Newspaper Page Text
LANCASTER DAILY 1KTELLIGENCER WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 10. 1880.
WEDNESDAY EVENING, NOV. 10, 1880.
Let (lie Lair Ilulc.
Mr. Edgar K. Apgar, who is en the
Democratic slate committee of Xew
Yerk, writes te the public te declare that
no meeting has been held by the state
committee, or its executive committee,
since the election, and that therefore no
action has been taken relative te a con
test of the vote of Xew Yerk. He con
ceives that the only ground for such con
test is that certain Republican electoral
tickets might be rejected en which the
word "olectera" has been twice printed.
This he believes should net be done
'Te change the result in any ether way,''
he says, " mere than 20,000 separate
cases of fraudulent or corrupt voting
would have te be proved an evident im
possibility. It certainly cannot be ex
pected that the present state beard of
canvassers will declare otherwise than is
shown by the face of the returns, and my
view of Democratic doctrine leads me te
held that Congress cannot go behind the
seal of the state te investigate fraud at
the polls in the choice of presidential
electors. This being he, it seems te me
that all l:Uk assuming te possess an offi
cial character about having the electoral
vote of this slate cast for Hancock is
calculated te bring ridicule and reproach
upon the Democratic party and would
tend, if importance were given te it, te
product' a still worse effect. These who
would justify even a slight departure
from established laws and forms te count
in Gen. Hancock in a spirit of revenge
for tin frauds of lS7(i would, in my judg
ment, go far te make tiie bad precedent
of that year a rule for the future and
would take a long step toward Mexican
iing our government."
Mr. Apgar seems te us te talk both
sense and nonsense. lie is evidently a
man of excellent intentions and inclined
te be very honest towards his political
enemies; but net able te lake an entire
ly just view of his honest duty te his
political friends. He wants te de what
is .right, but unfortunately thinks he can
best de it by giving up his rights.
The meek command of the scripture,
which directs tnal when the enemy
smites you en one cheek, the whole body
should be surrendered te him te kick, is
one that suits very well Mr. Apgar's
tcmpc-i anient. It is a very common
temperament; almost as common as
the ether kind which takes no thought
of justice te its fee and is sedulous only
te take care of number one; and don't
care hew it doe:? it. The Republican
party has men of this latter kind te lead
it, and seems te prosper thereby. AVede
net like the kind and de net want any
of them at the head of our organization.
We want te have a chance te respect
eiir.j-'Uvs: an l d-s'i in perjurers and
thieves, either for presidential candidates
or at the head of our organization.
But neither de we want men of Mr. Ap
gar's kind. They will de very well te
make political speeches, but they are net
the kind te rely en for political acts.
They have net the needed elasticity and
strength of mind. They go te pieces tee
Here is Mr. Apgar for instance, one of
the Xew Yerk state eoniiiiittee,preelaim-
ing that his committee has net met since
the election te consider the serious alle
gatiens of fraud committed in the state
bv the lb-publicans. That is nothing
certainly te be proud of. The state or
iraniaitien suivlv ewe it te the Demc-
cratie voters te meet together and deter
mine whether there is any substance in
theehargc. .Mr. Apgar does net .seem
ingly care te have it meet. He has made
up his mind that nothing should be done.
lie does net knew whet her any fraud has
been perpetrated or net, but he does net
want te undertake the labor of attempt
ing te prove 0.000 fraudulent votes, and
he beiieve.- that the Republican returning
beard of the stale would net he per
suaded by any proof that would be pre
sented te it : and he does net believe
that Congress has the power te reverse
the finding of the properly constituted
authorities of the .slate.
Our judgment agrees with that of
Mr. Apgar in many of his conclusions.
"Ve agree that the state authorities will
most likely certify the election of the
Garfield electors no matter what case
may be made against them. And we are
inclined te agree that Congress cannot
upset the state's verdict se rendered.
But yet it does net fellow that the peo
ple should net be made te knew hew Re-1
publican power lias been unjustly used te
seat a Republican president who has net
honestly been elected. Mr. Apgar's com cem
mitteehasa dut te perform in discovering
the fraud of the election, if it has been
carried by fraud, which is entirely inde
pendent of any question as te whether
the wrong that is proven will be righted.
The wrong must be shown. It is weak
ness and felly te declare it without seek
ing te prove it. But when it is proved
the responsibility is put upon the Re
publican party of profiting by it, if it is
in its power under the law te still seize
this profit when the iniquity of it is
"We believe in acting under the law
and in strict observance of it, always.
But v.e believe in using all the powers
given us by it in self-defense, and net in
yielding te what may seem te be the in
evitable without the most vigorous and
effective pretest we can make, whether
or no Hancock may be seated by it. If
there has been the gross fraud in Xew
Yerk which has taken its electoral
vote from him the duty of the Xew Yerk
Democracy te themselves and te their
brethren in the nation demands that they
shall probe and develop it. It can hard
ly be that if it is well proven a way will
net be found under the law te right the
wrong. As has been suggested, the Xew
Yerk returning beard has one Demo
crat in it and lie will net certify te the
election of the Garfield electors if they
have net been chosen. Twe certificates
will then come before Congress which
may give it power te act.
What there is in the fact that the Re
publican tickets in Xew Yerk state were
net lawfully printed, te make the ballets
null, we de net knew. But we de knew
that if the Jaw does nullify them we )
should have them nullified. If we are
expected te stand by the law ourselves '
and te submit te the occupancy of the
presidential chair by a man who has net
been fairly elected, simply because the
law does net avail te afford us relief, we
propose te held our antagonists te the
same measure of right. Let the law rule
between us. Let the judges of Xew
Yerk interpret it. But de net let the
weak Apgars get down en their
knees with our banners while there is
a shot left in the locker and a cannon
Senater TnunvAX is in Washington for
President-elect Garfield will re-sign as
senator and as representative.
Ex-Governer Seymour was se sick that
he could net vote en election day. He is
Colonel Nicholas Smith, who married
Miss Ada Greeley, has a son named
Herace Greeley, dropping the Smith en
tirely. He has a daughter named Nicholas
Cel. J. P. San'feiui, the eloquent orator
and distinguished traveler, has been de
lighting the teachers of Montgomery and
ether county institutes by his cntertaiuing
A daughter of Senater Bayakii will be
one of the bridesmaids at the marriage of
Senater Camkrex's daughter Lizzie te
Justice Bradley's beh, which bikes place
in Harrisburg en the 17th inst.
Miss I)en.v Stuart, of "Our German
Senater" combination, died in Charles
ton, S. C, en Monday, from the effects
of a fall down the steps of the Southern
Colonel Ixoersem., according te the
Washington Star, being congratulated bc bc
cause he had been indorsed by Beeciier,
said: "I think it a geed deal mere for
tunate for Mr. Bccchcr that T indorsed
The young daughter of the Duchess
La Terre, who has just been married te a
wealthy Cuban, were a bridal wreath made
of diamond orange blossoms, and among
the wonders of her trousseau were hose of
Mrs. Miw-are Fillmore can articulate
only the word "yes," though .'die under
stands all that is said te her. She is free
from pain, and is slowly regaining the use
of her paralyzed arm and feet. It is net
thought probable that she can recover,
though death may net be immediate.
Miss BitAimex (Mrs. Maxwell), the
novelist, who has a shrewd Scotchman for
a husband, lives in elegant style in a Lon Len Lon
eon suburb, and keeps liding horses, fine
carriages and park hounds. There is a
la. e double family of children. She is a
Fayette McMullix was killed by a
train at Wytheville, Va., while attempt
ing te cress the track. He was seventy
seven years of age. He represented Vir
ginia in Congress .several times" before the
war, and was appointed by President
Buchanan as first governor of Washing
ton territory. Re was also a member of
the Confederate Congress.
Mr. E. K. Caxry, assistant editor dar
ing the past summer en the Atlantic City
Iieiicir, and formerly connected with the
Baltimore papers, died en Monday even
ing. Mr. Canby was aoeut te start a
paper at. Atlantic te be called the JVhw,
and had made all arrangements for its is
sue. It was te have appeared en the 20th
ultimo, but he was taken ill en the 17th
and the publication of the paper was there
Colonel E. L. Drade, died at Xew
Bethlehem, en Monday last. Colonel
Drade drilled the first oil well at Titus
villc and then became founder of an im
mense petroleum business. . Fer several
years past he has received a pension from
this state en account of the benefit re
ceived from his prisoner enterprise. A
statue te his memory is te be erected en
the pew oil exchange new building at
Titusville, or at
peiut in the city.
some ether prominent
MINOK TOPICS. .
Maxy Philadelphia people go te the
Dickens every week. The Dickens is a
Anether French cabinet lias gene te
smash. It keeps the executive efliecr of
our sister republic busy repairing the
furniture of his political household.
The Russian crown prince, under what
ever title he may assume the active gov
ernment of his imperial heritage, co-regent
or ether, is generally expected te eeme;
forward as a radical reformer at home, and
as a rigorous supporter of the Panslavistic
pregramme abroad. His autipathy te all
German men and things is no less noter
ieus than his sympathies with the attrac
tive qualities of the French nation.
Seme "of the Independent Republican
newspapers which smiled approvingly
upon Dersey's remarkable campaign work
in Indiana have a chill of horror ever the
suggestion that he is te be clerk of the
Heuse of Representatives. It leeks, thdy
say, as if bad men arc coming te the front
again. Like the sergeant of police in the
"Pirates of Penzance," they "should
have thought of this before they joined
Senater Eatex, who leaves the Senate
chamber next March, was printer and edi
ter of the Hartferd, Connecticut, Demo
cratic paper, and his successor is likely te
be General Hawlcy, who was printer and
editor of the Hartferd Republican paper.
The Hartferd printers and editors appear
te be held in high esteem as representa
What the Delaware peach crop might
be in any season when the crop is net de
stroyed by March or April frosts, is some
thing te bafile all computation or conjec
ture Here comes the report of the crop
of this year which shows that nearly two
millions of baskets considerably mere
than a million of bushels were sent te
market from the crop that was destroyed
last spring. If this kind of destruction
keeps en, Delaware will have te be enlarged
or it will net have room for the baskets.
After the Itattlc.
Philadelphia North American, Keji.
The mere people have heard from him
and learned of him. the gieater has grown
their respect for the gallant soldier, the
honorable -.gentleman, the geed citizen.
the loyal patriot, who has led the
cratic army in this contest. Gen. Hancock
uas bcen , tncd. l,.y fu' ,aml l'
scathless threugn the ordeal.
Pageant In the
Lord 3Iayer's Day has come round again
in Londen, bringing with it the medkeval
pageantry and show se dear te the Eng
lishman In general, and the Lendener in
particular. The weather yesterday was
fair and everybody out te view the proces preces
sion. There were scarcely any new fea
tures about it, however. There were the
same gilded, ornamented state carriages of
" His Worship," the new head of the civil
government, of the ministers of the state,
and of the aldermen. The guilds were out
in full force and their liveries and banners
formed quite a brilliant and picturesque
scene. The new lord mayor, Mr. William
Mc Arthur, was received with cheers, as
was also the out-going chief. Sir Francis
Wyatt Truscott, who during his adminis
tration made himself very popular.
The processieu passed through the
ward of Celeman street, which Mr. Mc
Arthur represented in the beard of alder
man, aed en its return was met by the
carriage of the lady mayeress, the carriages
of the judges aud great state officers fol
lowing. The precession then proceeded
from Guildhall yard te aud down King
street, Cheapside, Old Jewry, Celeman
street, Fere street, Finsbury
pavemcut, Seuth place, Elden street,
East street, Finsbury circus, Circus
place, Londen Wall, Moergate street,
Prince's street, St. Paul churchyard. Fleet
street, aud Strand te Westminster, return
ing across Westminster bridge, down
Yerk read, Lambeth, Stamford street,
ever Blackfriars bridge, down Lemen
street te Guildhall. At Westminster hall
the lord mayor was sworn in with the
usual ceremonies. The crowds then dis
parsed te the various places of amuse
ment in and about the city. The theatres,
the music halls, Crystal Palace and the
various ether establishments did a thriv
Mr. Gladstone' Speech.
The new Lord Mayer gave the custom
ary banquet at Guildhall last night. Near
ly a thousand guests attended. Mr. Glad
stone, M. ChaHcmcl Lacour, the French
ambassador, and M. Condest tules, the
Greek minister, were received with enthu
siastic cheers. Mr. Lewell, the American
minister, was present. Mr. Gladstone, iu
reply te the toast te "Her Majesty's Min
isters," said the abundant harvest
was ene fortunate circumstance for
Ireland. It would be the duty of
the ministers te carefully examine
the condition of the law in regard
te the wants of Ireland, aud if they found
occasion te believe its previsions were in
sufficient for the happiness of the people,
they would net scruple te call upon Parli
ament te deal with the subject iu a spirit
equity and justice lie continued :
"Illegitimate influences are at work in
Ireland. The maintenance of public order
is te be considered before the improve
ment of the law. These who wish te occupy
evicted farms are obstructed by
menace, intimidation, crime aud the in
fringement of the rights of free citizen
ship. Although the government are anx
ious te promote practical improvements in
the land laws, yet we recognize as a duty
above all ethers the duty of enforcing the
law for pin poses of order. The obligation
incumbent upon us is te protect every citi
zen in the enjoyment of life and property,
and it may be that under certain circum
stances we may be compelled te ask for a
certain increase of power, but we will
never anticipate such contingency. Yet
if it arises we shall net shrink from the
obligations devolving upon us."
TJHK NEXT IH1USK.
Itciiiibllcan Insinuations Ue-
The friends of Clerk Adams arc highly
indignant at the insinuation that he will
usurp authority or resort te illegitimate
means in making up the roll of the next
Heuse of Representatives, for the purpose
of giving the organization te the Demo
crats. The duty of the clerk of the Heuse
is plain. He places upon the roll the names
of members certified as elected by the ex
ecutive of the state, when the certificates
are in the form prescribed by the law
of the state whence they emanate. It
has .sometimes happened that the vote was
se close that the executive declined te give
the certificate te cither party, but trans
mitted tiie returns of the election te the
clerk. In such case it would perhaps be
discretionary with him te place one of the
names en the roll as having the prima facte
title, but without prejudice te the. ether
party. But the practice has been te refer
the whole subject te the Heuse te be de
termined by it when organized. In the
Forty-fifth Congress there was a doubt as
te who had been elected from Colerado.
Mr. Adams acted with perfect fairness
and declined te put cither name en the
roll. The Heuse subsequently seated Mr.
Patterson, the Democratic candidate.
There is net the slightest reason te doubt
that he will act with absolute fairness
also iu making up the roll of the next
A .MISSING WIVll
Singular Disaiipcarnute of u Yeung Itriile
Mrs. Lillie Glide has been missing from
her home at Xe. Ml Prospect avenue,
Brooklyn, since the 11th of October last.
Mrs. Glide was only sixteen years of age
and had recently married Mr. Henry J.
Glide. The latter is iu prosperous cir
cumstances, and his married life had been
uuusually happy. Ou the morning of
the 11th of October Mrs. Glide left
her home for the purpose of doing
.some sueppiug. ane uiu net return m
the afternoon, and it was supposed that
she had come te Xew Yerk te sec the Grant
parade which took place en that day. Net
returning that night or the following day,
her friends became alarmed, and have
since, with the aid of the police, been dili
gently searching for her." The following
is the description of the missing lady
furnished te the police : " Height,
five icct three inches light hair,
blue eyes; eyebrows and lashes
darker than hair ; full face ; weight, 120
pounds, were a dark garnet merino dress,
with a gray, single-breasted cloth sack ;
black straw hat, trimmed with satin and
velvet ; breast pin, representing a lily of
the valley ; flat geld chain, clasped with
cameo setting in front, locket attached ;
Hat bracelets, heavy wedding ring with
H. J. G. te L. Y., July 1(5, 1830, inside
Vete of Pennsylvania Towns.
The following is the number of votes
palled for president in the several cities
aud towns of the commonwealth men
California for Hancock.
All the official returns of the recent elec
tion are net yet in, but enough has been
received te determine that the Hancock
electors, Judge Terry excepted, have car
ried the state by a majority of from 200 te
300, while the Republicans have elected
ihhty-ene assemblymen, irivimr thorn
majority of two iu Assembly and of twelve
en joint Dailet.
SEW lOBK'S VOTE.
Tlie ,lssue te Come Before Cengrats.
Correspondence Philadelphia Ledger.
I have learned, from a perfectly reliable
source, seme additional facts ceneernintr
I the Democratic pregramme in relation te
alleged frauds which arc important enough
te repeat. Te-day Tammany committees,
are at work ebtaiuing what are called
legal proofs of the alleged illegal vot
ing in no fewer than twenty-two Assem
bly districts. These committees will
submit their report te the beard of state
canvassers, which meets at Albany en
the 17th. There is but one Demo
crat en the beard Horatio Seymour, jr.
aud, while the majority will undoubtedly
declare the Garfield electors duly chosen,
Mr. Seymour, en the faith of the Tam
many affidavits (supported by additional
evidences of illegal voting, which, it is un
derstood, will be furnished by the Demo
cratic state committee), will declare that
the Hancock electors aie duly chosen.
This, it is expected, will at ence bring the
issue before Congress, and, following the
Louisiana precedent, the further expecta
tion is that that body will net hesitate te
go behind the returns aud sec
just what the alleged frauds amount
te in fact. In the interim public
interest in the controversy is te be kept
alive by mass meetings at Irving hall and
Cooper institute A prominent member
of the Democratic national committee is
desirous of having it understood that that
body is net taking auy active part iu tiie
pending investigation. He says " they
have no immediate fuuetiens iu that direc
tion ; the whole business is in the hands of
the city and state committees, and when
these bodies have executed their mission,
we shall incorporate tiie results in an ad
dress te the people of the United States."
Yeu will see at once what a deer for fu
ture agitation all this opens up. As here
tofore intimated, thcre is a strong con
servative element in the Democratic party
that leek upon it with mere or less
of misgiving ; but Mr. Kelly aud
his friends, it is pretty certain are
resolved te go ahead with it. There
is no lack of motive for their action. Mr.
Kelly himself is smarting under the bitter
est reproaches for having "wrecked Han
cock" iu erder te save his mayoralty can
didate, Mr. Grace. If he can somehow
show that, after all, Hancock was elected
these reproaches will lese their sting. It
is a big job, but he and his adherents arc
cvidentlv resolved te try their hands at it.
Mr. Hayes's l'roelamatieii
The president of the United States,
proclamation, has recommended the peo
ple te meet en Thursday, the ..th day of
November, inst., in their respective places
of worship,, te make acknowledgments te
Almighty Ged for His bounties and His
protection, and te eiler Him prayers for
their continuance Te the dwellers iu all
the nation have been allotted health,
wealth and prosperity, throughout all our
borders ; peace, honor and friendship with
all the world ; firm and faithful adherence
by the great body of your population te the
principles of liberty and justice which have
made our greatness as a nation. The con
tented, happy inhabitants of peaceful
Pennsylvania have been accorded spe
cial grounds for thanksgiving." All our
vast aud varied industries have prospered
and the toiler has everywhere found ade
quate reward for labor. It has been put
into the hearts of the people te apprehend
hew society is a great unit in which the
welfare of one is the welfare of all, and
hew no man or class or interest can re
ceive injury without injury te all. Pa
tience .in trial, confidence, one iu another,
courageous purposes of persistent industry,
the recognition in all ear productions and
iu all our traffic that wc are children of a
common Father, have exalted the four
millions of our people into a wondrous
illustration of the power of a free Christ
ian commonwealth. Let us all turn our
selves te a devout observance of the
recommendation of the president.
By the Governer,
M. S. Qr.vv, Secretary of the Common
wealth. Henry M. IIeyt.
LATEST NEWS BY MAIL.
Ann McCaffrey, aged 7.1 yeais,
killed by a train en the Leng Island
read near Brooklyn, yesterday.
A cable dispatch was received in New
port, R. I.. yesterday, leperting the death,
in Paiis, of Grccueugh, the artist.
Returns from the Eighth distrietef Ala
bama iudicutc the clcctian of Wheeler,
Democrat, te Congress by a small ma
jority. Govcrnn Gevcrnn
augurated term. IIis
Colquitt, of Georgia, was in
yestcrday for bis second
inaugural address shows that
Georgia was never se prosperous as new.
A wairentwas issued iu Wakefield, R. I.
Tuesday, for the arrest of Willie Spngue,
en the charge of attempting te sheet Mr.
Thompson, his mother's trustee !;.
The heisting works and part of the shaft
or the Goodshaw mine at Bedie, Cal., were
burned early yesterday morning. Four
men perished at the bottom of the shaft
and the engineer is missing.
The schooner Norway, from Teledo for
Kingsten, Out., has been totally wrecked
near Garden Island, and the captain and
crew, eight in number, were lest.
James Kcllcy, aged lt years, was fatal I v
shot by Miss Bryan, aged 20, in Buffalo
yesterday afternoon. She playfully
snapped a revolver at him, net knowing ft
The Legislature of Alabama met ycr
tcrday, and the Senate organized bv elect
ing J. D. Dather president aud W. I..
Clay secretary. The Reuse will organize
A French-Canadian boy, named Truro,
mysteriously disappeared from Great Falls,
N. II.. last Thursday, and h is body was
found iu a weil en Saturday. A post
mortem examination allows that he was
It appears that Frank Ik-idcnberg, who
killed his wife and child and Mrs. Ste
phens and her child, near Batcsville, Ohie,
en Saturday, is net dead, as reported. He
is iu jail, and likely te recover. The ser
vant girl, whom he knocked senseless.
may also recover.
Charles Goecbles and Jeseph Gregerv,
the latter a young lawyer, indulged in a
fist fight outside the city limits of Memphis
yesterday morning, for the purpose of set
tling a quarrel. Gregery, finding that
Goeebles was getting the upper hand,
drew a pistol and shot him in the groin.
The remains of a muidercd man, with
the head severed from the body, were
found lying in the brush near Henrietta,
Ttxas, yesterday. The feet were tied to
gether with a rope, and there were indica
tions that, the body hail been dragged some
distance by a horseman.
The three upper stories of the five sterv
brick factory, Nes. 313 te 323 East Twenty-second
street, New Yerk, were burned
out yesterday morning. The less is csti-
uiiiieu ;ic cji'jOue. me euudiii" was
owned by A. B. Bcrman, and occupied by
Hertz & Ce., veneer workers, and ether
Judge Suuddcr, of the supreme court
has erdci cd a recount of the votes in the
Second Assembly district m Monmouth
county, N. J., te take place at Freehold en
Saturday. The count already made by
the official canvassers gives Allen, Demo
crat, a majority of one vote. It is said
that his competitor, Lufbonew, will
abide the result of the recount, and net
contest the seat in the Legislature.
Counsel for Philpin the suit agaiust him
for forging the Garficld-Mercy-Chincsc let-,
ter yesterday rested their case and asked
for their client's discharge en the ground
of lack of evidence. Judge Davis said Le
would held the case under careful advise
ment and render a decision en Saturday.
Several of the witnesses in the case have
been arrested en the charge of perjury.
The murdered body of a woman, in a
partially decomposed state, was discovered
in the closet of a room in a Chicago lodg
ing house, early yesterday merniug. It
was identified as the corpse of " Dera
Clarence," a disreputable character, and
the murderer is supposed te be " Eva
Lloyd, " alias " Brooklyn Lill, " also a
woman of evil life, who quarreled with
deceased iu the same room a week age.
Eva has been arrested.
The Jules Ferry ministr- in France has
ceased te exist. Its fall is due te the vote
of the Chamber, which, bj- a majority of
200 against 133, contrary te the proposal
of the president of the council, decided
that the law en the reform of the magis
trature should be placed at the head of the
order of the day. The. ministers en quit
ting the Palais Bourbon repaired te the
Elysee and placed their resignation in the
hands of President Gravy. This unexiect
cd event created great excitement.
Chas Mulroeuey was found dead in bed
at Scranton yesterday morning, lie blew
out the gas before retiring.
Policeman James Wiggins was shot dead
en the street in Alleghany City, last night
by Jehn Fuchs, whom he was taking te
the station house. Fuchs was captured
after a desperate attempt te escape
Edward Graham, a tramp, was arrested
at Pittston yesterday en suspicion of being
an accessory in the murder of Miss
Bittenbcndcr, near Stroudsburg, a short
time since. He has been taken in charge
by the authorities.
Governer IIeyt yesterday issued warrants
for the hanging en January (5th, 1SS1 of
Daniel F. Sullivan and Patrick Hayes, of
Philadelphia, and Geerge, Smith and
Catharine Miller, of Lycoming county, all
convicted of murder. Smith and .Mrs.
Miller murdered the hitter's husband.
lien. Jehn W. Ryen Democratic con
gressman from the Schuylkill district, has
sued J. Harry Zerby, editor of the Schuyl
kill JlcpuhUean, for publishing an article iu
which it was charged that he (llyen) was
"ene of the four Democratic congressmen
who have been defrauding thcUnitcd State:;
mails by franking documents against the
A 1'I.AT DENIAL.
Win. Kec'ini audtlie I.ate i'lclil .Trials.
It having been reported in our local
sporting circles and reiterated in the
Chicago Field that AVm. Roehm of Quarry
ville, had broken faith with the Peimsyl
vrnia Field Trial association by hunting
ever the grounds selected for the trials
and killing the game thereon before the
field trials came off, Mr. Roehm net only
denies the accusation laid against him, but
makes affidavit that he did net hunt ever
the grounds reserved for the field trials,
and that up te the close of the trials he
had shot but two birds the present season,
and these were shot mera than four miles
from the grounds. He denies that he
ever took or sent any of his friends te
hunt ever the ground, but en the contrary
warned them net te de se, policed the
grounds as closely as possible, and re
peatedly scattered wheat and ether feed ou
the grounds for the purpose of keeping
them there, and that at the time of the
trials and even at the present time there
are plenty of birds en the trial grounds.
He adds that he has net new nor ever did
have any bird dogs the only dogs owned
by him being fox hounds, in support of
his statements Mr. Roehm holds ccitiii-
catcs signcu ny janses .uontgemery, isaae ;
Montgomery and S. II. Eckmau," owners
of the farms en which the trials took place,
tuat lie had net hunted ever the grounds
nor permitted ethers te de se. Messrs. S.
Waltman and AVm. Gaul certify that they
were with Roehm hunting rabbits (but
net en the reserved grounds) when they
happened te scare up a fleck of birds
which they wanted te sheet, hut Roehm
prevented them from doing se. AVendell
P. Phillips, Geerge N. Shaub and Daniel
Oatmau corroborate the above statement
ever their own signatures.
Mr. -Roehm attributes the failure of the
day's field trials at Quarryville te the fact
that the dogs wcie net in geed condition.
and that the hunters did net start out in
the direction he advised them loge. Mr.
Roehm further states that for man y j ears
he has done all that has bucn in his power
te de te further true sportsmanship, tie
has never taken game out of season : he
has enforced the game laws ; denounced
pet hunting, has done as much if net
etuer man in Lancaster
propagating and preserving'
set loose ever fifty German
hares, hundreds of" quail and ether game
te stock the fields ami forests ; has always
heretofore had a geed name among true
sportsmen, aim uen tieei at, litis laie nay ii!:e
having it tarnished by unfounded charges,
and being himself made the scape-ge-it f
rul'UI.AU ASTKO.NOM Y.
Music I'nmnlilct, Mars and Star Urtiuxis.
I lie most valuable pamphlet yet issued !
for the use of the teachers has been pre. !
pared by Mr. J. P. McCaskey for the in- I
Btitutc new in session at the court house, j
Frem the opening page we take the fellow- I
ing paragraph showing the character of its j
centents: 'But, while the supplement !
contains its twenty songs and hymns, the j
music in parts, and gives the words of j
twelve or fifteen additional selections with- j
out the music, it is in its Star club papers, ,
and in its stars and star groups and ether i
related matter that it possesses especial
value The work of the Star club has been
presented here in form as full and ceinplete
as possible The star list of last year,
also, and one or two additional
pages, arc reprinted with little modification
from former supplement, for accent, dates,
directions, distances, relative positions,
mythological fancies, and reference gener
ally. The several Star ciub papers treat,
for the most part, of the solar system as
a unit, iu its several members, and in its
varied and wonderful phenomena. They
discuss its amazing features of vastness
incomprehensible, velocities incredible,
distances immeasurable, uurcekened lapse
of time, and overwhelming grandeur. Then
the scene changes, and as we contemplate
the zodiac and the far-speeding li-rht, all
iuu imiiiciisiLv wmi wnicu we nave necn
in contact is dwarfed te nothingness. It
becomes a mcre point in space around
which in every direction lies the illimita
ble universe, with its myriads of blazing
suns. Then the constellated stars Mm
same splendid orbs beneath which Abra
ham worshiped and David sang ; the
same that shone above the builder
of the pyramid ; the same the Magi knew.
This pamphlet thus becomes an excel
lent working text book for the individual
student, the school room, or the Star club
comprising old or young in its member
ship. Read one of these papers at stated
intervals before such organization ; discuss
it ; elaborate points presented ; present
additional points for investigation ; fellow
the work of the Star List ; and manv pleas
ant and profitable evenings arc a'ssured.
The personal gratitude which a decp decp
seulcd pupil may feel towards the teacher
who has introduced him te a study of
sucli life-long interest is elsewhere well
expressed by Bishop AVarrcn. It is en
C. Swartz, Jehn Kilchri.st aud Geerge
Myers, charged by Ames Grolf with assault
and battery, were discharged by Alderman
Barr for want of evidence
OUR ANNUAL TEACHERS CONVENTION.
The " Irregulars Qualii'catieuspf Teuchers
Star Study 1'ersenal Influence YV'ill-
i.-iui Cullen Ilrynui The Microscope.
Tuesday Afternoon. The exercises were
opened with vocal music under direction of
Prof. Wm. B. Hall.
Prof. Shaub made a few announcements
and introduced Mr. C. V. Lichty, who de
livered au address en the question " What
shall be done with the unclassified irregu
lars ?" that is, with these large boys and
girls, who from irregular attendance at
school or from natural mental dullness,
arc always far behind pupils of the same
age who arc regularly classified in the
school. Mr. Lichty said he found it difii
cult te answer the question ; first, because
he had net bcen long a teacher, and second
because he had lsad very little experience
with pupils of tin class named. The rea
son why se many big boys aud girls in the
schools arc se far behind ethers of their
own age is no denbtgcnerally because their
i regular attendance at school; some of these
arc kept from school by work at home, or
for these in whose employ they may be,
and it is tee often the case tha: employers
give their employees very Vmvt opportuni
ties for instruction and ample opportuni
ties for work. The first thing te de in the
interest of these irregulars is te teach them
these things thaff will be most useful te
them in the ordinary walks of life, teaeh
them them te read lluently and correctly,
te write legibly, te make eat bills, receipts
and keep accounts, teach them someprom semeprom someprem
nenfc facts icgarding astronomy, botany,
natural philosophy and ether branches, se
as te give them a taste for further educa
tion, and encouragement te help them
selves, as opportunity may offer.
Dr. Shumaker lectured en "The qualifi
cations of teachers." He remarked that
wc hear a great deal said of the necessarv
oualiiicatiens of a teacher, and yet the
greatest qualifications arc these that can
not be described. They are like the finest
touches of a great painting; they can be i
seen but net described. AVhen Sir Jeshua I
Reynolds was asked hew te mix his paints
he said "with brains, sir." Se of-the '
qualifications of a teacher
i teacher, like
largely el brains, ir.c true
the true poet, is born, net made. There
aie, however, qualifications that may he
described. The first of these is knowl
edge. Ne one can teach that which he
does net knew ; and first of all he must
knew himself. Few of us have ever
learned much about eurselves: in school.
Few in this audience would be willing te
.stand lip te-day and say " I understand
myself;' and yet the mere we try te prop
erly understand ourselves the better we.
win ue aiiie te understand and teach
ethers. The teacher should often take an
inventory of what he knows and what he
docs net knew ; of his physical, moral
and mental abilities or disabilities ; of
his evcrgy, patience and adaptability
for teaching. lie should besides
have a 'knowledge of all the branches
taught in the school and a knowledge of
human nature. Every pupil should be re
garded as a book of natuie, In be read,
.studied ami understood ; the geed in them
should he festered, the bad rooted out ;
evil tendencies checked, and the pupils'
feet directed from evil te righteous ways.
It cannot be expected that young men ami
women, without experience, can possible
possess this knowledge. AVhat is needed
mere than anything else is a school in
which te teach teacheis hew te teach.
The teacher should acquiie all the knowl
edge he can, in the school and eat of the
school, and if, when he has done the best
he can de, he is stiil unable te tell the
pupil what he wants te knew let him
frankly confess it ; make no attempt te
deceive the pupil, bat set t once about
acquiring the necessary information se
that he may intelligently impart if.
Music 'Mountain .Maid's Invitation,"
"The Gelden Rule," "Mili May."
Pre!'. Ileiges continued his lecture en
ventilation, and explained the chemical
changes which take place and produce
carbonic acid gas by the decay of vegeta
ble or animal matter by slew combustion.
I)y the same process the life-sustaining
oxygen taken into the lungs is absorbed
by the system, and the poisonous carbonic
acid gas generated during respiration is as
promptly thrown off. Prof. Heigcs stated
that the popular belief that it is unwhole
some te have plants or flowers in a bed
room or .-itling-roem has no foundation in
fact. On the contrary the plants take up
the poisonous gas exhaled by the occupants
of the reym and tend te keep tiie
air pure. Scheel rooms would
ne mere wiioieseme n tncy were
filled with flowers and growing plants,
lie had been asked, "Hew is the "carbonic
acid gas taken up in winter when the leaves
have fallen from he trees'.'" He answered
that in wilder, when the weather is cold.
i , . s.11"- -s
I .",0;1I,L; ;lc;1
! ,1IVa'L'',.l,l "
tnere is net no rreat a ireneratien of car-
aud that which is generated
the evergreens, messes, etc.
i'he lecturer then filled a "Ias iar with
carbonic acid gas by exhaling his breath
into the jar. Te show that the jar was
filled with ihe gas, he placed short lighted
candle in it. and the light immediately
went out. He then placed a plant iu the
jar and closed the mouth of the jar with a
i stepper te siiew that the plant would in.
hale the oxygen and that the poisonous air
iu the bettie would be purified by te-morrow
morning, at which time he would
demonstrate the fact by further experi
ment. Music "Twilight is Falling," " Oh.
Prof. J. P. ilcCaskey lectured en as
tronomy, his subject being the constella
tion of the "Northern Cress," the stais
comprising which he had placed upon the
black bea: d and gave sonic rules te ama
teurs for locating them in the heavens.
A. IJ. Kreidcr, being called upon, gave
his experience in the study of astronomy.
' Commencing enlv two vears age. without
any knowledge el the constellations except
the Great Dipper, he had gene en until he
was able te locate all the constellations
and name the stars that compose them.
At present font teen of his pupils knew
the names and location of the 1150 stars
the names of which were given in the late
course of lectures before the Star club. Re
believes the study of the stars is calculated
te dispel many of the superstitions pre
vailing among the pstiple seme of whom
will net plant, or reap, or mew, or bathe,
or cut their hair cxeept iu ceitain signs of
Mrs. Archer said that as seen as her
pupils are old enough te have a knowledge
et the subject, she points out te them
some of tiie mere prominent stars, and
leaenes mem te uistmgmsii between the
planets and the fixed stais ; informs them
of the immense magnitude of their size
and their immense distances from us, and
from each ether. In this way she gets the
lilt'c folks much inteicsted without the use
of a text book, and inspiring them with
some idea of the wonders of creation.
J. II. AVitmer, AVest Hcmpiield, A. H.
Ililshr, Conov, and Prof. HeigcK, of Yerk,
gave their experience in the .study of
astronomy and the geed it had done in
their respective districts. Net only the
children, but their parents, became inter
ested in the study, and old farmers who
were scrupulous iu consulting their al
manacs, as tej the weather and time for
planting, &c, were delighted te be able te
find in the heavens the Rani, the Lien, the
Fishes, the Balance, the Twins and the
ether " signs" which they had before
only consulted in their almanacs.
Mr. AVhitall, thejinventer of the plani
sphcie, was introduced and gave seme ac
count of tiie manner in which he had ac
quired a knowledge of astronomy aud his
manner of teaching it.
Music" The AVandcr Stiff."
"The Personal Influence of the Teacher"
was the subject of a discemse'bv Prof.
James Crawfeul. He held that the teacher
must be stronger than the collective
strength of his iehueU If he is net the
stronger he will prove a failure He must
have his pupils as absolutely under his
command, as is the clay in the hands of
the potter. The end of all education is
found in the perfection of these placed in
the care of the educator. An imperfect
teacher cannot make perfect pupils. The
teacher should study hard te find out what
is in every one of his pupils, aud should
remember that while doing se every one
of them is trying te find out what. is in
him. The face of the teacher is the text
book most studied by the pupils. The
pupil studies the teacher's face as an index
te his, mind ; and studies also his man
ners. habits, virtues and vices, and from
these the pupil learns lessens that tend t
mould his character and govern his actions
through lite, for weal or for wee Tin
teacher is an ebjece lessen that the pupil
studies mere than any ether. He is the
living embodiment of the pupil's moral
philosophy. Hew necessary, therefore
that he should se govern his ac" ions as te
advance the well-beinu of the.-e placed
under his charge. If the great Nanoleen
could be overawed by gazing en the pyra
mids, hew much mere deeply hheuld
teachers be impressed by the thought tha1
the characters of generations of men are I
be meulded by them.
lliuce en in viiiu. ,
Tuestlig Eccniiuj. AVallace ilrucc de
livered liis lecture in the opera house en
"AVilliam Cullen Bryant." Lancaster
people arc se well acquainted with Mr.
ISrucc's style of oratory, he having repeal
cd'y appeared en the platform here, that
no report of his present effort is necessary.
Suffice te say it was an eloquent tribute t j
the great author in whose honor it was de
livered, contained many gems of both poe
try aud prose, selected from JJryant's
works, and was delivered with ail the fer
vor and oratorical effect of a s-incer:' ad
mirer and accomplished scholar.
Microscepical K.iiroe Se the InsCtlnte.
The complimentary soiree of the Mier-.-cepical
society at Fulton hall last evening
from half-past -nine until eleven o'clock.
i was a most enjoyable affair, as indeed are
:t,l the exhibitions of this most interesting
orgaiiiz:iiieu. Alter tnc
by Dr. Shumaker. the
lecture ami a song
Iren curtain was
let down, and while the tables, which had
been previously arranged behind the
scenes were placed iu position, this occu
pying but a few minutes. Mr. J. P. Me
Caskey came before it and informed
the audience as te what ob
jects would be shown under the
different instruments, aud by what
doers they should come upon and pass off
from the stage. AVhen the cuitain a rain
i rose the .scene presented was very attractive
irera the hesty ei the .all, the head-lights
feet-lights, and numerous lamp.? en the
tables in connection with the instruments,
making Jthe polished microscopes -hew
te the very best advantage. The peweis
used varied from twenty te one thiiusau I
diameters, and the objects exhibited en
every hand were the constant thciiK' of
wondering remark and interested inquiry.
The following i-; a list of instruments en
exhibiten with names of owner, niakei-.
ami partial list of objects exhibited :
Dr. J. Vv Cruiubaugh, Zentmycr "Cen
tennial " microscope, with !atc.-t improve
incuts, a grand instrument, worth seven
bundled dollars, exhibited by Cha. A Vail
Dr. Crumbaugh, as president of the Mi
croscepical society, being iu general charge
of the exhibition. The objects shown in
polarized light were the minute seale-s of
various fishes and crystallizatiens, ninni'
uia salt;:, nmygd.ilinc, ehlorate of pot
Mr. 15. F. Sayler, Zentuicj'er iii.tr-:-ment.
with polarizing attachmen:, ex
hibited by himself. Among the beautiful
crystallizatiens shown were phWiiblur,
the active principle of the apple ; Kah'.-ine,
the active principle of the willow ; qui
natc of quinia, the active prineipl" of :tti :tti
iiine ; oxalic acid, "etc
or. s. n. -uetzger, i;cc:c msirumcnr.
exhibited by Mr. Jas. C. Gable, crystai-i
of sugar, hooks of the burdock, fruit elm elm
ters of ferns, etc.
Mr. B. F. Shaub, JJeck instrument, ex
hibited by Mr. Jehn Reed, a mesquite en
tire and dissected. The beautiful eye of
this insect attracted much attention.
Rev. C. E. Heitpt. (Juceii instrument
exhibited by himself; part of the nemine::
house-fly, a familiar object of interest.
Dr. M. L. lit it, Queen instrument, Jehn
M. Davidsen ; bead of the ordinary chest
nut worm, and shell feet and mantle of
Mr. C. A. Leciict, druggist, Zentmeyer
intritmeut, exhibited by himself, histolo histelo histole
gical specimens including section of the
human stomach, and the brain and lung of
Mr. J. P. MeCaskey, l.'eck instrument,
exhibited by himself; pdlen of carta,
with anthers and stigma, b;ub-,i :ure-.v of
wiicat, hooks of burdocks, etc.
-Air. J. AV. Sidle. Sidle instrument, ex
hibited by Mr. J. D. Pyott ; winged jceds
of pajier birch and paulewnia with cat
kins ami ether seed vessels lying by the
inicrotcepe that par.-eus intere.-t;d might
see from what the seeds ueic obtained-;
the first clusters of the fern and spiked
pollen of the abutilen.
Lancaster Scientific Club, Beck instn:
ment, exhibited by Miss Annie Burrwcs ;
corpuscles of the human bleed under high
Messrs. taidlc & Company, owners and
makers, exhibited by Mr. "Jehn C. Uur Uur
rewes ; leaf of the deutzia. water grass,
seri of fern, chlorophyll cell.-; and thciVy;.:
Iiyulinii, a beautiful instct found en the
bark of the buttonwood tree.
Messrs. Sidle it Ce., two instru
ments, exhibited by Mr. J. V. Sidle,
diatoms, pertulacca seed, pollens, rabbit
hair, eel skin, showing the scabs, probos
cis of blew lly, and very tine .sections of
pine and mahogany.
Messrs. Sidle & Ce., two iusiiuments,
exhibited by Mr. C Warner, shell sand
fossil diat'mis, ahther,
scales from diamond br-(-
Mr. Jehn Zahin, Crouch instrument,
wing of moth, gizzaid of cricket, etc.
Lancaster Scientific Club, IJeek instru
ment, exhibited by Mr. E. AV". 3IcC:tsk-y,
wing of dragon lly, rasj of cricket aad
very lively vinegar eels.
Twe small instruments, the one a Col Cel
lins and the ether a McAllister iustiumettt,
were in charge of little boys, Master Wal
ter McCaskey and Joint Sidle, who showed
sea weed, buttet flies wings and the work
manship in the wheels of the Lancaster
I This IInrninsit essiun.
Wednesday Mernimj. The cxerciecs '
were opened with "Old Hundred," after
which Rev. C. Elviu Houpt read the first
chapter of the first epistle of Jehn, and
followed it with an impcessive prayc.
"Father, whate'eref earthly bliss " wa .
sung by the institute
"The District Institute," was the sub
ject of a well-written paper, read by Miss
Ellen Preston, wherein she stated some
et the needs of the young and inexperi
enced teacher. AVhile the (lector, the law
yer and the clergyman have the advaniage
of thorough instruction under eminent
teachers in institutions devoted especially
te the studies of these professions, before
they ate permitted te practice law. physic
or divinity, the young teacher, with much
mere delicate and quite ::r, important
duties te perform is.'eftca cjm'eikd te
ester upon his work without the slight
est preparation. A few, indec I, have
the advantage of attending for
brief pciieds normal schools, hut the
gtcat majority have te straggle
through without help and form their own
theories of teaching and their own methods
from their own limited observation and ex-