Newspaper Page Text
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LANCASTER, PA., TUESDAY, DECEMBER 21. 1880
Volume XYII Ne. 95
Price Twe Cents.
HBSI I ' I v i i "A 1
""1Ti'r,l?TP'-.-ks'..7V'j . 'ItMKJu - "V
THE HOLIDAYS AT
CHESTNUT, THIRTEENTH AND MARKET STREETS,
AND CITY HALL SQUARE, PHILADELPHIA.
There is nowhere in Phlladelnhlase varied a
collection of rich goods as here such as min
ers, mothers, brothers, sisters levers, leek for
a little later.
There Is un end even of Gilt". Our collection
Is large enough ami rich enough, one would
suppose, even for a less frugal eitj' than
Philadelphia. These gf)Oils am are new at the
height of theirglerv. Thcchoiccstef them are
lierc; ethers will conic of course ; but the
choicest are going.
What in equally te the purpose, buyers are
new ubeut as many as can be comfortably
nerved, and the throng will lie denser every
fair day till Christmas.
JL Sachets, tidies, lamp-shades, pin-cushions,
boxes, in -nllu and plush, embroidered and
First circle, southwest from the centre.
J lluchesse vest with I'eint medallions, ."() ;
the same may lie .seen elsewhere at $70.
Vine counters, southwest from the centre.
$1.35 te $1SU., all gaaraiileeil.
City-hall square !iitranct!.
X New room, new toy:-..
Outer circle, west of the Chestnut street en
13 A catalogue of books may be had at the
I took counter. We want every i-eader te have
it. The list of children's holiday books is i'.v
Second counter, northeast from the centre.
J A DIES' I'LSTKKS.
J There are two general styles, one closed
t tliitleif If- 1 lit nt tier (inctl 1 1ll till tl'l' is kllOWll
asCeachman'sHtyle. In detail el trimming there !
Is great variety though mere is also maiKcu
simplicity. Gival variety in cloths tee. .i..."ii
Cloaks, lercigu ami home-made. Ourcollcc Ourcellcc Ourcollcc
tien is unprecedenteil.whether you irgaiil va
riety, quantity or value. A lady who buys a
cloak of any sort in I'hiladclphia without
looking these ever misses the best assortment,
perhaps, in the whole country. W.M te fOTid.
' JOHN WAXAMAKKK.
Southeast corner of the building.
Misses' coats in mere than 70 clot lis,
shapes and decoration beyond counting.
Sizes 1 te IB years.
Ulsterettes in 5 cloths, ulsters in S cloths ami
luivvlecks in cloths. Si.es (' te in.
Southwest corner et the building.
UNDEUWEAU AND HOSIER i.
We have the best goods the world allerds,
and the next best, and the next, and seen.
There Is no place anywhere, where son can
ttccse large a collection et theditl'erent grades
et "oeds. all lKissitnr ter what thev are. and
nothing ler what it is net, cotton ler cotton, I
mixed ler mixed, wool for wool, silk lersilk.
.MMI. Vt ..N.l.M.lI.U.
Outer circle. Chestnut street, entrance te
Thirteenth street entrance.
I ?M BROIDERIES.
Zt New Embroideries are alieady in. Our
stock Is new in the condition you expect te
find it in at New Year's, , c. the spring novel
ties are here
Third circle, southwest from the centre.
1 i The choicest luxurious camels: tin
substantial carpets; the lowest prices; p
tual service. JOHN WA.VAMAKF.
Market street front, up stairs.
Evening silks in the Arcade, east side.
The same and many ether patterns are within.
Next outer circle, southeast from theccnlre
Our next spring's novelties In embroi
deries are just new received: they usually
come at Xew Year's.
Xext outer circle, southwest from theecntie.
Laces change dailv. Our sales are large,
our variety always large, and but little of any
one sort. Compare prices. A quarter below
the market is net uncommon.
Nine counters, southwest from the centre.
Such a stock of foreign cloaks ii" Phila
delphia has net before seen, if 10 te i"i0: shawls
near by ; dresses up stairs.
" JOHX WAXAMAKKK.
Southeast corner et the building.
Furs erall sorts are going fast. 'I hey went
fast last year and advanced in price as the sea
son advanced. They arc going up again. We
Bliall net raise prices till we have te buy. Ex
pect te find here whatever you want, from a
bit ei trimming up.
Thirteenth street entrance.
OATS AXD ULSTKKS FOK ClIILDRKX.
Net se great variety as for laities; but
much larger than anywhere else here.
Coats, 2 te 6 years: in thirty different male
rials, drab, blue and brown cords with lleecy
black ; cellar and cuffs et plush : also in ten
camel's haircloth, trimmed with seal-cloth.
Coats, 4 te 10 vears : in thirty cloths, trim
med with plain stitching, plush, seal cloth.
chinchilla lur ami velvet, iie n.
. Ulsterettes, te 10 years ; in live cloths, with
seal ClOlll cunuruiiu trims.
Ulsters,!; tell! years; in eight cloths, trim
med with plnsh stitching, heed and plush.
Havclecks.4 te it: years: two styles.
Onrtrade isjust what it ought te In
the facilities and advantages we enjoy.
JOHN WAXAMAK Eli
Eastel central aisle, near Market street.
CHINA AND GLASSWARK.
Tackloengpreelaln, plates only, for din
ner or dCssert, five patterns, $25 te $30 per
Haviland dinner sets; Camille pattern, $110;
elsewhere. $200. Tressed, 1J0 ; clsew here, $200.
Tressed with Moresque bonier and decoration
or grasses ami butterflies. $225 ; elsewhere.
$275. The latter is in the Arcade, Chestnut
street entrance, te-day.
Table glassware, English, $ t raw berry- dia
mond cut : every article required ter the table
useful or ornamental.
Northwest corner et the building.
And a great variety of ether kinds. Alse
pocket books, embroidered leather card eases,
cigar eases, and cverythlmr in leather goods.
Third circle northwest from centre.
Chestnut, Thirteenth and Market streets
and City Hall square.
Chestnut, Thirteenth and Market Streets,
And City Hall Square, Philadelphia.
WM. P. PBAILEY'S
MONUMENTAL MARBLE "WORKS
758 Nertb uneen Street, Lancaster, l'a.
MONUMENTS, IIKAD.AND ' I STONES,
CEMETERY LOTS ENCLOSED, Ac.
All work guaranteed ami satisfaction gi en
In every particular.
N. B.Hemember, works al the extreme end
Ot North Queen street. m30
T Te buy Holiday Gilts early is geed ad
vice : The best trade is early ; ami the bet
trade carries off the best things.
VLFRED WRIUUT'S PERFUMES.
HIS Man- Stuart is probably the most
lasting et all the agreeable perfumes; none of
the foreign ones approach it. It -is very rich,
strong and full of life; it isagieeable te mere
persons, probably, than any ether perfume.
t nil imve is nexi in popularity ; mis himj
is singularly powerful and lasting. White
Re-c is delicate and lasting.
We keep the preferred odors of all the llnt
class pe runners, such as Luhih. llailey, Atkin
son and Coudray ; but of Alkrkd Wkiuht's we
Bring an unnerfumed handkerchief; and
von shall have a sample of any odor you wish.
First circle, northwest from the center.
(10I.ORKD DRESS GOODS.
j The following, just received, are away
down in prices : French Camel's hair, 47 inch,
$0.75 and .t& ; French cheviot suiting, silk and
wool, 45 Inch, $0.7 j ; French feule, nil wool, 28
Ily looking out for such opportunities a lady
may often save halt.
Nine counters, Thirteenth street entrance.
A lady wanting any of the following will
lie obliged for the mention of them; Silk and
wool iSatin de Lyen, 8.-, cents ; silk faced
veleurs, $1 : memie cloth, 75 cents; damasse
di-.ip d' etc, t.M ; damasse cashmere, $l.i.
All the prices except the tint are probably
below the cost of manufacture, and even tile
first may be.
.Next outer circle, southwest from the center.
riMMMMlXG FOK DKKSSKS AXD CLOAKS.
L Our trade requires the largest and freshest
.stock of these goods, Irlngcs.passcmeiiterie or
naments, girdles, tassels, spikes, rings, balls,
buttons. We have novelties net te be found
Next mi ter circle, north wet from the center.
O A few shawls are shown in the Arcade;
gentlemen's dressing gowns and smoking
jackets in I he -same ease. Mere are within.
East of the Chestnut street entrance.
' Our work-room Is full of tircnaratien. se
tun that we cannot crown ir taster, no nave
ready, also, alarge stock of tlnlshed garmetils,
fur and fur lined.
We have. saee, lies and dolmans in sealskin
dyed in Londen we have none but London Lendon Londen
dyed seal. We have them in great numbers,
and, of ceur.-e, in all sizes including extremes.
Prices, from $li te $iV).
Louden controls the seal market et the
world There have been two advances in
price since our furs were bought. We shall
net advance till we have te buy again; we
have net advanced at all, as yet.
We have, at Slffi, seal sacqiies such as you
will leek in vain for elsewhere at the price.
Fur lined circulars and dolmans in very
great variery. We use mostly Satin de Lyen,
gres-grain, armureaud brocade silk and Sicil
ienue ; ler mourning, Henrietta and Drap
d'Kte. The latter are made te order only.
We have everything worth having in sets
trimmings, robes, gloves, caps and the thoti-sanil-and-ene
little things that are kept in the
Thirteenth street entrance.
Felt, all colors and variety of styles, ."0e te
$l.i- : flannel, black, blue, gray, brown and
scarlet, $2..ri te $.'i.7r; satin, black, $1.75 te
JI0..VI: satin, blue, scarlet, brown ami black,
$12.50 te $20 ; Italian cloth, black, $1.25 te $5.
The variety is very great.
Southwest corner of the building.
Net ice t liese two sa-.ples :
l.luc chinchilla sack, velvet cellar ami de
tachable cape, lined with Farmer's satin, horn
bulleus, $.;.5e. Is there another such coat ter
$0.5e-: We have sold hundreds et ihetn.
lrown-red-aud-eld-gold diagonal ulsterette
seli, wool lining, sleeves lined with a durable,
silk-straped fabrle, horn buttons, $8.5.).
These are but but specimens et many. If
tliej' seem inviting, ethers may be mere se.
See them. JOHN WAaMAKKK.
Central aisle, next te the outer circle, Mar
ket street side.
IMI'.IIOXS AXD MILLIXKKY.
V Ribbons and Millinery, you knew, we
have much meru of than any ether house.
Xerth of Thirteenth street entrance.
J I X K xs!
j A very great, variety el the finest linens,
a very great variety et staple linen, and the
lewesi prices In Philadelphia.
Ouler circle. City Hall Square entrance.
i Xew goods just received from abroad. We
have, without doubt, the richest and fullest
stock en this side of the Atlantic. We buy
from makers, direct, knew the quality of our
linen beyond question, and keep below the
Second circle, southwest from the centre.
The very finest English ami French hand
kerchiefs and Mutllers; handkerchiefs $1.25 te
$2.50; mutllers, $1.50 te $4.50. Elsewhere they
are sold for a qrartcr mere, at least.
Second circle, southwest from the centre.
Every individual article of Merine or
Silk I'nilerwear that we buy we examine te
see whether the buttons are sewed en secuicly
and whether the srams are right and properly
fastened. If anything is wrong, back the gar
ment gees te the iraker, or we right it at his
Such has been our practice for a year anil a
half. Is there another merchant inl Philadel
phia who does the ramc, or who watches the
inter.'sts et his customers in any similar way T
Defects may escape it, never! hlcss. Yeu de
us a taver. If you bring back the least imper
fection te be made geed.
Outer circle. Thirteenth street entrance.
Our assortment efall muslin undergar
ments is as full us at any time of the year; and
when the demand for such Is net generally
strong we are often able te buy ul unusual ad
vantage. We have very nearly the same goods
the year round : but prices vary mere or less.
New, for example, probably, there is net te be
found In this city or in Xew Yerk muslin un
dergarments equal te our regular stock except
at higher prices. 'e knew el no exception
Sent Invest corner of the building.
V De you knew, many are net of Rubber.nt
all, and are net waterproof? We sell as many
as all Philadelphia besides; real articles only;
ami guarantee them.
Central aisle, near Market street entrance.
JJrick'Set and Portable
HEATERS and RANGES
Sliertzer, Hnmplirerille & Kieffcr's
EAST KIXG STREET.
CHRISTMAS GOODS IJELOW COST :
CHRISTMAS GOODS 1IEI.OW COST !
CHRISTMAS GOODS IJKLOW COST !
RATHVON & FISHER
Are selling en their entire stock of READY
MADE CLOTHING below ce;t. Al-e
FROM NOW UNTIL JANUARY 1st
CLOTHING made te order in the prevailing
styles and at medium prices.
COR. XOirril QUEEN ami OKANCSE STS.,
RATHVON & FISHER..
MONDAY, OiTJDKi? IStli, 18S0.
A Oiiiplete Stock et
whieh for elegance cannot be Mirpa'-rd. The
L:ir;; st Assortment et
ENGLISH AND SCOTCH
in thin city. Prices :in low n-i 1 he levcM !it
Ne. 51 North Queen Street.
We have new ready ler wile an Inimeu-e
Fall and Winter,
which are Cut and Trinnne I in the Latest
Style. We can give you a
GOOD STYLISH SUIT
AS LOW AS $10.00.
In great viiriety. made te order at short notice
nt the lowest prices.
D. B. Hostetter & Sen,
24 CENTRE SQMRE,
-l j d
IIOIKJIITON'.S The cheapest ami !c-t pla.
HOUUHTON'.s j ,. ,.v t(, i,v
HOUGHTON'S MiLldXEUY GOODS:
HOUGHTON'S MILLINEHV GOODS,
HOUGHTON'S MILLINEIIY GOODS,
M. A. HOUGHTON'S,
2-iXOKTII QUEEN TKKET.
PLUSH ALL SHADES.
SILK VELVETS, SILKS.
SVi'lXS, KKIXGES, LACKS
The Fine-., Cheapest and
Greate-t Variety of
IN THE CITY.
25 North Queen St.
HOOTS AXD SUOES.
1; 4 Q V 1KTS. SHOES AND LAST
j O J. made en a new principle, Insur
iug comfort for the feet.
til i krJ l.a-)ts iimde te order.
JilJl MO MILLER,
tchll-lld 133 East King street
TUESDAY EVENING, DEC. 21, 1880.
THE STAR CLUB.
'TIIKSE MOST ANCIENT AND VENER
ABLE II EATON'S."
Second Meeting The Constellations North
ern CreNR Harp Eagle Great Square
of Pegasus The Uull Pleiades
H jades Orien Loagfel Leagfel Loagfel
lew's Peem, Etc.
The Star club Lad its second meeting
last night and the list of con
stellations ami individual stars was
increased te twenty-six, including
Ketne of the most striking constella
tions in titc heavens. Au interesting paper
also was read by Mr. J. D. Pyott en the
Sun and Moen, in themselves, and their
relation te the Earth. In order te pre
sent the complete numerical list in our col
umns we give herewith a ceudensed report
of lists presented at both meetings.
AVc suggest te all persons who arc in
terested in this work and the number
will be very large this winter that they'
prc.sc.rve these reports, and take held of
the list new at its begiuuing. The fellow
ing is a report of the
Remarks of air. J. P. MeCaskey.
The purpose of the Star Club, as I un
derstand it, is simply enjoyment net that
evanescent enjeymeut, iunocent though
it be, which passes with the hour and
leaves nothing behind it ; much less that
which, passing, leaves but vain regret for
time misspent and opportunities wasted.
It is rather of the kind one gets from wan
dering in pleasure grounds en glad June
days, the perfume of whose roses pervades
the atmosphere of all after life ; or from
holiday climbing of weeded hillsides or
loftier mountain range, through fern and
brake ami blooming wild flowers, the deep
.sky overhead, the fair landscape spread
ing far in the distance, and the bread river
below, coming, like life, we knew net
whence, into our horizon, and passing be
yond it again like human life. we knew
The days were geed, though there may
have been some toil in climbing, for the
higher we climbed the broader grew the
horizon that bounded our visen. Se the
nights were geed, for thegelden stars were
in them far tee geed, in their results at
least, net te be repeated.
We come again, therefore, te the same
bright sun, the physical source of all life
upon our planet : te the same fair moon.
the same old stars. We sec again the slew
moving Jupiter gaining by degrees upon
his slower-moving brother-planet Saturn ;
while Venus, new in the western sky of
early evening, is only less splendid than
.litpilcr himself. By nine o'clock of even
isig new the whole evening sky from the
meridian te the horizon, is brilliant with
the glory of stars and star groups no
ether equal sweep of the heavens being
oemparablc te this in the richness of its
Here are the Pleiades and the Hyades,
with the ruby star Aldcbarau ; the Great
Deg with the Sirius blazing as only Sirius
can, and its beautiful triangle lying low
towards the horizon ; the Little Deg, and
its bright star Procyen ; the magnificent
constellation, Orien; Caster and Pol
lux of the Twins ; and farther te
the Xeitli, Capclla and her kids.
All of these and many mere we hope in
due time te give place again upon our list,
but as the constellations Hearing the west
ern horizon will be fust te disappear, it is
these te which we must first give special
Last winter we begau with Arcturus.
Ourpicscnt list will begin with Dcncb,
also known as Aridcd, in the head of the
Northern cress, which new stands at eight
o'clock in the evening a very conspicuous
star group in the north western sky. Te Ux
this beautiful figure, which is a well pro
portioned 1 teman cress in the constellation
of the Swan, we make a large triangle of
the three most brilliant stars in that quar
ter of the heavens all of these stars being
of the first magnitude. With Dcneb at the
vertex, which is the star in our triangle
nearest the meridian overhead, the two stars
at the angles of the base arc Altair in the
Eagle and Vega in the Harp, some 40 degrees
distant from each ether. Of these, Vega
lies te the north. It is a brilliant white
star which may at once be identified by
the shapely parallelogram of faint stars a
very short distance southeast from it, and
belonging te the same constellation.
Altair is at the southern anglcand may
readily be recognized as" the flashing bril
liant in a straight line of three stars seme
live degrees in length. It is the middle
star of the three, that en each side .being
as promptly recognized, though much
smaller in apparent magnitude. Half way
between Altair and Vega, and a short dis
tance above the base line connecting them,
is found the double star Albiree, in the
feet of the Cress, which we have several
times seen dissolved through tolcseopes of
moderate power. Having new the head
and the feet of the Cress, of course the
arms fall into place at ence and the figure
is known, net seen, if ever, te be forgot
ten. The triangle just indicated is the sim
plest and best means we knew of for iden
tifying this constellation. The star which
is the nail fastening the arms of the Cress
te the tire, is Sad'r (pronounced Sar),
that at the extremity of the southern arm
is (iienah, while that at the end of the
neithernarm is known only by its prop prep
Greek letter. The star somewhat off the
line between Sad'r and Albiree, faint and
variable, is net named.
In the parallelogram of the Harp, near
Vega, the two stars farthest south are
Sheliak and Sulaphat, the latter being
nearest the western horizon. In the Eagle,
the faint star immediately north of Altair
is Tarazad, that very near it en the south
in the same straight line is Alshain.
In the small space in the Milky Way be
tween Sad'r and Albiree, Hcrschcl esti
mated the number of stars at nearly 330,
000. The first star whose approximate
distance from us was discovered and
there has been only one star since discov
ered te be nearest te our earth is about
"A degrees southeast from Deneb. It is
distant from our solar system mere than
seven light yeais. When we remember
that the light comes from the Moen, some
210,000 miles distant, in little mere than
a second of time, although it would re
quire a locomotive engine making 1,000
miles a day full eight months te pass ever
the same distance and from the Sun in
eight minutes, the same engine requiring
mere than S50 years for this distance, we
begin te have some hazy and indistinct
perception of what is meant by " light
years. A single light year corresponds te
10,000,000,000,000 miles. Vega is estimat
ed at twenty-one light years distant 1 The
distances of Altair and Deueb are net yet
estimated doubtless they are much
fat titer away though the spectroscope
seems te show that the latter is approach
ing our system se rapidly that in 200,000
jca:s it will shine in our sky with a bril
ianey greater than that of Sirius.
Wc turn next te another striking group
known as the "Great Square of Pegasus,"
This new nearly overhead between six and
seven o'clock in the evening. The figure
makes what Is called a "square," although
its sides range from 13 te 10 degrees 'in
length. Three of its stars are in the con
stellation Pegasus, while the fourth, at the
northeastern angle, is in Andromeda. The
northern star en the western side is Sclicat
the southern star is Markab, both in Peg
asus. Scheat makes a small but beauti
ful isosceles triangle te the west, with two
stars of like brilliancy in the breast and
fore leg of the Winged Herse. The south
ern star en the eastern side, also in Pega
sus, is Algenib, while the northern star
Alphcratz is in Andre.mcda, as has been
Aline carried some forty-five degrees
south through Scheat and Markab will fix
Fermalhaut, a bright lone star in the
Southern Fish, while another line carried
a less distance through Alphcratz and Al
genib en the eastern side of the Square
will pass near Diphda in the tail of the
Returning te the Eagle already known,
ntSar the western horizon, and carrying a
line almost due cast across the heavens,
which will pass a little te the netth of the
Great Square of Pegasus, we place in suc
cession upon our list these ancient constel
lation, Taurus, the Bull, the mighty hunt
er, Orien, and the Dogs that fellow in his
We reach first a cluster of faint stars in
the neck of Taurus, the Pleiades or "Seven
Stars," known te everybody. They rise
about the middle el beptcmbcr at 8
o'clock in the evening and are then te he
secu during the entire night. About the
fifteenth of January, at the same hour,
they are en the meridian, due south i'reai
the zenith; about the middle of April
they arc very near the horizon, se. after
they are lest in the rays of the sun ami re
main invisible for soma two months, after
which they reappear in the East early in
the morning before the sun rises. This
interesting group, which one of the old
poets leprcscnts as ever fieciiig in dread
before the hunter Orien, te the naked eve
shows but six stars. Under a telescope of
moderate power this number is increased
te fifty or sixty stars, while au instrument
of higher power brings into view from 100
te 200 star points. Each of these is
doubtless a sun with its retinue of attend
ant planets, hundreds, perhaps thousands,
of which may be inhabited by beings like
The brightest of these stars is Alcyone,
also known as the " Liglst of the Pleiades,"
a faint star, but estimated by astronomers
te be 1200 times the size of our Sun. The
well-known allusion in the book of .!ob te
the "sweet influences of Pleiades," and
the special mention made of this group by
the Greek poets, Hemer and Hesied',
show hew Very early it 'attracted the at
tention of mankind. The name I'leiades
is from a Greek word meaning " te sail,"
as their rising indicated te the Greek
mariners in the Mediterranean the time of
safe navigation. The ancients explain';;!
the absence of the seventh star by saying
that as she whom it represented had mar
ried Sisyphus, a mortal, she could net
henceforth appear in the company of these
who were the favorites of the god-.
When wc think of the miliums of mil
lions of human beings, who for nt least a
hundred successive generations have
looked with pleased interest upon these
"firc-fiic3 tangled in a silver braid," as
Tennyson se aptly describes this constella
tion, wc are glad that we tee may knew
the "Seven Stars, " and feel that common
interest in this beautiful group which !
seems almost a tic et brothcrheo.l ler the
race through se many ages.
Eleven degrees cast from the Pleiades,
wc have the Hyades in the head of the
Bull. This group is shaped like a wedge
or the English letter V and may at once
be recognized. It contains five stars, four
of them faint, but the fifth a red star of
the first magnitude net unlike the planet
Mars in its appearance. This is Ahlcbaran
and is known as the " Bye of the Bull."
The name is Arabic and mean". " He went
before or led the way."
--TIie splendid Constellation Oil.e. '
Continuing our line eastward, the next
very bright star after Ahlcbaran of the
Hyades is Bctclguesc (I5e-M-gcese) a
brilliant ruby star in the right shoulder of
the Hunter. Ten degrees southeast of this
star is the Belt of Orien, a straight line
comprising three splendid stars of the
second magnitude. "Canst thou Joesc the
Bands of Orien '.'" is a question asked in
the Boek of Jeb, suggestive of human
weakness in contrast with Almighty
power. This line of stars is three degrees
in length se that it may be used as a meas
uringred in the heavens. It has been known
by many names, among them the "Three
Kings," "Three Stars," "EU and Yard,"
"Napeleon," "The Hake," "Jacob's Stall"'
"Jacob's Bed," and ethers. In Scotland
it is known as "The Lady's Elwand."
Extending a line from Butelguesc
through the Belt, and nearly as far beyond
it, wc reach lligel, a very brilliant yellowish-green
star of the first magnitude.
Beth these names arc Arabic, the latter
meaning " heel " and former "shoulder of
the giant," the stars indicating the posi
tion of these members of the body. The
quadrilateral which encloses the Belt, and
which approaches a parallelogram, longer
than bread, is completed by Bellatrix,
which marks the left shoulder eight de
crees distant from Bctelgucsc, and Saiph
(Safe) nine degrees te the southeast of
The brightest of the small cktster of
stars indicating the head is Meissa, which
makes a small triangle te the north with
Bctclguesc and Bellalrix. The faint group
south of the Belt is known as the sword
of Orien. The star in the Belt nearest
Bellatrix is Mintaka, a double star : the
middle one is Anilam and that nearest,
Saiph is Anitak. Anilam is just one and
a half degrees from the star en each side
of it. As the equator passes through the
licit, this constellation is visible from all
parts of the earth, se that men every
where may sceand knew Orien.
The club of the giant is marked by three
small stars in the Milky Way. whieh are
close together and just below the southern
horn of the Bull. The Lieas skin en his
left arm is marked by a curving line of
eight stars running north and south sonic
nine degrees west of Bellatrix.
Orien is a favorite constellation with
the practical astronomer, for in addition
te the splendor of its stars, which include
two of the first, four of the second, and
three of the third magnitude, the tele
scope shows wonderful nebula!, five double
stars and .ether objects of great intercut.
Seventy ff its stars are plainly visible te
the naked eye.
The Latin poet, Mauilius, who wrote en
astronomy shortly before the Chtistian era
thus describes, with a free fancy, the ap
pearance of Orien :
First next te Taurus, see great Orien rise.
His arms extended stretch o'er halt the
His stride is large.'anu with n steady pace
He marches en, and measures u vast space :
f)n each bread shoulder a bright stir display
ed. And three obliquely grace llis hanging blade.
In his vast head, immersed in boundless
Three stara less bright, but yet :n great, he
But further off i emeved, their splendor's lent,
inns gniccu ami urmcu ne leans the starry
Far beyond this, is Longfellow's " Oc Oc
cultatien of Orien," in which the grand
conception of Pythagoras, the "music of
the spheres" and the mythical story of
unen arc the patterns woven in the cloth
of geld. The cloth of geld itself is the con
ception of the symbolism of nature which
the poet here presents.
Time holds the scales, in one scale Day
in the ether Night. As that te the west
sinks with the Sun, that te the east brings
up the stars. As these rise the neet hears
me -music et tiie spheres," of wmch
the "Saraian" sage, Pythagoras, taught
his followers. Pythagoras held that the
priueiple of life was in the centre of the
universe, a central fire surrounded by
Earth, Sun, Moen and the five planets,
Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Sat
urn, the only ones known te the ancients,
These eight made the octave and their
distances from one te another were
thought te correspond te the proportions
of the musical scale hence the great "Eo "Ee
lian lyre" of the poem with its 'seven
fold bars" with ''chords of air and frets
of lire." The heavenly bodies with their
celestial inhabitants were supposed te per
form a dance, with choral accompaniment,
around this central fire. It is te this be
lief Shakspearc makes reference in the
Merchant of Venice, in the familiar lines:
" Loek .lesdea. Sec hew the fleer et heaven
U thick inlaid with pattens of bright geld;
There's net the smallest orb that thou beheld-
Rut in his motion like an anscl sinus.
Still iu!riti U the young-eyed cherubim ;
Such harmony is in immortal souls!
Rut whilst this muddy vesture of decay
Deth grossly close us"ln we cannot hear It."
" Dian's circle light and near" is the
Moen, the sun bciug sacred te her brother
Apelle. " Onward te vaster and wider
rings," beyond the successive orbits of the
nearer planets, until aged Saturn, the
most distant, is reached and the "thunder
of his bass " is heard. The "music of
the spheres " is new a solemn march with
a deep meaning underlying it. Greatest
efall the ''kindling constellations" comes
Orien with matchless strength, his victor
ious sword sheathed at his side, the
mighty club uplifted in his hand, en his
arm the skin of the lien he had slain.
I 'trf,,,,,,,, m tIie ..relgI1 0f violence."'
Beautiful as some fair .saint" the Moen
comes up, unharmed, ''as with naked feet
she trod upon the het and burning stars,"
the reference being te a test of purity and
inuoceuce in the cruel days of old. Abashed
at her pure presence, the giant whose
power is brute force alone, loses club and
lawny lien hide and in the silence stands
" aghast in strange alarm " Loek at the
constellation in the bright moonlight, if
you would read the table. And the angel
seeiiiic this proclaims the meanimr of the
j symbolism, in the triunph of geed ever
j A brii f mitcncc or two will explain the
! references towards the close of the poem.
The story gees that ffinopien was unwill
l ing te lese his daughter te whom Orien
j was betrothed. Accordingly he made his
1 would-be son-in-law drunk, and when the
, latter lav down te sleep en the seashore,
' 1... .,... .....!.: r..: .1 ...ir i
i ui; iub urn. iiiaeyea. viiuii mull llllllin'r him
te .. i)j:1cksmitll at llis ferec ,. em.
peilcd him te indicate the spot, from which
the Ged of day, fhc only power that cettld
held him might host be seen. Thither he
climbed, " fixed his blank eyes upon the
sun " and bad his sight restored, te take
vengeance first efall upon CEnopien. But
let us hear the poem.
Occultatieii of Orien,
i Miv,:ts in :i dream sublime,
'I'll.- balance in flic hand of Time.
O'er V'ust and West its beams impended ;
And day, with all its beams of light,
While, opposite, tliei scale of night
iviKMewiy siUKingeut et sight.
Silently with the slurs ascended.
Like tin astrologers of eld,
in that bright vision 1 beheld
t J renter and deeper mysteries.
I -aw, with Its eelestia'l keys.
Its chords el air, its frets of fin.
The Samian's great -.TZeli-ut lyre,
lii-ing through nil its sevenfold bars,
'"mm earth unto the lixed stars.
And through the dewy atmosphere.
Net, only could 1 see. hut hear,
Its wondrous and harmonious strings,
In sweet vibration, sphere by spheie,
Kr i:i Dian's circle light and near,
enwanl te vastet and wider rings.
Where chanting though his beard of
laje.-tie. meurnlul, Saturn gees,
And down the sunless realms et space
I'cvc rhcratcs the thunder of llis bass.
lienc-.ttli the sky's triumphal urcb
This music sounded liken march,
And with its chorus seemed te be
Preluding some great tragedy.
Sirius was rising in the East;
And. slew ascending one by one,
'I'll" kindling constellations shone,
licgirt with many a blazing star, .
Steed the great giant Algehar,
Orien, hunter et the benst !
His sword hung gleaming by his side.
And, en his arm. the linn's hide
scattered across the midnight air
The golden radiance of its hair.
The moon was pallid, bub net. taint ;
And beautiliilus some f.iirsaiut.
Serenely moving en her way
In hours of trial and dismay.
As if she heard the voice of Ced,
I'nharmcd with naked feet she trod
Upen the het and burning stars.
As en tins glowing coals and bars,
That were te prove her strength, and try
Her !ieIin!s- and her purity.
Tims moving en. with silent pace.
And triumph In her sweet, pale face.
She reached the station of Orien.
Aghast he steed in strange alarm !
A m! sudden from his outstretched arm
Down fell the red skin et the lien
Inte the river at his feet.
His mighty club no longer beat
The forehead of the bull : but he
Keeled as of yore beside the sea.
When, blinded by lEnnpIen,
He sought the blacksmith at his forge.
And, climbing up the mountain gorge,
i'I.cd hisblankcycs upon the sun.
Then, through the silence overhead.
An augel with a trumpet said.
Tli.- p-iijii of violence is o'er I"
And, like an instrument that illng',
It- music en another's strings.
The trumpet et the angel cast
I" pen the heavenly lyre its blast.
And en from sphere te sphere the words
lie echoed down the burning chords
' Korcvermere. lorevermere.
The reign of violence is o'er!"
Our numerical list will therefore com
prise the following stars : Ne. 1. Arided
or Dcneb ; 2. Sad'r ( Sar) ; ... Gieuah ;
4. Albiree ; 5. Vega ; C. Shcliak ; 7. Su
laphat ; 8. Tarazad ; 9. Altair ; 10. Al
shain ; 11. Scheat (Skc-at) ; 12. Markab;
i:. Algenib ; 14. Alphcratz in Androme
da ; Vi. Femalhaut in the Southern Fish ;
10. Diphda in the Whale ; 17. Alcyone
(Al-ey-e-nc) in the Pleiades ; 18. Wdekx
ran, in the Hvades ; 10. Bctclgncsc ( Bc
tel geese) ; 20. Bellatrix ; 21. Iligel ; 22.
Saiph (Safe) ; 2.J. Mintaka ; 24. Anilam ;
2). Anitak ; and 20. Meissa. The first
four stars are in the Swan, or the Northern
Cress ; the next three in the Harp ; the
next, three in the Eagle ; the next three in
Pegasus ; and the next five in dillcrent
constellations as stated, and the last eight
in the constellation Orien. All these stars
may be very readily recognized by any one
of average ability in town or country, and
the enjoyment that comes from familiar
recognition of stars and constellations will
repay a thousandfeld the effort needed te
acquire this knowledge.
Au experienced traveler says: ".The most
troublesome companion a person can have,
while being away from home, is a, cough and 1
would lid vise uverybedy te procure a bottle of
lr. Kail's Cough Syrup before starting.
l'rer. (ittilinettc's name is a household word
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ectli-Iind ALLKN GUTHRIK ft SOS-.
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WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DRUGGIST
NO. O MAST KINO STKKKT. ePMfd
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A Large Variety of Elegant. ODOK CASKS
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PAID FOli EXTRA MCE
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