Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 23, 1919.
Maryland, adJolnlnK the District of
Columbia, reported that a large crowd
of Mgruoi had gathered In Hyatt
llle, Juki acrofui the District line, and
re moving toward Washington. Thn
District authorltlPK began an Inves
ligation and,nt the stria' time des
patched troopa and. motorcyrle police to
tka District Una.
Major Pullman denied that negro
troops had been brought here to quell
the rioters The report, he said, prob
ably was started by the presence of
negro troops at the Union station, who
were passing through to ramps In the
Secretary of "War Baker and Chief
Of Buff March called on Major Pull
man to-nlgflt to Inform him. of the De
partment's plans fir ending the rlota,
and later vlatted some of tho'army le
taflg throughout the city lna motor
President Wilson gave his attention
to the race war situation to-dsy. foBoW-
Ina rh rintlne last nlsht. literally all
mom under the White House shadow. Uhr negTo confessed to the murder
the present regulations seam Inadequate
to cope with the situation It seems to
ma time to provide martial law."
MURDER BY NEGRO
STIRS RACE FEELING
Darby, Philadelphia Suburb,
Enraged by Slaying.
Special Despatch to Tss 8c.
Phiuubt.pia. July II. Race reeling
smoldered In Darby last night following
the brutal murder of William E. Taylor.
6 years old, a leading cltlsen of the
little town for yesrs, by Samuel Her
man, a seventeen-year -old negro, who
had been employed In Taylor's grain and
' Taylor was Hound with his skull
crushed at 8 .40 otclc.ek thla morning toy
another employee. (Beverly Berkley. He
had been struck in , the head a few mln
utea earlier with a heavy singletree.
Ijeas than a half hour after Taylor had
been struck down (lorman was arrested
He was turned over to Coroner Drewes
of Delaware oountr.'who announced that
He received a report from the District
ef ' oliimbla Commlsatonra fh the situ
t;on. anf summoned Secretary of War
Bbkcr for a confereneW.
Though the DlBtrlct Commissioners In
their report to the President recom
mended asjitnst the proclamation of
martial law. the ottjr was completely
under military and pollue rule. Streets
srare closed and cleared' In every secttoh
where trouble threatened, and all traffic
was stopped. The only difference is the
fact that the civil courts are trylim all
Heuvy . sentences ,were imposed upon
participants In last nlghfs riots who
were caught, end the police and mili
tary seized hundreds of wwapons of
every conceivable description, from 18
caMbre "gats" to S2 calibre toys and
down to the old fashioned slungshot.
President Wilson was keenly Interest
ed In the local situation and was Instru
ments In the great incrcacetof military
force. A delegation of local ansrro mfn
laters sought an audience with yhlm but
Were satisfied with aseurfincas from
Secretary Tumulty that their rucei would
be fully protected and that the armed
forces would guard negroes fromV vio
lence as closely as they wouldthe
Vhites. . j
Appeal Issued ta Public.
The municipal authorities are confi
dant that they have the situation well
In hand, and have issued an appeal to
ettlsens to stay indoors. This was not
at all necessary In the case of the older
residents, but young men nd boys of
both races were out In force. The
appeal read i
"With the police arrangements to
be made to-night If the authorities
can have the cooperation and assist
ance of law abiding clt liens the situa
tion will be kept In hand.
"At no time last night was the city
at the mercy of the mob. The vlo
isnce which occurred was sporadic In
rharacter. and most of the shootings
and other outrages took place where
small crowds or no crowds at all
were gathered. The large crowds and
What might properly be termed
mobs were dispersed by the police
and provost guard without great
difficulty and with but few Injuries.
"The provost guard continues to
assist the pohce authorities and will
continue to do so with augmented
forces. Plans are being made for in
creased patrols Sufficient reserves
will be maintained to bo thrown
wherever they may be needed. It
may be necessary to close some
streets to vehicular traffic The civil
authorities are in complete charge of
the situation and. the military will
ontlnue to assist them."
The police reported that a number of
posters signed by negro ministers urging
members of their race to stay within
tholr homes and to preserve order, had
appeared about the city.
('agrees May Act.
The riots were the subject of several
bills In Congress to-day.
Representatives Valle (CoL) and
Emerson (Ohio) Introduced hills au
thorising the President to proclaim
martial law In the District. Represent
ative Hill N. T.J offered a bill to con
trol by license the sale and possession
Of firearms and other dangerous weap
on. Senator Harrison (Miss.) sub
mitted av law for Jim Crow mrs in the
District ss his solution of the trouble
; The bill of Mr. Hill makes it Illegal
Jto possess, have or carry any firearm
Or other dangerous weapon In the Dis
trict without a permit ' The permit Is
issued only to person" of good charac
ter who have never been convicted of
crime, on the affidavits of two other
persons. A bond of $500 is required
for the issuance of the permit and the
person must promise to "keep the peace
axcept that said weupon may be used
jit hi home in the case of necessary
belf-defenpe of person or property."
I The bill also allows the search of any
auspicious persons or property for dan
gerous weapons, and five days after the
approval of the act provided that persons
aiarrylng weapons permits "hall be fined
rt more than IfiOO and Imprisoned for
slot more than one year. Weapons con
fiscated shall be destroyed.
; Permits are not required for officers and
jothers sworn In to enforce the law, but
jUl dealers In firearms are required to
lace a bond of $500 with the police de
partment that they wjll not sell dan
.gerous weapons except on permits. They
lelso must keep Strict account vof all
fweapons sold, and one-half of trie fine
fore to the person supplying information
.that brings about conviction
' The only mention of the rioting on the
.'floor of the House was by the chaplain,
'the Rev Harry N Couden, who prayed
that "order may be speedily restored in
the nation's capital."
Representative Valle, after falling to
obtain the floor to speak on the situa
tion, made the following statement:
"Congress controls the capital of the
United sttste and certainly ought to be
able to prevent disorder. Major Pull
ienan. Chief of Police, lu.s confessed his
inability to meet the situation and haa
called for the aid or f ederal troop
The President Is commander in chief of
the army, and aluo controls the Chief of
.Police and the District Commissioners In
"At the request of the Iresldent Con
gress drafted 4,000.000 men to make the
world safe for democracy If order can
not be maintained in the capital we are
in mighty poor shape to police the world.
"I have Introduced a resolution calling
for the establishment of martial law. and
it seems to me, In view of all the circum
stances brought to our notice so forcibly
last night within two or three squares
from the Capitol Building, that martial
law should prevail, and these scenes of
violence, casualty ind death ended with
"The police officers are bOave and the
military forces have done well, but since
The Rev. Danlal A. Winkle, pastor of
the Mount Zlon . Methodist Bplscopal
church, of whlchiTaylor was an active
re. 'mile- summed up the spirit of the
town .over' the murder when he said:
There' are plenty of man In this town
who would Vanish this negro qulokly
enough with a rope If they could get
their hands on (him."
Feeling ran so high that as soon as
Coroner Drawee arrived In Darby to
take care olivine case he asked Chief
Clark' to assign his entire police feme
to guard the Jail in the town hall. The
Inquest was held to-night Under heavy
guard of police, and deputies ths negro
was questioned ' for several hours.
Drewes announced later that he ex
ported to take the prisoner to the county
Jail at Media some time during the night.
but declined to say when the trip would
be made, fearing that the excited men
In tlw streets wuuld attempt to halt the
Who.' d.b-3 lhqucst was under way one,
ci owd' ofVmorc than a hundred men and
boys gathered In front of the iqulre's
office. There was no disorder. Other
crowds all talking In low voices gath
ered at various points. Whether they
were placed by design all refused to
say, but it was noted that every road
of departure from the town was cov-
J i n d by la section of the crowd.
MAY! SUSPEND RECEPTIONS.
Heven InJsirteB at Riot That Wel
comes TJearro Troop Home.
N'onroLK, Vs.. July 22. Welcome
home receptions for negro troops may
be suspended hre as a result of the
race clash last night In "Which two ne-
groOs ware seriously Injured and three
others and two policemen slightly In
jured. Peeling between the races continues
high and steps to prevent a new out
break are being considered to-day Ma
rines and sailors wero called out to aid
the police last night
Trouble Cease In Norfolk.
cionroLg, v July 11 Norfolk was
quiet and orderly to-night following the
clashae of Monday night between the
police and negroes incident to the home
coming celebration for the negro troops.
City and police officials after a confer
ence decided that It was upnecensary to
take the drastic steps suggested earlier
In the day of requiring the suspension
of the celebration. A double force of
policemen are on duty to-night In the
TRAITOR IN COURT
Widow of JacqnoHt Tel Ik
Betrayal of Husband
TBAPPKD BY TREACHERY
You Caused Four Innocent
People to Be 8hot." Says
RED RULE NEARING
END AS KUN FALLS
Bolshevism Will Vanish From
Hungary Soon, Is Indication.
B, a Staff Corrttpondent of Tnt Scs.
Copyright. IsH I all rights rrvr. -i
Pari. July 2i. The overthrow of
Bela Kun, the leader of the Hungar
ian Soviet Government, and his flight
to Vienna, news of which reached here
only yesterday, Is regarded hero as an
indication that Bolshevism is nearlng
the end of Its run and that a stable
Government soon will appear there.
The downfall of Kun began appar
ently when he called off his offensive,
which had amused the old nationalis
tic spirit in Hungary and brought the
eld generals into the army. Conse
quently it is not yet oertaln whether
any new Government can exist unless
It uasumt'K an offensive against the
Rumanians and Czechs.
The satisfaction expressed here is
based merely on the fact that the
change denotes the beginning of the
Hi the Associated t I'res.
Virnna. July 12 (delayed i Oen.
FVanchet d'Esperey, commander uf the
allied forces in the Near Bast, announce!
that he is preparing an advance upon
Budapest, the Hungarian capital, with
lBO.oOtt troops. The army Is made up of
French Colonials,' Rumanian. Jugo
slav. Italians and Hungi. rlaui. The
Hungarians are commanded by Oen.
Ujndon, July 22 - Bela Kun, deposed
head of the Hungarian Soviet Ooveni
ment. Is quoted In an Interview by the
Router cor respondent at Budapest under
data of July It as saying that lie was
convinced a world revolution wan in
evitable, but In the meantime Hungary
was willing to make peace with what
be termed the capitalistic nations.
"Theni has been much, talk about an
Entente ultimatum to Hungary, but none
has been received, and I doubt If It ever
will be. If It doeji come, however, the
Soviet Government Is prepared to adopt
a courageous policy.
"The Hungarian Government will
never admit that the fJnirnte has a right
o interfere In Hungary's Internal or
domestic affairs Hie new Government
has nothing to do with Hapsburga."
A Socialist Government was Impos
sible in Hungary, acoordlng to Bsla Kun,
and that was real lied the Socialist
By O. g. ADAM.
Special Cable Dsspatch to Hi Bus from the
Lands, Times Service.
Copyright, 1)11 . all rights reserved.
Paris. July It. The trial of the trai
tor Hie-hard, who was Instrumental In
causing the arrest and execution of M.
Jacquest at Lille during the German oc
cupation, has begun. M. Huchard, an
auxiliary army doctor, gave evidence be
fore the court martial yesterday that he
was one of a party of French soldiers
treated by Richard's treachery at the
Hotel Alosen, Antwerp, In July. 1915.
There was a moving scene In court when
Mme. Jacquest entered dressed In deep
"The first time I saw Richard." she
said, "was when he was Introduced by
a friend to solicit help from our com
mittee, 'to hulp the ullled soldier In
biding to escape through the German
lines.' The second time was on the day
my husband was arrested. Standing be
hind the curtain of my window I saw
him pacing the street In front of our
house. A moment afterward German
Detectives 8chmltt and Meyer entered
and searched our house. A few days
later 1 was called by Schmltt, who said
to me, 'Richard Is the van who be
trayed Jacquest,' and he showed rae a
dossier on the margin of whloh wns
written 'Louis Richard. Ijtnce Corporal
"The third time 1 saw Richard was
on the day of my husband's condemna
tion. He was standing beside Detective
Meyer and was on excellent terms -with
him. The fourth time I saw Richard
wns when, after the execution of my
husband, i Schmltt had me call to hand
various papers to me Richard was
standing nenr at a table. It was In
the Hotel Royal Schmltt pointed him
out to me with the words. That's the
man who gave M Jacquest away.' I
asked Schmltt: What will be done
with this man after the war." Schmltt
replied 'If It only depended on me I
would hand him over at once, but for
the moment he has been ueful to us.'
Then amid a deep silence Mme
Jacquest stretched out her arms and
cried: "Richard Is a coward! You cow
ard, you've caused the father of five
children to be shot. Confess your cow
ardice." Then, after turning toward the
Court of Justice she swung around. In a
final burst of Indignation on Richard,
and said: "You wretch, my poor hus
band did his duty, but you have not
One of Mme. Jacqucst's daughtl rs also
gave evidence and she too before she
left the (Miurt hurled her maledictions
at the prisoner with the words: "You
caused four innocent people to he shot.
When will your turn come?" It may
be added that Richard waa accused of
many other similar acts of treachery.
For only one period of the occupation
there are In the Dossier eighty-five
letters of denunciation written by him.
VOTE OF CONFIDENCE
Continued from Ftrtr faye
Food Minister, in reply, outlined the
Government's economic policy. He told
of measures taken to Increase the sup
ply of wheat and sugar and asserted the
Government could not be taxed with
leak of foresight In conclusion herald
be would oppose food speculators Im
placably and would prosecute all of
M. Clomentel. Minister of Commerce,
emphasized the necessity of maintaining
control at wheat 'and sugar throughout
the world and announced that the allied
Governments had decided to organise
conferences, In which neutral nallons
slould take part, to reach conclusions
on the critical economic situation
throughout the world and to submit
these findings to all Government.
It was announced to-day the Gov-
... nr.nsr.ri an umr:tv 1,111
and was prepared to Introduce it st
' once The question of amnesty, grown
j more at ute since the treaty of peace was
1 signer!. Is another'of the Issues on which
; the 'Joveriiment has been criticised The
ilovernment bill Is of general nature
i itnd excludes persons convicted of
crimes or offence under the common
I la m and crime of treason, OOCnmunlca-
tlon with the enemy, espionage, trading
Willi Hi" enemy, unlawful price raising,
I epeculOtlon, conspiracy of an inarrhls-
ttc nature ind the Instigating of sol-
dlers to disobedience or desertion It
li estlniat-d by Homme Lhri for-
Continued from First Pane.
American delegates. Secretary twan
ging, Gen. Bliss and Henry White,
made against the Shantung settlement.
Likewise, there was a resolution of
inquiry by Senator La Follette ( Wis i
for information as to Why Costa Rica
although one of the Allies against (Jor
mnny was excluded from the peace
conference and from the privilege of
signing the treaty.
No reason wns apparent to the
committee why the request for the
protest against the Shantung settle
ment should be forwarded promptly.
because It In obviously at the 'disposal
of the State Dcpertment and can
hardly be regarded as anything but a
concern of the American delegation.
Senator Lodge Insists that the Ben-
ate Is now obviously entitled to every
thing bearing on the treaty because
the treaty has passed out of the pur
view of the executive branch of tho
treaty making power and Into the
hands of the Senate branch of that
authority. Therefore, the Senate la
Just aa much entitled to this informa
tion now as It la to the treaty Itself.
Affront Without Precedent.
Mr. Lodge pointed out that during a
Senatorial experience covering all Ad
ministrations, beginning with that of
President Cleveland, there hud never
been a time when the Senate's re
quests frr Information wero treated In
the cavalier fashion thny are now. In
deed, throughout the history of tho
country It ha been the practice of
the Executive Department to srlve
prompt and unquestioning information
to the Senate except In rare cases In
which the Executive took the ground
that the communication w.r.jM not be
In the public Interest.
Republicans of the committee were
particularly Incensed at the President
for sending for Individual Senators to
hold private conversations in ths effort
to Influence them, while withholding
from the Senate the documentary facts
to which It Is ontltled and which It
need If It Is to act Intelligently on
Mr Hltchoock assured the committee
that there Is not In existence anything
In the nature of a detailed report of
the proceedings of the Peace Conference,
and therefore It cannot be fnrwnrded.
To this Senator Lodge replied tartly
that he knew a stenographic report was
made of the sessions of the "Big Four,"
although he understood there were other
sessions In private of which no report
was made. He insisted also that the
commission which drafted the League of
Nations. covenant Vent a regular journal
of all Its proceedings He knew that
a dally protocol was prepared and after
ward Initialled by members of the Su
At times, according to Mr. Lodges
Information, the report of proceedings of
the "Big Four" was edited and modi
fied by members of that group before
It was accepted, so that the record might
be left In the shape tiny were willing
to have It exist as a permanent docu
ment. In short there was a sharp diver
gence of testimony as between Mr.
Hitchcock and Mr Lodgef the latter
Insisting that he was perfectly certain
of his position.
Nothing resulted from the day s dis
cussion on this point, but It developed
that the committee Is In no cheerful
state of mind at the treatment. It Is re
ceiving at the hands of the Executive.
Heading of Treaty Continue.
Meanwhile the oommlttee i continu
ing with its task of reading the treaty,
and Senutor Lodge has been assuring
tho committee that he hop.-d to havo tho
document reported In another week. On
the other hand, some doubts are ex
pressed whether It can be done inside of
a fortnight. Whether any of the Infor
mation asked for will be received from
the President before the committee re
ports the treaty Is beginning t be
doubted. It Is admitted that If the
great mass of Information that has been
asked should finally bs forwunled any
thing like a thorough examination of it
would make a report within a week or
even two weeks Impossible.
Much curiosity is manifested as to
England to reduce this German base
With their own forces, unlaw Japan could
be Induced to undertake ths operation.
Japan was willing to do so on hsr
own terms, snd these were agreed to.
The President expressed the gyeate-et
confldnc that ultimately Japan would
carry out In all good faith Its promise
to return Shantung to China, and his
callers have been Impressed that on
this point he has special Information
which Justifies his confidence.
During hi talk with Senator Calder
there was a good deal of discussion of
the Importance of ratifying the treaty.
Including the league, on account of the
delicate state of the publlo mind In Eu
rope and ths conviction that the cove
nant would be an Insurance against an
other war. MY alder suggested a res
ervation on one point, providing that the
United States' obligations under Article
X. should be limited to the guarantee of
the sovereignty and territorial Integrity
of the member nations only until the end
of the year 1. with a promise that
at that time the United States might. If
it desired, extend this period. Mr. Cal
der would not Indicate the President's
reply, but he Is understood not to have
There was also much discussion of the
great labor problems beforo the world
and the consequent Importance of the la
bor clauses In the covenant The Presi
dent wss oonvlncod that labor every
where looked to this country, which was
formerly regarded as occupying a selfish
attitude, but now as denlring to help
other countries. He was convinced that
unless such an Instrument as the league
was created the peace could not be made
Senator Edge spent an hour with the
President and Inter said :
"I have nothing to say further than
that I was very glad to hear the Presi
dent's viewpoint. He was very Interest
ing and gave me Information I was glad
to have. I still feel, however, that In
any way the Senate can, from an Amer
ican standpoint, clarify or strengthen
the covenant or peace treaty, such action
1 not only our sworn duty, but In tho
final analysis will bo In the Interest of all
"Perhaps the Senate, through not hav
ing participated In the Peace Conference,
Is In a better position to make what we
may believe necessary reservations thun
was the President, who, of course, to an
extent, had to give and take I believe
such fair reservations would be propmt
ly accepted by tho other nations. I don't
want to sec the United States evade any
responsibility, but, looking to the future.
Amerloa should never be a minority
stockholder In an International corpora
tion "I bellOYS the covenant can be so clar
ified as to further protect us and at the
same time permit us to contribute our
full share to the world In the days of
peace, ns we certainly did under a simi
lar policy In the days of war 1 do not
favor Isolation or an extreme, selfish
nationalism, and I favor a broad asso
ciation of nations in the Interest o a
better understanding and world peace,
but I am representing America flrat."
AMERICA HOLDS UP
Wilson Objected tro Taking
Thrate From Her Despite
Views of Allies.
SENATE ACTION WAITED
Paris Wants to Know if U. S.
Will Sign Paet Giving Ter
ritory to Oreec.
GRATITUDE TO U. S.
Dr. Wu in Washington to Dis
Wahimoton. July 22. Dr. Chao-Chu
Wu, one of the Chinese delegates to the
Peace Conference, arrived in Washington
to-day to dlacusa the Hhantung settle
ment with Senators and ottirlals Re
Iterating that China planned to tubmit
the Shantung question to the League of
Nations Immediately upon Its formation
Dr Wu paid tribute to the Chinese
mission to the Peace Conference, declar
ing tha the Chinese delegation deeply
appreciated the work the mission had
done In behalf of China
"China," said Dr Wu. "will not sign
the peace treaty because slit wants to
be free to take whatever action ma) be
necessary In ths future The League of
Nations undoubtedly will offer the best
avenue to approach the situation. ''
Japan's promises In regard to Shan
tung were described hy Dr. Wu as being
"empty" of any real meaning.
Have Full Control.
"Japan promises to restore political
rights but retain economic rights." he
said "In China that means nothing
lip a Staff rarreeptmdtat of Tax Bus
Copyright. 11 all rtghit rcv'.r, e
Paris,' July 22. The Bulgarian treaty
Is engrossing attention In conference
circles because of the developments In
the last fsw days with the part played
by America the chief factor to It.
It developed to-day that the United
States Is holding up the whole Bulgarian
treaty through the position taken by the
American experts that Thrace should
not be taken from Bulgaria, although
the Bulgarians aro'ln the minority there
The chief argument advanced by the
Americans la that Thraoo was given to
Bulgaria to avert IJalkan troubles In
the future, snd the same reason obtains
France, (ireat Britain and Japan ad
vocate giving Thrace to Greece as a
punishment for Bulgaria. Premier Ven
lselos. In addition to appealing to Henry
White to-dsy. cabled to President v II
son personally, askHig for the return
of the American experts. Thus America,
alreadj is Involved in the Balkan dis
pute, with the Allies demanding that
the matter be settled Immediately.
Wilson' Attitude In Doubt.
The Allies want America to sign the
treaty. The question now Is: Will the
President refuse to sign the treaty un
less the Allies yield on Thrace 7 The
Americans here are anxious also as to
the attitude of the Senate on this whole
Bulgarian question of, should America
sign. They are swnltlng word from
Washington Can and will the Senate
ratify a peace treaty with a natloti with
which America Is not at war. Is another
The position of the American dele
gation l.ere with reference to Turkey
and Bulgaria, and other matters not
directly involved in the peace with
Germany and Austria, the only tan
nations with which the United States
was at war. I becoming more anoma
Thu chief reason for this is the situa
tion in the American Congress, which
Europe Is watching closely. The latest
developments In the contest In the Sen
ate seem to throw more doubt on the
problem of how far Congress will ap
prove President Wilson's policy of par
ticipation In the European and Asiatic
maelstrom. This Is plainly embarrassing
to Mr. White end Jn Task.ir H.
Bliss, who constitute the American mis
sion at the present time and who never
have been In the confidence of the Presi
denu Polk May Know Wilson View.
All this may be changed with the ar
ilval uf Under Ht'-:retary Polk, who .pre
sumably knows the President's latest
views, but meanwhile America's position
here, with many problems pressing, is
strange and is exi isjlng some surprise
end criticism In certain European circles.
One matter to emphasise this
situation Is the question of BtllftTttrla
Tne Bulgarian treaty is almost finished,
and the Bulgarian envoys are due this
week, but it now appears thai ths Pres
Idenr cYM not leave any formal Instruc
tions to the American delegates actually
to sign the Bulgarian treaty, nlthounn
in an interview with the Amerloan cor
respondents, at which some msmbsrs of
the (ommissiun wer' present, he stilted
distinctly that the I'mte.l States would
Ign the Bulgarian treaty on account of
Article X. In the covenant of the League
In the last few days the American
whether the Allies have boon
to leave this feeble, bankrupt state In
the midst of central Europe with
enemies on all sides. Fear now Is ex
pressed that the Allies have gone too
far and created a dangerous nltuatlon,
with Austria likely to lie driven Into
thn arms of Germany soon or late.
Criticism of the Austrian troaty Is
heard on all sldos. The fact Is that
President Wilson originally favored
annexation to Germany, as did other
members of the commission, but there
again Premier Clemenceau opposed
his will, French sentiment being hos
tile to any such aggrandisement of
Germany and Hie President was com
pelled to abandon his position. Tho
French now udmlt that It was a Isxd
Job. pregnant with dangers.
How the American Senate will view
the Austrian treaty when It comes up
for ratification is causing omr specu
lation here. It would not surprise
many If it provoked great criticism.
he Uanlols, which usually supports
the Government's policy, calls the
new state hydrocephalic unj asks
doubtfully, "Politically und economi
cally can It live? It lack a base, a
point of solid support. Not finding
any, ' the Austrians themselves will
seek It at the hands of Germany. How
can Austrlnn problems be regulated
so long as Hungary, Its neighbor. Is
in the throes of anarciiy.7
"This Is the weakness of tho peace
conference. Having settled with Ger
many. It trios to establish a new state
of things In central and eastern
Europe, but there the war still con
tinue Until a normal Government
Is established In Russia and In Hun
gary It 1 useless to expect much from
the treaties which are about to be
FOCH AND POIHCARE
AT BELGIANS' FETE
With Albert They Review A.l-i
lied Troops' Victory Parade
BOTH PARIS TREATIES
Not a Chang Made and lri)h
Pretest It Lost, 13 to
Los now. July 22 At what was vte.
tually an all night session of the House
of Commons completed Its consideration
of both the tlerman peaoe treaty sad
the Anglo-French convention.
The bill carrying approval of tho
German treaty was considered In com
mittee of the whole, exciting lengthy
debate. In which Premier Lloyd George
took hn active part. The bill was then
placed beforo the House and passed Its
third rsadlng. after a motion by John
Devlin to reject It as a protest against
the Premier's attitude toward Ireland
had been defeated by 183 to 4.
Then, at S-A. M . the .Anglo-French
pact was tsken up and the bill ap
plejvlng It was unanimously passed after
a short but sharp debate. In which the
argument that the treaty was not con
sistent with the spirit of the Lesgue of
Millions failed to And any substantial
The (lerman treaty passed through all
Its stasv without amendment.
In ending his speech on,the treaty
Premier Lloyd George, while making no
claim of perfection for It, expressed con
fidence that any defects would be rem
edied hy the League of Nations De
spite Its Imperfections the Premier de
clared the treaty would stand as "a
lighthouse In the deep and a warning
ft) nations lind rulers of nations against
the perils which the German Empire
shattered itself against."
P0LI8H CABINET QUITS.
Resignation Follow Rbufl t
By 1ht Associated Prtes.
BMIL1N, July 22. The Polish Chine
has resigned In consequence of the Diet
voting want of confidence In tho Min
istry of Labor and Public Works, ac
cording to the Warsaw Oatette. The
Cabinet will he reconstructed when Pre
mier Padrrewskl returns to Warsaw
Look nt South Manchuria There tlielhaVe b en asked the direct question by
Japanese have only econotnll rights, hut
everybody knows the Japanese are in
complete cjntrol economically, pottically
and In. every other way
"it is true tint the Japanese i-x-pressed
th-.-ir willingness to give up a
l-'ige part of the I fill square mile In
whether tho American draft of a plan j Klao Chau. hut they made sure they
tai tr.e lesgue is going to ne sunmttti rt 1 , . Tslng Tau with its docks ;ind
The rest of the grothld
to tne uonunmse. Menator tsxige has fortifications
positive Information that at len.it two Klao Chatl was no us to them The
copies of this document are in this coun- j isi ,(, a it bathing ben
try aside from those officially held One 1 .-fj,,, la china's case In brief .1 ipan
is unoersioou 10 nave ii.eti nronnni duck
For news of '
See Pages 12 and 13
BOLSHEVIKI TELL OF
CAPTURING A CITY
Ukrainian Reds Take Kon
London, July 22. A wlrelesa despatch
received from Moscow, dated Tuesday,
says a Bolshevik wireless message re
ceived there asserts that Ukrainian red
troops have captured Konetantlnograd.
forty miles southeast of Poltava, and
that the Pole occupied Tarnapul Mon
day In the regions of Pskov the Bolshevlkl
are rapidly retiring under pressure.
I in tne capture ot boiutianiinograd a
I large quantity of military booty was
taken by the 1'kratnlen reds, according
to the despatch.
merl edited hy ITemler Clement i
that 12(1.01111 persons will come under the
BRUSSELS TO HAVE EMBASSY.
Nenate Committee Approve Presi
dent Wilson's Reqaeat
Washinoton, July 22. President
Wilson's recommendation that the Amer
ican Legation at Brussels, Belgium, be
raised to the rank of an Embassy, was
spprnved unanimously to-day by the
Senate Foreign Halations Committee.
In hi letter to Congress transmitting
his recommendation, President Wilson
Ton will no doubt have noticed
that France and Italy liave recently
taken this action, and It Is suthorl
tatlvcly announced that Kpain and
Brazil will follow their example. It
would he, it seems to me, a very
proper thing at this time to show
our deep Interest, at the conclusion
of the war. In the little nation In
wtilch so many of the causes of the
war seemed to centre and whose t -iiisa
indeed will always sm one of the
most striking evidences of ths un
scrupulous action ot Germany.
At u recaption at the Hotel De Vllle
felicltatlans were eachanged between
President Polncare and Burgomaster
Max, and similar exchanges took place
at a gala dinner at the Palace between
President Polncare and King Albert, with
tributes to the sacrifices endured during
the war and Stirling references to mu
tual friendship and aid
by an attache of the Peace, Commission.
and at least one Senator has had the
pilvilego of examining one of these two.
It is stated that Artlch- X. was not in
the original American draft.
President Wilson returned to-dav, hold
ing conferences with Kfpubllean Sena
tor, interviewing Senators Cummins
j (la. i, Edge (.v. J ) and (alder ( pi, VI.
: Following their visit at the White House
all spoke pleasantly of their eonferene
. with tils President, observing that there
j was nothing dogmatic or insistent In the
1 PresiddnCs attitude. .Mr. Cummins rc
I called to the President that in the ctos
' Ing da.s of the last Congress he made t
speech stating his view of the Leafus
or Nations snd assured the President
: that he had experienced no change of
' mind since.
' The president admitted that he re
I called the essential parte of that ad
' dress. Mr. Cummin admitted thai on
objection he had formerly entertained
j had been removed by the amcndrr.ei t
' since made In the form of th. covenant
whereby the United States Is no longer
compelled to accept a mandate for a for
eign country HI other objections have
not been removed and be said he was
opposed now ae formerly to the league
othi r n.tliolis whether they Intend
s;n the b ilgarian treaty, Premier Ven
Ixelos of Greece holding thjit If they
did n't Intend to sign then they should
not participate In the presentation of
the treaty It Is understood that Mr
White, uncertain what answer to make,
allied to the President yesterday for
Instructions Thus It would seem to be
up to the President now to declare for
mally his position Immediately
Premier Veneselog algo cabled to Pres
ident Wilson ssklng if the United States
would slsn the treaty with Bulgaria.
' WlUon' Policy II ay lie banged.
lins something to which she Is not en
titled, and tile possession Is bound t'
nruit in fUltlcultleo."
T H. Hsu and M K hung other impression at
.limes., deegate. to he Peace Confer- ,,,., crlllon, th. American head
ence. who have been here several .lays. U(,,,r ,ha, th(, ,.roBl(lelU! attitude
were'presented to acting Secretary Phil- h changed since he cam In
lips , ,he Mat, Department to-day by (.omftr, wltn ,,, Btutlon In Con-
Counsellor Kwat of the Chinese legation. an,, h m.,, ni , wlf,.r
They already have had conference with I havt. tm, l:ntc4 states participate
several Senators on th Bhantung ques-1 ln treatise involving lurop but not,
Hon and will have other Interviews b ,,.,,. ,,klng. America,
fore they leave Washington for 8an i Th(i n,pr,.,8loii Is strengthened fur.
Francisco to take ship f.,r China. ther bv the fact that America's signature
China's purpose, th delegates declared 1 10 n,..' Turkish ami HuUarian treaties
In a statement, to-day. is to secure some mtt he-predlcatcd. as The Si n pointed
modification of the flerman panes treaty ! ou, Inuy weeks ago, on the covenant,
wiai will prevent tne retention or Mian- I which the Senate has not accepted at
all yet If the President gbould give
orders to the Americans here to slan thi
BfttftaBLg, July 2- Never In its his
tory has Brussels witnessed such Ire-r-end'His
crowd as those which took
part to-day In the celebration of the
TVlgiun national festival.
It wns the first day of the fete, a
notable feature of which is the presence
jf President Polncare of France, and flu
Oecgpioflabrotlgfet forth such an outpour
ing of people that the city's traffic was
virtually paralyzed It seemed hs if
the whole population was In the streets
to witness the various features '
A striking featuro of the day' pro
ceedings was the parsde of school chil
dren, reviewed by the three children of
Klnir Albert Prince Leopold, Prince
Charles and Princess .Marie Juee. T
Burgomaster likewise took part In the
review of the children, who placed
wreaths at the feet of maimed soldiers.
In tribute to Belgium's living heroes,
While ill the cenotaphs erctd In the
park close to the Hoyal ' Palace1 thou
sands of persons paid tribute to the
heroic dead. (
Tho American troops who were at
the head of the procession marched
magnificently and were, the recipients
of shower of flowers and thunders of
Cnr The demonstration for the
Americans continued throughout the
two hours of march
King Albert and QunB1labUl were
participant In the ceremonial before the
ccnot I lis They .walked from the palirv
and laid wreaths before the empty tomb
ns ifiolr tribute, as did President Poln
Rgln fell Intermittently during the
day. but this failed to chili the enthusi
asm of the spectators or to mar the
brilliance of the victory procession
which marched through the principal
Allied trooop passe.! In review before
King Albert and Marshal Foch Later
they paraded past a stand wnere were
assembled President Pom.arc, Mme.
Polncare and members of the Belgian
royal family. In spite of the rain the
crowd cheered unceasingly and show
ered tlv soldiers with flnwe-s. After
t passage of the troops their flags
w re massed hefo-e the reviewing stand
rind dlppd. The spectators broke
through the lines and gave the Kinit
and ytieen and 'resident Polncare a
Ovations were given to the King and
Queen of tie Belgians, President and
Me Polncare and Marshal Foch At ths
appearance of th- Belulan rerlmn1al
t'n . c th,- Whole house arose and Cheered
LONG before you were
born, Ovington's was
well established as a
chinahouse where smart
designs and reasonable
prices went hand in hand.
To-day it is known
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the pre-eminent place to H
Hiixr cm -jrt oifte Kllt '
Ovington's china is still
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314 Fifth Av.,near 32d St.
ARE you in need of a
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L'ndui ui(7 u i or .
superb nt. anicwe
Stssia at a price
utthin VOW mentis.
IS 97ZcrW Vculot
H 129e B'wny. at Thirty-fourth fcj
jp Oppostt Sou
lung by Japan.
Reservation Vol RmuiKh.
A simple reservation by the ttnltd
Slates won lil not suffice, they -aid. a
that would bind only the I'nlted states,
They said they desired the substitution
oi the namo of China for that of Japan
in ih, article of the peace treaty OSding
Bulgarian treaty tills might conceivably
be regarded as a presumptuous act and
might hurt him In his contest with th
It Is unquestionable that the Euro
pean nations want the American to
Man. because the deeiier the I lilted
economic rights In Shantung, formerly 1 states becomes Involved In Europe and
held by (lermany, nnd that If this could Asla now thnt she la regarded as the
Itol be done the entire article should be . w,1rid's financial agent, the better they
BtriokM out and the disposition of Kiao-, wj 0 pleased This Is obvious to any
chau and German concussion In (hat inquirer Into diplomatic matters here.
quarter left to the League of Nation.
Referring to a report published in
Paris that the Jananesa i lo , rnment. A fCTOf MAY OliV
, .. . . . , i , . . , i, ,..,,,,, j . ..... nwui r . m V . , ,
. ,,.,.- w,.- .v.. ,,,,, ,.r iirrssui c iri.m t ne i.nienie. was
Article X. May Menu lothlng.
REPARATION CLAUSES UP.
French Chamber Committee t
Hear Cabinet Ministers.
Pasts. July 21. The commissi 9h of
the Chamber of Deputies engaged in ex
amination of the 1 vac Treaty with Ger
many took up this morning tne repara
tion clauses of the document
The commission decided to call before
It such of the Cabinet Ministers as It
might desire to hear In this connection.
of Benator McNary (Ore.), made In th.
Senate to-day. wherein among other
things Article X was discussed Mr.
McNary took the gruund that Article X.
meant that If the Pulled State was
called on to participate in protecting
the sovereignty or territory of a nicmocr
nation It would be perfectly free to
lestxmd or not as It might determine
In view of the clrcumrtanceH. Mr Cr.tn
mlnt sld that If this construction of the
article were correct then ho should
have no objection to It because In effect
It wuuld mean that Article X. meant
nothing at all.
The Shantung settlement was dis- I
cussed at length with all of the three 1
Senators, and they learned that the J
President has a good deal to ay In '
defence of hla own relations to the i
nnantung provisions. Those are by no
means satisfactory to him, and he made
every effort to gut the settlement un a
different basis But the dlfflculilow were
manifold. England and France, by
reason of their commitments to Japan
on the subject, were not In ssltlon
to take an active part In this feature
I or tne negotiations, ana It was sjr
igjuitlally left to Mr Wilson to work
out the whole Japanese situation.
At the time agreements were entered
Into between Japan on the one aide and
England and France pn the other (or
the oesslon of Germany's right In
Shantung to Japan, thn war was In a
critical state The Germans had a naval
base In Shantung and a considerable
navai force there. Ho long aa that es
tablishment remained in (ierman posses
sion it was extremely dsngerous to
transport troopa from Australia and
New Zealand to BUrop So It would
have been necessary for Franc ard
GERMANY IS FEAR
oiiHlderiiiU, Uie propriety nf ivdm-inu: to
h formal wrlttuii pIim!' ttM previously
publlNhM ur.ofTloial pnmiifvs to reHti-ro
rttmniuui; to china. .Mr. Kutijr Mid iuch Danger tu 1 reaty Terms '
a nicmraunn wouia OJ no meanH nu-et
jttf- qui unlovft It went much furth r i
than the preiedinfr v:ikiu jiromtKt-'a
To ren;.ore ShuntunpT to China h,
Japan retuintil Tistn Tnau the. railway j
ami thr mtnen would h to give her ;m j
empty hunk while Japan kt pt the kernel, j
Seen by French.
hy a St.iff VorrtMpondtnt uf Thk hi m
CojjifrtLffit . lifl! : all rifftttn rrsrrrttl
1'arih, July II Tho more tho Aus
trtai) treaty iH studied the more doubt
uristf hero. ov-n In French circles.
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Fifth Avenue and 44th Street
Time and Tide
What is this disturbing rumor that the schedule
of income taxes is not to be revised downward for the
fiscal year ending next June? Were we not led to
believe that with the change in the political complexion
of Congress eur'y effort would be made to relieve the
.enormous tax burden of the country by intelligent re
duction of appropriations?
The newly found methods of prying loose the hard
earned dollars from the wage earner and capitalist have
produced in Congress such habits of extravagance as
would shame a spendthrift. There is a pruning process
sadly needed to curb the Congressional appetite, and a
real, live movement in the direction of relief from tax
burdens is past due.
It behooves the man who has been footing the war
bills for these several years past to demand of his repre
sentatives in Congress what steps are now being taken
toward the fulfillment of the promises made htm. Un
doubtedly we could eventually get the much needed
relief, after many motions and gestures, but if, as it is
computed, that on an average a man's hand has to
travel 4,786 miles before killing one small fly, how
many motions and gestures will it require to stir Con
gress to action upon the Budget?
The Harriman National Bank does not believe that
the Budget System is a cure for all our ills, but that it
will be at least a protection against further ills from
particular quarters. The public, as usual, is lacking in
initiative until .after the event. If every person who
reads these suggestions will write to his Senator and
Congressman, we predict astonishingly productive re
sults in short order.
BANKING HOURS FROM I O'CLOCK JL M. TO I O'CLOCK P. M.
SAFE DEPOSIT VAULTS OPEN FROM 8 A. M. TO MIDNIGHT