Newspaper Page Text
Volume XVI-Ne. 117.
LANCASTER, PA. FRIDAY, JANUARY 16, 1880.
Price Tire Ceits.
,PCBLISttKD XVEBT XVEHISO,
BY STEINMAN & HENSEL,
Intelligencer Building, Southwest Cerner of
The Daily Ixtkixigexcer is famished te
subscribers in the City of Lancaster and sur
rounding towns, accessible by Iiallread and
Pally Stage Lines at Test Cxsts Pxr Wbkk,
payable te the Carriers, weekly. By Hail, $5 a
yr in advance ; otherwise, $5.
Entered at the pest office at Lancaster, Pa., as
-ecend class mail matter.
S-The STEAM JOB PiilXTIXG DEPART
MENT of this establishment possesses unsur
passed facilities for the execution or all kinds
of l'luin and Fancv l'rintlnir.
Wholesale and Itctail Dealer in all kinds of
LUMUEK AND COAL.
WYard: Xe. 430 North Water and Prince
streets, above Lemen, Lancaster. n3-lyd
GrORREOHT & CO.,
Fer Geed and Cheap Ceal. Yard Harrisburg
Pike. Office East Chestnut Street.
P. W. GOUIIECIIT, Agt.
J. B. RILEY.
eO-lyt! W. A. KELLER.
C0H0 & WILEY,
70 NORTH WATER ST., Jjaneaster, J'a..
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
LUMBER AND COAL.
Alne, Contractors and Ituilders.
Estimates made and centractu undertaken
en all kinds of buildings.
Brunch Office : Ne. 3 NORTH DUKE ST.
FALL & WINTER.
We are new prepared te show the public one
of the largest stocks of
ever exhibited in the city of Lancaster. Geed
Working Suits for men $6.00. Geed Stvles
Caaslmere Suite for men 7.50. Our All wool
Men's Suite that wc are selling ter $9.00 are as
geed as you can buy elsewhere for $12.00. Our
stock of Overcoats arc immense. All grades
and every variety of styles and colors, for
uiuu. uevs anu veutns. an our own maniitiin-
turc. Full line of Men's, Youths' and Beys'
Suits. Full line of Men's, Youths' and Beys'
CUSTOM DEPARTMENT !
We are prepared te show one et the best
stocks of Piece Goods te select from and have
made te order ever shown in the city. They
are all arranged en tables fitted up expressly
se that every piece can be examined beterc
making a selection. All our goods have been
purchased before the rise in woolens. We are
prepared te make up in geed stvle and at short
notice and at bottom prices. We make te or
der an All Weel Suit for $12.00. By buying
your goods at
Having just returned irem New Yerk with a
FRIDAY EVENING, JANUABY 16, 1880,
Is the Republic Safe I
THE VIEWS OF MB. CHAltLES O 'CONOR.
COAL! COAL! COAL! COAL!
Ceal el the Best Quality put up expressly
for family use, and at the low
est market prices.
TRY A SAMPLE TON.
S- YARD ISO SOUTH WATER ST.
neiKi-lyd PHILIP SCIIUM, SON & CO.
JUST RECEIVED A FINE LOT OF BALED
TIMOTHY HAY, at
M. F. STEIGERWALT & SON'S,
COAL. ! FLOUR ! ! GRAIN ! ! I
FAMILY COAL UNDER COVER.
Minnesota Patent PrecessFamily and Baker's
Fleur. Baled Hay and Feed of all kinds.
Wai cheuhe ami Yard : 834 North Water St
VOf ICE TO THE PUBLIC.
G. SENER fc SONS.
Will continue te sell only
GENUINE LTKEN8 VALLEY
and WILKESBAR11E GOALS
which are the best in the market, and sell as
LOW as the LOWEST, and net only GUAR
ANTEE FULLWEIGHT, btitallew te WEIGH
ON ANY scale in geed order.
AKe Rough and Dressed Lumber, Sash'
Deers, Blinds, S.c.,at Lewest Market Prices.
Office and yard northeast corner Prince and
Walnut btrccte, Lancaster, Pa. janl-tfd
you save one prellt, as wc manufacture all our
own Clothing and give employment te about
one hundred hands. Call and examine our
stock and be convinced as te the truth of which
MYERS & RATHFOX,
Centre Hall, Ne. 12 East King Street.
FOR MEN'S WEAR,
Would respectfully announce te hiq customers
and the public that he will have his regular
HOOKS AND STATIONERY.
XTOLIDAY FANCY GOODS.
Autograph and Photograph Albums, Writ
ing Desks and Werk Bexes, Christmas and
New Year Cards. ,,
L. M. FLYNN'S,
Ne. 43 WEST KING STREET.
MANIFOLD LETTER WRITERS,
LETTER AND NOTE PAPERS,
WRITING FLUID AND INK,
STEEL PENS, GOLD PENS,
And a general assortment ei Stationery, ler
JOM BAEE'S SOIS,
15 and 17 NORTH QUEEN STREET,
ROOTS AXlt SHOES.
BOOTS AND SHOES.
Wc guarantee every pair wc sell. We keep
the most perfect fitting, best style and well
wearing shoes, and sell them at the very
Our stock was purchased last summer before
the late advance in leather and material, and
wc offer te give te our customers the advan
tage of our successful speculation by selling
our present stock at lower prices than wc
could te-day buy again. We also continue te
at short notice, stylish and durable, and at
lower prices than any ether shoemaker here or
elseu hei e.
3-Mending done promptly and ncatly.-S
Give us a call.
43 WEST KING STREET.
01 JANUARY PBICE LIST.
Great reduction in price te close out a large
Consisting of ever 500 PATTERNS.
ENGLISH AND FRENCH NOVELTIES
Reduced te $8.00 PER PAIR. Large Let et
SCOTCH, ENGLISH AND FIXE AMERI
Fer Genteel Wear, of the Latest and Best
Styles, at $7.00. Demestic Goods of the leading
Standard Brands, at $t te $3 per pair. A Large
Line of Imported Suitings at a Sacrifice Do De
mestic Suitings at nil prices. Persons In want
of a Geed
ill de well te call and examine the stock.
Plain as well as the most Ultra Styles at less
than Cost Price. We want te close them te
make robin for our
Call early and secure bargains.
J. K. SMALING,
121 North Queen Street.
24 CENTRE SQUARE.
Closing out our
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 2J)th.
AND PRICES AS LOW AS ANY HOUSE IN
THIS CITY AT
Ne. 51 North Queen Street.
GRAND CLOSING SALE !
OVERCOATS AND HEAVY SUITINGS.
te buyers et Clothing in order te make room
ier a large sruuu stuck new being manu
factured, and we are needing room. We eiler
well-made and stylish
Clothing for Men and Beys
than ever heard of before, although Goods are
going up every day. We will hell, for we must
nave the room.
Greatly inceii Prices
Loek at Our
A TTORNEYS-AT-I.A W
A. J. STEINMAN,
Intelligencer Ituildlng, Southwest Cerner Cen
tre Square, Lancaster, Pa
XT. V. HENSEL,
Intelligencer Building, Southwest Cemer Cen
tre Suuare, Lancaster, Pa.
CUAS. K. KLINE.
Ne. 15 North Duke street, Lancaster, Pa.
All kinds of Conveyances promptly drawn.
HENKY A. KILEY,
Attorney and Counseller-at-Law
21 Park Rew, New Yerk.
Collections made in all parts of the United
States, and a general legal business transacted.
Refers by permission te Stein man & Ilcnscl.
IMIY LOCHER'S COUGH SYRUP.
In order tejnaice loom for the
large Spring Stock,
Which weave new manufacturing.
Suits and Suitings,
Te be sold at the Lewest Prices.
D. B. Hosteller & Sen,
24 CENTRE SQUARE,
OVERCOATS! OVERCOATS! OVERCOATS !
for$.00, for $3.85, for $5.35, for $0.75.
OVERCOATS ! OVERCOATS ! OVERCOATS !
for $7.75. for $9.75, for $10.75.
OVERCOATS ! OVERCOATS ! OVERCOATS !
for $12, $14, $10 and $20.
These are heavy-lined Overcoats, caret ully
made and splendidly trimmed.
OVERCOATS ! OVERCOATS ! OVERCOATS
for $7.50, ier $3.50, for $9.50, for $12.
OVERCOATS ! OVERCOATS ! OVERCOATS !
for $15, for $18, for $20.
These are Plaid-Back Overcoats, equal te
HEAVY, MEN'S SUITS !
for $3.50, $4.00, $5.00, $7.00, $9.00, $10.00.
MEN'S SUITS FOR FINE DRESS !
for $12.00, $14.00, $15.00, $10.00, $18.00 and $20,00.
BOYS' SUITS AND OVERCOATS !
BOYS' SUITS Irem $2.25 te $10.00.
BOYS OVERCOATS VERY LOW.
We sell only our own make and guarantee
Meney returned en all goods net teund as
43-Plcase call, whether you wish te purchase
EOUXltERS AND 3IAC1IEXISTS.
SHOP ON PLUM STREET,
OFP08ITB7BE Locomotive Works.
The subscriber continue te manufacture
BOILERS AND 6TEAM ENGINES,
Fer Tanning and ether purposes ;
Sheet-iron Werk, and
t Jobbing promptly attended te.
augl8-lyd JOHN BEST.
I would respectfully call the attention et
persons wanting a first-class Piane that I have
been appointed sole agent for Lancaster coun
Chickering & Sen's Celebrated Pianos,
ELw"' Jas.''- ,Pla can be seen at my
Organ Manufacturing Wareroeius, 320 North
dec2G-2tdeawdwtr Lancaster, Pa.
Is stocked with the latest styles, which
make te measure at the lowest cali prices :
guarantee a perieci nt.
SUITS TO ORDER from $12 upwards.
PANTS TO ORDER from $3.50 upwards.
D. GANSMAN & BRO.,
MERCHANT TAILORS AND CLOTHIERS,
66 & 68 NORTH QUEEN ST.,
S. TV. Cerner et Orange, Lancaster, Pa.
CHINA AXI OZASSWARE.
Loek te your interest.
BUY YOUIi QUEENSWARE at
THE LARGEST STOCK IN LANCASTER
Damaged Ware ! Damaged Ware !
Special attention given te IIOUSESTIRES.
HIGH & MARTIN'S,
Ne. 8 East King Street.
THE ACADEMY CONNECTED WITH
Franklin and Marshall College offers su
Serier advantages te young men and boys who
esire cither teprcpare for college or te obtain
u thorough academic education. Students re
ceived nt any time during the school year
Send for circulars. Address
REV. JAMES CRAWFORD,
oeHl-lyd Lancaster. Pa.
1LTABCUS . SEHNEK,
Ne. 120 North Prince street.
Prompt and particular attention paid te al
teratleu and repairs. s!3-lyd
He Denounces Beth Parties Foretells the
Success of the Republicans in 1880 And
Describes a New Constitution or Get.
Fert Washington, Jau. 1, 1880.
Gentlemen : I cannot accept your kind
invitation te unite with the Democratic
club of Essex county, N. J., in celebrating
its anniversary en the 8th inst. As your
motives in according this courtesy may be
founded en some misapprehensions, this
declinature seems a necessity.
Yeu assume that my views coincide with
your own, and that your celebration may
ue an miiiai or eariy step in a political
campaign, just at hand, evidently hoping
for an issue favorable te the Democratic
party, and through its agency you antici
pate " our return te a safe and sound pol
icy in the administration of federal af
Plainly you refer te the next presiden
tial election, but quite contrary te your
anticipations I am constrained te regard it
as absolutely impossible that any one called
a Democrat should prevail in this conflict.
l ins is easily proven. It is and has long
been conceded en all hands that te such a
result the votes of New Yerk would be in
dispensable. Te this conclusion every
party, every Journal, and. 1 believe. avmAt
individual in the land, will assent : and vet
nit LMULj-uvc vuics iu uiis great state
have been delivered into the hands of the
Republican party and are new held by it
as a secure possession.
The existing law devolves the appoint
ment of electors upon the people, but the
large Republican majority chosen te the
Legislature in November last, with the
concurrence of the Republican governor,
also then elected, can change this law and
take the power into their own hands.
(Constitution U. SM Art. 2, Sec. 1, Sub
section 2.) That they will de se we may
divine without being considered uncharita
ble, for it cannot be shown that any polit
ical party ever had such an opportunity
anu lauea te employ it. n rera Honorable
motives some Republicans would hesitate
te acquiesce in such a measure ; ethers,
perhaps a great many, would shrink from
it through timidity. Te coerce the former
and support the fainting courage of the
latter, a colorable excuse has been pre
vided, The Democrats have attempted te
seize the vote of Maine by means most rep
rehensible. Whether this originated in an
unjust and grasping selfishness en the part
of Democrats or, as has been suggested,
was craftily instigated by some Republi
can device, is quite immaterial. The thing
has been done, and the pretext for Repub
licans te act likewise has been afforded.
It will enable thorn te compensate them
selves amply by reprisals should success
attend the Maine enterprise. I am far
from thinking that any help of this sort
was necessary ; the New Yerk vote will be
seized without it. But the pretext pro
moted convenience and it has been fur
nished. Beginning with this dead weight in the
opposite scale, no idler imagination could
be displayed by the Democrats than treat
ing success in the presidential election as
possible. They can de nothing for them
selves, though, if prepared for such small
practice, they may may foment discord in
the hostile camp. "Without looking te
ether consequences or ceniecturinsr vital
changes, it may fairly be supposed that if
vjen. tyrant should once agam occupy the
executive chair he will held it duriusr life.
In this extensively apprehended prebabil
ity lies the Republican party's chief dan
ger. Though no Democratic candidate
can obtain a majority in the electoral col
leges, yet as none of Gen. Grant's Repub
lican rivals can desire te see the coveted
eminence practically in his possession for
life, some of them might be successfully
intrigued with. Such an enterprise should
never prosper. In the particular instance
referred te no right-minded patriot would
encourage it. Force, the stern soldier's
weapon, even if aiming at fmperial au
thority, is much less dangerous te liberty
than fraud, the slew, silent demoralizer.
The former is liable te lese its winnings
early ; it may be stricken down suddenly
by its own methods. But the latter, if
clothed with power, may be enabled te
permeate and poison the entire com
monwealth ; its dominion is subverted
with extreme difficulty. Painful and
toilsome effort may be perseveringly em
ployed against it in vain, for centuries.
On the ground of preference thus indicated,
patriots cheesing between evils should
favor the election of Grant.
The condition of things, involving the
complete ruin of the Democratic party
throughout the Union, arose out of the
late se-called Tammany hall belt, and was
produced by it. Fer a number of years
past the Republicans of this state have
uniformly controlled in the two legislative
assemblies, but through the Democratic
vote in this metropolitan city they were
kept under the gubernatorial veto. When
the last canvass opened it must have been
plain te any well-informed and reflecting
observer that the local belt threatened two
consequences first, te increase the Repub
lican ascendency in the Legislature te the
controlling two-thirds, and, secondly, te
strip the Democrats of their conservative
veto. Either of these occurrences would,
of course, produce the result te which your
attention is new called. The precise state
of the case is well-known, and familiar te
all who deserve the name of leaders of the
Democratic councils of the stated This
appears by Gillet's "Life and Times of Si
las Wiight," volume 1, pages 37 te CO and
80 te 84 ; yet it it must be supposed that
throughout the belt debates every one of
them was utterly oblivious te the matter.
When it is considered that these leaders,
with possibly a single exception, were can
didates for a Democratic nomination te the
presidency, their suicidal inadvertence
must seem prodigious. It is net intended
te suggest that the belting Tammany
chieftain was thus forgetful. His rank
was net that of a party leader ; he was
merely a local factionist, and, besides, it
would be au unjust imputation te charge
him with willfully misleading his followers
into the support of their deadliest fees.
Almest exclusively of his own caste, he
could net have intended te betray them.
Doubtless he was uninformed in the mat
ter. His fault was the vain presumption
displayed in dealing with such important
affairs ineps censilii. Unlike him, the real
leaders the assumed managers of party
interests were learned and cultivated
men. They were conversant by profession
with the constitution and laws ; they were
statesmen accustomed te the consideration
of public affairs, and most, if net all of
them, were stimulated by intense personal
ambition te keep their eyes upon the rud
der and their thoughts awake te every as
pect of impending difficulties. It seems
strange, indeed, that they failed te notice
the storm signs presaging the dire disaster
which has befallen their party and them
selves. A simple intimation of the dread conse
quences involved would assuredly have de
terred the belter.
A statement of the reason why it did
net occur te me will appear hereafter. It
will be convenient te premise some re
marks upon our existing political system
and in respect te the reforms therein which
are deemed requisite.
In all historic times governmental
control ever multitudes has been sought
by statists, its acquisition and utilization
ler the personal interest of the rulers
having been in every age and cline with
out any exception a trade or business. In
this connectieu these terms may be
thought applicable only te the quiet and
peaceful intrigues of these called states
men. Regarding them, however, as
equally descriptive of ever occupation or
employment te the same end, I apply them
alike te all controllers of men alike te
benghis Khan and te such modern politi
cians as Tweed. Many with whose deeds
are familiar might be cited as compeers
of the latter, but one name of each sort
will suffice for the illustration.
The Old World, with its ranks and titled
aristocracies, has ever maintained this
trade or business. Taking into view that
the most active and valuable portion of life
is that devoted te military service, it may
be perceived that even the peace establish
ments maintained by the continental na
tions consume in useless or mischievous
purposes a physical force far exceeding in
value the entire laboring capacity of the
British islands. And Britain herself ex
emplifies the political trade in the most
impressive manner. A gentry, net exceed
ing en the most liberal estimate five or six
minions in number, by a consummately
perfected system of politics makes tributary
te itself ever twenty millions of its natural
equals, the home-islands, peasantry and
two hundred millions of colonial subjects.
The trade or business of governing this vast
portion of the human race, with its mul
titudinous gains, is enjoyed by that small
number of British gentry. Net content with
buppiymg me numucriess paid emcials in
its enormous military, naval, and civil ser
vice, and controlling the vast trade of its
external possessions, this" elirrarchv nur
sues assiduously schemes of further profit
and advancement. Devoted te these ob
jects, its Parliament closely resembles the
counting house of a great trading copait cepait
nership. Its policy has ever been most
iniquitous. The territory producing opium
was forcibly wrested from its people, the
poisonous production monopolized and
literally forced upon the unconeuerablo
millions of China. Ne sooner had the
Lutcn Ueers developed the agricultural
and mineral riches of Southern Africa
than their territory was seized and their
independent republic suppressed. The
valiant Afghan of Central Asia and the
African Zulu are being robbed of their au
tonomy ; and thus almost every year wit
nesses some new field of rapine opened te
the absorbing avarice of this British gen
try's government. Its recent cennucsts
are marked by cruel agirressien, while the
mere ancient in Ireland and India are des
olated by periodical famines the re
suits of misrule. Britian's government is
precisely meueieu upon that of all prema
turely established states existing anterior
te the American Revolution. Until that
specimen presented itself no government
en any scale sufficiently extensive te de
serve notice had ever existed in which by
fundamental laws absolute equality among
the whole people was recognized and land
piracy through colonial acquisition forbid
den. The institution of these just princi
ples was due te the unprecedented circum
stance that a vast territory of measureless
fertility was settled by a people already
civilized, possessing a pure worship, know
ing kings and aristocrats only as devour
ing persecutors of mankind, and looking
upon their hirelinsr soldiers as instrument"!
of oppie?sien and murder. If net devel
oped earlier these ideas gained- control in
American mind during the formative per
iod 177G te 1789 ; and en en this political
basis as its moral foundation rests our
mighty republic freighted as it is with
the richest premises of peace, prosperity
and happiness te men. Its fertile besom
presents te the people of Europe a refuge
from the grinding tyranny of ancient polit
ical customs, and if it can be rescued
from impending dangers its example will
enect the universal spread of liberty. In
my opinion these dangers all result from a
single cause. That cause is the trade of
politics, an "art, trade and mystery," as
expesscd in the forms of indentured ap
prenticeship by which the masses arc con
trolled for the personal benefit of thnir
rulers. Through our existing factions and
the present governmental machinery, this
art has obtained complete control ever the
people's interests, and is running our
country into what history proves te have
been iu all former times the normal condi
tion of states.
The fathers in the formative period by
introducing the two principles alluded te
both actually new and until then prac
tically unknown established justice. But
by imitating the parent state in a single
particular they opened an'inlct for all the
injustice that there prevailed ; they adept
er me nutiun ei paternal government, a
pretty and captivating name for party
government. This is completely developed
in our executive armed with regal powers,
and in our continuously active legislatures
clothed with parliamentary Junctions.
These institutions carry en, through offi
cial favorites, an endless and ever-varying
multitude of affairs which should be left
te the citizens in ther personal and indi
vidual capacities, under correction by
wholesome general laws. That a multi
tude of such governments, each set up in
a geographical fragment of the nation and
surmounted by another spread out ever
the who!e, could, through their clashing
and conflicts, prevent or even mitigate the
evils foreseen as incident te every continu
ously active discretionary government of
men ever men, was also a misconception.
By multiplying offices and governmental
interference with society, that device could
only increase the prime mischief party
government. The temptation te seek
profitable offices under these possessing
authority te create them at will and te re
ward them at pleasure is natural ; se is the
lust of power; and a system of affording
unfettered scope te these impulses must
necessarily have engendered factions such
as new exist. Under the synonymous
designations of Democratic and Republi
can they rule "as the fabled brothers di
vided immortality, holding in alternate
enjoyment the ever-active privilege of
swindling the public with impunity
through the forms of law." I speak of
the few leaders who have controlled in
each party, net of the masses who have
unreflectingly followed them and are their
Brought up with unbounded reverence
for the founders of our republic, it was
very late in life and under the pressure of
experiencing and observing this result of
their experiment that a possible doubt; of
their wisdom first found a place in my re
flections. Certainly, in all that they newly
devised they must ever command admira
tion ; if they erred at all it was in imita
ting these parts of the British system
which had been long and uniformly ap
proved by the most enlightened political
philosophers ; and it can hardly be deemed
impiety toward our country's demigods
te suggest a possible error in that imita
tion. Though it was always obvious
enough that an internal policy suitable te
a comparatively small corps of gentry,
banded together in the work of humilia
ting and plundering the world, might net
be proper for a commonwealth wherein
equality at home and justice te all were
immutable rules, still conservative instinct
originally inspired and has hitherto kept
alive in the American mind an attachment
te the imported notion of party govern
ment, newever eenenciai it may appear
te Others, events cemnarativelv reepnt
have forced upon my judgment "a convic
tion of its incurably pernicious tendency.
The belt of New Yerk's Democratic
leaders in 184-8 shook my confidence.
Then, from being exceedingly servile te
Southern domination, they suddenly
wheeled around because of a merely perso
nal disappointment, and under the Free Free
Seil cry raised the sectional banner of ab
olitienism, and thereby rendered it Peliti
cally fashionable, Till then it had no
footing ; then, and by the act of these
leaders, it acquired a position which it
held until the civil war ensued. Anether
shock resulted when later, in 1872, the
Democrats of the Union nominated as
their candidate and the champion of their
professed ideas their open, notorious, and
uie-iuug antagonist, tnengii lus opinions
were unchanged and his proclivities unre unre
pentcdef. Very shortly after this event
my convictions became settled. Thence
forth I regarded both parties as equally
pernicious, and withheld from each alike
any confidence or support, hoping
for the ultimate expulsion of both
from power and the total over over
theow of the party government. Inde
pendently of ether public avowals, these
opinions leund cxnressien through the
article " Democracy " iu Jehnsen's Ency Ency
clepajdia, in a "memorandum" concern
ing Tweed's prosecution dated Feb. 1,
1873, which was published by most of the
New Yerk journals, and also in an address
delivered before the Historical society en
May 8, 1877. Frem the time of their
promulgation I paid no attention te the
interest of either political party, and
hence it was that, though perfectly
acquainted with the law concerning prcsi-
uuuiKw electors, anu as familiar witli the
great contest ever it in 1824 as any of the
Democratic leaders alluded te, I never
adverted te either subject during the can
vass. Had the choice of our next presi
dent possessed at that time the least
interest in my eyes no such inadvertence
en my part would have occurred. Ne
mere interested in the success of one party
than the ether, my thoughts en political
questions were directed te the inquiry
when would prevalent abuses be likely te
reach such an intolerable climax as te
induce the overthrew of both parties ; and
even this line of reflection was only casual
and occasional. Alene I had no power te
promote the desired change ; Iliad net nor
have I at this time a knowledge that one
ether citizen ever favored it. My conjec
tures consequently pointed te its occur
rence at some period mere remote than the
end et my own life. I felt no duty con-
i-uiuiit;; it unicss, perhaps, that of be
qucathing te " ether men and ether times"
a precise and careful statement of views
that did net seem destined te receive the
slightest attention from mv contempora
ries. Though this letter has been already tee
much extended for your patience it may
possibly be perused by some persons, and
for this reason I take the liberty of adding
a notice of the changes deemed advisable
in our political sj stem, with a specifica
tion of its most important details :
First The separate state government
sneuiu be abolished. This seems te be a
Republican idea, but certainly no sound
thinker among the leaders of that party
will ever promote its adoption. The dis
sensions and civil war in which their party
was born, nurtured and matured, grew out
of the state organizations. AVithtfut them
its bloody shirt sectional cries must cease
te animate and their party perish. The
benign tendency of the separate .state sys
tems te embroil the country in civil war
was well explained in the Federalist Ne.
Second The quadrennial presidency
should be abolished. An executiva chief
might be selected by let from th" Legisla
tive corps for the ensuing month en some
late day in each month.
Third The Senate should be abolished,
and the representatives chosen for a short
term, substantially as at present. They
should have no power te make anv but
general laws. By stringent regulations
they should be prevented from assembling
in Ceugress te enact laws except en these
rare occasions when a general existing law
actually required amendment or a new gen
eral law was needed.
Fourth The Congress should be rig
idly confined te making laws which are ab
solutely necessary, leaving all transactions
and business as far as possible in private
enterprise. Instead of becoming a hanker
and issuing paper money, as the Green
backers suggest, the power of government
ever money should be confined" te minting
the citizens' metals and compelling the
security of paper circulation. The only
standard of value should be coined tmUi.
There should be no protection te any trade
or community in preference te ethers, nor
any excises or duties en imports or experts.
Government should net, as the Green
backers advise, become a-carrier of goods
or passengers, an expressman or a tele
graph operator; but en the contrary ifc
should cease te be a letter carrier. The
telegraph and express systems have ren
dered unnecessary our enormous posteifice
Borrowing money by the state or any
of its agencies should be forbidden. Ne
army or navy should exist except flagrante
hello. And, indeed, wars would rarely ec
cur aiterine trauc et politics was set aside.
The militia could amply protect us from
invasion or domestic disorder. Through
the merchant marine and ether means an
adequate naval force could en an emer
gency be promptly improvised. The en
tire range of charity, including hospitals
and schools, should be left, like Divine
worship, te the spontaneous impulse of in
dividual volition. This arrangement would
be fraught with vast benefits alike te the
rich, whose best feelings and benignant ac
tivities it would stimulate, and te the ne
cessitous, whose wants it would tenderly
Fifth Inferior local courts for the ad
ministration of justice should of course be
instituted and a supreme appellate court
without original jurisdiction. Judges in
the latter should be sufficiently numerous
te form several separate chambers with
equal authority and equal membership.
The chambers, like the present jury box,
should be supplied by let from the entire
body at short intervals, se as te prevent
Sixth The repudiation of paternal gov
ernment, or laws net general, should be ex
tended te all subordinate administrations,
thus avoiding beards and councils in local
districts'as cities, towns, villages, &c.
Seventh A chief executive and a legis
lative authority being necessary, while the
system should provide for them, it should
contain strict guards against the evils te
which they tend. The executive office
being of brief duration should immediate
ly or directly appoint te all offices except
representatives in Congress. The term of
office in all cases should be during geed
behavior, the power of removing all offi
cers appeintable by him, except judges of
the supreme court, being absolute in the
chief executive. He should net be allowed
however, te make any removal except en
the day immediately preceding that .of his
own successor's election, unless the su
preme court chamber, sitting in the dis
trict of the officer removed, or all the,
chambers should approve the removal as
necessary te the pubhc interest; nor
should a vacancy produced by any such re
moval be filled by the officer making it,
unless the latter act was sanctioned by a
like approval from the necessity of an ap
pointment before the ensuing month. The
chief executive and the supreme court" of-
judges should be impeachable for malver malver
sateon in office. They should be liable dur
ing or within a reasonably limited period
after their official terms by a tribunal of
say fifty representatives chosen by let, -whose
power en conviction should ba un
limited in ether respects, and might ex
tend te the punishment of death en a four
Eighth Suitable precautions might
promote intelligence and purity in exercis
ing the elective franchise and prevent
frauds upon it. There should be a fixed
registry law, and no person should be
allowed te vote except iu the district of his
permanent registered residence, or other
wise than viva voce.
The voter should also be required te file
a ballet written and signed by himself in
the presence of the inspectors, which should
be preserved long enough te altbrd certain
proof of his act incase of a contest. The
franchise should be withheld from all per
sons in government employ and their su
bordinates in any public work or service.
.LMuin taxation should be enforced
with absolute equality upon all property
net belonging te the government, without
exemption or distinction of any kind,
thereby restraining the unworthy devices
by which wealthy men and the politicians
escape the duty of contributing te the
public fisc. The needed taxes might seen
become se light as te be almost unfelt, as
was the case before our civil war. Effec
tual prevision should be made for the ex
clusive devotion of the public domain te
public uses, or te the encouragement of
actual settlers thereon.
Tenth The existing public debt of
every description, including that created by
states and all ether civil divisions, should
be exempted from enforcement by ordi
nary private action, and should net be
renewable. Measures should neverthe
less be instituted te enforce its payment
both as te principal and interest in geld
coin. The interest should be thus paid
punctually as it may fall due, and the
principal as seen as reasonably practic
able. In all this no revolution is contemplated
except against unjust domination ever the
people by that class who held or seek pub
lic offices and employments ; nor even in
that movement would violent or turbulent
means be advised. The extent and appa
rent novelty of the change recommended
are mainly attributable te these very re
cent marvels, the employment of steam in
locomotion and et electro-magnetism in
correspondence. These majestic discov
eries are due te the utilitarian genius of our
countrymen. "Without them the improve
ments in politics of government here sug
gested would be physically impossible ; a
moment's reflection would render the fact
obvious te any discriminating intelligence.
If these discoveries had preceded the glori
ous days of Washington, Jeffersen, Madi Madi
eon, Jay and Hamilton, it is by no means
supposable that their work would have
been framed as it is or fairly subject te any
Commerce or intercourse which these
agencies have se vastly quickened reduc
ing almost te extinction the impediments
of time and space and rendering the whole
human race one family premise te make
unacceptable most of the barbarisms in
politics and social life which have long op
pressed mankind. A comparison of history
with an atlas will suffice for proof en this
point. Commerce is the handmaid of art,
science and sound pliilanthrephy, as well
as the creator of civilization. Until quite
recently, public reads were exceedingly
rare, and simple nature supplied all the
channels of social exchange between peo
ples. The map of Greece exhibits an in
finity of waterways. These enabled her te
become the mother of progress. The map
of Britian exhibits a like peculiarity and
this, notwithstanding the wickedness of
her inherited politics, has rendered her the
eldest daughter of social imnrnvement.
What may net be effected by the wonder
ful activities born of the steam propeller
and the electro-magnetic telegraph ?
Many measures of great value are left
without remark because obviously involved
in these suggested and inevitably resulting
from them. The constitutional previsions
referred te might be easily and promptly
made should they become acceptable, and
much could be done te secure their perma
nent establishment. A single subject re
mains te be observed upon.
The change here commended must, in
some of its details, conflict with the wishes
and interests of almost every individual of
the land. It cannot be adopted by any
without self-sacrifice. Probably, there
fore, in a country se happy and prosperous
as ours yet is, the adoption of such a change
should net be counted en. I have net
hope for even the inception of any favor
toward it in my day ; but the blunder of
political leaders mentioned at the outset of
this communication has suggested such a
possibility, and hence the following hints :
If these who neither held nor expect office
nor public employment would associate
under suitable pledges they might initiate
a movement te liberate our country from
the fangs of the harpies.
They should agree te encourage advocacy
by journals and magizines devoted te this
purpose and pledge themselves, while in
the organization, neither te accept nor
seek for ethers any public patronage, jobs
or employments, or any offices except
that one wherein their action would be
needful for this reform that is te say, the
legislative. This wrcched and rapidly in
creasing subserviency of our would-be great
folks te anti-democratic fashions indicates
a social pledge which might be useful as an
entering' wedge. Such an association
might bind its members te repudiate the
use of factitious personal distinctions.
This would set aside that incipient aristoc
racy, our excellencies, honerables and
esquires. Designations indicating an actual
employment or pursuit may net be ob
jectionable ; but it is net clear that a
lawyer or a rich man should be an esquire
while a tailor or a shoemaker, unless he
happens te possess wealtli, can be at most
only plain mister. This last suggestion,
may serve t show that, although net at
tached te any party or faction calling itself
Democratic, I am a democrat.
Yours respectfully, Ch. O'CeiiOR.
Te Messrs. Themas Dunn English, William E.
Pierce, and William A. Ure. Invitation Com
mittee etthc Essex County Democratic Club.
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