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NEW SEBIES.- YOL. 1, KO. 5; : RAVENNA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER C, 1854. '' " - ' WHOLE 'NUMBER- 479.
Proa lb Cleralaad Plain Dealer.)
' The Deserted Homestead.' ,
v, Abort IU(rMii roof nUr wtrw,
. , VV'lillg bMrU Uwtbut tbr one, i HT,
lonit ilepln In low fnttj tktu,
" And tomt with aaddraad heart aad ka, M ,
' .An roaalaf far from that old horn. . ' " ,
. Tha'aprlng cIom by th toeadow aid, . -b
bubbling elaar and bright, , . ,
4i marmariog low it watara gllda, . ,
, lb U toft and aunnj light; ., . i
' And la each tiny errata! wart, ' , .
' ', Tha long rank gran It laaaaU lava.
Tha haarthtton told and aUtataUapi,
Komora lha magic ring, ;. . . i ,1
1. Whratha fodbaartlnlightnulaap,
-' On lora'a nnwaariad wing,
."W1U galhtr round IU oirclo wlda,
la tha calm low huah of aranld.
( . To woodblna trained by aoft whlM handa, .
. . Toelamberon tha wall, ,
Jfow drooping low It branch hang,
And lha wild bird' wetat call,
alonnda from amdt It waalthoflaaT,
Like a aplrit Ion that TargrlTt.
Th path thathappy children trod,
With buy pattariog feat, '
. ballgrown o'er with brlghtgraen od, .
Ko inoro their roioe greet,
"' Th ear of traveller patting by, . ,
Be beara noaght now tare tha low wlnd'i algh.
Soft lie the tunny light to day,:
,J ( On each green leaf and lower, 7 . :
That hang upon the bending (pray,
la thlt ttlU golden hour, . ;.
' And toftiy will the tun and rain, -.'
Clad oft the greeu old Earth again. .
, ( ', But never more that home thall be,
. At It hath brightly been, .,. .
,. Sad change bath flown acrou the lea,
And breathed upon the tcene, ,
And In tbete hallt through tun or rain,
No more will mirth breath there agnln.
SVIV1A A. LAWKOH.
SaTTKKA, K. T. ' ' ' ' "
V ' : KINDNESS,
llow aoftly en the bruited heart, '
A word of kindliest fa Hi, - ' '
And to the dry and parched oul
The moiateniog tear drop full.
0, If they knew, who walked the aarthi
Mid orrow, grief and pain. "V
The power word of i Indnea hath,?
Twere Paradite again. . ' '
The weakest and the poorest may '
The timple pittance give, '
And bid delight to withered heart
Keturn again and lire;
Oh, what It life if love be lost?
If man'a unkind to man
or, what to Heaven, that waitt beyond
Tbit brief and mortal tj an. .
A stars upon the tranquil tea
In mimic glory thine,
So word of kindness In the hurt
Botect thetource divine; .
Oh, then be kind, who'or thou art,
That broathott mortal breath,
And It shall brighten all thy life,
And twoeton even death.
. ONLY A COUNTBY OIUL.
"You are mistaken. I would sooner die
than wed a mere country beauty,"
"Fred, euppoae her intelligent and moral,
full of nature's" poetry tender-hearted.grace-ful,
unspoiled by adulteration, a guileless,
simple, loving creature." 1 "
"Aye!" said Fred, laughing, "a choice
cluster of Virtues and graces. . Country
beauties are always sweet and simple, so are
country cows. No! I tell you if she was
lovely as an angel, with the best sense in
the world, still if unskilled in music and lit
erature, with-no soul above churns and knit
ting needles, I wouldn't marry her for. a for
tune.'' ' ' '.- . ::,
' "Ha," ha," laughed Helen Irving, but it
was a very piauissimo laugh away down in
the corner of her musical little heart. Hid
den by the trunk of a large tree, she sat
reading within a few feet, only of the ego
tist. 1 :" ; ;.
" In another moment the young men came
within sight., Fred's face was crimson, and
fie whispered in visible' tredinutions, "Do
jroa think she heard!" -
, "Nd," rejoined the other half audibly "she
shows no resentiment, she has hot even
looked up Irom her book; you are safe, she
could not have heard you; but what an an
el the is!"
Yes, Helen was on angel as fur as out
ward beauty miyht merit the encomium.
She act half reclining, on a rustic seat, atri-
ving to smooth out the dimple in her cheek,
as she laid her book' aside, and began, to
twine a half finished wreath of wild roses.
Xeaning on one white arm, the gnarled
, white oak trunk a back ground, flowers
trewn around here, peeping from her bright
Jocks and scattered over a white dress she
sat quiet' at her ease apparently . unaware
that two handsome y ung gentlemen were
.sp rery near. : ; ! ' j.'.''
Approaching with a low bow", upon Which
lis mirror had set the aeai of faultless ele
gance, Frederick Lane, took the liberty of
asking if the young lady would be kind
enough to inform him where a Mr. Irving
"Mr. Irving, the only Mr. Irving in the
Tillage i my father," she said, rising in a
charmingly graceful manner. The large
bouse,',, the continued, "oij high ground,
ball hidden by thick trees and shrubbery
there where we live 1 believe it was an
academy once that a sort Of select school,
isn't It!"' with' the most natural simplicity,
tie replied with another graceful bow :
"Tell your father," said he "that I shall
do myself the honor to-call on htm to-mor
row tie. Will, remember me Frederick
: Lane; at your service.!' . r. i,',..,.,
;" Yes sir, I'll tell Iflm word fur word," re
plied Helca, tucking tW sleeves round her
- oretty arms, and makiinf rather i formal
portesyV,4eri ,eaictin tarkwjiant)
gathering the scattered ifowerav (ha hurried
toward home, "i vfc- i , n ..
'': "Kow father, mother, aont and fs,'
room where the family were at supper, "as
sure as you anil I live, that Mr. Lane you all
talk about so much, is in this yillsge. He
will be here-to-morrow the -first, proper
specimen of a beau; (as of course he will
be) all sentiment, refinement faultless in
kids, and spotless in dicky important and
as self assured aa one of that like can poiti-
bly be."," ';'
"Promise me all of you, that you'll not
lisp a word about music, reading or writing
in my presence becauseI have a plan."
Father will not, I know; only give him. a
newspaper. Aunt Minnie never talks, I
mean in company ard mother will be glad
to aee me churn and mend stockings. Sis,
your rattle of the tongue is the only thing
fear, but if you keep quiet and ask no ques
tions, I will give you that work box you
have coveted so long."
"Ella,, vou are not quite respectable," said
her father, gravely
"Forgive me, dear father," and her arms
were folded about his neck, ''I always mean
well,' but I'm ao thoughtless. ' There all is
right now," she added; kissing him lovingly
on the temple. .,' .
"Come sis, what say you!"
! "Why on that condition, I'll be still aa a
mouse, but what's your reason!" .
"You knit admirably," and Fred looked
on with an unconscious smile of admiration.
Helen set at an open window through
which rose bushes thrust their blushing buds,
making both sweet shade and fragrance.
The canary over head burst out every mo
ment in wild snatches of glorious music.
Helen was at work en a long blue stocking,
nearly finiened, and her fingers f ew like
"You knit quite admirably; are you fond
"Yes quite. I like it better than than
anything else tbut is I mean I can churn
"And do you like to read much!" Fred's
glance had travelled from the corner, of his
eyes, over every table, shelf, and corner, in
aearch of some book or paper. But a paper
not a leaf yellow or sere, repaid his search.
"0 yest" said Helen, with a self-satisfied
"What books! permit me to ask."
"I read the Bible a good deal," she an
"Is that all? '
"All, of course not, and yet, what do we
not find in that holy volume! History, poe
try, eloquence, romance the most thrilling
pathos " blushing and recollecting herselr,
she added with a manner as childish as it had
" A for other books let me see. I've got
in my library first, there's the primmer,
counting her fingers, second class reader,
Robinson Crusoe, Nursery tales, fairy sto
ries, two or three elements of something, bi
ography of some persoh of other, mother's
magazine, king Richard the Third, isn't that
a good assortment."
"Perhaps I don't know as much as those
who have been to school. more," she added
as if disappointed at this minute rejoinder,
"but in making bread, churning butter end
keeping house, I m not to be outdone.
The young man left her more in pity than
in love, but his visits did not always so -result.
He began to feel a magnetic attrac
tion which he vainly attributed to Helen's
beauty; but the truth is, her sweet artless
ness of character, engaging manner and gen
tle disposition, quite won upon the city bred
and aristocratic Fred Lane. There was a
fresh ness nbout everything she said and did.
She perplexed as well as delighted him.
Often, as he was wondering how some
homely expression would be received in good
society, some beautiful sentiment would sud
denly drop like a pearl from her lips, more
remarkvble f jr originality than brilliancy.
"Il l should fall in the snnrf, thought lie, I
can educate her. "It would be worth trying. '
It was useless to combat with his pas
sions; so at last he fell at Helen's feet fig
uratively speaking end confessed his love,
"bcare not Helen, be mine," was his in
vuriuble answer to her acclamations of un-
worihynesa how she should appear in fash
ionable society, etc. ' '
They were married had returned from
their wedding tour, and at the expiration of
the honeymoon Fred was more in love than
ever. At a grand entertainment given by a
relative of the bridegroom. Helen looked
most beautiful. Her husband .did not in
sist that she should depart from her simplici
ty, and indeed without jewels or bracelets
with only that fresh winter robe, simple sash
of blue, and ornaments of fair moss roses,
she wai the inost lovely creature in the
room. .; ', ;'-;.' ... '
As she entered the great saloon, blaziug
with light her heart failed her " Shall love
him as dearly," she asked herself, "if J find
be is ashamed of me! I cannot bear the
thought; but should he overcome all conven
tional notion,' than I have a husband worthy.
to be honored then shall he be proud of his
wife, T . . ,.: v.
How she watched him as he presented her
to one and another. ' '-; ; ';i
"Simple," whispered a magnificent look-
ins eirl resplendent with diamonds as she
curled her .lips and passed them, ; The ob
servation escaped neither Helen or Fred.
She looked at him He smiled a lover's
smile fend only drew her closer to his side
Many in that brilliant gathering pitied poor
Fred, wondered why be had martyred him
elf on the shrine of Ignorant rusticity.
.' But he, 0 joyf he seemed 'only- to ov
her the more as she clunir to his arm so tim
tdly. His noble face expressed the pride he
trKlf fcltjr b looked at if be would have
f wept Vacs. ' the scorner witb ons motion of
on the shore of bis pride. He seemed to
excuse every look, every word not in con
formity to etiquette and Helen's heart beat
high; tears came to her eyes when she thus
felt how a noble a heart aba bad won.
The young bride stood near her husband,
talking in a low tone, when a new Comer ap
peared. She waa a beautiful, slightly form
ed creature with haughty features and ill-
concealed scorn lurked in her brilliant eye
whenever she glanced towards Helen.
Opce she had held swsy over the heart of
Fred and hearing who he had married, ahe
fancied her hour of triumph had come.
-"Do you suppose she knows anything! '
said a low voice near hor.
Helen's eye's sparkled her fair brow
flushed indignant. She turned to her hus
band. He was gone speaking at a little
distance with a friend. Presently Marion
Summers turned towards her.
"Do you play, Mrs. Lane!" she asked;
there wea a mocking tone in her voice.
"A little," answered Helen, her cheek
. "And sing!"
"A little," was the cslm reply.
"Then do favor us, ' she exclaimed, look
ing askuuee at her companion: "come, I
myself will lead you to the instrument."
Hark! whose masterly touch! Instantly
was the half spoken word arrested the cold
ear and haughty head were turned in listen
ing surprise. Such melody! Such breadth,
depth, and vigor of touch "Who is it! she
playa like an angel!"
And again hark! a voice rolls a flood of
melody, clear, powerful, passing sweet as
tonishment paints many a fair cheek a deep
er scarlet. There is silence unbroken aa
the silvery tones float up. 1
Aye 1 care I not for cold neglect,
Though tear unbidden ttart)
And worn it but a bitter word,
Save when it break the heart.
If one be true
If one be true
The world may careles be, .
Since I may only keep thy love,
And tell iny grief to tbee.
"Glorious voice," said Fred to his friend
who with the rest had paused to listen, "who
can it be!"
The words were suddenly arrested on his
ips. she turned from the piano, and the
unknown was his own wife.
"I congratulate you, Fred," said the young
man at his side, but he spoke as to marble.
The color had left his cheeks, as he walked
slowly toward her.
If he was speechless with amazement so
waa not she. A rich bloom mantled her
cheeks triumph made her eyes sparkle as
they never did before they flashed like dia
monds. A crowd gathered, to compliment
her. In graceful acknowledgement she
blended wit and humor.
"How well she talks; who would have
thought it! Fred's little wife he has found
a treasure," were whispered round the room.
Meanwhile Frederick Lane, Esq., stood
like one enchanted, while his poor little rus
tic wife quoted books and authors with per
fect abandon admired this one commend
ed that. A sedate looking student lost him
self in a latin quotation. Helen smilingly
finished it, and received a look eloquent
with thanks. . Bon mots, repartee, language
rich in fancy and imagery, fell from her
beautiful lips, as if she had just received a
touch from some fairy wand.
Still Fred walked by her side like one in
a dream pressed his hands over his bewil
dered sight to be sure of his senses, when
he saw by her bending, a breathing vision of
loveliness, over the harp her full arm lean-
ng on its golden strings heard again that
rich voice, now plaintive with some tender
memory, rise and fall in sweet and sorrow
"Tell me," said he when once alone with
her, "what this means; who are you! I feel
like one awaking from a dream.' :
Only a country girl, ' said Helen,gravely
then falling into her husband's arms, she
exclaimed, "Forgive me; I am that very lit
tie rustic that you would rather die than
wed. Are you sorry you married me 1" ..
"Sorry, my glorious wife! but Elly, you
could not surely deceive me. Did I not un-
understand that you had never "
"Been at an academy," she broke :n,
"never took a music lesson never was
taught how to sing all true. And yet I
am all you see me to night myself my own
teacher ; with labor and diligence, 1 trust I
urn worthy to be the wife of one so good and
exulted as I find my husband to be.".,
Reader, wouldn't you and I like to be
there just now, and hear her story J she
laughing between smiles, her pretty face all
dimples, ah she tells him. how she banished
piano, books, harp, portfolio, music, all in
an empty room by themselves, and .locked
the door, leaving them to seclusion and dust
while the little country girl without any very
deep laid scheme, succeeded in convincing 'a
well-bred city gentleman that he could mar
ry a country rustic, even if her fingers were
more familiar with, churning and knitting
needles than the-piano or harp. ":
OCT During the revolutionary war, Gen'
era! Lafayette being in Baltimore, was in
vited to a ball. , Ho went aa requested, hut
instead of joining the amusement, aa might
be expected of a young Frenchman f twen
ty-two, he addressed the ladies thus: ,; i
"Ladies," you are very handsome; you
dance very prettily; your ball is very fine-
hut my soldiers have no shirts." ;:,.,..
, The ; appeal waa irreaistible That ball
ceased; thejadiea went home and went, to
workt; sod the next day 'a large number of
shirts were prepared by the fairest hands o
Baltimoret for the gallant defenders of their
country, v..t;,;.tM bri y'n: m M;fti?!;
A grocer in ' Dublin advertises whiskey
for sale which) Waa drank by hia majesty: ""
. Bancroft gives the following sketch of
the Indian faith: -
The same motive prompted them to bury
with the warrior his pipe, and his manitou;
his tomahawkY quiver an bow, ready bent
for action, and hi most splendid apparel; to
place by his side thS bowl, his .maize, and
hia venison, for the long jourm j to the ceun
try of his ancestors. : Festivals in honor of
the dead were also frequent, when a part of
the food waa given to the flames, that so it
might serve to nourish the departed. The
traveler would find in "the forest a dead body
placed on a scaffold erected on piles, cars I
fully wrapped in bark for its shroud, and
attired in warmest furs. If a mother lost
her babe she would cover it with bark, and
envelop it anxiously In the softest beaver
skins; at his burial place ahe would put by
its aide its cradle, its beads and jts rattles,
and as a last service of maternal love, would
draw milk from her bosom in a cup of bark
and burn it in the fire, that her infant might
still find nourishment on ita solitary journey
to the land of shades. Yet the new-born
babe would be buried, not, as usual, on a
scaffold, but by the wayside, that so its spir
it might secretly steal into the bosom o
some passing matron, and be born again un
der happier auspices. On burying her
daughter, the Chippewa mother adds, not
mow-shoes and beads and moccasins snly
but (sad emblem of woman's lot in the wil
derness!) tbe carrying belt and the paddle
I know my daughter will be restored to me
she once said, as she clipped a lock of hair
as a memorial; by this lock of hair I shall
take it with me; alluding to tbe day when
she toe, with her csrrying belt and paddle,
and the little relic of her child, should pass
through the grave to the dwelling place of
The faith, as well a a the sympathies
the savage, descended also to inferior things.
Of each kind of animal, they say there ex
ists one, the source and origin of all, of a
vast size, the type and original of the whole
class. From tbe immense invisible beaver
come all the beavers, by whatever run of
water they are found; the same is true of the
elk and buffalo, of the eagle and robbin, of
the meanest quadruped of the forest, of the
smallest insect that buzzes in the air.
There lives for each class of animals, this
invisible vast tyoe, or elder brother. Thus
the savage established his right to be classed
by philosophers in the rank of realists, and
his chief effort at generalization was a rev
erent exercise of the religious sentiment.
Where these elder brothers dwell; they do
not exactly know; yet it may be that the
giant manitus, which are brothers to beasts,
are hid beneath the waters, and that those
of the birds make their homes in the blue
Bky. But tho Indian believes, also, of each
individual animal, that it possesses the mys
terious, the indestructible principle of life;
there is not a breathing thing but has ita
shade which can never perish. Regardihg
himself in comparison with Other animals,
but as the first among co-ordinate existen
ces, he respects the brute creation, and as
signs to it, as to himself, a perpetuity of
being. The ancients of these lands be
lieved that the warrior, whn released from
life, renewa the passions and activity of this
world; is seated once moro among his
friends; shares again the joyous feast; walks
through the shadowy forests'; that are olive
with the spirits of birds; and there in his
paradise: . . :. .
Br midnight moont, o'er moistening dew,
Investment of the chase arrayed,
The hunter (till the doer pursues
The hunter and the deer a shade.
Indivldval Extra vagnncc.
The real wants of man are few, while
those which are generated in his fancy come
in squads first, but in legions alterwards.
The mischief which these artificial wants
inflict upon society is incalculable. They
bring along after and with them a train of
evils, the catalogue of which no man can
enumerate. They surround us constantly
everywhere, and leave the Inurk of their
dark foot-prints in almost every household.
Many is the pang they have wrung from the
human heart many the bitter tear they have
forced up from the fountains of anguish
many the prison house they have filled, and
many the gallows they have supplied with
victims. Take the whole catalogue of
crime, drop the line deep into the pool of
human misery and you will find in the bot
tom of all that afflicts and pains society with
the effects of misdemeanor and crimes, a de
sire to gratify the articles of our tastes.
The young clerk has more wants to sup
ply than money to supply them with. , They
become clamorous for gratification, he yields
to them, and seeks from illegitimate sources
the means with which to.hneh their appeals.
He borrows, perchance in the first instance,
from the safe of hia employer,," This gone,
and he again resorts to the, same; aource.
Then again he desires to replace what be
has borrowed. He Visits' the gambling sa
toon, ' He sees there, the rich, and the hon
ored, risking their hundreds and thousands
upon tbe turn of a card.; Hs sees there,
representativea of the Judiciary, and men
high In public confidence and esteem, and
the . illegality and disgrace of the scene be
fore him is, 3 wiped away by tbeir association
and indulgence. . He puts down his money
and wine.' He isolated at his "luck" and
tbe encomiums passed epos ft by the by
standers. He takes a drink ami wina again,
and probably upon hiv4iret appearance ia
allowed to leave the place a few dollars tbe
better of the Bank. This opens bis eyes to
hw visions of none easily gained snd he
tiger." ' In this way bo ia led on step by
atep, until indulgence maka bim bold and
desperate. He begins to lose, and bets high
to win back his losses. He gets dead broke,,
and borrows again from bis employer's cap
ital with which to mend his fortunes.'3' He
looks for his money where be loat It, and
thus he is held ia the accursed spell of the
gambler, until hia drafts uporr the safe of
hia employer's counting room have" been
too large to allow concealment. ' The defi
ciency in hia cash account is discovered.
He forfeita the respect and confidence of bia
employer, is ' discharged in disgrace, and
goes forth upon the world a bankrupt ia
purse, character and self-respect. Look
back to the starting point of all this, and it
centres in a desire to gratify wants created
by indulgence and fed upon a false pride.
The book of the follies and weakness of
man and woman is a ponderous volume
whose psge ia full of blighted hopes, wreck
ed virtue, minor offenses heaped up in pyra
mids, and crime in every form and grade
of enormity traced in dark and damning
lines. This unseemly work would to i
great extent go out of print, if man and wo
man could look upon every dollar they spend
to gratify their tastes and appetites, and say
in truth "this is mine I have earned it by
honest industry. It has cost me neither my
honor in the eyes of the world, nor at the
bat of my own conscience."
Signers of the Declaration.
At the age of twenty-nine, Mr. Jefferson
waa an influential member of the Legisla
ture of Virginia. At thirty, he was a mem
ber of the Virginia Convention ; at thirty-
two a member of the Continental Congress
and at thirty-three be wrote the Declaration
Alexander Hamilton was only twenty
years of age when he waa appointed a Lieu
tenant Colonel in the army of the Revolu
tion, and aid-de-camp to Washington. At
twenty-five he waa a member of the Conti
nental Congress; at thirty, he was one of
the ablest members at the convention of
American sages who formed the Constitution
of the United .States; at thirty-two he waa
Secretary of the Treasury, and organized
that branch of the Government up in aO
complete and comprehensive a plan, that no
great change or improvement has since been
made upon it.
John Jay, at twenty-nine years of age, was
a member of the continental Congress, and
wrote an address to the People of Great
Britain, which was justly regarded as one of
the most elegant productions of the times.'
At thirty-two he prepared the Constitution
ef New York, and in the same year was ap
pointed Chief Justice of the State.
Washington waa t went) -seven years of
age when he covered the defeat of the Bri
tish troops at Bra 'dock's retreat; and the
same year was honored by an appointment
of Commander-in-Chief of the Virginia for
ces. . ;
Joseph Warren was twenty-nine years of
age when he delivered the memorable ad
dress of the fifth of March, which aroused
the spirit of patriotism; and liberty in Massa
chusetts; and at thirty-four he gloriously
fell in tbe cause of freedom in the Buttle of
Fisher Ames, at the age of twenty-seven,
had excited public attention by the ability
he displayed in the discussion of questions
of public interest. At the age of thirty, his
masterly speeches in defence of the const!'
tution of the United States had exerted great
influence, ao that the youthful orator of thir
ty-one was. elected to Congress from the
Suffolk district, over the Revolutionary he
ro, Samuel Adams.
Joseph Story entered public life at the
age of twenty-six; he was elected to Cori:
gress from the Essex district when he was
twenty-nine; waa speaker of the Massachu
setts House of Representatives at the sge Of
thirty-two, and the same year was appointed
by President MadisonV a Judge of the Su
preme Court of the United States '
DeWitt Clinton entered public life at
twenty-eight; Henry Clay at twenty-six.
The most youthful signer of the Declara
tion of Independence, was William Hooper,
of North Carolina, Whose age was hut twen
ty-four. , . .- . ..
Of tbe other signers of the Declaration,
Thomas Hay ward, of Booth Carolina, was
thirty; El bridge Gerry, Benjamin Rush
Jamea Wilson, and Matthew Thornton were
thirty-one; Arthur Middleton an Thomas
Stone were thirty-one. . ,-.
Bxotheb Jobathah. The following strik
ing portrait of Brother Jonathan Waa given
by Rev. A. L. Stupe, in his oration at Bos
ton, on the 4th July; "Some have called
trim the young Giant of the West. He has
many grades to be sure he does not wear
patent leather and ape the exqu'site, but
gets up early and dresses. ia baste; he does
not spend much time before the glass, and
often ia satisfied with passing his band
through his hair to keep it from his eyes;
his aboes are loose, but he stands firm, and
when he swings them the momentum is
considerable; his handa are large, but., they
have a hard grip; bis shirt collar is stiff
but keeps him looking straight ahead; hia
beaver rim ia . narrow, bet it does not pre
vent bim from taking an upward view; hia
coat is short waisted, snd the coverinrof
his nether limb is scant; but he ia" growing
fast, and bears about bim so many elements
go success, that, it doea not encourage hi
opponents to try a fall.- They may make
fame of bim, and that ia jost whet they
There is a Bible i&tha library of the Uni
versity of GotttogeB written, on MS8 palm
toevekV!- .''e;'?i. r.t t?s.!a fwrla ;.t
Icariaia Association ttt Nrot
Laughing' Life A way-Joe Smith's
At Nauvoo, Illoois, I raw tha ruins of tbe
temple' of the Mormons, which was bnrnt at
the time of their expulsion from the State.
I also became acquainted there with anoth
er specimen of Idlotism, begotton by the rot-
tod atmosphere of the old world's despotism.
m the shape of French communism, repre
sented by 2f . Cabet, tha chief of what ho is
pleased to call the Icarian Association.
had the pleaaars of conversing with the
apostle of this new creed. Hd is an old
man of about sixty-two. He lias left his
family ia Paris, or rather they left bimince
Mrs, and Misses Cabet bavs no sympathy
Mr. Cabet looks upon himself as a martyr
who wiil be appreciated in time to come;
but he seems too shrewd not to see that oth
er will suspect him of being as fond of his
temporal aa his spiritual welfare. The ad
mission fee is two hundred and fifty dollars,
and permission of leaving the association is
not granted except by forfeiting all property
there, and by paying an exit or exhumation
fee of one hundred and fifty dollars in the
bargain. Mr. Cabet told me that he is set
tling a new Icarian colony on the ahorea of
the upper Missouri, between St. Joseph, and
Council Bluff. ,
Tbe Nauvoo colony comprises about one
hundred and fifty persons. Among them are
many lovely Parisan and Marseilles girls,
who shipped from Havre to New Orleans,
and from New Orleans to this place without
ever coming in contact with Americans; just
live on the shores of the Missippi as they
would on the shores of the Seine or Rhone,
laughing life away, end generally bent on
getting married before they are sixteen.
They have no churches. Their religion
they say, ia in their hearts. A few only
speak a few broken words of English. They
never employ or ask for employment, and
thus, keeping aloof from the natives, they
grow up in tbe same ignorance 'of America aa
a peasant of Burgunday, the very incarna-
tion of egotism under the shape of Com
munism. Their organization is that of a
large boarding house, the boarders pledging
themselves to take no Interest in anything
out of the Walla of the boardinj-house. It
is scarcely necessary to add, that Mr. Cabet
reserves to himself the exclusive right of
controlling tho financial department of the
Besides other curiosities, 1. found amongst
the members the widow of a Styrian mem
ber Of the Frankfort Parliament. The wid
ow of Joe Smith, the Mormon prophet, and
his youngest son, Joseph, still reside at Nau
voo; The widow is re-mnrried to a man
who keeps a public house.
II'oW an Indian Can Die.
A touching instance of this characteristic
trait occurred at the late engagement be
tween a small war party of the Cbippawaa
and a greatly superior party of Sioux, near
Cedar Island Lake. The Chippewaa, who
were en route for a scalping foray upon the
Sioux villages on the Minnesota, here fell
into an ambuscade) and the first notice of
danger which saluted their ears wss a dis
charge of fire-arms from a thicket. Four of
their number fell dead in their tracks. . An
other, named the War Cloud, a leading
brave, had a leg broken by a bullet His
comrades were loth to leave him, and
while . their assailants were re-loading
their guns, attempted to carry him along
with them to where tbey could gain th?
shelter of a thicket, a short distance in the
rear. But be commanded them to leave
him, telling them that be would show his en
emies how a Chippewa could die. At the
requeat, they seated him on a log, with bis
hack leaning against a tree He then com
menced painting his face and singing his
death song. - As bis enemies approached
him be only sang a louder and j livelier
strain, and when several had gathered around
him, flourishing their scalping knives, and
screeching forth their demoniac yells of ex
ultation, not a look or gesture manifested
that he was evert aware of their presence.-
At length they seized him and tore his scalp
from hia head. Still seated with hie back
against a large tree, they commenced shoot
ing their arrows ihto the trunk around his
head, grating hia ears, neck, &c , until they
literally pinned biM fast, without having
once touched a vital part. Yet ear hero re
mained tbe sameifnper(urab)e stoic.continu
ing to chant bis defiant strain, and although
one of the number flourished bis reeking
scalp before his eyes, still trot a single ex
pression of his cobtfteifance could be observ
ed to change. At last one of the number
approached him with a tomahawk, which af
ter few unheeded flourishes he buried in
the Captive's skull, who sank In death With
the song still 0pon bis lips. He had indeed
succeeded Well in teaching his enemies "bow
a Chippewa could die." A few days after-
warda they were tatighit bow a Chippewa
could be avenged. St. Paul IkmocrtU.
' A Sister's Lovz. Beautiful ts the love
of a sister the kiss that hath no guile and
no passion; tbe touch is purity, and bring
eth peach and aatisfoction to the heart. . '
Beautiful is the love,. of.tbe sister; it ii
noon . light on cor path ii ia Heaven, and
sheds peace oa the earth; .f
lPuri or 4 - yxtMVlf'.Matthrasal.
tars, one of the pioneers, of Clumblana coun
ty, died at hi residence, ia Slkrnn township,
on the tSi ultimo, In the 88th 'year of his
age. ' H Was a iobscrtber to the Patriot at
the tiflN of , hia, death, am) had Ukeit.it ever
Rqaasttes for a good Farsn.
Tha Committee appointed by the Jeffer
son County Agriceltaraf Society, to the
premiums es farms, made 'a most valuable
report at the late exhibition of tha 'society.
They stats that io'viewing the farms inter
ed for premiums, they endeavored to keep
in view a standard requisites and, evidence
of good farming, tbe following points:
1. A good soil, well tilled, and kept free
of various weeds, both, en tbe fields and the
.2 Lota Well feflced, and suitable in num
ber to the size of the farm.
3. Substantial and convenient barnl and
atablea of sufficient dimonaiona to contain
the produce of tbe farm, and to comfortably
house the Cattle kept on it.
4. A judiciously arranged dwelling, in neat
condition, with a well and filtering cistern.
.J Convenient buildings to facilitate the
economical management of farm; among
which may be enumerated, t wood-bouse, a
wagon and tool-house, a work-shop, -a graav
ary and corn-bouae, a convenient piggery,
an ice-house, ash and smoke house, sll se
cured against decay, by being well-raised
from the ground and neatly painted or while
6. Convenient yards attached to the bars
and stablest so arranged as to prevent wast
age of the liquid manure, well sheltered from
the blasts of winter, and provided with wa
ter for the cattle.
7. Duor-yarda laid witii grass, and rose
and flower bods, and abade'd by ornamental
trees, indicating to the pasaer-by the dwell
ing of taste, health and comfort.
8. A kitchen garden highly cultivated and
containing every epeciea of vegetables 'that
can be raised in our climate with strawber
ry and and asparagus beds.
9. A fruit garden or orchard, where choice
apples, cherries and plums are carefully cul
tivated, and where can be found neat rowa
of raspberry, gooseberry .blackberry and car
rent bushes. '
GkaFeVihes. Those Vines-which have
been properly trimmed and treated during
tbe spring, should not be neglected durin
summer. The Vine Is a rank feeder, ami
may be judiciously assisted by liquid ma-.
nures even during summer. . .
Tbe summer pruning of out-door vines ia
of the first importance, and the rules we,
have already given will be fouad sufficieut.,
By close observation the Isabella and Ca
tawba vines will be observed to take a aum-,
merrest, neither fruit nor laterals increas
ing at all. At such times they should, re-.
ceive weak liquid solutions of improved su-.
per-phosphate of lime or guano, for two sue- '
cessive days, a weak solution of potash or.
weak lye should be applied to the soil; this
will force forward the fruit, and cause the
ripening to be completed before froat. Vines,
so treated- will produce perfect fruit before.
frost, and capable of being preserved by any.
of tbe usual methods, of much richer flavor
and of greater sweatnesa than those not ao
treated. We have tried this summer treat-.
menton every other vine, and the quality,
and quantity of the fruit fully proved tbe use .
of the amendments. Working Farmer.
Cuba iid Suga. Cuba produces about"
320,000 tons of sugar annually; -the United
States produce about 110,000 tons. By the!
acquisition of Cuba one half the sugar pro-2
duced upon the surface of the globe would
be in the hands of the American people. 1
By the annexation of Texas the United
States acquired all the cotton-growing terri
tory of the western continent; and by the
addition of Cuba to our national domain we'
should also be able to Control the auger ;
market of the world .-AHiony Argut. " '
Dear Food. Potatoes sell for $1,50 per
bushel in New York, 62 J cents in Cincin
nati, and $2,50 per bushel in Pittsburgh.
About 8,000 baskets of peaches arrive, at
New York daily. It is believed the hog
crop of the West 'will be small this fall. .
The unusual drought will prevent their
growth end fattening. A Louisville paper,
says that many farmers have turned out their ,
hogs, and given up all thoughts of fattening
them for the marke,-"- ; ' , "
It is a question worthy of .consideration,
why provisions of all kinds cost more this,
season in Pittsburgh than in almost any oth
er city I '
03" Always ready to serve tbe ladies we
give the following hints for tbeir .considers i
tion: : v 'v -) ,:.,;;,....
For the benefit of those ladies who may
be putting up fruit for winter use, by her
metically sealing in tin cans, it ia proper to
state that if the berries have been heated by,
being too long in the boxes, they will not,
keep. If after the fruit baa been put up e;
few days, the can should swell out or burst,
it proves that the fault lay with tbe berries.
The expansion of the can shows that it musf
have been air tight, of the gas would have
been able to escape. " " " " H? ' r ''!
fl Look to tona Eur Trees. We have,
noticed in different, parts of the city, that,
some of the Elm trees are, showing symp
toms of decay. Tbere are, several ia one
neighborhood and we bate made some ef
fort la discover the cases. Near the root of
one of them, we fonnd fialherinf of
moist substance and upon removing that,
thousand! of fittre white worma were found..
These no doubt eat In between the bark and,
wood and caused decay, ; In the other casea,
we have no doobt the same cause will he
: found to exist under the earth, aa no signa of
it are to be seen above it.'' Trees thua aiTeet
ed should be dug about at once, aad C neat
discovered jf possible. There are sc - a valp ,
able trees going to rtf'ia from t'.U r kt
giar eatueYosasf TF? ' '-. "
, I ( b 1 ci'