Newspaper Page Text
W.T ."Ml-ti, ;11 i
o a ri .i:
HUM . fft-i '"J
jV Mimevi vj ninT B.1 E. CKAIO, Proprietors.
Oil . & '" . " ' - .... ..; ,. v.
tail !rl ' I
jia vA ii
i I 1 Farswvll, old frien. part ai Ust,
inn v-ip a raH4 otm, and otomtr ar all pail
nil U . Aad warn UMbaach-lcarM bid adlea,
u.l hf il f. W'M " J an hoar,
fl!!iul f ' fawa bowor,
1 .4 ,,i;!-,d PUnlrUKa,i)rcke tad lore,
, ..rocUlm ow wH Uo but beii worn,
1 . So let riot a rUflU long,
,uo iy Aadlf ana bai leaf fidUlome,- "
bihjI tniaUcklHrmandfaallntbee, '
tjJ : My old itraw bau ' , ,
luiw '" v.r-. . . i "
Jj.-il j , , ".'ortbatboiiaaiideloaa-ttad aulna.
r)1lk)TaUiyaa.ymiif crown, .;.
' ' Thro.t llhtl hank- III louMt
ovJ i ' '
, ' ;I eanaot brook a muffled ear, , ..
i " ." Wben lark aad blaekblrdi whiaUa Bear.
And dearlx U ke to moat aad aeek
rjiUBO't The fresh wind with nn(uardd. ehaek, , ,
t.n O' ft'.' Toai'd In a tree thontt bear do harm, ' ;
B rvrr. n Flung sb the sod tbov'll lote no charm,
JVf in: -ii lika many a real friend on earth, '.
Rough usage onljr provei Uqr worth, .
.j:iadifii M y old rtraw hat. :
V.'ii" ytii MyoMatrawhai, my eontelenea telli
.tiiHMl Thoa beat been hung with folly's bell, :t
bISu.'i ' folIy ymgg , pienl chime,
If the rogue will bat "mind hja time," '
t,J Ki!i!l' AnA not eome jingling on the way
MOii wu Wbe sober mlmtrela ought to play,'
-S'tl 'lib ; For oft when eye and hearts are light, '
Alii itO Old Wisdom tinU keep out of sight,
s,.,,,,;..; 3:.St now the-ruUe bench la left,
' . .:.; And trees efarery leaf bereft,
on v . And merry rolces, aro all ilill,
1' n' ji-' -T"' ""'' o Ue well-known hill
1 .lr.o? r : I ! : 1 m '''
.q .U Farewell, old friend! thy work Is done,
vli" ' ' i-Xba misty clouds shut out (he aun;
hcirOI :1 The grapes are Jiluck'd, the bops are off,
. d . The woods are itarka and I must doff
,..1! v . My old straw hat bul'blde a wae,"
-.ii hi if Fair fklea wo'ra soon, but we may see
;),,.,.:, (Sklefull as fair asthoseof yore,
, -Aod then we'll wander forth one more,
"1 ' vrewell, till drooping harabelU blow,
And violets stud the warm hedgo-row
Z1 U r Farewell, till daisaa deck thoplain, .
ir.il lay- Farewell till spring days come again
1 . My old straw hat.
! t'n in
Interesting to Ludies.
!'( KESrOHStBILITIES OF AMERICAN WOMEK.
" ! ' -The spring-time of the Old World
, has passed, and we look not now over the
eastern wateratortne dawn of new hopes,
- , . .
bold aspirations and bright schemes, be-
'' speaking' a , wealth of prosperity, for the
"' ' summer has rested upon . the wide fields of its
classical and political art, and the golden
, sheaves have been garnered for the threshing
t- floor; Life and inspiration have departed from
" the marble fanes of Greece; and the expec-
Rations of the world have long been with
(drawn from its crumbling shrines. Rome
.with her proud brow crashed to ti e dust, and
!the foot of tyranny upon her neck, claims fhe
m iuuio) nuu uiuti iu uufQ ivi iuv uujr n iicii xji-
iberty, clad in spotless robes, shall hallow the
hade of her time-wrapped Coliseum, and
- make again the "city of seven hills" the
; .broud Mistress of tlie World. The day of
j tlieir glory hath long gone by, and the reher-
.,af of , their greatness of their Alexander,
rid the royal pride of their Caesars is fad
ingaway in the dim recesses of the past.
V, ; But the world must have its hope,, and a
v. bright spot upon which it may. rest. Though
; rthe star-ray be feeble, and broken oft by
'clouds, yet if it giveth but a promise of bet
'"xei things to be, naught can break the pray
i erfulgaze of millions. One deep and earn-
.iest longing arises now from the hearts of
the world's noble brotherhood the frater-
v'aial band, who, whether Ihey be Jew or
XJreek, Protestant or Roman, can unite
t jeir voices ia a grand diapason of harmony
iirrvcalling upon the God of their fathers for
-their sacred boon of liberty. Monarchy
and despotism have grown aged; their treas
' aired crowns rest uneasily upon their brows.
iartd when they chance to fall, what faithful
child have they to replace them
1 ' Well may America be proud of the hopes
( that are centered upon ber youthful endeavors
aiaoet untried skiu. well may she
pjetelj a future's rosy dawn, glad with the
"ulfiUmetrt of golden expectations, prosper-
us'in the xmceasirig wealth her industrious
Band liath planted; when the nations of die
jQJd World, shall turn from the grand archi
Wetore that piles in sublimity their cathe
drals against the sky; from their sculpture,
pife-like ' with' impassioned thought; their
flowing canvas,: their libraries of ancient
Wealth, arid their enosa-roofed cities, to gath
,ei from the" fresh and brilliant stores that
AMMtSMA 'n1ShW th u,it.l h..,.t.
Jier clime ' ' V' ' , ,
Nor does she depend for the fulfilment of
her -aspirations upon the brightness of her
dream, the; flattering hopes of those foreign
tocher ajd,a of "even 1 upon those illuttrioua
,sSis, who lived, and died in her ;interesti
'TbeeQ may Rhper, and make the labor seem
more light; but her destiny rests with fear
fuf WCigt lipoft the characters of the; great
.rAen bf hypresent'and future day,,; ,; ;
j'en, wesay jt jrests upon! the eharactari
,qf.,tbe, Ifiadingjniads that govern us, how
fftricbis thperception of the true heart of
WflrFWK M.g"."?" ourWne me
. : r tus j i j i. j j I
ocjiing vi luw aavreu uupc, anu it uepunua
upon mewwaicniui care ana interest, wnetn-
nmnn or not.- ,.:
,nf,7?'. epib1Ii tfcitsj an,-; wa., of
teriing inteiiectuanty, ponucai wisdom and
flt9RHW.5if' tne preceding Beneratione
nearly djvoid of any one germ of these
'S'-1' ' & W94'i,i?0. iw.hW.
,VW Mwln tormpted
V,,yMKV0W.WM. :fIDllll UUpUl IUDI VJ "H
jicdy influence of a home and mother i '.Can
Liberty hope for peerjwit'her Jefferson,
Adan1f'i Ani other: jiko glqrjoiiR;ninds,' wboae
jMfrtft igWatil.UitgJra a blessed memo:
' fyt-if amang the mother of her Bona "there
reaone wimfievu ofiuScient putitr. indl
miiidf of true hotrenl moold, to abandon
rorever their faiblonable Inactivity, and atu-
ivuuiio, ana jsoor nrmiy and boldly
for the' brilliancy of ber deatiny ! ,.;
J be pqlpit, the' platfern; or the atatea-
man a desk, do sot call oa womas bow: but
voice la constantly re-vibrating front neg
lected firesides, vitiated aoDs, worthless
ua, mothers and wives,
the hours God gave ye foroor devotion, and
which ye spend so lavishly upon the flimsy
weoa or literature, and the frivolous pursuits
or rashion ! Smile around your own hearth-
stones, and they will give back a blessing,
and not the curse that follows with a blight
the aimper of the gay J"
,J, Does woman wish to guide the helm of
state, to purify it laws and elevate its aims!
Poee she wish to restrain the frightful march
or intemperance, the increase of immoral!
ty,; and the vice that ataina with indelible
ayes me hearts of our youtha 1. . God bless
her prayer, and every effort she may ad
vance; but let her not forget that in no sta
tion, nor any place, can she exert a power
ana influence greater than that within the
circle of her home.
" "' ww. '"j mat American women are
unmindful of . the Important station thev
fill, and that their habits of life, instead of
having an ennobling influence upon their
I posterity , possess rather a corrupt and vi-
tiating tendency, we do not include those
true hearts who are striving, both in public
and private, for the elevation of their sex;
but the general mass of our sisterhood
whose enfeebled minds are too much absorb-
ed in trifling vanities, to devote one thought
or exertion towards the accomplishment of
a blessed duty, or even the guardianship of
their own children. Can a woman, to whom
God hath given sons and daughters, with
hearts and minds eapable of becoming a
blessing to the age in which thev live, and
a glorious example for generations vet to
come, fulfill her truot by making her off
springs the automate of fashionable life?
Can we expect to find a true mother's heart,
superior intellect and the purifying influ-
enre, in her who, with wealth at her com
mand, and neglected objects awaiting its
disposal, will flitter away the short time of
her existence at fnshinnnhln
durinB tho SUmmer, enervating her already
broken constitution, as a preparation for the
winter's festivities! Can we expect to find
in her sons men of expanded minds, and
wis judgment, guided by hearts so honest
and noble that the nation will submit to
their guidunce, and treasure their memories
with that of Washington! Can a mother
hope all this of a son whose unrestrained
youth is devoted to the sporting of fast hor-
see, giving champagne suppers, and drinking
and gaming naif the night: And yet, where
i . . . . .
does the responsibility rest!
The daughters of these pleasure-seeking
and fashion-aspiring women, What has Lib
erty to hope from them! Poor butterflies!
Blighted apples on dwarfed trees! Lit
tie souls plumed over with mannerisms, af-
fectatioiw and fooleries, shedding just light
enough to draw the moths! minds of sul
cient airy roominess to shelter the senti
mental fiction of the day, and hearta so hu
mility clad that they aim no higher than
ribands and beaus! And yet, how great the
hope that American places upon them!
These are to become the mother of the next
generation shedding an everlasting influ
ence upon posterity! These are to become
the wives of those that form the strength
of our Republic, and their union shall eitfa
er facilitate or retard our progress.
America' hope is centered around her fire-
aides, and her destiny depends upon the in
fluence they emit. The eloquence of states
men may reverberate through the land pul
pits may send forth their appeals of truth
and tenderness science may labour and
bestow her undying tribute, and art may
petrify her dreams yet the garland will
fade from Liberty's brow, and disappointed
millions aend up their cry of despair, if wo
man's hand and woman's heart refuse an
interest in the work. Let our daughters be
educated for the station of true and noble
women; let them learn to discard the soul-
wasting vanities of the day, and enrich their
minds, and so purify their influence that it
shall be their lasting monument for long
ages to eome. Teach them se to labor that
"generations yet to be" ahall look back and
call them blessed, and hallow their memo-
suiu tu uvea vi una wuw uiaceu ui
x -L ii e .1 .L - ? J .i. -
brightest and the . purest star on Liberty,
i'.:-t'Begintidaf,ot nd till evil sink
In Its due graro; and Ifat onee we may not
Declare the greatness of the work we plan,
Be sure, at least, that evr la our eyes,
It stand oomDlete boforo us. aa a dome -. -.'
v. iiyj i.;vuu iiui jfiuviu, uuuwi Ul suirvr '(:
Kiieompassing theso dusky tenta; a Uilng, .
Absolute, close to all, though seldom seen, . ,
' Near as pur hearts, and pe'rfoot aa the heavens,
Be this our aim and modil, add our bands
Khali not wax faint until the work Is dono. ' ''
1 0r The growth, of fowa. surprising.-
The St. Louis News : says. that the:vote of
U lan Bpnng; dibcuuu aiiQwa irreBl ID
.. . ... - ,: ,T
crease over tnat oi last' August, and tne
vote Of the present August is much larger
than fast spring Countries that bad uo re.
Urmia eighteen months aga. now ahow a We
of two or three hundred. ' Not onlv are the
eaaterii add i weatetn border counties: ad-
ranping itt population, but away in the !nte-
rior'of tbii state the q'anfy pfooeera are.ael.
tiing'dowii; wiarounitbem will soon gatb;
tr denae settlementa. ' :. '
v.-... -,. . ' ..."
ftTT" A ' ttnlitlrtmnn nslrprl mi litrla Jwmt . in I
er.follpw! fofva'- nfajjt&Z.-ff Irt'plieaSvith
great simplVity,- f is' is drea $M, accidentl
. '' s9wffiw'iTm inj.ll t
' Mr. John B. Oouirlw
J - Som few jetre back, in that eri morn
aUmrerinir from Jmnkw Hph.nrfc miaht
be seen a young man In the American tow
of Newburyport: be had reached the church-
yard of the town, and bad come there to die
In the wide world be stood alone. His wife
was oeaa. He bad no friends.; - He was
overwhelmed with misery and debt. As he
turned round his anxious eye, he saw no way
of escape, and no ray of hope. There was
nothing left for him but the drunkard's un-
honored grave. Another drop, and he would
have become a suicide; but the bottle (truck
his lips and that saved bis life. - He went
back to town. A temperance meeting waa
held, and he waa induced to aign the pledge.
I He did more, he left his humble calling-
that of a bookbinder and became a aealoua
advocate, of the instrumentality that had
- done ao much for bim ' Friends fathered
round him." Aa an orator he was perpetu
ally in request. For ten years he spoke
three hundred times a year, traveled ten
thousand miles a year, his name waa John
B. Gouch. His fame reached this country
and a twelvemonth since be was engaged by
the Committee of the London Temperance
League to visit England. He came origi
nally for six weeks, but he was induced to
stop two yeara. , Nor will those acquainted
I wittl Exeter Hall oratory wonder at the re
8U"- ee Gough aa he stands upon the
p'a'rm, and you at once learn the secret of
b'" aucces- He is a spare, thin man, with
premature age stamped upon his face, with
a stature by no means imposing. Dressed
ordinary black, you would take bim for a
ver? ordinar7 man, and the first few acnten
ces tn&t rom n'8 l'Pa 8tr'ae you as little
better than common-place. Wait awhile,
and the orator will warm; the mass before
bim will respond, and it will beat as with
one Pu'8e while he convulses it with laugh-
I ter or melts it into tears. The effect is
striking. The scoffer is touched; the drunk'
ard is reclaimed; the most degraded feel that
there is yet hope and happiness, and heaven
for him. And what is it that does all this!
Not learning; for Mr. Gough has never been
to school since he waa twelve years old; not
reasoning, for he makes no pretensions to
tne possession of argumentative powers; not
rhetoric, for he tells a plain, unvarnished
talo nd 'eaves it to others copiously to il
lustrate, or gorgeously to declaim.- ' But the
fact is,' that he is in earnest; that it is the
terrible story of his life he unfolds; and that,
saved as by fire himself, he devotes for the
salvation of others; a real natural eloquence,
that never tires, never wearies; and a tongue
that never grows dull. To save the drunk
ard to stop the ravages of intemperance
to build up a barrier between the iutoxica-
tin CUP an th0 unpolluted lip to bid man
ft I Jtr?
be true to himself and the Divine principle
within him; and to dash down the "flowing
bowl," wreathed, as it may be, by flowers,
and presented by Beauty, for beneath lurks
a serpent that may sting as an adder; such is
the work of Mr. Gough such is his unvari
ed theme. Had he been an orator alone, he
must have failed long before this; but he is
an actor as well, he has unusual flexibility
of face and voice. His features can ex
press every shade of feeling; his tones can
give utterance to every emotion of the hu
man beart. : He can be all thinga in an hour;
he is the very Proteus of the platform. He
walks up and down it as one inspired; and
you tremble all the while lest the speaker
and the audience, in the frenzy of the mo
ment, should rise up, and do something ex
travagant or mad. . You feel what a wonder
ful instrument the human voice is what
power the orator wields. . You feel that he
has as much power over men as when the
Hebrew Paul spoke and Felix trembled, or
as when the Athenian Demosthenes roused
the decaying hearts of his countrymen, "and
fulmined over Greece." :..; .. ,
Mr. Gough has now been twelve months
in this country, of which he is a native for
he was born (August 22, 1817) and spent
the first twelve years of his life at Sandgate.
Since he has been here he has traveled over
England and Scotland, and has delivered
two hundred and thirty -seven orations toau
diences of at least one thousand five hun
dred persons. He is accompanied by his
second wife, an American lady, to whom he
was married in 1843. His father waa a sol
dier and lives on a pension in London. He
has a sister in America, where he has pur
chased a small estate at Boylstown, Wor
cester county,' about forty miles from Bos
ton, where he usually resides three months
of the summer, and where he enjoys the so
ciety of his numerous friends, who visit him
during the season of his relaxation. Lon
don Times. '
HeNBY CLAY'S HOMS AKD GAVE.-rrThe
dwelling of the late Henry Clay, at Ash
land, haa been torn down by his son to make
room, it Is said, for a new edifice of its ex
act form and character. His grave is mark
ed by no stone or .monument? as. yet," being
merely heaped up- in the usual form and
covered with . green sward.,. It is contem-
piated however, to .build a monument on
thn annt whero ha now nniflt v rests.
frVAii exchantre out West, in sDeakiho-
f th, ranid ornwth of the clt of Leaven.
worth, feaya: : " -:. . i'V ! '
1 rtn iifti fm r.n...a i. alr.Jv h.if.
w.t ho. and a lot 'of noodle tvDOa- have a
prinUng press under a big 'elrh. , The ''coW'
nositoM,''aa the'sun eoe 'Vound" move the
Case into1 th'snade, ai
tvDe; dreaminir of "the
nd, pick away at the
good tima coming."
i ne editor goes nsninr every aar tor irrov
ma. 1 ? ,,i i
J i'i r.'siivi' !. .il .lai; i; ;.'il'
(Er Please exch,nge-.afhe printer ssid
when, he, .offered hi Jeart Ml al niceJit-
.ftbsif now Yflei
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1854;
"Such la Life."
From the local column of the St. Louis
Anrtiger is translated the following item
"Sucs.ia Ltfxr Ont day last week,
early in the t morning, that miserable con
veyance, which . takes the poor friendless
dead to the .City Cemetery at the city's ex
pense, hajted in front of a house in a street
of the southern part of the city.,. . The dri
ver alighted frqm the wagon, . entered the
house, but appeared again aoon after, carry'
ing, in company with another alike disinter
ested looking' rhhn, a coffin made of rough
boards.- - The coffin waa placed on the wa
gon,- and it made speed over the deserted
streets toward the Cemetery
No one followed the wagon with a sorry
look not one stood at .her grave with a
feeling heart,' when' the earth fell upon the
coffin; and yet this coffin contained the
corpse of a lady who once was sincerely
adored by hundred who once was honor
ed, 1 extolled,' envied in society who could
command riches, and who, but a few years
ago, before abe trod the shores of thia con
tinent, could expect a happy and contented
This lady was Rosa Nescheml, the daugh
ter of an immensely wealthy Polish noble'
man. In early youth she was taken to the
Imperial Court of Austria, where in her
eighteenth year, she was married to a French
nobleman, who was also very rich. Rosa
Neschemi lived many long and happy years,
partly upon the possessions of her husband,
partly . traveling through Germany, Spain,
Italy and England, and gave birth to three
song, who received the best education and
upon whom the eyes of the parents rested
with great pride
But then, the July Revolution of Paria
came. Koaa's husband took a considerable
and active part in it, aud on the 28th he fell
from the effect of three shots which he re
ceived. His name is still honored with a
place on the column in the Place de la Bas
Of the sons, the oldest one, an exceeding
ly gifted young man, waa surpassingly suc
cessful in Spain, and was, at that time, pri
vate Secretary to King Ferdinand. After
the King's death he removed to a villa in
the neighborhood of Valencia, where, it is
believed he fell, a prey to the dagger of an
The second son, who bad joined himself
to the ministers of the church, was an espe
cial favorite of Pope Gregory. He died, al
so, soon after that event.
The third son, yet very young, remaines
with his mother, who found an asylum in
Switzerland, whither she carried the remains
of her ruined fortune. In his sixteenth year.
he left his mother and came to America. In
New Orleans he soon found employment and
earned much money. ' Bad associations, and
his own inclination to dissipation, caused
him to deviate from the proper path, and
and some five years ago, he grasped at the
last and most contemptible means to save
his credit he persuaded his old mother to
cross the ocean. She could not refuse the
prayer of her only son, and arrived. , She
succeeded in bringing with her six thousand
dollars, which sum was spent by her son in
a short time, About a year ago he ended
hia career in New Orleans; being employed
as deputy sheriff, he killed a Creole by stab
bing him. He escaped to California, and his
old mother, to whom New Orleana naturally
became a place of extreme hatred, turned
her steps towards St. Louis. , One day last
week, early in the morning, the miserable
city hearse conveyed the remains of Rosa
Neschemi tn the last, unwept-for resting
place! "Such is life!"
Probity and Honor.
The Boston Transcript thus speaks of the
important virtues of probity and honor:
"How few people there are who have not
had occasion, some time in the course of
their experience, to echo that apothegm of
Falstaff s, "Lord, how this world is given to
lying.", How rarely is speech to be receiv
ed in its "verbatim et literatim" sense, and
how often must the key to a sentence be
found in the little extenuating phrase "as
I understand . it,'' not openly expressed like
the "errors excepted' of a bill of merchan
dise, but carefully kept back, a mental re
serve to be brought into action only in case
the victory is doubtful.,,. There was a time
when, in mercantile circles, a man's word
waa like his bond, but with the increased
number of persons engaged in trade, and
the consequent eager hurrying for riches,
the strife for profit and the contention for
business which the great centres of commer
cial life exhibit there has come also an in
difference, to those . nice points of moral
honesty,, .vhich formerly i, surpassed the
etrengtVof law, itself, nMuch of thia laxity
of commercial morals, is no doubt owing to
the substitution of modern recklessness for
the slow . and sure mode of. conducting busi
ness whic characterized our, fathers. '.The
eegerqess to extend the . field of operations,
which is so noticeable a feature of .modern
enterprise, does not admit of the' coolness
and deliberation which should be the essen
tials ' of every business transaction. ', Bui
there is an opposite side to every' proposi
tion,'5 aid ; What is .thua'galned ,in speed is
lost in security 4 , Indeed, in many of the ao
called business operations of the day, the
pr obable chance bf success is small indeed,
while the stakes in these games of chance
are. 'tQ bo reckoned in bunreda and thou
sands.;) $.f)i-:-v.;y- vi i!i
If any evidence were needed to prove
our, assumption it may .be fpund in abundance
in thft'recprds of our',courtaof law which
have'tonia. .to be principally occupied by ' ca
ses growing out of breaches of contract: it)
a wora'' dbo,net practices Pome 'iono a
short1 time sJnoe proposed as remedy .for
the growing evil of non-performance of ob
ligations an abrogation of all law in rela
tion to it, leaving it a matter of option-mere
ly to pay debts. This, which at first seems
to afford no security at all to the creditor,
we are not sure would not be the best poll'
ey in the long run. , Ia the first place there
would be less credit, which at best is but a
necessary evil; and in the second place, none
but those who have proved themselves wor.
thy of confidence would receive it knaves
and rogues could no longer fleece the un
wary and unsuspecting, and the honest tra
der would not be injured by the competition
of the unscrupulous and reckless. -. '
' The remedy for all this is in tbe hands of
the merchants themselves, who must see to
it that success in dishonesty does not sanc
tify the deed, and that although the law may
not alwaya be able to seize the offenders,
an opprobrium, more potent than all penal
ties shall attach to every infringement not
oniy oi ine letter but of the spirit of the
law of common honeaty, which neither rank
nor station can escape, nor Influence ahield
from iu weight of condemnation.
. One of the moat beautiful tributes ever
paid to individual worth, was rendered to the
late Samuel Appleton of thia city. It was
a question aa to the authenticity of a signa
ture to a note. The sum of the note waa
small, but believing it not to be his, although
the same name, he refused to pay. The af
fair in due time reached a trial. Various
witnesses were brought whose united testi
mony appeared too strong to be shaken.
Tbey were opposed only by the simple as
sertion of Mr. Appleton, who denied that
he gave the note, for what he deemed suffi
cient reasons. The case was given to the
jury and mark the result. The award was
in favor of Mr. Appleton. The atrict integ
rity of hia life, the unflinching and scrupu
lous Honesty of all his business transactions,
gave his word a value which outweighed
all . the opposing testimony. Subsequent
events proved the justice of the result.
The note had been given bp another indi
vidual by the same name, who was not in
country at the time of the trial. If those
who are on the stage now, covet such con
fidence, they must have a chaiacter which
w... vuiwwgu m witnesses, and offset a
11 ... - i ... ,
comoinauoB oi untoward circumstances."
Where do Men go who die ut Chi.
Some years ago when Chicago was in its
infancy, a stranger took up his quarters at
the principal hotel, and inscribed hia name
on the register aa"Mr. J , of St. Louis."
For several days he remainedthere, engaged
in transacting the business which had brought
him to the place, and from hia exceedingly
plain dress, mannera, and general appear
ance, attracted but little attention.
Soon Mr. was suddenly seized with
illness, during which he waa sadly neglect
ed by his host; and the servants, taking
their tone from the master of the house.
left him to shift for himself as he best could.
Thus matters went on, till one morning he
was found past praying for. His papers were
then examined, that the sad intelligence
might be communicated to his friends;
when, to the surprise of all, he was found
to be one of the wealthiest men in the west
ern country. :
Arrangements were accordingly made for
the funeral; but before the last rites were
performed, the subject came to life again,
having been the victim of catalepsy, instead
of the "grim King of Terrors." All were
overjoyed at hia fortunate escape from so
dreadful a fate, and from that time were pro
fuao in their expressions of solicitude, elic
ited, however, if we may be judges, by
"documentary evidence," rather than by any
personal regard. ..
At length some one ventured to ask how
things appeared to him while in his trance,
to which be thus replied :
"I thought I had come to the river of
death, where I met an angel, who handed
me a jewel to serve as a pass to the other
side. On giving this to the ferryman,. I
received from him ' another, which carried
me forward another stage in my journey.
Going on thus for several stages, receiving
at the termination of each a ticket for the
succeeding one, I at last reached the gate
of the Heavenly City. There I found St.
Peter, who opened the door at my summoned
pipe in mouth, seated by a small table, on
which stood a goodly mug of steaming hot
whiskey toddy. , ,
"Good morning, air' said he, very polite
' "(Sood morning, St. Peter," aaidl. , ,
,'fi "Who are you, eir, asked he," turning over
the leaves of a huge ledger.
"My name is J .." : '
"Very good, sir, where did you live down
below V. V..'., .-. i. .
"I lived at St. Louis, in the State of Mis
souri.'.; v. -''.!
"Very well, sir, ; and now tell nie where
:"I died at Chicago, in . Illinois." ,
"Chicago 1" aaid, he, shaking his head,
"there'e no such place, air." ' ' "
; I beg your pafdoh, St Peter,', but have
you a map of the United States here 1", ,
."N'Allow me to look at it.1' ' '
-Certainly," sir;" :' ;';-'''! f;; : ' V
-With that he handed down a splendid atlaa
and I . pointed out to him Chicago on the
mtp.-..v!.i I ".'' . ! ".'v
"All right, air," said he, after a moment's
pause, "it is there, sure enough, so walk in,
sir; but J'll be Uest if you ain't thajw per.
son that has ever com then from that place 1"
Thus : ended Mr. J 's account 'of hia
trmntitim state, and ho raort uestiona werd
OCT A good life keeps aff wrinkles' ""'
" . . . , .., .. 1! '
- irrom the Westminister Ravlsw. 111
v aij Lpidemlce BAge al If rght.
It waa in one night thatour thousand per
sons perished of the plsgue in London.' It
waa by night that the army of Senaaeharib
waa destroyed. Both in England and en the
continent a large proportion of cholera eases,
in its ' several forms, have been observed to
have occurred between one and two o'clock
in the morning. The danger of exposure
to the night air has been a theme of physi
cians from tima immemorial: but it U m.
markable that they have never yet called tn
the aid of chemistry to account for the fact. !
It is at night that the stratum of air near
est the ground must always be the most
chsrged with the particles of anamalized
matter given out from the akin, and delete
rious gases, such aa carbonic acid gas, the
product of respiration, and sulphurated hy- j
drogen, the product of the sewers. In the
day, gaaes and various substances of all
kinds rise in the air by the rarefaction of the
heat At night, when this rarefaction leaves,
they fall by aa increase of gravity, if imper
fectly mixed with the atmosphere, while the
gases evolved during the night, instead of
ascending, remain at nearly the same level.
It is known the carbonic acid gas, at a low
temperature, partakes so nearly of the na
ture of a fluid, that it may be poured out of
one vessel into another. It rises at the
temperature at which it is exhaled from the
lungs, but iu tendency is towards the floor,
or the bed of the sleeper, in cold and un
ventilated rooms. . , '
At Hamburg,the alarm of cholera at sight
in some parts of the city, waa ao great that
many refused to go to bed, lest they should
oe aiiacaea unawares tn their sleep. Sit.
ting up, they probably kept their stoves or
open fires burning for the sake of warmth,
and that warmth giving the expansion to any
deleterious gases present, which would best
promote their escape, and promote their di
lution in the atmosphere, the means, of safe
ty were . then unconsciously assured. At
Sierra Leone, the natives have a practice in
the sickly season of keeping fires constantly
ourning in tbeir buts at nights, assigning
that the bres keep away the evil spirits, to
which, in their iu.ioranee. thpv affi4k...j
I ' ' -i-uruiwi
fever and ague. Latterly, Europeans have
began to adopt the same Dractice.
oegun to adopt the same practice, and those
who have tried it assert that they have now
entire immunity from the tropical fevers to
which they were formerly subjected. '
In the epidemics of the middle ages, fires
used to be lighted in the streets for the puri
fication of the air, and in the plague of Lon
don, in 1665, fires in the streets were at one
time kept burning incessantly, till extin
guished by a violent storm of rain. Latterly,
train a of gunpowder have been fired, and
cannon discharged for the same object, but
it is obvious that these measures, although
aound in principle, must necessarily, though
out of doors, be on too small a scale, as
measured against an ocean' of atmospheric
air, to produce any sensible effect. Within
doors, however, the case is different. It is
quite possible to heat a room sufficiently to
produce a rarefaction and consequent dilu
tion of any malignant gases it may contain,
and it is, of course, the air of the room, and
that alone, at night, which comes in contact
with the lungs of the person sleeping.
The month of Victories.
The National Intelligencer, under this cap
tion, publishes an account of the American
victories achieved during the month of Sep
tember. We make an abstract: .
On the 5th of September, 1813, the Uni
ted States brig Enterprise, Capt. Burrows,
fell in with the British brig Boxer, Capt.
Blyth. commander, between Cape Elizabeth
and the . Sequin islands,, off the harbor of
Portland, and in forty-five minutes had made
the Barer her prisoner. v :
On the 10th of September, 1813, Com
modore Perry achieved his celebrated victo
ry over the British squadron on Lake Erie-
taking, two ahips, two brigs, one schooner,
and a sloop. .. . t
On the 11th of September, 1813, Com
modore Chauncey chased the British squad
ron, under bir James Yeo, around Lake On
tario, and had a running fight of six hours.
On the 23d of September, 1813, Gener
al Harrison captured Maiden, a fort on the
Canada aide.'.v; ..:iwsv- '-! "
Capt. Johnston Blakely, commander of
the United States sloop-of-war Wasp, wrote
from Bea, latitude 40 N., longitude; 16 W.,
the Uth of September; 1813, giving an ac
count of an action at bight with; several
British vessels, in the course of which the
brig Avon, Capt. Arbuthnot,. was sunk.
On the 11th of September, i8l4, Com
modore' Macdonough announced to the Sec
retary of the Navy that he had gained a sig
nal victory" on. Lake; Cbamplain -capturing
one frigate, one, brig, and two1 sloops-of-war.
On the 12th of September,' , 1813,, Gener
al Alexander Macomb wrote to the Wat De
partment, giving an account., of the repulse
of the enemy from Plattsburg on that day,
with the loss of 3,500 men in killed, woun
ded, prisoners, and deserters.1
The repulse of the enemy JronT Baltimore
occurred on tli o . S th . jar, d Ji 3 1 V qt Septem
ber, 1814. .;,vii.;.;l y$M:.Y
, On the nth of September, 1814, the for
ces under command of General Brown effec
ted a brilliant achievements It was the tor
tifl, , from,, Port, Erie ,on thai ; enemy 'a ' battel
ries, which were; carried, the principal work1
blown up, end four hundred prisoners taken
The enemy's total loss waa about eight-hun.
aaaaa .! nit i 1 1 r i T '
(t There ia a great dearth of. news-ptpir
n StLouis.j The Jargmheet.are obllced
to,,curtai( nfap11he.jpanait1etv sheet to Treat
So ay .sorts, pjf,e tr,.itgems o erid; nt' their
l.-lly issut's. The uuuxual drouths ; is the
cause of this present scarcity. .
I ' "'' llaUslnff a?rler
f If ( must have been evident to all ia any
way 'conversant with the facts, that publish
era must raise their subscription price or
suspend.' The wretched, mistaken. aoHcw
of furnishing a newspsper to the reader tor
leas than the first cost of material used aad
labor employed, originated ia tbit hot-bed wf
impracticabilities, New York. , It waa fool
ishly supposed thst tho cheap price wooldao
increase circulation, so as, to bring advar
tising patronage sufficiently enormous to not
only overcome the deficit front subscribe
but to leave a handsome, margin aa a profit;
Of course it waa also vainly hoped that
most of the country papers would siak un
der soch competition, and the entire field, as)
left to large cities. V-,.
All business, and all branches of business.
should pay a reasonable profit, and aar oth
er state of affairs is an unhealthy oaerand
sooner or later must result disastrously.
The New York TrUmsu hatched a mis
chievous brood which have cone home to
roost, and the consequence is, that paper baa
been forced to curtail iu fair proportion,
and appear now ia aize much mora like
The proprietors of four of the Cincinnati
daily'sitowit .' Eneuirer, Times, Commer
cial and Columbian, have advanced tba pri.
ces 20 per cent Cleveland Herald.
', We shall" be compelled, in- obedience to
the law of self-preservation, to increase th
subscript ion price of the Statesman and Dem
ocrat. As our terms, now sre.wa dhM
that the larger ear liat th greater oor lea.
At prevent ratea, our receipt for suaacrip.
tion very little exceed the eost ef the paper.
We shall announce new terms in a few daya.
Statesman and Dem. . ,
There are various rumors about the sup
posed treaty for the annexation of these Inl
ands. Among others, the Albany Journal
haa tho following summary, said to hatha
substance of the treaty: , ,
The Islands are to be at once admitted
into the Union, not as a Territory, but mm m
State with full State sovereign powers.
In consideration of thia surrender of their
National sovereignty, the United States, b.
sides agreeing to respect all existing chas-
ters, land title, &c, are to pay soma t300.
000 or $400,000 annually aa life annuities)
to such persons as the sovereign awthoritiea
shall designate. It is believed thatthe num
ber who will be declared entitled to ahara
In thia annuity, will not exceed thirt ia-
dividuals, including the King, his twd Bona,
and the members of the House of Noble,
all of whom are now rich, and constitute th
great land-holders of the Kingdom. Their
ages will aveiage about 40 years; and th
sum to be paid to each will cease to bt a
debt upon the United Statea Government
at their death. -.. ; . , ; j'..
Besides the sovereignty of th Island
all the Government Property including
Buildings, claims upon foreign Governments,
Sic will, it is understood, be transferred
to the United States Government by thia
Treaty. The value of these Buildings alon
are said to exceed $1,500,000, and the Claim
upon the French and British Government
to about $500,000 more; making an-aggro-gate
of $2,000,000. .:; . ..
Clay on Foreigners.
Hikkt Cut, in 1853, made this speech.
in the United States Senate: ' ;
'Mr. President, there are some foreigner
who always remain exotics, and never be
come naturalized in our country; whilst hapy
pily there are many others who readily attack
themselves lo our principles and institutiona.
The honest, patient, and . industrious Ger
man, readily unites with our people;, estab
lishes himself upon some of our fat landV
fills his capacious barn, and enjoys in tran
quility the abundant fruit which his dilli
gence gathers around him, always readu to
fly to the standard of his adopted country,.
or or its laws, when called by the duties of
patriotism."' ,- - ,
Again! "The gay, the versatile, the phi
losophic Frenchman, accommodating bim
aelf cheerfully to all the vicissitudes af life,
incorporates, himself, without diffieulty,.ia ur
"But of all foreigners, npne; amalgtmet
theniselves 'so quickly with, our people a
the natives of the Emerald Isle.-,; In torn)
of the visions , that have pasted through e&y
imagia.ation, I have 'supposed that Ireland
was originally part an.d parcel of this con
tinent, and that by some extraordinary con
vulaiona of nature it was torn irom Ameri
ca, and drifting across the ocean, was plac
ed in the unfortunate vicinity o( Great Brit
ain; ' The 'me open heartedness, theeaae
generbu hospitality, the aame carelew aad
-ncaUutating indifference about human lifer
characterize 'the Inhabitants- of both- coua-- -
,:i-t u-- " ",',-, ' '
,i By the retura recen tfy- presented
Parliament by the English Census Com
misaioner, it appears that the number of per
sons returned to the censu as "author,"' -editor,''
or--wKtera,-1-ia ''the year" 1851,
waa eighteen r hundred itad forty-four, "Viai
Seventeen hundred and "thirty-eight male,
and one hundred and aix females; and that .
of these, the great metropoji walleve4 up
thefionls'ihare of eleven hundred and ninet
ty-five. Jt further ,Bppear that England i
fcrtunate enoogb to boast no less than nine "
-to autnor wfio' are' under twenty veara
-o (M'a'; w -'.-jr08
.. OTAt lsaaid tiiat the fiew York Tribune,
otiii$;.jiho. brief period of iu enlarged exut
tence, aunk.f 20tnOotj '' I ttt ; v . f i e ( i
wnai masnrss is it for a man to stanra
bi'iifsrlfBewicbn is heir, and so turn a friend
into an enemy! for his joy at your death will
be proportioned, to what you leave fcia.
1 - . .. , .