Newspaper Page Text
ASHLASD, , WEDNESDAY, , JULY 12TIT, 1354.
, 1 : ' " ' ' -
vJ'or J udge of the Supreme Court,
, -SHEPARD F. NORRJS,
- 9?CLERMONT COUNTY.
"llfcMfiniDer Board of Public Works,
"TAJjEaANDER P. MILLER,
'op BUTLER COUNTr.
jj ijusc-.-n; For Probate Judge,
jo,. ; r. ; A. L. CURTIS.
-Jfi"i7 -A y.Vot Clerk of the Court.
A; -JOHN S. FULTON. '
ik -: For Sheriff.
-Taj vlij- -JOHN D. JONES.
-f Vi:-: ' ' 'For Auditor,
Hua-ui-Al - For Treasurer,
i!.-.. i JOHN SMURR.
, : For Commissioner,
1 J L - or-Infirmary Director,
.'t..H."; HUGH McGUIRE.
'JCS e call attention to the favor
of bur friend Timothy Tickler on first
, Paf? ye have no doubt but that it
i Vould-i" tickle" him considerably to be
in "posse ssion of the tickler he asks for.
'"'Yfe' jjgQ caii attention to the letter of
urNew York correspondent in another
- soIumiL. it We expect to soon complete an
'arrangement by which : we' shall receive
letter from our New York friend week
ly. '.In View of this fact, we hope no
.democrat of Ashland County will send
i for a New York paper instead of taking
bie own county paper, as we will give
'the lo;al news and markets of that city,
'in addition to oar own county news.
Our., readers, may also expect, from
' time to time,- letters from Washington
-City," Iowa City, St Louis, and other
portions of the Union.
We know of no weekr paper in the
, State that contains as much original mat
ter as our own, and we are glad to say
-that our efforts in this respect are appre
- ciafed by the people of our county. The
Union has now a larger circulation than
at any former period of its existence,
-i,? ,i j i , ..... .
CTTSioiV OF POLITICAL PARTIES
i.PIEBALDWUlGCEBI AT 1ISOLD
, THICKS. .
- . fiow let it work : miscaiel thoa art afoot ."
--(-Last Saturday was the day set apart
pollers of this county, to appoint Dele
gates to the State Fusion Convention, to
beheld at Columbus, on the 13th inst
Alyery pathetic appeal, in the shape of
band bills, was industriously circulated
tbrOughout the county, calling upon the
dear people, M without distinction of par
ty tQ come up and be ."fused" into
Whiggery; . The - Convention met, and
quite a-number of speeches were made
more, however, by Old Hanker Whigs
than by Free Soilers. We do not doubt
but that the Free Soilers are honest in;
fheir contemplated movement, but what
lias made the Whig party take such a
sudden liking to Free toilers ? In the
very nature of things, they cannot be act
ing in good faith in this fusion movement,
jhinkofit, reader The Whig party
lias no real, tangible existence. It died
from :the Want of fixed, permanent prin
iples'.and internal dissensions. The
present Free Soil party in Ohio, were
formerly part and parcel of the Whig
jarfy. ' - For years there was a distinction
ietween Free 'Soil Whigs, who were
inown as Progressives, and the old stand
JltilX, Silver Grey Whigs. The contest
for place and power between these clans,
-was one of extermination. No young,
progressive Whig, had any favor either
"fa Court" or with the old Hunkers.
The result of this treatment was a seces
sion of these young Progressives from
4he old line Whigs, which placed the
latter then, and ever since, in a hopeless
winority. -. The feeling entertained by
the: Old Hunker Whigs towards their
former allies, was naturally not very
agreeable something akin to all family
quarrels. ...This bitter feeling, every ob
server of political events knows, has not
abated in the least tip to the present
tune. ' But now something must be done.
Tn$ old, hulk of Whiggery needs boost
log up, and accordingly we find the Old
Hunkers " billing and cooing " with the
Free Soilers, their former allies, and en
deavoring to unite the two parties for
one more straggle with the Democracy.
The Whigs wish to get possession of the
Free Soilers, body and soul, not from
atiy; love they bear them, but to place
themselves again in power. The Whigs
it is true, urge in extenuation, of their
conduct, . that they are opposed to the
Nebraska' Bill, and opposition to it is
the object, of the fusion. If such is the
object of the fusion, why cannot the
WJiigs as a party, and the Free Soilers
as a party, manifest their opposition to
it by themselves, and not for the sake of
mere temporary success, do that which
their''' better judgments hereafter will
7:The leading spirits of this Convention
were- Whigs they were on hand early.
Their love for Free Soilers was exhibited
towards the close of the Convention, by
tha ., introduction of a resolution that
their support should not be given to even
County and Township candidates who
ivor the; Nebraska Bill; which, when
more fully interpreted, means that the
Whigs would like to be placed in power
in this county. The Free Soilers, quite
a number of them, do not feel bound tc
act in accordance with this' resolution.
They think it too much f the good thing.
From what we Lave individually heard
them say, they object 'to being politically
metamorphosed, and will not enter into
the bargain. The Convention was very
harmonious and respectable in appear
ance, barring the presence and officious
ness of too many Whigs. It certainly
had a bad color in this respect. Three
Free Soil Democrats, two Whigs and
two Free Soilers, were appointed Dele
gates to the St te Convention. The
Convention was" addreesed by Messrs.
Clark, Osborn and Allison, of Ash
land, and Mr. Philpot, of Sullivan.
Strong anti-Nebraska resolutions and
against the, Fugitive' Slave .Law,' .were
passed. , ,.
P. S. Since the above was in type
the Seer tary of the Convention has fur
nished us with a copy of the proceedings
of the meeting. As we have given abov
a pretty correct and full synopsis of them,
and being considerably crowded withoth
er matter, we 1 ope our friends will ex
cuse us from publishing them. We
also decline publishing the proceedings
of the meeting of the return J udges of
the Primary Meetings, for want of space,
THE WOOL TRADE.
' Various are the devices of the men of
capital, to keep down the price of the new
clip The Wool Growers of this county
generally, seem to' understand these
" financie ers " in the Wool trade. They
are a migratory set of individuals, com
ing from the east, crying hard times, and
that they don't desire to buy hardly any
Wool this season iust a little. This
game is only played on a certain class.
If they do not want the whole Wool clip,
why arc they so exceedingly anxious to
convince farmers that the price must be
low, and that the proper place to sell
their Wool is at the U'eveland Wool
Depot t Perhaps the proprietors of the
" Depot," are men behind the scenes
largely interest . d in buying. Let Wool
Growers once get their Wool iuto the
"Depot," and they would of course rather
take less than their Wool is worth than to
take it home again, or incur the expense
To show the modus operandi of these
Wool gentry, we give an extract from
a letter published in the Ohio Farmet,
printed in Cleveland, which seems to be
the organ of the Wool buyers instead of
farmers, purporting to come from a Wool
grower in this county, endeavoring to get
tho Wool of this part of the State into
the " Depot ," where, in our opinion,
the Wool buyers will get it at their own
price. V e don't believe mere was ever
such a letter written by a Wool grower
in this county. We. would rather believe
it was written in Cleveland, or by some
person who is buying for some of the
big fish. But read the extract :
" Messrs. Goodale & Co. : Having
learned that you have established a Wool
Depot in Cleveland, I Lave same thoughts
of forwarding my wool to you. I am
pleaded to hear of tho enterprise, a d
hope it will be successful, x nave Deen
in the wool-growing business from its first
introduc.ion in this region, and am dis
gusted with the manner in which wool
is bought and sold, and believe a change
of system is needed. I have supposed
that a V ool Vep t in good, hands, ana
properly sustained, would be the proper
medium between the grower and manu
facturer. ISut the idea is sneered at by
many; ana wool Day ers claiming to De
manufacturers tell us that manufactur
ers are not favorable to it. I sent my
wool to a Depot some five years since,
and lo. t in the operation, and of course
the matter was taken advantage of by
interested persons, to produce an unfa-,
vorable impression in regard to such en
The Farmer comments upon the let
ter, as follows :
".We would here remark, that the
mismanagement of some particular Wool
Depot does not argue against the system.
We are quite confident that the plan
will be appreciated and approved, when
J3E We re-publish the following ar
ticle, (which appeared in our last issue,)
partly on account of its importance, and
partly because the larger portion of the
edition was worked off with a material
error in the figures :
To all interested. The Commis
sioners of this county, who, by-the-way,
are a very efficient and business set of
men, have made the following levy for
the year 1854 :
For County purposes $13,000
" Poor purposes 1 ,000
" Bridge purposes 2,000
Ani't levied by State 3 1 1-20 mills.
The levy for the preceding year of
1853, was much larger, as will be seen
by the following :
For County purposes $13,000
" Building purposes 7,500
" Poor purposes 2,000
" Bridge purposes 1,600
Am't levied by btate 5 1-10 mills.
DEMOCRATIC CEHTIIAL COMMIT.
The following gentlemen were elected
the Democratic Central Committee of
Ashland County, at the meeting of the
return J udges of the Primary Meetings,
held in Ashland, on Monday, the 3d inst :
G. W. Hill, Cltairman ; II. Buck, II.
S. See, Daniel Campbell, J r. and John
3T The Glasgow (Mo.) Times, in
an article on the emigration to Kansas,
pays ; " Private letters state that about
ten thousand people are on the move..
Five hundred crossed over at Weston
last Saturday, and about the same num
ber on Sunday, while the roads are filled
with people, all bound for the new Territories,"
- district couut.
This Court commenced its session in
this place on Tuesday last, their Honors,
James Stewart, R. C. Hubj and Mar
tin Welkebv. being' present as Judges.
Quite a number of important cases are
f or trial. We give the only case disposed
of at the present writing.
) In Ashland
.Vermillion and Ashland
Rail Road Company.
This action was brought by the Plain
tiff to recover of the. Defendants for ser
vices rendered as an Attorney, in prose
cuting various ; suits in the counties of
Wayne and Richland, for the Company,
and before Justices of the Peace in
Richland county. - Services were render.
ed from 1842 to 1846.
. Defendants set up as a defence,
1st. That the services were rendered
for Clark & Henry, to whom 'Defend
ants claimed the Stock of said Company
had been assigned. " .
2nd. -That the Plaintiff had been paid
bgfa receipt of $80, to apply on his,
3d. The Statute of Limitations.
.The Court charged the Jury, that if
they found from the proof that the Plain
tiff had rendered the services for the
Company, he was entitled to recover what
his services were reasonably worth,' if
the services were rendered within six
years before the commencement of the
suit. Or, if the services were rendered
under a contract for the Company to do
generally their business, that the Statute
did not begin to run unless the contract
had been put an end to by the parties,
and that the plaintiff would be entitled
to recover. But if the services rendered
were for isolated items, for which suit
could be brought at any time, and those
services were rendered more than six
years before the commencement of this
suit, that then the Plaintiff would not
be entitled to recover. But that if any
payment Lad been made within six years,
for services rendered more than six years
before suit commenced, that this payment
would take the case out of the Statute of
Limitations. That if the proof showed
ta.t the services were rendered for Clark
& Henry, that it made no difference in
whose name the suits were prosecuted,
the Plaintiff would not be entitled to re
cover. ... , "
' Jury returned a verdict for Plaintiff
Decision of Judge Corwin on the Li
The Urbana Citizen a -d Gazette
gives the following as the decision of
Judge Corwin on this law :
The Judge, after premising a few re
marks in opposition to that class of leg
islation which prescribes what a man
shall eatrj&nd what he shall drink, and
wherewithal he shall be clothed, pro
ceeded to say, that the Government has
discharged its functions when it provides
for the protection of the citizen's per
sonal security and private property.
It has been urged here, in favor of
sustaining the law under consideration,
that Judge Warden, of Columbus, has
caused to be published an elaborate opin
ion, fully sustaining the constitutionali
ty of the law ; and that this opinion is
fully concurred in by Judge Swan and
John A. Andrews, lisq., of Columbus.
It is sufficient to say of this argument,
that these gentlemen received a. hand
some fee for the. utterance of that opin
ion, and have been known to prosecute
for violation of the law, under that opin
The Constitution of the State of Ohio,
section '8th of the schedule, is as follows :
" No license to trafic in intoxicating
liquors shall be hereafter granted in this
State, but the General Assembly may,
by law, provide against the evils result
From this it is evident that the Con
stitution of the State of Ohio sanctions
the trafic in "intoxicating liquors," . but
at the same time the General Assembly
is authorized to provide against . the
evils resulting from the sale of intoxica
ting liquors. Without, however, stop
ping to consider whether this is a pro
hibitory law, or a law merely to provide
against the evils resulting from the traffic,
the Constitution further providesart 2d,
sec. 16, that every bill shall be fully and
distinctly read on three separate days,
unless, in case of urgency, three fourths of
the House in which it shall be pending.
shall dispense with this rule.
I he journals of the benate and the
House of Representatives are, by law,
public records, and contain the evidence
of the legality or illegality of the acts of
the .Legislature. By referring to the
journals of the Legislature which adopt
ed this law, it will be . discovered that
this pretended law was not adopted in
accordance with the requirements of the
Constitution. It was read but once in
The old Constitution contained no
provision against the evils of hasty leg
islation ; and the restrictive measures
embraced in the new Constitution are a
part of the remedies which were design
ed to be corrected in the new Constitu
tion This law, then, not having been
passed in accordance with the require
ments of the Constitution, is not law.
If either the Executive or legislative
departments of the Government violate,
disregard or refuse to observe the re
quirements of the Constitution, it be
longs to the judicial department to en
force their, observance, and protect, by
proper process, every citizen from their
The relators must therefore be dis
J5" The Census of Detroit, as pub
lished in the FreePres s, shows a popu
lation of 40,127, being an increase of 5,
691 since last year.
The Enquirer says !
There is no doubt that the city is sus
taining a constant vigorous and healthy
growth, and though its prosperity may
oe less tautea about than that of its
neighbors, it promises to be of a sure,
durable and legitimate kind. We fully
expect' the next U. S. Census to record
a population in this city of at least 70,-
JG5Madam Mezlenyi, one of Kos
butb's sisters, died of consumption in
New York, on the 29th'ult., in the 34th
year of her age, ;
Corretpondenc of the AthUod Uoioa J .
FIIOM HEW YORK.
Money, money-changers and their mys
tic deeds Brooklyn Kalroads Pro
gress of he Age rsi Ussilon Con
vention The Walker T ial Wash
ington Monument Italian Overt
..University and Columbia Church
matters General Items. '
'. : .r - - ; New York, July 8, 1854.
Mr. Editor : The weather and tPe
state of the money-market present them
selves for our first consideration. In
the weather there are constant changes,
semi-diurnal ones. Our skies smile
brightly in the morning, blaze at noon
with intense radiance and unsufferable
warmth, only to weep bitter floods as
night comes on; and vice versa. Stocks
are also variable; money is invariably
tight. This dancing up and down of
fancy stocks is a very mysterious majtter
to those who don't see the wire pull
ers behind tho scenes. There are To
ry few that know who -makes all ' the
money that changes hands . by these
operations, because that money goes in
to the hands of a very few. Take an
instance. Who made money on Crystal
Palace Stock, when, immediately 'upon
Barnum.'s final acceptance of the. Presi
dency,' it' rose . from 20 to 50? Bar-
num, of course. - - After election, he an
nounced that he would take the Presi
dency if he found the financial affairs of
the Association in a manageable condi
tion. A statement shortly afterward
appeared in the city papers, by authori
ty, stating that the finances of the Com
pany were in such a deplorable " fix
that Barnum would have nothing to do
with the matter. Stock fell to twenty
per cent. And now, through different
hands and third parties, nearly all the
stock in. the market came into Barnum's
possession. Ihis transfer having been
accomplished, the President published
a letter stating that he was willing to
lease the Palace at $75,000 per annum,
and could make $11)0,000 at that.
Stock rises to fifty. Barnum sells out,
curtain falls. The ghost of the wooly
horse laughs with sympathetic jojt
Stock shortly falls to 17, and some san
guine speculators find themselves sold.
Brooklyn has taken a stride forward
which must soon bring her up in the front
rank of American Cities, in point of pop
ulation. Railroads have been laid
through a dozen principal thoroughfares,
leading from the ferries to the suburbs,
which irill convey passengers comforta
bly and' speedily, at the rate of three
cents a head ! This will enable large
numbers who cannot afford the heavy
expense of city house rent to reside con
veniently to the centre of business at a
cost: which a poor man's pocket may
bear. Brooklyn has been growing and
encroaching on the country with unpre
cedented rapidity for the last few years.
The old Dutch families, who have snoozed
over their broad cabbage gardens, in un
disturbed seclusion, for the last centu
ry, on waking up are astounded to find the
advancing waves of metropolitan civili
zation dashing against their very doors,
and to behold long paralells of sand
built streets cutting up their fertile
acres. They have no longer to travel a
wearisome way to the city, for the city
has come to them. In one thing, Brook
lyn is still behind the age. It has no
supply of water,' through acqueducts.
The corporation' wells and pumps still
furnish a pure draught to the thirsty.
But it seems doubtful whether Long Is
land can furnish a reservoir of good wa
ter, capable of supplying the vast stom
achs of those of that great city, especial
ly if the Maine Law should be passed.
When Brooklyn and Williamsburgh
shall have ' been consolidated, and the
intervening acres shall have .become
brick 'and mortar, our Brooklyn may
rank as the third city of the Union.
Still, it is but a suburb of New York,
a city of dwelling houses. It has not,
and probably never will have, any 'con
siderable trade of its own.
The Psi Ussilon Fraternity held its
annual Convention here, on Thursday
and Friday last. This is one of the old
dest and most popular of the college fra
ternity, having chapters in most of the
Eastern Colleges and receiving constant
applications from Western Colleges, for
the same privilege. The Oration and
Poem annually delivered before the
Convention andthe public, was given by
Rev. Mr. Houghton, Prof, in the P. E.
Theological Seminary of N. Y. . and Geo.
H. Morre, Secretary of the New York
Historical Society. At the secret ses
sion, among other dsstinguished gradu
ate members, John G. Saxe, the Poet,
was present. Of his many bon-mots
we remember one. " lie Lad, come a
long distance to attend the Convention,
and regretted his late arrival. He had
been detained," he said, " by a train of
circumstances, or, rather, by the circum
stances of. the train, which broke down
before reaching New York."
The Walker trial for divorce, now
in progress in this city, calls out a large
attendance, as such trials always do.
Scandal in high life is a very pleasant
and piquant thing to the multitude.
Charges of infidelity are brought on
both sides ; by the wife, as cause for a
divorce ; by the husband, to counter bal
ance. Hon. Geo. Evans, who is the
Maine Attorney General, was cross-examined
on Friday, for a. long time, by
the New York Lawyers, who seemed to
be especially delighted with the idea of
having so distinguished a butt for their
impertinence. He stood fire very well,
and acquitted himself in a manly way.
The Agent of the Washington Na
tional Monument appealed to the pub
lic to show their patriotism on the re
cent Fourth, by liberally casting into
the treasury-boxes of the Association
which were placed in the Hotels and
places of public resort. Certainly,
the patriotism that blows away thousand!
in cracker and rockets, would have been
far more nobly directed toward the pro
motion of such an object as the Monu
ment Association bad in view. Only
about one third of the necessary amount
has been obtained. .
Max Mapctzek and the Italian Ope
ra are established at Castle Gardens
Friday night was the iniatory of the sea
son, when Lucia di s ummer moor was
performed ; to a small audience. Max
says he has abandoned the " star" sys
tem, and concluded to make his compa
ny a constellation. Very well, but we
would rather gaze on the single glories
of the evening star, than on the com
bined, indefinite, unimpressive radiance
of the milky way. The three principal
artistes of the troupe, Beraldi, Gomez',
Graziani, are new to New York. Gra
ziani isa bairtone of remarkable .brill
iancy, the other two are ordinary... ,?
The commencement of the New York
University went' off on the 28th' ult.,
with great eclat. The Valedictory 'Ad-;
dress. was delivered by Mr.' Brush.-
The degree of D. D. was conferred upon
Rev. Dr. Duff, whose sojourn in this
city has procured him the universal es
teem and admiration of our citizens.' I
see that the Scottish Divines are dispu
ting violently about the . validity of de
grees conferredi by-' American Colleges.
Perhaps Dr. Duff will not feel quite so
much complimented as he ought to.
The Senior tjLa,ss graduated but four
teen members, which is a great 'decrease
upon the number .of former years. :-' Dr.
Ferris, hbeyer,' is very popular with
the public Jpd among the " students.
Quite a pleasant story is told, illustra
tive of the affection entertained by stu
dents for old College Officials. - An old
colored man, who has officiated as Janitor
at the University since its foundation,
was lately discharged by Chancellor
Ferris, on the ground of incompetency,
Old Cuffy not haying enjoyed a very lib
eral course of education. The student s
immediately set to work, and raised mo
ney sufficient to enable their black favor
ite to buy a homestead in the country.
At commencement, some allusion to the
Janitor, in one of the speeches, called
forth a tempest of cheers.
Columbia and her Alumni have finally
come to terms, or partly so. It has been
acknowledge that the two contested
votes for McCulloch, of Princeton,
were not strictly legal, but the Alumni
decided to allow Prof. McCulloch to
take the Professorial chair. They fur
ther announce their intention of endeav
oring to secure for the Aiumni, the elec
tion of Trustees of the College. The
present body of Trustees is a self-perpe
trating oligarchy. It elects its own
members. It always was slow, is now,
always will be, so long as this electing
privilege is left in its hands. It does
seem scandalous that a college which
has been in existence one hundred years,
which has five millions of property,
should trail far behind the age, wi,th a
poor" one horse-power, owing solely to
the mis-management of lagging, ineffi
cient, unprogressive, " old fogy" helm's
men. Under the proper arrangement,
I fully believe that Columbia College
could leave every Educational Institu
tion in this country far in the distance,
and rival the great Universities of Ger
many and England. i :
Sunday rowdyism seems to have been
given up by the Irish as a bad business.
Last Sunday, every man , went to his
own church, or staid at home to mind
his own business, a few hard loafers bet
ing excepted. Of the Brooklyn church
es, the most, largely attended is that of
Rev. H. W. Beecher. His preaching
is of a cast which is calculated to attract
those who are fond of novelty and s ex
citement, ' and his' ' evening discourses
draw immense crowds. Rev. Dr. Cox's
church, or that of which he was . lately
pastor, is also very large, flourishing, and
more fashionable.' There are about 6,
000 regular members. Dr. Cox preach
ed, as supply, in this church on last Sab
bath, and will on next Sabbath. He
may, possibly, return to his former
charge, if his health be improved by a
summer's leisure and rest. A noble
church has been erected in eighteenth
Street, New York, by the Episcopalians,
at a cost of $80,900. It was dedicated
yesterday. An organization is now
forming in Brooklyn, having for its ob
ject the establishment of mission Sun
day Schools in destitute quarters of the
city. The existing ones have accom
plished much good.
On Thursday night, there were five
deaths by cholera at the Franklin- St.
Hospital. On Friday, five more in dif
ferent parts of the city. The ship Cul
tivator came in from Liverpool yester
day with eight hundred and seven immi
grant passengers. . . The Erie . Railroad
has resumed carrying mails for way sta
tions. v : ST. CYR.
The Season of Fruit. During the
past four days two hundred and ninety
three thousand four hundred pine ap
ple, forty thousand eight hundred ba
nanas,and eighty thousand coconuts,have
been dumped upon our docks and great
is the consumption thereof by the Goth-amites-the
juvenile citizens particularly,
as we may see by a walk through the
Bowery. There is nothing more deli
cious to the taste or more conducive to
bodily health than sound, ripe fruit ; but
every body should carefully refrain from
excess in eating it, and be very careful
to reject that which is not fully ripe or
in the slightest degree tainted. " Let us
use the good things the gods give us with
prudence and moderation." -N. Y. Her-
Accident"1 at Milan. A premature
discharge of a cannon to place on the
morning of the 4th at Milan, by which
two men were severely though not mor
tally injured. David ' Vansice had his
right hand and arm shattered and receiv
ed a contusion on the left shoulder. Cal
vin Halladay was also badly burnt by'
powder about his throat. ' It - is hoped
both will survive, tsanausrey rteg.
r.T-ir Secrecy of Diplomacy.
The following extract from Kossuth's
speech, speaks the sentiments of a ma
jority of the American people in relation
to thirsubj.eet Th world, is" beginning
to, believe 'that Vbere Hhere -is sec ecy
there is wrong. Let diplomacy forbear
to hide its head, and: we will not have so
many political movement a&d organiza
tions' -of a mysterious character iu our
midst. There is always dacger in hiding
under ground political eleuicuts. Pow
der that cplodes o:i the surface, is in
noxious ; that which is confined, produ
ces rack and ruin. Here is the extract.
It is from his speech at Guildhall, Lon
don, in 1851 :
" The time draws uear when a radical
change must take place for the whole
world in the . management of i jplomacy..
Its basis has been secrecy ; therein is the
triumph of absolutism, and the misfor
tune of a free people. This has won its
way, not in England only', but throughout
the whole world, even where not a penny
of the national property can be disposed
of witbout public consent. ;,'It Burely is
dangerous to the interests of the country,
and to constitutional - liberty,' to allow
such 'h secrecy that the people' not bnly
should not know how its interests are be
ing dealt with, .but after that crisis is
passed the minister should inform them :
" The dinner has been prepared and eat
en ; and the people have nothing to do
but to digest the consequences." Wbat
is the principle of all evil in' Europe?
The encroaching spirit of Russia.'' ' And
by 1 what ' power has Russia ' become so
mighty ? By 'its arms ? No : the arms
of Russia are below those of many pow
ers. It has become almost omnipotent
at least very dangerous to liberty- by
diplomatic intrigues.' Now, against the
secret intrigues of diplomacy there is ho
surer safeguard, or more powerful coun
teraction, than public discussion. This
must be opposed to intrigues, and in
trigues are then of no weight in the des
tinies of humanity ."
Cleveland, Medina & Tuscarawas Rail
The Contractor on the division of this
road north of Dalton (Dr. Tolman) has
recently reinforced his latorers, and is
putting the work througk with energy.
The deep cut and fill at this village,
we believe is the heaviest work on the
line, has just been finished. - We are not
informed what time the work will be
finished to this place, but we think the
public may now look confidently for its
speedy completion. The Directors have
labored under considerable embarrass
ment on account of the want of funds
almost the entire stock being taken on
the line of the road but recently capi
talists in the Cleveland, - Massilon and
Wheeling have realized the importance
of the work, and large additions have
been made and are being made to the
subscription. The officers of the road
have performed their part under the dis
couragements which surrounded them
with commendable energy. The ill
health of Judge Sargent has compelled
him to retire from the Presidency, and
hiB place has been supplied by the ap
pointment of Hiram Br on son, Esq., well
known as one of our most active and
energetic business men, whose zeal for
the completion of the work gives assur
ance that no effort will be spared on his
part to secure its successful prosecution.
Iowa. The: Gubernatorial and Con
gressional elections in this State take
place in August next. The nominees of
the respective parties are as follows:
For Governor Curtis Bates, democrat;1
James W. Grimes, whig and ablitiou.
For Congress First District, Augustus
Hall, democrat, R. I B. Clarke, whig,
Second District, Stephen Hempstead,'
democrat : James Thorringtony whig
Vermont. The democratic State con
vention met at Montpeiler oil' the 21st,
inst. Merrit Clark, of 'Poultney was
nominated for Governor and William
Mattocks, of Peachom, for Lieut.' Gover
nor. " ;: ' ' ";
' " New Hampshire. The' whig State
convention met on the 20th. inst., and
nominated James Bell, ' of Gilford for
Governor, and William Whittle, of Con
cord; for Railroad ' commissioner. The
democratic nominees are -Nathaniel B.
Baker, of Concord, ' for , Governor, and
Mark Noble, of Somerworth, for Rail
road Commissioner. '
Maine. The democrats of Maine
have nominated Hon. Albion K. Parris,
of Portland, for Governor. "Mr. Parris
was Governor of the State ; thirty years
ago. lie subsequently was a United
States Senator, afterwards State J udge,
then a Comptroller at Washington, and
then Mayor of Portland, to which office
he was elected over Neal Dow. His
nomination is considered a very strong
J3T" Ohio is the greatest corn grow
ing State in the Union, growing in 1850
upwards of 59,000,000 bushels; and it
need not be wondered at, when we find
such fields of maize as the following :
On the west side of the Scioto, just be
low Columbus, there is planted a field
of six hundred acres of bottom. Fifteen
shovel plows and three cultivators, work
ed by eighteen men and twenty-five
horses, are kept in constant requisition ;
and the result is, that scarcely a weed
can be seen in the well plowed furrows.
Twenty-five German girls follow the
plows, and do the hoeing, for which they
receive 62 and one-half cents per day.
The men receives $20 a month. - The
Licking bottoms are more prolific in that
article than any other portion of our
country, frequently yielding 75 and 80
bushels to the acre. - - Kentucky ranks
next after Ohio, yielding for the year
ending 30th of June, 1850, upwards of
58,000,000 bushels. Uts. Post.
Collision and Loss of Life. A
despatch from New. York under date of
July 5, say's:
The dinner shin Tradewind of New
York came in collision off Cape Sable
with the ship Olympia for Liverpool
from Boston both ships sinkinsr.' Sun-
posed 20 lives were lost. Capt. Osgood
was rescued by the brig Belgian, and
brought to this city. '
JGS"The True Delta says that
though there is, oh an average, a mur
der committed in New Orleans every
twelve hours, there have been but two
convictions for the crime in eight years!
' JG2T Hon. Henry A. Wise, is spoken
of for the gubernatorial chair of Virginia, . I
ARRIVAL OF THE BALTIC
THE TURKS TRIUMPHANT '
New York, July 8.
; The U. S. M. Steamer Baltic arrived
at this port at 1' o'clock this mornipg, '
She left liverpool at 1 o'clock Wednes
day June 28th making the run in 9
days. 16 hours and 53 minutes, by steam
Continental news is very scanty there
is no fresh intelligence from the East.
On the 23d Marcia Costra, mother of
the formerIiriiEfer of that name was
arrested at Madrid.
-The following paragraph -dated' St.
Petcrsburgh, June 17th, contained in the
Moriieit'Q, of yesterday.: ' -. ';.
The damage by the. blockade of the
coast of the Baltic and Black seas may
be estimated nearly according- to the
ordinary rate of export and imports
thus in 1852,-300. freighted vessels enter
ed the ports of the- Baltic, and about
the same number left these ports ; 2,600
vessels entered .the Black: total 1,500,
000 tons. ' , "
India and China Express in anticipa
tion of the overland mail has , arrived.
A brief abstract of the principal items
of news was given ; on Monday.
The- Russian squadron is supposed to
have taken-refuge on the coast of Kam
skatka.. One of its vessels was. seen
about 30 days since at Woosug, . where
she had put in for intelligence.
After deducting vessels ordered home
our naval force in those seas consists of.
fifteen vessels of the Royal Navy; mount
ing 244 guns, and twenty-seven Bteamer
of the Indian Navy, mounting 120 guns
of the very largest Calibre and heavy
metal; twelve sail of the same, service
mounting 100 guns; making a total of
54 vessels and 463 guns, exclusive of the
French squadron. . . - ,, tli
It is not the Russian squadron that is
feared by our mercantile marine, but
pirates from . California sailing - under,
Russian colors. ;
A private letter from Constantinople,
June 4th, contains news from Silistria,
of which the following is the summary :
After the attack on the 29th of May,
which was described as sanguinary the
Russians retired to -prepare for a fresh,
On the 31st they advanced .with a
cavalry force and renewed the assault in
the same order as before, but after a
prolonged and bloody struggle the Rus
sians were repulsed, and the same eve
ning, under the flag of truce, demanded
permission to take off their dead, who
were not less than 2000. j
On. the 2d the general assault took
place and the whole of the fourth took
place while the Russian flotilla, bombar
ded the town, but thanks to the truly
heroic intrepidity of the Turks and the
excellent management of their General-in-Chief
the Russians were again victori-'
ously beaten off. The victory, however,
cost the Turks dear, as they . lost : their
gallant chief .Musha Pasha, who was
struck in his side by the fragment of
The same night a mine, which had
been carried under the first Turkish bat
tery, was destroyed by a Counter mine
and 400 Russians before it most'of the
attacking force.. . The colors were blown !
into the air, and under cover of this ex
plosion and the confusion that followed
the OttomaSs sallied but and the enemy
were routed ih'all directions and -.their
entrenchments taken. The total loss of
Russians in their assaults ' is' estiiuated
at from 5000 to 6000 killed. The Turks
lost 'but little in proportion. , ' ,
' " Keaem Pacha who had left Shumla
for -that purpose approached Silestriai
with a division of ,20,000 meiu ; "
.Letters received at Constantinople from
Shumla, dated June 4th, announce that
fresh attacks were made against Silistria
on the i 1st ot May and 2d of June, ,in
which the' Ottomans obtained the most
brilliant success.' J ' " i.
. The correspondents of two of the Lon
don journals have been arrested on. the
western bank of the Danube by the Russians.-;'
The official reply of the Czar' to' the
Austrian summons to evacuate the Prin
cipalities, was daily expected at . Vien
na.' - ' - . ,
The Russians had removed all their
heavy ertillery from the Danube.
A despatch announces the adhesion of
the smaller Genoa Mates to the Austrio
Prussian treaty. . .
Liverpool Market Cotton to-day
firm and prices from 3s 16d to Is 8d
higher, since the departure of the
America. Sales to-day will reach 8,000
New York, July 5, -.
The Steamer Washington reached
her warf between 5 and 6 o'clock, bring
ing dates from Liverpool and London to
the 2 1st, being four days later than the
The following despatch from Vienna is
published in the London Times : A Tur
kish brigade from Shumla, entered the
fortress of Silistria on the 1 4th. . -: ,
, A Russian despatch says that their
soldiers deteated two Turkish brigades
with 6000 cavalry and 40 guns in an ac
tion on the 13h. . '
Gen. Childers received a wound which
rendered the amputation of his leg nec
essary, and Prince Gortschakoff received
a contusion. , .-' . ,
The Paris Moniteur . announces that
on the 1 1th of June the Turks made a
tremendous sortie from Silistria and at
tacked the Russians with great fury. ,.;
, Gen. Childers was dangerously woun
ded and had to remove to Kalefat.
It was thought that a body of troops
dispatched from Shumla appeared there
and that on the 13th the Russians sprung
three mines before Silistriawithout do
ing any damage to thewallsT ; Tbe Rus
sians storming corps were prepared to
mount the expected breach, but were
attacked on three sides by the Turks
and a fearful slaughter took place. The
Russians fled in terrible disorder. The
Russians were employed on the 14th and
15th in removing their dead. '
Three Russian Generals wounded and
all the Russian siege-works totally de
stroyed. Tbe same day the garrison -of
Rutschalka went over to the island of
Mokau and destroyed all the Russian
works there,.. ; :
A telegraphic despatch from Vienna
states that a convention has been conclu.
ded at Constantinople between-Austria
and the Porte, relative to the'Danubiaa.
Principalities. : Its principal conditions
are, that if Russia voluntarily retires; tbe
Austrian" troops will enter the Princi
palities and form a defense between Rns
sia n4, Turkey. If Russia refuses to
retire Austria takes such measures as
will appear necessary to compel it.
' A despatch from Trebezondt states
the RuEsiacs had been surprised and beat
en by the Circassians in ihe Danube
Eighty thousand Austrian troops were
on their Jnareh from Bohemia towards
All the Austrian garrisons were being
reinforced, and all the disposable troops
were to be concentrated in Vienna.
The" death of Mussa Pacha in Silistria
He was killed 6y a grenadier'aftir an
assault, which was gallantly'repulsed.
He refused two million rubles offered
to him by Prince Paskie witch.
The Gazette confirms the destruction
by Admiral Plumridge's squadrdn of the
wharves, guu boats, timber, &., at Brah
stadt on the 30th of May tin d at Weid
urn on. the: i&ot J une 't flhb tesiuls en
gaged were the Leopold, Odin, and oth
ers. Sevefa ships wereaptured. -
, Fifteen. hundred men and marines were
landed at Marin. '-''!';! f I.
The Vienna papers. aoBonncediOn the
15th ult that Pri: ce Pskiewitehbad re
ceived ordersfrm -St Petersburg to re
tire beyond the Pruth and thiii -'sdrren-der
to the Sultan that material: guaran
tee so arrogantly - claimed, 6 insolently
seized, and so. feebly defended ! h
, -Tbe Turks. have driven the ' Riissians
outof Tortukai. '. ' :.:! 7. 1 i r? I.
They have also strengthened 'their gar
rison at Rutschuck. ,7-',iM. :!rKr
The operations against iSilistria! hiye
been suspended. ..!'J J!U 'l I 'f.'l
' Prince. P'sskiewiteh;:whd was on his
way to' Jassy, is said 1 to hare; tbeea Or
dered torttuny and take4 -Silistria, at
any cost hl HI ..'' 'A,! tli M il
.- The Austrians suhimons' to' Russia' to
evacuate the Principalities! bad caused
great excitement afSt Petersburgh,nd
the answer was under 'discussion.
,. i K .;- i'.', X
" : NeV YokK,;July; 7.'-
Alexander Kylej Jri, Secretary 6f tlie
Harlem Railroad Co. confesses tnat
there, has i been an overissue' of f, 000
shares of Harlem stock, valued at $30,
000, and that he, !Alex.: Kyte,- has -appropriated
that amount" to' Lis own'' pri
vate purposes. O -c-i.
Besides this amount the Company lose
some $400,000. by the' misuse bftEfir
bonds. : ... -i . . ; .'.
The stock was not called at the board
of brokers t(Way ; it will not bo until
the examination now proceeding' is over.
The examinational to the' affairs oN..
Haven road is still proceeding. ,.', ' J
- The Board of Health of this city to
day decline giving a report,' of Cholera
cases for publication oh the ground that
it tended to cause excitement among the
people." V , " ' ,. : ,"":'.,'.'.;...-'i
The physicians stated, bowever,"that
there had been no increase. . . ui '.-"Ailii
St. Louis,' July 5.
Late advices from the Plains rec eived,
state that the business at Santa Fe was
dull. . ;..;'.
The news, however, is of no general
interest. ' ' . . -,..;.;;.,..
The cholera had made its appearance
amongst the variuua emigrant trains be
tween Forts Tiffany and Laramie, arid
may had fallen victims. - . . . i. j
The continued, rains bad. .rendered al
most every stream impassable."
There kmct at 'present half as many
emigrants' except Mormons on the "roads
this year ast the same time last , year.
Horses and cattle are very scarce. ' '
The new mail contractors .to Salt Lake
and Santa Fe bad commenced their op
era tions, and "were about; stocking the
road.-. - . .i;--i1ui-; m
The Pawnee- Indians are represented
as being, very .truoblesom, robbing the-
trains'.; ...V.7..;.:... ' -.-..,
:; 1 - - - .-'IV I I
' ";" ' . ; Baltimore, July 7;.;,
Up to the present time .there has beetk
32 deaths on the Susquehanna Railroad
at the late accident,' and there are thrc
or four more persons iii a, doubtful con-
ditton.'- - ..,r;;.7 i'it ','VO
A warrant has been issued forthe 'ar
rest of -Mr; Parks Winchester ; the Su
perintendent of the road. 1 ! ' -1
It is reported that Mr. Winchester has
resigned his office this morning.,',''
The accidenf is now mainly attribu
table to the recent removal of the former
competent '- and experienced " President
and Superintendent by political proscrip
tion, and the appointment of an insuffi
cient and inexperienced successor of the
right political stripe. , y ' ",tr
,'.-.,' : '. ,J ; - Dorchester, July 5. f
-' The" new Catholic CJhurch in Dorches
ter -was blown down-i with- gunpowder
yesterday morning ; and nearly all -ae
strojed.-- -There is sonsiderable excite
ment,' some attribute it to the 'Native
Americans, and others .that the Cath
olics had deposited powder - and arms
there for the- protection' of the church,
and the explosion was accidental.':,''.
... .... 'r -r Cincinnati. July 5.'
An Irishman "att tacked an ISCmeficaa
wearing a Know Nothing hat. The Amer
ican killed him with a pistol and ' bewie
knife'- -"! fi ' ij
Marriage of Senator WeUerl
The Hon. John B. Weller U. S. Sens
tor from California, was married yester
day, at Calvery Church, by the Rev. Dr.
Hawks, to Mrs. Lizzie vv . Stanton, of
this city. The bridesmaids- were Miss.
Adele Freeman, of Staten Island, - and
the Misses Rose and Blanche' NileS the
veritable heroines-ofEugene Sue's wan
dering Jew; the groomsmen, W.. , A,
Blanchank, Esq. of California, Mau'l Tl
Brockelbard, Esq.; and Henry L. Stoven.-'
son,- Esq., of this city. -- The bridal party
returned to. the bride's ' residence, 'in?
Fourteenth street, and after hq recep
tion started for West Point, and to-morrow
Mr. and. Mrs. ; Weller. proceed , to
Saratoga, but will return' in time' to at-'
tend the Commencement of Nassau Hal),
Princeton, where they will be the guests,
of Governor Price, after which they
to the'capital.T-TiVr; Yy Tn'.une,JunkVK
-.r. .') 1 .-V
Inpoktamt tOrbgoV anb' -Washing
ton Territory Land '' Questions 1 Set-,
tled. We bear that in deciding yor
recently on a claim from -' the Pacifio
coast, the Commissioner f the' General
Land Office has ruled that the , title to!
all lands to those Territcuriesupan which
towns or villages haTe grown up since"
1850-,'tO whioh individual- settlers had
acquired inchoate rights under .the dona
tion law of that year, (1850,) will be
come the., property of.; such , individuals
when they niake -proof of compliance
with, the, terms of the law ; and further,'
tha,t the, title to the lands In. the said'
Territories nennnied as towns or'villapesr
priox to 1850, vests in th'e 'trustees there-,
of bp the common benefit of all ' tbe in
habitants thereof, under the provisions o
the. law of May 23, 1844, Wash: &or