Newspaper Page Text
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Vbltme XYII-Ne. 14.
LANCASTER, PA., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1880.
Has Just opened a
SELECT STYt.ES and none but the best et
Ne. 51 North Queen Stnet
We have new ready for sale an Immense
Eall and Winter,
which arc Cut and Trimmed in the Latest
Style. We can give you a
GOOD STYLISH SUIT
AS LOW AS $10.00.
In great variety, made te order at short notice
at the lowest prices.
D. B. Hostetter & Sen,
24 CENTRE SQUARE,
LoMeiaiul New Yerk
IN GREAT VARIETY,
EOK HEFS WEAR,
SOW OPEH AT
SM ALI NG'S
THE ARTIST TAILOR.
All in want of Fine or Fancy Cabinet Werk
would Ce well te call and examine specimens
et our work.
OFFICE FURNITURE A SPECIALTY.
l&XKast King Street.
HOLSALB AMD KKTAIL.
Ne. 227 NORTH PRINCE STREET.
A E. McCANN, AUCTIONEER OF HEAL
J.. Estate and Personal Property. Orders
left at Ne. 35 Charlette street, or at tbe Black
Herse Hetel, 44 and 45 North Queen street, will
el ve prompt attention. Bills made ent and
WALL PAPERS, Sc
TTE ABE OFFKKINU THE ONLY
Extension Window Cornice
ever manufactured. It is perfect in Its con
struction, simple and bandy te adjust and
very cheap. K can be regulated te fit any or
nary window by means of a thumb screw, and
can be adjusted Irem one feet te five feet wide.
"They are made of i Inch Walnut Meulding
of a New Pattern, and we have them In eigbt
different styles. Come and see them.
In Walnut, Ash and Ebony, Ends, Kings and
OEDEES TAKEN FOE
PIER AND MANTEL MIRRORS.
OPENING FALL STYLES OF
PHARES W. FRY,
Ne. 57 NORTH QUEEN ST.
Next Doer te the Court Hebm,
Open this day the Largest Stock of
Fer Ladies, Gentlemen and Children,
DRAWERS, VESTS AND SHIRTS,
Uyi, 15, 18, 20, 25, 37H, C5, 75c,
Te be found in the city.
GKAND FALL OPENING OP
FIVE HUNDRED FELT, FLANNEL, SILK
AND WOOL SKIRTS, te be be sold
much less than
Next Doer te the Court Heuse.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in all kinds or
LUMBER AND COAL.
O-Yard: Ne. 420 North Water and Prince
streets above Lemen. Lancaster. n3-lyd
COAL! COAL! COAL! COAL
Ceal of the Best Quality put up expressly
for family use, and ax the low
est market prices.
TRY A SAMPLE TON.
49" YARD ISO SOUTH WATER ST.
ne2Myd PHILIP SCHUM.SON & CO.
ptOAL! COAL! COAL!.!
We hnve constantly en hand all the best
grades of COAL that s.e in tnrrkci. which we
are selMng as 'ew as an v yaw. -n vhe city.
Call and get our prices before buying else
where. M. F. STEIGERWALT & SON,-
s27-lyd 234 NOBTH WATER STREET.
COHO & WILEY,
350 NORTH WATER ST., Lancaster, Pa.,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers In
LUMBER AND COAL.
Connection With the Telephonic Exchange.
Branch Office : Ne. 3 NOBTH DUKE ST.
GORREOHT & OO.S
GOOD, CLEAN FAMILY COAL,
and all ether kinds of Ceal. Quality and
quantity guaranteed. Yard, Harrisburg Pike.
Oflire, 20 East Chestnut street. augl7-tfd
Fer geed, clean Family and all ether kinds
of COAL go te
Quality and Weight guaranteed. Orders re
OFFICE: 22 East King Street. YARD:
0t8 North Prince Street.
TABGAINS FOR EVERYBODY.
BABE CHANCE IN CARPETS,
Positive sale te Reduce Stock et
6,000 Yards Brussels Carpels,
AT AND BELOW COST.
Call and satisfy yourself. Alse, Ingrain, Rag
and Chain Carpets in almost endless variety .at
H. S. SHIEK'S
303 WEST B3NQ STREET,
CAMPAIGN GOODS !
New Samples ! New Styles !
Clubs and Committees invited te call and ex
amine our goods before purchasing.
CAPES, COATS, HATS. CAPS, HELMETS
TORCHES, BADGES, STREAMERS,
FLAGS, BURGEES, (Political
Lanterns very cheap.)
Bunting Flags of All Sizes.
Portraits of Presidential Nominees
en cloth, suitable ler Banners and Transpar
encies. FLASH TORCH.
Every Club ought te have some, even ir they
de net have them for entire Club.
D. S. BUKSK,
17 East Kin? Street, Lancaster.
BOOTS AND SHOES.
T? A C"V" BOOTS, SHOES AND LASTS
J2lJ.ij X made en a new principle, insur
ing comfort for the feet.
T"M"YFC La8ts made te order.
lebH-tfd IS Bast King street
-JtrAKCUS U. SEHNER,
Ne. 120 North Prince street.
Prompt and particular attention paid te al
ration and repairs ais-lyd
XO.150X NOETH QUEEN STREET, near P. R.
B. Depot, Lancaster, Pa. Geld, fcUver and
Nickel-cased Watches, Chains, Clocks, Ac
Agent ter the celebrated Pantoscepic Specta
cles and Eye-Glaases. Eepalrlng a specialty,
We have 'Just reeelvad
a second Invoice of
New Lancaster Inst
te which we call special attention of anyone
wanting a Sellable Watch at a LOW PRICE.
106 EAST KING STREET,
Lancaster fitt Ce. Watce,
WeSt 310, in 18k. Geld Cases.
WeSt Ellld, in Uk. Geld Cases.
WeSt End, m SUver Hunting Cases.
WeSt Slia, in SUver epen-face Cases.
1 Ne. SO East King Street, Lancaster, Fa.
WATCHMAKERS, 902 Chest
nnt Street, Philadelphia, Deal
ers in American 'and Geneva
Watches, 17kt. Geld Cases and
the most reliable Movements;
Gentlemen's, Ladies9 and Beys'
Watches, Chronographs, Be
peaters, Chatelaine Watches.
The Lewest Prices, marked in
plain figures, from waich there
is no deviation. Orders and in
quiries by mail receive prompt
rilKUSSKS! TRUSSES!! TRUSSES!!!
X Sufferers from Ruplme will Undtbe safest,
.asiestand cheapest Trusses In 1'jc world en
exhibition and lev sale v
ANDREW y,. FREY, Druggist,
Cor. N. Queen and Orange Sts, Lancaster, Pa.
Call and see.
Alse, the only sure cure for Plies,
FEEY'S UNIVERSAL PILE SUPPOSITORY.
Never tails. Price. 50c. and 75c. a box.
TTULL'S DRUG STORE.
PUBE DRUGS AND CHEMICALS.
All Kinds of
HULL'S DRUG STORE,
15 West King St., Lancaster, Pa.
Alse a Large and Fine Assortment of
TOILET AND FANCY ARTICLES,
American, French and English PERFUMERY,
Teeth, Hair, Nail. Flesh, Cletb, Shaving and
Infant Brushes, Preparations for the Teeth,
Soaps, nair Oils and Pomades, Trusses, Shoul
der Braces and Supporters.
PURE GROUND SPIOES.
FISHING TACKLE, RODS AND REELS
or Every Description.
HULL'S DKUG STOKE
Ne. 15 WEST B3NO STREET.
CHINA AND GLASSWARE.
f REAT BARGAINS
CHINA, GLASS AND QDEENSWARE.
A large assortment of
Fancy Flower Pets,
Plain Flower Pets.
A full line of them in ear window.
HIGH & MARTIN,
Ne. 16 EAST KING STREET.
WM. P. FBAILEY'S
MONUMENTAL MARBLE WORKS
758 Nena yaeen Street, Lancaster, Pa.
MONUMENTS, HEAD AND FOOT STONES,
CEMETERY LOTS ENCLOSED, Ac.
All work guaranteed and satisfaction given
In every particular.
N.B. Remember, works at the extreme end
of North Queen street. m80
THURSDAY ETENINO, SEPT. 16, 1880
Outrages ia Getrgfa.
Intimidation and Persecution.
Correspondence of tbe Intelligencer.
The people of tbe North, notwithstand
ing the many bleed-chilling recitals of
deeds of unheard of horror daily spread
befere their eyes in the newspapers,
have net the least idea of the
true state of affairs as they exist here
in the very centre of what was once the
het-bed of secession. May it net be fitting
and proper then,in me, as a northern man,
who has been six months among the peo
ple of this section, who has carefully
studied their characters, learned te knew
J their vices and their virtues, their wants
and their resources, and in every way pos
sible by means within his react, has fa
miliarized himself with the condition of
things in every phase of life as brought te
his view through observation, reading and
intercourse, te picture them. I will net
attempt te speak for any ether section of
the Seuth. My province is te deal only
with facts such as have ccaae under my
immediate notice, net such as I have
heard or read of from ether parts of the
former confederacy and as a matter of
course mere especially of this city (Reme)
which will, I believe, serve as a criterion
for all my purposes.
We have here a colored population of
perhaps 2,500 out of a population, accord
ing te the late census of 7,000. These peer
creatures may be seen every day in the
year crowding our public streets, lounging
in front of the barrooms or sitting upon
empty stores boxes en the corners, idling
away their time in talking, smoking or
, eating such scraps as they may get held of,
happy as monkeys, without a thought for
the future, amiscrable, thriftless, helpless
motley class of beings, wearing the "form
divine," and in many instances scarcely
rags enough upon them te cover the half
of that form. Loek at this picture, my
Northern readers, and see the state in
which these creatures live and can you
forego an involuntary shudder at the base
thought ? Then try te imagine the reality
if you can ? The female portion of this
class of human beings is apparently mere
numerous than the males. Hew they pass
their time I will net attempt te describe,
preferring te let you judge for yourselves.
Te presuppose that this kind of life leads
te worse things is but a natural suggestion
And new in order te be brief and come
te the point, let me attempt te illustrate
by cases under my personal observation,
some of the outrages daily occurring here.
I need net tell you that the staple product
of this country is cotton. In the spring
numbers of farmers or small planters en
rented or share plantations, with no capi
tal in the world except their industry, hav
ing in most cases been left penniless after
the rebellion, came te this city and by all
the arguments in their power, endeavored
te hire help te till their lands and get their
seed into the ground. Approaching these
peer downtrodden colored men who in
groups of four, six, or ten idly steed or
sat around the stores and bar-room, they
offered them geed wages, with plenty te
eat, te induce them te come te the country
and work, and yet with all the persuasion
possible te employ, they were in many in
stances compelled te return te their homes,
10, 15 or 30 miles from the city, without a
single man. The season advanced, cotton
must go into the ground, or their last hope
for a crop and the consequent cash for the
same, was fast vanishing. In their straits
they tried, again and again, (many of
them) te induce some of these peer help
less negrees te accompany them te their
farms by offering higher wages. Seme
succeeded, many net, and in some cases
that I knew of, net one half the acreage
intended for the purpose, was employed
for the raising of cotton for the
sole reason that help could net
be had te put the seed in the ground.
Next came the season for chopping as it
is called, a process which may be com
pared te potato or corn hoeing in the
North, by which the soil is stirred about
the plant and any superfluous growth
removed, se as te give the bearing stalk
mere freedom for development, in ether
words, te prevent what is called chopping.
This is of the greatest importance te the
planter, after he has once succeeded in
getting the seed in, and if net properly at
tended te, will result in much labor thrown
away and a very inferior and short crop.
He once mere comes te town and by all
persuasive meane tries te get help. The
same crowd of colored idlers meet him en
every step, but he has mere trouble still te
get them te leave their haunts and asso
ciations for the purpose of going te hard
labor. They prefer te remain in town and
take their risks in getting chance jobs
which will bring money enough te pay for
their bacon, meal and whiskey, and the
disappointed planter again leaves with no
ether prospect except te either leave the
fields go te weeds or chop the cotton him
self. The consequence is that the crop in
very many instances, right in this vicinity,
is net a full one.
But new comes the picking season, a
kind of labor te which the white race is
net adapted and te which it seems nature
has designed only the negre. The case is
an urgent one. Cotten must net remain
en the stalk when riper picking, for it
injures the quality, and just in proportion
te the urgency of the case, is also the diffi
culty te find help. The colored folks
knew just hew te take advantage of the
necessities of the cotton grower. They
knew that new, after the labors of a whole
year are at stake, he is net willing te risk
the contingency of losing it. He will sub
mit te almost any demand rather than de
prive himself of the profits (his only hope)
en his sales of the staple. Prices have
been paid this season for picking cotton,
by which former slaves and their offspring
were enabled te earn $2 per day, and yet
they were hard te obtain from among the
ill-used peer neglected voters of this city.
New, after having said this much, touch
ing upon the oppressed race en the male
side, let me give a few instances of hew
the innocent and helpless females fare, and
here I desire te say prefacterily, that I
have the data te substantiate all I assert
if any of the Bourbons of the North doubt
my assertions. A lady with whom I
beard had a colored cook te whom she
paid geed living wages, allowing her be
sides te beard one or two of her
children. They worked smoothly for some
time ; but no sooner did our beard
ing house mistress complain about the fre
quent disappearance of articles from kitchen
and larder, as also of the tee frequent
visits te the cook by a promiscuous and
numerous crowd of relatives and friends,
than the latter became restive and broke
off her connection with the establishment
in which he felt herself se outrageously
persecuted and restricted in her privileges.
A lady with an infant living alone with
her husband, a gentleman engaged as
teacher in one of the higher educational
institutions of the city, found herself one
morning without help, simply because the
colored servant thought she would like
some ether place better, and accordingly
left without one weid of explanation. I
can count twenty families who beard out
simply because they find the annoyance of
getting help tee great te be borne, and
yet, as I said before, that class upon whom
the southern housewife is alone dependent
for her labor force is continually swarming
the streets both night and day, vieing in
style of dress and all the airs which are
seen in the common herd of white people
in ether states.
By this time the kind reader may per
haps begin te notice something ambiguous
in my way of putting facts. Well, T could
hardly expect anything else, but I wish te
be understood as giving the true picture of
southern life and have chosen te adept
this somewhat sardonic style just te give
it a zest, and with a view at the same time
of enlisting the sympathy of these who
are always se eager te catch at anything
which treats upon the outrageous persecu
tion and intimidation of the colored race.-1
shall get into a mere serious strain, how
ever, before I have finished.
Seme years age, and years that will
never be forgotten by the people of the
Seuth, our paternal government sent a
large number of very worthy gentlemen
down here te civilize the barbarians and
elevate the peer colored race te their
proper sphere. Seme envious people (they
must have been traitors) called these
worthy, self-sacrificing Christian philan philan
threphists " carpet-baggers, " a slang title
suggested no doubt by the fact that they
seldom carried a tiunk. If they had, the
same envious people (enemies of the gov gev
eanmenl) would have probably called
them "elephants," which, by-the-way,
would have been very appropriate, for
their unenviable history, marked by their
virtuous tracks, shows that neither the
government nor the people knew what
they were for, or "what te de with them."
Well, these highly exalted gentlemen,
first of all, taught the peer hunted-down
negre that all white people in the Seuth
were their deadly enemies, a thing they
never knew before and a thing which' thou
sands of them de net believe te this day.
Having instructed their preteges in the
first lessen of hate your neighbor like the
devil, 'their next effort was te convince
him that they were in every respect better
than the white trash of the Seuth, and
finally te finish their education instructed
them in the catechism of radical sectional
politics and then left them te pick for
themselves. New while I de net lay claim
te any extraordinary astuteness, it yet
strikes me somehow, that perhaps it
might be possible that the present indo
lence, arrogance and utter thriftlessncss of
the colored people of the Seuth might be
with some degree of justice and rea
son ascribed te these early impres
sions. I shall net insist en my
preposition being accepted, but I simply
will add with all the emphasis my pencil
can put into the (sentence : It can ! I as
sure you, my geed patient reader that
most of the stories you read new-a-days
( I mean since the gentlemen with the
" carpet-bags " have left the Seuth ) are
what may be in the most refined language
justly called lies, "cut from the entire
textile fabric." Nete I give this new
version of an old truism for the benefit of
" J. P.," the correspondent of the New
Era, who no doubt knows mere about the
Seuth than I de, for he was there himself,
and furthermore for the benefit of Mr.
Nevin, editor of the Philadelphia Evening
Neves, who also knows mere about the
Seuth than I de, no doubt, having spent a
lifetime here himself and speaking only
from personal experience, for he says I
"spring my opinion tee seen" when I as
serted that life is as safe here as in the
West or Northwest.
A few words in explanation of the head
ing of this letter and I will leave the read
er te draw his or her own inferences.
I held, and my arguments I think prove,
that the white man and net the negre of
the Seuth is the victim of persecution to
day. The negre can live without the
white man (at least se he seems te reason)
but the white man cannot live without the
negre. He is compelled te have him
whether he be a merchant, an hotel keeper
or a fanner, and it is he who is often in
timidated by the fear of losing his help,
hence my heading. The ignorant negrees
(I de net mean the whole dtece) take ad
vantage of this dependence of the southern
white man and very often put the latter
te the most grievous annoyances and dis
comforts. According te the reasoning of
some of this class the nation will never
have discharged its duty fully towards the
peer freedmen until all of" them have been
provided with a brown stone house, a
coach and two (net one mule and forty
acres), and at least 100 acres of land with
their former owners and their descendants
te till it for them. Te this manner of
thinking they have been educated by these
same gentlemen who te-day continually
cry out outrage ! persecution I and intim
idatien ! when they hear of an isolated
case of crime committed some where in
tbe Seuth, entirely losing sight of the fact
that in their own vicinity parallel cases
without number are happening everyday.
Yours in eoed faith, M J. J. S.
The Great Nerthwest.
Minneapolis and Its Many XUia,
Correspondence of the IxroxieKScra.
Minneapolis, Sept. 13, 1880.
The great state fair closed en Saturday.
On Friday there was another 20 mile race
between Miss Bella Cook, of California,
and Miss Pinnole, of Colerado. This race
drew an immense crowd. Net less than
25,000 people were en the ground. The
excitement was intense. There was a
geed deal of feeling manifested in regard
te the race en Tuesday between Miss
Cook and MissJewett, and it was freely
reported and believed by a great
many that foul play had been
practiced en the latter . by Miss
Cook's friends. Consequently the feeling
of the crowd was favorable te Miss Pin Pin
sole. An equal number of horses had
been selected by each lady, all of them
being thoroughbreds. At the end of each
mile the horses were changed, grooms
having them in waiting. Miss Pinnole
was unfortunate in the second round, when
her horse gave out, by which she lest half
a mile. It seen became evident that Miss
Cook was the superior horsewoman, be
sides her assistants in dismounting and
changing horses were much mere expert
than these of Miss Pinnole. Miss Cook
continued te gain, be that when she had
completed her 20th mile Miss Pinnole had
only made 17J miles. The race was made
in 50 minutes.
In company with my friend the late Dr.
Jehn K. Raub deceased, I visiied this place
in May, 1857, ever 23 years age. At that
time Minneapolis was a small village. There
was an old settlement at St. Antheny's, en
the east bank of the river, where several
large saw mills were then in operation.
There was a suspension bridge above the
Falls connecting the two towns. The water
power had net been developed, and there
was net a feet of railroad in the state.
Te-day Minneapolis has a population of
48,000, with eight railroads connecting it
with all the Eastern and Western states,
and extending west and northwest with
Duluth en the lake3, and Manitoba in the
British possessions en the north, thus tap
ping the valley of the Red River of the
north, and connecting with all the lines of
the Northern Pacific
But the most wonderful thing here is
the development of the great water power
of the Falls of St. Antheny. There has
been a dam built above the falls by which
the water has been turned into a canal
which furnishes the water power for
twenty-four of the largest flouring mills in
the Union. With a capacity for manufac
turing 20,000 barrels el flour per day be
sides saw mills which manufacture 250,
000,000 feet of lumber annually, besides a
manufactory of bagging, blankets and
flour barrels. There are also several
large foundries and machine shops and a
very large manufactory of harvesters.
The city is beautifully laid out en a
slightly rolling prairie, with wide streets.
Many of the business houses and dwellings
are built of light yellow brick, the almost
entire absence of red brick houses is par
ticularly noticed by an eastern person.
Many of the dwellings are being taste
fully built with beautiful grounds in front.
Lake Minnetonka, 14 miles west of the
city, is quite a resort for invalids; the
lake has about 200 miles of shore. There
are several very large hotels, which are
well filled with visitors during the sum
mer. Lake Calhoun is a very pretty sheet
of fresh water, three miles from the city,
connected by a steam tramway.
A very noticeable feature here is the
practice of driving en the street by ladies.
They are splendid drivers managing their
horses with great dezterity.
Coming in from the fair en Friday we
noticed a spirited black horse driven by a
lady running at a furious rate en one of
the principal avenues, with a man clinging
te the buggy shafts. She managed te
bring the horse te a dead halt relieving
the man, who she informed us had been
caught between the shafts and wheel as
the horse shied at a wheelbarrow. H.
N. McRae. Wyebridgc, Ontario, writes: "I
have se'd ai-ge quantities of Dr. Tfoemiu,"
Eclectic Oil ; li. is used for colt's, sere threat,
croup, 4c. and, t.i fact, for any affection of the
threat it works like maarlc. It is a sure cure for
burns, wounds end biuises." fr'er sale by II.
B. Ceclnan, druggist, 137 and 139 North Queen
street, Lancaster, fa. 9
Statistics prove that twenty-a ve percent
of the deaths In our larger cities are caused by
consumption, and when we reflect that this
terrible disease In its worst stage will yield te
a bottle oiLecher's Renowned Ceuh Syrup,
shall we condemn the sufferers ter their negli
gence, or pity them for their Ignorance? Ne
9East King ?treei-
Step that Nuisance.
Wheezing with the Asthma, Bronchitis or a
simple cough Is inexcusable when Dr. Themas"
Eclectilc Oil banishes tbetbruat-laceratlngand
ear-disturbing complaints, and averts the
danger of Consumption. Cease therefore, te
be a sufferer and a nuisance. Fer sale bv
H. B. Cochran, druggist, 137 and 139 North
Queen street, Lancaster, l'a. 10
The famous mammoth three-deck Steamer
Leaves Race Street Wharf at Ti a. m., arriving
t Cape May about Vt p. m. Returning, leaves
Cape May at 3 o'clock p. m., givlngample time
for bathlnar or a drive en the beach. A full
Brass Band and Orchestra Mnslc for dancing.
Parler Entertainments varied weekly. Lunch
eons and Refreshments In abundance. Din
ners and suppers provided. Ov8tersand Fish
served for supper a tew moments after taken
from the water.
Fare for the Beaad Trip - $1.00.
SUNDAYS Will leave Race Street Wharf at
P. S. A Bread Gauge Steam R. B. will con
vey passengers te Cap Island In 8 minutes.
Tickets for sale at
CHAS. H. BARK'S,
TO STATE FAIR
A Cordial Invitation te visit
my store, and te make use of
it during your stay in the city.
In the waiting-room, as you
enter from Chestnut street, you
may rest with ladies and chil
dren; leave parcels, checked;
and enjoy many ether little fa
cilities. I want you te see my place
and business; and te learn hew
easily, safely and advantageous
ly you can send there from your
homes for almost everything.
Chestnut, Thirteenth and Market streets,
and City Hall Square, Philadelphia.
HOVSE FURNISHING GOODS.
FLIM & BREMiM .
Would advise all who contemplate putting la
HEATERS or making any alterations In their
beating arrangements te de se at once before
the rush of Pall Trade begins.
THE MOST RELIABLE
Steves, Heaters aifl Raips,
In the Market, at the
Flii & Breneman's
GREAT STOVE STORE,
152 North Queen Street,
BOOKS AND STATIBNERT.
for Lancaster City and County, at
L. M. FLYNN'S
Ne. WEST KINO STRUCT.
Ne. 32 East King St., Lancaster, Pa.
Schools of laacaster City,
NEW AND SVOOND-HAND.
At the LOWEST PRICES, at the Boek Stera of
JOM BAEB'S SOUS,
15 ud 17 SOBTH QOBH STUB,
11&T LOCHWS HOTOwNKD COVGK