Newspaper Page Text
A. HART Editor.
i sate i
October, 18 I.!
Affairs tn Europe.
y- By reference to the column of Foreign
News, it will be seen, that the report which
wis venerallv nublished in the papers of the
country a few days since, in regard to the j
fall of Sebastopol is probably incorrect.
Indeed we may not expect much reliable
news from Europe for sometime yet.
Enough however, haa.been learned lo assure
us, that there haa been hard fighting between
the allied armies and the Russians.
The expedition to Sebastopol according!
to last accounts numbers six hundred ves
sels and xihett thousand men. This is
tk f ( V. a aVtn.1 li a f Vina :
dap fimipol in KtQtnrv Thrt irranrlpcr em A.
.4? r S n sb jft f Infnrn tinrl tKa TntrinIl.li ! '
UlllVtlB VS ii 1 l J V V VIII UIIU kllW KMVISIWtwav
Armada" dispatched under Philip II, King
of Spain for the conquest of England, fall
far short of the expedition to Sebastopol, in
the number of vessels, and the magnitude
of the enterprise to be achieved. From this
time forth, we Bhall look with anxious inter
est to the news from Europe.
, : The demands of the allied powers upon
Russia, are stated by the English papers to
be as follows : "The entire freedom of Mol
davia, Wallachia and Servia from the Rus
sian protectorate. The abrogation of all
ancient treaties between Russia and Turkey;
The future freedom of the navigation of the
Danube, and the withdrawal of Russia from ;
that part of Bessarabia bordering on it; The
future freedom of the navigation of the
Black sea to vessels of war and commerce
of all Nations; The re-annexation of the
Crimea to Turkey, and the entire freedom
of Circassia with all the Caucasian coun
tries: And in case Sweden joins the allies
the re-annexation of Finland to her." i
TlipaA ura InrfrA ilpmnnrlv. ntA thm Rmnoi.
- -r, . ... , . !
tr nf KiitiRiA will npwor AAPPflo in thorn nn I
less compelled to
That nation never yet
has been conquered. Her vast resources
will enable her to carry on a war of long
duration, and the determination of Nicholas
already exhibited, shows that he is ready for
a Inner And tprrihln rrnrtrlA. ITa ia nn nr.
... ,,. , . ,
dmary man, and the allied armies have a'
mighty work to do, if they conquer him or j
tear down his government.
The struggle that is going on now in En-1
rope, will lead to important results results
far more important than that of obtaining
the specific demands of the allied powers.
It will lead in the end, to another attempt
to establish liberal governments on the con
tinent, although this is not the immediate
object of the nations engaged in the war.
There is undoubtedly more of selfishness
than generosity, in the motives which have
led England, r ranee, and other nations to
take part in this contest. Yet this movement
upon their part, will force them when they
have once entered the list, hswever much
against their inclinations, or first intentions,
to become the advocates of liberal govern
ments in Europe.
It will also give encouragement to those
powers which in 1848 struggled so nobly yet
in vain, for the success of Republican prin
ciples. Poland will rejoice at the sound of
the war clarion. Her people will rise up
once more in their might willing to labor,
and suffer, and die for freedom. Hungary,
now bleeding under the heel of tyrannical
usurpation, will again marehall her strength
tinder the leadership of the eloquent Kos
suth. Italy now prostrate, will shake off
the fatal lethargy that like a death shroud
has bound her people for centuries, and come
forward once more as the champion of Dem
ocratic principles and laws. Germany will
join in the struggle. The issue made will
finally - be Republicanism against Despotism.
When such an issue is presented, every
power in Europe will be compelled to take
one side or the other. The occupants of
century-standing thrones will fight with the
desperation of despair to retain their power.
The people, struggling to burst their fetters,
will hazard every thing in the conflict rather
than continue the subjects of social and po
litical despotisms any longer. Europe be
fore the war closes, mny be made a common
battle around the blood of her children
may be poured out like water tire and sword , by a band of ruffians, mostly young men.
may carry desolation to her fairest fields; j it was man 0f upright character and de
yet sooner or later out of the "boiling caul- j portment, and his only crime was that of
dron of European politics" Iree governments
shall arise; the great deep of political cor
ruption and crime shall be broken up, and be
made purer by the restless heavings of its
own immeasurable depths.
Europe is ready for a revolution,' aniT we
In America, who desire the success of Dem
ocratic principles, cannot regret to see the
raptures that are now taking place, even
though they be attended by all the horrors
f along and bloody war. We have full
faith in the final triumph of republican prin
ciples throughout the world, and we hope and
'trust that the hour of emancipation for the
'oppressed people of Europe, is drawing nigh.
; s - ' The State Fair.
'The State Fair last week; so far as we are
able to learn -was -largely attended. Not
less, than 125,000 people were present on
"Thursday. The exhibition was one of in
'terest. So far as agricultural products are
" concerned, it fell short of last year. - This
'could not be' otherwise, considering the
" drouth which prevailed all over the State du-
ring the summer. . The stock was generally
"tetter than that exhibited at the Daytoa
' Fair" " Every thing passed off with harmony
and good feeling on the part of the thous
ands who were present." -""" . ;
f) "Xfri A' new counterfeit of the denomina
tion of $5, on" the1 Atlantic Bank; Cap May.
i K. is la circulation in Pittsburgh.
! fUnks Sspen4eL , .
'Almost every paper we pick op coaUins
list or Banks lately wspended. A few
weeks ago Indiana brokers were bitter ia
their censures of the Cincinnatiaaa for re
fining Indiana bills, but now they them
selves, aa a meant of self-preservation, hare
held a contention and declared a Urge num-
ber of the Bank, of that Stat, to be of un-
safe or at least doubtful character. .
1. 1 ,. . t u .-.Hp.! n...
The Small Note Law as it is called, pass-
,t . i. - mi,in i..t winter
ed by the Legislature of Ohio last winter, i
e jr . ,..,. ,v. ,...k
haa been a means ol sending home, the trash
" .... ... ..j
rroLi ii ino " ., 1 of
State waa flooded. It has ever been thei"'
! policy of banking Institutions, to get theirl
- D . .
notes into circulation as far away from home j
. . rw- ouiniii r. ii .nils t mtam an in. lira iinnn i m - ,
specie of their own vaults. In this manner
, I. n. ...... .I f kltlo ar .KiKdrad nvor flip I
. 4l .....
country, when were they carried back and
.K-I....I.. ;.; them J
would be compelled to suspend
a demonstration of tin almost every ilay ,
Those holding the paper of these break
ing and broken concerns, must of course feel
the loss, and it ia a lucky thing for the peo
ple of Ohio, that the Small Note Law haa
driven tins kind of paper out of the State,
before the crash conies.
Sir John Fraukl.ii. .
The mystery tliut has so long shrouded j
ilia ri.ta .f Nip Tilt V KDlHirTIM 1 tl tl fin 1 1 V 1 1 11.
He started out upon his voyage of discov
ery, in the year 1845. The object of the
expedition, was if possible, to discover the
long sought Northwest passage and thereby
secure to the Englith Government, the
measureless commerce of Eastern Asia.,
This was a great enterprise. The whole
commercial world was interested in the re
sult. But from tbe day he set sail until now,
nothing was heard o( the lost i.iuriner. No
less than six expeditions were started in
search of him but all their efforts proved
! . . , .1 1 . 1
I ins iMie nas ai lengm Deen asceriaineu. j
i As will be seen by reference to an nc-ount
given in another column ot to-tlay's paper,
Sir John and those who attended him on that
ill-fated expedition, perished from starvation
as Ion? ago as the spring of 1850; and thus
i is determined the painful history of these
wanderers in the Northern seas.
The craven and cowardly conduct of the
majority of the crew belonging to the ocean
- - no
St?nmer Arctic has been the subject of se
vere comment by nearly all the journals
of the country. The terrible loss of life up
on that occasion, might have been in a great
measure avoided, but for the unmanly con
duct of those whose duty it was to labor for
the safety of the passengers on board, rather
, .. . 1 . ? . . ...
than themselves. In the hour of peril the
seamans heart should be brave and strong.
The ocean is his home; the winds and
storms that sweep over it, are hN compan
ions, and he should never tremble at the
thought of making his grave in its deep bo-
som, if by such sacrifice, he can save the ,
lives of others who are only passengers on !
i . . . . xt . -.i .i ... ;
board his sh.p. Not so with the crew of the
Arctic. .Like frightened children, they hud-; Resovedt That we have been deeply inter
dled together almost the moment that the j ested in the system of Phonography and
ship struck the Propeller, and instead of aid- j Phonotopy, as presented by Mr. C. S. Royce,
ing.only impeded every effort to save the ! and .lhat we '"Tmen.d ill friends of cd
" ' r J , ucation a candid investigation into these sy s-
ship or the passengers. terns proposed for the improvement of our
Jn commenting upon this subject the New j written and printed languages.
York Express, gives the following forcible Resolved, That we heartily recommend
thoKmuo 1 "the Ohio Journal of Education" to all the
fellows lost in the Birkenhead:
"The circumstances connected with the
loss of the British steamer Birkenhead, on
the coast of Africa, not many months since,
are still fresh in the memories of all. The
steamer struck on a hidden rock, stove . a
plank at the bows, and went to the bottom,
we believe in half an hour's time. There
was a regiment of troops on board. As soon
as the alarm was given, and it became ap
parent that the ship's fate was sealed, the
roll of the drum called the soldiers to arms on
the upper deck. That call was promptly
obeyed, though every gallant heart there
knew that it was hi death summons.
There they stood as if in battle array a
motionless mass of brave men men who
wore men indeed. The ship every moment
going down and down but there were no
traitors, no deserters, no cravens there. The
women and children were got into the boats,
and were all, or nearly all saved; there were
no L'oats for the troops but there was no
panic, no blanched, pale, quivering lips
among them. Down went the ship, and
down went that heroic band, shoulder to
shoulder, firing a feu de joie as they sunk
beneath the waves. Men like those never
perish; their bodies may be given to the
Unties of the sea, but their memories are, as
they ought to be, immortal. '
Outrage' on a Priest.
A catholic priest in the town of Ellsworth,
Maine, by the name of Bapst, was tarred
and feathered, and robbed, a few days since,
worshipping God "according to the dictates
of his own conscience." This is one of the
first brilliant achievements of Know Noth
ingism. : Connecticut O. K.
' Elections have been held in all the towns
of Connecticut, for local officers. So far as
heard from, the Democrats have carried fifty-seven
towns, the Whigs twenty-seven,
and sixteen are equally divided. In a num
ber of towns the Know-Nothings held the
balance of power, and of-course decided the
Still Another Bank Suspended I
Tbe Elkhart Countv Bank (Goshen, Indi
ana.) has stopped payment. This, concern
has no banking house at Goshen. The
Bank of Goshen has pretended to redeem
for the owner, and has done so when in
funds, which was not common. A package
of the Elkhart notes was returned to one of
our Banks to-day, with a letter ' from the
President of the Bank of Gosheh, saving he
1iid no funds to redeem the same. The
agent of the concern waa .West trying to
raise the wind. Ptaindeakr. ' i . ,
Newport Safety-Fund. - .
This Bank has fulfilled its destihy by
breaking or, rather suspending payment.
Some months, ago we .warned .our readers
that it would break and not to touch it. ' Our
prediction hal proved true. The s Bill hold
ers as usual, will be found with the Mechan
ics end Farmers.
Our Coaree In Rrsrard to th Dcta
ctat. f ' ,
The Bogus Democrat of last week, eon
tains two articles in which especial reference
is made to ourselves. For bitterness and ma
lice, they far exceed anything we bave ever
read either before or since. Every material
atatement contained in them in regard to us
unqualifiedly fa se
I t may be expected by some.tbat we should
reply to those articlca in the aame spirit and
r ..... u. - nu,;.
manner in wliish they are written. Thia we
' . , .
cannot do consistently with our former
... . ... . . :-;:.
Pledge to ourrcaders, or with o'irowuv:ewe
what ia respectable and proper In theedl-
!.. ' ' . . .
m a- uu.KKa 'i la ipavAiar u-nn
m ' -
.ia. nn.rM tt'ith 01'nrv Mif tlmt barks
r ' ,
at hia heel alone the road, would be con-
sidered a fool. We are unwiling to spend
our time in wrangling with any one, and
especially with a mnn who has neither char-
ct o make the quarrel honorable, or ar-
bu,i,cu ..... .....i.
M...nAnl nnmli ". m.lra it . tn t a. AG f 1 n IT HirV
any nonce cuner 10 niiuseii ur m pujier
We mny however for the amusement of our
readers at some future time, furnish them
with sketches of Mr. Hall's life and ex
ploits. Our information will be drawn from
j church Records, from the proceedings of the
; different courts of the country, and other re-
That our readers may have a specimen of
i Mr. Hatl's literary taste, ana editorial
I courtesy, we extract the following from one
of the articles in question:
"Hut this stupid brawler (the Editor of the
Sentinrl) shall not escape. Devoid of
sincerity, honesty o personal veracity, be
has acted in one direction in his paper, and
in the opposite direction out of it."
We shall enter upon no defense of our
character. It needs none. If we are so
"devoid of honesty," and consistency, as Mr.
Hall represents us to be, the community
will soon find it out; if not, then his false
hoods will recoil upon bis own head. We
: are perfectly willing to abide the verdict
i which an impartial and discriminating pub-
i,c w,j ,n aue time, pronounce upon our
Resolutions of lite Portage Coun
ty Teachers' Institute.
At the close of the Teachers' Institute
last Friday it was voted to hold another at
this place in the full of 1855.
The following gentlemen were appointed
a committee of arrangements, viz: O. P.
Brown, Esq., S. A. Gillett, and Wm. M.
The following resolutions were also adopt
ed. llnolvi'.d, That we have in the Institute-
just closing, a practical demonstration of the
utility nf well conducted Teachers' insti
tutes, which is highly gratifying to us.
Resolved, That we hereby tender to all the
members of our Board of Instructors and
Lecturers, for their efficient services,our cor
dial thanks, aside from the small amount of
material compensation which we are able to
ResohvJ, That our thanks are due to the
citizens of Ravenna, who have kindly open
ed their houses for the accommodation of
teachers in attendance, and also
aid afforded us.
Resolved, That our thanks are also due to
the Trustees of the town, for the use of the
T(jwn j,, tuitousl aIr0rdefus.
teachers of the county, and others who are
interested in practical school instruction, as
a valuable aid to the teacher, and as well de
serving of our patronage.
Resolved, Tliut we believe it to be import
ant that a Normal school should be estab
lished; and, that we approve most heartily
of the plan of founding one under the aus
pices of the OS to State Teachers' Associa
tion. Ohio Congressional Election Pull
The Democrats have carried every Con
gressional District in the btate, save twen
ty one! Hoorah for our side! !
1. Timothy t.. Day, Opposition
J. Scott Harrison, Fusion K.
Lewis D Campbell, Fusion.
M. H. Nichols, Opposition.
J. R. Emrie, Opposition.
R. Mott, Opposition.
Aaron Harlan, Fusion.
Benjamin Stanton, Fusion.
Cooper K. Watson, Fusion.
O. F. Moore, Fusion.
Horace V. Horton, Fusion K.
Sam. Galloway, Fusion K. N.
John Sherman, Fusion.-.
Philemon Bliss, Fusion.
Wm. R. Sapp, Fusion K. N.
Edward Ball, Fusion.
Charles J. Albright, Fusion.
Benjamin F. Leiter, Fusion K.
Edward Wade, Fusion.
Joshua R. Giddings, Fusion.
J. A. Bingham, Fusion K. N.
Hon. Josiah Q.UINC7, in a recent speeeh
at a Fair in Massachusetts, strongly con
demned the Know Nothings. Other men of
reflection and foresight are doing the same.
Ministers of the Gospel are preaching against
them, as alien to the Spirit of the Gospel.
The reaction is begun. Let each man talk'
rationally and kindly with bis neighbor, who
has been misled by designing demagogues
into the order. Let us get rid of this secret
power over the people, which has become so
potent as to threaten our very existence as
as free people. Statesman and Democrat. .
Who goes to Kansas! ,
. In regard to the character of the immi
gration which has already reached Kansas,
the Kansas Weekly Herald, of the 29th ult.
says: "A majority of our population up to
this time are from Missouri, though their
preponderance is - fast diminishing by .the
arrival of people from other States. Penn
sylvanians are probably next in number.
The immigration from Massachusetts, New
York, Illinois and Iowa, is very great. : In
diana and Ohio are also represented. The
population from Kentucky, Tennessee, Vir
ginia and other southern States, is very lim
ited. A few from Arkansas ore settled in
the south-eastern part of the Territory.
Cleveland rlam Dealer.
" DBEADNJL Mortality. A letter from an
officer of the United States steamer Saran
ae, dated at Spezzia, September 18, states
that when she was at Constantinople, the
Combined French and English forces haa
lost tome thirty thousand mtn by cholera, anJ
they were still dyingin great numbers. One
English frigate lost one hundred and seventy
men during one nights Plain Dealer.
Item of ffew.
C3r Col. Mas rr in sr, Commissioner of
Indiana Affairs, Las returned to Washing
ton, from a visit to the Northwest Indians.
(r Counterfeit flO's, on the Citizens'
Bank of Wsterbury, Conn., have snade their
Oy- The Governor of Kentucky, like the
Governor of Maine, baa designated the 30tb
of November as Thanksgiving.
(ttrThe specie arrivals of last week
amounted to about 1,100,000, .including
650,000 from Anstralia and 340,000 from
the United States.
Or The Hon. Jaied Planus, a Repre
sentative from Massachusetts in the last
Congress, died at his residence in Nashua,
on Saturday last.
' OCT Ws stop the press to announce that
satisfactory arrangements have been made by
the Indian agent, for tbe immediate settle
ment of Nebraska. Liquor to be excluded
from the territorry. Nebraska Palladium
(rC. S. Hulett, of Pittsfield, Mass.,
grew 592 lbs. pumpkins upon one vine; 19
ripe ones weighed 393 lbs. 15 green ones
03" It is said that one thousand families
in the States of Pennsylvania' and Ohio
intend an early emigration to the Kansas
territory. . ..
ffrSix majestic elm trees in front of s
dwelling in Marlborough, Mass., have been
insured by their owners, in the sum of five
hundred dollars, against loss by lightning or
ftr Judge Conrad, Ex-Governor Johns
ton, General Cameron and Judge Wilmot,
are spoken of for U. S. Senators from Penn
sylvania, to succeed Mr. Cooper.
The returns of the Prussian income
tax show that, in a population of near sev.
enteen millions, there are only three per
sons enjoying a greater income than 36,
000; while in England there are twenty-two
persons whose yearly incomes exceed 50,
000. OiT Omer Pacha has two nephews in the
Australia army one a major and the other
a captain. Not long ago Omer Pacha pre
sented each of them with a horse. The reg
iment which entered Krajova on the 6th is
the same in which the Turkish Generalissi
mo served in Austria.
07" A lady advertises in the London
Times for the address of another lady, with
whom she was at school more than twenty
years ago, that ahe may return to her old
school-fellow the half-crown which she stole
from the school room, and the sin of which
burthens her conscience.
" 05" We learn by the Plain Dealer that.
Petek Sutter, Superintendent of Repairs
on the Pittsburgh road, was killed day be
fore yesterday in attempting to jump on the
cars when in motion. His head was crush
ed to pieces by the wheels.
0" Great Excitement is caused Jamong
the church people of England by the seces
sion from the church of the gifted and dis
tinguished Archdeacon Wilberforce, on the
ground that his conscience would no long
er allow him to admit the supremacy of the
Queen as the head of the church.
03" From a tabular statement in the Hong
Kong Gazette it appears that the emigra
tion -of Chinese passengers from Hong
Kong from the Is t of January to the 30th of
June, 1854, was to Australia, 5,378; Cali
fornia, 51, 12 total, 10,496.
03""1'he steamer Isabel was sunk oppo
site St. Louis, on Friday, by striking a
rock. She had on 1500 sacks of salt, and
300 tons of merchandise, from New Orleans,
besides the corpse of a lady who died of yel
low fever. The boat was insured for $16,
000. 03" Fanny Fern is writing a domestic
novel entitled 'Ruth Hill,' to be issued in six
weeks or so, by Mason & Brothers. The
same publishers are about to issue a life of
Horace Greely, written by a literary gentle
man of that city.
03" Capt. Luce says that the only officer
who stuck by him in the late disaster was
Mr, Doran, the third mate. Doran is an
Irishman. Our friends, the Know-Nothings,
will please make a note.
03" Hon. Theodore S.. Fay, United
States Minister to Switzerland, has asked
leave to visit New York in the spring, Mr.
Fay has been abroad in a diplomatic capac
ity nearly twenty years.
05" It is stated in one of our exchanges
that the first series of Fanny Fern's writ
ings have reached already a sale ot sixty
four thousand. Mason & Brothers, of New
York, are the fortunate publishers.
03" The press of Michigan are opposing,
with some pertinacity, the organization of a
new State from the Upper Peninsula or
Lake Superior region, but it is thought the
opposition will not avail, and that the State
of Superior, at no very distant period, will
have an existence. n,
' ft3" The judiciary committee of San
Francisco reported in favor of paying Mrs
Greenhow, formerly of Washington, $10,-
000, as compensation for the loss of her
husband, who was killed by falling from
one of the bad side-walks of the city.
03" The Mormons continue to make great
progress in Europe. All over England
they are making converts, and tha London
Times thinks their religious services ought
not to be protected by the laws. ' The Brit
ish army in Turkey contains several bran
ches of the church. At Hamburg the au
thorities have prohibited their meetings.
The Mormon emisTstion next year to the
United States will be large."
05" In 1719, .the whije population of Ma
ryland was computed to be 55,000, and the
black 35,060 or one third of the whole. It
appears by the last United States census.
that the white population of the same State
was, in 1850, 575,000, and that of the slaves
89,000. Thus, in 135 years, free men have
increased1 more than tenfold, whilst slavery.
instead of being a , third, has diminished
from 33 1-3 down to about six per cent, of
tite entire population. ,
1 On Thursday uiaht. Adams ifc Co'a. Ex
press pfflce' waj entered. i , Wilmington,
Del., and robbed of 2,200,
(Proa tlx HrdMtB WMj, Mfrst, frUad.) !
Irlth Esnlg ration.
Tbe spirit of HKnow-Nothiogism''fis man
ifested ib the complaints which tome
parties aro disposed to make Of ' the ex
tent to which, emigration from our-shores
is still going, on, notwithstanding the
sensible check which--it aa begvai to-receive.
Those who set about devising
artificial or legislative means to check em
igration, are about as foolish as (hose
who would devise artificial means to pro
mote emigration. A natural emigration, to
however large an extent it may be carried,
can never be an evil to a country; it is, in
deed, an. outlet. provided by natural laws for
the evils which might arise from over popu
lation. If the whole of us, of our own free
will, were to resolve to emigrate, in a body;
to some far distant land, where money was
plentiful, and the comforts which money
procures cheap, it would be difficult to find
any good reason to bewail such a movement
As our places became vacant, they would
be filled op by other races coming .in our
place by men not very inferior to our
selves perhaps by men nesrly as industri
ous, and energetie, and wise, and ' good, as
we ouraeives sre. The first great impulse
given to that emigration which, on account
of its wholesale character, haa obtained the
name of "the Exodus," was given by the
great (amine or 1847. The famine was s
terrible evil; the extensive emigration which
followed it was, in a great moasure, a reme
dy for its after - consequences. The first
and most urgent motive to emigration was
the fear of want amongst many; to this
cause is to be added the honorable motive
of finding, in foreign fields, that remunera
tion for labour which Could not be found at
home; and to this motive was added the de
sire, on the part of numerous adventurers,
to acquire a large fortune at the cost of a
few years' labour in the newly-discovered
gold fields of the West. All these were
natural causes of emigration, and general
good has resulted from them. The condi
tion ot the emigrants was, in many cases,
bettered;' the condition of the home popu
lation was necessarily improved. The ve y
same causes which led the emigrants from
Ireland, in 1851, to amount to the enormous
number of 254,537 the highest figure
which it ever'reoched caused it to fall, in
the next year (1852,) to 224,887; and, last
year, (1853,) to 199,392 a decrease of 55,
145 below the rate of 1851. The compar
ative prosperity of 1853 over 1851 and the
preceding years, from the baleful year of
1847, is the real and natural cause of the
check given to emigration. The present
year, of which nine months are now past,
has been more prosperous than its prede
cessor, and the harvest, which is now near
ly secured, promises an increase of well-being
for the year 1855. ' We ore, therefore,
already in a condition to anticipate that,
when the Emigration Statistics of 1854 are
made up, there will be found a "decided de
crease in the number of emigrants, as com
pared with the number of 1853; and. with
out being so presumptuous us to make cal
culations for too long n period before us,
the emigration tables for 1855, it may be
predicted, will show that the decrease in the
amount of emigration, which commenced in
1852, is now going on at a rapidly accelera
ted ration. Already we are arrived at a pe
riod in our history, when we can look buok
on the sufferings of the past with that
amount of calmness and consolation which
arises from the conviction that, in the dis
pensation of a Providence which never fails
to mingle mercies with its judgments, no
unmixed calamities are ever permitted to
fall on large bodies of the human race
that even war, and pestilence, und famine,
have their mission of good wrapped up in
their terrors; and that the comparatively
prosperous condition of our people in 1853
in no small measure, owing to the calam
ities of 1847. The great lesson which man
kind ought to be taught by this considera
tion, and by the equally important trulh.
that there is no unmixed good in this world,
is conveyed in the motto which the most
charming of our Irish writers has affixed to
the most delightful work of fiction in the
English language if that may be called fic
tion which is so full of profound truth
'Spernta misorl; curcto fclicus."
WUo can llcjoicc.
There was some talk about gettting up a
jubilee over the victory of last Tuesday. It
would have come oft yesterday, with "guns,
drums, trumpets, blunderbusses and thun
der," but for one difficulty. There was no
one lo jubilate. The Whigs could not do it,
for they ore worse beaten than we are not
even having had the honor of having candi
dates to be beaten. The Whig victory of
1854 reminds us very much of the bear hunt.
Bruin was in the cave, Jim in nfter him,
Tom outside. Tom cries out:' "Jim! you
gothim, hey? "Got him? Darnation! he's
got me.'" -: f
I lie iree Sowers cannot -jubilato, simply
because they have lost all distinctive pecu
liarities as a party, and becauso even their
favorite subject was ignored by other isms
in reference to the foreign population. The
black question gave way. The Irish and
German question became uppermost.
The Know Nothings probably may jubi
late, but as they cannot even rejoice in pub
lic, for fear people will see who they are,
and then rejoicing will seem like a mockery,
There is none to enjoy the victory.
The State Journal, as the representative
of the several incongruous isms which, in
uniting, have beaten us, exults; but who joys
with it? Can it present to the next Con
gress a harmonious unit as a delegation!
Cooper K. Watson and Joshua R. Giddings,
rank Abolitionists, "pig together, heads and
points," in the same bed with Bingham and
Sherman, old line Silver Greys. : Tim Day
and Leiter bave found congenial compatri
ots in Lewis 'D. Campbell and Benjamin
Stanton, have they!
What influence for Ohio can such a dele
gation to Congress possess! Literally none.
What one idea can they join upon when they
leave their own precincts to meet in the com
mon national council! Not having any uni
ty of feeling or action here, they will take
none with them to Washington. They be
come "dead heads. ,
Well did a Whig remark that this election
was not anybody's success, only Democratic
defeat. Statesman Democrat.'
Americans Imprisoned in Mexico
Our readers, doubtless, read in last week's
paper an account of the imprisonment of
Americans' at Durango, Mexico. One is
said to be William RoDriERs, -of Stark
county, Ohio. If any one .in the county
knows of any such man, who formerly resi
ded here, and it is probable that this man
now confined tn Mexico is the same, we
should be glad to receive a few lines to that
effect. - ' We doubt not our Government will
promptly attend to the matter. Star Coun
ty Dem. . ' ".. "
- Air Akciert' Pear Tree. There was to
be seen at the Horticultural Exhibition at
Newton lately, a branch taken from a pear
tree, believed to have been planted by John
Jackson, the first permanent settler in New
ton. ' The need which conveyed the land on
which the tree waa planted is dated 1639,
and tha -tresis doubtless upwards of two
hundred years old. The tree bore this year
some four of five bushels, and the branch
exhibited, some .three feet long, had upon it
some thirty specimens. " The quality of the
pear is father poor, but the great age of the
tree ie another instance of th.e .hardihpo4 of
Four Day Later From Europe. .
Arrival if Ae Africa Hari Figitina be
fore Sevastopol 1 lie fortress invested,
' Niw Yoex, Oct.' 20.
Tbe steamer Africa arrived at Sandy Hook
this afternoon at two o'clock. She brinjrs
extraordinary news. A great sensation pro-
vails 'throughout E '.rope."" Sevastopol has
not been taken, and the report ol the de
struction of tbe Kussian neet is Jaiae. !' i'oe
news of the explosion of Fort Constsntine
- . .. . 1 I ! .1
IS ISlse. juencmson Mirrriiuer im bibv
false. Omar Pasha's despatch is a forgery.
The fighting continues uninterrupted, and
Sebastopol is formally invested
The reported capture ot seoastopoi was
very gradually broken to the public, and it
was not known until the afternoon ol tne
5tb, that the Allies were still a considera
ble distauce from Sebastopol.
. A dispatch from Paris stated that the Rus
sian entrenchments on the Belbeck were
carried after a three days battle, and the Al
lied Generals were preparing to lay siege
to Sebastopol in regular form.
On the 30th of September the Russian
Ambassador at Vienna bad received intel
ligence that two forts had been taken, but
whether they were merely advance forts or
nesr Sebaotopol ia not stated. The Inde
pendence publishes the following dispatch:
Berlin, Oct. 2. A despatch from Men
chikoff dated September 24th, to the Empe-
ror of Russia announces, that the Prince
... ... . .1
with the troops under his command moved
without opposition from the position which
he occupied before Sebastopol on the road
to Bakschiscrai, where he was to united
with reinforcements brought by the Het
man Homcoulaff who was coming from Per
kep. The Allies had not attempted any thing
against Sebastopol on the 26th, and every
measure had been adopted for the defense
of the place. It is thought that the above
despatch is wrongly dated, and that the
movoment of Menchikoff was in allusion
to his advance on Alma. .
A despatch published in the Cologne Ga
zette admits that a despatch had been receiv
ed at Moscow, Btating that on the 20th the.
Russian force, after a sanguinary conflict,
was retiring to Sebastopol. Tbe details of
the battle of Alma would not be announc
ed before the 9th, owing to the non-arrival
of messengers with reports.
Gen. Boret was killed. The Russians
numbered 40,000 and 100 guns.
Letters Irom V lenna, 2d, state, reliably
that the reserves of the allies were not
brought into action, and the work was so
well done that the Russians never had a
chance to do anything. In the retreat of
the Russians Menschiskoff was hotly pur
sued, and only escaped by the fleetneES of
his horse. Russian loss estimated at from
six to ten thousand.
A large number of Poles deserted to the
The French loss was 1,400, six officers.
English, 1,805 rink nnd file, 96 officers, 1 14
sergeants, nnd 23 drummers, killed ond
wounded. Both St. Arntiudaml Lord Rag
Ian issued orders of the day praising the con
duct of thi troops.
St. Arnaud informed his men that ho ex
pected to lead them as coiifjuerord into Sebas
topol. The Ctinitrd steamer Andes conveyed 300
of the wounded to Coiistantinoole, and the
Operations between 20th and 28th not
known. One part of Omar Pacha's army
will prjeeed to the co:)st of the l?lack Sva.
All the roai's lending to the Bulgarian coast
are crowded with infantry and urtillery ma
king double marches to cmhnrk for the Cri
mea. Baroii Hiss entered Jussy Oct. 2d, ut
the head of a strong Austrian force.
Choler very severe in l ho garrison at Se
bastopol. City provisioned for three mouths,
and crews of fluets put on 3-4 rations.
London. The firm of Allen & Anderson,
the largest house engaged in the grain trade,
has failed. Liabilities from one to two mil
lions of dollars. James McIIenry also sus
pended. Dispatches from Marseilles state that 3,000
prisoners were taken at the battle of Alma.
Among the passengers of tlic Africi was
The Lost Exploring Party.
The Fate of Sir John Franklin's Expedition
ascertained. Died of Starvation.
Montreal, Oct. 21.
The Herald of this morning has the follow
ing: In our extra of last evening we inform
ed the public that a rumor was current in
town that the remains of Sir John Franklin,
his crew and their ships, had been discover
ed. We immediately despatched a special
messenger to the Hudson Bay Company's
House, at Lachiue, and through the kindness
of the Governor, Sir Geo. Simpson, we are
enabled to lay before our readers the follow
ing outlines of a despatch from Dr. Rae, who
has been absent, on the coast, sinee the first
of the month of June 1853, and returned
to York Factory the 28th of August lust,
i from whence he forwarded letters by express
to Sir Geo. Simpson, via Ked River settle
ment. After briefly noticing the results of his own
expedition and the difficulties with which
they had to undergo he proceeds to state
that from the Ejquimauxs he had obtained
certain information of the fate of SicJohn
Franklin, who had been Btarved to death af
ter the loss of their ships, which were in the
ice, and whileimaking their way south to the
great fish river of Buck, near the outlet of
which a party of whites died, leaving acnunts
pf their sufferings in the mutilated corpses of
some. which hud evidently furnished food to
tluer unfortunate companions.' : : ,
This information, is not derived from the
Esquimaux who had communicated with the
whites and who had found their remains, but
from another band who had obtained the de
tails from them;
No doubt is left pf th9 truth of the report,
as the natives had in their possassion various
articles of European make, which had been
in possession of the whites. ' ' ' 1
Among these are silver spoons, forks, &c,
on one of which is engraved " Sir John Fran-
lin, K. B. C," while others have crests on
them which identify the owners as having be
longed to the ill-fated expedition.
Drawings of some of them have been sent
down. .- ,
This fearful tragedy must have ocurred as
long ago as the spring of 1850..
Great I'eace Fleet in Sew York
The New York Herald of Monday, has
the following paragraph, concerning the fleet
in that port. ft-. ' w t ;
There are at present in port, thirty-eight
steam ships, one hundred and sixty-eight
ships, one hundred and eighteen barks, one
hundred brigs, three hundred and eighty
three schooners, besides smaller crafts enga
ged in various trades of traffic probably num
bering'three. hundred, the whole forming a
fleet of upwards of eleven hundred vessels of
every class and capacity, from the' magnifi
cent thrpe thousand tdns 'burthen Atlantic
steamer down tothe Island City fishing smack
and not including: the almost innumerble
tow boats, ferry boats, liters, and barges,
around and about tills stiring metropolis..
America Dia hohds. The slue of the
diamond which ti.sbeen found lately in Man
chester, Virginia, is said to be three or four
thousand dollars.. A scientific examination
shows that it refracts, and If rubbed on dry
cloth or leather, acquires positive electricity,
and on being suddenly removed from the
sun's ray Jnto the darfe it sends forth: sparks
of light resembling fairy-like biasing stars.
!. Brutal Murder.
On the 6th inst; a murder was eontaitted'
in lllinolstown, oneVr circumstances of a
cruel and most revolting nature. STbe vic
tim was man by tbe name of William
Wislner, aa engineer on the train of the
Ohio and Mississippi Railroad. The eircum-'
Uoce connected with it is brief era eua-'
etantially as follows :
; Wietner, .who Is represented as being a
quiet, inoffensive man, a short time sine
had some words with some laborers on the
road, who hsd annoyed him by their pres
ence on the tender and. locomotive. On
Wednesday night he waa at a beer or coffee
house called the Elysium, in Illinoistowa-.
where he became slightly intoxicated, and
late in the night started, borne. He got to
a shsnty, near the distillery, in which lived
a widow woman, and went in and asked for
a place to sleep, stating that be was too
much intoxicated to go farther, and that ha
did not like to be seen in the situation ho
was in. His request was granted and ha
went to bed.
In a short time afterward, and while he
he was ssleep, a gang of some ten or a dosea
Irishmen entered and commenced beating
him with the stump ends of hoop-poles ana
hickory withes, mashing his skull, and beat
ing his face into a perfct jelley, ontil death
put an end to his sufferings. Tbe woman
ran out and gave the alarm, but too late to '
sve the iinfortunate man. who Jay welter-
i n n in lila tklnnff ' M ha llilli il.. . In tK
ing in ins blood. The murderers la the
meantime had fled. '' ' ,
The next morning a posse of St. Louis '
police were sent over to assist the authori- '
ties in ferreting out the scoundrels. About '
fifteen persons were arrested on suspicion '
and taken to Belleville, where the woman '
who was in the house at the time, succeeded -in
identifying three, who, after an examina- '
tion, were committed to answer the charge. -It
is to be hoped that all the parties to this
most outrageous murder will be arrested and
brought to justice.
Mr. Wistner was s Swiss by birth, and
bore the character of a steady, good citizen, -and
his familiarity and experience in rail-'
road machinery rendered his services valu-'
oble to the line upon which he was em-'
Tremendous Storm on Lake S ope '
rior Loss over $13,000.
Ontonagon, Mich., Oct. 312 M.
It is with the deepest regret and sorrow
that the first issue from our press should be
the record of disaster and loss. We have
been visited by the most severe storm that
has occurred upon the Lakes in many years,
and during the present writing the wind is
howling with unmitigated violence, and the '
rain beating with such force as to penetrate '
the walls of every house in the village.
The storm commenced this morning about
3 o'clock, and continued to increase" until it
seemed aimost impossible to estimate its
force. The most substantial buildings are
rocked so as to threaten almost immediate
The storm increased rapidly from about
nine o'clock until 12 at noon, and the great
est part of the damage was done in that
j Saturday last, the long pier, nbont 1,700
j feet long, that had been in course of con.
! sti uc.tion by Messrs. Carson Sc Close, was
nearly finishe-i, On the same day the pro
! poller Peninsula came up and discharged a
i large amyunt of freight for the mines in
j this disl'-ict." On Satuiday. during the night,
i the steamer Sain Ward came in and dis
! charged a small portion of her cargo, and
I left for Lnpoiute, in consequence of a wind
i that sprung up. She carried away her mail
an. I the remainder of her freight, which she-expei-.ted
to discharge on her return.
Tlure was much machinery belonging to
I the National, and also to the Ridge Mine,
that was on the pier. Besides this, there
were also provisions and supplies for the
Ohio Trap Rock Milling Co., on the pier.
The storm increased this morning to such
severity that the waves rolled over the pier
head to a fearful height, and tho wind boing
from the north-east, the sea was driven in
to the river until the the island, which is
usually dry, in two hours was covered about
four or five feet deep. About 0 feet of the
extreme end of the pier was first carried
away, nnd with it the bulk of the freight,
and it then continued to give way until1
about 450 feet was finally swept away, with
all on it. .
The total loss is estimated at about $15,-
Old trees of the forest are blown down,
and many of the smaller evergreens, left in
the streets and lots are prostrated. The
Presbyterian Church, just raised and cover
ed, is blown out of position, and several oth
er new buildings in different degrees of
progress are materially injured.
The great difficulty to be apprehended,.
besides the actual loss, is the fact that at
this late period of the season it is impossi
ble to make new orders for provisions with
the hope of getting them filled; therefore,.,
many will be seriously disappointed in get
ting in their winter supplies.
2 o'clock P. M. The rain has ceased,
but the wind continues, and will probably
blow with violence again. The Baltimore
went above to Fond, du Lac on Thursday
night, and the Sam Ward left here for La
poiute on Sunday morning, still remaining
above, and will not return until the wind
abates. Lake Superior Mining Newt Ex'
The Cost or Crime in Ohio. ' '
An excellent correspondent of the Ohio
Journal of Education, in speaking of this
subject says : "The following statistics are
from the rep-t of the Attorney General of"
Ohio, for the last year : Number convicted
of murder in the Bocond dogree, 7; man
slaughter, 20; rape, 7; bigamy, 1; arson, 5;
burglary, 34; assault, with intent to murder,,
10; to ravish, 2; to rob, 2;, grand larceny
(17 from Hamilton county,) 43; counterfeit
ing, 17; horse stealing, 17; robbery, forgery,,
and other crimes, 25; total, 192.- Of these -criminals,
seven were sentenced for life, the
others for limited periods; and the cost of"
their trial, conviction, etc., so far as reported,
was $14,999,83, or more than $78 each!
But as several counties did not repor the
costs, it is fair to suppose that the expense
was not less than $80 each. . i : ; Vf
; Now the school tax levied under our pres
ent systefn, amounts, to $1,50 for each youtji
between five, and twenty one! and as three
fourths of 'these youth, cr 600,000, attend
school during some part of the year, the sum
expended for the tuition of each is only $2,00.
So that the cost of convicting these criminals
,, , .
wouiu , nave msiruciea tnem in common-,
schools'' for forty years; or it would have
paid for their tuition and that of the next,
three generations of their success (making
800 in all,) for a period of nearly ten years.
eacn , '
" If any doubt the connection between igno
rance and many of tbe crimes enumerated
in the foregoing list, we refer, them to thfr
facts stated on page 250. of our last number,
and to the statistics of nearly all , the peni
tentiaries in our own and other countries.-
Cadit Sentinel. '" . " :
: Melancholy Coihcidences The steam
er E.' K. Collins, named after the proprie
tor of the Arctic, la burned and sunk; witht
most of her crew her clerk, Xuce, be
among the. saved, The, Arctic,, with ,Mrs
and Miss E. K. Collins, is lost,' together
with her Captain, whose name ' was also
Luce. These calamities occhr, oae on Lake,
Etie,i th other on the ocean, 3,000 miles,
aparV and ,the now, of which reached un
.within twenty-four hours of the same time.'
ClmlahiPXairi Dealer m' &'1""'! V"