them are silent, but they aro
showing the greatest concern.
The Navy Department has also re
ceived reports on the same subject. One
of thoso reports, it was learned to-day,
was to the effect that on the ships In
New York the valve labels hail all beeo
removed. This would make It Impossi
ble for any one unfamiliar with tho ma
chinery and Its connections to prevent
the sinking of suoh vessels ir.co 'lie
ralvex wore open. There are many such
valves on these ships and it would re
quire longtime study to solve the system
without the labels.
Tho Secretary of War also reported
to the Prrderrt-to--tfay that parts of tho
machinery In German shlpsMn the liar-,
bors of tho PhlllDnlnes and at Colon,
Panama, had been removed. Ther.! acre
Indications that preparations had been
made to'slnk these vessels.
Tho Information In possession of the 1
Federal authorities (drawing that tier-
man merchant ships self-detained In '
ports under Jurisdiction of the United J
States, both at home and abroad, have .
been disabled In pursuance of what Is '
believed to be a general conspiracy has
added another critical phase to the com-
plcx International situation. i
r. S Una Not Seised Ship.
At the White House and tho War De- I
that the United States has not seised f
I.1IC VJC1 1 1 lit II BillJ'3 V lliHUKW .-
mem. They and tneir creAs nato ,
been put under guard anu protection io
prevent anything being done wh en
would obstruct navigation. Tho Admin- I
titration Is taking the greatest pains to ,
te that no right of any foreign owner
is violated. j
In every official quarter scrupulous I
coro Is being taken to make It clear that '
the United States will avoid doing any- t
thing in connection with tho German
merchant ships that might be taken by
the German Government as a. pretext for '
a declaration of war such as was made f
In tho caso of Portugal.
The startling situation has aroused
the Administration to the necessity of
more adequate laws giving port officials 1
authority to inspect merchant ships mat
hve sought asylum In American ports
snd to keeD the crews' under aurveil- ter of Ferelgn Affairs telegraphed to- it Is his understanding that the e.xecu
lanre. surveu to numanla Nation in Pnrls tlve Administration of the Government
The piedlcament In which tho Govern-
mnt nnd. Itself has bee,, brought to
the atten Ion of leaders of Congress and
It Is probable that legl.-latlon will be
rurhed io enable the Federal authorities '
to take charge of the esols, not only
Woold negolat- Statu, of Ship.. ! 5"' 0 BuVslaP It Has not" thin, been thinks that the passage of this resolution
During the day a bill whirl, might ! sVto Km t" be sent o Slbtrla. wl I uphold Id. hand In emergency."
clear up some of the uncertainties re- "The German the President
mrdlng the status of warbound vessels I so llttlo upon the pretext Invoked tnai .. . f b , .. rcnllcd Senator
In American .ports was favorably re- before announcing Its decision to trans- thinks wheels w Upllcdenatnr
ported by the House Judiciary Commit- port Rumanians to Germany 11 rrojotta , whatever from the Presl
tee. It would retulate the conduct of , to the Rumanian Government the cx rdent the subject"
Vfssels m United States ports aivl waters 1
and empower the President to put guards
en them or take possession of them and
remove their officers and crew In event
of war or threatened war. It prohibits
fte of any croft, foreign or domestic, ns
a resort for conspirators against the
United States under penalty of for
feitura of the vessel and a maximum
penalty ot 510.000 fine, two years Im
prisonment or both for Its officers If they
knowingly permit such use.
That the situutlon was anticipated Is
Indicated by the fact that the sjrles of
so-called spy bills prepared by the De
partment of Justice last summer In
cluded one measure designed specif
ically to prevent tampering with ships
In American harbors.
Secretary liaker In a statement com
municated lo the President said
Id to-day i
and else-1
Is, and at
In the harbors of Manila
"here in tho Philippine Island
' olon. Panama, the German merchant
"""'
vn certain
loveil nnd
""-vin iiim-uvercu 10 navn certain
parts of their maclrtnery removed and
In S'jmo Instances evidences of prepara-
1. '"r. Vlc "lnkl" of lh" vessels had
been nude.
"Solely for the purpose of protecting
Uic several harbors nnd other shlrplng
"rl propci ty therein, steps have been
'ilien to prevent damage, but none of
'ne miiiis has been seized by tho Govern
ment of tho United States and In all
a"H the commarHlers nnd crews have
I'een Informed that the Government has
rrudo j,o seizures, claimed no right to
he vessels and does not deny the right
ft llw commander and crew to dismantle
the eiseU If they see fit, as long as the
Continued on Fourth Page.
SHARP ADVANCE IN
GERMAN EXCHANGE
Puzzling Rite in Marks
Causes Report of Transfers
of Balances to Berlin.
A sharp, rise In exchango on Germany
yesterday afternoon was accompanied by
a report that Germany was withdrawing
her balances , In American banks end
transferring them to Berlin In expecta
tion that tho severance of diplomatic re
lations would result in war, Marks rose
from a low In the morning of 7 to 70 Ji
at the close, the latter flguro represent
ing the highest point reached by German
exchange In several weeks.
The report met with Instant denial In
all of the banking houses with German
connection, but It was admitted that
thcro was an unusually large demand for
marks. German balnnces In this country
aro said to be considerably larter than
those of American banks In Berlin.
According to the story In tho financial
district Germany has been liquidating
American railroad stocks on nn exton.
stve scale in the last week, and li Is the
opinion of many foreign exchange bank
ers that tho proceeds from the sale of
these securities nre being transferred to
Germany. Ilcports are also current that
Germany has been shipping largo
amounts of gold from this market to
South America.
NEWS OF GERARD IS
STILL INDEFINITE
Ambassador at Madrid Reports
Hint at Berne P.pport He
Told Egan of Plight.
Washington-, Keb. 7. Ambassador
Wlllard at Madrid reported to the State
Department to-day that he had received
a despatch from Ambassador Gerard
sent from Ucrne, Switzerland. Although
no word came from Ambassador Gerard
himself or from American Minister
Stovnll at Berne, the State Department
Interpreted Mr. Wlllard's despateh as In
dicating that Mr. Gerard had left Ber
lin and had reached the Swiss capital.
The State Department had sent to Am
.bassador Wlllard a despatch to bo for
which would be ot value only, lrcjeeLi
warded to Ambassador Gerard in Berlin
sf- r-ii.l .till w.m In tliA i.rmnn
capital. Ambassador Wlllard replied he
i t MnHi... ., 4..mfitM tmm Mr. Gerard
Rt Berne, and wished Instructions as to,
whether he should forward the Depart-!
ment's despatch to him there. !
, report from Copenhagen titld that
Minister Kgnn had received a rtespaten
from Mr. Gerard, saying ho and his staff
nnd American residents wero detained
n Berlin by order of tho German Gov-
eminent,
From Kuropean sources outsldo of
Germany the Government has learned
that the German uovornmenr, aciuany
dld consider Mr. Gerard practically as
a hostage until It received ndvlce from
W?hl"?i" ?i!l"n5 ."V'XTr
7k (Tuesd ay). Feb. C
via Lon-
Forelgn Office thus
fr h aa received run definite Jnformatlon
Jn rcgar(, to the formcr German Ambas-
gador at Washington. Count von Items-
torfp wjlcj, probably must arrive beforo
detalls 0f Ambassador Gerard's Me-
parture can be decried.
Mr. Gerard has not yet received his
psssports and does not know definitely
when he will depart, although he has
decided upon the route via Switzerland,
Tne pamsn jimoassy m-uuy mus
charge of American affairs, according to
the Overseas News Agency.
GERMANS DEPORT RUMANIANS.
Ablr Bodied Men From
Ill to 07
Arc Ilelngr Transported
' Paris. Feb. 7. The Rumanian Jlin
" " "Zany Ku
nStr om VgTo 67 years of
"'" ", , V, ,,' wreneh Ttnsslnns
f.al.ttMtaS!i
.taUj.n.s VaJ.?lLu?"?S2K. 1
! ir C... I...- .i.ii.r.ri rsrmn nh.
chango or tiermans inierncu i .lu......-.
fnr nunixnlans In Belgium.
"The Rumanian Government can do
nothing but protest against this new at
tack upon Its lights oy appealing to the
universal conscience, which at the proper
time will old Rumania in exacting all
the compensations uuo her,"
MR. WILSON'S AFTERNOON.
.Km Iletnlled Uy Associated Press
bulletins From Washington
1 .on n M President Wilson left the
Whlto House this afternoon and walked
.1.. u.. w,r nn.i Vnvv tti 1 1 1 ! In if for
conferences there.
. .
1. r Th President went to
I 8tcr.tary Lansing's office, but found tho
secretary was attending a meeting-,
"he Pan-American Union. He then
Wl,ikm back to the Whlto House.
walked back to tne wnuc
1
I n Hri.. -nt
3:43 P. M. After returning to the
1 white Ho'us'o'the Preside
j room ti,e Capitol foirci
ent went to his
nnfercnees with
Administration lenders,
.
3 :33 P. M. Debate on tho Stone reso.
lutlon was In prres when 'ho Presi
dent reached the Capitol tud on learn
ing thul lie left tho. building Immediately
and returned lo tho White House with
out seeing imy one.
.... , . ,,. . .
P, S. President Alison went golfing
with Mrs. Wilson early this morning,
xiir; iinsnnnninii nnur niupnur
Oprlois, West Vs. Idsal tlm for the cure.
Only one nlslit from New York. Aie,
SENATE STANDS
BY PRESIDENT
Rupture With Germany Up
held, 70 to 5, After Six
Hour Debate.
TWO DEMOCRATS VOTE NO
Senator Kirby Snys Wilson
Hns Almost Mndc Congress
Declare War.
Washington, Feb. 7. The resolution
offered by Senator Stone of Missouri, In
dorsing tho President's action In severing
diplomatic! relations with Germany was
passed by tho Senate to-day, seventy
eight Senators voting "Yes" and five
"No." The five who voted "No" were
Gronna, La Follette and Works Repub
licans, and Klrby and Vardaman Dem
ocrats. The vote came at the end of six hours
of debate. Almost the entire day's ses
sion of tho Senate was taken up with
the German situation.. So tired wero Sen
ator at the end of tho consideration of
the matter that they promptly and over
whelmingly voted djwn a motion for a
night tension. Thus another nttompt to
get up tho consideration of the Grayson
nomination failed.
Tho Issue was raised by Senator
Works, who opened the sesnlon by a set
i speech severely condemning me Presi
dent for his action In severing diplomatic
relations. Following Senator Work's
speech, the resolution of Senator Stroie
was taken up anil the Missouri Senator
made a long speech supporting the au
thority of trio President In taking the
action.
Senator Stone did not have very much
to say In approval of the President's ac
tion. It has been known that the chair
man of the Foreign Relations Committee
was not particularly enamored of the
Presidents German policy. it was
whispered around the Senate that. .Mr.,
lullon by a grqup of Administration Sen
ators, and that the act was not taken on
"is ow" initiative.
,
Indernood's Inquiries
in the course of the debate Senator i
Underwood, who voted for tllo resolu-
tlou but characterized It as "111 advised
and 111 timed," nsked Senator Stone point
blank If the President had indicated a
desire for such Indorsement from this
Senate. This colloquy was one of the
m0st Interesting features of the debate.
"i assume," said senator unuerwooa.
"and If I am not correct the chairman of
the Foreign Relations Committee can
?"cS',"V,h't ?'". J?,S.,!.ti
consultation with and approval of the
President.
Senator Stone rose nr.d with great de-
liberation replied :
"Tho resolution was Introduced wlth-
out a word of consultation with the
President, and since Its Introduction I
have not seen or talked with the Prosl-
ilent, not since the day he delivered his
address before the Joint session."
-old this resolution come merely with
the desire of the Senator himself for an
expression of the opinion, or does the
senator understand mat it is miroaucea )
Wth a desire to support the attitude of j
the President?" asked Senator Under
wood, '
Senator Stone Indicated that he had ,
not understood the question nnd Senator
Underwood again askl:
"I ask the Senator whether he has
talked with the President or talked with
somebody else In authority as to whether
- -
stonr IIIU't Connlt Wilson,
" "aM 1 no 011"l",l"0', wjwver
with the President and I have had no
'consultation whatever with any execu-
Went or tne unuea states in ms opinion
Senator undenvood
then explained
that If ho thought the President "desired
In this emergency action by the Senate
to sustain the course he has pursued In
this matter, for one I would give It un
hesitatingly and ungrudgingly." But the
Senator said that without such assur
ance he would havo to regard it as "111
advised and very HI timed." Jlr. Under-
wood said he would vote for the resolu
tion, but he clearly Indicated his dissent
from the President's latest move, a dis
sent that he has been expressing prl-
vately.
"There Is no greater glory that crowns
the President's administration." said
' Senator Underwood, "than tho fact that
! he has been able to keep his people out
of war."
Ho said there were two courses open
. to the President the one he had pursued
of, severing diplomatic relations; the
other to "wait upon a direct ylolition ot
our neutrality by nn affirmative act.'
Clnnllt. Mi'nntnp lTruleewnn.1 anlrl 'l
ii'l aVi uhn f nnst tnr I'nla few
- " ; - ';'
"'-'"""" " " ,,. ,, ,,' '
UB i"'"". iiiniiuiioun
on my uctlon ns a Senator and my right
to express freely wltn my own Judgment
what should be dono In the Interest of
my own people and the people of the
country In tho ovent that war or threat
ened war comes knocking at our door."
Senator Underwood took the view that
i action by the Senate voting down the
I resolution might ha "misinterpreted In
1 foreign lands" and because of tho fear
of BUCh misinterpretation he said he
i wuld vote for It.
I Senator Lodge made a stirring speech
Continued on Second rope.
U. S. CONVOY OF
SUIPSREFUSED
Lansing Makes It Plain
American Vessels May
Arm for Defence.
TWO MO. LINERS HELD
Sailings of St. Louis and St.
Paul Postponed Again
Pending Decision.
The, State Department has notified of-1
flclnls of the American I.lno and all
American ship owners that marchant
vessels nying the stars and stripes may
ami to fight oft submarines.
President I'. A. S. Franklin of the
International Mercantile Marine, which
controls the American Line, Is expected
to announce to-day his decision whether
the steamship St. Louis and other ships
of the line shall mount guns.
Meanwhile, and until the officials of
the American Line decide whether It Is
their duty to provide their own guns and
gunners In the absence of protection by
United States warships, the St. Louis
and St. Paul, now In this port, will not
sail. An announcement was made by
President Franklin last night that the
sailings of these ships lias beefi in.
definitely vostponcd.
The notification of their right to arm
came, to the line at f P. M. yesterday In
the form of a telegram from Secretary
of State Lansing. Tho telegram avoided
mention of the Government's refusal to
provide navy convoys, but the line of
ficials were aware, after telephone com
munication, that warship protection had
been refused.
Lansing's Telegram.
Secretary Lansing's telegram was aa
follows :
"Tho Government cannot give advice
to private persons as to whether or not
their merchant vessels should sail on
voyages to Kuropean ports by which they
thMi bo compelled to paw Uimigh
waters delimited In the declaration
Issued by the German Government on
January 31. 1917.
"It, however, asserts that the rights
of American vessels to traverse all parts
of the high seas are the name now as
thev warn nrlor to the issuance of the
German declaration, and that u neutral
merchant vessel may, u s owner i - -
llevo It Is liable to be unlawfully a-,
SSSK XT5LFa
The line Is determined to send out the '
steamship St. Ixniis. although the mies-
tlon of nrmlns her may delay her depar-
ture for several days. There are various
reasons for their belief that the ship ;
should sail, German submarines or no. i
In the first place, the line is unuer con-
fract with the Post Ofllco Department to
'. " " m. v.mrdnv
rlZ. Me. ir. i..rnnn.. bnnklncs
was sent out. Originally 1 lr pe rsons
were booked for the ""n. ut
mnnj'iWentt?w fihV 1 JJst
rope, decided they might st;
pone sailing. The Mty-to 1 o rcmal
Insist that they have real business nnu
won't take back their ticket money.
and the Vmerlcan J 'Ine o lh Pent
Sals 'ltrlngget1 Grnm.'n'TS
l?"'"'
that all appeals nnd arguments wero
fMilluss until lrmA vnciArnal' tv li An Inn
.. . . 1 1 1 j
as mucn rigni uion me seua hi uir,
were pleased to exercise It) ns they ever
had, and that they could arm If their
owners felt like arming them. To say
the messsge was disappointing to the
American ship owners is putting the
matter lightly. They were more than
disappointed. They wero chagrined. ino
official said it amounted to shifting tho
responsibility
Ityndam Turns Back.
President Franklin and Ills associates
conferred until a lato hour last night
over the arming question without reach
ing a decision. The question will bo
taken up again this morning, and the
matter may then bo threshed out
,.;:J,"","." "J:.... r.'t.. .u..'
the steanVshlD Ryndam which sailed
JanuaS from ih port Sr Falmou h
iin rintterdam has turned back fien.
i?.di vT; nSnrn r tZl iin,I
America Line announced last night that
h Imrf rerelved rahlB-ram frnn, the
hXm.7me, nnvln the nvndn.n hnrt hn
ne
near lo her destination. The surmlsi
was expressed that Holland may be on
the point of severing relations with Ger-'
many, otherwise It was not .conceivable
why an order so remarkable ns that ap-'
plying to the Kyndam should be made, i
The American Line's decision to re-
fllGA H.nr 1.nftlr I n nra wa m nnnnnfl It, I.a '
following statemeht:
carry United States mall. In the scconu n- ihkiiuhs i kuu.i uiuusu iu i. -,
ulaco. there are tlfty-two first cabin pas- mlt to me th SIM of January, lit which ,
sengers nlono who demand the fullllment nn in ucrman i.overnmem. rr fi
of the contract the line made with them ''""''" f lntentl-n to Interrupt as from
... -.t illf wlln ni tiff fill wift TiMiFTl tr titiiiiit '
ordered by wireless to put bsck to New C10TO compieieiy i" ""i si.-ii
York, preiumsbly because of the danger substllutlnK tor the IndlsputaBle right j On ly one neutral rl.lp was sunk, the
from submarines Surprise was ex- f capture In certain cases a pretended Peruvian bark I.ortnn. of 1.119 tons, nnd
pressed by steamship men that the liner, right of destruction In all cases Is outside according to a British official announce
7 ..Li ' vZll '".":L...n. i..i nHnrtnie. of International nr.. ment. the Gcrm.iii suhmarlno that sank
piiuuiu iuiii iptr mm uijpi unuiiiuic ra .
"We have directed al of our out of ,, , " ' ,7 n Minl.t.r n ii-A n ,e
town agents and correspondents to book V ,' ,n n Tffli , ,,,1S'
no more passengers for our vessels until or'll"sJ"n""' ,, .
we hove un opportunity to consider the'., Awirdlng authoritative Informs -
Balling dates made necessary by Ilia t on the Braillian note protests against
present situation
"Wo are Informing our agents that
the White star steamships are sailing
reguiariy anu are currying pusseugcrs
tho American Line office here that the
American liner New Tork, whloh left
Liverpool on Saturday, was all right on
Monday nlfht, when Capt, Roberts' sent
Continued on Tslrd Page.
und that tney uie artorded protection bv situation which coum not ue permiitea. was suna uy n suiimarrno, tue Aumirnuy Second Clnss Mrs. A. Smith Calgary
the Hrltlili Government when In water's The note protests, by anticipation, i announces. The captain mid fourteen Alberta: Mrs. J. Kldd, Calgarv' Alberta
adjacent to Great Britain," nunlnst any hostllo art from which a others of tho crew hnve been landed, l .Miss lMna Smith, 4 ears. Calgary -
A cable despatch from London Btated Hrarillan merchant ship may suffer by Two of tlio crew of the British steam- bertn: J. W. Aldersnn. Vancouver it c
that bookings for the steamships Phlla- virtue of the blockade and holds Ger- flflp wartenreis, ioortcd sunk yester- jrH. j. Aldcrson Vancouver II f
delphla and Finland have already boerrrtnuny responsible for such acts, day, were killed, Lloyd's ulso announces. (Master W. ('. Aldersnn Vancouver li c'
accepted. Tho Philadelphia Is wlied- Dr. Lauro Miiller, f'oi-elgu Minister, A. Gilchrist. New York tl'tv Mr 'a Vmi"
uieu to sail iroi i wveipooi mi tvuTu- will conrer again with tne representu. ".-"- ., chrlsl. New York city: Miss Roso Mortln
nrv 10 and the Finland on February 15. u.-... nf the other Hmiti. imi..n ....,r.l mu. .i... ... ,,... ,.,..,... , : -.'.' '.. :. r"r"."
xi. v.u . i I iiciv ui uiu juiiioii sLeunisii p uuo i-iiuns, i ,; Alex man 1, uetro t.
both for New ork. li wus stated at . trleu. It Is ilndorstood that Chile nnrf i,i,i.f n....t tv.ni ne.. ,h. oi.i.. ....... m...i. . ,.. a :..
Anchor Liner California, Photographed at
Copyright by Underwood A ITnderwood.
SPAIN OFFERS
FIRM PROTEST
Declares She Regards German
Blockade Decree as a
Lawless Act.
Mapbid, via Paris, Feb. 7. The
Spanish ' Government's reply to Oer
many's submarine war tone note Is ji
firm and (dignified protest.
It declares that Germany's decision to I
close completely certain sea routes is j
outside the legal principles of Interna
tional law. It adds that If Germany
hopes to have Spain's help to avoid more
ioss or lite it must tie unuersioon mai
Spain, while ready at the proper time
VtV'1' ,n BU,,portt of u1
establishment of peace, cannot accept
the legality of exceptional methods of
war. j
Spain s answer was given to the Gcr- ,
man Ambassador yesterday.
The text of the reply follows : (
jmjesiy n uuicninicm a in
tentlvely examined the note which your
Mrther notice and by no matter what
arm unl re"t llrltaln. France. Italy
- yua the nolo caused at
impression on the Spanish
vernment. The attitude of strict
neutrality which Spain adopted from
be,,,,, ad ,,' mlltilned with
i
loyalty and unshakcablo tlrinnem given
of llcr ujccf engaged In sea trade
"'o-.- no, be .placed I;uch grave perU
t'rTal.ZMMlUl
diminished by such an increase In
. .....
the extent of the xoncs In whlcn tlis
lH.n.ri.1 1 ln nrtitn.Kit Iduliita tlmt In
' o rd e r to attain Its ends It must use. all
weanonH und supivress all llmltatioiiH
whon t i,a8 hitherto Imposed upon Its
methods of naval warfare
"ICven before tho Imperial Government
had set aside these restrictions his
Majesty's Government 'had protested,
holding them insufficient to comply with
the prescriptions of International mari
time law,
"Hut the methods of war announced
by Germany are being carried to such
an unexpected and unprecedented ex
treme that the tipanlsh Government,
.....v. - -
consWerlnfl: Its r ghts and tlio renure -
ments of Its neutrality, must with etlll
more reason protest calmly but tirmly
to the Imperial Government and must
make ot the tamo time tlio nocessury
reserves. Imposed by the legitimate pre J
''" Ineluctable resjionslblllly ,
' wh ch the Imperial Government nrumfs, 1
prlncUtlly In view of tho loss ot life
attitude may cause.
"His Majesty's Government bases its
protest on the fact that the decision to
BRAZIL SENDS REPLY.
la
Protest Against Illegal War-
fare, II lo Janeiro Hears,
Rto Jankiiio, Feb. 7. The Brazilian
I reply to the German declaration of uiv
" vioiuuun ui iiiiciimuuii.u mw in-
l'ed in the submirlno blockade and
imis oui uui nutn u. t muiu n
v,o ..-v v .a
Argentina will refuse to adhere to the
terms of the Brazilian note, Argentina
Is said to hold that the breach of rela
tions between the United States and
Continued n IViird Page.
jHjjjlf---.,. , 'If' NH
Losses of Shipping
Since February 1
Losses to shipping of the Al
lies and of neutrals since Feb
ruary l, .when the German un
restricted submarine warfare
took effect, have been as fol
lows. Ships reported sunk yes
terday 13
Total tonnage reported
sunk yesterday 25,699
Total tonnage previously
reported sunk. 86,344
Total tonnage sunk since
February ex.-. 112.043
Ships sunk since February 1 :
American x
Other neutrals 20
British 32
Other belligerents 5
Total ships sunk 58
-I
THIRTEEN MORE
VESSELS SUNK
oiinngc, of 23,011!) Sent
to Hot torn Four Killed,
Seventeen Missing.
I-o.vdon, Feb. 7.-r-(lermau siibiii.u ines
took smaller toll of allied and neutral
ships to-lay than yesterday. Reports
from all sources show that fewer vessels
of ronslderab,y lower total tonnage wero
m ,0-"ay ""." Jay- I-oui-
sailors have been killed and seventeen
are missing.
i0iit to-day is thirteen, as compared to
fourteen reported yesterday. Of these.
however, only eight nre steamships. Ot
the imiali.lng ilvo one Is a sailing s,el, 1 ,, entitle him to the privileges or im
two are trawlers and two llshlng boats. iminitlcs of citizenship.
Tho total tonnage reported lost to-day Iteeauxo of tho unusual complication
is 2S.6M. whirl, Is 16.1 SS tons less than ' ?""!U,m 1 7"' V.'!""'?"' ,,0W,"
yesterday's loss of 11.8S7 tons. This ' " .'.'i'1?'"1 ' I10""'0" " -Pk
otnl for tn.dvv rinki .ts .h,,h .1, wU,V authority would venture an off
tr,.-i.r, m.,.i filht.. v...-.ru ,.n.i .....
trawlers and 'fishing boats and one shlpi
wnose tonnage is unknown.
i inns iar iieriuaii euuinariiies or nines,
'k ni, .iMp.h i ho,m ... I
Thus far German submarines or mines
' r a,iled and neutral shipping as recorded
ln maritime records, although allowing
I tn .mail mti nn i,nr-i.tri .i.m.
... ,,, rhn.iv u n c..." r"!
more.
m0re- ,)np Xclrll, ,hIp
,, , ,
Klven nf the thirteen ships reporlc.l
! juiw n7?:'r"-
.causing a loss to 't.reat Uillaln of JJ.ftSs
. tons exciuwvu oi mo trawlers and fish
her violated International law by doing
ro in Spanish territorial waters. The
official statement gives the following
account of the sinking:
"Tho Peruvian sailing vessel l.orton,
on a paosnge from Ciillao. Peru, was
sunk by an enemy suhmarlno Monday
Ins do' Spanish territorial waters.
"It lu Jiitpr.stlTit- In twit, tlx., .... l.n
. .Li i i
' ' r . " neuiiui(
.f mcH P""11 Oerman wire-1
less press message was boasting of the. ,
, consideration shown by Germany to the
Interests of neutrals."
Tnu oilier snip sunK was nu Italian
steamer, the Fcrrucclo, of :,1:' tons.
two oi me crew or me iirmsn steamer
it,n.uiruuiuii " ' "mcu nucn ijiv nii
torpedoed by u submarine the cantaln
and chief engineer were made prisoners
by the Germans, who left the othcrmem
bers of the ship's company In open
ConKnufd on Second Page.
...... 1 Int. Iwiatn
Her New York Pier.
SHIP TORPEDOED
AT CLOSE RANGE::
I Two I'lidorwater -Missiles
1 Fired at Distance of
1 .
:t00 Yards.
Wasiunuton, Feb. 7. Torpedoed
without warning the steamship Califor
nia of the Anchor Line was sunk to-day
I off tile Irlh coast. When slip left New
York on January i"J for Glasgow she
lirj thlrty-uno passengers, several of
tht'iii children, jind a crew of IOC, In
cluding olllcers.
CoiimiI Frost at tjueenstown reported
' as follows:
"Anchor lmer California has been
urn,, Hound Glasgow, presumably from!
New York. Two hundred persons on 1
board. Ono death, thirty hospital cases,
Survivors teach here to-night."
Later a i-ccond despatch wsb received
from Consul Fiost.
dipt. John L. Henderson In command
Is quoted by tho Consul ns asserting
1 that the submarine did not hail or give
,',', ,0F
take tu the boats before shu
rom a distance of 3U0 yards
she shot two tnrti. .I.iom nt tlm llnAr
I The passenger:! and crew were able to 1 unarmed, while nil leports aie that the,
I make their csi.ipe before the California California came within the armed mer
Sunk. Tho survivors leached Oueen--' chaiitman classlflcatlon, which l!erman .
tow n late to-iilRht. j even U'fore her latest dei-rce. contended
Arrnrdliig tu the captain John A. I.ee I "hve her the status of a warship, there-
of .MoiitKomer), Ala., the only American ' forn Riving the Gctmatu the right to
011 liuiird wits sined. ! "Ink such a ship without warning This
With the exception of l.ee nil tlio crew contention the American Government had
are believed to be Uritons. Several or refused to accept before diplomatic rela
tho women were on their way to Hiir-' tlops were severed.
' land to engiKo in the Red Cross senile. I The "ew's of 'he sinking of the Call
l.eg.il nuthoritlM heie were inclined to I f"rn(41 followod a day ehaiacterlzed by
the opinion to-night that Mrs. Alexandi r 1 determined efforts on the part of presi
Cutlilll, mm of the California's pa ' ,,,,nt Wilson to keep tho situation from
seiiKtr.i. whose husband had tnken out lKriwIng wonse. The fact that Germany
tlist iMtuiiill.iiiun pjpers, could not be
eiasseu as an Aiueri an citizen. It was
explained that under the naturalization
tho granting of first papers merely
V . . , "I'Pncaiu n.is signinefl an
'w'"' opinion regariHng It
When the vessel left New York she
cairied a 3.3 calibre gun mounted aft.
' . -:
! rom till: meagre reports s,o far received
"!u? "PI'ot tunlty to use this
w,VrC ",?r , ululcrr'! a"'-"'4"''
, "' Callfoini.i was built In Glasgow
In 1907. She was the slowest of the twin
Screws of the Anchor Line. She meas.
lured S . 3.12 tons cross was 470 feet long
with a beam of 5s. 3 feet and 31 feet
1 depth of hoUl. Her cargo consisted of
empty shells and foodstuffs.
LIST OF PASSENGERS.
One or Thrill, Mrs. Aldersnn, Is
Known ns American,
The California had one passenger in
the saloon, 1! In the second cabin, U In
the steerage nnd a crew of 136, Including
officers. Sho was laden to capacity. She
was commanded by Capt. John I. Hen-
' ,ierson. Dr. William F. Alger was ship's
surgeon. I). Hethcrlngton, purser, and
... . .... . '
"cnury, cniei siewaru.
.Nearly nil her crew were shipped In
Glasgow nnd tl.cloeal ofllco believes that
they are all Britons. A fow of the old
,rew deserted hero und their, places wero
Oiled by other Britons.
Appended is the California's
tliowlug residence oHmssengers i
list,
i Saloon J. L. Broughtou, Shanghai,
i;niua
t'onlliiKtrt on Second Page,
nttRAT HEAR SriUNO WATER.
10c. the case of six glsss stoppsrsd bottUs.
Aiv.
Sinking of Liner ccalla
Sussex Case, Which
Causell Protest.
GERMAN CONTENTION
UNACCEPTABLE TO U. S.
American Stand Is That
Vessels Have Eight to
Be Armed.
STATUS OP TEUTON
SHIPS UNCHANG1I
Will Get Same Protection,
as Beforo Break With
Berlin.
Washington-, Feb. 7. The lewtruc
tlon of tho British liner California
with nt least one American on board
by a German submarine In the war
zone, with loss of life nnd under cir
cumstances which ,ln a mcasuro vividly
brought back recollections of the Lusl
tonla disaster, has kIvcii a more serious
turn to tho situation.
"At this rato they will soon make
out their case," was tho comment at
tho State Department when the now
cached here to-night.
Counsellor Polk telephoned the Whlt
House. The President, after devoting
tho day to scrupulous efforts to avoid
any semblance of bringing the crisis
nearer to Its fusion point, had left his
study when ho got tho news. - Ho wus
shocked nnd asked at once for details,
which were nW forthcoming. Ho di
rected that any subsequent Information
bo given to him without delay.
The question arose at once ns to how
many American lives had been placed
In Jeopardy. On this point there was
confusion and nt first no definite news.
The steamship line announced early In
tho evening that there were no Ameri
cans ahoaid, although tho pae.-nger
list showed that many of the passenKcrs
gave American cities as their addresses.
A number hailed from New York. Tho
list showed many women and children.
It was later learned that nt least ono
passenger had the right to the protection
" ,ne American nag. Having taken out
a cUUen'or the I nltei States. 7n
the confusion attendine the Klnklnz It
may bo several days before the full facts
are learned.
Cane I.lUc Tlint r SusKex.
With at leayt one Ameilran among the
crew of tho California, as ti ported lato
to-night by Consul Frost, the case ap
pears to parallel that of the Sunset,
which occasioned the President's note to
ermany upon which our pre3ent stand
t IS o:ij.e1. lie KllrruAV u'n u limr.iv.i.
was.
1 "nviously cairIng out her subma-
"no campaign witn reieiiiirssncss was
I admittedly an onilnom lgn. Tw enty-ono
ships In twenty-four hours was the toll
1 "i w.r 1 ami sikiii 1111 snowe.1 that
thn s. bmarlnes wero striking rlirht and
left Indiscriminately. Neutral ships ss
well as belligerent were fulling prey to
tho torpedoes.
ICarller In the day the St.ite Depart
ment heard officially that the American
steamer WeMwego had been fired at hv
a U-boat and forced to give up oil. This
was, however, regardcsl its a minor inci
dent In tho rapidly progressing series of
attacks which aie characterizing the sub
marine campaign.
Hope Is Hbhlnic Fast.
These attacks have all but removed the
last vestige of hope in tho situation.
Llttlo doubt was felt to-nltht that Ger
many Intended to proceed ruthlessly with
her submarine campaign nnd l prepared
to take all conscquonces. Astonishment
Is not concealed hero ot the volume and
unprecedented scope of her latest sub
marine activities, and this is ti tie of the
Entente diplomats as well us of the
President and his advisers.
Even while these reports wero coming
In President Wilson was still trying In
every way to avoid giving Germany any
grounds for aggressive, action. This was
Indicated ln two specltlc ways.
The President drained to ndvlso own
ers of ships Hying tho American Has
whether or not they should ventuic
within the war zone. He reasserted their
right to enter tho zone and suggested
that they take measures to cope with any
unlawful attacks on their own responsi
bility. But ho steered clear of placing
this Government In tho position of mak
ing any warlike move for their protec
tion on the ground that this would bo a
violation of the Government's neutrality
which the President Is striving to main
tain Intact up t the eiy limit
A statement was authorized that this
Government would accord Interned Ger
man ships the same rights that they
have enjoyed -prior lo tho scvciancs of
diplomatic relations.
In instances where It was found neces
sary for the authorities to tnko action
careful explanation w.is given that the
, I selzuro of theto ship, w as merely In tho
line or pouco regulations snu not nn in
dication that tho ships would bo con
fiscated by the Government.
Action by tho authorities had been
rendered necessary by tho wliolesuU
damaging of German ships in this coun
try, Panama and tho Far Kast. The ef
fort to destroy tlio German ships at;

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