,'; tut i -j .i:-;
... A. IIAIIT dr. It. E. CRAIG,
:rProm tbj Knickerbocker.!
0$G Of JLABOK-TIIE MINER.
Tln:eMernkr ia btehing red, :
T'eiiUmWIHop flowing; .,
.Tha iro: MnurnrU)f in lu bed, .
IJI frolics aowlop .: .. (:
llaia liia plck-exe, anil the spade
Anq vop ('om'l were ringing.
witl ouraolres, the 'inoaatuin' stream
ado song 01 uiuar singing.
T1..(.l( l..:n-,it. , 0 .".! 1 .n
j.lTia.lqauaUIn air U soot aad fresh), ; ,,, :
t,j,.lwUafed;akiea,beod o'er us; ,.r- ,
y aroah jrUoers, rich In hidden fohli-, . ,
. v, i-je'jUinipUnglr rore us;. , , j,
Tlion Jigiitljt ply Uu pick and spado, ,
'"WiUY staetos strong and lnstj;
A golden "rllj'J Ir quick ij mado, ' '' '
. WereTei claims are "diiaty." ,
- n Vv a no aragli fttk' jidr ',
- INof wiard-rod; dUtaiugl 1"., : : ' -:,,Tka
pitk-hxe, spade, aud brawny hand .
fc..-,Aa sorcerers la mining; j.;v. . .. j.
y'a lull for hard and yellow gold, . .
,,,!iio togua) bauk uotoa taking; .
t The.bauV, ye trust, thongl) growing old,
'tl Thar 'l3'aq manlier II f than ours, -
n A liffc amid the nivuaUins, .
W liero trout the. bill-sidea. rich In gold,
4ie wejliug sjiarkliug fouutulns; .
njjghty, army of the hills, ,.
Like aome strong giant labors
Tf gather spoil by holiest toil, '
'And not by robbing ncigliborsl
T'titi ,11 :,: , -, , . .. : ,
,Vr'kea,.lubor cVoaes with the day,
, ..psinipto fare returning, . ...... ,
,.Wb gather in a merry group . , ...
Xiounjl tho cauip-llros burning; ... '
The inounlaiu Is our couch at' night, ,
j -Yh.e's'jirs shine bright aliovo us;
. 'Wei tliink of homo and fall asleep,, "',
'"To droain'of those who love us.
. . i ...
Ftather Ri'tir, Calif ofnia.
How Be;iutilul is CMIdliood.
How beautiful Is childhood!
t;yli(tn innpeent. Us gleet . . , ., ,
( How clour its inorry laugh, that speaks
The liart froni sorrow ficel -
W'.d ... . . ..'
.is UKe a picnnuni uioruir.g,
''Vt'iich the air Is filled with song;
''"-O, liKa a summer stream tliiit glides
'"' . ' 80 merrily along. ' '
How, beautiful la. childhood!
, , How trustful how content!
-,'lts, memory has no.blo.tted iwge
Kd (blllcs to lament.. '.' .' '
TIs like ft simple Bower that grows
'' ''All. blooming, fair and bright; '
' Or liko a choerlhg star that glov,s," :
Ujiofi the lobe of iii(?ht: ,; :
Tribulation oi'n Bitlilul Man;
V ;" y- V ',' OR. ' " ,:
' MY FiRSTPPBARASCE IX SOCIETY," "
.-,'( ' y 'i' raaconraiDonv
How "early impressions" und reminis
, cence of.' youthful days hang tons. How
easyv'clpar anil distinctly we can see our
first dickey, first boots we wore, or books
wo read, while .thousands of sublunary
things coming in at a much later date are
almost obsolete in our memories.
"i rememoer laun an hundred years
would not dim the recollection," said Frank
Vox, my first "grand dash" into "society."
I was old enough to be better educated In
the ways of the World, but it was my weak
ness lo"be rather bashlul,I wasbigenoigh to
tuke careofmyself.but I was so timid and un
sophisticated and hence my difficulties. We
lived in a small neighborhood, butabundant
ly'supplled with live people, and any quan
tity of good looking girls. While I was in
jack and' trowsers, we gals and. boys got
along t gether slipk as a whistle, as our
y aukea friends say. But by and by I left
home to return a double-fisted bullet headed
. individual, in coat nnd pantaloons, and about
foVo 'eight, 'sprouts of. a sickly' sort of a
moustache, ornamenting my upper lip. .-j
Jhe little felrls I left behind me, had not
been5 neglected by nature or artj I returned
to'ndfthbit 'Vime even the brief period of
rti -i -r-",) .iii- (." ,-, : ,
fiw jrpas,-7-.jhad . worked wonders. Susan,
Jane, Ann,1 Mary, Polly,: Betsey, &c.,, had
hduome.Miss1 Jenes. Miss Smith, Miss this
arfif'Misa 'jhat, ergo, they were young wo
mn' ahisettlrig their caps for beaux; It was
soon. kpoyn : that 1 had got bome j' Some
netv accessions to the population had been
made, in-way of two aristocratically inclined
families from the city jof-; and hese
fumiie, had Borne four, or five highly finish
ed (daughters, each: ! Well, we saw them,
they iaw''us!' for the first four or five' days,
we ept sh,tidy, ogling the girls beg ' par
donyqung, ladies, at a jdistance;' lodging
lh,?m ifihey. were likely to get too close,
arid nwking ourself mighty scarce if any of
them made their appearance about tour dom-
. ii) a !... .. i:l'-.j-' .!
j'ulffaftk'.said my sister-in-luw for. I nev
er was; blessed with 'a sister, or perhaps I
tsHdiiftf hoi hftve been so backward lit com
ing forward, you see'Well,' my brother's
wjfcgayt. tei mei .fFrankf why don't you
back vy iet the' girls, they come over to see
yd'ui'Tfi;! be'li'evd, and whehever they ap-
t it TiiVvi ti ; j, . ," . . j
pear, avyajrypushQol, as.if niad dogs was af-
tef.y.oulj'ou fret not afruitl of them are you I"
; -NJboo.. -1 hesitatingly replied. i
fa,Thwnt bite'you!" a fc) ;vs,,w ,., hi t..
"Je.n,don(iV.ti.6tVP wt-n is Smith
and Miss Joneer add the two Mies Degrand
coWiUtvef igBi's1etteialil here)' comes
IJonerfioW- Frank; "!-";-'--
"A a LottyLottjtdon't t ervovsiy
MMeiber.:f' 311 1' ;';-mw-.s'a
IVnliBriged If I a-,';, but tywaa toolatee
vJ066ti AbrnTt)' Liie gla.d to sde'y to,
a leaf, "stand stilt you goose' Mis Jones,
to trie soto vofce,-"openyotirnidutlr,!" A1--Io,mj!taee'o;a'
ywr JieaeWnd speak l" J .i3t 01 imA-sti, "..
wAh1 4i food mornlhg ir-v-beg pardon
'tTyP aot'' ,'Th'ta perfectly herculean
exhausiedt'me't 'never ','come 'io
.i-.. ....... ... ... I ' ' ' - ' -
4 irt ' t ' . . I . - 1 .11
t CM' Vl !.". .1,
1, NO: 4.:
car tuoamg m my me, 1 nanks to my
ister-in-Iaw, tf she "got mo into the Ice, she
got me oat again lorjier tongue ran a pit
pat clitter clatter, as a married woman
tongue 'will run you know. : Bo getting
breath and with my breath confidence,
burst out all of a sudden "How do you do
Miss Jones!" As my sister-in-law and Misa
Jones had been talking right straight along
without any reference ti me at all who had
sat ,ile'nt as a tfandarian, this suddjen
spasm quite startled them; my sister-in-law
hal ha! ha! ha'd right out; Miss Jones blush
ing like a carnation or a scarlet delilah, in
fine silvery voice said . '
if'Quite well UtvFox thank you."
"Tha thank you,". I involuntarily echo
ed.1 I.-'. ' !' - ' - '-l. ' i .
. '"Ha! haj hl roared my sister-in-Jaw!
"Charlotte!" says I, in a voice of such
absolete firmness that it quite checked, her
Cachintory ejaculation. I , had arose from
my seat to make this determined effort of
elocution.' ;I raised my hand to give it force
and fruitlessly waved it once or twice more,
to give the grand flourish to the rest of my
remarks but, I was done, could not get off
another word, and so with a a hurried mo
tion, I snatched up my hat and bolted out of
God knows how my sister-in-law straight
ened things with Miss Jones, but I felt so
ashamed of stupidity, the next day in revenge
upon myself, I not only went smack, bang
over to Miss Jones' to make an apology, for
my rudeness, but during my stay there the
alarming space of two minutes; accepted an
invitation to attend a whist party at the resi
dence of the Miss Degrands. the next even
ing. I felt bold as a sheep! as I marched over
home, after such a display of cool courage
and self possession, and upon hiy sister-in
law meeting me in the vestibule, and saying,
"Why, Frank, I thought I saw you going
into Squire Jones'!"
"Well, of course you did," say las bold as
"You are mightily tickled, Frank, what
is the matterl" .
'Lotty,'T says I, twitching up my shirt
collar and viewing my frizzled head in the
parlor glass, "Lotty I'm going to a party."'.
"lou are!" said she. , '
"lam!" ' " '
"Pray where, Frank, at Miss Jonesl" :
"No. At the Miss .Degrand's.". suy I.
"Yes, mam!" responded I with ulter dis
tinctness. : '
"Hurra! for you Frank. Good!" cried
Lotty, "and" she continued, "who are you
going withl Lizzie."
"No, by myself.'of course. What should
I go with!"
"Why Miss Jo.ies, you booby, has'nt she
nvited you?"' '' -
N no," I hesitatingly replied. "She
nvited me to attend the party. I said I
would, but she didn't ask me to go with her.
"Oh! you goose!" laughingly exclaimed
Lotty, "why Frank, you are the greatest
booby I a "
I heard no more; for I cleared out to re
flect upon the now apparent fix I was get
ting my father's son into. From that time
to the hour of six P. M., next day, I was in
a twitter of excitement- Urged by my sister-in-law,
"fixed up" to the nines; such a
"dandy jack" as I appeared, never illuminat
ed that region before or since I II engage.
All ready,. off I goes, to Miss Jones. I pull
ed the bell with a most nervous twitch, I
walked in with fear and misgivings, in the
parlor sat not only Mihs Jones but her two
cousins, the old lady a maiden aunt and some
four or five of the junior branches of . the
Jones' family. . I got through, though it was
fearful work. . I sat my hat on the center
table and it' fell off, 1 picked it up, and in
doing so hit my nose against a pile of gilt
edged literature and down it came pell mcll,
but the children : came to tny rescue and I .
finally found myself armed by a lady on each
side the cousins! imagine my feelings
Miss j., going in advance en route, down the
avenue to the portly residence of the Miss
Degrands. We entered the vestibule; I had
not spoken a word all the way, the pretty
cousins and Miss J., doing a heap of conver
sation. In the hall, the old negro servant
made a grab at mj hat, but I held on and in
triumph carried it into the parlor, where in
the midst of introductions, flaring of. lamps
and waving and fluttering of silks and casi
meres bowing and scraping, fuss and feath
ers, to all of whieh I was more of less deaf
and blind, down on a piano stool in the cor
ner I socks my hat.
The two cousins froze tot me, introduced
me, I1 bowed; .one of the Misa Degrands'
came' forward, I was introduced, arid as she
in the ?tip ":ot fashion made her perfectly
grand theatrical, bow ,to me,, t grabbed! her
by the' hand, and in the 'most democratic
manner, imaginable shook it most heartily.
She not only blushed but by her eyes I saw
she was . likewise, 'in'ad ! as a hbrueti ger
sister and ber had a word and then tho sister
avoided me; ' ' Things' grew- no '. better fast,
.fronf'one. 1 bungle 1 I got info another. Ih a
whist I was ignorant nd awkwsrd.'in a.hop
waltz with one of the. cousins, I tread her
toes until she screamed,: and in ' trying" to
me W the1 matter I stepped upon the floun
ces ofllliss 'Degran'd's dress and toreloff
fire yards at Jeast. . Iu despair I backed
down, saw a seat,., back ,upon it, ray head
dizzy, J rushed and down I sat, jtqiuuh upon
my hat. In confusion JLaroae Matched, up
the pancake looking affair which I frenzied
held up to' the vulgar gaze. There! was , a
roar of laughter in which I did. ; not join I
assure you; I gave-a rush forward, bit the
taole, "tilted over the ostral lampJ-Jguch a
crashil' kept ;ont('inai(Ie','or( the' door
which just then old' pegrandwa enieri ng
avauni ponner of his old negro man! ' who
.-1 JK.jl.IJ . . I ,Liif ,1, ,.,
re a large tray well filled with wine in
1 large tray '
glasses. I struck the old gentlemen so
forcibly that "he fell back upon pompey,
down' went pompey, 'glasses and wine, and
on my mti career I proceeded. Going out
the wrong end ol the hall I found myself in
a dark dining-room, but jerking open the
first door in advance, J went out into a hall
thence to an anti-room, groping in the. dark
I struck my head against a half open kitch
en door saw bushels of stars and fell tense-
... ' ..' i
How or when I got homo the Lord only
knows! but for one week Ihad a head too big
for a hat and a pair of black eye's. As soon
as able' to travel I left that,"Settiement"
never to return.
United States and Europe.
.The thirty-oiie States, nine Territories,
and district of Columbia, which compose the
United States, contain an area of 3,300,865
square miles that is equal to nine-tenths of
the area of the whole continent of Europe.
There is nine-tenths the quantity of good
and productive farming land withiiAhe do;
main of the United States, as in all Europe.
Yet while the population of : Europe is
over $200,000,000, the population ofthe
United States is but25.000,000; only 21,-
000,000 of whom are whites. Tho United
States, then, can support and subsist a pop
ulation of tho nearly as lurge as that of
Europe at the present time; and will doubt
less yet contain such a population. It will
be long ere the elements of growth in this
country are exhausted. The imagination
can scarce conceive the vast achievements
o( the American people when tho whole
countrj is settled and all its resources devel
Already, with but 25,000,000 people, we
havQ in operation 20,000 miles of railroads;
about as much as all Europe. (They have
been built at a cost or $.00,000,O0Q;. and
one ol them is the longest railroad 111 the
world. The European railroads have cost
more, and are perhnps more thoroughly con
structed. We have also over 5000 miles of
canals; more, we believe, than all Europe.
The length often of our principal rivers is
20,000 miles; and the surface of the five'
great American lakes, is' over 90,000 rqnarc
miles. Such lakes nnd river9,are not found
in fcurope. Considerable portions of the
territory of Europe lie iii higher northern
liittiludes than any portion of the United
Stutes, and is consequently less productive,
and less capuble of nustuiuiug a dense popu
,The tonnage of the vessels employed in
our inland, coasting und foreign commerce,
is greater than that of England; and greater
than that of all Europe combined, exclusive
of England. We have nearly 13,000 miles
of sea coast, exclusive of the shores of
tide wuter rivers. The registered tonnage
of the United States is 4,406,010 ton?. The
mount of products of American industry.
when compared with the population is truly
wonderful. The value of the agricultural
products of tho United States for the year
1853, was over two thousand million dol
ors; and value of the products of all other
labor for the same year was over fifteen
hundred million dollars. ' The product of
the mines is very large; that of gold alone
is nearly one hundred million dollars annu-
lly. ( ,:-
If such is the product, such the wealth,
the commerce, and the public improvements
of the United States when tho population is
25,000,000 who can compute the wealth and
power of the nation when its population shall
equal that of Europe! , While, vvith our pre
sent people, enough agricultural products
are produced for home consumption, nnd a
surplus worth nearly a hundred and fifty
million dollars for sale abroad, Europe wilh
nine times the population, produce less than
is demanded for its own supply.
The surface of American coil fields, al
ready been discovered, exceeds 133,000
square miles, and the lend, iron! popper and
other mines are apparently inexhaustible.
Over 50,000 railroads are already chartered,
and railroad making will doubtless continue
until the whole wide domain of the repub
lic, from the frozen north to' the' tropics, and
from the Atlantic to the Pacific is 'spanned
nd chequered, and bound together by 'iron
rails, and enlivened by the tramp of the iron
horse. ' The'repubirc has' a future befcre it
of vast promise, and of bright and boundless
hopes. Its moral will equal its' material
power j and' wifbin a centuryall. Europe
combined " will not surpass it in wealth and
commerce.'dr, perhaps'; Iri population. " ' '
In Europe not more than One in twenty of
the' people can read arid write. ' Iii the Uni
ted' States there is onljf' bhe' in twerity;twd
who cannot read and Wrltei There are five
times ttf many newspapers ..published, in the
United, States.,, in all Europe.. ,We have
81,000 schools 000
colleges. hay' j.curcne" ' "v
' .Although law .and.order prevaij, jthcrejs
not now, throughout the entire Union, one
man imprisoned, , for , politicals oflenpe.-r--Gerraan,jtiliun,:
Spanish and French pris
on Ire filled with political offenders, i The
European' bVernmihts are 1ft debt' beyond
alpossible means of poymenfc jn ail time to
come. n Our government owe but a, trifling
sum, not yet due, and offers. h& creditors a
large' premium'1 for the1 privilege 6f paying
Why i it that Young America i thus ex
celling Old Europe? 3 Europe is still cursed
with' the "divine1 right" of some fifty-four
families to'rule all the million 0 fits peo
ple. t In the United State ia established the
truly divine .right of the people to rule them-WAfm-Pittiburgh
The UnlonU It;tlust be Preserved.
Buy only what yon' Want.
To buy nothing you do not want is a max
1m as oiu almost ts society itself..' But it
ia also one continual slipping of mind, and
which cannot, therefore, be brought for
ward again too frequently. Spending mon
ey, in fact,. is vice common to -human na
ture . Where one man degrades himself bv
being a miser, ten are in constant peril of
ruining themselves by extravagonce. It is
so fine to have elegant furniture, to live in a
handsome house or to dress one's wife and
children in rich apparel, that it requires an
unsual degree of firmness, especially in this
prosperous age,, to resist the temptation. If
everybody wa compelled to pny cash for
sugh gratifications, there would be some
slight check on Jhis tendency to useless ex
penditure. But credit is bo easily obt lined
in this country, and buyers are so sanguine in
being ready when settling day comes, that
thousands of families are induced annually
to cripple their future comforts by indulg
ing in present follies. Half of the men
who reach old age impoverished, and per
haps a greater number owe their dependent
condition, at that sadest of all times to be
beggared, to early extravagance.
If wo were all to buy only what we want
ed this would not be.' We are far froni re
commending a niggardly parsimony; for
one of the purposes of wealth is that it
should be distributed in encouraging trade
and' its arts.' But still even the wealthiest,
with a few exceptions, frequently buy what
they do not want; while those less favored
incessantly violate this golden rule. The
preacher, lawyer, physician, attracted by
some new and costly book, pursuades him
self that his profession requires that he
should have it, and spends on it a sum that
ho often needs for more necessary purposes
betore the year ls over. The wife, charmed
by a new style of dress, lavishes away her
money, is delighted for awhile, but lives to
repent it, if she is a womun of sense.; The
father, proud of his daughter, thinks no ex
pense too great to grr.til'y her whims. The
young man, fond of lioraes, does not count
the cost when coveting a famouu trotter.
The fashionable couple, whu like to be sur
rounded with mirrors, pictures and fine fur
niture generally, squander money dispropor
tionately on such costly gew-gaws. Yet
all leurn, sooner or later, to regret what
they "have dune, since thoy find they have
added nothing to their happiness ' as tens of
thousands have discovered before, after buy
ing what they really did not want. Phila
Slavery fok Money. We pity tho man
who wears out his energies in the accumu
lation ot riches, which when amassed, he
will have lost the capacity to enjny. He
finds himself at the end of his' labors
guest at ins own feast, without an appetite
for its dainties. 1 The wine of life is wasted,
and nothing temains but the less. The
warm sympathies of his heart have been
choked by his inexorable spirit of avarice,
and they cannot be resuscitated. The foun-tuin-head
of his enthusiasm is scaled; he
looks at all things in nature and in art with
an eye of calculation; hard matter of fact
is the only pabulum his mind can feed on;
the elastic spring of impulse is broken; the
poesy of. existence is gone.
Are wealth and position an equivalent to
these losses!'; Is not the millionaire, who
has acquired wealth at such a cost, a miser
able bankrupt In our opinion, there is lit
tie to chocse on the score of wisdom be
tween the individual who rccklpssly squan
ders bis money as he goes along in . folly,
and the false economist ,who denies himself
the wholesome enjoyments of life, in order
to swell the treasure which, in the harden
Process , of scraping up ho. had been
too mean to spend, and too selfish to give
away.,i(,,,. .,. ; , .,,
The only rational way to live is to mix
labor with enjoyment a streak of fat and
a streak 'of lean. There is nothing like a
streaky life; a pleasant mixture of exertion,
thankfulness, love, jollity, nnd repose. The
man. who slaves for riches, makes a poor re
turn to that God who took tho trouble of
making him 'for , better, purpose. Hunt's
Th Old Mam of the Mocstain. A cor
respondent of the - New York Cmnmercial
Advertiser, says that one of the attractions
.of the Franconia (N. H.)"Flome House, is
a carelessly dressed, tall, sandy hairied old
man. who bears the title the "Old Man of
the Mountains." Being of a reflective turn
I of mind, and living apart from "the learning
oi tne woriu, ne na hit upon curious theo
ries concerning various natural, phenomena,
which are well worth listening to. He be
lieves as other learned men have believed
before him,, that tlip world is a hollow
sphere, wilh a world of continents, oceans
and streams on its inner surface. The outer
arid inner worlds are connected by tWo tun
nel! at the poles', arid' in his'opinidn Sir John
Franklin and jbrjCane have both entered
these tunnels and wili. never return , home.
The old man even inclines to the belief that
that' the earth Is ait animated substance,, de-
pgndebtfor its" eijetonce .ip6n jekpi'rati.on
through rts caverns and outgushing streams.
j. ' - .Vr-y
cAa "old fogy" in.Ne Hampshire was re
cently overtaken ' by' a "train of thought.
Through j 'skillful' medical 'treatment it Is
hoped he may survive the shock'., : ,,', :'!i '
J 0i7"The briefest charge to a jury in an ac
tion .trial, was given by one of the courts.
Jt was as follows: "Gentlemen ' if you be
lieve all the testimony In the case, your ver.
diet should be for the ptalntiff."
;;-. ' ' ,,,,' :'' !'
KTToin Hood defines public BeriUnient
a, Vthe iyejage prejudice of mankind."
Western Ucscrve College.
Published by wiliest.. . '
Messes. Editors: The Independent of
July 27, contain two article glorifying the
recent commencement of the Western Re
serve College, and representing the pros
pects of the College as " quite encouraging."
Tho article signed "Western Reserve" is
evidently designed to convey the impression
that he College is in a condition which
should inspire its friends with confidence and
hope. Were this the truth, no man would
rejoice in it more heartily than the writer
but to those who know tho actual condition
of this institution, the policy of these repre
sentations, or, rather misrepresentations, is
transparent. It no new thing to attempt
to galvanize prostrate corporations by sys
If the columns of influential papers are to
be opened to this last desperato expedient of
the oligarchy by whom this institution is now
controlled, in the defiance of the known
wishes of ninety-nine one hundredths oflhese
by whom the College has been sustained,
and without whose co-operation it never can
be sustained, it is certainly just that they
should also be open to an exposure of this at
tempt to manufacture a false opinion, and de
lude the friends of the coilego who reside at
It is no part of my purpose to give a his
tory of the difficulties by which this institu
tion has been prostrated. All that I propose
is to submit certain facts in relation tathe
six following particulars: -;
First. Facts relating to
, I. .The Commencement.
As to the interest in the Coliege, evinced
at the recent, commencement, the following
facts are significant:
1. That while a large audience welcomed
Mr. Douglass on Wednesday, un uudience
one-third smaller attended the exercises of
the groduating class and the inaugural of
l'rof. Jlofford, on Thursday. At all previ
ous commencements, the attendance upon
the second day has been three or four times as
large as upon tho first. The multitude came
to hear Douglas.
3. Upon tho second day (which is proper
ly commencement day) there wus a sinuller
attendance of alumni, ministers, and the well
known friends of the College, than there has
been for fourteen years before.
3. Of the five who received the degree of
A. B., onl three have been members of the
class during the year, and most of the time,
'4. 1 he whole number of students in the
college department (sustained during the
year at an. expense of nearly $4000) has
5. Only four candidates presented them
selves for admission iBto the Freshman
The contrast in all these particulars, be
tween this and former commencements, wus
most. painful and ominous.
II. Its Financial Condition.
Between Jan. 1, 1845, and Jan. 1, 1850,
there was subscribed to the funds of the col
lego, over $125,000, (one hundred and twenty-five
thousand dollars.) of which all but
about 27,000 (twenty-seven thousand) was
subscribed upon the Western Reserve. And
yet this College is to-day living largely be
yond its income, that is, the income actually
received in cash. This and other facts will
appear from the following statements:
The assets of the college, aside from its
fixed capital, (buildings, etc..) maybe divi
ded, for convenience into - two classes,
namely, the, Permanent Fund, (consisting
originally of subscription-notes to. the
amount of $85,000, (eighty-live thousand,)
and given upon condition that tho principal
should never be expended nor liable for the
debts of the College) and the Generul Fund,
(consisting of all other assets.)
Notice the following facts: .. : . .
1. July 1st, 1830, the General fund ex
ceeded the liabilities of the College about
$10,000 (ten thousands V
2. July 1st, 1854, the General Fund was
over $8000 (eight' thousand) less than the
liabilities:' showing a' falling off, in four
years, of over $18,000, (eighteen thousondr)
"Encouraging!" ' :''"' !
3. July 1st, 1853, the differenoe between
these assets' and linbiliti s was about $0000,'
(six thousand;) from which it appears that
the deficit ha increased over S2000 (two
thousand) during the past year; arid tliis
while the theolog:cl department has been
suspended and no salary has been paid in
that department; ' "'' ' - ' " ' ' ;
4. Of the Permanent Fund, about one
half, or over $42,000 (forty-two thousand.)
consists Of 'unpaid subscription 1 notes,' the
greater part of which are long past due. ;
Upon the principal of this large' amount,
(upon which there is due some seven thou
sand dollarsV unpaid interest,) -the fuithful
labors of the Treasurer," aided by the stren
uous exertions of th3 President, havo availed
to collect durlng'the'yea'r ending July 1st,
1854, ten's than $900, (nine hundred,) all told!
And it is notorioue that hundreds who never
suffered their business paper to be protested,
aiid who would pay cheerfully ifthe College
were as it wa when they BBbscribed, con
sider themielve under no moral Obligation
to pay subscriptions,' so long as the college
Is controlled by those in whose hands' it has
stink to its present degredation.' At the rate
of $900 a year, when will this collection be
completed' ' ' -
1 ' '6. 1 The estimated expenses of the College
for the year ending July- 1st, 1855, amount
to about $4500 (four thousand five hundred,)
arid the reliable income, that is, the income
upon that portion of the fund now 'collected
and invested, ia estimated at less that $2700
(twenty-smn hundred.) ' t Thia deficit; of
about $1800 (eighteen huodreddollar) f an
only be met by the uncollected inierett on
note whicTthe subscribers refuse to pay.
Were the theological deDartment in
tion the deficit WOuld be about &390n. fthraA
thousand nine hundred!)
1 j 1 1 ...
7. Otw$3700(two thousand seven hundred)
of the sacred Permanent Fund has been loaned
to this bankrupt General Fund. . I this
Christian fidelity, or Schuyler financiering!
O Oil.- f 11 . ..
o. iuo voiiego grounas, windings, appa
ratus, etc., have long been under heavy mort
gages: and threats of prosecution for debt
are now hanging over the College
9. The Treasurer appointed by the reign
ing oligarchy, finding that the public will not
pay their subscriptions to a board of trus
tees controlled "by such a majority, has ten
dered his resignation., ;
1 r mi.; i.i ...... .
iv xuis uanKrupt institution is, by it
own pledges, forbidden to seek additional
aid from the east; and to obtain any consid
erable amount from the people of . tho Re
serve, so long as tho College is under its
present head, is a veil Inovn imjiossihilUy.
Do these facts look "encouraring!"
But the distant friends of the college ought
also to know certain facts concerning.
III. The Board of Instruction.
1. Within a short period, Rev. Clement
Long, D. D., (now Professar in Dartmouth
College;) Rev. E. P. Barrows, (now Profes
sor in Andover Seminary,) Rev. S. V. Bart-
lett, (now Pastor at Manchester, N. H.;)
and Prof. Saml.JSt. John, LL. D., havo lost
confidence in tfic management of the rulin
oligarchy, and resigned, to the great grief of
ulmost the entire community.
2. Til I tllpolrirripft I ilnnnp'tmonf la nf :
I, vti-jjui Mllvlll 10 nut jij
operation; and funds given in Brooklyn and
elsewhere to endow professors in this de
partment, and which could never have been
obtained for other purposes are used to sus
tain a President, and three Professors and a
tutor, while instructing 23 studeiits in the
3. One of tho two new professors was
elected by the casting vote of the President
and accepted his appointment in the teeth of
the formal recorded protest of one half the
permanent members of the board of trustees;
and the other received no votes but the votdfe
of those who elected the former, and also
accepted his appointment against the pro
test of the minority; and both were elected
without the recommendation of the faculty
with whom they were to be associated; (an
.act unprecented in the history of Ameri
Are the Alumni of the College, and its
friends generally,, who sympathize with the
resigning professors ond the protesting trus
tees, likely to rally to the support of profes
sors thus thrust upon them! :
Add to the forcgoir.g certain facts concern
IV. The Trustees.
1. Within a year, two of tho twelve trus
tees (Rev. Dr. Aiken and Rev. J. Seward)
have resigned, and in the place of them have
been appointed others possessing far less
of the confidence of the friends of the Col-
Are changes mode upon the principle
which evidently governed these, likely to
2. As illustrative of the spirit of the two
sides, it ought to be known that prior to' the
resignation of Rev. Dr. Aiken, the trustees
who represented the sentiments of the vast
majority of the friends of the College propo
sed and urged an arrangement ly which all
mailers in dispute should le referred to a
Board of Arbitration for final adjucation
which proposition was peremptorily voted
down by tits President and his friends.
This fact is significant, and will not fail to
Consider, in addition,
V. Public Sentiment.
1. It is a well-attested fact, that nine
tenths of the Presbyterian and Congrega
tional ministers of the Western Reserve, and
an overwhelming majority of the donors, who
are so situated as to know the facts namely
those who reside in Ohio, (three classes
without whose confidence no college can
prosper,) are fully convinced that the Col
lege can never be resuccitated under the man
agement ot Pres. Pierce, not even when aid
ed by his two new professors, so reluctant
to assume high position.
2.; Hundreds who, have bpen long known
as among the earnest and self-sacrificing
friends of tho College have taken the avow
ed position: "We cannot encourage students
to go to a College thus ojicerci and thus presi
ded over." And this position has "been t-j
ken in no spirit of faction, but reluctantly
after long forbearance, and from a sincere
regard to the real welfare of the College.
It remains to consider .'m i .; i - I
VI. The Probabilities of an Abicsent.
! 1. Consider the refusal '6f an arbitration
already referred to. t
2.' Consider that Pres. Pierce ha been
respectfully and'earnestly requested to re
siSn: (0,Py .the theological alumni; 2) By
ix,, trustee in a communication oyer .their
own signatures; (3). By a publio meeting of
the influential donors; and (4) By the .West
ern Reserve Synod,, of which he J a. mem-
i ;:3 Consider that, notwithstanding all. this,
Presfeierco; haa publicly , said, ,"Jf(ull the
Vriiled: State? and. Europe, and Asia, and
Africa, and 40 angels of God,,ask mi to resign,
-WtLl NOT DO IT!"L ;;; f i ;.. ,.,', ,:-;bW ;T,
: Other facta might be submitted, but these
will suffice. -r.-yt'
.'. ' The writer has no interest in this contro
versy, which the Independent has'not:' , He is
one of the multitude, who once looked upon
this institution with pride, and hope; arid who
novr grieve bitterly over it deplornble condition.--
Bui why publish these facts! stvlHi!
: Because) & think must be apparent from
the above, the only 'prosperity Jot the Cotteye
' , - i f
Phoenix Block, Third Story, T t
lies beyond the official grevt of the reigning1 a.
igarchys and because such representation s
those of four correspondent onW heb to nto- 1
Lin t hn l-Aim nf thia Aliarrh mA Ih.- ,,
m r . . fo
ftard the dawn of that future, for which the
outraged and insulted donor, alumni, and
true friend of tho College, will not cease to
labor and pray. ? Justice.
Interesting Incident. "'
. The Burlington Free Press give the fol
lowing account of an interesting incident t
tho Alumni dinner. The fourth regular1
"Taefiirt Graduating Class of Jlfly' years
Charles Adams, Esq.., of Burlington,
arose: "There were four of us," says he'
"who graduated fifty year go." He stop
ped a moment, two white haired men rose
beside him, and the three (the survivor of
the Class of 1804) stood in silence. The 1
effect was electric. Wonder, that of a col-
lego class of half a century ago, three-fourths j
should yet survive, and be able to meet at H
such a time, and thought of the emotions 'j
with which they looked upon each other and t
their numerous successors in the path on '
which they were the . pioneers, filled the,
minds of all present, and after a moments -
silence broke forth in deafening applause. i
Charles Adams, Wheeler Barns, Justus
Wheeltr and Jariu. Kennao, formed the i
class. Of the last, who died many years j
ago, Mr. Adam gave a brief sketch. He!
was, he said, man of uncommon talent.-i- !i
Beyond a doubt he was the co-author with '
Irving and Paulding, of "Salmagundi," and ;;
had he lived would have attained an eleva- ! i
ted fame. He went on to iriva intwat in ' J
o . ""6
remmscence of Mr Saunder, their old and '
sole instructor, and of the first days of the 1
University; when the primitive pine forest 1
covered densely the spot where the college 5 j
-ui.uiiijj. nun eiauu, aim wnen ne ana nis
class mates rolled the logs and burned the
stumps where the first clearing on the ground
Never Hope You don't Intrude Rea
der a word serious, sober, heart-full word. ,
This is it: Never think you don.t intrude .
You do. You pop into a parlor, perhaps.
There sit in the twilight and bliss, loung
ing on a sofa, a loving couple, Of course, .
you hope you don't intrude. But you do,
though. You drop in an editorial room. ,
Business is driving. Every man is busy to .
his uppermost hair. You hope you don't in-.
trude. You do, and most confoundedly
You l.appen into a neighbor's just as the!
set down to tea takes place. A favorite
company (to themselves) is gathered, and ,
for a special socialty. You do intrude. Put !
it down as a certainty that you do. Call upon '
a lady while the household duties, claim her
attention, and every moment is a golden one.
Just hope you don t intrude, but don't think
you don't, for you do any part or parcel of
yourself is an intrusion, and a most unwel
come one. So on and so forth.
Preparation fob Death. When you1
lie down at night, compose your spirits bb if :
you were not to wake till the heaven be no '
more. And when you awake in the morn-'
ing, consider that new day as your last, and 1
live accordingly. Surely that night Com
eth, of which you will never see the morn- '
ing, or that morning of which you will nev-
er see the night; but which of your morn- 1
ings or nights will be such, you know not.;
Let the mantle of worldly enjoymehts hang :
loose about you, that it may be easily drop- !
ped when death come to carry you into -another
world. When the corn is forsoki '
ing the ground, it is ready for the sickle;
when the fruit is ripe, it falls off the tree '
easily. So when a Christian' heart is tru-
ly weaned from the world, he is prepared i
for death, and it will oe the more easy for
him. A heart disengaged from the world 1
is a heavenly one, and then we are ; ready :
for heaven, when our heart is there before !
us. Burton. ' , . v . ' 1
In Full Blast. Speaking of, a liquor '
establishment in this city, one of our cotem- '
poraries felicitously says it "Is infuU Blast!"
Aye, Blast is the wordl .'.Blast the char
acters of the young, whose love of excite- '
ment tempts them to indulge in strong drink
Blast the hopes of parent who fondly ,
trust their son will prove their pride and
solace in old age Blast the happines of 1
wives by niakintr bruits of their .husbands;
and stripping them of their property-XjBfarf
the hope of children, who are compelled ,
to bear the disgrace of seeing , their father
incarcerated in jail with felons, and those on
ly who have suffered this anguish know its
poignancy Blast the peace and welfare of
society and 'Blast the victims hope of hap- '
piness in another world! Aye ' Blast is the
word! Elevator, . i ; 1-'
C;tTTAi PiiiAcE-Th Crystal Palace I
Director have authorized their President 4
to sell the entire concern, with a)i the fix- '
lure and property of the Association, dehv- ?
erable on or after the lit of November next, 4
for one half it actual cost. .The first cost "
is understood to hare been about $700,000.
Competent engineer end Architect have
decided that the Palace can be taken dowa;
removed to the Battery, and put up .again,
for $50,000 or less, or b taken down, re- '
moved 10 Philadelphia or Boston, and put
up, for less than $75,000. Good and ma
chinery are said to be coming into the Pal
ace in considerable quantities, much improv-
ing the appearance of thing. ' ' '
, New HAMPsnme Schools. The Board ,
of Education of New Hampshire report that
there are 2,294 school districts in that State,
in which are 87,835 pupils. , The amount of
money raised for school purpose in the
State, this year,' is $212,324, being an in.
crease of 6,93 1 over last year. ''
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