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title: 'The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, November 03, 1919, Image 1',
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Fair tb-day; to-morrow increasing
cloudiness and slightly warmer.
Highest temperature yesterday, 57; lowest. 41.
D.LII.fl wttther report, on idltorlal psV" 4
IT SHINES FOR. ALL
VOL. LXXXVII. NO. 64.
NEW YORK, MONDAY,. NOVEMBER 3, 1919. Copyright, th Bun Printing and PubUihlng Association.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
TEST OF MINERS' STRIKE TO-DA Y; U. 5. OFFICIALS OPTIMISTIC;
ILLINOIS MEN'S RADICAL LEADER ACTS TO NULLIFY INJUNCTION;
PALMER HINTS NEW YORK COAL DEALERS AIM AT PROFITEERING
WET DAYS NEAR
TO SAVE BANKS'
Financiers Who Advanced
$150,000,000 Assured J3an
Will Be Lifted.
"WHOLESALERS GET BUSY
California Wines, Pouring In
to City, Also Point Break
Bankers of New York have received
positive assurance 'that the liquor
ban will be lifted in time to allow
banks that hold many millions of
dollars worth of warehouse certificates
as collateral time to liquidate these
imperilled securities. This news, pro
ceeding from Washington, was circu
lated widely In this city yesterday
and caused jubilation in many quar
ters. The Sun's Informant, a promi
nent lawyer connected with banking
Interests, hai this to say:
"A few weeks ago the banks were
worried sick. For the past few days
they have been without a care. The
reason Is Uiat from persons In Wash
ington who know what is to take
place they have received assurance
that the prohibition ban will bo
raised very soon and that tho great
urns loaned by the banks on whiskey
certificates can be regained through
the distribution and sale of the pledged
liquor. Tho sum involved is. well oyer
$100,000,000, and probably Is near
1150,000,000. The danger of the situa
tion is that the amount is not widely
distributed. Relatively few banks
shoulder this tremendous liability. If
tho ban were not lifted these banks
would be ruined, that's all theye Is to
it. The situation is perfectly welU4iutant-General.
understood at Washington; I should
say that from fifteen to twenty big
banks aro heavily involved."
Thrill of Happlneu.
The news brought a thrill of happi
ness to wine and liquor Interests that
have been waiting more or less pa
tiently In the hope that their luck would
change. In the post few days whole
sale liquor dealers and wine merchants
have been unusually busy. Clerks have
bten recalled, as Is well known In the
trade; stenographers hired and the gen
eral routine of a lively business resumed
except for actual Bales. More Interest
ing than this, even, Is the fact discov
ered by The Sun yesterday that heavy
shipments of CallfornhviwlneB are reach
ing New York dally, thousands of cases
of claret and sauterno consigned to the
various big domestic wine houses that
handle tho California product in New
Wine and liquor dealers, big and lit
tle, have agreed upon the scale of prices
to be charged except as regards whis
key. On the whole, the prices are mod
erate when everything Is taken' Into con
sideration and the fact is noted that
there Is none too much domestic wine in
there will be only a small supply. The
reason, as explained by Hiram T.
Dewey, the veteran vineyard expert and
wine dealer, to The Sun yesterday, is
that practically no domestic champagne
Cas been made In the last two years.
"Eighty per cent of American cham-lnot
pagne comes from the grape country
ttround Keuka Lake in Steuben county,"
said Mr. Dewey. "In the last two years
little has been made, due partly to the'
excessive cost of grapes, which ad
vanced from $40 to J100 a ton. The
supply In New York Is about all con
"Of still wines of th sweet variety
there Is a good supply and tho prices
will bo moderate. By the case of
twelve quarts domestic port of the com
mon variety will be $13; mature port,
116, superior port $27, and rare old
port, $42. The other wines by the case
will sell as follows: Claret from $8 to
113, depending upon duality : Moselle.
$10, Sauterne, $U; American sherry,
(13; Burgundy, $16.
"Very little still wine Is made In the
East, the major portion of the supply
coming from the vineyards of California.
A good still wine can be produced In a
year or a little more, but It takes two
or three years to perfect champagne.
That Is one reason why the supply of
domestic champagne will btVihort."
llooie Bxpeoled to Drop.
The drift of opinion Is to tho Idea
that booze prices wllUcome down rather
than go up. A legal representative of
many liquor Interests Informed Tub
fiiTN yesterday that he believed good rye
whiskey but of bond would be obtain - f
able for $10 a gallon. He said that ft
pront could be realised at this rate
even after paying tho Government tax of
16.40 a gallon. Nobody could be found
In the trade, however, who would agree
on any such minimum price. It was
said that probably plenty of good quality
rye would be obtainable at $12 a gallon,
or $3 a quart
The prediction Is that there will be
enough gin to satisfy the most ardent
rinsters. This Is explained by the fact
that perfectly good gin can be made
almost over night, while time must be
had for whiskey to age.
So far as beer Is concerned the
breweries are said to be well stocked
with the old pre-war 44 per rent, and
that thousands of barrels could be rushed
to the trade. There la a large amount
of 2.7S held In storage also.
Secretary of War Says Rec
ord of Draft Classifica
tion. Is Inviolate.
FORBIDS POLITICAL USE
Court Order Only Method of
Obtaining It, in View of
Special Despatch to Tax Sex.
Washington, Nov. 2. Secretary of
War Baker refused point blank to
night to make public In any circum
stances the questionnaire of Irwin
Untermyer, Tammany candidate for
the Supreme Court bench In New York
city. Mr. Untermyer is alleged to
have sought and obtained exemption
from military service on the ground
that he was concerned in agricultural
pursuits to an extent making his
presence in this country as a farmer
of greater benefit to the nation than
would be his services In France as a
Under the selective service regula
tions records of draft boards kre
held to be public records. Under this
aspect of the law Tub Sun has en
deavored for several days to obtain
Mr. Untermyer's questionnaire.
Col. Joseph Wheeler, Jr., in charge of
the draft records, was asked to furnish
the questionnaire. Ho wanted to know
why the questionnaire was sought, and
was told that he might take It for
granted that It was desired for publica
tion. He then said It would be Impos
sible unless he knew the number of Mr.
Untermyer's draft board. This was fur
nished, and then Col. Wheeler said the
whole matter would bavs to go to the
Untermyer's Consent Keceuarr,
Peter C. Harris, Adjutant-General of
the Army, then was appealed to, and
he too wanted to know why the ques
tionnaire was wanted, and was told it
was desired for publication.
I am very much opposed to giving
it oui, ne saia. i nave n&a Beversu i
htmiMt. fir fhfn .nm. riil.ttlnnnni,.
am satisfied that at least one of them 1
was for the purpose of blackmail, and
I should oppose the making public of
any part of any questionnaire unless the
principal should give his consent, as In
the case of a privileged communication
in court And this, too, whether the
questionnaire was to be used for or
against an Individual."
The Adjutant-General said he would
lay the matter .before the Secretary of
War, as under no circumstances would
he give It out without the approval of
his action by the Secretary. He said
he was perfectly sure that Mr. Baker
would decline to give out the record.
When Gen. Harris was Informed by
The Sun to-night that Mr. Untermyer
had given his consent to publication ot
the questionnaire or any part of It he
said tie would not give it out until he
had Mr. Baker's permission to do so.
The Secretary of War was appealed
to Immediately. He was told of Mr.
Untermyer's willingness to have the
Questionnaire become public
linker Tillers Firm Stand.
At first Mr. Baker said he knew noth
Ing about the effort to obtain Mr. Ua
termyer's questionnaire, and said tie did
know who Untormyer was or that he
was seeking any office.
"I will not consent to giving out any
questionnaire for political purposes,"
Mr. Baker told Thk Sun.
The Secretary's attention was then
drawn to the section of the Selective
Service regulations which Btates that
questionnaires are publlo records.
"That means only that the are pib
11a In the sense that the War Depart
ment 1b the custodian of the records.
It does not mean that they can be made
public at any time for any purpose.
Men filled out their questionnaires in
response to a patriotic duty. I do not
intend that they shall be used for pollt
leal or any other purposes.
The Secretary was asked If he would
permit the questionnaire to become pub-;
lie If he was given permission to do so
directly by Mr. Untermyer himself.
"No," he said, "I will not permit It
to become public In any circumstances."
Members of the Senate Military Com
mittee weVe advised of the stand Mr.
Baker had taken. They said that If such
was the policy of .the War Department
nothing short of court action could com
pel the Secretary of War to make the
questionnaire public. In the matter of
construing the draft regulations, they
pointed out, Mr. Baker's Interpretations
could be overruled only by the Presi
- ? - j rV Dinrm PC
Too Late Now to Square Hint'
self on Draft, He Writes.
"Don't watt for my consent or co
operation In this eleventh hour dash for
your honor," wrote Balnbrldge Colby
last night to Irwin Untermyer In reply
to the tatter's offer to permit an Inspec
tion of his draft questionnaire,
Mr, Colby said he had no desire to
tear "the veil of secrecy" from the
Untermyer document, but he had a
lively concern In his "attitude toward
and treatment of the widely current
Continued on Tenth Page.
Report Britain May
Confer With Soviets
LONDON, Nov. 2. The Daily
Herald, the labor organ, as
serts it hears on good authority
that the British Government is
considering favorably a proposal
for a conference of Soviet Russia
with the Entente Allies. The
conference would take place in, a
neutral country and would bo on
tho lines proposed for the aban
doned conference at Prinkipo Isl
and, tho newspaper adds.
The original proposal to invite
the Russians to a conference em
anated from President Wilson and
was approved by tho Supremo
Council in Paris January 22 lost.
It never came to anything. The
statement issued by the council
at the time outlining the attitude
of the Allies toward Russia said
the Allies recognized the absolute
right of the Russians to direct
their own affairs, that they rec
ognized the revolution without
reservation and would in no way
aid or give countenance to any
.attempt at a counter revolution;
that it was not their wish to fa
vor 'or assist any one of the or
ganized groups contending for
the leadership and guidance of
Russia and that "their sole and
sincere purpose is to do what they
can to bring Russia peace and an
opportunity to find her way out
of her present troubles."
ENDS HIS LIFE
111 Health Drives Former Well
Known New Yorker to Sui-
citlo at Annapolis.
DIVORCED, JOINS ARMY
Served in Cuba and Philip
pines; Retired as Lieutenant-Colonel.
Special Despatch to Tnr Bus.
AXNArous, Md., Nov. 2. Lleut-
Col. Duncan Elliot, United States
Army, retired, formerly well known In
society circles of New York city, and
for some time commandant of the
i cadets of St. James College nere, snot
and killed himself with his service
pistol to-night. It was said that he
had been ill, and had been confined
to his apartments In Humphrey Hall,
one of tho college buildings, for the
last ten days.
Col. Elliot was 56 years old and un
married. He served with the Cuban
Insurgent army prior to tho Spanish
American war, nnd In 1898 volunteered
In the United States Army nnd served
In the Philippines In 1900. He was
retired in 1917 for physical disability
with the rank of Captain of cavalry.
His rank as Lieutenant-Colonel was
Twenty-five years ago Col. Elliot then
a civilian, was one of the best known
young men of New York city, and his
escapades and doings were widely
chronicled In the society columns. He
was the son of a prominent Philadelphia
P.iyelcl.n and came to New York some
ton years before the Spanish-American
War to make his fortune.
Early In 1891 he astonished the social
worlds of New York and Newport by
paying court to Miss Sallte Hargous,
famed at that time as the reigning
beauty of the old Four Hundred. She
was also an heiress to several million
dollars and members of her family did
not look with favor uoon young El
Hot's suit Her brother took her to
Europe to get her awuy from the Im
pecunious suitor for a time, but when
she returned Elliot pressed his suit
with renewed ardor, and finally the
Hargous family gave in and they were
married by Bishop Potter In Newport
on September IS, 1891. Three children
were born to them, one of whom died.
Soon afterward Elliot resigned his
clerkship and engaged In the manufac
ture of pea soup, but without success.
He then moved to WestcheBter and lived
the life of a country gentleman, with
a bl-j estate there, and he and his wife
became prominent In Westchester social
circles. In 1896 the house In Westehes
ter burned to the ground and Mrs. El
liott saved the three children from
death. eThrough the fire It became known
that Col. Elliot was not at home and
It was said later that he had been
at early mass with several friends who
wero trying to convert him to the Ro
man Catholic faith.
It was considered significant in so
ciety, however, that the estrangement
between Elliot and his wife widened
after that ana rumors Boon began to bo
heard of an Impending divorce suit. In
April, 1898, It was announced that Mrs
Elliot was to suo for a separation, nnd
In May of that year tho papers were
filed. That same month Elliot an
nonunced thnt he, was going to Cuba to
Join the Cuban Insurgent army, to
"prove his manhood to his wife and
friends." He Joined the staff of Gen.
Lecret and nothing further was heard
of him until the following Septernber,.
when he returned to this country. Later
he was appointed a Lieutenant In the
Capt Elliott and his wife never lived
together after they- separated Just be
fore he went to Cuba, and she was
awarded a decree of divorce In 1891, and
several years later married Capt. Wood
bury Kane. She Is now the wife of
Capt Douglas II. Gill and Is abroad
with her husband. Her Bister Is Mrs.
George De Forest,
Liberty Hands 130, (100, ISOO, 1,000
can bought anA aold Instantly.
John Mulr ft Co II Ilroadway, jljo.
MINERS QUIET AS
Operators Expect Half of
Workers to Return' to
THINK STRIKE WILL FAIL
Repetition of September Dis
orders Will Bo Halted by
U. S. Regulars.
By a Staff Corretponient of Tns Sex.
Huntington, W. Vn., Nov. 2. With
United States regulars, for whom these
lower Allcghanlos offer no terrors
compared with the Argonne, marking
a deadline between union and non
union districts, while others are held
In Charleston for swift despatch If
anywhere needed, Sunday passed with
out a tremor In the coal fields of
southern and 'southwestern West
This being a day of rest nnd yester
day partly so, for comparatively little
coal normally is mined on Saturday,
the full effect ot the strike order in
this State, the second In the Union in
tho production of soft coal, cannot bo
sensed until to-morrow. Monday nor
mally is tho biggest day. The miners
aro fresh then and the over Sunday
distribution of railroad cars to these
mines raises tho supply to its weekly
Tho operators stand by their pre
diction that to-morrow, the test day,
will find more than half of the State's
92,000 coal miners nt Work; that at
least 421 of tho 850 West Virginia
mines will bo producing. The oper
ators do not see how this number can
Union Mines Closed,
It Is admitted that 429 mines ceated
production on Saturday morning, when
me striKe order went Into efrcct. These
are the mines which are unionized. The
great point In favor of the operators and
of a steady If diminished supply of coal
from West Virginia. Is that a large part
of the map can be marked non-union,
and that troops are here to protect any
man who wants to work from violent
efforts to stop him.
llie field that Is supposed to yield the
best bituminous coal in the world, tho
Pocahontas, sixty-one miles south of
Charleston, whose product heats the
boilers of the navy. Is non-union. An
attempt by the United Workers of
America to get possession of It some
twenty years ago was a failure. Others
In which unionism has made little if
any Inroads are the Guyan field In Lon
gan county, seventy-eight miles from
Huntington; Tug Itlver and Williamson
In the southern part of the coal and
coke fields and the southern half of the
Wheeling district, In the northern part
of the State.
netter Thnn Union Wanes.
Fair as the garden of the Lord In the
eyes of the miners' organizers la the
Guyan field. It is comparatively new,
having been opened In 1902. Its output
has Increased gradually to 11,500.000
tons a year. The city of Iluntlnirton.
I on the Hope Itlver. Is peppered with the
wi mine uwners, many or wnom
once worked In mines themselves, who
have come to town with their families
and fortunes extracted from the hills of
Logan county. They say that the wages
paid In the Ouyan field are better than
the union scale, thnt working conditions
are much better than tho average and
that sociologists would open their eyes
If they should penetrate the hills be
yond Logan Court House and Bee the
model mining towns built there.
The Guyan field has never had a
strike, the operators say; the miners
have never wanted any. With tho re
duction of the working day from nine to
eight hours this year tho Utopian qual
ity of these settlements of these 11,000
miners, who Include negroes, natives
and foreigners, neared perfection, as de
scribed to The Sun correspondent to
day by an owner who passed his ap
prenticeship In a mine.
Second Producer In State,
The Guyan field Is now the second
producer In the State, Pocahontas, with
Its 20,000,000 tons annually, standing
first Tho miners of tho Guyan and
Pocahontas fields are among those who
don't want to be unionized, according to
tho operators, and would welcome any
Intervention between them and those
who would bring them Into organized
labor by force. From tho union stand
point, assuming that this Is the true
feeling of the miners, they don't know
what Is good for them, and, protected
by the operators against union mission
ary work, have nover had a chanco to
The extraordinary happenings of Sep.
tember 5 are now regarded as sympto
ms tic of the situation which brought
about the national strike order of the
Fedfratlon of Miners. The miners of
the Kanawha field are unionized about
100 per cent. Some one told them that
the Logan county men. In the Ouyan
or Ouyandotte Itlver field, wanted to
Join the federation and were being pre
vented from doing so. Union runners
who went up Kanawha Creek reported
Guyan miners were being shot by armed
guards and that women and children
were being killed or starved to death.
This Is said by the operators to be wild
ly untrue.' An Investigation board cre
ated by order of Gov. Cornwall Is now
sitting In Charleston, trying to get at
Miners Gathered With Guns.
The reports, whatever their basis,
caused a crowd of between 2,600 and
Continued on Third Pane.
TO SHIFT THEIR
BIG STRIKE FUND
$2,000,000 Will Be Put in
Position to Be 'Used if
Unions Arc Enjoined.
STATE LAWS AID DIGGERS
Outsiders Can't Bo Brought In
to Take Places of the
90,000 Men Out.
By a Staff Corteiponient of Tms Sow.
SpntNoriELD, 111., Nov. 2. "Ninety
thousand men are out. That is every
miner In the State. If you'll show
men how tho operators can mlno coal
with this Injunction I'll tell you how
the strike will bo broken here."
John Walker, formerly president of
the Illinois miners, thus described tho
strikers' Hlndenburg line, Illinois, hero
to-night. Not only is It the Hlnden
burg line, but It is the groat head
quarters of the strikers here to-day.
John L. Lewis, acting president of
the United Mine Workers, and Frank
Farrington, president, of the Illinois
district, are here. Farrington was
Lewis's nearest rival for the honors of
the miners' presidency. It was Far
rington's advanced campaign of radi
calism among tho Illinois miners that
had tho mines of this State in turmoil
throughout tho summer. This was
the state of affairs which forced Presi
dent Lewis's hand and made htm stick
without hint of compromlso for the
thirty hour week.
Miners' Lenders In Background.
Lewis and Farrington are not appear
ing In public "Out for a ride," was the
way a woman's voice described the
whereabouts of Mr. Lewis this after
noon. Farrington cannot be found.
But the campaign of the strikers
thereby Is not becoming lax. Illinois Is
as yet without the Jurisdiction of Judge
Anderson's injunction In tho Federal,
court In Indianapolis because his re
straining orders have not yet been Is
sued against or served upon the mlno
. officers here. But In view of Attorney
General Palmer's Instructions to district
! attorneys and. agents of the Department
ot Justice to report all gatherings of two
or more persons whose object is to ef
fect a reduction In the production of
coal the leaders are taking no chances
and are not even admitting that they
have met each other casually.
Walker's statement of to-day, how
ever. Is ample evidence of the leaders'
contention that the strike will go on au
tomatically without their direction. There
can be Ilttlo doubt of this so far as Illi
nois is concernod.
To-morrow, unhindered by any Fed
eral Injunction, the Association of Min
ers' Cooperative Stores will hold a con
vention In East St. Louis. It will be ad
dressed by tho most vigorous of the
strike leaders. Walker among them.
Thus the miners contend that they can
continue to beat the Government to tho
punch In thn conduct of the strike.
Walker scorns the Injunction, which
does not as yet affect him.
"I'll tell anybody what I think of it,"
he remarked here to-day.
Also the great treasury of the Illinois
miners, $2,000,000 or more, remains at
their disposal. It has not yet been af
fected by Government restraining or-
Miners Lnat to Get Increase.
"The miners," said Walker to-day.
"were the last class of labor to have
their wages raised to meet the Increased
cost of living. Then In tho war emer
gency there was a three sided agree
ment among the miners, tho operators
and tho Government to get out the coal
for w'ar uses. The miners believed that
this agreement expired with the war
"And they are right. Look at It The
Government let It expire so far as It af
fected the restraints against operators
raising prices. It disbanded tho Fuel
Administration and let the operators dls
i tribute the coal and sell It at what
, prices they could get. Now It contends
that the miners' wages, determined In
connection with these prices, must re
main the same,."
Neither United States District Attor
ney Knotts nor agents of the Depart
ment of Justice would say here to-day
that they knew of any Immediate In
tention of the Government to ask for
Injunctions In the three Illinois Federal
districts like that of Judge Anderson In
Indiana. No steps aro contemplated
here for to-morrow. Therefore it is pre
sumed that the Government will wait
for tho afllrmatlon of Its restraining
order before Judge Anderson In Indian
apolis next Saturday before It will move
for Its extension Into the other strike
This probably will leave at the dis
posal of the miners for tho first week of
the strike at least Uie $2,000,000 fund
of the Illinois district While the union
does not pay strike benefits on the
Inauguration ot the strike. It nevertheless
Is admitted that the failure of the Gov
ernment to tie up the fund will afford the
strikers such facilities of disposing of It
as to make it available, Injunction or no
injunction, when the need arises.
Can't See Quick Ending- of Strike.
Neither operators nor miners here can
see an early end of the strike. Both In
sist that the completely organized Illinois
men will not niter back to work, no
matter how complete the protection
afforded them. The laws of this State,
Continued on Second Page.
BRITISH MINERS SEE BIG
BENEFITS FROM U. S. STRIKE
Mine Owners Advance Prices and Workers Figure on
Sharing in Great Boom for Coal Industry.
Special Catle Despatch to Tni Sck from tut
London Timet Service.
Copyright. 1, all rlohu reeerved.
Newcastijj, England, Nov. 2. The
coal striko in America has caused a
tremendous boom in the coal indus
tries in England and Wales, which
employ moro than a million persons
In some 3,500 mines. Next to America
tho United Kingdom Is the largest
producer of coal In the world. While
the fight of their brother workers
overseas for a wage Increase and
shorter hours creates some measure of
sympathy among British miners the
fact remains uppermost in all minds
that what is the Americans' loss will
be Britons' gain.
WAIT MINE DUTY
Wood Is Ordered to Use 14th
, Cavalry in Colorado if
TROOPS IN OTHER STATES
Alabama Militia Goes Into
Camp in Readiness to Halt
Chicago, Nov. 2. The War Depart
ment to-day placed at the disposal of
Major-Gen. Leonard Wood, comman
der ot the Central Department of the
army, the Fourteenth Cavalry, at Fort
Sam Houston, for use it necessary In
Colorado In connection with the strike
of soft coal miners. In tho absence of
any developments indicating trouble
In the Colorado mine fields no orders
looking to early movement of tho regi
ment were Issued.
Federal troops already aro In West
Virginia, Tennessee and Wyoming for
emergency use and Gen. Wood was
ready to despatch further Regular
Army men to any dangerous points
upon requests from civil authorities
for Federal aid.
A detachment of Federal cavalry from
Fort D. A. Hussel reached flock Springs.
Wyo., and began patrolling the coal
fields. Gov. Carey had requested troops
The First Squadron of the Eighth
Cavalry left El Paso. Tex., to-day for
Gallup, N. M., for duty In connection
with the strike, at the request of Gov.
State troops to the number of 1,000 or
moro had mobilized on orders In Col
orado and Alabama and In other coal
producing States, the authorities holding
their forces ready for calls for protec-
' Hnn rmiTvjni- nt tVift Thirl t'..(nni1 Tn-
fnntry, nrmed with machine guns, left
Camp Kearny, California, for the Utah
coal fields to-day, and other troops were
ready to leave on Bhort notice. Two
companies of Coast Artillery at San
Francisco were ordered ready for move
Oklahoma has mobilized Its National
Guard troops, which aro being distrib
uted through the coal districts.
Sprcial Despatch to Tns Bps.
Birmingham. Ala.. Nov. 2. Four
companies of Alabama National Guards
went Into camp here to-day as protec
tion to those who wnnt to work during
the strike In the coal mining section,
While no operations were on to-day.
preparations wero completed for wofk to
start In the morning In many places.
Union meetings were held at several
mining towns to-day nnd national organ
izers made talks. Representatives of
the Government were at some- of the
meetings nnd reports have been for
warded to the District Attorney's office.
Additional guards were put on to-night
In several places. Lenders of miners at
their headquarters here to-day declared
there was no Intimation of trouble any
where and that more men would be out
to-morrow than on Saturday,
Montqomtot, Ala., Nov. 2. Orders
were Issued to-night by tho Adjutant
General of Tennessee for the Selma
Company, Stats National Guard, to en
train to-morrow for Birmingham for
possible duty In connection, with the coal
strike. The Montgomery company left
to-day for Birmingham.
ROME SAYS ALFONSO
FAILED IN MISSION
Went to Paris to Solve Thorny
Problem in Morocco.
Boms, Nov. 1 (delayed). Tho Cor
Hero d'fnllo, srml-offlclnl organ of the
Vatican, commenting on the visit of the
King of Fpaln to Paris, says:
"The mission of King Alfonso to Paris
has failed. His object was chiefly to
solvo the thorny problem of Tangier, In
the desire to avert the possibility of the
proclamation of French sovereignty
According to this paper Allfonso did
not succeed In obtaining any real assur
ance on the subject.
Tbtdan, Morocco, Nov. 2. Gen. Ber
cnger, Captain-General of Spanish Mo
rocco, Is to leave Monday for Madrid,
where, on the return of King Alfonso he
will confer with the monarch and mem
bers ot the Government regarding plans
for a new campaign In Morocco.
There Is general satisfaction not
only here in Northumberland but
'throughout tho entire coal belt that
British mines aro being operated at a
time when tho American mines have
Already prices have advanced and
new contracts between British mine
owners and tho industries of France,
Italy and Scandinavia havo been en
tered into. British miners see in these
excess prices duo to the American
plunge into tho struggle between cap
ital and labor sufficient profits for
their employers to lnsuro the realiza
tion of their most sanguine expecta
tions. TherS Is a reflection of tho
American striko in benefits in every
British miner's home.
VOTED IN PENNA.
State Federation Would Tie Up
All Industries to Aid
LABOR PARTY IS- URGED
Subscriptions'- Opened for a
$500,000 Fund to Start a
Nationwide Strike Plan
Is Off, Says Fitzpatrick
QHICAGO, Nov. 2. John Fitz
patrick, national chairman of
the steel strikers' committee, at
a meoting of the Chicago Federa
tion of Labor to-day said there
would be no general strike in sup
port of the steel strike. His state
ment was called forth by an at
tempt to introduce a resolution
calling for a general strike.
"Not even the American Fed
eration of Labor could call a
strike of all workers," said Mr.
Fitzpatrick. "That is up to the
international unions. There is no
hope or possibility thut a general
strike can be called. The com
mittee in charge of the strike has
discussed every angle of this mat
ter, but I cannot tell you what
our plans are now."
Special Despatch to The Sck,
Phtsburo, Nov, 2. In sympathy
with the steel nnd soft coal miners'
strikes tho Pennsylvania State Fed
eration of Labor, at a special conven
tion to-day adopted a resolution di
recting the executive council of the
federation to call a statewide strike.
If the organized workmon of the State
comply with tho terms of tho resolu
tion Pennsylvania Industries will be
tied up tight.
Only two of the 606 votes cast wero
recorded against the resolution, and
one of these was that of Francis Fee
han, supervising inspector of the State
Department of Labor and Industry,
James II. Maurer, president of the
State Federation, with difficulty sub
dued the uproar which Feehan's action
During the discussion of the reso
lution several delegates questioned tho
right of the federation to call or order
a statewide strike, but President Mau
rer answered: "Whon we decide to
have a fight, whether the American
Federation of Labor or the different
International unions concur, we are
going to fight." Ho said that he did
not anticipate opposition to the plan
from the International unions, but ex
pected their hearty support.
Inquiry among labor leaders to-night
Indicated the federation had no power
to call a general strike of unions affili
ated with It, and any decision the feder
ation made In that direction was only
advisory to the International unions for
the different crafts. Each affiliated trado
union enjoys strict autonomy and the
different unions Jealously guard this
condition. It means that In the calling
of strikes each International union ex
ercises supreme power for its own mem
bership. In some cases International unions
prohibit sympathetic strikes, as in the
case of the International Typographical
Union. Among some of the unions a
referendum vote of the membership Is
required before a strike can be called.
So far as most labor organizations are
concerned no local union of a craft or
group of unions of that craft can call a
strike without the expressed sanction of
the officers of the International union
who control the funds through which
strike benefits are paid.
Demnnda In llesolntlon.
Unless all the International unions
with members employed In Pennsylvania
Jointly should agree to delegate power
to call strikes the Pennsylvania Federa.
tlon of Labor will bo powerless to push
Its plan Into effect In any event tho
railroad brotherhoods would not be nf
fected as they aro not affiliated with
the American Federation of Labor, of
Continued on Thirtt Page.
Rail Engineers Urge New
Conference to Remedy
SEE A SERIOUS CRISIS
Attomey-G eneral 'Amazcd
by Coal Merchants Here
and Denounces Protest.
U. S. SEEKS CONCILIATION
Will Offer Mediator's Services
to .Operators and
Special Despatch to Tne Sox.
Washington, Nov. 2. Tlio powers
of the United States courts and moral
suasion will be the only force used
by the Government in the coal strike
unless action by troops against dis
order becomes necessary. The court
powers will bo used Indiscriminately
against those who attempt to take ad
vantage of the situation to the detri
ment of public Interest In any way.
This was made plain to-day when Attorney-General
Palmer warned the
Wholesale Coal Trade Association of
New Tork that any move to enhance
prices would be met promptly by
The coal striko will not bo in full
force and efTect until to-morrow and
officials agree that Its scope and the
quantity of continued coal production
No further move In the strike is
contemplated by the Federal authori
ties at this time with tho exception
of a formal offer of the sen-ices of a
UnitedStates conciliator to effect a
settlement if possible, In all strikes
a conciliator is assigned by tho de
partment at the request of either
party direct or on the motion of the
Government or those indirectly af
fected. This will be done in th.g
present strike, but no hopo is oiter
tained that any offer of any services
will be accepted.
V. H. Authorities vrnlt Mores.
Federal authorities intend to await
developments and a survey of the ef
fect of the temporary restraining
order Issued in Indianapolis. They
are confident that sufficient coal will
bo mined at least to protect the gen
eral public from suffering and star
vation. High officials of the Government
were more ODtlralntln tn.t -.. i
ing the general industrial outlook.
This feellnir was nntlnn.nhio mrtim,!...
ly in tho office of the Attorney-General,
where it was said confidential re
ports showed that In
coal mining districts there was a ten-
uency to catl oil the strike. Tho re
ports said that tome of tho local
unions wore showlnir a wllllnirnnaa n
this end, but on tho contrary othe'
districts said that tho union miners
wero prepared to tay out until their
demands wero granted.
Hope still Is pinned on the' attitude
of the non-union miners, who are
ready to remain at their posts and
continue to supply coal. In certuln
sections it Is believod some strikers
may ask for work, since the oppor
tunity now is for a large woekly wago
with increased hours for extra work,
as the demand for coal will be In
Any men who wish to remain at
work, whether union or non-union,
U'11I K i . . Y.n .,!! ....... I ....
..... .u . u ,iiu .ui ,i uiet;iiuii iu mo
United States. Attempts on tho part
of agitators to lure these men from
their work or prevent them from
working will meet with prompt action
by the office of tho Attorney-General.
It is said that the Department of
Justice is ready to open war on tho
agitators If they attempt to Invado the
mine fields and halt operations. .
Operator IVithoiit Pinna.
Although United States troops ar
ready to protect the men who wish to
work, coal operators generally have
mado no plans for the working of their
mines. At the same tlmo the attltudo
of the unions toward the woiklng of
mines Is not known, for there have
been reported no Instances In which
picketing has been employed. To
morrow is expected to bring the test,
for it Is a day when tho men will show
their stand, whether they wish to
work or Join the strike. In somo
quarters to-day the opinion was ex
pressed, that tho operators were with
holding their plans to boo what Mon
day would develop in the lino of work
The day brought forth also tho first
disputes as to the number of men
who have Joined the strike. In Ala
bama the union lenders asserted that
26,000 miners have left their work, but
the operators contend that several of
the larger mines In tho State are still
in operation. To-morrow will give a
bettor lino on the conditions In that
State, for them will bo no holiday to
keep tho men from reporting,
After the first outburst of labor
against the use of the power of In
junction Government officials feel thnt
the situation bus wttled somowhat
There Is every Indication that the rail
road brotherhoods will refuse to bo
come Imolved In the coal striko or other
disturbances nt thin time They havo
taken a conservative attitude nnd, it Is
said, they will keep their pledge to tho
Government to do everything posslhlo
to steady the situation.
This seems to put at rest the Insistent