Newspaper Page Text
;.ASHLAXI, WEDNESDAY,, JCXS 7,v1854.
F- p "i i i i "
DS3X0CJATIC ETATZ TICXET.
Jbr Judge of the Supreme Court,
01 CLERMONT COUNTT.
FaT&temberof Board oj 'Pablic Works,
ALEXANDER P. MILLER,
Or BTTTI.ES. COUNTT.
.Road Receivts. for Supervi
sors, forsale at this Office.
0VB REV rXTEB.
hi We have the pleasure, this week, of
-presenting ear paper to oar readers in a
' 'sew dress, and in an enlarged form. . To
do this we bare incurred the expense of
buying 'new material, and no little
- trouble, believing that the Democracy of
' Ashland deaerred aa good a paper, in ap
pearance, aa any county in Ohio. It
.was aa unpleasant for us to publish the
fild papef, aa it waa to our readers to re
ceive it.- - While the paper contains about
' one fourth more matter than formerly,
jet we shall furnish it to our readers at
the sameprice, vis: TWO DOLLARS,
if paid within the year. " Now that we
hare spared no expense and labor to give
or -readers a readable paper,' may we
not look for a corresponding effort on
, their pert to increase the subscription
of the "Ashland Union, f" We intend
to' do' our whole' duty, in endeavoring to
give you a good paper. ' If, then, we do
Our duty to the party and labor for the
benefit of the party, have we not a right
. to expect " aid and comfort " from our
democratic friends ?
Six months have elapsed since we took
. charge of the' Ohio Union. It came in
to our possession at a time when we were
the least prepared to engage in anything,
of the -kind, consequently we eonld not
bestow as much attention to its columns
. a we desired.. .'Now, however, our ar
rangements' are such that, with health,
we shall have more time at our disposal.
The Ashland Union will hereafter be, as
heretofore, untrameled by any faction.
, Neither will its columns be' used to pro
mote the. political : advancement. of any
man. t We take our position on all ques-
- tions with the mass of the Democratic
party of this county. 3 Whatever - course
they ..mark out for us, that shall be our
highest ambition to pursue. .
We have made large additions to our
stock of "Job .Type so that we are now
able to execute every description of plain
and .fancy Job Printing. We have no
time or disposition to brag about our
materials. Suffice it to say that we are
- now" prepared to'Job 'Wdrk in thevbest
style, and fear not competition from any
quarter.- - Citizens take notice that here-
" after we can accommodate you.
IXeCBATIO - PRIJIABT MEET-
The call of the Central Committee of
this county, appears in to-day's paper.
. Although the day set is earlier than for
merly, but, it- is believed, it will suit
more than if set at the usual time. There
was quite a strong expression in favor of
" this change from. Democrats in all parts
of the county, with one exception. The
time given by- the Committee is about
the' same asheretolore. The great ob
ject in the change is to do away with the
practice of candidates spending all they
are wot in electioneering, arid troubling
' the farmers fa -the midst of their throng
esi? seasoW : 'The first of J uly is just be-
: fore harvest, and if-a fanner ever has
-any time to spend in the summer, it is
- probably then -at least thai day was set
by the Committee at the request of far-
--ers.:; ylt may not suit some, but it can
not be set to suit all. .'. " Give and . take
a little." in order for harmony, is always
necessary-" "; ''
. It is the" ardent desire of many that
' bo undue means will be made , use of to
nominate or defeat any candidate. Let
very candidate stand and go before the
people on his merits,' and if successful he
and his friends will have the more reason
to 'rejoice. But , little, in our opinion,
is accomplished by slandering the oppo
nents of the candidates you support
- Remember, everything for the principles
n(j hamony of the Democratic' party
Je-Huo thing for men." Recollect, also,
that bat few of the many candidates be-
f ore" the people, can succeed ; socjse must
be defeated. And should it be our friend,
your frjend, or any body elaes friend, we
must submit to the will of the people.
'. The new Xkraor Law makes it the du
ty of the" Probate""JTudge to appoint a
Chemtj; to" inspect liquors. . ' J udge Cur
tis has appointed Dr Crake, of this
place.) Those interested ins the traffic
wilt be careful not to palm off any impure
liquors, as uio ywwr la m gww vuni
and should there be any need of his ser
vices, fa our opinion he will not be want
i ing in" ability to discharge his duties.
The Temperance people in Co
lumbus are having an issue made for
their amusement. The. Journal says
that quite av large amount of money has
been raised in that city-jv by those oppo
sed to the Temperance Iyaw, for the pur
pose of testing its constitutionality ; and
one of the very . ablest lawyers in
thetState haa been retained to defend
TBUBXATaUaaSJIAKsBSOiaa.V.:lCMrMpBdaa flaa Asklasd Vaiea.J
The Ohio Statesman is no more. , The
proprietors of the Ohio State. Democrat
have purchased the Statesman office
from Mr. Cox, and the two papers are
now united in one, with the name of the
Statesman . and Democrat. ' Mr. Cox
haa-spent a short but profitable career in
the political arena of this State. He re
alises the full force Of the old saying,
. put sot your trust in politicians for
if ever a young gentleman was mistaken
as to the politicians of Ohio, Mr. Cox is
the man. One thing can be said of him
at all events he valued not the Al
mighty Dollar more than his own honest
opinions, . What he said he believed
no milk and water articles appeared in
his paper. In this ho exhibited a spirit
of independence not always found in a
political editor. . '
The editors of the Statesman and
Democrat now say they are in favor of
the foreign and domestic policy of the
Administration. If we recollect aright,
but a few weeks have elapsed since they
disapproved of certain measures of the
Administration. . The editors claim that
the President opposed the Nebraska BilL
Very likely this is true", but he certainly
has a queer way of showing his opposi
tion to it, as he has already signed it.
There seems to be a little " masterly in
activity " in the expression. Take it all
in all, we do not like this
Wirisg ia sad wiring ant,
LssTiag Ik pMpls still ia aosbt,
Whsthsr the saak that aad tlra track,
Was (( south sr csmisg back .
The Statesman and Democrat is much
enlarged, and has an advantage over any
other Columbus paper in having the la
test telegraphic dispatches. Business
men trading South, cannot do better than
to take this paper.
Mr. Ccetis, the surviving 'Executor
of the Washington family, has recently
presented to the President of the United
States, for the benefit of the people of the
United States, the Standards taken at
the battle' of Yorktown. The National
Intelligencer says :
" Among these old standards are a
British and Hessian one. The British
is the regimental colors of the 7th regi
ment of the line. In the centre of the
famed red cross banner, is the Order of
the Garter, surmounted by a crown, with
the motto, ' Hani soit qui trial y pense.'1
The Hessian standard is elaborately
worked. In the centre is an eagle soar
ing aloft, in one talon a . truncheon of
command, in the other an olive branch.
Motto, ' Pro Princesse et Patriae 1775.'
" Both flags are of silk, and nearly
eighty years old, dilapidated by time,
the British flag having suffered some
what from relic-seekers, who hive ap
propriated to themselves scraps of the
renowned banner that once .floated in
terror over a continent, with 4' view to
revival in modern times of the ever glo
rious memories of the surrender of Corn
wall! ' - -, . . :(
JCSWe publish below an abstract of
the Anual Report presented to the
American Bible Society at their recent
anniversary in New York. '
" During the year past, 'two "of the
Managers have been removed by death.
" Eighty-two auxiliary Societies have
" There have been added to the Socie
ty, ninety-eight Life Directors; and Life
" The receipts of the year, for general
objects of the Society, amount to $394,
340 50: being an increase over last year
of $47,798 08.
" The number of Bibles printed during
the year is 306,000, and of Testaments
556,000; making a total of 862,000.
" The number of volumes issued is
815,399, being an increase of 16,029 and
would have been larger but for the un
avoidable suspension of operations for
six weeks, owing to removal to new pre
mises.' The entire number of volumes
issued since the formation of the Society
is 9,903,751. . ' .
"Grant of Biblea and Testaments
have been made to Auxiliary Societies,
to Sunday and secular schools to penal
and humane institutions, seamen and
boatmen, lighthouses, and various socie
ties and individuals for gratuitous dis
tribution. - " The Society has at present - thirty
four Agents employed, including two in
California, and one in Oregon.
" Besjdea the grants of books $28,189
have been granted by the Board - in
money, to aid in publishing the Scrip
tures in foreign lands especially in China
Northern and Southern India, and in
Turkey, Greece, France, and Germany,
under the direction of various Mission
ary Boards and Bible Societies. "
We have visited this beautiful' Pano
rama four times and would gladly visit
it a dozen times more. Independent of
the pleasure received in witnessing its
exhibition, we would not take ten dol
lars for the knowledge we have obtained
from it respecting the situation of the
.city itself, and the location of the prin
cipal streets, public buildings, squares,
parks &c. Asra work of art it approach
es' perfection as nearly as a work of the
kind need to. Every thing stands out
fcru bold relief. Trees, posts and tele
graph poles neither lean nor lie down,
'but stand out as natural as the originals
themselves. No fancy scenes are rep
resented on the painting. Every thing
was copied from real objects and inci
dents. No one can view this Panoram
without admiring the artistic skill, the
eminent good taste in the introduction
of incidents, and the patient labor of the
Artist who brought it out. His coun
trymen owe him an everlasting debt of
gratituao. jrecuniaruy it must pay, ior
so much merit- cannot fail to draw large
Thus speaks an exchange, of Bollard's
Panorama, which is soon to be exhibited
. " s -
: ' JC3T Wellb Kxluqqo, of this place,
hja" received the appointment of Cadet
to the West Point Military Academy.
A good apjoiatnwBK
Washington, D. C, May 27, 1854.
Ed. Ashiand; Union Dear Sir:
The great agony as over ! The child
is bora I Nebraska is triumphant 1 Dr.
Douglass and the midwives have drank to
its health, and the ; cannons have an
nounced the auspicious event. 'The Mis
souri Compromise is dead, -dead by the
votes of northern men, who, not possess
ing the moral courage to do the right,
shut both eyes, gagged, and bolted the
measure down, cursing the Bill, curs
ing Douglass, cursing every body,' and
every thing, and especially quaking
in their boots at the prospect of political
damnation at home. Let them embrace
either horn-of. the dilemma.-' Yes, sir;
the Missouri Compromise is dead 1 but,
" after death the judgment" you know.
You have of course seen all the pro
ceedingsit is useless to repeat them
here. Stephens motion, by which all
amendments were eut off, was a trick
an old trick, never before employed
but once,- some fifty years ago, and then
repudiated as soon as done, and con
demned, and when reserected, it waa rot
ten and stinking, but the Nebraska men
tracked up to it, and put it through.
So with the subsequent proceedings. Mr.
Speaker Boyd, than whom a more hon
est, conscientious man does not exist on
the face of the earth, waa disposed to
give fair play, but he was overruled by
appeals taken by Stephens, Clingman,
and others, and sustained by Richard
son, and it was only by trampling down
the rules, that the Bill got through the
House on Monday night. It passed by
thirteen majority, by the votes of four
Ohio members, and by the votes of the
New York hards.
On Thursday night, it passed the Sen
ate, and on Friday morning, at 1 o'clock
113 cannon rounds announced the final
consummation of the measure. .
Were the secret history of the whole
affair written, I hardly know whether
your readers would be the most indig
nant or mirthful, at the ridiculous figure
some men cut in the matter.
The votes from Ohio, for the Bill, are
from the old members, with one excep
tion. That exception is Ex-Governor
Shannon, an old politician, at any rate,
if not an old member. The votes against
it, (Democratic) were cast by new mem
bers, with two exceptions, Edgerton and
Ritchie. Much surprise is manifested
here, that while Messrs. Edgerton, Bliss
and others, have spoken on the subject,
have put their sentiments on record, not
one of the old members from Ohio have
spoken in favor of it, although voting
that way. It is a carious subject of in
quiry and will be, X imagine, among
the people, why the frienns of the bill in
Ohio did not carry with them the mass
of the delegation, for it is one half of it,
composed of new men,' and young politi
cians, whose views and actions ought to
have been shaped, to some extent, by
the counsels of experienced men and
members, provided, reasons were pre
sented to them for their action.
- But enough of this. On the 'morning
after its passage in the House, the Union
read out of the party, all the northern
democrats who voted against the Bill.
Think of it. ve Ohioains, old Tom
Ritchie, who never knew anything else
but Democracy, in a long life of 65 years,
Edgerton, leader of the North western
hunkers, according to Senator Chase,
Zdndsley, Ellison, Stewart and Nichols,
and old Judge Bliss, who has fought a
triangular battle-for years, for democra
cy, against whigs and free soilers, read
out of the party by John W. Forney,
Clerk of the very House whose mem
bers he assails, and whose votes have
elected him, against a bitter opposition
from the South. ' The Union says it ap
peals against those men, to the people I
Had that been done on the main ques
tion, Nebraska would never have been
On the same morning, this article ap
peared in the Union, a seven column ar
ticle appeared in that print, urging that
it was the policy of this government to
adopt the course of Russia against Tur
key, France and England in their pres
ent struggle. The milk of this cocoa-
nut is in this wise : The Russian and
British possessions meet at 54deg. 40
min. It is said that the Russians will
soon overrun the British possessions ia
Oregon, and that if the United States
plays its card well, Russia would give up
all she thus conquers, to the U S.
Take another view of the question. The
Russians think we want Cuba, There
are mefe-in the Cabinet and in Congress
who would vote for a declaration of War
against Spain any moment. Suppose a
union with Russia formed. War de
clared against Spain, the old ally and
fricnaf of England. That would involve
us with England, the Csar thinks, and
take England off his hands. A union of
two such powers as Russia and the Uni
ted States would make the Continental
war a sure thing for Russia, and the
bait for us, is, that while the fight goes
on, we can quietly absorb Cuba, and ex
iled our northern frontier to 50 deg. 40
min., if we dp not also get the Russian
possessions on this Continent.' . Isn't
that a. fine scheme ?
There is a cloud of British diplomats
here at present Lord Elgin, Governor
General of - Canada, Sir Charles Grey,
Governor of Jamaica, with attaches, &c,
have been here for the last Wft days
Their ostensible purpose is the .arrange
ment of portal facilities, and reciprocal
trade between the United States and the
Canadas, but the real object I appre
hend, of their visit, is to sound the in
clinations of our government, as to their
feelings in .the European struggle, and
to prevent combinations against the
Western European Powers. '
Of course, these are all speculations,
bat we aw oa the eve of great events.
and the watchful publio man will aee a
great many things in the next few years,
not dreamed of In his philosophy.
The last few daya of the past week,
the House haa been engaged with the
Deficiency BilL On Friday it voted
do wn about $2,000,000 of putrid amend
ments, put into the bill by that body,
but I incline to think the Senate will
stand firm, and force the House from, its
.position. I trust not, for whatever non
est legislation the country obtains of late
ia gained from the House, and not the
Senate. Yours, i -
' YELLOW CREEK. ,
tCtrpsa4MS of th Ashland Usioa.
LETTEHI raM THE WK8TSs. X-
- K.Noxvn.LE, Marion Co., Iowa, )
, April20th, 1854. :
Editor. Ashland Union : In . my
last I give you a description of the sur
face of this country, I propose saying
something in regard to ita productions,
Field Caops.- All kinds of grain do
well here, unless it may be fall wheat,
and I think that will if properly cultiva
ted. Spring wheat so far has proved
the surest crop. Mr. P. Bridonsflne,
formerly of Troy, Ashland county, has
spring wheat that weighs siaity-seven
nnnnda in the bnaheL Oatfl first rate.
and are a sure crop. Corn is raised by7!
every Farmer, and yields from thjrty to
one hundred and thirty bushels to the
acre, depending upon the manner of
cultivating it; from sixty to eighty
bushels ia a common crop. Sod corn,'
when properly cultivated, yields about
thirty bushels to the acre. Sod corn is
raised by dropping the corn in the fur
krow, as the Prairie is being' broken up,
ajid never receives any further attention.
Potatoes do well, much - better tnan in
Ohio. There has been no rot among
them since I came here. Turnips are a
good crop, and in fact, all kinds of root
and vine crops do first rate. Clover
and Timothy, where tried, have proved
valuable. All kinds of summer grains
and root crops vegitate and mature
quicker here than in any part of Ohio.
Fruit. In the first settlement of this
State, the Farmers could not obtain cul
tivated trees, and were obliged to trans
plant common fruit, and as they had
hard work to get along, could not devote
that time and attention to their orchards
that they otherwise would have done.
This deficiency is now supplied by the
establishment of Nurseries in different
parts of the State, which Can supply
large amount of trees of the best varie
ties of fruits. With themeans of the
Farmer increases the desire to improve
in the cultivation of fruit. Fruit trees
are all young here, but from those that
bear fruit I have eat as fine flavored
Apples as I ever tasted in . Ohio, and
from the samples I have seen and eat of
from older counties, ,1 think Iowa will
excel Ohio in fruit. Apples and
Peaches both produce well, and are more
juicy and rich than you will usually find
elsewhere. We have plenty of wild
.fruit.duringjthe season for if. Straw;
berries, Uaspberriesand Blackberries,
in abundance; the best Plumts and
Crab-Apples you ever saw, . and any
quantity of Grapes. '
Stock. Stock of every description
appears to do well, and are kept with
much less expense than in older settle
ments. Pasturage plenty for nothing
during the summer, and hay can be had
for mowing and curing it. From what I
have seen and know about sheep here, we
have emphatically a sheep country. The
best common sheep I ever saw I have
seen here, and when the finer grades have
been tryed, they do weU. One reason
why this is a good sheep country is our
dry winters, whieh this State is celebra
ted for. Sheep stand dry and cold win
ters much better than wet ones. I look
upon Iowa as one of the great wool
growing States of future days. The
different diseases that prevail so much
among sheep in the northern part of
Ohio, are but little known here.
Minerals, ice. Besides these profit
able productions that are raised upon
terra firma, nature has provided rich
and ample productions beneath the soiL
We have both Lead and Iron ore, of
Guypsum (Plaster Paris,) we have an
abundant supply not only for our . own
wants, but as an article of trade, which
is said to be profitable. Iowa can boast
of having the greatest coal field in the
United States. The Des Moines coal
fields are traversed by the Des Moines
River. Dr. Owsn, the distinguished
Geologist, who surveyed the State of
Iowa by order of the U. S. Government,
is reported to have said, while speaking
upon this subject before the . American
Scientific Association,' that the ' Iowa
River meanders near the eastern margin
of these coal fields. It is upwards of
two hundred miles in the direction of
the valley of the Des Moines across the
State. The entire area of ; this coal
field in Iowa alone cannot be less than
twenty thousand square miles in all, em
bracing a country nearly equal in ex
tent to the State of Indiana. Some of
the beds of coal are said to be one hun
dred feet thick. There are plenty of
them abo adhere from two to eight feet
thick. I have one that measures six
and one-half feet in thickness, and very
fine snecimen of coaL Our Quarries of
rock abound every where in every hill
and ravine around us, in regular strata
of different thicknesess, varying from a
few inches to several feet, all of which
are easily got at, and of an excellent
quality for building. '
The Climate. The elimate is some
what variable. The changes are, aa a
general thing, sudden, but not as often
as in the northern part of Ohio. Win
ters are dry and cold, but no colder than
the same latitude any place else. The
two winters I have spen here, have been
more agreeable tnan in Umo. The
health, here, aa a general thing, ia good,
except along the water courses in the
fall. There we consider malarious dis
tricts and would advise all new-comers to
avoid them.- We have' a much healthier
country than Ashland county.
MoRALS.-The morals here are as
good as in other places. We have almost
every .. kind of religious societies here
thatv you have in your' county, such as
Methodist, Presbyterian, Associate Re
formed Baptist, Congregationalist, Uni
ted Brethren, Disciple and Lutheran,
and, in fact, the condition of society is
"much better than you will generally find
in new country.
Persons coming here must not expect
to find things as convenient and polished
as in an old country. Iowa has only
been a Stae about eight or nine years,
and it is but twenty-one years since the
first white man settled in it, and its pop
ulation is about 300,000. It has settled
more rapidly tnan any . other state in
the Union, ' - - ;
Any of i the Ashland County folks
wishing any further information in re
gard to our new and flourishing State,
can have ft by addressing me a letter to
J , Respectfully Yours, .
.;::,,.;. wm. B-young.
DETAILS OF THE SEWS PER ASIA!
Success if - the Tutkish Farces !
; o-::: '
PIRACY IN GREEK
Spanish Preparation for Defense of Cola !
"-'.. - n nil'
. CAPTURE OF A BRITISH STEAMER!
IMPORT AST FROM MEXICO.
The Alvarez Party Victorious Igno
minimis Retreat of Santa Anna trith
the loss of 4,000 Men.
Below we give the particulars of the
defeat of Santa Anna, omitting the high-
sounding proclamations on both sides
In the afternoon, towards sunset, the
hills surrounding the town, (Valparaiso,
were perfectly covered with Alvares's
troops, who immediately started in pur
suit of the -enemy, and completely suo-
oeeaea in uceraiiy cutting tnem to pieces,
capturinjr their animals by hundreds.
(the greater ?part of which had been sto
len from the ranches of Alvares, Comon
fort, and Moreno;) and it is not quite
certain that oanta Anna will reach Mei-
as he is only as far as Cbilpancingo,
with one thousand braves. For the par
ticulars of their engagements, your read'
ers are . referred to the official bulletin
I will merely add that Gen. Alverez, in
a private letter, states that the river Po
pagallo was actually colored red with
the blood of the killed and wounded, and
that some unfortunate General, who was
slightly wounded, and was being carried
in Santa Anna's litter, was completely
riddled with balls, and the men for some
time thought it was the Captain-General
who had been shot.
When matters settle down a little, the
following pronunciamento will, I have
reason to believe, be issued :
For President Juan Bantista Cev
For Minister of War Juan -Snares
Nevarro. . . - :
For Minister of Foreign Relation
For Minister of the Treasury Mel
For Minister of Justice Juan Anto
nio de la Fuente.
A better selection, in my opinion, could
not be made. . They are tail gentlemen
of talent and liberal sentiments; and this
Republic, with such a President and
Cabinet, whose only aim would be the
interests of their country, without aspi
rinjj. ajfcerejp.py titles and iinpexiai-J
mantles , would be once more nerseit
again ; and God speed the day when the
rights and liberties of free commerce will
be again restored to a trodden-down peo
It is reported that General Bravo and
his lady died very suddenly, on the same
3 . 11 "1
aay, at jnupancingo. jteroimos.
Monetary and Canimerclal Matters
We are glad to be able to state that
the money market is easier and that nc
gotiable paper of first class is now doing
at 9a 10 per cent., while capital is accu
mulatine in the hands of lenders. The
Banks are discounting more ' liberally,
and we shall look: forward with some
considerable degree of faith for decided
Iy easier times in monetary matters. The
London correspondent of the New York
Commercial Advertiser, who is under
stood to bo the able financial editor of
the London Daily Times, has a few words
which will be interesting to our readers.
"The accounts brought by each steamer
from New York, of increasing pressure
in the Money market, and declining prices
for all descriptions of American securi
ties, create constant surprise on this side,
Looking at the large arrival of gold late
ly reported from California the accounts
also of the productiveness of the mines
this season, the cessation of specie ship
ment from New York to England, the
unmitigated demand for breadstuff's on
this Bide, the prospect of a large trade
from America in all those articles which
can be used as substitutes for Russian
produce, the certainty of increased em'
plovment for all neutral ships, and the
total conviction that by no conceivable
circumstances are the United state like
ly to be compromised in the contest, the
faot ot eacn pnase ot the anair produ
cing almost more monetary alarm" in
America than in London is most siniru
lar. The only solution thus far offered
for it. is the extent to which American
securities are held in Europe, and the
probability of their being returned for
realization. But times of trouble here
would seem to be those in which your
stocks would bo most sought for, and
latterly there has certaiuly been no evi
dence of any great quantity being sent
This is a common sense view of the
case, and one which the faots justify.
Another element of hope and strength
is, the position of the New York Bauks.
The statement of the last week shows
that the Specie strength is increased
nearly a million, while the Loans and
Discounts are half a million less. The
Deposits continue .to accumulate, and
much more than the footings : of the
columns indicate, as the Clearing House
returns show an average clearance of a
million and three quarters per day in
the Exchanges. The' actual deposits are
increased to millions as least! The Banks
are now in a stronger position than for a
long time. The shecie reserve is larger
than since 10th December, and is three
millions greater than in August when
the weekly statements commenced, and
when the Loans were seven millions more
than now, and, our foreign trade now
stands nearly (15,000,000 more favora
bly than it did at this time last, year.
Stocks have now an upward tendency.
The rate for Sterling Bills ia 109 1-4 a
109 1-2 and rather quiet,-Aierca
HE WAR ON THE DANUBE!
SCSPICIOVJB AUBB1CAR Fl
We clip the following interesting news
brought by the Asia, from the New York
papers of the 2d fast t. .--
' THE WAR ON THE DANUBE.
The considerable time that has elaps
ed since the receipt of any news of im
portance from the Danube, is itself a
fact of some significance. ' It will be re
membered that the Kussian army under
General Luder, effected the . passage of
tne ljower isanube on the 24th of March,
and succeeded in the course of the next
few days in taking the small. Turk
ish fortresses of Isaktcha. Tonltacha.
Matschin and Hirsova, while the Russian
posts were pushed forward without en
countering any serious resistance, as far
as Trajan's Wall. . In the course of the
month of April, Prince Paskiewitch hav
ing taken the chief command and reach
ed the scene of operations, the right wing
of the Russian army made a sudden ret
rograde movement and evacuated Little
Wallaohia, thereby denoting . that the
plan which threatened to turn the Turk
ish left by an incursion into Serva, and
an attack on Widden, is abandoned. This
decision may'bc attributed to three
causes firstly, the position of the Turks
at Kalafat was too strong to be forced
without tremendous loss, and behind Ka
lafat and the Danube lies Widden, which
could only be reduced by a regular Beige;
znaiy, tne advance of the .Russians on
that point, would probably have led to
an immediate counter movement 6n the
part of Austria; and 3dly, the Russian
army thus opposed by the Turks and
theatened by the Austrians was compell
ed to contract its line of operation with
within narrower limits. -
The Russians, to the great astonish
ment oi all Jliurope, have remained in
active in the Dobrudscha for more than
five weeks, thns giving time for the sick
ly season of May to come in, and for the
forces of the allies to take np a -position
of formidable hostility. Silistria, even
has not been laid Beige to, altough the
possession of the fortress is . indispensa
ble to the success of and operations
against bhumla, Varna, of the .Balkan.
This important fortress has, as yet, been
only assailed by a fire across the river
at a distance of 1 000 yards, and the
damage done has been little. - The entire
force with Luder's on the right bank, is
insufficient to carry seigc, exposed as the
beseigers would be to be attacked by the
main Dody of Omar's forces, while the
Anglo-French troops could be landed
with the utmost expedition and safety
at Varna, only sixty miles distant. Un
der these circumstances, it is difficult
to forsee what are Paskiewitch's plans.
1. he Kussian reserves are taking position
on the line of the Sercth, a river which
flows from the Bukovina parallel to the
frontier of Transylvania, and the rela
tions between Austria and Russia are, at
the present moment, such that the Rus
sians cannot advance into Turkey with
out the risk of adding the Austrians to
the number of their enemies. A prob
able supposition is, therefore, that the
Russian commander will refrain from un
dertaking any important offensive op
peratiors, but will confine himself to re
taining his hold oa the Principalities.
attacks terrify the captains and crews of
the merchantmen to such a degree that
they no longer venture to leave the har
bors alone, but wait till a large body of
them can start together, under some safs
escort. The effect of this is, that slow
as the conveyance of troops hsa hither-J
to been, it will now be much slower and
more uncertain, s " '! ' ."
" A report has been current within the
last .few days, which I may mention
Without, however, being able to j vouch
for its truth. It is said that the Hero,
which is the ship on guard at the Pines,
having been attacked by these ruffians,
she, suddenly fired a broadside among
them, which sunk a dosen boats, crowded
with these audacious brigands.
when she ran up the American flag an d
got safely with her cargo into port. . It
was reported tnat tne irigate ws '
ed in America for Russia, to which hot h
ship and cargo belong.". Some person
connect this ship with the recent cap
ture of a French brig fa. the English
channel. Can she be the ubiquitous
DISTINGUISHED SUCCESSES OF THE TCBKS !
Although considerable uncertainty still
prevails as to the nature and extent of
the last successes of the Turkish armies,
dispatches have been received at Vienna,
from the head-quarters of Omar Pacha,
giving a favorable account of the recent
operations of his forces on more than one
doint of his position. The Russian
corps, which was known to have been
collected at Turnu, near the mouth of
the Aluta, is stated to have been repuls
ed on the 28th of April, with a loss of
1 ,500 men, by . the Turks quartered at
Nicopoli, under Sali Pacha; and on the
2nd of May, another Russian detach
ment was beaten at Radova, not far
from rvrajova. . lhere is every, reason
to believa these reports to be accurate
It was further reported that the Rus
sians had - received a severe check at
Silistria, but the news requires confirma
tion. It is not not true that the Russians
have invested Rilistria on the land side,
Omar Pacha is still employed in concen
trating his force at Shumla.
From Kalafat an engagement is re
ported between six squadrons of Cossacks
and lost 60 horses, 2 guns, and 133 men
' It was reported in Paris that the
plan of the allies is to carry the war into
the heart of Kussia to seize the Crimea
and to land 20,000 men to attack Sebas
topol by land, while the fleets attack it
THE GREEK INSURRECTION. . -
The Paris Monitcur states . that the
latest news from Epirus is satisfactory,
The revolutionary party was ' loosing
ground every day, and the greatest num
ber of the villages in the district of
Prevesa had .Bent in their submission.
Faud Effcndi had 15,000 men at Arta.
Eight thousand muskets of. Belgian
manufacture, and destined for the Greek
insurgents, had been seired near Malta.
A later account says that Macedonia
is invaded by 2,000 Greeks, under Cha-
nis Haratasso, a former aide-de-camp to
King Otho. They have committed the
most attrocious excesses. In one place
they shut up 150 Turks men, women
and children in a mosque, and burned
them to death.
The Bubsidy given by the Czar to the
Greek Government amounted to 1 ,000,-
000 drachmas per month. The Russian
Government is reported to have given
letters of marque to the Greek pirates
and that they are now infesting the Le
vant. - .
SPANISH PREPARATIONS FOB. THE DE
FENSE OF CUBA ESTIMATE- OF THE
CoFTSspssJsscs of tb Load Tiss.)
Madrid, May 10th, 1854.
The 6,000 men ordered to the West
Indies will sail in three divisions of
2,000 each, under their regimental of
ficers, and without any General in com
mand, as they are merely to reinforce the
garrisons of colonies already amply pro-;
vided with officers of nigh rank. - A heir
destination is rorto llico, the garrison
of the island proceeding to Cuba, prob
ably because the men, inured to the cli
mate will be less liable to disease, land
consequently more immediately effieient
than the new , comers. X he Spaniards
declare themselves determined to make
a good fight in defense of Cub?4 if
fighting there must be, which it is to be
hoped may be avoided, lhey are in
nopes if not coming on victorious out of
the struggle, at least of innicung severe
punishment on the aggressor, and of ren
dering the conquest, when achieved, less
profitable to him that than he antici
pates. The reiuforcement about to be
dispatched will raise the strength of the
army of Cuba to -nearly 30,000 men.
Under the Ministry of General Lersun-
di, a very large number of Paxham guns
were sent out to strengthen the defenses
of the island, and great reforms were
introduced into the arms of the infant'
ry, previously of an antiquated and un
serviceable description. I am assured
that some of . the best troops fa the
Spanish army are now fa the island of
Cuba. . : , . :
I am far from overrating the value of
Spanish troops, having seen -enough of
them both in the field and in quartars, to
estimate them at what they are worth.
and I do not believe that they could
cope, on any thing like equal terms.
with English or t rench armies, nor do
think they would have much chance i
the long run against the ill-disciplined
but well armed, utterly fearless, intelli
gent, self-relying volunteers with whom
the United States - are wont to operate
when at war with their fepanish-Ameri
- If all other means of defense should
fail, it is not improbable that the Span'
iards would arm first the mulattoes, who
are numerous, and ultimately, if driven
to extremity, a portion of the blacks,
the whole of whom they tail: of setting
at lilerty, if all hope of preserving Cu
ba to Spain be extinguished a desper
ate expedient, the consequence of which
would probably be a terrible massacre
of the whites upon the island, though it
might not prevent the Americans from
ultimately subjugating it. ' Another
means upon which the Spaniards reckon
for annoying and grievously injuring the
enemy, is the elmui of privateers which.
unarr the Spanish flag, they expect
would quickly cover the seas. It is that
the consideration of - the injury that
might thus be done to their commerce
may have a weight with . the United"
States, and combine with- more elevated
motives to make them pause, before they
drive a feeble enemy into a corner, and
compel him to stand .desperately at bay;
but the war once engaged, ' there can be
little doubt that the Americans would
persist, at any price, tn carrying their
point, and finally would attain their
object, unless Span found aid from al
lies more powerful than herself. '
PIRACY IN THE GREEK SEAS.
Constantinople, May 1, 1854.
Piracy is spreading . more and more
every day on the coasts and in the is
lands of Greece. The Salamander left
here on the 28th, with a strong body of
marines, for the purpose of chastising
the robbers, who, for the want of better
prey, have had the impudence to attack
some of the hired transports while filled
with troops. A brig, on board of which
there was a detachment of French Ar
tillery, was pursued by a flotilla of these
corsairs, and was not able to shake them
off till it had fired upon them. It is
high time, that' the English and French
Government should adopt enecuve
measures against the ureex5. -j.nese
City or Glasgow. '
' A report reached Liverpool from Dub
lin, stating, on the faith of a Rev. Mr.
Babbington, ' of Derry, Ireland, that a'
letter has been received from a Mr. Smy
lie, one of the passengers of City of Glas
gow, stating that the ship had foundered
at sea and that the passengers were car
ried to the coast of Africa.
No particulars were given. It is cu
rious that a person named Smylie was a
passenger by the City of Ulasgow, al
though in all published lists his name
was erroneously printed " Shelley."
Richardson & Bros, telegraphed to Bel
fast to make inquiry, when it was found
the whole story was without foundation.
RUSSIAN OPINION OF THE BOMBARDMENT
OF ODESSA. .
The following decree, published fa the
St. Petersburg Invalide Russe, is de
cidedly cool: ':
"To General Osten-Sacke'n
" On the day when the inhabitants of
Odessa, united to their orthodox tem
ples, were celebrating the death of the
Son of God, crueified for the redemption
of mankind, the allies of the enemies of
His holy name attempted a crime against
that city of peace and commerce against
that city where all Europe in her years
of dearth have always tound open grana
ries. The fleets of France and England
bombarded for twelve hours our batte
ries and the habitations of our peaceful
citizens, as - well as the merchant ship
ping in the harbor. But our brave
troops, led by you in person, and pene
trated by a profound faith in thea su
preme Protector of Justice, gloriously
repelled the attack of the enemy against
the soil, which, in apostolic times, re
ceived the saintly precursor of the Chris
tian religion in our holy country.
" The heroic firmness and devotion of
our troops, inspired by your example,
have been crowned with complete sue--oess,
the eity has been saved from de
struction, and the enemies' fleets have
disappeared. ' As a worthy recompense
for so brilliant an action, we. grant you
the order of St Andrew. .Nicholas.
" St. Petersburg, April 21, (May 3.)
' A BRITISH STE AM FRIGATE CAPTURED.
The British steam frigate Tiger, 16
guns, 200 men, went ashore Bear Odessa,
and was taken and Durnea oy uie .Rus
sians. The crew made a gallant res is t-
1. ... rf-."JT J J
auce. captain vjmuru, 111 vamwouu,
was wounded. "
TESXBLE RIOT Uf BKOOZLYlTf
' WXSWrW PERMKI KILLEB t
r " New York, June 5.
A terrible scene was enacted .on Main
street, Brooklyn, between Water street
and Catharine erry, last evening, about
dusk. ... , ''. v-
A number were shot, and many' died
from injuries of clubs and stones.'
The cause of all this was the appear'
aneeof a procession of It. York Native
Americana, against whom the Irish locat'
ed in the immediate neighborhood, had
a gruage consequence oc the previous;
Sunday's proceeding. i r. . ' . ,
The procession from ew York mrrlr
ed some. time' before the sermon cons'
menced.. They numbered probably aboMf
a hundred or more, and eountermarcbedl
up and down-Atlautirs street, waiting the
arrival ot tne preacher." --J .
Upon the. preacher's arrival, they
eame up and stood until the sermon waa
over, when they proceeded down Smith -
street towards the Catharine street Fer
ry, in the same order that they eamAf.
About noon, a crowd began to assess
ble, and at five o'clock it numbered over
6,000. The Mayor, Chief of-Polioe,
and the whole disposable force jinder their
command, was present, . v - ; ' .' ,
During the afternoon there was a slight
disturbance on the corner of Smith and -
Atlantio streets, fa which a number of"
white hats were knocked off. T he offen
ders were promptly arrested. :
The. New York procession while pro
ceeding down to the ferry were followed
by a large crowd, lhey Walked in au
orderly and peaceable manner, and oc
casionally" cneers : and . hoots greeted
them. V. i ' T. U
That was all until they reached Mafe.
Water and the streets leading thereto, an
immense number congregated, and about- '
half of the procession had passed Water
street, when a general cry came front the
Irish, "Hip, hip 1 - Now, go fa I Come
on, boys ! " and with that came showerB
of stones and brickbats,? which wero
levelled at. the New Yorkers.
A grand rush waa- now made, hut the
line of the procession remained vnbro
ken. - ' f .-a '
' They 'marched to the ferry house' gate,
and entered with milit iry precision, Aa
they were assaulted, they lired pistols at
those who assaulted them. It is probable
that abouffhirty shots were fired, 'and
several were killed one a boy,- who had
part of h is face taken off. " A man' also
fell upon' the pavement apparently dead.
Five or six men were shot, and a great
many more" had their heads, arms and
legs broken Ty elubs. Pistols were also
fired from house tops, and stones fell like
hail in every direction. I ,' 1
The New Yorkers were 'within ' the
gates. -. As they were being pelted,-they
fired a number of .shots..' ... .C,; ;
One of the ferry boats took off a lamA
of the New Yorkers,, but tha-pilots, of
the two remaining boat s, seeing what waa '
going on, would not -enter the- docks. -They
finally entered the slip, and att
those not arrested were permitted to take
their departure. , r. ... . ..J "'
The police had hard 'workrr.Whes.
one would attempt to take' a man into
custody, he was sure to be beaten with
clubs. Several were badly hurt.'. Their
clubs were used freely, and they knocked
down all wbq resisted them.- ' -
The military came' upon the ground,
after the disturbance. ..They had., beeB
stationed at the armory all the afiemooaw
awaiting orders. V . ' ''
: The Mayor came down Main street,;
reading the riot act. The sheriff was
also on the ground. The military were
stationed so as to prevent any' farther
outbreak... .... ..-'.' 1 -','
The regiment on duty was the 14tv
and 'comprised five companies, and - b2
company of horse guards were also or
dered ; but fa the confusion thaff pre
vailed it was impossible to ascertain: how )
many were killed and wounded.' '' -.
: The Sun says there were 20 Ameri
cans killed. - . - - t-.-r
There Were several disturbances fa B.
Y. yesterday, near Wall st.
One man was shot.
AN AMERICAN VESSEL. BEFORE sababiu-
The Zareutz Zeitung contains the fol
lowing from Constantinople, May 1st:
f nitrate is said to have
passed the Dardanelles, laden with elev
en steam engines for Russia. In the
Black Sea she hoisted English colors
and got close fa towards Sebaijtopol,
' ' ":'fi-
. London,- C. W.. June ?...- '
The express tram going east this even- '
ing ran over a cow on the track a few .
miles west of this place. . . k '
The locomotive and first baggage car
were not thrown off, - but the next three -cars,
comprising a first and second pass-,
enger and one baggage car, were thrown
down the embankment twelve feet deep. '
. The baggage ear was entirely smashed . -to
pieces, and the second class 'car waa
very badly broken The first class car ).
was not much broken. r - .'.I
. In the second class were a number of :
Norwegian emigrants, who. it is reported.'
were traveling east by mistake. . "' "-; ;
The scene in this ear was horrible, six
persons, five men and one woman being
instantly killed,- and four others so much
injured as to die the same night. - ' ' '
In the first elass car several persona .
were slightly: injured. ' r; " ' r".-' ' "J
One gentleman residing in the interior
rf .Von VnfV Stt stajiilincr nn til ft- '
platform from which he jumped down the- .
killed him instantly.- We have bo yet ..
learned his name. ' ' " '
: The persons injured were taken to
London and Hamilton, and their injuries
attended to. ; -' ' .--.--"''
, v Boston uns) 3V" "
Mr. Dana, one of . tu& Counsel for -Burns,
was struck on th. temple, it is,
supposed witu,.a slung shot,' toy some pert-
sou unknown, whue walk.ii
his residence fa C&mhiHdge..
It is asserted, that I
stigated by some of the
1- V . J - - J T I i
bis, wuu scieu as wiru urer jurita, r
it-. 1 1 - f -. - iL..
mat me , cause ior u was souio xsumu
personal allusions made to them ia hi
o euiug argument. ' ""-V"
The trial of the rioters arrested , fos -tLe
murder of Rscheldor was eommene
cdthis morning. It will last some day.
The Coroners jury fa the ease of
J -acheldor returned ' a verdict that h
tied of a wound in the left groin wU$ch
covered the femoral artery. - s. . -
Auree images were uibwtctbw in is -
morning suspended to the flag staff on -
tne common, laoeuea . s . iuumi, xisc
Attorney and Attorney Genorsl to the '
Prince of Darkness ; . Marshajl Freeman,.
Chief of the Boston ttifSana, slavehold
ers and bloodhounds,; Commodore Lort
ing, the ten aouar henries oi ISO. "
At Manchester, N. IL, yesterday, bell
were tolled on. receipt of news that Burnt
bad been remanded, ' :