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I kill. TKl-rt .la.bl iS VtlALI
AT 8t!PESIOa fit
Mill, TWO EUITIOHS B'JMIM lite tfUllll.
anh Imi KWlliH to keetf.,
as au ee'veTllelus raltum Ule Luph erB sceetar
terfiioeaietit.. tb:i euy other journal Boe'ieiieJ. to the
-tte- tMltAHM Uf ftUClaiitV it DQOIUbS Several
txrlnstes roure reading iit-r, cod It Te!mf!iifl
Owth by oar mm 1-pec-lsl IxrrTeepc-ndense, tit
m.mm Vrk imI the Wwurn imr'tl Frwii Is ore
emu-d Id i.on Int- Mqau manner than ear other
0eer to Mno wuu.
lMi&Tltarouti w Javenln, by Ball, net rear Jl so
" I BO.. 1 U
i-waenM n i r s an
b in li nor rear, iw
Tn tmii and Sewa-desJre. aer X Hfl
X iy, deliverer! by oarraar, (Moraine: et KTOains)
ST o-ni fHT WeR.
Wl tv... h, -'Snent. par w-ee
Cobb, Andrews & Co.
(Latj J. B. Cobb & Co,) '
211 8LTO.10R STREET,
PAPER AKD ENVELOPES,
' At Wholesale.
OF BTKKT STYLE.
COPIIHti PS ESSES,
FOB PALI BI
COBB, ANDREWS & CO.,
!( Sit orrKRIOH RTKKKT.
HATS AND CAPS.
BARGAINS FOR EVERYBODY
mrOBTANT HALE Of
IN ANTICIPATION of CONFINING
ourselves In the rotate to the PUB THal'K ex
clusively, we offer at WHOILSAt OK EUTAIL,
our entire etock of
HATS, CAPS & BTEAW GOODS,
Greatly Reduced Prices!
Umoj rticlw wi'l b fold tt one-hK tbeii ralaa.
Oar d ock cooiU of
ALL JTEff AND DESIRABLE STYLE8
laoaed tkb tpriaw, tiir the oeul itmpls rticU
pertiuiiiK to tha biuuwM.
In city or country, will do well to e-11 nd examia
tu ODce, m we atutli offer Uten
sanr-Ledies ud Gontlcmen should embrace this
opportunity to supply them-elsee end their fasst
lu mth Uielr rpriug aud hammer Bete, (laps, o-
0. A. JI LLEU & CO.,
Inyl:?'l ! Superior et., Marble Block.
Spring Styles of C
1IAT3, CAPS, STBAWCOOUS, &C
L. Benedict & Sons
Hate lerpte nortment of ell the leteet xj,
which thfj offir et the kwit nwrket re tee, whole
ee end retail, at ,
301 Haprior street.
r&lHQ STYLES or
HATS AND CAPS.
Vte ero w iTitrofloclug oor SPBISQ 8-lTU8
ct HTS, Inclndinn
TMS GJiANT BAT,
TUB SHERMAN HAT,
THE SHERIDAN HA T,
TMJB DERBY BAT,
And eplndd wrtmenl or Meo'e end BW
Buft Hi'U end pe. AIwj e eioe line of wLOV3
for Bprt. end k
SAF ES AN D SCALES.
V Witw -
Warranted correct and dura
ble. Over lOV vaneim
t 4apted to every buatiioea.
(Alna end Drj Fleeter J
nd Damp FTHMf, orerM
dtfterent Btyle. ew '. Oonntlnfrhoueem,
Cttiij ins rtfmm, unr Bliu, -
Ueaerei WMi. a rente,
t-reswk Kwiwr '"" n .rk" ma'
Bclvldere Frm, It Cleveland, ana
Utt BcBCCa Direct.
I BcmTtomekVthli the B.ST 1)V -HOUB IH
TBlt WSjT.andahell epare no esort to gie sal-
i ii tk. ciel ettrnlWrn of Gent!eea to tbe
IMF&UVKD FKKNCH BTILt
Of Olrenles ot S-dTn of ejede-np eenaeala.
DRUGS & MEDIC'INESe
BUGS AND HXDVSIMa-znM
rtrattoaet PSyetoUae aai aujetioai to
Fsreand Bellable If edtelnea
n HMUd m me (took, wnteh eoviir
leTSowilrte seeomeeat ol erer,teli pertala.
THl DRUG TRADE.
aed at cnoe. to twur. rtrtftV to t h. p aroe w,
-rOJTT J?-X iUGHlLieas,
I jrs-er. N.IMM-. Drji !
law.r. Lin eraoioAfc iw.", '
VouJUinee Bcmaa am Voweniwrae.
f tM talest enS awet apprareA pattoras, soW
i-sTfumerTand Fancy Articles.
eaatltv) seosn to none In tneree. ,
Ieai tor DAT' ofLlSW. the seont
. . V;.. oSl to the Pnrfeertoa
iL.tm,i to tavor au wits Jbrlr or
la oor tine at "nXBOTBrfc
rTf.avaPKIiiEii GBBAlLTf BIS-
Muon-.------ - .o
n OUDHlMinail uioeei.o, e- - T
M T u t,nd tbe lht nlaee Ko.
J jT-ii. at 19 loiter. met. -
MONDAY, IAY 15, 18G5.
The Latest News
LAST NIGHT'S REPORT.
Jeff Davis and Staff
The Arch Traitor Caught
JEFf. 1)1YW IS ClTR filXDS!
lie Is Captured bj Wilson' Caf-
a'ry ai irwlnTllle, Georgia.
Tries to Sneak off In his Wife's
But Shows the Cloieu floor.
I1E WAXETH lUUliJASI.
Uls Wife ThlnKs He May Hurt
Family and Others Cap-tared
THE TRIAL OF THE
Discussion Between BeYeray
Johnson and General
The Dlfllcully Between Sherman
THE CAPTU1IK OF AlWl'STA.
Contlnnance ol the Murmuring.
AdTauce la U. 8. secanties.
'rescntalion of the Trench
Addresses of M. DecMontholen
and the President.
"WAtuimirjM, Ka; 13.
To Major General Due:
;Tha following dwp'ttch, juat receivod from
General WilsoDj announcee the lurprise
and capture of jafldrsott Ui aod hia
aUff, by CoL Pfitchard and the 4lh Michi
gan avalrj, on the morning of the 10th
inat, at L-winvlll in Irwin County,
EDWIN M. STANTON,
Secretary of War.
MACON, GA., May 12—11 A. M.
Lieut. Gen. Grant and Secretary of War,
I have the honor to report that at day.
light of the 10th inst, UaU rnvenara,
oomaifcuding the 4th Michigan Cavalry,
captured Jeff. Davie and family, with
Ktegan, Postm aster General, CoL Karruon,
Private SecreUry ; Col. Jonoaon, a. u.
Col. Morris, Col. Lubbick, U. Hathaway,
Col. Pritchard aurpritod their camp at
Irwinville, in Irwin Oouuty, Georgia, 75
milea toutheaat of thia place. They
ill ha here to-morrow night, and will be
forwarded under strong guard without de
I will send further particulars at once.
J. C. WILSON,
Brevet Mj. Genl.
Vab Dipastmkt, 1
WAaatNUTOii, May 14. J
Uaior General Dix:
The followine details ot tne capture oi
Jeff. Davis, while attempting to make hii
escape in his wife's clothts, have beea re
ceived from General "Wilson.
EDWIN M. STANTON,
secretary w ii ar,
MACON, GA., May 12, 11 A. M.
f7n.E. M. Stanton i
The following dispatch, announcing
r i.a n.iii lie itijit heen handed
MnlliraUl .Wh J
me by Colonel Menlz, commanaing tne
2d division :
HKAIHt'BS FOUBTH MICH. CAT I
t'.iuiizRT and. Ua.. May 11. I
IT.. r-l,n T. W. iSC-tt. -n- uc-.vnu
iu wr- -----
Si a I have trie nonor to ropjr. .um
: u v.iiriiiE. at ii.uiiiijo, a dw.-
and captured Jift Dwis and fami
ly together with bis wiles sisters am
.k... hi. Vnetmatter Oeoeral, Keagan
w;" "-i'.ei- fiecretary. Colonel Harrison
7, , inm Aide-de-Oamp on D.via'
stiff: Cols, iiorris au" u""'"-
ii.ih.wav: also, several oyher un-
Vinao. . . - ,
important names - - -
gons ana tnree nuuuu-
per ec .u w.. oocorwd
uaa no. Dfc i"--- . . .
, ui .v. .v.. ALa Mk-hiiran and 1st V
Jnsin came in conflict we shouidl have
led and Lieut Boutie wounded through
i.ihdiih uicnnrao. uy awl
arm, " - w,..,in Thi
wounded in me id. .
" i !,..t.tnavlieht after we had
WreTthe cmp, b, the advance of the
Wisconsin; tney were """""" "
enemy. . K,t nijht,
- i,u M.COn Without
(tali imi.'S" " ... ;.i
It n. nrrters lrwui . via 1-0
6 t.i -t iont nf th exrjedltlon
USacS:mphei It iUl take me at
!.hrt, dsv. to rch Maoon,-. we are seven-
. u . j ttnrir mack
. . . t v..a Vt honm. etc.' .
MACON, GA., May 12, 11 A. M. B. D. PRITCHARD,
jieut. Coloael, 4tlt Mici. CTiry.
The lit Wisconsin belongs to Logan s
brigade of McCook's division, and had
been sent due east by General Ornxton, via
Dublia. Colonel Menta had distributed
his oommand all along the south banks of
the Ocmnlgee and the Altamaha. This
accounts for the collision between prts of
the 1st and 2d Divisions, and shows the
zeal of the commands In pureuit. I have
directed increased vigilance on the partol
the command, in the hope ot cvtcbing othr
assassins. Our dispositions of men are
good, and so far none of tie retml chiefs
have been able to got through. Breckin
ridge's son was captured night before last,
eleven miles south of here
I will send further details as soon as received,
J. H. WILSON,
Brevet Mijor Gneral.
MACON, GA., 9:30 A. M., May 13.
To Bon. -E. Af. Stanton:
Lieutenant Colonel Hardee, ommand
ng the l.t Wit eon tin, has just arrived
from Irsjin villa He struck the irailof Davis
at Dub'in, Lawrence county, on the even
ing of the 7th, and followed him clojoly
niht and day, through the pine wilder
ness of Alligator Creek and Wrwm Swamp,
via Cumberlandviile to Irwinvilla. At
Cumherlandville Colonel Hardoo nut t'-j-onel
Pritcbard, with one bundni and fifty
picked men and hort4 of the 4'h Michi
gan. Hardee follovred' th tril directly
south, while Pritchard, Rving fnhr
horses, pushed downtlieOcniulgeu towanlb
Hopewell, and thence by House Creek to
Irwinville, arriving there at midnight on
the 8th. Jeff Davis bad not yet arrived.
From a citizen Pritchard learned that
his party were encamped a mile out of
town. He made a disposition ol his men,
and surrounded the csmp before day.
Hardee had camped at 9 f.M, within two
miles, as he afterwards learned from D.ivia,
the trail Deing too indistinct to follow. He
pushed on at 3 A. M , and had gone but a
little more than one mile whxn the ad
vance was fired on by the 4th Michigan.
A fight ensued, both sides exniDiling great
determination. Fifteen minutos elnp-ed
before the mistake was discovered. 1 he
Bring in the skirmish was the Urst warning
The captors report that be hastily put
on one of his Wile s dresses and started for
the woods, closely followed by oaf men,
who at first thought bun a woman, out
seeing his boots wbile he was running they
suspected his sex. At once a rai was
made, wnicn was a snort one, ana ino
rebel President was soon brought to bay. J
He brandished a bowie knife, and showed
sins of battle, but yielded promptly to
tbe persuasions ot Uolt s revolvers, wnnoui
compelling the men to Are. He expressed
great indignation at tne energy wun wnicn
he was pursued, saying that he had be
lieved our government too magnanimous
to hunt down women and children.
Mrs. Davis remarked to Col. Harden),
after the excitement was ovor, that his
men had bettor not provoke the President,
or he might hurt some of them. lUagan
behaved himself wun dignity ana resig
nation. Tbe party evidently were making
for the coast.
J. H. WILSON,
Brevet Major General.
Associated Press Report.
DEATHS IN BUFFALO.
BUFFALO, May 14.
Bufus Wheeler, an old re-ident of this
city, and for many years connected with
the Buffalo press, died this evening.
John C Bowles, for many years connect
ed with the New Yoik Albany and Buf
falo, and the Western Union Tolegrapn
Companies, died in this city this evening.
BUFFALO, May 14. FOREIGN NEWS.
NEW YORK, May 14.
The steamer Saxonia has arrived from
In the House ol J-iOraa xan jussuii
moved an humble adarees to the tiaeen,
expressing the horror and indignation of
the House at President Lincoln's assassin
ation, and praying that their sentiments
twi nommunie&led to the American gov-
gruminL He said that the U,uein had
written a rjrivate letter to Mrs. Lincoln,
expressing her deepest sympathy lor her
it reparable loss.
Lord UerDy soconaea mo moinm.
Karl Grey, consequent on Lord Palmer-
ston's illness, and i Israeli movea ana
The dsoieanor of Parliament was in ice
highest degree impresniVS.
Mr. Adams presided at a great mo'.!ng
of Americans in London, expresaivo of sor
row and indignation.
The ehiDment of the Atlantic cable is
conducted with the greatest dispatch. It
is expected to be lluisnea ana tne ureal
B after n ready to leave Dneerneas la ouue.
Public meetings weie held in Loudon
and all tbe cbiof cities of Great Britain,
expressive of abhorrence of the frightful
crime Against Presideat Lincoln and Sec
retary Seward. SL Jamus Hall, london,
was draped in mourning. The President
of the Emancipation Society presided, sup
ported b) many members of Parliament,
who took part in the speeches, which were
expressive of horror against tbe assassins,
and of deep smpalhy with America.
The Times hopes our manifestations of
indignation and sorrow will bo received by
Americans as spontaneous and grnuine
.rnroMions of our feelings, wrung from
nation's heart. - Let no on for t moment
f..mti thi manifestation with any po
litical object or ulterior design. We teel
ejnfldent that this sorrow, in which Eng
land end America may without exaggera
tion ha .aid to ahaxe. cannot pass ov win-
mit Wvintr them better acquainted with
each other, and more inclined to friendship
and mutual auowance wi rau. UUmi
glidell declined an invitation w bwu
one of the funeral servkes performed in
Paris on Mr. Lincoln's twain, staving m.
nould teel ereater horror at the lale
-me hut teared his p.esence at the cere
monies would leaa w eirououuo
Ytnenla tlMTV at VVS. ViOn IOUB rro
12tl5. French rente 67 1 4uc Virginia
NrilH,,n left Paris on the
X AAe- i -
oo.i. i, in. AVinria. He was receivod
enthusiastically l A.yoo nu -'""'
Th Vmnrmui was BDDointed ltegent.
Tbe American jiinir wuoun.w j
De L'Hays for oondoleuces.
u u .!.. nnmmiinirated to the Cham
bers a di-patrh conveying the sympathy
Wnuiee. on account ot President Lincoln
assassination, to the American Minuter.
Similar addressos were agroou w -
Blt-OTOM. ine JO-ing u neriuu.. j ....
Riisria. The C7.ar Has given at mad
the new Czarowitcb.
The St. 1'etersDurg joiuuu r""--"
..mMthv with America on Mr. i.incolu
.a hrrwa Mr. Johnson will piove
murder, and hopes Mr. Johnson
" J .. r.u ,u ....;m.,..l
Austria i ne rjeicnarawu
. n,tra to America e?prH;lng
svmpathT. The Govemmont expressed
tbe American nuu . .
BvozAin). The Federal Coimcil
forwarded an address of condolence
America. - . -
SrAIBT. ftUmOro Oi a imn v..
are unfounded . . ..
PBuaciA aoiemn ".""-
and English waa performed in Berlin
?,2d inst, to the memory of Mr. I.incolr.
numerous deputation wan ,c.".
maick attended, and tbe King was repre
sented by his ajds;dcHmp. lhe cb-.r-h
wasorowdea. - :
.9. for the two days 20,000 bales, includ-
ine 7.000 to speculators anu "r""'"' '
market is nrm anu uuv..
. m rrl fl rril.
J tour m.o. - .
Wht arm. and bolder! domand an
'vance of, Jd.-whtcn cnecss ousmoso
Beef steady. ..:..'
, Pork quiet '
i Bacon tends npwoios.
u Lard quiat and steady. " ' - '
mactive. - ' '
JUc4 quiet and rteady.
LonkoN, May 2 Illinois Central shares
76AV7; Krie 490; United States
Wnaat Is- higher.
Tallow flat at 40 Gd.
The steamship Uity of Boston from Liv
erpool the 3 1 and Uneenslown ine itn nas
arrived. The following ie the latest via
' O jeenstown :
Livxkpool, May 4 Demonstrations of
the sympathy of public bodies tnrougnout
0,1 gland still continue.
The Spanish Senate and lower house of
Austrian Beichorath unanimously Toted
their regret and sympathy.
The sales of cotton on Wednesday and
Thursdty amounted 18.000 bales, including
7,U00 to speculators ana importers, mar
ket quiet and unchanged.
Kreidetu Hi inactive and less firm.
Provisions quiet with a downward ten
dency. Lono js. May 4 The Bank of Kpg'and
has advanced the rate of dicount to 4Jj.
United States 5 20's C4i65; Erin 61a
fill: Illinois Central 76 J: consols lor
ISSUE OF THE NEW SEVEN-THIRTY
PHILADELPHIA, May 14.
The Secretary of the Treasury has deci
ded to issue tbe balance of the loan that
was authorized by the act of Match, 1865,
and which amounts to $230,000, OCOf, in 7 30
notes, precisely similar in tenor, form and
privileges to the 7-30s already sold, payable
in three yuars from the 15th of next July ;
except that the Government will reserve to
itteif the option of paying the interest in
gold coin at the rate of 6 per cent, insteau
of 7 3-10 in currency. Subscribers will de
duct the interest in currency up to the 15th
of July, when they subscribe. The deliv
ery of the notes of this third Issue of the
7-30s will commence on the Bret of June,
and will bo made promotly and continu
ously after that dale. Subscriptions, how
ever, will b3 received at once, and interest
at 7 3-10 per cont. allowod to subscribers
up to the 15th of July, in the isme man
ner as it was allowed lor the interval be
tween the second series and the Urst
Any eicess of subscriptions to the pres
ent series will be tilled with the new issue
as speedily as the notes can be prepared at
A slight chance made in the conditions
of this third series effects only the matter
Payments made in gold will be equiva
lent U) currency with interest of a higher
ra'e. The important privilege of convert
ing notes into long and popular 6-20's,
gold bearing b.nds, Or of demanding pay
ment ol them at maturity, Bt the holders
option, is not interfered with. Takors of
the 7 30 loan will rejoice if tbe Secretary,
sooner or later, avails himself of the option
to pay thera 6 per cent in gold in lieu of
a larger rate of interest in currency. The
return to specie payments, in the event of
which only will this option be availed of,
would fo reduce and equalise prices as that
purchases made with 6 per in cent, gold
would be fully equal to those made with
7 3 10 in currency.
The machinery used in popularizing the
first two series of the 7 Sq loan will be oc
cupied by the Secretary ot the Treasury in
promoting the Buccess of the third series.
It will be under the supervision of Jay
Cooke, Government Loan Subscription
Agent, who will employ sub-agencies
heretofore employed and with which the
people are familiar. It is confidently ex
pooied that the whole amount will be sold
in ioe next ciity or nluotr Vr. "Wem
this SW.OOO, 000 is disposed of the last op
portunity for investment in there prottt
ab'e United States securities will be gone.
The subscriptions yesterday to the 7-30
loan amounted to $30,450,?50. The larg
est single western subscription was $1,
035,000 from the Second National Bink of
Chicago. The First N ational Bank of Cin
cinnati took $1,000,000. The largest single
subscription was $5,554,000 from tbe F intn
National Bank of New York. The Bank
of Commerce of New York took $1,000,000;
usk i; Hatch ot New York, $l,08i,oO0.
here were 21,307 individual subscriptions.
ll-nry Cloevo & Co, of ew York, tovR
1,000,000: the National Metropolis ot
Wasbingtot, $400,000: the Nail nal ti;
hangeof Hartiord, KOOOOO; ineoecona
National Bank of Providence, auu,uuu ;
the Second National Bmk of .Boston,
Tbe total sales of the week amounted to
is 384.650. At the close of yesterday s
tics it veven thirties "ut little, if any, ot
the second series of $3'H)1000,000 remained.
All lei graphic orders receivea yesier-
,v will be tilled. If any of the loan re
mains over it will be given to the first ap
plicant by telegraph Muday morning.
Twa weeks ago tbe amount if the second
serit sold and reported was $145,000,00.
The cash sales last week were aliout 40,-
(ii'U,Ooo. Tuis week thiy were i8 noo.uoo.
Tne balance of the conversion ot (J iartor
niaHters' vouchers made w thin the lasttwo
weeks, and which were not included la tne
dily published sales of 7 30s, together
with the sales which were made in Cal
ifornia, and at various sub treasuries also
- -.. i i a. .Sir i"l onst
not included, win mane aoout ta,uoo
altogether. The tuytl sales are 98,uoo,-
DICK TAYLOR'S SURRENDER.
NEW YORK, May 14.
Thn TTnrald'a corre'Dondent details the
particulars of the surrender of Dick Tay
lor, wbich took place at Cetronville, Ala.,
. ..... .. -, i u-.rMrt
on the4tn, tbirty-tnree mues norm w
biie. Taylor made the most strenuous
efforts to get tbe most favorable terms, but
Can by Was mllexiDie, ana grwiwu iwij
thi tendered to Lee.
Taylor commanded all tne troops in Al
abama, MitsiB-appi and East Louisiana,
and this complevs the surrend'jr of all
troops eat ot the MiesUeippi liver.
DESTITUTION IN NORTH CAROLINA.
NEW YORK, May 14.
The Times' Baleigh special, dated the
17tb, says: The distress Ot me peopieu.
North Carolina is terrible. Commissaries
are constantly besieged by applicants
food. The country is devastated, and
men and women, with but a single gar
ment to cover the'r starved forms,
beggiig in the streets of Baleigti.
system of foraging carried otf by both
armies has stripped the inhabitants ot their
subsistence. They are, with few exceptions,
reduced to want, and starvation stares
ik.n, in i.h f. Even some of
wealthiest families have bei brought
Thet'overument is doing all In its pow
er for tbe roliof of th-se unfortunates,
it can't do ererytbing. Tbe people of
North are called on W succor them.
of the Kalcigh papers publishes a
fn-tn a prominent clergyman appealing
out? ido aid.
A. wr tor in tie lioufwra ion-gioj-u
Tit es that a peremptory demand be
on Kng' wd and France for recognition,
under tbe threat, if not complied wun
thn South surrender", she will join
Norlhin asserting and carrying vu.
Monroe doctrine, and go to war again,
necessary, for separate independence.
The Vienna coirespondent of the
Observer says: TheCstr of r-issiahni
published an encyclical letter and
uted among tbattussian price m,
ders to inculcate its principles upon
minds of the people. The Csar seu
in the name of Christ, vigorous principles,
extols his own infaUbility and holiness,
condemns other creeds, andca.Ua
subismastic Catholics, and Protestauts are,
in his estimation, heretics and infidels, and
he inculcates an intense hatred against
other nations. He says that Catholics do
not believe in ChrUt, but in tbe Pope. Ha
denounces their saints as liars and impos-
teis. Ibe encyclical inculcates the most
vehement fanaticism, and concludes with a
' that the Cztr may have health and
power, and Crerconie the enemies of the
faith of holy Kussia.
WANTS TO RETURN.
WASHINGTON, May 14.
Dr. J. B. Morrill, a rebel from Tennes.ee,
who was sent to Canuda last year, has been
endeavoring to obtain permission to return
to his property, but failed to establish his
THE NEW FRENCH MINISTER.
The Marq lis De Mjntpalon was yester
day introduced to tne President by the
acting Secretary of Slate, and delivered
his credentials as Envoy and Minister
Plenipotentiary of His Mfjssty tho Empe
ror of the French. The Marquis made
some remarks upon the occasion, of which
tbe following is a translation :
Ms President: I have the honor to
place in your hands thi letter of the Em
peror of the French, which accredits me as
Envoy Extraordinary near y our Excellency.
If 1 seek for what may have determiner!
His Imperial M-j-ity to give me this proof
of his diptinguishml confidence, I can at
tribute it only to the recollection of ties
which already attach me to this country
the personal relations I hava previously
contracted in it during a long sojourn and
of the sympatit8of which I am proud to
have leceived numerous proofs. These
personal facts have mde me appear, with
out doubt, bettor prepared than another to
serve as an interpreter of the sentiment
which animates the Imperial government
towards the government and people of the
United States. In fact the glorious tradi-
tious importtnea, whereol wo maintain
with pride, do not permit that France
should ever be indilfjrunt to the destinies
of this Kepublic The immense lutercsts
which overy day develop themf elves more
fully, will draw together more and more
closely this noble and ancient alliance. I
am tappy to bring hither on this eolenin
occasion the loyal and frank expression of
the wishes which the Emperor, my august
sovereign iorms ior mo conipiowj rt--.uir-tion
of peace and concord oa the continent
of America. The whole ot i! ranee parti
cipates in the same thought and will al
ways view the consolidation of the prop
erty and greatness of the United Status
as animated by senlimenU of deep sympa
THE PRESIDENT'S REPLY.
The President replied as follows :
1 cannot forbear to welcome as a diplo
matic representative of France tho gentle
man who claims to bo warmly attached to
the United Stales by those ties incident to
family connections, and the long previot e
official residence in this country, to which
you so gracefully allude. The intimacy
with the head ot your own governmem,
which has resulted from well known causes,
dl ta impart universal confidence
to your representations in respect to his
purposes and policy wi'.h reference to the
United States. The people of this country
have a traditional reg.trd for France, which
was originally so deeply planted, and
has been warmly cherished. It must
continue to flourish and expand, unless it
should be checked by events most uncom
mon and not to bo anticipated by ordinary
foresight I trutt that the result of your
mission will be to strengthen and perpetu
ate the good understanding between tbe
two governments, and that perfect peace
may be restored on tbe American continent,
pursuant of those wishes of your sovereign
you referred to. I offer you hearty thanks
for the sympathy you express in behalf of
their imperial mageatries for the recent
tragical events in their metropolis.
TRIAL OF THE CONSPIRATORS.
WASHINGTON, May 14.
At tlio trial uf the conepiralors jeeterdajr, the
flrt w tu.fl ce'lod upon til' atai,d w. Juhu Lie,
of Ihi WeeliinKton ltctlf. Folica, who t..tifi-d
ttiet on tho nii; to ituiel jr, April loiu. In ov j
ence to o:dnn from Major J. K. O Br'eo, lie went
to the KirkwouJ Houeo to examine the liuildin
He went to tho np; or etwiee a d roor to eoe what
w.r woul.l lei 'oft ooon fur evil ili.poee I poreone to
cootrlTo the .aeawiu i n or Pre.ld.-nt Xhoeon,
who hwlthet dyt.. n lu.uSurteJ enJ w.e yet
..nnn-nv at the Kirkwoifl 1 he wltneee then went
Into the MitiDK room aud m.t tHe clers, who In
formed ta'ni that on the etenlrg pr.Tiuu to the
nth a eu.u ciou., Title, none looking men bed re-
i.t-red hie name in tho hstel register aa O. A.
. h and had taken room So 12K, which
witaee. found we .itu.ted on ihe floor abore tht
on whit hrrosliie it Johoeoa'n room was ano alnwat
imm.,lL elT o.er the lett.r loom. Wltnee.,
company with ihe -roprlet.r end c erk of the
.,.1.1 wnt to tho room au-1 lound it locked; broe
A,r n,mn end f.und it uom-copied. Witnees
r.ntvl there, among otnor IIIIU., a ierBe n.vj
...nlvor sola dark roat hencing on Ihe well. In
the noeket of this coat bo found a bank book of
the Ontario Benk of CanaHe in will, h Booth wee
credited with 14 5. The name . "iieee Doom
..written on thoiueide and ou'eide of tho bjok
in the rwekete he aim found etrund ehirt collars
and four pocket hiu.lkerclii-jfe, one of theeo being
marked "aery Bo th." Vl'ith. then remoxed
ll, LlolhiuK from he bed hd between the ebeete
end mettrMeee he found a bowie knife, about a
r..t lone:, on whirh there in eome ruit. All those
artlciee were prodneed in ciurt.
B A. J inee. n erk of 11". Kirk wood Ucusi, wal
nexteworn. The witnee. exhibited th h tol reg'
.hoeiuK A. T SnrreM, "--e -
loom No. 126. The witneei stetes th.t AUroth teg.
u..n hie name about eight o'clock on the morn
lug of the 14th of pil'. and paid hi. 1.111 for one
j.. i. .rlT.no. end went up to hie room. On the
,,, .bout itso, Ateroth came to the wlt-
ne.l and a.ed If any body had been to see him.
..... ...rHl. "No pevKon that 1 am aware
, .. Th .t waa the la-t time he w hlra:
Witneee was eekea II no coma iuou.ui
,.d : "Tee, I conld, if I w.re to see him."
The wlcr-oi. wee directtd to look among the nlteen
... n,. ihe bench et the nd of Ihe Court
loom Theee nfloon persoie were eiitht criminal!
.A .. u.rd., on" of tbe letter sitting along
lido of eech of Ibe prisoner.. The wltnees cere
fii.r.ned each one, beginning with Dr. Mudd
onthee.Mrejl.left,and peesing on .lowly to Uie
rf.ht nuill mar the extreme rlht, when bis gene
for on the of the defendeut, Atrott. Alter
a ohort pen.e, the wltnee" .aid : "Thtt Is tbo .an,"
poietlog tj Alserott.
Vitoote.tiltcdthit he wait prritent wh"n
officer, xaniiuel room U6, and .-onflrm.d much
fthewitnee.' (Lee'.) tertimony at rel.-.D to
thiitiat fonnd in the room, mo tortnor ..j.
theld had not htrn oxtipied on TiitUy night
and thomlit the bed undeetnrtwrl, and the ntaid
riimonthe morning of the 15th that
could not g. t In the r.ion..
Mr Wentermen w next oworn. He te.tlhed
.u.. k. v w John U 6urrst, aod eln'e 1S67
at eollev-ewith blm. Hurratt anu mmoeii nnui
Ji.lit ton.thor at lit vVh.rlc. Colli f. Maryland;
thit he had eome time prKT to tho wae.ioation
of Mr Lincoln, boarded iu tlw rity with Mmnur
ratt, (aceneed at the bar, and mother of John
Burratti; that the wilneoe end Barrett had beenon
the moot intimate terms ; bt on January leet
wee introduced to Dr. Mndd (one ot tnenccuaeai;
that whilet walking down 7th atreet ia Ft b.nery
March laet in company with BurreM Bnd
they were joined by J Wllke. Booth, to Thorn
ratt introduced wltneea; Bootn lartieo meat
theN.tional Hotel ; they wtut there, and
Booth's loom; letter called for cigars and
for four. Ia a few mooeatt Booth went into
hll and called to su-ratt to follow. They
and eurratt) remained tn tho halreoae time in
; returned and invited Dr.. Mudd to
them, and those three eBgagei In private conTersa-
tion fc tea Bnnntee or eo, and returned. urrett
and H nld epol gizM for aoeniiOrr rudrnefa, but
Mndd t&ld Booth wanted to toy hie farm, bnt the
latter aaAed too murh for it.
Witnenr recognized Harold ee one whom Fnrratt
had Introduced to htm. Hereupon HaroM, emit
log, nodded his bead in recoguitiun of tbe wi tn.ee. J
Witness a 'eo recogniied Payn ae one who i-eme to
Surrait'a honee, and, in the alMence of .urrattu-
troduced hinvdel' ae Mr. Wooit. He waa r ceived by
th. -urratu sonlially, and lodged there tbet nigbx.
t'n tne eco.at. .ei e,iiia wecas alter, reneeg'iu
etlled, and W witneee obeerred Wat he called bnii
eelfPa.ee aid aai h wee a Hap'iat preach-r
Here Pyne eeetned hiahly pleased, and with ditn
cnity euppreoKed laughter. Paine, on a second
visit, remain d a few days, end on one occasion the
witneee found theacaircd and J. H. turret sitting
playing with bowie .knives. This was aahort time
before the aea sinatt on. r'enaC weutlottan.da,
and on the 14tt of taut April Mrs. (urrat re-elred
a letter from him, de-tod at Montreal, in Ihe ft.
Lawrence Ho'eL Tho witness went to Canada to
eeek Bnrrat, bat did not nee bin. Purrat,' prior to
going to Montreal, bed viatt d Bl bmond, but tne
latter wonld not believe. It, for he eaid he hail nten
with Dris and Benjamin at Bichmoni, and
they to d him that Biehmond would not be
evacuated. Witness a c- empauiej Mrs. Snnatt on
a visit to flurrattvl'le, to the tavern ot Mr Liojd,
on FiMft-y the Hth, and be.rd Mrs. Burrett gie
the time admonitions to Lloyd ab.ru t having tboee
things rewdv that nl. bt ae they wonld bj ralhd
fur. Witnests aleostatee toat Atsrjdt oooe ca'ltd
at Sarratt's h oneo and lh grlo comylained attir
wera to their brother for introducing auch a atick
aa that into the family, and a.il he was not com -pany
TESTIMONY OF LLOYD.
Ji ha L'oyd, bUig duly sworn, .ays he reside, in
Surrattavllte; recognised Harrold and Alxerot ,
Harrold hss been to his tavern seveial t-ni-a ; rur
ra VrDarrold a it Ataorot hl been there together
a abort tim. before thoa-saaeinali. tt ; the two lat
ter called and left two earhiiee Bnd some ammu
nition, and aaid they would c.U fur tbem in a f-.-w
dale, and tby bad th-iu concealed belwemihe
joists; Slndijr before the assosiliiatL n n-et Mrs.
Snrratt near his bouae ; at first h. could not
uudeiatand what she meant, but .alii .omelhijg
aoutabooting irons, end sail they would be want
i d .oon. 4' n tbe evening of the 14th , the day of t he
tuiirder Mrs. tTurratt ceme to hie house about live
oclH:k, aetl told him to h ve thoe-t .hootii g Irons
ready ; that tome persons Would call lor them, bite
le't the field piece wr.pped In a paper to gie to the
partha, end told h ni to give them a bottle of
wbi.ky. Abont 12oVlock th.t nizlit he wee called
np, and fonnd two poreone at tno door who were
onhoroeba:k: Oaewaa Harrold, whom ihe wit-
neeae rooognized. Harrold introduced B x'th, wuo
remained on his horse, a light g'ay or white col-
ored aulmal, aoout sixteen hand. hin. narroiu
waa on a bay horse. He go: off, and wtnt Into the
be- and got r bottle of whiaka. He U ok loue oot
to P-ioth, drank win. hineelf, and returned the
tottletuthe connter. Booth, In tbe meanwhile
remained on hie horse. Harrold s.id : 'Llojd.
forttod'saake make haste and get nie thoee things'
es though I already knew what be meaut. Wit-
gt.tand gave them each thing, a. Mrs Sar-
ratt told him to. Ih.y only remained nva minutes
Thty took onlr one caibiue. Boo'.haa'd he could
take hit br. sat, as h's 1-g was bioaen. Aa tbey
were abut leavtns, Booth said: "I'll tell joa j
ora.ue.il. I ai pretty euro we xuieu mo rrw.
dent, ani probably Mr. geward, too.' Ear
ro'd thea Bioantea his hotso, an', thd two
rode oil The witness ha I heard of Ihe Prvriideut'B
murder nnxt morning at about nine o'clock ; never,
saw Dr- Mudd; ntver raw Arnold; don't know
at half-paat six o'clock the0.uinii4Son adjourn
ed to moot agdn on Monday morning at ten
TESTIMONY OF LLOYD. Saturday Night's Special Report
FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL.
NEW YORK, May 13.
Stocks were more active at the morning
Board, but unsettled and irregular. The
bovs anld largely of Erie, ll.dlii', Michi
gan Bouthern, Cleveland &. Pittsburg and
Fort Wayne. Trices yielded somowbat uo
dor the heavy blocks thrown upon the board
but shares not attached were generally a
At the second Bnarrl tne market wsa
heavy and prices tended downwards. The
principil portion of the contest is on Erie.
The government list ia quiet anu sieauy.
Col and miscellaneous stocks are gener
There is not much specuja.ion in goia to
day, and prices prompt agreater fall before
long. Operations are very light.
There is an activo domand lor money but
Tbe Stock Exchange is quiet. Shipments
of specie are increasinp;. ine steamer uity
of London took out So2S.0i), and tne Hava
na $115,630. Toe total export loi tbe
week hss been $,S85.
There is a renewed activity and excite
ment in retroieuai bwcbs, u e
heavy business generally at better prices.
The following is a list of prices: Buchanan
125; Cherry Bun 5o; Consoliaatett turn;
Fxcelsior 495; Germania 5t; Oceanica, 255;
Tack 211); United States 2030; Bynd 2'JO;
Auction sales of dry goods are ukuiw
Tbe sales ot ribbnas ami iiiniicory
. . , .. t . u 1 i.:.l
roods were largely suouoeu.si.u
d ino-at lively prices.
Tbe Tost has the billowing maraet review
f.ir the week.
Wholesale markets much depressed dur
ing tbe week owing to the decline in gold
and eagerness of many dealers to dispose of
The rate of flour for family brands nave
been sustained owing to cuonera
Medium grades from 3D to sac lower atciono
and market dull. Sapernne stale closos
at $6 OOfe5 15 "w i '
St. Louis fair to choice extra J'J sorll 75.
Transactions in wheat limited, anu sen-
er, compelled to submit to a decline ol
I0f,i.233 to effect sales. t,'Uicago spring
closes at $13 0013 05 ; red Western $1 38
fu,l 40, and Amber $1 651 .
OaU deoressed, and declined iwiisc.
Market closes at4Si5,5lc for state, 520i.52c
for western afloat, and 49Cj,5lo for Jersey.
ren declined 45(50c, closing at i i'
r, jraay and Pennsylvania yellow, aod
$1 00(Tt,l 91 for southern yellow and new
mixed westeTi at VOc.
Pork hevy, especially in prime new
mess, which sold freely at a deel ine of $ I 50.
Market olosed quiet at $22 75 for old mess
and $24 25(a,24 37 for new mess.
Boef selling at $12 0f,ta 00 for plain
mess, and $18 0017 50 for extra. Market
closes dull and unsettled.
Cotton market irregular aud unsettled.
Early in the week prices advanced under
favorable advices and good inquiry from
spinners. Buusequenuy a
took place owing to tho heavy declino in
gold, which was followei by an advance
Thnrsdav. Market closos d'lll at
For molasses there has boon a moderate
inquiry by the trade. Priccr :ow and nori
For petroleu n there has been a r-iHernto
inquiry. Orudecloeingat ?7c a f.l'on : ro
fined on spot also dull and price" ic-minul,
closing quiet at 525:ir;; rcfioed free has
declined lc a gallon, and tho market r ilod
dull, closing quiet at 73is, offerings not
ririme duality. Thore is a hea-y doclino
Sugars are creating a brisk demand
refineries which could reach on price!,
closing quiet at 10! i(3,l0';e for fair refining,
and lOJ.'&lO'a'e for good refining. Rfiued
sugars have boen dull, closing 18 ' c
crushed and granulated- , t
Whisky market qmet. Prices bad
....ird fndeney. cl sine at2 r3
and $2 08 for western.
THE DIFFICULTY BETWEEN SHERMAN AND BALLECK.
NEW YORK, May 13.
The Herald'a Biehmond correspondent,
eo.r, tinning the difficulty between Generals
Btvermaa andHallock, say it ia understood
taat the rupture (rows out of Gen. Halleck's
order countermandinr Gen. Sherman's or
ders to his au . 'ordinate commanders during
the trace with Johnston.
Gen. Sherman wrote to Halleck yesterday,
stating that in future .intercourse between
them wsa forever at aa end.
The cauae of the difference between them
roeulted in wholly doing away with the re
view of the army, already announced in
orders, and the prospective review of the
Army of the Tennessee, which was to follow
Sherman has peremptorily refused to eon
seat to the conditions of the review made
public, and the consequence is that all the
plans in this relation will not be carried
out, and the army and the populace will
alike ba disappointed. The army will
probably proceed quietly through the city.
MUNITIONS OF WAR FOR THE REBELS.
The Tribune's Washington special says
that olficial information has been received
at tne Navy Department that ou theJ'Jtb of
April a vessel cleared from Havana for Gal
veston, in which was shipped twelve Whit-
worth ;uns, 100,000 rounds of ammunition.
and oiJber material fur the rebels.
Oa the arrival of the 6ih Corps at Dan
ville trie negroes were so rejoiced that they
coinin sncod to desert from the plantations
tnrouga an the surrounding country. This
so ser.oualy interfered with tbe prosecution
cf agricultural labor that General Wright
deemed it accessary to issue an order re
quiring negroes to remain at home, and at
tend to their usual work, and also warning
guernllis and paroled rebels who break
their paroles that they will bo immediate
ly hung whon caught.
THE CAPTURE OF AUGUSTA.
"The Savannah Herald, mentionine the
capture of Augusta by General Wilson's
force', says it waa accomplished without
1 he Bteamcr Comet is making regular
trips betwoen Augusta and Savannah.
'1'ho Maeon Nows, of the 2fiih ult . says
tho bint order prevails in the city. Itocol
lisious occur between at Idlers and oi tue.no.
ihe Augusta Chronicle congratnlatos its
readerson tbe bright ptoa poet of immedi
ate uud luting psace, and trusts that the
new era will be aa era t( good feeling, of
noble deeds and illustrious virtus. It says
it boltoovts the people of the South to ac
cept peaco in a frank and warm spirit, and
to ni'ileet thoir remaining energies and re
sources l'r the task, of reparation. It is
sit.hlied that with a wise system of policy
the beauty and granduur of the South can
be fully restored, and even greatly en
hanced, before the expiration of the cur
Tho Augusta Sentinel says the Govern
ment atorua in that city were plundered by
citizens, and that eouie private stores also
WASHINGTON, May 13.
TRIAL OF THE CONSPIRATORS.
Tho court engaged in the trial of the con
spirators aitored one of ita rules to-day, so
as to admit reporters for the press.
Iioverdy Johnson appeared as consul for
Mrs. Surratt. An objection waa raised to
him by Goneral Harris, but was withdrawn
after earnest debate on both sides.
Detective Lee, and the clerk of the Kirk-
wood House, and the present proprietor of
the house heretofore occupied by the Sur
ratt family, and others, were examined with
refureu-.e to this hoass and to arms having
boen deposited there in order to facilitate
The court was ia session until a late
The court is held at the old penitentiary
in tho upper room, with two windows at the
east and two at the north ; they are iron.
with flat bars. Along the wall on the west
side, on rained seats. Dr. Mudd, David C.
Harold, Lewis Payne, Edward Spangler of
Fur J'a Theatre, Michael O'Laughltn.Alzerot
aud Samuel Arnold are sitting. Outaidothr
paling was Mrs. Surratt, leaning on a small
table. Beyond her on the other side of the
table, near the northern window, sat the
counsel for the accused, as follows :
Thomas Ewing, son of the Ohio Ex-Sen
ator, Attorneys Stone, Waller,8.C.Cox,Hon.
Itoverdy Johnson, and Messrs. Aiken and
Kunning east and west, beside neither
wall, are lone tables at which sit the
APPEARANCE OF THE PRISONERS.
Dr. Mudd looked calm, collected and at
tenlive, leaning on the table as if to relieve
his wrists from the weight of the handcuffs
that encumbered them. Arnold was rest
less carrying his hands to his hair with a
nervous twitching, aud constantly varying
the direction of his looks. Payne, dressed
in a gray woolen shirt and dark pants.
seemed more intent on obtaining a full view
of the landscape through the windows than
.. . , . . . tl,.J.I.il. nf
on couhning uib attention
the proceedings. O'Laughlin was keenly
observant of every move made in theconrt.
He leaned back with his head against the
wsll, fully exposing his broad but not high
forehead, lie has dam eyes, a pale, oiooa
less complexion, and wears a heavy mous
the and imperial, both very black. At-
.nrot ia a man five feet six inches hijh, and
had it not been for his manacles inig'nthave
beou takm for a mere spectator, lie pos
Besses a style of face most common in
Southern Garmany. His hair and Deara
are of a reddish, sandy color, and eyes
light. One police officer sat beside each
Mrs. Surratt has already been correctly
described. She is a stout, buxom wiuow,
filling Fals'airs ideal, fair, fat and forty,
thoojh she is older. She was dressed in
black and looked a little flushed. We fail
ed to notice the cold, cruel gleam in her
gray eyes, which some gentlemen of the
have attributed to her.
The first testimony taken was a portion
which tho Government deems necessary,
for the present to withhold from the public
ORSERAI, HABSIS MAXES AS OBJ5CTICE.
When that testimony had all bien ron
dored, P-rigadier General Harris rose to ob
ject to the admission of Beverdy Johnson
as counsel, oa the ground that in an opinion
delivered by Mr. Johnson be had express-
.! his .liareirard of tho sanctity of the oath
General I'arris etnted he referred to tho
opinion expressed in a letter written by
Mr. Johnson at the time of tbe Maryland
tVinvention he'd with reference to adopting
tho new constitution oi mat
SPEECH OF REVERDY JOHNSON.
Mr. Johnson : " It is difficult to speek
that objection to speft M 1 leei witnont
h'.ving that opinion before me. 1 no opin
ion cannot be torturody a reasonable man
to aiv stteh conHasion. There is not
member of this corrl vho reerteets
reroen'red obtigal!ns f an oath more a
ilutclv than I do, and there is notning
my life which would md'Jco me ior
moment to avoid comparison, in au moral
re. pacts, betwon myself and any member
hi. FfierL In this rebellion, which
broken so many worse prinei plea.it h
my pride to stand by the Government
the beg'nning to the present moment
boar all obligations which the Government
thought necessary to impose, and do
duty faithfully in every department
nubile service as well as it is in my
au individual. 11 suca ODjecuon
made ia the TJnitad Btatea Senate, whet .'
I ana known, I forbear to say how it would
be treated, because) I. know ihe terms in,
which it would be) decided. I hay lived
too long and rendered the country such
services as my abilities enabled ma, and
the voice of the peopla in whose midst I am ,
living, will not fur a moment, coma from
whom it may, locate such aspersions on my
moral character: I ant glad it is mad
now, buf I repeat, thera is not one word of
truth in the construction which has been
given to the opinion already referred
to. I have it not by me, bat I remember
substantially what it is. The convention
to form a LOW eonstitntimi fti the, fltmtA .
was called under authority of aa act of th
Legislature of Maryland, and under thai .
alone. The proceedings ware to bo sub
mitted to the legal voters of th State, Tha
convention thought they were authorised
to impose, not only oa tha authority to
vote, what was not imposed by tha existing
constitution and laws, but that they had a
right to admit to vote those who were pro
hibited from voting by such constitution
and laws; and I said, in company with
the whole bar throughout tha Union, tha
to that extent they had usurped th, au
thority under which alone tha we: au
thorised to meet, aad that 'J, foJ pro
ceedings, they were a aallily. They had
prescribed an oe, ,nd my opi0ion, ..id
or wss intended to say that to take that
oath voluntarily waa no craven submissioti
to usurped authority, but was necessary in
order to enable the citixens to Drotect
their rights under their constitution,
and there was so harm in taking
the oath which the convention had ,no au
thority to impose. 1 make it as no reflec
tion upon any member of this Court, when
1 say that upon questions of that deacrip.
lion I am at least as able to form a cor
rect opinion as tbe gentlemen around
this table. I am here at the inslanoa of that
lady, (pointing to Mrs. Surratt,) whom I
neversawor heard of until yesterday, ah
being a Maryland lady, protesting her in
nocence. I am here, also, because I deem
it right and due to the character of the pro
fession to which I belong, and which is not
inferior to that of which yon are members.
that she should not go undefended. I
to do it voluntarily, and without com
pensation. Tne law prohibits me from re
ceiving compensation, but if it had not, nn
derstanding her condition, I should not
have refuted upon tha ground of her in
ability to make compensation. I am volun
teering to do what evidence will satisfy ma
in doing for this lady, who ia now being
tried for her life. My detestation of one
concerned in this nefarious plot, carried out
with such fioadish malice,is as great as that
of any member of this Court, lam not
here to protect any one after evidence ia
heard and they are proved to be guilty.
not even her. Will any honorable member
of this Court, who has thought it proper or
considered ithisduty to make this objeclior.
or the lreauleut, who said if honorable!
members had not made it, he should hay
done so will they understand that I am not
pleading here for anything personal to my-
sell? I stand too firmly settled in my own
conviction of honor, and in tense of duty,
public and private, to ba alarmed a
any individual opinion that may be, ex
pressed here. I ask the Court to decide.
and I have doubt they will decide, as seemar
best to them, and if it shall be such a decis
ion as the President of the Court feels in
clined to make, I can taka care oi myself iu
GENERAL HARRIS SPEAKS.
Brigadier General Harris said : I trust it
ia not necessary I should assure yon, nor
the gentleman to whom I feel it my duty
to object as counsel in this court, that I
should desire above all things not to do in
justice to any man. Neither,! hope, need I
assure you thst in doing what I feel it my
duty to do, I have not been influenced by
any personal considerations. Though I
never had the pleasure of aa acquaintance) - '
with the gentleman to whom I object, I
have known him long as an eminent public)
man of eur country, of whom I mast say
that my impressions have been of a very
favorable character ; but in regard to tha
matter of objection, if my recollection
serve me right, I must contend it is well
founded. It is du to Ihe gentleman that I
should say I made this objection simplw
from a recollection of this letter, which I
read perhaps nearly a year ago, and of the)
effects of that letter upon the vote of that
State. Now, if I understand the remark of
that gentleman in explanation of this
thing, I can't say they remove the difficul
ty from my mind. At least I understood
him to say the doctrine he had taught thai
peopleof his Slate, that because tha conven
tion had proved and required taking tha
oath as a qualification to the right of suf
frage, which waa unconstitutional and il
legal in his opinion, therefore it had
no moral binding force, and that people
might take it and then go and vote withoat
any regard to the matter. If that does not
justify my conclusion, 1 confess 1 am unable
to understand tha English language. Now
does the gentleman understand In I re
gard to his ability to decide a legal question,
I do not intend to enter into a controversy I
He remarked ratber boastingly to the Court
that he was as well able as any member of
the Court to judge of any legal point. But
this is not a poiatof law. It is a question of
ethics, of morality , of the sanctity of an oath,
voluntarily taken, which I understand ha
thought his people might set aside, as hav
ing no force, because the convention had
transcended its authority and done some
thing it naa no rigm to ao, ana consequent- -ly
that they might voluntarily take thia
oath, to entitle them to go and vole, with
out considering it to have any binding
force : and I am much mistaken in th his
tory of those days, and in tha effect of that
opinion upon that State, if it was not so
considered by a large number who cast
their suffrage nnder the ethical doctrinal
taught to them by the gentleman against
whom I have objected. But at I was about
to remark, I would be sorry to do injustice
to the gentleman, or any other man, and
having made my .objections simply from.
my recollection of this letter, it ia perhaps;
da to th gentleman, and to th members
of this court, that the letter should be sub
mitted to th scrutiny of the court. I may
be wrong, and, if so, none can be mora read
than myself to acknowledge that fact.
MR. JOHNSON'S REPLY.
Mr. Johnson replied : I do not intend to
make an extended reply to tha gentleman's
remarks a to my bo anting about my com
petency to decide any legal question. Tha
gentleman is mistaken. I said I was aa
competent as any ot ine members oi tnia
oourt, thoy not being lawyers. Now, the)
honorable member seems to supposa
that bocanso I said there was not
harm in taking th oath, I meant there
would ba no harm in breaking it if taken ;
if that is the moaning of th terms I anx
better informed in rrrard to it than before.
1 have already said to the conrt tnat I had
no idea of using thera forany such purpose ;
that according to my intor-retBtion of thenx
they admitted of no troch construction-
W hen a gentleman is drrnung witn genua
nten, even if word are) nsed liabl to ntia
construction, aa explanation of the intended
meaaing of them U held to b sufficient, I
submit that among gentlemen and I hopej
I nt not boasting when I say that in that
capacity I consider myself equal to any
member of this court 1 repeat, wnen, a a
gentleman, I say they wera not used for
any such design as is imputed to them, gen
tlemen to whom th explanation is given
will not b disposed to repeat that they
wera nsed, in point of fact, with that de
sign. Now, as to the effect upon, th popla
of Maryland : I don't know whet the hon
orable member is from, but he is not a eiti-
xen of onr State. I suppose. .
Continued on Fourth Page.