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title: 'The Cleveland leader. (Cleveland [Ohio]) 1865-1865, September 02, 1865, MORNING EDITION., Image 1',
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Mitt, m-WIll iffB WZXIIT,
--T Ka 142 BUPER10B-ST,
Clefelud Leader Company.
DAM TOT EDITIOM, OttMn'S EVENING.
(Kaon ! oea.ci-t. Haclt)
aa adnrttobur median tb. taiga- oSm ,
lyd-icea.. than nr other JMjiIlf!?8wI
4 both br onr n- c '.T" " t pcic
amis Bortawn ottoT waaaerouur
W 1 BO. 1 Ml
?.W.?"'T ' ' Tear. i
-tv.., rwr. toe
rff"? f""1 We-dealera, aer Ino.,.- t W
"ally, dnbvered bj oan-ar. (Morslm or -TnUajj
Bcents Kir -nek. -
A 1 1 boefnesa lett-r. should be sililnseuj to
th "Pl-vel-nd jLwl Company "
Cobb, Andrews & Co.
Ml BUPERIOB 8TKEKT,
A lag lot of
SPENCERIAN COPY BOOKS,
And all other Article! of Stationery need
in schools at
COBB, ANDBKWS & CO,
aepfrMl 1MI HPPERIOB STREET.
FENN & KRAMER
o- -i wuo
ELECTRICAL PPARTUS OF EVERT DESCRIPTION1
VHodel. and Small Haohuurj ot all kind.
Bad. to order.
Bra., rinifthtng, Repairing and Jobbing don.
WIM W BUN aU.jV-.tOU.
Ktt 64 CENTER 8EBEKT,
vor Dnnn Holt's Kaohls. Shop,
Je 4:ltp CLBVELAWD. OWIO
ELECTllO -THERMAL tehr
31 AND 36 PB0SPECT STREET.
BATES QUE DOLLAR EAOH.
B. T. KR1IBB, . D Physician,'
Offloe Boom, A. M. to 12 M., aad I to 8 P. M.
USTPatients can be accommodated with
Board at the Cure. je9:n4
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1865.
Union Mass Meeting at Canton.
A grand Soldier's Reunion and Mass
meeting of the loyal citizens of Stark and
adjoining counties will be held at Canton
en Tuesday, September 12 -,h. Major Gen
eral J. D. Cox, Hon. E. R. Eckley, and
Hon. H. S. Martin will be present, while
Major General Butler, Hen. Henry Winter
Divis, and Hon. Daniel 8. Dickinson are
invited and expected to attend. AH sol
diers are especially desired to be present
and will be welcomed to a grand dinner
prepared by the ladies of Stark county.
From the 192nd O. V. I.
[Special Correspondence of the Cleveland LEADER.]
WINCHESTER, VA., August 29.
Colonel Butterfield, of the 182nd Ohio
Regiment, withdrew his command from
the Valley on Frid&r lsst, thus leaving it
entirely free of troops from here to Staun
ton, a distance of one hundred miles.
Colonel B. had charge of the Valley and
tie will live for years in the hearts of its
people. was assigned to this command
because of his administrative ability, and
most nobly has he discharged his duty.
Too much'praise cannot be given him for
the manner in which he has restored to
these misguided people law add order.
Colonel B. was serenaded last night and
made a telling speech to the natives, which
they wi 1 never forget. -
Tbe 192nd leave Friday morning for
A correspondent of Thi Cincinati Com
mercial has been to Greenville, Tennessee,
and visited the house of Andrew Johnson
there. It is a plain two-story brick house,
with a one story and basement L, having
in all six square rooms, and the cook-rooms
below. The bouse has been used as a hos
pital and headquarters for both armies.
Cavalrymen have used it and abased it, by
leading horses in at the front hall entrance,
thence, through the house, to the rear. The
library has been culled, and finally stacked
up in a chaotio hesp in one corner of an
unfurnished upper-story room. The lot on
which this dwelling stands is large, extend
ing back to a clear, cool spring, which
gushes forth irom the contiguous limestone
ledge. After visiting the dwelling, the
visiters proceeded to the celebrated tailor
shop, a few squares to the east, and situated
on the brink of a small mountain-streamlet.
This is a little frame house, gable-end
toward the street, twelve feet by fifteen,
and standing alone. On a sign-board over
the door (which is in the center, flanked
by two small windows), are the simple
Hon. H. G. Blake having declined to
become the Union candidate far Repre
sentative from Medina County, a conven
tion was held, on Friday ot last week, for
ihe purpose of nominating another can
didate. Hiram Bronson, Esq, wu nom-jurtsd.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1865.
"UNCLE SAM" REGULATING MATRIMONY.
How Negroes Must Marry and be Married
—an Official Edict from General
Saxton—the Negro to Have only
One Wife—How a
May Change Off Her Husband.
d the Civil authoritinn
The Church and the Civil authorities,
heretofore, have regulated matrimony, but
shoulder straps have taken it Into their
neaus to "engineer" it down in Dixie
Brevet Major General Bufut Saxton, at
Beaufort, (South Carolina, Aslant Com
missioner of Freedmen for South Carolina,
Georgia and Florida, having issued a long
order, dated August H, in relation to mar
riages among the late slave, containing
lull instruction for the information and
guidance of all connected with the so-called
Freed men's Bureau in those Slates. Sec
tion IV contains the following instruc
First. The marriage of all parties liv
ing together as husband and wife at the
limeotobUiningtheirfreedomor solemn iz
ed since obtainin git, will be acknowledged
as legal and binding
Secon d. Ail parties whose marriage
was only a mutual agreement between
themselves, with no public form or ceremo
ny, are required to have their marriage
cn firmed by a minister, and obtain a cer
tificate of the same. . .
Third. No parties having agreed to en
ter the marriage relation will be allowed
to to live together as husband and wife un
til their marriage has been legally solem
nized. Fourth All parties claiming to hate
been married, but separated by slavery,
and having no certificate of their marriage,
must obtain from such society or church a
permit for their reunion before they will
be allowed to live together as husoand and
Fifth A wife when restored by free
dom to her husband, If he be living with
no othf r wife, shall be received by him as
his lawful wife, except for moral causes.
Sixth. If a man living without a wife
find two wives restored to him by freedom,
the one having children by him and the
other not, he shall take the mother of his
children as his lawful wile, unless he show
cause as provided in Section IIL Kule 4,
Seventh. If a man living without a
wile shall refuse to renew the marriage
relation with a former wife restored by
freedom, who may desire such renewal
there being no moral or legal objection to
same proven by him, he shall be held I
responsible for the support of such wife. I
also of all his children by her so long I
tney remain minors. i
Eighth. No man, failing for want
cause proven to obtain a release from re-1
newing his marriage relations with a for- I
mer wife, will be allowed to marry anolh-1
woman so lone as such wife mav live.
until for Just cause she shall have mar
Vinth. Every man marrying a woman
having children shall be responsible for
their protection and support so long as
Tenth. A husband Hvine with a Wife.
having no children bv her. mav be ner.
mitted to take a previous wife, provided
Viral ha. . V. 1 ! 1 Vw -I- -C- I
are buii mmors. i
second. That such wife has no etber I
nbnd known to the living.
xnira. mat nil present wile assent to
change of their marriage relations. I
jsieventn. it a former wile utter! v re.
upon application made by the bus- I
to renew her former marriage rela-1
wun mm, nemay notity some socle I
or church ef the fact of such refusal,
tutr tnr a faliaf trnm a&iri tsita if -f-
due iC8 .r8? tu?h or
church to the wife refusing, she fail to show
moral or legal objection, as provided
in tnese regulations, to ui renewal ot
marriage relations with nun, tnen tne
society or church acting in the case shall
to the man a release from all his
obligations to her as a husband, and for the I
support of all his children by her.
Railroad Accidents During the Pass
The New Tork Tribune has a recapitu
lation of the railroad accidents for a year
which foots op as follows :
Dfiastera due to v,lnrAn. , 23
crou-trm., broke r.U, o
bain and rotten bridgra..
Bursting of en?lne.......
of donbl- tr.ck
or defect of litht or iiEnt.l..
Running into borsea, coo. or derrick...
g wiib brake..
of companies or eoploje?a. about..
Paawnger. killed cr mortaUy wounded S'M)
Pa.aong.ra bnrned to dt-a-h, about 35
of Injury in nary form 6" O
mora or leaa demoliied . 67
The value of property destroyed or
hopelessly damaged, including baggage,
mails, petsonal effects, ruined
bridges and machinery, it would be
to attempt computing. Adding the
of inquests, claimed damages, doctors'
undertakers' bills, we wouid not dare
reckon it short ot $30,000,000 in barren
ngurea. Uiit the moral loss must be far
Horace Greeley is to deliver the annual
at the Minnesota State Fair, at
Minneapolis, the last week in September.
subject will probably be The Eradica
of Weeds," a subject to which he hat
a deal of unsuccessful effort.
H. M. Nagles is spoken of as a
Democratic candidate for United Stales
Senator from California.
Trolling the Cleveland Driving
Park. Saturday, Sept. ad, for a pars, of flea.
Bet 3 tot.
Jobn Jama. onUra bv. (. Jack.
Biraoa Zellahao .ntera g. g. Leokoot.
Tom Andrewa.eatera .L at. staid.
Bones will start at 2 P. M. preolaelv. Ad
mittance 86 cents. Poo la will be sold at Fred Kim
berlj'., at t'A K. Friday awning. ML.41
Am Expeilenced Teaober deaires a limit
ed anmber of BckoUtn on tao Piano Forte. In
onlt. as Untie .treat. iepl:24.
O. Colter A Son will aaU at aacllon. at their
Aoction Boom, oa Sataiday, September 2d, at 12
o'clock, (noot) SO kega teal Bootch Herring, in
prima order, la lot. to suit parobasera. epl:M0
For like Superior. The new, largo and
olegan ateamer KiCTlOB, Inoa. ailaon, Muter,
will ieaTo onr dock for Lake Superior, Monday,
S pUmbar 4tb, at S P. sf. Tbe Meteor thi. trip
wlU go to La Point, and Bnjoe d, and will atop
going and retointngat intermediate porta.
For freight or paMaar apLly to
eACRBTeON CO., Agent.,
eu(3t:M3 Mo 1 Blfar at., Cleveland, o.
Cleveland Institute. The Ilgtath Annual
feaa on of CltTelend Inetitnte will oommenca oa
W-dneeday morning, Gapttmber Sth. Tbe back
will ma a. caaal for tin accommodation of day
puplla from the city. aog3l:24S
Wanted A young naa to take ch trge of th.
LBAD.a la Brooklyn. Apply at our Counting
K. J. Farmer Co., banker., 115 Snperior
tract, n.der the Wtddell Ho.bc, pay the highest
price for September and November Hold Coupons,
Fine Chance for Capitalist s. The Avery
Block, oa Mervln street, for Mle; 91) feel front
oa Meraln street, 161)4 th. River, auo. Ill feot
deep. Apply at onca at the office of a W. O. W
BOBLK, 160 Superior stmt. aug2S:24S
Gent's 811k. Bats. Fall Stylet Bilk aad
Oamlmer. Bat. opened this day.
US3.230 154 Siperior St., cpp. the Wtddell.
To Printers. We hav. for tale la Quantities
to rait, Biagham'e Celebrated Boiler Comp altlon;
also, Palmer'a Patent ( empoaltloa. th. best and
moat doiabl. extant All order, by mall promptly
attended to. Addraat LIADEB CO., Cleveland,
The Latest News
LAST NIGHT'S REPORT.
THE WIRZ TRIAL
COMEBSIXi. THE CiBLE.
TO BE 1A1D REXX TEAS.
Horrible Murder and Suicide.
ANOTUKH BtlLKOAD ACCIDENT
Engine Collides with a Coach.
THE KETC1IIU FOKSEBY.
Settlement to ba Hade at 60 per cent.
Late Mexican News.
GOLD LIST M8HT til 3-8.
Associated Press Report.
NEW YORK ITEMS.
NEW YORK, September 1.
The coin receipts for Customs, at this
Port, have, thus far, in the current calender
year, reached $60,000,000, making a
yearly aggregate OI 'JU,JUU,U00; or,
126,090,000 more than the grand total of
tne annual coin interest charged on the
uis iuuuea aeDi ot ue nation.
Mnjor Gen. Terry has returned to Rich.
mond, suffering from the effects of a tun
stroke, caught while reviewing troops at
The Post's Washington special sajs, on
the authority of the Chronicle, that the
War Department has summoned every
wimsM yv its nas nameo. ior nis defense,
and that many of them are already in
A meeting of returned Andersonville
prisoners was held to-day for the purpose
of organising a permanent society.
Tna hospital buildings, which cost the
vxjthtuiuou. 'u,vuu, were soia taaay lor
The Attorney General has notified Qov-
eraor nerpoct that claim agents, pardon
brokers, lawyers, and other middle men,
delay rather than accellerate the obtaining
claims ana paraons.
The efforts of the Government to arrest
McUautland, the rebel General under in
dict meet in Pennsylvania, have not suc
ceeded. He has left for parts unknown.
The last mail from England brines a rn.
port, of good authority, that the Great
Eastern will at once be dispatched from
Sheerness to Newfoundland. The object
nf thi. trin i. ti fl.K ti nn U. . u
iiiiguicuwi oi uiraeverea caoie. wnicn it is
nopea will oe recovered by means of eraD
nels and buoys. The promoters of the en-
vorpme in x.agiana are determined to lav
another cable next year, making use of the
recovered portions oi tne old one.
By invitation of the House of Morris
Keichum. Son A Co., a meeting of credi-
w" wu "ela to-aay.
The aesets are estimated at from S52 500 -
ouo to 5,ouo,oo and the liabilities are
It is understood a plan ol settlement has
been proposed and the probabilities are
that it majr ha tmnnplnrt
ine rost publishes a letter from Cap
tain Anderson, of the Great Eastern, con
cerning the failure to lay the cable. He
a7s be was the nret doubter, but seeing
the means adopted he became hopeful.
and with the actutl experience he became
sanguine. He briefly de ails this expe
rience, which has been stated, and earnestly
urges another trial, first in laying a new
cable with additional machinery and then
picking up the old one. He suggests that
the new cable be laid next May. because
the Great Eastern and the nects3a-y ma
chinery cannot be got ready under ten
months. His letter snows that he is very
sarguine as to the ultimate success of the
cable, and says Mr. Field and all on board
share his hopefulness.
The Tribune's Matamoras correspondent
says the French are very toucny with re
gard to a war with the United dates, and
brag greatly. They say in case of a war
with Mexico so long as it was under French
support fifty thousand men could be thrown
the line of the Rio Grande at once,
which we could not hope to fight with suc
cess even with two men to one They also
say tha a force of twtnty-eix thousand
French could be marched into the interior
the United States.
The .ribune's Washington special says
the Sergeant at-Arms of the Senate has re
moved Jacob Dodson, colored messenger,
for a leng time in charge of the dressing
rooms of the Senate. This Dodson is tbe
same person who, through so many trials
and privations, accompanied General Fre
mont in his explorations in the Rocky
Mountains in 1842-43-44. As some re
ward for his Valuable services to his country
Was, by a vote of the Senate, placed in
position from which the Senate alone
could properly remove him.
MonaduocK, tne monitor wnicu Admiral
Porter said he would cross the ocean in, is
be sent to San Francisco around Cape
Preston King, the new Collector, took
charpe of the Custom House this morning
ne ueputy uouectors were introduced to
Mr. Sing and sworn in. It is said but
very few changes of subordinates will be
made. The naval officer, Mr. Moses T.
Ode.1, also took possession of his effice.
BOSTON, September 1.
Yesterday P. M., at 1 o'clock, a stage
coach with a party ot ladies and gentlemen,
was on its way from Lowell's Corners,
South Weymouth, where they all resided,
the beach at Cohasset. The party pro
posed to stay tome time at the last named
place. In crossing the South Shore Bail
road track at West Hingham, where the
country road and the railroad cross each
other obliquely, running almost parallel,
the two horses fretted a little at the ap
proach of a freight train, and twisting
sideways one of the whet Is caught between
the rails and wooden planking of the cross
ing. At that moment the train struck it
shattering toe wheel and turning the coach
over on Mr. Lowell, killing him instantly.
Seven others out of the party were badly
injured. One man was thrown from the
top of tbe coach on to the engine tender,
and was not injured. A lady was thrown
the cow-catcher and carried on it till
tbe train stopped, losing one of her eyes
and being in otner respects badly injured.
Mr. J as. Wendell was badly hurt. Mr. M.
Holbrook had his head injured, and was
considered worse this forenoon. Mr. Aus
tin Poole had his leg shattered, and it was
amputated. It was thought this forenoon
that he would not live through the day.
Mrs. Lowell's lower limbs are paralyzed,
she having been injured in the spine. Mrs.
rooie was seriously injured. iJotn of these
ladies are in a very bad condition. Others
were more or liss argrous!y injured, and
were severely jarred and bruise-.
DEATH OF A DIVER.
HAVRE DE GRACE, Md., Sept. 1.
Mr. Broad, of Boston, one of the princi
pal submarine divers employed by the
Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore
Bail Road Company, constructing a bridge
this point, was smothered to' death in
his diving dress this afternoon, owing to
defects in the air pump.
BREAK IN THE WELLAND CANAL.
ST. CATHARINE'S September 1.
TLree gates of the Allanburg lock, on
the Welland Canal, have been carried
away-by a schooner. Navigation will be
resumed on Monday.'
WASHINGTON, September 1.
The trial of Wiia was resumed to day
and witnesses were examined as to the con
dition and cruel treatment of the prisoner
Nazareth Allen testified that he was for
a while in the Confederate service at An-
derionville, and was a guard there, at
tached to the 6th Alabama Baserves. He
knew that Captain Wirz was commander
of the prison. He had seen men in the
stocks and in the chain gang. One man
died in tne stocks. He wax thus punished
for attempting to escape. On one occasion
a prisoner stepped out of the ranks to ak
Captain Wirz to tranfer him to another
mess when Wirs ordered him back, cursing
him and threatening to shoot him. Wit
ness testified at length on the filthy condi
tion of the prison. The stench was so bad
while he was on duty in the stockade that
ne was sick pretty much all of the time.
He and others made comolaints to their
officers on the subject. A man who was
sick, lying on the ground calling in his
distress for his mother, asked witness for
tent material, but he could not give the
articles as it was against orders. Prison
ers were deprived of vegetables, including
onions, which they had purchased at the
gate. He knew that hounds were kept at
tne prison to scent inoee wao naa escaped.
jrosB-exaa.inea dj aeienee. witness
ts conscripted into the Confederate ser
vice. He had never seen any of the pris
oner s shot, nor did he shoot any ot them ;
never had orders to shoot prisoners who
cross ea tne aeaa line, xne nounds were
common plantation dogs, and not particu
larly ugiy or savage ; nad never seen a
man bitten by them.
Capt. i. Heath who had been on duly in
Andersonville prison, in the Confederate
service, testified that in August, 1864,
win sent id men to mm to be ironed;
they were brought by a Provost Marshal
attached to Gen. Winder's headquarters.
The next day twelve of these men were
ironed; one ot tnem got away, when
hounds were put on his scent; the man
was discovered up a tree, and a pistol was
fired at him: Wirs commanded him to
come down ; the man asked that the dogs
might not be permitted to bite him ; they
nowever attacked mm wnen ne descended.
Biung at ms legs. Wirz could have taken
the prisoner, but did not call the hounds
off. He recollected of a sick man being
put in a chain gang; he did not know
whether the man died cr not; be did not
like to tell what ailed the man, there being
lauies in tie voun jtoom.
Judge Advocate Hhipman said, witness
could modestly tell what ailed him.
Witness then said the man had the diar
rhea and those with whom he was chained
said they would be damned if they Would
listened to such a man ; they to travel
the same time, to the same place, for the
same purpose ; namely, to the sink.
The witness had seen the prisoner knock
down two or three prisoners, once when a
movement of the prisoners commenced,
because one of them tried to get out with
equad to which he did not belong.
Witness was cross-examined at some
length by the defence, saving among other
things that before the stockade was ex
tended he heard Wirz say that if any
more prisoners were sent there would not
room enough for them.
The court here took a recess from 1 to
When the court
Thomas, a member of the court, called at
tention to an article which appeared in
yesterday's Evening Star, as follows:
im records of tbe Andersonville prison,
captured by Gen. Willson and furnished
tne War Department to the expedition
to Andersonville by Secretary Stanton
lay out a cemetery and mark the graves
our soldiers who died in prison in that
place, have turned up missing since the
return of the party. One of the clerks of
t arturiirfiteT a jjtpuiuicji, ac
companied tne expedition, and in whose
hands the records were last seen, has
placed under arrest by the military
authorities until he can give a satisfactory
account of tbe disposition made ot them.
it is thou ht by some that if the records
were stolen instead of lost it was for the
purpose of preventing their use as evi
dance sgainst Wirz, the keeper of the
Andersonville prison now ben.- on trial
General Thomas said he wanted the
prison or tried fairly and therefore asked
whether it was true that the records had
lost or stolen.
Colonel Cbipman replied that the hos
records and register of deaths, with
exception, were in charge of the
to the Committee. He Jid not know
what article in the Star the idea was
based. The Government intended to in
troduce the records at the proper time.
Mr. .Baker said ne knew nothing about
Colonel CbipmiB remarked that the al
legation in tbe atar was so indefinite that
was impossible to tell whether the pa
alluded to have ever been in posses
sion of the government or not He report
ed that the hospital and death registers
not stolen, and would be introduced
the proper time.
Mr. Baker knew nothing about the
statements in the newspapers he had read.
far as the counsel for the prisoner was
concerned they would be happy to have
produced all tne records bearing upon the
Andersonville prison. He asked that all tbe
prisoner ever did be laid before the court
Colonel Chipman said the article could
relate to the papers in his custody.
Mr. lla-er said 11 it was not inconsistent
the Judge Advocate's duty, the
records should be put wnere the Counsel
the defense could have access to them.
Col. Chipman said, if you cn convince
that I am not capable of taking care
them I will do so.
Mr. Baker We make the request wi'.h
proviso that if it could be done con
sistently with your duty.
Cel. Chipman That is another ques
tion. Mr. Baker That was all we asked, in all
for our client
Col. Chipman It is not now consistent
my duty to produce papers.
Mr. Baker We made the request
civilly, for information. We need all
papers very much.
Wm. WUliard, late in the service of the
Confederate army, at Andersonville, cer
tified to the filthy state of the prison and
miserable condition of the prisoners,
owing to the want of the necessaries of
and from other causes. He gave some
in connection with men in a chain
gang, or banted by hounds.
Calvin Honey cut h, who was also in the
service at Anderson rille, said he saw
Wiiz draw his pistol and threaten
shoot a man who was sick for not stand
ing in line. The prisoners attempting to
escape were bunted down by hounds. He
one man who was torn in the leg by
another man was whipped on his
back with a stick because he blacked
face and attempted to escape with a
as. Mabon, who was in the Confederate
army, and on duty at Andersonville, testi
fied thtt he and an Assistant Provost Mar
shal took 13 men to a blacksmith shop
the purpose of having iron col
lars and chains fastened on them.
received bis verbal orders irom Capt
Wirz through an orderly sergeant One
the men called "Frenchy." however,
his escape. Capt Wirz sail, when
heard of it : "That damned Frenchy
escaped again," and he sent for dogs,
which got on the track of the man. who
captured near a stream. Wirz got off
horse and went along by the tide of
dogs ; witness judged that it was Wirz
fired the pistol at the man ; the man's
trousers were torn by the dogs. He did
know whether the flesh was injured.
Witness had heard Wirz remark that be
wished all the prisoners were in hell and
himself with them.
The witnesses above named were cross
examined at length. The last one said it
a laborious and vexatious task to take
of prisoners and he did not think any
would be ambitious to have the situa
tion. Judge Samuel Hall, of Georgia, residing
miles from Audersonviile, testified that
he frequently visited the vicinity of the
r'-"jujLcerapw, 1004. xne place was
so crowded that there really seemed to be
"room lor more, uver uaptain Wir
ui jo was a sign oeanng tnese words :
"Commandant of the Interior Prison."
While there he saw him draw requisi-
uuo ior rations ; Dy an act or the Con-
grow 11 required one-tenth of farm pro-
uucts w be delivered to the government
aua paid in as taxes : the act was general
ly compiled with. Supplies were gathered
vgietnorpe, wnicn ten miles from
Mr. Decker, in the crnnn-aramlnaiinii
asked prisoner whether he knew how the
prison came to be so crowded T
Witness replied that he only knew from
what General Winder told him, viz: that
the prison was built for 10,000 only, but
that the rushing of additional prisoners
from Libby, Belle Island, and other points
belore Bicbmond, in consequence of Dahl-
gren's and Kilpatrck's raids, over-crowded
the prison. General Winder was proceed
ing to enlarge the prison, but he found he
could not procure sufficient timber and la
bor. The General informed him that ha
naa impressed all the saw mills he oould,
and was unable to furnish all the prison
ers with shelter. Witness was asked by
General Winder to contract for two homes
at Oglethorpe in which to place some of
.1 : . l c . .......
we biuk irom Anaersonvuie. but he could
not succeea in renting premises.
At 4 o clock the court adjourned until
FROM NEW YORK.
NEW YORK, September 1.
The Post's special savs: At a meetintr of
toe creditors 01 tne nrmer netcnum, Bon
& Co., to day, after a full disoussion agreed
upon a settlement ot bU per cent 01 the
ameunt of their claims. All the property
of the firm is to be given in its charge irom
The Post's specie! savst An order has
been issued to m :ster out thirty more reg
iments of infantry, cavalry and artillery.
There is a large accumulation of mer
chandise blockaded in the oity of Mexico.
xnere are numerous bands ot confede
rates in the city; what the? are waiting
for or how they live no one knows, but
tbey have lost all confidence in Maxi
The times San Antonio correspondent of
Aug. 03. announces tne arrival of the 1st
division ol Cavalry under Gen. West, at
Hen. Merntt arrived on the 1st.
The arcenal and public buildings sur
rendered by Twiggs were occupied as
head-quarters. It was one of the most
successful marches on recoid, eighty horses
and mules being the total losses. Four
hundred and forty-five miles were made in
Advices from South America to the 24lh
July, state that the Paraguayan's had
suffared a reverse near South Borgia. A
Brazillian force had attacked the van
guard of the Paraguayan army and driven
back with a loss of seven hundred men,
three thousand horses and two flags. The
Brsailians report a loss of one hundred
fifty killed and wounded.
The Emperor of Brazil was at last ac
counts at Buenos Ayres.
WASHINGTON, September 1.
The Secretary of the Treasury repre
sents teat department as in an easy condi
as to iunas. xne receipts irom inter
revenue have been fully equal to the
calculation heretofore made. The receipts
the month of August amounting to
Hon. George Harrington with his fami
left Washington for New York to take
passage far Switzerland, there to enter
upon his duties as United States minister.
xo-days national intelligencer says we
assurred from the highest source of
auuma .ga.uii tua auujocb ifia, tin govern
ment cannot be loser to any considerable
amount under any event by the Norfolk
swindle or by the operations of any of the
enure jraymaaters s xieyartment
MURDER AND SUICIDE.
BOSTON, September 1.
A horrible tragedy occurred in South
Dedham last night Dr. Carlos Marston,
physician, and his daughter, an interest
girl of ten years of age, were shot by
Marston, the JJoctor s wile, who after
wards finished her dreadful work by shoot
herself. Mrs. Marston has been sick
a number of weeks past, and has, at
times, given evidence of mental derange
ment For several days past She had been
NEW YORK, September 1.
Gold was more active to-day, and has
advance! to 145. At the close, 144 was
NEW YORK, September 1.
The stock market exhibits a general im
provement in money. The leading opera
tors are slill out ot town. There is a de
cided increase of speculation and prices
a stronger tone. Ohio and Missis
sippi certificates are very active. The
exchange market is firm throughout,
especially on all southern and north-western
shares. At the second board railway
shares were steady, with a fair business
Miscellaneous shares firmer, with a further
on Canton and Mariposa. Govern
ment stocks are moderately active. State
steady, with some activity.
The Commercial says, a strong clique
buying up Ohio and Mississippi certifi
cates, upon the understanding that efforts
be made in connection with European
capitalists, who are expected here, to amal
gamate the Ohio and Mississippi road with
Atlantic and Great Western.
Gold market firmer. More active de
mand for Customs and a considerable de
mand for shipment South. There is some
revival In the speculative feeling.
Money is easy; and the call loans are at
per cent. The Express says: To-day
Treasury Department commenced to
disburse ,$4,316,000, in gold, as interest on
ten forty bonds. There will be about
millions ot this amount paid out here
receipts for duties, to day, were over
$4,000,000, and ,the payments en account
interest did not vary much from this
Petroleum stocks to-day and especially
Pilhole Creek, Buchanan Farm, Excel
sior and United States, are active. Prices
generally better. Buchanan Farm 80;
Fulton 635; Pithole Creek 905; Watson
Cherry Run 22; Excelsior 115; High
gate 46; United States 2.690.
The petroleum market is firm at 3l31
crude, and 6054 J for refined in bond,
6972 for free.
THE KETCHUM CASE.
At a meeting of the creditors of Ketch
urn, Son & Con about 150 persons, com
prising neatly all the creditors, of tbe firm,
present W. R. Cone, representing
Hartford Carpet Company which is un
derstood to be the largest loser' by the de
falcation, was called to the chair. E. W.
Blatchiord, of the Chicago Lead and Iron
Works, for himself and his company, was
made Secretary. The meeting then de
cided upon a programme of business.
Morris Ketchum presented to the Chair
man a package of letters, which were read
Mr Bangs counsel for the firm and for
This package embraced a letter from
Morris Ketchum to his creditors. Also,
letters to Mr. Ketchum from Thomas
.Belknap, Jr., one of. the partners. This
last one covered the copy of ' a letter from
Air. swan, partner to Edward B Ketchum.
The letter to young Ketchum is dated the
4th of August, 1865, and showed an effort
had been made by the junior partners to
bring E. B. Ketchum's individual specula
tion to a close with the view of terminating
nis connection with the firm.
A great deal of discussion ensued. In
the course of the discussion it Was asked if
the firm had paid anything, or made any
provision for taking up the forged gold
checks of young Ketchum, which are not
considered part of the liabilities of the firm,
in full, and positive assurance was given
tnat tne nrm naa taken ne such action in
regard to his forgeries.
On motion of Mr. James K. Place the
creditors decided unanimously to accept
proposition which had been made
to them, and restore the estate
in the hands of assignees to Ketchum, Son
ot Co.'s creditors. They however reserved
any claims . to the abstracted securities
against any person in whose bands these
securities may be found. Morris Ketchum
then stated that himself and his partners
had not fully determined before the meet
ing that they would undertake to pay 60
per cent, but that after the vote he would
undertake to make good the engagement
which the creditors had thus virtually ef
fected. He said he would undertake to keep
it even if it required a sacrifice, not only
of the property assigned, but of Mrs.
Ketchum's right of dower, and his real
estate valued at $385,000
The total amount of liabilities is reported
by the Committee, including a loan of
$250,000, which the house disputes, was
$3,935,608 85. The assets amounted to
$3,093,000. Phis includes $243,000 which
the firm hopes to recover from the estate
of young Ketchum and the abstracted
bonds. It can be recovered only by a
long case of litigation.
NEW YORK, September 1.
The Times' Washington special ssys
that Colonel Flagler, an ordnance officer of
the War Department, has just returned
from a tour through tbe South,, where he
has been engaged in disposing of the ord
nance stores of the various fortifications
captured from tbe rebe's during the war.
An immense amount has been shipped to
the arsenals North, and a large amount,
especially on the Mississippi, has been
found to be worthless, and consequently
The Herald's special says Mr. McFar-
land, President of the Farmers' Bank of
Virginia, was attempting to gain an au
dience with the President to-day in rela
tion to a sum of specie, stated at nearly
$20,000, now in possession of the Freed
men's Bureau, which he claims to be the
lawful property of the bank. It seems the
money was sent to tome obscure locality
Georgia for preservation, a short time
before the Federal occupation of Richmond,
but was found and taken possession of by
property. The bank denies ttat it was
either and is endeavoring to regain pos
Columbia Commandory No. 2, Knight
Templars of this city, leave to-morrow for
Columbus, Ohio, to attend the triennial ses
sion of the grand encampment of that ar
dor, which is to convene in that city on the
first of the coming week.
NEW YORK, Sept. 1.
The World's correspondent from Augus
Georgia says : I travelled recently 80
miles along the line of Sherman's march,
and not a bale of cotton, or a cotton-gin, or
escaped the torch in all that region,
it was only twenty miles in width and
constituted but a small portion of the
State. There is nearly a full crop, however,
and the crop for the State will amount to
about 45,000 bales. There were about 300,.
bales in the State when the war closed.
South Carolina is smaller than Georgia,
Sherman's march was through a larger
portion of her territory, and but 25,000
bales are to be found within her limits.
The moving of cotton at Selma and
Montgomery by Gen. Willson and the
Confederate authorities, was more destruc
tive than the ravages of Sherman in
Georgia. But thirty-11 va thousand bales
will he carried to seaports from Alabama.
The production of Florida is small, and
from Mississippi, Louisiana and Arkansas
large part of the cotton had been trans
ported belore the close of the war. These
four States will furnish three hundred
thousand bales more.
From the western part of Texas much of
cotton had found an outlet through
Mexico, but from the middle and north
eastern portion the production had been
larger, and neither the Federal nor Con
federate forces had 'destroyed it, so that
200,000 bales will be furnished from this
State. The present year's crop will add tint
little to the resources of the Southern
States. Peace come too late in the season
induce planting, and the low price of
cotton compare 1 with corn and provisions
discouraged its production.
In January thirty-five miles which I
recently made through the heart of the
State, I saw but one field ot cotton, and
reports from every part of the country are
same. 'A few fields of corn were
pulled up to give place to cotton,
when the news of peace arrived between
General Government and the seceded
States. But the season of the year was
far advanced to make this general. It
believed that not one hundred thousand
bales of cotton will be raised this year in
South Carolina, Florida or Alabama.
Yesterday Evening's Edition.
WEST INDIA NEWS.
NEW YORK, September 1.
The Herald's Kingston, Jamaica corres
pondent says that the headway which the
Revolutionists are making in Hayti has
been deemed by President Jeffrard suffi
ciently alarming to induce him to make
preprations for escape from his country.
mail steamer has therefore been chart
ered at Kingston to proceed to Port au
Prince, and there remain till the time ar
rives for him to take safety in flight, or
the danger of such an event has passed
Owing to the severe drought of the pres
ent summer in the island of Jamaica, to
the heavy taxes and other causes, tbe ne
gro laborers there have been reduced to
the most abject poyerty and great suffer
ing, and thousands of them are on the
verge to starvation. They blame the Gov
ernor and his offloers as the cause of their
difficulties, and so strong and bitter 13 the
feeling against the local government that
outbreak cn their part is feared in the
western part of the Island, ia consequence.
of which two gun boats have been dis
patched to that locality.
The Herald's Santiago correspondent
says that notwithstanding the havoc and
spoliation of the Spaniards during their in-
vaaiuu ui oaa jjommgo, crept are now
coming forward which promise ample sub
sistence for the inhabitants, and that the
sacriaces wnicn tne war has compelled the
people to endure have made them more
united and determined to maintain their
independence. This latter statement ia
hardly borne out by the r porta which we
nave publisnedol threatened hostilities be
tween .wo native chief Generals Pimental
It is said that the Spaniards stole and
destroyed a large quantity of fine woods,
principally the property of American mer
chants, which had been stored at different
places, and now General Gandara, the
Spanish Commander, having withdrawn
his troops from the Interior, has blockaded
the principal ports of the Republic be
cause the Dominican Govern meet will
not submit to his haughty and unreason
able demand in the Peace Treaty, thus
preventing the exportation of large stocks
of tobacco belonging to Ameiicans as well
as Europeans. To cffet this blockade, the
-Uominicans nave determined to commis
sion pnvatears to prey on Spanish com
merce, and an agent, authorized to issue
letters of marque, has already left for the
umteu outtea ana Europe.
NEW YORK, September 1.
ine Herald s Richmond correspondent
says the order for revoking the pardon ot
Mr. Dudley, President of the York Biver
Itailroad, emanated from President John
son himself, in consequence of Dudley hav
ing mauigeu in strongly uisioyai language
subsequent to receiving the Executive
It is said that certain Virginia banks
have been receiving rebel money up to the
present time in liquidation of uabiliues
The Herald's Fort Monroe correenonrlant
says the report that the military authorities
have held a conversation with J(ht Davis
wherein the latter, among other thinm.
disclaimed any acquaintance with the no
torious Captain Wirz, or knowledge of the
inhuman treatment to which our prisoners
at Andersonville were subjected, is un
founded in truth. Except General Miles
and the officers on guard duty, no officer
has had any conversation with Jeff. Davis,
or even been allowed to visit him. One of
President Johnson's sons had a lone inter
view with him a few days since, and he is
the only ciyiUian to whom the privilege has
been granted and his conversation was di
rected to general inquiries as to his health.
and how prison life agreed with him. .
xne Herald s Washington special savs it
is understood that Wirz to day, the 31st,
puweu 111 tne nanus 01 nis counsel volumi
nous documentary.evidence tto prove that
in establishing the dead line within the An
dersonville prison yard and the shooting ot
prisoners wno crossed it, he, in the first in
stance acted under the direct orders of
rebel General Winder and more laterly by
ineempnauc oraers 01 J. a. ttedden, rebel
Secretary of War.
The Commission now trying Wirz decid
ed to reject the testimony of Sergeant Bos
ton Cor bet t, which appeal tl ia tbe record
of this court two days of this week, on the
ground that he is a monomaniac on the sub
ject of Andersonville cruelties.
The records of the Andersonville prison
captured by Gen, Wilson are missing.
One of the clerks of the Quartermaster's
Department who accompanied the expedi
tion, and in whose hands the records were
last seen, has been placed nnder arrest by
the military autrorities until he can give
satisfactory account of the disposition he
made of them. It is thought by some that
the records were stolen instead ot being
lost, for the purpose of preventing them
kin iioofi uwriiau. pj"-"rl Wila.
Mr. Kennedy, late of the Census Bureau,
conditionally offered the Presidency of
the United States Telegraph Company at
a.salary of $5,000 per annum.
"The Times' Washington special says the
President and Secretary of War are de
cidedly in favor of a trial by a civil court
and at as early a day as possible, of Jeff.
Davis. The difficulty has been to find a
proper tribunal. The President looks with
favor upon Knoxville, Tenn., where Davis
committed an overt act of treason by incit
ing an insurrection in a speech to his army.
In case he is tried before Chief Justice Chase
Norfolk, Virginia, will be selected. This
what Davis' friends desire. The state
ment that the Grand Jury ot this District
hasf jund a bill against Davis for construct
tive treason does injustice to the intelli
gence of that Jury, The indictment was
for an overt act
It may be further said that whenever and
wherever the trial does take place, Gen.
Butler, in conjunction with the Attorney
General, will take a prominent part as
public prosecutor. The whole matter has
been under consideration at a recent Cab
inet meeting, where the question of mode
and place was so far decided as to render
the trial an event near at hand.
Income receipts, to day, are far ahead ef
any one previous day. They amount to
$2,431,115 21, which is $420,000 ahead of
former days. The entire receipts for July
and August amount to $57,815,984, and
there is reason to believe that this sum
will be increased to $90,000,000 by the 1st
FROM NEW ORLEANS.
NEW YORK, Sept. 1.
Tbe steamer Northern Light brings news
The Times says : On the 2d an affray
occurred at the Battle House in Mobile, in
which Signor liavega, on Gen. Morrill's
staff, was so severely stabbed by CoL Chas.
Forsyth, son of the Major, that he could
It appears that Forsyth chaises Laveea
with seducing his wife, when Lavega slap
ped Forsyth in the face. The latter then
urew a knife and stabbed Lavega.
xne Times- city or Mexico correspond
ent of July 21 says the French courts mar
tial are pacifying the country by shooting
annually forty thousand Mexicans.
The Estafette, the i rench organ, declares
the empire a failure, and advocates a
French protectorate over the country,
otherwise it will be subdued by the United
Mexictn independence, it says, is impos
sible. There is continual fighting with fre
quent Imperial disasters. "The patriotism
the people is increasing, and the pres
tige ot the x rencn troops is gone, xne
breach between Maximillian and the
French is daily widening.
It was reported teat Mr. xwsoilado has
been sent by Maximillian to President
Johnson with a letter of condolence on the
death of Mr. Lincoln. -
The French expect a war with the Uni
ted States. The clergy are in open opposi
tion to the Emperor.
The Tribune's Brownsville (Texas) cor
respondent says the line of the Rio Grande
growing dark with troops, and General
Steele is said to be getting things in order.
will only give these facts and you can
draw an inference:
Owing to bad water, the want of veg
etables, and Jie great heat, the mortality
among tbe negro troops is very serious. It
15 or 29 per cent The clothing of the
men is not suited to the climate. The men
die mostly of fever, though tma die of
AN ANACONDA LOOSE.
It is Thirty-two Feet in Length—It
It is Thirty-two Feet in Length—It Milks the Farmers' Cows—Panic in
the Country Round About.
Some two weeks ago we saw in the New
Philadelphia Democrat some account of a
big snake which has been seen in the neigh
borhood of Newcomerstown and Fort Wash
in gton, on the P. C. and C. railroad. We
regarded the tale as a myth ; but the Dem
ocrat of the 11th instant returned to the
charge, and said the big snake wss no
myth, and added:
He was actually seen, and is as much of
verity as the great sea serpent ever was.
farmer from the nr ighborhood told a
gentleman of this town that he had bean
teen a year ago trying to swallow a rabbit
His presence in that locality is accounted!
for by the fact that about ten years ago
menagerie, traveling through the country,
bad one of its wagons break down, and
young anaconda then escaped. He had
grown to full size, and may be considered
a living wonder. The snake was seen by
Andrew Stocker, of Salem township, soma
time In June last, while he was ploughing
in his field. It was as large as an ordina
ry Btuve-pipe, ana was standing witn its
head ereet, and as high as hit. He made
a hasty retreat, but said nothing at thw
time, fearing that his story wouid not bar
believed. Mr. Stocker is a reliable farmer,
and his statement is entitled to credit The
snake has its lair near a culvert cn the P.
C. and C. R R, about a mile abovo Port
The Democrat, of the 18th instant,
which has just coma to hand, is silent in "
regard to the snake. But from a gentle- -man
of this city who passed through the
locality said to be infested the presence of
the huge reptile, early yesterday morning
on the P. C. and C. road, we learn that
tbe whole country in tb-t vicinity of Port
Washington and Kewoomerstown was in a
state of intense excitement, and that an
immense concourse of peeple of both sexes,
and of all ages and occupations, had as
sembled at the former place for the pur
pose ot having a grand hunt yesterday for
the big snake, who was said to have his
headquarters in a large swamp in the
. Some time before, the farmers in the
neighborhood, it was said, had offered a
thousand dollars reward for the capture of
his snakeehip, whom they accused of milk
ing their cows without leave or license
from the owners. The snake was estima
ted to be at least thirty-two feet in length,
and it was stated that where he had cross
ed the roads he .'eft a trench in the sand
eight inches in width. We shall await the
result of yesterday's expedition to capture
the ', monster with some interest OAto
Statesman, iSlh. -
Phrenological Delineation of His Character
Phrenological Delineation of His Character---Anecdotes.
The following phrenologies- sketch of
the character of Governor Brough is by
Fowler and Wells of New York :
This portrait represents a very marked
character; there is "meaning" in every
feature, and great force and executiveness .
in the whole. The body is strong and
heavy, the brain large, and the mind active
and comprehensive. He is more like "neavy
ordnance" than light artillery; and though
ponderous, is supple and active.
We infer that he descended from a long
lived and healthy ancestry, and resembles
his mother, or her family, some of v horn
must have been conspicuous and leading
characters. The frame work of this organiza
tion is large, while the internal machinery
is kept well lubricate 1, and in excellent
orkmg condition. The vital principle, be
ing elaborated as fast as wanted by the aid
of an excellent appetite, the best digestion
and the most perfect circulation, the lamp
of life is kept full almost to overflowing,
and if he suffers from anything, It will be
from too much blood, resulting in inflam
mation, apoplexy, gout, or some Kindred,
disease. But if he lives temperately, prop
erly dieting himself, and taking plenty of
out-door exercise, performing some bodily
labor daily, he can live healthfully until a
nunarea years 01a, more or lees, depending
on how he lives. But the tendency of hut
nature is to work, which is the opposite of
a passive, indolent, or lazy spirit; and yet.
he makes his head save his hands when he
can, and, now hard he may work, however
mountainous the task he sets himself about,
he so plans and adjusts all things as to ac
complish it with comparatively little' fric
tion and to go over a greater extent of
ground than is usual with more nervous
Such a man will make every step count
and every blow tell; he will economize is
all things strength, money and time
waBting nothing. Ha belongs to an eco
nomical family, who pro nobly became
"forehanded" chiefly by saving, and though
there is a disposition to engage in trade,
commerce, banking, or other commercial
pursuits, there is also considerable mechan
ical ingenuity, and very excellent planning
talent indicated, and should he give his
mind to it, oould even invent ; and he will
excel in devising ways and means to ac
complish ends. Such a mind has resources
within itself, and is seldom foan d in str&itf ,
but his mode of accomplishing difficult
ends will not be so muh by mere strata
gem as by main force. There is " breadth
of beam in this organization, wiih a will
sufficient for any emergency. He will
take an independent position and main
Integrity is a leading feature; resolution
and decision hold him steadily to any pur
pose ; and he is never feund wanting in
will-power or executiveness, to carry out
his undertakings, cost what they may.
There is great aidor and warmth of affec
tion, and in this, also, he is emphatically
his mother's son, being amply endowed
with her social qualitces.
His love for home and country is clearly
indicated, and alth5ugh he may be fond of
travel, would be happier at home, sur
rounded by his kinsmen, among whom he
would became a sort of patriarch and
leader, a pillar, agtinst which ethers may
lean for support ; to whom the commun
ity would go for counsel and advice, aad
in whose judgment and integrity all would
repose the fullest conflaence.
There is much dignity and sense of char
acter here, without vanity or mere love
for display ; he would appreciate, but not
court the good opinion of others. He has
a high sense of respect for those whom
he considered entitled to it; is devotional
and inclined to yield to re'iglous influences.
He has both faith and trust in Providence:
also a high degree of sympathy, kindness
and " good will toward men." But there
is authority here, and those who come un
der it must take and keep their places ; a
ready compliance, however, would make
the yoke easy, for he would not be harsh or .
severe with those dependent upon him, fot
his benevolence and affection would be
freely exercised toward all, extending even
to animals;; and he would carefully see to
it that the horse, the ox, and even the dog,
were provided for and made comfortable.
When, however, an organization like this
becomes perverted, it is most difficult to
manage, and if he should lose his temper.
something would break.
Observe tne make of his nose; it is
something like the beak of an eagle; note
the fullness of the upper lip, which indi
cates the love of powar, authority, dignity,
and will, which , wnen there seems to be
occasion, would assume an expression not
to be trifled with. When auairs go on
smoothly and there is no friction, his face
is full of sunshine; but, when surrounded
by difficulties, annoyed by the short; ,
comings of others in whom he may'
have misplaced confidence, he is ca
pable of the deepest indignation, and
for the moment has something of
the feeling of a Nero. Bnt he is a good
judge of character, a Napoleon in selecting
tne " ngnt men ior tne rigai piace," ana
is not easily deceived. At the head of an
important trust, suitably supported by
competent aids, he would be capable of con
ducting tbe affairs of a state or nation,
for he has a broad and comprehensive
mind, a well-balanced intellect, with a high
moral and religious sense, all combining
to make him a power in the world, and
suitable, if qualified by education and ex
perience, to lead the leaders. If he is not
a great man, it is not the fault of organ.
ztilion. - If he is not a good man, it
ii because he has been wickedly per
verted ; and if he is not a successful man,
it is because he has not made good use
of his God-given talents, and of such op
portunities as befall most men. Eminently
social, highly honorable, frank, candid ar.d
open-hearted, with only that reserve which
comes from moderate cautiousness and a
prudent intellect, a warm heart, and some
what impulsive, with far more thoughts
than words ne is capable of being all, and
more than our description implies.
Phrenological Delineation of His Character---Anecdotes. The Catholics Vs the Fenians.
A Chicago dispatch to the Cincinnati
Gazette, daltd August 31st, says:
It having been announced that the
fineral of Henry O'Clarence McCarthy,
late Deputy Head Center of the Fenian .
Brotherhood, would take place next Sun
day from St Patrick's Church, in this city,
Archbishop Kenrick has forbidden the
ceremonies, and instructed the iSuperin
tendent of Calvary Cemetery not to admit
any procession of men or women bearing
the insignia of Fenianism within the cem
etery. . This has created quite a sensation
among the Fenians, and it is not yet
known what course they will pursue,