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kirikBAt MIUKIW. FEB 6, 1X4.
War in Europe.
There is a logio of events by which na
tion Art let drifting towid result whioh
they scarcely anticipate. Cabinets and
Parllamentr, Congresses and Secretaries,
assume high moral ground, and being an-
able to retreat from their positions without
aoie w .-v.. r-------
dishonor to tkemseltethemeHuUeeonse.
qnenoe is they are precipitated into a fear-
This moral drifting or logio of events is
' tllnatraud in ear own times bf the suc
cessive grounds thai h" occupied
by the President and his advisers.
It is ereoisely this slow but morally ce- I
. ..... 1
. tai. purees wh.ch is ur.gg.ng
tinent of Europe into wna j 13 I
of fearful portent and as fundamental in
;t. nttin.ia consequences as will beour
The small spark cf diculty, whicn
a few months ago was not visible in t,fc
fflare of te Polish revelation, has alriay
tl-W lbs proportions of an immense
' r--- - . -
' tion on the surfioe of Earopean affairs, it
baa rapidly gained the whirlpool swiftnef s
of that fiarca mael-storm whioh engulphs
the unwary marirer into its gurgling
It may almost be impossible for Ameri
cans to und?reUnd the wild enthusiasm
which characterise both the Banish and
- German reople. Undoubtedly, & the basis
of it. is that intarss love of liberty and
butrrd of oppression rbih haTe for eo
many years agi'a'.cd the erman heart.
It is eao-jgh fjr the m&eaes of the Ger
mans to koow that their brothers in
BcV.eswig and Koietsin ar refueed their
rights by King GhrictUn, of Denmark.
But with the leaders of the German Con
federations, the poteeBsion of a sea port
neon the German cce;n, is at the founda
tion of this wild tumultuous enthusiasm
of the Gm-it.mh fcr the two Duchies atd
The most Jntsrested parties, however,
are not those most directly concerned, but
the Great Power', vhsso C3is!aut ct
it is to sd-sace taetnje'.ves and miict&in
the balance of pwer. England is comraitted
to the defence cf Denmark. Eord
p ,ail lias for some time been endeavor-
in l.y diplomatic jcaneuvering to avert
ing t.ya.p ora r-icrland
the impending appeal to arms, fcag'and
u tint ao morally sensible to the evns
war as to be un-iiiinjr, to engage in a g'eat
Fnmnaan Btrapc'.fl. but she has SODStltnt
eye to fcer materiiil advancement
Eng'acd tdvised Denmark to give
Holstein. Ehc did so. Even jieldirg,
without a shot, the great fortress of Rende-
The latest foreien advloei repre-
sent her as demanding a Cjngress to ad-
tn;at lbs nneation. and atthesame time
- ' . .. . ,
unmlnHha Diet aeainst too naru
pressure npon Denmark. The whole qnes-1
i-m la narrowed down to tne prooiem
wiethcr Eriglsnd will go to war with
Germans. For ber, certainly this would
prove a great calamity. Though with
fleets and armies she might support Ben-
mrk for a while, she would ultimately
suffer all the disastrous results of her own
psauliar polioy toward Ibis country. Eng-
llsh neutrality would be paralelled
American neutrality. The sea would soon
be covered with fast tailing privateers,
armed and equipped by German sailors,
but seoretly setting from American ports,
A continental war in whioh the great
powers, EscUnd aad France, snould
A Mtlve part, although ea'arrittns
themseive, would not necessarily be
to us. On the contrary, it might oompel
them to withdraw belliperent rignts rrom
it South. It might afford the to ntlon
the French intervention in Mexico,
liging Louis Napoleon to withdraw
forces from that quarter. A European
war must largely interfere wi'h the traffic
in breadstuff drawn from the continent,
eo that she would be required to loox
this country for her supplies. The
i:. fVnm anntharn RllS
hv th. wav of the Black tea would
cut off, and hence her dependence upon
markets of the New World.
It teems to be a general opinion
war may yet be averted, and that
will open with the whale question ed.
For the interest, of humanity
trust it may be so; bat still wa cannot
cherish such confidence.
wr i... V n AKn.tt(Vtn. 1a
He can feast
in a Earopean war.
French neenle. already tired of his
irictlons and drifting rapidly to Liberal
ism, with military glory advanoe
boundaries to the Rhine, punish England
fT snubbing his prnprcsd Congress,
withdraw ffracefuUy from Mexico
sa ke more secure his own uncertain
We bone to be disappointed, but
isareoiy seems possible now for the
amity of Earopean war to be averted.
The nation, are all eilently drifting
ward tho dreaded result
Our Letter from Brownville, Texas.
We lay before our reader, this morning
very able and entertaining letter
Brownsviiie, Texts'. Ine writer is a
of fine education and rare powers of
Tation. The letter will, if read oarefuHy,
and wilh a map cf Mesic: before you,
such aa insight into the bloody distrac
tions that prevail in Mexico as many
onr renders may not piseess. It
how completely even the Mexican
are demoralited, and also what deference
is paid to America soldiers on the
can side of t' R:o Grande. The
will abncdmtly pay crcful reading.
fiU f I
TtfinFd ecal oi! is now as colorless
rtr and unite as free from smell.
burned in lampa in ters of thousands
thousands of families, and fortune,
been iraliiel by ti-.e inventors of
and the manufaclurera of shades
cbimnies. The consumption for
natinc nurooses is only just beeun.
the pleasantest and cheapest light next
gas, it is destined to supercede all but
latter. Like iron, gold and coal, no
can fix the limit of consumption. It
nnlT be arrested by failure of the wclis
yield. Of this geologists assert that
i. little probability. The petroleum
of BarrnEh have yielded uninterrupted
stppHes for thousands cf years.
long our coal mines may lest has
frequently calculated, but no calculotor
baa ventured to predict that they
likely to giTe out. The iron and gold
give op as insxhanstible. If they
patroieurn to the same extended
it may justly claim to take rank
them as as equally enduring staple.
Our Fifty Thousand Rebel Prisoners.
Times, In answer to the -question
what shall be done with them make some
Important snggeetions. We alone or na
tions, keep, Jtti and clothe Un$ oj thou
tandt cf pruontri of tear i idltnu: In
Europe they are made to earn their bread.
" Where the accumulation or prisoners
has been great, and their retention prof-toted,
it has been customary to employ
' . vl! 1 T 1L!
them on BTent puniio wor.a. id uiio luau-
- Bo, - built the Canal Bt Quentin
'g,ro..Un pri,0Bei9 of w. d
our own day Napoleon ijx sent the
Austrian prisoners of hiB Italian campaign
to A'gieria, and hired them out to colo
nists. Why should we not do the like
with the fifty thousand rebel prisoners
now rustinc and fattening inidleness? We
have here an industrial force capable of
executing the most colossal national enter
' n;BcflL.nAnk in ttiA Illinois and
j.- -.-j' . lMt.
; K.. f .,; .-d df.m nlnns- our
Borlhern frontier in a few months' time.
I The maiatenance of the maasof rebel pris-
oners we now hate on our hands is. we
believe, eosUng the country something
oroloee on twenty mil-
Iion doiisrs y.ftr. Why should we not
have the value of this outlay t
The rersonal well being of prisoners
"ul3 undoubtedly be greatly enhanced If
I tiev could bs emclojed. Labor would
eome to them as a blessing rather than
curse. The practice is just both in law
and in the practioe of other nations. The
richt is recognixed by our laws " In the
oode of ' Instructions for the Government
af Armies rf the United States in the
Field,' issued last year by the War Depart
ment. Section 76 of this oode states that
prisoners of war 1 may be required to work
for the benefit of the oaptor's Uovernmeni,
acDcrdiie t0 their r"ek condition.'
Si long indeed as the cartel was in opera
tion there was perheps no objeot in putting
this right in foroe ; but now that all ex-
change has ceased by the bad faith of the
Richmond rulers, and we have the prospect
of having forty or fifty thousand prisoners
on our hands for an indefinite period, the
inauguration cf such a policy is highly
We see no reason why, in pursuit
of a mistaken sentimentality, and contrary
to all custom, we should go on expending
twenty millions a year to keep a pack of
oriiuiuals to fatten in idleness, and ttie oi
gout and inanition."
The Unkindest Cut of All.
A spcoial to the New York says :
'Tn a daaiocratic Congressional caucus
recently held a resolution wa adopted to
ignore the whole question of slavery in
the address to be issued, and also to tender
tion. The only oppcsuinn onereu was ujr
a few of tho p?aoe Democrats."
It is certainly amusing to watch the
wrigglings of the Democratic leaders in
their efforts to get upon ground which will
make their prospects for the Preeidency
J , iittie n,ore hopofaL After all their pra
bnr flB-. bout Peace, and their pharisaical
abhorrence of blcod, they would not soruple
to nominate, if tney couia get Bnyuwjjr
I , w n.i. v.
I accent, a Diooay .on oi vuV
otner the rebel organ in New Tork,
wo;cb i8 always prating aooui recr, u
the ,pMmodic editorial called Copperhead, to
her But (his new democratio dodge is very
uuk;nlj toward General Grant. After the
0& gtanio ha. done its best to murder
nm (be dernooraoy propose to oonfer upon
nim the leadership of the Fernando Wood
by I pe4C. party. O umpora I Omorttl
Affairs in East Tennesee.
be material change, since Longstreet halted
The opinions exproseed yesterday morn
ing, are confirmed by what the Nashville
Press of Monday says in regard to East
Tennessee. We quote: " Rumors of all
kinds in regard to movements of the hostile
armies in East Tennessee have been rife,
for the last few days. Whatever official
intelligence may reasb. headquarters doe.
not transpire, and those addioted to gueaa-
ing are allowed free scope. If anything
of all we hear should turn out to be true,
our readers shall have it very shortly
after we ourselves get it. We deem
useless, perhaps worae than useless
give currency to idle rumors. Bo far
we are reliably Informed, affairs at Knox-
vllle and thereabouts have undergone
at Bristol. Knoxville may have been
been evacuated by the Federal forces, but
we neither know it, nor believe it."
Pledging the Public Lands.
I -l t : ,u .M. ..I amnnwarinv
the nuuiuna, w" r o
Under this head the Cincinnati Gaxette
has an able article in opposition to
pledging of publio lands as security
the proposed new loan of five hundred
frra preoption of its own faith.
bond-holders, in default of payment
take possession of a traot of land.
Gasette argues that the plan is unneces
sary ; that it i. contrary to the Home
stead law, by whioh the publio lands
already pledged to those who shall settle
upon them: that it will not advance
market price cf the publio faith a farthing.
but will naturally deprecate the previous
loans; that the sustained demand for
last loan proves that special pledges
nt needed ; that Government loans morU
s-iee the entire property of the whole poo
pie; and that the offer of special security
by the Government would be an act in
General Grant's Great t-pecch at Bt, Louie.
General Grant arose amid a perfect
storm of spplause; but true to hisresoln
tion never to make a speech, he simply
' Gf btlemih In response, it will
impossible for me to do more than to thank
The third toast wss read" The Army
and Navy of the United States." Music
Rally Rsund the Flag."
Letter from Brownville, Texas.
BaowHvniS, Txs, Jan. 18, 1861.
Ma. Editor : Hiving promised that
would advise the Leadeb. when anythin
of interest should tranEpire along this
I find myself necessitated to
you to-night as I wculd fain keep
promise intact. Recent event, have
across the Rio Grande which
bs taken as instructive commentary
our own affair, at home. The city
Matamorcs elyled, in the courtly
of Mexican ofnoials, " Heroie Mata-
mores" is tts c&pitol of the State of
manlipas; while Tampioo is its prinoipal
aaanort. Now. while the forees of
French despot hold the city of Tampioo,
distant only one hundred and ten mile..
we have witnessed, within the past
days, an event of common occurrence
Mexico, a revolution; murder running
riot is the streets, and pillage, and robbery,
high carnival where a few hours
before nothing nnusual was to be seen or
heard, save the ordinary bustle and noisy
activity of a commercial city.
Your readers are already aware that
Mexico Is enmed in a life and death
etroKle. Her TerT ezistoace as a separ.
..j .mW of the family
nations depends on the struggle whish
her patriots are making, and the blows
they are striking, to free her from the
grasp of the French Emperor. If they
fail, she goes down to rise no more. Ehe
will be like Algiers, a mere dependency of
the empire. Next to the success of the
eauseof the Union nothing ought to inlei
est a true American more profoundly than
the cause of " liberty and Union' in tne
neighboring republic, which once really
attained wculd result in the regeneration
of Mexico. This br way of introduction.
Rnmelhinff lees than two Tears ago Don
Jesus de La Serna, who was educated at
the University of Kentucky, was cnosen
Governor or ine state oi lamuuiipas,
Ahnnt the time he took his seat as uovern
or the Frenoh forces laid seiee to Tampi
co and the oity surrendered. The state
hainv thus actnallv
Ju.x issued a proclamation declaring th.
state to D3 in a conaiiion ,., r.,Ko,
establishing tne law martial.
checkmate tne purposes or me r l"-
ty which, though vastly in tne
stiU does exist, as those noisy patriots the
wards, and Medarys did exist in. tne
In th. VMAHL ttlUnlinllH. I IOPT Tfl UCB'J
7 k i" Vhnrt.rt!rp.Ufnt Jnarex
now albei: unburled!) Vteoiitnl jmwil
appointed a military Governor , WhM
our forces arrived at Drairntiiu-
fnnnd that a revolution had ocourred m
Matamsras. The ooeasion was that the
then military Governor was about to raise
the French flag, thus betraying tne uot-
J0""1, and Havrnz Wed
his purpose to General Cortina, who was
- . f , i r 1 n .. K a
th. nnipniknAf OT m lQrCBB lUUlt .v
Rio Grande, the latter had him at once led
nnl and fthat 1
HTinir tbna summarily dealt with the
narfiiions Governor. (Cabos,) Cortina at
once called on the civil Gjvf-rnor, Serna,
, .rga hi functions, the Frenoh hav-
.wannalad Tamnico on account of the
yellow fever, and the state being no longer
in a " state of seige." 8erna was there
fore duly installed, and has exercised the
r.nti.-na of bis cfEse until within a few
davs. Meantime the Juarcx Government
Uile sanauoning tne .uouuucc -
sisted on the msintenanoa ci tne i
. . ... n i r , n : ; I :
martial, appointed uon aiwuei nm
This appointment deeply offended Cortina,
and only afcer a long negotiation would
! only afcer a long negotiation
mtt Run with , hw force to ent r in.
oity. It was finally agreed that Cortina
ahmild receive a rouna sum ui nutj
rumor says twenty thousand dollars
gold and should leave tne cuy m-i
his forces against those of the Frenoh
Tampico. No sooner had Ruix been in
stalled than the bad blood of Cortica be
gan to manifest itself ; he refused to march
to Tampico unless a certain eum of money
were paid him. ui tne ita muiuu
was peremptorily ordered to leave the city
witn ms command ; mis uv
Meantime, one of his principal officers,
Colonel Cordinas having gone to
headquarters of Ruis, and having grossly
insulted the governor, was apprehended,
and on making resistance, was at once saoi
by the guard. A oonflict of arms at once
began. Uortina ccsupiea iu ra,
i. the principal market; whiie Ruis held
the Cathedral naxa.
A furious canonading ensued; while rat
tling volleys of musketry, the braying
bugles sounding the charge, and the shouts
of oombattant. filled the interlude.
ooner had the battle begun than General
fT.ron received a note from Mr. fierce,
Amerioan Consul at Matamoras, asking
protection for himself and the American
niiiaana there resident This was all
mora necessary, as the foreign citixens
generally deposited tneir money witn
Consul: He had in his possession
one million in specie. General Herronwa.
not slow to act ; in fifteen minutes he
nn hrijide under arms. We at
crossed a detachment of the Twentieth
Wisconsin, a detachment or tne xsineiy
fonrth Illinois, and one seotion of Weifiey
First Missouri Battery. This, at
o'olock in the evening, promptly formed
the Mexican side of the river, and
into the town. We threw forward skir
mishers, and to the merry musicoi lanaee
Doodle, marched to the Consulate.
fighting ceased in our vioinity ; we
naasession of the square in whioh
Consulate i. situated, and though the
shot, of the enemy fell among ns
frequently, fortunately no Amerioan
hurt The battle raged all night. Atdy
light we escorted the Consul and his family,
wilh the principal vaiuames oi me auwi-
can citixens, to Brownsville, ine
closed about nine on the morning of
18th. Cortina having obtained vne maste
ry and having driven the Governor's
from the field, the latter hastened to
the river into Texf s. uovernor ttui z
into town yesterday with hi. body-guard,
and nearly all hi. adherents are now
Brownsville. Cortina is master ot tne
About fifty men were killed
one hundred wounded.
A la.r-e number of rebel, who had
Into Mexico on our taking possession
Brownsville, and are now in Matamoras,
had food for refleotion while the fight
going on; many of them nad money
considerable sums This was the stron
reason to both parties to rob tnem.
had abjured their country, and could
ask the protection of iu flag ; while
honest American naa out to piace .nimseii
beneath our consular flag, to insure a
deferential reBpeot for himself and
these fellows, in mortal fear of
and robbery, not daring to
into the street, burrowed in oellars
dark oloseta, melancholy examples or
fate that await, the authors and t he
and abettor, of this rebellion. Never
I prouder of the flag cf my ocuntry ;
did I appreciate the value of American
eitixinship so highly as when I saw
defferenos paid to American rights by
the ignorant esldiery of Mexico in
midst of furious oombat When marching
out of Matamoras it became necessary
pass through a street in which the
was raging hot The regimental
struck up Yankee Doodle and with
tread the regiment marched forward,
not a shot was fired, until we were out
range, by either Bide.
Waat will be the result of the last
no one oan tell. But God
our country from ever being brought
such a pass, as that discontented
or military leaders will thus sport
the lives of innocent men. " From all
bliody riots, end rtbellions,
Good Lord deliver ns," if the prayer
A. H. P.
Coal in Rhode Island.
There is considerable excitement
Rhode Island over the anthracite coal
known to exist near Portsmouth.
Provldenoe Journal says:
It is well settled that this coal can
profitably fhincd fcr furnace, where
quantities of a similar arlicle
consumed. The coal now bears the
prioe of 57 per ton, which must
large profit 4o the miners. It i.
that lot far from 75 tons per day are
by rail to Taunton, and that
is a market for much more. There
probably be an enlargement of the
before many months are passed.
say. also that extensive arrangement,
to be made for smelting oopper and
under the auspice, of the Mount
Mining Company, who are disposed
push forward operation, with a xeal
can scarcely fail to ensure enecesa.
The Rebel Plans—Important If true.
A Washington correspondent of the St.
Lonis Republican, upon the authority of a
gentleman direct from Richmond, wno nea
been employed in the rebel departments,
gives the following statements, wnion omj
needs confirmation to be of peculiar inter-
est After snowing now me reoein pro
K , , T 1L. o: :iU a
pose to enter in nem .n ".p-r -
force of 225,000, he gives the two plans of
Davis and Lee. They are natural if not
correct. i ,
l0wing plan, were developed. Jeff. Davis
was in favor of employing two hundred
thousand trcops, as follows :
An army of seventy-five thousand under
Johnson to hold Grant in ohsck ; another
column of fifty tnousand to oppose tne army
of the PotoTiao. protect Kicamond, noia
Virginia; while a grand army of one hun
dred thousand vetarans should be eonoen-
traud in Southwestern V lrnnia, or wnion
Longstreet s present force should ce tne
in or destrovine all the railroads, to sep-
irom tne nest, m aumn-
.. . b . without encoun.
" -r.at difficultie-, and perhaps fight.
r - " . b.ttle ,t tu. ,omewhere
"ft Ohio River. Butiaid he to Gen.
nan .nrmnunt: the enemy cannot oonoen-
--- -- - - one hunld
nucleus, ana i tne ( wnoie, unaer w
march to toOWritong
u u o "
IU wjouj-; .w.-p, - -
handle" to Lake Erie, thus dissecting the
territory of the loyal Slates, and, oy noia.
thousind veterans before you ny our nag
subjects on the
M a and I believe
Lse, "all ordinary difficulties I know yoa
itiat circumstance will insure our imme
diate recognition by the powers of Europe.
I am not fearful of tne result or Datties,
which I know must be fonght to accom
plish this, for something tells me that be-
for. I die I .hall exult t, .the glad tidings
of a Rreat and overwhelming victory by
voo. over our oppressors upon their own
-1 J f Italia. tHa n.vt timAi
you meet the enemy on free soil my hope,
nan If had many obicC'lons to the
rebel President's plan. He admitted the
argument abent recognition ; but insisted
there were oimcuiue. in mo way oi buu-
re. a which could not be surmounted. In
the firs: place he presented the faot that a
i-ahal tru of one hundred thousand men
would have to carry it. .applies some
two hundred miles over the worst mouo-
..in t.ana in the coantrv. and the trans-1
noriaiinn nniwiorT was not to be had :
Knc!,ia had thev the means at command
the crcffree. of the army would be delayed
by the immense trains, it would bo impos-1
sible to succeed. Scoondiy, it wculd take
tweal dav0 u2der any o-rcumstances, to
t0"w heeling, and in that Ume the
Feiierals could confront him with an
equal number of troop9; and thirdly, he
n , . , . . . . .: I. P ,V.
niitrht succeed in penetiating north of the
Ohio, ard establishing his Use as far a.
Luke Erie, but ne wouia ce menacca ou
bo:h flinks at the same time, while his
rear and lines of communication would be
the most invitingly expused to attack and
occupation by the enemy.
In oono!u9.on, the rebel General present
td his own plans, which was as follows :
To give Johnston seventy-nve tnousana
troops, and Longstreet the same number;
the former to keep urani empieyea in ironi,
while the latter would retake Knoxville
and East Tennessee. Longstreet'. success
would turn Grant's fUnk, and, if the latter
did not then fall beck from Chattanooga to
NafJiville. he oould advance toward Middle
Tennessee, and, menacing his rear and
line of supply and communicaticn, force
him to retreat under the most unfavorable
circumstances. Grant once on the move,
Johnstone would follow him closely, and
uniting with Longstreet, the two could
drive him to the Ohio River. " Then, Ken-
tnnkv in onre." said General Lee;
Johnston and Longstreet this many troops;
let them start Wranl out oi maitanooga,
and then unite their forces befjre he could
fail on eisber separately, and 1 am certain
we will regain Tenneesee forever,
carry the war ino Kentucky, where,
haiipvB. it will end."
Which of these plans were finally adopted,
mv informant cannot certainly tell;
be believes that the execution of one
the two is now being arranged, and it
very likly, General Lee s programme.
Appropriations for the War.
The New York Journal of Commerce
publishes a detailed statement of the ap
propriations made by Congree. for
war. fsotinz ud in the se-reirate as fol
Appropriation) 1st aeBion 37tn
Appropriation d uehsicn -7th
Appropriation? W session 7th
This figure exceeds one eighth of the
tal amount of the true value of the
estate and personal property of all
states and territories, which according
the late census is S16.159.616.0G8.
ficiency bills to m;et the inadequacy
many oi the appropriations are now
order of the day in Congress, and if what
is asked is voted,and we take into account
the pensions and war claims yet to
r,ai together with state and local
bureements, the expenditures on behalf
the war up to September last will be nearer
Si.OCO.UOO.OOO one quarter the amount
of the value of the country than $2,000,
The Journal of Commerce forcibly says
"No mere eloauenoe of word, can add
the foroe of this summary. It tells of
devotion of the people, and the freedom
with whioh they have lavished their treas
ure for the maintenance of the
The Real Feeling in England in Regard
to the Birth of a Prince.
The Lsndon carrospondent of the
Y .'k Tribune speaks on this wise of
baby, the mother, the Prince of Wales
his fighting brother Alfred, "the Sailor
I don't think that the great bulk cf
English people were much adected by
eircumetsnce to which the example of
good Queen has perfectly aooustomed
The Princess is popular, being really
ty, gooa ?".7"Z?jrX?"
is not just now), but in a minor degreo
the "tailor fricce Aiired, wno nas some
how obtained the reputation of being some
thing of a dare-devil, addieted in his
to " lickin g " his elder brother, where
fore, it ia said, they were generally
apart Accordingly the birth of a Prince
made no great stir, escpt among editor's
pens, church bells, telegraph wires
ladies' tongues. The sex bless them!
were interested enough, as they will
to be cn such occasions until the
of time, everybody wiBhedthe young moth
er well, and that is all ahcut it tionalism
apart, there is generally a decidedly
good feeling toward the preseat
family of Britain on the part of the
which hardly extends to the aristoora
cy, which was absolutely created by and
wnouy oepauuou. w
of the family in question
CRIME IN LONDON.
-nv .n nn.n.i .van nr,r,ali
inorease of orimes against ths person
now in England, some of them being of
peculiarly atrocioa. character, ir w
not abated, by some means no woman
be able to walk alone, in wnat vaar.e.
Lamb once eulogited as " The .west
rity of London streets," after dark.
we have got to flogging garroters wilh
eat-o'-nine tails at last, and that may
efficacious. I know peaceable cockney,
who turn out of evening, revolver
as if they lived in New Orleans,
before the advent of General Butler.
TBI BIBEL PKIVATI QUISTIOH I LOIDOI.
A good deal is talked here, privately,
about the responsibility incurred by him,
those who are behind the scenes, who
know EnglandT-anl the United States. I
have before me a pamphlet on "The Da
struction of the Amerioaa Carrying Trade"
the form of a letter to Earl Russell, by
r- F Milnaa T.ira. which cuts
th9 natter n a striking light, andpreeentfl
an array of faots absolutely starling.
Not a Briton or Amesioan with whom I
. ... -Kii ., .,,
eoaroely be aooused of any desire of over
stating. The wisest eni shrewdest publio
men here are fully aware of the importance
of the question, and looktoseeittnorougn
ly ventilated in due time. 1 believe Earl
Hue-el! didn t reoognise tne oiaim in mo
oor.-eepondence with Mr. Adams ; but he
knew it will be made, and the prooable al
ternative of " war or compensation ne
submitted to Mr. Bull, who knows his own
interesta ,ery well, and when to "back
wji M g0 on the ramplge.''
(ihao. th.t airdv. under tne aporeneu'
ions of continental troubles, our meTCin
tile barometer the funds are gradually
and surely falling.
Address to the People of Arkansas.
The delegation sent to Washington from
Arkansas having effeoted an arrangement
for the re-oraaniiition of their State gor-
ernment) iesaE(i a address to the people
of Arkansas from whioh we ertraot the
We have been through much of the North
and observe closely. The long and bttter
agination of the slavery question, and this
ornel and bloody war, have not been able
to crush out of the heart, of the Northern
people their love for their Southern broth-
.., . i ; i i i. n r
era ne will not do receicu wwk buucu-
,y d bitterly, but by rejoicing. .nd It
I laminations all over a happy land. They
1 avrcDathiie over our sufferines and sor-
,1 an kanJa .nil Trillin
j hearts are ready to do thoir utmost to al-
l leviate tnem waen wo return, i i-ucjr
I am riatonnined. They are wealthy, r 3 it-
I eIfQi in number, and reonroes, and full of
I the war spirit Tney will never give up
1 tne government ioey mtjr v.-
I maintain and save it and they mean to do
j it even if the last of us should go down te
I bloody craves.
Xo our brothers and friend, who are yet
tn rebellion we desire to .ay that sn op
nnrlnnUv is offered to iay down your arms,
I an the remnant of vour property, and
I -ame to the support of the government,
I not humiliating. Your names are blai.
0Qed upon history as gallant soldiers. Th
j North, and tht portion of the Soul!
8?alnst whioh you have fought, will ccn-
cede your heroism, how muoh soever thy
I may condemn your course. Taen be men,
I Be eubiimer heroes than when you flrravi
1 - , .... .1 i i. J .U- .11 .nl
in battle. Com back, and the world and
good men will love and applaud you.
Trust not to demagogues ami rumea poli
ticians. They are wreekel and ncpeieBS,
and would destroy the last one of jon in
the mad attempt to save themselves. Eve
ery day your numbers diminish, and ycur
hopes' depart, and your future darkens.
Xouowo it to sunenng wives anaimpoTtr
iehed children, to mined communities and
destroyed sooiety, to your country and hu
manity, to abandon a struggle that is
wrong and hopeless.
To the refugoos from cur Btate, wno are
scattered all over the land, we urge you to
come home and neip us. lour prin
ciple, have been tested in a crucible of are.
Your patriotism l. noble ana euoiimc.
Many of your former abusers are now
your mist ardent admiaers, and would
urje you to return and give them your aid.
To one and all, with united hearts and
hands, let us make a noble effort to rescue
our disiressed and bleeding State from the
"civeraan of her oppressors and with tne
I Bjmpitby of all good men, and the aid
i th national government, we wm agam
SAM' L D. BELAUTE,
ISAAC C MILLS,
EDWARD W. GNATT.
Rebel Agents in Chicago.
A contract surgeon, named W. D. Lee,
in attendance upon the rebel prisoners
Cimp Douglas, Chiosgo, has been arrested
on suspioion of oonspiring to release those
prisoners. One Messick, a rebel heuten
tut, who has a brother In confinement,
hta been arrested in the same city. The
"The brother, John Burton Messick,
now in olose confinement, has confessed
the whole plan, and sayB that Dr. tee had
fully arranged to assist in his escape. The
project was to procure Barton a disguise
of citizen's closing and pass him out of
gate as an assistant, a plan eminently
practicable from his official relation to
prisoners. Dr. Lee has been seen in
company of the rebel lieutenant on several
occasions, once at tne varieties and again
at the oircus, where he introduced him
self as an acquaintance he had known
from boyhood. Some of the prisoners
be is a rebel surgeon belonging to the ten
federate army, and that he has obtained
this position in the federal army to assist
in the escape of prisoners, and to oonvey
information to nis masters. At an events
his own a'ory confirms tn the fullest ex
tent the suspicions entertained concerning
him. Dr. Lee is a middle-aged man, sharp
featured, with coal-black hair, and darx
niercinc eves, and looks like, what he
idently is, a man who would not scruple
to make use of any means to accomplish
desired end. He is now safely in the hands
of the military authorities.
Miss Anna Dickinson's Address in the Cooper
On Tuesday evening last this
hall was crowded to hear this lady.
i Liberty. She then defined the fc.ue.
Miss Dickinson did not want her speech
reported we present a saramary from
After a very short Introduction, ibe
a stirring outline of the possible recollect
ions of the hero of the war the private
soldier. She then traced in vigorous
picturing the slow and painful procees
threugh wnion tne nation rose up to
tma conception of the war, and learned
and resolved that it was to be a war
the contest: showed how falsa were
pretenses of ihe self-styled " Constitution
alists" of tbe Democratio stripe; summar
ixed the services of the colored people,
asserted their just claims, arguing that
terms of the President's Amnesty f rooli
motion prove that he does not believe
Emancipation Proclamation really
any Slaves J and enumerating me oomm
rations of rieht and expediency which
mand Emancipation as indemnity for
past, and Abolition as security for
A Possible Explanation of Late Rebel
Movements in the West.
The New York Times says: A
i from the Richmond correspondent
of the London Times, written
TWamfc., 14. famishes a strikine
I y " ,i v. ,
corroboration of the purpose we, in
in ? ' mom with aU careful students of the
jun itary situation, have imputed to the
a ' jn regard to East Tennessee.
ue UoM of GenerBl Longstreet against
.ecu- the moment, will inevitably lead nereaf-
But tr materiol results, anp It is my
the . . p j lg wlH not be left in nndi-
turbed possession of East Tennessee
in the winter month..
The Neeeaalty for SI Hilary Coneearratlaa.
We have repeatedly insisted of late
upon the necessity of .till further fight
ing. The despondency of the rebel, is
only valuable if their armlet art .till
harder pressed. They are by no mean, so
exausted but that they ean Tally again
with fierce, tremendous energy. The rebel
oonscriplioa bill has passed and it 1. now
definitely settled that all white male, be
tween 18 and 66 are to be pat into the
army. While, tnereiore, mere are man;
indication, of paralysis, the rebellion may
manifest a dying energy greater than it.
Our people are constantly misappre
hending the military problem. Having
rested from the enemy an immense ter
ritory, this doe. not necessarily argue
ruin. We must remember what territory
they still possess. Were we engaged in a
war with Europe, it would not be sufficent
to havt taken France, Spain, Belgium,
Holland and the Western portion, of Ger
many, if th. combined military power of
the Continent were yet entrenched in the
central and eastern parts of Europe. So
with this erased rebellion. It yet Uve.,an
angry, infuriated giant ; and it must re-
oeive yet oilier terrible blow, before it
destroyed. Two hundred and fifty thous
and veteran, have room for operations
even within the relatively narrow limit
of Virginia, North and South Carolina,
Georgia and Alabama.
What we need then !. a large addition to
our active foroe. We ean not endorse the
policy of frittering away our strength in
detached expedition, hither and thither,
Give General Grant at least 200,000 men.
Give General Butler in North Carolina
half as many more; Meade an army of
200,000 to operate by the best routes
againet Riohmond. Let the Mississippi be
kept open, bnt let all other minor matter.
be sacrificed to the great work or over
whelming the great rebel armies of Lee,
Johnston and Longstreet No good reason
tan be offered for a continuance of these
scattered expeditions. They may draw off
troops from the large rebel armies, I nt
what is wanted i. concentration on both
sides, concentration of rebels that thty
may bs broken and dashed asunder, coc
esntratlen of our foroe. that this may It
We hear rumors again of more coast ex
editions. Let us have no more disslpS'
tions of our strength In this way. We need
Mobile, and will no doubt soon possess it
But we cin sacrifice other point, if need
be, to fill up our two or three great armies
for the SDrinz oampaign. Time hastens.
Let us not indulge in an ignoble oona
denoe. L?t us remember that notwitb
.t.n,t;nr the infatuation of the rebel
leaders and their distress on every hand.
they may.by concentrating their shattered
columns, deal ponderous and frightful
blow, upon the fair fabrio of the Republic,
Aa Milton's rebellious angels were driven
through the "mural breaoh" into the eon.
fines of ohaos and night by hurling npon
them mountains with all their weight of
rocl. and shaggy pineSjJeff. Davis" hosts of
darkness must bs overwhelmed by the flash
of swords and tit avalanche of mighty
armies rushing with fierce impetuosity
upon the foe.
Emancipation and Extermination.
Uner this caption the New York World
om in a trnlv hsroio manner over the
prospect, of the black race In America.
It virtually says, a. it contemplate, the
long line of age. to come, " if you have
tear, to shed, prepare to shed them now,
The negro, by some insorutabl. dispensa
tion of Providence, assisted by the fanati
cal xeal of the Abolitionists, is to be ex
terminated. Hi. essential inferiority
drawing him toward that fatality.
The World thinks if the negro race
could have been kept within the restraint,
of slavery, there would be some hope
them as a race. Bat Abolition philanthro
py is working their ruin as speedily
We have no doubt that muoh hardship
and demoralisation attend the transition
of the negro race from bondagt to free
dom. The Impossibility of immediately
converting a hundred thousand ignorant
men, women and ohildren of a servile pop
ulation into a state of civilisation is so ap
parent, that no on. but a bitter partisan
and an unsound logician would condemn
their emancipation. The evil consequences
referred to by the World, are incident
the inevitable changes war Is producing
in their condition. If necessary, let
negro have a oentury or two centuries
be civilixed. It is new onr duty to provide
mens to avoid all the bad results essen
tially necessary in so sudden and so over
whelming a transition from a state of
j?ot vassalage to a condition of chaotio
Out of ehaos will come
Large Cities and their Growth.
Were a stranger to judge of the city
New York by the self-complacent lauda
tions of the press of that city, he would
induced to believe that London, the largest
and richest, tho greatest city in the world,
has been completely outstripped by
metropolis of the New World." The
lowing statement, derived from official
sources, namely, the eensus of the United
States for 1860, and that of London
1861, the full reports of neither of which
have yet been published, leave the reader
to draw hi. own conclusions:
In March. 1851, London oontained
population of 2,862,238 inhabitants,
805,995 houses. In 1861, the populotioa
had increased to 2,803 989 inhabitant,
369,421 housea, showing an inorease in
years of 431,703 Inhabitants, ana oi oo.izi
hc.s. The number of houses erected
he city of London in 10 year, was, there.
fore, only 600 loss than the total number
of housos in ew I orx in ioou i
In 1850 New York contained a
tion of 515,517 inhabitant, and S7,2W
In 1360 the number of inhabi.
tanta is set down at 805,751. and the num
ber of houses at 63 971, showing an inorease
of 290,104 inhabitant, and lo.osu nouses,
Philadelphia oontained in 1850 a popu
lation of 840 045 inhabitants and 64,974
houses. In 1860 the number of inhahi.
t ints was 662 6t9. and the number of 83,328
kouses showing an increase in 10 years
28 354 houses, and TVii innaoitania.
Thus we find that Lindon, in 10 years,
had increased in population 461,758 ;
York. 290.104 souls, or 67.73 percent
Philadelphia 222 484 inhabitant, or
per eent. The average number of houses
Jn.in. invears in London was 6,849 ;
New York, 1,668; aid in Philadelphia,
862. London has been wttled 2,000 years,
New York 249 years, and Philadelphia
SOLDIERS' AID SOCIETY,
28 BANK STREET, CLEVELAND, Jan. 30, 1854.
THE GREAT NORTHERN OHIO SANITARY
The preparation, for the approaching
Sanitary Fair are in active progress, and
building wiU very toon bt ready for
decoration, and reception of gifts.
We cannot yet girt tht full prcgrammt
attraction, and tvenini entertainment.
be presented daring tht two week, of
the Fair. We ean, however, lay that tht
Lecture Committee art in etrrespondenee
with General Butler, General Garfield, and
tht Arkansas patriot, Gantt, with good
prospect of securing these eminent men
.n akers noon the occtiion. Alio that
Miss Anna E. Dickinson's leoturt is posi
lively fixed for Friday evening, Maroh 4th.
The Ancient and Honorable Son. of Malta
art pledged to give two tveting exhibit
tion. in the Audience Hall of the ratr
buildings, when the mysterious rite, of
their order will be for tho first time re
vealed to the carious multitude. An Old
Folks Conoert, given by two hundred of
the be.t musicians ia this part of tbeooun
try will ccoupy another evening of Fair
week. The rich and elaborate costumes
of day. gone by will bt donned for this
occasion, and the good old glee and songs
of ancient time, will be given with a x;st
worthy of our forefatheis.
The 29th militia, our gallant home reg
iment, are vigorously driUing ia prepara
tion for a grand review and exhibition in
aid of the Sanitary Fair. The publio school
ohildren are practicing their sweetest
song, and most graceful evolutions in or
der to give us aa evening', enjoyment
Several fine concert, and dramatie enter
tainments are in rehearsal. The tableaux
oommittees areburily perfecting arrange,
ments for bringing oat a series of careful-
selected subject, and the latest
new. from the enterprising and ever suc
cessful ladies of Palnesville assure, us
that we are not to be disappointed of the
unique and charming continental tea-par-
whloh they havt been so heartily de
sired to give for the benefit of the Fair,
The detail of all these half-formed
plans for amusement duricg Fair week"
will soon be made known. But these
word, of mert mention will convince
everyone that there will be varied and at
tractive entertainment, enough to crowd
our oity with .tranger. and to render the
Fair a grand success.
The railroad companies have arranged
very liberal terms of transportation for
persons designing to visit the xatr, ana
a full exposition of term, will be circula
ted far and wide in a day or two. Those
who are to furnish provision, for tht din
ing tables will please note the following
arrangements, which will bt issued more
definitely in a day or two.
The table will b furnished with .up-
plie. from the city and vicinity daring
Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, Feb
ruary 22d, 23d and 24th. Towns on
line of Cleveland and Toledo, and Cleve
land and Mahoning Railroad, will please
deliver provisions on Thursday, Friday
and Salnrday, February 25th, 26th and
27th. On Lake Shore Railroad, Monday
and Tuesday, February 29th, and March
let Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati,
and Cleveland and Painesville oa Wed
nesday and Thursday, March 2nd and Sd.
The city and vicinity will bt txpeoted
return to tht work of furnishing oa Fri
day and Saturday, March 4th and 6th.
Town, lying off tht line, of railroad
will please send in provision, wherever
most convenient The uncertain state
roads makes it impossible to prescribe
their receipt, in the way laid dowrl
points on railroads.
Cuyahcga county I. desired to contri
bute chiefly on the first three and last three
day. of the Fair.
It is desirable that boxes of provision.
be carefully marked .0 that they will
delivered without loss of time, and we hope
they will so far a. possible tome up
charge of some ont who will look after
their safe transit and prompt receipt
Our friend, will oblige a. by sending
word whether any quantity of milk
cream may be expected, and whether
supply will be regular. If any families
in this county, or near it, art ablt to fur
nish a stated quantity daily daring
Fair, they will do us a great terviot by
portiag it immediately.
Good butler i. especially requested
will somebody send us in kegs or jars
extrt table butter f
It cannot be possible that too abundant
provision, will be made forth dining
The plan adopted above ia dividing
the time for tending in provision, is
intended to prevent the supplies from
direction coming at any or all times,
to give the different seotion. jof the State
notice that the responsibility of furnish
ing edible will fall in a eortaia way,
order to equalise donation, and to guard
against a laok of supplies toward, the
of the Fair. We hope as many as possible
will send in daily. W have heard of
of our sister townships that intends making
a morning shipment to us every day of
Fair. This I indeed generous, and with
few more such offer, wt should feel
secure of having enough, and to .pare
but a Fair is a hungry place, and wt
all housewives to help us keep np the
name of the Reserve which ha. ever
justly oalled a land of plenty.
Next week a full programme of arrange
ments will be set fcrth, and many que.
tion. answered that will relieve the
iety of contributor, who art ytt at a
how and when to send forward their
Let the present week be one of earnest
preparation, that when the word of march
comes, all may bt ready to regard It
We republish the refreshment circular
a it enumerates acme of the most desired
The Committee on Refreshment for
Sanitary Fair to be inaugurated ia Cleve
land oa ihe '11 of february, 1864, here
with present their Circular to all
men and women, to whom aa opportunity
is afforded of contributing to the same.
That all may understand the articles
particularly needed for their tablet,
Committee specify the following list,
n . ... a a-la-moda. Pork.
fSTs'tmiPi,!.. torn, rf every variety,
Plum and other Cakes,
Pickles" of all kinds when sent from adtitaaen,
without vinegar, ...
Condiments, suoh ss Mustard, foreign
Sinses and Pep par,
Apple, Canard, asut Pumpkin Pi as rf
tnuuportea rrom tne coQiiirj,cxeiuiij fa lia
ta'mem snd provision dealers Celery,
uaooaa;' lnea rrutis, fats, ins, i aa.
Sugar, Cracktra, Apples and Oranges.
The importance of liberality ia furnish.
this department cannot be too strongly t
urged, as the Fair is to continue two
weeks, and the .ale of refreshment, it it ,
anticipated will prove one of th gross
sources of revenue to the enterprise.
AU oontrication to this Committee tarn
sent free of oharee, if directed to Sol
diers' Aid 8ociety, 95 Bank street, Cleve
land, wntre tne smallest donation will ot
registered, -with the name of the donor.
Mim Ash WatiwomTa, Seo'y.
Tht attention of til farmer, ia urgently
ailed to the Product Circular which cannot
bt too widely offered throughout this tea
We beg every farmer t read it-;
npoa it to tht extent of his means, aad e
hand it over to hi. neighbor, that ha may I
go and do likewise : f
NORTHERN OHIO SANITARY FAIR, TO BB
HELD AT CLEVELAND, OHIO, FEBRTJ ART
Si, 186L '
ciicrjLAa or tbi coismn oa paoDucn.
The Soldiers' Aid Society of Northers .
Ohio will hold a Fair in this oity, to bt I
February 22d. 1364. the proceed. 6
which are to be expended in relieving, as
far as possible, tbe sutterings or onr orav
Soldiers in Camps and Hospitals. i
It is presumed, from the deep and wldt-
spread interest manifested among the pet.
pie ia this enterprise, that aa appeal to
their patriotism for contributions to so ex- 1.
alted an objeot as relief for the suffering f
one who, with an unparalleled devotion
t their country, have sacrificed everything
for its defense, will be largely and prompt- i
ly responded to.
AU Kinds or noar, grain, provision!
horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, (alive r
dressed,) trails, (green ar dnea,; vegoia- j
bles, poultry, and every species of farm.:
products, will be tnantiully reeeivea ana
aitntuiiy applied to mil ooject. s
It is hoped that each person receiving
this circular will contribute freely ; and
it has been suggested that each one taht ;
upon nimwu .no navy oi rojsiviua; aaa .
forwarding any contributions from h"
locality ; also, that he solicit aid from aU
with whom he is acquainted. J
Ia oonsequenoe of the uncertainty at
our appeal reaching all whom we wish fc-
addreas, particularly tne tarmmg interests,
it is desired that every newspaper of tic
State be requested to publish thi. ciroular, i
that all friendly to the eause may partioi-f -pate
in adding to the success of this enter-
Farmer, oan deliver their eontributiou
to the nearest merchant, warehouse er
railroad station, where they will be prof.
erly forwarded. i
Everything contributed shonld be plain-1
ly marked, with the name and address of
J ' . . 1 . I, nt 1 - -
the donor, ana oonsignea to n. m.. ynapw, ,
Seoretary of the Executive iOmmiitee ox j
the Northern Ohio Sanitary Fair, Cleye- j
land, Ohio. .
Railroads ot express companies win
sarrr all contributions free of expense to i
the donor. All heavy articles should he
forwarded by railroad, and light package.
A liberal response to thl. oaU will .up. J
ply aid and comfort to thousand, that eaa-
not be reacted otnerwise. iMuiiuj;
short, prompt action should immediately:
O. M. Oriatt.
J. G. Huswt, of Hasey A McBn-le.
F. Raymond, of F-ioB, Ksmonii Co.
H. 8. Darts, ot Davis A Voree.
J. H. Clark, of J. U. Clark A Co.
R. T. Lyon.
J. G. Simmon. ' .
A. V. Cannon, oi Cannon Freeman.
W. H. Sholl. :
H. M. Ba'l.
A. i. Wen nam.
C. J. Comstoclc.
P. H. Bnbcock, nf Ratwock A Hurd.
M. B. Clark, orClark A Rockfelier.
J. H. Graham,
B. U. tnr, of B. 9tsiT 9on.
C. Prenttsa, of Koe A Pranuas.
A. C. Hubbell. i
L. A. Pierce.
T. W. Erana. i
Georfte Sinclair, of Badges A Sinclair. j
I M. a Scott.
Wm. Rockefeller, of Hughes Rockefeller.,
V. Murray, of Murray A Stewart. i
t. WalK-n. i
R. Hanna, of R. Eanaa A Co.
H. Harr, of H. Harvey A Co.
A. Burgeft, cf Spranltlo A Bnrgert
Addison Htilj. .
8. F. Les-.ar, cf S. F. Letr A Co.
C. Bradbnro, of UnHbo.ro, Williams A Co.
Geor Corning, of Corning A Co.
R. S. waver, of Wesver, Fiiess A Oo.
B. Brownell, of Oj A Brownell.
H. A. Fo-ter A Co., M'nerva, Qisio.
Hall A Ba's, Oneida, O-.lo.
L. 5. A '1. 3. Crim, G&lioa.O.
L. K. Wiroer, Newark, Ohio.
J. Bash, Toledo, Ohio.
Iaaac Bteeae, Maasillon. Ohio.
John Dicksca. Bolirar, Ohio.
E. Burnet, Cacfll DoT-r, Unjo.
G. D. Bate?, Aaron, Ohio.
Abi WooJaard, Bslievue. Ohio.
George Thcrntos, baixiu-kjr, Ohio.
11. b. Local, ninnoo, uruo.
D. T. Hames. Mande, Indiana.
Andy Wallace, in-nanapoha, Indiana.
J M. Jnhnnnn. Oberlin. Ohio.
Bamuel Bartlatt, Canal Winchester, Ohio.
Hiiia A Co.. rielaware, Ohio.
D.J. Manly, laioo City. Indiana.
Morrison D'.nnmors, Erie, Pennsylvania, j
R. M. '. Tarlor, MeadviHe, P-nntvlrania.
J. G. HUsfET, Chairrnav;
Gso. W. GAamisn, Secretary.
Circulars, blank invoices and all nt
sary paper, are at the rooms of this I
ciety ready for distribution to all whs 4
sire. Sab-committees throughout t
country are requested to send for thef
SOLDIERS' AID SOClETT.I
James B- Clar an. his Slave. 1
The late James B. Clay, like sw
wealthy slaveholders, wa. very fond I
boastinc of the attachment and devotioaj
his boadmea to himself. Not only wet
hi. slave, well fed and housed, but thj
were far happiar than free people,
knew and appreciated the inestimable
vantages of their position. They did f
want freedom, and wouldn't take iton
terms. All they asked was to live oa
old plantation and to end their days un
the easy yoke of "Massa" Clay. f
Once npon a time some two or thj
years ago Mr. wiay naa a vfua,a.M
from the North visiting him, and to wa
he expressed his usual confidence ia J
atta-h mant of his slave. The Quaker 1
incredulou. and so Clay vauntinglyj
termiced to put the matter to the test.
An old house-slave one wno eoj
his confidence, wno naa oeen niwnyi
t.a.t.d and who seemed to entertai
real Affection for his master wa ealS
and entered the room.
"Ton," said Mr. Clay, "here' agent
man from the North who say. yon audi;
other boys are miserable here and waa
be free. Ton may ge away home with h.
it you like."
" Yon are fret, Tom, and leave me If r
want to," agaia said the master. f
The negro trembled with emotion, j
last, all excitement, he oried: " Art yor
earnest Massa T eaa I go North aa. -free?"
- Yes, if you want to leave me and
old home, yon oan go." jr."
"I'll go, massa. I'll go anywhere t
free." And the old fellow was beside .
.elf with joy and gratitude at hi. expet
This wa not, however, what tbe si. ,
holder wanted or expected. He bec
very angry, ordered the poor, eredo.
slave away, and soon made bis nort .
friend aware that his room was better
hi. company. Of course Tom was r:
freed, but it ia probable that Mr. Clay
thenceforth less assured of the affeetio,
his negroee for their slave-life. j
Pzssoa At C W. Conldoek, tat ami
tragedian, was la town yesterday. t