THTJBSDAY EVENING, JAN. 1, 1880.
Magnanimous as 1? ell as Beld.
GovenierGarcelonhas submitted te the
supreme court of Maine twelve questions
of law that cover the action taken in
counting the vote of the state, and has
anew earned the confidence of the peo
ple in which his conduct lias already se
well established him. He has shown
himself bold and honest and Avise, and
whether of his own motion entirely, or
through the excellence of his advisers,
he lias moved in a difficult pathway with
out thus far a misstep. It was right that
he and the council of the state should de
cide the matters the law put upon them
te decide, according te their understand
ing of these laws; and it was right, if
the correctness of their interpretation
was questioned by any part of the people,
that they should seek the decisive epin
ion of the supreme court. There is no
possibility of caviling at the fairness with
which the Republiaan malcontents are
being treated. The questions which Mr.
Merril asked the governor te submit
te the court have been referred te it
in their essence, though their form
has been changed te relieve them
of th(. suggestions of fact that
they were incumbered with. If any dis
puted points of law lias net all been sub
mitted by the governor Mr. Merrill and
his fellow Republicans will have geed
reason te complain ; but we de net per
ceive that there has been any such omis emis
sion, and te the charge of form and phrase
olegy no objection can be made, since it
was undoubtedly proper for the governor
te ask for the needed information in his
ewp way. If the Republicans get sub
stantially what they are entitled te
expect they have every reason te be satis
fied, since it is only by the grace of the
governor and through his geed sense and
his fairness that they get anything at
If the supreme court of Maine is com
posed of geed lawyers and fair men, its
decisions will satisfy the people, though
they be Republicans. The Democrats of
the country have no reason te
feel a strong confidence in the
fair decision of politico-legal questions
by Republican courts, after their terrible
experience with the electoral commis
sion; but all courts are net as meanly
partisan as the United .Stales supreme
court, and it may be that Maine is mere
happy than the nation in having, in its
highest judicial tribunal, judges who re
spect themselves and revere the law mere
than they adore their party. There are
plenty of lawyers who would net be
tempted te prostitute their profession te
the demands of their politics, and who
can be relied en te judge honestly and
impartially any great question of the
law they love te construe. Rut the
trouble with us is that these true law
yers de net always, or even often, get en
the bench, preferment te which is new-a-days
se generally secured by polit
ical services and political subserviency.
That the bench in Maine lias the respect
of the governor we may assume from the
fact of iiis consenting te take its opinion
and the result of its intervention must
be te quiet the disturbed people of the
state. The attention of the country cannot
but be attracted by the fact that the
Democratic governor of the state claims
no advantage for his parly that the law
does net give it and refuses te avail him.
self of his power te permit no appeal
from his own interpretation of the law.
The habit of Republican politicians te
use all the power they can snatch, legiti
mately or illegitimately, evading and
overrunning judicial restraints whenever
possible, is se well established and recog
nized that the opposite impulse of a Dem
ocratic governor stands in most re
freshing contrast te it and re
flects the utmost credit upon him
and the party lie represents, and
which must, if it is often favored
with se wise and determined leader
ship, be established en the foot
stools of power that it has se long
been struggling te obtain, but which
have been stolen from the nerveless
hands of its chiefs even when they were
already within their grasp.
The meeting of the Republican state
committee in Philadelphia, a few days
age, and its ready acquiescence in the
Cameren pregramme, again demonstrates
that if Mr. Blaine expects te have any
strength in his native state the friends
of its " favorite son" have get te be up
and a-doing. Mr. Rlaine has a tight grip
en the Republicans of Pennsylvania. It
may net be te their credit, but it is the
fact. "Were it left te their popular vote
a majority would publicly declare for
him, and when the vote of the delegation
was largely seduced from him at Cincin
nati, causing his defeat, there was no
little indignation in Pennsylvania. Lan
caster county is a geed indicator of this,
and as the Old Guard of Republicanism
in Pennsylvania, the temper of her politi
cians is significant. "Very many of the
strongest and most active of them are
new for Rlaine. They are for anybody
te beat Cameren, and yet they admit that
the action of the state committee has
tied them hand and feet and handed
them gagged and bound ever te the
Under the rules governing the party
here, delegates te the state and national
convention are te be elected by
primary election. It is loe late te held
any such election for delegates te a stale
convention en February 4. The county
committee will be called together and
will name them, and as the committee is
packed in the Cameren interest they will
be satisfactory te it. These delegates or
the committee itself will name national
delegates of their own kidney and Lan
caster county may be counted for Cam
Here as elsewhere the opposition seems
te be tongue tied. Blaine's friends, as
well these active chielly as Cameren's
enemies, are paralyzed. They seem te
submit sullenly and silently but sub
missively all the same te the decree of
the masters. And some of them even
seem te be fend of the chains they wear.
The Xew Year opens bright and cheer
ingly. The old went out peacefully and
calmly. May it be auspicious of the bring-1
ing of better things te all mankind.
IlArPY New Year!
Ring in thencw.
Start the diary.
It is a leap year, tee, and, young ladies,
don't you forget that.
"What an unpopular administration it is
te be sure can't get anybody te take the
English or Russian mission.
The San Francisce Alia says that
Geerge C. Gerham's leadership has
wrought only ruin te the Republican party
of California, and that the party there will
have nothing further te de with him,
and yet he is their member of the national
Tin: usual preparations have been made
for the Xew Year's reception at the White
Heuse. Privileged correspondents re
ceived tickets of admission te the vesti
bule, where the grooms and coachmen
await their masters. Newspajyr Rew
threatens te resent the insult.
Happv Xew Year te the Philadelphia
Timen, which comes out te-day in a new and
handsome dress. Wc had net observed
that it needed it, but such is the punctili
eus typography of the Time, that it never
wants te be told that its clothes need
patching or brushing.
Tin: annual report of Colonel .Maxwell,
superintendent of the Chamber of Com
merce of Cincinnati, shows a great in
crease in the trade of that city during the
year 1ST!). The total value of the receipts
of merchandise ami products of all kinds
in Cincinnati last year was ever $208,000,
000, and of the total shipments ever
Minister Fevikh lias visited nearly
every state in the .Mexican Republic, thus
accomplishing what no ether foreign dip
lomat or tourist has performed, and giving
himself a thorough and complete knowledge
of the country. He responded te the
various' addresses of welcome from the
Mexicans in their own tongue and was
cordially received everywhere.
A political economy club, recently
formed in Montreal, has eighty members
of all 2elitics, nationalities and religions
Its purpose is the discussion of matters
relating te Canadian interests, and one of
its members says one of the first questions
discussed will be that of a commercial
treaty with the United States, "which will,
in ail preliubility, bring up for discussion
questions of independence, annexation
and confederation with the British em
pire." A niipeiiT was made a short time since
te the auditor general's department re
turning the assessment of the Pennsylva
nia mi read shares at $37 each for the
year. The auditor general claimed that
the shares should be assessed at the aver
age cash value from November 1st te
November leth last, and lien. Jehn Scott
solicitor of the Pennsylvania railroad, and
Wayne MaeYcagh, at a hearing before
Attorney General Palmer and Corporation
Clerk Kerr, of the auditor general's de
partment, argued against this construction
of the law and in favor of the report. Rue
Mr. Palmer had previously given an
opinion in accord with Gen. Schell's view
and will have te reverse himself if he
General Sheridan has been granted
three months'' leave of absence, with per
mission te go beyond the sea.
Grant has been kindly received in
Augusta, Ga.. and is having hospitalities
tendered him in North Carolina.
Gkorek, Viscount Stuanopeki), was
the original of Lord Rcauensficld's " Con Cen
ingshy." Miss McCi.eli.an, the young daughter of
the general, is described as tall, slender
and blonde, very fair, and gifted with a
General Siikkman had the pleasant
Christmas gift of a fourth grandchild. His
daughter, Mrs. Fitch, has new two sons
and two daughters.
Professer David Swing has refused, it
is reported, te have his salary raised from
seven te ten thousand dollars, and has
asked that the offered addition be used for
Senater Edmpnds is visiting Burlington,
after a year's absence ; and in honor of his
return an informal and very pleasant re
ception was given him by his townsmen of
both political parties.
Mrs. Haves will be assisted in receiving
her New Year's calls by four young ladies
Miss Matthews, daughter of the cx cx
Senater ; two Misses Jenes, of Cincinnati ;
and Miss Lucy Cook, Mrs. Haves' cousin.
The king and queen of Spain showed
publicly the ether day, while driving in
Madrid, their devotion te their church.
They met a priest who was taking the last
sacraments te a dying man, and alighting
from their carriage the young pair lent it
te the priest, following en feet amid the
acclamations of the people.
Mr. Hayes, Mrs. Hayes and Mr. Wheeler
held a reception at the executive mansion
te-day, the hours from 11 a. m. te 1 p. m
being devoted te the cabinet and diplel
matic corps, the supreme court judges,
senators, representatives, judges of the
court of claims, district commissioners,
anmy and navy officers, and ethers in offi
cial positions in Washington, and the re
ception of citizens continuing from 1 te 2.
Baren Gustavk er: Rothschild, of
Paris, has a splendid mansion en the west
side of Avenue Marigny, opposite the side
of the Elysee. The Baren's next deer
neighbor was Debreusse, the wealthy rail
way contractor. Upen Debreusse's death
his mansion was put up te be sold. The
upset price was $100,000. It was a new
house and cost a great deal mere than
$400,000, for the architect was ordered 'te
make it comfortable without regard te
cost. Baren Rothschild gave $400,000 for
it, and instantly had it pulled down te
give his mansion a larger lawn a lawn
which cost $400,000.
Hen. Geerge S. Housten, United States
senator from Alabama, died at his home
at Athens, yesterday morning. The news
of Senater Housten's death causes much
sorrow. The capitol offices are all closed
in respect te his memory. Governer Cobb
and many prominent citizens will go te
Athens te attend the funeral services en I
Friday. Senater Housten was a native of
Tennessee and was in his seventieth year.
He removed te Alabama when a boy, and
after receiving a common school education
studied law and practiced in Limestone
county, became a legislator, congressman,
What the Flayers are Doing
Pete Cenklin gees out as clown with
Sells' Brethers circus the coming season.
Alice Oatcs and company appear in Wil
mington te-night, and Reading te-morrow
Emersen, Clark and the Daly Brethers
have formed a combination, with which
they will start en a tour shortly.
Jee Jeffersen is spending his holiday
season at his country seat in Hohekus, N.
J. He will seen make a Southern tour.
Jehn T. Raymond's company presented
him with a handsome geld clock, at Louis
ville, Kv., a few days age.
Chas A. Wing, who was here this season
in advance of the Frayne-Tilfany com
pany, is new business manager of Jehn A.
Lew Simmons is about te organize a
minstrel troupe for a tour in Africa. He
lias already engaged Sanferd and Wilsen,
Lizzie Creese, well known here, who was
a member of the Walnut Street theatre
stock company for several years, is travel
ing with Mary Andersen.
Billy Wylic, the well known Irish come
dian, who was here last season with Texas
Jack and May risk, is with tlic company
exhibiting the curiosities in Mishlcr's
building, Centre Square.
Teny Paster celebrated his wooden
wedding at his home in New Yerk a few
evenings age. Among the small hours
of the morning four wagon leads of
kindling weed were dumped into the area
in front of the house.
Jehn Williams, of Williams and Pickert,
who are said te be two of the best clog
dancers in the profession, was attacked en
the street in Pittsburgh a few evenings
age. lie had part of one, ear bitten off
and was otherwise badly used up. He
will be sent te New Yerk for repairs.
German's Philadelphia "Church Choir
" Pinafore " company, which was here en
November 8th, collapsed at Holyoke,
Mass., en December 20th, owing te con
tinued bad business. It is said that the
troupe will make a lrcsh start about the
middle of January.
Teny Denier and his troupe have been
giving out presents. In New Orleans last
week, Mr. Denier presented Geerge H.
Adams, the clown, with a beautiful
amethyst ring with his initials in diamonds.
He gave each member of the troupe a geld
medal as a memento of his esteem. The
troupe presented Mr. Denier with a hand
some and valuable silver set, later in the
Archie Hughes, the minstrel, who t -gether
with Fayette Welch, had a troupe
last season for a short time, is following
in the footsteps of Dan Rice. He attended
a meeting in lloeley's Opera Heuse,
Brooklyn, a few nights age, at which
"Senater" Beb Hart, who has been con
verted, was making an address, Archie
stepped te the front and signed the pledge
in the presence of the audience and amid
THE MAINE CASK IN" COJJKT.
Oiicstiens of Law Submitted.
Governer Garcelon has submitted te the
supreme judicial court of Maine some of
the questions of law proposed by Mr.
Merrill. The questions are said te cover
the main points suggested by Mr. Merrill.
The military officers summoned lrem
Banger had an interview with the gever
nor in reference te an inquiry concerning
the calling out of the militia companies
should they be needed. The officers
premised te obey the orders of the gover
nor as long as he is in office. The governor
spoke in strong language in opposition te
calling out military companies.
The question of the time when Gov.
Garcclen's term expires is exciting sonic
interest, some Republican politicians as
serting that he gees out of office at neon
te-day, because of the constitution of Maine
says : "The governor shall be elected by
the qualified electors, and shall held his
office one year, from the first Wednesday
of January in each year." The first Wed
nesday of January, 1ST!), was also the first
day of January. It is asserted, therefore,
by prominent Republicans that Garcclen's
term of office expires te-day at neon,
and that any exercise by him of the func
tions of Governer after that hour would
be a usurpation of authority. This argu
ment receives no support from intelligent
men. Gov. Garcelon was asked about it,
and he said that it was a humbug, that
his term of office did net expire until neon
en "Wednesday, January 7. Other legal
gentlemen are of the same opinion.
S.erics about Augusta cenllict greatly.
Seme men are certain that an
attempt is te be made te capture
the. state house by force ; ethers are
just as confident that nothing what
ever will be done in that direction. A
great many are still inclined te believe
that a cenllict will be had between the Re
publicans and the state authorities, but
the mere sensible arc inclined te believe
that if the necessary precautions are taken
by the governor no trouble will ensue.
Intense impatience is noticeable en every
hand, and the greatest solicitude is mani
fested by men of all parties as te the
events of the next few days. A force of
nearly seventy-live men, under the charge
of Superintendent Lancaster, are-quartered
at the state house, armed and prepared
te resist any attack that may he made
upon that building.
Grant and Belknap.
Sunday Times, Philadelphia.
When Grant was president he had a sec
retary of war named Belknap, who re
quired these receiving appointments as
traders or sutlers at military pests te pay
him thousands of dollars for the privilege,
which money he pocketed, and spent it
in extravagant living, his wife being the
most richly dressed woman in AVash AVash
ingten. In time, this rascality was dis
covered, and Belknap instantly resigned
his position te escape prosecution, ami the
penitentiary. He was impeached by Con
gress, but never tried before a criminal
court. This man Belknap has been fol
lowing Grant up, and last week, accord
ing te the daily papers, was admitted te
Grant's presence, and the two had a pleas
ant chat together for some time. A man
is judged by the company he keeps, and if
Grant chose te receive this self-confessed
thief in this free and easy way, it only
shows that his ideas of propriety are net
up te as high a standard as usually pre
vails in this locality among honest and
honorable men. He should have refused
te countenance this man in any way.
A New Feeder te the Baltimore anil Ohie
It is authoritatively stated that the pro
ject for building a feeder te the Baltimore
and Ohie railroad from Moerelield, W.
Va., te Green Spring run, has net fallen
through, as rumored, but is under consid
eration. The Cambria iron company, of
Johnstown, Pa., and the Edgar Thomsen
steel works, of Pittsburgh, Pa., who it is
said, have the oplien en the most import
ant tracts of Hardy county ere lands, take
deep interest in the scheme, and will aid
the Baltimore and Ohie company iu mak
ing the read, the building of which is,
however, contingent en the development
of iron ere resources of the Moercfield
region. Experts representing the iron
companies named will visit Moerelield
Their report will be had before further I
nexr, inursaav te nwKe an examination.
action is taken.
A $5,000 verdict has been given against
a Philadelphia passenger railway for kill
ing a woman's husband.
There is a boy living at Bendcrsville,
Adams county, 12 years of age, who eats
regularly five times a clay and is said te
weigh 170 pounds.
The white marble building, Ne. 1,320
Chestnut street Philadelphia, formerly
occupied by the Reform club, was sold
yesterday te Alfred G. Baker, for $112,-
Chairman Cameren has issued a formal
call for a meeting of the Republican na
tional convention en June 2, in Chicago, te
nominate candidates for president and
vice president of the United States.
Jehn Burns, whi.3 intoxicated, at Seuth
Easten, stabbedd his wife while she was
lying asleep in bed. She is net expected
recover. Burns afterwards made an 1111
succesful attempt te cemmitt suicide. lie
has been arrested.
It is announced that the Pennsylvania
railroad company intend building a hotel
en the block extending from Market te
Filbert street, and Merrick te Fifteenth
street, Philadelphia, as seen as the elevated
extension gets its terminus down town.
The semi-official announcement has been
made, by a prominent officer of the Penn
sylvania railroad company, that some
time early in the spring, seen after the
annual meeting in March, there would be
an increase in the wages of the empleyes
of the corporation from the highest te the
A party of fiendish young men attempt
ed te hang a young girl at Bear Gap re
cently. She was placed en a chair, ami a
rope about her neck fastened te a beam.
The was discovered by her sister and cut
down alive, but her fright was se intense
that she has been confined te bed from the
ell'ects of the shock.
Prices of coal at Mauch Chunk, an
nounced by Lehigh operators, are as fol fel
lows : Lump, $2.73 ; pine, broken egg
and chestnut. Ne. 1, $2.30; stove and
small stove, $2.00; chestnut, Ne. 2. $1.30.
These figures are the same as these ruled
in Lehigh trade for two mouths past. Re
sumption, which is fixed for Monday next,
will net lie general, as the present slug
gish market has induced many individual
operators te continue suspension which
iu some cases may be prolonged two
The ravages of the diphtheria are being
felt te an alarming extent in Johnstown
and vicinity. In Cambria borough almost
one hundred children have passed away
and it is feared that the end is net yet.
In one instance a mother and four child
ren were carried off; in another live child
ren ; in another seven children. On " I5en I5en I5en
shoers Hill," Tayler township, it has
appeared in its worst form, many little
ones have already become its victims. In
one family six were taken at one time, and
two died within an hour.
L.ATEST NEWS BY MAIL.
A fire in Hakedadi, Japan, en the 1th of
December, destroyed 2,e00 houses, com
prising about one-fifth of the town.
The famine in Ireland is en the increase.
The St. Patrick society of Chicago has
given $300 te relieve the sufferers.
In Terente, Jehn Battle, a native of the
county of Denegal, Ireland, died at St.
Bridget's home yesterday. lie was 112
The total losses by fires in Baltimore
during 1879 were $10(5,384. Twenty-five
persons were burned bv coal oil. six fa
tally. A special from Chicago says : "Jehn
E. Ryan, five years old, shot and probably
fatally wounded his little sister, May. last
evening. The boy has been arrested."
James Houghten, aged 10 years, was
killed by a train while crossing the rail
road track in a wagon, near Chaumeut, N.
Y.. yesterday. 15eth his horses were also
A colored roustabout named Jehn Cash
stabbed and dangerously wounded Edward
Cennell, the white watchman of the
steamboat m Cloud at Pittsburg en
The story that Jee Cehuru had been par
doned by Gov. Robinson has no founda
tion. Jeseph must stay in. Chastiue
Cox, who murdered Mrs. Hull in New
Yerk, gets no new trial.
E. Wallace Blackmail, at one time editor
of the Scranton (Pa.) Jlcgitfcr, and recent
ly editor of the Indianapolis Sentinel, died
in New Haven, Conn., yesterday, aged
The Louisiana canvassing beard yester
day completed the official count of the
vote for the new constitution. It was
adopted by a majority of 50,148, and the
debt ordinance by 10,487 majority.
E. II. Learned, ex-cashier of the Uncas
national bank, of Norwich, Conn., was
arrested yesterday, and held in $13,000
hail, en the charge of embezzling $35,000
of the bank's funds. The arrest was net
pressed by the directors of the bank, but
was made under orders from Washington.
At Massilon, Ohie, yesterday, Judge
Meyer overruled the motion for a new
trial for Gustave Ohr and Geerge Mann,
convicted of the murder of Jehn Wat Wat
meugh, in August last, and sentenced
them te be hanged en the 7th of May next.
The culprits are boys of seventeen years
The town of Hakedadi, in Yeze, was
partially destreped by fire en the 7th mst.
About 2,300 houses were burned. An
initially severe shock of earthquake occur
red at Tokie November 20th. Warlike
preparations for a move in Central Asia
continue without intermission.
Mr. Richard Smith, of the Gazette, Cin
cinnati, has been arrested en a warrant
sworn out by Chief of Police Wappenstein,
en a charge of criminal libel. The matter
which gave rise te the arrest was the pub
lication in the Gazette of interviews charg
ing Officer Wappenstein with complicity
with a number of gamblers.
The excitement ever the newly discov
ered silver mine in Garrett county, Md.,
between Schaidt's mills and Oakland con
tinues. It is said that specimens of the
ere have been sent te a Philadelphia assay
office and reported te yield a value of
about $1 13 te the ten. A number of per
sons resident in the neighborhood of the
silver deposit have clubbed together te de
fray the expenses of the exploration and
examination of the mine by experts.
Three coaches, including the sleeping
car of an express train, en the Iowa and
Minnesota division of the Chicago, Mil
waukee and St. Paul railroad, were thrown
from the track near St. Paul, yesterday
morning, by the breaking of a rail. The
sleeping car broke its couplings and rolled
down an embankment sixty feet high, te the
river, and was smashed te pieces. Its fall
was somewhat broken by another railroad
track half way down. Six passengers
were in the car, all of whom were picked
up insensible and seriously injured. One
of them, a lady, may net recover.
The New Opera.
Gilbert and Sullivan's new comic opera.
"The Pirates of Penzance, ' was produced
for the first time last night at the Fifth
Aycnue theatre. New Yerk, before an au
dience that filled the house te overflowing,
and the papers report an immense success.
The Sun' critique describes it as rivaling
"Pinafore" in the elements calculated te
give it popular favor, Mr. Gilbert's share
being even brighter than in the former
opera. It is fuller of points and happy
witticisms. As for Mr. Sullivan, he has
evidently spared no pains te prevent him
self from falling behind his previous repu
tation, and has given te the "Pirates"
even a mere elaborate and carefully writ
ten score, and a broader and mere scholar
ly treament, than he brought te the com
position of the "Pinafore. "
One of Edisen's lamps Burning for 308
It will be several days yet before Menlo
Park will be thoroughly lighted by elec
tricity, but the preparations for this event
are rapidly being pushed forward. Lamp
pests are being erected at every available
point, and the copper wires which are
te convey the electricity are being
stretched along the sidewalks and connect
ed with the houses. The lamp pests are
of hollow, iron, painted white, and
surmounted by au oval of glass, iu which
the carbon lamp is enclosed. The wires
pass up the hollow pest and connect with
the lamp. Only three of these street
lamps are yet burning, two in front of Mr.
Edisen's office and one in front of
his house. These arc kept incandescent
night and day, with a view te
testing the fusibility of the carbon
horseshoes. One of the lamps in the
laboratory has been burning 14 hours
a day for 22 days, and the carbon
has apparently lest none of its weight or
power of insistence te the electric current.
"Suppose," said Mr. Edisen, "that en an
average each lamp in a house is burned for
five hours each day. That lamp has new
burned 308 hours, which would he equiva
lent te ever CO days in an ordinary house,
Hew long the carbon will last I can't say.
That is what we are experimenting 011 new.
I am waiting for one of my carbon horse
shoes te consume.
Each generator of electricity will furnish
only forty lamps, and Mr. Edisen has only
one generator connected with his eighty-horse-power
engine new. He requires
nineteen mere before he can light the 800
lamps which he estimate that his engine
will supply. As each generator is com
pleted he will add te the number of his
lamps, and thus in time Menlo Park will
be thoroughly illuminated. When this will
be the inventor himself is unable te say.
In the meantime, all visitors are made
heartily welcome at the laboratory, and
every facility is eil'ercd for the investiga
tion of the new electric light.
A Uesperate Encounter With Bushrangers.
On the 17th of November six bush
rangers, "stuck up" at Wantabedgery
station, near Sundeiga, N. S. W., and
"bailed up" ever thirty persons and held
possession of the plane for nineteen hours.
The police attacked them and a desperate
encounter ensued. Twe of the bushrang
ers were killed and the ether four captured,
one of whom was wounded. Constable
Bewen was also wounded iu the encounter
and has since died. The leader of the
gang, named Scott, alias Captain Moon
light, a notorious Victorian criminal, with
the ether prisoners, was committed for
trial en the charge of murder.
i'liimc Iluellin, Carriage Heuse, Stables
Tobacco Silted, lee Heuse and Other
T'lis morning between six and seven
o'clock lire was discovered in one of the
stables belonging te Charles Schwebel en
Lew street near Freiberg, and within a
very short time, his brick carriage house
brick horse stable 24 by 40 feet, hay left,
frame cow stable, frame ice house, frame
tobacco shed and frame dwelling, the last
named being occupied by Hall Nash and
family, were a mass of ruins, most of the
contents of the buildings being also de
stroyed. Se rapid was the spread of the
flames that it was with difficulty the family
of Mr. Nash consisting of his housekeeper
and seven children were rescued from
the burning building, and it was only
through great peril that Daniel Schwebel,
aged 10 years, and Augustus Elder suc
ceeded in saving the live stock by rushing
into the burning stable. Besides the hay,
and ether feed, the principal articles de
stroyed were a heavy farm wagon and hay
ladders, grain drill, three plows, feed
chest, rakes, hoes, harness and about
three quarters of an acre of tobacco. Mr.
Schwebel estimates his less at fully $4,000,
en which he has $.'.000 insurance as fol fel
lows : $000 en brick stable ; $200 en hay,
straw and feed therein ; $400 en frame
stable and $130 en hay, straw and feed
therein ; $130 en fanning implements, all
in the North British and Mercantile ; also,
$300 en the tobacco shed and frame dwell
ing, in the British America Messrs. Baus
man & Burns being the local agents of
both companies. In the Williamsburg
City insurance company he had $1000 in
surance en the tobacco in stock in the
frame barn. But all of this tobacco, with
the exception of three-fourths of an acre
had been removed before the fire.
There appears te be no doubt that the
fire was the work of an incendiary. It was
first discovered by a neighbor living in rear
of Mr. Schwcbel's premises, who saw
flames bursting from the stable and at
once gave an alarm. Seme time before
the fire Mrs. Schwebel saw a man, whom
she thinks she would recognize, running
away from the building, and the quarry
men who were at work at the quarry, say
they also saw a man running across the
wheat field, sonic distance from the barn.
Mrs. Schwebel did net think much about
the matter at the time, as persons have
been known te sleep in the stable several
times heretofore, but as seen as the fire
broke out it flashed upon her that the
man she had seen had fired the building.
The fireman were promptly en the
ground, out could ue out little service.
There is only a four inch water main te
supply that section of the town. This
main runs through Jehn street and the
draft of water is se strong en East King
street, that it is almost impossible for resi
dents of Jehn, Freiberg, Lew and ether
streets in the southeast section of the city
te draw water from their hydrants. This
morning the fire plugs in the vicinity were
found frozen and after they were thawed
out, the water main was found clogged
with mud, and after it had been partly
cleaned by the sucking of the steamers it
was found te be entirely tee small te fur
nish them with a quantity of water. This
insufficiency has been noticed en several
former occasions, and it is new in order for
the water department te remedy the mat
ter by laying a larger main.
Charitably inclined people will de a geed
work by contributing something towards
the comfort of Hall Nash's family. Mr.
Nash is an industrious colored man, and
had gene te his work before the fire broke
out. His housekeeper is a cripple, and has
te go about en crutches. She has three
children and Mr. Nash four ; all of whom
lest nearly every stitch of their rather scant
waidrebc : one or two of the smaller
ones being canicd out of their beds in ab
solute nakedness. When the reporter
left the scene this morning, Betty, the
housekeeper, was sitting in an open field,
houseless and homeless, surrounded by her
children, and sadly keeping guard ever the
little furniture that had been saved from
Cur (ireat Lecal Cigar Trade.
Seventy-six millions, two hundred and
ninety-nine thousand, five hundred and
fifty cigars (76,299,550) were sold in the
9th district of Pennsylvania during the six
months, ending' Dec. 31, 1879. The in
ternal revenue tax amounted te $457,797.-30.
i'HI KAPPA SIGMA.
Tenth Annual Convocation et the Grand
Chapter Collation at the Penn Club.
Philadelphia Press, Wednesday.
Parler C of the Continental hotel was
used yesterday morning and afternoon by
members of the Phi Kappa Sigma frater
nity, who were attending th tenth annual
convocation of the grand chapter. The
society was founded in the year 1830, and
rapidly came into favor among the various
colleges. In almost all the universities of
the Seuth it was represented, and con
tinued te grew into prominence, applica
tions for chapter charters being constantly
made te the grand chapter. When the Re
bellion broke cut a number of the chapters
in the Southern colleges were broken up,
but the fraternity still retained its popu
larity, and the meeting yesterday was
largely attended by delegates from the
University of Pennsylvania, Lafayette col
lege, Easten, Washington and Jeffersen
college, Franklin and Marshall college.
University of Virginia, and ether colleges.
The routine business was tiansacted,and
during the evening the triennial convoca
tion and collation was held at the Penn
club. Locust and Eighth streets. The
gathering was informal and old college
songs were sung, anecdotes related and
impromptu speech-making indulged in.
During the evening a poem from the pen
of J. A. Whipple, of the Upsilon Chapter,
Northwestern university, 111., and later an
oration was delivered by W. U. Hensel,
of the Lancaster Intelligence!: and of
the Zeta chapter, Franklin and Marshall
college. -Mr. Hensel spoke for about
thirty minutes, his oration being in sonic
degree an exposition of the principles of
the fraternity and an application of them
te vital questions of the day. The ten
dency of the age, he argued, is toward the
mechanical, te the achievement of the
highest geed by outward mechanical
devices, and te exalt the body politic ex
clusively, ignoring the soul politic. The
materialism of philosophy, the utilitarian
ism of education, the degradation
of art, the expediency of states
manship, the trade of literature and the
schemes of religion as "a means of salva
tien," were commented en as signs of the
times that prove them te be tee deeply af
fected with the mechanical spirit.
Against this Mr. I f ensel argued for an art
that should knew no guidance but inspira
tion, a science with no end hut truth, a
government with no mission but justice, a
law of Divine inspiration, a people with
Ged graven en their hearts rather than in
their constitution, a scholarship with no
dogma but the Truth for the Truth's
sake, no line of action but tin; Right for
.the Right's sake.
Mr. Heusel's oration was received with
decided approbation, and at a late hour
the meeting closed, with the singing of a
The Thieves Arrested in New Yerk.
Detective Jehn Denhard of Reading,
Pa., and Petrctive von Gerichten of the
central office took te the Jeffersen Market
police court in New Yerk yesterday Fred
erick Bicraeth and August Lehr, who
were arrested en warrants from Pennsyl
vania. Justice Bixby turned them ever
te Denhard. Denhard said that during
the past summer and fall num
ereus ljurglaries had been com
mitted in isolated farmhouses through
out Berks and Lancaster counties. In
every instance the burglars were masked
and intimidated their victims by their
numbers. They tied up and gagged per
sons several times. The detective was un
able te tell their exploits, but said that the
farmcrheuse of Daniel Reese of Outau
lanec township, Berks county, had been
entered and a quantity of jewelry, valued
at $1,000, taken. They broke into the
store at Blue Ball, Lancaster county, and
carried off a large amount of dry goods.
Twe clothing stores in Kingsten were also
At last the thieves grew daring, and,
venturing into Reading, robbed the house
of Mrs. Amanda Ladd and secured a large
amount of silverware. The Reading de
tectives then made it warm for them, and
the gang broke up. A member who was
wounded while robbing a farmhouse told
the names of all his companions. This
caused the immediate arrest of two men
in Reading and three in Philadelphia. The
majority of the thieves had lied te New
Yerk, and Denhard came en with war
rants for them. It was learned that one,
Jeseph Bachman, had been sent te the
penitentiary for larceny two weeks age.
Bicraeth and Lehr were captured at Green
wich street and Battery place en Wcenes
THE I.ITIZ INFANT.
The Corener's Inquest and ether Particulars.
We noticed yesterday that a child had
been found in a privy at Litiz. The coroner
yesterday investigated the case and held an
inquest. The child, which was a female,
belonged te Maria Fcltcr, a single woman,
who for ever a year has lived in the family
of Dr. Hucbuer at Litiz. On Tuesday the
girl complained of feeling ill and she went
into the water closet after supper. While
there the child was born and it fell down the
cess-peel. The girl immediately ran te the
house and alarmed the folks. Search was
made, and the child, which was alive when
born, according te the girl's statement, was
found dead. The coroner summoned a
jury composed of Edward S. Sturgis, J. S.
Welter, H. H. Tshudy, L. S. Hacker, H.
II. Helman and A. B. Reidenbach, and
held an inquest. The verdict was as fol fel
lows : "The child came te its death by
having dropped into a cess-peel at its
birth. The jury find that the child lived
and that the mother made known the fact
of the birth of the said child, but net in
time te save its life.
-Miss Nevin's Werk.
Oalignani's Messenger of Paris, Decem
ber 6, says : "Miss Blanche Nevin, who has
been eoninissieiicd by the state of Penn
sylvania te execute a statue in marble of
Majer General Muhlenberg te he placed
in the national capitol at Washington, has
about completed the model. Miss Nevin
has been working at it in Italy dur
ing this summer. The design, which
is quite spirited, represents Muhlen
berg, who at the outbreak of the Rcvelu
tien was a Pennsylvania clergyman, in
the dramatic moment when in ids pulpit
he threw off his ecclesiastical vestments
and revealed himself te his congregation in
the uniform of a Continental officer, im
ploring the men of his church te fellow
him te the field. The statue will be ready
for its pedestal in the rotunda within the
time stipulated in the contract."
Ushered In with mirth anil Music.
The last night of the old year . melted
into the dawn of 18S0 beneath the clear
light of the silver moon, reflected from a
slight covering of snow and a foundation
for geed sleighing that is eagerly awaited.
There was fun in the comic opera at Ful
ton hall, which was well attended, and is
elsewhere noted iii detail. Pieus people,
in timelv meditation bade adieu the dving
year and welcomed its incoming successor
at watch meetings at the Methodist
churches the usual service at the Moravian
church being emitted : while the young
and gay tripped it 011 the light fantastic te
The "Thursday Club" had a brilliant
and successful phantom party and there
were a number of private entertainments
of an elaborate order. Te-night there will
be a grand masquerade party at Mr.
Duffy's, in Marietta.
The Lancaster band was handsomely en
tertained at the residence of Mr. Jehn
Martin 011 Lancaster avenue, and at the
hour of midnight played the national airs.
They afterwards visited and serenaded
Messrs. Jacob Mi ley, Ames Cast. Cenrad
Gast and Jes. Crenier and adjourned at
their rooms about 3 a. 111.
Dr. Jacob Leng, corner of Wet King
and Maner streets, invited a large number
of his friends te visit him and see the old
year go out and the new one come- in. A
few hours were very pleasantly spent,
vocal and instrumental music and an ele
gant collation forming the main features
of the occasen.
At Roberts's Hall.
Among the social festivities of the ob
servance of New Year's Eve was a com
plimentary sociable given in Roberts's hall
by the Private Secial club, an organiza
tion of young ladies and gentlemen
who meet weekly te indulge in
the enchanting pleasures of the dance.
Invitations were issued te about fifty
friends of the club, and the grand prom
enade took place at 9:20, being led by
Mr. B. P. Mentzer, president of the club.
Tayler's orchestra furnished the music,
ami the dancing was maintained almost
without interruption till one o'clock, when
the party broke up and separated with
mutual geed wishes for the new year.
Gunpowder and Musie.
There was a geed deal of sheeting eif the
old year in different parts of the town, anil
from 1 1 te 12 in some localities the crack
of small arms was almost incessant. At
midnight some of the bells were rung and
later en in the wee sma' hours the band
paraded some of the principil streets, and
sleepers were awakened by the thrilling
strains of gladsome music.
A genial sun and soft air have made to
day exceedingly pleasant and agreeable
overhead, though the walking is a little
sloppy. The banks are closed and their
clerks have been busy last night and te-day
closing up the yearly accounts. In the
stores books arc being posted, bills sent
and inventories are progressing. At the
restaurants there are elaborate lunches,
and in social circles there is mere or less
calling and entertainment.
At the City hotel this morning the pro
prietor; Mr. II. H. Power, had an elegant
lunch spread, complimentary te J. L.
Steinmetz, esq. Mr. S. and about half a
score of his friends called at 10 and an
hour was spent most pleasantly around a
heard handsomely spread with cold meats,
salads, jellies, fruits, cakes and all the del
icacies and substantial in season, fluid
and solid, served in the admirable maimer
and with the rare taste that charade: ize
the cumne of the City hotel.
The leading social event of this evening
is the silver wedding of Prof, and Mrs. W.
M. Nevin, en West Chestnut street, in at
tendance upon which quite a number of
persons from out of town have alreaih ar
rived iu Lancaster.
Mrs. Dates in "(iiroilc-Cirella."
Last evening Lecocq's comic ejiera of
"Girollc-Girella" was produced at Fulton
opera house before a geed sized audience
by the Oates English opera company,
headed by the little lady whose name and
fame are se familiar te theatre-goers (he
whole country ever, Alice Oates, in the dual
title role. The plot of the opera, its ani
mating idea and general action, are well
known, and have given it a place in
popular favor, albeit the French com
poser has done better work iu half a dozen
ether productions. Mrs. Oates's represen
tation of the characters of the twin daugh
ters has long been recognized as a very
clever piece of acting and singing, and she
succeeded in pleasing her audience last
night and winning an abundant share of
applause. She is lively as a cricket, run
ning ever with animal spirits, and with a
pair of eyes that sparkle and dance
with fun ; she is short and fat, yet
withal graceful, and a vigorous kicker.
Her voice is a soprano, of geed quality and
compass, and her rendition of several of
her numbers, notably, the famous "drink
ing song," brought down the house. The
company is a fine one. Mr. Richard Bev
erly, the teaer, who sang Marenruin, gave
a finished rendition of the character. I lis
voice, though lacking in volume, is of
a peculiarly sweet quality, and he
makes a handsome and "dashing lever.
Mr. Stcadman was capital as Den Bolero,
and sang and acted his part with entire
credit; the Mazenkul Mr. Gustavus Hall
was about as appalling as the role could
well be made, and he has a geed bass voice.
Miss Maiie Restelle gave a very attractive
rendition of the part of Paipiilu, and sang
her soles in admirable style ; Miss Alice
Townsend was a pretty little Pedre, and
Miss Jennie McClelland, an excellent ac
tress, completely filled the bill as Aurera.
The remainder of the cait were quite up
te the requirements of their parts, the
choruses were round and full, and the m.-iiiy
striking and ridiculous situations in which
the opera abounds were given with due
Retirement of a Conductor.
Mr. Jehn F. Craig, of Harrisburg, the
well-known conductor of the Dillerville
local train, Pennsylvania railroad, severed
his connection with the company yester
day. Mr. Craig has been railroading for
thirty-seven years, having been employed
en the Pennsylvania railroad far twenty
seven years and en the state read for ten
years. Fer the past thirteen years he has
run the Dillerville train, and by his gen
tlemanly bearing has made hosts of friends
in this and ether places. During this
long term of service Mr. Craig has met
with but one accident, being knocked from
a car by a bridge en the middle division a
number of years age.
'--7r--""- JU- r" ! iT1--"
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