Newspaper Page Text
Fair to-day and to-morrow; gentle west
' to northwest winds. 0
Highest temperature yesterday, 67 ; lowest, SS-
Detailed weather report! on lam page.
IT SHINES FQPv ALL
VOL. LXXXV. NO. 288.
PRICE TWO CENTS."
NEW YORK, SATURDAY, JUNE 15, 1918. Co,,'jrohl, 1918, bv the Sun PrinUo and t'ublhhing AuoclaHon.
ALLIED RESISTANCE PUTS END TO DRIVE FOR COMPIEGNE;
ENEMY, BADL Y PUNISHED, PREPARES FOR BLOW IN NOR TH;
U.S. A VIA TORS DROP MORE BOMBS BEHIND GERMAN LINES
- - , . . . ,
MAN WHO FLED
Federal Prosecutor ("rentes
Sensation by Giving Full
Details to Jury.
BROTHER PUT IX .NET
Arrest of Arthur Lyons Had
Boon Kept Secret by
The Government's hand In the case
against John J. O'Leary, lawyer, waa
laid on the' table yesterday by Karl B.
Barnes, Assistant United States Attor
ney. In his opening before Judge Hand
and jury in the United States District
Court. It was not an opening: In the
ordinary sense; It was llteraity jr reve
lation. The amazing; chain of evidence which
J-ss come Into possession of the Gov
ernment in a no less amazing manner
as recited casually, almost as a mat
ter of course, but the effect was any
thing but casual. In three-quarters of
an hour Mr. Barnes traced John J.
CVLeary's brother, Jeremiah A. O'Leary,
from New York to St. Louis, and from
SL Louis to the Mexican border. But
that was the least of the performance.
From the Mexican border, where Jere
miah O'Leary fled in panic fear of capi
tal punishment. Sir. Barnes turned back
m New York and revealed for the first
time that the Government has in custody
a man. heretofore unmcntloned. who fled
with Jeremiah O'Leary on the morning
of May 7. Though Mr. Barnes did not
say so in so many words, there is not
the slightest doubt that this man.
Arthur U Lyons of H92 East Sixty- I
r!nfi street, Brookljn, has turned
Kaeir O'fceB-jy'n KTcry Move.
In mo other way could the Govern
ment have gathered the matter pre
sented to the Jury; yesterday afternoon
in a wealth of minute and Intimate de
tail scarcely. If ever, equalled In the
wildest detective fiction. The Govern
ment knew, for Instance, the day and
tour on which Jeremiah O'Leary -went
cur on wnicn jeremian u i.cary i
to confession and the priest to whom
he confessed : It knew the barber wno
?haved him on the day he Jumped his
bill of $25,000, and the oculist who
f.tted him with glasses.
But, even more vital to the case In
hand, It knew to the smallest detail
Just what transpired between brother
and brother In the fevered hours beforo
the hurried flight and stated unequivo
cally that It would prove the tickets for
the flight were purchased by John
O'Leary, the defendant now on trial.
If this fact only is established it will
clinch the 'case against John O'Leary,
who technically Is charged with con
plracy to obstruct Justice. Specifically
he is charged with aiding his brother
'o efeape. At the time of the escape
Jeremiah O'Leary was under Indictment
for violation of the espionage act, and
on conviction might-have been sentenced
to twenty years Imprisonment and n
nne of J10.000.
to FagjltlTr Feared GIIow.
The Government ays it will show,
however, that he fled In fear of the
suhfequont Indictment which substanti
ally charges treason, so that It was
not fear of punishment for matter pub
lished In Bui! that prompted the Irish
agitator to Jump his ball and flee to
Mexico, but fear that his associations
with Mme. de Vlctorica, Ca1 Rodlger
and other German agents would bring
him to the scaffold and the hangman's
In his opening Mr. Barnes stated
'hat Jeremiah O'Leary and Arthur L.
I.sons, a Brooklyn politician and asso
ciate of the O'Learvs, fled together on
tickets purchased by John O'Leary; that
a ktter written by Lyons in Phcenlx.
Ariz., to his wife in Hrooklyn, care of
Mr Lyons's brother, Morris O'Brien,
nad hern Intercepted by secret hcrvlce
agents and finally the ace high trump
in an Infinite variety of minor trumpi
that Lions himself has been In custody
since June 10,
The Arreirt of !"
Mr Barnes began with ait unlmprea
ive i,ketch of the Jeremiah O'Leary In
dictment, which grew out of publications
the lf; the subsequent delays in bring
ing the cace to trial, the discovery that
.I'lemlah had fled the Jurisdiction of
in court with the assistance, It was
believed, of John O'Leary, -and finally
'Piling his mine the return and arrest
Till revelation keemcd to surprise the
defendant and hW wife, who sat at the
'able with him. It must have fallen
mill rtuniilng effect on Thomas P.
I-elder, O'lary's chief counsel, for Col,
Kclder, as Mr, Barnes was at pains to
point out, had been kept in Ignorance
hy his client and associate counsel, Will
The effect of the picture painted by
Mr, Barnes wus to show that Jeremiah
" Lcary, while posing an mi Invalid too
weak to appear In courk because of an
eneiatlon for appendicitis, wa actually
(inferring with Daly and others and
a laying Ins plans to escape.
These plans Included the giving of u
power of attorney . to John O'Leary,
"litch empoweied John to wind up Jcre
miahM law practice ami traniact 111
b fine's. The Indictment, until Lyons
showed up, was based on the acceptance
Couliiiiied on fourth I'uge.
CAPTURED GUNS TURNED
ON ENEMY BY U. S. MEN
Americans Use 1,000,000 Rounds of Ammunition
Taken in Fight Engineers Drop Picks to
Add to Bag of Prisoners.
By KAYMIJMH U, I'tRHOLI..
Special Cable Detpateh to Tnr Si.
Copyright, all right! rennet.
With tub Amif.icak Armt in Francs;,
June H. Early yesterday morning the
Germans made two vicious attacks upon
the Americans near Bouresshes (north
west of Chateau Thierry). The enemy
was driven back and 1,000,000 rounds
of German ammunition and two score
of German machine guns ere cap
tured. Immediately our men adapted
themselves to the situation and turned
the German machine guns upon the ene
my, using the captured ammunition for
Even the engineers of one unit par
ticipated In the fight. After' suffering
the heaviest barrage so far developed by
the Germans upon this section of line, j
they put aside their picks and shovels I
CRITICS HERE :
Nationalists Resent Changed i
Attitude Due to Country's
Stand on War.
PUT BLAME ON BRITISH
"Freeman's Journal" Says Ic- i
liberate Policy of Misrepre- 1
sentation Is Followed. ,
Special Vablt Detpatck to Th Sex from ,f
Copyright, lilt; all rightt rmrvti.
DuauK, June II. There Is Increasing
concern among thoughtful Nationalists
over America's altersd attitude toward
Ireland. Comments of American news.
papers upon Ireland's apathy toward thi
tsar have Men reproduced by some of
... , fi ,h m,mtrv fullv
the lrlh. p-?e' "1 !?JL .. "i
a.H,... ..... . i
of the I-onl Mayor of Dublin to Matt
The alarm and anser of the National-(
1st party over American criuc.sm o ; .re- (
land ere manifested yesterday In Its
official organ, the "'-
which does , not den the recent change
In the temper of the United States, but nJl 'J.r
lnents the explanation that this Is the manded by ihe Ro!.heMkI.
result of a deliberate policy of misrepre- plphoB ,,,,
sentation by the British Government. It-'
suggests that Ireland will do bttter In Major Pichon Is Mrlvlng for Interven
the war If President Wilson will insist ' tlon In Siberia as a military necessity
on what It cans me remoransauon ui
the Allies' war alms. The article con
cludes as follows :
"After all Is said and done, Ireland
was In the war while America was hesi
tating. It Is not seemly of the press that
encouraged that hesitation to taunt In
land now, whose sons have fought from
Mons to St. Quentin and from Galllpoll
to Bagdad, with Indifference and absten
tion from the f?ght. The Americans will
not have a right to level that taunt un
til they have made a proportionate con
tribution to the war. That time will
come not when they have 700,000 In
France, but when they have 6,000,000
Americans should recognize, however,
that the Nationalist press Is getting
more and more out of touch with edu
cated Nationalist opinion In Ireland.
ROYAL HE IE MAY VISIT U. S.
Prlnjcc of Walra I red to Go to
Special Cable DetpalcS to Tn Sl
Ixjndon, June It. In line with the
suggestion that the I'rlnce of Wales may
visit the United States, a despatch from
Melbourne -ays thero is a general de
mand there that the Prince also should
visit Australia after the war as a
tribute to the aid the commonweallM
has rendered In the war.
This would enable, blm to obtain first
hand knowledge of' the far distant
possessions over which he Is destined
to rule. It Is understood that Premier
Hughes will ask for this royal visit and
for the Inclusion of Gen, Blrdwood In
the royal party.
Razors to Troop Accompany
"Clean Faced" Injunction.
Special Detpalch to Thk Sin.
Washington, June It. A bearJIess
American army will fight democracy's
battles In France.
On the theory that a fellow fights bet
ter when his lace Is devoid of a three
days growth of beard, Gen. Pershing has
supplied every soldier In the American
expeditionary forces with a raior. The
Implied Injunction Is a once over every
It was announced to-aay ny me war
Department that the equipment of
American soldiers with razors" "la In line
with Gen, Pershing's desire to have a
clean faced force as an element of
Along with the raior which Is of the
safety make Gen. Pershing has aup-J
piled a tooin nrusn, como, oruxn, mim?
nnd iriwels. It la assumed that Ameri
can soldiers with favorite mustaches will
be permitted to carry them Into the front
and charged. They alone captured nine
machine guns and sixty prisoners.
Sentiment runs high among our sol
diers. During the advance of a certain
regiment west of Chateau Thierry one
of the soldiers spent three nights anil
two days In the open, with a reserve
ration only. To quench his thlyt he
drank dew out of the red popples ilch
adorn the French landscape.
, Earlier, when his regiment went for-
ward. Us members had plucked the crim
son flowers and put them In their hel
mets. Now thev call this unit "the Red
Already of this regiment these have
received the Croix de Guerre: Col. W.
C. Neville Warrington of Ylrglnla,
Lleut.-Col. I,ogan Feland of Phlladel-
phla. Major Julius H. Turrlll of New
York. Lieut. Rouert llluke and eighteen
JAPAN TO ACT
French Officers in Tokio to
Press for Intervention
IMPORTANT COUNCIL HELD
Nippon Divided on Russian
Policy, but Army Is Reins
, Ky Me Attociated Prut.
Tkio, June 7 (delayed). An Impor
tant council attended by Trlnce Fuehlml
field Marshals Vamagata and Terau
chl (the Premier). T.leut.-Ger.. Oshlma.
nt Minister of War, and others was
heM n (ne a(neraI stafr omce to.day.
A Jo,nt conferfnc of tn, Fcl(i Mar.
...... .,, v,. .iir.i. i,. ,,,.
" June 10.
Trie Kntente Governments or Kutope
are brlngln(t lncrea(,init inuence to
,0 (iu0P jn,n , intervene In tluffla.
An.o h omc(., whf)
to conult with
G(nera) guff M J)chon who
was head of the French nllltarmlsslon
wun tne sams energy mat ne oi.poseu
Rumania's entrance Into the war as an
ill advised step. Major Pichon formerly
was military attache at Bucharest.
Apparently Japan is divided on the
question of intervention, but the aimy
is undergoing severe training. Rejl
menu) frequently are heard tramping
through the streets of Toklo at night on
their return from long marches and
The partisan" of Intervention are find
ing support from A. I, KonovalofT, for.
merly Minister of Trade and Industry In
the Russian provisional Government, and
especially from Jules Destree, who was
appointed Belgian Minister to Petrograd
in August, 1917. M. Uestree, who Is a
Socialist, arrived in Japan after seeking
vainly to return to Kurope across Fin
land. He suffered great hardships in hi?
Journey and for seventy-five days lived
In a railroad car.
Fears Railroad's llestmrtlon.
"It is urgently imperative for the.
defence of the Interests of the Kntente
that there shall he a liberation of the
Russian people from Germanic domina
tion.' M. Deslree said.
"The Trans-Siberian Railroad is the
only remaining communication with the
outside world, and this could be de
stroyed at any time by the German prls-
oners. 01 wnoni mere are iu.vuu unuer
arms in Siberia,
"I saw armed Germans at every sta
tion, ostensibly allies of the Holshevlkl.
The destruction of the Trans-Siberian
Railroad would mean the complete aban-
t I, ,i..a n . V. n T . ..
donment of Russia to the Teutons,'
Iv)NOO.v, June 14. A despatch to the
Times from Toklo quotes the military
correspondent of the Toklo newspaper
Atahi as saying that the business con
sidered by the Council at the General
.Staff Office June 7 was the abolition of
the brigade system for the army, the
adoption of a corps system similar to
tho German, and the Increaso of the
army to twenty-five corps of two dlvl
alons each, with each division containing
Alterations also are contemplated in
the navy, the correspondent adds.
MEATLESS WEEKS IN BAVAEIA.
Hrrlona fltaortnae 'of Fond la An
nounced by Home Hrrrrtarjr.
I.OSPON, June II, !t wIH-be neces
sary to Introduce meatless weeks in Ha
varla owing to a serious shortage of
food, the Home Secretary has announced,
according to a Copenhagen despatch to
the'Kxchange Telegraph Company,
A report from Augsburg says stocks
of cattle are much depleted and there Is
a, lack of other important provisions
Seventy-nine Bombs Arc
Dropped, on Kail road
A I It INVASION IS BEC.tX'AW.lES HOLD VALIANTLY
Report Shows Americans Have
Bested Trained Aces of
Rll tht Atiociateil Prtn.
With thz Amcrican Armt in, Franck,
June H. A second excursion of Ameri
can bomlilnj planes wa made late this
afternoon behind tile German lines. All
returned cafely notwithstanding anti-aircraft
fire nd after repulsing the attacks
of two German nil planes. I"le Ameil
can machines launche 1 seventy-nine
bombs neighing two kilo .ich on the
railway station and adjoining b'llldlngs
The .first American bombing squadion
to opcrite behind the front successfully
raided the IVimmary-Haroiicourt Rail
way nt. a point northnest of Hrley l.itf
WedneMay. drnpplr.g many bomli. It
Is believed that several direct hits weie
made by the five planes participating.
A large number of German AlbatioM
machines attacked the bombers after
they had performed their mission nnd
were returning home. Three of the
Albatrossei attempte.1 to cut off two of
Ihe Ametican bomber but themselves
were attacked by other American planes.
The fight continued until the machines
reachel the battle line, when the Ger
All the American aviators returned
afely. though they had been heavily
shelled by anti-aircraft batteries.
80 BOMBS DROPPED
IN FIRST AIR RAID
American Defeat German
Planes After Expedition.
)er,rt tte.patc't M THr Si.
Washington, June It. Brief but
thrllllnc details of tin American bomb
ing cxped'tlon over Griman f-oll, men
tioned Incidentally in the Pershing state
ment of last night, are given In a sup-
piementarj statement Issued to-night by
the War Iiepartment. Five American
planes participated In the attack, and all
returned safely to the American lines
after attack by Germain pursuit planes.
Eighty bombs were dropped upon Ger
man soil, and Gen. Pershing icports
damage undoubtedly was done The
bo:nb' were diopped about the station
of Pommary-Baroncourt, northwest of
Metz. Metz is one of the world's strong
est fortresses and is a debarkation point
for fresh German troops.
The Pershing statement Includes to
night mention of sevetal acts of heroism
of American soldiers in addition to Its
recital of the first bombing expedition
made b our troops over German por
The safe leturn of the American filers,
after pursuit by thiee German planes.
Indicates that at last America lia be
gun its Invasion of the air nnd its
aviators have In their initial encounter
bested the trained aviators of the
Kaiser. Tile statement docs not reveal
the names of the avlatois participating
In the aerial raid upon the central de
barkation point for German troops
Gen. Pershing's report on the bomb
ing expedition reads.
Bombing expedition repotted com
munique June 13 was exeiuted by
five of our planes. KlKhtx bombs
were dropped, One was observed to
strike a warehouse at the station
Poor visibility prevented effect of
others being ascertained, but our
avlatois believe that all dtoppod in
area where they ate likely to have
produced useful effects. Our planes
were attacked by three German pur
suit machines, but all teturned safel.
j A M ERIC AN Si DOWN
THREE ENEMY FLIERS
V. S. Planes Defeat German
Circus of 12 Machines.
Py the Attociated riem.
With thk American Armv i.v Ftanck,
June IS (delayed), Two German air-
plinrs were destroyed anil another ap
parently was driven down out of control
by American aviators on the Toul front
Three American fighting airplanes at
tacked a German patrol machine at a
height of 2.000 metres. The Germ.in fled
towftrd St. Mlhlel with the Americans In
puisult and then to behind the German
lines at Thlaucourt, where the enemy
machine was brought down.
The other Germans were accounted
for in a fight among a German Alba
tross circus of twelve machines and
three American fighting airplanes, which
went to the aid of two photographing
airplanes under attack by the Germans.
The battle took place at n height of
5,000 metres over Nmroy, north of Pont-a-Mouton,
One German machine was
shot down In flames, while the other Is
believed to have been crippled.
One of t.ic American machines Is miss
ing. It wis seen to go down In a nose
dive during the tight, but it Is believed
the aviator landed safely and waa made
prlHoner by IheTJermans. All the oilier
Ameiican machines escaped unscathed.
BY THE FOREST
Small Prospect That the
Germans Will Approach
Narer to Paris.
Though Still Outnumbered
They Have Made Hermans
Pay a Terrific Price.
By GF.IItl.n CA VIPpF.I.I..
Special Cable ttenpatch to Tnr St s from the
Copyright, l?'?; all ri'jtitf rettried
Fnr..cii Armt Headquvrters in the
Fiei.o. June 1.1 (delayed). The battle
to-day Is part of the great German fight
against time. It began on a foggy morn,
ing In March and Is being fought out
now lh June under ,i blazing sun and
skies of cloudless blue. A ear ago, sis
months ng". even three months ago prac
tically the whole world would have said
that It waji Impossible. Uven Its auth
ors could not have believed that" such a
pace could have lasted so long. When
they brought their Hoops nut of the
trenches Into the open It was to end I
the war. because end It they must with
out further delay or Inevitably lose It.
For men who wanted to advance in a
hurry the conditions could not have been
As the three months draw to an end
after all their efforts and nil their losses.
In spite of all their reinforcements
without which their rushes on the Somme
and the Marne never could have been
made they come with a bump against,
the forest barrier of C'ompiegne. Paris
and a quick end to the war are still a
long way off.
Losing- Their KHrcllira.
They have come up against the for
ests of Ccmplegne and not quite for the
first time against the soldiers of France.
Toward the .end, of May some of those
soldiers with Englishmen to keep them
company were retiring rather rapidly
as they were bound to do in the face
of the numbers thrown against the sec
tors which they held so thinly before
the German hests II is sometimes asked
what the moral" of our soldiers, French
and English, Is like after such trials
as those retreats. If they could only
(see the men n. they come back with
the air of conqueiors' The have been
killing enemies; that N their part of
the business, the lest Is with Gen
Now they are fighting again. In num
bers this time more nearly equal to
those of ihe Invader. The cnem.v N "till
advancing, but much mine slowly and
at a much greater cost of his effectives
by far the most valuable as"ct that
he has In the race against time. Ex
cept for the Infernal gasses, which the
enemy has added to his barbarities In
this war. the fighting has become once
mor like the fighting in all ages
rigbllnK Xon- In the Open.
It Is man against man now, out In
the open. The attackers, having hardly
I any trenches to depend upon, make nsr
of natural cover, trees, bushes, fields
of waving com. They try to get up to
the enemy and spring upon him una
wares Some of the German troops
added the refinement of draping their
helmets with grass and leaves. When
they can they dig In, but that is not
often time ,1s too short and the enemy
too near. ,
A great ileal of the fighting Is hand
to hand, mid In all probability will be
until. the end of the war. Skirmishing
once, more Is the fashion , tracking, hid
ing, all the arts of primitive flghtliiK
have come Into their own again. Vet
all the time side by side with them ter
rible offens.ve weapons and machines,
Ihe scientific contrivances of modern
watfaio, plv their deadly business
Over the gieen fields, like tlesttoyers
In a calm t-e.i, tanks plough citimsllv
along up hill and down dale between
the ranks of fight hit men : airplanes
hum unceasingly overhead anil not only
break up columns of marching men but
silence batteries of heavy artillery and
Coiifiniirii oa .'rriiiid Page
Fund Party To-night
on the Majestic Roof
fJOPELAND TOWNSEND and
Mme. Samya linve arranged
a fine programme for the enter
tainment on the roof of the
Hotel Majestic, Central Park
West and Seventy-second street,
to-night. The affair will be a
SUN Tobacco Fund benefit and
will mark the opening of the
Hurricane Deck's 1918 season.
Read about it on page 4.
"The gift of tobacco will ease
up the load when the work is
hard," writes Sergeant F. Luip
pold of the Medical Department,
who is over in France,
"When a fellow has a cigarette
in hiR mouth he doesn't care
what happens," says Private Hill
man of the 104th Infantry.
WARNING! THE SUN TO
BACCO FUND has no connection
with any other fund, organiza
tion or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors.
American Strength Checks Germans;
Major-Gen. Liggett Heads First Army
yyASHINGTON, Jlune 14. Members of the Hou.e Military Com
mittee at their weekly War Department conference to-day were
told that the stream of Americans steadily moving to the front has re
sulted in a noticeable stiffening of the whole allied line. The Ger
mans, it was said, apparently ad encountered greater numerical
strength than they expected to oppose their third great drive, and had
suffered heavier losses than they probably had anticipated,
On the whole, the legislators were informed, there were many
encouraging features in the present situation.
Among other things disclosed was the fact that Major-Gen.
Hunter Liggett has been selected to become corps commander when
the American force treaches that strength, and to command the first
American field army when it is organized. That Gen. Liggett would
be chosen has beengenerally understood at the War Department, but
there has been no announcement on the subject. He commands the
forces in the field now. These forces, not including troops brigaded
with thu British and French, compose two complete divisions, fully
equipped and operating under French corps commanders.
Many interesting facts were given the Congressmen about
American artillery at the front and other phases of American participa
tion in the fighting which must be treated as military secrets.
GERMAN PRESS I
RAKES AMERICA j
Worst of Hypocrites" nnd a j
Boaster" Applied to
This Country. ,
MIST FEEL MAILED FIST
He Who Sows Wind Shall
Heap Wliirlwiml." Cologne
Special Cable DetpateS to Tut SrN from the
Copyright. 11S: tl rlghtt reien !.
Ix5Ndon. June H. TheGerman press
evidently Is preparing to put out the
same sort of abuse of the I'nlted States
as was directed against Great Britain
in the first stages of the war. The lan
gnas employed about the' arrival of
German submarine along the American
coast might have been taken, with thej
nece-sary minor alteration", from any
German article published at the end of
IMI All the phrases formetly em-1
Ployed against Mr I.dwa.d Gie whe
he was nirelgt, Minister a, e now hutled
at President Wilson and this country.
An artlcl- in the olog..e LmeOe
elude- as follow-.:
"This parveffti t vmerlca among
JJ"'pit IS UUI IU1I 111." Wl,.-t iiu- '
crlte but also is i. loatter who would i
like to crush us with figures, while all .
It bragging contrasts with its ver.v
modest' achievements at the ftont,
achievements upon which we need pass
no judgment yf our own, since there are
enough Judgments of Kngllsh ofllcers
which speak for themselves.
"Thin America at the front already
has made the acquaintance of Germanv
It Is urgently necessary that we should
be better known and appreciated In the
home of the Yankees. Not tor nothing
did we receive unfriendliness after un
frlendlless, even before tie intervention
of the Fnlteil States, not for nothing
wa American help even then placed
In the greatest abundance at the dis
posal of our enemies; not for nothing
did and does the flood of abue from
America pour out against us. AH that
Wilson's people say they can produce
in tl e way of an army Is opposing us.
"So it Is only right and fair that we
also should make use of our war weap
ons nnd give the friends of humanity
at home an exhibition of what war looks
like, what iar means. Our submarines
long ago were stiong enough to visit
the American coast, and if they formerly
went there only for peaceful trade, the
North Americans shall now feel our fit
l'hev need not be sin prised, for he who
sow's' the wind shall reap tne vv l.ltiw Inn.
even If he sits on the other side of a
BIG PEACE PROJECTS "rger nujoiltv than cvet of the iem.
Sir Arthur Fell Confident
. Work Will Start Soon.
Special Cable Petpatch to Till Si v.
Copyright Wi. all nghtu re$eried
I.ONPON-, June II. Sir Arthur Fell,
chairman of the tunnel coninil'wee of the
House of Commons, mid yesterday the
future of London and the whole country
depended upon the construction of a sub
marine lallvvay between Kngland nnd
France, He was confident that Its con
struction would be the earliest of all the
greatest works of piyice, which would
be begun Immediately after the war was
over, a monument to the enduring
friendship with an Ininioital nation
which for almost four yean has been
fighting by our side for the liberty of
London, In his opinion, had not yet ap
preciated what the tunnel' would mean
for It, or how "much the future of the
"greatest" city In tne worm woum de
pend on the completion of the work. If
F.ngland's Isolation continued nfler the
war some other capital would have to
be found for the new era to which we
It might be Paris, Vienna, or even
Reilln or Brussels, but must lie a rail
way rentie to nnd from which would
run the great world eNpicsses.
To leach sucli a railway centre pas
sengers from the United Stales, Braill,
Argentina and other wealthy South
American states would go dliect to Cher
bourg or Rotterdam or Hamburg. Lon
don without the tunnel I bus would be
sidetracked because ot Insular Isolation.
HUNGER BACK OF
(iermnnyVs Desperate Move
Prompted by Food and Po-
PEOPLE A HE IN DISTRESS
Delegates Sent to Exchange
Prisoners Hope to "Start
Spenal rabte llenpatch to Tnr Si v
Copyright ln; alt tight reten ed
1.0NPON. June H. The effects of the
political and food conditions in Ger
many arc reflected In reiterated leports
through neutral countries of growing
hostility to the governing powers and in
continuous, well defined attempts, in
spired by German souices, to encourage
peace talk In the allied" countries.
The iciluction of the lit en ,1 ration
In r.f-tii.nv ivl,.,.lt 1,-iu lit.f fniiA lt.tr.
ton h3, a mo ,, ,.,
ava.lable One Sociahst
, , .,ek.hHK ,eop.lth ,,,
))(f ,-,pvmimcm w. lie ,llfn.
cen( foo(J fop p01,ulHtU)l ,(f le
towns during these crlticul months.
Wlth regard to peace talk Illinois,
which have been persistently cltcul.tted
from Amsterdam regarding ihe Injec
tion of the subject of peace Into the
conference going on fen- the exchange
of British and German war prisoners,
are becoming more and mot positive.
Hope In Start Truer TnlU.
Dutch business firms having clou il
lations wltti the most prominent Get
man baulking concerns atsert they have
reason to expect that III" German dele
gates will do their best to bring up
the subject during the discussions with
the British leptesenlathes.
A despatch to the Titnt'.i ftoni The
Hague sa.-; "Mvnience accumulates
that the Get mans are making rffoita to
get the assistance or netiti.il Journal, sis
In fly I n; reace klt;s in Knglnnd. The
method usod Is to whisper t Hie neu
tral Journalist, supposed to be in much
with i'ngllsli cortespondents, various
prepostetous suggestions about peace In
order to get peace talk Into t'.ie Unglish
newspapers, thus playing Germany's
"(lermmy would be satisfied for the
present If she could start vigotous peace
discussions In the Kntente l ounttles, her
sole aim being to weaken the ieolutlon
I of her enemies and promote an atmos
pliete favorable to peace talk.''
Poltllrnl l linos Inrrrnies,
Politically, ihaotic condition, are In
cieasliw in Germanv. The fourth ie-
I lectlun bv Ihe Prussian lower house by
ocraitc iiaticnisc iriuini m i'iu-.!,,
piotulsed to the people lj. the Kaiser Is
having a serious e.'.ect on the whole
German political situation and threatens
the disruption of lite two gieat political
partlet, Ihe National Liberal and the
Catholic Centre, to tli latter of which
Chancellor von Herlllng belongs. They
aie both badly split on the question ol
From all pat Is nf the country pro
tests are being made against tho alti
tude of the reactionary wing of tho Cath
olic or Ceiitic party. Recently Its strong
candidate In a constituency In Upper Si
lesia, who stood on the annexation plat
form, was defeated by a majority of
nearly .",000 by a democratic Pole.
This vv'as In a constituency where as
recently as Is'.iS a Polish candldato
could not obtain lift) votes. It is. be
lieved that chancellor von llertllng will
temporise, despite the antiniiiicemeut that
the Prussian Government will stand or
fall on the ipicstlon of the cnul fran
chise ami that the democratization of
Piussla Ih not imminent
AMERICAN CAPTIVES PARADED
(irrmniiK Slum Prisoners
press Civil Population.
Gkm:va. June 11 American and Brit-
i Ish prisoners, with Fieiich colonial
troops, recently eaplilteu bv tile Ger
mans, ate being paraded through the
streets of the Rhine towns to Impress
the population, according to advice ftom
Strasiburg received In Llascl,
Inviuk'is Have Lost 50 Per
Cent, of 0 Divisions in
Aisno Battle. :
FOMOTCS STILL STRONI
Kocli's Great 3Iano?uvre
Army Undrawn Upon and
Ready lor New Attack.
MAY KK ABOVE SOMME
Critics Believe Enemy Will
Hit Again Before American
Army Grows Larger.
1.0NioN,.lune 14. Comparative quiet
seems to have settled down upon the
whole battle front in France, and wj
where was there any lighting of mo;
than the "local engagement" klnilT
Kltlicr the Germans are tired of losing
men at the terrific rate of the last few
days and are taking a rest, or else
they are busy cifncoctlng a new drive,
on some other part of the front, prob
ably to the north. The German report
lo-day describes a "violent attack"
southwest of Ypres by the French be
tween Voormer.eele and Vlerstraat, In
the Kemmel sector, which Is said to
have failed, with the capture of 130'
Field Marshal Haig to-night, appar
ently referring to the same affair', sayn
the French patrols brought In a few
prisoners during the night north ot
m.nor rald. one n..r Urlve,ne. which
Is close to Cantlguy, of unpleasant
memoiy to the German, and one south
east near Courcelles, where the brilliant
counter attack of the French last Tues
day broke the back ' the German ad
vante tow aid Complegne The boasted
drive fur Paris seems tu have d.vlndled
to the most lneffett.v e and the most
feeble of all the German offenSTes.
Their heaviest attacks were stopped la
thres or four days so effectively that
noiv they ecni to be dead.
Nprrulntlon nm t .Nror Sluve.
So quiet' has the ftont become ami
so lifeless the German "push" that lit
Fiench experts are becomlrlg suspicious
ami tnaii.v of them are letii'ning to the
theory thev held-befoie the -Maine drive
was checked that the mam effort of the
Germans lia not vet been made. It Is
certain that many hundred, of tiiou
sandi of Get man Hoops are belnt! held
III leveive in this aiea and were not
emp'o.vert in any of t.-,e lighting since
May ".'T. when this, offensive hesan,
The prevailing opinion Is that the real
drive will be for the Channel ports,
rather than fur Paris, and that the the
atie will be before Amiens, or, nio:
likely, before- Aria.. Ii was In theio
section! that Hie German aitlllery wae
niot active las', night and to-day, a
levived ait iv it v thai usiiallv ! the foie
rtinner of an Infanttv attack in foice.
The Associated Pics cut respondent!
with the French arm.v In France r-ayii
it appeats scatcely pmslb'.e that the
Get mans will recommenc serious work
for the piesent on the line of Montdidler
No.von. Their offensive for the capturn
of Complegne, with the eventuality of
making further piogtess towaid Pa'li
from the has." that they hoped t" at
tain theie. nta be regained x- havinc
met a bloody check, easting them thou
sands of men belonging to their best dl
WuiiKlit li II end iurrlean.
There appeals no doubt that the Ger
mans deslrod to make an imposing ad
vance toward the. capital and at the same
lime Inflict losses on Ihe French anil
the British befoie the An-S'icaii .uniy
was lead to take the Held. Tlie.v as.
siiredly aie anlou In regaid to the
rapidly glowing finer nnin actos thu
Atlantic Ocean and an- tt.ving their ut
'iiuvt lo ue. up the old armies In ftnnt
of t'tetn befoie fresh transatlantic troop
atllve In siitllcientl strong force to turn
The heroism "f the veteran troops,
who In these last da.vs liae InfUclrd
ssic'i ttniilc losses on the flower o! thi
(Ie. nun arm, has given the foe a tilde
shock, The Germuns probably will tl
to break through somewhere else, but
the Al!ls, with their armies under th
command of Gen, Foch, are confident
that they will check the Germans ar.y
w I etc.
The military commentator.. In PaiH
ire unanimous in reporting the Germ in.
dri' i' a failure. The enemy lias won a.
strip of terrltor.v not without value, but
has sacrificed for it itee.ious division
without at any point attaining Ids ob
jective and without bringing him any
nearer a decisive iersult Such is also
the opinion of Heiitl Bldou and Col. d
Thomasson, who would be the last per
son to hall a victory prematurely.
lllrrf Reserve la Intact.
lu Iti summary f the expert opinion
In Paris the llavas Agency notes thu
unanimity with which tne commentator!
have abandoned their reserve of the past
few days and agree with M Rarrc of
, tho Kcho ilc. PnWa in his opinion that
I the offensive against Pans m ended, for
the present at least. Tney admit tlin
'possibility of Its resumption titer and.
see fuither haul struggles ahead but
think It prol.tbo that the heavy iWhting
when It la lesumed vviihln a few davs
wiii be on another front
The results of the offensive ag.iin't
Paris ate enumerated b,v M. Barrel
thus. A terillorial gain absolutely out
of proportion to tk .Ipises sustained;
Complegne still In Flench posseailon;