Newspaper Page Text
the sun, Wednesday, -November ,5, 1916.
SOUGHT BY MEN
Baftlo, of Propaganda Ec
jgins Bebycen lFactipiis in
Vest Virginia Fields.
HALF' OF MINES WORKING
I at tha aarns waifti pH them trnen
they voluntarily quit work without ref
erence as to whether they were recelv
, Intf .a decent living wage or not."
He snyi the figures he give are from
a renort of the Federal Department of
1 Mines. They show that the average Bell
Ins price o( ooal at the mines Iff 1918
was J2.S3, nn lncreaBo of 184.8 per' cent,
over .the year 1918. "or approximately
$1.22 pir ori above all wage increases
granted the miners."
"It la fair to assume," saya Keeney,
"from these figures' that the operator
made nn nvorage profit of 1.46'on eacn
ton of coal mined." He continued : "The
nvorago wage of pick miners, who are
tho ,shllleil workmen' (Jf tfie industry, for
ttio year 191C was till. 09 per month.
This Is the highest wags the coal miners
Of West Virginia ever earned, During
this same period 'hatchet and saw car
enters working On.the'Qovernment plant
at NItro, right here In the heart of tho
,coal fields, averaged $198 n month or
. , j V 1 a J ear, un ino same worn alien
RtrlWfl UllV Silk StOOluilffS W'Reers made $6 a day, yetUho coal
HlllKCrS Dim oiuumn0a mnfni atayed on the7 Job nnd actually
and Phonographs While
LeaaeEritiadrf" Poverty. M
By a Staff Corrttpontent of Till SflH,
CiiAnLBSTON, VT. Ta, Nov. 4. The
coal strlko.in West Virginia .la In Its
second pbaso. It ia novr a battle of
propaganda, open letterstypewritten
"statrnents," '.resolutions 'and' appeals.',
mostly polite'. .Hair! tho mines ae
closed, half aro working1. Just an they
havo been since. Saturday and accord
Ins to, whether 'they are-'unionized or
not. " - " ' " -
On tho miners' sldp. to-day'a head
line in tho war of words was an appeal
pent to President Wilson by C T?r
Kecney, president of thq .United Mine
Workers for district 17, which lneludes
n lorecr Dart of tho State,, Kcnney
gavo figures of Vagea, production.
prlce or coal ana living ixjbv uv""1!"
to prove that tho-West Virginla.mlners
wero underpaid. Ho emphasized the
' matter of wages and did not mention
the thirty hour week demanded by the
national organization, qf which the
men hero are members. '. . .
His letter to the president ended f
"But as God reigns' we will noteee our
employers revel In wealth, oven though
.they blind the public (which ia not blind
to the number of -wealthy coal. men wljo
have appeared Buriflgr the' war)' and face
the dreadful ordeal of wlntor In the
mines without Just compensation suf
ficient to afford our families a decent
j, Operator Fled Aid.
jilleanwhlle On operators of the
Kanawha field, which has a normal
production of 70,000 tons a day, met In
(tharleston and adopted resolutions the
slit or which is:
."The great majority of the miners did
t it want to strike : that ' autocratic
rile under one guise Is as bad as under
n father, nnd Anally :
3 '"Wo pledge to the President of the
hlted States, the Governor of West
Ulrirlnia and other constituted author
llies. Federal nnd State, our loyal and
unqualified support, and place at their
disposal ourselves nnd our property. In
tie hope that such uso may be made of
opr services and our mines as may seem
bfct In this crisis to the representatives
of the State and Federal Governments
charged with the protection of the public
(And meanwhile tho 'striking miners,
IrUleail nt training their saulrrel euns on
United States troops or mlriers.-who de
clined to strike, as some persons ex
pected them to do, are devoting their
vocation to shootlne 'possums, 'coons
ahd the vagrant deer. The women folks,
viith less cooking to do than usual, are
finding time for seasonal recreation,
i Luxury tn Cabins.
tUp at Coalburg, on Cabin Creek, the
bjorekeeper reported to-day that among
tie ninety women of the town 110 pairs
or silk stockings were bought last montn.
"Bhoefly" Hazleton'a wife, Hetty, has
bbuEht a $250 talking machine, which
rather crowds the family cabin. She
alio has a batch of high priced Teoords,
including .three made by a famous so-Drano.
do like that Galll-Curci; I think
she sings right pretty," Mrc Hazleton
cnnflded while her prize record was
j '"Mammy" Burgaff, wife and mother
on miners one of her sons cuts 250
tons of coal a day when not strlkln;
ritet the visitor In a calico gown and a
emlskln stole over her shoulders. She
arid others reported that an agent for
.ftshlng machines, nppcallng became a
monstrous rising sun was painted on
the sides, did a right smart business in
qibin Creek last spring, but that the
reajorlty of the women of the com
riunlty oon reverted, with unconcenW
relief, to the good old family wash and
mth tub for laundry purposes.
I These are random prosperity notes
from one mining settlement. Viewing
tho entire landscape, strlko leader,
Heency pictures the typical miner In h(s
letter to tho President as follows
I "He finds hlmxelf constantly falling
tfchlnd, unable to pay his bills and at
the same time has less to eat, and ob
serves his wife and children looklns
shabby and poorly clad when compared
with the former days when he was only
averaging 176 a month or less."
I For Wilson's Information,
I Keeney tclla President Wilson that tho
facts ho presents "are presented for
your Information In view of the attempt
tj compel the miners to return to work
produifsl 1,200,000 moro tons in 1918
than they did in 1917. In the process
404 miners wero killed outrlght-and 795
severely Injured, as against 394 kilted
In 1917, a death 'rate higher than that
of the A. E. F. With these fcold facts
before them, who 'can question tho loy
alty and Intenso Americanism f the
West Virginia miners? The coal miners
of the country have not received one
cent of wage Increases for two full
years. During this period all, otner
workers have had from one to four sub
Cite JUplicr Cost of. Llvlnc
Keeney cUes the rise in th cost of
onions, prunes, potatoes, butter, sugar.
ham, bflcon and other food staples, say
ing that'iabsolute necessities of life ad
vanced 100- per cent, since July, 1914,
vrniic me wage? or me most sKineu
mlnexsj-oae only CJ per cent. He gives
figures from tho Matlonal inaustnai
Conference Board as to rent, clothing,
fuel, heat and light, etc., Indicating the
increase of living cost nas averaged ia
'In other words," Keeney tens me
President, "a miner who made $7B a
month In July, 1914. must average US1
now to bo as well off ns he was In July,
1914, yet the official figures show that
the miner only made an average wage of
Jill per month during 1918.
'During the war or 1918 there were
employed with la the Stato in tho coal
industry 92,182 persons. 51,468 Of whom
were Americans and 40,664 foreigners.
Theso. are, the men who dug the coal
during the war and are the men who
will dig Uie coal now, if any Is dug.
Loyal Darlwr "Wnr.
"The were loyal during the war, they
are loyal now, but they must .live. The
rigors of winter are more terrible to
them than any other class. They must
have heavy clothing to keep Uie body
warm, plenty of wholesome strength
giving food to keep It nourished so as
to be able to meet the hard physical toll
of tho mines. At the present wages re
ceived, these necessities cannot be had.
Those who think differently, who envy
the miner his lot, and who rest under
the delusion that the miner Is overpaid,
are welcome to the Job. it them coma
on and go down into the bowels of the
earth . where so many of us die each
year. We shall not offer any resist
As to tho Item of rent. It Is only fair
to the operators to say the general testi
mony Is 'that It has not been Increased
In any mining town of West Virginia;
The companies own the houser and
charge the occupants 87 a mon'Ji in
some towns. 88 in others, which has beea
the chargo for many years.
. .The mine owners of the Kanawha dls
trfct, who met here to-day, unanimously
reported thnt their employees, most cf
whom aro unionized, and all of whom
ore on strike, did not want the six hour
day or the flra day week. Many of the
owners said the majority of tno men
wanted to resume work but were re
strained by loyalty to the union.
D. S. Kennedy, secretary ot the
Kanawha Coal Operator Association,
said after the meeting 1 "It -was the
general expression of tho meeting that
the menace of group government In the
country , was' a 'greater peril than the
German submarine during the world
No Thought of Surrender.
No action was taken as to reopening
the mines. It was said that not one of
tho operators suggested giving in to
the union. No negotiations are afoot,
apparently. Both sides are holding tnelr
breath pending tho decision as to the
permanency of the temporary Injunc
tion against tho union, on' which argu
ment is to be heard in Indianapolis on
Saturday. Keeney will go to Indianapo
lis fdr a, meeting Of the union chief
at the samo time.
The resolution' adopted by the Kana
wha operators say tho strike was called
without any previous demand for any
change in hours, wages or working con
ditions, nnd Its continuance for even a
short time would mean' Industrial paraly
sis and Indescribable suffering. The
Issue Is described as "whether 'govern
ment of the people, by tho people and
for .tho people,' acting through publlo
servants duly elected or appointed, shall
prevail and continue, or henceforward
the people of the United States shall be
subject to the rule of a few men clothed
with brief but absolute authority by Ir
responsible organizations and arbitrarily
and tyrannically exercising such author-
Strike leader Keeney sam lo-mgni
that 150 men In two mines of the
strongly non-union field In Logan county
struck to-day "In sympathy with their
union brethren," and refused to return
to work even when 810 a day was of
fered. Walter E. Cunningham, secre
tary of the State Operators Association,
says this is untrue mai noooay in uio
Guyan field has quf.
As an official statement from the op
erators may be taken an announcement
hv n. Welchtmnn Roberts, editor oi me
West Virginia MMng Kexes, that the
operators are not seeking settlement ana
that before any settlement can be made
tho miners must ngreo to abandon the
check, nnd must give a bond or other
are subtracted from the company pay
check nnd must give a bond or other
security guaranteeing the performance
of the contract.
No disorder Is reported anywnere in
2,000 MOMETDRN DRUGSTORE STRIKE
TO WORK ON PIERS! BEGINS TO-MORROW
Morp'Thnn 0,500 Employed in
ShopB iii City to Quit
Grievances Forgotten by Long
shore Strikers in Luro
of Much Overtime
rLEA MADE do GOMPEBS
Non-Union Crows Will Not Bo
Used if .Regular Forcer
Come Back to Work.
NOVA SCOTIA CAN
SPARE LITTLE COAL
Operators Do Not Intend to
Enter U. A. Market.
Stdnet, N. S., Nov. 4. The strlko of
coal miner's In the United States Is likely
to have little or no effect on the Industry
here, according to statements to-night by
operators and officials of the United
Operators said they would have little
coal to spare after filling their present
contracts and that they had no Intention
of antagonizing Nova Scotia miners by
seeking to enter the American market
Secretary McLaughlin of thol Novi
Scotia union said It was extremely un
likely miners here would go on a sympa
thetic strike without orders from till!
parent organization tn the United States.
Such ordcrS have not beon received.
fluotv Falls In Vermont.
Monttkueh, Vt., Nov. 4. An Inch of
snow fell here to-day. It was the first
fall of the season In this section.
Election day along the piers wi ob
served by the return of 2,000 more long
shoremen, who, taking advantage of tha
overtime rate of 31 an hour, forgot their
grievance at the National Adjustment
Commission's award of 70 cents, When
800 or more of the strikers appeared, at
tho Chelsea piers In the 'morning they
found nearly as many strike breakers,
mostly negroes, wop had been brought
from various ports along the coast to
ta.ke their places. .
Tlie men objecting to the strike break
ers wero Informed that tho latter would
not be employed, tt Is said, In caso suf
ficient union men returned to work to
take care of the great cargoes of accu
mulated foodstuffs and other freight.
Tho imported men, It Is understood, will
be held here a few days pending the out
come of the promise of T. V. O'Connor
and other union officials that the strike
The Vaccarelll-Butler faction, dis
claiming that the strike is over, ap
peared along the docks with bands In
their hats reading, "Longshoremen on
Strike." A committee of the strikers
appealed to Samuel Gompers "to try
and use his good offices and Influence
to Induce the employers to accede to
the requests of the men."
The resolution, according to Dick
Butler, William J. Smith and Thomas
Weldon, who presented it, was adopted
by the 22,500 members of twenty-five
locals. It says further:
"The false newspaper reports that
12,000 men have returned of the 30,000
tends only to rile the men now out on
strike and make them more determined
than evr to stay away from their
work, unless their matter Is given a
tearing In any fair court of arbitration
ir any other form of arbitration that
uay bo suggested by Samuel Gompers.
president of tho American Federation of
Miami Faces General Strike.
Miaiii, Fla., Nov. 4. More than 90
per cent, of union men tn Miami have
voted in favor of a general strike to
uphold the principle of the closed shop.
The strike committee to-day set next
Monday for a general walkout. More
than 3,600 union men will be affected
and 32,000,000 worth of building held up.
onlg a water laxative
"C VERY man and woman
from his, or her, own
experience, knows that a
liquid is required for proper
No good houitkttptr would attempt to
"dry clean" her kitchen sink. Expert
ence has taught h'.r the efficacy of
water at a (lathing agent
Nature, itself uses floods of rain,
running streams and rushing
torrents to prevent stagnation.
Stagnation frequently occurs ' in
the human system where it is
known by another, name con
stipation. The one best way to
correct this condition of stagna
tion, or constipation, in the hu
man intestinal tract is to flush
away the poisonous waste matter.
Only a water laxative can flush
.your .system completely.
"Dry" cathartics, in the form of
pilfe, tablets, powders, etc., deny
you the benefit of this internal
Pluto, on thet other hand, is a
water laxative which flushes
away the disease-producing con
tents of the small and large
bowel. It accomplishes this re
sult gently, pleasantly, but
promptly and completely, because"
it cleanses all the myriad nooks
and crannies of the intestinal
Pluto, Water, being- a saline
physic does not disturb the sys
tem like many vegetable purga
tives, such as cascara
sagrada and castor oil.
Pluto Water is bottled
at French Lick Springs,
Indiana, .and is a recog
nized curative agent for
and nervous disorders.
Your physician pre
i namim ;
LONG BATTLE PLANNED
Walltout .'"Will Not . Affect
Hospitals, Clinics or
More than 8,500 men and women
employed In the drug, stores of the
greater city will go out on strlko to-morrow
morning,., abandoning the prescrip
tion departments, soda fountains and
?ovelty counters of. the J.700 places. In
cluding the chain stores nffected. Tho
Mrlko vote, was agreed upon fpllowlng
n meeting of the executive committee
ot the I'nlted Drug Ciirkj Union .c.
325 "of the A. B. U in the Tulltier
"While more than a doien of the pro
prietors have agreed to tho terms of the
union Indications' last night pointed to a
hard and bitter fight br tho proprleWs,
who are represented by the New. York
Pharmaceutical Conference. More than
a week ago this body, which represents
fourteen organliatlons, passed a resolu
tion disavowing th,e Idea ot unionism In
Tho strike will not affect hospitals,
asylums, clinics or' dispensaries. The
drug clerks' union Is demanding an In
crease of approximately 35 per cent, for
all Its members, the right ot-eorectlvo
bargaining arid shorter hiura Accord
ing" to Charles A. Affenkrautr attorney
for the union, tho strike vote was not
taken until after negotiations had failed
between tho proprietors, Dr. Itoyal &
Copeland, Health' Commissioner, and t'.te
The wage scale demanded by the
union and the present pay follows: Li
censed pharmacist, present pay per
week, (30 ; union scale, $50. For Junior
pharmacist, present pay. S20 j union
scale, (35. For licensed clerks, present
pay, $25 : union scale, 135.- For Junior
clerks, present pay, S20; union scale,
An Increase is demanded for women
cashiers, novelty counter, candy and
iperfumo counter workers. The soda
fountatn managers and dispensers and
porters also are Included In the wage
Increase demands of the union. The
leaders of the strikers say they will
clog rrery drag iters tn the theatric!
district on Broadway. nd hat they
are going to receive the cooperation of
tho Actors lEqulty Association in their
fight against tha druggist proprietors
along the Itlalto.
Dr. Copeland, tn discussing the strike,
said the union would affect almost every
drug storo tn tr.e greater city and that
arrangements had been made whereby
most of the stores will abandon the soda
fountains, perfum. candy and other nov
elty features and concentrate on pre
scription work exclusively.
"There are 7.000 clerks In the city,
said Commlesloner Copeland. "nd I
think fully 1,600 of them are members
of the union. Although a large number
of the ,drug men In our hospitals and
institutions are members of the union I
have It arranged to prevent their becom
Aaglo-Cfctletm Trttr KatMHL
and Chile haVe ratljle'di the' arMtrathm
treaty' negotiated, some, months agos
Stato Department announced to-diy,
Tho treaty is to continue fjnt force for
rtve years and automatically tends It
self until a .year after1 nollee of In.
tended termination by either Government.
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