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Volume XYINe. 130.
LANCASTER, PA. SATURDAY, JANUARY 31, 1880.
Price Twe Celts.
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x. b m ". h "v x x vami tun iur;,J-ti jj " w
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PUBLISHED EVERT EVENIKO,
BY STEINMAN & HENSEL,
Intelligencer Building, Southwest Cerner or
The Dailt Iktellieexceb Is furnished te
Mibseribers In the City of Lancaster anil sur
rounding towns., accessible by Railroad and
Dailv Mage Lines at Tex Cents Peu Week,
payable te tbc Carriers, weekly. Ily Mail, $5 a
year in advance ; otherwise, $0.
Entered at tin- pest efllce at Lancaster, Pa., as
-oeend class mail matter.
3-Tlie STEAM JOB PRINTING DEPAKT
M KXT of this establishment possesses unsur
iivm tucilities for the execution of all kinds
of Plain and Fancv Printing.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in all kinds et
I.UMUEU AND COAL.
y Yard : Ne. 420 North Water and Prince
streets, above Lemen, Lancaster. nS-lyd
COAL! - - - COAL!!
GORRECHT & CO.,
r or Geed and Cheap Ceal. Yard Harrisbuig
Pike. Office -J East Chestnut feticet.
P. W. GORRECHT, Agt.
.1. It. 1ULEY.
e'J-lyd W. A. KELLEK.
COAL! COAL! COAL! COAL!
Ceal of the Best Ouallty put up expressly
for family use, and at the low
est market prices.
TRY A SAMPLE TON.
- YAIHI 150 SOUTH WATER ST.
lu-ii-lyd PHILIP SCHUM, SOX & CO.
JUST KKCEIVEI A FINi: LOT OF ISALF.U
TIMOTHY HAY, at
M. F. STEIGERWALT & SON'S,
COAL. ! FLOUR ! ! GRAIN ! ! !
PAMILY COAL UXIJElt COVEIf.
M intivxula Patent Precess Family and Ilaker'.s
Fleur. J5alfd Hay and Feed of all kinds.
Y:u1k.u-. j.ihI Yard : 234 North AVatrr St
COHO & WILEY,
:;.-( XORTH U'ATJSJt ST., jAiiictSKlcr, J')i.,
Wholesale anil Kctail Dealers in
LUMBER AND COAL.
Alse, Contractors and TSiiildcrs.
INtiinnti-s made and contracts undertaken
en all kinds of buildings.
r.i-.uicli Olliee : Xe. S XOKTH DUKE ST.
VfOriCBTO THE PUBLIC.
G. SEXER & SONS, j
Will continue te sell only i
GENUINE LYKEXS VALLEY I
and WTLKESIiABIlE COALS
liicli are thj best in the market, and sell as
LOW as the LOWEST, and net only GUAK
AXTEE FULL WEIGHT, butallqw te WEIGH
OX AX Y scale in oed order.
Alse Wmili and Dressed Lumber, Sasli
Deers, ISHnds, Ac., at Lewest Market Prices.
Olllce and yard northeast corner Prince and
Walnut streets, Lancaster, Pa. j.ml-tfd
JtOO.'tS AX1 STAT!OXi:itY.
"yALl'.NTlXKS! VALENTINES ! !
A GREAT VARIETY,
L. M. FllYNN'S
BOOK AM) STATIONERY STOKE,
.Ne. 42 WEST KING STREET.
JOM BAEES SOUS
15 and 17 NORTH QUEEN STREET,
. Large Assortment of all kinds et
Arc still sold at lower rates than ever at the
H. S. SHIRK,
202 WEST KING STBEET.
Call anil examine our steckand satisfy your yeur
fcclt that we can show the largest asseitmcnt
of Brussels, Three plies and Ingrains at all
juices at the lowest Philadelphia prices. ANe
en hand a large and complete assortment of
KAG CAUPETS. Satisfaction guaranteed both
as te price and quality. Yeu are invited tecall
and see my goods. Se trouble in showing
tlicui, even if you de net want te purchase.
Don't terget this netice: Yeu can save
money here if you want te buy.
Particular attention given te custom work.
Alse en hand a full assortment of Counter
panes. Oil Cleths and Blankets of every va
Phili) Selium, Sen & Ce.
HAVE OJJ HAJ1
Nes. 3S & 40 WEST KINO ST.,
(Formerly II. Z. Bheads & Bre.'s,)
a tine selection of the Well-known, Gen
Mine LANCASTER QUILTS, Woolen and Half
Woolen COVERLETS. CARPETS. Carpet
Chain, Yarns of all kinds, a complete line' et
Ladies' Furnishing Goods, Notions. &c.
Scouring and Dyeing promptly attended te.
In enler te accommodate the public we have
located our Ceal Ollice at the above place.
PHILIP SCIIUM, SON .V CO.,
eSl-Smd&w 58 & 40 West King St.. Lancaster
I would respectfully call the attention et
persons wanting a first-class Piane that I have
been appointed sole agent for Lancaster coun
Chickering & Sen's Celebrated Pianos,
Ot Bosten, srass. Pianos can be seen at my
Organ Manufacturing Wureroems, 330 North
- ALEX. McKTT.T.TPS,
dec2C-2tdeawd&wtfl Lancaster, Pa.
FALL & WINTER.
Wc are new prepared te show the public one
of the largest stocks of
ever exhibited in the city et Lancaster. Geed
Working Suits for men $0.00. Geed Stvles
Cassimere Suits for men $7.50. Our All Weel
Men's Suits that we are selling ter $9.00 are as
geed as you can buy elsewhere for $12.00. Our
stock of Overcoats are Immense. All grades
and every variety of styles and colors, for
men, boys and youths, all our own manufac
ture. Full line of Men's, Youths' and Beys'
Suits. Full line of Men's, Youths' and Beys'
CUSTOM DEPARTMENT !
We are prepared te show one et the best
stocks of Piece Goods te select from and have
made te enler ever shown in the city. They
are all arranged en tables fitted up expressly
se that every piece can be examined before
making a selection. All our goods have been
purchased before the rise in woolens. We are
prepared te make up in geed style and at short
notice and at bottom prices. We make te or
der an All Weel Suit for $12.00. By buying
your goods at
you save one prellt. as wc manufacture all our
own Clothing and give employment te about
one hundred hands. Call and examine our
stock and be convinced :is te the truth et which
MYEKS & KATHPON,
Centre Hall, Ne. 12 East King Street.
" 1880 18S0
01 JA1ABY PRICE LIST.
Great reduction in pi ice te close out a Urge
Consisting of ever 500 PATTEBNS.
ENGLISH AND FRENCH NOVELTIES
Kcduccd te $8.00 PEP. PAllt. Luge Let et
SCOTCH, ENGLISH AM) FINE AMERI
Fer Genteel Wear, of the Latest and Best
Styles, at $7.00. Demestic Goods of the leading
Standard Brands, at $J te $." per pair. A Large
Line of Imported Stiitings ataSacrilice Do De
mestic Suitings at all prices. Pei-sons in want
et a Geed
Will de well te call and examine the stock.
Plain as well as the most Ultra Styles at less
than Cost Price. We want te close them te
make room for our
Call early and secure bargains.
J. K. SMALING,
121 North Queen Street.
21 CENTRE SQUARE.
In order te ukikc loom lei the
Large Spring Stock,
! Which weaic new manufacturing.
Suits and Suitings,
Te be sold at the Lewest Prices.
D. B. Hostetter & Seu,
24 CENTRE SQUARE-
reuxwns axd macjiixists.
J BOILER MANUFACTORY,
SHOP ON PLUM STBEET,
OrresiTKinE Locomotive Works.
The subscriber continues te manufacture
BOILERS AND riTEAM ENGINES,
Fer Tanning and ether purposes ;
Sheet-iron Werk, and
49-Jobbing promptly attended te.
auglS-lyd JOHN BEST.
Till! ACADEMY CONNECTED WITH
. Franklin and Marshall College etrers su
perier advantages te young men and boys who
desire either te prepare for college or te obtain
a thorough academic education. Students re
ceived at any time during the school year
Send ter circulars. Address
REV. JAMES CRAWFORD,
ectl 1-lyd Lancaster. Pa.
jlTARCUS . SEHNEK,
Ne. 120 North Prince street.
Prompt and particular attention paid te al
teratien and repairs. sl3-lyd
Greatly Ren Prices,
SATDEDAY EVENING, JAN. 31, 1880.
Suffrage and Its Limitations.
Oration by Hen. F. E. Beltzboever, Nermal
Anniversary, Miltcrsville, Friday Evening,
January 30, 1880.
The highest human fame has always
been accorded te these who founded states
and te these who preserved and perpetu
ated them. The names of these historic
heroes are handed down from age te age
in a thousand various forms, from the rude
traditions which reach the savage in his
forest home te the monumental marbles
which adorn the forums and capitals of
the most cultured and polished nations.
They stand as exemplars for the emulation
and imitation of noble minds in every
land, and arc the best incentives te patii patii
etic sacrifice and endeavor. The glory of
becoming the architects of empires is tee
remote te tempt the ambition of men in
this generation, but the honor of aiding te
preserve a great republic is within the
reach efj every citizen. There are aheady
many gallant names en the dead roll of this
decade, which will go down te pestciity as
the defenders and upholders of the liist
great free government which has ever ex
isted en the glebe for a century. The
grave lespensibility and corresponding
glory of continuing it beyond another cy
cle of time is committed te the young men
of this day. All the governments of the
past, with the exception of a few ephem
eral republics, which glittered above the
horizon like meteors at long intervals and
for brief periods, were based en the will of
one man subject te no law but that of his
displeasure. This government is founded
en the will of the people, subject te a
written constitution. It is a great political
experiment without a single precedent in
the history of six thousand years te justify
the belief that it must succeed and endure.
It is net perfect. It has in it, like all hu
man products, the elements of decay al
most as powerful as these of life. " Gov
ernment is a growth, net a manufacture."
It must go forward or backward. There
is no stand still. It must grew better or
worse. It must go en towards the great
est freedom and most perfect administra
tion, or degenerate again te the primal
state of despotism and slavery. Is this
government se established as te defy the
laws of political growth and decay ? Are
we out en an open, boundless sea where no
storm will ever overtake us ? Ne one but a
demagogue would se declare. All thought
ful men have sadly questioned the horo
scope of our future many times during the
last few years, and never mere se than
new. Turning then te this subject, what
is the greatest crying danger of the hour
in this nation ? What mere than all ether
things threatens te overthrew and revolu
tionize the government '.' Is it net the al
most insurmountable dilliculty in getting
at the fair and honest expression of the
will of the people, and when that will is
ascertained the dishonest and criminal dis
position te utterly disregard and ignore it?
This government is based absolutely and
solely en the will of the people, and the
party or the men who strike at this foun
dation principle and try te subvcit and de
stroy it, are guilty of the deepest, darkest
and most inexcusable treason. If we cannot
get means te fairly determine what is the
will of the people of this nation, and te
compel iirempt and implicit obediencc te
that will, the republic with all its vaunted
glories will go down te the oblivion of the
dead republics of the past, as certainly as
the inexorable decrees of destiny can send
it. If we cannot get a fair vote, a fair
count, a fair declaration of the count, and
an honest submission te it, we might as
well fold up the stars and stripes and bury
our national escutcheon and lie supinely
en our backs, awaiting patiently the deem
of human passion and prejudice and igno
rance and felly. This question is the great
living, irrepressible issue of the hour. It
is as useless te meet it with ridicule and
contempt and bombastic patriotism, as it
would be te try te dam the ocean or stay
the mighty torrents of Niagara. At the
bottom of this great question, and as one
or its principal factors lies the right of
suffrage, en what it should be based and
hewjit should be limited. "Without any
partisan bias, but purely from the aspects
in which a student and patriot should
view it, we propose this as the subject for
discussion en this occasion. Aristotle de
scribed man as a political animal, and
what was true in that remote day is mere
emphatically se in this golden age of polit
ical warfare. In what I shall say en the
theme, however, I challenge all in the
words of the geed Emperor Trajan, when
he handed a sword te the commander of a
Reman legion, " Use it for me when I am
right, but against me when I am wrong."
A vote is an expression of preference as
te men or an opinion as te measures. The
right te vote is derived solely from the
state and is therefore a purely political
right. It is net a natural or personal right
like the right of property or liberty. It is
subject te the absolute control of the state
and te whatever limitations the Legislature
thereof may put upon it, with the single
exception that the fifteenth amendment te
the national constitution provides against
any discrimination en account of race, col
or, &c. The vote is usually bjr ballet, but
the ways in which it has been expressed
have been very numerous. The weid bal bal
eot comes from the Greek word ballein, te
threw, and was originally applied te a little
ball thrown into a box. In Athens, it was
lirst customary te vote by casting pebbles
into the boxes, but aftewards beans white
aud black ; the white for the alhrmative,
the black for the negative. In the great
court of the Areepagus, where the decis
ions were by ballet, they always voted at
night, se that no one could sec hew they
Solen divided the people at Athens into
four classes for the purpose of being voted
for and elected te ellice. The judges
could be named from all four. The magis
trates only from the first three. All candi
dates for civil efliccs had te present them
selves for examination before they could
be admitted te their positions. This was
an early specimen of what is new called
civil service reform.
At Reme, voting by tickets was first in
stituted, and Cicere, who was a bitter aris
tocrat, said a secret ballet, "the silent suf
frages of the people," sometimes wrought
great aud potent reforms.
In very early days, Scrvius Tullius di
vided the people of Reme into one hundred
and ninety-three centuries or hundreds,
and these into six classes. He ranked the
rich, the least numerous, in the first centu
ries ; the middling classes, who were mere
numerous, in the next ; and the indigent
multitude in the last ; and as each century
had but one vote, it was property rather
than numbers that decided the election.
In England, the ballet was proposed and
received considerable support in the begin
ning of the eighteenth century ; but net
until 1830 did it receive serious censidera
tien. In that year O Council proposed it
in the Heuse of Commens tand it received
twenty-one votes. Mr. Grete was, for sev
eral years after, its most conspicuous sup
porter, but it had the approval of Macaul
ey, Cobden, and Brougham. It was net
adopted, however, until 1872 under the
leadership of the Gladstone ministry. The
bitterest light in all the Parliamentary his
tery of that country occurred during the
reign of William IIL, en the question of
hew much and what kind of property a
member of Parliament ought te have te be
eligible. A bill passed the Heuse of Com Cem Com
eons aud the Heuse of Lords at one ses
sion, and was vetoed by the king. At the
succeeding session it was again passed by
the Commens, but lest in the Heuse of
Lords. Then the Commens attempted te
tack the bill en the appropriation bill, an 1
failed only by a very small majority after a
very powerful argument showing that it
would be utterly without precedent.
In this country all elections are by ballet
except in the state of Kentucky, where
they vote rr tece. The word baljet has
become se nearly synonymous with all
words expressing safeguards of liberty,
that it is supposed te epitomize them. The
poet Halleck says :
" The ballet falls as lightly
As snowflakes fall upon the sod,
But executes a freeman's will
As lightning de the will of Ged."
The great Junius, in letter XII., says :
" The right of election is the very essence
of the constitution. Te violate that
right and, much mere. te trans-
fni- if n miv nflifn cnt: fC mm) is
a sten leadiui? inimediatclv te the disseln-
x- 0 rf
tien of the government." This is unques
tionably true, for notwithstanding the
genius and ingenuity and care with which
the right has been controlled and guarded
in all countries, its corruption and viola
tion have been the final causes of the fail
ure of all free governments. This fact,
attested by the experience of se many
centuries, should come te us with per
suasive admonition in our legislation and
practice en the subject. The character of
the right and the manner in which it has
been exercised hitherto having been
brielly adverted te, let us next inquire hew
it has been and hew it should be limited.
The substance of the various qualifica
tions which have been required heretofore
may be stated as fellows, viz :
I. The voter must be a native or natur
II. He must be of the male sex.
III. He must be of age.
IV. He must be sane.
V. He must have a certain amount of
real or personal property.
VI. He must reside fei a certain time
in the place he proposes te vote.
VII. He must pay a certain tax or
revenue for the supert of the govern
ment. Docs it net seem strange when you con
sider that a vote is the expression of a
preference or opinion, that in all the
mutations of time and men and govern
ments en the subject of suurage, that in
telligence should never have been made
even one of its qualifications '.' Is it any
wonder that free governments have always
failed when in all experiments en the sub
ject men without any mere intelligence
than beasts or blocks have been legally
authorized te cheese legislators and judges
and presidents ! Hew could institutions
of any kind endure whose most sacred and
fundamental interest were committed te
such custodians .' A government of the
people must be construed te mean a gov
ernment of people who think ; that any
ether theory should ever have attained
must be due te the power of demagogues.
It is light that a voter should be a citi
zen, that heshouldbcef agc,thathc should
be sane, aud that he should be
a resident of the country he proposes te
help te govern. It may be right that he
should pay taxes. It is net right that he
should be required te be worth a dollar,
and the absurdity of the requirement has
caused it be dropped almost everywhere.
The anecdote related by Dr. Franklin
illustrates it better than argument. An
old market-man, who resided in a New
England state which had its property
qualification, owned nothing but an ass,
which, being of the lawful value, gave its
owner a vote. The ass died the day before
election, and the old man's vote was chal
lenged, when he exclaimed, "Well, I
thought the vote was mine, but it seems it
bclenge te the ass, and I must have been
only the animal's trustee."
But, above all, it is net right that any
person should vote who has only these
qualifications which can be possessed by
an idiot. With all tiie devices and inven
tions of legislatiens te secure the most
rigid observance of purely mechanical
qualifications, wliy should there net be
adequate means te add and enferc an
intelligence qualification of the right te
Most states have full aud exacting regis
try laws. Why net compel the voter te
write his name en the registry, the date,
the number, his age, his occupation, his
place of residence, and if he needs wit
nesses, their names, &c.? Yeu would thereby
have an almost infallible proof of identity
and a safeguard against fraud, in the
voter's autograph and handwriting. Then
why net compel him te read the ticket he
votes '.' In these days of books and news
papers, taid telegraphs, and telephones,
and electric light, and almost universal
knowledge, why should a man vote who
cannot read or write ? Hew can he ex
press an intelligent opinion en the great
financial and commercial questions which
are agitating the world .' Hew can he
keep abreast or even in sight of the great
triumphs of genius which arc shaking
opinions and creeds and everything'?
Without the ability te read and write he is
a mere automaton an instrument in the
ban Is of demagogues ; a mystical number
swell the poll ; a cipher which is nothing
by itself but counts when put with ether
figures. Neither miners, nor paupers, nor
criminals, nor insane, nor these who can
neither read nor write, should vote. It is
the duty of states aud gevenments te draw
a line here and enforce it for their own
It is the next great primary duty of the
government te educate all its people, se
that they may be able te vote. The best
men of the nation are waking up te the
great patriotic necessity of educating the
masses in view of the effect upon this suf
At the meeting of the trustees of the
Peabody education fund, the most distin
guished body of men en this continent, in
October last, Bishop Whipple, the presi
dent, said, " We could readily employ a
part of our income te the greatest advan
tage at this moment in a mere direct at
tempt te provide for the seasonable in
struction of these masses of children, and
particularly colored children, who are
growing up te be voters without the slight
est preparation for an intelligent exercise
of the great franchise of freemen. There
is nothing in the immediate condition and
prospects of our country which calls mere
emphatically for consideration and action
than this state of things in se many of the
Southern states. Ner is it by any means
a concern of the Southern states only. Jt
is a national necessity et the highest exi
gency that something should be done with
out delay "te qualify for its intelligent dis
charge these en whom the elective fran
clrsj for better or worse has been bestowed
by one of the amendments te the consti
tution of the United States. Our free in
stitutions rest upon intelligence and vir
tue, and can survive almost anything ex
cept ignorance and the vice, corruption aud
violence, which are se generally the results
"Society," says Mill, " is the vast un
rolling of the web of human life." In this
age its rapidity of development is wonder
ful. In the ages that have gene the web
unwound se slowly that sometimes it could
scarcely be said te move at all. There are
whole epochs which the historian hrs
pissed ever and marked them "dark," as
the ancient geographers did with unex
plored and unknown countries. But there
is a new spirit stalking forth in the world
"Hie have been periods, says
Brougham, " when the country heard with
dismay that the soldier was abroad. There
is another person abroad new, a less im
portant person : the schoolmaster is
abroad. And I trust mere te him, armed
with his primer, than I de te the soldier in
full military airay for upholding and ex
tending the liberties of his country." (See
But why has net the intelligence qualifi
cation been placed upon sutfrage ? Mr.
Calhoun partially answers the question
when he says : "It is an abstraction te in
dulge the felly of supposing that the part'
in possession of the ballet and the physical
force of the country can be unsuccessfully
resisted by au appeal te reason, truth and
justice, or the obligations imposed by the
The supreme v selfish politicians who
control the destinies of the nation by keep
ing the ballet in the hands of the ignorant
and unthinking masses prevent all appeals
te reason and justice from having any
effect. Like the Hibernian in the story,
when told that he would get justice, jus
tice is net what they want. In their cases
Dr. Jehnsen was net wholly wrong when
he declared that "patriotism was the last
refuge of scoundrels."
The highest interests of society are ne
clected aud subveitsd by the demagogues
who dare net permit reform for fear it will
tear their unholy grip from power.
Edmund Burke characterized these peo
ple when lie declared that " Among the
nobler animals whose bleed is het the bite
is never poisonous except when the crea
ture is mad ; but in the cold-blooded rep
tile race, whose poison is exalted by the
chemistry of their icy complexions, their
venom is the result of their health and of the
perfection of their nature. Wee te the
country in which sucli snakes, whose pri
mam mobile is their belly, obtain wings and
from serpents become dragons," te rise into
power. They never yield anything but te
their own cold, sordid selfishness. When
the waves of public indignation rise
and beat against the doers of the capitol,
they make a virtue of necessity, and cry
ing "reform" concede only that, the
withholding of which would precipitate rev
olution and anarchy. Their platform is a
miserable crawfish conservatism, which is
always prating about "a happy medium,''
"just enough," and "sullicicnt," &c.
The jailer who bruised the hemlock for
Secrates, as he handed the venerable phil
osopher and demigod the poisoned cup,
said, "We only bruised as much as we
If it be conceded, however, that suffrage
is a question of intelligence, and that this
should be its basis and criterion, the in
quiry next arises, is it a question of sex '.'
Wc answer unhesitatingly that it is net.
If a woman lias all the ether qualifications
she has the right te vote. Whether she
should exercise that right is a question of
expediency and circumstances which we
cannot new discuss. But it is a piece or
unblushing inconsistency for the leaders of
a nation which fought its battles for librty
en the ground that taxation without repre
sentation is tyranny, te taxall the property
holding ladies in the land and net allow
them te vote when they wish te. Why
should a woman net vote ? The arguments
against it arc curious specimens of special
pleading and sophistry. Did you ever hear
any person try te explain why, when a
man dies, his wife, only gets a life interest
in one-third of his property : but when a
woman dies the husband get a life interest
in the whole of her estate'. I have only
heard one explanation. The distinguished
gentleman with whom I read law told me
years age. He said it was because the men
made the law. They say that a woman
should net vote because meddling with
politics will contaminate and degrade her ;
that mingling witli the masses of men, in
cluding the vagabonds and adventurers
and criminals who infest the polls, will
drag her down from her high and holy
sphere of home, &c. Did it never occur te
the grave and conservative advocates of
this doctrine that it would perhaps be bet
ter te keep all such persons away from the
polls whose presence would be a menace and
insult te ladies. Must ignorance and rude
ness necessarily bar the way te intelligence
and culture'.' Shall the latter be kept away
from elections in order that the former
may revel in their original elements of deg
radation ? Any class of people that weul d
net be constrained into decency and respect
and order by the presence of ladies any
where would better be kept by the police.
The jails and Workhouses should confine
all such persons at the public expense
rather than have the elections corrupted
and the ballet-box crowded and polluted
by their votes. The government would
better feed them than be controlled by
them. Let us net be misunderstood.
While there arc thousands of voters who
should net be allowed at the polls, the
masses of them in this nation are people of
geed hearts and noble impulses and net
liable in any respect te any imputation.
The barbarous civilizations of all nations
iu the past have made woman a slave and
consigned her te a condition of social ser
vitude and inferiority of rights ; and yet
iii spite of all these great barriers in her
way they have arisen all along the great
highway of history illustrious names of the
Semiramis, Beadicca, Catherine of Rus
sia, and a long line of heroines have illus
trated the annals et their age in war and
science and art and letters. The first Na Na
eoleon, falling in with the narrow spirit of
prejudice and tyranny, told Madame De
Stael that she " meddled tee much in poli
tics." She answered : " Will your majes
ty have the kindness te define what you
mean by politics ?" He was silent. Then
she added. " I will spare your majesty the
trouble. I understand true politics te be
the science of determining which are the
institutions most pernicious te the general
happiness, and what are the best means by
which they can be destroyed ; as well as
the art of knowing what are the institu
tions most favorable te the greatest
amount of human enjoyment, and hew
they can best be introduced, psrpctuatcd
"If this be se will any man venture te
say that women have no interest in such
questions? Have we net fathers, hus
bands, brothers, children, and can they be
made happy or unhappy by geed or evil
government without our being made partic
ipators in their grief or joy? If en their ac
count only, permit us te feel, te think, and
te express our feelings and theuglits,and let
me add that no woman deserves the honor
of being a wife or mother who docs net
understand wherein her husband's or her
children's interests are endangered or ad
vanced, and who is net prepared te en
courage the one in his political rectitude,
and te instill into the infant mind of the
ether, these just principles of virtue and
courage by which man can alone fulfill the
high destinies that awaits his mortal
There could net be a mere powerful ar
gument against discrimination en account
of sex in the matter of suffrage than this
eloquent woman's views en the subject of
political duties and rights. Instead, there
fore, of permitting the presence of such
persons at the pellsas would prevent ladies
Ireni coming there, elections should be se
controlled that the refining and elevating
influence which pervade the home, should
stand as impassible barriers against rude
ness and lawlessness and riot. The poet,
Gccthe, makes the Princess D1 Este say in
" Propriety guards as with a wall
The tender, easily-wounded sex.
Where mortals guide they govern ;
Where lawlessness prevails they are nothing."
"The noblest purpose is the public
geed. " Who doubts hew the millions of
female ballets in this land would be cast
en all great questions of temperance and
reform and public morals. The tempor
izing and expediency of demagogues and
politicians would go down as the small
dust in the balance before the mighty tide
of popular indignation, which rises from
the myriads of troubled homes and deso
"Liberty is security against injustice. "
This truth the friends of popular govern
ment must learn, and if they would have the
republic endure they must learn it well.
I am in favor of throwing open the mighty
race for fame, and place, and power in
this land te all classes, and sexes, and
races, with only one condition of entrance
intelligence. I am willing te make
that the basis of governments,
and creeds, and all the dearest
and highest interests of life. All ether
qualifications aud critcriens and conditions
arc accidents. There is no accident iu
knowledge. There is no royal read, no
underground way, no climbing ever the
wall te learning. It comes in only one
plain, hard, democratic way by toiling
for it. I care net hew high you make the
standard. I am glad that mythology has
placed the temple of fame away up en a
steep, rugged, high hill, se that vagabonds
and laggards and stragglers cannot stumble
in. It may be that no argument could il
lustrate or embellish or enforce this prin
ciple en the minds of the prejudiced and
selfish. Ne effort is needed te demonstrate
it te the cultured and thoughtful.
When the flames of the French revolu
tion were raging around the unhappy
queen, Marie Antoinette, she implored
Gaudct te tell her hew te save the crumb
ling throne for her little sleeping son. He
replied, "Educate him for the coming
freedom, for that is the only condition of
his life." The mighty tide of war and
bleed aud fire swept ever the fair fields of
the smitten empire of the Bourbons. The
coming freedom was delayed for a little
time while an adventurer and despot strut
ted in the fading garments of royalty. But
in the wake of intellectual revolution and
progress, freedom finally came with the
certain and relentless tread of destiny.
The sun of universal knowledge is slow
ly rising, and its golden beams are gilding
the mountain tops all ever the world. Iu
the silent march of the years, its living
floods of light will roll down into the val
leys and usher in the universal freedom of
all men, of every kindred, and clime, and
tongue. There can be no doubt for the
future of the world, if men will bury their
prejudices and .selfishness, and commit
their destinies te the unerring control of
"If wc work upon marble it will per
ish ; if we work upon brass time will efface
it; if we rear temples they will crumble
into dust ; but if we work upon immortal
minds wc engrave upon tablets that will
endure te all eternity. " Webuler.
1HIY UOOVS, AC.
1VE CANNOT ADVERTISE
Reduction of Prices,
As man- kinds of goods are going up
in price every week, but we held a large
stock of desirable Dry Goods that arc
selling at rates proportionate te cost
some time age. In the matter of
MUSLINS we secured and MUSLINS
stored' away an immense MUSLINS
quantity, se that our sales- MUSLINS
rooms and rcseryc stock- MUSLINS
rooms leek like wholesale MUSLINS
stores. These standard MUSLINS
goods are new retailing MUSLINS
largely at less than future MUSLINS
We also bought freely of
And can show the geed results of our
bargaining en Inquiry at the Flannel
We arc also selling
Cheaper than they can be bought at.
The people will have te pay higher for
many kinds of dry goods alter tin: pres
ent stock arc sold out.
GRAND DEP0T-13TH ST.,
SPECIAL. INVITATION TO ALL.
Te examine my stock of Parler Suits, Cham
ber Suits, Patent Kockers, Easy Chairs, Uatau
Kockers. Hat Hacks, Marble Tep Tables, Ex
tension Tables, Sideboards, Hair, Husk. Wire
and Common Mattresses, Boek Cases, Ward
robes, Escriteirs. Upholstered Cane and Weed
Seat Chairs, Cupboards, Sinks, Deughtrays,
Breakfast Tables, Dining Tables, &c, always
en hand, at prices that are acknowledged te be
:is cheap as the cheapest.
UPHOLSTERING IX ALL ITS BBAXCHES.
REPAIRING PROMPTLY AND
Picture Frames en hand and made te order
Regiidlng done at Reasonable Rates at the
New Picture Frame and Furniture Stere,
13 EAST KING STREET,
(Over Bursk's Grocery and Sprecher's Slate
WALTER A. HEINITSII,
(Schindler's Old Stand),
CIIIXA axi elassivaicl:
ODD and DAMAGED WARE sold at a
Ware Sold Under Price te SaveOIeving.
New is your time for BARGAINS.
HIGH & MARTIN'S,
Ne. 8 East King Street.
WM. P. FRATTilTrS
MONUMENTAL MARBLE WORK'S
758 Nerm yueen Street, Lancaster, Fa.
MONUMENTS, HEAD AND FOOT STONES,
CEMETERY LOTS ENCLOSED, 4c.
All work guaranteed and satisfaction given
In every particular.
N. B. Remember, works at the extreme end
of North Queen street. ni301
HUMORS OF THE BLOOD, -SKIN
AND SCALP. -
Ccticura Kkselvk-t Is the most powerful
Bleed Purifier and Liver Stimulant ever com
pounded. In forty minutes after taking- the
tirst doe it may be detected in the saliva,
bleed, sweat and urine, showing tliat It lias en
tered the bleed and been distributed through
out the entire system. In its passage through
the circulating lluids it meets with the corrupt
particles of mutter which fester and maintain
disease, with which it chemically nnitea, de
stroying and gradually eliminating them from
the system. '
Hence its power te forever expel Scrofulous,
Cancerous and Canker Humors, which un
checked till the bedv witli foul corruptions,
ami ret out the delicate machinery of life.
Cuticuiia. the great external remedy for nil
Humors or the Scalp and Skin, Ulcere. Seres
and Discharging Wounds, U the most sootlt seotlt soetlt
ing and healing of outward applications. It
speedily destroys fungus and parasitic grewtns,.
restores the oil glands and tubes te a healthy
condition, and cures, when assisted by the
Ccticcra Se.vr, Diseases et the Skin and Scalp '
which have been the torture of a life time.
Great Suflertng Ter Sixteen Yearn. A Won
derful Cure by the Cuticura Kemeillca.
Messrs. Weeks A Petter: Gentlemen. Ccti
cuica Remedies have done me a power of geed. .
1 have been alllieted with skin disease for six
teen years. Seme days it troubled me mere
than ethers, but at night the itching nearly
drove me wild.
I would scratch until the bleed would run
down my limbs.
I have had several physicians. Seme- safd
they could cure me. but ethers said net.
I will nay that before I used the Ccticbra.
Remedies I was in afearful state, anil had given .
up ail hope of ever having any relief.
But, liken drewningmangrasplngatastraw,
I thought I would try the Cvticuiia Remedies,
about which I had read se much.
They have perfumed a wonderful cure ler
me, and of my own free will and accord I re
commend them. Yours trulv,
" S. A. STEELE.
CS W. Van Buren St., Chicago, HI., March 17,
MORE (iOOD THAN DOCTORS
In Three Years of Treatment.
Gentlemen. Please llnil 50 cents te pay for
small box of Cuticura and direct it te me. The
dollar box you seat me has done me mere goeil
than all the doctors in three years. The doc
tors have done me no geed. My feet ami legs
are healing fast. It is indeed Cuticcka.
EVAN MORGAN, P. M.
Moscow, Minn., .June i", 1S7S.
Superior te Any.
Ciias Dexnijt. Druggist,
First Place, cer. Court Street.
Brooklyn, March 4, 1S79,
lean cheerfully speak .of the healing quali
ties of your CtTicuitA Seav, anil Its perfume in
superior te any of the standard soaps new in
use. CIIAS. DENNIN.
The CuTicrnv Remedies are prepared by
Weeks & Petter, Chemists and Druggists, ." .0
Washington street. Bosten, and are for sale by
all druggists. Price of Cuticura, small boxes,
60 cents ; large boxes, containing two and one
half timestheeuantitv et small. $1. Reselvent.
$1 per bottle. Cuticura Seap, 25 cents per cake ;
uy man, uU cents ; three caKes 7j cuius.
Bv instantly affecting
nrrTBIfi Inliueuce is at enee.feltat
Hence Pain, which arises
from a disturbance et the
Nerve Forces, is cured in every instance us if
by magic. Alse, Palpitation of the Heart, In
flammation of the Lungs, Liver and Kidneys,
Irritation of the Stomach and Bowels, Indiges
tion, Dyspepsia and Bilious Celic.
ITVKAV K-W E-W kTw K-W Kv
k-w THEONLYMEDICINE k-w
KAV That Acts at the Same Time en Kw
K-W - IWV
K.w The BOWELS, K.w
And the KIDNEYS, k-w
These great organs are the Natural JV""1
.- ,,, Cleansers et the hystem. xi nicy ,- w
K"" work well health will be perfect: It lv'"
.- ... they become clogged, dreadful ills- ,- w
lv"" n-t.i-s.-ii-i.iiri tn IVillnur with JV-
exses are sure te fellow with
Biliousness, Headache, Dyspepsia,
Jaundice, Constipation and Piles, or K-W
Sediment in the Urine, Milky or j.yf
Repy Urine ; or Bheumatic Pains
and Aches, are developed because K-W
the bleed is poisoned witli the hu--mers
that should have been ex-jC-W
KIDNEY WOET 11
will restore the natural action and K-W
all these destroying evils will be
banished neglect them and you will K-W
live but te suffer. Thousands have
been cured. Try It and you will K-W
add one mere te the number. Take
it and health will once mere gladden K-W.
Why suffer longer from the ter-K-W
ment of an aching heart? Why bear
such distress from Constipation and K-W
Piles ? Why be se fearful because
of Disordered Urine? Kidney Wert K-W "
will cure you. Try a package at once
juxl be satisfied. K-W
It is a. dry vegetable compound,
and one package makes six quarts K-W
of medicine. Your druggist has it,
or will get It for you. Insist upon K-W
having it. Price $1.00
Wells, Richardson & Ce., Preps., K-W
(Will send pest paid.) JuIMyd&w K-W
ERS Jt js an absolute and irresisti- KlIS
blc cure ler
Intemperance and the nseefOpI-HOP
um. Tobacco, Narcotics and Stimu- bit
lants, removing all taste,desireand KRS
habit of using any or tiiein, render
ing the taste or desire for any of HOP
them perfectly odious and disgust- HIT
ing. Giving everyone perfect and KRS
irresistible control of the sobriety
of themselves or their friends. HOP
It prevents tiiatabselute physical HIT
and moral prostration that fellows ERS
the sadden brcukiugeir from using
stimulants or narcotics. HOP
Package, prepaid, te cure 1 te 5 UIT
persons, $2. or at your druggist's, ERS
$1.75 per bottle. Temperance socie
ties should recommend it. It is HOP
perfectly harmless and never-tall-BIT
Ing. Hep Bitters ManracturingCe., EBS
Rochester, N. Y., Sele Agents.
Hep Cough Cnre destroys all HOP
pain, loosens the cough, quiets the BIT
nerves, produces rest, and never EKS
fails te cure.
The Mop Pad for Stomach, Liver HOP
and Kidneys, Is superior te ull BIT
ethers. Cures by absorption. It 13 ERS
perfect ask druggists.
The Hep Bitters Mfg. Ce., of Re- HOP
Chester, N. Y., only prepare these BIT
remedies, also the Hep Bitters, EKS
which are in no sene u beverugeer
intoxicant, but the Purest and Best HOP
31edicine ever made, making mere BIT
cures than all ether remedies. ERS
FOR SALE BY ALL DRUGGISTS.
AE. McCANN, AUCTIONEER OF BKAL
. Estate and Personal Property. Orders
left at Ne. 35 Charlette street, or at the Black
Herse Hetel, 44 and 4tf North Queen street, will
receive prompt attention. Bills made eutand
attended te without additional cost. eST-Iy -
OCHEK'S COUGH SYRUP IS THE BEST.