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Western courier. (Ravenna, Ohio) 1837-1838, June 15, 1837, Image 2

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at Plymouth about the sixth hour; at the
Isle of Wight about the ninth hour; and
at liondon bridge about the fifteenth hour,
after the moon, has passed tho meridian.
And at Batsha, in the kingdom of Ton
quin, the sea ebbs and flows but once a
day, the time of high water being at tho
setting of the moon, and the time of low
water at her rising. There are, also
great variations in the height of tides, ac
cording to the situation of coasts, or the
-.nature of the straits which they have to
pass through. Thus, the Mediterranean
and Baltic seas have very small elevations;
while, at the port of Bristol, the height is
sometimes near thirty feet; and, at St.
Malo's, it is said to bo still greater. -
FROM MEXICO, TEXAS, AND NSW
: ORLEANi.
' The New Orleans Correspondent of the
New York Courier and Enquirer gives us
the following particular in a letter under
data of the 24th olt:
' The Mexicans blockaded Matagorda
for about a month, bat did net capture any
vessels bound to that pert. Gen. John
son took the precaution of tending there
200 volunteer, who together will) the
militia, were prepared to give a Ed re"
ception to the Mexicans if they had Ian
ded.
T Sheuld the Texian gavrrnmeut decide
that a movement towards Mexico should
be .made, 3 or 4000 more men from Lou
Utana.Mishinippi, Kmtucky and Tennes
see, would shortly join the rrusude. In
deed, from i he thy of new Orleaialone,
the Texians might expect 4 or 300 vol"
tinteen. Many aie already dreaming of
Mexican tri-nture, and Mexican mines.
Passenger arrived to-day from Texas,
via Natchitoches; confirm the rumors of
the long contemplated expedition ugainst
Malamorap, and says that although there
is a strong party in favor ol it, yet the
- farmer generally were opposed to it.
That a movement on Ihe part of the Tex
' an toward Matanuirasat this juncture,
would throw iniurmrmtitable obstacle in
the way of a friendly arrangement with
the U, S. is unquestionable, for the Mrjc
leans would say that such movement had
been concerted with the American gov
ernment; but you and )nr readers know
" too wotl that tho Trxiais have been talk
ing about that expedition two months ago,
and if they carry it into effect and I
think they will -they intend logo to Mex
ico on their own hook
New Orleans, 25th May, 1837
Brig Anna Dorothea, arrived yesteiday
' from Vera Cruz, with another small sup
ply of 000 in specif, and 4000 in aiU
" verbal. The whole amount of the pre
' clous metals imported at New Orleans
within one week, excetd now $300,000.
Every thing was quiet at Vera Crui, but
aertouk apprehensions were entertained of
' war with the United States, which the
Inhabitant of that city felt very anxious
to avert, because Ihe blockade of the port
by an American naval force would soon
reduce them to ruin. Santa Anna was
till positively at Mango de Clavo on the
' 10th, and therefore the rumor which was
afloat atTampico at the latest date, that
he had been arrested and carried to the
city of Mexico, ia decidedly unfounded.
' A fritnd of mine ipoke with him on the
Slh, and found him in high spirits.
' Prom th Worcester (Mgts) Democrat of
Mny 2fl
, THE COCKNEY 'REBELLION.
To morrow, the 27ih Inst, is the day
attlgned for the explosion of the post
poned ten cent revolution In Motion
We have bought an ear trumpet, and as
' we shall listen In infinite . suspense, wr
' shall no doubt hear the first cannon that
I discharged in State street. Abbott
Lawrence is no doubt rkady, having
given the government a few days iliun Iq
abandon the laws and Constitution, to
which thry obstinately adhere. Mr.
Lawrence has been reading the history
of Shay's insurrection, and feels Inspired
by the great example of Luke Day, He
confesses .that Fisher Ames was a true
prophet when he said: " in deft-nee, of
demonstration, knaves will continue to
proselyte fool, and to keep a papermrm
ey faction aliVe." William Sturgi has
rolled up his shirt sleeves and taken a
dose nf bitters, and is prepared to rat
. Amos Kendall alive: be will find it very
baid to digest him, We wair in Iuuqw
ag'tat'ion for the awful devdoprmrnts
Uostrn is not to be left alone to resist
at all bazars the execution of the
laws, though she has shown herself pie-
eminently qualified to take Ihe lead in
the work of treason, by her cutting rff
the figure head, by her Convent Riot,
by the Catalinarian ipirit of her npre.
scntativrs in both Houses of Cngirsi,
aud by Ihe superlative Maratism of the
Atlas, the acknowledge d organ of all the
whig Jacobins. Hut Boston Is not to
stand ale In solitary grandeur to defy
the thunderbolt reserved for traitors.
S'lt ia not to plunge n'otie into the abys
. of anarchy and political Chaus Ttisr re
. brllion ist'i break nut In the ci'ics along
Ike ae-ihoirdi that is, it will, if whig
prcpliecif are any thing more thun
moke, if whig pro i.lne rr any thing
else bot wind, and if whig threatening
are not mere'y vspor.
The Pmvldtoce Journal, through his
; penny trumpet, thus sound the toes n;
V take it for granted Hut herrafter
our mercHtiits wilt be required to pay
, their bonds in tfitcle, and the pnsiae on
letters likewise. Is lo be ftified ihri
will jiertmlttoriiy refue to lo do. We
4 rust that not merchant in Providence
will submit to tho exaction. Do we live
is afree Unit Are we In the midst ef
freemen tinder a republican Constitution ;
the same wbii.li was' purchased by the
precious blend of our fathers f Is this
the soil of Washington; and shall we,
pollute h, desecrate the principles which
he so gloriously manifested, by tame sub
mission to a tyrant i We ne no soft
phrases in this exigency.: We would
not beseech the people to preserve their
equanimity in - futh nn hour of daring
usurpation, Times ihe.re are, and cir
cumstance which (iJmand resistance,
We trust, therefore, that rrsistance
will be n ade to this new mandate tif Ex
ecutive power. We trust that the A
merican people will not he slaves, but
act the part of freemen. These re
peated, monstrous act of despotism must
b rebuked. Merchants, manufacturers,
old men and younp, one and all; RE
SOLVE THAT YOU WILL RESIST
TO THE LAST.
We learn that the collectors and
postmasters have received instructions to
demand specie." ,
The New York Express, nearly a
fortnight ince, informed its readers that
the merchant DEFY the Government.
It has howled itself hoarse in defiance of
the Government nd laws of its country.
List Satin day it thus counseled diobe
denct: '
' The position that the Government
has taken, in fact-affords no relief what
ever. Tn the merchants who are able
to meet their engagements, CO or 00 (lays'
credit is of no important!-; they me will
ing o pay now, but in the currency of
the day. Ve trtttl no merchant will
comftly with the unwarrantable condition
of the Secretary of the Treasury ', by lay
ing siecie."
We hear nothing of Mr. Gould's uc
cess in recruiting for his bund tf immor
tal, except that the Republican Herald
informs us that (he editor of the Provi
dent e Ji.urnal is-" expected to appear
in a few days, in bodily form, armed with
n butcher knife and cleaver, and enrated
in a coat of mail fitted to the hinder
fiartt, preparatoty to joining in the expe
dition of ttn thounand' under Major
General Edward S. Guild, ef N. Y'ik,
to march to Washington and back again.
Colonel J imes Watson Webb, ivi.h his
. ' mahogany nock,1 will be of the parly,
provided Duff Green be missing from
Washington."
From Philadelphia and from Ba'timoro,
also, we hear the same high t m d men
ace as from New York and Boston
language which would be indeed appall
ing, if it were not supremely ridiculous.
Do the Lynch whis suppose, if they
aetua'ly came lo blows, that they would
have it all their ovn wayf D i tlwy
think th;ir ivory headed ram-s a match
for the hard hands of the patriotic yeo
manry, upon whom nur country relirs
to Hiand by her in her hour of poril?
Miittrably deluded mn, it" they httve nny
such hopi! In tho hearts of all true
Americans ihn Constitution and l nv nrn
atiprcmo, and those tvlm nmko war tninn
her are timiiors. When Snuth Carolina,
panning under no imaginary oppi-e-nion;
gmnnins under iiixii'ion implied by
northern avtinre, in vio'ntinn of t tie Cnn
stitniioii, nnd which mushed hei into ihn
dus', llircBlened to redrosii her prinmn
ceabylhe nwoid. and who. k the Union
to its evntre by that thrcnl, have we tmt
seen tho tuition one man, loi-ffcn inp;
faction:, Mlly round the mlmiuia ration of
Ihcir chn!oi in niippnrt of the Unimi and
Conslituli'in f And ('o these whir Ju
cnliins Kuppoire. beflHU't their routj nre
mnde of bettor clmh, mid they wear 'fin'd
spncUicli'i', thnt they will bo auHTeied to
put in joopaidy nil that is dnnr to us, to
wring from llio Goveniipenl n (lih-ctuint of
eight or ten per cent, nn theii IrMtitr
posliige? Terribly, nhis wii lhy he
undfoeived, who almll (lute to put t'-
virltio of the people to the Irinl. PhIsioJ
bn Ihe arm Hmt shall light the torch of
civil wnr Perish ihe lorifjuw thnt ahull
first cry havoc, y and in eternal in
fainy tlieir namt-s wlinll rot, who, ut the
bidding of furlion hungry fur i ffice, would
devon-, to be overwhelmed in ih con-vulni-ns
of a revolution, our right and
liberties ancinl order, law, personal secu
rity, properly morality and legion.
The American people are not yet ripe
for (losh uciion Our in aid ut i inx stun. I
iinshnktin by the assnultsj of a lh'usind
di mnaognes as n io k of ndiimmit d Hoh
ihn cpnsi-le-x bt-iiling of (he wave. Lei
a simile awnrd be drawn in nny city, or
lit ihetrnmpel of sedition gath- r the mal
contents, for an onset 0 the bulwurk-i
of free pnvemmritt. and tho sound pop
ulation of the found y will rush to their de
fence. I hey m e not fTVminnie by lux
ury; they urr nut rontkmintted by cor
ruplton, .N fympaihy with harkmpt
spreulatore kindle their panninns; hit I a
holy love of liberty hurna in tt eif bieaaio;
zeal for the honor of their country atii
mates Ibcin. From vet y valley and hill
id ihey enmo, frm the furrow and the
anvil they fly to her leprae.
Let faction thru be dumb before thn
mnjetty nf the low.Cnnd revere the invio
labilily of the Co.istitoiion. ..-v. ; .
SCRUB, ARISTOCRACY."
We take ftom the court jnurnal of the
scrub aristocracy, (the Commercial Ad
vertlsrr of New York ) the following
ronfissiuo of ihe osienttii,us pretension
whir h ha bionghi the rliy In its i resent
distressed cnudtion. U it the only word
of fuh that has yet been spoken on the
subject by that pres, and we suppose it
has venteted to utter il now because it
assumes tin say it in. the way of jctt:
many frvt word ipokt in ."
Will the Editor till us that the Specie
rircu'ar has put all this up-tit-t extrava
gance in the heads of the gentry he de
scribe 1 D:d the efTott to prevent ihe
conversion of the public lands into paper
iiui ethe New York merchants to vie
with the European nobility in theirmodes
of living . Did it turn the heads of Ihone
who shnu'd have been business people,
and tempt them to convert the credit
system into a system of extravagance and
luxury, as if men whn bave jt obtained
confidence to enable thefrwo pursue trade
fur a call'ng, had nmhint; to do but to
appropriate all they had bought on credit
to enable them to njje the magnificence
of an Enrop an hereditary - nobitityl If
the order culling oil' credit and extrava
gance fiom running wild in the land, has
diveited it into this nobiliiy uinnia among
the merchants, il is a Iament.ib1e ehing ;
but as it could not be f ireseen, it must
be forgiven. ' But Mr. Webster has told
the New Yorkers that they must set the
example to the rest of ihe Union, and we
suppose llmt the grand display recently
made is. hut an outward assertion of the
intellectual and political importance they
arc about to assume over this republican
countiy.
i 'Amidst all the extravagance which
has marked the rerent years of prosper
ity, in no branch of domestic economy has
there been snth mneblevou prodigality,
as in repaid to household servants, pir
tit ularly cooks and cbamberuinids. Peoi
pie have been growing rich weulth ha
been pnurit g into the lap nf enterprise
wave after wave, as it were, of gold un
til, forgetful O' the admonition that riches
often take to tbemiu-lve winijs and fly
away, our citizens have been giddy with
their prosperity, and have not even paus
ed to reflect upon the possibility cf any
reverse in their f. rltines. Young mer
chants have built their castles, mid fur
nished them like palnceii, aid stt up
their carriages, in a shortej ti'ne than the
old one were inabled to"estubli-h their
credit in. Ladies wtlh families of small'
children must have a tiure for ench of
ihi'm; toge'her wi'h 3 conk, waiter, ft
nuin, cl.iiinbeim.iil- Ltu lfi.l'.e idinibtr
of a small rcfttntnt; biisitle -scndi-ig
their washing .' laiindres. Di-zaled
with their minora larger and fn 'Te splen
did than European pi inri-s can uflrd to
purchase, tn'ling in. their toadies, or
tented upon thrir Itucuriou couches of
ciiilison Velvet, enntemplati p fie rii.h
mellow light sle .linu thto' the ntn.de fo ils
o their damask enrtuins, one ladte luve
had neither lime n-r hr be- w
upon their domestic ritif . " P" "4'""
that It istif more i;tiinrbiiC i' i'!y '"
know how to uialin a piitJding Ut iii lo
play the guitar; nnd forgciing also, thii.
a thoii)ti(hhred lady need n-ver nej et
the Ovei'slpht nf her k tchen; bm too
many cf nur ivinrons h ive ) A f.ir less
Bcqunintai cft witt) tluit'eiix'n'ijl ln an'
mint nf the domicil,"' than v,'lh the con
dition ofthfl pavement on the. I'ashiuiyh!r
si'e of Dioadway," mid ihe , x-ura o(
Vennblea' ciimoti velveteens, and .-tew
nrt'ii rhallya, figured muslins, mid grits
dt-uape.
"The consequences of tl.i g'a'e of
things) have' been of inaiiilo'd eii.
Amid all theae diilayH nf wtiil'h and
luxury, wag- have been matter-of winch
no thought has hern taken. Tho-e who
were liung at the rate i f ten, fiMet-n and
twenty thousai'd dolUr per annum, hud
neither i into nor oicisio i to i-ounl shil
ihiss in so small au nll'ir as (lie '(vaea
nl n conk or luimbermaid, undtney have
been permtt'ed In.revliie th-tr own
prices. Their emploei moreover, ta
king no thought of Uiei- Idi-hen1, hive
left their domealic in wo'i k n-i uim h or
as little as they chose; . nnd in' tail of
insirttinp. upon the perfoimaore of their
dn'ies n teatl'-ra of ripht and du'y, ihey
lave yet farther aggravated ihe cvd by
n Itroate couxina . and bribery. Lint
yen." we knrw a lady, in mUiiiin to the
meet fx!'avapnnt wngns. In lavish pre
ent of lenij' dollar shawl, mid other
latpesses. We prcd nn edd thnt this
yeHr. the poiUh'd mirrms, imd Persi .n
, carpel", and Parininti aelteew and chair-.,
and bedateids, have been awept away by
the n-sipt ees.
"But mi mutter for the remit' of Ihe
extravapance. The rHhiHimphe briiig-
no leHKim to the spoiled yarv.ict. Ai --riilnnied
W- exmhiinntj' wge, pinto
livers, and hou.se keoperi in muderme
cirrtimnnncea. nre nnahln to nhtnin do
mestir.s qtilified for Ihe proper dischnig '
of their dutiet nt any renf.onnble nmoiinl
nf enmpen-a'ion. Aid when obtained,
thi'ir siudy is their own romfnrl nnd con
venience, rather than the interests nf their
employers. Theii object i.s to wee how
little they can do, inetend of how much
nnd how well, and never was a cat mnie
reluctant tn dip lier font inlo water, than
n servant nnw-a-d ry In put her hand lo
nny Iriflinp hou-ehold matteia, not pre
viously atiptil tted, or coming precisely
within what he fancies to be her particu
lar sphere of action,, '
We have been etriveingto gel a enok
thce five weeks one ho could at least
boil a potato, broil n n'wak, and do the
washing of a einnll fnmi'y. '1 he i:aitu- rt
the npplicnnte is leg nr.; Lui the vholu
trihe have become inflated with such false
notions, that it is tho next moat difficult
iliing lo finding the northwest pas.ige, to
ohiain one with whom you can get along.
One cannot do this and another cannot
do thnt. . One -will not consent lo ir our
of the hitfhen, and another will not con
sent to have the lady i f th? bouse toeiir
into il. ''Why, ma'am, Mr. Artful, in
Bond street, gave me nine dollars month,
besides presents, and J did'ut think of
putting my -hand to any. thirg but cook,
ir-g." "And then I lived two months
with Mrs. Dashall, in Waverley place,
and sbo never enme to trouble me in the
kitchen.'' Among the applicants yester
day, wo9 one who sailed into the room
in her vilks nnd enshmere. her ringlets
and laces nnd xrufles like a Dutchess;
she (Undent she could do the cooking foi
a family of four but as fo wnshing for
ihn said four one of whom is yet a
picknninny, one hW-grown, nnd two are
ndnlls thnt wns out of the question.
And eo, with a toss of the head, my lady
failed out ngnin. The next was ihe very
pink of cooks." . She was rather too inef
fable, but the preliminaries were several
of Idem adjusted with something like sat
isfaction. She , had an excellent place
now, but the familly were going inlo the
country. ' Lust year she had rejected leu
dollars a month .from Mr. Sattinet to
keep her present place, (hough receiving
but eight; and as wages were falling,
she might content to take the place fr
seven dollars, provided if she did not
like the situation as. well ns where she
now is, she might return again to Mrs.
Gossamer's, when she comes back to the
cily in the full. "An excellent place
that," said she: "Mi's Gossamer thinks
ns well of her help as she does of any
body. But how m;my must I waah fir?"
" Why for (he family, to be sure. We
have four of us; yourself, the nurse, and
wniter." Indeed! and I'll not do it for
any body! Wash for (lie ervnrilH In
deed'" IRi-ing with offended dignilv:
for nil applicants nnw-a-days tuke a se.it
unbidden tipon the sufa, if ihey can get to
il I might a:' well become b waaher
w. mnn ut once 1M And so "my lad)"
made her exit in n rnge." The next
could not Ihink of washing a window
not hhe " Mrs; Topknot in Lufnyette
place rover thought ol'nxingsjjch a thing
of her cnukthti he did'.it !"
It has recenlly been escorted in
Fiance as a fact, that the prineps and no
bles of r.un'po have found it difficuk l
procure sur.l" tmreors as they wanted, be'
cii'inu of tlii- gient demand and bigtfprice
of Ihe Ainmiciin inatket !
i'rom the Globe.
THE CITY DICTATING TO IHE
COUM'HV.
Mr. Websier, in bis New Yurk speech,
preliminary to the cily el: ction. and wliic h
was prepaieu for .publication to acenmpn
. the i !i f . cdi, .;a of ttie merchants'
""'M-etiim d 'pn i- ihe Co iimttice nf Fir-1-y
iy 'ii..ke u I- !i '-iii on W isn'.iittin, a
siiii.KS for ":r GREAT CMP iRIUM a control i
overilierimi.il). Via !in-',! the ri'y to
exert thia rightful iiifluvnce, and diveri
the cnrient nf pbiic op tiion. With a
very ommeiidubte clnrity for the infir
in; f the the iout.ti y, he barely hints at
ihe tx Vlcd Hitr 'ju es which imposes it as
a du'y noon he ci'y gentry to give jlirec"
tinn in the people nf the country, who,
but fit- the l?i efi of such an intellectual
tnide, might prove to be their own worst
enemivs. Mr. Webster thus call the
city ttsf to the I e'p of the country:
"Whit; of New York! Patriotic ci'i
Zens of this great metropolis! Lover ol
coiiHtiiuiiniial liberty, bound by interest
Mi d elferti .tin to the institution of your
country -Ami-i leans in heart and in prin
ci L! Yuu ate ready, I am sure, lu fill'
fit ail the duties imposed upon you by
your situation, and demanded of yuu by
your couri'iy. Y u have' a central posi
tion; your city is tho point fiom which in
tellgtnce em males, and spreuds in all di
ret tioti over the whole land. Every b ui
carries repoits of your ventiments and
opinions to the vere of ihe Union. You
cannot escape the responsibility which
ri'r timstanr.es I'ltve thrown upon you.
You must live and act on n broad and con
spicuous theatre, either for good or evil
to your country. You cannot shrink away
fn.m public duties ; you cunuoc obscure
yourself, nor but y your talent. In the
common welfare, m the common pros
perity, in ihe comm m glory of Au.tiicans,
you have a slake of value nut lo b- calcu
lated. You have an interest in the pte-M-n
stint) of the Union, of the Constitution,
and t f the true principles of the Govern
neti', which no man can e t mate. Yoo
act for yourselves, and for Ihe generations
that are 10 come after yoo; nnd those who,
ages hence thull- bear -your names, aud
pai'ake your blood, will feel, in tlieir po
litii aland social ci.n liuoti,the ennsequenrt
of the manner In which you discharge
yoiirpt.litiealdut.es.''
- The tiiy gentry did not hesitate to as
sume the control which Mr. Webster so
modestly intimated belonged to them,
A grand mteiinp of merchant was called,
''hey look it upon themselves to pro
nounce the a Iministia ion, to which the
suffrages of tne people had confided the
eoiidnut of pub'ic affairs, guilty of the
greatest, oppression. They sent their
cummi'tee witli a string of instructions in
the shape of resolutions, to make demand
' f the Chief Magittrate, involving a t til
change in tho course of the adminis. ra
tion. They field the n -establishment of
a tfATioNAi. bank, (notwithstanding the
people, a a b'Jtly, 'land arrayed in oppov
sttit-n to durh an insfuii in. and ilieir in s
nedale repre.en'aiiees in Congress, by
a majority of more lhn roaTT, declared
against n ) a tine quae ron Failing in
tl it niSsion ol dictation o Washington,
Oieii' . n-.xt trp was that of coercion
thr.-u-1 the banking institutions of the
ci y over which they have power a
stockholders, managers cus omer, and
depositors. They determined that the
bank ahoulcV Hop payments that the!
mon?y of the Government tn deposite
should be held from it - that '.he run for
specie, ordered by their English commer
cial creditors and allies, shoufd become
uriive'rsal - that the interior merchants
should be pressed for gold nnd silver, to
exhaust the country, and that the cily
brinks should be used as engines to com
pel the country b.tnks to stop payment,
by converting their own irredeemable pa
per, at any discount, into the notes of the
specie paying banks with which to make
runs.
The result of tho experiment shows
that tho city merchants hnvo absolute con
trol over the city banks: tho town mer
chants over tho banks in towns; the
wholesale mnn controlling tho retailer;
the great bank3 tho smaller; and in this
way tho whole credit system to bo based
on the point on which trade concentrates,
Mr. Webster's remarks ns to the city in
fluence,' rightly interpreted, mean nothing
more man whero credit is the breath ol n
country, its proat cities beintr its nostrils,
they have the issues of life and death in
their power. It is on the principle that
"wealth is Hie test of mtrit," that Mr.
Webster, by a sort of figure, speaks of
the power ol the cities over the pnper sys
tem, ns if it were the the power of intel
lect nnu " inlelligmce.
The mercantile class, havinp tho con
trol of tho banks established for their con
venience in their hands have proved not
wanting in that nmbition to which Mr.
Webster appealed, and very promptly
brought to bear upon the country that
faculty which their federal leader would
pass off in diguiso ns mental superiority,
nnd therefore worthy to command the
Union. Their sway over the banks has
been applied t) bring the Government and
tjie country under the swav of " the mo
neyed aristocrasy." This is the point to
wnicn ino teaerat party have always di
rected their politics; nnd they are ng-iin
supported by the moneyed power in Eng
land, which has never been found wanting
to them iu nny exigency. In tho present
instance an all-absorbing pecuniary in
terest among the foreign bunkers and
merchants operates with thoir kindred
political feelings; nnd tho whole scheme
depends upoo the success with which they
may work tho machinery of bulks to sub
ject nil the moans of the people and thoir
Government to thoir control.
While gold nnd stiver remain in the
country, tho credit currency issued bycor-por.-itijns
cannot obtain complete domin
ion. The great object of tho money inana
gora wns then, from the first, the expor
tation of the gold and silver. Wo extract
bnlow from all the organs of tho opposi
tion and tliB morchnntsin the groat cities,
samples of thoir daily adjurations to their
party to rid tho country of specie. From
thi moment tim; !! policy was nnnounc
ed by President Jackson of delivering tho
great body of the people from absolute
dependence on bank.-, by making' gold
and silver tho' common currency for do
mestic doaling, all the power of those pro
fiting by cot-pqiniions nnd paper credits
was exerted to counteract the mensuresof
tho iKlministraliun having the infusion of
gold and silver into circulation for their
object. It was ridiculed as a humbug, and
every arlifice' resorted to tending to keep
tho paper of banks afloat, and to sink the
cob in iheir vaults. Tho good sense of
ths people sustained the policy of tho late
President, and now nnother mode of coun
toraction is adopted. Tho banks have
shut up tho gold nnd silver entrusted lo
them by the Government and by the pub
lic confidence. The millions of paper
circulated by them nsequivalent to specie,
i:i forced upon tho holders ns a currency,
which they nro ohligod lo uso or lose tho
whole nmouut. In its depreciated state,
it is like porishablo commom'tios. in n
market, somewhat tainted it will not
keop. It is hurried off by all who can u.to
it; nnd the sound money U horded, or
sold at a premium for exportation. It t3
last to tha country ns a cji fancy.
This liar been accomplished by the
power of tho mercantile class over the
banks. It is tho result of design, not pan
ic. Tho Journal of Commerce of yester
day boldly tinnouncHs tho scope which tho
merchants have resolved to give the hunk
suspwifion. " Specie payments (snys
this commerc'ol print) cannot, bb re
sumed ustil THS DEBTS OF THE COU.V
TRY. 0OTH AT HOME AND ABROAD, HAVE
nEEN LIQ.UIDAT1ED." .,,. SjPECIB PAY
MENTS CANNOT BE SUCCESSFULLY RE
BUMEO WITHOUT THE AID OF A NATIONAL
bank." This is tho ordinunco of tho New
York merchants. They mus.t hnva tho
specie to pay thoir dcbti abroad, nnd the
pooplo of this country must submit to tnko
their spurious bank issues. The Journal
of Commcrco adds: "After all, the sua
pension was not prtmnure, and has done
much enod. Eiti-rt thins; is now hft to
DISCRETION, 'but if th, DISCRE
TIONbe only used aright, no great evils
can at any time arise"
Is this country willing to submit itself
to tne atscretion" ot city merchants nnd
bankers? Will a free people subject tlieir
property, their Government, and all, to
the discretion of a class pi" men who ac
knowledge the maxim that their first duty
is to a foreign Stntcl A groat numl er of
the New York merchant are but tho
agents and ftictors of British nvarchants.
The American houses (so colled in Lon
don) nro English-monopolizer of the
American trade. It is a combination of
heartless Americans in New York, with
Mr. Biddlo and others connected in inter
est with theso foreign capitalists, which
has, by operating on tho banks, driven
specie out of circulation ia this country.
ii it is porrrmvoa to mo oommorcial powor
of the city of New York thus to give law
lll.n nnnntr. and flnvnm lipnt of thn Uni
ted States, the great body of tho Ameri
i- :. ..,,!., -,t,.J i lU
enii people uiu jusmuuj jvuuuu w
condition of the French peasantry. In
Franco, the supreme power is concentra
ted in Paris. If that city is taken, it
captors arc the sovorcigns of that country.
A three dajv.' rovoiulion in that capital
puis down ono Government and puts up
another. . Will this omnipotence be eon
ceded to the mercantile class in a. city, "
great portion of whom nro.but tho rcpro-'
scntutives of the same class in another
country, with which wo had supposed our'
colonial relations dissolved .,
' " We can never recover from them (the
difficulties) until matters arc permitted to-
resumo their natural course, end until we,
by un exportation of specie, supply the
demand tor it. It will then cense, nnd
credit again resumo its fonner vivifying
functions. Nt-w York Courier and Enq.
Mr. John A. Stevens, of New York,
said to their Magnvs Appollo, Mr. Biddle,
that " it was resolved, at a meeting of
the merchants field this day, thnt the JJank
of the United States be invited to tnter--
posc, nt this juncture, by a' shipment of
coin, and by the use of their credit, so as
to meet tho enigencics of the occasion,""
" Tho first regards foreign nations
the second our own. ' We owe a debt to,
foreignors, by no means largj for our
resources, but disproportioned to our proa
ent means of payment. Wo must tuke
care that this late mjesuro shall not seom
to bo nn effort to avoid the payment of our
honest debts to them. We have worn,
and eaten, and drunk the produce of their
industry; too. much of nil perhaps, but
that is our fault, not theirs. ' We may
Like loss hereafter, but the country is dis
honored, unless we discharge that debt to
tho uttermost farthing." Biddh's Cr
cular. ' '
" Tho truth is, the banks of tho United
Slntes are always the strongest when they
hold the least specie, and the country al
ways the richest when it hoi tho least gold
and silver." Ba.lt, Chronicle.
' Tho truth is, tho Globe nnd it3 mana
gers are pushing upon us the experiments1
of Old Spain, nnd of the nv'ddlc ages an
experiment which reduced Spain from
ono of tho most exulted positions among
the great nations of tho earth, to want
nnd beggary and misery. It Is an old ex
periment, which mined Spain, and
ruining us. Jt might now possibly do for
the depotism of Asia, but it will not an
swer in Europe, and it will never answer
in the New World. Mr. Van Buren de
stroys credit, under which business pros
pers.' and all havo happiness and employ,
nuu gives goia, wmon none nowever, out
the Government can get, and which no
body can cat? drink, or wcur."--iV. Y
Express.
"No plague, nor postiliinco, nor fire,
nor storm, nor. war, has ravaged the
world; but what has brought us wliaWwo
are? The answer i3, tho highest award1
to tho power of our country, and, the
deepest disgrace upon ouropprnnsors who
havo perverted it to wrong. ' Tho specie
balance power of tho world, as necessary
ns the political Imlanco, is d.'sturhrd.
Iho ship is sinking, tor tlm uuMust Wall
on ono side. (Jmifidnncb, which, is as the
calm upon thtiSija, is gone, ond tho'-storm
howls,andjli.o waves diish,and theru is no
helmsman to guide. Closely .inked as we
now aro with England wml Finnic, who
ever experiments upon us, cxpoi'im'jr.is
ttpon tile world.. It is absolutely n--cotssa-ry
to tho cxistrnca of tho Hahk of Etig x
land that she have Lack the specie, nn'uti-
due proportion of which we travel nnd the.
world will be. convulsed until the- prize is
won. Tiro Hank of England must cither
suspend specie 'payments; or. hnvo back
her specie, but . loaned to us, tipd 'for
which wo owe." N. Y Express. ;
" Never was there a ccritf stsounnotes
s.'try and so worthless. Gold uirJ' silver
'iow do us no more good than they wauld
Iho furnished man who "was dyirnr far
bread. Concert of notion between ours
and tho Government of England Would
giva ptitico to the agitalud world ahi.ost as
soon as a packet ship could ooina'6vcr
tha sea; but all wc have from Washing
ton is bullying, qtwekory, threat, innuen
do, nn I abuse. Who hoKcves' that even
tho BcBlian Hottentots would perm't such
a set of quacks to experiment upcA them
savages ns they arc eight lonsfVPttrs,
without rising tfl fifis3, nniithrowir,tliom
into tho Potomac, if Potomac thoy hud'?
N. IT. Express. . . , . t ,
" That tho Bank of England want
Iter coin lack, is but a poor reason for
which tho Government should oppress its
own people., Tho sptcie hold in-tho
West, by tlio eflect ot tho 1 roasnry cir
cular, would be much more useiui to a
people there if it were removed to tiio1
Etst; for it is not specie, bat
tunds eti '-,-)'
tho Atlantic which they want. If it were
shipped to England, it would be of muea
more use to this country than h now is,
in tnt casrs, it would pay the debts of the
West to the Enst, and of the East to
England; whorcas it now phyei no de-Its,
and even as a basts upon which the wost-
em banks might mnfcc issuna, it would in
this way be much more cdwiefU .in Eng
land than in tlw vaults of the ve.'tern
batiks.' Journal of Cornmrrce April 13C
But tho. evil is not within the reaph
of the. banks; two steps mutt be taken:
thn specie circular must bo rescinded, and
ten millions of gold sent to Europe. IT.
8. Gazette ' . .
" The reason of this nrocedure on the
part of tho houses above named, nnd- alto
the regulations adverted la yesterday, of
tho Jin rings, is found Hi tne duterminaUoi
is K
r
"4

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