Newspaper Page Text
Fair to-day and to-morrow; wanner to
morrow; moderate south winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 68; lowest, 55.
Detailed weather reports on last pat'
IT SHINES FOP ALL
VOL. LXXXV. NO. 303.
NEW YORK, SUNDAY, JUNE 30, 1918 Copyright, 191S, hy fne Bun Printing and Publtthlng Aetodatton. 72 PAGES.
PRICE FIVE CENTS SOT-iE
GERMANS UNABLE TO REGAIN GROUND WON BY THE ALLIES;
U S. TROOPS LAND IN ITALY DIRECT; MOVE KEPT SECRET;
NEW YORK DIVISION TAKES OVER SECTOR OF BATTLE FRONT
SCALE IS FOUND
Corporations Prey Upon
Tublic With Avarice, Com
WAR BURDENS DODGED
Government Price Fixing
Causes Returns of Incred
Special Despatch to Tbs 6cx.
Washington, June 29. A report on
war time profiteering sensational In
its revelations was submitted to the
Senate to-day by the Federal Trade
Commission following Its Investiga
tion Into the operations of the beef
packing, coal, steel, copper, oil, mill
ing and other industries under war
The report leaves no doubt that
under the conditions brought about
rlnce this country entered the war
many Industries have yielded profits
to enormous aa to be almost beyond
belief. In the words of the commis
sion, "certain members of trade have
preyed with shameless avarice upon
Declaring that general trade Is In a
high state of prosperity at the present
time the commission asserts that many
Industries are making unusual profits
while others are charged with making
Refasal to Share In Burdens.
"In an hour of national service and
self sacrifice," says the commission,
"profiteering may fee defined not only as
the taking of , exorbitant profit but should
Include a refusal to'"hare"ln tiearing
the burdens of war in the form of a re
duction In profits when the profits have
been large In pre-war times."
One of the features of the report Is
the revelation that the price fixing policy
of the Fuel Administration, the Food
Administration and the War Industries
Board aimed to get maximum produc
tion while restricting prices in practice
has led to profits In many instances of
a size evidently never dreamed of by Its
In fact the whole price fixing policy
or the Administration Is criticised as
having produced "an economic situation
whtch is fraught with hardship to the
consuming public and with ultimate
peril to the high coat companies through
increasing the power of their, low coat
Profits of the steel Industry In 1917
under Government price fixing. It is al
leged, were nearly half a billion dollars
for the year. Profits of the Steel Cor
poration alone for the year were 19.4
per cent., as compared with 15. per
cent, in 191. Profits among the cop
jer companies have ranged from 1 per
vent, to 107 per cent Four of the prin
cipal packing companies made profits of
1140,000,000 In three years.
203. T Per Cent, rroat.
Dour millers exceeded the maximum
margins and ran up to 31 per cent, on
tho Investment. Among the meat pack
ers, who como In for special mention
among the alleged profiteers, Morris 4
i'o had profits of 263.7 per cent In one
One bituminous coal company made a
profit of $1.85 on every ton of coal It
mined, while the people were paying the
Usher orlces fixed by Dr. Gurfleld. An
aerage of bituminous coal prices showed
a profit of 54 cents a ton, as compared
with 10 and 15 cents a ton before Dr.
Garfield "stabilised" prices. Anthracite
coal profits doubled while the people In
many sections shivered.
"The outstanding revelation which ac
companied the work of cost llnding is
the heivy profit made by the low cost
corcern under a governmental fixed
prlca for the entire country," says the
"The commission has reason to know
tl-at profiteering exists. Much of it Is
Cur. to the advantages taken of the
necessities of the time as evidenced In
the. war pressure for heavy production.
Some of It is attributable to Inordinate
greed am barefaced fraud."
DmunrUtloa of Packers.
Tho report avers that manipulations
of the markets by the meat packers to
harest unprecedented profits) embrace
every device that is useful to them with
rut rejard to law and that the packers
beve "preyed upon the publlo uncon
The report was railed for In a Senate
if solution asking that the Senate be fur
nished with nil facts, figures, data or In
formation In possession of the commis
sion relative to profiteering which would
(nahle Congress to deal with the matter.
Just how the remedy Is to be applied
I" problematical. There Is Jlllle doubt
hat the data will bo used by the Senate
as a basis for excess profits schedules In
the new tax bill. Action In this regard
will meet the expressed wishes of the
Piftldent contained In his statement to
ffnt.-rei.s- that "profiteering that cannot
le gut at by the restraints of conscience
ui I'jve of country can be got at by
That Concress or the Administration
will not be content with this, however,
view of the disclosures made, wema
ttualn. Other and more drastic action
Continued oh Bltth Page.
SENATE VOTES 20 BILLIONS
IN DAY, MOSTLY FOR WAR
Army Gets Twelve, Fortifications Five and Sundry
Civil Three Provost Marshal Crowder Recom
mended for Rank of Lieutenant-General.
Bpteial DetpatcA to Tns Sck.
Washington, June 29. In a single
day the Senate disposed of more than
$:o. 000,000, 000 of appropriation bills,
passing the army appropriation bill of
more than $12,000,000,000: the fortifica
tions measure, In excess of $5,000,000,
000, and the sundry civil jipproprlatlon
bill, approximately $3,000,000,000.
Consideration of the army bill came
first. Yesterday's deliberations had dis
posed of the one great point In con
troversy In this measure, the question of
draft age limits. The Senate accepted
the King amendment permitting the
President to organise a Russian legion
along lines similar to those authorising
the recruitment of the legion of Jugo
slavs and Csechs. Under the amend
ment by Senator King (Utah) it was
provided that this legion was not to be
for service In Russia, but upon the ob
jection of Senator McKellar (Tenn.) this
proviso was stricken out. The amend
ment as now passed permits the recruit
ment of a legion of Russians resident
In the United States who are opposed to
the Bolshevlkl and to the dealings of the
chaotic Government or Russia with the
German Government as well.
The Senato accepted Senator Fall's
N. M.) . amendment providing for tne
enlistment of three reg.ments of volun
teers between the ages of 18 and 21 and
31 and 45 years, the officers of which
are to be appointed by the President.
A high tribute was paid to services
rendered the Government by Major-uen
Enoch Crowder, Provost Marshal-Gen-
MAIL TUBES GO
!B111 Repassed by House in
Record Time Minus Pos
tal Carrier Clause.
N. Y. MEMBERS NAPPING
President Says Motor Trucks
Have Rendered Other Sys
Special Despatch to The Sex.
Washinoton, June 29. President
Wilson to-day vetoed the post office ap
propriation measure contalnlnj the pro
vision for pneumatic tubes, against
which the Postmaster-aenerai has fought
consistently, and succeeded In having
the bill passed again In tho House in
record time with no provision for the
tubes. As no money Is provided for the
rental of the tube systems In New York.
Chicago, Philadelphia and the other
cities now having the system, use of that
method of distributing mall will have to
An effort was made by proponents of
the tubes to pass the illl over the veto
with provision In it for retention of the
tubes until March 4, 1919. with Investl
ratlon by the Interstate Commerce Com
mission In the meanwhile to determine
the expediency and necessity of retain
ing the tube systems. This effort failed
miserably, only 113 votes being cast In
favor of passing the measure over the
President's veto, while 187 members
Hopes Are Disappointed.
New York, Pennsylvania and some
others members of the House who have
always voted for retention or tne tuoe
systems, failed to make even a decent
showing, a number or them having dis
appeared rrom Washington for the week
end, secure In the misplaced confldenco
that then the matter was done with
through tho close vote by which tho con
ference report on the measure was
adopted, Including In It provision for the
As soon as the effort to pass me dhi
over the President's veto failed not only
of getting the two-thirds majority neces
arv but of getting any majority at all.
Chairman Moon (Tenn.) moved the ref
erence of the bill to the Post Office
Committee, which was done. Tne com
mittee almost Immediately repotted the
bill back to the House with no reference
in the tube system In It. and no appro
priation for Its continuance. Debate
was snut on anu mo uui ruium nt"
In that form.
Reasons for Veto.
The President's veto message stated
that he "was convinced that there Is no
moral or legal obligation resting on the
Government to continue the use of these
tubes by rentsl." The growing volume
of mall and the Installation of motor
trucks have made the tubes "practically
nt,,i.ii." the message said, "and quite
unnecessary, and In fact a hindrance to
the efficient operation of the postal ser
vice " The message declared that no loss
or time In mall deliveries would result
through abandonment or the tubes, and
t... tkia mll could be handled at less
cost and more expeditiously by other
means." , . ,
ti,. nr.iHent likewise cited break
-,.. ami tha limited capacity of the
tube systems, making It Impossible to
meet emergencies at times und delaying
mall. Rreakdowns made It necessary
to dig up the streets sometimes, the mes
sage pointed out, to gei at the clogged
.u wh.n thlm hannens schedules are
disarranged through the necessity of
substituting other metnoas o rnii-
latlon while tns times are not
eral, by Incorporating In the bill an
amendment granting to him for the period
of the war the rank of Lteutenant-Oen-eral.
The amendment was presented by
Senator McKellar. In speaking for It
Senator Knox (Pa.) paid a ringing com
pliment to Gen. Crowder. saying that In
his opinion the Importance of the head
of the legal department or the army in
war time was practically paramount to
the Importance or the civil legal head
or the Government, the Attorney-Ccn-eral.
"I would be glad to vote for this meas
ure ir It mentioned Enoch Crowder by
name," said Senator Knox.
Senators Chamberlln (Ore.) and
Lewis (111.) joined In remarks of appro
bation, and only Senator King, prompted
by Democratic Leader Martin (Va.),
spoke against the promotion. The Sen
ate adopted the amendment without a
record vote, only a weak chorus of two
or three "Sot" being heard.
The Senate then by a vote of 45 to 21
defeated the amendment of Senator Mc
Cumbcr (Mo.) providing that the Presi
dent shall bo empowered to raise
5,000,000 men as soon as possible.
Immediately following the army bill
came the fortifications bill, which was
ps'sed In a hurry with amendments In
creasing the amount originally appro
priated toy tne House, by about
The sundry civil bill furnished little
or no debate as It swung past the
Vice-President's desx on Its way to the
Coal Production Cut by Array's
Inroads, Says FuelA'd
minlstrator. HIT HARD BY JUNE DRAFT
Replacements by Employment
Bnreau Fail to Give
.Special Despatch to 1st Srv,
Washington, June 29. Kxemptton
from further calls In the military draft
for men employed In producing and
handling coal at the mines has been
asked from the army authorities by Dr.
Harry A. Garfield, the Fuel Administra
tor. The request comes as a result of
retorts from the mining regions that
the output or coal has been affected In
the last two or three weeks by the num
ber of men taken away lu the June
contingent or the new National Army.
Dr. Carded will exert his full author
ity to prevent further Inroads among
tho ranks of the miners. The operators
ask that some plan of preferred"' labor
distribution be devised to replace the
men taken away.
Statistics from the principal coal
producing States have been complied by
the operators In connection with fig
urea supplied by tho office of Provost
Marshal-General Crowder. Tho figures
on men called from these States and
now In the army are :
Alabama. 63.900 ; Illinois. 212,982 ; In
diana, 89,913; Kentucky, 66,056; Mary
land, 42.417; Ohio, 199,422 ; Oklahoma,
12,161: Pennsylvania, 294,831; Tennes
see, 66,474 ; West Virginia, 44,544.
Under the tentative plan of labor dis
tribution by allotmont under considera
tion by officials of the various War Ad
ministrations In connection with the
War Industries Board, coul production
wilt be rated as third In the priority
scheme. Several thousand men have
already been sent to the mines through
the Federal Kmployment faervlce, offi
cials of the Department of Labor say,
but not in suincieni numDers to replace
the men taken away under tho draft
calls of the army.
Occupational exemptions for men In
coal mines similar to those granted to
men engaged In shipbuilding probably
will be asked by Dr. Garfield next week.
In the event his request Is granted the
names of coal miners liable for army
duty will be automatically exempted and
their places will be. taken by other men
not employed In mines.
Officials of the United Mine Workers
of America held several conferences here
recently with a view of getting the In
doisement by the army authorities and
Department of Labor of the propoSil to
give occupational exemptions to the
miners. Outside .of the request made
by Dr. Oarfleld no official action has
MAJOR EMERY IN BERLIN.
American Banking; Agent Said to
De at Liberty.
Amsterdam. June 29, Major Henry
Crosby Emery, who was seised on tne
Aland Islands by the Germans last
March, now Is In Berlin, according to
Information reaching here. Major Emery
has been reported an occupant of various
German prison camps, the latest being
Camp Tuchel, where he waa held with
other American prisoners. He Is at
liberty In Berlin, but must report to
the police once a week. He Is reported
In good health.
Msjor Emery left the United Statu In
September, 191, to represent New York
banking Interests In Petrograd.
IN WAR RENDING
Wadswoi'th and Calder Will
Be Appealed to Today
to Change Front.
WHITMAN MEN ARE FIRM
Town Meeting Probably Will
Be Followed by nn Unof
Declaration of open warrare In the
Republican organisation at yesterday's
meeting or the State committee, held In
the Republican Club, was prevented by
the appointment or a committee or five
to rail upon United States Senators
Wadsworth and Calder to-day and to re
port back when the committee recon
venes at 10 o'clock to-morrow morning.
No compromise Is In sight and there Is
every Indication of a row, with the re
sult that the "town meeting" of the Sen
ators on July 18 will be followed by an
unofficial convention held under the au
spices of the State committee on July 30.
The centre of the trouble lien In the
selection of the delegates who shall pro
mulgate the party platform. Acknowl
edging that the friends of Gov. Whit
man control the State organisation, the
opposition declare they will never con
sent to the delegates being selected by
the Assembly district committees. The
Whitman leaders reply they do not pro
pose to throw aside the party machinery
and the rule for the selection of dele
gates In a representative manner that
has the authority of years or practice.
Fred Grelner or Buffalo, convinced
that the United States Senators did not
want to have a convention or conference
organised In the usual way, but rather
a "mass meeting," which might be used
for their purposes In opposition to Gov.
Whitman, was strongly In favor of going
to the bat yesterday and calling an un
official convention regardless of the
"town meeting" already arranged for.
II was persuaded, however, that It
would be better to have another talk
with the Senators In an effort to merge
the two meetings on a basis that would
ibe accepted by all Republicans.
The anti-Whitman forces Joined In
this suggestion for delay with apparent
heartiness. Mr. Grelner presented the
resolution calling for the appointment ot
the committee, which. In view ot the in
vitation or the Senators for an assembly
at Saratoga 'to formulate and declare
the principles and purposes of the party
In the coming campaign," should confer
with them In "the Interest of party unity
and success." Senator Theodore Doug
la Robinson, campaign manager for
Attorney-General Msrton E. Lewis, and
Senator Henry M. Sage ot the Ilarnes
group rcconiled the resolution.
The committee appointed by Chairman
Glynn Is composed entirely of Whitman
partisans. It consists of Mr. Grelner,
Alfred E. Vass of Kings. Jesse Phillips,
State Superintendent of Insurance, who
holds a proxy from Steuben; Represen
tative Rertrand II. Sncll of St. Uw-
rence, Samuel S. Koenlg, Aew lor
county leader; Chairman Glynn and
Lafayette B. Gleason, secretary of the
State Committee, ex officio.
Immediately after the meeting this
committee went Into conference with
representatives of Gov. Whitman to de
cide their course of action at the meet
ing with tho United States Senators to
day. On the other hand, tho Ilarnes
group and friends of Senator Iwln met
to decide how best they might prevent
any yielding on the part of the Senators
to the Ideas of the tiovernor.
It was a matter of getiernl gossip
last night that the ami-Whitman forces
never desired to get together In an
amicable meeting, convention or other
wise, and that the call for the "town
meeting" was Issued with tho definite
Idea of widening the split to sucli a
point that It might be possible to urge
the elimination of both Gov. Whitman
and Attorney-Oenerat Lewis a candl
dates for Governor. The plan had been
Continual on eleventh rage.
Say. a "Full Pipe"
Shortens the Trail
gOLDIERS, writing as recently
as June 9 from the front, tell
of their happy days on getting a
distribution of SUN Fund to
bacco. "After a hard day's work in
the mud and wet to the skin it's
disagreeable till THE SUN cigar
ettes arrive and put a different
look on life." This is written by
Matt B. Burns of Company H,
161st Infantry. Read the sol
diers' mail on page 1, Section 7.
To-day at Farmer Oval the
Van and Schenck club will play
the Pennsylvania Reds for the
benefit of THE SUN Tobacco
Fund. Sophie Tucker will be
hostess and will sing. A delight
ful Sunday outing to take and at
the same time help the soldiers
WARNING ! THE SUN TO
BACCO FUND has no connection
with any other fund, organiza
tion or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors.
POST OF HONOR
OF CAMP UPTON
Troops Trained by Bell
First Americans to Be
REGIMENT TO 00 TO ITALY
Pershing Will Send Force in
Addition to Those Now
Landed. Special hespatch to Ths Scs.
Washington. June 29. Gen. March.
Chief of Staff, announced to-day that the
first American troops had landed in
Italy. They were sent direct from the
United State, and consist or sanitary
corps ana otner non-comoaiania, uui
also Include nghtlng units.
Nothing has been said concerning
these rorccs. Gen. March explained, be
cause It was desired not to make any
mention or them while they were on the
high sens. Gen. Pershing has Been di
rected to send a regiment of troops from
France to Italy, which will add to the
strength of the vanguard of American
fighting force on tho Italian front.
In his general survey of the situation
in Europe Gen. March characterised con
dltlons as "extremely favorable to the
Allies." Five divisions or American
troops which have been training with
the British have now been turned back
to Gen. Pershing. Gen. March eald.
New York Troopa Lead.
Special rercrence was made by Gen.
March to the ract that the Seventy
seventh Division, made up of New York
troops, had taken over a sector of the
front, being the first National Army
Division to take Its place In the fighting
line. This division waa originally
trained by Major-Gen. J. Franklin Bell,
and after his relief from command It
waa taken across by Gen. Johnston.
In his statement Oen. March said :
"The Italian line, since the last time
I talked to you. has been the object of
greatest Interest to military men. The
Italian pressure has practically restored
the line to where It was held betore the
. .rftni-a harm on the Plave. and In
I two places It has been slightly ad-
"The Italians have crossed to the north
bank of the Plave at one place and down
toward the sea. The old line, which had
been held by ths Austrians ond Italians
tor many months, has now been pushed
back by the Italians so that It Is closer
to the Plave. Down in tne swampy r-
-glons near the seacoast mo hub if
practically the same no Deiore me ms
drive was begun by tho Austrians.
Austrian Tactics Faulty.
"Taken as a military proposition, the
attack or the Austrian Is considered
faultv because they spread their attack
over such a large rront that It waa Im
possible to carry it through. The actual
front rrom the mountains down is 200
miles, and there were not large enough
rorccs at all points necessary to carry
through such a drive.
"The Austrian disaster which ensued
is extremely valuable, not only from the
military sense but also from the psycho
logical sense. It Inspires all tho Allies
and Inspires Italy with the conscious
ness that their forces can be used to
distinct advantage. The practical result
In prisoners, guns and material captured
Is of course extremely valuable. The re
ports which we get of the Austrians cap
tured by tho Italians Is 18,000.
"Yesterday tho first American troops
landed In Italy. I do not refer by this
to the force which Gen. Pershing Is
sending from the American Expedition
ary Force, but to a fresh force which
has been on the high seas for some lit
tle time and now landed.
American Activities Local.
"During the week the activities In the
American sector In France. s pub
lished In Gen. Pendilni's communique
from dav to day. have been local In
character, the Americans at all times anil
In all places moro than holding their
own. Fine examples or individual vaiur
are now coming In, and with the policy
which has been adopted of allowing the
mention of the gallant conduct of all,
our people understand that the rank and
file are doing splendidly oil along the
"Gen. Pershing now has had turned
back to him, of Amcrlcnn troops who
have been training with the British,
five divisions. Imaglno that specifically,
because It shows the value of the policy
which was adopted of UBlng all the
training areas possible along the Are
front. Tho vast Increaso of men being
sent across are trained, as you see, In
three different ways, the great mass be
ing trained with our own forces, but the
utilisation of facilities already In ex
istence back of the British line by our
people, and In addition to tho French
facilities, allows us to give that final
polishing very much more rapidly than
In any otner way.
Thlrty-Hflh With Pershing.
"A specific question wns asked me by
one of the newspaper men about the
Thirty-fifth Division. This was one of
the divisions which was sent for train
ing with the British, has now finished,
Joined Gen. Pershing and is being used
by him. This division wns commanded
by Major-Gen. William M. Wright.
"In the week we have a report on tho
first National Army division which has
taken over a sector of the front. That
division Is the Seventy-seventh, which
was raised In New York and was orlgl-
Continued on Second Page.
1,111 Aircraft Brought Down in June
on the Battle Front and in Raids
Special Cable Despatch to Tin: Sun from the London Timet.
Copyright. Vf, all rights reserved.
LONDON, June 29. Since the first of June 1,040 airplanes and
seventy-one observation balloons have been reported downed on all
the battle fronts and in allied raids on Germany. This is the third
highest monthly total of losses since the beginning of the war and
compares with 1,162 in March and 1,248 in May. Of the airplanes
downed 786 are reported by the Allies, and 255 by the enemy.
On the western front up to last night 781 airplanes had been re
ported downed, of which 210 were reported by the Germans. The
remaining 571, consisting entirely of German machines, fell to Brit
ish, French, Belgian and American airmen or gunners. British air
men destroyed 237 German airplanes and drove down 210 out of con
trol. Allied airmen have disposed of 162 Austrian machines so far
LONDON, June 29. In the air fighting of yesterday British
aviators brought down seventeen German airplanes and sent six others
out of control. On the same day British naval aviators brought down
three hostile machines. The statement follows :
There was much fighting in the air on the British front on the
28th instant and enemy machines showed considerable activity. Dur
ing the day we shot down seventeen German airplanes and drove
down six others out of control. Three of our machines are missing.
Twenty-two tons of bombs were dropped by us during the day
on various targets and fourteen and a half tons in the course of
the following night.
During the period from June 24 to June 26 air forces con
tingents working with the navy carried out continuous offensive
operations. Fifteen tons of bombs were dropped on enemy targets
and fires were started. Three enemy machines were brought down.
Two of our machines are missing.
German Newspapers Sny Ho
Will Not, Re Ousted for
MUST WORK FOR PEACE
Supreme Army Command Is
Urged to Assume Control
of Imperial Policy.
Amstkiuiam, June 29. The German
press Is predicting now that Dr. von
Kuehlmann, the German Foreign Sec
retary, will retain his office. In fact
It Is certain, the newspapers declare,
that he will remain at his post.
Dr. von Kuehlmann, however, will
not bo free from attacks by his op
ponents. th Dusseldorf .VocarlcAfrn as
serts, and It rorccasts a fresh collision
between hUs adherents and those In op
position to him. This Is certain. It de
clares, because the Foreign Secretary,
by virtue or his promises, must work
for pence, which Is directly opposed "In
Discussing tho etralned political sit
uation In Germany caused by the recent
speech of Dr. von Kuehlmann. the
Frankfurter Zcitung takes up the ques
tion of the relation of the political pow
ers of the nations to the military, and
remarks that this had developed In hucIi
a way during the war as to render
the notable phrase of Karl von Clausc
wltz "tho nrmy eliould be the Instru
ment or policy" no longer volld In Its
old meaning. The relationship, declares
the newspaper, has to-day become such
as to make It Impossible perhaps to re
store the old. It concludes:
"IT tho supreme army command de
termines that the coue of lta polio
Is the national course, It should lie with
some one In thnt quarter openly to as
sume its direction."
IN FOREST OF NIEPPE
Bitter Enemy of Britain la
Bv th' Associated rren.
With the British Armt in France,
June 29. An interesting sidelight of the
defeat which the British dealt to two
German divisions east of Nleppo Forest
yesterday the fact that Gen. Fried
rich A. J. von Bernhardt was In com
mand of the nrmy corrw that suffered
tills heavy chastisement.
Bernhardt has been n writer of arti
cles on the war, tho majority of which
contained bitter attacks on the British.
A while ago It was reported that he had
been killed, but It now Is established
that he Is commanding this corps In
DENIES EX-CZAR IS DEAD.
nnsslnn Official Says Murder Tale
I lleslunrd to Incite Public.
Amsterdam, June 29. Humors that
the deposed Kmperor Nicholas has been
murdered are lies designed to Incite tho
public, according to the president of the
executive committee at Kkaterlniiurg.
The message containing the statement
Is dated June 21 and was telegraphed
from Moscow by way of Berlin.
Portngnl Plnn I'.nvoy to Vntlran,
Lisbon, Juno 29. Dr. Sldonlo I'ues,
President of the Portuguese Republic,
received lo-doy the Papal Nuncio of
Madrid, who Is visiting Portugal on a
special mission. The Presldtnt Informed
the Papal Nuncio that the Government
wa about to appoint a Portuguese
diplomatic representative to the Vatican.
Move for Intervention to Jle
store Order Said to Have
COUNTER REVOLT SEEN
French Socialists Warn
Against Allied Interference
Without. Rolshevik Consent.
Special Cable Despatch to Tns Sir.''.
Copyright, 101S; all rights reserved.
London', June 29. Conditions In Rus
sia nre becoming more chaotic every day,
according to reports reaching Ixindon
through German and neutral sources.
A despatch from Zurich quotes German
newspapers as stating that the Berlin
Government Is taking preparatory meas
urcs with a view to Intervention In Rus
sia, where German troops are to be sent
for the purjwsc of restoring order.
The despatch adds that the German
troops will be assisted by Maximalist
forces, which would appear to confirm
in a way the reports yesterday that the
Bolshevik Government Is seriously
threatened by a counter revolution.
MM. ltenaudel nnd Jxmguet, dele
gates of the French Socialist party to
the British Labor Conference, have ex
pressed themselves on tho Russian sit
uation, ltenaudel said:
"I am not opposed to tho principle of
Japanese intervention In Russia, but
there must In? no Intervention without
guarantees. An essential condition of
any Intervention is the consent of the
Bols!eIUI, as without It national feel
Ing would be excited against the Allies.
"Tho terms Inflicted by the Germans
upon Russia forced the Bolshevlkl Into
opposition. If the Allies ait wisely that
opposition can bo utUUed effectively.
Any intervention must bo by tho Allies,
not by Japan alone. Without that, no
matter what Government was In power,
Russia's consent would be difficult to
obtain, and any lnterentlon, Japanese
or other, against the will of the de facto
Government of Russia would only play
Imgui't regarded Japanese Interven
tion in Russia as an Illusion. Ht said
the Bolshevlkl were the cl lef opponents
of Germany In Russia and that it would
be folly on the part or the Allies to takn
any action against them or to muke any
move without their cooperation.
PETROGRAD SUPPLIES HELD UP.
Xone llccrlved In Pour Days
lirnln I'm Seised on llnnil.
Amntkiipaw, June 29 I'ctrograd hnh
received no supplies for four days, ac
cording tn a statement by the Food Com
missioner, reported from Moscow by way
of Berlin 0
Of twenty-six carloads nf grain from
I'f.i which the f'scclis allowed to pass
only cloven have rc.irhcl Fetrngrad, the
othent being detached at arlous sta
tions by the rallwsy officials.
CIVIL WAR IN FLEET.
Prnaslnn Drrailnunght nml Ilr-
utrojrrs Sunk In Tnnglrd Fight.
Amsterdam, June 29, A Russian
dreadnought named by the Bolshevik
Government Svobodnaya Rosnl.i, for
merly Kmpress Kkaterlna II., was sunk
by a destroyer, and several destroyers
were also sunk In an engagement among
Ruislau ships In the Black Sea, accord
ing to seml-omUI Berlin reports.
In the course of this fluhtlng the sail
ors of the fleet rhnngpi! their state of nl
lrlancc several times
The entire Russian Black Sea fleet,
these reports add, Is now at Sebastopol
under German control and fit for war
German Attack on Italians
Holding Heights West of
TURNING TO DEFENSIVE
One Critic. Believes They
Will Try Merely to Hold
Allies on Present Line.
FRENCH GAIN IMPORTANT
British Find Only Second Rate
Troops Opposing Them on
Special Cable Despatch to Tar. Scs.
Copyright. 1318; all rights reserved. '
London, June 29. The operation
yesterday on the buttle front in France
and Flanders wcro significant In a
double sense. They Indlcato that the
spirit of aggression is strong in the
Allies, that advantago Is being taken
of opportunities to venture on offen
sive movements that must bo disturb
ing to the enemy, nnd also they reveal
that the Allies' commanders have dis
covered the weak polntH of the Ger
Tho best efforts that tho Germans
were able to make last night and to
day In counter attacks fulled entirely
to win back tho positions they lost
yesterday. In the Solssons district the
new French lines remain Intact, while
on tho British sector near Xleppp For
est the only change Is that tho number
of prisoners taken Is now given at
more than 400, and two field guns have
been added to the guns captured.
Southwest of Hhelms, at Hltgny, the
Germans essayed an att.tck against the
sector held by the Italians, but wcra
Importance of French Gain,
The larger and nmre Important of tha
two attacks made by the Allies yester
day was that of the French south of
the Alsne, In a ravine between the vil
lages of Ambleny and Montgnhert. Hid
den In this depression, tho Germans were
able to assemble their forces free from
observation, thus affording a Jumping off
place for a new offensive. The French
success In clearing the ravlno will make
It difficult for the Germans In any fu
ture attempt to get around the forest of
The British operation in the Lys re
gion, whero they cleared the. border of
Nleppo forest, thus preventing the Ger
mans from getting a strong position
among the trees, resulted In the capture
of three villages, as did tho French
movement. Tho British losses were par
ticularly light, due probably to the fact
that tho German divisions on tho front
lino have been filled with second rate
j troops. This seems to Indicate that the
i.ermans aro preparing their first class
men who were used In their recent
thrusts for a new offensive.
Knemy Mny Take DrfrnielTe.
H. Sldebotham. the military commen
tator of the Manchester Giirrfmtt, ana
ljzes the situation as follows, after com
menting on tho statement of Dr. von
Kuehlmann, the German Foreign Minis
ter, that n purely military victory can
not bp obtained by the Germans:
"If the German command does not
now expect a iTeak through on tho west.
upon what are Itn hopes of victory
j based? The answer must be, assuming
that von Kuehlmann was speaking to his
brief, first that they hope so to Improve
their position that a break throuxh by
tho Allies will bo Impossible within a
reasonable time, tiy by tho end of next
year, and secondly, that they hopo to
hold up the Allies on the west by a re
vlal of their defensive policy and the
development of nn offenslp In the east
which will threaten India.
"From the second observation It fol
lows that the problem for the Allies,
when their offensive begins, will be not
merely to do better than the Germans
havo dono this year but very consider
ably better. We must have not only a,
superiority of numbers perhaps the
Americans will be able to Insuro that
but our tactics, our organization must
bo better. One year's campaigns are
won by the previous year's thought. If
wo are to win next year tho plan ought
to be In existence now"
Germans Assert That Allies
Failed to Hold Gains.
f.O.VO.V. June 29. -'oMii'liig ore)
thr reports on tic uperoions in
Fmnce nnd I'lunilns:
ritKNCH (XUIIIT1 There Is noth
Ing to report except quite marked ar
tillery activity between the ntireq and
tho Marno and tho region cast of
I'llKM'll llAV Two German at
tacks for tho purpose of retaking
French position south of tho Alsne
which were occupied by the French
on Thursday niKbt were repulsed. An
attack by a number nf German bat
talions between Kosse-en-ll.is and
Cutry ravlno were repulsed along the
new front and tho French lines wer
Southwest of Rhelms the Italians
engaged In a sh.up rnmbat with the
Germans on Bllgny Heights. German
detachments which had succeeded for
the moment in obtaining a foothold
In the Italian first lines with driven
Along the French lines a number of