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,!o-: 1 -OLD IRONSIDES"
-i So ,.a;iK .iir-"Trn. .Jir.u'i 1
,7! Aylaall bar altared mrn owv-.t, ,
fli) J Una. ha ttn4oHli,. 1, v!
-vdnkayn.torl haadana4 toaea. . .
I ti i'i.i
. AB9 DurM us cannon' raar .
Ym neteor of to ocean, air
1.1) j. I-., . i" ,y
n ; Hoi 4aok,sao M with heroe'i blood, ..'
B ,Waen wlida were hurrying g'ar the Bood
And waree were white "Below, ' '
Mo more auallfeel the conqueror trend '
, prluiow the eonqnered knee;
; The hat plea of tbe (none shall pluck ' '
, v;'---. : ;,?..(.. .!"
-OhbOtor that hwibatUred hulk
. , houldh)k bouoath the ware; .. i',
Her Uiundor ahook the mighty deep ' '
',. ' "And there abould holier (rare. ' . '
Vfill to the mart her Holy Baj, '
, i , , Saterery threadbare" ull, " " ( "r
J AndgtVe her tn Jhe tod of tortn ' '
The lightning and-thefaler 1 4 ' '
From Lamarotlne'i Memerlei of Celebrated Char't,
TIm First Discovery of Columbus.
At Bunriso on thii tecond day, some rush
..e recently torn up were aeen near , the vei
els. A plank evidently hewn by an axe,
a itlck skillfully carved by some cutting in
strument, s bough of hawthorn in blossom;
and lastly, bird's nest built on a branch
which the wind had broken, and full of eggs,
on which the parent bjrd was sitting amid
the gentl; rolling waves, wereseen floating
past, on the waters. The sailors brought
on board these living and inanimate wit
nesses of their approach to land. They
Were a voice from the shore, confirming the
assurance of Columbus.
7 Before the land actually appeared in sight,
its neighborhood was Inferred from these
marks of life. The' mutineers fell on their
knees to the Admiral whom they had insult
ed but the day before, craved pardon for
their mistrust, and struck up a hymn of
thanksgiving to God for associating them
with this triumph. Night fell on these songs
of the Church welcoming a new world.
The ' Admiral gave order that the sales
'should, be .close-reefed, and the lead kept
-going;, and that they should sail slowly, be
ing afraid of breakers and shoals, and feel
ing certain that the first ''gleam of daybreak
would dispoyer'land under their bows. '.'
Oo that. last anxious night none.sleept.
Impatient expectation had removed all heav.
'iness from 'their' eyes; the pilots and the
searich,'clitiging about the masts, pards and
shrouds,, .each tried to keep the best place
. and, the closest watch to get the earlieet sight
"of the hew hemisphere. The Admiral had
offered a reward to the first who shouldi
cry Land, provided his announcement was
.verified by its actual discovery. Providence,
however, reserved to Columbus himself this
!first glimps,1 which he had purchased at the
expense'pfj twenty ; years ' of his life,, and of
untiring; perseverunce amidst such dangers.
MWhile walking the quarter-deck alone at
j midnight, and sweeping the dark horizon
. with hill k.een eye, a gleam of fire passed and
disappeared! and again showed itself on the
level of the waves. Fearful of being de
celved by the phosphorescence of the sea,
.he quietly balled a Spanish gentleman of
' Isabella's' Court, named GTuttierez, in Whom
''he had more confidence than in the piolets,
jpointed. out the direction in which he had
"Be0n'''tli light,'' and asked ' him whether he
:,Could discern any thingi there. -Gu'ttierez re--.
plied that he did indeed see a flickering light
' Irr that quarter To make indeed still more
J'WttOi, Columbus called Lodrlga Sanchez, cf
,,csegoyia anouier n wnom ne bad confidence.
. Sanchez bad no more hesitation than Gut
i tierea in pronouncing that there was a light
on the horizon. . But the blaze was hardly
v seen before it again disappeared in the
y, ocean, to show itselT anew the next moment,
1 whether it was the light of a fire on a low
shore alternately appearing and disappear-
ingbeyd'hd the broken' horizon, or whether
.(tytft the floating be,acon of a fjshermiin's
ilboat now rising on the waves and now
sinking in the trough of the sea
'Thuil both- land and safety appeared . to
., getherin the shape of fire to Columbus and
, his two friends, on the night, between the
llth and 12th of OctbbeM493. The Ad-
r tniral enjoined silence to Rodrlgo'knd' Gut
'! ierezi, kdpt. his observation 'to,', himself,' for
(uor oi, againg raising iatse nopes,, and giv
- iag f) bitter disappointment to hisship'scom-
i panieav' He lost eight of the"' light and 're-
" tnained on deck until 2 in the morning, hop
!ng anil despairing alone awaiting the ; tri-
.,,,utnph' or the return on . which, the! morrow
v-'.was to, beeide. Ho was seized ' with that
- languish which precedes the great discove-
fl1 rle'i djtruth; like struggle which anfic
ipaWa theJnbereiion of the spliil by'i;death,
when a cannon -shot, sounding over the sea
"' 'few' hundred 'yards in 'advance of hioi,
V' 'burst' upon'' his ear,, the annrjuncmenCbi a
.vjBew,;hojaifword, whjch ;njade; htmjtrenible
t. and fait qpon bis knees, it was the signal
-J ief land ;jn sight, made ' by' firing 'a shot, as
;'ll'had heeli arranged wjththe' tn'a, wKidh was
..tineir. .course an) ijaae Bounflinga ;;At.,tnis
i laignni ia geaersj shoufef MLand. hoi" arose
,A'4toM alt the yards and riggings of the ships
' ine aaies were juried," ana asynreaK;, was
anxotwlyj.kwaeji-(l..T.h. .rojitery "of the
i.i;DoeaMd breathed iu whisper Jn the bo
no som of night; Daybreak' would clear' it up
t,t,i :.ii-B,.!l t. . I'm.--1 '"TTT i i i i i i i nil i in mmmammm j " " 51,
II ,,'! r ti 'gfc
1 "9lt 'Delicious and unknown terfuffieil reached
1 ; h..iiX1;t:.Hftwi 4xmli
WmtW wait of..the" .wayea,uppjj; ha,eeJ
u wm tow jwn:iwi .viom. i aw .Nil hwu ujr
. uuiuuiuus luuikatcn uie; vresencv or uani
. .. ..fi&Dta own-.
and of the) first element of civilization. Ner
er did tbe night appear n long in eleariag
awsy from the horizon; fof ttijs Jroiizon ivas
to Columbus and his companions a second
creation of Cod. Tha dawn, as it 'apread
6yer' ;he sky,' gradually raised the shores' of
an island from the waves. ' lu ' distant ex
tremities were lost in the morning mist.,, It
ascended gradually .like an amphitheatre.frem
the lpw beach to the summit of the hills,
whose dark-green' coveting contrast strong
ly with the blue heavens, .Within a few
paces of the foam of the : waves breaking on
the yellow sand, forests of tall and unknown
trees stretched ait ay,' one above another,
over fhe successive terraces of the island.
Green valleys and bright clefts in the hol
lows afford a half glimpse into these mys
teries wilds. ' Hera and there could be dis
covered a few' scattered huts, which' with
their outlines and roofs of dry leaves looked
like beehives, and thin columns of blue
smoke rOse above the tops of trees. Half
naked groups-of men women and children,
more astonished than frightened, appeared
amongst the thickets near the shore,' ad
vancing timidly, and then drawing back,
exhibiting, by their gestures and demeanor,
as much fear as curiosity and wonder, at the
sight of these strange vessels, the previous
night had brought to their shores. . ' '
Columbus, after gazing in silence on this
foremost shore of the lend so often deter
mined by his calculations, and so magnifi
cently colored by his imagination, found it
to exceed even his own expectations. He
burned with impatience to be the firet Eu
ropean to set foot on the sand and so plant
the cross and the flag of Spain, the standard
of the conquest of God and of his sover
eigns, effected by his genius. But he re
strained the eagerness of himself and his
crew to land, desirous of giving to the act
of taking possession of a new world a sol
emnity worthy of the greatest deed, per
haps, ever accomplished by a seamen, and,
in default of men to call God and his angels,
sea, earth, and sky, as witnesses of his con
quest of an unknown hemisphere. He put
on all the insignia of his dignities as Admir
al of the Ocean, and the viceroy of these fu
ture realms; he wrapped himself in his pur
ple cloak, and taking in. hand a flag em
broidered with a cross, in which the initials
of Ferdinand and Isabella were interlaced
like their two kingdoms, and surmounted
by a crown, he entered his boat, and pulled
toward the shore, followed by the boats of
Alonzo and Yanes Pinzon, his two lieuten
ants. On landing, he fell on his knees, to
acknowledge, by .this act of humility and
worship, the goodness and greatness of God
in this new sphere of his works. He kiss
ed the ground, and which his face on the
earth, he wept tears of double import and of
a double meaning as. they fell on the dust of
this hemisphere, now for the first time visit
ed by Europeans; tears of joy for Columbus
the overflowing of a proud spirit, grateful
and pious; tears of sadness for this virgin
soil, seeming to foreshadow the calamities
snd devastation, with fire and sword, and
blood and .destruction, which the strangers
were to bring with their pride, their knowl
edge, and their power. - ' ' "
, It was the man that shed these tears but
it was the earth that was destined to weep.
"Almighty and eternal God," said Columbus,
as he raised his' forehead from the dust, with
a Latin prayer, which his companions have
handed down to us, "who by the energy of
the creative world has made the ornament,
the 'earth, and sea, blessed and glorified be
thy name in all places! 1 May thy' majesty
and dominion Joe .exalted, forever and ever,
as Thou has permitted thy .holy name to be
made known and 'spread by the most
huifibleof thy servants in this hitherto un
known portion of the empire." He then
baptized this land with the name of Christ,
the Island of San Salvador. Hie lieutenants,
his pilots, and his seamen, ull of gladness,
and . impressed with a superstitious respect
for him whose glance had pierced beyond the
visible horizon, and whom they had offend
ed by their unbelief, overcome by the evi
dence of their eyes, and by that mental su
periority which ever-awes the minds of men,
fell at the feet of the Admiral, kissed his
hands and his clothes, and recognized for a
moment the power and the almost divine na
ture of genius; yesterday the victims of
his obstinacy, now the , companions of his
success, and sharers in the glory which they
had mocked. : Such is humanity, persecut
ing discoverers', yet reaping the' fruits' of
; Thz Goveehob :of NiBBASKA.--Hon
FrahcMs A Biirt, 6f South Carolina, Govern
or of litebfaska Territory 'is now in Wash
jugtpn, making arrangements to proceed to
Nebraska and assume the duties of his office.
He expects to arrive their and organize the
Territorial Gov'erhmeht,abdur: the" first of
October, , It has, been i stated that he would
carry slaves with,hira, and hold them there
as slaves; but a Washington 'letter, in the
.St Louis DeOoenii'ttiiXr- 't;,'1' r',1 i
' - untrJ t..L -.Hi wiiL L:JU"t. ki..
ior uui. wiu bauy fvii.ii mm w uiQ vow
Territory only a sipglejLa.ve (an old servant,
woman,) and she he i US liberate immediate
ly upon her arrival there; and deposit her
free Jiapert in the hends' bt !tho Secretary
pY&ij enrifol , h'e'rB'ieing ho1 appro'pri
ations for public ( aildipf in Nebraska, -Dir.
Burt designs erecting a large tent . under
which ithtflel hi'oou.cil.t,v!(H;''' wril -"js-
'AkkaImas l&isATtxE-The Little'
. . v""i w;.;' :
publishes a list of thei newly-elected mem
bers of the Arkinsas legislature, from' Which
it appears there are frenivV Wbtgtf'-'leja.
- The rolten-IIearled.
Ahont two- years ago,' I took1 tip my resi
dence for a few weeka in a country village,
ia the eastern part of New England. . Soon
after my arrival, I became acquainted with
a young lady, apparently1 about seventeeo
years of age. ( She had lost the idof of her
heart's purest love, and the shadows of deep
and holy memories were resting like the
wing of death upon her brow. ' ' '
I first met her in the presence of the mirth
ful. She was, indeed, a creature to be ad
mired; her brow was garlanded by the young
year's sweetest flowers, and her sunny tres
ses were hanging beautifully and low upon
her bosom; . and she moved through the
crowd with such floating, unearthly grace,
that the bewildered gazer looked almost to
see her fade away into tna air, like the crea
tion of s pleasant dream! She seemed cheer
ful and even gsy; yetlsaw that her gaiety
was but mockery of her feelings.' She smil
ed, but there was something in her smile
which told me that its mournful beauty was
but the bright reflection of a tear; and her
eyelids at times passed heavily down, as if
struggling to repress the tide of agony that
was bursting up from her heart's secret urn.
She looked as if she could have left the
scene of festivity, and gone' out beneath the
quiet stars, and laid her forehead down up
on the fresh, green earth, and poured out
her stricken soul crush after crush, till it
mingled with the eternal fountain of purity
I have lately heard that the young lady of
whom I have spoken, is dead. The close of
her life was calm as the falling of a quiet
stream; gentle as the sinking of the breeze,
that lingers fur a time round a bed of with
ered roses, and then dies for very sweet
ness. ' .
It cannot be that earth is man's only abi
ding place. It cannot be that our life is a
bubble, cast up by the ocean of eternity to
float a moment upon its surface, and then
sink into nothingness and darkness forever.
TJ11 -.1 ... . .
aise, wny is a mac me nigti and glorious
aspirations which leap like angels from the
temple of our hearts, ure forever wanderino-
abroad, unsatisfied! Why is it that the rain
bow and the cloud come over us with a beau
ty that is not of earth,' and then pass oft" and
leave us to muse on their faded loveliness
Why is it that the stars, which hold their
festivals around the midnight throne, are set
above the grasp of our limited faculties, and
forever mocking us with their unapproacha
ble glory And, finally, why is it that bright
forms of human . beauty are presented to the
view, and then taken from us, leaving the
thousand streams of the affections, to flow
back in Alpine torrent upon our hearts? .
We are born for a higher destiny than that
of earth. There ia a realm where the rain
bow never fades; where the stars will be
spread out before us like tho islands that
slumber oh the ocean; and where the beau
tiful beings that here pass before us like vis
ions, will stay in our presence forever. G-
D. Prentice.. 1 ' '
A Touching; Itelic of Pompeii.
In digging out the ruins of Pompeii, every
turn of the spade brings up some relic of the
ancient life, some witness of imperial lux
ury; for far the greater part of the relics
he?e a merely curious interest; they belong
to archaeology, and find appropriate resting
places in historical museums. ' '.
But' there ere some exceptions. Here,
for instance, the excavator drops an unin
vited guest upon a banquet; there he unex
pectedly obtrudes himself into a tomb. In
one place he finds a miser cowering on his
heap; another shows him bones of dancing
girls, and broken instruments of musio lying
on the marble floor, in the midst of the
painted chambers, baths, halls, columns,
fountains. Among the splendid evidences
of material wealth, he sometimes stumbles
on a simple incident, a touching human story (
sucn as strikes' the imagination, and sug
gests the mournful interest of the great dis
aster, as (he sudden sight of a wounded sol
dir conjures up the horrors of a field of bat
tle. .'' 'i.' ' v.nw-m ': ,.--.r-,v.
Such to our mind is the latest discovery of
the excavators in this melancholy field. It is
a group of skeletons in tbe act of flight, ac
companied by a dog. There are three hu
man beings, one of them a young girl, with
gold" rings and. jewels stilt on her fingers.
The fugitives had a bag of gold and silver
with them, snatched up, no doubt, la haste
and' darkeW ' But the fiery - flood was' 'on
their track, and vairi their wealth, their flight
-mo ago oi vne, tue youia oi ise omer.
The burning lava rolled above, them and be
yond, and the faithful dog' turned back tq
share the fortunes of his mistress dying at
;her feet .. -,;i .' ;, :',",' '
.: Seen by the light of such an incident, how
vividly that night of horrors looms upon the
sensesF' Does not the' imagination picture
1hiiifyii'ffif tAeti..'ifa. house, by the
'.'.,'' 4 'i -jit '
mv vi yjeir evening loumaiu, longuipiy
chattering .over the, dy's events, and the
unusual heat) ; Dees' it hot heai with them
thtf;'troubleo sellbf the watewin the bay!
see, as they do how the. night comes.down
in suddqn strangeness, how the sky opens
jrerbeacL and flames break out, while core.
and, arid molten rocks came pouring down!
WhatWovemehtsiwhe what iur;
tanti; the ,heilovi monptolny jof . th bay 'is
lifted into yells, shrieks; the air grows thick
an! hot With flame; and'' at tb mountain's
foot jM heard th6 roll of ;tM qiClav
' 1 1
. . Jswelfci household, gods, cold, and silver
epias, wa snatched upon -;th9iin8tant,n'Nb
tim&'- lay 'ftrtwlljarMfeb' tW frhh't'
and firs lehind '-they tush into the itreetsU
streets choked' With falling hooses and fly
Ing1 citizens. How; find the way through
passages which have ho longer outlets! Con
fusion, danger, darkness,' uproaf every where;
the shouts of parted friends; the agony of
men struck down by ' falling columns; fear,
madness,., and r despair unchained.,: Here,
penury elutcbing gold it cannot keep; there,
gluttony feeding on its final meal,and phren
zy striking in the dark to forestall death.
Th.ough all fancy hears the young girl's
screams; tjj. fira is on, her jewelled hand.
No time forthought, no pause; tbe flood rolls
on, and wisdom, beauty, age, and young,
with all ths stories of their love, their hopes,
their rank, wealth and greatness, all the
once affluent life, art) gone forever. , '
,: When unearthed after many years, the
nameless group has no other importance t?fl
mankind than as it may "serve to point a
mors! or. adorn a tale."
"lie's Nothing but a Farmer."
Said a little Miss a few evenings since,
in a ball-room, as she scornfully curled her
pretty lip, on being introduced to a fine,
generous, open-hearted young fellow, whose
broad and expansive forehead was the sym
bol of his broad acres,, 'He's nothing but a
farmer." And who was she that looked
thus disdainfully on one of God's noblemen?
She was the daughter of a broken merchant,
whose fortune had been ruined by the ex
travagance of a wife and foolishly proud
daughter? Though her father's heart had
been wrung by misfortune and he had the
penalty of extravagance by incarceration in
the home prepared for criminals his daugh
ter had not yet learnedthe difference, between
pride and worth extravagance and worth.
The noblemen who eat the. bread of indus
try, and looked every man in the face, with
an independence which said, "I owe you
nothing," was in her estimation "only a far
mer!" . ; t.. , . v ,
Did those upstart fools, who are charac
terized as "cod-fish ariitocracy" having
moro smelt ' substance never read, even
their bibles, they would find that God him
self has selected his prophets, and kings
from among farmers. Noah was a husband
man, and planted a vineyard Abraham was
rich in cattle, and Lot had flocks and beards
insomuch that there were not pasture
enough for both, and they divided the coun
try, Lot selecting the plains of Jordan, and
Abraham taking the hilly country of Cana
an. Jacob was a great cattle-grower, as he
presented Esau with five hundred head of
cattle.' ' Moses was a wool grower" and
Gideon was taken from his threshing floor.
Saul was a heardoznsn, even after he was
king. David was a Bhepherd and was ta
ken from that occupation to be king of Is-
real, and the ancestor according to the
flesh of the Messiah Uzziah was a cattle
grower. Elisha was plowing with twelve
yoke of oxen (probably .breaking: up prai
ries or turning up sod soil) when Elija cast
his mantle oq him, a prophet. ,.. , , ..
And yet, though God had honored the'
husbandman selected his kings and proph
ets from among the farmers, and even car
ried on .agriculture (pna' smali scale, hint-:
self (having."pjanted a garden eastward of
Eden") the fry, cod-fish .aristocracy, turn
up their noses, that were never wiped with
"a paid for pocket handkerchief and . cry
out, "Oh, he's1 uothiDg but a farmer!''' Ohio
Farmer. :'' "':' "'''
A Stricken City. :
Savannah, Georgia, is a stricken, deserted
city. The yellow fever and a high state of
billious fever are Carrying death before them,
at a fearful rate. "'' The same relative "pro
portion of deaths in the city of New York
would be ten or' twelve hundred per day.
Not only are ninety-six of the principal bus
iness houses shut irp, but one-hal f of the
board-houses are closed, together with the
Pulaski House, the largest hotel in the city,
and their proprietors taken to flight, The
Marshall House,-another targe hotel, is al
so, it is stated about to close. "Business
thoroughout the city is almost entirely' bus
pended.' : '.'. m iv:.ti 'l"l'"";:,'
A late letter' saysrhwm Wj-'.v
The city is almost-deserted every end who
conld leave has gone." Five of the' phyei
ciins, with their families, have left town.
Two are sick with the- yellow- fever f Miss
inquired what was: for dinner, and was
dead at three o'clock, and buried at five.
Mrs, B. is dying with the yellow fever, end
since she was attacked her husband w taken
is deadand buried, and she kdows'nothtbg of
it. i Dr. wi 'g mother died on the 19th;
one child was taken-yesterday mornings and
anothen in: the' evening;uK- Jj,: They
are sick all around me. It is attacking
all classe but the hlacks-they never have
the regular: yellow: fever. Every person is
panic-striken.' I sicken, when I Chink pf.it.
Galveston, too, is food on the pestilence,
and horror sits upon every late. A letter
from there, dated on the 24th ult saysu , j
, :" AH-business is at a stand; nothing! but
hearses ; :are seen i lXictot's,; buggies and
people are .harrying : along in , the greatest
consternatton. This state of affairs, they
tell me, IS urlprededented, for never before
has ths fever prevailed to this extent in Gsl
veston, hut it only takes; the place of the
cholera, which' they say cannot exist here, ,
!i Vi'-iA III i .limn Slllj i.. "J I ) i n, yiiislj I
iyA iioaLa iConiBiBUTios. Mr.; Peabody,
the celeurtie,d. Londpn Baaier, has oontri
buted $1000 to the WAshlngtoaaManumeht
i,',, ift! .&Pfij . peat lady -., iji ' a
watered siikai the World's Fair; 'have,'the
goooness 10 iniorm me fi mere are nooie-
i ..... . " i i.i ip i i
n ;.fiii rortbe Porta BenUaL
' Death In a, Prison. : .
!', ' . . T ELIZA BlSSE". ' " '
" n. .... . . . . . ! : i :hj,
' "A" convict in ths Ohio remtentlary, died
f ConsumptloB." "U as ri -.
' What a gloom must have settled around
his death.bed. The sun of life and light had
set, and the last faint ray of hope faded from
the firmament of his soul, and the moon
light of love was excluded from his heart by
clouds Of black despair; and all was dark,
dark night, without one ray of light this side
tho tomb.: '
' Let consumption seek its victims among
the loved, the honored and the blest of earth,
surrounded by wealth or fame, and 0, 'tis
hard to part death is an unbidden and un-
welcome guest. ' But to the inmates of
prison, though life hath no charms for him,
though ne may long to lay himself In the
grave and he at rest, death comes armed with
terrors ;' " ;
In gloom and solitude pass the hours,-
shut away from the flowers and sunshine;
with no gentle hand to smooth his pillow;
no voice to ring like music on his ear, speak
ing soothing, consoling words; no loving
heart te lean upon in the dying hour. There
he sits, while memory is ever busy in his
heart, recalling the days of innocent child
hood, and aspiring youth; re-counting to him
hours of happiness goae never to return.
May-hap through his grated window he may
view his fellow-convicts engaged in their la
bors, and he watches them listlessly, till his
eyes are weary and his heart sick; and then
he thinks of his home, where, perchance, an
aged mother, whose gray hairs have been
brought with sorrow well nigh to the grave,
watches with prayers and tears for the re
turn of her erring son.
When death hovers near, when the film
covers the eyes, and shuts forever from our
sight all external objects, and when the ear
refuses to convey to the soul the tones of
love, 'tis bleat to know that loving ones bond
over us, and hearts beat in unison with our
own; and when we are cold in tbe embrace
of death, that tears will be shed above our
grave, and that our memory will be treasur
ed up in the hearts of those who were dear to
us in life. But this is not hi ' lot. Alone,
within the wslls'of a prison, the numbered
hours pass slowly away; and at last death
comes an angel of mercy. An out-cast
from the world, he feels that life is a
burden there is no sympathizing' tear for
him. ' Far away are loved ones who await
his coming; and often his heart yearns to be
with them once more to clasp them to his
bosom and say "farewell." ' .
On! desolate must be his heart! - What
charms has life for him? But dare he'wel-
come death! Hub he no fears upon enter
ing the unseen world! Death comes and
he sinks' into an unknown, an unhonored
grave. No one mourns for him, and in the
dull routine of life his name is soon forgot
ten. " No one misses his presence, or listens
for the sound of his voice. His fellow-pris
oners go to their labors, and if, perchance a
thought of him may steal upon them, their
own sorrows, and cares, and anticipation for
the future, soon banish it.
He lived; he died; and the-wheels of the
hugh car of society move on as before.
Earth forgets her child. ' ' r; v M : . .',
.... ; 'st in i i ma i nam
': , t..j So Sabbath. .. ,
In a "Prize Essay on the Sabbath," writ
ten by a journeyman printer, in Scotland,
there occurs the following passage:
"Yoke-fellow! think how the abstraction
bf the Sabbath would hopelessly enslave the
working classes with whom we are identi
fied. Think of labor thus croinsr on in one
monotonous and continuous eternal cycle
limbs forever on the rack,' the fingers for
ever playing, the eye-balls forever straining,
the brow forever sweating, the feet forever
plodding,, the, .brain forever throbbing, the
shoulders forever drooping, the loins forever
aching, and the restless mind forever scheming.-;
':-.-! i'. . v .... : t, ; ,. :'.
... ''Think of the beauty it would efface; of
the merry-heartedness it would extinguish;
of the giant strength that it would tame; of
the resources of nature that it would exhaust;
of the aspirations it would crush; of the
sickness it would breed; of the' projects it
would wreck; of the groans it would extort;
of the lives it would immolate, ; and of the
cheerless graves : it would prematurely dig.
See them toiling and moiling, sweating and
fretting', grinding and hewing, weaving and
spinning, ! eowing: and gathering, .mowing
and reaping, razing and building, digging and
planting, unloading and storing, striving and
struggling in the field, in the granery and
in the barn, in the factory and in the mill,
in the warehouse and in the ditch, on the
roadside and in the wood, tn the city, in the
country, on tho earth, in days of brightness
and of gloom.' . What a 'sad picture would
the world present if we had no Sabbath."'
BjUkWTirnEjtTBACT.TTWhstever we can
dooC good jq this -world, with our affections
or oar1 faculties rises to. the eternal world
aboVe'us, as a song Of1 praise from ''Humanity
to,66d'Amid thothpusand thosahd tones
ever, joining to swell the holy iniisic of that
song are those; which; sound loudest and
grandest here, tho tones which; travel sweet
est and purest up to the imperishable Throne,
which mingle . with fhs perfectst(. harmony
with; the anthem of the angel choir Ii A sol
emn 'and awful qiiestidn'l Let your own.
, haar,t; answe rtJ and, thejl aay, Jnay ,0t U
oVscujeesit lifo be, dignuleoj by f stjng spi-
. . . .. i j t, . ..li. : . i
rsiUMi,' nou aewcaie iu,t uuuji aiiu ) viip i
fil) "nnriiTt ' ''tiTT i.h.Yi :g
A Dxcssx Fatok or EDOCAiioji.--
The, ing jln&;.)W-&v&&
child eged JessL than ten ypaja who has , not
rscei vsd Memintxfr 'and 1 Velijloui; tostruc
Extraec from the Speech Of Patrick
- "" "'- Henry.'"
In the ttfulalun of Virginia upon thiddt-
tng oj Ms War of the Revolution. -y
"Sir, yon are destined at some period or
other, to - become a great agricultural and
commercial people I tbe only question is,
whether you choose to reach this point by
slow graduations, and at some distant peri
od lingering en through a long and sickly
minority ; . . .- or
whether you choose rather to rush at once,
as it were, to the full enjoyment of your
nign. destinies. -, if
yon prefer the latter course, as I trust you
do, encourage immigration, encourage tbe
husbandman, the mechanic, the merchants
of the Old World to come and settle in the
land of promise. -Make it the home of the
skillful, the industrious, the fortunate and
happy at veil a$ the astylum of the oppressed.
Fill up the measures of your population as
speedily as you can, by the means which
heaven has placed in your power, and I ven
ture to prophecy that all those now living,
will see this favored land among the most
powerful en earth.
Yea sir, they will see her first in arts and
in arms her golden harvests waving over
fields, of immeasurable extent her com
merce penetrating the most distant seas, and
her cannon silencing tbe vain boast of those
who now proudly affect to rule the waves.
It is your true policy to encourage immi
gration to this country by every means in
your power. Sir, you must have men. You
cannot get along without them. Those
heavy , forests of timber under which your
lands are groaning must be cleared away.
Those vast riches which cover the face of
your soil, as well as those which lie hid in
its bosom are to be developed and gathered
only by the skill and enterprise of men.
Your timber, sir, must be worked up into
ships to transport the products of the soil and
find tbe best market for them abroad. Your
great want, sir is the want of them, aud these
you must have, and will have speedily if you
Do you ask sir, how you are to get them 1
Open your doors, sir, aud they will come in.
The population of the world is full to over
flowing. That population is ground, too, by
the oppressions of the government under
which they live. Sir, they are already stand
ing upon tiptoe upon their native shores and
looking to your coasts with wishful eyes.
They see here a larftl blessed with natural
and political advantages, which are not equal
led by those of any country upon earth a
land on which a gracious Providence bath
emptied the horn, of abundance a land
where, peace has new stretehed over, her
white wings, and where content and plenty
lie down at every door. Sir, they see some
thing mOre attractive than all this, They
see a land in which liberty, hath' taken up
her abode that liberty whom they had con
sidered as a fable goddess, existing only in
the fancies of the poets they see her here
a real divinity her altars rising on every
hand, throughout these happy States her
glories chanted by three millions of tongues,
and the whole region smiling under her bles
sed influences. . . . , ;
. Sir, let this our goddess, liberty, stretch
fortn her fair band towards the people of the
Old World tell them to come and bid them
welcome and you will see them pouring is
from : the North, from the South, from the
East, and from the Westi and the soil be-
come cleared and settled; your deserts will
be filled; and you soon will be in a condition
to defy the powers of an adversary ," ,
Warning from Henry Clay.
Henry Clay said, in 1829, and it applies
with ten fold force at the present time:
"The abolitionists, let me Suppose, suc
ceed in their present aim of uniting the in
habitants of the free States as one man
against the slave States. : Union on the one
side would beget union on the other.
And this process of reciprocal consolida
tion will be attended with all the violent
prejudices, embittered psssions, and impla
cable animositities which ever degraded or
deformed human nature. A mutual! disso
lution of the Union will have taken place,
while1 the form of its existence remains
The most valuable element of union, mutual
kindness; the feelings of sympathy; the fra
ternal bonds, whish now unite us, will have
been extinguished.' One section will stand
in menacing and hostile array against the
other.' The collision of opinion will be
quickly followed by the clash of arms. " 1
will not attempt to describe, scenes which
now happily lie concealed from our view,
Abolitionists themselves would shrink back
in dismay and horror ijt the contemplation of
desolated fields7c6nQagrated cities, murder-'
ed inhbaitants.and the overthrow of the fair
est fabric of human government that ever
rose to animate the hopes of civilized man.
Nor should those abolitionists flatter them
selves that if they can succeed in their .ob
ject of uniting the people of the free States,
they will enter uie contest with a numerical
superiority that must insure victory. ,'
"All history and experience proves the
hazard snd uncertaiaty. of .War, And we
are admonished by Holy Writ, that the race
is not, to: the. swift, .nor ths battle to .the
strong, i But-, if they were; to conquer! 7 A
foreign Too ope who had insulted our iiag,
invaded our shores, and laid our ., country
waste! No, sir, no sir.,. It would, he a con
quest wjthout, laurels, without glory ; a self,
a suicidal conquest; conquest of brothers,
achieved by oneover another portion of tho de-
scendants.tof on common ancestors,:: who
nobly pledging their lives, their fortunes and
theiraaored honor had fought andbled, side
bv tideW man hard hattle 00 land and
ocean,' severed our1 cpua'try fromf tbe British
.crown, and established, ournatipnakjn.de
ce." JJoswo rose.
A Pickle rarry la (Circle of Fire. "
A numerous pte-nie party of men, women '
and children, on ths 1st Inst, went front Al
bany en a pic-nfe excursion to the Berkshire 3?
mountains. Arriving 'fliers they, proceeded
to spend the time in ths happiest manner
possible. The Albany Exfrm ssys : . ' 'r
It was known to them when they first
started for the mountain that ' portios of it
Was en fire, but of ths conflagration they ,
thought nothing, being entirely alsdrbod ia
their amusements: Bat 'the smoke grew
dense, the air. became hot e?hd stifling, the ; ,
winds were up, and tbe fall of an immense -
tf-tnta ia fffrot m1I J L.t.AH.t.. V
less party to a realized idea what was fin " i j
progress above and around them.- Looking
up, judge of their consternation when they
saw themselves almost begir by a tremens
dous conflagration, which had spread with .
nearly the speed of the . wind. Their only
way of escape was through a narrow gorge -'
down which the little brook plunged, and : 1
the flames were rapidly approaching both .v
aides of even that chance, for exit f -
Not a moment was to, be lost f All rushed
instinctively for the narrow opening before
them, leaving behind them'more than half
their berries they had picked. But they
found the little brook could run where they
could not. and that orecinices. nnderbcuaK."
. . . B
no path, and the stifling smeke that blew hot .Vi
i . . ai . .
in weir races ana Biinaes tneir eyes, render
ed their progress slow.- The ladies had to
be helped at every step almost. Overhead
and nearly all around was a world of fke.-
Before them was just a narrow way of escape
yet, and that might at any moment be cross
ed, and they completely surrounded by a belt
of fire ! The air grew thicker and darker.
The heat was dreadful. Sparks and dnders
fell like rain around them. Their ektaimr
was repeatedly on fire. The roar and erae-v-'. V
d vi tuo aiauies wvib aimoK ueaiening, ;
and occasionally the fall of a burning tree 1
crashed upon their ears and added to- their ' f
terrors. ; I
At last, when some were growing too weak
to go further, two had fainted and had to be
carried, and their condition was momentarily
becoming more and more desperate and
hopelesssuddenly the wind chopped around,
and blew, a blast up the narrow ravine the
party were traveling. All were instantly
invigorated, relieved of the smoke in front,
and heartily encouraged. , With a shout they
pressed forward again, and in about fifteen
minutes succeeded in gaining a point beyond)
immediate danger, and in an hour were oa
their way home in the railway car. Their
escape was a narrow one indeed. : Not half
an hour had elapsed after their escape, ere
the tree and the brush of the ravine were
in a blaze, and their trysting place was lest
in a blaze of fire.
Canadian A Hairs,
The Canadian-Parliament assembles the
present week, and we see that the press of
the Province is engaged in discussing the
chances of the Ministry retaining office.
Tho first contest will occur on the Speaker--ship
an office of emolument, we believe,
as well ss honor. It is believed the Gov
ernment candidate will be Mr. Castixb, a
Canadian Frenchman, and the opposition
candidate Mr. MacDosaid, the late Speak
er, who made a somewhat abrupt and unusu
al speech to the Governor-General on the
occasion of what was regarded the arbitrary
breaking up of the last Parliament. ' AH
the Ministry, except Mr. Cameroh, have ol
tained seats in' tbe House, though not without
two trials in some esses. Mr. Cimebo- '
waits for a vacancy to occur, when he will
make his third trial. ' ' ' j ; ; .
It ia reported that Lord Etois will soon
exchange the Governor-Generalship of the
British North American Providers for that
of India, and will be succeeded by Sir Eb
mukd Head, the present Governor of New
Brunswick. ' This leads to the revival "of the'
question of a native Governor Instead of one
selected by the British crowO.. ' ' ,
There art fourteen thousand men at work
on the Grand Trunk Railway, and the sec
tion of it from Richmond to Quebec is to be
opened on the 2d of October,, bringing tho
latter city into direct railway communication
with Montreal and Portland; the distance ia
the one case being 173 and in the other 820
miles. The Gait branch, of the Great
Western road, and the first section of tho
Bytown and Presecott road, were opened s
fdv days since. " t" , " " J .' ' -' " ; "
The drouth is severe throughout, theCait
adas. ' The upper province has a large wheat
crop, but the root crops will be extremely
light. iJteiroti jfree jPra'r. t." K':'v" .'
' frrMrs. Elizabeth Benton.' wife of' dot
Benton, who died aV WashWton, on Sun-
t;t '' -l'"1' 1 . .v :.
oay , evening, was eo years or sge. for
several years she hss been prostrated, having
been deprived of urteraiicp and of all her
energies, but she bore her sufferings,, it is
stated, with unexampled fortitude and chris
tian resignation. , A writer in tbe Intslligen .
cej eajss:!c. g , .T,-,-;? j.y .
1 The ruling feeling in Mrs. Benton's heart
and strongest te the last, was hoc devotion to-
her husband. . Of late she has sat constant
ly by ,his side when at his labors- at home-, 1
and indeed their jives may be said to have
been insoparabley for she bas made her .
home wherever his business called hiou She '
was reconciled4 to part With him on hid late :
r eturni'f 'to : Missouri, hecabee she was too
weak 'accompany Uef. nd'-kmir thii'lht . "
duty required his presence at home. Whoa .
she fbli the approach of the crisis which tar
initiated her life, she led her daughter to &
Vacant ' chair in which her husband worked -Ind,
by 'loot In'd gestures j made if apparent v '
that Be jrequired his recalT." ;'lt was too late .
She Walked 'te the bedW'thenexf sputa
meht,ufro1n Whiifh she was nivr able to rise
atf-ain 1,1 6 "J 1 1 " j'