Newspaper Page Text
'". A.HART,Emtob.-- i
. - .. - ' 1
...UA VJENN A, OHIO;
-7r iTXDXFSDAT. Sept. 90,
' Democratic State Ticket.
1 .,.. ; . - .
' : rv.v. roa IDratMil'Wl,
' -.' SIIEPPABD F. HOnUIS,
it w itv-.;-.-; Of Ckrmont Counlg. : .
f OS KTVBKX Or THE BOARD OF PUBLIC WORKS,
f i t,A JLEXAJVDEU r. 1TIILIXR, -
,J.--ii!. Of.Rutler County.
Democratic District Ticket,
w.." ...... mm
-9 ': ' rOR CONGRESS,
! EBENEZER SPALDING, of Portage,
l " Democratic Couuty Ticket.
1 - . Probate Judge,
BENJ. P. HOPKINS, of Franklin.
HORACE M. CLARK, of Ravenna,
i AlPITOR, -
- JOSEPH LOOMIS, of Ravenna.
VALENTINE HEYDE, of Edinburgh.
' GEORGE HEATH, of Nelson
! Director of Covbtt Infirmart,
ERASTUS CARTER, Jr., of Ravenna.
SETH NORTON, of Shalersville.
Democratic meeting. -
; ' Arrangements are being made for hold-'
ing Democratic Meetings in various parts of
the county, during the coming week. Speak
ers from this and the adjoining counties are
expected to be present. Due and timely
"e notice will be given by handbills as soon as
lihe arrangements are completed.
1 Tree Speech.
' Abolitionists generally lay claim to the
doctrines of" free soil, freo cpeech, and free
men." The utter insincerity of the claim,
Is made manifest in the recent proceedings
It is probably well known to our readers,
that Hon. S. A. Douglass on his return from
Washington to Chicago a short time since,
had a meeting called, for the purpose of ad
dressing his constituents upon the leading
measures acted upon during the late session
of Congress, A large number assembled,
among whom were many Abolitionists and
friends of the Chicago Tribune, who came
with the avowed purpose of preventing Mr.
Douglass from speaking. He had not pro
ceeded far, when this Abolition mob began
to interrupt him, heaping upon him all sorts
of abuse, and finally declared that if he spoke,
it would be at lite risk of his life. Mr. Doug
lass continued speaking for some time after
'the confusion began, but the uproar becom
ing greater, his life was considered in danger
by his friends, and on account of their ur
gent entreaty, he withdrew.
To show the spirit joflfr 8" 'Fusion mobo
crats and their utter recklessness, we give
the following extract from the Times :
- "Gov. Williard asked them if they did
not know that the Abolitionists sought to
dissolve the Union with the Slave Estates 1
and' the response was cheers, and a few deni
als. He then read from the speech of the
Rev. Mr. May, of Syracuse, New York, that
; the "Union was a compact with hell," and
immediately "three cheers for May" were
demanded and given with force; they were
' followed by three more for the "Tribune" of
this city, three more tor uidcinigs, ana tnree
more for Benton. He asked them if Chica
go had no interest to be affected by the dis
solution of tbe Union J to which some fel-
low loudly answered "no." He read to them
the statement of Greely, that it would be
. better that eternal confusion prevail, that
discord reign, that the capitol should fall and
bury its inmates in its ruins, than that the
Nebraska bill should pass; and each of those
. Invocations were cheered Dy ine moo.
' Here is a striking exhibition of the spirit,
' and intentions of this self styled "God and
Liberty" party. We can now judge some
what of the state of affairs in our country,
Were the reins of government once given in
" to their hands. They claim to be in iavor
of "free speech," and yet thy are Ihe first
in the country, to trample upon this dear
and sacred right of every American citizen
Had William Lloyd Garrison or any other
fire eating disunionist been treated by the
Democrats as these Abolitionists have treat
ed Mr. Douglass, a hundred Fusion presses
would denounce it as an outrage; but now
the Cleveland Leader and , papers of like
tamp hold a kind of jubilee over this dis
r 1 graceful affair. This is their love of coun
try, their love of '.'free speech." ' ',
The riot at Chicago for the purpose of
'' preventing Mr. Douglass from speaking, is
a burning shame upon the people of that
city. No other city in the Union, would
hare refused to hear one of her citizens in
" explanation and defense of his conduct, as a 1
public servant. Our constitution gives even
'the murderer, a right to be heard in his de
c feme; how much more then is it the privi
'lege of a Senator representing a Sovereign
' State: " ;.
'A few more exhibitions of Fusion bypoc-
'riey, and their' purposes will be understood.
They may triumph for a while in some
- counties, '.'and perhaps some States.' But
Hheirtrhimpli will be short.' An intelligent
. "'people will soon measure out to them the
'Just reward of their treachery to the govern
. f-taent, and the true interests of the people.
'i .viifd i" ' 1 inn ' " ,.
. .fjjrWe stated in our paper last week, that
Mr. Letter, while attending the Fusion
. , Convention at Ravenna, which Dominated
t bin, said, "it-was a & d. Whig concern, -and
. , be would hare nothing to do with it! r. The
Alliance ier' coutradicts our assertion.
gjrhe Ledger Js, mistaken. Mr, Lkites did
- intake, that niark and we can prove it by. as
respectable men -as there are in Stark, or
' Foriage counties.... If the Ledger, does not
,j wish.LsiTEt.to be held responsible for what
,. keaayflj we would1 suggest the appointment
' '..1. !.! J...!-.ki
i oi a guaruan iu mv xmiw wi uiiu utuwg w
Onr JLate Cvnntf Convention.
We notice that two or three Fusion papers
are taking especial paina to prove, thai the
late .Democratic County .Convention esders
ed the Nebraska Bill in' their resolutions.
Men of .common sense, who had any desire
to state the truth, would not venture to make
such assertions. There are undoubtedly a
great number of Nebraska Democrats in
Portage county; there are also some who
were opposed to the bill during the time it
was pending in Congress. Democrats differ
in reference to this natter, but they are all
firm ia their adherence to the long establish
ed principles and usages of the party and
will not permit themselves to be divided in
the support of those principles, by a "useless
and dead issue" There was no endorse
ment of the Nebraska bill in that Conven
tion ; but each man whether candidate or
delegate was left to enjoy bis awa opinion
upon the subject, as the following resolution
passed at that time clearly shows :
ewW. That notwithstanding Democrats
may have differed in regard to the policy of
renewing the slavery aguaiion,nu mo rcpcai
of the Missouri Compromise; yet, we will
not allow our enemies by the introduction
of a useless and impracticable issue, to des
troy the unity of the Democratic party, and
thus endanger the great interests of the coun
Can any man who is possessed of com
mon sense make an endorsement of the Ne
braska Bill out of that resolution! No. On
the contrary it expressly admits a difference
of opinion upon this subject among Demo
crats, and treats it as an "impracticable is
sue." Tho delegates at the Convention
were thoroughly united upon all the great
leading doctrines of the party, and being so
united, could all work together.
An endorsement of the general character
of the administration, is not necessarily an
endorsement of each particular measure, and
especially, when one measure, (the Nebras
ka Bill) is made the subject of a separate
resolution. We did not expect that Fusion
ists would agree with us when we approved
of the course of President Pierce on
account of bis devotion to the Union.
They care nothing about the Union. It
is a part of their creed to denounce it
They can have but one idea at a time, and
they follow that one idea with a zeal as ri
diculous and blind as ever governed Don
Quixote in his search for adventure. Their
platforms are not of a year's standing, and
their principles governed entirely by circum
stances. A sectional party like that, of
course would condemn an administration
which is national in its character. Such haa
been the administiation of President Pierce,
and Democrats will support him on account
or nis "devotion to ine national union.
No one measure can determine the judgment
which should be placed upon the acts of the
Chief Executive of the United States. We
must take all of his acts together, his gen
eral course of conduct in order to form a prop
er estimate of his administration. The
prosperity of this country is not secured by
one single measure is not promoted wholly
by one single cause, but by a great variety
of measures, a great number of causes, all
contributing to the common welfare. Hence
it is that a party based upon sectional inter
ests founded upon one idea to the exclusion
of all other questions, can never accomplish
any great good to the country, and must al
ways be 6hort lived.
On r Cand Sdate for Clerk.
The Democratic Central Executive Com
mittee met in Ravenna, on last Saturday, and
nominated H. M. Clark,- Esq., of Ravenna,
as the candidate for Clerk of the Court, to
fill the vacancy occasioned by the resigna
tion of E. Spalding.
This nomination was made on the first
ballot and will give general satisfaction
throughout the county. Mr. Clark has
been deputy clerk for the last three years,
and is well known to be an able and efficient
officer. His experience fully qualifies him
for assuming the duties of that important
post. As a man, and a citizen his character
is fair and unblemished, and no one is more
deserving of support and confidence. We
have no fears in saying thut he will be
elected to the office of Clerk by a triumphant
Ben Inciter and Temperance.
The Editor of the Mongrel Democrat is in
a terrible rage, because somebody said that
Ben Leitee, the Fusion candidate for Con
gress, was drunk at the Alliance Convention,
and by way of offset, makes a similar charge
against the Ravenna delegation. : Now we
don't pretend to know whether Mr. Leiter
was drunk or not, but it was certainly a very
singular thins if he vas sober. We do not
intend to assail Mr. . Leiter's private
character. There are inconsistencies enough
in his political conduct to damn any man so
far as office is concerned, and of these we
shall feel at liberty to speak.
We would however advise the Editors of
the Mongrel Democrat, to., say as little, as
possible about intemperance, licentiousness
and gambling, unless it be to defend them, so
long as B. F. Leiter is their candidate for
'Those who live in glass houses, shouldn't
throw stones." .
a w .
Will He Answer! ,
(tTA correspondent wishes to kpow,
whether Mr. Hekrick, former editor of the
Ravenna Whig, but now one of the Firm of
of Hall. Herrick & Wadsworth, in this
place, is willing to endorse the WhioBal
timore platform of 1852, or whether he
has renounced his former principles and gone
over to the Free Boilers. , Answer desired
next week. .' ',' '" ' ." ' J'' '.''''
The Wyandot Pioneer. This rateable
Democratic paper,' formerly 'conducted' by
W. T. Giles; Esqr.j has changed hands.
The purchaser is W; Apfletoh, Esqr. We
have received the' first number since the
change. ' From the appearance of the paper,
and the well written editorials, We infer that
it will continue to be as fc has been, one of
the best papers in Ohio. Success to tbe new
Editor, also to ear friend Giles.-'.'; , ;
' '..:.' 1 i , ii ' ii i'jri j'j.f .') .
OtfE. SfaLmno , Esq., of Ravenna, has
been nominated in the Stark Co., District to
beat B..F. Leiter. , He will do it, Ohio
n.:: . ' ' ' ' '' ' :!''.
" Yes,' by at least one thousand majority.
Hark that -"'
, TlaM' "Ifctm." $ '.
last week the jeditora. of .the - Mongrel
btmotral, came out with a f'Portaje Demo,
crat. Extra," announcing th ksohding fact
that B LeITEi ' would speak' in several
of the townships in this county-that Maine
had goneAnti-Nebrasia ly'an "orerwBerffl
ing majority and last but not least that "A
Jin assortment of books had just been received
at the Ravenna iHaWs) Book Sort " Wow
aa to Mr. Lbiter'8 speakingr all we have te
say is, let him "pitch in.'! i The people, pep
haps, would like te bear hian-We hepo be
may have "a clear field and a fair fight.''
He will, probably, entertain wir citiiens
with portions of hia political history. He
should not forget to tell them (as an evi
dence of his popularity) . that two or .three
years ago he was the Democratio candidate
for the State Senate, in a district having
over fwriw hundred JemoeuUic majority, and
wuiefeated by a Whig ; . .' " .' :'.
If it is in order, we would like to ask a
qnestion: "If Mr, Leiter. had been nomina
ted for Lieut Governor at the State Conven-
tion. one rear aero last Auguat, instead of
, v m v
being defeated; does any one suppose that
he would be a Fusioniet nowl" la our
opinion it is hunger, for office, that has led
him to make such a somerset in politics
within the last few months.
So far as the eloquent article about Maine
is concerned, if we recollect right, it is every
word of it stolen from the Cleveland Leader;
so the news at best, is only second-handed.
Maine mav have elected an anti-Nebraska
Governor, but what of that! That question
is settled forever, and popular sovereignty
will be triumphant in spite of him or any
body else. Besides this, there were no less
than four candidates for Governor in the
field, and more than a dozen issues made.
The simple fact that one man received a
greater number of votes thsn any one of the
three others, is no evidence that a majority
of all the votes in the State were cast for
him ; he may be in a decided minority. Of
this we can judge correetly only by the offi
cial returns, which have not yet been receiv
ed here, it is just the same also with the
Congressional districts of that State. In
some places, there were as high as twelve
candidates for Congress. : -
"The most important part of the "Extra"
is the "Ravenna Book Store" notice. Hall
may make a few shillings out of this ae an
advertisement, and money will renew his
spiritual faith sooner than anything else.
Free Trade with Canada.
Washington, Sept. 14.
The Union this morning publishes a proc
lamation from the President, announcing
the Queen's acceptance of the Reciprocity
This treaty is one of the most beneficial
measures, adopted at tbe late session of Con
gress, and does honor (6 the administra
tion which labored to secure it. It is an im
portant step towards the opening of free
commercial intercourre between this, and
other ccuntries. By its provisions, free
trade is established so far as several import
ant articles are concerned, between the peo
ple of the United States and Canada.
Wheat, Rye, Oats, Corn, potatoes, lumber,
cattle, sheep, and in fact nearly all the raw
materials of trade and manufacture, are
made free of duty. , ' ,
The advantages of . this measure will be
more apparent to us this season on occount
of the drouth, from which 'we have suffered.
Here produce is scarce, and high, In Cana
da it is abundant . The free trade system
established by this treaty offers our. people
an opportunity to Bupply themselves to ad
vantage, with? whatever produce is deficient
in pur home market. , . ;-t
Canada of late years has become one of
the greateat Wheat producing countries in
the world. It is stated upon good authority
that the Wheat crops of this year will prob
ably exceed that of any former period.
The surplus ' of 1853, was estimated at 7,
000,000 of bushels. It is thought that this
season it will probably exceed 12,000,000
of bo-hels. The amount of other crops
raised annually is also increasing.. The
Reciprocity . Treaty opens a broad field to
American enterprise and energy in the line
of commerce and trade. ,
It is peculiarly advantageous at the pres
ent time end it is to be hoped that our citizens
will improve the opportunity now offered
them. . . . . .,' . ...
Democrats Arouse! Whose Shall
be the Victory 1
Shall it be to those Whigs who stood by
Clay and Webster, when those ' leaders
stood the Great Champions of the Union,
but forsook them in adversity, because they,
became unpopular. Or shall it be those "in
vincibles" who have always stood in the
Democratic ranks and battled against all
odds 1 who rallied their broken column af
ter defeat to make a bolder strike for right !
Brother Democrats, such men as now fill
our. ranks, advocating such principles, de
fending such institutions as they Jo will tri
umph again. All ever the State, Democra
cy is forming an impregnable phalanx, and
the Fusion must fall I and another victory
will be added to the long catalogue which
sheds such a lustre on the Democratic name.
ZanesviUe Aurora. .'. .;:'., .ci--': vrv .
, (rlt is only about three weeks to the
time of the election. Our democratic friends
throughout the county should be active.
Every man can do something towards the
success of democratic principles.
fjfrWe heard two respectable Whig so
emnly declare the other day that they would
not support any amalgamation ticket nomin
ated by Wbigs and Free Soilers, They ex
press their willingness to support a straight
out Whig ticket, out they can't' gulp down
the "Fusion." ' There are thousands of just
such men in the State, and the Fusvmists
will learn this fact on the second Tuesday
of October.- Eaton Democrat. .; ,
fcfrAnti-Nebfaska is a cloak Used by them
(the fiisionists) to cover up and conceal their
real design. UNtlt TUJts juuvjsn. ur
ANTI-NEBRASKA .18 VWNI'JSAa.JSU
MORE POLITICAL ABOMINATION
INIQUITY, and TREASON, than ever at
any one time found advocates in- this gov.
ernment Burlington Iowa) Jtlawkeyc,
Whig paper. .;r: ... .f, z- .
' 'i:(KrThttaVket for 'Breadstaffs ' in Cair
fornia which has hitherto abstracted large
amounts trom the seaboard is about closed.
California ia, to become an exporter of
Wheat instead of an importer of Flour.
Fusioa IseoBtintenc?. ii
Last fall, tha Fosionistf of Portage Copn
ty, adopted theMalne Law'ns theiratch
word. :.h waatteni he ene idem which fas
to aari the 4eountry.-Thy were defeated.
This Summer "Anti-Nebraska" has been
their fenying-crrr-They- WE1"1"
party oral toaat .attempt to organize i one,
which seee tie powers ofaoy political
chemist to analyse. There are among them
id line, whige, .unionists .and, disunipnists.
Free. SoilerapFoateritea, Pfrkyarit .W
followers of ever canceivablaKffl.JBiig an 4
Tree Soil Editors whose principles are aswidf
apart aa the poles-r-wha bare fought eact
other for: years called each other ooun;
drels," iara.and "knaves," (probably both
right) now walk lovingly together, ,i,
' J'. ,. , "HdlDand, '. . ',. , .,...
, , ' tlka orphan boji of 8wlUcrUnt." '
'But will the Fusion work! : The utter fol-
ly of making the repeal of the Ji ebraaka
bill; the issue before the people, is becoming
daily more apparent-' They are compelled
to abandon all hope of Success on this is
sue. Now "Know-Nothingism" is called into
the ring. Mr. Hall in his laat issue is exceed
ingly kind towards this secret order. Wheth
er he will make anything by such a game is
yet to be aeen. In our opinion the "Know
Nothings" if there be any in this county! will
vote for whom they phease, uninfluenced by
dictation or persuasion from "out-eiders."
This frequent changing and and shifting from
one thing to another is as unprincipled as it
is rediculous. ,.The fusion party , is em
phatically the "crisis" party of the country
There are among them men who live by ag
Station alone.' Just before every election
they get up a panic, pronounce the country
in danger, and go forth like madmen scatter
ing the seeds of alienation and discontent
broad-cast in the community.' Repeal ie
evidently not their object, but power the
overthrow of tbe democratic party, and the
estsbtishment of themselves in office. They
are men who formerly belonged to the whig1
free soil and democratic parties; who re
mained there so long as there was-any hope
of promotion or spoils. They have exhibit
ed extraordinary patience, but now that all
prospects of advancement, has vanished,
when hope has given way to despair, they
unite their destinies irrespective of opinion
er principle shut their eyes and rush into
the contest, hoping that some chance wind
may bring them success. Well this is
their death struggle, and ho wonder they are
desperate. Another democratic victory, and
the Fusisn party will be quieted forever.
, Items of News.
fj5"Judge Stillwell of Murkingum county
has resigned his Judgeship.
ffcrH. H. Johnson is re-nominated for
Congress, in the Wayne county District, and
will, of course, be elected. .
OirGovernor Setmopk has written to the
Albany Atlas, declining to be a candidate
for the office of Governor at the next elec
tion. OCrThe receipts on the O. & P. Railroad,
for the month of August, were $110,233 38,
showing en increase of $43,310 10, or 65
per cent, over the business of the same
month last year. - ;
U 03"The appearance of Philadelphia on
Sunday, say the papers of that city, has
changed decidedly for the better since May
or Conrad's recent movement to shut up on
that day all the grog shops. .'-:,' 1 .v; v-v
OrThe Recorder of Chicago at the re
cent session of his court, sentenced twenty
six men and women to the State Prison for
terms running from one to ten years.
OT Lenox, in Massachusetts, is at present
the residence of Henry Ward Beecher, Oli
ver W. Holmes, Herman Melville, G. W.
Curtis, Nathaniel Hawthorn, Miss Sedgwick,
and Fanny Kemble Butler; "
07" A Church in the course of erection at
Wooster, Ohio, fell in with a terrible crash,
on Thursday. Twenty to thirty workmen
were employed upon it, of whom twelve are
badly injured. .-"'
0O"Governor Bigler, we are happy to
learn, is prouounced out of danger. A . des
patch from bis physicians was received at
Philadelphia to that effect
ftJ-All the family of the late ,General
Taylor who occupied the Whjte House, are
dead the General, his wife, bis daughter
Mrs. Bliss, and Col. Bliss. . Mrs,. Fillmore
and her daughter are also dead. , ,
Fob KAKSAS.t-Two hundred .e&iigrauts
are already : enrolled in Crawford county
Pa., and will leave on the 26th of Septern
ber. . They take with them a sower press
and a quantity of type. . .,;. .'.vv.tn. .;i
OirThe Dayton Journal says : ".Dick has
confessed the murder of Yotjkg's mother
and son. The reason he gives for commit
ting the crime, is the bad treatment be re
ceived from his wife and her mother. Dick
says be forgives his wife, but says he does
not wish to see her again.'' ; i ;
OrAnoth er Ward ' excitement is prevail
ing at Georgetown,: Kyi, v'A man named
Thompson shot his brother,) for which he
was tried; but the jury failed to agree elev
en being far conviction ond one for acquittal
Great excitement ensued; and a coat of tar
and feathers was talked of far the dissenting
juryman.; :;. . -.a .S.V;.;::iiu t.'.
OCT During the last six' months there has
been exported from England" the Bum ; of
15,131,960 in specie, being an excess of
4,631,460 compared i with the first six
months of last year.' (The - amount of gold
exported is ll6d,000; and of silver 3,
462,960.' ' The silver is mainly sought for
China,: and -for Hamburg, Belgium, 'and
Rotterdam, while tha :jgold -is wanted for
Franee': r-:'s tiilT . ..i.:;,.:::i,: ,
' Or A' farmer near Philadelphia has been
offered $1,25 a bushel for. a, thousand bush
els of 'potatoes, in :'be fieW JThe iTeports
from New Hampshire, are more favorable
lately for a pretty goad crop.In New York
potatoes are good upon' wet 'meadow lands,
and worthless on dry bills.' In Wisconsinhe
crop is universally good.-- " W'i'J ! -j; S j"
Th Health at Niwxbk. As yet' there
is no abatement orthe cbblsra in that place.
The report Of the Board of Health shows
that In the short spSceof ottf-or "five 'daya,
there Vere twenTty'iiie ' deaths. 'Seventeen
of which were from cholera, and four from
other diseases. Twelve eases out 'of . the
number treated, bar been eared. 1 ' ' "
A Few Flaiai Facts, forh I Iia-
t itrasaes la llciatioa to ine
Mata Debt. Whtl PecattttloiU
Bank Taxation, Ac i f
We have, hereto fbre shown, that notwith
standing the try rateed y the-Whig press
and Whig leaders, in regard to high taxes,
What foUioWgiUUfUJ-po-oXiiUt go4
ernment the levy, nas neen ateaauy IN
CREASING under Democratic rule. We
now propose to abow that a large portion of
the SUte Debt naa neen iiqumatea, to nave
done which, under Whig rule, would have
required a JUrge Jncreaee; in jthe levy for
Uie Simple reason uiai ccoruiug u un puir
y and favetitism of theWhif or Fusion pair
ty, over twenty millions oi taxable valuables
now on the kilicat4 and which pays a tax
of over ihreefiundred and Jaftfhouaand dol
lars per annum would have pcen exempted.
About tbe time the Whig party, was turn
ed out of power in the State, the public debt
amounted to nineteen millions, one hundred
and seventy-three thousand, two hundred
and twenty-three ; dollars ' and twenty-two
tents. THIS DEBT HAD BEEN CREA
TED BY THE WHIGS payable at differ,
ent times, , but . not yet due. . When the
Democratic party came into power, they
found a portion of the State debt about' to
fall due, and he means had been provided by
their Whig predecessors to .meet it.i Tbe
portion falling due was promptly paid, to
gether with the interest on the remainder,
and on the 15th of November, 1853, the
nubile debt remaining ' unpaid was only fif
teen : millions, five hundred aid forty-two
thousand, five hundred ana. ninety-nine dol
lars and eighty-seven cents having been
REDUCED BY DEMOCRATS since the
Whigs Were turned otit of power; the snug
little sum - of THREE MILLIONS, SIX
HUNDRED AND THIRTY THOUSAND
SIX HUNDRED AND TWENTYTHREE
DOLLARS AND THIRTY-FIVE CENTS
and if the satne policy' Is continued, 'and
it is, as shown by an article Irom the thil
licothe Advertiser in our lost paper, in a few
years this incubus on tbe property of the
State will be entirely removed,. and our tax
es then will be but re a feather in the scale
compared with what they are at present 1
But the reader may be ready to enquire -
bow have you been able to pay oil so much
of the State debt, and carry on the affairs pf
our government without increasing the levyi
We will Iran my answer, mat as nas neen
heretofore frequently intimated it has been
done by an economical and faithful applica
tion of the money collected in the shape of
taxes, and the further fact that wealthy ar
istocrats, who had their money invested In
corporations, and who shielded by Whig
legislation, had only been taxed on their
profits, were compelled to pay taxes on their
property and money at interest the same, as
the Farmer, the Merchant and Mechanic
The Whig party has always presented a uni
ted front in opposition to this method of tax
ing the lordly banker, but acquiesce in it as
the proper principle by which to tax the poor
man and the laborer. And, we charge,
. . . l .11- . 1 .
plainly ana unequivocally, mm me present
tter opposition to our State government
and more especially to the present manage
ment of our nscal affairs, arises entirely
from their innate hostility to equality of tax
ation, and which we claim to be the Demo
cratic doctrine. ' '' ' '
The Whig and Fusion press of the State,
bought up by the Bankers and Brokers, are
busily engaged in assaulting this principle,
land defending Bankers in their course ol
opposition to the laws of the State and de
fending with their utmost zeal the despotic
and aristocratic doctrine of "vested rights."
But no one ever heard them advocating that
doctrine except where it was necessary to
defend the special privileges of the aristo
cratic Bank nabob. ' 1 v
A few years ago a Whig legislature pass
ed. !& iVi the organization of volunteer
military companies. It provided that where
companies were organized and uniformed,
and performed military duty a certain num.
ber of days in the year, they should be ex
empt. from the performance of their two
days labor on the public roads, and it tney
thus performed military service in sucn com
pany for a specified number of years,' they
should torever oe exempt trom the periorm
ance of said labor on the public highways.
Here, then, is a case having in it more the
elements of a contract than a bank charter;
and certainly the culture of a military spir
it is more in accordance with the genins of
our .institutions than the fostering of special
privileges, and certainly better as a. . matter
of financial policy tnan me bartering away
of the right of taxation." We know of ma
ny companies organized under the law above
referred to, and who performed military du
ty for about two years, They accepted the
terms : of the grant or the contract, as the
Whigs would call it provided themselves
with uniforms, and strictly complied With
the conditions on their part, and yet at the
end of about two years a .-Whig., Legislature
repealed this law, or in this ,)anguage of
Wfiiggery, "with ruthless nanas violated
the provisions of this solemn contract." ;
Were the Whig papers then clad in
mourning at this want of faith on "the part
of the , ?tate? ... Did the Whig leaders , and.
bankers then step forward and raise, a lund
for the purpose, of testing, the constitution
ality of the repealing hct! ! No, and for the
simple reason that the interests of capital
were not anectea-j-it only .operated: upon.
the brawny hands , of the hardy sons of . toil,,
and not upon the pockets of Whig aristo
crats. Biit after Whigs had attempted to
barter away a portion of State sovereignty
which the i right of . taxation unquestiona
bly is and a . democratic legislature, .in
order to do equal end exact justice . to all,
reclaimed' the right a right to "tax all prop
erty according to its true value then Whig
leaders aided - by a venal preas, become el
oquent in defenco of what they term '.'vest
ed, .rights," .anj . bitter, in . their , . denuncia
tions of the democrats, because an attempt
Was made to compel these pet monsters of
Whig Creation to pay a portion of .their ill-
gotten gains towards the support ol jaw and
government, and they raise by subscription
an immense fund for the purpose of setting
law at defiance by any means even tq the
corrupting of the fountains of justice; ' ' 1
And what are these ''vested. rights" the
Wbigs so zealously defend! The .right,, to
have the use of our county jails in which to
keep persons at the expense or the county
who ' counterfeits' their deceitful prom
ises" to pay--the riht to- have "our Sher
iffs to. arrest; these' isriminals; , at the.; ex
nense of the county, when .one half of the
business is the infringement of their imagi
nary right to all the p undering Slid' steal'
ing the merchant, the farmer and meehan
ic to, keep up the system a'od themselves tx
met in short, the right to hevo the govern
ment sustained to, protect the "franchises"
oi ine pana nnuuu n u cApusn v, iud .
borer1 iiiiiwA wv--i . :M - i
These are the" rights the Whig (now Fu.
sion) party are contending; for the rights
they have heretofore conferred, and .for the
infringement 'of which they denounce' the
Democratic party, and to rs-es'tablish which
they are moving heaven ana eannw"
And if the monied' aristocracy is thus to
be favored, what will he the effect upon .the
taxes?. Wp:will. ,sbow.you., The. annual
amount 'of taxea now imposed upon banking
canital in the State is $357,026 The char-
ters oi tne estate Dana nave twelve yen ym
. r ... r. ..... V t- I i". .T. 1
to run. and we base our calculations- in re
crnrd to all the banks , at that time.-,, In
twelve years, thehi the capital wil pay a tax
of $484,312, Which would in frery mate-'
rial degree assist In paying the State debt -
This is tbe present system. - am suppose
we adont the Whig doctrine of taxing them
1 1 the doctrine advocated by the Buckeye $tat
ana otner f usion wmg papers oi wis ooui.
.k. tho mm itron. iuppose they aversgel
. rf iuMJif vet tent., and then howl;
ni the aceount stand! ,'They will pay f Jj
Udder Ov Democraue sysiem
LlUldfir Jbi.Whif system
AND TWENTY THUUoaww a
HUNDRED AND TWEVLE DOLLARS
these corporations would eacape paying In
the time which they have to run by adopt-
: WI,;. and that enormous sum ill
that period must be added to the ajrtedy oj
. wthenod tai navine-citizen. How wooia
hharkind" of lritfslc s6ttnd"W thrarr "Of our
farmers and mecbaaleal iiow wouia jn
like to bare an additional per cent, adaed to
wnnr uxea to make na deficiency occasion-
' ... . . r l...tUn ,h. nmnnrtfr
ed Dv exempwug irum imuu rvr-v
! 'bur SUUJ nebt fall due in 1856-60-65-70
and 1875, end in Wder to keej . thi . t.ee a
w..:f,l on the broducmg an 1
boring inUrt if the State, j
tem must be retained, an which if contin,
ued. wUl; refluira the bankera.ia P7 Py.
five millions of dollars, which under d'ner
ent system they would escape. ,,. .
Itis the avowed object of the Whig party
if they can gain the power, to - repeal the
present law taxing bank,, and enact in ita
atead ope exempting them in a great meas
ure from taxation. "Choose ye whom. you
willerve!" ; ' 1 .' ' '' " ;." '"
!' If you desire yonr taxes to be increased
thirty-three peri cent -if ..you desire to. see
millions of capita,! exempt; from,.: taxation,
while vour Dockets are bleeding , at every
pore-Mf you deaire to bave thoiisanda' of
UUIIUIO DUUift.iuvivM -- 4
. i :r ...... .n dan tha finannia) ID
affairs of our great and growing State, again
IICIBUl V 1 I ,WU UOWMV W Mw.w "
. . J . i :
in the miserable condition .fhey were in a
lew years ii yvuucDiro. au w.b.u.us,
' ii.r Ate t u all ranltal bearinff
an equal portion of the burthens of govern- We had ariotner riot here , last, night, be
mpnt if vim. desire to see vour State and tween' the 'Jrisb and iAiimMttii .aJarge-
mlmir tnxpa lownrpd if vou desire to see
nnr mihliis affairs managed lostlV hoieatly
and economically if you desire to see our with muskets, and, the Americans with pis
Rft Heht nromnttv naid and the credit of tola. " Th'e military' Were guarding' the ar
ms State preserved, support the Democrat-
i. nartv. who have alwava in time of dan-
naw Knrf in on !H thn ahin of State, the Peo-
nia being at such times instinctively afraid
to trust the Whig partyand the lowering
clouds of repudiation and bankruptcy pro-
duced bv the mismanagement of the Whigs,
already breaking away, will soon disappear
.,..i;tiili hrlfThf fiitnrA frp from taints
iE.CUi...e w.w ..b... ---- - i
and burdens inflicted by i Whig exemptions,
favoritism and , speculation. Vluo fatrtot.
' ; Judffc Norris. '. "
HP, . 1 I
mu- n.r-iu..:n- xmm.i ;,, ..oV.
ing of our excellent nominee lor . appreme
Judge, says: "." '' 1 '
"We suppose there nas not neen a canui-
date of the Democratic party for years, neith-
er under the present nor lormer mooeoi .ae-
lecting our judicial omcers, io whuiii u Hi
de objection has been urged.as to hisqualifi
cations for Supreme Judge! as the individual
who is now the candidate of his party for
that responsible position. From the slight
acquaintance we have witn juuge morris, unu
from Uie assurance given us by those on
whose judgment and word we Can rely, we
.. ml - 1. Ii. .
believe the interests oi tne puouc, no uiui
ter what character they may assume, if en
trusted to his management, will be carefully
His qualifications for the highest
in the State, we believe,
k.- kn r.iuH ;n nnpation. even bv
.u r..n,i thn mnt nnacrnniilnua
lliuoo avuu a ivuuu - i
in onnoain his election. His industry and
Arlctlittf aid m. nil hiio nffirar. anH the efficienev
l,.' h.. K,.tfnra fin..,! imnnV.
TV a VT IMVU saw W Mmnviviv ..-. .... .
. .... a .
tant trusts, have secured mm, not only me i ir . ..y , ...
friendly, but the zealous, the enthusiastic down, aud was carried down with the fall
support of those who have been his support- ing earth. Up to the time we left the scene
ers. ,. His gentiemaniyocporunentaaa man,
h;. '.;.n.,Fn... iniom-it a a rheri. and his
....i.u r.,i -n.;0to"t HBvnimn tn th(
public Welfare, are recognized and acxnowi-
trpdhvall who eniov his immediate ac-
o J .- - -
. '1,0 s proscribed
Were T.afayettk. Mercer. Momtgomebt
St. CtAiR, STUBEif, PplaskiDeKalb, and
KoscitrsKO, living at the present time, ,nd
were the nro.criotive tenents of the new se-
cret political organization that ha, recently
sprung .into existence to be enforced, they
" . p - .at a rr si:
or either of them, Could hold no office in the
nn in nn nmrH in r fiH
United States. No matter how freely they
poured ont their blood to achieve American
r . . ., i . i . -i i
independence., tney wouio De prpscnueo.
And if there be children of any of these wor
thies residents 'of this country, they, too, fall
under the ban'. ' They cah hold no office, for
they are are children of foreigners!
Liberty of. conscience, at the declaration
of independence and the, formation of the
constitution, was a dear American r'gi--- , 'In conclusion, etusask the FreeSofl
And it was conceded in the stlme fullness to erJj what of morai or political strength they
aliens os to citizens.! 'This right, abovji any . . . b k fu- -M . to tMi nanaejeript
other., thing, has.-condoced t. our present!
greatness as naUon, ,; , It is to-P9.. abridged,
if Native Americanism can hove its way.
ProscHptioh as dreadful' M ft : ex-ista .In some.
of the most absolute monarchies df- Europe,
is to be set up in thb place of .liberty of con-
science. '- , y,t
Fifteen of the signers of the Declaration,r."r. ' ... ...
of Independence were foreigners; i The last
survivor of the band was a Catholic; Inere
are, if we believe what we see and hear, bet-
ter men.than.they at the present dayi-jie-
trjPf rfM,i Uf- -.;:; u, .! '
- ,' -- mmm wji
Sentiment pftlie Michigan Deraoc-
,4v.u..h nacjr !: "
- xAt meeting of-the -democratio elect -
ore f the township, of: Marshal,,, Calhoun
county,. held on Wednesday evening,, the
6th inst., the following resolutions wcije -foj, new BDd nameless parfy , remains. Wo
unanimoiisly adoped: ''" - i:,".'" are'prbod to record ' thatft firings Iri't6 th
Whertat; The history rot', emigration into fiejd jn renewed strength, ttie; Democratic
the. Territoriea andStatesof this yniopjin mwaefi who never. flinch before auch nfoe,
all past,timehas esiiBiieu .w.fii,
an overwhelming majority of the pioneer set-
tiers have been from the free States; there-
fore, TY' .i. , :; -
''Resolved. That the clamor i of, the late
whig;p.arty. Sbout.slayery extepaipn in the
Territories of Nebraska and Kansas is with-
out foundation in precedent or fact. ,
-. 7 i
beenvoppoBed to the system of slavery, and
wilt - always co-operate, with ; the eufferers
thereby, iq all .sizable . ways, for "its, .uUer
and final extinction. But we, at the same
tinie,; utterly repudiate' all attempts on thejthe Dembctacy were aroused to the nature
part ' of' political demagogues to ' interfere6f' tht isiiue.'" '' ','". 'V'
Kith it in the Territories, Mipwg ai ms
people of the Territories are alone authro -
ixed-fo decide ,tho .uestlo of sUyery for
themselves. " ; ', ' '. ' . .,-'
Cincinnati nnd the Banks. ,
.1 The Cincinnati bankers have made ar
rangements to meet the Requirements .of the .denly,and with eo much virulence that, dur
new Bank ,jLji, which gpes into, operation ing the night, no less than thirt). casee andi
new Bank .Law, which gpes into, operation
October Ut, prox,, by ,classyfying the' for-;
eigri issues of less denomination than 10,
thnstiijt a'S""'! y(ii-.".".. 'c.a-;i'A it i'l lH-.
The remote Indiana Free Banks, received
The remote indiana ree Hanits, received
till firsx'prox,... . . .... I ,
till firsX'prox,:.. .. . .... (.
,, Second Class, Virginia Banks, receive-
ble until 11th 'prox:v J " " ,4 ,
"-Third CIas.i-i.Alr7ndianas Free Babks,
veiuieu vi-.er yutn 'prox., ana " -w
: - i jv . . .
ourtb Cinas-r-AU i;orign issues refused
f 'ri 'iT":'t '
V DiAfH or i. Jtrnox. Chief Justice Bah
tjel Church, of Connecticut, died at New
townm Thursdny evening, in the seventieth
year of hia, age. j He was .ageneman, highly
t Washihgtoi, uept. II.
There Was a protracted meeting of the
Cabinet to-eny, snpposea wm io reierenca
to the treaty jwat received for the annexa
tion or the BandwICB isianas, ana ina mo .
.treatT.w.ilb, DpjnlnkaJpt.tJJWl. depot , -
. From ' a highly rosponsiow source, 1 am
favored with, th folio winf extract of a let
ter, which' possesses eonsiderabie interest at '
the present moment: -
"There, are twelve isisnas in ine tiawai-.
ian grwep eight of tbern inhabited on-
taiplng ' mo square ; m mb. ; a urj no. orr
tween 18 deg.JO min. and 23 degJJO min
north latitude,"and 154 deg. 63 min. and 160
deg. 15 min. longitude west from Greenwich.
Tbe productions' ofj the different islands de
pend upon position and elevation above tbe
tea. All the tropical fruits and plants, ei
ther indlgrabokwlnttalutedffoni abroad,
are abundant. On Hawaii, Kanai, and in
ome parte ofMani, wheat, Iriah potatoes,'
peaches, atrawberries, itc of a fin quality,
are easily raised.' Grapes abound, but the.
manufacture 'of wine is prohibited. ' Sugar
and coffee are likely to be the great staple
of the islands." The plantations are gener
ally forked by Chinese coolies, who, are
employed a'I the rati of three dollars per
month in China, nd bound to serficb for
specified term of years'. 1 ThsiBdigo pJafft
growa wild in the greatest prdfusion, almost
everywhere, and is as much of a' nuisance
as the Jamestown (gympson), weed in Tir
ginia. ..,! i i J -
. "The climate of the islands, is mud an
comparatively uniform. Tbe ordinary year
ly range at Honolula is twenty degrees, tho
extremes being 65 and 85 Farhenheit The-
mean temperature during me last ysar wao
While I am writing, (11 o clock, A.
M.,) the therometer stands at 69 degrees."
mofKG IN NEW ORLEANS THREE
qR FOUR KILLED. .,.7, j
NEW"OXIXIM, Sept.' IX
number were wounded on both sides, sndi
three or four killed.. The Irish were armed
mory,. and arrived at the-.scene. of riotj too
late. The excitement continues, and the
Americans' threaten ' to renew the riot'1 te
Lhight' :'! l " ' ' '"'t
Lct; ;", , - Nk w Orleans, Sept IS.
ilTnere were two more, killed, last night,
. . . mo , mil,L Th mili.
re out on duty all night, and matters.
I. f1 . ..
iooR oeuer at present.
,. - -f-'
i. : .. from LOUISVILLE.
- -. M ...
'."'' ' ' ' 'i3viLLE,epi. i4. -j
On tho Lexington J1 air Ground, to-day, a
personal difficulty, arose between Thoma
edford and George H. Thomas; each party
fired four times. Thomas as wounded in
the thigh, and a colored girl seriously wound-
Iba a man named Thomas Ferguson was
seriously cut with a bowie knite.
Shocking , .4c'i4t.-:it J SUNooeiit-
The following' extracts we take from the
Steubenville Union of tlie 6th inst t "
Monday, fsept. 4. '
A most horrible calamity occurred at tbe
paper mill ol Messrs. i oompson rianna w.
Sons this morning, about 10 o'clock. A
new well which had bee,i sunk to the depth
oi some lony ieot, cbyuu hi, uurjing . .
wuuiwn onu m ouu, ......... ,vj
named Bpence. the two nrst named ,soi
viduale were at work at the bottom ot tne
wen, ana wero uuui uoiuiiiB ou wuen iuo
, . ' , , . . at.
bank Commenced giving way at the bottom
Young Spence; was sitting at the time on
. w t , , . . . m
I U a. ft . .C U. atHBk "kAiit turn naa Ihsaa faaf
." . V n-C ,7
bodies had been reached. Those engaged in
removing the earth, labored under great die-
' ."-h" v.
in. nd some time was consumed in getting
ready and putting into the well a large curb
so as to support the banks. It is expected
that the body of young Spence will soon be
reached aa he cannot be a great way down.
The other two unfortunate. individuals, tt
is supposed,, are a tne oottom o, ine we...
nd various conjeutures are afloat a. to their
a . . i 1 11
condition, oome are oi opinion.
y-be alive, being pro yhe frame
wnrkwhich mirrounHftd the flides. but thlt
- . -.---.-r-- . -
seems to lis like, ''hoping against nope,'
Two or three daya must elapse, before the
I i '
'.'t . i
WHAT HAVE YE GAINED,, WHIGS
, , .yvND FREE SOILERS ? ., . .
TJie Statesman and Democrat,, In coicjud-
ing an article on .the late Fusion movement.
j says i V, ;.' ..' ., i,,.....,f
nnd amiea Drtv t , Thev have lost1. their
oW platform( unk, tJieJt oId. p,iqoipleSrf and
1 .: ' ,,. .l, , A .,: 1..,.. ,
Slavery; whipbohe of their own honest
-me(j , Mr. pj i declared did not fed" so tar
.Bs) the,, emocraticu Platform f 1847,
nHnnted ,.hv etcrv Demonratiei-Conventlon
Andthe Whigs' what havethey gained !
,i. . . u'u.vu ,i,..'in.t "t.' It
CJar Whics. vith high' crests 'and patriotic.
r t, ,Unir,n,.Whh7s.?:wuth their-
Jlove of the .Constitution and the ,faAth,of its
requirements have lost their honor, which is i
.H , ,5 W'di.-rfi.rcombiha..
kwnwhH a-'pUrt w'Hcn'our'Whfjlf' wiehoor-
, ajj. it could not join without sacrifice 6f self
respect and patriotism I, , a.-;i oi eaiJiti
One result of this .piebald Convention,
Lctthe nameless Fuajonists come onTheyj
meet the , Democratic people-, Vne( lowrs of ."
their country and its msiitutioriB:; Let the
pblla seekers nmnia', and' W'trafflek.
Urain nrincir.', Kau,. :riirt,nK h,.
m upon 0ch banner as theirs, iinder which i
marches every shade and shape of politicaU
adventure." Fusibnists may congratulate.-
inemaeim on ine uurmony oi meirgain"r--
ngr- but a harmony' tihsinctified by; 'some
poUtioal-idea of. lasting useV cemebted' by
pne desire only, and ha( th Ignoble- strife
i.5 ' - -
- , ft-V-Tha cholera ai nnhimhia. Pa u ann. .
i posed to, fcm originated,, from.,: the, heavy
miasma engendered by the low atage of wa-
:A alence! of Southerly ' indi.'" It' broke1 out
- , I about 6 o'clock On Friday evening,! very:sud--
ing the i
.nM J - II. U U.AJ.J 1
ucauia ucuurreu vp w ouuuit niui u
the total number of deaths reached for.
irei which, in foobnlattoa of -4 JiOft. is in
. Ithe, rati oof, one per. cenmm, ' ; Since - then.
Ithe, rati i
J the number 'jof deaths .has ;been .increased
the number f
' iu ' -
cold-blooded" murder Was committed
in Qreenup county, Ky. on the 6th inat., on
the person of John Malone, by t nian, named
Haining. . There. bad been no,,iurr6l be
tween the parties on the day the deed was
done, but some days before. Haining had
. I '
struck Malone severe blew on the.heatjf
with a club. T This Is thothjad murder which
baa been -com netted, in thf exQint.wjtbiiAj