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THE SUN, SATURDAY, JUNE 16, 1918.
AND NEW TORK TltESS.
SATURDAY, .TUNES 15, 1018.
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TKLEFHONK, BEEKMAN 2100.
A Week and ForeTer!
We oumtnond to all patriots tho
Loyalty Week Idea of the Mayor's
Committee on National Defence.
Too much cannot be done at-thls time
la the way of verbal expression and
risible and audible manifestation of
the sentiment throbbing In every
God bless our flat?, our Government
representing that flag, our roldlers
and sailors fighting for that flag!
And the Loyalty of the week Is
totfy one chapter of the Loyalty of
the month, of the year, of all years ;
Loyalty till the end.
Let It manifest Itself to-day end
during the six days to come; but let
It be an interminable serial.
Compulsory Work Laws.
The President has written a letter
to the Governor of Maryland com-
mending the compulsory work law
recently enacted in that Slate, and
expressing the hope that it will be
possible to duplicate la other State
of the Union tho action nud experi
ence of Maryland.
At the same time President Witson
makes a statement which indicates
that laws of this character are hardly
needed. "Upon our entrance Into the
war," he says. "I called upon our
cltirens to mobilize their energies for
its prosecution in every way that was
possible. The response hag been ex
ceedingly gratifying. The slogan
'Work or Fight' has everywhere been
taken up e a satisfactory expresion
sr6f the spirit of the people. The In
stances of failure to appreciate its
force and j-lgnlfirano? have been few."
If the failures rune been few to
heed the Presidential admonition to
work or fight, would It not be safe
enough to deal with "slackers" by
means of the ordinary laws against
vagrancy rather than to resort to a
novel form of legislation, which the
President himself admits is liable to
possibilities of serious ubus
To empower a magistrate t' send to
Jail a citizen who supports lii.iitelf
and Is amply able so to do out of
moneys previously earned by himself
Just because for the time being the
offender Is not engaged in ttoine
"useful occupation" is to sanction a
degree of governmental interference
with personal rights such as lias
never heretofore been tolerated In this
country. Wo are assured, however,
that precisely this power may be
exercised nnder the so-called "anti
loafing law" passed by tho New York
legislature and presently to take
effect tinder n proclamation by the
Tho multiplication of criminal laws
Is neter to be approved except when
demanded by the clearest necessity.
Our Visitors From Mexico.
Th Mexican editors who are visit
ing the United States have come here
nt the earnest solicitation of the Gov
ernment In order to get by personal
observation nn unbiased idea of the
attitude of the United States toward
their country. President Vjlj,on lias
spoken to them officially, and ex
pressed comprehensively and clearly
the policy of the Administration,
which embodies tbo hopes and ambi
tions of nil Americans.
Tho other distinguished, and like
wise the undistinguished, Americans
whom they have met nnd will meet
may bo depended on to Intorpret tho
same policy In other words. What
ever oral communications can do to
assure our guests of our national nnd
popular disinterestedness and friend
ship will be well nnd adequately done.
The prnctlcal impression of our sen
timent have been numerous and
bhould be convincing.
Our Mo.Mimn friends linve n difficult
Job in gettlnK at the farts in the
matter. They are exposed to an ac
tive German propaganda, operating
industriously at the front doors of
their offices. The United States was
without diplomatic representation of
high rank In Mexico for many months
preceding the despatch of Ambassa
dor PiETritFT. to liN post, The hnn
dlls of tho bonier who hear nrni nnd
Uio bandits of the bunler who bear
lies Imtli countries ronlrlbulc In
their rniik-are agents -if inlsunder
Mnndlhc coiiMiintly In union, Vnrl
oils factors have combined to render
a straight view of our national poi
Hon nnd purposes haril lo get.
il Wo hope that tho experiences of
our Mexican brethren tn Washington,
New York and other communities of
the United States they are to visit
will bo illuminating to their minds,
and that their trip may be an unquali
fied success as a pleasure excursion
nnd ns diplomatic-political pilgrim
age. Incidentally they are confer
ring on us a great favor, for they
display a side of Mexican life not
thrown into high relief by the pro
moters of civil war or the raiders on
the borders, nnd It Is n seriously un
fortunate clrcumsfnnce that for a
good many years the turbulent nnd
selfish spirits of Mexico have been
more conspicuous In the news than
the patriotic and cultured residents
and lenders of that disturbed land.
"The Sun" and Senator Lewis.
The paragraph In Trie Sun which
has excited to amusing wrath the cor
respondent whose name will appear a
few inches further down the column
was about tho naming of ships for
"James Hamilton Ltvl would be a
Rood nsme for a ship. So would 3.
Hamilton Lftwl. or 3. Hm Lewis, or
Jlmhamlewls, or Hamilton Lewis, or
plain Ham Lewlj. But are there four
hundred or even four names as nood
as bl In Congress? We douibt it."
This remark, wherein the philoso
phy nf navnl nomenclature Is dh
cussed from the point of view of f
fectlonate regard for the distinguished
gentleman named, has brought upon
us the subjoined communication writ
ten on Western Uuton yellow:
"To the Editor or Thi Sun Sir; I
vigorously Protest the undeserved ridi
cule of Senator Jamis Hamilton Lewis
ot Illinois which your editorial on the
naming of the new chips server as a
means for so doing-.
"Like so many easterner! you chooie
to belittle Senator Lxwts bceauae ap
parently j our vision of ability, courage
and etatesmanahtp rarely even Is seen
In those west of Broadway.
"Senator Liwia Is a credit to the
State from which he comes and to the
Government, which he so consptelouely
aerves with continuously Increasing
tact, Judcement and force for the good.
"Let Tub Sun and other Jesters on
Senator Lewis desire for neatness in
his dress cleanliness of his body (and
effort for the public good) choose mme
of the real 'Jokes' from your wn
"I am a Republican from Illinois
never voted or worked for Senator
Lewis In either ot his campaigns. 1
reallie his true worth, however, and
completely object to your discourtesy.
You serve no good purpose) thereby.
"Frank T. Fowler.
"New York, June 13."
Our types and our proofroom will
"vlgerously protest" both the ortho
graphical and the syntactical depart
ures notable In the foregoing sen
tences ; bnt let that pass.
Mr. Frank T. Fowmtr must be
cither very Immature In the matter
dt experience or sadly deficient In
that sense of humor which, perhaps
next to his vivid hair and whiskers.
Is the crowning glory of Senator Lew
is's amiable personality.
Is Mr. Fowi.cs unaware of the god
fatherly relation existing between
this newspaper and the statesman
whose abilities and public usefulness
he so properly admires, but so un
necessarily brings to our attention?
Is ho ignorant of tho historical cir
cumstances of early discovery, of an
cient and constantly Increasing friend
ship, of mutual understanding and
genuine esteem, which give The Srrt
peculiar rights to good natured free
dom in Its treatment of the Senator's
name nnd fame? l'mes he not know,
for example, that vthat might seem to
tho Senator nn unpardonable liberty
In the case of Mr. Fowusn may be
natural and acceptable when uttered
by Thb Sun?
If our Illinois correspondent does
not know these things ho ought to
Inform himself concerning them be
fore he volunteers another effort like
the foregoing. He ought nlso to buy
a dictionary and brush up his gram
mar. Tho Hon. Jim Ham Is snltlve
about niceties of literary form.
A Matter of White Paper.
It Is encouraging to read In the
Conprettional Record of June 10 that
Senator Surra of Arizona objected to
a request for "leave to print" on the
ground that the Government Prjntlng
Office did not have whlto paper
enough "to print anything."
It is discouraging to see in the
Official Bulletin of the same day more
than flvo full pages of matter every
word of which had already been
printed in the Cottffrrstiortai Record.
That is, matter which no human be
ing will ever read, enough to fill one
whole pnge of this paper, Is printed
one day In ono Government publica
tion, another day In another, both by
the Federal printing shop which has
not enough white paper to "print
Would it be unkind to suggest that
such fool extravagance Is nn evil
serious enough to bo throttled?
To-day is the opening of the black
bass season, thanks to a thoughtful
Legislature which has prescribed that
when the opening day falls on Sun
day it shall be deemed to commence
on tho Saturday preceding such Sun
day. The bronzo backer has come to
be regarded preeminently as the
American game fish. Whether tho
angler seeks the game by still fishing,
trolling, plug fishing, bait casting or
fly tlslilnx. he has a worthy foe to
Tho black bn literally had to
light Its way to popularity. For thirty
years nso, In some section", nnglers
using dough, worms and other primi
tive lures said harsh and unkind
things; but tho various ways In which
the n?h Is,now.so4iEjitbsJlifceji
In these days of scientific angling re
sults In nothing but praise.
The black bass will take all man
ner of lures, worms, Insects, hell
grammltes, crawfish, minnows, frogs,
pork rind, spoons, artificial flics and
lures that resemble nothing that
swims In air or water. It Is un
doubtedly tho combative nature of the
bass that, makes It tawo the strange
"plugs" that tantalize tt till In fury
This brings tip the subject of taking
bass off their nests at a tlmo before
the spawning period Is over or the
young black bass can take care of
themselves. In the bass family, as
tho popular Jingle lifts It, nobody
works but father; he's on guard all
day. fins In constant motion, keeping
tho foes away. Whllo protecting the
nest father bass resents any Intru
sion and will seize almost anything
dropped nn tho homestead. The
housekeeper nf the fnmily will even
take nn unbailed hook.
In waters where t'.ie fish have not
ended their spawning, nnd tho Stale
Fish Cnlturlst says that nesting bass
ought to bo protected to Juno 30,
it would aid food conservation not
to take such bass. The Conservation
Commission, its bill for protection
for tho bass to July 1 havtng been
defeated at the last Legislature,
urges anglers to refrain from fishing
over the spawning beds.
Incidentally the State nnd city are
liberal with the fresh water angler.
Having closed the Croton watershed
streams last year a a war measure,
they now permit nngllng from the
shore in spcclnl cases. Also the State
expects to raise thousands of black
bass this year, among them the large
months, not heretofore propagated, In
certain nhandoned sections of the old
Erie Canal. This will make the lot
of the bass fisherman happier.
A Little Job for the Police and the
There Is no reason on earth why
the police should not arrest and the
courts should not punish severely the
venders of newspapers who regularly
and persistently Invade the residen
tial sections of the city and seek to
sell their wnres by raucous, mislead
ing cries Intended to arouse enthu
siasm or alarm in those unfortunate
enough tn hear them.
In ninety-nine cases out of a hun
dred theso frauds misrepresent the
newspapers they peddle. Their "spe
cial extras" are regular editions; the
"lato news" K the news that has been
printed In the regular routine. They
urn In effect petty larceners who ob
tain money under false pretences.
The hnrm they do in upettlng the
nervous systems of anxious mothers
and fathers of soldiers and sailors Is
incalculable, and were this a negli
gible fact the racket they raise con
stitutes a criminal invasion of the
right of every citizen to extract what
comfort may be got from the modified
uproar that passes for quiet in this
These impostors sre not the respect
able newsdealers and newsboys who
serve to the population of New Vork
its diurnal quota of reading matter.
Thej- are Intruders in an honorable
and essential calling, hearing the
same relation to the regular dealers
that the promoters of get rich quick
swindles do to salesmen of Liberty
A persistent hunt for these ras
cals by tho pollen and a consistently
rigorous treatment of them by the
courts would contribute greatly lo
the peace of the community.
A Job for Mr. MrAdoo and -Mr.
We hope that Mr. McAdoo, in hits
capacity of Director-General of the
Railroads, nnd Secretary Daniels;
ns the head of the Navy Department,
will have time to rend nnd digest the
letter beaded "Submitted to Mr. Mc
Anoo and Mr. Daniels," which we
print In another column on this page
to-day, and In which n righteously In
dignant sailor In the navy describes
with great moderation and clarity the
suffering Red Tape and unprepraed
ness Imposed on him and a number of
his comrades when they endeavored
to take advantage of arrangements
supposed to have been made for their
Nobody who does read this interest
ing and straightforward account of
the amazing adventures of theso blue
jackets will need to have Its moral
Tho situation In which they found
themselves was Indefensible end be
yond understanding lo any person
who 1s unacquainted with the stu
pidity, the arrogance and the heart
lessness of Hed Tape, which Inter
vened In their case to thwart the
ambition of Director-General McAdoo
as an official of tho Government, of
William Gtbbs McAdoo as an Indi
vidual, of Secretary Daielh as nn
official and of Joseprcs Damkis as
an Individual, to make things com
fortable for our defenders. Wo sus
pect tho ease Is typical rntber than
exceptional; and we fear many other
men have hcen similarly outraged by
Jt la the duty of the Government to
inquire Info a situation that, results
In such abuses and to correct It nt
once. Tho meal for whom special
rates are established have a special
call on tbo authorities and deserve
tho most considerate treatment. If
this cannot be given to them they
certainly ought to have a square deal
and not bo driven In profanity nnd
strong drink by tho officious ministra
tions of Red Tape.
The failure of Mr. Underwood's
resolution to limit debaln In the Sen
ate is by no means an unmixed evil.
We are frequently annoyed by the
garrulity nf Senators who lack ter
minal facilities, but prolonged d Incus -elon
of proposed legislation has more
"--loneii uuuo eiui'a iuui narni, it irv
often dono good than harm. It fre
member not on the committees to
which bills are referred are compelled
by their long winded colleagues to
read measures before voting for or
against them, and thus faults are ex
posed that would otherwise go tin
noticed. There Is a good deal of un
necessary talk in the Senate, but all
that comes from It Is not bad.
The resident has Induced Hikst
Ford to run for the 8enate In Michigan.
-.Vettfu from Wathinpton.
la this the samo President who
caused it to be announced after the
Wisconsin election that be would not
Interfere in future contests for the
United States Senate?
"The war and the upheaMda which
have followed In Its wako havo dis
organized all the economic factom that
ordinarily determine prices." saya
Lord ltiioNDDA. Mr. Hoover is about
to wt thousands of agents at work to
attend to this evil, nnd if they effect
only a partial cure the least deserving
of them will bo entitled to an obituary
which, as iNOERSOLt, used to say, "will
malto the angels green with envy."
Compulsory work urged by President
Wilson. Sewapaptr headline.
Old Hi Costallvln urges it too.
Nobody will be sorry If the naval
hospital ship Comfort has to sail with
a navy crew and thus Is deprived of
an opportunity to prove once more
that the Germans do not respect tho
law or humanity.
What Is told to the marines is not
a circumstance to what Is told of the
T. r profesalonal politicians are not In
a lianpy mood over the fine politics
playcl by the President In a State where
the Democrats could not win this fall.
Comment on Mr. Wilson's arMvtfy in
Mr. Ford's behalf.
Obviously politics was not ad
journed sine die.
SUBMITTED TO MR. McADOO
AND MR. DANIELS.
A Tale of Furlonghed Bluejackets
at the Railway Ticket Office.
To the Editor of The Sun Sir; Of
course you are acquainted with the new
net of Director McAdoo concerning the
new ratea for passage on tho railways
of the nation on and after June in.
Many of ua sailors who live in the
Wen were greatly pleased to read In
the different newspapers, In both the
news and editorial columns, that after
that date we ahouW pet tho benefit of
the new rates by showing our furlough
papers to the ticket agent. The rexult
of thin waa naturally n rufh for long
overdue furloughs, and eome were lucky
enoujth to get them.
On June 111 got my papers for a
fourteen day furlough, giving rpt the
right to go to a certain town In the mid
dle western part of the country. Four
teen days !.i not a long time for such
a trip, but as I expected "cut rates" 3
was a happy man: who wouldn't be?
As I entered the Pennsylvania Railroad
station I fell In with alx oilier nallors.
all bound for the West on limited fur
loughs ; one to west Texas, one to Kan
sas, one to Panhandle Oklahoma, one to
Arkansas and the other two to New
Mexico. We were a light hearted bunch
(for a few minutes).
We presented our papers to the agent,
who looked bored and lifelessly told us
that w did not hive the rlfht papers
An argument started, for we thought he
was trying to ride us, and In the end
of his speech he told us that unless we
could show Mm tho adopted form, signed
by Mr. McAdoo, we would pay not
cents a mile, but -straight three cent.",
plus war tax, and If we took a Tullman
the whole would be Increased 15 per
cent., plus the cost of a berth!
Our train was nearly due and we
knew that we would have to do some
thing quickly aa none of us had the
money to pay for our "cut rates." We
went to the navy yard and got a typed
statement, signed by the commandant,
and then back to the station, but that
would rot be accepted. We separated
and went to telephones and called up
"s0 Broadway, the navy yard pay-mas-tor,
who. w- thought, would Ur.ow some
thing about 11.
The report from HO Broadway was
mo.'t promising, so we went In force to
that place, only to find out from a smil
ing "chief" that we "were out of luck."
as no blank forms had been received
from Washington and neither had tn
(tractions concerning' the came been re
ceived. When again at the station we met
a bunch of soldiers with their proper
slips, and from them we learned that
there was a limited supply at Fort Jay.
5o down to the Battery we went, and at
the guard office we were Informed that
we were Bailors ttnd not soldiers. That
was the limit and there was nearly a
After going bark to the Pennsylvania
station we "hunched up" to decide what
to do. We had wasted all day, which
was cutting our furloughs short. Most
of the boys said they would be damned
If they would pay eueh a price, especially
when they did not have It, and after
damning everything under the sun they
went off to get drunk, saying they would
spend their leave in "raising hell."
Two of us spent the night at the sta
tion and aro now wnltintf for a train
to St. Louis, where we will land nearly
broke, and there 1 will telegraph honie
for money, telling dart to sell the farm
and send mo the money, or else will let
th conductor throw me off the train.
I wanted you to know bow our red
tape In progressing. And now, as the
aonr of "Cleopatra" reads, "Now what
do you think of that?"
J'pw Tork, Jona 13,
SinSunky T.ynch there'a a name-1 find In
Freeh from the (hell rent flelda of Franee.
Whit a round It hail Kentucky the. home
With a.Weitern rtanh anil tnr to It,
Unit Ynk rlonprr, hilt Irish all Amer
ican' How ho proutly hired hli breaet In the
How hx looked at the foe, then went
No etop for him short ef Honor, and that
Out h went, and over fc vent, over and
Up where the Ittarrjr Flag ahlnes tn the
Beyond, beyond, bom by the lave ef
To the. pure White Throne whera Jtutlee
Where the Fther fold Ills new found
8ntutky I,nrh what a name It l!
What a ntme to write beside our ever
Montgomery, Warren. Lincoln, Kttrny,
Ami "Iiurk" O'Neill, who signed the roll
Sanduiky Lynch, humble, yet worthy here.
i sanauiay ujncn, nmti ana lereweiu
jWii, tiiv Joair Jssem Boeasv
Sanduiky Lynch, ball and farewell I
THB WINNING Of THE WAR.
A Suggestion of Japanese Entry With
out Menace to Haitian Integrity.
To thd Bbrroa or Tne Sen Sir: The
recent repeated references In Tub Sum
to the subject of tho moro actlvo parttci
ration of Japan tn the war on tho side
of the Allies recalls the fact that in The
Pt'M of August 19, 1917, there waa
published a brief artlclo the cist of
which was that the great war would
be settled by strategy rather than tan
tics, mid that the real etrategic point
In the titanic struggle In progress was
In that article It was submitted that
500,000 Japanese veterans could be
landed at Alexandria without great de
lay or danger, and thence to the most
favorable point on the coast of Asia
Minor, lo cooperate with tho Allied Kx
pedltlonary Forces, and that they could
take Constantinople within six months
and end the war. It was also suggested
that It would pay the United States to
finance this transaction.
Tn furtherance of this idea a letter
was written to a prominent member of
Parliament, enclosing this article. He
promptly replied that the subject was
one of such great Interest that he had
forwarded the letter to the Hrltlsh For
eign Office for their consideration.
In the present chaotic condition of
Ituffla the entrance of Japan Into Rus
sian territory from Vladivostok would
be ill advised. It would offer to the
pan-Qermanlo leaders an opportunity
they would not neglect to turn the
thought ot Ignorant Russians to the fear
of Asiatic invasion, and In this way win
them over to tho active support of the
On the other hand the. approach from
Asia Minor nnd the occupancy of Con
stantinople, with an aseurar.ee from the
Allied Powers that It was for the relief
of Russia In the aim of an earlier peace,
could not possibly be Interpreted an an
Asiatic threat against the Integrity of
Russia. The pan-Germanic Idea In th
war. to ruthlessly precipitated and so
cruelly maintained, was tho commercial
and later the military conquest of Asia
Minor, -which would enable them to at
tack England In India. Lonjc before the
war the Bagdad railway and other ac
tivities to the south of Constantinople
pointed clearly to this.
The fall of Constantinople would h
the death blow to this psn-CIcrmanlc
dreim of Oriental exploitation, and most
to bo desired. It would again bring
Ruralo Into the war and relieve the tre
mendous pressure which lack ef states
manship ha: permitted lo be. brought
agalnn the heroic defenders of the wept
urn front. John A. Wteth.
New York, June 14,
We Invite attention to Dr. Wycth's
remarks, particularly In connection
with the plcturo of present conditions
in Asia Minor and the Transcaucajus
presented in the letter, printed In The
Sun of Wednesday, from a, close ob
server who signed himself "A Student
of Near Eastern Affairs." The ques
tion ems well worth considering
whether anything could do more to
help tho Allied cause In Franco than
tho reestnblishment of an eastern front
requiring German presence there In
great force and effected without de
pletion of General Foch's armies or
any division of troops available for
VOLUNTEER FIRE FIGHTERS.
An Opportunity for Americans to Do
a Necessary War WorL.
To the KriTOR of The Sun Sir TI ere
Is an excellent chance offered to men
of Greater New York who come up to
requirements and are patriotically In
clined to assist in the saving of life
and the pretention of property less by
fire. Tho cTportunlty Is offered to them
by Fire Commissioner Drennan. The
Commissioner has issued a general
order, directed to the captains of all
companies In Greater New York, to en
roll volunteers In their district for fire
duty. The Idea Is to build up a volun
teer force of firemen men who give
their services gratis but are willing tn
obey all the rules and regulations of
the department, to rpond to alarms
nnd do all the regular service of paid
members of the derailment to rellovr
the regular members, who Jut at pres
ent are required to remain on long
watchea because of th targe number of
firemen who have been taken In the
In order to organ'.to tho force of vol
unteer firemen and mako It a real fire
fighting force the Commissioner has ap
pointed a Special Deputy lire Commis
sioner. To the latter each captain of n
fire company will eubmlt his list of
names of men who have rolunteered
their services and the Special Commla
rloner will select the men who in his
opinion nre suitable for the work ie
quired. The principal requirement, of course,
Is that the volunteer b an American
cltlien, for only men who are loyal to
the core can be depended upon to per
form tl elr duties In the required manner.
But here is a real chance for men
who have the necessary amount of time
at their disposal to do something for
the clvto good. Here In New York the
danger from fire Is ever gTeat and tho
fighting force cannot be diminished even
by war. Tn fact, the war Is sit the more
reason why greater care must be taken
to prevent a 'serious fire. Hut th city
cannot be adequately protected If the
force Is depleted In any way. 1" ,
Niw York, June l i.
The American Cciniul.Clrneral In Slnsa
pore, haa lent to the Hurcau ot Foreltn
and Doraeatln Coromtrce, 714 Cuatom
Hnuae, New York, a Hat nf dealera In
motor vehicles In the Straits 6ttlementi
and tho Federated Malay Slate. Thla
Hat can be obtained by referring to File
Agencies for th eel of American hard
ware, belting, enamelled ware, earthen
ware, foodatuffa, llnaeed oil nnd galvan
ized Iron ara wanted In T'orto Itlco.
Greece will ha a hay crop of cur
rent thla year, It l reported. There are
40,0110 torn of rurrenta left over from pre
vluua crope, and th th" market thue
glutted prlcea v. II be low.
When the Cuban fJoarnment haa com
pleted tha rond Improvement which are
now being planned, there will be a good
market for eutomobllea In th city of
Clenfuegoa. Th authorltlea have appro
priated IS50.000 for repair work and aom
Improvamanti have already been made.
CJaaolena now retalla In that district for
OA rents a gallon.
New mes for waat materia,! aro being
constantly discovered In FJngland, Num
erous municipalities have appointed official
collectnra of "refuse," The National Sal
vas;a Council haa Itaued a pamphlet In
which auigtallona are mad on tho cnl
lection and utilization of waste products.
Old paper, bone materials, llili wat, or
ganic refuse, 1 1n rani, scrap metal and
eshea can all be made -to jletd some needed
Coat burning locomotlvea, mlllns stock.
rail and fish plates fur twenty-fit miles
of railway r wanted In Chile. The track
(aac la to be. one mttee
NAMING THB SHIPS.
A Simple System to Identify Each
Class of Vessels.
To ! Editor er The Suk Sir: In
finding names for the new cargo ships
now being built in the United States, you
Inform us, the authorities sre having
some trouble, owing to the great number
that are to be turned out. It seems to
me that as arbitrary combinations of let
tern may be used without serious offence,
the adoption of this simple system would
go far to solve the difficulty and confer
on the vessels characteristic names:
Let concrete vessels bear names be
fining with the syllable "con," as "Con
nector," "Conveyor," Ac.
Iyt fabricated vessels besr names be
ginning with the syllable "fab," aa "Fab
Let composite vessel bear names end
ing with "com." uch as "Abcom."
"Brnecom." The use of "com" as the
final syllable would prevent contusion
with the "con'' class, or vessels built
Let all steel ehlps have names intro
ducing the word steel, as "Stectprow,"
Let all wooden ships bear names In
troducing the word wood, as "Haywood,"
TOt ships bnllt In lake yards bs double
named, the first name to be "lake," the
tecond designating the construction of
the vessel, as Lake Constance, Lake Fa
bllla, Iake Mlohlcom. Lake Greenwood,
Let all veesels built on tho Gulf bear
similar double names.
Such combinations could easily be made
without violating good taste, duplica
tions, confusion or disappointing the de
sire for harmonious names for ships, and
these names would at once identify the
clam of each ship. Old Salt.
Mariners Harbor, P. I., June 14.
Let the American Historians lie Bet
,To the Editor or The Bun ffr; In
naming the new vessels the Shipping
Board ought to give American historians
a place In the sun. I have skimmed
through Lloyd's Register and I find no
ships named after Wliltani H, Prescott,
nichard Hlldreth, John Flske, Francis
Parkman, Justin Wlnsor, John Bach
MeMastcr or James Ford Rhodes. In
deed. T cannot find a ship named after
the, author of "The New Freedom."
From the list of our naval historians
the shipping Board could find many
worthy names, such aa A. T. Mahan. B.
S. Maclay, John P. Long. John R. Spears
and F. M. Bennett.
America has had a fine lot of histo
rians. Tn Uils branch of literature she
shines as brlshtly as any nation. The
historians have been largely responsi
ble for the American spirit. Make their
names familiar to the young men.
New Tork, June II.
The Nations Are Coming to an I.'nder
slandtng of Each Other.
To Tim KelTpn or THE SCN Sir: Tt
may not be amiss to bring to your
readers' nttentlon some recent happily oc
curring matters relative to the Japanese,
chief among there being the liberal con
tribution of approximately IJO.000 by
the Japanese in New York and vicinity
to the latest Red Cross fund. Japanese
banking and business houses gave the
largest single amounts; four of them
Jl.sno each, two $1,500 and ten ?1.000.
The contributors In all numbered about
Meanwhile, the members of the Japa
nere Women's American Red Cross
Auxiliary 233 of New York city arc
earnestly continuing their bl-neekly
meetings, spacious headquarters for
their work being now provided by the
Mitsui i"'ompany at 15 Madison avenue.
Their average output of surgical dress
ing is 6.0PO each month, n material
assistance to tho general Red Cross
This enterprising Japanese auxiliary
furnished a quota of thirty-five of its
members for the Red Cross Fund pa
rade. The following account of their
share In th parade Is taken from a let
ter -written b enc of the young girl
v ient tlreft wt!ln on hot etrretn fer
the mart; but a for m.irrhlnE. from
Seventy. Mxth t Penteenth street, it
waa rather fun, an 1 we dirt not (eel tired
A e marched on, rrowda on both aldea
of Fifth menu whispered, "Here come
Jpan!" then they applauded, ehouted
and rheerod. We beard constantly thla
I think thla encouraged ns a great deal.
American people and Japaneaa em to
underitand each other more, day by day.
I am n beppy.
Japan and America are Indeed draw
Ing nearer, nowadays, in understanding:
fortunately eo. Edith A Sawtir.
SEBAflo Lakr, Me., June 12.
In Behalf ot Kansas City.
To the Editor or The Sun Sir: Not
long ago jou printed a piece about the
editorial articles by Gcorgo Creel tn the
Kansas City Independent. He doesn't
write for that paper any more, but what
you said sort of hipped somo of the old
K. C, boys now living here. It might
give tho notion that the paper la a
gooseberry now Instead of tho real plp-
Jllll JL 1.1. tin , icv niiuii mi nru-
cies irom my copy or .nine to snow
that Creel didn't put the paper In bad
when ho left It. Here they are ,
Th fllnit ef nohlltee ntplt l no
lont'r restricted to the favored fe-v.
Mntirlee Harrjmore, Ktbel'a father, wn
belter looklne than hla two eons, Lionel
and John, put together.
Only the Idle itch, a class now obeolete,
ould afford two phones.
Have you aeen Mr. Oeorg I delete! In
her llttl gingham dress;
If t no good trying to get rid ef in
aching tooth or back by trying to forget It,
The other night I sat at
by n psrly which Included
an army oBt-r,
i table elos
the wife of
At tho Soldlera" and Sailors' Community
r.ooma you bate no Idea what Intetllgmt
soung men may fall to our lot. men ho
know the use of fork and spoons.
Through Mr. Oeorg Creel th Kanai
City public I ptrmllted to witness the
great official war pictures.
Sarcasm has a aerpant's tooth.
Hot weather or no heat. It I dlfflcnlt to
heap from dancing when you hear the
mualo of tbat Chicago Jars band.
You will see from the aho that the
departure of Mr. Creel took from the
fnrfrnriHleitf neither wit, phllo.opliy, pep
nor w ImIoiii, k.
New York, June 11,
A .fournaliatle O'erslght 1'p State.
rfoeU'lfe errflrn'feee Oaeltfn Pu
We forgot to mention ,tho patriotic and
Imprearlvs Invorathn given t.y nur paslor
at tne oeginnlng ef th Memorial Day
THE CIVIL RIGHTS OF THE CITIZEti
IN TIME OF WAR.
What May the Individual Say and What May He Not Say of the Aumi.
cm in High Office?
What political rights remain to the
Individual citizen during the period of
Tho question s being presented
forcefully to all of the local magis
trates nfid to all of tho people of
New York with increasing frequency.
A review of the police court records
of a month will reveal an astonishing
number of cases that have come be
fore tho Judges of first Instance in
which the technical charge la dis
orderly conduct and the specific charge
the utterance of a personal opinion.
With a political campaign staring
the public fully In the face, It becomes
extremely pertinent to Inquire what
things may be aald by citizens with
out running afoul of the law. In New
York city the situation la much more
complex than It is In many parts of
the country by reason of the fact
that a minority of tho people only Is
classed by the official census bureau
aa being "American."
To many of these the offence of
lese majesty Is better known than the
offence of seditious utterance, and
there la evidently a sorry understand
ing among the majority aa to the dis
tinction. This lack of understanding,
In many cases, has extended to the
magistrates themselves, who have, at
times, missed the underlying prin
ciple of the American law and views
by a wide margin.
The basic distinction between dis
loyal utterance In America and of
fence agalpst tho sovereign In auto-1
cratic countries is that the offence In
thin land must bo against the whole
people, and not against ono individual.
It Is the Government of the United
States that our laws seek to protect,
and not any particular official who
may, for the time, be charged with
tho handling of any particular part
of that Government.
While good manners and good taste
suggest that nil citizens should enter
tain a decent respect for the Chief
Executive of the nation during his
official Incumbency, there Is no earthly
obligation which requires any man to
bo the personal supporter of Mr. Wil
son in order that ho may he a loyal
supporter of the Government of the
United States. A. proper respect for
the lawful, official actions of President
Wilson does not take with it any re
quirement that any citizen ehall forego
bis personal opinion regarding tho
personal political opinions of Mr. Wil
son the rresldent.
It is essential that the individual
shall obey such laws and orders an are
promulgated by the Presidential an-
thorlty in the regular and proper e
crcislng of that authority.
On the other hand the. Individual has
a regularly constituted lawful manner
of expressing his opinion as to the
ultimate wisdom of such orders and
of the legality of the authority that is
One has but to look backward for
a few short months to understand the
exact status of the President, who is
here used as an example only and not
specified1 with the purpose of personal
or Individual criticism. What applies
to the President applies with equal
force, no more and no less, to every
other elected officer in the land.
Mr. Wilson was elected Prerldent
by a popular vote of ?,129,:89, out of
a total vote of 1S.S3S.248. It Is thus
quite evident that about one-half of
his fellow citizens did not agree with
th political views upon which he
made his race for the high office.
Granting the defeated one-half has the
right to its views, and assuming that
tho individuals expressed at tho elec
tion their honest Individual views as
to the fitness of Mr. Wilson, to require
personal loyalty to Mr. Wilson as a
test of loyalty to the Government
would demand that the respectable
number or iMos.lf,, Americans who , tho land expressed by cow-t tqte.. . -voted
tho Republican. Socialist, Pro- thoritlcs, at a time when t'ie ifrc
hihltlon and Socialist Ialor ticket." of every home depends upon fait'if;!
either recant their political objections service. 1'
to the candidate or muzln themselves New York, June 14
"CARS FOR WOMEN ONLY."
An Unidentified Hero In "The Son's"
Array of Correspondents.
To the Editor or The Sun sir.- A
great deal has happened in the -world
since Mr. McAdoo made his first bid
for popularity by adopting the suggea-
lion In The Run for "cars for women
only tn nis newly opened Hudson Jtlver
A threo line communication In The
Su.v started this project on its way
round the world.
I remember it well, ae It waa signed
with Initial-' similar to my own. Mr.
Bassett, one of the members of the
newly appointed Public Service Com
mission, was taken up t'o tho Brooklyn
Bridge by a city official to gase upon
the wonders of the bridge and at the
hour of the day when they were at their
As a tesult lie asked for suggestions
from the public, for Improving1 conditions
at this place while, at the b.ime time,
praising the evolution of tho trained and
disciplined hosts deplojins. some of
them through th windows of the care,
on their way to their homes In Brooklyn.
i no suggestion tnat followed In Tut
Sur was to the effect that tho commls
sloner establish a plan for cars for
women only, and then let the trained
and disciplined army of educated ath
letes herd by Itself,
John P. Datin, M. D.
New Tork, June 14.
The Emblem of the Immortal.
To thk Editor or Titr, Sun Sir
av In Tub Run a letter headed "The
Death Star In the Service 1'lag," in Torl AdcrlMng Club on Ma
which many suggestion were made. g'lest of tin- eveninc "I
I suggest that the emblem of death OHardonl of Iluono.i re'.
should be a golden or yellow clrc.lo ori"n Argentine (ir.iplnc W
wreath, large enough to bo placed upon
tne star, what moro appropriate In
signia than to surround the emblem of
eervM with a golden wreath of glory,
symbolla of a hero's death. They could
be eaally and cheaply made and at
tached, jj. h, Bnoouc.
Jzrskt Crrr, X. J June 14.
Fim f Wide WerM.
In soma parte of Meilco "air plan-s"
abound. Theso curious growths are neier
attached to the atoll In any way. but rel
lor mnr inoiiuire on me atmosphare. One uici i Alberlo AMsdr of 7rl .U
Vlnil. known .. "Sp.,,1.,4-. Heard" (Til- I qrnflen, hrcretarv. Other nirmbe -landMa
uneo dea), attache Itself to tele. I . , . . . . . .
l, , ,' ,J l" , board of directors aro Mr M I
phone wirea. ery oftn the growth he. , ,., , , , ,
,omes a ro.lllve nuisance, and It I. nec.a. ' mi,n of r'r"n Mr ' '
eary to send man t. clear It away. The r""rt of 1",C'r" f'f'n n
"Spanlard'a Beard" haa no proper leaves, 1 f the association In .12 lliir i
and In sppeerauc la simply a nuu of I New Yoik. (.. C MS'
green gray threads.
regarding the Issues upon which iha
previous campaign wa9 fought.
This army of one-half of the tn'ai
vote, of tho country is required tn ,
no such thing. It may think u,at .
pleasea of tho personal political Me
of the Chief Executive as frei-iy n? it,
did three years ago. The only require!
ment is that nothing slull bc pl.
done which interferes with the poihy
of the Govcmmont In the war, which
by the way, la not the soli iiu.pr.,,,!
of the Executive, hut rest- nllko nport
the Congress of tho United .st.iie.,
Tho nan who says "To lioll with th
United States" Is not In th same cb
with the man who Insists that Colin"!
Roosevelt. Mr. Hughes, Mr. Rsot'c?
Senator .Tames Hamilton Lewis wou'i
make a better President, than tlt?iirt.
ent ocoiipnnt of tho Whlto House
Ono Is directly attacking the cnt!:.
Government: tho other Is excrclsin;
proper nnd constitutional right
The highest typo of patriot In
country is the man who does not ."ire-i
with the President's party politics m
yet makes a fine distinction bfi
such politics and ;i national pollcv f?
the common preservation, and then
wholeheartedly follows a leadership hi
does not entirely approve to cn .
result with which there can be tin
Nor is it lesej majesty tn oppose the
doctrine of secret treaties, to inut
upon efficient Cabinet officers, toques
Hon the fitness of any existing Cablner
officer in getting a common, patriotic
result, -to d" nand the removal of the
unfit and tl a conservation of the nn
t tonal resources through officials wlic
are mentally, tempermentally and pto.
fesslonally qualified to handle. th stu
pendous sums and Issues that th wnc
has forced upon th peoyK
One does not have to agree that Mr,
George Creel Is the embodiment cj
wisdom In order to salute the flat with
out blushing. Indeed, one may be
convinced that the war, the countrv
and the world at large would profit
the retirement of Mr. Creel -without
making a dent in a perfect loyaitv,
Nor does the individual have w sub
scribe to tho infallblllty of Scrtarv
Biker before ho may go to bed ith a
prayer for the success of our arms and
fleet. As a matter of fact, a man mUlit
with propriety pray in the same hour
for the substitution of General I.eonaid
Wood for Mr. Baker and for glortoui
There Isn't a country now In flu
war which has not changed some of.
Its directing officials during ho;tllltle-i
at the demand of critics who uer-i
loyal and earnest. Britain has over
turned civil and military officials at
I will. France has done both. Po hav-i
Italy and Turkey, whllo Germany hm
thrown out her very highest civil an-l
military "is vtlthout question v-;
public cn' ciam followed their
And Austn has followed tho lead cj
In the United States alon Is thern
to bo found any element that Insists
that personal loyalty to a rollticol
leader ts essential to loyalty to the
nation. And those insistent person',
It may well be remarked, are generall-'
doorkeepers in tho tents of thos;
now hold public office, and therefrri
disqualified from passing any fie'i
A proper understanding of the if.
latlonMilp of the citizen to his Gov
ernment, and of the relationship
tho citizen to the officials who
the Government. Is the prime essen'm
of tho period that marks the npet ir.?
of a general political campaign
The most casual reader pf the da!'--:
news, and especially the news of 'M
police grist, cannot fail tn b; 're
pressed with the necessltv f" II
discussion and complcto under" aid
ing of this issue. There must i- m
introduction of the doctrine -f '-
majesty in this country, en m-"-e
than theres can be toleration of
slightest opposition to the tu'i
THE SPANISH PRESS.
An Association of Importance to thd
Western AVorld Formed Here.
To tub Editor or tub Si-. -.'I' 'ru.'
recent formation In New York o' ti -i
Abo-laclrtu de la Prensa Fpan?h Pre."
Association) is especially Hgiiti-art to
I that lHrg group of North Airei aim
who are interested either In tb ?rw
language or In Inter-Air.erlcati rel.i'o
The Afoclaclfn d la Prera is '
result of several different fa t.,r '1
presence In New York nf son- I've"'
four publications edited in iva . '
(dally, weekly ami tnoiiHib t . t. e
that has been felt for a close-- pr f-:
agonal union among Ulspano-Ame r t. a''
Journalists; the desire on the pa--
Onanish niul il snano- American m 't
paper men to draw viore rlnjeiv tope-he
tho bonds nf friendrhv bet seen I.at"
nnd Anglo-S.won Anerl.a. I'." def.'
on tliA t.jrt nf t.atli l.lnrMrv men lo t.ij
theinselve.i In touch ith that iuteic-
In Spanish letter, w 'iKb ! bene
creaalnclx maiiifcf te, m tno t
Statea anil p-irlicu'ar'v n e-
and finally, to mall t' pib'
I Iitln America
New York a rcpreentatte
could perform s-ucn fen e .
may demand. The ,socmc
Prcnsa. does not. how-eer ; n t
bershlp solely to I.attn Aire rxars
Spaniards. It nlso admits to ner v
ship Americans who spea'- h
Tho AsociacWn de '.i rr"f
parsed through Its formvrc pe- -
elected its ofllcern ami ctv "te-
hud Its firet general ineeties
1 epokn on Mm ilevclxpmet.i of i
In Iho Argentine, il.u-trat t
with a wealth of data on IV
periodical press, t lie clur.iete
various publications and the.,
tlon, history and editorial polii'-
speakers, well known Iatln ,'.i
newspaper men. such as Dr. J"s
- a I
lot, Pr. Lara Pardo, took pa" - '
meeting of unusual alue and !-' '
Tho officers of tho assoet.r - ' 1
Pr. i.uli Iita r.iPln, tne'ide '"
nan 1". l fiiuldl of tho J.'-jvmM I '
' I'll, vlce-prreldent
C f. Mar' ' '
I KiW Vouk. June 14.