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.!. S-;, if :,r: c! -icib V u .vr .; V. -; n'
vi i Hi-jBllyaiB f i he' Moravian Nuns.
.'ft j . -.. . f. ! j
f.fl oofchiUfT? i!1'TU miM: ' -
itpoi V tf H.'W6Wir$iiw.,':!'- ' ''
fljj Io .::-i J r rij.. " r.':i
. ITh 8tandrd of Coanl PaUfkl,tb noble Pole who
1 Ml lo the tiuck upon STiHib, rturlnj; Ue Ameri
ta .o m olilrn, in nfertmion lllc, embroidered bj
,TIH ;i'nrri.aBMltBettU!lieni lo PeiinnjlToni, .
When the djlnf Dime of iaj ?
ioW-ntr: TnulHhiBeel.hotlUTjv i 1 i'
FrltiflliainrlBf Uporthj ; : i. v. .
Jw-iVw,Vl,(,'tbtUtlinng,-l I,, ; ; , , '
. That proud BUDqer which, wlligrajer,' i y.
iuC 5 BCSVeeneoiiieerateOUiej-9. ... . . :,
"Xnd the nunN sweet hymn wh heard the while
, 'Bung lowta lUeJ(ia ravstertaui title.- '""
tvAl ' I'- . -v. -'! 1 ' " ' - " j... ,.
i T thy bBner!-rn?y It wH.,h,j ',IV( 1 "
" ' 't'roddly o'er the good and brave," , , . :''!:
hit ot ifWbeii tHe battle'i dliunt wall " ' j 1 ' y s.-.
-Jtl'iSM riiBnwki h Sabbalh of oar ValeV ' -
"Wben helelrJon'iimilthriHa, .... . . ,' "
To the Vearta of then lone hills, ; : , ... ":
hi it .'"'Wlientris per In conflict shakes ',"
Is: ' "Arid tfce strong Unee sliWering breaks. "
v c; iJ ! , ; ' ' '
, , .i as my pannen-'-ana Denenia
mtlfa AhaI rrt 1 1 n rr- w paa () .
uubiu ih Mai uur uvfiim HI u iruw ' ' .
Guard It God will prosper thee!
" "la 1h dark and tnrlDB hoiir. ' ... .
lis?! i iriihobroaklng forth of power,' ' . '.'
' '!'!; r in thii rush 6f steeds and men, I-" ' ' '
:o yjb-r. HTtVlghi band will Shield thee.Uicn. '
isi ikiju'i !; "' vi
It i Tas,e thy bannor!rbut when niglit-.i'r
.ifici rouny uw j(qvijr j , :
If the Vanquished warrior bowj , '
finare Mm! bv our bolv vow.
a si v:. our pra)ers and many tears, .
"1 "JBy the Mercjftbat endears,. ,
f;ll1t(r tJpare Mm be our love lmth shared
'i.-is ti'lK-jiaraUBMtliou wouU'stbo spared.
'viii i r ii f-.iu.i."-' ; ;
'TnVAilir hiuinAr!-nd If a'flf
llii ail. "TV r
Thou sbuid'st press Uio soldier's, bier,.
t XnA lh muAliul Arum Alioulrfiioat
Iien lho crimson flag LtiiI br,; . j
t 'Wnkt Inl'irnnlr niul ahmnA faatlinnf.
lA y ja ais, ifi inm . (
M'ib 'Ancfthe warrtoHooV ,thut banner proud,'
inl ai Jijti H was his I 'raaftial dak and shroud!
(.''BTTaELATE GEOlUJB LtPPABD.1
Jt wasftt theberttla of Brandy wine Count
ruraafMfifiearetl frt tiiis'sit'ory.'
lit As -hfi rtde,' charging tWre, into the thicft
",f r cat of the battle, he was a warrior to Jooh
pon and pever .forgot. . .-. . .-. .m
. Mosjnted.osi a'iarge black lionse, Pulaeki,
i- himseK, With a form six feet in height, rsas-
I fAuia irApaf ami lunhn nf irnn.-iviiM afiH'prl in
'i white ti i fa wa .tlmt -was aeeo from afor, re-
' ';grifii with thsea of Poland, was'tbe face
' of a inaii whd had aeeh trouble, and endured
mVuch Wftfigr tt.waa stamped with an ex
:,presaica) pf .melancholy. Craneed in hue,
lighted With dark iluok eyes, witli( a lip
darkened by a thick moustache, his throat
and chin coVered with a heavy heard, while
' this hair fell in raven. masses from beneath
Ilia trooper's cap, shielded with a rklgeof
glittering teeL His hair and heard were of
itbeame ltue.--v ) - .'.
! 'The aWord that hung by his side, fashion
!''"td of tempered steel, with n hilt of iron, was
","!'u .one that a warrior alone could lift., .
-if h:Hli was in thin array be rode to battle, fol-
Slowed by a (band of three hundred men whose
v (faces, burned with the scorching of a tropi
cal sun, or hardened by northern snows,bore
) i ; the scars of many a battle. They were most
ly Europeans some Germans, some Po-
landers, aom6 deserters from the British ar
,f my. ,.To be taken by .the . British, tfould be
". , death on the gibbet; therefore, they frught
i their best, and fought ta the last gasp, rather
mi I than mutter a word about "quarter.?'
' '' " ' When they ,, charged it was as one man,
ffKrinW.'iiW-. hpndretl.isworda flabbing oyer
TioLl their .'head's' against thd! clouds of battle.-y.
-iii! 'TJey!cothe down 'oh the enemy in terrible
'" Jepce, wjthput a Word apohen. 'not even a
..... tvjijsper.; , You could hear the mighty trany
,T Vf their steeds, you could hear the rattling
fit their scabbardsthat was all. ,
' '"' ,!6ut when They closed, with the British you
ltl ,.ou)9,hear, a noise like. that, of a thousand
hammers, basting the hot iron of the anvil.
' f You could seePulaskl, himselT,"itling yon-
S",aer'Jh h!8"brigbt,'u'nirorm,''his; blacli, steed
-l!'ii " " luruiiig ino ucuu uvci iiib
. . whOllderti he spoke to his menr-' )-' ,
.) utj For wart a, brudren, .forwarts!" " !
sit) us Jf ag bVoken fiii'glish but, yet they un-
jdar)itoo jt thope three hundred men of sun
hurnt faces, wounds and gashes. . With one
burst they rusherhtipon the enemy. For a
'-'''''VeW-'mbmentsVyhfenjthe groyndwas covered
"wjtftthedead biltbe Jiyipg inemy ' scat
('lt.,;iterfi in panic before their path., ,w v
1n .if It was on' th battle ,da of; Brandywihe
;"tl th'a't the' thounf.was'ih his glory j 'iie'undier-
Vl 8i00-u hit'E'iigHsh,; sq; ,he spofce what
he had to say, with the edge of his sword:
It was a severffrticon, but the British soon
"fttfrW lo'Vead, 'a'n to 'kno'w'it andear it.-
n stiiogiijoune awayiitathe top of Qshorn's fcill;
i( i.! tltekoldiers of the enietny saw Pulaski . Cobe
ifin"Tna3earhetf to know hia hame1 by heart, n
h'i s(Tnft white, umfprm, and bronzed yisage,
;that black. horse wilh burning eyes anil quiv-
ering hoderJlSPThey' khew tHe Warrior well';
A . they tfembledwhenne said:,, 'irj..,- y (
nuiwXi-W in Jh retreat .f. Brandy wine the
'.itPolanderwaa most teitibIe?T;It' was ; when;
''Mthe theri'bP' Su'nivanbadJyWm'edjVpoorry
ji'fe ahabbilif cjai gave way .step by step U
, j fixe the overwhelming discipline of; the Bri-
itisli host' that' Pulaski, like 'a battle field
'taonntM bhis dembi? nV ,
His cap had fallen' &otai his. brow. His'
.bare, head : shqnja M, aji :,opcasionaional , aun
beam or grew crimson with a flash' from a
cannon or rifle. His white uniform was ent
and stained; in fact from head to foot he was
covered with dust and blood., 1 1 ', , t '' ' '
. Still his right arm waa, freestill it rosej
executing a British, hirelingwhen , it fell
till jhis i voice was heard, hoarse and husky,
outstrong jn its very tone: , " . ,' ' .' ..
'PorwarU! brudren !' y , ., ' '
. He beheld the division ofSulJivan retreat
ing from the field, he saw the British yonder,
striping their coats front their .'backs in the
madness of pursuit. , He looked to the south
for Washington, who with a reserve under
Green, was hurrying to the rescue, but the
American chief was invisible. .. Then 'Pu:
laski was convulsed with maddening rageV'
' He.rode furiously upon, the ;bayonets of
the, pursuing Lnghsb, his sword gathering
victim after victim; even in front of the
whole army, he flung his steed across the path
of the retreating Americans, he. besought
them in' broken English to turn, to make
one more eflbrt he shouted in hoarse tones
that the day was not lost 'yet. ., ..'" '"
They did not. understand his words but
the tones in which they were spoken thrilled
their blood, leaning over the neck of his
steed, while his eyes seemed turned to fire,
and the muscles of his bronzed face writhed
like serpents that picture filled, many an
arm for the light again. , ,
, Those retreating men turned, faced the'
enemy like grey hounds 9t'.bay before the
wolf, they sprung upon the necks of tho foe,
and' bore, them, down by .one desperate
charge. .- rS .0 '. . - '
It was at this glorious moment that Wash
ington came rushing down once more upon
the field of buttle.. ": - , ' " '
i' Those people .knew but little of the Amer
ican General, whcalling him the American
Fubins that is, a general compound of pru
dence and cautious, with but a spark of en
terprise, ..American ..Fabinsl' When you
will show me that the Romun Fabins had a
heart of fire, nerves of steel, a soul that hun
gered 'for the charge, an entorprino that
rushed from the wilds like the Shippich, up
on all armies like the British of Gerniantown,
or started from the ice and snow ' like that'
which lay across the Delaware upon hordes
like the Hessians, at Trenton then 1 will
lower Washington down into Fabins. This
comparison of our heroes with barbnrfuns of
Rome, only ' illustrates the poverty of the
mind that makes it. ''
Compare Brutus, the assassin of his
friend with Washington, the savior of the
people! Cicero the opponent of Cutaline,
with Horry, the Champion of. a continent!
What beggary the thought. Let us learn
to. be .a 'little independent to know our
great men as they were not by comparison
with the barbarian heroes of old Rome.
! Let us learn to understand that Washing
ton was not a great negative thing 'but all
pure chivalry and genius. , , ,
It was in this battle of Brandy wine that
this truth was made plain. He came rushing
on ito battle. He beheld his men hewn down'
by the British; he heard them phriek his
name, and regardless of his personal safety
he rushed to join them.
''Yes, it was in the dread havoc of that re
treat, Washington, rushing forward into the
very centre of the melee, was entangled in
the enemy's troops, on the top of a high hill,
south-west of the meeting house, while Pu
laski was fast sweeping on with his grim,
wan smile, eager to take one more bout with
Washington was in terrible danger his
troops came sweeping up the hill, and
around him, while Pulaski on a, hill some
hundred yards distant, was scattering a part
ing blessing among the hords of Hanover. :
It was a most glorious1 prize, this "Mr."
Washington surrounded and in the heart of
the British army., i . V
Suddenly the Polander - turneJ. i His eye
caught the sight of the iron grey and ais rid'
er. ,,,He turned to his troops,. his lips wreatu'
ed with.; a grim smile, he waved his sword,
he pointed with it to the iron grey,, and his
rider. i,.r., !; ; .-, . ,, . .
There was but a moment. With one im
pulse that iron baha heeled their horses
and then, a dark Tbody, solid and compact, was
speeding over the valley. Like a thunder
bolt " from the sky, three hundred swords
glittering ih the faint glimpse of sunlight; in
front Jit the avalanche, wit.h his form rais-.
ed to its full height, a dark frown on .his
broW, a fierce sniile'on his lips, rode Pulaski.;
Like a spirit roused into life by a thunder
bolt, he rode; his eyes fixed on tho iron grey
and his rider, his bund had bur one look, one
shout for Washington. , '; ! " (
The British ; troops had surrounded the
American leader; already they felt secure of
their prey; already the head of the traitor
Washington., seemed.; to i yawn - above the
gates of London. , . t, :i, ?' 1
.But .the4trembling of the earth in the val
ley, yonder; what d0e3.it nieanl ,
The terrible beating, of, hoofs;. what does
!. . J
rnar. ominous science; ana now mai snout,
not of names, but that half yell, hulf'hurrah,
with shrieks from the irbh men as they scent
afor'btTthelrSrW. 6Wh:af doeMt ail mean!
'"Pulaski! PriIasM! ori bur.track!"'1 The
t'error Cf the eiiltre British army is close up-
''And oil caine he aiid hissaflaht band.
m6rhent: and he" swept'ove'r tjie'feritish;
crushed,1 mangled,' dead ihS dylii1, tne'strew
the green sod; be had passed 6ver the hill;
.he haH V6sMi: Washington ! '-!T "K V'. '
'':Anothef monient' and the iron trahd had
turiied back Tn the samo Career of'death they
British Bed from the fotnt of George ' Wash
inston. . ' mn,: ?.i w.
To'eybhcircTed hm tn their ormt of oak
The'shouttjf his 'nidhiesnrieks through the
' il '! -.'it'J Alt-Jl!t-'i-- . .Liu... '
air. j u hii,a qierjvBU u?b iiibj. riifiypuaif i"
ly bear him in all their -, soldier's joy
It was at Savannah, that night came down
. Yes, I see him now under the gleam of
night,' riding forward toward yonder ram
parts, bis black steed rearing aloft while two
hundred of his iron' men followed at his
back.' ,.' , , , nsn
" Right on, neither looking to the right nor
the let, he rides,' his eyes fixed upon ' the
dusky cannon' of. the British, nis sword
gleaming high above his head .v;,
. For the last time they heard the impress
ive war cry:', ,."'.'""'''.'.. ' ". ''.'''""
'.'Forwarts, brudren, forwarts!"..
They saw the' black horse plunging for
ward, his fore feet resting on the cannon
of the enemy, while his warrior rose in all
the pride of his form, his face" bathed in a
flash of bright red light. . -t " . ,
' ' The flash once gone they saw. Pulaski no
more. But the lound him, yes, beneath the
enemy's cannon, crushed by the cannon that
killed bis steed;, yes, they found' them, the
rider and his hor.e, together in death that
noble face glaring in the black midnight sky
with glassy eyes. '.'.' .. ,
So, in his glory he died. Died while
America and Poland were yet in chains. , He
died in the stout hope that they, both would
be free. With regard to America, his hopes
have been fulfilled; butPoland, tell . me,
shall not the day come when yonder monu
ment erected by those warm Southern
hearts, near Savannah will. yield up its
For Poland will be free, at last, as sure as
the Lord is just as sure as he governs the
universe. Then, when re-created Poland
rears her eagle aloft again among the ban
ners of the nations, will her children come
to Savannah to gather up the ashes of their
hero, and bear him home, wilh the chants
of priests, with the loud thunder of cannon
with the tears of millions, even as repentant
Frapce bore back her own Napoleon. .
Yes, the day is coming when Kosciuka and
Pulaski will 6leep 6ide by side beneath the
soil of the re-created Poland. , .. ,
The Season of 15.5. :
A correspondent of the Portland AJven
tiser furnishes an interesting article upon
the drought. He says : "We have amused
ourselves recently, in looking back to our
past annals for seasons of drought, to find a
parallel for this "most unparalled state of
the weather," and many a complaint starts
out from tho pust years through Parson
Smith's invaluable journal, to encourage us
to hope, almost against hope thtit we shall
survive the present drought and again behold
the earth smiling in freshness and beauty.
We copy the record of the year 1754, just
one hundred years ago, from Parson Smith's
1754, July 1st. "I have no grassgrowins
in my mowing ground, and there is no feed
on the Neck; the reasons are the open win
ter, three weeks early drought and the grass
hoppers."1 ' '
. 22d. "There is a melancholy drought."
October 26th. "A great storm; the earth
is filled with water." . .
Ninety years ago, the following record is
made; . ' .
1664, June 25th. ."It is as melancholy a
dry time as ever I saw." : July 5th. "As
great a drought as in 1743." August 1st,
"Drought awfully continues." 12th, "No
feeding on the Neck for. a great while.":
16th, "The drought increases." Now for
the usual alteration. August 19th. "Storm
,of rain." , 31st,. f Marvellous growing time,
surprising change on the face of the earth."
September 24th, "The earth has a most beau
tiful green face." October 6th, "The grass
is better set than in the spring."
Fifteen of the years between 1722 and
1764 are mentioned on account of the drought
that prevailed. The writer closes bis com
muniuation with the following deductions
He says : .
"These , well-attested facts prove 1st,
that we live in an exceedingly dry climate;
that we are contiuaally. subjept to drought;
2d, .that the early and latter rains seldom
fail; 3d, that, notwithstanding these contin
gencies the eartiJ yields to us an abundant
supply for our wanis and luxuries; that we
need patient and faithful husbandry, and per
haps some new and improved modes of cvl
ture. to meet the peculiar condition of our
atmospheric ; influences, ana to cpunieraui.
U'' ' i i.t r ' 'i ' 11 ii:'-l'll. il..
them; anu 4in, ana aoovs aii, uie iony, mc
futility-rnay, the wipkeuness 01 consT,aBi
murmurings and complainings of the deal
ings of Providence in those particulars which
are the results ot our peculiar climate, ana
to which our vegetable, kingdom is wisely
adapted. . , ,. , , .
! fj3Col. Webb 0 the Courier and En-
quirer writes a prophesy to the effect that
wheat will fall one half in price before next
Christmas, He also says, "I have never be
fore Visited' the'rural districts ' of England
during harvest time,' and I have' arrived at
the'-conclusion, from all I can learn from
"the oldest Inhabitant,'' HUt the wheat crop
now being rapidly Secured without the sligri
test injury from the Occasional showers Which
had fallen In districts ' and slightly 'retarded
the.workf is not only the greatest in extent,
but the most productive psr'acre that has eV'
er been produced 1 in the United Kingdom."
served rebuke io the anti-Nebraskaitest"ol"
6 t -u "'-!, r ailmj,!?''
. "The refusal of the crowd t Chbcago td
h'ear' Senator D'uu'glas' speak" cannot! hay!1
ine, a,pprova 01 mauy ,01. ip mioo?hici mciu
sejvW after they 'ehall have had time for 'iC
flectionttalfJ "strike buthear" wasmufavor-
rte'ma'xlm of 'old? itertaihly: is''dt fectfnt
jy inai 11 nasJ lost lis poww, ju iti tw(uiiirjr,
in, additiop tp the,.tact. tfiat rt waa, , gross
breach of decorum, it was an act in every
de'greeriWlse'J and1" impolitic as a party
" IBS iWDIGHIT JO OJiaaioa xyuuubAO.
Under this caption, tbe Nptwnal tnteUi
'gencef (whiff) " administers the 'following de
'..'." The Peor Doy's College.
" "The printing office," says . the, Y. Y
Globe, "has .indeed proved a better College
to many . .a poor ,, boy has graduated more
useful and conspicuous members of society
has brought more intellect, and turned in
to practical, useful channels awakened
more miuiT, generated more active, and ele
vated thoughts, than many of the literary
Colleges of the country. How many., a
dunce haa passed through these Colleges
with no tangible proof of fitness other than
his inanimates! piece of parchment, himself
if possible more inanimated than his, leath.
ern diploma " Therp is something in the
very atmosphere of a printing office calcu
lated to awaken the mind and . inspire a
thirst for knowledge. A boy who commen
ces in auch a school, will have his talents
and ideas brought out; if be has no mind to
be drawn out, tbe boy himself will, bo driv
en but." ',,
Spain and the United States.
According to a London letter in the New
York Times, Gen. Espartero, the head of
the new Spanish Government," has had sev
eral interviews with Mr.' Socle, and has in
formed him' that the Spanish Cabinet will
do its best to settle all matters of difference
having a pecuniary character,; and as to
questiens of national honor and dignity, the
United States cannot expect any greater sat
isfaction than in the 'fact that the impeach
ed Government, atWhose hands Spanish sub
jects have also suffered injustice, has been
driven out by a popular rising.' As to Cu
ba, in particular, there is no Africanization
in view, but no purchase is likely the Gov
ernment being confident that, with an hon
est and liberal policy towards the' colonists,
they will .become more, .useful and. better
satisfied dependencies of the mother country
than they have been hitherto. Detroit Free
Press.. ';'.- -. ..
A Retort. While Mr. Burchard was
preue liing' one of his hottest sermons, at
the old Chathim Street Chapel, New York,
he raised his eyes towards the door just at
the moment Col. Burr entered, and exclaim
"There is the grey headed sinner, I shall
appear in judgment against him."
Col. Burr walked down tho aisle with a
cold,, firm, military step so peculiarly his
own, until he had reached the enter with
a low bow he addressed the minister thus:
'Mr. Preacher, I have been a lawyer in
this city, lor nearly half a century, and of
all the rascals that it has ever been my lot
tp ' deal with, Done surpass that class of
criminals who turn States' evidence."
The above'may be relied on. . , .
Ashland not to be Sold. James B.
Clay, son of Henry Clay, in a note to the
editor of tne Lexington Observer, contradicts
a report that Mr. George Law, of New York,
had sent an agent to Kentucky to purchase
Ashland, the home residence of the late
Henry Clay, and which now belongs to his
son J. B. In his note, Mr. J. B. Clay says;
"Never having offered Ashland for sale, I
presume neither Mr. Law, nor any one else
would venture to ofTer me the insult of pro
posing its purchase."
O-The young State of Wisconsin is rep
resented to be-tri a highly prosperous con
dition , With the liberal aid of Congress,
the school fund is estimated at five millions
of dollars, and the revenue from it alone this:
year is $150,000. The State Debt is lim
ited by the Constitution to $1U0,000. This
debt has been created by the issue of eight
per cent, bonds, $50,000, and seven per cent.
bonds, $50,000. '- ' -!;
The Ppoe of. New York. A correspon
dent of the Courier and Enquirer says that
some idea may, lie formed of the number of
the dependent poor in New. xork, at the
present time, when it is stated that over five
thousand loaves of bread are daily, baked
and distribute.i .at. the citj's cost, exclusive
pf the enormous expenditure of the Immi
gration Society, and the eight benevolent sct
cieties, and the. church allowances. ,jt
ashingtdn'and the Catholics.
In a letter addressed to the Catholics in
December 1789, no addressed them as fol-
lovTs:-"''''"1 '' r ''" ,
As mankind become more liberal,1 they
will be more apt to allow, that all those who:
Conduct themselves as worthy members, of
the' community; are equally entitled to the
protection of civil government. I hope ev
er to see America among the foremost na
tions' in' examples or justice and " tiberaUty
And I persunVe; that y'pur "fellow citizens will
not lorget me patriotic pari, you louanu ure
accomplishments of,ttheir Revolution, and
the establishment of their government, or
the important assistance mey receiveu iruin
a nation ii wuiuu iuo .jwiuuu yinuvo.
ligion IS :prpiessep,Tni'rMts of . wmftmy-
tenVoli'Xll.jiagt im jrcr ov-i i t,iu ;
. 1 . .MrtC . . If
tf .yi", " ' ' .aoswiMii 1 innfi itta .
Discrediting a WiTHfiss.'-Lawyer,.
"Mr. Clayton.'wlll you have the goodness to
ariawer mfe. directly and catefforically, a few
piOIII Huonu... jbi Vr,
Witness. "Certainly, sir." 1 hLh-
1 Lawyer.-rrr'.' Well; Mr.ClaytonM there a
.female living'withiyou'; who is knowrt in -the
neighborhood 4s MrsJi:Claytoni,ia.l t-J ',
r Witi-".'There iaviP ,utJ salilrtoH'
Law. Via, she tinder your Brptecj;pnT,
Wir Vp." ... - : tuo
. .law.-" Do you fupport her 1. ,;?
Wit.-"1 tfoA .!'
raw. '.'Have you ever been .married tb
peri Silt, 1,
'"VTitt bare ript1
. . I . I .-Jt .-'i.ui,i K". l.i.
1. . 1
Here several lurersVcow
K) Opposing Counsel. "Mr. Claytbn, iethe
female in question your mother!" '
Wit. "She js,"
uThe Deajoc ratio party has been from the
beginning and must always be, the party 6f
equal rights. The bread dectrine of equali-
ijr im uiu lounaauonon wnicb democracy
rests. ... How js it at the present 'crisis!-'
What party, except the Democratic,-at this
time 'upholds the eause.of , equaf.rjghts and
impartial, protection, and! bjdsdefiaace to the
secret ss well ,as open enemies of (he Con
stitution ; Npf ! WbiifS not trie Aboli
tionists stiir less 'ilili" Natives." All these
pomes or iacuqpa , ace cognizant . ol an
organization ..among, as, ,-s grand oath
bound conspiracy to- disfranchise snd pro
scribe a large pdrWon of buif fellow-citizens,
1 . ..'.ti''" 4 - .. .. .
uecause mey wni, npt. arjjure tne religion or
their ancestors, or were not born within cer
tain lines of latitude) and longitude. And
do these factions denounce it? Do' they op
pose it! Not one of them, On the con-
trary, they, are at this 'moment engaged in
abetting the villainy, and bargaining with
the conspirators for their vote snd influence.
If we could suppose for a moment" the suc
cess at the polls of these combined factions,
we should find them proscribing every. Dem
ocrat .within their reach in every possible
manner, socially its well as politically'. Ev
ery adopted 'citizen', ; whether Catholic ojr
Protestant, and every Catholic, whether na
tive born or not, no matter though he had
always been an adherent to the Whig party,
would be as completely deprived of all share
in the!" enacting of . laws, and the .adminis
tration of public affairs, as if he were a sub
ject of the most absolute despotism on earth.
it is the duty of every true republican to
reflect for himself arid, to urre upon his
neighbor a consideration of this matter. If
the cause of corruption, ignorance and big
otry is to triumph if the. Democratic ban
ner is to be allowed to be struck down, and
the principle of republican equality torn
from the Constitution, or even tampered
without rebuke from the people, no man
living can forsee (he consequences; but it is
clear that civil war might readily he one of
them. The American 'people wilt fight, if
need be, in defence of the equal and inali
enable rights of man.' Yes; it might, in the
contingency supposed, post the present gen
eration as severe a struggle to restore liber
ty as it did for our ancestors originally to es!
tablish it. J.-..; ;..;... '
, The Democratic , party' 'has -'never : becii.
guilty of such baseness. .'It fleitlicr, buys I
nor sells. It shows its colors openly, al
ways stands by them, and it- is the only par
ty in the country that does bo. : The Demo
cratic party is unquestionably a large ma
jority of the American people. :. When uni
ted, it is always victorious; but the. Idungei"
lies in division or supincnesS. Let divhiuns,
if they exist, be healed, and supineness be
shaken off. It is( at this crisis of political
affairs, tho especial duty 'of every man to
give the Democratic tickets hearty-support.
Let all minor considerations be set- aside.
Tho Democratic party can always be re
lied upon in times of dunger. It is the na
tion's right hand in war, and her , refuge of
safety in peace. . Democrats! contemplate
the. history, of the past. Think of the Ali
en and Sedition Laws, and the immortal Jef
fersonof the United States Bank, and. the
glorious , Jackson. ; Then think of the prp
scriptive vulgar Know-Nothing tyrants, and
resolve as one man to crush them into noth
ingness. , But we must cast off all lethar
gy, and prepare in earnest tor the contlict.
Uemember the momentous . consequences
that are staked upon the contest, and doubt
not the victory., ; Be resolved; be firm; above
all, be united! we. shall then place our,
heel upon the head of the foul monster, re
ligious tnbteTa'ncej'crash'in the egg an ig-
norant arid vulgar tiristocracyj and scatter to'
the winds one ti'f'the most odious, conspira.
cies that ever' disgraced a free country.
"Awake! arisel or be forever fallen V-Penri
' ,'i'Pie yotceof a Whig. '
.''-.' TFor the Plain l)oalr.l .. . .
AfEsstfs. Epiioas : As Fusionism, Know
Nothingisui, and the'bther isms of the day,
have totally annihilated,the little that remain
ed of the' Whig party; there are Whigs, in
this vicinity who will not belong to any par
ty that has ceased to be National in its prin-
The present disorganized fragments o
what were the 'National 'Whig 'party j" I and
b'thei's are satisfied cannot 6eefationaT, as it
in fact publicly 'sympathizes with h Abq.
itioniats, Kntw! Nothings; and any' other
sects or' parties', no" matter'- KbV, absurd or
unconstiiutionai uieir- principles may ue,
'If1'' few vote's cah he bh'taihed ly coalescing
With them for -'the '"Fusion 1st tdndidates'!; at
thtfcBmihV e1e'cflt)n'.,l'"riiey nave not'princi
plcRo''. isk';'their otei ' on'nncij&V'.'br.foi;
principle. 'They ask them oiiW for desire of
office', po weir' that to thein'ls'fPreVe'r lost
and for'' one tA chance of 'ettirig'; their itch
ihg 'finers ihto' the phblic'treaBury. I, sir
as i Na'tlonir'Wfifg'bi 'tie Cta'y m lltto.
ter Mtbblcarinoli be dJfireUlW the'rank
jot fmiaaiytiWMh1' purpose
than taerelvfas it Is strdhtflv Wef tfpon met
P'ieaf'the Bd "LoeorocbS T am un
willing that any narty to which I'inay be
Jacert .slrpuldjjfoeXBa.k flf(.mM( tempo
rary suacessr-rand cpnwb.bemfloraryj
..withiCuch ..heterogeneous preiples, j ad.
I'tratly it,91trJampie,1HBon, .the.firsj great.iunda-
.mntaJl: poBcW f 9tt.c -v9nstitiqn,htch
guarantees to the down, ,trodden fl, all na
tions who may see an aBsylum from tyrap
ny ahdoppresslbn npon'o'u'r shot e that Ours
is1 a government 'rerjualtight;jtbr'afl and
special. ! p'rivHrege:i tbiibne( -that here, at
least, man can worship hia Creator according
the diciates'ef hrs own conscience..!
auras mnen opposed to nigotry in a PraeT"
Unt as to bigotry in a Roman Catholic; the
results- in either ease "being the'same. Tho
pnblic history of our own country showing
that Protestant bigotry has already accom
plished the glorious triukph of burning ur
otherwise destroying some half dozen or more
edifices, dedicated exclusively to the Worship
of God. ' " '
' I am also opposed to disunion, be it advoi
cated by northern fanatics and demagogues.
who have joined, ho doubt, a secret political
orgnnizatibn,' originated by the convicted
felon, Judson, alius Ned Buhtline, to bring
themselves into notice by mobocracy, vio
lence and bigotry, or by an over zealous
soathrbn in defence of his '-peculiar institur-
tiorlj' Consequently, I am opposed to and
cannot support men who seek office' by the
votes of an unprincipled and bigoted secta
rian faction, who have sworn in their mid
night orgies to sustain principles calculated
to originato and perpetuate a war of bigotry
and sectarianism throughout the confederacy,
and ultimately, if successful, to rend assun
der our Union of States. I have through
my wholo politioal life been a Whig, and
would continue a Whig, could I find any
thing like the Whig party of former years
to continue with. But believing that the so-
called Whig or Fusionist party of the pres
ent day has no interest in common with the
great Whig principles as expounded by Clay
and Webster, I must, from principle, dissolve
my connexion wilh it; or, rather it has ren
dered itself unworthy the supporr of any
true National Whigy who is:irt favor of uivil
or, religious liberty. ..To those national
WHIGS WHO HAVE BEEN WlHGS FROM prindA
pie, and not from the love of public plun
der, I .would say, vote as 4, intend to vote,
for the Democratic nominees, from Constable
to, Congressman. It is the only national
PARTY. NOW IN THE UNION, THE ONLY PARTY
that knows so ITorth, no South, the only
party that flings its banner to the breeze
with the glorious inscription, "equal rights to
all," be he a citizen of , our country from ac
cident or from a love of our republican, insti
tutions; and the'only party that asks your
support on National principles and for Na
tional good.. 1 ask. you, as .Republican
Whigs, will you support a party hostile to
the Constitution under which this nation has
attained so proud a position among- the na
tions of. the earth; a party judging from pres
ent appearances which would seek power. ,
Though a crashed world should curse it ere il fell".
More anon, .' ,
A'Whig of 1840, '44 '48 asd'
Welisville. O "", Sept. 16th, 1854.
Hear a Free Soiler.
John Frost,' who for more-'than twenty
years, has edited the Aurora, at New Lisbon
who has always been an ardent end en
thusiastic anti-Slavery man, and whose pa-
per has .been a Free Soil paper, in' - his last!
number rebukes the Fusionists in strong I
terms. '. Hear him:
"If the Freesoil party had retained its or
ganization what would have ocen the conse
quence at the present time! Hundreds and
thousands of both the other parties are said
to have become dissatisfied with them, and
here, had the friends of Liberty been faith
ful, all these would have come into- the or
ganization. . It is an -organization the prin
ciples of .which are known they-are anti-
slavery. Then the principles of the Free
soil party would have been the leading fea
ture. Being understood by all, no one need
to have been deceived. It would then have
been arrayed against slavery as its principal
object of opposition. But how is it now!
Where is. that well-defined, well-understood
organization! Gone-into fusion compro
mised away fizzled out, so that 'it will defy
the most subtile ingenuity of the keenest
politician tc tell what principles,, or- indeed
whether any principles, save that of secur
ing the offices and whipping the 'locofocos,'
govern it. There is much in the fusion com
promise movement which may be responded
to by the southern whigs and yet not abate a
jot of their adhesion to slavery Proniinent
in it are those who go in for the fugitive slave
law, and even for slavery itself; and they have
as much to say in directing the course of the
party as the most' thorough anti-slavery mehJ
That will just suit the south. They like the
professed friends of Liberty to compromise
it allithey ask. 1 ' :;
; , ',Agajnr This compromise iusion move
ment has no more well known object of op
position to ' slavery Hhen the "locofocos."
True, slavery is 'named that is, among the
fufcloh whig papers ''locofocoism1 is what
they are driving at all the timeV Every body
knows that, if the Freesoil party had mam
tuined its integrity hundreds and'thousands
. e j : ......u u u n . ; t . .,.
01 democrats wcuiu nave uvmc upuu ita pim
Torm; while now they regard themselvea as
jufc'tified'in adhering to their Old party, inas
much as they find that'fusi'on requires them
to fight for disguised Vhigisrh;'' It pre
tended that many of them go in for fusion.
Perhaps so:; blit 'the' result of the election
will nYaterially ;substraet 'from" the size ot
this delusion, it is thought. 'When demderats
jbiii h party they mos'tly' want tb know wnat
art its principles; !,'CiaP they ofl anybody else
tell what distrnctprlhcrpleV1 they are'requi'r-
ed to'-adoptlTruiy,' there was wisdom in
hamibg, this "'neW arty;Fusi6ni''!;'There
areln Umabns'hnd ahtimastrnsi'skvery and
greuv vunpatiuita asv pruniiiicuK iuiu vvuu-
cilshank ajjd anti-bank, tarUT and anti-tariff;'1
ami' the pros and ;c6ns of 'pretty',mucn
every thfng 4s,:'Th prophet' A'flioS once
ipqired,: J'Can" twowalk together , except.
tljej are agrjjedr' jjyouDtiui. , vvere.B9)in
carnate now,',he might renew the Ipquiry
yery enlarged form
WheP Is' the soup likely tb ran' but of the
saucepan! When there's a leek in U.
1 .t .TheRrelpfoflryTs-rttty.
'stems to give much sa't'sfactioa at the North.
The New .York - Journal of Comment says:
, ."It is, s- noble ady aneen jthp direction of
free trade yind. sgaipst restriction. To a
jarge extent ,U breaks cVwr custom-house
brHar,ndgoir. j flip rijipal branches
of traffic srev concerned ( annexes the Brit
ish Provinccsia4lte United States, and the
United States to1 the : Brilfs H PrbVinces. It
does the same" with , respect to the fisheries,
which have. lopg been.. fruit u I. ource of
mutucl aVienatioauil mMuner's'tandiog, and
undenotber.cu'cutiMianaeaT aiiglifl long since
have led to the rrrost deplorable collisions.
It opens the St. Lawrence to our commerce,
and Lake Michigan t'rf British1' co!rtimerce, on
equal terms with the party in possession.
This treaty' wiil tlo more to : birlj the two
nations togethcr; 'lh'arnlty, and prevent-war,
thin any otherdevisfi which cbnld be named."
The Courier and ' 'Enquirer also remarks:
'American vessels have' 'lnrestricted
range. The "whole ' undivided continent"
is theirs. ' They have as' 'fre'e 4V sweep over
the marine league 'next to sn'dryas to any
marine league In the o'ce'art: ' They' Jre now
admitted, in the pursuit of their business,
to1 rritirc than: three thousand" 'mile's ofcosst
line,, from which they have heretofore been
peremptorily -shtitJot)H i'-Erei' Verore the
treaty hnS beed 'ratified, as required to be by
the Canadian Legislature; thi wate'ra have
been thrown open, and the armSiTsfiips which
guarded" thorn have: been1' withdrawn' from
service. 7 The treaty-'cbuld- nbf hate'eom
menced its enre'er :oif usefulnessu'ridemore
favorable' auspices than' ucb a manlfeeta-
tidn of confidence and go6d Will afford?"
! " '' r-u'V
Je'2'ot sn vs. Know Nothings.
When the election of - Mr. Jeffebsok
placed the Dtmiodratic 'parly in5 power, the
naturalization lawsSvefc'hiuch mors strin
gent, than' mcy afterwards'.' b.cca'me. . The
following sentiments expressed at that! time
by the great American '6tatesriran''fiad a
powerful effect 'in modifying those' laws.
We commend the extract id, the considera
tion of the Democratic ' piirty of 'the ''pres
ent day: Plain Dealer. "' '-'?:'
"1 cannot omit recommending Vr'evisal
of tho laws on the subject of naturalization.
Considering the ordinary chances of human
life, a denial of citizenship, until a residence
of fourteen years, is a denial to a great por
tion of those who ask it, and c'qnirois'a pol
icy .pursued from 'their first settlement by
many of these States, and still believed of
consequence to their posterity; " And shall
we refuse the unhappy fugitive from'.distress
that hospitality which, the savages 'of the'
wilderness extended to our fathers' .arriving
in this land!"' Shall1 oppressed J' humanity
find no asylum 'en this globe?,'' Tne. 'Con
stitution, ' indeed', has'wisely provide' that,
for" admission to certain" offices of important
trust, a residence shall be required sufficient
to develop character and design. But" plight
not the general character and capabilities
of a citizen be safely communicated' to ev
ery one manifesting a oona fide 'purpose of
embarking his life and fortunes pcrmanent-
ly with us!
us! 1 1
Oreat Democratic DeinoHStraiion.
Outppuring of the 'Makes 30,000 Freemen
'- in tk4 Field -"The Constitution' and our
' Country." ' S. l ..- : :
-We clip the following from the corres
pondence of- the- Pittsburgh .Post. 1 The
friends of the Constitution and the "Country
have not yet lost their strengths Theidem
ocruts of Pennsylvania will not tie '.found
wanting when the day of trial comes?; .;
.' ';' j' PlttUBEE'THIA, Sept.' lSi '9PM.
I have but time for a few Wdrds.."Th4 De
mocracy are out in .their mighti"T OW Inde
pendence. Square is crowded tb its: utmost
capacity.., ;. .Not les3 than twenty : tholisand
Democrats are assembled within -its Sacred
walls, to uphold in their! miglit the. constitu
tion and-our coulitry.; It is thff largestitown
meeting . that has been '. held in. this 'efty for
ten year.-, Never before have Li witnessed
such an outpouring of the Democracy Ji
Addresses were -"iniide from i the four cor
ners of the sqnaxo by eminent speakers, and
the utmost enthusiasiri prevailed. cucm
r iA.-was; .agloaipus sight to, !sea the thou
sands of- banners and lanterns; to listen to
the outbreaks of thi assembled masses and
hear the. patriotic, music of over twenty dif
ferent bands r
Philadelphia county will give . a majority
for Bigler. which 'Will send .n torroT :to the
souls ;bf, Whigism , Natlvisroil and .Enow
Nothingisra;';" ' I ''.-.il : ;;! iT
,,. i ;,. .Keligious, Freedom .,;t
.... The .seventh- section.iof ,the fireti,irticle
f the, , Constitution, of the. State , pf .Ohio,
reads as. follows, k .mi
, AH persons hays a, mutual, and-tildefeasi-ble
right, v,prship Almighty , (jio4i'!accord-
ing to the dictates"of their own conscience.
NT. 't2 'iJLn.lU a "atfanJ
bv law to an
no 'ef-freWtV Bliairfb given
iy reflgfous soeVy.";LN,pf shall
rtny'in'terferVndewlth the richtaof eSfia'clence
be "permitted. ' NO RISLIuiyu!? Ttaa i'
SHALL'IIE 'REtlLtHlEplS! A'CpVLI
FlCAfl'ON FbR dmCErppr shall any
per'sbhvbe"'1incompetent;it6, b" Srithesa
moramy,and knowledge.'however,' being es
sential tbgbod government, 1 SHALt be the
.-. .T.Lifw i'-.' ant.
j WhatJp theii difference between mobl.
master and an'fenginp'dflvertl
One trains the mind, the' 'otie'r'mWs' the
train sometimes. . ' ' r ,
mu ,ereuu bjiuii wo w,uij,6j,t,w .twin.,
erect1 or "support n place of "wo.rsh'p, or
mhfntntn','ait''ror'm'' &f wrWani'D'afrkiiist his