Newspaper Page Text
and new toiik press.
WEfrNESDAfr, NOVKMBElt 0, 1010,
. member Or the associated press.
The Associated Press Is exclusively en
ItUsa to the use for republication of all
inwa dsipatehea credited to It or not
thtrwlae credited. In thl paper and also
ha local news published herein. , ,
Alt rights of republication of special
despatches herein are alio referred.
'pntered at the foil Office at New Tork aa
Vf Second Clan Mall Matter.
Subscription br Mall, Postpaid.
YA On SI One
Tear. Montha. Month.
DAILY ft 8UNDAT...319.00 13.00 S1.00
DAILY only......... i.00 4.00 .
.SUNDAY only S.00 1.40 .40
DAILY SUNDAY.. .110.00 IS.OO
.DAILY only S.DO 4.00
(Sunday only b.oo t.so
DAILY ft SUNDAY.. .134.00 1.0 IMS
pAltY only. i ls.oo .o J. so
tUNDAY only. 0.00 4.00 .75
vit One Six ..One
Year. Months. Month.
fRB EVENINO SUN. .00 W OO 10.B0
"-Foreign i.oo v.oo i.co
VbbK8 AND THE BOOK WOULD
'(Weekly), one year 11.00
a Canada... 11.50 Other countrlea... t.00
xAll checks, money ordera, Ac, to be
.Bade payable to Tna Sox.
HINtHICU 11.11 , inUIUUIHB DUIIUM,! " "
'ilon Printing and Publishing- Association,
rvassau ai-uoraugn or aiannauan, t. i.
ealdent. Prank A. Mntim. 160 Nassau at.:
ee-Presldtnt. Ervln Wardmani Secretary.
H. Tltherlnrton! Tr.u . Wm. T. Dewart.
II of ISO Naaaau atreet,
London office, 40-43 Fleet street.
Paris office, 0 Hue da la Mlchodlere. oft
Rue du Quatre Septembre.
'' Washington office, Munaey Building. ,
Brooklyn office. Room 202, Eagle Build
t(. 203 Washington street.
our frien&t vho favor tWM tnanv
Kriftt and iltuitratlont for publication truA
la Aave rejected articles returned then must
,h," cate$ tend ttampt for that purpose.
TELEPHONE.' BEEKMAN 2200.
To the Senate of the trnlted Statest
In the long and heated discussion
fver the League covenant, delving to
fts remotest depths to flnd its last
hidden meaning and with each side
jo the controversy marshalling its
forces for a fight to the finish, you
feave proceeded on the theory that
fou had the right to settle this ques
tion for the American people the
right to ratify It or to refuse to
Bo you have this right, techically
t the right to do anything with It
Jfon like. But have you the moral
tight to do anything with it you like?
JThe Sun docs not believe you have
(his moral right In a situation obvi
ously never considered as possible by
'(he framers of the government who
feslgnated the powers of the United
Itates-Senate. A treaty that would
peon the surrender of the Indepen
dence of the .American nation to a
foreign Power clearly did not comi
(rlthln the vision of our forefathers
Bad It been so we may well assume
lhat the injunction would have been:
Take It back to the people for their
Seclslon." But having fought for
Mid won a dearly bought lndepcn
fence these nation builders were deaf
to voices in the air and dull of sight
n the matter of seeing visions on thu
This particular brand of treaty,
this Wilson league covenant is so
extraordinary in 'Its conception, so
bold and revolutionary in Its under
takings, so viciously un-American that
It does not come within tho scopo of
problems Intended for the Senate's
In view of this conclusion It would
Indeed be assuming much for you.
elected to the United States Senate
at a time when this question was not
under consideration, In fact had never
been heard of, to take It upon your
pelves to decide whether wc shall con
tlnue to be a free independent nation
or whether wc shall surrendpr our
sovereignty to a superstate.
On a question having to do with
ho life or death of the nation, isn't
It a matter for the nation Itself to
decide by the vote of the people what
they wish done with their nation?
Convinced that It is the right of the
people themselves to decide the fate
Of this astounding treaty The Sun
Is bound to urge that the present
Senate has no moral right either to
ratify or to refuse to ratify It.
We arc in the throes of an analo
gous situation brought on by the as
sumption of the various State Legis
latures that they had the moral as
well as technical right to ratify the
Bone Dry Amendment, which they
proceeded to do without waiting for
the expressed wish of the people of
(he notion. Tho question of the dry
amendment had not been nn issue nt
the time of the election of the Legis
latures In the various Stntes. Conse
quently it is contended, and soundly
too, that the legislators of tho States
ratifying that amendment went be
yond their moral authority. They
had tho technical authority to do
What they did do quite as you have
technical authority to do with the
League treaty as you choose.
But in doing as they did they
raised the bitter resentment of a ma
jority of our people who claim and
rightly claim that they had had no
chance to be heard on the Issue
claim that the ratifying of tho treaty
by Legislatures chosen at a time when
the dry amendment was not under
consideration was n rank usurpation !
of the rights of tho people.
Out this act of usurpation, If it bo
such, Is no more offensive to a free
peopleto 1 of a democracy
than would be the assumption of
the United States Senate to ratify or
to refuse to ratify tho Wilson League
covenant. The business of concluding
peace with Germany should be sepa
rated from the League with a broad
axe, if there Is no better way, and
thus bo disposed of Independently of
fortunately, a Presidential election
is near at hand, and no tribunal short
of the vote of the whole country Is
udequato for the decision of a ques
tion of the surpassing, the supreme
Importance of this.
Therefore, before it gets n strangle
hold on tho nation, the covenant
should bo, referred to the people of tho j
country themselves to decide what
they wish done with It, and wc may
be sure that their decision would be
the decision they wish to have pre
vail, and, better, the right decision.
The Voters Spoke to Murphy In
Language Ho Understands.
The head of the Republican ticket,
Major La Guarma, seems to have car
ried the Greater City tho city which
gavo a plurality of 208,000 to the
Democrat Smith otlly a year ago.
The voters of tho First Judicial
district haye rebuked Murphy In tho
most telling way by giving the most
votes to KEwnuBOEB, who was put
aside by the Tammany boss, and the
fewest to Untebmyeb, Murphy's per
sonal candidate. Not only does New
nunaEB remain on the bench but
Major McCook, his colleague on the
Republican ticket, Is also "elected a
Justice of the Supreme Court.
Tammany Hall seems to havo saved
from the wreck two of its favorites.
With James A. Foley In tho Surro
gates' Court and EdwAbd F. Boyle
President of the Borough of Manhat
tan all' of Murphy's cup is not vine
gar. These were candidates wnose
professional qualifications for the
offices they sought were not denied.
Tho Democratic voters picked and
chose; no Untebuyeb for them.
Brooklyn has repudiated the Demo
cratic! party almost entirely. In that
borough Boss McCooey had no Gov
ernor Smith to inject new life Into
the ticket. Murphy very adroitly
took advantage of the Governor's
dramatic assault on Hearst and by
making n popular Democrat a part of
the local campaign he perhaps saved
Foley and Boyle.
The analyst can read in the elec
tion figures for Manhattan and The
Bronx the revolt of an Intelligent
electorate against nn attempt to play
with the courts. In Brooklyn, and
In the city at large, he can read va
rious signs of dissatisfaction, not only
with the methods of the local Demo
crntlc party but with general condl
Hons under Democratic mismanage
ment and extravagance.
When a Republican on a straight
Republican ticket carries a city which
normally is so Democratic that it gave
a plurality of 157,000 to John F.
Hylan it makes food for thought, in
Washington. And In some parts of
the capital no Hps will be smacked
over the dish.
It would have been a day of honor
for this town If nothing more had
been accomplished than the election
of NEwnuROEB and the defeat of Un
termyer. But the people went fur
ther and covered themselves with
glory. They did things which no Boss
Lincoln on the Dignity and In
alienable .Bights of Free-Labor.
The Sun referred the other day to
Mr. Samuel Gompers's citation of
Abraham Lincoln in sut port of tho
general attitude of trade unionism,
as represented by Mr. Gompf.ks, to
ward the orderly processes of our In
dustrial system and tin? Interests of
the community. What Mr. Gomfebs
said was this :
"It Is still more stranga that a na
tion which may be Justly proud of
Its Abraham Lincoln should now re
verse the application of the great
truth he enunciated when he said
that as between capital and labor
labor should receive first and fora
rnoat consideration." .
A friend In Massachusetts has
kindly Indicated . to lis tha where
abouts of the utterance by Lincoln
which the president of tho American
Federation has thus perverted ln Us
essence nnd application.
In March of 1804 tne WorUl'igrr.en's
Association of New York el:!ed Mr.
I.ikcoln to honorary member-ship. In
accepting thnt membership tho Presi
dent rend a passage from his first an
nual mcssngo to Congress, In Decem
ber, 1801, of which tho subjoined para
graphs were a part :
,"It Is not needed, nor fitting here,
that a general argument should be
made In favor ot popular InfitKutions;
but there la one point, with Its con
nections, not so hackneyed aa most
others, to which I ask a brief at
tention. It Is the irtort to place
capital on nn equal fojtinir with, If
not above, labor, ln the structure of
the government. It Is assumed that
labor Is available only In connection
with capital; that nobody labors un
less somebody else, own'.ng capital,
somehow by the use ot It induces
htm to labor. This nu eJ, it Is
next considered whatner it la best
that capital shall hire laborers, and
thus Induce them to work by their
own consent, or buy them, and drlvo
thra to It without their consent.
Having) proceeded so far, It Is natu
rally concluded that all laborers are
either hired laborers or what we call
slaves. And further, ll Is nsAutr.ed
that whoever Is once a hired laborer
Is fixed In that'condltlon fur Ufa."
"Labor Is prior to and Independent'
of capital. Capital la only the fruit
of labor, and could never have ex
isted If labor had not first existed.
Labor Is the superior of capital and
deserves much tho higher considera
tion. Capital has IL rights, which
are as worthy of protection as any
other rights. Nor Is It dented that
there la, and "probably always will
be, a relation between capital and
labor producing mutual benefits."
"Again, aa has already boen said,
there La not, of necessity, any such
thing aa the free hired laborer being
fixed to that condition :o. life. Many
independent men everywhere In these
suteBj a fw years back' tn their
iivcb, were hired laborers . ,
Thla Is the Just and gemrou.1 and
prosperous system which opens the
way to all gives hope to all, rnd
consequent energy nnd progress and
Improvement of condition to nit."
Mr. Lincoln's thesis is apparent at
a glance. lie was presenting the fun
damental truths of ourjecononilc nnd
social system. Neither In the remarks
quoted abovo nor in anything that
follows Is there a word warranting
the twist which Mr. Gompers has
slyly attempted to give to the utter
ance, namely, that when the great
American, the great human nnd bur-
ma no philosopher, spoke of tho su
periority of "labor" to capital, tho
labor he meant was organized labor
undertaking to dictate to the rest of
navlrte quoted from his own re
marks primarily suggested by thu Is
sue between slave labor and free labor
at the beginning of tbe civil war. Mr.
Lincoln, speaking from the point of
view of 1804 when slave labor hud
been emancipated by his memorable
act, continued his sound advice to the
worklngmen who had gons to the
White Houso to honor him :
"The strongest bond of human
sympathy, outside of the family re
lation, should be one uniting all
working people, of all nations and
tongues and kindreds. Nor should
this lead to a war on property, or
tho owners of property. Property Is
the fruit of labor; property Is desir
able ; Is a positive good In the world.
That some should be rich shows that
others may become rich, and hence
is Just encouragement to Industry
and enterprise. Let not him who Is
houseless pull down the house of an
other, but let him work diligently and
build one for himself, thus by exam
ple assuring that his own shall be
safe from violence when built"
We can conceive of no better advice
to the individual Inborer tturh that
which In contolned In these conclud
lag words of Abraham Lincoln's ad
dress to the New York worklngmen
more than half a century ago. There
Is nothing In his philosophy of labor
that can give comfort to the Fosters
or the Gomperses in any effort either
to overthrow government nnd substi
tute mob rule In this country, or to
erect within our government a super-
government controlled by themselves.
In the case of Mr. Gompkes's adroit
perversion of Lincoln's utterances,
as In all similar cases, the trick is to
identify labor in the broad economic
sense, with "labor" in the narrow
Gomperslan sense. It will not work
with Intelligent Americans. They
must know whnt Abraham Lincoln
would have done to tho preachers of
revolution and anarchy of the sort
advocated in Foster's red pamphlet.
They can Imagine what would havo
been his attitude and course toward
Gompers or any leader of organized
lnbor encouraging, actively or pas
sively, defiance of the law and resist
ance of the orders of the courts.
We observe with satisfaction tho
evidence that even within the ranks
of organized labor the sound view of
Its responsibilities nnd real Interests
the LIncolnInn view, not the Gom
perslan view Is gaining strength nrid
courage. Utterances like that which
wo copy in another column from the
Railroad Employee of Newark give
reason for hope. As the Railroad Em
ployee expresses It, "It Is high time
that the reputable and responsible ele
ment within the ranks of organiza
tions of labor denounce the prevailing
spirit of brigandage In no uncertain
erms." The definite advocacy of tho
establishment of a basis of legal- re
sponsibility on tbe part of the em-
Ployed, enabling contracts to be made
which shall not be on one side mere
scraps of paper, Is a notable ond en
couraging manifestation of American
fairness and common sense.
Why This Moderation?
In addition to the now familiar de
mands for a 00 per cent. Increase in
wages, a six hour day and a five day
week, there are other demands made
by the striking coal miners which re -
venl a further profit they seek from
a five day week. If, for example, such
srL n, ,l, lre
a ijruuuwumi ui ivai mihci muu cuuiu
bo mined by one shift working six
hours Ave days a week, further do-
mands nro that "for emotrency work
there shall be paid tlmo'nnil n hnlf
for overtlmo nud double wages for
work done on holidays nnd Sundays,
Saturday to be regarded as a holi
day." It should be understood, more
over, thnt tho six hour day does not
moon air- hmira nf ivnrlt na lio nl,.lir
hour day meant eight hours of work; I n"" " QoD wl"
for the new scale is six, hours "bankj How bountlfu, the EngU8h language
to bank." This means from the time jn expression of the samo lofty pur
ine miner arrives nt the mouth of the pose ln words that exhibit a difference
mlno to the tlmo ho returns there J without a distinction!
THE 13UN, 'WEDIB&MY,
Tho eight hours face to face were
all at mining coal.
Tho scale worked out to a six day
week, taking no account of tho six
hours thdt nro short of- six hours of
work, eight hours for six hours, would
result, according to figures submitted
10 1110 aenntc uy cool operators, ana
which, so far as we have boen In-
formed, have not been controverted,
would result In tho Instances of two
,imi 1. I....
typical mine employments hero used
iui niuBiiuituu uius inm
amounts being present dally wages
for on eight hour day, tho second tho
lr.mnn.1,.,1 ,lniw Wn. tnr n 1t l,n,ir
demanded dally wages for n sx hour
day, tho third what would havo to bo
being paid for as n holiday that Is,
Mule drlv'er 1S.24 18.38 158.6
Bhotf rer f-32 8-61
What is Incomprehensible here Is
tho moderation observed. Why not
have declared Friday also a holiday,
. ,. , . , . , .
and Thursday and Wednesday and
xuesuay, leaving oniy aionuay a legni
workday In order to have a normal
wage unit, to be doubled for all other
Massachusetts Beat the Slob.
Governor Coolidoe, running for re
election In Massachusetts on the Re
publican ticket, actually represented
the forces of lnw and order not only
in that Commonwealth but in nil the
States of tho Union. In his Jurlsdlo
tlon the Issuo between government by
the people nnd government by a small
fraction of the people was brought to
a, focus ln the policemen's strike.
Governor Coolidoe accepted It un
flinchingly. He stood by the people,
and at tho polls the people stood by
him, notwithstanding the elaborate
campaign the beaten and disgraced
lonner guaruians oi mo peace in
Boston made ln behalf of Lono, the
Democratic nominee. The extraordi
nary plurality given "to Governor
Coolisoe Is a plurality for- freedom
and for' popular ru'-
Governor Coolidqb's splendid suc
cess means more than tno reaf
firmation by tho electors of Massa
chusetts of their faith In popular gov
ernment nnd their determination that
the Government shall bo supreme not
only over some of the people but
over all of the people. It means thnt
malicious men promoting revolution,
self seeking men using social unrest
to servo their selfish ambitions, con
scienceless politicians who seize on the
lowest passions of the basest element
ln the community to win advance
ment, will bo repudiated by the sensi
ble and patriotic citizens who com
pose tho overwhelming mnjorlty of thh
electorate in other States as they
have been ln Massachusetts,
Massachusetts, with n mixed popu-1
lntlon lnrj?ely of foreign birth or re-
cent alien extraction, was challensed to those who seem to like it I or course
by tho mob. Governor Coolidos nc- had to do our stunts before we could
. ....... . to out and play. Ono boy would have
ceptcd the challenge In the name of t0 MW an(J Bpt M much W00(1 0ns
the State. and heat the mob back; and of my 8tunla W8B to memorise and re
yesterday the electorate of Mosstf- cite a row verses of the Proverbs. Lord,
chusetts gave its unquestioning and how quickly I could do it!
unmistakable verdict of approval of Saturdays we had all day to play, ex
hl pnnran cept the poor boys, and the rest of us
nis course. turned to and helped them so they could
Aa the mob was beaten ln Mnssa- be throU(fh wlth elr chores and go
chusetts so It will be beaten In other with the rest of us. Glorious days of
States. America has not lost her boyhood, precious memories of youth t
romnrt fnr lnw nnd nrrtnr nnd will they are about all we old fellows have
stand by tho public ofllccrs who per-
, ,i.io .iD.u.
iU.UI u.vil uuwa .ci... too. j,
It is conceivable that liberty would
survive In New Jersey If that Inter
'estlnB State were to adopt an election
code which would not make her re
turns about the latest to be compiled. '
No Democratic candidate for Presi
dent was 'seen emerging from yester
day's election returns.
There Is hot rivalry among publlsh-
era for the manuscript ot a book
Charles F. Murpht Is reported to be
writing entitled "Safeguarding the
Judiciary; or, The Difference Between
a Primary and an Election."
Because Massachusetts haa refused
to change tho system under which the
Governor Is elected every year she has
been scolded repeatedly ,by those who
believe in rewcr elections ana , longer
terms for office holders; but the early
opportunity tne election gave ner peo
ple to write "Well done!" on the record
of Calvin Coolidok was worth some
kentucky elected a Republican Oov
ernor yesterday merely as a prelim-
Inary to going Republican In the Pres-
" , ',.,
ldentlal contest next year,
If Samuel GoMPins should run-short'
of topics to think about ho might
. , . 1 u..-
spend a profitable half hour studying
the election returns from Massachu
, , . ,. .... ,
The pieman t Tammany -Hal was
seen jaio msi nigm uioi'rwt.iiB ,.,a u-i
serve stock. He seemed to be ln pain.
, . .. , 1V, ,,,.
one big union and its name Is the
Perhaps tho most effective campaign
document was ono which was never
circulated InwiN Untesmter's draft
When two pugilists, coached by their
managers, are Working up public ln-
Tornst In their approaching ring con-
1 test they are severally reported rudely
to threaten to "knock His block off."
to ""hatter his slats, ana
ot"er "VPP?. J?!Sni?
gate receipts, juany Demsurem uui
moro rcnncd are utterances nearu
, when 'distinguished gentlemen express
their battle passions ln the Senate.
Ma tnese spimea leaus. counters
"Senator Shirman a. have never'
prayed In my lite.
"Senator Robinson Does not the
Senator think It Is about time he was
beginning to pray?
"Senator Sherman Not upon tho
appearance of any such antagonist
,' as the Senator from Arkansas. lean
'NOVEMBER5 BMOlfr '
SPEEDWAY HOPES FADE.
ploi Wonder When They
Aom 10 u lno
. To thi Editor or Tins sun Sin What
nrnvUMn nil linn rnniia in f nn nnw
' . ,r. " " " ".i.i.
atructed speedway In proper condition
for ugo Dr tne general public?
This Is a question which Is agitating
the' minds of people in Harlem, Wash-
'".to Heights and In wood, who have
Been no oiuciai announcement uuu wm
maUer hns b(en adetluatelJr covered ln
budget and have therefore been led "rBnuoii ruit,n -
t0 believe that nothing at all has been'lrnll, ?A centres of commerca. where
done about it and that the prospects of Pac0 noV Prosperity should obtain
an earlv oDenlne of a renovated Snecd- through a nxed and understandable re
an early opening of a renovated Speed
nave Iaeu Ry ,n ,nm 'r-
KAitMS-lnff n crr- whan If m voa llfld that
Bome months ago the Park Commissioner
was credited with having said that the
1 Speedway would not be opened untiHate
In 1920. And Its opening then was con-
Jtlngent on his request for fund, for re-
1 pairing the Speedway through an Issue
of corporate stocic amounting to is3,.oo
of Estimate and the Finance and Bud-
gct Comm,ltee Bn(i R concurrent resolu-
ton by th8 Board of Aldermen
Any one who has had occasion to use
the Speedway recently will agree with
the .Park Commissioner that It is ln such
bad condition at tbe present time that
It Is unlit to be opened to the general
public And It would also be a dan
gerous and probably expensive proceed
ing to open it, for In case of accident
the city ould be liable tor any Injury
to persons or property.
No New Torker and especially .none
living tn the vicinity of the Speedway
eares to, have the city assume any un
necessary liabilities, but when It Is con
sidered that the Speedway cos approxi
mately 15,000,000 to build and many
thousands to maintain, taxpayers appear
justified In demanding a return for their
Nsw York, November 4.
A Grandfather Recalls Life ln
Country When Ho Was Young.
To the Editor 07 Tiib Bun Sir: I
note that the older people love to have
recalled to their minds the things they
enjoyed In their youth. Many such
things flit through my mind, and very
vividly at times.
What old boy does not remember
those red top boots with copper toes and
his trousers tucked in the boot legs7
Then there were the hbme mado sleds
named Red Fox or Bwift ; home knit red
mittens; fur caps made to turn down
over the ears ; spring poles In the
woods for rabbits; horsehair snares for
quail; red top skates with straps made
by the harness maker and with rat tall
files used to gutter out the tunners?
Then there was skating on the pond :
putting on one's best glrj's skates, skat
ing with her by moonlight, getting warm
by, tho big fire built at the head of the
pond, going across the "weary Ice." At
home mother has tome hot samp por
ridge and milk ready for you, and you
go to bed tn a feather bed and sink out
of sight and sleep and dream of skates.
C0 and best girl.
Ah I If we could have remained young
and left all this bother of money making
to. heer,us a,n!J mak" ua fTorBet our
, ofttlme Infirmities. When I see my
mJm .nlnvlnr hlo -nthfl .urf. T
'say: "This Is my resurrection.'
Amngton II. Carman.
Patchoque, November 4.
A SUNDAY OUTING.
Attractions of Passaic Falls and Gar
To the EniTon or The Bun. Sir: Just
now the Passaic Falls at Paterson In
! their autumn coloring are a beautiful
sight which is well worth tho trip over
to see. If any ot your readers are tn
want of a place to go for a Sunday
afternoon outing here Is a chance.
Ono can come over by automobile
from any North lllver ferry, although
tho ronfl, from the 130th street ferrv
and tne Dyckman atreet ferry are the
Desti n one h,B no BUto nandy one catl
com8 by trolley, from 180th street or
from nny ferry golns nto Hoboken. The
uptown ferry connects with the Hudson
River troiley, which affords a beautiful
ride to Paterson. The fare la about
30 cents. x
It Is about a halt mile to the falls
from the trolley terminal. After view-
u , ! .
rather than a ride along the river to
Olover avenue, which is just a mile, a
, .,.,., , , .
""" " , "' 7' " JLn hi "?", :
uiuffo system. An eaty unnlll walk of a
, . ' vml , on , ' n . ...
mile and you are on top. Go to the
front overlooking the city.
Here you can see the country for
miles around. If It la a clear day look
I B0Utnea8t nnd whoW Jowe
of the Metropolitan, Woolworth and
Singer buildings as well as the towers of
the bridges across the Kant River. Undor
. whch countIeM peop)e walc
over, not knowing what they are,
Come over; we have nothing to soli
and all to show, Lawrence Francis.
Patebson, November 4.
Vida Mllholland Not In tho Parade.
To tub Editor or Tin Son fitr; In
the Interest of accuracy will you be good
.nnmrh tn mrr.rt n mMnW. mo. in
your paper on Sunday, November JT
, dld not uke part , tho paraae ot
American women protesting against the
,.tarvatIon blockade of nussla.
i j cannot accept credit or criticism for
something I have not done.
Nbw York, November 4.
Tbe Bay After.
Soma candidates have von out,
WhUe othera are but "ex-ea."
The lucky find the sun out,
, The shadow othera vexea.
A paradox tha loas la ,
To those who muster few
In number heavy crosses.
They take the count anew.
There's laughter and there'a gnashing
Of teeth, but ducks'now lame
8hould cheer up and start splashing.
Tha world wags quite tha same.
The Principles Which Should Shape
Its Wage Agreements.
Wont (Jhjt Dallraad. fTmelovre.
In the light of recent events It is a
case of labor run riot. Agreements are
tnd on'y to e broken; no guarantee
KOOQ over n'nl 110 p""""
breath used to make It ; no compact of
,u '"J" .ft ,lbS
- unab toners their labor cost.
- 7"- : . , .
row may bring forth. Confusion d
lationship between tho, man wno worKs
and tho man who pays.
It should be brought about through
national legislative enactment that r.o
organisation of whatever scops or de
scription should be accorded recognition
that'eannot or will not, through Its mem
bership collectively and Individually, en
ter Into a wago agreement which, If un
duly or llltgally broken, would Involve
financial ns well as moral responsibility,
whereby the Individual members would
be held equally liable with the employer,
and property or funds In their posses
sion subject to setzuro under due proc
ess of law.
We Bay It, and say It positively, that
the labor organizations of the future
must so regulate their affairs aa to be
enabled to enter Into a binding legal
agreement with their employers with
mutual stipulation for collectible dam
ages. Both must stand on an equal foot
ing. The worklngman and his associates
should become contracting parties busi
ness men ln short with whom may be
had proper and responsible business
Tho Incorporation of Trade Unions.
Tnm tt Boat and Rieoritr.
The trade union should be compelled
to come within the operations of the
law, as all other corporate bodies are;
and until this Is ,done there can never
be peace and stability In Industry, nor
constancy of work and wages for the
Once responsibility and obligation are
made compulsory by law what will re
sult? The union will be Inspired and guided
by the moral standards of the Individ
ual worker. The union will be a real
democracy, and not the corporation de
scribed as an organization without a
soul to damn or a body to kick. Ite
sponslblllty. will bring prudence If not
wisdom ; leaders wllf be chosen with
more discrimination; all contracts and
bargains will be made with caution and
the knowledge that once entered upon
they must be lived up to; and strikes
as cures of evils, if they come, will only
come after deliberation and a weighing
ot consequences, and not as the result of
Impulse, whim, passion or the malice of,
Compulsory Incorporation of trade
unions means no loss of rights, privi
leges or security to the collective body;
It does mean an Increase .of dignity,
standing and Importance to the union
and Its membership; It does mean a
steadying of the economle ship, a prom
ise of enduring Industrial peace and a
better day for employer and employee.
MOUND BUILDER'S TOMB.
Hvldenees of Prehistoric Culture
Found in Ohio Excavations.
f rom l Popular lleclantet llaiattm.
Digging into the tomb of a mound
builder chief near Newark, Ohio, scien
tists recently discovered ancient trinkets
which they declare establish the fact
that the stone age Inhabitants of the
locality belonged to the same tribe
whose earth monuments are found ln
other parts of the 8tate, notably Ross
county, where similar research work
has disclosed surprising evidence ot pre
The sepulchre Is located near the flint
quarries from which aborigines obtained
material for arrow heads, and other Im
plements. It Is made of small stones
and burled In a circular mound of earth
about thirteen feet high. The chiefs
skeleton Indicated that he waa a man
nearly, six feet tall and over average
Underneath the bones was found what
Is considered the most Important article
taken from the excavation, a copper
gorget, believed to have been a token
of nuthorlty or rank. Other objects of
Interest were copper earrings, an armlet
of the Fame material and beads made
from sea shells, which evidently had
been worn as a necklace.
Inspiring ln 'amc at Least
To the Editor or The Son Sir: In
reply to requests for a refreshing bev
erage, here Is one I made to cure a
cold; It Is also good for Indigestion and
to take at any time, but for a cold take
It good and hot: Thev Juice of half a
lemon, sugar to taste, a teaspoon of
ground ginger such as Is used ln making
cake, and a tumbler of hot water. I
call It Pershing punch.
Mrs. El M.
Brooklyn, November 4.
Missouri Blses to the Defence of Ita Own.
from tXe Lttirtv Advance.
Pawpaws and persimmons. What real
Mlasourlan doea not have pleasant recol
lection of his boyhood daya at this time
of yearT There la a great diversity ot
opinion na to the value of the pawpaw
from an edible point of view, but there are
some that Ilka them. It la an acquired
taste for any one not a native of Missouri.
With persimmons the same thing la true.
Trobably all boys Ilka both pawpawa and
persimmons, hut then a boy likes almost
anything. Even If you don't care for
them, thla la tha time of tha year to
gather them, and tha pleasure la In tha
gathering rather than tho eating anyway.
"Female" Destroyers the Deadlier.
Aimlrat Stmt tn fas World's Wort.
Strangely enough, although tha Ameri
can destroyera carried greater fuel sup-
pll's than tha British, they were rather
more dainty and graceful In their lines
fiCt ,hal l",''"d famous retort which
widiy Pa through th. rank, of both
, ,.you Unow,.. r.m.rk.d a British officer
,, an Amerlc.n. "I ,,k. ,. British da-
stroyers better than the American
look as much sturdier. Yours aesm to ma
rather feminine ln appearance."
"Yea." replied tha American, "that's so,
but you must remember what Kipling says.
Tha female of .tha species la mora deadly
than the male.' "
According to thai United States Postal
Bulletin clgarstta paper Is now prohibited
transmission In the parcel post to Greek
poat offlcea tn Macedonia. Eplrus, Samoa,
tha tslanda of the ASgean Sea and Crete,
Fertilisers are needed ln Spain, particu
larly tor tha cultivation ot rlca around
Tha amount ot petroleum produced In
Veneiuola Increased from 18,243 tons In
1917 to 48,306 In 1918.
MAY BEAT RAIL BILL
Ministry Paces Defeat in Up
per Houso Over Grniul
MANY WANT ELECTION
Question of Further Bonusos
' for Soldiers Likely to
, Go to People.
Bt a Staff Correipandtnt of Tns Scn.
Ottawa. Ont. Nov. 4. W. S. Field
ing's amendment to refer tho Grand
Trunk ond entire railway question to a
commission was defoated on a vote of
91 to 60 this evening. The normal clear
majority of the Government Is 60 In a
houso of 235 members. Other amend
ments will be offered by the opposition
during the third reading.,
Notwithstanding its apparent" strength
the Government fs threatened With
necessity for the dissolution of Parlia
ment over the Grand Trunk bill. Elected
In December, 1917, on Its war policy,
with a straight majority of 71 over all
opposition, tho Ministry Is now faced
with defeat in the Scnato on Its railway
Thd normal majority of tho Govern
ment In the Senate Is -over 20. But
already there are nine Senators out
against the bill, and more may arise.
Popular opposition to tho Grand Trunk
project is increasing as the terms of
the deal are better known through the
campaign against It. Government sup
porters claim a majority of eight ln the
Senate for the Grand Trunk, but that
Is a hopeful guess.
Members of the Government and of
both houses are somewhat perturbed
to-day over the urgent call made on tho
Fenate by the Montreal Gazette to re
ject the Grand Trunk bill and compel
an appeaMo the country. Tho Gazette
Is a foremost conservative newspaper,
tut has opposed the Government policy
this year on prohibition, labor and the
' The point Is taken that "It Is 'utterly
repugnant to the Constitution for a Gov
ernment avowedly supported for war
. measures to employ Its authority to lm
pose peace measures of supreme Im
portance for the decision of which no
electoral mandate has teen given. All
that has happened is that a Government
of diverse elements, created by a great
national crisis for a specific purpose, has
undertaken after that purpose U accom
plished to commit the country to a se
rious domestic policy without a particle
of popular consent. The Senate should
send the subject to the people."
Disintegration of the coalition sup
port of the Government has been going
forward steadily during the year, since
the actual duty, for which this Gov
ernment was elected has been per
formed. The by-elections and tho re
sult In Ontario all Indicate the Insecurity
of the Ministry. Ytstcrdav there was a
provincial by-elcctlon ln Cochrane, Al
berta, the regular Liberal Government
candidate, supported by the two Calgary
dally papers and all the provincial Gov
ernment Influence, was defeated by a
united farmer, J, Moore. Ottawa was
deeply Interested, for It was an under
stood trial of strength with the farmers.
The soldiers' civil reestablishment re
port Is to be dealt with by Parliament.
It Is the general conviction of members
that Canada has gone tho limit on gra
tultles and they will not consent to go
any, further. But It Is also realized that
nothing short of a general election will
qulec the country.
Taxpayers Oppose Bonne.
The farmers and taxpayers generally
will not b, willing to pay any more, but
the discontented soldier element can only
be put at rest by a decisive vote ln a
Official reports show that about 200,'
000 Canadians have gone quietly back
to work at tliclr old jobs, or nt new
and better ones. But a restless minority,
mostly Englishmen, insist on additional
cash gratuities. They will continue to
agitate until the people support a gov
ernment pledged against raids on the
With a strong working majority ln
the popular house, the government la
under- no constitutional necessity of dls
solution. They may hold on until June,
1923. But Sir-Robert Borden Is a states
man of high political standards and will
not hold to office If Uiere Is evidence of
the expediency of an appeul to the
Ina two previous elections the railway
question was the Issue. The first par1
llament of Canada was dissolved, over
an election scandal In connection with
building tho Canadian Pacific In 1672.
In 1904 tho Laurler ministry went to the
country on the Grand Trunk Pacific pro
lect and won nubile approval. It would
seem fitting that the proposal to pur
chase the Drank Trunk, Involving ac
ceptance of liability for 3216,207,138 o
debentures, and liability for the finding
of the arbitrators on the value of 31S0,
424,325 of preference and common stock,
should be submitted to the people ln a
A government is not bound to appeal
to the country over nn adverse vate of
the senate. The naval policy of tho
first Borden ministry was reversed In
1913 and the wnr came alongtind lifted
the ministry out of any embarrassment
on that Issue. A senate reverse now
would undoubtedly be eerlou9 and would
bring the prime minister back home
earlier than was Intended. The minister
cf railways Is receiver for the Grand
Trunk Pacific, so It la Imperative thnt
action on the Grand Trunk be taken,
either by way of arrangement with the
parent grand trunk company or by
liquidation of the OTP which would
li.evttably Involve the Grand Trunk.
CURFEW IN ICELAND
TO PREVENT RAIDS
Government Measure Also
Aimed at Night Drilling.
London, Nov. 4. A Government
proclamation imposing curfew regula
tion! In certain districts ln IreUnd Is
expected Immediately, according ' a
Dublin despatch to the Evening Stair.y
The measure is Intended to prevent
raids by masked bands and also night
drilling. Permits will be Issued to per.
nona having legitimate business during
the flight hours.
Melbourne, Nov. 2 (delayed). The
Irish Hace Convention here, attended
by about 1,000 Australasian delegates,, One of the Hrst conditions of the o f -unanimously
passed to-day a resolution stlce that preceded the peace with ''
ln favor of self-determination fnr Trn. ehanlatnn thun hns hen violated 'I a
land and the creation of a fund to as-
slat tho movement.
In the course of a reception by the
Mayor to the delegates, Sir Robert Best,
former Vtce-nrealdnnt of thA AVAMtll,'.
council of the commonwealth and now A British expedition, consisting ot
a member of the Federal House of Itep- Infantry brigades, is about lo wl '
resentatlves, declared that the attempt Into Wazlrlstan, the declared nbjn -to
make the convention desirous of a Ing to attack tho Mnhauds and o'ner
constitutional government was merely a Wnrlrl tribes that are molesting B '
cover tor a reotmous movement against
The un Calendar
For Eastern New Tork Italn or snow
In north; rain, followed by clearing, In
south portion to-day; colder; to-morrow
fair; variable winds, mostly northwest.
For New Jersey Clearing and colder tft-'
Uy! fair to-morrow; moderate varlabU
For southern Naw Entltnd naln and
coldar to-day; fair to-morrow; gentle to
moderate northwest winds.
For northern New EmlaniL Rain to-day,
colder to-nifht; probably tlr and colder
to-morrow; moderate vanaoie winas.
For western New Tprk Local rains or
snows to-day: fair to-morrow: frash .
alroryr weat and northwest wlpAi,
WASHINGTON, Nov. S. The Western dls.
turbanca haa moved to Ontario with dlmln.
Ishtng Intensity during yesterday, attended
by general ralna and soma snows from the
upper lake raglon and the upper Ohio Val
ley eaatward and by etrong wlnda In tht
lake region. There ara evidences of a sec.
ondary disturbance near the aouth of New
Entland. There la also another dlsturteance
near tha extreme Northwest, the general
depression covering the Rocky Mountain
and plateau reglona with ralna OVor the
north district west of the mountains'. Eli.
where, except In Florida and alonit the
east Quit and-! aouth Atlantic coasts, the
weather waa fair. It la much cooler In the
upper lake region, the Ohio and upper Mis
alsslppl valleys and tho Southwest, and
decidedly warmer In the central Iltcky
Mountain region. There will be local
anowa to-day In the lake region and rtln
In eastern New Vork and New England,
followed by clearing weather ln southern
New Tork. There will also be showers to.
day. In the Florida Peninsula, but elsewhere
east of the Mississippi the weather will be
fair to-day, and fair weather will prevail
to-morrow over tha entire district east ot
the Mississippi. It will be cooler to-day
In the lake region, the upper Ohio Val
ley and the Interior South, except Florida,
and warmer to-morrow In the upper lake
and western lower lake region, the Ohio
Valley, Tennesaee and the east Gulf States.
Storm warnings are displayed on extreme
east Lake Superior, .lakea Huron, Erie and
Ontario and on the north New England
coast from I'olnt Judith to Eaatport.
Observations at United States Weather Hu
rcau stations taken at I I1. M. vestertlar. mt.
cnty-Afth meridian time:
Temperature. Bsr- last 24
Stations. High. Low. ometer. lira. Weather.
C( . 3.71
62 " 20.72
.. Pt. Cldy
. . Clear
. . Cloudy
. . Clear
AtlanUe City.... U
Petrolt ....i.... 46
Jacksonville .... 70
Knnsss City.... 40
Los Anceiea.... GS
Xew Orleans.... 80
Oklahoma City.. 4S
I'hlladelphla ... U
Portland, Me.... 44
rortland, Ore... C3
21.78 1.00 Cloudy
29.38 ,. Pt. Cldy
29.92 .. Cloudy
19 S6 .. Clear
30.06 .. Clear
29.74 .. Bain
salt Lake city.. G8
San Francisco... 64
San Diego H
St Loul 44
Washington .... 60
LOCAL, WEATHER RECORDS.
8 A. M. 8 P. M.
Barometer 30.06 29.11
Humidity 79 90
Wind direction E. E.
Wind velocity 13 22
Weather Cloudy na n .
Precipitation ,.. None None
The temperature In this city yeaterday,
aa recorded by the omclal thermometer. Is
ahown In tha annexed table:
8 A.M. ..47 IP. M...61 6 P.M. ..61
9A.M. ..48 2 P.M. ..51 7P.M.. 50
10A.M. ..SO 3P.M. ..61 8P.M. ..60
11A.M. ..52 4 P.M. ..61 9 P.M. ..49
12 M 62 3 P.M. ..51 10P.M. ..49
1919. 1919. 1919. 1918.
9.A.M...48 62 6 P.M. ..61 62
12 M 52 Ct 9 P.M... 49 48
3 P.M. ...51 54 12 Mid. ...48 41
Highest temperature. St, at 2:30 P. 31.
Lowest temperature, 44, at 5 A. M.
Average temperature, 4 8.
Review of the Srxty-nlnth Infantry.
New York Guard, by the officers ot the
irisn societies ot New York, armory, 63
Lexington avenue, 8:40 P. M.
Museum talk on "Life nnd Art ot the
Greeks and Romans." Metronolltan Mu
seum of Art, 8:45 P. M.
uaii or the Harvest Moon ln aid ot St
Ambrose Community Centre. Rtlx-Carlton,
9 P. M.
Meeting ot the Missouri Women's Club
. Chrysanthemum Society of America
convention; fair all day; annual meeting s
P. 31.; Engineering Society's Building, 29
West Thirty-ninth atreet.
Convention of the National Bottle Manu
facturer Association of the United Stated
and Canada. Hotel Astor, 10 A. 31
Meeting of the Clrculo Ibero-Amerlcann
Hotel McAIPln. 8 P. M.
Klwanla Club, luncheon, Hotel McAlpIn
12:30 P. M.
Thirty-fourth Street Merchants, lunch
eon, Hotel McAlpln, 12:30 P. M.
International Association Clothing De
signers, meeting, Hotel McAlpln, 7PM
Lace Curtain Manufacturers, meeting
Hotel McAlpln, 2:30 P. M.
Metropolitan Paper Box Manufacturers,
luncheon, Hotel McAlpln, 12:30 P. M.
Celluloid and Tortoise Shell Association
meeting, Hotel Pennsylvania. 1:30 P. M
Horticultural Society of New York, ex
hibition planta and flowers; American Mu
scum of Natural History, day and eve
New York Food Show and conference of
retail grocers, Twelfth Regiment Armory
Stxty-nfth street and Columbus avenue,
all day and evening.
Exhibition of books from the library of
the late Theodore Roosevelt, with preeen
tutlon volumes from the former Bmper
or8 of Germany and Austria-Hungary ani
various authors; the New York Historical
Society, 170 Central Park West, nil day.
Illustrated books of the last four cen
turies, Stuart Galleries; the making of
prints, New York Library, Forty-second
street and Fifth avenue.
Memorial exhibition of paintings of
Frederic Crownlnshield, Brooklyn Mu
seum, 3 P. M.
Exhibition of model (life site) African
pygmv camp in tne ueigian Congo, Ameri
can Museum of Natural History, nil day
Exhibition ot tapestries and laces loan-'t
from private collections. Metropolitan Mu
seum of Art.
Exhibition of French official painting b
Lieut. Henri Farm of "The Sky Fighters
of France," for tho benefit of tho fund f"i
the fatherless children of France, Ander
son Galleries, until November 10.
PUBLIC LECTURES TO-NIGHT.
"Current Events," by Oeorge A. Has'
Ings; Cooper Institute, Xllghth atreet an'
"The Man Who Laughs," by B. A Co
bett; Hunter College, Lexington aen"
and Sixty-eighth atreet.
"On Horseback Through Palestine" i
Adolos Allen; P. S. 101, 111th street neur
"ConstUutlon&l Liberty," by James '
Jenkins; New York Library, 505 W'f
"Contrasts of George Eliot's Genius, ' o
Frederick Paulding; Y. M. C. A., 5 t
"Agriculture ln the united States," "
Morris A. Lunn; P. 8. 43, Drawn p
and 136th atreet, Th Bronx.
BRITISH TO FIGHT
Six Infantry Brigades About
to Make Drive.
Special Calile Detpateh to The Sex fmn '
London Ttmti Service.
CopiriaM, 1919, oil rioAft retened
London, Nov. 4. England i n i 1
free from war; there are sinister re, s
of fresh enterprises against the Aft. 3
on the India frontier. The Afs
troops are still tn occupation of tht
portant position of Wana, which is i
the Mahaud-Wazlrl country, and !
considerable distance on the British a
i of the northwest frontier of India
condition was thnt no enemy " "9
shbuld remain on tho British hide '
frontier. It la said that In W'mir - n
the Afghan regular troops never en- If
wlthd.Anr r.nm UrltlaV. tnrpltnrv
lsh convoys and raiding villages In m