Newspaper Page Text
Volume XVlI-Ne. 67.
LANCASTER PA., WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 17, 18811.
Price Twe Outs.
taiafcer & Brown,
There is iu Philadelphia a clothing house which has no double iTi all the
world. The world is full of clothing houses ; and it is a geed deal te say that
one is unlike all the rest.
Fiist, iu its dealing ; and it is surprising that one house should differ
much from another. Selling clothing is se simple a matter, that it is likely,
one would suppose, te be done iu very much the same way in Philadelphia,
New Yeik and Londen. But Philadelphia is ahead; and, curiously enough,
one house in Philadelphia is ahead of all the test.
Te be ahead in dealing is te deal en a higher plme, in a meie liberal
way, te giX'c the buyer mere well founded confidence without less of the mer
chant's safety. This Philadelphia clothing house says te a stranger : " We
want te deal with exact justice. We want what belongs te us, yiz., a fair
piefit ; and we want you te have what belongs te you, vie., a liberal money's meney's money's
vveitli. Our way te arrive at this icsult is te mark a price en everything we
sell, which pi ice is absolute ; and te let you buy what you like, go away and
think the bargain ever, and come and trade back, if you want te. We iind by
experience that this liberality is harmless te us. Of ceuise, you like it. And
it makes quick and ready dealing. We don't want you te bring back what
you buy it would cost us money every time ; but we would rather you would
biing back than keep, what you don't like. Se, we try te sec that you get
at (list what you will like the better the nunc you knew of it. This is really
the whole philosophy of our dealings." Is it any wonder that no ether clothing
house iu this city, or New Yerk, or Londen, deals iu the same way '.'
Second, in its goods the amount and vaiiety of them. There are ether
houses where excellent clothing is kept, and a great deal of it ; but there is
none, auywheic, that keeps se much. The dealing related above has wen the
l.u gest trade the world has yet seen. Te supply such a trade gi cat quantity
and vaiiety of clothing are required ; and theso in turn increase the trade, be
cause c cry body likes te cheese out of many things, rather than out of few.
This is the country of icady-made clethiug. Great Britain makes the
most of any European country ; but there is net in all Louden auy clothing
business a quarter as large as that of Oak Hall. New Yerk has several large
clothing businesses ; but no one nearly equal te that of Oak Hail ; Bosten
Loek back twenty ycais ! Have we done you geed service, or net? But
that is net what we had in mind ; we wcie thinking of the clothes you aic go
ing te buy te-day. Shall we sell them ?
WANAMAKER & BROWN.
Oak Hall, Sixth aud Maikct.
WE ARE SHOWING SOME SPECIAL PATTERNS IN
Ladies' and Children's Hosiery.
Balbiiggau Hese in Solid Celers. Flecee-Liiie.l, Bleached and Uiibleuehcd, Silk Clocked,
Solid Celeis. Reman Stupe and Fancy Ribbed.
Lxtru Heavy Woolen Hee ler Ladles'and Gents' Weal.
FALL AND WINTER UNDERWEAR,
Fei l.-idic. Gents and Clnldicn, all sues fiem 10 te 00 incites. Special Value iu LADIES'
COATS and DOLMANS. Dies Goods Silk-, Cabhiiicres. Our
are une-icelled. Take n leek at tlicui befete puiclia-ing clfcewhcie. Wu respectfully solicit u
J. B. MARTIN & CO.
WATT, SHAND & COMPANY
ln ite ladies te examine large purchases el Clearing Lets at less than Auction Price-.
COLOEED DEESS SILKS,
Hcautiful Shades, really worth $1, only 05c.
BLACK DRESS SILKS. Popular brand, 87c, $1,1.25, 1.50, 1.75.
POWUEE CLOTH SUITINGS. 40 inches wide, all wool; importers mice Sc; etllh K2Uv.
BLACK CAS11M EKES. Excellent Value, 37, 50, 53, C2, 73, 87c, $1, 1,25.
COLORED CASHMERES. Deuble width; new shades 17c ; new scld'at 23c.
FLANNEL SUITINGS. Desirable Celers, COc te $1.20.
I'LAID DRESS GOODS and NO VELTIES. Largest Assortment and Lew-Obi I'liieg.
LADIES' GLOVES. 200 dozen Heavy Lisle Gloves 25c ; worth 50c.
CLOAKS, SHAWLS, CLOAKTNGS,
AT POPULAR PRICES.
NEW YORK STORE.
WATCHES, JJSWKZRT, Jte.
A new loom and elegant stock. A full line or
In Geld and btlvei Cases, at the LOWEST CASH PRICES. Beautiful wedding gifts In
Jewelry, Diamonds, Bronzes, Silverware, and French Clocks.
the best in the weiUL
OUR MANUFACTURING DEPARTMENT
Is as complete as any in ithe larger cities. We manufacture Rings, Masonic Marks. Society
Wn Jewelry of all kinds, Diamond Mounting and any speeial or 'odd pieces in any dcsireU
MONOGKAMMING and Fine Jewelry and Watch repairinir a enccialtv All work wurrnnteu
Call andexamine our stock and leave your repairing with 8Pcc,alty Ail went warranted.
Zahm's Cerner, Lancaster, Fa.
SELL THEM ?
EDW. J. ZAHM.
DAY'S MEY PAD!
A NEW DISCOVERY.
That acts diiectly en the Kidneys, IBIaddcrJ
every trace of disease, and forcing into the
system peweiful and healthful vegetable
Tonics, giving it weudeilul power te cure
TAIN IN THE BACK. Side and Leins, lntlani
inatien and Bright's Disease el the Kidneys,
Gravel, Dreiwv, Diabetes. Stene in the Blad
dcr. Inability te Retain or Expel the Urine,
High Colored, Sc.iuty or Painful Urinating,
Deposits, Shreds or Casts in the Urine,
NEKVOl'S AND PUYS1CAL DEBILITV,
and in fact any disease of these great organs.
It aveids.cntirely the troubles and dangers et
taking nauseous aud poisonous medicines. It
is comfortable, safe, pleasant and reliable in
ite effects, yet pcwcilul in its action. It can
be worn at all seasons, in anv climate, and is
equally geed ler MAN, WOMAN OK CHILD.
Ask your druggist for it and accept no imi
tation or substitute, or wend te us and receive
it by return mall.
Regular I'ad, $2; Special I'ad, for Chronic,
deep-seated, or eases of long standing, $J;
Cliildien'H l'ad, prevention and cure el sum
mer complaint, -weak kidnevs ami bed net
Day Kidney Pad Company,
CIIAKLES N. CKITTENT0N,
115.1'uHen St., New Yerk.
OVER A MILLION OF
Il.ie alieady been told in this country and in
France : every one of vv liich has given perfect
satisfaction, and has peilermed cuies every
time w lien ucii according te directions, we
new say te the alllicted ami doubting ones
that vvc wil pay the above icuaid ler a single
lial the l'.ul tails te cine. This deal Remedy
will Positively and l'cim.iucntly cute Lum
bago, Lame Rack. Sciitiea, Gnu el. Diabetes,
Dropsy, Bright' Disease et the Kidnejs, In
continence and Retention ei the Urine, In
flammation of the Kidneys, Catarrh et-tlic
Rladder, High Colored Urine, I'.iin in the
Rack, Side or Leins, Nei oils Weakness, and
iu lact all disorders et the Rladder and Uriuaiy
Oigaus wliellier contracted by pnvatc disease
LADIKS.it' j en aic suffering from Female
Weakness. Lencei rha it or any disease et the
Kidneys, Rladder, or Urinary Organs,
YOU CAN RE CURED 1
Without swallowing nauseous medicines
FRENCH KIDNEY PAD,
WHICH CURES R ARhORl'TION.
Ask veurdrusgist lerl'ROF. GUILMETTE'S
FRENCH KIDNEY l'AD, and take no ether.
It he has net get it, bend $2 and you will ic
celv e the I'ad by leturn mail, l'er .sale by
JAMES A. MEIERS,
Odd bellow s' Hall, Columbia, l'a.
Soldenlv by GEO. W.HULL,
Di-jggist, IS W. hmg St., I ancaster, l'a.
Prof. Guilmette's French Liver Pad.
VV ill pcsitlv ely cine Fev cr and Ague, Dumb
Ague, Ague Cake. Rillious Fevei, .lauudicc.
Dyspepsia iMid all diseases el the Liver,
Stomach and Rloed. l'i ice l..ri0 by mail. Send
ter l'i of. Guilmette's Ti cities en tlie Kidneys
and Livci, fiecby mail. Addicts
FRENCH PAD COMPANY,
Mrs. Lydia E. Pinkham,
OP LYNN, MASS.,
Her Yc-setaMc Compound the Savier
of Her Sex.
Health, Hepe and Happiness Re
stored by tlie use of
LYDIA E. PINKEAMS
The Positive Cure Fer
All Female Complaints.
Tills preparation, as its name signifies, con
sists et Vegetable Propertied that are harmless
te the most delicate invalid. Upen one tiial
the mcritsef this compounds ill uciccegnizctf,
as relict is iuiiucdi ite ; and vv lien its use is con
tinued, in ninety-nine caws in a hundred, a
permanent cine is etleeted, as thousands will
testily. On account of its pre en merits, it is
te-day recommended and prescribed by the
best phj sicians in the country.
It i ill cure entirely the worst form of falling
of the uterus, Lcucorrhcea, iriegularaiid pain
ful Menstruation, all Ovarian Tieubles, In
flammation and Ulceration, Flooding, all Dis
placements and the consequent spinal weak
ness, and is especially adapted te the Ciange
In fact it lias proved te be the greatest and
best remedy that has ever been discovered. It
permeates every poi tien et the system, and
aives new lite and iger. It removes faintness,
flatulency, destroys all cra ing ler stimulants,
and relieves Weakness et the stomach.
It cures Rleating, Heartaches, Nervous Vros Vres Vros
tratieu. General Debility. Sleeplessness, l)e-
firebslen and Indigestion. That it elingofbcar elingefbcar
ug low n, causing pain, w eight and backache.
Is alwavs permanently cured by its use. It
will at all times, and under all circumstances,
act in harmony n ith the law that governs the
Fer Kidney cemptnints et either sex this
Compound is unsurpassed.
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound
I; prepared at 233 and 235 Western Avenue,
Lynn, Mass. Price $1. Six bottles for $5. Sent
by mail iu the form et pills, also in the form of
lozenges, en receipt of price, $1 per box, for
cither. Mrs. PINKIIAM freely answ ere all let
ters of inquiry. Send for pamphlet. Address
as above. Mention this paper.
Ne family should be without LYDIA E.
PINKHAMS LIVER PILLS. They cure Con
stipation, Riiieusncss and Torpidity of the
Liver. 25 cents per box.
Johnsten, Holleway & Ce.,
General Agents, i'liihulelpliia.
Fer sale by C. A. Leclier, 9 East King street
and Gee. W. Hull, 15 West King street.
WM. P. FBATTiTTTS
MONUMENTAL. MARBLE WORKS
758 Nerm (jueen Street, Lancaster, Fa.
MONUMENTS, HEAD AND FOOT STONES,
CEMETERY LOTS ENCLOSED, Ac.
All work guaranteed and satisfaction g. en
T a Prnnomher vnrlni.tha iTtnmu A-nri
Al. A. wvuwu..w, nw tl Ut vll. WW
I 01 Xierw saws huepi. met
1 n 1
WEDNESDAY EVENING, NOV. 17, 1880,
THE ARCTIC REGION INDIANS.
CAPTAIN HOOPER'S KEPOKI ON THE
FOUR MONTHS AMONG THE FLOES-
Flie Runs te the Nerlliward Recresslng the
Captain C. L. Iloepor, of the United
States revenue limine, commander of
the revenue cutter Cerwiu en her lately
terminated cruise in the At ctic circle, has
submitted his report te the secretary of
the treasury. It is dated at San Francisce,
November 1, aud covers a voyage begin
ning at that pert en May 2'J, of this year,
and terminating at the same pert en Octo
ber 12. The objects of the voyage were
many, chief among them being a search
for tidings of the two missing whalcis and
of the American steamer Jcaunclte. The
Cerwin had also te visit St. Lawrence
Island, at the cntiancc te Hehring strait,
whcie se many natives had peiishcd of
staivatien In addition, she had te keep
a sharp lookout for the traders in whisky
and breech-leading fucaims with the na
tives aud endeavor te break up a
the gtc.ilest possible evil
uncivilized creatures. It
said in summarizing her
wetk that she made live distinct attempts
te attain high northerly latitude i in the
directions te Herald Island and Wrangell
Land, reaching within three miles of the
former en August 3 and within twenty-
live miles of the latter en September 11 ;
that no trace of the .Teauuette or the mis.s
iug whalers was discovered. The Alask.ui
coast te Point Banow was followed ; a coal
mine was discovered near Cape IJeaufeid;
two whisky trading schooners weic caught
aud seized. The Cot win steamed hither
and thither across the open portions of the
Arctic basin, and a gtcat many matters of
intcicst tclating te the native tribes,
natural history aud geology of the legion
were gathered. Frem these reports we
republish the following details touching
the inhabitants of that legion :
Leaving Ounalaska en June 1), the Cor Cer
wiu sailed neithwaixl, but found heisclf
by stress of ice aud weather obliged te run
for shelter. Says Captain Heeper :
" The heavy ice pitching and grinding
along the edge of the pack rendered it tin-
sale te attempt te teice our way through,
se te save fuel aud make ourselves as com cem com
feitabio as possible, we hauled up for
Xuuivak island, and at half-past 2 p. m.
came te anchor in a geed naruer ler a
seutheily wind, en the north side, about
twenty miles fiem the west end, oil' a na
tive settlement, the inhabitants of which
ran away for the hills en our approach.
The liext day, however, wc succeeded iu
capturing them one man, three women
aud thrce'ehildrcn. They were very much
alarmed, and evidently thought they were
te be killed. A present of "reme tobacco
seen quieted their feats and the man was
pcisuadcd te come en beard, and seemed
very much interested in all he saw. A
looking glass astonished him meie than
all the rest. At first he was alarmed at it
and then, alter ovciceming his fears, was
gicatly amused. He did net knew the
taste of brandy or whisky, and when
eltcicd some made a wry face and spat it
out in evident disgust. Having lived away
from civilization his taste had net been
educated te such a degree. lie put his
hands upon the stove, and seemed aston
ished that it burned him, and even tried it
a second time te make sure. The houses
of the settlement, ten in number, were
built of mud and all connected by a sub
terranean passage. They were arranged
iu a circle, with a common entrance te the
passage iu the centre. Frem the main
passage sheit ones branched oil" te each
house. There was no ether way of enter
ing the house.
" On the morning of the l'Jth vvc made
the high hills en the cast of Norten Sound.
At 2 p. m when within about sixteen
miles of St. Michael's, we were again stop step
ped by ice. During the next two days wc
succeeded iu getting within two miles of
and communicating with the settlement,
wheic we found Mr. Ncuman, agent of the
Alaska commercial company, and Mr. Nel Nel
eon, signal service observer. Mr. Kctch
ii iu, ascntofthe Western fur and trading
company, was living en the opposite side
of the bay, but owing te the partly broken
state of the ice wc could net reach his
place without a geed deal of difficulty, se
vvc did "net see him. Thcse gentlemen,
whom we found very kind and obliging,
live.quite comfortably. They have about
half a dozen leg houses, which they use
for dwellings and store houses, enclosed
in a stockade. Seme of the mere civilized
natives are employed as domestics. The
buildings aud every thing in and about
them present a neat, cleanly appearance.
An Indian village half a mile from the trad
ing pest consists of about thirty houses or
"tepecks," aud a dance house ' karz
hane ' These houses contain two rooms.
The first, or outer one, is built half uudcr
ground and has a frame reef covered with
earth. The inner room is entirely under
ground, and is reached through a small open
ing in the back of the front room. These
natives arc lazy, worthless people. They
hunt and fish only when forced te de se by
hunger. The only sign of civilization no
ticeable among them is their fondness for
whisky and tobacco. AVhilc at St. Mich
ael's I learned that native traders in the ;
employ of the Alaska commercial com
pany had been back aud forth between that
place and Kotzcbue Sound, aud even as
far north as Point Hepe, during the past
winter, but that nothing had been heard
in regard te the missing whalers. The
natives travel back and forth all winter
for the purpose of trade, and if any vessels
had reached the land anywhere south of
ley Cape they would have known it at
Indians at St. Michael's.
The vessel, after coaling at Plover Bay,
pushed northward, attempted te enter
Ketzcuc Sound te the cast, but failed en
account of the ice, and made an essay
northward, reaching the highest point en
July 2, as marked en accompanying trip.
The Cerwin then returned te St. Michael's
for mere coal, visiting King's Island, a
rugged rock en the way.
. Wa found St UTinhmtVit vnrv miifdi
changed in appearance since our visit two
ii , i,, m:M ,j ,.,.,.
all gene, the weather mild and pleasant I
M no ice ana snow were
and the hillsides covered with wild flowers,
while, te complete the springlike appear
ance, the air was thick with mosquitoes.
The. traders of the two companies located
here had arrived from the interior, bring
ing the furs purchased during the winter.
They were accompanied by a number of
Indians from the different trading pests en
the Youken and Tennenah rivers and
ether places in the interior. Seme of these
traders are located 2,000 miles fiem the
coast. They come in each spring, as seen
as the ice breaks up in the rivers, bring in
the furs purchased during the wintcr,get a
new supply of trade goods and return, ap
parently satisfied with their let. I was
particularly impressed with the line phy
sique of the Indians whom they brought
down with them. They are very much
superior te the coast Indians, resembling
mere in appearance the Iudians seen en
the plains, having piercing bla"ck eyes,
long muscular limbs and erect figures,
showing courage, strength and endurance.
As they have had dealings with the large
trading companies only they have net as
yet requited a taste for liquor, but all use
tobacco. I h-ul the honor of a ''call''
from two distinguished chiefs one a
"medicine man" or "shaman" and a
large number pleased with the appearance
of the vessel. We discharged several
shells for their beneiit, the explosion of
which gicatly astonished them. These
Indians live by hunting bears, moose,
wolves and reindeer and trap mink and
foxes. In the summer they hunt with
guns ; in the winter, when game cannot
mn fast en account of the snow,
the bow and arrow aic used. Black
bears are killed with a knife or spear.
It is considered disgraceful te sheet them.
When an Indian meets a .black bear, he
approaches wrthin a few feet; the bear
steps, faces him and liscs en his haunches
prepared te give him a hug. The Indian
then draws his knife with great delibera
tion, and addressing the bear says, 'I
knew you are net afraid, but neither am I.
I am as brave as you are.' Then ad
vancing cautiously he improves the first
opportunity when bruin is oil' hi guaid te
give him a thrust with the knife in a vital
spot, and the savage has one meie deed of
valor te beast of te his friends, when they
gather in their dance houses te ung-te-ah,'
a ceremony which consists of dancing
around the fire and relating, in a kind of
song or chant, te the music of a drum,
their deeds of daring in the past and in
dulging in premises of still mere glorious
ones in the future. The icsult of the con
flict, however, is net always entirely in
the Indian's favor ; the bear sometimes
gets ine ecst et it ajut nauuics the savage
very roughly. We saw several natives
who bore the marks of very severe scalp
wounds, received iu encounters with
bears. One seen at Iletham Inlet was ter
ribly mutilated. The natives of the
Youken and Tennenah county have been
somewhat troublesome of late, and unless
checked will, I fear, become mere se.
They have committed two minders and
the muiderers aic-still at large."
The Starved .Natives efs,t. I.iinreiicc Inland.
On the 23d of June and a course made
for St. Lawrence island te investigate the
wholesale starvation of the natives.
" Wc stepped off the first village about
midnight of June 25, and found the vil
lage entirely deserted, with sledh, beat
frames, paddles, speais, bows and airevvs,
&c, strewn in every direction. We found
no dead bodies ; probably missed them in
the faint twilight, as wc subsequently
learned at the west end of the island that
they had all died.. Frem the number of
houses, beats, &c., we estimated the num
ber of these who had died te be about
fifty. On the 2Gth we followed along the
north side of the island, examining the
village descttcd, net a sign of life remain
ing. 1 counted fifty-four dead bodies, and
as .these wpic nearly all full grown males
there can be no doubt that many mere
died. The women and children doubtless
died first and were buried. Most of these
seen were jnst outside the village, with
their sleds beside them, evidently having
been dragged out by thestirvivms, as they
died, until they, becoming tee weak for
ftiitlicr excilien, went into their houses
and ceveiing themselves with skins lay
down and died. In many el the
houses wc saw from one" te four
dead bodies. One woman was found,
face down, just outside the deer el"
a house. Pielubly one of the last suivi suivi
veis, she had gene out U find relief from
her terrible sufletings, and oveicemc by
weakness had fallen, and found that relief
in death. The body of a boy, of perhaps
sixteen years of age, was found in the vil
lage, about half way down a small hill, he
having fallen as he descended and died as
he fell. I estimate the number of dead at
this place at 150. About fifteen miles west
of Cape Sicpernie wc found another village
also entirely desciled. Here wesaw twelve
dead bodies, all full gi own males. As at
the ether villages, the women and children
had piebably been buried, as wesaw none.
The number or dead at this place was esti
mated at thiity. At a larc settlement en
the northwest end el this island, which we
next visited, we found about three hun
dred natives alive.
"They ceniiim the rcpoitsef tlie whole
sale starvation, and say the inhabitants of
the villages visited by us en the neith side
of the island all died, net one escaping.
At the settlement 200 had died, and the
entire number had barely escaped starva
tion by eating their dogs and the walrus
hides covering their beats and houses.
At a settlement en the southwest end,
they said a large number had died, but
hew many they could net tell. This gen
eral starvation occurred a year age last
winter. But few had died last winter.
The entire number, however, wcie again
reduced te the necessity of eating their
beat covers, dogs, &c.
" These people say the weather was cold
and steimy for a long time, with great
quantities of ice and snow, se that they
could net hunt walrus and seal, and as
they make ue previsions for the future,
but depend upon what they can get from
day te day, of course failure means starva
tion. "Thcydive diiectly in the track of vessels
bound into the Aictic ocean for the pur
pose of whaling or trading; they subsist
upon whales, walrus and seals, taking, as
already stated, only as much as is actually
needed for their immediate wants, never
providing for the future. They make
houses, beats, clothing, &e., of the skins
of walrus and seals, and sell the bone aud
ivory te traders ferrum and breech leading
arms. As long as the rum lasts they de
nothing but tlrinic auu light. They had a
few furs, some of which we tried te buy
tomake Arctic clothing, but, notwith
standing their terrible experience in the
past, they refused te sell for anything but
whisky breech-leading rifles or cart
ridges. Native Scpcrstitien.
" There are no natives living en Escli Escli
scheltz bay, but a number arc located en
the Buckland river and come down te the
bay during the summer months te kill
white whales (Beluga cataden), catch sal
mon and gather beirics, which they
'cache' until the snow comes, when they
are taken te the settlement en sledges.
Like all Indians, they arc very supersti
tieus. While hunting the white whale
they arc net allowed te chop weed, dig in
the earth, sew, tan skins and many ether
thfagf fp. fcar' tmj spirit . Qntwi.
the movements of the white whale will
take offence and net permit them te re
turn the following season. When the
whaling is completed they collect the bones
and burn them ; these who can afford it
bum the clothes worn while whaling, the
poorer natives paying tribute te the ' god
of the white whale,' by catting off and
burning a small piece of some garmcut.
The ' kyick ' used by the natives en Kot Ket
zebue sound, and in fact along the entire
coast te Point Barrow, is a marvel of speed
and beauty. It is very narrow and light,
and great skill is required i n its manage
ment. The white whale is very timid and
with their fleet ' kyacks ' the natives
easily dii ve them into shallow water aud
despatch them with spears, the heads of
which arc flint, attached te a light staff
about five feet in length.
Point Hepe " Oeiulakn."
"After spending a few hours at Point
Hepe we started North again, but finding
the ice se heavily packed that it was im
possible te penetrate it, we returned aud
anchored south of the point, about four
miles cast of the settlement, where we
remained for the night. The natives again
visited us, bringing a few fox skins and
some slabs of inferior whalebone for trade.
These natives are great liars, and it is
only by the most careful management
that auy information can be obtained from
them. In the evening six large 'oemiaks'
left the settlement and started fur Cape
Blessem te join the ethers collected there ;
but as they had only a small amount of
bone and oil te trade their trip was preb
ably mere for pleasure than for business.
Tiicsc natives are nomadic in their habits ;
although they have winter houses te which
they return each fall, they travel all sum
mer. Their manner of traveling is pecu
liar te themselves; they use the 'oemiak,'
iu which is stewed everything belonging
te the entire family, except the working
dogs. An 'oemiak' is a beat built of
walrus hide or sealskin, drawn ever a
wooden frame about 30 feet long, 15 feet
wide aud 2 feet deep. The frame is
fastened with sealskin thongs and made
with slip joints, te allow it te work in a
sciway. They are flat bottomed, sharp
at both ends and with very little shear.
The men use paddles and the "women ears.
They cany a square sail. An ordinary
oemiak contains, iu addition te the stock
iu trade of oil, skins, etc., a tent
of (hilling or deerskin, guns, traps,
spears, bows and arrows, a kyack, a seal
skin poke filled with water, a iiuautity of
diicd meat, a sled, several pahs of snow
shoes, a fish net and several smaller nets
for catching birds, a large drum en a pole
for the if ' of the 'shaman,' and several
sealskin lags containing skin clothing.
The pei- ninel consists of three or four
men, about as many women and two or
three children. Add te these two or three
dogs, each with a litter of puppies, and
some idea may be formed of what a travel
ing 'oemiak' contains. The working
dogs arc often left en the beach te fellow
en feet, which they de, keeping up a con
tinual and most dismal howl. If the wind
comes in ahead, and the natives desire for
any reason te continue their journey,
they paddle in near the shore,
harness their dogs and attach them
te the 'oemiak,' after the man
ner of a canal beat and horses, settle
themselves in the beat, saying 'Na 'Na
keurek !' (geed !) go en their way at the
rate of four or five miles an hour, with no
ether eiiert than steering with the paddle,
weudeiing, piebably, why white men will
build 'oemiakpaks' (large vessels), when
the native style of travel is se much mere
simple and economical. When they wish
te step for a night or day they land, pitch
their tent, take everything out el the
' oemiak,' and turn it up en the beach,
where they arc quite as much at home as.
in their winter houses men, women,
children and dogs forming a happy, noisy,
diity family. They cat when they feel
hungry, which seems te be nearly all the
time, and sleep without regard te time.
The dogs eat when they can stc.il any
thing they can get their teeth through."
Kuiiuiug southeastward until south of
Herald Sheal, the Cerwiu turned due east
and ran for Icy Cape, after which she fol
lowed the coast ca-.twaul te Point Banow
the niel neithcily point of the United
States tcniteiy. There Captain Heeper
paid some interesting visits te the natives,
who received him and his men hospitably,
effei ing tid-bits of walrus. The piesonce
of a sick man in the village intieduccd
th'cm te the Shaman or medicine man of
''Shamanism" is followed by all these
people, and, notwithstanding the numer
ous tricks practiced en them, they seem te
have implicit faith. Even the 'Shamans'
themselves show an earnestness in their
work that makes us wonder if, after all,
there is not.seme viituc in it. AViangell,
w he seems te have given the subject some
attention, says :
"The 'shamans' have been represented
as being iiuivei sally mere knavish de
ceivers aud no doubt this is true of many
of them who go about the country exhibit
ing all kinds of juggling t licks te obtain
presents, but the history of net a few is, I
believe, very different. Certain individuals
are born with ardent imaginations aud ex
citable nerves. They giew up amid a
general belief iu ghosts, 'shamans' and
mysterious powers exercised by the latter.
The credulous youth is strongly affected
and aspires te participate in these super
natural communications and powers, but
no en one can teach him hew he can de se.
He retires therefore, from his fcllewa ; his
imagination is powerfully wrought upon
by solitude, by the contemplation of the
gloomy aspect of surrounding nature,
by long vigils and fasts, and by the use
of narcotics and stimulants, until he
becomes persuaded that he tee has mys
terious apparitions, of which he has heard
fiem his boyhood. He is then received as a
'shaman,' with many ceremonies per
formed in the silence and darkness of the
night, is given the magic chum, &c, still
all his actions continue, as before, te be
the result of his individual character. A
true shaman,' thcrcfere, is net an ordi
nary deceiver, but rather a psychological
phenomenon by no means unworthy of at
tention. Always, after seeing them oper
ate, they have left en my mind a long con
tinued and gloomy impression. The wild
leek, the bleed-shot eye, the laboring
breast, the convulsive uttcrance, the seem
ingly involuntary distortion of the face and
whole bed', the streaming hair, the hollow
sound of the drum, all conspired te pro
duce the effect : and I can well conceive
that thcse should appear te the ignorant
and superstitious savage as the work of
Net for a Fortune.
"riicu "' I weuld'nt marry her if slie'd a for
tune. I'oer girl, slic'd be all right if she took
hprinp; Blessem, the lest thins in the world
for ellensive breath. Prices: I Mc, trial bottles
10c. Fer !alc by II. 15. Cochran, druggist, 137
17J Xertli Queen street, Lancaster, l'a. 31
This. Fitcham, Bradford. I'h., writes: I en
close money ter bpring Blessem, as I saiit I
would it it cured me. My Dyspepsia liasyau-i-dird
vv ith all its symptoms, ilany thanks. I
shall never be without it in the house. 1'rices :
00c trial bottles 10c. Fer sale by II. 11. Coch
ran, druggist, 137 and 17J North (juccn Hlrcet.
Lancaster, l'a. 33
(1 KA1M fcifKCl'LATIO-S
J In large or small amount?. $25 or $3,ooo $3,eoo $3,oeo
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ington street. Bosten, and are ler sale lv all
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CuiiLCitA KnseLVKST, the new Bleed I'nritier.
1 per bottle. Cdtilura. Mkiuci.nal Toilet
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Ne. 227 NOKTII PU1NCK
-vrssw am) ricKs-si
GROCERIES AND FRUITS.
New Foreign and Demestic Fruits.
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A FULL LINE OF (JOODS.
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17 East Kinpr Street. Lancaster.
KOUKS AA'lt XTATIONKKr.
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At the LOWEST I'RICES, at the Reek Mere of
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15 and 17 NORTH QUEEN STREET,