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title: 'The Cleveland leader. (Cleveland [Ohio]) 1865-1865, June 20, 1865, MORNING EDITION., Image 1',
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CLEVELAND LEAD BE,
AT HO. 1U SUPiaiOB ST.,
e. cowlii & co.
UU. TUO UITICS IQRNIKS ISO OESUU.
(Cm jmtmiiHtli tteeir,)
trJcufcJMj 4 may otrjer learne! iwl-uehec ta Che
' Scte, oa'eide of inJiiwrtt it patiltstaa several
olnmria Bwre nwdliw luettor, and Ma TeleaTeBiiic
n hotb by oar oi eeKAel lorreseonosnta, the
enuid Id b Bor tntcuieonle Banner tht
Mar In a'orthera Onto.
- ju-eWU3era,eat.B awwlserrier.au M
" - ina a 00
ro Aft -bm and Newa-deele-a, ler lli SO
ueii, . driven! fcr cwntr. inurauui mmuaxr
VonU asr WflOK.
T-' '?Wffenr. -w
T ARUE AND BEAUTIFUL 6I0CK
JLi 0 Plata Wa a, inal re-iro "T
. CUWLaH 0"
jats ' 1,7 eddtli Heart.
34 ASD 36 PB03PCT STREET,
. BATHS ONE DOLLAR EAOH.
BgPatienU can be ixwommodated with
Board at the Cure. je:n
EDWAKD P. FENN
Dr. i nog's Iieciro-TheraI
ELECTRICAL APPARA1U. OF EVERT DESCRIPTIOW
mm- Mrd-I. and Snail Machinery of an kind
mm- Bra-. rinlsbity. Her airing and Jot bins doa
Vila care anl ai.,ie ch.
N. 64 CENTER SEBEET,
OTar TOenits Bolt'e Mech're F hop,
J.9 .41.tr. ruTBI,P. Q"T".
HATS AND CAPS.
yHats, Caps, &c.
THE LAST CALL.
Th Etock of the abort Gooli in oar EI TAIL
MUST BE CLOSED OUT!
NEXT 60 DAYS.
S. A. FULLER & CO.,
215 Superior Street,
Spring styles of
HAT?, CAPS, STEAW f 0088, &C
L. Benedict & bone
Here a large aaaortneat of all tha latest atrial,
which they offer at Lh iaweat market ratea, wbole
aala and sataU. at
2l Na perfor street,
gr-KlNG STYLES OF
HAT8 AND 0AP8.
Wa an bow Introducing oar BPEIJSO STTLE8
of 6aTH, tuciodinK
TBS 6RADT BAT,
TBS SEkhMAN EAT,
TBS BBE&1DAF EAT,
TBS DERBY BAT,
And eplrart'd ewjortment Men'e end bora'
Boft Beta aad Cape Ala a alee una of 6LOV EA
lot BprlBa and Saamer wear.
It. BPTT8 OL,
8. O h XL tlT ED BEOS.
At r pr d ti roLp'jthet two Boot thkt, arc
A orj of thr'tvdi Ld thrana, bf th -bO" of
rHb Grtne dlrlbt, ' ot wblcii fl.mk TKa
THOUcaM ooe IKS hTbB 'ta alrMdf.
n.U hMatitn iur i wriuoa Ub tr at beauty
nd ir-hues, prenr D'tuir ail trt qa.iDtns of qni
mt, Ku L4I; I' pubit-Hd staia:tBoaaiT
la ngUDd and i I rMt4 ov thou-agd a.d
not ihuo-tva"! li through tb W.it.
OHO Ktagaa. Vol am, fiio t.7Q.
A atory o' that taainea Tail7 la Haw Braaewlck,
aiTint the ad'ontura. af a f oneT rraaonar "a
aobla MothrxlUt (l.milh," rom taa t.'ea."
who loaatac al aaeuaa wo kei atarrallraf
woadara. Mlcab UaaiaiTcbog, a KanabM Boater,
1. eaa of tba cl-erecMe, wbu wia. (Oldan leureU
fr -a av n ivadar
Sitr Jol.n oreat," e'orr haa aa pnbllah
el ib.t euarkka aiore witk life. Crrrgp duih -f
Vaiaa Wl" b.a It, aad laj ' "an and
woenerjr It; fur, lake ll all la ail, It haa to
eqt ia nioo-ra no'ioa.
Paper -cetera, w'vv.
KWaiit c'oth VI.93.
LOKiNO. rubl' h.r.
819 W.eaingum at , Boe on.
OI7. rOVNO I OLKS.
km Uloatrated Monthly Mac.dne f T (aba
Olrla. .dttad b i T. TB .HR1DU. Oa.il.
HAMILTON and LC'.T LARJO. Thia Mata
lne hea alreadj attained e.lrvolettoe aapaial
leid la th hiwy of naiaine literatar.. w 1th
the lata, of the April nnavwr It will baaa aa ee
tabllahed clrcolatioa o' wvJ0 rop aa. it la cor
dtall. eonaian-lwl ej b -th th. area ar aad lelbnoui
areaH- al. bj ati pertioDa intre.te4 la the no)ect
Of Jn'-eol a Utera'or, while the ezprreriooe ol
aratBoatlB Uw uebtlebere oaila roaia fraw pa-r-nte,
aad a'ao ftoia tbelloaiic Polka thaaiee
eoBTi'aoa .haa that tha mewaa ae anawara a waa'
tnal m aniTrroallj frit. It ia tha aim ef the tab
lehr. to make It a drat elaa -! e In eaarj
rmpct, aad they will apara ajettbar labor ao
aupVoe. ia their eodaar to rarn'ab to tbeii
ymnu rWI-ia ane wheee Bostbly ata .hall ae
linn we!a, aad abail be aapaoiad wlU plea
""Tneetalf of Cootrlbwaota naill te'ollowlna
amonr eian proiat aaaMa: MraSTOWB, H.
W LON.ireV.LOW, JoBN . WBITTKK, O. W.
BOLIia. Mra.uk. CHILD. Uaptaaa MATNa
- TarnM a year. 8iale BMiber. (0 enta ear a.
All eobacrlptl oa paTab'e la adaaoa. Baeeiaaaa
eoplae oi or Touua folka wUl bo aaat le aa? ad-
am for at oeota each.
- Joan V.aiio, at BaVer-i Book "tore,
parlor etraet, deaeland, belBK ear only BotBortaed
S Agent for the State of Ohio, all order, tor the Trade
aa wall aa anbaoriptioneabonld be addneead aa ahm.
aflt. Atlaotie Moot hit and Imr lotuut Volka aaat
' da"- 0KH0B . FIELDS,
i - PnbUahera, boaaoa.
aAGXNTS WANTED ta e.at7 Ci aad aaam.
Dr. HALLIWELL, bURQKoa Dkhtbt,
raapaetfelly aaBonnon to the poblw aaBerally,
. . . .ia Itantal RjM.a OB
' - . . ki. Block. Ml Mlcklraa
aBnaaC wbero Bo haa Itted bo s oeaatlrei anlie of
Boowa, aad ia bow yr-perw to BieataBd waltaB all
ZZZu m. aatroae wire mmj pkae to le.or mtm
"ab'Si'iIAIi TEETH Bed OB BB
arr-apal asd awpelied at prloee with la tee rear
SbhT AcknowleoeHi be the Pro'eeloB feoerally,
b their Beo"ty. s'leBta aad i,nraMlitr. Krerj
aa. that M tbeai dtecard their ofd oMa, If able.
, H lyoi.eTleita'eeary.okeeaaatr)o.
Bliatd. at We. ll-hlraBrreet.nhlloaa8.
Bd door 'reia Oatario. and fhot of Proepeot etrset,
43lalard. ai.l A. rl H t,Ll EIjU, M. U.
fi-JtgTm TEETH TEETH I
A nr. j. iTDAimET, "
yr. of the ftral of B&uiwau DaailU, It
frlta-ia atreat aad Psblie Sqaare, aiaktat those
IZTabLe leaM. artlnelaj Teeth, at the eld price.
iliore tee war. Aa Cpaer or
JS, Lu wort irrBl.
TUESDAY, J-UNE &0lffi
m. ti t -4 Am ii .
rt 1 IMH.
Mil ' HI I
i i iUH -1,1 ?
Two Planks for our Union Platform.
The duty of oar Buate. ynion CunveB-
tioD, which meet to-morrow, i, ia the main
neither difficult cf comprehension nor
hard' of performance. Tne path of duty
ii A plain and Prey ooClFrom"Jta'-fw
bjt excellent candidate! fjr nominations
an eirellent ticket can bar madevtfrith
ready unanimity. T he gxet . principles
which have guided the party ofjbe LTnjon
during our long and succeful content iih
the alave-holdera' rebellion will be re
affirmed with heartiness and enthufisstn,
and the administration of Andrew John
ton will be endorsed cheerfully and ener
getically. But there is one q lestion, never
yet agitated in our politic, which thsefcao
of the war has suddenly' efoked, and
which, lika the ghoet of Basquo, will jo',
down, eren at the bidding of Pretiflent
Johnson. The fujctof negro suffra?e
ha auddanly become one of vital import
ance and interest to the country, and upon
its right and proper decision, in the recon
struction of the rebellious "btates, depends
in a great meacure the future weal of the
republic. A question so momentous should
be approached wkh careful and thought
ful p uienci. It cannot be shirked; it
etnnot be dodged ; it must be met and d
cided; and until it is rightfully solved all
schemes of reconstruction will bear no
fruit but anarchy and fulure. It is of
treat importance, then, that our a ate
Conventi n, one of the first aulhorizid
assemblages of the Union party since the
issue was developed, should take a dee'ded
stand upon the question. The declarations
which wr, in ounimon with most loyal men,
desire to see made, are two. They will be
strorg planks in a Union Platform. The
I. yA right of franchise shtttfd be tx-
Unded to the colored nun of the South.
How this should be done through exactly
what channel the end should be effjoted
it is perhaps too early for us to dster-
miae that it must be done no true loyalist
can doubt Justice and national honor
demand that the mn who have been
called on to perform the higbeit dutks of
cit'UDS to bear arms for the country
should be admitted to the right of cuizer.
ship. Again,the measire ia an essential one
for protection to the freedmen themserves,
now a hated and despised claer, more miser
able in persecuted feeedom than even in
the degradation of slavery. Again, the
safety of the Union Use f demands negro
fuff.-aze. Without the blacks, there is not
a loyal msj'irlty, fit to be entrusted with
the managument of a state, throughout the
length and breadth of the late rebellious
territory. But the ballot ot the colored
man will prove the bulwark of the Union.
It creates a power ia the land a power,
which, united with that of the loyal whites,
is a guarmtee of peace and Union every
where. To grant suffrage to the colored
man, will le to save us the expense, the ir-;
ritntion, and tne danger of a standing,
army of two hundred thousand men. Negro
suffrage in the rebellious states is thus at
once essential and wise. i .
But with what show or pretext of justice
can the Unionists of Ouio demand the
ballot for the freedmen of the toulb, wnile
they refuse it to the comparatively edu
cated and colored men of their own State?
Our power to interfure with Southern suf
frage may be denied or doubted our power
and right to regulate the franchise in Ohio
needs no demonstration. And whether
jstly or not, the word ? white" in our
institution will be used wi'b terrible effect
by our opponents to demonstrate our in
sincerity and inconsistency in declaring for
negro suffrage in the South, The editor of
the Nashville Preu and Time says :
It does not seem t occur to many advo
cates of colored suffrage n the furthers
States that their censure of the tioutbern
Slates would have infinitely greater lorce
ar,d p.int if the Northern states them
selves would set the exarr.ple and teach by
practice as well as by preoept.
There is force and truth in these words.
Let us pluck the beam out of our own eye
before meddling with the mote in our
brother's. And this suggests our second
IL The State Constitution must le so
amended at to give eguil suffrage to white
ar,d black. The wold "'white'' must be
stricken from- Article 6, Section 1, of the
Constitution of Ohio. Unless this be done
our own example confute our argument
in favor of negro suffrage in the South.
But the essential righteuusnefsof the pro
posed amendment rests on higher ground
that this, bhall the colored ; citizen of
Ohio, who went forth with his musket to
do battle for his country, denied commis
sion, denied equal pay with the white sol
dier, denied bounty meeting everywhere
rebuff, insult, discouragement who, in
spite of these obstacles, forced himself into
the army, and has fought, sun jred, tiled for
our Unijn shall this returning hero be
hooted from the ballot-box, while the ob
sequious Judge receive-the ballot cf a
Vailandigham or an Edson B. Olds? Shall
not the martyred patriot who fell at Wag
ner or Fort Pillow leave to his children
the priceless legacy, bought with his biood,
of the citizens ballot? Shall the colored
defenders of our government be refused a
right which Knights of the Golden Circle,
sympathiz-rs with secession, conspirators
against the country, exercise openly and
Sutlrage is a righl which beW.gs t man.
hood. A priori it u the r'ght ol every
litixen. . Some dtlioite .diequt)ificaticn
should . exist in order to - deprive a
man of his vote and that dis
qualification should apply to him as an
individual and not as a member of a class-
Is a certain persona criminal? Exclude
him if you have law then f jr. Is he de
fective in intelligence or in formation
Exclude him if you have law therefyr.
But to exclude a man from the privilege of
suffrage because his skin is black is as un
just and arbitrary as to exclude another
because hit hi hair is r0. ----- -
These, then, are our two planks: The
ballot to the black loyalist of the South
Equal suffrage to black and white in Ohio.
We do not apprehend objection to the jus
tice of either of these proposition. Two
arguments; however, will be urged against
them wh on must be briefly aoiicei t V
It will be obj ?cted that our fi ret proposition
is jn direct opposition to the government.
The President, it is said, leave this ques
tion' to the'Statef : in deciding it your
eel you rua-eountd- to bit policy.
y bo means. In the flmt pi the Presi
dent's policy is not s finality. It is- mere
ly an experiment, and it it fails-' another
win be tried. Not flo we Condemn tt, ;
the people of the States will of thercsefwea
decide' thWquestion" properly its much bet!
tar to let them manage it; if not, it be
come the du'y of Congreef, to whem be
longs all legislation in regard to recon.
struction, to amend their actijn. We do
not therefore in pzy way opp se the ad.
piinistratSoh in. 'declaring Jor negro suf-
Against our second plank some over
timed politicians will urge that it can never
be successful,- and that its assertion will
weaken the strength of the party. That
it cannot succeed without declaration and
support; js most obvious, but it is clear that
an earnest canvass on the amendment, a
careful te'ection of candidates for the State
Legislature, and an agitation of the sub
ject In the Legislature and before tba peo
ple must result in its adoption. Kor will it
weaken the party. Without it we have no
issue on which to wage a campaign. Suav
ely is dead; rebellion is dead; old State
and local issues are dead, buried and for
gotten. And bow much better is it to win
a contest .n which nothing is at sUka than
temporarily to be repulsed in a strvggle
for a ritjhteous cause? But we shall not be
defeated. Wo havs.ahe atrongtb. of num
bers ; we have the greater strength of
right. We are sure of success if we are
true to ourselves.
FORD'S THEATER SOLD.
The Virginia Election and Appointments.
Mrs. Lincoln and the Monument
The Difficulty not Yet Adjusted.
[Special Dispatches to the Cleveland Gazette.]
WASHINGTON, June 17.
PROVISIONAL GOVERNOR OF GEORGIA.
is understood to
day appointed James Johnson, of Colum
bus, Georgia, aa Proviaional Governor of
that State. Mr. Johnson for many yenrs
has been a prominent lawyer of Georgia,
and thronghout the rebellion has borne the
reputation of baicg an uncompromUirg
Union man. The appsintments for Dis
trict Judge, District Attorney and Man hal
will not be msda un il next week. The
most prominent candidates lor the posi
tions mentioned are; For the Judgeship
John JSr.kine, of Atlanta; for Distric.
Attorney, A. W. Stone, of Savannah; tor
jftSrshal, James L Dunning and E. S.
Kiddle, of Atlanta. All cf the applicants
ars thorough goiog Union men, and their
appointment will give taibfaction to the
Union men of Georgia. Mr. Stone is a
native of Oaid..
SALE OF FORD'S THEATER.
. saie Jford's Theater to the Youcg
Men's Christian Association of Washing
ton, for $100,000, will throw a large for
tune into the cap of its proprietor, John
X. Fctd. The property including; the im
provements, cost less than $M,00U, leaving
Ford a net profit of over $50,000.
VIRGINIA ELECTION AND APPOINTMENTS.
Boo. J. E. B. Eager, of Virginia, pub
lishes a letter in to-day's Inkllieencar, de
nying that disloyal men were allowed to
vote in the recent election held in several
counties of the State, and says that if
there has been a disloyal man thus fir
elected in Virginia he does not know him.
In regard to Governor Pierpont's appnint
ment, be says the Governor has not only
adopted a high standard of moral and in-
tellaatnal fitness; but his appointees are
I believe, without exception, pre eminent
ly loyal. Mayor Kayo was not an origin
al appointment of his, but if the Governor
be allowed to go quietly on with the work
of reorganization and reconstruction he
has so auspiciously begun, no loyal man
need feel the result. Many loyal Virgin
ians think differently.
WEST POINT GRADUATES.
Out of sixty-five graduates from tha last
clafs at West Point, over three-fourths of
them have applied for com mission in the
cavalry. "' '
DESERTERS NOT ENTITLED TO BACK PAY.
It has been decided that soldiers who de
serted during the time for which they had
enlisted, or were drafted, bave no leenl
claim either to back pay or bounty. Any
payments hereafter made in conflict witn
thir decision, will be disallowed.
[Special Dispatches to the Cincinnati Gazette]
CHICAGO, June 18.
. Geneial Sherman will leave here to
morrow nis,ht for a short visit to his frier. d 6
in. Ohio. '
' The statement that the d.flerecce- be
tween Mrs. Lincoln and the Springfieiii
National Monument Association had bean
amicably arranged is now eontradicted
The committee have not yet agreed to ao
cede' to her wiahes. Judge Davis, exec
utor of Mr. Lincoln's estate, values it at
seventy-five thousand dollars. It is mostly
-in United States bonds.
Proud of the Title.
'There is a very unnecessary irritability
in some mind with respect to the word
rebel. How any Virgioian on share this
tenaitivenm we cannot imagine. Taka
from the past history of the O.d Dominion
the names and the needs of her rebel son p,
and she will have no prouder history than
Maine or Miobigan, Connecticut or Kanots
a beggarly account ot Indian fights an d
forests feelings in one halt ot her caree I,
and crone and cotton mills in the other.
' Her annBia art, hue uiwgii.yuic v p.
She cherishes few memories save those of
.. i v: ...h.li
rebels. She has never raised a mnnumijal
except to a rebel. Sb names her countries
and her colleagues af.er rebels. Her seal
is a victorious rebeL iter n,g reproduces
on a larger scale the triumphant ierjl. A.
rahel lim within the hallowed bounds cf
Mount Vernon. A rebel looks flown on
her eoblest public work from Monticello.
A rebel in enduring bronze ke3jis wa'ch
and ward over her capital, and none b it
rebels are thought worthy to Vine the pedes,
tai of tha rebel's statue. Does it become
Bar to riu.h at the name of rebel ? Peters
awry Dairy Aewt, June 14.
The New York WarU, which denounced
President Johnson wh'an nominated as
boorish tailor," aowir.ys that "the country
baa reason to eoorrad mate itself that this
Milk minded suit unan is at the head of
: Ex-Governo" H agoffin, of Ky-, i desd
earnest in btsaoV . cacv of the constitutional
amendment ah liehinz slavery, and
written iekes-r'to the chairman of the
KentuoT Unior , Executive Committee
tait effect, enc' . offering to take the stump
to enforce aia views. '
i-Thepardcy t of Bjwles and Milligari, the
Sons 4 IJT wny conspirators ol Anaiana,
has Troy. ad at rone diiwer't the sup-
poiters at the Administration. Everybody
who had anvthino- to do with obtain in
the pardr a it " denounced, and some of
ceanty Cfatveritions threaten to Tiass reso
lutions dene incing President J.hnson'i
The Latest News
LAST NIGHT'S REPORT.
WASHINGTON HEWS ITEMS
Fpeecli of Beverdy Johnston.
THE CONSPIRACY TRIAL.
Daxis to be tried before Justice
Chase, ; .'
The President's Family to
occupy the. White II o use.
GENERAL HEWS ITEMS
GOLD THIS .U0iLIG 140 7-8
NEWS FROM NEW ORLEANS
Associated Press Report.
NEW YORK, June 19—10 P. M.
NEW YORK, June 19—10 P. M. WASHINGTON NEWS.
WASHINGTON. June, 19.
his daughter, Mrs. Patterson, have ar
rived here to take charge of the Executive
John P. Murray, an ex-member of the
rebel con(rren, from Tennessee, took the
oath cf allegiance at the provost marshal's
office to day. '
Tne arEument of F. Stone in behalf cf
Harro!d ws read to day, the counsel con
taining that the accused did not ail or
nbet ia the murder . of the President.
There was no evidence showing that this
boy conspired with Booth and others in
aiding the rebellion or aiding ia the over
throw of the Government as charged. He
aid -d and abetted, however, in the escape
ol Booth, there was no doubt, and he murt
ta..e the consequences.
Mr. Cox, read an argument in favor of
Arnold and O'LaughliD, reviewintr the
I evidence at lergth and insisting that they
were not engaged in the conspiracy
charged and demanding their acquittal.
FROM NEW YORK.
NEW YORK, June 19.
, The rows cf bd advance in Five-Twenties
in Europe has had the effact of check
ire the upward tendency in gold and made
al sp-cuia.tor3 sellers. The price rptned
at 142 and toil down to 141 and subse
quently rallied upon speculative opera
lions to check toe dflt.'ine. Tne sale to-day
of about naif a million 3 20 bondr on L n
don account will have a partial effect upon
the rate for Wednesday' S'fiamer.
The Oorumurcial's WasbUigUin special
sy: The President has decided to absl
ieh trade restrictions west of the Mississip
pi, sg well as evtrvwhere else.
The cotton trade will toon be open to the
it has been finally determined that Jeff.
Dsvis ehftll be tried in a civil court before
Chief Jut lice Chase. - ' '
Additional details of the war between
Brszil and Paraguay confirms the reports
of ihf. df;at of the Brazilian troops.
Brazil is making gret"xeriions to prose
cute the war wiih renewed energy.
The Biehmoud Whig -of Saturday sajt:
A war of extermination is going on.
Confaderate button officers of any rank are
not molested, but privates anu negroes
have their clothes literally unbuttoned in
the public street.
Tn PlU's special says: The command
ing General of the Department of Wash
ington authorizes a contradiction of the
rumor that the roodumenla recently erect
ed oa the Bull Bun battlefield have been
The etoarrer Burton has arrived from
Newborn with Generals JCilpatrick, Gor
don, and other on board.
BOSTON, June 19.
The sessions of the Congregational
churcher, held in Mount Vernon Church,
are expected to continue through the pres
ent week. Among the sublets con
sidered to-dnv were Ministerial Education,
Building of New Churches and the Sys
tematizing of Benevolent Contributions.
A series of resolutions were adopted on
the btate of the country. . Governor An
drew visited the counsel this alternoon,
where be wit very cordially received. Bev.
Dr. Thompson, of New York, assistant
moderator, mude a highly complimentary
address to him, to which He made an ap
nroDriate rtsDonFe. The council have ac
cepted an invitation to visit Plymouth on
Thomas Aiusley, a painter, wat arrested
todiyon tu'pttioo of complicity in the
terrible murder of the Joyce children. As
vet. however, no direct evidence appears
avMln.t him. Kawards amounting to
6 500 have been offered by the authorities
and lcdividuals for the arrest of the crimi
nal. The evont created a sensation of hor
ror. Mrs. Joyce, the mother, on learning
tbe fate of her only children, swooned, and
since reported to be a maniac.
. A fire in Pittsfleld, N. it, yesterday, de-
htrojed Drake's hotel, stable and oulbuilJ
nir ana a awoiung uousa aujoiuiug
FROM NEW ORLEANS.
NEW ORLEANS, June 17.
Generti Sheridan is busy organizing the
Texas .Mpedition. General Meredith, com
manding cavalry, it moving into Texas
with ali.'ge force, 'Ty way ot ri?er
and Shreveport. Ouneral uranger anu
staff, and Ge-neral Weiizel and ttalf, have
eft Tit tne Teiu cofet on tne I teams nip
i'.ni Waiissi goes vo urai
Granger to Galveeton, eO take command of
:.u u .. ....
all the troops in Aexaa, ou.
The fjilcwjig Tiaper was puoiitneu una
The 2", ner ce nt. tax on cotton irom mw
oKnttiJof the M wits' put river it re
O. M. CUTTER.
xhe following ii reported from Shrove
rvort- Una reiriment Ol cuiurwu luiai.i
and five thousand cavalry started for the
interior of Texas, to protect te people
Ten thousand biles of cotton will be
v.rr.i,nt nut t thai district. Much cotton
has own sold at 10 oen't per pouou. taw.
is very little planted. - -Th-
nrcror-a are givbe much, trouble
ana will not labor, especially when they
. t crovnrnment rations. They ara
-" B" t . , . .nmk.M
leavu g tne p antauona iu n
going m) Io Urleane.
Tue Cjro crop win vn imio.
General Herron't administration of af
fairs gives much tatis taction. .
O. M. CUTTER. 7-30 LOAN.
PHILADELPHIA, June 19.
Jay Cooke report the tuoecription
the 7 80 loan to-day to be 3,273,100, in
cluding from the 9th National iJanx, new
York, $113,9001); 1st xnauouai nui,
Portland, $200 000; 1st national nana.
ioston, $200,000; 1st national xna,
nnonfiO: -IA National Bank. Iashviiie
too 000. The number of $50 and
tubec-'iptiont were 2,293. -
CHICAGO, June 19.
The tog Fanny
hnilar beiow Lake street this afternoon,
billing nna man and iciarine three others,
not fatally. Tne boat was valued at about
NEW ALBANY, IND., June 19.
Tht) heavy wind storm last night
e 1 several buildings, tore up trees
badly damagea Ue iveamer juttouri.
WASHINGTON, June 19.
- Mr. Campbell read tbe argument ad
dressed to the President and gentlemen of
the military cemmistioo, signed by Hon
Bvtrdy Johnson and concurred in by Mr.
Fred. A. Aiken and Mr. - John. M. Clam
pitt, associate counsel for Mrs. Mjiry E.
Surratt. It commences by asking if thri
ormmissr'on haa jurisdiction ot the cases
beforn, and by calling attention to the great
i rp jriance of the question. It refers lo the
duiy of the oomoii.ion to consider it, and
Oeehtre if the commission is unauthorized
tbe act of establishing it is a usurpation on
the part of tbe Extcutive. . It then pro
ceeds to say that the Constitution dcflies
the powert and duties of the Executive
ard provides punishment fjr hit violation
of taem. Therefore he possesses no powers
beyond what the Constitution confers, nnd
this ao, being beyond his authority, can
lurnisu no defense against tbe legal consequence
of whatever may be done under it,
and whatever is done is utterly illegal.
The Commission must therefore decide
this question before pronouncing judgment;
that a tribunal like this hat no j l-uaiction
over them, other than military officer, and
he beliavod it to be evident toai offdnsts
defined and puni-hed by the civil law, and
whose Uiali-JS pruvided for by the same
law, are not the subject of military juris
diction. A military, as contradistinguish
ed fr-m a civil t ff-inse, must therefore be
made to appear, an d when it is it must aleo
appear that mi'i'.ary law provides lor its
trial and punishment. If that law don't
furnith a mode of trial or affix a punish
ment, the ca'e is unprovided for, and as far
as miliary power ii concerned, is to go un
punished ; bat as either the civil, c. ramon
or statute law embraces every species
of offense that the United States
have deemed neceseary to publish
in all tuch cases. The civil c'urts are
clothed wits every necessary jurisdiction.
In a military court If the ctiaige does not
state a crime provided for generally, or
specitlly by any of the articles of wr, the
prisoner must be discharged. O'Brien,
page 2.635 Nor is it sufficient that the
charge is known 'o military law. The
offender when he commits it must be sub
jict to military jurisdiction. General law
has undisputed jurisdiction ovar all. The
ml itary law pu s forth no such
pretension. It aims fo'ely to enforce an
eoldier the additional duiloe he has asum-d
It constitutes tribunals for the trial cf
breaches of mi itary law only. (O' Brian,
ptge 26 and 27 ) The one code, tne civil,
emoraces all citizens, whether soldiers or
not, other military law ha no jurisdiction
over any citizens as tuch, if the p'ovisions
of the constitution clearly maintain tbe
same doctrine. Toe executive has no au
thority to declare war, to rai-e and sup
port armies, to provide and maintain a
navy, or to make rules f r the government
or regulation of either force ; these powers
ee exclusively in the hand, of Congress.
The army cannot bi raised or have laws
for iu government and regulation except
aa Con gress shall provide. Tbe power cf
Congress was granted by tbe convention
without objection. In England the King,
at general. i-a'mo of the whole kingoom,
has tfcis sole power, though Parliament has
frequently interposed and regulated fir it
sell, but with the United S.ates it was
thought fafist to give the entire power tn
Congress, since otherwise summary and
severe punishment might be inflicted. No
member of the convention or commentator
on the Constitution si ice has intimated
even that this Congressional power cculd
be applied to citizsns not belonging to the
army or navy. The powers given to Con
gress is to make rules for the government
and regu'ation cf the land andnavnl forces.
No arunce of irnrantiiw can maks thean
words include tbote wqo do not oeiuui; to
tbe army or navy, and tbey are therefore
to be construed to esclude all others as if
the nega'ive word to that effect were added.
And this is not only obvi us meaning of
terms, considered by themselves, but is de
monstrable lrom other provisions of tbe
.constitution, so jealous were our ancestors
of ungrated power, and so vigilant to pro
tect citizens azainst it that they were un-
willing to leave him to a safeguard which
proper construe ion as originally aaoptea
furnished. In this they resolved that
noiu.ng au.,u.u " . "-":.
executive and judicial but against congres
sional abuse. Tbey adopted the Mtth con
stitutional amendment, declaring that no
parson shall be held to answer for
capital or otherwise infamous crimn,
unless on a presentment or indictment of
the grand jury, except in casa arieing m
land or naval lorces or in mum when in
active service in time of war or public
danger. This view it elaborated by refer
ence to tha highest legal authority, and
constitutional questions are discussed
length. Tbe 6t amendmnnt which our
fathers thought so vital to individual liber
ty when asaailad,by the government prose
cution, it but a ueal. In tha course uf his
argument. Mr. Johnson said be bud
brought forwara Wis question oi jurisuic-
tion onlybecau-e ha thought it was nis duty.
tie did not seek impunity to aoy one u
gaged in the horrid urimes of the nii;ht of
the 14th of April. Over them tbe civil
courts ot this district bave ample jurisdic-
iion, and will exercise it u the caaet are
submitted to them.
At to the case of Mrs. Surratt he reter-
red to her at a woman educated a de
vout Christian, ever kind, affectionate and
charitable; with no motive disclosed, to us
that could cave caused her to partic.pae
in the crimes in question. He
said - we had no testimony showing
that the was a participant, He would
tav nothing of the testimony that would
he revived by his associates as to the evi
dence to the guiltiness ol Weicbman ana
Llovd. He said II the lauts iney a
were true their knowledge of the purpose
to commit the crimes, and their pirticipa
Hon in them, is much mere satisfactorily
established than the alleged knowledge
and narticioation of Mrs. currat.
Mr. Aiken stated to tbe court that
should not be prepared until Wednesday
to read nis argument, m tun .
Cttrraw. . .
IBIS delay ia attributed to tne voiumi-
nous evidence previously to be examined
LOUISVILLE, June 19.
The Nashville says: Oo Saturday
morning the northward trcin on tne tiunis-
yille road wat thrown off tbe tries near
Decatur, killirg live men and breaking the
leg of Mr. Hffmaster. .
Tha tame paper says Bobert Toombs,
said to have committed luicide, escaped
with Breckenridge to Cuba.
CAIRO, June 18.
Tha fitg-cf truce boat wita 7,634 of Jeff.
Thompson' army, including b6 officers
Jff. Thompson came as lar as iiempnit
where he remiins, availing the Presijenl's
decesision relative to his paidon.
. t 1 l,Ae,,.A Ms haaa talk on in 1' lf4'XlT-V
BvjaAQl Mst IWIUU1UB Aista
.tana towardi estabUshine Uivu vouru
thrmiehont NortBeru Arkansas.
Garrisons Bave been esub.ished along
White river and the people are more hope
New Orleans dales of the 1 2th lays :
of Ueneral Weitzel't fltet it
M.Mith Watt Pat. .
Cotton depressed. JUloaung jijo;
good ordinary 3233.
AAHimana augai f-i-
NEW YORK, June 19.
The stock market shows a partial halt
the upward tendency of last week.
nrobability that an advance In United
State stocks abroad and the th'pment of
considerable amount of cotton to Europe,
may give a turn to Exchange aad gold
produoed a check upon speculation lor
ritti There is a geneial disposition
wait and tee bo'w events are likely to
ud. Tha market to-day wh dull
lower, without any pressure to tell at last
Board. The greatest decline was in Erie,
Michigan Southern, Pittsburg and Bock
Governments are strong to-day at an
advance, owing to the rUa in London.
State stocks quiet but moderately firm.
1 Bank shares were very firm and full
prices we'e bid,'
Miscellaneous stocks steady.
..The tale oi United States stocks for
shipment, and the prospect of increased
receipts of cotton, has . caused a general
feeling of depression in gold and Exchange
markets. Gold eontinued to doop all day
asd wat quite weak at the close.
Money continues ear-y.
Petroleum stocks firm to-day.
States rose to 295 on the report that a new
300-barrel well had been opened, but after
wards fell to 270 on the report that the
well was on fire. Sales mt this stcck are
large. Cherry Bun, 40; Excelsir, 339;
Terragcnt-v 185; McKinley, 300 ; Oa
Rreek, 630; Bynd Farm, 195; Bucharjan
Farm, 85; Empire City, 205; Fulton, 605;
Hydeeke, 160; Oceanic, 170; Webster,
18.; Tack, 55; Lamb Farms, 1350; High,
Petroleum a made firmer with but little
activity. Sties of crude quoted at34a35;
refined ia bond 53; refined free 70i73
New Yobk, June 19.
- ..The Times' Washington special says that
Alexander H. Stephens, in his lengthy ar
gument on the reasons which induced him
to join the Confederacy, says he always
believed la the right of secession, but
never ia the policy. He was educat to
believe in the right ot secession, frcm
whence sprung hit convictions, and be was
ttrenthened in his convictons by the last
annual SBcsssge of President Buchanan,
and the , opinion of Attorney General
Black. H-i was also confirmed in his views
by the able and honest efforts oi the New
York Tribune. He claims that he exerted
all his faculties to prevent secession, and
that he accepted the Vice Presidency of
the Confederacy only because it was ten
dered to him unanimously, and for preserv
ing, as far as it lay in his power, those
groat principles of freedom which lie at
the foundation of American Constitution
al liberty. He desired to make the Con
stitution of the Confederacy liks that of
the United States as near as pa-eible. In
this he claims he succeeded. All points in
regard to liberty and freedom were his
work. ' "
The Times' special says: The stories
about Mr. Stephen's harsh treatment and
failing hea th are untrue. He is kept like
say other distinguished prisoner, and his
health is at good as usual. '
The Tribune's special says: There it a
large amount of European capital now
seeking investment in Southern lands,
which will be expended wherever the
statutes of Southern State and their land
titles shall insure lit saieiy.
All the various Southern delegations here,
as well aa all provisional i doers appoint
ed, are opposed to negro suffrage.
FROM NORTH CAROLINA.
NEWBERN, June 16.
The successful p'aDS of Grant have given
vent to the smouldering fUme of loyalty
wis oiate; a it now spreaauig over
jNortn Carolina witn lury, consumta-; tne
jj yestaee of treason and hatred to the
Intelligence from Northern Georgia and
on the line or bnermans late marcn
through ffcuth Carolina, state that many
people are dying for want of food. It is
feared that starvation will prevail, owing
to the destruction of houses, furniture,
food, cattle, horses, fences and farmirg
tools, which leaves the inhabitants helpless
to provide for themselves.
SINGE OF CAPE HAYTIEN.
NEW YORK, June 19.
The steamer Constitution, from New
Orleans on the 10th, ; by the way of Key
West, Fort Pulaski and Fortress Monrce,
The steamer James Adger, from Cape
Haytien on the 13th, reports that Cape
Haytian bad been in a state cf siege for
s3ven day, almost surrounded by the na
tional troops. This the last place held by
the rebels. It is expected tbe affair toon
terminate and peace and order prevail. In
the meantime there it no Government in
the city. A counterrevolution obliged the
Provisional Government established by
the rebels to fly. There is a great deal ol
cannon firing every day, but no lots. The
rebel General threatens that, ii obliged to
evacuate, he will first destroy the city, but
it was thought he would not be permitted
to do to in the presence of two American
and one English vessel in port.
The Secretary of Sjtte has addressed the
I fallowing to the Secretary of tbe Navv :
WASHINGTON, June 19.
I o t .v.- t. . . l. ;i t ..
I cia i uo
1 your information the correspondence b
tween Sir F. W. Bruce and this Depart
ment on the sutjuct of the withdrawal of
the pretended confession of belligerent
rights and insurgents.. Ia view of this
correspondence, i suerreet, therefore, that
you communicate to the naval oilicert of
the United States the results follo wing, viz:
1st. Great Britain has withdrawn her
: concession, heretofore made, ot a belliger
ent character, from the insurgent.
2d. The withdrawal of the twenty-four
hour rule had not been made absolute by
Great Britain, and that therefoie the cut
touriesies are not to be paid by our vessels
to tnose oi tne oritisn navy, xne ngnt o
aarcn 0f British vessels it vetoed. Of
tD- . bearing an the operation
I . . . . ,
IV. An piratical or insurgent veese'
found on the high test, may be lawfully
captured by the United State.
1 hare the honor lo be
your obedient servant,
W. H. SEWARD.
CHASE AT CAIRO.
CAIRO, June 19.
Chief Justice Chat arrived hers from
New Orleans to day. He will proceed to
Cincinnati by river.
NEW YORK, June 17.
Wew York Centrtl, 92; Erie, 75
Hbdson ' Biver, 101 ; Reading, 94X;
Michigan Southern, 12 J(; Pittsburgh, 8n;
Bock Island, DTX; "5orth Western 24)i
Fort Wayne, 94 '4 ; Ohio and Mississippi
certificates, 24J; Cumberland, 40 ; Quick-
a i ,-jyar, hjj jCariposa,!
Gold firm at 140,
Btock market active and large transac
Yesterday Evening's Edition.
Yesterday Evening's Edition. NAMES OF TRAITORS.
WASHINGTON, June 18.
Special to tha New fork Ii met: The
following it an official statement ot tbe
names of the thirty-aeven persoos indic'.ed
for treason in the United States Di'trict,
Court, sitting at Norfolk, Virginia: Mont
tomery D. Corse, lata Major General in
tbe rebel army ; Richard j?nowden . An
drews; Henry B. Taylor; Caarlea James
Faulkner; late United State Minister to
France; Wm. N. McVeigh, of Alexander;
Kichird S. Swell and Jabal A. Early, hate
L'eutenant Generals in toe rebel army ;
Wm. S. Winder, son of the lateGineral
Winder; Rbrt Ou!d,. Commissiiwigr of
Exchange of Prisoners; George Booker;
Oornelius Boyle, A, Washington, sooweion
it; W. L Payne, and Thomas P. Turner,
James A. Seddon, late rebel Secretary of
War; Wm. Burton Richards, j-. Wade
Hampton, late Lieutenant General rebe'
cavalry forces; Kicbard H. Dulany, of
Alexander; Wm. K. Taylor, Jotn Dobree,
James Lonstret, late L.euteoant General
rebel army ; Ribvrt E. Le, late General-in-Chief
rebel army; O-car F. BaxWj
Wm. Mahone, late Major fienwrat re bet
army; Wm. Smith, late rebel Governor of
Virgiuia; Ephraim Hun ton, late member
of rebl Congress frcm Virginia; Roger
A. Pryor, late high private in rebel army ;
Daniel K Bridge, Charles K. Mailer,
Gwrge W. C. Lee, son of Gen. Lee; Sam.
Cooper, late Adjutant and lntpocior Gene
ral of rebel army, and formerly Co'cmel
United States army; Wm. Henry Wjiz
hugh lre. ton of fieneral Lee; H. A-Wise,
ex Governor of Virginia, and late Briga
dier General of rebel army ; Butj. Hager,
lro. W. Alexander, Hi.-hard it. Booker,
Fnzhueh Lee, nephew if General Lee, and
la'e Mfjor General of rebel army; Thoe.
S. Bocoi Ii, late Speaker of tha rebel House
of Uep-esentativee, and formerly member
of the United Slates '.'ongress.
The witnesses summoned on the part
of the prcsccution, and who tetifll beiore
the Grand Jury, are Edward Bradford,
Walter B. Tatlor, U O Cillan, B. W P.
iarneit, Robert . Wood, W. J. Moore,
Richard Kvans, W. C. Morrow, rrancm
McCout, J. K. Ludlow, J. St Garrison, J.
U. Andrew, James B. Barney, J-O. Bay
lor, J. F. Miliigan, W. A. Duncan, Honry
W. Thomas, Isaac DiVonport aud W. i.
FROM NEW YORK.
New York, June 19.
The Hera'd's Richmond correepoLd-int
tays a confdrer.ee took plac in that city
on Thursday last between Governor Pier-
pont and te members ot tn Virginia lv-
isla'.ure, the subjoct under consideration be
ing a prnpcsition to extend the right ol suf
frage beyoniPtbelimits impoee4 by the Al
exandria Constitution, by which all who
have taken part in the rebellion are ex
cluded tri m tne privilege of voting.
Ii Virginia is not represented in the next
session of OonirrefB it will not be became
Virginians, willing to fid teats in that body
cauuot bd found. Candidate for these po
sitions are coming to I'gQt rapidly, includ
ing some gentieiuen who a short lime ago
would have considered them.olvei intuited
by bein called citizens of tbe United States.
It it even taid tnat the late Kobel G v
ernor, Extra Bi.ly Smith, propose to run
lor election if he can first get President
Johnson to pardo" him.
1 he 1431 New York and the Tth New
York Heauy Artillery have arrived here.
The ditfdrent places of reudezvous in the
city for the wr worn veterans keep we'.J
crowded with them, f-h regiments arriv
ing as otterjEdepait There areai immense
number ot rune! prisoners now at cattery
barracks. Several hundred ot them leit
IOI kUO Cvuta J. MWldlV. It. . Ilj
are expt-e'ed to leave ia a few das.
The Herald says that Generals Butler,
B-.nks and Heintz!eman, neglectingto tend
in their resignation!" oa or beiore the loth
inst., were musttred out of service on Fri
A'he Times' Washington tpscial says :
Trie IVt Offices at Winchester and Dan
ville, Virginia, have be-en ordered re
opered. Provisional Governors for Florida, Ala
bama and South Carolina remain to be and
will soon be appointed urder the tame
general principle that the other, lately re
bellious Stat, have thus been tupplied.
The renfainirgappointmentifor Georgia
will be made early this week.
The following gentlemen will probably
be selected: John Erskinn, of Atlanta,
for United States District Judge; A.' W
Stone, cf Savannah, for United States Di
trict Attorney; E. L. Downing, or E J.
Rhdell, cf Savannah, for United States
Tbe following troops, among others, le't
Washington on Sunday: The l4ti Mich
igan battery for Detroit, and the 49th New
York for Buffalo.
The Times spec's1, dated Washington
18tb, says the claims of the cotton seized
at Savaunab are now coming before tbe
Secretary of the Treasury, and the whole
of it will be claimed ss belong to private
owners, bat the well informed citizsns cf
tfavnunah nowheie assert that more than
6,000 bales cf the 3",000 can be proven to
bel .rg to loyal citizens.
Among the rebel pardoned wUhin the
last fortv-eipht bours is G. C. B-uce of
Kentucky, late member of the rebel Con
gr. s', and formerly of the firm- of Bruce,
Armstrong and Co. ot Nashville, and sub-
aenuent'vone of tbe Atlanta heavy con
tractors for the Rebel Government. He
has made over a million of dollars cut of
the war. which is safely invested, and he
now receives absolution and protection for
his ill-gotten gains. His application was
strongly endorsed by George W. P.-entiee
nftha Louisville Journal.
A great many instance! of hospitality to
our prisoners are comirgto lignr, wbuh
Strang to say, weree never heard of beloto'
WASHINGTON, June 18.
The tcores of eminent statesmen, lawyers
and politicians who have tnrctg-d the
Wbitw H .use and secured toe pardon cf
ml or iu. for abundant lees, are likely to
find their business curtailed, on acc.unt of
it DaSt SUCd SS.
A itroni? messure wt brought to bear
pen Preaidcnt Johnson for the pardon f
Wilnoer. who hat Deen tentencea w two
years' imprisonment slid a fine of $10,000,
but he utterly refused to interfere wita the
findings ot the court.
On another occasion he is ia:a to nave
remarked that there ladoui(ht to be a limit
to these executive interferences. .
Hereafter effijers and men duly eommis-
ioned by the Governors of states to serve
in volunteer regiments now on duty in
Texas will be furnished with free transpor
tation to their respective regiments, in
comparies, on the presentation of their
commissions to the Q, i i Urmaiter's De
partment . . i
WASHINGTON, June 18.
Tt u ascertained that mere k j i cr"t
combination an.ong tne reoci p.j
owners of Bichmoud nut to sell to i
Northern or Yankee purchaser. Tlra ar:
cuunU tor tbe fact that property tbareu
now neld from 100 to 300 per Cant bis Her
than before the robrliiun. 1 here is a gooa
prospect that Ud pardoning carnival it
about over. ; v,.i .- a
A FIENDISH OUTRAGE.
BOSTON, June 19.
A most horrib'e casa of outrage . and
murder came to light yesterday, in a place-
called Buatey's Woods, - itoibury. 1 Tbev
bodies of lsalieliB Joyce, SA-ed 14, ana ner
brother, aged 12 years,, were IoiumI aura
dared. T he utile girl had I rat been fiend
ishly outraged, and tbe double suudar was
probably commiuea to niae iBBataoojcai
erime. Tke parents reside in the lltB
Ward of Uua city and araBigbiy raspoula-'
ble. - : - - - u oil
The little -wietims were engaged in
gathering wild flowars ia taw weoda, and
me king wreaths of evSTgrsant and flowert
at the -wetted iruitt of .their, labor laid
scattered about them on tha spas, whtre
their bodies were discovered. The child-
tea have, been mining sine last Monday,
THE NATIONAL DEBT.
An iTerej1 Bwnd ar IBf.e Keyenatl
. Taxes . -lj oi Frlua tne
. .. lea I Bf ri bMwrlptloav.
The New York Triouoe of Friday con
tain an able article, prepared at tbe in
ttaaeeof Jay Cooke, oi the tubj.-et of tba
National Dobt. front which we maka tha
following extract! :
THE DEBT A BOND OF UNION.
The proprietary interest of the voters
tbe, several Slavs in tbe N.tioeal Debt
will .be sufficient foravar lo insure the
prompt ttauipiiin cut of lifj of all the)
politics that may dare a secoid experi
ment ia disTjp-.uig ths Uniud States of
Aneriua. Um w poaa.ed a hugi
dent in 1860, and had aa mu of it beta
diffused among the mouc taineert atd
planters of Soulh Carolina as is now held
In Rhode I'and, at much in AMsni as
Bowin Iediana, it much in (itjib bB
now m Minnesota, a much in Virginia aa
mow in Connecticut, the War for ravery
had never have been wag-i. AV'ai e hold
ing the Union bonds the South would
Bever hare madewir upon the U"ion No
practsoal means could have et at thosa
Boirda aad taken them out of the Scu'-b,
and tent them here or to har,.p to be
cashed, to as lo havo brought tte tth-ii g'
men of the Slave States to a willingness
to make war on tbe Government on whose
perpetuity the payment of the bonds de
pended. And for the future, thre cia
be no better gauge and pledge for tba har
monious and co operative 'i s of the re
turned Southern Suite, ard for the perma
nence ot the, restored Union, th.n lh9
national diffurron of the Naionl DjOt.
Tbe bond of interest i. the bond of con- .
cord. We ' already feel its coatractia;
pressure from Tonnessee, Loui-iana, Ala
bama, South tVoiii.", Nortn Carolina, and
Virginia, Wh9re ti e aale of tie Saver
Thirty Loan has been published.
OUR INTERNAL REVENUE SYSTEM.
The Internal Rivenus system we have,
faulty at it is m contrivance, and imperfect
in its working through our inexperience of
tuch a machine, would of itself sutS-ieto
raise more than the inte-et of the debt,
and to throw a surplus into the general
Treasury, if it had the efficiency of tna
English, French and German machineries
of lax collection. The public will be as
tonished and no', content to learn that of
the 100000,000 eallonsof whisky annmliy
distilled in the United State, but 4i00(.,
000 pay the excise duty '.ht 60 0uo,uuO
galloEs slip through our ci llec joc, o: hida
do somehow get drank untaxeo, cr re
manufac'ured iu safe defitneeef law; Chr.t
$12,000,600 from this sou-c and most
ighieous mure, of Revenue are yetr'y
hist to the Natioual Treasury for the waut
of collec ion a sum ot moaey prac .icabiy
attainable, that is within forty-five mini nA
of the whole am uat "1 the year's
interest on the entire National Dcb.t
Save this needless waste. Gat.- er the
wh )le of the income wh ich our tax law is
framed to yield. Cea-e to line three
quarters, or any part of i The power of
ine natuo, vigilantly and Iaith!ul:y ap
plied, with the aid ol alequfe p-ii.aitled
for the infraction of the laws, to be en
forced without fear, favor or aSVtion, ia
surely equal to the collection of every dol
lar ot revenue from a system at once sim
ple and popular, by its limitation to a few
leading articles of production. Revise tha
excise system itself. Kic-k the inquisito
rial and annoying tea'.uret out ot it. U nt
counting the teespont uf the p p;e. Sup
leelln ia pxkiii tpr wa'chet.otex. Le isa
thit inspectinn of hugy wheels, ard thg
inspection of barneys, and the speulaclei
peeking into tbe work and i'ic m-s of tml-
ors,-shoemakers and smiths. t i:t tan
counting eff on mtsuline fio-trs thab
should be boon g corn, tne b nnoji m.ale by
milliners and tbe niaaLt icLu e '. raini-oW
rapptge fir our dear airls. Q tit taxing;
the matches with which people iiiht their
cardies. A great nation should scorn such,
sources of revenue. A f en people should
be freed frcm itquisition into iu domestic
life by salaried itucias. Ine pnue ot a
nation, its trulhfu'nesii, its rearouahie rii;ht
of privacy in conducting i't bufn-s.
should be sacredly thieildei by law. Petty
America should be fling away. To the
utmost possible extent personal annoyance
should be avoided in gatneririg tbi; incom.
The revenues that are o heeled on tha
hearth atones and ia the barn-yards ail
those Ihtt irritate in the gathering, and
C'ir.stq lently, rleraoral zs, shou d ba sco.-n-fully
aOandooed by u, ard that too rH," t
speedily and forever. Indirect and not di
rect taxation sBru a De tne nor ot the
day. Tee English have no trouble in ra s
ing the immense amount of year'y revenue
required to carry on their Government
ai.d to k"?p d'lwn tbe iuterest on their
debt. They, wiser than we, get it a'xost
wholly out of six articles ririvs, wine, to
bacco, sugar, tea and cilij. Alter two
hundred years of experiment ia raising
publie income, the Kng;ish have finally set
up tneir priucipai intc-iiuury inr c I
lection in custom-houses and dinilienec.
Let us imitate their proven wisdom.
THE FOLLY OF PAYING THE NATIONAL
DEBT BY SUSPIRATION.
. Emerging us ¬
gantic war tne world hai ever seen, with.
t4e retcied R-public oo our shoulders, ii
was-bec mirg lha ss we marched ho'ne
to peace and tw labor, some of us shou'd
exultantly propose to pay ff instantly tna
huge oebi of our great salva'.ion. 1 wis a
war song. It was p'exsaot to bear. But
tbe thing cannot be done. First, because
the fuceed debts of the United S.a'es are
contracts to ptv money. These contracts
cannot be varied, except by agreement be
tween the parties. Tna Two Husdred
Million, ol March 3, 13-34, rede-mble in 10
years, and payable, at thecp'ion of t he .
nrnment.iu 40 years, cannot be pail in 18u5,
by tne t Orce ot patriotic or other contriou
tion of money. Tba five hundred tniihoa
loan of February, ISbL reieemab.e in five
years, and payaole iu twenty, cannot be
wiped out by ereen docks or town meeting
enthusiasm. Mnh of it is held in Gei
maLy, and the Germans, Ike other people
''stand upon the ooi.d. fo wiin the
rven-Tbiny loan. It is scetred from
California to Maine, from Minnesota tf
Louisi tna, in sums of $50, $100, and $1,000;
and is he d for interest, recording to eon
tract, and for tafely cf investment.
' Take up the Government Debt I Start
ut ycur commiaeioners. L -t them roll
thrice three thousand millions back and
forth serosa the continent through the tiers
of the States, announcing as thy go: 'Wa
are hereto pay eff the National Debt.
Fetch out our notes and receive your
money!" If they etcaped derision, and es
caped the contumely gendered of the' sus
picion of evil intentions, they wculd roll
therr globes of coin back whence they
started, nnligbtened by the taking out cf
one solitary dollar. Not a man upon the
whole line of their trans-continental zigzigr
would jump the fence of a harvest field
to talk over the proffered swap of cash f, r
Govern mem t promisee If a mother en
tbe entire line of their ridiculous pilgrim
age, should stop patiently in her kneading
cf bread ard mildly ta k, she wnuld say
ot a certainty: "I had money and put it
into bonds. Why shou'd I charge, my
bonds bvk into money?" Tbe l"ig:c of
tbe people is ever unanswerable. Th-re is
n rt on this continent a holder cf a 7 3
no, mm or woman, which wraps up tee
laving of labor, who would rorsent to it
present payment, or its pajnuntever, ex.
cpt under the pressure of da!t, or of ti
- la tbe second place, it it not practical Ja
to pay a debt of three miliiont of rtomra
by voluntary subscriptions, ti-nply bec-isei
it w not p tsibte. We AmericaLs are v
auiilw with the Hercules labors of t j Id
hog (rbn'cties, endowing college, cunstrur-t.
tng railroads and establ'shiug steamship
lines, wita voluntary girn ot money. Tha
prrj.yjra, who themselves do the bepplig
ipe th dustcs their taoet at nk-ht u
discouragement and humiliation.
-' We do not believe that tnere it a man fa
America: ot average activity and devu ;.m
to the common t ood, who will dare to re
call the history of hit begging, even ' f t
tae most ueiui enterprises and sacrel in
teres!,' who will not tiy that it is utter'w
rmpostiDle to get $50 000,000 subscribed
to the payment of our National Debt, and
mat tnero it Dot learner enough in Amer
ica to make the shoes that would be worn.
out in vain running after tne money sier
H-wat coaxed onto paper. I
H03IERY. Persons in want of a good
artMee la LaHa erOolVHoeurT r. w
auoali by tha doaA or aasalior qaaatlij, aa tha
I AlliCA, UKISWOLD CO