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angTTSM m e.d 12 Bl.e, .tr.lt.
. MOTT & HAICHT,
HAYS JUST OPENED
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Fall and Winter Trade.
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Offlos Honrs, a A. M. to 12 at, and to P. M.
HSFatienU can be accommodated with
Board at the Cure. je9:n4
1 A I I i Y I i R A I ) R R.
WEDNESDAY, AUUUtJl' 23, 1865.
A Foolish Denial.
A "Major McLean" writes as the tele
graph iii forms us from Tsvoiicri'
North Carolina, to the 'Wilmington Her
old, a letter denying that outrages bad
been perpetrated upon Negroes in that
vicinity by civilians and civil officers.
Who this "Jtjw McLean" is we are not
Informed, but we are enabled to form a
tolerably clear idea when we recollect that
no Federal troops were stationed at that
point, and that the country is filled with
returned rebel soldiers. Prom these fact,
we .are led to infer that this defender of the
"whippers of men" is no less than a pa
roled rebel officer. Whether his state
ment is entitled to more credence than
that of such men as General A no as, Gener
al Duncan and Colonel Connellan, the
United States officers from whom the Wil
mington Herald derived its information, is
question for loyal men to decide. These
officers obtained the ftcts stated
during an official " visit to
Fayetleville for the purpose of investiga
ting the matter in question, and it is hardly
probable they were mistaken. But their
statement is corroborated by the evidence
of the Baleigh Progrets, whose editor is a
native of North Carolina, and who could
nave no motive la maligning his own
neople. Then, again, we have the concur
rent testimony of Mr. Dickinson, of Beau
fort, North Carolina, who gave similar in
formation to the correspondent ot the New
York Herald. Mr. Dickinson had just re
turned from a trip to Ftyetteville, and his
testimony is almost identical with that of
the officers named. But this Southern
Mjor" overshoots, for he trios to charge
upon "a military offir" the responsibility
of one of the acts he could not wholly deny.
Now, we have the testimony of all concern
ed, and His a fact offiji ally authenticated,
that there were no Federal troops at Fay
otteville at the time. Therefore, the "mil
itary officer" must be of the same class with
the veracious "Msjor," if they are not
one and the same party.
Gen. Cox on Suffrance.
The remarks oi Gen. Cox, on this topic,
at toe Oberlin meeting, though not fully
up to the standard of the Badical men
who listened to him, will command respect
from all for their candor and evident sin
cerity. Whilst Gen. Cox may frankly
express his individal sentiments upon this
question, K must be borne in mind that he
does not regard his thecry as "a finality,"
but prefers to wait the development of
vents. The experiment of reconstruc
tion, now being tested in the Southern
States, and the "logic of events," will, in
his opinion, modify the various views now
entertained, and tend to crystallize public
sentiment upon some practicable plan for
the solution of the problem. Upon the
object of our duty to guarantee to the
colored race the highest civilization it is
capable of enjoying, Gen. Cox does not
differ with the most radical. It is only as
to the manner ef securing that end that he
is compelled to difler with his friend, who
will support him none the less cordially
upon that account. His reply to th in
terrogatory put to him as to universal
suffrage m our State, evinces much candor,
and is in the main satisfactory to the
friends of the colored race in Ohio.
The New York World is advocating the
Introduction ot Coolie labor -into the
gouth. According to all accounts, the
Ooelie system, as ortablished in- Cuba and
elsewhere, is, if possible, a little worse
than slavery. Of course the World wants
it. M ,
The citizens of St Louis have collected
30 000, put it in bank to the credit of
n,ra! Sherman, and raesW U ie en-
-r.l to use it m seiecuug
Thirtv Lswanders, dressed in furs nd
ninn. aooompaniea vj
h "T. VT a. T..,l tr. eatlla in Vlin.
nave amvea at o.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 23, 1865.
Further Reports of Gutrages Committed
Further Reports of Gutrages Committed on the Negroes by the Reconstructed
Further Reports of Gutrages Committed on the Negroes by the Reconstructed Rebels---More Subjugation
Required in the old North State.
[Special Correspondence of New York Herald.]
BEAUFORT, N. C, August 14, 1865.
, MT- Adri-iB Dickinson, leading mer
tmun or mia city, who bat recently p
turned from a trip to KayetteviUe, in tfaig
D" report mat it 11 notaafe for a Union
mi? 10 B1Prw entiment in that city.
Two women, tcho..I teachers, who were
injr not irom Wilmington to Fayette.
ille to eaiabluh a tchool lor colored chil.
dred.were iaformd by the theriffofthe
""""J lnat tney would not be allowed to
ana, out they might remain on the tteam
er until her return to Wilmington, inas
much ai they ware women ; it they, were
men taey would rpcniye nch treatment ai
was awarded to guch meddlesome charao-
tera Deiore the war.
Mr. Dickinson rays that while he was in
ayetteriile a negrj was strung up by the
.uuuiub 111 Lll H nun r .nii.ro .vH ha. .
forty-nine lashes from a ciril officer recent
appointed Dy Governor Holden.
Jolliion are continually occurring in
terse lnsurrectionarv fUjnut hat,, tk.
miliury and the rep.esentatives of the so..
cajiea provisional governmenu, which the
me army, the legal fraternity
"the great humbug and political farce of
- . .u.oiiigrut cinpBOB generally regard
inent citizens that tha
authority of the
United Statts should be
Vved and the proclamations of the Pres
'T7",dB,'e1 " ' ntU otherwise le
ga ly determj, Uie national wsn,
ivnwiiiiiiu mg piaua surreudrnd to
control of the civil government an-
ifiuKM i iiuvwionu uovernor ioiiAn
delegates to be elected to that convert-
were urged to leave the slavery ques
tion untouched. Saclional animoni ies were
sought to be revived, and the people coun
selled to prevent immigration and the lull
development ot theSuue. The officers ot
army were sneeringly called "elevated
and the former soldiers ot
rebel army put In contrast with them
"true Southern gentlemen." The result
all this was of speedy development."
The Baleigh Progress, which has been
predicting a bad state of things as soon as
national troops are withdrawn from
State, says in its issue of the 12th inst
some other towns of North Carolina,were
extremely anxious to rid themselves of the
Union troops, and made, through their
prominent seceseieniots, all sorts of prom
ices ot to good behavior and loyalty, until
Dually the national authorities, deceived
their hypocrisy, as the honett masses
in 1861, withdrew the troops and
allowed the milennium to take place. And
Was the result ? Secession and trea
son again reared its bead, the old abuse of
national troops commenced, the inferi
ority of the "Yankee" again became a
common theme in the press, street and
parlor, until finally, after a few weeks of
revelry and debauchery in secession end
treason by the disloyal portion of the people
that staid, steady and respectable town,
tound necessary to garrison it, and ne
gro troops are used for that purpose. We
thut lluva whd m .. w ..... . n
the troops ofT from Bsleigh before the
President is disposed to withdraw them,
take a lesson irom the fate of Fayette-
BEAUFORT, N. C, August 14, 1865. Our people the Victims of British
BEAUFORT, N. C, August 14, 1865. Our people the Victims of British Manufacturers.
The following pointed facts and argu
ments are extracted from an able article J
Protection vs. Free Trade. Its author is
veteran writer on Political Economy, and
commend his views to the careful at
tention of our tax-paying consumers :
observed somewhere, recently, an esti
mate of the revenues from customs, during
present year, at the rate of importa
tions during the first half of the year,
making it, if I mistake not, little less than
For some five or six years prior to the
of 1857, our imports and the rev
enue from customs were about double the
amount of what they were under the tariff
of 1842 ; but so far' was this, in the
of some of our statesmen, from being
favorable " sign of the times," that they
for such an event as actually oc
curred. Two or three years before, Mr.
Seward, then in the (senate, predicted the
revulsion of 1857, fixing the time of its
occurrence in the very year in which it
place. In this, however, he exhibited
extraordinary sagacity. It was the
natural and necessary tffdctof the cause
existed at the time of the predic
We have an enormous public debt. Let
Government discharge its duty to-tbe
country ; let the development of our al
most illimitable resources be properly en
couraged, and the burden of the debt will
comparatively light. On the other hand,
us adopt the " let alone" policy, or the
British Free Trade" system the system
recommended to us by British statesmen
a state of embarrassment awaits ns
as we have never experienced.. . . -
The intelligent reader need not be told,
by "British Free Trade" I do not
the policy pursued by that country,
that which her statesmen commend to
countries, to deter them from adopt
ing her own. In every tariff debate in
Congress, the opponents of protection cite
British opinions (manufactured for
occasion), as evidence that public sen
timent in Gror t Britain is changing in fa
vor of removing the restrictions of trade.
motives which impel the utterance of
opinions, the reader will readily per
ceive from tbe following fact. An Inquiry
instituted by Parliament relative to tbe
amount of British goods consumed in other
The commission reporter!, that,
an average, each inhabitant of Prussia
sets cent worts of rjnttrn gooas
annually ; each Bussian fifteen emu worth:
Dane seventeen cents worth : each
Frenchman twenty cent worth; whilst
inhabitant of the United Slates used
four dollart and two cents worth I Is it
strange that so strong an effort should be
made to disuade us from the adoption of a
policy that would subject Great Britain to
loss of inch a customer?
Twenty-one decrees of divorce were
rendered during the term of the Circuit
Court just closed at Springfield, III.
It is said that Robert Lincoln, son of the
Ule President, is shortly to be married to a
daughter of Secretary Harlan.
A little girl in Hartford jumped her
rope five hundred times and fell dead.
Gen. A. P. Hovey, late in command in
Inaianapolis, has been appointed Minister
Cleat's Silk Ilala Poll tilM Bilk and
OMtloii, H.u opened this dj.
an S 120 1M Bsperior St., opp. the Wed 411.
Fayette oil Vo. A aMatint; of Ihm stock-
hold'Ti of the Puette Oil Oo. ill Uke piece at
o'clock, on Thnradej, Angnst Wt,t the una!
lee. It e bopod that every atockholder will bo
A Ppeck of Dateiar. Tre winnteit Meek
spot oa theen.mel of a tooth, ie an evidence tbet
Oce.'a ttrerleg finger has touched It. unokly in
brnna th. Boeodont as a Bafrcanrd. or the tooth
to gone; and not only that one, butperhape bal'
adoa.n. B aured that nothing but Boaoaont
or arrest dental duv
Will either tfiactnallf prevent
I have this day b-ea dolj anpoined end qna-
Ifled Kxecntor ot the tart U1 and t-etaaeonS ot
Into ot CaMeMna, V.
Jolt ST, 18CS. BB3:
To sriBterai. Wo hee lor isle in qnanttlloi
to suit, kiagkam's celebrated KoHer Ooaip oltlon!
alio, ratoera Patent Composition, the best-aoaV
aaoatda'aMe extant i AH orden by mail promptly
atvaaad to. Address LEADER CO., OevetaBd,
ohle. 'V. ensT
The Latest News.
LAST NIGHT'S REPORT.
The Villain Wertz on Trial.
The Court Indefinitely Adjourned.
SQUIRMING OF THE COUNSEL
President Johnson Going to
Cotton Coming to Petersburg.
Violent Storm at Savannah.
ANOTHER RAILROAD ACCIDENT.
Jeff. Davis Anxious About His
IS Ignorant of the Charges
Another Forgery at the East,
No More Slavery In Mississippi.
Gold Last NIGHT 143 5-8,
Associated Press Report.
THE TRIAL OF WIRZ.
Washington, August 22.
The motion to quash the chnrRo.""' j
specifications against Captain Wirz, made
Dy attendant s counsel, was argued, princi
pally by Judge Hughes, who contended
that they were too general and uncertain,
and that the ofienset charged were cogni
zable by the civil and not by military
The Commission overruled tuo motion,
and the prisoner then pleaded "not guilty"
to the charges against him.
CoL Chipman, Judge Advocate, suggest
ed that the prisoner be remanded to the
Old Capitol, and that the court now ad
journ. In this, without formal vote, the
Judge Hughes wanted to know to what
time tbe court had adjourned.
Col. Chipman replied that he would no
tify the counsel of the tre-assembling of the
court, and then requested the witnesses in
attendance to give information as to where
they resided, and instructed them not to
leave the city until permanently dis
charged. Judge Hughes said he would like to be
CoL Chipman replied that under parlia
mentary law there could now be no de
bate. Mai. Gen. Wallace said the court stands
adjourned, consequently there can be no
Judge Huehes The nrisonar havinz
been arraigned, we enter our protest against
a break up of the court, or an indefinite
adjournment. We ask for the discharge
of the prisoner, or that the court proceed
wiia nis trial.
General Wallace replied that the court
had adjourned. '
During this colloquy the prisoner was
tary guard. The adjournment without a
day named for the reassembling of court
took the counsel and spectators by sur
prise. No reason is as yet knows for this
course, though there is suspicion that tbe
charge of conspiracy may be withdrawn.
FROM NEW YORK.
NEW YORK, August 22.
The Richmond papers contain a few
items of interest. A meeting was held on
Saturday night in Richmond, at which
General Harris ana others delivered aa-
The members of the Richmond prnsg
held a meeting on Saturday to arrange for
the reception of President Johnson, who is
expected loon to arrive in Biehmond.
All the railroads of the utate are going
ahead at full speed and every effort is
being cut forth not only to restore them to
their former position but to improve
them in various ways.
A Petersburg paper says that cotton
still continues to pour into the city and
finds a ready market. Besides the wagons
with which the streets are tilled every
day, every train which comes in on the
Southern roads is heavily freighted with
The Savannah Herald of the 17lh states
that a violent storm occurred there, light
ning striking in one or two places, rain
flooding tbe streets, && The Stoddard
block, on tbe north tide of Bay street,
teems to have been in the track of the
heaviest ptrt of the gale. A large portion
of the roofing, with rafters and sheeting of
the northeast gable of the building, and a
considerable portion of thg cornice, was
blown off and thrown to the opposite side
of Bay street, at the coiner of Drayton
street. Throughout the city shade trees,
fences, &a , were damaged more or less.
Many trees were blown down, and the
streets, atter the storm, were strewn with
Trade at Savannah is improving.
Communicatiors with the interior are
being rapidly restored, and produce is
coming down the river the only draw
back being the low water, which impedes
The Pott's Washington special rays:
Messrs. Bossnau, Smtth and McKee, three
of the four Union members of Congress
elect from Kentucky are here for the pur
pose of conferring with the President rel
ative to ke condition of matters in that
State. They are prepared to suggest some
modifications ot the military administration
of affairs which, if adopted, will in their
opinion materially improve the feeling in
General Ames has been ordered to re
lieve General Hatch, commanding the dis
trict of Charleston, o. C
A reenter Cabinet meeting was held to
day at 11 o'clock, all of the n.embera being
NEW YORK, August 22.
The demand for money is unusually
light. Private bankers hold large balances,
which they are onaring at t per cent. Ap
plications for loans however are generally
met witn a uemana lor i per ceua. jj&u.
are generally lending at 7 per cent. The
payment of the August dividend upon
-30 notes has venaa to improve iae
supply of currency. Discounts are quiet.
The SUDD1V OI DUIS IB liua largn, nuiu kwu
names are readily taken at 77J per cent.
( Khar eradea at 9aU0 per cent. The Gov
ernment is supposed to be selling gold this
morning, and tbe price is oonse quenuy
easier. Sneculative operations appear to
have received a check from lata develop
ments, and- transactions are at present
chiefly ot a regular character.
WASHINGTON, August 22.
Gen. Hitchcock has published a
letter on the subject ot exchange of pris
oners, and supports the policy ot Secretary
Stanton. - 'Gen. H in this letter says "As
long as tha canal ior exenange of prisoners
was respected in tae ooutn it was faith
fully observed by our Government, and
there was no reason to ooudi iu taUkful
execution by the Government until tW
end of the war, unless properly revoke d
by competent authority, if the rebel a 1
tbonties had not distinctly violated its
terms under circumstances indeed ot gr eat
uen. n. add--"The day taoef. -come
when every true American will be. proud
of the refl-ction that the Govern ma t was
strong enough to oraett the rebel ttrrni - with
out losing tne smallest element ai i its hu
manity pr its dignity." -
The London Times, speaking of the
Atlantic caDie, says : no commercial mis
adventure of modern times has ever
caused more wide-spread interest and deep
regret man this almost national disaster.
It believes the directors are about to take
steps to immediately replace cable that
nas oeen lost, xne Times further remarks
that it would be strange if after all land
should beat sea, and Russians and Ameri
cans Should complete the telegraph o wire,
from London to New York, by way ot
Siberia' and Behrine's Straits, before the
success ot this cable, mere can M no
question as to thy possibility of a land
nne, but England inclines to tbe Atlantic
route. Both are only a question of time
aid money. In the probable event of
ureat .eastern returning with a tale or dis
aster, we miiht just as well set about
improving our caule. It appears to be
admitted that it is capable of improve
NEW YORK, August 22.
The Wilmington Herald of the 15th
contains an crucial communication from
Major McLean, of Fayetteville, in which
be states that instead of two negroes being
ilea up ana puoueiy waippeu iu mat place.
that one negro, atter having been tried
and convicted of larceny, was whipped ac
cording to the sentence and law of that
State. Also tint the statement of negroes
beii g whipped and left tied nntil a storm
prostrated the trees is fa'se. The report
originated from the fact that a military
officer caused two sheep stealing negroes to
be tied by their thumbs to lamp posts for
two hours, as a punishment for their of
fences. The Major knows of no cases of
cruelty to the negroes, either by civilians
or the civil authorities.
B. W. Harole, Sheriff of Cumberland
county, states that the report that he pub
licly wbipfea two negroes at f ayetteville
ALBANY, August 22.
'jp-ji. H. Gillett, one ot the counsel for
Jeff. vn s note to the Albany Argus
says: Mr. Davis mor9 information
concerning his trial tnau hers have.
In a letter from Mr. Dvn,-te(j tD8
15th inst, to Mr. Gillett, he says: 1 am
still ignorant of the charges against me,
the source of them and the tribunal before
xrfcinh. I am to answer. Your letter gave
me the iut notice of the Washington in
dictment. Mr. Davis requests Mr. oaiott naya a
crnlerence with Mr. Charles O (Jon, a
only other counsel, so that it may i
brought on with as little deliy as tbe
nature and importance of the case will
A direct application to the proper de
partment, asking to be informed, if not
improper, wben, where and before what
tribunal Mr. Davis is to be tried, remains
unanswered, because, as is supposed,
neither has been actually determiued by
NEW YORK, August 22.
Eight hundred laborers were sent West
to day to work on the extension of the To
ledo & Wabash Railroad.
George Gladwin, aged 29, a native of
Connecticut, was arrested to-day, charged
with forging an endorsement on a stolen
draft on Trobridge 4 Sons, of New Haven,
for $3,900, and paying for some jewelry
therewith, and receiving the balance in
cash. He also, by forging the name of
Aaron Smith, obtained posaession of over
$200,000 ia bonds ot the Tiffin and Fort
Wayne Railroad at tbe St. .Nicholas Hotel
and decamped. - The arrest took place in I
u - ' -- '- ' I
From NEWBERN. NEWBERN, August 20.
The health of Newborn continues good.
There is no possible danger of the re
appearance of yellow fever, which visited
this city last season.
Ordinarv lumber is selling here for $10
per 1,000 teet, notwiinstanaing nravjnm-
Der land can do purcuu iui v "
per acre on the river banks, a few miles
below this city.
The demand for houses is great and rents
are so high that ordinary houses on busi
ness streets pay for themselves nearly
twelve times a year.
CHICAGO, August 22.
Ttia niffht exDress train from Iowa on
the Dixon and Fulton branch of the North
western Railroad ran into a culvert which
had been washed away by the storm last
nicht Tha engineer,
n reman, express
messenger and one passenger were killed. I
were injured but not
NEW YORK, August 22.
At half-past seven o'clock last evening,
a fire broke out in the large workshop
attached tothe Penitentiaey on Blackwell's
Talanrt. which resulted in its complete de
struction. It is reported that a number of I
NEW YORK, August 22. GOLD MARKET.
NEW YORK, August 22.
Gold -No sales to-night; 143J143S
NEW YORK, August 22.
There is rather more speculative ment,
in the stock market, accompanied
with less strength in prices. There is
monj disposition to put out shorts and
in Erie, Beading, Cleveland and
Pittsburgh. The outside public keep aloof
from the market, rendering the game of
i - :f ama afiVlr for
J?L ri.lLnnu " stocks are very
duU. but the prices are fairly maintained.
l,mmt. are active. Old five-twen-
9 . 1 1 " ;.Aa A . n fn-
lint are scarce ana tne uquwj ut.
export cannot be supplied except at an aa-
- a Jt
n. ' 1 1. -a mna. finiAa. K Mil
firm. There was some weakness in tne
-h avlL caused by the report that the
7. . . .niiino onld. The money
Petroleum stocks are quiet to-day,
k. f Webster, in which there
- . . . ji
wu a sale at an average price
Ot tWV Wl
larspersliare. Beach Tree 420; Oceanic
175; Buclianan Farm 53 ; Northern Light
200; First National 25; Cherry Bun 23;
TtvUiov If. 5: Pithole Creek 975; Oil
Creek S60; United States 2,860.
The rjetroletim market -ticeabie
change Crude 82J; Befined
bond C9 to T0J; Free 60 to 52.
FROM ST. DOMINGO.
NEW YORK, August 22.
Tha Harald SVB : The latest Bl. Aiom.u-
. . . . ...ji,.. .,i:m,l.r. nf
ZZ rfor, mention regarding
ten.. reil bv General Ganda, commander
. .v. ..;.k em with the Dominican
ot tue DieiiMa r-.
r. &. unnarsnuv oniv
a .... ! tnrfam
A ' .
maintain a loot.aoia
Cortes, in May last decreed
the attempt by Sjiean to sojuB- -
Biana snouio 'nation
i .11 V - .kan1 nnfl1 atrllA umk
T m"'L" J-rT;t ;" . inc. I-en
. -i .i-if that it not yet comple-
8"' 6 . , .i.-a.
tlit .hall be. since be insists
Ttion therof peaceof.
TJT Z Vhich the DomTnicap
ve" ment . .hall admit that
fcyToTwe. only undertaken at the
desire of a majority of the people,
a Ta nru ih.i a.t-iinini uuiu. tai
tht it is given up voluntarily by the
Spaniards, because they have now ascer
tained that the people pre tar their inde
pendence to Spanish rule. 2n their oppo
sition to the insertion of this clause the
Dominican government Is firm, and Gauds
declares that therefore the war shall be
Advices from Republic of Havti, to 25th
ult-, report that the rebels stiU held the
town of Cape Haytian, and were likely to
noid it for a considerable time longer,
notwithstanding that besieging national
troops kept up a continual cannonade. Al
though the port is blockaded by two steam.
era, provisions for besieged were bains
Tbe World's Washington special says
Captain Wertz is very thin, near about
five feet six inches high : forty or forty-
five years of age; dark skin, whiskers
and moustache, and weighs about one
hundred and thirty-five pounds. He was
attired in black coat and vest, dark brown
pants, white shirt and new silk hat Dur
ing the reading of the charges and .specifi
cation he sat with his legs crossed, his
hands to his face, and would frequently
talk with his counsel.
THE RICHMOND REPUBLIC ON WIRZ.
The Biehmond Bepublic says: For a
short time in 1862 Wirz, after returning
from a secret mission for the Confederacy
to Europe, was placed by General Win.
der . in charge of Libby Prison, and sub-
quently was made Provost Marshal of
Manchester. In neither position did he
attract tbe particular attention of the pub
lic He was generally accounted a rough
banded fellow, and quite the fear of the
majority of Winder's favorites. Those
were the days of martitl law in Biehmond,
when George Washington Alexander, of
Baltimore, was one of the biggest among
When Wirz left this vicinity we lost
sight of him entirely until the close of the
"-r-nthen it turned out that he had been
in command at Am,n,iiia juelf. We.
in Virginia, knew as little during the wax
the people of the North, except what
we learned ftvm the report of Colonel
Thomas P. Turner, who was sent thither
to inspect the post, that it was a most
"".lubrious neighborhood and that tbe
accommKd.gtions ' the. prisoners were
abominable. This report of CoL Turner,
in which he recommended the removal of
the prisoners to Macon was sent into the
War Department in May, 1864, and was
never heard ot afterward.
The Times' Washington special says the
proceedings of the Mississippi Convention
are attracting much attention and comment
here, and the general feeling prevails that
the convention is doing all it can to keep
the State out of the Union. The President,
however, is known to have the utmost con
fidence in Governor Sharkey, and believes
his loyalty and ability will give proper di
rection to the affairs of that State.
WARRANTS FOR PARDON SUSPENDED.
The President to day requested the At
torney General to suspend the issue of
warranU fof pardon nntn
l li ift action is taken with
general Battling up of the numerous, and
complicated petitions for pardon, and to
give him an opportunity to adopt a plan
by which be will prevent pardon brokers
from intervening where they are not only
not received but an absolute source of an-
FROM FORT LARAMIE.
The Herald's Washington special says
Brigadier General Stagg, writing officially
from Fort Laramie, states that General
Conner started five days earlier on the ex
pedition against the Indians located on
Powder and Wind rivers, intending, in
the course of his movement, to establish
military posts throughout that section of
' The expedition attaches to itself the ad
ditional importance of the fact that the
section of territory thug to be penetrated,
and has never been explored, the Indians
having tenaciously opposed the approach
of the whites whenever the latter endeav
ed to ascertain the extent and richness of
the gold deposits which are known to ex
ist in that region. Rome specimens of
sold which have been obtained from the
half-breeds and diggers are indicated as
being very rich, and surpasses the produc
tion of any yet discovered in that section
The same writer asserts there are no
friendly Indians to be found in the tribes
of that locality, and barbarities are com.
m ft ted revolting beyond expression.
FROM FORTRESS MONROE.
FORTRESS MONROE, August 21.
fork about four weeks since, was seen yes
espscially passing into Wachapreque Inlet,
tn8 General consequently dispatched a
detachment of about thirty men in charge
t :,, Ttnm.n nf tha 3d Pennsvlvania
Last evening Major General Miles re
ceived information that a steamer stolen,
or said to have been stolen, from New
I .rtiilrv. to eo in search of the steamer.
They ieft here at 11 o'clock last evening on
the steamer Black Bird, and have not re-
I . a aA .U.. hnn, ft 1. U.
i wm up
HELD IN BAIL.
BOSTON, August 22.
UMh.oc.lHlU the rebel prison, to
I . .. ..u ,u ..tAd
joiner W.B"-, -7 ------
in New York, charged with forging ciders
the amount of WS
U. 8. Commissioner Hallett Uvday, and
waiving examination, was held in $15,000
CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT PASSED.
NEW YORK, August 22.
The Herald's Jackson, Miss., special says
the following constitutional amendment
has just passed the convention by a vote
Tha institution of slavery having been
Haatroved in the State of Mississippi, neither
slavery nor involuntary servitude, other
wise than for the punishment of crimes
whereof the parties shall have been duly
convicted, shall hereafter exut in this State
and the Legislature, at its next session,
I .h.ll nrovide by law tor the protection
the .reeameu ot -- "
and the State against any o
. .ndde amancipatioi
w i ar. i,v"
INSTRUCTIONS FROM THE COMMISSIONER OF
WASHINGTON, August 22.
019 Allowing to Sheridan Hook,
soon Collector of the 32d District of ew York
The Commissioner of Internal Revenue
WASHINGTON, August 22, 1868.
on the bankers and brokers of your city
the provisions of the 3d , section of the
of March 3, 1865, which requires CoUecV
the or.todepo.it daily i the Treasury
earn: moneys received by them for internal du-
and ties, .upeede the provisions of section
- inf.-med that
Sin: I have been
I ir.in. nravaila to some extent among
of the act of June 30, 1864, which author-
ixw me Uommiseioner of Internal Revenue
o wmit, refund and pay back all duties iU
legaiiy or erroneously assessed or collected,
or unjustly assessed, or excessive In amount,
"""oro, mat it will not be in tha
power of the Commissioner of Internal
revenue to pay back taxes which may be
tiwuDytueDupreme Court to have been
uiegajjy assessed and collected.
A brief examination and comnariaon f
tuo two sections referred to will show this
apprehension . to be without foivndation.
.v-. . .
The act of March 3d, 1865, is an amenda
tory act and repeals only such nrovisiona
ot me lormer enactments as are inconsis
tent with the amendments of section 1G to
. . i - -
require a daily deposit of all collection.
by each collector, and not inconsistent with
provisions authorizing the refundintr of
tax illegally or in any manner impronerlv
collected. The authority conferred upon
the Commissioner to refund such taxes bv
untwmg nis ararton the Collector of Inter
nal Revenue, is inconsistent with the pro
visions requiring such collectors to deposit
all collections in the Treasury. It became
necessary, therefore, not to refuse repay
ment in such cases but to substitute another,
mode, and the taxes collected erroneously
refunded with as much promptness as be
fore tbe act of March 3d, 1865, took effect
The same section, forty four, which
authorized the Commissioner to draw
against moneys in hands of Collector, au
thorised Secretary of the Treasury to
prescribe regulations, nudei hini, taxes
emmov.ut7..Mlincted could b funuou,
and these regulation, have been changed
laws. The Commissioner is now required
to make application, from time to time, to
to meet requirements of amended laws,
the Secretary to have necessary sums placed
to his credit with Assistant Treasurer at
New York, upon which he draws in like
manner, as if moneys were in the hands of
Collectors. It will be seen, therefore, that
neither ability to pay, nor fairly with
which snch payments may be paid to tax
payers have been impaired in the slightest
degree by e peiation of act made March
Very respectfully, yours,
WM. ORTON, Commissioner.
The Commissioner of Internal Revenue
to-day made the following decision :
That vessels are not to be regarded as
merchandise, within the meaning of Sec
of the act of June 30, 1864, and the tax
of one eighth of one per cent, imposed by
said section upon the sales of merchandise
is not to be assessed on the isle of vessels.
In regard to dividends the Commissioner
rendered the following decision :
It is declared by this office that all divi
dends declared by any institution mention
ed in Sec 120 of the excise law, since the
first day cf July, 1864, are subject to a tax
of 5 per cent, without reg srd to the time
when the profits upon which said dividends
are based were earned.
The President has appointed John K.
Goodlove United States Attorney for the
District of Louisiana, and John L. Wil
liamson Attorney for the Western District
of Tennessee. . I
The Virginia State Convention which
assembled at Alexandria some months ago
adopted the proposed anti-slavery amend
ment to the constitution of the United
States. , It appears, however, from news
paper articles and other indications, that
there is a total ignorance of that subject in
tbe vicinity of Richmond, or otherwise
there would not be snch an earnest advo
cacy of the Convention to do what has
already been done, as Governor Pierpont
and the Legislature which assembled at
Alexandria are recognized by the leading
men of Virginia as legal. It occasions
much comment here that they should
ignore the State Convention which assem
bled there under the same executive autho
THE WIRZ. TRIAL.
There seems to be no doubt that the
charges and specifications against Captain
Wirz will be amended by the prosecution
in several important particulars. His
counsel will take issue that this cannot be
done, the prisoner having already pleaded
not guilty" to the charges on which he
GOT HIS DESERTS.
NASHVILLE, August 22.
Ex-rebel General Wheeler was badly
beaten to-day by Colonel Blackburn and
Captain Quinn, in consequence of a threat
made during the war by Wheeler that he
would kill Blackburn it ever he took him
prisoner, as he was a damned home-made
Yankee. Wheeler was in bed when at
tacked, and was severely beaten.
There was a considerable riot at the
Kme in the wounding of Lieut.
HirdT of i5th United States Infantry
and LleuU CoL, Tournicht of the 13lh
United States Infantry. xne guarus
were unable to onell the disturbance until
-ainforead bv three companies of colored
soldiers. Bevolvers weretreaty usea.
Quite a number of other persons were
A number ot the ringleaders were i
rested and sent to U-e military prison.
NEW YORK, August 22.
The Tribune 'a Biehmond correspondent
says that "Wm. Allen, of Suny county,
owner of 100,000 acres, and formerly m
ter of 1,200 slaves, had hi property re-
leased from, seizure, notwithstanding no
held a coinmission in the rebel service, as
The Sheriff of various counties are, at
soon as qualified, directed to at once pro
ceed to the ooll.tct.on of the State tax of
twenty-cents to every $100. Very few
citizens will be able before next fall
meet this demand.
The crops being gathered are to be hus
banded for the coming winter, only dispos
ing of such quantities as will procure need
ad necessities The United States collector.
fcave as yet given their attention only
cities. It is thought they will not extend
their duties beyond these limits until
Colored children in all parts of the State
... w.;no- localized into districts of 100
C00, preparatory to the establishment of
complete school sy.item. The Freedmen
Aid Society of New York have volunteered
to furnish 1,000 teachers.
NEW YORK, August 22.
Nasales of gold : 1434 -
Eria 83: Heading MS ; Michigan
Southern WAi Islnd los
. Market doU but steady. "
Yesterday Evening's Edition.
FROM NEW YORK.
NEW YORK, August 22.
terday afterncon destroyed Hick's bonded
ware-house, a very large two .tory building
.aj v.-.. a. -u iui t nun UUJiail WOT til
m tea ana coude. f our nremen ware bad.
Iy injured by a fallinst walL Th ... j
ooffae was mainly owned by Bennett, Stur-
b xtfc, buu principally msured.
A iJriaegport, Connecticut, dm mint.
states that the coroners jury on the bodies
wsTon persons allied on the Housa
tonic railroad on the 15th instant, have
rendered a verdict that tha diautar --..
cauKu Dy cuipaoie negligence and want oi
proper caution on the Dart of tha . Pr.i.
aent, auperintendant and other emnlovA
of the road. . J .
The Tribunes Washinc-tnn in.i
the Chicago and North Western Railroad
Company having furnished tha oencr.l
land office with a map of the new line of
said road, authorizad by a resolution of
ivongress, approved April 25th. 1861 in.
structions have been issued by the Com
missioner to the local land officers at Men
aaha, Wisconsin, that the odd sections of
the original route kre still held in re-erva-tion
to that State for the railroad, that the
even sections within six miles cf theorig
route are reduced to 11.25 .,,
that the even sections within six miles ol
the new route are increased tn 3 nO ,
acre and if not bought within six miles otthe
new route their heirs and assignees will be
allowed to change such location to the new
Up to this date about 25 ooo
for pardon have been received at the At.
toraey Generals' office. All those who in
the opinion of the Attorney Uanarel h.n
just claims to executive clemency are rec-
lor ana iorwaraed tothe Jrresident
an officer of IneflAid. on the authority
the signature of the President has DWtSaX
fixed to no lees than one hundred of the
applications. The number daily announced
pardoned are simply the names of those
recommended and lor warded from the of
fice of the Attorney General. Tha Presi
dent has exercised the utmost caution and
discrimination in the matter ot pardons
and has alwaa rejected all applications un
less good and sufficient reasons were pro
duced to show necessity for clemency.
The Herald's special says: The Presi
dent is somewhat annoyed at the fact that
certain persons have been accepting money
or weir lnnuence in oouuning pardons.
tie stated to-day that he wished the fact
known that he investigated each case him
self, and only granted such petitions as
recommended tnemselves to hie clemency.
Some preaaut netted permission to call
aga.in for further consideration, to which he
replied it would be some time before many
pardons would be granted.
Gen. Hancock has been brevetled Major
General in the regular army.
X wo hundred pat masters are to be dis
charged from the navy the present week.
All seamen in the Mississippi Depart
ment, having less than two years to serve,
will be immediately discharged.
xne naval lorces is to be reduced to
Victor Smith, agent of the Treasury
D partmect,whowas wreckedonthe steam
er Golden Rule, reports that after being
five weeks on the reef and with the help of
divers and two wrecking vessels, he has
recovered only one hundred and forty
thousand of the million and a half treas
ury notes lost in the safe. This was found
some distance from the wreck, indicating
that the safe had broken to pieces.
A laveiiua ouvtor ta to eebnt to tils Teael
of Mr. bmith.
The Herald's Fortress Monroe corres
pondent says, preparations indicate the
Ijrthcomfni- speedy trial of Jeff. Davis
aucio. Auui.iuuai reairicuoDs nava nmn i
Kam A . t . . . 1 . . J . . - . I
ut upon admissions to
the lor l. Joe l
Johnston, while at Fortress Monroe, was
asked if he would like to see Jell, and said,
I do not wish to see him or hear his name
The steamer City of Baltimcre arrived
this morning, news anticipated.
The limee special says, officers who re
ceive resignations at Washington have no
knowledge ot the resignation of B. r.
Butler as an ollher. The President has
returned from his excursion much im
proved in health. Hon. Alfred Ely has
oeen sabpeeaed as a witness against
Wirz, and not for him as has been stated.
S. Nicholson has been assigned as Com
mandant of the Navigation Department
WASHINGTON, Aug. 22.
Tha Chronicle of this morning says, from
an official who has juat returned from
brief trip threugh some of the Southern
States, where he went on official busi
ness, we have full confirmation or the
reports which have recently come from
these localities of the utter destitution
of the South, and of the desire of
the people at large to submit cheerfully to
the Government of tne uniwea states.
The Chronicle adds : From all accounts it
appears that if a fair expression of public
opinion can be obtained at the coming
election in the South, there will be little
difficulty in the work of reorganization.
General Sherman at his Old Home.
A pic nic was given to the returned sol.
diers at Lancaster, on Thursday last which
was largely attended. Lancaster is the
place of nativity ot General Sherman, and
he being there at the time, of course attend
ed. W iiiiam P. Creed, Esq. addressed the
"Welcome Home" to the returned veter
ans. General cnerman was entnusiasucai'
ly greeted by by the "boys in blue," and
responded in the following appropriate
MAJOR GENERAL SHERMAN'S SPEECH.
Soldiers and Neighbors :
I thank you for your kind greeting. I
.m olaui to be with von on this occasion.
r o . r , .
In many years m .uwmw, jww".
names may have been forgotten, and faces
that should be familiar from early asso
ciations, mav at) Dear strange, uui tnese
i.i aiirroDndintra force upon me recollec
tinna of boyhood. I remember well, and
inra this beautiful valley, those changeless
woods, each hill and grove; and that
ta mnnninent of nature, the rock under
Lu .v,.- in naana and hannuMSS we
. ,)., .t.nH '-tha ritanding f-itone" of the
Indians, whose little village, Tarrhe Town,
stood over ponder across tbe Hockhocking
when our latners came nere to uio uuiuu.
I feel rejoiced that what I see here to day
.-..HAa mv statements often made, when
k-vaariAaan BA.AO. eSDACiailV VV UrUUIIUflU.
foreigners, What will you ao witn your aui
,ar. nnnn the sudden breakine np of your
armies will they not Become an eioiuou.
rj riiaiwd and danger in civil life how
can you convert thorn into quiet, peacable
citizens r ... , ,.
I have answered that in our x.epuojic
great chant es have baen worked, and rev
..liitinnB effected, as noislessly as
white ballots fell into tne dox prouuuug
the changes, and that just so queuy, so tui-
-nt -Mh nu d our c ua I".
to civil hie and naoits, aearcaiy ivv
upon the surface of society marking
...iMat. r hen OA from storm tO Calm.
Your presence here, oio oomev,
recognizable in our citizens' clothes,
your wives, sweethearts and friends quiet
citizens, mingling almost unnoticed -in
glad festivities of tnn nouaay, w
me that I was right in pronouncing
soldiers in war, citizens in peace.
Our friend who has so eicqnentiy spoa.
en welcome to you, Soldiers, has referred
to the consequence of this war, in the
of tne system of slavery, ia a
different from other speakars I
heard, and I was much, pleased to
-Whan the rebels ventured their all
ini Atr.irta to destroy our Government,
thav nledged their lives, their fortunes
-..I ehoi,. aacred honors to their cause,
the Government accepted their wager
battle. Hence, when we oonqeureu, wo
conquest gained all they had their prop,
erty became oars by conquest Thus they
lost their slaves, their mules, their hone,
their cotton, their all and even their lives
and personal liberty, thrown by them into
the issue, were theirs only by our forbear
ance and clemency. By this right of eon
quest we own this ground we stand on to
Ohj, conquered Irom the Induuui the
fchiwneete, I believe.
The State of Ohio is ours by cor quest '
from the French and English.
So, soldiers, when we marched through
and conquered the country of these rebels,
we became owners of all they had, and It
don't want you to be troubled in your con
sciences for taking, while on your great
march, tha property of the conquered reb-
ela, They forfeited their rights to and L
being agent for the Government to which
all belonged, gave you authority to keep all
the quartermasters couldn't take possession
of, or didn't want
I will detain yon no lorrer from the
pleasures yon have met here to erjey. I
hope to be here at home frequently during
thesummer, and to see you often. Again
thank you for this welcome.
Where the West Finds its Market.
The Chicago Tribune presents the fol
lowing interesting facta, which deserve the
attention of every man interested in West
ern enterprise and progress : '
Exclusive of cotton, rice, cane taw A
molasses, which are not Western products,
the United States exported in the j ear end
ing June 30, 1860, to all foreign countriea.
$61,891,042. Exclusive of the same pro-'
ducts, tbe Western States produced 40 per
cent of the whole agricultural product cf
tne union. Assuming that the West ex
ports in the same ratio that it P'oducea.
and we have a foreign market for $24 800,
000 of the value ot all agricultural art iclts
produced in the Western States.
As the total agricultural production of
the Western States is about 1,159 millions,
of which say 259 millions may be deduct
ed for tha value of farming implements,
animals held for use, improvement, wear
and tear, Ac , there remain 900 millions for
consumption in the producing States, and
lor market In 'other States and foreign
countries. It therefore appears that the
proportion of the market turuished by the
United states tor our produce, compared
with that furnished by ail foreign countrie g,
is as $37 50 to $1 00. If we inquire where
this market is found, we discover that
the same year the manufacturers of pig
material.'' "Vtt. $67,828,231 worth of that
ducedover 115 mfl'fomnurcturers pro
millions, leather 63 mii)iinti. "tout 6
other products of leather 70 -millions.
cultural implement, ia miiii.
engines millions, nour M, n
lumber 93 millions, making an obTL1
of 664 millions.
The complete statistics for I860 on other
trades are not made up, but those of 1850
range thus: Bakers 13 millions., black
smiths 16 millions, cabinet ware 17 mil
lions, calico printing 14 millions, tailow
chandlery 10 millions, clothiers and tailors
48 minions, carriage makers 11 millions,
distilleries 16 millions, hats and caps 14
millions, tobacconists 13 millions, India
rubber, 3 millions, firearms 1 million,
musical lnstrumenti 2 millions, nails 8
millions, paper 10 millions, pork and beef
12 millions, printing ana publishing 11 J
millions, quarries 8 millions, stoves and
ranges 6 millions, sugar refineries 10 mil.
liofis, white lead five millions total Z;3
millions. Estimating 33 per cent as tbe
average increase on tnese figures from 1S5U
to I860, and we have the sum of $357,000,
000, which, added to the definitely ascer
tained manufactures of 1860, bring up the
total for that year to $1,020,000,000, or
about the equivalent of the entire agricul
tural product of the Western states.
very large portion of the value of these
manufactured products consists in the
western food which 'entered into them, and
ior which they paid. But beside the man
ufacturing classes, the numbers engaged in
commercial, financial and professional pur
suits' are included among the food coueu
men. But the peculiarity ot the manufac
turing class is, that they are not only coni
peting in the market to make the farmers'
produce dearer, but to make the farmers'
clothing and other articles ot purchase and -enjoyment
.nothing, Iheretore, can be plainer than
ihn m... i i i i
between the manuiacluruig and larmuitr
classes, and their absolute dependence on
each other for a market Those who sup
pose, therefore, that the manufacturing ir- '
teres ts of the country can be broken down
without breaking down the farming inter
ests by the same blow, or that the former
can be built up without building up equally
the latter, are wholly in error.
Where our Grain Goes to.
Surely it is well we, should know, yet
here is great want oi correct information.
Many suppose that England uses up most
that is exported, and many a farmer thinks
the greater part of what is sent from his
farm goes to some foreign country. The
following facts plain and simple, and
from official sources show how it really
is i When the British corn laws wete re
pealed, the inducement was held out by tbe
English, and the hope entertained by cur
grain growers, that a large market would
open there for our products.
But, in twelve years after the repeal of
tha corn laws, from 184 to I860, our ex
ports of breadstuff to England had de
creased, in proportion to our population,
almost thirty per cent, even by English
estimate 27 per cent
During tne same years the .British im
ports of grain from this country were only
one-fifth their imports from other coun- '
Take our exports of provisions ana
breadstuffs to Great Britain, and to all the
Western Hemisphere, from 1846 to 1860,
and we find our yearly exports to Greet
Britain the least, and the demand this side
the Atlantic much larger the last part of
The average of three years' exports of
provisions, closing with I860, was, to Great
Biitain $5,492,208, and on this side the
IfJur exports of breadstuff, to Great
irltain lor eacn oi tnese nmo turee years,
averaged 7,642,801 boahais, but to ports of
our Western Hemisphere 16,03-1,586 bush
uyibiulWlJriTif1 flflifn ,W"i1r
has taken from us each year, on the averge,
fjr twenty years past, and the grain ex
port from that city in a single day, often
exceeds what England hes brought of us
in any whole year.
In 1SW, me wi products oi our sou
were $l,buu,uuu,uuv iu vaiue; our tctai
exportsof those products $2i2.2S2, 871, or
but one-seventh. Taking out the cottcn
exports and our home market and con
sumption was kwou.j .uiiro oo great BO uiu
exports to ail ioreigu lanus.
We may saieiy estimate, to-uay, tne
I New England market as worth, to the
western grain grower, more than that of
Our exports of breadstuffs to Great Brit
ain from 1848 to 1800 averaged 9,302,144
bushels yearly, the highest in 1847 tie
famine year in Ireland 36,4U4, by ousn
els; the lowest, 1,402 bushels in 1857, and
to varying irom A,iot1u3 Druneis, ut iojj,
to 28,162,705 bushels, ia 1854.
Our average exports of Dreaastutii to
Groat Britain in five years, Irom 1355 to
1858, were less than a dollar per head of
our population each year.
Thus we see the English demand is
mailer than that of our own hemisphere,
both are less than many suppose, and the
home market is much larger than is gener
vVould it not be well to pay more atten
tion to this home market, to be built up by
the increase and prosperity of home manu
facture? Let every farmer remember one impor
tant fact The decrease of our home
market makes us more dependent on the
changes often severe and ruinous in
distant foreign marxeta, anatueee caange,
affect and govern now, tbe prices here.
Let wheat in Liverpool fall sixpence on
the. bushel and the Wisconsin farmer feels
it in three weeks. The lesson is plain.
Foster cur home industry, let manufac
tures, West and East, grow and thrice.
Let our larger market within ourselves do
our first consideration, and then send
abroad such surplus ss we shall doubtless
have, and other countries may need.
Mosbt. We see by the Leofbtirg (Va.)
Aftrror that the rebel CoL Moaby has
been appointed one of the judges of a
tournament, which takes place in thai
town on the 1st ot September,