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EAVEM-Ai'DNEATi NOVEMBER 8, 185 J : '
.TVHOLE NUMBER '1.3.
i.".t !i i ,11.1:1.;
i !! rtJrtxltm H.t.UiiiiiW
.'."DtMrlj lpveifilioM) topjnJ k ., - '
t "bring the hop Uiat perle)id
I'WfiHlii ibdmer't gilden flow. ' '
Wfi'ihe'rtdWi'iit queeAnf flowert ' "
'''IWKi'UilA ic'ro6'ii bf jirld
Aad MraMtd fcVAdtftMil fii(ntf '
,TlMil TsMinitC!I''l"Ifil'",iS ' ;' :"
Xwmrii tnt''touca to thrin, -v
iVciUjil.'liAi.irfi'pd tb m ore's tttklng ! :
,.r.gd(iliJ liv'raitt for tevbo'i chilli. ;
t'illtht luiud tliro'li tbo itorknws -
-Tjpoi:thXntcloieii tictd. -!; :i T
0btriifcn Itnwn 'm.Uddini . :. )"'' .
.,,.rf.i,ilif.'UuV iiilijp Wbr.H i
jTr'f sit "'r '"iletl iB lU'lliOMl,.
And lit ine for'k"bf Kr.)4od.' . . ,
I have ZtfuMhrViist nrrftrtrlnir -"i"Mi
6A'Ai '(idhly: iWngi, '
-f lifvB".itwSBaw WilWug ' -'
'.MM ilw ulitwii, tho f tnKfla brtngs. . ; ;i
,'Jlid fhnu!i;ii.W no fWlnt -.. .t:
"Tjiy, hntrtVlitt unliin thou'rt bohotdlng,
"AVro:i'yavc intiy yet sweep o'er me, ;
'l cin wy Wlint'c'r'i bffjro mo," ' ' ,
I Father, let thy will be done. '
qa 111 'im i tm 1 '' "'
aiU What Mijfhl be Dene! )
, ,, , BY niltl.U MACX4Y,. ,,,
V.ntu . ,i
IWitoik'lciit Vodnne, If men wore wio, . ' .
WIiM tlorie''"'0'1 m'air'ilsbrolBcr!
nWi'Mw "'. ) s : - i
...1V).H lore BJid. rllit, , , ..... . , tii
AiiIeso Uivlrcpru for one anotbur?
OppreMt!rtn'1airt mfirlil be Imbued ;
Willi indllng lrti of lorlng klndheii; . f
5 ttiiTt?4leb.l4lge lor, i '
.;t i.ji'VrfiMi lior to liore, .:...:
Llb Ntylff ffe o,f mental liiducai;,. : ,
KrilrilWrV, warfuru, iie'a'nd wrorys '
ll'rke and erlnia might die together; i
And wine aud corn,
H fri-asipiDiliin auuny weather. '
WtfyMitfciltl io (Tonot thl iiiIkM be done . ' '
A'hlWortjlhiiti'Wi niy'sufferlng brother ' '
litcJ Vtdortf than the tongue ' .'
'.:.f,'!i!jif )iM.r aimg, .' ' M
f moi( wer wl and WVed ech ethwr., -
:: t:5- -tm '
TUB POOR WASlIEttWOMAN.
-(HUT MBSi CAROUNE A.' SOCLE. ;
"I declare I have half a mind to pot this
bed qfrilt !nto the wash to-day; it don't re
ally nedo go either, but I believe I'll send
it down.'' ' i ..' ! .vl
"Why will you pat it in, Mary, if it does
not need to got" aslted her good old aunt
HannVh? jti her quiet but expressive way. .
"Vhy you jaep, aunt, we have but a small
wash:to-day so small that Susan will get
through by one o'clock at the latest, aud I
shall Tiave to p"y her just the same as though
ehe hftil' WorkeiV till flight, so "
"Stop a ruonient,.(l,nr,'' said the old l'y
gently! "stop a moment and think. Suppose
you were 'in the situation 'that poor Susan is,
obligeij,'' you tell m?, to toifover tlin wftsli
tub six. dayH put of the seven lor the bare
necessaries oi life; would you not be-glad
once tn a while to get through before' night,
to laB8i':fo,i'"j'oirself ami Tairiily, ,or 'better
gtill.p, few jipurs to rest I Mary, dear, it j's
a hRrdj,'hrtl.y. -hi a .Woman : to earn -her
living'f'bpgrudge not the pour creature her
half 8oriar.'!"Th1 is the". fourth 'day i.h snc
cession she lias riaen by candle.. light and
ploddjyj i, through the cold hero and liiere to.
her customers' houses und tailed away ex
itftcnce.''et her go ;at.' noon if she gets
through1;" who knows but slm may have come
frrjm 'jhc'sick couch of some loved one, and
that she counts her hours, yes, the minutes,
till she can -ret irn, fearing ever she may
come:on too lute. Put it hack on the bed,
and sit.dowri here while I tell you what one
poor ,wasl)e'rwoman endured because her em
ployejf,.,did fi' you would .to make out the
wahrf!.'tiAlid the old lady took off her glas
sea, artdrWrped the;t'eardrops thnt from some
ause"Ha gathered 5n her aged eyes, .arid
then with a tremulous voice related the prom
ised stery.i.. .' ;U . Ii ; '" ;
'Tlidne'yr'. tyks a more bl'ithsome bri
dal tha'at of. Xdaline iRelaigh'a. There
was never maiden who went to the. mar
Tiage aitttr witrr higher hopes of bliasful.an
ticipirWh8.),t'''VV,ed'dihg"the manbf herchoicei
he wn'ose love tones had ever thrilled her
heart, music gush; from the land, o,f
light.tihe wio was dearer to her far than her
existenbe; A'ydufrgi1 talented, noble" fellriw;
one oi jvnom uny wuuiuu ui.gin vo piwuu, n
was qo 'wpnder that .morn seemed a golden
waif fctvo BUien t. Po w indeed ' have a sun
nier life 1 prospect than had she; ' And ' ibr
ten ySfrrtjiei'e fell n'd'"shadoW 'on jier path
Her ftp,m,e-wai nflot, ea,uty and rare luxu-J
ryherjJiusbancr.ithH same, kind, geptle, lov
ins SHfari las .infiel dayt of tb courtship
winrfjHg"IurW iJvery year iri'ha jirbre'ssioh.
addinOew 'comforts to his ' Jioirie and'hew
lrfWJrfr?Bnd if?68,106! wese hles
singsvtipu iiiaa. given lieft arJotben-m little
cribttoed by her bedside,' its tenant 'a iolden
haired Boljo, ttj5 B1&jbWe fetfc'
er, tfi iwati .Ifhose wed lov.eri'hf h
augnisswe wq uouiu'outjr.i ,k n-uiiicMr:!
"But t must met' '"dwell Cpon those bsppy
days; my story has to dkh other ones.
It was with th m ttsVoft It : If With" others;
iust when the !cipK,:isw'eeteiit;
'syMfdMiwhjiSntrriitbrjidcd ' -1
WirtSiil fl, Kntl Mf (''' 1 '; '
5 w$$$f)H irigtUs-the,
clouds, ghjrriji awie)iie(liQwrne.,5An(t
" reversfisfbecurreid withBtartlihgirapidity and
frltf'cfirtWnl lHjrjfind .tbeffj tn4i m,on'eiy''th8'lh 'haTd tWledjWhTlii
fluii JietofSo w. b. sMr-i .s4t3o;i tliuiie oulw Jmrsti 5o la fhw mnoi
baby. bbytJ Spared to one another and to
that, they bore a, brave, heart, and in a dis
tant titybbegari'tnew; the fortune, v Well
and strongly dfd tbey struggle, and at length,
began once mere . to i Me the aun-light of
UTD8erltv ihiAa nrtW' their' home. But a
I ittle' Whil'e'll staffed andlfJienaSoW's tfi
ine buabaBdieJcened end, iayor a mown
upon a, weary couch, languishing not; only
with -mental and bodily pain, but funtimes
for food and medfcihP.1 ' All that she could
dp, tlTe wife performed with a faithful Kind;,
She went front one. thing. Jo 'snot her till at.
length she who had' worn m satin' 'garb, and
pearls 'wrn hri brfditr day, toiled'al the wish
tub for 'fIif 'spU:fiet I'liviiig' Long before'
liht she wou3 Jrjse .every' mo'r'uipg jnd 1-
Uiir ;"or ,lie,!der1tjoes .of. herJowly; Jiome,
and then with ' many' a kiss upon the lips of
her psle fompahibii arid steeping boy, start
fiu't through ihe'qold deep 'snow,' a'nd,gipe.
.piar way'( to'.jie" ucj jpfteq!, stnpTtyi iglp'oniy
kitch'yi, and to toil there at rubbing, pound-.
ing rising, starching-w-not unfrequeiitry wa
ding knee depp in the drifts, to hang out the
clothes that froze even ere she had fastened
them on the line... And when night curae,
with her half' dollar she would again grope
through' the cold and snow to her oft-times
lightless and fireless home, for her husband
was too sick' much of the time to tend even,
the lire or strike a light..,-. And O, with what
a shivering heart she would draw near them,
fearing ever she would be tod late. ' It is a
fact that for six weeks at one time, she never
saw the face of her husband or' her . child,
save by lamplight, except only on the Sab.
bath. How glad she would have been to have
once in a while li.id a small wash gathered
for hrr. One dark winter morning, as she
Was.busy preparing the frugnl breakfat-t and
getting-'everything reai.'y ere he left, her
husband called her to the bedside.
','Adafv suid he, iu almost a whisper, "1
want you should try und get home early to '
night -be home before siiiiduwn, do, Ada."
u Vl'II try,"-answered she with a choked
utterance.' , ' .. ',...'.. , . ,v ,
'i "Do try, Ada. I have a strunge desire to
see your face by sun light--to dny is Frklay.
-rr l have not seen it since Sunday I must
look upon it once again.",'
'. ''.Dpiyciu feel, worse, Edward!'.',. asked she
at)iiou6iy, K'L'iuig nis puise as sue spoxe. !..f
t.,,'.'No, no; I think hot, but I do want to see
your face once niore by sunlight. " I cannot
wait jtilf feuhday." ',' (;' , ' ,'. .' .,
' "''Gladly, would she-tarry by liia bed ide
the sunlrght should have stolen ' through
their little Window but it might not be'.
She Svas penniless, and in the dusk of the
morning must go fortlKto, labor. She left
him, sweet ki6ses given and tukch, and sweet
words whispered in the sweetest love tones.
She reached the kitchen of Iier employer,
and with a troubled fac,e, waited for the bask-
'et to be; brought. A beautiful smile played
over her ivan face as she assorted its con
tents. She could get through easily by two
o'clock, yes and if she hurried, perhaps by
one. ..Love and anxiety lent new strength
to her weary arms; and in five minutes after
the clock struck one, she hangs the last gar
ment on the line, and was just about empty
ing her tubs when tie mistress came in with
a couplq ,of bed quilts, and saying, "as you
had a . small wash to-day, Adaline, I think
you may d those yet," loft the room again
A wuil ol agony, wrung I row ,tu.e; deepest
touiUttin ol ner iieurt, gu.siieu to Iier 1 1 ps. .
Smotberii'ti as best she could, she again
took up the board, ami rubbed, rinsed arid
hung out. f.t .was ,,half paet three wljen
again she startod for home an hour toa late!
And the aged narrator sobbed. '
. Aii 'hour too latp(" continufd she after a
long p'tiii.'f., ."Ner .husband was dyings yes,
bhnostgone..:, He . had strength, given , him
to whisper a few words to. the half frantiq
wil'o to teH her how he longed to look up
ou her face, and how till the clock struck
two he cull Id see, but after that, though he
strained every nerve, he lay in the shadow of
death One hour pillowed .his head upon
her suffering heart, and then' As was at rest.
.. "But for the, thoughtless or grudging ex-
action of her mistress, she had once ; more
seen the love-light flash in her husbands
eyes, and he have looked upon who was so
"Mary,, Mary, dear,;., and there , was
soul-touching emphasis in the aged woman's
Words, "be kind to your washerwoman; in
stead of striving to make Iier day's work as
long ns.may bg, sjiprten it, (ighten it,",.!,, (
i '"Few women, will go out to daily washing
unless their needs are-tcrrible.'- 'No Woman
oi her bridal day expects to labor id that
way,' and be sure my niece, if constrained ip
do so ,jt js. jthe ,, last-resort, , That poor, wo
man laboring' now so hard for you has not
always been 'ti washerwoman. ''She has seen
bright gladsome hours. She1 has 'seen aw
ful trials, too. I can readier story in her
pale, sad Jaeei-1 Be kind W'he'rV'pay' 'her til
she asksj'and. 'let 'her go home bs : 'early as
ll i .".'ii' .T--'Woii .fliob auiilloil .f
.., j'You have finished in good Reason torday
Siisan,'' said Mrs". ' Merton as'thb;iwTsheN
woman,1 with1 her M 'WiVVnV&ooWon'il
en tereo, the peasant cpamej u asic, rter joy,;
,(i'Yes, roa'm,:that I havej and.itny- heart,
ma'atayis relieved of a heavy 1odi- tb6r' I
was bu iimim diiuuiu uc acui uu iiikui.
'..,! in'...: Jlyri'VLU:"';!; :a un-ri a
I am tiAOrfAl ark at r hnmn '
there -sickness tkarsl asksd lunt
p.Ter5r gushed (ftne 'wb'in'ah's eyes as she
answered, ."Ah.'jrnaam.'Ileft my little baby
mos(ead ihi inorningl toffiiiridff quitQ
to-morrow; I know iti have' seen it 1 too
(rapy M,es, aid, pone "Jbuf a child of nine
lyi1'u Aid "feratompn-the) mdneftn theohanl
-"i-!' '".'-?, . .-! mI
baby waa dying, that when dead it might
e a deseeftt ahrood,' she - hurried to her
arearj uoinc. -(. i
: c iTber followed her.the ypung wife whn.bad l
never known a sorrow, and the aged matron
whose hefr was White with teouble--fbllow'-fi
hertAi' her-the home of the drunkard's
wife, the drunkard's babes. ' , She was '.not
4qo late,: , .The we dyiog boy . yet knew itsJ
mother', yet craved a draught from her Jov
ihg breast! Until midnight she pillowed
him there; and ' then kind hands took ,from
her the breathless form,, closed the bright
eyest straightened the tiny limbs, bathed the
cold clsy; and folded about it th pure Wh ite
shroud. -Yes, and did mbr'e'. .('T'iVy ;gave
,Wi at the pour,Seldom iave,iim to wep.,,
i t'O, nu'nt," said Mrs. Mer'ton, ' with tears
In her eyes.as having seen the little "coffin
ed bioe borne to his last 'home,'' they 're
turned io their own hapjiy One,'"lf my hearj
blesses you, how much morf must poor Siu
san's bless you. . Had it: not been for yoti,
ahe would have too latethe -Babe would
not have ' known' itrnotheK' :It has been a
a sad yet hoiy lesson 1 shall always now
be kind to the poor washerwoman. , But,
aunt, waa the' story you told me a true one
--all truei l mean!' . ', ;'' ; '! "
' "The reality of that' store whitened this
head when it had seen but thirty summers;
jnd the memory of it has been one of my
keenest sorrows. It is not strange that I
shouid pity. the poor washerwoman Adajine
and aunt Hannah are one and. the same!"
D'eMrnction of a Town by a Wa
ter Spout. ,
Some days since we mentioned the de
struction of Daroca, in Spain, by a water
spout, The following particulars are fur
nished by the English papers:
"A letter in the Madrid Trihune, of Sep
tember 17th, gives an account of d terrible
and axtraordinary catastrophe that occurred
at Daroca, a small town in Arragon, situa
ted in a rich and fertile valley, abounding
n corn and wine.' ' Fr in its situation, in a
deep hollow, completely, surrounded by
mountains, this place in peculiarly .liable to
inundation; and as a remedy,, a tunnel was
cut in 1560, by a Frenchman named Pietre
Bedel. The tunnel is a magnificent work,
2,340 feet long, 24 feet, wide, and 24 feet
high.. .The enterprise was patronised by the
Pope, and assisted by alms from all Christ
endom". Previous to its achievement, the
waters that flowed at wet seasons from two
eazues of mountain, rushed through the
streets of the town on their way to the riv.
er. It appears that on the 11th Instant, at
3 in the' afternoon, an immense water spout,
rising from the lake of Gallocanta, remain
ed for. .a considerable time hovering over the
shore about a league from Daroca. When
it burst, the whole district waa converted
ntoa lake. The, waters poured down in
the direction of the tunnel, in a stream much
larger, it is said, than the Ebro or Tortosa,
and, seen from an elevation, appeared like
moving mountains' of liquid.
"The dimentions , of. the tunnel, which
has a very decided slope, were insufficient
to allow passage to the vast mass, which
then; moved past, forming a spacious sea.
This extended itself towards the town, at
200 yards from which it was arrested hy the
caiiupway that, has frequently saved Daroca
when menaced 'by perils of a :similar na
ture, hutofless magnitude. .Above this cause
way tho waters ros?, heaping themselves
up on jt, say the accounts,; to the height of
three yards, and . then plunging down On the
unfortunate town. The gateway, although
an. unusually large one, was not . large
enough to allow their entrance, and another
great lake was formed against the wall.
which presently began to crumble. under its
pressure. - ' " " ; '" , , .
i,"What then occurred," says the letter,
"ia nn inpvnlir.nhlA thmnr. ThA WAtPffl
fought with and overthrew those houses
whose position opposed their current. ,They
carried ' away the fountain, of San . Pedro,
and, opening gieat trenches and bursting
open the doors of the pocado and of sever.
al shops, they spread, . through squares and
streets, inundating wine cellars, warehouses,
in some reaching up to ' the very roof.
Throwing down walls and abandoning ev
erything, the inhabitants fled to, the moun
tains whence they looked on at the: horri
ble catastrophe."- i:
' ' ; An Eccentric Will.
Mr. Railing, of New, Hampehire, was
among the . victims of the last railroad ac
cident between Brighton and Lor.dcn. ' His
heirs after having paid him the customary
funeral honors, did what aril heirs dp jn. sim
ilar eaeesi. opened the will of the deceased,
to ascertain what share Teach was to have in
his posthumous' liberalities'. ' 'As hehad nev
er giveti a 'penny. to 'either, of .nm . 'relatives
during his lifetime,1 they expected to be .the
richer, now that he was no more.; One may
Imagine the surprise caused by thd first line
brtheiir, ri:i.T : . , , :
''This is my tesiamejjt I give and be
queath aU pay goods, present er (atur,.mpve
able or immoveable, in England, cr on the
Continent, to thatrailrpad company pn whose
faad I have liad the happiness to meet with
deaths that blessed deliverance from my ier-TestriatOrisonJ'"-1.
' !"H "
' fritf the ij osttp; gives t feis reisens
Wr hiai. bBque
posesaidtf ofJtia mind that he iwaa' destined
ble in his view was that caused by the expfo
ion of a locomotiye.Tr1T.traveied. there-
ire;':'i;bnsantljrl on tnV'raii'rois'! 'In 'fing-i
iuuu, wdium auu franco, .tnere was, not
CVIY - ii
a station where he was not known. All the
conductors were" familiar with his peculiar
All the '
costume,' Ijfe'hsd 'riarrpwly escaped death
several time., j Once hf was shut up in
car under watery another' time he waa ia the
next ear to the one that ws shattered, and
ne described1, with' the greatest enthusiasm
those terrible accidents, when he saw death
so near, without nheing able to obtain it
Disappointed la Europe be went to the Uni
ted State's.', He made frequent excursions
on the phio, the Mississippi, the Ontario,
the Niagara, but notwithstanding their fre
quent explosions, he returned with a whole
skin. : He was destined to be crushed under
s: car of the mother , country. I( is aaid that
the relatives will attempt to break tiie will
on the ground of insanity, but it is probable
that the railroad will win the suit in spite of
the proverb that the murderer never inherits
from his victim. . ,
Gpner.il Washington nii) the
, !. . Catholics.
1 General Washington, on his election to
the Presidency, was congratulated by a dep
utation representing the Roman Catholics
of the United States. He responded as fol
. . . .'. ;. ; . DeceusC,' 2, 1789.
Gentlemen While . I now receive with
much Satisfaction your congratulations on
my being called by a unanimous vote to the
first station in, my country, I cannot but du
ly notice your politeness jn offering an apol
ogy for the unavoidable delay. As that de
lay has1 given you an opportunity of realiz
ing, instead of anttcipatin g, the benefits of
the General Government, you will do me
the justice to believe that your testimony to
the increase of the public prosperity en
hances the pleasure which I should other
wise have experienced from your affection
ate address. .7
I feel that my conduct in war and in
peace has met with more general approba
tion than could reasonably have been ex
pected; and I find, myself disposed to con
sider that fortunate circumstance , in a great
degree resulting from the able support and
extraordinary candor of my fellow-citizens
of. all denominations. , .
The prospect of national prosperity now
before us is truly animating, and ought to
excite the exertions of all good men to es
tablish and secure their country in the per
manent duration of its freedom and inde
pendence. America, under the smiles of
Divine Providence, the protection of a good
Government, the cultivation of manners,
morals and piety, can hardly fail of attain
ing an uncommon degree of eminence in
literature, commerce, agriculture, improve
ments at home and respectibility abroad.
As mankind become more liberal, they
will be more apt to allow, that all those
who conduct themselves as worthy mem
bers of the community are equally entitled
to the protections of civil government. I
hope ever to see ' America among foremost
nations in examples of justice and liberali
ty. And I presume that your fellow-citi-zens
will not forget the patriotic part which
you took in the accomplishment of their
revolution and the establishment of theij
Government, or the important assistance
which they received from a nation (France)
in which the Kornan Catholic religion is
I thank you,', gentlelnen, for your kind
concern lor me. wiuie my nte anu my
ulth shall continue,, in whatever situation
I may be, it shall be my constant endeavor
to justify the favorable sentiments you are
pleased to cxpress'.'of ' my conduct. And
may tho members of your Society in Amer
ica, animated alone by the pure spirit of
Christianity, and still conducting themtelves
as the faithful subject of our free institu
tions and Government, enjoy every tempo
ral apd spiritual felicity.
The rise, progress, and present state of
Mormonism is undoubtedly the most remark
able moral phenomenon of the nineteenth
century. The decline of Mohammedism in
the East is marked by the rise of a new and
more absurd teligion in the model Republic
of the Western world. It is one of . those
excrescences growing on the body of free
dom like a fungus on a tree, or a tumor on
on the human system. ' The boasted learn
ing and intelligence' of this philosophic age
are sadly at variance with this exhibition of
credulous ignorance and sacrilegious pre
sumption. ; 11 '
We are told that there are in Great Bri
tian about sixty thousand, and in Utah about
fifty thousand people who belong to this sin
gular sect. There are hot less than forty
thousand more who are scattered over Iowa,
Missouri, 'Illinois, Wisconsin, and other
Western States, making together about: one
hundred and fifty thousand people belonging
to this new and novel religious denomination
The avowal of, polygamy, one of the doc
trinesof the saints, seems to have had no
effect whatever in checking the infatuation;
andi this,, too, in this age of literature, pf
; Knowledge, anu 01 civilization,. M yv e corneas
that we are puzzled to understand this mat.
ter. - Thd founder bf Mdrmbhisnr was an- il-
literate adventurer, and 'its .master spirits of
... 1 4. :-.'V ':'. ,:'': .'i-
the present day are .mye-oetter.i i. ney have
grafted upon . tnear system a most licentious
feature, and yet conver.'s continue to pour in;
and . these, too, from. tEsindustrious, the
thriving and generally moral portion of the
population. f'U'i1 no l.9ol'V;i!n,ti,'!vi n'-.v
'.Thtirlpw Weed Mcehtijr atated that It is
oiytboij' Vyentyiglil'iyears,' f ioeeoe
Smfthj'the 'fou'nd'er "and the first prophet of
of this sect, brought bia-Mteblet -or bible to
l)jm lb'' have lt pinled,widh", ripon exam
be doclined havingny thing; to do with the
publication. This absurdity has, nevertber
less, an importance as unexpected as it is aa-
tonishing. What the end will be no man
can tell. .-; . . ,,. , . ,.
The time is not distant when the popula
tion of Utah will be sufficient to authorize
the admission of the Territory into the Union
as a State.' Then the whole subject will j
come up tor discussion beiore Congress, and
Mormonism, in all its phases, will be fully
probed at.d investigated. Here Will be anoth
er opportunity to test the principle of the
right of the people of the Territories 'to se
lect and legalize the local institutions under
which they are to live. There is nothing to
prevent a community which recognizes poly
gamy, and yet adopts a republican form of
government, from being admitted as one of
the States of this Union. ' ' " ''
. We have already heard the opinion ex
pressed in advance, that Utah Ought not to
be admitted us a member of the Union, with
that odious feature of domestic policy.' Bat
we are not aware that the objection is valid.
or could be reconciled with the great cardin
al principle which admits to the 'people the
right of self-government. The question is
one which, at no distant day, will have
to be met and decided. .V. Y. JLeader. . . .
Children, Attention.'' ''
You were made to be clean and neat in
your person and in your dress, and gentle
manly and lady-like in our manners. If
you have not been bitten by a mad dog don't
be afraid of fresh water. There is enough
water in the world to keep everybody clean;
but there is a great deal of it never finds its
right place. In regard to this article there
is no danger of being selfish. Take as much
as you need. The people of the West boast
oftheir great rivers; I would boast of using
a large tubful of their water every day.
You were made to be kind, and generous,
and magnanimous. If there is a boy in the
Bchool who has a club foot, don't let him
know that you ever saw it. . If there is a
poor boy with ragged , clothes, don't talk
about rags when he is in hearing. If there
is a lume boy, assign him some part of the
game which does not require running. If
there is a hungry one, give him part of your
dinner. If there is a dull one, help him get
his lessons. If there is a bright one, be not
envious of him; for if one boy is proud of
his talents, and another is envious of them,
there arc two great wrongs, and no more tal
ents than before. If a larger or stronger
boy has injured you, and is sorry for it, for
give him, request tho teacher not to punish
him. All the school will show by their coun
tenance how much better it is to have a great
soul than a great fist.
You were made to learn. Bo sure you
learn something every day. When you go
to bed at night, if you cannot think of some
thing new which you have learned during the
day, spring up and find a book, and get an
idea berore you sleep. If you were to stop
eating, would not your bodies pine and fam
ish! If you stop learning, your minds will
pine and famish too. You all desire that
your bodies should thrive and grow, until
you become as tall and large as your fathers
or mothers, or other people. You would
not like to stop growing where you are now
at three feet high, or four feet, or even at five.
But if you do not feed your minds as well as
your bodies, they will stop growing; and one
of the poorest, meanest, most despicable
things I have ever seen in the world is a lit
tle mind in a great body. 1
Suppose there waa a museum in your
neighborhood, full of rare and splendid cu
riosities should you not like to go and see
it? Would you think it unkind if you were
forbidden to visit it? The creation is a mu
seum, all full and crowded witn wonders,
and beauties, and glories. One door, and
one only, is open, by which you can enter
this magnificent temple. It is the door of
knowledge. , The learned laborer, the peas
ant, or slave, are made welcome at this door,
while the ignorant, though kings, are shut
out. . Horace Mann.'
Froin tho Lexington (Ky.) Statesman. , , 1
Death of a Good man.
On yesterday morning, 12th inst., Rev.
London Ferrill, a colored man, died in this
city, suddenly, from a disease of the heart.
The deceased, at the time 0' his death, was
pastor of the first Baptist Church of color
ed persons, in this city, and had labored in
that capacity, with great zeal, and much ap
parent profit to the cause of religion, for many
years. He was a meek, earnest, consistent
and devout followerof Christ and preacher
of His ward; and had been so for about for
ty years; being, at the time of his death, in
the sixty-fifth year of his age. .,
London Ferrill was born' in Virginia., a
slave; but after his conversion obtained his
freedom. He' removed, from, Virginia to
Lexington over thirty years since; and by
hit labors in ministry has built np one of the
largest congregations, we presume, in the
United States. His communicants number
ed, a short time since, eighteen, hundred and
twenty; all, or most of. whom, joined 1 his
church under his preaching.': The eonsisten
cy of his conduct, and his intelligent com
prehension of the scriptures attracted the at:
'.'. "ft.'" n-.ri -1 il .L!-."-i-' '
lenuon 01 uie uapiisi giiurj:uiu uia tn, f
few years after he came to; Kentucky, ; and
he wasTegUlarly erdahied to preach the gos
pel. 'During his ministry; from first to last,
he baptizelj. upwards of five 'thousand, per-,
' But he restaJrom his labors, and his works
do followihim.THe.hadj justly ;acqnired.aa
immense jnfluencp among the 'colored: pee?
pie of 'thiaj city, anq, surroundings country,
and 4)4 always exerted; .tbia; influence with:
pradenee f ndi ; for the furtherance! o good
porali and religion.,! I( will bf difficult; to
supply his place--"' The branch of the church I i
in which ha ministered a sustained, in him, '-'
a great less, tad a loss which will be severe
ly felt by the colored people. He hss gone
to meet bis reward; and that reward is sacb
aa awaits the good man. .1 -.' 1 j
, The Kentucky Ytomn estimates the
number of persons at his funeral proression
at from I jiOO to 2,000.
Praia the Kw York Tribune.
Biography of Sir John Franklin.
The reported discovery of the remains of
this illustrious -navigator whatever doubts
may. be thrown upon the credibility of the
narrative furnishes a suitable - occasion for
collecting the scanty detaila of his biogra
phy, which have thus far been communica
ted to the public. Sir John Franklin was
born la 1766;-and would accordingly have
been 68 years Of age had he survived to the
present time. . His native place was Spilsby,
a small town in Lincolnshire, in the vicinity
of the North Sea., From his earliest years
he betrayed a certain boldness of disposition
and love of adventure.
His father endeavored to core him of his
sea-faring propensities, by permitting him to
try the 'experiment !of a voyage to Lisbon
in a trading vessel. But this only produced
the opposite effect. He was confirmed in
his taste for the ocean, and would not be
satisfied nntil he had procured tho consent
of his father to his entering the navy. He
obtained a midshipman's warrant in his four
teenth year. His first service was in the
frigate Polypheme, where he was distin
guished for his youthful courage and ener
av. Ha wa in thft hntriA nl I rnnrinhnrrnn
ism -j ,,.. f,. . rj;
in 1801, and two years after accompanied;
his relative, Captain Flinders, on a voyage
of discovery to the South Sea, during which
lie waa shipwrecked on the coast of New
Holland. : :; '
At a subsequent period,1 he was in the
Bellerophon at the battle of Trafalgar.
In 1804 he was a lieutenaut in the Bedford,
uKinh hrnilfrrit ibft flllipH mnnnfrlio tn l!nfr!
land. He was concerned In the attack on
New Orleans, where he gained great credit
by his' bravery and skill. In 1818, he com
manded the brig Trent in the Polar expedi
tion under Captain Buchan. 'After the fail
ure of the search' for the northwest passage
by Captain Ross, he received the commis
sion In 1819, to undertake an expedition by
land from Hudson's Bay to the mouth of the
Copper Mine river, in conjunction with
Richardson and Bach, to co-operate with
Captain Parry, who was to visit the region
by water, ,. , . . - ...
On this expedition he followed the coast
as far as Cape Turnagain, sixty-eight de
grees thirty minutes north latitude, and af
ter incredible hardships, having been once
rescued from death by the IndiauS, here
turned to England in 1S22. He was pro
motod to the rank of post-captain, and three
years after undertook a second expedition to
the Polar sea, visitiug the coast between
Mackenzie river and the Copper Mine river.
By the middle of August, 1827, he had
reached the seventeenth degree of latitude,
and the one hundred and fiftieth degree of
longitude, but was compelled to return by
the early setting in of extreme cold weath
er; In . recognition of his merits on this
expedition, he received the order of knight
hood from George the Fourth ;.':'?
In 1830' hi? commanded a ship-of-the-line
in the Mediterranean', and afterwards was
appointed Governor of Van Dieman's Land,
from which post he was recalled in March,
1843. Returning to England in the spring
of 1845, he was intrusted with the command
of the fatal expedition in which his life has
fallen a sacrifice. The two vessels, Ere
bus and Terror, in which the younger Ross
had accomplished his expedition to the South
Pole, were selected for the voyage, and two
distinguished officers, Captains Crozier and
Fitzjames, were appointed as his compan
ions. The expedition sailed on tne 19th of
May, 1845, arrived at the Whale Fish Isl
ands on the 4th of July, and was seen for
the last time in Melville Bay, 011 the 2Gtq
of that month. .. i
It was not until after the return of Can
tain Ross in' 1849, who had been' sent in
search of the missing navigators, that gen
eral anxiety was felt for their safety. In
1850 an expeditisn was fitted out by Lady
Franklin, and another by the British Gov
ernment, to seek the lost vessels. About
the same time, our townsman, Mr. Henry
Grinnell, dispatched the two ships Advance
and Rescue for the same purpose. The un
successful result of these expeditions is
well kuown. , During the past year a large
fleet was sent out by the British Govern
ment to make renewed search for Sir John
.FranklinV '''V. . ,, , j'.':' .;' ,','j
' Mr. Grinnell also dispatched the Advance,
under the command of Dr. Kano, on a sim
ilsr errand. But all in vain. . Before the
announcement of the recent .intelligence,
no further hope vyaa, cherished that tho lives
of the brave exulorers had been oresarved-
Their1 names were som'd time' since strtcn
from the Admiralty 8t, ' and orders issued
tor ine recall of tne expeditions, . .;
'';N . 1 lu-r.i, t,
V'To KEEr CHAHBinBrEa: Gather' them
. - 1 ' j- . .
when quite dryt cprlc3hejin..cLosely jn. dry
bottles, and ; piace in a cool,; dry- BeJUar.
They .will also Jteep in bottles .or' in.eosks of
water, the- Utter beings tha'Jnode practiaed
In the nttrflt of UttropolMd in thia Tcountry
apd iawhith it is seala long distance-, with
out injuryt the fruit ia put in a perfect state
into tight batrebJ, filled with water, add knit
d ua; ui'i 1 o-"..'il tad or. v
' ' ' ' u - : -1 : 7
-...,.'.-.;..".;,..'. '. ... ., a
I A 11
' Winter inj Stock.
r Murh ef the profits of rearing eottlsr: tiff
pends upon the manner of kesping Uheeiiil
through the winter If they are anffered Isnsi
lose flesh during the cold season, and! turo3 i
ed out to pasture "spring poec!.tt'.jtakM.alos
long time to regain what they havo looUi,a
With the best quality of early cot, and well'-il
made English hay, with regular aadjadicioSSeif
feeding, and comfortable quarters a stock, of '.ii
j cattle, from the oldest to the youngest, may
be made to thrive all winter, te gaia aitej ' "
and fiVsh; with a small allowance, of "raeat'
potatoes, turnips, or other foots, they Kpatf.,,rr '
do still better.' ' r.-m .j. .i 5 ui o .mioii
Our horses, cattle, arid sheep, were 'rlgW ami
nally constituted to subsist the year' round',
op green and sufficient foodfll; ... .,- .,,,. v, ,,;,
By domestication, Utey have been gnujo ;, .)r.
ally introduced from a warm, to a cold elK.n.'o
mate of the 'north, where, as with? us,' they"
generally1 hove. 'to be fed on dry 'foii'lpy''
six months or more, every year. ..Thisd rVl
some degree, is placing them in an unnatu-, t
ral condition, and it seems to as, itia a,
strong argument in favor of a mora vxten-'Vi
sive root culture among us, for feeding pur.,-
poses. ; ..';,'. ,.T ..!.
Most farmers hare more or Jess coarse . -. j
fodder, such as poor bay, corn fodder, straw,..;;, 1
&c. And many . commence feeding their ;,
cattle exclusively on these the first, psrt of 1
the winter, or till it is used up, and seem at,,
think it is a "good riddiaance of bad rub1-1.. ,
bish." Cattle and sheep, doubtless, lika a
chai.ge of food as well as man, and when
kept in good condition, tbey seem to relish'
! a foddering of meadow hay, corn-fodder, or
s'raw occasionally; but if fed entirely oft-
. ...... .
such fodder the first half of the winter, they
lose flesh, and will be apt to coma out iff - j
the spring in poor condition, in spite of Eng'- ,
lish bay. .., ' ,:. a!;.! '.t
Cotn-fodder is as untritious as common? , .
stock hay, when fed in connection with iV . ',..,
but to compel cattle to live on such fare .for.,-... . ;
weeks together, is, as some one has said r
"absolutely cruel, as it makes their teeth
sore when fed for a length of time. A bt-;;,,
ter way is, to give cattle one foddering ,a. ,!r1
day of corn butts, and that at the last feed- j ... ,
ing at night, and if they have a pretty Bto'ut.B.;uj
allowance given them, they will eat it near
ly clean before morning at least, what ,.,
they reject, will hardly , pay for passing
through the straw-cutter. Cattle, to do
well, must have drink aa well aa food; and ,, ,
a free use of card and brush adds to their .,;.
good looks. Granite Farmer. . ; , ,. :.,
; The editor of the California Farmer give
the following account of fig trees, and the "
fruit garden of E. L. Beard, Esq.; of ' Satt'" '"
Jose: '. ' :" ' : :. "";"'
We have written this communication be
neath the magnificent fig trees in the frutt
garden of E. L. Beard, Esq., of San Jose. l!J (J
We have just .measured two of a group of
ten fig trees, the least of which measures
2 1-2 feet in circumference. The trees of ,
the group are forty feet high, and the largest ) ':
measures 5 1-4 feet in circumference; tho'J h
limbs eleven feet from the ground measnri ,
2 feet two inches in girth;, limbs four feet
from the ground measures 3 and 3 1-2 feet; '
in circumference. The leaves opon the'
rna manunvna lQ imirina rVAaa ! ' ' Phioa awtoitt
ucco uiuoui x w luua auivat a. uih U4
seem incredible, yet these ara facts. ' The '
fruit is just now ripening, and one specimen ;
now before us measures eight inches in cir-;' i .,;
cumferesce. Such fruit can be easily Vai""
ed, and will be by those who make Califor '""
nia their "home." The frtiit gardens, ,0P,'
Mr. Beard now present a, -cheering sight. r
Pear trees are bending beneath the weignt '
of their fruit, which hangs in immense rppeel' '.
and clustes, causing the entire trees to aa-'
sume the appearance of weeping rtree.--"
There are no grounds in the State that pro'1' "'
Bents a finer appearance than those1' we name;'1
young orchards of acres, numbering thow 1 '"'
ands and tens of thousands of trees,' orai,i li;'f
coming into bearing, giving promise of Yd'-1" "''
ture abundance. Surely, such eflorte on'tho' "f1
part of our cultivator deaerves a corraspohd-'
. .. : w 1 i.'i '! "o -:. T
Seed Cokn. Now is the time to., select': ,, ;
ears of corn for seed.,,. Go into ,tha fields;
and Pluck offth8 earlie8t ear, ,nd. ,ucn " .... U
are well filled, and you will gain somethipg j , A.
by selecting from stalks that naave two eara ,,,,
on them. It is important that you aelect inr; T
tho field, and before all the ears are hard for', ; .
thus you will gain several days ia- the ripen,v
ing next yeor. - ti.';.. ..v.,., ..y,
We think it probable that .a. majority of. ?
our farmers neglect to select their seed eart-j-j
till the, time of bushing. . But thdn-thlfj!;,,,',
cannot determine certainly whether" thejf;? -j
take the earliest ears. , ; , f ,., .(.,.,,v,, f) 'J .j, H 4 m
: Corn 'ia so important a. crop, and sonaelif ,' 1
of it is oiiten lost by early forsts, that-u) if ,o r ,
much, consequence ta. plant that whichtwilt ,
ripen, early. We cannot Brge .the planting' ,,1
of , the small" Canada corns jioor latfhiday w,(1
for1 it is .better to loose occasiMrtlly.jart y.tj
a large. crop than, to baalwaya limits "fgjn
sfnall one. , We need not go no jfrsieed) M
crs, if wo Will take th mifpnit.ja
tight time, and, aelect the ea'.whicb.,
come to' maturity. v jttany ,farnsra J.jlbVji
tmpornce takjng for! seed what r(pe.fiV(M)j
earliest, but they are apt to tee-0)lt t
: loqod led
' Ykat Tket bo ix MAtaAOBOTEinM-aAt! dl
the fair of hel Eastern .1 Hampdah;: JSociarsi $ d
oa-Tuesday sif taSt week, a fibs' begv1 loaf if 3 ba ':
Bread was exhibited-msd1 by-s ;KtUg'j;l aj r
only seven years olL:.Aaiong the fa&yrs. n&it
ticlea waa a family tree, tfce Ibavas and b!w531 erfJ
so'msdf which were com posed of hair fitb'V
beads of several generation.' Hu sA
);'l' ie 12 Vn ttI sr raw Srfi tUiLX