- imnjiii 1 ia i":Lm:iH-imn"'i''w 1 it bawi'i is. iisnH i iiua, m PLW'JCX.-J-r" -. it . ..-t----.--.
-tail m','i s !':'- "-w ti-'iilf
-Vrjr moil -nii, y...umVJl JT : -'l i.". ' '":i I5.''"1 t2
Ttf:y-: ''. ;I :it' .'.'Jj'j'J k:Jj ill
tr :-.t 1".
an '.sit tiehja:. r !-.-.-.:; :
e-sW.iJ'- in"!-''1 ' ;'- i"'" 1
, 1 ' e " ; : , " " .t i ! -it i ;ii tuil''".:'-:J J". i ..a - .' t ' i .. . ! . -: i . i- .., . , ; ; . .... ' . ... .-
ASHLAND, ASI1LAND COUKTYliOIIIQy WEUNESDAY JULY 12, 1854.
; VQLv lX.,;
-vm m M a 1 i . - irr I E. . . .. ----- - . i
AW A ' ; awvj ... i; u
' i 1 .u ii-'. r:;'. r . t ' 1 ' - . ; : , ,
... , . - ; t '
. . ;
!;'.:J13u9viU90' ' pivtctotij.
- . JUDICf AC OFFICEItS.
JAS. STEAVART . .Pees't JtDGE.
A. I . CURTIS- .-- i;:POBATE JVDGE.
J. SHERIDAN i .Clerk C. C: Pleas.
' ALEX. PORTER. -Pkos. Att't.
-jl! y.:: :CODIIIOFFICEBR -
- ISAAC GATES iJi j. J..-JAcditoh.
- JAMES W. BOYD-.-.- .Treasitrek.
v JOHN; DC JONES Sheriff.
"ASA S. REED ..Becorde.
k ORLOW SMITH. ---Survetob.
JOHN G. BROW N i--. . Coroner.
-GEO.M'CONNELL) t 'i'
LUKE SELBY, - - - CbMMissiojfEBS.
o AMOS HILBORNr
,G , SCHOOL EXAJHWEBS.!..., .1.
GEORGE W. HILL . .1 Ashlakd.
oORLOW) SMITH..:-" Sullivan.
1 J McCORMICK--U. jLoudokvilie.
I i.. BVBOUCH OFFICEBS, -.
"WM; RALSTON M.ts-.-f Mayor.
J. MUSGRAYJ2' Recorder.
E. WT WALLACK. Treasurer.
, R.P..FULKERSON ..-Marshall.
VA DRU3IB, . . f.a: , ;: ,
rS, G. WOODRUFF, I ,, Trstees.
. H. AMES, . - f: :
X -C BUSHNELL.J ,
r,4 , , BWBCBO HOTEL, :
- -TTTtLLIAM ZIMMERMAN, 'Proprletcr; Bow-.
. TV hmtf, AabUod tounty. Ohio.
May 31, 1854. n2-tf.
Ii A KROH. Ohio ; G. KAYKOiffS, proprietor
A JuuiJ 18, 18M. n35-r . . i
V i .. .- miXEUmOBSE. ; ,.; ;
" ITTHE aabacribcrbeiM to ioiojnce tht be
L has opBt a Hotel, to be called Ibe Miller
.Heuae,' directly oppaite tbe fcmpKll. Huuk,
Kaln Street. Aablaad, aud revpectrully anlicita a
akare of lh pablic patronage. M. MILLER.
.r Ajblaod, March iiind, IXij. o4. tl. .: . . .
(,.r, AMEBICAN HOC8E, : . j
rpHK anderaifned haviuf leaaed tbe above home
JL for a tar or years, respecUully solicits a abare
of Wis Basitopalrooa-...No effort will be spared
te miaiatcr to the comfort ol all. who may 1apr
him with a call.--'- - - ' -'
D. J. RICE.
Jerometille, fot. 30 ,1853. SBtf.
, - FBAWKLlN BOISE. .
rT'A'ViSO Wase4 tbe above named Bouse for a
jJLl terss of r years, th aadersicacd. respectfully
solicits aebare ol tbe pablic patronage. So pains
will be spared to make comlurtable all those who
.sMfiavoc aana.wiiB, acan.o
A ILLIAM KOBIKSON.
Ashlaad, Nov. S3, 1833.
a , :- FKLLEU HOUSE.
JOSEPB' DEXATKMAH. bavlog again-taken the
above House, will be prepared to aocommodaie
all htsold rriends who may favor him with a call.
Loadoavilla. Nov. S3d, 1833. . i - SStf
Xi XL. "KT TsT 3E3 OstlS .
-n;.;.-. ; W. BKeCABlIJa -,. ; .... ,
, jutrrmt af ia. Mad Juttici jT. tki ..
tX TILL promptly attend to all business entrusted
. VV to bis care. ; TPr OrrxcB, corner of Main aud
June 14, 18S4. atf
. .. . Jf. W. JOBNsTON,
, i... Attorney at Laic
L- OUDOKVILLK, Ashlaud county, Ohio. Prompt
atteoiion given to all business connected with
lb legal profcsaion. June 14. MS 3tf
: 'roorcn wA-reoa. I osoasa . mi
Tijin, Qki. jlthUnd, Oki:
VATSOX & FAKKEB, '.
Attf'i A CtiHsVist Lmm A StPrt in Ckmnctrj;
HAVING formed-a copartnenhip, will give
jirompt attention to all business entrusted to
their, care in this and surrounding counties.,. Of
aWesMWIy opposit the Kampseli House. ' '
t, .Ashland. oy.S3d. 1653. :. S6tf
..-.,. BOSEUT MEEK, -. ; ::
Mtorneji and Counsellor at. Lair.
V-VFFICE, 'on Main Street, West or the Samp
J sell House, Ashland, Ohio.
. , Ashlaad. May 84th. MjS4. Jltf
saurii w. iiLioas. wiluh a aLusoiiri
KELLOCC&ALLISOIV, -;: .
jlttoTtut af .la nd Solicitors in Chancery;
WILL attend to all prdfeaaioiial business en
trusted to tneir care, in tbisand adjoining
nttss. Ashland, Kov.S3d 1853, Sotf
-j:-: J W. JHHITH, .; .. ,! T3
j; . , Utornejf and Counsellor at Law ;
OFFICKover Drug Store of Sampsell ec Co. Busi
ness In this and neighboring counties prompt
attended to, .- : : - ' ,; - ;
. Ashland, Nov-83d, 1B53. . ;:r . 83U ;..
. Tos. j.imh. .-: rosTas.
. Jttf'l mnd CnnttUtre at Lew.
WILL attend promptly to all buaineasentrusted
to their care in tbU and adjoining countiea.
Oflce on corner or Main and Church, streets. '
1 Ashlaad. Nov. SPat 1853. ' r''Wtf
sasis a.tn.TO,:i jitii, I . .I.. jobs a. si'cOMas.
-r, i- s FDLIOS ot OTcCOMBSai ,
... : .- Attorneys and Counsellors at Law;
OFFICE on Main street, over the (Store of. T.
C. Buehueil, Aahland, Aahland County, O. '
KJUvember 934 1853.. .. , SCtf ,
,d:.iudi -tHOMAS J BllX, ...
a TTOBNEY AI .LAW and Justice of- the
J- Peace, LouaonviUe, AsbUnd County, Ohio.
November 23d. 1853r S6tr
tl ,;&ac.titioner if Medicine and Surgery, .
"VrTILL gire prompt atteni:on to all calls in
y y jia prolessioii-. . .
HayesrilleJuly 6, 1354
. i. H. CJLAUK, SI. !.,
FFici? oppoalteP. 6t J. Kisser's Store, Main
strcetL Ashland. Ashland county, Ohio.": -
Ashland, f eb. 14. 1H54.
I. a.; t;wAn e, m .
in ' ssr-ssa ami Ocaftst,. '
OPFIC-E.'adjiiininu' Milliugroil'i Vrug Store
; oppaarte; P.-fc . Kiaser.'s itore ' i ''
Aehjanoy April 19tB, 1845 n48n i," ;
-...r.v .i'R WM; JOE8,: '
H e (as actic fcf JHss'tA'M,--A
VIS& locatedia Kugglea Towusfaip, Aahland
jOsuaty. Ohio, offer his professional services
to the pablic generally. Particular attention paid
to Chronic diseases. Rheumatism, Liver and Lung
complaints, old Sores, etc. Cancers, Schirroos
and Cancerous Tumors .removed without tbe
Knife cr Caustic. - - . May 3. 1854. n50tf
Bk. TUO.HA8 HATES,
, Practitioner e Medicine and Surgery;
SAVANNAH. Aahland County. Ohio. Also. Just
ice ol the Peace and-Notary Public.
November 83d. 1853. ' ' 6tf
p. w. sampsel; at. it.
rrrtt ANKPTJL lor past favors. Tespectfully an-
J- neuaoe that he has resumed the practice of
" Mra'cioe in all Its araocses. umce in me em
ire- store of . B. P. tlampsel dc Co., Aabland, O.
May 17th. 1854 Satf
-v-..., ... .. W. W. BIDDLE, !
Prastittaasr Medicine mnd. Snrgery, j
WILL attend to all business connected with bis
-prelession. Office la the Cenue of Troy, Ash
land county, Ohio. . - . . 1?
1,., PBSJT,P..J.COWAIi -
PRACTITIONERS OP MEDICINE AND SUB
Gtar: Jerome ville, Ashland county, Obio.
,March2th, UM. . - 45t '
I -. I XrATCH MAKER AND JEWEL-
ER, Dealer ia Watches, Jew-
elry. Clocks, Tankee Notions, Ac.
Watches mad Clocks repaired and
warranted. Highest price paid for
'old Gold and .Silver. Opposite tbe
'Aablaad. Ohio. 30tf Dec 14,1853. -
' WILIJAn BALSTOB, , ...
"tirrATCH AND CLOCK. MAKER. Poet Of
. - fice Koildiac. Main street, Ashland.
I Ohio. Gald and Steel. Pens, and a choice
variety of Jewelry, kept, coasantly on
v.. , oai . . 1 r asnr
-i . ARE THEY f V
Br J. D. JACKSOJ.V -
Where are the brave ol other jesrs, (.:).';
.Who marshaled oft io stern arrajr -. . f
To 'venge the wrongs and bitter tearsf :.
And ruthlesa deeds, done day by day ,
' The ConiTnentala, where are they t .'
Who firm) grasped the flashing steel,
- -When foemen's breasls wero bared to view,
Then on the scried squadron wheeled," -" .
Aad proved its temper Well and true '
The Continentals, where are they f.
i . , I : .-
. ... ; , : : -
Before whose fronts the Northern blast, -,.
From icy realms aad mountains sere, r
Did vainly beat, then howling paaa'd
. . Whose hearts were true, and knew not fear
The Contineatals, where are theyf :;
Who 'mid the brakes aud serpent's fen,
On meanest fare, contented stood, ' , ".
To meet the foe no matter when
AaJ aobly yield their ttteir patriot blood
The Continentals, where are they 1
The graas is green on many a spot,
Where never funeral call was chimed ; : '
Aad calm their rest they need it not -..
They're ia each Freeman's heart enshrin'd I
And nono who bled more loved ts-dayl
-. -. :.- EPIGRAinATICi "'
I ask not wealth or worldly fame,
An empty title or a ame,
" ' ' A daisllng throne to wear a crown ;
:- Nor in the battle-field renown ; -.
.- Or Virgils'muse aCasAB'areign .
I Whea Rome .was ripe'aing soon to wane.
Like some proud oar that bows its length ;
For weakness ia exceas of strength ;
- Or Nawroa's mind to mark and trace '
'' The plannets tbro' nnfatbom'd apace
Their nice exactness keeping time
Like measured tbots in smoothest rhyme ;
Nor do I ask tbe love some bold
- For sordid wealth or paltry gold ;
: Buierkatletk you have not got I
.; And never bad, and neither ought,
. ! Nor e'ver'can hot while yoo've life, '
.... You still caa give me, 'tis a wife ' "
VWoosTaa.O.. TIMOTHY TICKLER.
THE MIRACLE OF LIFE.
Of all miracles, the most' wonderful is
that of life the common, daily life which
we carry about with us, and which every
where surrounds us. ' The sun and stars,
the blue firmament, day and night, the
tides and seasons, are as nothing com
pared with it. Life the soul of the world,
but for which creation were not ! .
It is our. daily familiarity with life
which obscures its wonders from us.
We live, yet remember it , not. . Other
wonders attract our attention, and ex
cite our surprise ; but this, the " great
wonder of the world, which includes oth
ers, is little regarded. We have grown
up alongside of life, with life within us
and about us ; ' and there is: never any
pain ' in our .existence, at which, its phe
nomena arrest our curiosity, and atten
tion. " The miracle is hid' from us by fa
miliarity, and we see it not. r
Fancy the ' earth without life ! its
skeleton ribs of rock and mountain, un
clothed by verdure, without soil, and
without flesb.!.. What a naked, ; des
olate ' spectacle,- and how unlike . the
beautiful aspect of external nature in all'
lands! ' Nature ever-varied and ever-changing-coming
with the spring, And
going to sleep .with the winter in con
stant rotation,', The flower springs up,
blooms, withers, and falls, returning to
the earth from which it. sprung, leaving
behind it the germs of future being ; . for
nothing dies, not even ' life, which only
gives up one form to assume another.
Organization is traveling in an unending
circle. : " " ""' ; .
The trees in summer put on their ver
dure ; .thjey blossom ; their fruit ripens
falls ; - what the 'roots'gathered up out of
earth returns to earth again ; the leaves,
drop one by one,' and decay, resolving
themselves into new forms, to enter in
to' other'-" organizations ; the sap' flows
back to the trunk ; and the forest j wood
field and brake, compose themselves to
their -annual winter's sleep. ;; In spring
and summer the birds sang in the boughs,
and tended their ycranjr brood ; the whole
animal kingdom rejoiced in their ' full
bounding life f the sun shone warm, and
nature-' rejoioed in greenness. ' Winter
lays its cold chill upon this . scene ; but
the 'same scene comes round again, 'and
another spring recommences the same
" never ending, still beginning" succes
sion of vital changes. We learn to ex
pect all this, and become' so familiar
with it, that it seldom occurs to us to
reflect how much harmony and adaptation
there is in the arrangement how much
of beauty and glory there is everywhere,
above,' around, and beneath us. ' '
r ;But were it possible to conceive an' in
telligent being, abstracted from our humanity,-
endowed with the full possession
of mind and reason,' all at once, set
down on the earth's surface how mauy
objects of surpassing interest and won
der would at once force themselves on
his attention. The verdant earth,' cov
ered with its endless profusion of forms
of vegetable life, from the delicate moss
to the oak which survives the revolutions
of centuries ; the insects of the animal
kingdom, from the gnat which dances in
the summer's sun beams up to the higher
forms of sentient being; birds, beasts of
endless diversity of torm, instinct," and
color and, above all, Man 44 Lord of the
lion heart and eagle eye ;" these would,
to such an intelligence, be a source of
almost endless interest.
i If it is life which is the grand :gl6ry
of the world; it was the consumation of
creative power, at which the . morning
stars rang together for joy. - Is not the
sun glorious because there are living
creatures to -tinnale and enjoy . it ;, are
not odors fragrant,, and; sounds sweet,
and colors gorgeous, because there is the
livinz sensation, to appreciate them?
Without life, what are they all ? . What
were a Creator .himself, without lite,
intelligence, understanding, to know and
adore Him, and to trace His fingers - in
the work that He hath niade 2.
. Boundless variety and ; ; perpetual
change are exhibited in the living beings
around us. Take the class of insects'
alone ; of these, not fewer than X 00,000
distinct species are already known , and
described ; and every, day is addhig to
the catalogue. Wherever you penetrate,
that life can bo sustained,, you . find .liv-'
ing beings to exist; in the depths of the
ocean, in the arid desert, or at the icy
polar regions, The air. teems with life.
The' soil which clothes . the . earth . all
round, is swarming with, life, vegetable
and animal,,.,.. ? . .. -:. ..,;., ..; ..;'. --
Take adrop of water.; and. examine
it with a microscope ; lo 1 it is swarmi g
with living creatures.- ' Wtthin life, : ex
ists other life, until it.recc'df s before the
powers of human vision. . The ; parasitic
animalcules, which prey upon or within i
the body o'. a. larger nnjmal is its -lf;
preyed upon -by parasites-peculiar to it-,
self. So minute are '-living animalcules,
that Ehreuberg has computed that not
fewer than five hundred ' millions can
subsist in ar single drop of water, and
each of these -.monads' is endowed ; with
its appropriate organs, possesses spon
taneous power of motion, and eDjoys an
independent vitality. - ' ' '
In the very ocean deep, insects,'- by
the labor of ages, are enabled to eon
struct islands, and. lay the foundations of
future continents. The Coral insect is
the great architect of the s'-uthcrn ocean.
Frst a reef is formed ; seeds are wafted
to. it, vegetation sorings np, a verdant,
island exists; then man- takes posses
sion, and a colony is formed.
. . .Dig down into the earth, and front'' a
hundred yards deep, throw tip a portion
of soil, cover it so that no communica
tion can take place - between that earth
and the surrounding air.' Soon you will
observe , vegetation springing - up per
haps new plants, altogether unlike any
heretofore grown in that neighborhood.
During how many thousands of years has
the vitality of these seeds been preserved
deep in the - earth's bosom ! Not . less
wonderful is the fact stated by-Lord
Lindsay, who took from the hand of an
Egyptian mummy & tuber, which must
have been wrapped up there more than
2000 years before. It was planted, was
rained and dewed upon, the- sun shone
on it ajrain, andthe root crew, bursting
forth and blooming into a beauteous Dah
. At the North Pole, where yu would
expect life to become extinct, the enow
is found of a bright red color. Exam
ine it by the microscope, and, lo 1 it is
covered with mushrooms, growing on the
surface of the suow as their natural
abode. . - ' '
A philosopher distils a portion of
pure- water, secludes it from the air, and
then (places it under- the - influence of a
powerful electric current. . : Living be
iosrs are stimulated into existence, the
accari Cr sir : appear in numbers !
Here we touch ou the borders of a great
mystery ; but it is not at all more -mysterious
than the fact of life itself. Phi
losophers know nothing about it, further
than it is. The attempt to discover its
cause, inevitably-throws them back upon
the j Great. ; Frst', j0au8(V .Philosophy
takes refuge in religion.,. , ;
: Yet man is never at rest in his specu
lations as to causes;, aud ha contrives
all manner of theories. to satisfy ,hi& de
mand for them. A favorite theory now-a-days
is what is called the developement
theory, which' proceeds on the assump
tion, that one germ of being was origin
ally planted on the earth,' and that fronr
this germ,' by the wondrous power of
life, all forms of vegetable and 'animal
life have progressively .been developed.
Unquestionably,' all living beings are orr
ganized on' one grand plan, and the high
er forms of living beings, in the process
of their growth, successively pass through
the lower organized forms. Thus, the
human being is "successively a monad,
and a . vertebrated animal,' an ' osseous
fish, a turtle, a bird, a ruminant, a mam
mal, and lastly an infant man.':" Through
all these types of organization j Tiede
mann has shown that the brain- of man
passes..; .- '" ! ':'. '
; This theory, however, does nothing to
explain the causes of life, or the stri
kingly diversified, and :yet determinate
characters of living beings; .why some
so fax transcend ethers in the stages of
development to which they ascend, and
how is it that they stop there how is it
that animals succeed each other in right
lines, the. offspring inheriting the physir
cal structure and the moral, disposition
of '.- their: . parents : and never, i by any
chance, . stopping short., at aiiy other
stage of being man, for instance, never
issuing in a lion, a- fish or a polypus.
Wo ean scarcely conceive it possible that
had merely the germ of being been plant
ed on the earth, and 44 Set a-going," any
thing like. the beautiful- harmony and
extraordinary adaption which is every
where observable throughout the ani
mated kingdoms of nature, would have
been-secured. That there has- been a
grand plan of organization oft which all
living beings havo b a formed, seems
obvious enough ; but to account. for the
diversity of being, by the ': 'theory 'that
plants and animals have gradually ad
vanced from lower to higher stages of
being by an inherent power of. self-de-velopmeut,
is at variance with! known
facts, and is only an' attempt to get rid
of one difficulty by creating another far
greater..-:. 'i -t
Chemists are equally at fault, in en
deavoring to unveil the mysterious pro
cesses of life,' Before its power they
stand abashed, ' : For life controls mat
ter, and to a great extent overrules its
combinations. - An - organized bein nj is
not held together by ordinary i chemical
I affinity ;. ,nor can .chemistry dp anything
j toward compounding organized tissues.
The principles which 'enter tntd'the com-''
nosition of the organised berei are few, '
the" chief being charcoal and water;' but
in to, what wondrous forms.doeslife mould
these common elements ! The. chemists
can tell you, what' these elements are,
ana now iney are cumutueu hucii ucauj
butwhen living, they resist all his pow-.
, r ' :.j ui j .
er of analysis. Rudolphi confesses thatwtth .confidence in. the solution which it
chemistry is able to investigate, only the
lifeless remains ot organized beings.
There are many remarkable facts con
Tiected'with Animal' Chemistry if we
inay employ the term which sliow how
superior ia - the princdpleof ; life - to- all
known methods of. synthesis; and analy-.
sis. ' For example, much." more carbon
or ; charcbal is .'rcgularW.' voided from
'the respiratory' orgaio1' -'alone:' of all
living beings -Bot tosreak of its ejec
tion ia . many othjer.. ways-p-than can - be
accounted for, as. having, in any way en
tered tbi system.' Thecal so produce
arid eject much more nitrogen than they
inhale. The - mushroom - and mustard
plant,' though nourished by pure: water,
containing no nitrogen, yet give it,... off
abundantly ; the same is the case with
zoophytes attached to rocks at "the botr
torn of the sea; and reptiles and fish'es
contain it ia abundance j-J though living
and growing id pttre water only. ,. Again,
plants which, grow qnand containing
not a particle of lime,; are found to con
tain as much Of this mineral ' as those
which grow in a calcareous soil ; and the
bone of animals in New- South Wales
and other districts where' not an atom of
lime is to be found in the soil, or in the
plant from which they gather their food, '
contain the usual proportion 'of lime,
though it remains an -eHtire : mystery
to the chemist where they can have 'ob
tained it.- The same fact is. observable
in the egg shells of hens, where lime is
produced in quantities for which the
kind of food taken is' altogether inade
quate to account; as well as in the enor
mous depositee of earal-rockj consisting
of almost pure linie, without- any ; mani
fest Supply of that ingredient. . . Chem
istry fails t6 unravel these mysterious
facts ; nor can it account for the abun
dant production- of soda,- by plantsgrow
ing on a soil containing not an atom of
soda in any form nor,, of gold.. in. be
zoardsi nor of copper in some description
of shell-fish.' These extraordinary facts
seem to point to this : that many, if not
.most, of the elements which .chemists
have set down as. simple,, because , they
hive failed to reduce them further, are
in reality compound; and that what wc riy
gard".as elements, do signify matters that
arey undepompoundable, but which are
merely .jundecoinpouuded .by ..chemical
processes. Life, however,, which is su
perior to human powers of' analysis, re
solves and composes' the ultimate atoms
of things after methods of' its own,- but
which to the chemist will probably- ever
remain involved in mystery. ... .
The last mystery of life is death.
Such is' the economy 'of living beings,
that the very actions which are subservi
ent to their preservation, tend to exhaust
and destroy them. Jiach being has its
definite term of life, and on attaining its
acme of perfection, it begins to . decay,
and at length ceases to exist. ' This is
alike true" of the insect which perishes
within the hour, and of the octogenarian
who. falls in a -ripe old age. Love pro
vides for the perpetuation of the species.
44 W love," says Virey, 44 because we
do not live forever ; We purchase love at
the expense of our life." To die, is as
characteristic of. organized .beings as to
live. The one condition is necessary to
the other. Death is the last of. life's
functions! "'And.no sooner has 'the mys
terious "principle 'of ' vitality departed;
than the laws of matter assert their pow
er over the organized frame. -
44 Universal . experience, teaches .us, "
says Leibig. 44 that all organized beings,
after death, suffer a change,' in cohse-'
qnence of which their bodies gradually
vanish from the surface of the earth. ,
The mightiest tree, after it is cut down,
disappears, with the exception, perhaps,
of the bark, when exposed to the action
of the air for thirty 'or forty years.
Leaves, young twigs, the' straw of-which
is added to the ! soil'1 as. Inariur e, , juioy
fruits,,&c, disappear, much morft.quick,
ly. In a shorter time animal matter
lose their cohesion ; they are dissipated
into -the air, leaving'' only the' mineral
elements which they -had derived "from
the soil. .. , :( ;:.; .-''
44 This grand and natural, process, of
the dissolution of all compounds. formed
in living organizations, begins immedi
ately "after"' death, when1 the manifold
causes no longer act under the influence
of which they .were produced-, , The com
pounds formed in bodies of animals and
of plants, undergo, in the air, and with
the aid of moisture a series of changes;
the last of which -are, the convfiiision of
their carbon into- carbonic acid, of their
hydrogen into water, of their nitrogen
into ammonia, of.,their sulphur into
sulphuric acid.-. Thus-their elements re
sume the forms in which they can agaiu
serve as food, to.' a. p.ew generation. of
plants and ; animals; . Those elements
which had. been derived : from; the. at
mosphere take the gaseous form and re
turn to the air; those which the earth
had yielded, return to the soil. ' Death,
followed . by the dissolution of the dead
generation,, is, the source of life for a new
one. The tame atom , of carbon which,
as a constituent . of a muscular fibre in
the heart of a man, assists to propel the
blood through' his frame, was perhaps a
constituent of the -heart of ono of his
ancestors ; and any atom of nitrogen in
our brain has perhaps been a part of the
brain of an Egyptian or oft negro. As
the intellect of the men of this genera
tion draws the food required for its de
velopment and cultivation from the' pro
ducts of the intellectual , activity of for
mer times, so may the constituents of ele
ments of the bodies of a former genera
tion pass into, and become parts of our
own frames. ;, .... , , ,: ,. , .4 . . ' . .: ;
i The greatest mystery of all remains.
What of the spirit the i soul?: Thevi,
tal principle which bound the frame to-,
gether has been dissolved ; what of the
man, the being of high aspirations, 4look-
Ikg before and after,'' and whose "thdt's
tyandered through eternity ? " " r The' ma
jterial elements liave not died, but mere
ly j assumed new forms, j Does . not. tine
spirit oi man,, wnicn is ever , at enmity
j with 'nothingness 'and dissolution, live
r a Ti::u :u ti i j.,. .:.v.
too ? .i Religion in all ages has dealt with
thisreat'iuystery, an here we leave it
A STJPPEH WITH CARDINAL EICH-
Nearly all the ..world - following , the
lead of certain historians have agreed to
call Cardinal de Richelieu a great man,
and in some respects he deserted the re
putation, v He rendered a great service
to monarchy in destroying the last heads
of tie feudal system which so long desola
ted France; and he rendered a great
service to letters in founding the French
Academy if Literature.'''' To be sure his
own attempts at poetry were: sufficiently
poor, but . he . sometimes .rewarded the
verses of others very generously.
' ; Npt content with destroying ' illustri
ous enemies, he, from time to time, ' in
dulged in petty vengeances, one of which
forms the sibject of the following anec
dote :. ., . .. ;
' ' Monsieur Dumoht, a shopkeeper in. a
small way, liviugin the Rue St!' Dennis,
received n letter dated at Reuil, a vill
age in the environs of Paris, where the
Gurdiual had a country, house..;; This let
ter contained an invitation to supper on
me luiiuwiug utiy mm jus emiiiuiiuc.
Monsieur Dumont could hardly believe
his eyes; ho read the letter over three or
four times,; looked at the signature at
tentively, and then rc-perused the direc
tion, to make sure' it was really meant
for him. . He then called upon "his wife
and two daughters to' sympathize in his
good fortune. --It would be hard to ap
preciate the . joj5, and . pride of - those
worthy people at. the unexpected honor.
About four o'clock On the afternoon of
the succeeding day, our mercer mounted
his mule and took tbeToad to Rcnil. He
had bardly rpassed the gates of - the city
when heavy clouds began to 'obscure, the
summer sky, and soon the muttering of
heavy thunder announced the approach
of a violent storm.'' M Dumont had neg
lected to provide himself with a cloak,
and could only urge to. greater speed. -But
the etorm ,was even, swifter than
Dapple's (best pace, the flashes of light
ning followed each other "with" blinding
Bwiftness, and the rain fell' in torrents.
Our friend put his male to a gallop,- but
finding the storm still increased, he-drew
reins at a little roadside in and alighted.
His first care was to put honest Dapple
under shelter, and he then entered the
large kitchen of the inn, where he found
a blazing fire ; of . faggots. While our
hero was standing at one. corner of the
wide fire, place engaged in . drying his
reeking garments, .the door opened to
admit another traveler, who, standing in
the opposite corner occupied -himself in
the same maimer. . . . For some little time
the strangers regarded, each other in
silence; which was broken by M. - Du
mont." ' ' . , , ' ; ' ' .
- "- What a furious storm, " said he.
44 It is 'bad enough, " responded the
other, 44 but from its violence, I predict
that it will not last long. "
; 44 1 hope not, . indeed, " . pursued, the
mercer, for I have an' important affair
which calls me to Reuil. ?' ' "
;.: The stranger started lightlyj but was
silent. ; :. . . ; . -. J .
44 Only listen, " continued Dumont,
who, it must be owned, liked the sound
of his own voice. ' 44 The 'storm instead
of diminishing increases in violence ; the
thunder. fairly, shakes the house; but for
all that, I must jpursue my journey." .
" Sir, " said the stranger, after a
thoughtful pause, u permit me' to say
that your reasons for pursuing yeur jour
ney in such weather , must be very ur
gent. ". . ... , - , . . ;. ...
''They are so. '' Indeed, I do not know
any occasion to make a mystery of the"
matter; I am invited - to -sup with th4
Cardinal de Richelieu." v -'. a- - 'A
"Ahj lean well understand that; yoA
are anxiousj not to appear to. slight such
an invitation. , But you have still a con
siderable distance to go, arid how.can you
present yourself to the cardinal in the
condition which yoa will be! 'at-.the . end
of your journey?j" ; ,: ;t
. 44 J. trust his eminence will excuse me
On account Of my' haste to obey his com:
mands. "-' k": "' - - -
- 44 If I' did 'not fear to be- impertinent,
I should enquire if you .have any ao
quaintance with the cardinal. "
44 None; and, in fact I will confess to
yon that'I' was very much astonished at
the honor of this invitation.""-"-'
; .- The cardinalT"'-answered- the stran
ger, after considering a moment, 44 is very
jealous of his authority; he does not love
that, others should pronounce judgment
upon' his actions,'' even ' one ' word will
sometimes arouse 'his suspicions; " reflect
well; have you never given the . cardinal
any cause to complain of you? "...
'"Never, I' believe.' Occupied with
my" business, I do not meddle with poli
tics. The only thing of which I can' ac
cuse myself is, that in ; the . presence of
two or three persons, I spoke somewhat
bitterly of the death of the Duke of
Montmorency; and you will not wonder
at me when I you tell that my father was
major- domo to that ' noble' gentleman. "
-44 Sir, you b.ave the ; face of an honest
man ; you inspire me with, interest, and
I am willing to "risk " something for the
sake of giving you a piece of advice. Do
not go to Reuil. "
"Not go to ReuilL WTiy lam about
to set out this instant, '; in spite of the
storm. : . : .... : .
44 Stay one instant: your position af
fects me in spite of myself. ' You believe
that a supper with the cardinal is await
ing you. ' Undeceive yourself, The car
dinal is indeed waiting you, no to feast
you but to hang you." . ;
."Gracious heaven! What do 'you
say f : It is impossible. ' ;
- I repeat it -they trait to hang
yon, "-.,...: : - ,. i .. .'J-i'.;;
Dumont almost speechlesg with horror
gasped out, " In the the name of heaven,
how ido you know this to be true. " i '
.. ."I am certain of it I" . ; , .
'" But what have I done to merit such
a fate '(", . . . " ... ,'
: " That I know not, but I now that
the fact is. so, for it is who have cfcirge
of hanging you." .;; .- . . .. t :' :
The merchant turned paler- than be
fore, and faltered out, '
' " Who flien, monsieur, are you?". '"
44 The hangman of Paris sent by his
eminence to. hasten you. Believe me,
I have- done you agcod service, and the
least indiscretion on your part will ruin
me." ' , . . t
M. Dumont re-mouiited his mule with
out troubling himself about the storm;
although it soaked, him to-the bone, and
returned to Paris ; , instead,, however, of
going to his own house, he begged an
asylum of a friend, who also provided
him with money with which to make an
escape to England, where he quietly re
mained until the cardinal's death,., two
years after, permitted him to return to
his beloved home arid family.
' A BEATJTIFTJL STORY.
The most beautiful and affecting inci
dent I know associated with a shipwreck,
is the following : - -
. " The Grosvenor,' an East Indiaman,
homeward bound, goes ahore on the
coast of CaffraL It is resolved that the
officers, passengers and crew, in number
one hundred and thirty-five souls, shall
endeavor to penetrate on foot across the
trackless deserts, infested by wild beasts
and cruel savages, to-the Dutch Settle
ments at the Cape of Good Hope. . .With
the forlorn object .before. them they fin
ally separated into two parties -never
more to meet ort' earth. " ""':
There is a solitary child among the
passengers a little boy seven j-eara old,
who has no relations there ; and when
the first party is moving away, he cries
after some member of itT who has been
"kind rt'o him.' ' The crying of the' 'child
might be supposed to be a little thing
'to men in such great extremity; but it
touches them, and he is immediately ta
ken into that detachment. . : ' ,
From which time forth, this child is
sublimely made a sacred charge.. He is
pushed on a little raft across broad riv
ers, by the swiming sailors ;' they carry
him by turns through the deepsand and
long grass, (hb patiently walking at all
other times') ; they share with him such
putrid fish' as they, find to eaj '; they lie
down ai.d wait ' for him when the rough
carpenter who becomes his special friend
lags behind."' Beset by lions and tigers,
by savages, by thirst 'and hr-nger, by
death in' a crowded reigion oi ghastly
shades,' they never O Father of all
mankind, Thy name be blessed for it ! for
get this child. The Captain stops ex
hausted, and his faithful coxswain goes
back and is seen to sit down by his side,
and neither of the two shall be any more
beheld until the great last day; but as
the rest go on for their lives, they take
their child with them. The carpenter
dies' of poisonous berries eaten in starva
tion, and the steward succeeds to.tha
sacred guardianship of the child.
God knows all he does for the poor
baby ; he cheerfully carries him in his
arms when" he himself is ' weak and. ill ;
how he feeds , him when he himself is
griped with want; now he folds his rag
ged jacket around him, lays his little
warm face with a woman's . tenderness
upon his sunburnt breast, soothes him
in . sufferings, sings to him as he limps
along, unmindful of his own parched and
blceding feet. - Divided fOr a few ' days
from the rest,' they " dig a" grave in the
sand and bury ; their good friend the
Cooper these two ' companions alone in
the wilderness and the time comes
when they are" both ill and beg their
wretched partners in despair, reduced
and few in numbers now, to wait for them
one. day. :' They wait by them one day;
they wait by . them two days On the
morning Of the thHfc!, they move very
softly about in king their prepara
tions for the resum'ption of their journey,
for the" child is sleeping by the fire, and
it is agreed with one consent that he shall
not be disturbed until the last moment.
The moment comes, the tire is dying,
and the child is dead. : ''.
His faithful friend the steward, lin
gers but a little while behind him. " His
grief is great, he staggers on ' for a few
days lays down in the ' wilderness and
dies. But he shall be re-united in nis
immortal spirit who can doubt it?
with the child, where he and the" poor
carpenter should be raised up with the
words,"44 Inasmuch as ye have done this
to the least of these, ye have done it to
.Me.-' ; . '.';';.-"' ; V'.:": J
' The Value op an Industrial Call
ing. In referring lately to the statistics
of the Philadelphia County Prison; the
North American incidentally notices the
fact that of the two hundred and seventy
convicts received into that institution
during the last year,, no less than one
hundred and eighty-three were persons
without any regular profession or trade
upon which to depend for a livelihood.
This extraordinary condition of things
(says the North American) deserves the
serious consideration of all well-wishers
of the community, pregnant as it is with
an admonition which ought never to be
neglected by those who have , the pharge
and guidance of youth. The fact speaks
trunipet-tongued of " the great wrong
committed by persons who, under the
weight of such a responsiblity, omit the
performance of their duty, and permit
children, to grow up to maturity mere
useless superfluities in the: great body of
civilized society. j ,- , ' ' -
Strawberries, The Californjiafariner
says that splendid specimens of - straw
berries, of the variety somewhat celebra-
ted in the East 44 Longworth's Prqlific"
were exhibited on the table at the coun
ty agricultural meeting, at San-Jose on
Saturday last. A very flue cluster of eight
or ten berries are nearly three inches in
circumference. They were from the gar
dens of Judge Daniels of San Joae.
GE19V . JACKSON AHD1THE CLEBS.
Many of our readers will recognize the
point of the following joke, which we
heard related 4long time ago,' but which
we never saw in print."' ; ' '
While. General Jackson was President
of the United States, he was tormented
day after' day. by importunate visitors,
(as most Chief Magistrates of this 'great
country' are',) whom he did not care to
see--and in consequence' gave strict" di
rections to the messenger at the door, to
admit only certain persons on a. particu
lar day, when he was. more busy with
State affairs than usual, . . ,
,;; In'-' spite of the' peremptory ' orders,
however, the tlie attendant bolted into
his apartment" during the afternoon, and
informed the. General that a.perspn" was
outside whom he could not control,, and
who claimed to see "him orders or no
orders.' -. j ;-.'" "' "'""' " ' V
I won't -submit to this annoyance,"
exclaimed the old gentleman, nervously.
44 Whoisit? " . , ...... .. ,
44 Don't know, sir. " " '' .
" Don't know ! ' What ' is his name? "
44 His name'?1 -Beg pardon; sir it's
a woman. " : t
'-A.woman ! :. Show her in,.;. James;
show her in, " sad th'e President; wiping
his face, and thp next moment there .en
tered the General's apartment a 'neatly
clad female, of past the' middle age, who
advanced courteously: -towards the -old
gentleman,. and accepted the chair prof
fered to her. , , .. .
' 44 Be seated, madam,'" he1 said.
' 44 Thank you, " replied the lady; throw
ing aside her veil; and revealing a hand
some face to her' entertainer, o : -,
. " My mission hither to-day, General, "
contmued the fair speaker, 44 is a novel
one; and you can aid me perhaps. "
''44 Madam, " said the;- Genoral, 'com:
mand me. "
,. ". You are very kind sir. .; I am a poor
woman, General, .. ... -
44 Poverty is ne crime, inadam. " ,
v ' "Nd, sir, but I have a little family
to care for I am a widow, sir; and the
clerk employed in one of the departments
of your administration is indebted, to
me for board, to a considerable amount,
which I cannot collect. I need the
money sadly,7 and1 come to ask if a por
tion of his pay cannot be , stopped from
time to time, until this claim of mine
an honest one, General of 'which - he
had the full value, shall be cancelled. "
- 41 I really -Madam that is,' I have
no control that way. What is the
amount of the bill? " : : "
Seventy dollars, sir- here it is. '"r..i "
44 Exactly I see. And . his salary,
' " It is said to be twelve hundred dol
lars a- year."' -'- -:
;" And not pay his board bill? " "
" As you see,' sir; this has ben ' stand
ing for five months unpaid. ' Three days
hence he will.draw his jnonthly pay, and
I thought, sir, if you would be kind
enough tc " ' ;--' '-; ""'- :i
" Yes I have it. Go ' to him' again
and get his note, to-day at thirty days."
44 His note sir ! It wouldn't be worth
the paper on which it was written; he
pays ho one a dollar voluntarily. '
44 But he will give you his note- will
henot, Madame? " ' '''
44 O yes, he' would be glad ' to have-a
respite that way, for a month no doubt. "
" That's right; then. ' Go to him. and
obtain his note, at thirty days from to
day ; give him a receipt in full, and come
to me this evening. " ' 1
-: The lady ;' departed; called upoij the
young lai'k, and' dunned' him - for the
amount at which he only smiled-j-and
finally asked him to give her his note for it.
4 To be sure, " said he, with a chuckle,
44 give a note--sart'n and much, good
may it do you,, mum. ". . ....
" You'll pay it when it falls due, won't
you?" ' said the lady.
"O, certainly, " was the reply. " .And
in the evening she again repaired to the
White House with the note. The Presi
dent put his bond endorsement on . the
back, and directed her to obtain the cash
upon it at the Bank.' '; '' '
j. In due time a . notice was sent- to the
Clerk that. a note signed by him. will. be
due on a particular day, which, he' : was
requested to pay.
At first John could not conceive "the
source from whence the demand could
come, and supposing that it had only been
left for collection, was half resolved to
take no notice of it. --But as he passed
down the avenue, the unpaid board . bill
suddenly entered his head. . i
. 44 Who has been foolish enough to help
the old woman in this business, I won
der? " said John to himself. " I'll go
and. see. . It's a hum, I know ; but I'd
like to know if she's really fooled any
body with that bit of paper !" and enter
ing the bank, he asked for the note
which had been left there for collection
against him. - 1 ': - :
- " It was discounted, " said the teller.
44 Discounted ! who in the : world will
discount my note ?" said John, amazed.
44 Any body, with such a backer as
you've got on this. " .
44 Backer Me backer who? " J
44 Here's the note ; you can see, " said
the teller, handing him the document,
and on which John recognized the bold
signature of the then President of the
44 Sold, truly! " exclaimed J" ohn, ' with
a hysteric gasp, and drawing 'forth the
moneyfor he saw through the manage
ment at a glance. . " - ', --
t The note was paid of course, and- jus--tice'.was"
awarded the spendthrift at
once. - " !- ;
On the next morning he found upon
his desk a note which contained the fol
lowing entertaining bit i of personal . in
telligence;; :- 'ui -i v!;i.- : ill'
Sir -A change has been made in your
office. I am direct d by the President
to inform you that your services will no
longer be needed in thia; department;
. JCours, oca.,-'-. ' - '
, .-;; . ,. ' rSeoretary., ,
John 6inaU retired to private. life at
once, arid thenceforth found it convenient
to live on a smaller allowance than twelve"
hundred yevt.-Rocldand County -finer.
' R0IIANCE OF REAL' LIFE. '
Mr. C- ' , assuming' the name of
Jones, some' years since, purchased a
small piece of land, and built on it a neat
house on the edge of a common in Wilt
shire. Here he long resided, unknow
ing, and almost unknown, by the neigh
borhood.'1 Various conjectures were form-.
ed respecting this solitary and-single
stranger: at length; a clergyman took
some notice of him. and occasionally invi-
ting jiini to nis uouse, no iotuia utia poc
evidentlyindietrted his origin to have been
in the higher station of lite. Returning
one day from a visit at 'this clergyman'
he passed, the- house of a farmer, at the
door of which was the daughter employed
at the washing tub." He looked at the
girl a moment,- and thus' accosted her:
" My girl, would ydu-like td Tte married,
because if you would, I will marry yea."
"Lord sir! these are strange question,
from a man I never saw;, in my life.be
fore." ' ; ' - ; ' ' ' ' ; " '. ''
: 41 Very' likely," replied -Mr Jones,
V but however, I am serious, and: will
leave you till ten o'clock to morrow, to
consider of it ; I will then call on you
againj and if I have your father's consent
we will be married the following day;"
, He kept hie- appointment, and meet
ing with the father, he thus .addressed
him : 44 Sir,. I have seen your daughter :
I should like her for a wife, and I come
to ask your consent." 44 Chis 'proposal,'
answered the old man, 44 is very extraor
dinary from a stranger. i ;Pray, sir,- who
are you ?" 44 Sir,", replied Mr.. J., you
have a right, to ask this question ; my
name is Jones, the new house on the edge
of the common is mine, and if it be nec
essary, I can purchase your house, farm
and half "the neighborhood.": -. -: j "
Another hour's conversation brought
all parties' to one mind and the friendly
clergyman aforementioned united the
happy pair., Three or'-four' years they
lived in this retirement; and blessed with
two a?hildrcn..: Mr, ... j. employed the
greater part of his time in -improving
his wife's mind, but never disclosed his
own origin. At length, upon taking . a
journey of pleasure with her;" while re
marking the beauties of the country, he
noticed and named the different gentle
wen's seats aS.they passed;-, coming to.,
a magnificentone, This, my dear," said
he, 44 is B 's house, the seat of the
Earl of : And if vou nlease. we.
will go in and ask leave to look at it.
It is an elegant house and probably
wiU-etmuse- y"" " . , - ' ; '
The Nobleman who possessed . thie
mansion had lately died. , He once bad
a nephew, who, in thegaities of his youth
had incurred- some debts on' account of
which, he had retired from fashionable
life on about 200 per annum, and had
not been heard of for some time. . This
nephew was the identical Mr. Jones, the
hero:,of our story, who now took possess
ion1 of the house, title, estate, and is the
present .Earl of E -j rEngltih Pape.
- SCENE IN A CAR.
' . The' seats of the cars were all occupi
edcrowded.' None of our avenue" cars
ever yet were full, so of course, the house
on wheels stoppe4 for me..- '- ?.;i
. ;Not wishing to. disturb those, who.
were seated, I was, intending tp stand,
but a gentleman up at the .'far. end arose
and insisted upon my taking' his Beat.1
Being very tired, I -thanked him and
Presently a lady muchyounger, much
prettier, and niuch better dressed than
myself entered the car. No less" than
four gentleman arose instantly; offering
her a seat, i She smiled sweetly and nn-
n- . -11 j 1. : .1 '
auecLcuiY ttuu Lxutua.iu4j vuu gcuuvniaa
who urged the nearest seat to her she
seated herself with a peculiar grace of
manner. ' -
; She had'ona of those - faces Raphael
was alwaj's painting, touchingly weel
and expressive. .... . .....
" A little after this young beauty had
taken her seat, a poor woman looking?
very thin and very pale,"with: that care
worn, haggard look, that poverty, and
bard labor always gives, came in. ; ghe
might have been one of those poor Beam-;
stresses who work like slaves and starve
for their labor. She was thin and mean
ly clad, and seemed weak and exhausted.;
She had evidently no sixpence to throw
away, and came in the car, not to stand
but to rest, while she was helped on in
her journey. , . " '"
- While she was meekly standing for
the moment, none of the gentlemen (
offering to rise, Raphael's angel, with,
sweet, reproving eyes, looked on those
who had so officiously offered Aera seat
and seeing none of them attempt to move,,
and just as I myself was rising to give the
poor old lady a seat she arose and insis
ted upon the woman taking her seat. .-, j
It was all the work of but a moment, -and
the look of grateful surprise the old
woman gave her, and the glance of sweet
pity the beutiful girl bestowed on the
woman as she yielded her seat, and- the
evident consternation of thebroadcloth
individuals, who were jnanifcstlv put to
shame, all were to me irresistibly inter
esting and instructive. : '-.' :; J
One of these same broadcloth wearers
apparently overpowered with confusion,
got up and left the car, Raphela'a angel
took his vacant seat. iVT Y.. Day Book
Oh MARiA!-We' find1 the following;
card in the last Spectator'; Oregon- Ter
ritorv, signed by Maria Ti Murray, as
f Public Notdce.:'V ; -j a v-isn-- -,v -.- f :.m
.. This is to certify that "L T. Murrav.
has maltreated and abused me on several
occasions ; and has also1' denied j in tlvej
presence oi Dr. Read,) of ever beinglaw
fully married tome, ,He never -bad
bed, although married ten years-r , Th
things he calls his own, belong to jne.
As for boar d', if stolen Spanish beef, see-'
ond'rate flour, "and Peter Wilson's hogif
could be termed board, then we some
tjm9s,hd some, . Asfar as paying my,
debts is .concerned-he -never-sould pay.
Bisown,'bei g how twelyo hundred 5olt'
l&ra in arrears. '
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