Newspaper Page Text
Ce fringe hitincl:
A. HART XttTOE. t
I! A VJ?NN A, OHIO:
WEOrSDAT; Nov. 8, I8M.
Wa hT received the first number of the
KaaaaSJfroU $ Freedom published at W
karats, Kansas Territory, by G. W. Brown
& CojsjJ It ia printed on clear white paper
andaia Ma general appearance exhibits neat
nwartaaU ana ability on the part of its pub
lisher. Ia the number before ua the editors
use the following language in reference to
theiV object in engaging ia this enterprise :
"Qim great object is to make Kansas a
free. Slate; and to that end we shall labor
by'eacouraging emigration. It is not our
purpose to engage' in a crusade against our
southern brethren, nor upon their institu
tions, so long as confined within their legit
imatespliere. Our field ia Kansas, and
fere we shall labor, and Acre shall erect anew
the altar of Ltsertv. With the Declara
tion of American Independence fn one hand
and the Constitution of the Republic in the
othervwS engage in a defensive warfare for
the Right'. We firmly believe that victory
willcrownthe efforts of the Sons of Free
dom but the struggle will be long and ardu
ous. 'We may be stricken down at first but
We presume1 that a majority of our read
ers will approve the course adopted by this
papered far as it is indicated by the above
extract. Those who are so anxious to take
part to making Kansas u free territory, should
follow (be exampleof G. W. Brows & Co.,
and eo into the territory. There is the bat
tle ground, and there should the soldiers be,
who 'are desirous to take part in the con
test. -1rn '
It hat ever been a favorite doctrine of our
pnrtys that tbe people of the territories should
regulate their owii domestic and local insti
tutions. " In the territory of Kansas then,
HiHst the qUestiott of slavery in Kansas be de
termined.' - Were we residing in that terri
tory, we "should regard it as our duty to la
bor for the establishment of free institution?.
But while living in Ohio, it is not our prov
ince 'tonfeddle with the domestic affairs
of a people two or three thousand miles
away 'front ns.' '
The very object of State and tenitorial
governments, is that the people of each par
ticular locality may regulate the domestic
concerns of that locality. They are far bet
ter prepared to judge of, and decide their own
local matters, than Congress is to do it for
them; and the cause of freedom will be bet
ter advanced by leaving it to the people
whose: 'interests are to he affected thereby,
than in trusting it, to the general govern
ment! -We believe that those who settle
'that land are capable of self government.
We are willing to trust them. The immense
numbers of. Northern freemen who go there
will carry with them the spirit and power of
rational liberty. They will incorporate thsir
principles into the government and laws of
that country, and the cause of human rights
will Ije better established then if it were left
to the uncertain decision of Congress.
' Banks vs. The People.
In the bank tax cases between four
of the Cleveland Banks and the Treasurer
of Cuyahoga, county, a decision was render-1
ed on Saturduy in favor of the Banks.
In these cases, injunctions had previous
ly been obtained to prevent the Treasurer
from collecting the taxes of the Banks and
the Treasurer had endeavored to obtain the
dissolution of the injunction. The Court
has refused to dissolved it, and has decided
that the tax laws of 1851 and 1852 are un
constitutional, and that the Banks cannot be
compelled to pay taxes except in the man
ner provided by the terms of their charter.
Hon. R. P. Spalding, Attorney for the
County Treasurer; Hons. Thos. Ewing and
J. McLean for the Banks. Statesman.
' ; , .. - . ...i.i
It will oe seen uy tne loregoing, inai a i
Whig Court has decided that Banks maybe
exempted from the payment of their equal
hare of the burthens of taxation.
We. have a high respect for the superior
ability, extensive learning, and experience, j
of the Court which has made this decision, but
we cannot see the justice or the law, in a
judicial opinion, , which declares a Bank
charter to be . a contract, and as a
quence exempts a privileged few from the I uu,cluur ul oww . w.nu, ou, uy mese
. . 1 .1 presents, recommend and respectfully enjoin
burthens that are borne by the great mass of j liat THURSDAY, the 30th day of Novem
our fellow citizens. A charter is nothing . ber next, be observed throughout this State
more or less than a special or local law, and asad;iyof Public Thanksgiving to Almigh
in a republic all laws whether general or lo- God for the manifold blessings of the
cal, whether denominated acts, charters, or year aba"t to fc!ose' a"d .especially for the
, . ,, . ,. preservation of peace, the integrity and prov
compromises, are repeated. The public , perity ot- lhe National Confederacy, tlie sub-
welfwe is, or should be the
object of all I
legis ration. ' All power of government is de
iwedr,from tfie" consent of the governed.
It is the right and duty ol the people to mod
ify or" change their constitution and laws,
whenever the public good requires a change.
The' decision bf the Circuit Court of the
UniteM 'States, it seems to us, violates this
fundamental principle of our government.
It virtually asserrs that the legislature of
one year, has power to bind all future Iegis-
lative bodies,' however unjust or oppressive
law1 tnay become. It makes legislative re
form; however much it may be needed, abso
luteljtliupbasible. ' It compels the people to
remaftf' tHe' trnWUlth aubject of an unjust
law whfcifi they have no power to' change. '
Batikibytheir charters are taxed only up
on theVJifiri hile mechanics and far
meiVle renTreti'tb' pay taxes upon- the
wlwli arnevnt of Qktr property. Here ieman
ifestn'tlctf.ThepeopIb of Ohio have
long oesfreu that the rule b( taxation in the
Sute"oula"llei,unifbrmi and equal; 1 We
had booed that" the ne: constitution, and
the taaad In pursuance thereof, would
hg IBeantvof bringing about the long desir
J tni teach nesded change But aa soon
r to !atUrliptniade,to estibliah equality,
n -the? Circuit Conrt ilep io,.tyerreles
the Satfrlmet Court ftftObio, and declantl
tim of ilii UniUd Sttties., 0 .
ThnathJ will of the great mass of our
citizens ia disregarded; the, hoeest laborers
of the country are fcnade tie subjects iof
few pritUegti persons) and the majority com-:
pelled to yield obedience to a selfish and ty
reulcal minority. . ? .J V
... Be tMt bntFalr. -.
'Several articles have recently appeared
in the columns of the Portage County Dem
ocratO) reflecting severely upon the official
conduct of HenrLrTHE Dat. Judge ofthe
Court of Common Pless.snd Samuel Srnw
bk. Eso.. Prosecuting Attorney, of this
county, They appear tditoriai, tot wrr
have heard (we. know not bow correctly)
that the Editor of that paper denies having
written them. Other gentlemen in town,
whom some person might be disposed to
charge with their authorship, alao disclaim
any knowledge of their origin. , Whoever
wrote the articlea ia evidently ashamed of
hi workmanship, and ia aoxioua to screen
himself from public criticism. They a reap
parently written by some oae who has a'spite
against Messrs Day and Stbawdek, and
they manifest a spirit of .envy and malice
which no honorable man would for a mo
mententertain. . .
The charge against Judge Day is that "too
many constables were appoiuted to- attend
upon the court and juries." By reference to
the journals of the Court of Common Pleas,
it will be found thst the number of Consta
bles appointed at the last term of Court, is
precisely the tame number which haa been
appointed at each term of Court, by every
Judge for he lost fifteen years. So that the
charge which is now made against Judge
Day, might with equal just'ee have been
made against Judges B. F. Wade, (now
Free Soil U. S. Senator,) Ebeh Newton and
! VAN R. Ht'MPHRKY.
Every attempt to injure Judge Day in the
manner now resorted to, will prove a fail
ure, lie is well known in this District as a
man of sterling integrity and worth. As a
Judge ho tins performed
the duties of his
office with distinguished ability.
The charge against Mr. Strawder, is,
that by a technical flaw in the indictment,
the county has been put to some expense in
giving prisoners a second trial. In regard
to this, we need only say, that many of the
best judges and lawyers in the State, hold
that an indictment drawn like that of Mr.
Strawder's above alluded to, is good and
ought not to be set aside. So that the de
cision of the District Court declaring it bad,
is at best, only, of doubtful authority.
Again, by reference to the Records of the
Court of Common Pleas, it will be seen that
Mr. Strawder's indictment is precisely
similar to indictments drawn in like cases
by every prosecutor who has ever held that of
fice in the county. Tbe objection which is
made against him, might also have been
mode against Gen. L. V. Bierce, Judge R.
P. Sfalmng, Hon. Daniel R.'Tilden and
Robert F. Paine.
We think the facts uboe stated, are suf
ficient to satisfy any candid man of the in
justice of the charges made against Mr.
Strawder. During his term of office thus
far, he has we believe, proved himself to be
an able and vigilent officer. His success as
a Prosecutor, will compare well with any of
Another Case of Imprisonment.
The British authorities of the Cape of
Good Hope, have recently committed anoth
er outrage on an American citizen. The
American ship Perrytown, Capt. Jenkins,
sailed from New York for Australia. Put
ling in at Cape Town, the captain was sued
by a passenger, and imprisoned three days.
As soon as the matter came before the Brit
ish judge, the captain was released. He set
sail again, but losing a part of the rudder of
the vessel, he was compelled to put in to
another British port. Here his vessel was
seized and condemned as unseaworthy. The
vessel was sold to a British subject for a
mere trifle and now sails under the British
flag. The cargo was also taken. The
whole loss is about $70,000.
We understand that the matter
laid before our government. Asyet no at
tempt I us been made by the British author
ities, to justify the outrage, and unless there
is some reason for such a proceeding which
remains to be learned, immediate and am
ple redress should be demanded.
William Medill Governor of the State
In pursurnce of the long continued action
of the General Assembly on the subject, and
the usage thereby established, which, it is
believed, have been universally approved by
public sentiment, I, WILLIAM MEDILL,
sidence of pestilence and drought, the suffi-
ciency ot harvests, the ample rewards of la
bor, the increase of religious, moral and in
tellectual knowledge, and the general we!
fflre of the commonwealth In which, by birth
or choice, our lots have been cast.
Let the aforesaid day bo consecrated, not
only by devotion to the Supreme Ruler of
all things, but as a social and home festival.
Nearly three score years have passed since
ths permanent settlement of Ohio by our
people, and within the borders of our State
'here are many households whose members
1 even 10 tne iniru generation, win expect
j and welcome an Executive invitation to re
new, for one day in the year, the association
of tlwir youth, and to recowt and gratefully
acknowledge, around the family hearth-stone
the mercies and favors of the oast.
Given under my hand and the great seal of
tne Mate or Ohio, at Colombus,
f 1 this twenty-seventh day bf Oc-
L. s. tober, in the year of our . Lord
( ) eighteen hundred and fifty-four,
. and the seventy-ninth year.of the
Independence of the United States. "
By the Governor, '' ""; - ' "
William TEivjTXKSecretaryof State.
. .. Oct 30. .
' New Yobi. The election took place n
Tuesday last; : There are nine Stat tick-'
eta for Governor. Claki, the Whig can
didate is on five ticket; Bapiraoa hard shell,
SiTMotra, soft, Goodali, Liberty and Uhl-
haii, Know Nothing, are on the other fow
RaYUoxd, the whig candidate for Lieuten
ant Governor,. Li on but three, of the Stat
f items of lfew
(jy Queen Victoria ia laid to' ba one
more in an "interesting situation.' ,.' '
- (Op-According to the official Report of the
Directors of the Hudson RiverJUilroadj that
road has not yet paid a cent dividend.
05-Professor S. B. Morse, the distin
guished inventor of the lightening telegraph
line, hue been nominated by the Democrats
of the Columbia District, New .York, for
Congress. - - ' ' -' -' '
- tttTThe official vote "ofPennsylvania for
Uovernor stands l'oiioca, " nig, xui.ios;
for Bigler, Democrat, 183,543; majority for'
Pollock, 36,941: The majority for Black ;
Democrat; for Supreme Judge, ii 91,328. i
(XTThe report that Fusmn V h.ggery .
about to adopt the skunk as an emblem in
place of the coon, because they 6kunked"
the Democracy In the late tontest, is hot
denied. tVAetr.' Ohio Patriot. 1
07During the nine months of the present
year, twenty-six thousand and acven Hun
dred and forty-four is the net addition to the
population of San Francisco. Of these
thirteen thousand .two hundred and fifty -five
were Chinese. , ,
OrBarnum's Biography is what printers
would call a "fat tuke." Redfield's bid was
875.000 for. the copyright. Barnura de
clines that, and accepts the offer of 52 cents
on each book sold. One may see how
humbug is appreciated in this country.
CrThq. Boston Traveller atatea that in
consequence of the great scarcity of mack
erel, this year, tho prices of No. l's and 2 s
have reached the highest point foryears, viz.
from $17 to $13 per barrel, snd the pros
pects are that in the spring they will ad
vance to 620. .
0OGeorge Allisonja postmaster at Woos-
Lstcr, Ohio, under Mr. fillmore s adminis
tration, has been arrested at the instance of
his sureties, under the sub-treasury law, on
lhe charge of not accounting for $G00 worth
or postage stamps for which they allege they
were held responsible.
07" Francis M. Bristow is a candidate for
Congress from the third district of Kentuc
ky, to take the place of the late Hon. Pres
ley Ewing. He has no whig opposition.
05-Edward Z. C. Judson, alias "Ned
Buntline," who was arrested a few days
since for shooting a roloied man, named
Freeman, has been acquitted on the ground
that he committed tho act in self-defence.
05" The great race which was to have
come off between a freight train on the
Pennsylvania Central Railroad and an ox
team, has been postponed on account of the
rain. Bets are running high on the "general
result." If the cattle do not win, with the
chances so greatly in their favor, they ought
to haul in their horns.
A slight mistake. Our friend perhaps
means the Ohio Pennsylvania Railroad. If
so, you may bet on the oxen, and consider it
a sure thing.
O-The Secretary ofthe Ohio State Board !
of Agrculture corrects an erroneous state- 1
ment made in regard to the receipts of the
late State Fuir. He says instead of there
being but $8,800 taken, the amount was
$14,960, and that only about $20 was lost
by the failure of Banks, instead of $1,000,
as has been extensively stated.
03- The .New York TriHne of the 30th
soys: "The agent of the Lewis County
Bank, situated at Martinsburj?, N. Y., de
clined to-day to redeem the notes of that in
stitution. . This is one of the old Safety Fund
Banks, and the circulation is about $135,000.
This Bank has been in trouble several times
before, and it is quite time that it should be
wound up permanently."
7U. S. Marshall Shallcross last week
arrested the son of the postmaster at Wclls
ville on a charge of robbing the mail. He
has been clerk in the office for some time,
during which numerous sums of money have
been lost along the route. The tact of Mr.
c' . 1 1 1. .1.1: : . .l
3"A'.i--oss iruueu we ueiiiHjueuuieB vi me
Welisville ofhee, and fixed suspicion on the
young man. A decoy letter was sent, by
which he was caught. He is now in Colum
bus awaiting his trial.'
The Constitutiohal Paktv. The old
organization of party, says the Globe, being
pretty well broken into by the late elec
tions, re-organizations under new titles are
now being formed. The American party is
made of Whigs, Democrats, and Natives.
As antagonistic to this party, the "Constitu
tional" party is being formed in the city and
county of Philadelphia, with clubs in each
ward as auxilary to it. The party is general
ly composed of members of the Democratic
party, and before they undertook the move-1
ment they asked the opinion of the Hon.
George M. Dallas upon it. This gentle
man has addressed a reply to the committee,
in the course of which ho says:
"Now, I take it that your projected 'Clubs,'
resting on the brood and beneficient platform
of Democracy, are meant to have a ' single
eye to the preservation of tho Union arc
meant to foster every measure having that
tendency are meant to detect, expose, and
resist whatever threatens to weaken or dis
solve it are meant in a word, to organize
a power ol simultaneous action, tnrougn
correspondence, the press, and the ballot
box, which will raise a rampart, at any and
every crisis, against any and every flood,
however formidable, of sectional and fanati
cal disunion. It is in this belief that I not
only approve the propriety and expediency
of your plan, but bid yog cordially God speed
with it. , , .
''I will not, though strongly tempted, ad
vert to the best practical courses for uphold
ing the Union. They will necessarily en
gage the deliberations of the "Clubs,' when
formed. But there is one comprehensive
injunction which vou will pardon me for
thinking important enough, however trite, to
be repeated here look steadily to the Con
stitution; and that its provisions he strictly
executed. That instturoeat involrea the oe?
inz of the Union. , The Constitution violat
ed, the Union lingers only upon sufferance;
the Constitution enforced, the Uui'on flour
ishes with perennial vigor.
., Ahothe Commit . 5os.i-Th Massa
chusetts Fire and Marine Insurance Compa
ny, heiliryj from Ipswfeh BlaSaachusett,
has aHneunced its inability to meet ita ob
ligation, and j has recommended the ipartiea
insured to protect theme! vew tt other offi
V - 1-7
Ohio Deindcf aUs In 1M
The riturnsr as publiahed in tHe JwmaUi
are not ret complete nor eatisfaetbrr; "but
wi hareclanced vver tsem to make some
additions. .' They show ; that, the stauneTi
Democracy of Ohio polled nearly out hcb
preo and Twentt thocsand votes True,
this is less than the vote for Pierce and Me
dill, But then;. we had no formidable com
binations, teifiporaril fcult together", not 'so
much for their own success as for our defeat:
now wa have had every fof tti of opposition,
coalescing for the time, but incapable, of
narrqomousry: rnioyinr in uruiiq 91 picto-
nr. nen we rememoer inai, noiwun
standing att the eoHcitatione of the stealthM
est of our foea, and the clamor of the noiain
tllie, uborfed t0 break down lhe. t0Bfidencc
of the' people in the Democracy, we point
with pfide to thcohe handred' and twenty
fear . 0r nor effectio for. the urns of the
dar could distract from their allegiance.
What a nucleus for the rally of anolhef
l yrar: now proudly tne column stands in
the line! Aapoleon, with an hundred thou
sand, instinct with Ahe enthusiasm' of their
great leader, could meet and vanquish the
English, Austrian, Prussian and . Russian
allies, though counted by the million. De
mocracy in Ohio, with its one hundred thou
sand, pervaded: by the generous enthusiasm
of its principles, can meet and overcome
any future combination, whether they lurk
In ambush, or fight upon the open field.
Our ranks have been thinned, but reverses
teach us the sound philosophy contained in
the couplet; . ,. .,, , ., .;
"Wine lues from the trodden grape, .
Irou'i blUturi'd into 'steel."
Let these hundred and twenty thousand
Democrats organize themselves, as our ene
mies were in the late election, and 'going
lortli to contend for religious liberty, open
discussion, equality of rights to all our Citi
zens, nutivo and adopted, and the principles,
of squatter sovereignty in its . pure accepta
tion, and our vote can again be made one,
hundred end seventy thousand. Statesman.
The Small Note Law in Ohio
The Wheeling Argus bears this testimo
ny to the excellent manner in which the
small note law of Virginia has operated.
The law of Virginia prohibits the circula
tion of all bank notes or a less denomina
tion than five dollars, whereas the law of
Ohio tolerates the circulation of Ohio bank
bills of every denomination.,. We cannot
conceive why a law in regard to bank bills,
that works well in Virginia should not
work equally well in Ohio. Canyon, reader,
conceive why there should be a difference
in the operation of the same kind of a law!
"The small note law which went into op
eration on the 2d inst., in that State, seems
tlot to be recognized in certain places the
people won't listen to it. We see by a
dispatch from Cincinnati, that little atten
tion was paid to it outside of the banks.
In Wheeling no such a thing as a one dol
lar note can be seen. Take it throughout
the entire State of Virginia and the small
note law U observed by her citizens, and its
efl'ecis have proved to be advantageous to
A lAirgc Domoci'iilic Army.
'; In the recent elections in the three great
States of Ohio, Indiana and Pennsylvania,
the Democratic party, although defeated by
a combination of all tho isms, factions and
parties in the country, polled a vote of which
it may well be proud. In round numbers
the case stands thus! : '
This shows that the great bulk of the
Democratic party is yet true to its time
honored principles, although a few thousand
members have, wandered off "after strange
gods." No other party singly can begin to
pull the great vote above recorded in those
three States. We have been beaten by a
combination that cannot possibly hold to
gether more than a few months, and the
early establishment of tho Democratic as
cendances in Ohio, Indiana and Pennsylva
nia, is one of the certainties of an, early fu
ture. Cincinnati Enquirer.
A bronze statue of the Hon. Thomas Cor
win is to be executed by a Mr. Jones, s
soon as five thousand dollars is subscribed
by the people of Ohio. Commissioners to
raise the money, it is said, have already been
appointed. It is also rumored that the
friends of the late Dr. George A. Gardiner
contemplate perpetuating his memory by
erecting a statue of brass in commemora
tion of his exploits,. . When this comes to
the ears of the admirers of ex-Secretary
Crawford and the late Mr. Galphin, we
have no doubt they will be equally ambi
tious to hand their favorites down to poster
ity. The whole group should have a promi
nent niche in the Capitol, for their history
belongs to the entire country. It would be
no more than their merits deserve; but,
should this simple act of justice never be
performed, we feel assured, nevertheless,
that the Galphins are immortal that their
names were not born to die. Pitts. Post.
' 03"" The Cotholic priest, Bapts, who was
so infamously tarred and feathered by some
scoundrels .in Ellsworth, Me., has had a
beautiful one-hundred-and-fifty-dollar watch
presented to liim by the citizens of Bangor
in that State, as. an evidence of their and
the public feeling in the matter. In accept
ing the present, Mr. IJafts says:
"As long as this precious watch, present
ed by so distinguished citizens of Bangor,
shall remain in my possession, (and how
could I ever part with it.') it will forcibly
remind me that, if outrages can be commit
ted in this glorious land of liberty, there is
immediately n strong public opinion raised
to reprove and punish it. . . : r
"If the news of the insult committed on
clergyman should happen to reach the
country where I was born, I feel, happy to
say that if at tne same time your noble
deed, on my behalf, should .be heard of
there, it will increase the admiration they
have conceived for the spirit . of this great
Republic, the country of my choice,, where
men ore free to worship God according to
the dictates of their own conscience." -
: 1 y
OrWhaf a commentary on republican
ejections is the farce just now enacting in
New York, with TPgard to the birth-place of
Ullmas, Know Nothing candidate for Gov
ernor. Evidences of his birth-place nave to
be furnished. Some allege that he was
born in Calcutta, India; others in New York;
others In Wilmington, Delaware.'1' The Bi
ble had to be consulted for his birth-place,
in order to satisfy the absurd requirements
of the Order! His manhood, his republican
ism, his head and heart, are all of no ac
count; if' hiti mother had happened to be out
of the Country at his hnb.-Slatetmiin $
Denh; it, i,:; ,,; w-'.U'j?y .viO ; l- ? t-r-
' Closiiki bTrtut CEfSTAt pAtACE.1 The
exhibition at the. Crystal. Palace, at New
York, waa formally closed jn Tuesday eve
mng. it is said tnat tne ofticies not intena
ed for sale will soon be removed, end those
to be disposed of Will be arranged for pub-
. ffr The following ia said to be -the motto
on a tomb-stone in the western country
"After life! fitful fever awl agile' M sleeps
From tU Lqwtll AdTtrllMt, Oct. W.
aw - .KotUinri cttrt ti4eJo-
mrM IlndrrOalhi .-' j 1 1
At the criminal term ofthe Court of pbrxi
rton fleas, now being field in Lowell, JudgV
Bishop presiding" the following' 'scene "Was
enacted, jesterdsy, (FndayJ
The case orTtrial was theCommon wealth
va, Michael Reardoa fof rapei Dist. At
torney Train for government, B. t. Btitler
and Daniel Needham for defendant.
H C. Snow, of Groton, having testified
for the Government, Mr. Butler, on cross
examination, tked jiinjtthe following ques-
DcryoiilJSl6ng"t( WCfe1i6dr5tybpulaitt"Ta Wi-iy ScuPE'ii exhenstlnj the
ly called the Know-Nothintrs!
... Mr. Snow having denied that he did,. and,
tiouuy persisting in tbe denial, tbe question
was put in a different form, when he was
finally 'driven to the wall, and asked leave
of the Court to consult -counsel. This lib
erty wai;,politely granted by Judge Bikhop
who gave the Jury recess of, ten. minutes
on account of the delay.' , ' ' ' '7 ,
-' When Mr. Snow again took the tand;'the
question- wee again asked, upon which he
promptly replied, "r.cdnnot answer that
question without criminating myself," and
subjecting myself to punishment. Again
and again Was the ijuestloh urged by the in
genious counsel ' for the defendant. everV
time assuming some new form, but bearing
the same fearful visage to this disciple of
tne secret oraer, until, at last, having de
tained the court more than two hours, and
exhausted everybody's patience, he replied,
I do." : .-! ' -.'-'
Ques, How long have you belonged to
H Ans. About, four or five months. Q,.
Is it a secret society? A. It is. . 0,. Did
you take any oath or obligation in joining
mat society! a. 1 did take an obligation.
Q. Was it in the formrof ah oath? 1 A. 1
do not know,
Q. How was it administer
ed to you did you hold lip your hand when
it was administered! A. I did. O. Did
you call upon God to' witness the 'obligation
A. I think 1 did. "So help me God" were
the last words, y,. Are there different de
grees in that society! A There are.. Q.
How many have you taken? A. Two. Q,..
Does Dr. Norman Smith (a witness in this
case) belong to that society! A1. '1 have
seen him at the meeting. Q. ; Have you
ever seen John A. Gardiner (another wit- j
ness) at the meeting of the society. . A. I
have. Q. Have you ever seen" Deacon J.
Pingree (another witness) at the meetings
of the society! ' A. " I nave. Q. What is
the form of initiation!. A. I shall not tell,
as it will criminate mo,: and expose me to
Here the Court remarked to the witness
that he had a right to protect himself." If he
had taken an oath contrary to the law he
was not bound to criminate himself. But,
said Judge Bishop, this is a startling revela
tion, that men take obligations in secret so
cieties which are regurded by them as of
higher authority than those administered in
A. M. Gage was then called. He testi
fied in a frank, humorous manner, that he
once joined the order, but left it some three
months ago. Mr. Butler called his atten
tion to an exposition of the oath published
in the Boston Post, of Oct. 25th, which Mr.
Gage seemed to think was about the kind
of oath administered to him, though he did
not remember exactly. From his testimo
ny, we judge he had become disgusted with
the order, and exposed its secrets without
Dr. Norman Smith called. Q. Do you
belong to a secret society, opposed to aliens!
A. I do, to a society which is calculated to
exercise a political influence. Q. Does it
not also exercise a religious influence! A.
Some think it dors. Q. Can a Roman
Catholic join that Society! A. Not if he is
a foreigner. Q. Can he if he is an Ameri
can born citizen! A. No. Can he he
if his wife is a Catholic, and he a Protestant!
A. No. Q,. What is the object of the so
ciety! The Dr., drawing himself up to his full
height, and extending in a statesman like
manner his riaht arm, replied, with great
eloquence, "To protect our liberty, sir!" at
the same time bringing his right hand, with
great violence, down upon the Judge's bench,
and making the court-house echo with the
sound of his hand, as well as the music of
his voice. .
Q. What is the form of initiation and
what the character of the obligation you
take! A. I cannot tell! Q. Why! A.
Because I have bound myself not to! Q.
But have you not sworn here before this court
to tell the whole truth and nothing but the
truth! A. 1 shall not tell unless I am
The court here asked the witness jf he
thought by answering he would expose him
self to punishment! to which he answered,
ye- ... ...... ,. .'. ..!..',
Q. Did you assist in getting up the lodge
at Groton! A.' f did. Q; Areyouanof
ficer in the lodge! A. lorn. Q. . What
office do yon hold! A. I cannot answer
that question without criminating myself, and
exposing myself to punishment'.
, W e shall take occasion to allude to this
subject in Our next paper.
The Boston Post says: "This is the first
time the Know Nothings have been brought
upon the stand and placed their obligations
to the society above their duty to the laws.''
A Filibuster Prociahiation.
The following singular document appear
ed in the Louisville Democrat of Monday.
; TO THE PUBLIC. ;
Twice has the freedom of Cuba been at
tempted' with the aid of Americans, and fail
ed. A third time, at the solicitation of those
who professed to have the means to accom
plish their object, and who tendered me the
command, I engaged in the affair, and or
ganized fifteen hundred Kentuckians, eager
to avenge5 the death of Crittenden, Logan
and o her brave men, whose blood hallows
the soil of that beautiful Island." -- y.-i:
Delay, unexpected and inexplicable, has
for the time defeated the object nearest my
heart. The promises made have" riot been
complied -with ! The means proffered and
requisite lor. the transportation of my men,
have not been received. The time prolong
ed for nearly one month, ,and unwilling to
hold in suspense those who nobly responded
10 the call of liberty, I disbanded them. 1
, , Cubaivill yet be free. ' The iron hoof of
oppression may crush her people to the earth,
her rights and liberties be desecrated by des
potic rule, but the time, is not long, and
Kentucky will aid her people to achieve
freedom. ' i1' ' 1 '
- My name has. been used as a leader in this
affair.,, Justice to myself, and the brave
men concerned, impel me tc the publicity
of this statement. , JOHN ALLEN. ,
:,,:-- -i ,',' 1 ,i,V '- ' - ' .'
, r Where f the Whrg-Party! : '
,;' In Ohio, Pennsylvania, Indiana ' Iowa.
Ma ine and New York, the'-Whig party is
blotted from the political map. ' Its banners,
principles, name and identity no Jonger Con
stitute a power in the state. Even Mormon
ism andspiritual-rappings, which are kindred
humbugs, have sdTTived the Vhlg party With
all iU hleh-Souiidisjr' pretensions. Alas !
poor, dowtf-ttoddent crashed. out"t- Whig
gery 1 vyno. now so poor as ta do it rever
ence Ohio Statesman. ' . ', "
n a bank suspends in Australia,
they takV the President to, a neighboring
ires ami serve mm in tne same manner,
simple remedy, but very efficaclow.-
! Ttwfprc tmtk:Ui hj the
L t l(aIBIII a H-rary.
h York btirror tan
The date Roman Catholic Council in ilia
city cake to the con ejus ion that the connec.
tioa between the church and their eelf-con
latityted praelee thQfljdJlJittblkJeTexeddwodne-day night, roke th axletrre f
and that, when an organ was to be recogni
zed, h should ha nlaeed in ehirfe of cornivi.
tent theoloeians, and confined wilLin that
strict limits of theology. Such sheets as the
Freeman's Journal, the Celt, the Boston Pi
lot, tbe Irish American, and Brownson's Re
view, will under this decision, bejecoflrized.
resource of England, and ia said to 'be a
large cause of the commercial embarra&l
men ta there.--The Liverpool Time of the
18th ultimo remarke'rii'!,' vudi !-,!
- "War will, aoon1 owe- Itself to tor at
gre&t an ,,xhauster:aa famine, -The- cost of
of our army for the, present year, haa been
estimated at" considerably more than, the
support of the Irish peasantry" In 184".
The people required- 8,000,000 worth of
corn, which threatened to exhaust our banks
Our fleet and. troops will require 8,423,099,
before the close of the current fiscal year.
The bullion' receipts, week after week, are
immense; not tne ' bullion returns or our
banks show no increase. The demand for
the precious, metals appears to be greater
than the supply, which is infinitely larger
than at any jformer period of our history.
mis proves tnat an ehuicss quantity of gold
does not supply a people with money) and
that in . trade, despite all legislation to the
contrary, it is simply dealt in as a commo
dity, like all other articles of commerce.'
BirJ. M. KihcJ a guard in the State
Prison, has been ' detected in purloining
goods from the Penitentiary and assisting a
prisoner to escape. In King's house they,
found about one hundred dollars' worth of
boots, shoes and leather together with a
"large and complete assortment" of other
articles, consisting of ticking, yarhj find
thread, shoe thread, tacks, &c,-the whole
constituting a stock large enough- to set up
two or three Yankee peddlers in a tluiying
business. It is said that about $2,900 worth
Is missing, in all. , '
BostoH, Nbv. 4.-
A correspondent tf the Atlas writing
from Marseilles says that the English Con
sul at that place has reliable information
that the most fearful ravages from cholera
ore devastating the city. No less than 160,
000 persons had already fallen victims in a
population of 400,000, a mortality hardly
less than during the prevalence of the
plague in 1743.
PiiiLAPKi.i'iiiA, Nov. 4.- .
The Arce's boat brought hither by the
Osprey, was tested at iiuoii to-duy under the
chargo of Capt. Stilesbury, at the request
of Mr. Collins. Filty-seven full-grown men
embarked and were rowed about the river
fur half an hour, the bulwarks being 16 in
ches out of water. Among the persons on
boai'd were a number of sea-captains who
agreed that the boat would liuve been per
fectly safe with sixty persons provisions,
Cincinnati, Nov. 3.
Auditor Dunn, of Indiana, ha issued a
circular to the effect that he will not sell
stock and redeem notes of Banks that may
be forced into liquidation until he shall have
given sixty days notice in New York, Lon
don and Paris, and not even then if he should
think it would be to the interest of the own
ers to postpone the sale further. He will
furnish the stock at par, however, in return
for notes, when the latter are presented in
sums of $1,000.
Mercantile Integrity. The Sun says
that a few days since a gentleman who had
been engaged in business which did no re
quire a license, came to the office of the
clerk of the court of common pleas, and
paid $65 dollars, which ho stated was due
the State. He had been engaged in busi
ness fur five years, until recently, and had
during that time disposed of about one hun
dred dollars worth of bagging, which he was
informed by a friend was a violation of the
license law. Not reconciling it with his
conscience to defraud the State of it single
cent, he immediately wont and insisted on
paying the above sum, being the amount of
the cost of a State license for the whole five
years. 1 lie sum was accordingly placed to
the credit of the State. Can a case of sim
ilar character be fcund? Bait. American.
Another Infernal Machine. Oj Sat
urday tho 23th ult., an attempt was made to
blow up Earle's Hotel, Park Row, New
York, by means of a machine enclosed in a
valise, and deposited in the book keepers of
fice. One of the lodgers in the hotel while
selecting his baggage, had occasion to move
the above mentioned valise, when a tremen
dous explosion took place. The buildino
was damaged to the amount of $3000, ond
several persons more or less injured, though
none tataiiy. J ne windows and doors be
ing open at the time, the damage to life and
property was less than it would otherwise
Two Men Shot. A man named John
Marshall went into d public house at New
port, Ky, on Sunday; and, as alleged, with
out any apparent cause, fired a revolver at
Wm.' Smith. The ball missed Smith, but
struck Harvy Thomas, brothef-inlaw of Mar
shall, entering the right side, between the
third and forth ribs and lodging 111 the lungs.
Marshall immcdiatly fired ut Smith again,
the ball entering at the lower edge of the
ribs. Thomas died the same evening, but
Smith may recover: Marshall is in jail, and
it is thought can only escape punishment by
securing a "Ward jury." ,.! ;
. The Recent Indian Massacre having
called ottention to the condition of the na
tional service for butting a stop lo these out
rages, .the Washington Uuion learns from
the War Department that there is such a
deficiency of all kinds of troops as to pre
vent the Department from affording to emi
grants that protection which the interests of
the country and the calls, of humanity re
quire. The Union says that the Secretary
has done all in his power with the force at
his disposal. ' '" ,
Hogs. The packing season is rapidly ap
proaching, and our country readers, .wish,
doubtless, to know something about hogs.
There is nothing doing, however. Packers,
under present circumstances, wijh a tight
money mrket and large stocks and great
depression in prices of, last year'f products,
are loth to enter the market at tbe rates now
demanded.' The crop, it is now" generally
admitted, will show not so large deficiency
as supposed aome time ago. - Some are of
fering $4 net; but this is,, we think, a little
too low. . We are confident,, however, , that
no sales could at present be effected at over
$i,60 net.lAuisville Journal' ,ri j l -
' '' i mm,' ".r.iVi! til
Eoss- or a Boston Ship. Accounte.hBve
teen received of the totaL Joss, of tbe. ship
Anosto, Captain Batch, from Sutnatif, of
and kf Boston, With a load of pepper." She
went aefiora near Point Natal, east coast !6f
Africa, Jiily 3
Crew and officers saved 1 -ci
u iuc .j Quebec' Nov. 6th. '
' GovermenPhas appointed a Commission
er to enquire into the cease of the frightful'
accident , on G. y-. Kailrpso. . The Wpro
raiaion'er'will at eacs preceed tfefhe Kern
A.W at 7beltli tafnai itif
roai.klhli'tf t Tottf
fftrf Killed aat4 Wb44
j Chicago, November I.
passenger train for Rock Island, ;
Chicago at eleven o'clock oa
engine near Minoka Station.
porpe jampsd on tht track, Jtjirowlrjg eflT
the train, break lbs the ribs of the enirioeerj
and killing, wounding and acalding from
thirty to forty first class pasaengera. The "
ciuwM cj joust are rendering all tbt
sistafnti 4n- btrmaa pewtr to the. woanded
The physTcirna "present say "that at least
a doxen of those scalded will die dtft-lmr tmf
, ,Itee. The aufrerera have, all been ref
moved to a large stone , building-on beott '
Itreet, Joliet, and the employees ofthe Rock
Island Road are using every effort ta allevi-"
ate tHeir sufferings. - -;
When the ch'gitie was thrdwh off tne tract'
the two forward pbssetfgef cars were hurl.
ed on top of it', and the steam escaping'
Wat driven with tremendous force through'
the dense mass of human beinga packed
closely among the wreck of .the cars. .
The Engineer, WnL G.BroWnia fearful-
ly scalded; his brother,. acting as fireuanv
had his legs broken. A gentleman narrieff
Carpenter, from Poughkeepsiej N. Y., fear'
fully bruised and scalded; J. W. Albion, do.,'
Morgan county, O.; Sarah Albion, do. do f
Hannah Atkin, do. do.; Mrs. Cox, Washlg
ton county, Iowa, injured; Catharine Laugh
lin, Washington county, Iowa, injured; Mar
garet Laughlin, Gettysburg, Pa., severe"
injured. Many others injured whose names'
are hot ascertained. The whole number
seriously injured is said to be over forty.
The Conductor, Mr. Van Buskirk, escaped"
injury. Several of the scalded were insen
sible and others were writhing in their last
agonies at 10 o'clock A. M.
JGxtract from a Letter ol T. B. CnttU '
tilings, Acting Governor or Ne
. Governor Burt is at Be'Icview, six miles'
bqlow. I saw him yesterday. He Is slow
ly recovering from a severe attack of bill
ious fever, and is still unable to talk , except
for a few moments. Of course nothing can
be done until he is oh his feet, which will
probably be in about eight or ten days. I
tnke this occasion to say that) in my opinion, ,
Government has never made a more fit ap
pointment. A Governor is apt to stamp the
impress of his character upon the whole
Territory; and if J olihg Nebraska shall al
ways reflect and d;splay the manliness and
high-toned honor of its present Governor,
its friends will assuredly be more than satis-
fied. 1 have never met a man who impress
sed me more favorably than Governor Burt.
Plain, prompt, cordial and chivalrous, he
seems to unite the characters of a warm
hearted southerner and a hardy westerner;
and compound these two with superior tal
ent, and business aptitude, and where will
you find union more perfect! But, upon this
subject, perhaps it docs not become me to
On my way out, I met a man returning
East from Nebraska, who gave as his reason,
that he was required to take an oath, before
settling, that he would vote for the introduc
tion of slavery! I have only to say that
this is utterly absurd. No one here dreams'
that Nebraska Will ever hold slaves, nor is it
supposed that Kbnsas will. The few aboli- ' '
tionists who are interested in making such
statements, Will live, and become appropri
ately altered, so that they can see their own
ears, before they will witness such a phe
nomenon. No! Nebraska will moat assur
edly bring to us a sisterhood of free States,
and not only so, but they will come in tin
contaminated with Disunionism or Fusionism
and their pilots, as they enter upon life'a
stormy sea, will fix their eyes steadily upon
the compass of the Constitution, which has
thus far led the ship of tho Federal I'uion
in safety, and in triumph !
. Of Nebraska, as mentioned at first, I ean
say but little. In my next I will endeavor
to give a particular description of some of
the settlements already commenced, and of
the general chara. ter uf the country. . It ' '
will probably be more satisfactory to yoilf
readers if I wait for actual observation.
At present, however," it may be well to
sny. that the enumeration of inhabitants
will commence in a few days, and that
the location ofthe temporary territorial Cap
itol will not bo made for some weeks.
The Indians are located at present as fol
lows : Tho Omahas, four miles south-west
of Omaha City, and numbering about 600;
the Ottoes, on the south bank of the Platte,
and numbering about 400; the Pawnees, ten
to thirty miles of Belleview, numbering
1,000; the Sioux, in the far north, and num
bering more than all others put together.
By a late treaty, the Omahas, Ottoes and
Pawnees are all removed leaving the coun
try on the Missouri, for two tiers of coun
ties at least, perfectly free for entrance and
unmolested possession by the emigrant.
I will write again in a week or so,
and perhaps in a manner more satisfacto
T. B. CUMMING.
P. S. I may add, by way of postscript,
for tho encouragement of those who have
been looking to Nebraska, that I am most
agreeably disappointed in every respect.
Every conveyance from the East is loaded
with passengers, anxious to make claims, or
to invest in the new towns. Great rewards
are in store for those who arc here at the
commencement. Building is rapidly going1
on at the principal town sites, and the eoun- '
try ii claimed for six miles back. - Omaha
City, opposite, contains now about twenty
five houses, nearly all of which .have been
erected in the lust two weeks. ,
Stewart Holland, the Hero of thb
Arctic. Mr. Dorian, the third officer of the
steamship Arctic, has written a letter to Mr. , .
Isaac Holland, of Washington, in relation ' " '
to his eon, Stewart Holland, who so heroic
ally met death on that ill-fated steamer. T
After, describing the scene of confusion and .
terror among the passengers. Mr. Dorian. '
eats:""1 ""; '':'; v ' " -!"',
- 'In the midst of this scene, tftewort came
running up to me; his words were: "Dorain .
my powder is out; I want more; give me- -.
the key," I replied; "take an axe and break
open the door." He snatched one close be- ' '
side me,1 and down into the ship's hold he- " ''
dived, and I went over the ship's side to myi
raft. - Half an hour later, when busy at the a
raft, a voice hailed me; and, on looking upr, ,
I again saw Stewart, when he hurriedly ask- I
ed: "Dbraih, have yoa a compass in your ' u
boat?' 'No," Lrepliedj- and off he went.-.- -He
knew; that any chance I had would ba 1
shared with him? and I have often thought j .,
how strange it is that that young man should,. .
for a moment, quit Kis gpn to inquire after ,
my safety, and never for a moment think of ''
hiaown.i But such was Stewart Holland.' '
I recollect distinctly bis. appearance as ba j 1 :,
bailed me from the deck. .The right aide of "
his face was black, with powder, and two-
large' 'spots on the" left side. When he spoke ' '
his countenance seemed to Me to be lighted. '
up wW sdmetblng like a quiet sraile,i J.-fi'
t.u 1 ni'.i i'm i 1 1 ml v-.i.; '.!!
mebioani1 Ostbics. Two specimens f 5 i
the American- qatrich, male and fema je, were,.;
recently killed near. Port Des Moines, Iowa,v .
They are -desertbedarfbtHr sftd half feef :
long ami nv teet in nergm, wun nun aixe
inches lowg, straight, and very sharp.' .- Thep '.
resemble, tn-teost points, the ostricluf Africa ;
Ona thoeeandi doUans- h4 be"- Bete&. to