Newspaper Page Text
mi u. vita 'u. .auT. .'. a
,- r ' -"f .. -
wi, r ,3!!5n sx ,iir?i
. bu f z-xl ei xii'i ikUo'H
w-- be Y wsK ,?i:n f-7i
4 e mi tiio'H iiJl?H jfrewa-K
is -T xwviV.)
,139 S4m vf Uj-r'j ,ts;ii'
jwl jrni;?i-f 2.. .:':! (u no s
2?S. X-r -.t 7T-' l-JWv??? f li'UHj mi Xl!?" till-
iils..rvt f tsX
Ttjb 4.-t .--: -v J jv, rvt
i . ii - '
! . ' . ... . , it- - I i .a-1 ' . 3 V i .'- - - . -. . . . . . i . J . ' i f - . v i .;' J . . . , . . . -
, ASHLAND. ASHLAND COUNTY, OilK), yj':i)NESI)AY l()UXIN(i, AUGUST i23, 18o4.
i :,: i i i r it i ii I ii j
f ' fi3usincss':,J3imtorij.
vi -T-jA6.-'Sn3WAIlT--i:PHEs,f Judge.
A. L. CCRTIB:'1:-Pp6bate Judge. I
.b J. SHEKIDANL-Clehk C.;C. Pleas.
. ALEX. POB.TEK. JI .Pjros Att'y.
.i.-t ISAAC GATES - - . Auditob .
i'im -JAMES W. BOYI- --TnEAECKEIt:
: i ASA S: REED.-J-7Ji jRfecoRDER.
-. (ORLOTF: SMITH. --'.--SuRVETon.
! s J O II N -i B ROWN':.tw-.CoKoxEH.
b- LUKE SELBY-,
FIB MARS j
, , . SCHOOL EXAJII.M ERS
GEORGE W. HILL -Ashland
:' i;ORLOV SMITH.-i.--- Scllivax.
..;:. J. McCOBMICK-l- Locdox ville.
i WM.: RALSTON -. Mayor
mltU Ji --MUSGRAVE - -'- -1 ---IRecorder.
.E. W. WALLACKj.1.. .Treasurer
-,.'.RP. FULKERSON i.Maesiiall.
uA. DRUMS, r..
. . - rf-i Iir AATM1 TTT7T?
a. . w. ;V(y" , r Trustees.
J cl BOVSBVKS HUlEir
-TTTILLIAM ZIHMERHA.1, Proprietcr; Rows-
VV barg, AstOaod countT. Jno-.
EMPIRE HOC HE,
inW A -KROH.Ohto ; O. BATKOLDSPxoprietr.
rrtHBanbicriberkcgi leave to announce that ne I
31 L has- tpenei a Hotel.' to' as salle4 the MiUerl
Run," directlv. opposite taa. SampaelL House
.Main Street, Aablaod, and renpectfully solicit a
B ,barof the public-patronage. - M.' Ml la.cn
.J- wik AWEUKAH HOUSE,
rpHE undersigned baying leased t be above house
-'li foratermorrears.retpectruIlT solicit a a share
0.al tkepablasBaxroaae- JiasaTort will be spared
to minister totba coioort of 1L- srbo jnay avor
fclnY-wltkia call.''' ' " ' ' '". " '
"" iei-omeville. Jov.'30 .1853. . Sfctf.
ksiwb aw nniTKr.
,v TTAVlJtj'leased the above named House tor a
-tm-XX tarns o ittn; isa iMleriBtl TespecttuUy
.slicltsa4bare of tba-pi4Biie parTonage- a
'Wiir be spared to make comlorlable all the
oec w bo-
.ivaivitaia-atasuud ' '
Ji i61ana,-yov,.-?3, leas'. ' X
Tir-!V i -i TCI(fcEii HOUSE
er-1 YOSEPH.' DEYAKMAW, bavtiig apald taieb the
7 all bisold friaods-vho may favor him. jr itb a call.
Its LaudoaviHe . Jwv Kid . lg5T.' aon
t. ,c. . .W -,- . Jae-s .; -Attmil
at Law. "" Jftite if tU. Peace,
iitW attend to alfsusi ness entrusted
1o - V ; to hi care Jjytrsnoa, doruer of Maiaaud
Chnrch street. i. . ; m, kjv-u
a. W. JOHJISIOSi-'Tf l
.. ; Attorney at Law, :j
,' r OUDOS VILLE, Ashland ceunty. Ohio. Prompt
t i'.Jui attention given to all business connect' d wim
- .aMegal proteaston, .- ... . in-n.M w
4wepn k. wa-rsoa. I osoaoe Jti.riana
Tijfim, Ohi. , i. I JiUand, Qhitt.
rtLA-.i; WATSON tc PARKER,
Slttw' ( ComeUrM at Law A SiCr in Ckoncery;
TT AVISO forme4fc-opartnership, will give
XX prompt attention to all. business entrusted to
fice nearly opposit the Sarapsell House.
X Aablaad. ov.S3d. 1853.- ' 'r- ' -g6tf
Altornirj mnd Counsellor at iac.-1 ' '
i ""iFFK", on Main -trrrt, Wast e the- Samp
sell House. Ashland. Ohio.,
' Ashland, May24lii. 185-t: ''
soLlvrm w. niLoaa. William b alli-oh.
r vci- r KELLOGG ArltLlSO.T, ' '
. Attorney mt haD ni Solicit or tin Chancery;
- vttt LL attend ts all .BTOfessional business, en-
- V V trusted to their care, la.this aud adjoins ng
J'eoanties.1 Ashland, Bov.Z3d IS53. ijetr
li-mi tr.")!-IITHt"" '.'''' :
fcr.wi niJetiriiey aTid Cavnieltor at Late'" '
-Vs"FltTE'eer Drar Store of Sampsen A Co-.''Bnsi-
J nasa in this apd naiflhbpring connxiasprwmpt
ly "attended te. i ... ' 1.
-iAshlod, Ke-.adtle53r - 83tr
THor.! jr. raairv.1 '"" J star. oTsa.
.ptMXH EBOTT ItPOBTEBi' -.
.. JIUti'i mna OtnnielioTm 'ml Lawjl '.
-TriLL attend promptly to all DusiuessenLrnsteu
-VaVV -n4keir eare-tntbis and adjoining counties.
Otnct oa corner of-staia-an Chnrca streets .'
jobh a. roLTon. l. -. B.jt tqjiss.
FDLTOM ae-McCOMBS, , ;
in2 .jirw..r and Counsel tort at Laws
SUFFICE on Main street, over the' Store of'T.
V c. . Hi.heJl. AahLaud. Ashland County. U.
' Tf ovember KM,' 1853
' THOMAS J. BILL,
--A TI'OHJfBr' AT 'tiW- and' Justice of. the
Peace, Loudonvtlle Ashland County, Ohio.
.... . . . , . OKI f
l-.d. i-i J. uots. M - 11..
Practitioner of Medicine mnd Surgery,
irTT.li;L. give prompt attention to ail call in
t1 T. Ji pretesipa.i,.:iii.i
Hayesville, July 5, 1S54.
SFFICH opposite P. or J. Risser'a Store, Main
-Va Streer,-Ashland; Ashland county, unto.
AahlAOd, Feb. 14. 1854. t' i -
lV. ,'f l.,L..CBANEir M. - i f" -m.Utr-.Al
j,sasa.ooiI(rtji:; 1 3-a
f FICE, adjoinjnaiM.i110Bt,,,' Pr.K
rw opposite f. ac J. iiisser-s vnA
V A.hland. April 19th. 184$ n48ttLll.
til.'. Y- Vji.'jUs, ' ' ' ...
0dJ k&1ko!BeUciie 'ackmt if 'MeiUine, '' 7
-TTAV1XG ipcatadaa Buggkaa f ovraship.-Asblaad
XX Count, Ohio, effora bis professional. services
4e)iaa aobDa reaerally-" Farticojar attention paid
.complaints, aid bores, etc.. Cancers, hemrrous
and Cancerous Tumor removed- 'wlthon rfce
; i , ; . . 1 H nhwi 1
4f ay 3, 1854 .aSBtf
(At -..iixJBU.' XHOOTA.r HJLi'ES -riz-Ji'l
Practitioner of Medicine and Surgery f, ;1
SAVASSAB. AshlandVCounty, OhioyAlsoj. Just
lee wl tha Peace and Wotary Public: .
Sovambsx 21d. 1653.'a-l .C-v-': Mtl 'f
. . - -
V. W. SAffirjSLEL. U .-""- 't
mm(&rnL!loraitXii. resvacUullji lan-
i"iiouhce' that he has. resumed the. practice of
Medi-ciae in all its braacnea.' oiste ln-tue r.m
pire store of-h t PV siainpselA C Aabaod,.0.
rtir 17th; 1854 ' w,tf x
I -an il Ji4'u'lHv3 -i T II nil' .' '.'"
, : n .- ,
aPraititiBW if Medicine and Burger, . ,
TTTILL attsad ta all easiness connected wltShis
yy. professioa. otbpe in the Genua, Xxoyv4n
land county; Ohio. - . -, .t lyw
H "':-iiiis.: p.'ee'j. COWAN, '." ' '
TJRAOTITlOHERB'dP MKD1CIKB -ASO'SVIL
GEgr.' Jeromevle.AaMland conaty, Obioi
March 26th, l54.
TXlI WEXiEHS,'- sc5.'
77- iTsiTcoo DFE SjLttwV
j! WTATCU MAKER AKr) JEWEL-
T ? T 'ER, Dealer in Watches, Jew
elry. Clocks. Yankee Notiona. &e."
' Watches and Clocks repaired aadt
fi ii rr -"n iii miii urn m oppositethe
Sampsel House. ,
"Ashlwd.-Okio. '- -' 30tf ' Dec 14, 1853.
-a.i 1 WlLLIADt IfALSTOS, . r
TrTATCH All D CLOCK MA KJER.'Post Of
'', fi.ee Building, Main alroef, Aablaad, -
Onto. Gold and bleel rens, ana a choice
vailety et-Mwelry. -xept. consaetiy on
ban. November S3d, 1853. ' ' 86"-f-.'o j
""'.- " ' -"SHOWEK. ' ' ,
f ET KEV. RALPH HOYT.
la al vallej tlial I know .
Happy scene ! .
There are meidows sloping low,
Tliero the fairest flower blow, ;
, A llt serene; ' ; .
' 'Bat the weetest thing to see . , '
Ifyou ask the dripping Iree,
Or the harvest hopping swain, .
Is the rain..- ' . ,
: . ; :.i-....t : ; -
'' Ali, the dwelleW oTtfie town,'- ' .
Hjwthey-igh, :r "
How ungratefully they frowo
When the cloud-king-shakes bia crown.
,- And the pearl come pouring down
,ri From the sky ! -They
descry no charm at ail
. Where tbo sparkling jewel (all,
And each moment of the shower,
Seem an boor.'
Yet tberei something very sweet
In the sight, . -. i
When the crystal cunents meet,
. In the dry and dusty street, , ;'
And they wrestle with the heat, .
, In their might ! : . . . . :
.. While they seem to hold a talk
. t Witb. the stones along the walk, .
And remind them oi the rule,
-.To" keep cool !" ,
5'bU iVlljai ijoiit dall, '" . ..
i'iH ' Evef fair! ' '. ,
Still the Lord doeth all things well,
When hit clouds with blessing swell,
" ; And they brake a brimming shell
iiv:-0,tbe aiej-'.a:;" ' . -
Thore the shower hath its charms,
.- Sweet and welcome to the firms,
..As they listen to it voice, '
' And rcjaice ! . .
r." 1' -n -.-T ,-1- 1 - v . -. X , .
fFrom the New Vorlc Observer. y
Visit of the American Sqaadron
Habits of the reople Protliicts
the Country, Ac. .
Stsax Fa PowniTin (OrrKnnjivri,)
. squaaron unaer ommouore rer-
m . 3 .- j y-t i .t-
ry s. cemmana lias :been in this magnit-
input Bav sinfn thf? 1 2th nit . nwi lie or
j. : . . - -----
seme ot his suite have been in daily
communication with -the Japanese au
thorities since that time. e have
found- them kind and , courteous--many
of them disposed to be friendly, and all
apparently pleased at the prospect of a
more, extended intercourse with their
fellow- men than the few Dutch and
Chinese living at Nagasaki have hith
erto afforded them.::: On the' Comtno
dore's . arrival, ,he, .was informed that a
Commissioner, would soon be appointed
to confer with him, and soon after, I i ay-J
ashy, one of , the Imperial Council at
xeuo. iwnom.we nave, caiica -uommis-
sioner Lin, as that is the. Chinese char
actep for .his .name,) .was , reported i at
Uraga, as desirous to treat on our .af
fairs, borne delay took -place before a
location was found for the interviews,
mutually agreeable both parties, and
near a sato anchorage for the-ships, and
this. interval was, spent in surveying the
bay. na its adjacent shores : near , the
squadron. On the, 8th of this i month
the Commissioners-of the -two" 'nations
had their first meetingf on. -whichi occa
sion about 650; men left the eight .ships
then in the bay, and escorted the Com
modore to a village sduth--of Kenagawa,
called 1 okohama where- a temporary
dwelling had been put up for iiiis pur
pose,. ,J.he Japanese (Jommissioncr had
four associates with him; though wheth
er equal powers, has not-teen learned:
They were Ido, prince of,.Tsus sinia, a
small principality consisting ot a group
ot islands lying between (Jorca and Ja
pan-;. Izawa, psance of Iima&aki, a large
principality lying, west of Miako : Udo-
nc,, mem per of the JJoard pf Reyeuue ;
arid Matsusaki'Michitaro." ;..Your read
ers arc already aware that the Jiiinpire
ot Japan is composed, of a number (66
or ;6j8) . of hereditary' principalities: the
princes' of which reside Dauch of,, their
sist in the central government
.;A,t this meeting very little was done.
but subsequently to it, other meet
rugs for the transaction "of business were
held, in which the Various points con
nected"wTffiTue""demand8 of . our Presi-
defend the'new relations arrising in
. , ,, ml P
consequence Were dlSCUSSed' The ,J-
panese furnished -four Mutcrpret ers' who
- . .... ....
could speaK xutch, and ' one 'of them a
good deal of English, and thus there
was ho difficulty in " our intercommuni
cations; -a limited knowledge of Japan,
enabled others to-converse more widely
with .the people, so that, in one way and
another, there has bees considerable ac
-, On the 27th, Commodore rerry and
his officers gave a dinner to the" ' Japan
eseCCommissioners and their ' subordi
nates, the latter number being over six
ty, with which they-were -much 'enter-
tainea.. ;.. escorted by Capt. Adams; the
Fleet Captain, they first visited the I
Macedonian, ,-wherethey saw the crew I
at general disposition of the men, and
: t -it.. .V.:. - :.L ' 1 - i ' I
examined ' the- ship, with which - they
were evidently pleased. -About ah hour
wa3 spent in this review, when the party
left the ship, under a salute of 1 7 guns,
for the steam: frigate Potctatan. They
were received . ou- the quarter-deck by
the . Commodore and " Capt. 1 McCluney,
and shown over the ship. - tier size ' as-
tonished. them, - and the' fitting" up - of
nags ot every line ana coTinTry, ineiosing i
the deck like a room, their various eol-
ors addlna a pleasing mellowness to the
wLolet::arrarfgc'iiiterif, drew forth their
admiration.'' Indeed," they 'and their
escort were evidently prepared to. Jje
gratified with whatever, they saw; but
when they went down into the 'er.gine
rdom, and saw those huge pieced of iron
moved so easily and stopped so sudden
ly, the furnaces blazing 'out, and the
whole place : fall of heated steam and
air, while all around them seemed an in
extricable mass of machinery, they gave
way-to their amazement in ejaculations
of wonder to each other, conlessing to
us that' Japan could furnish nothing
like it. The exhibition was a gratifica
tion to them, and was well calculated
ta do eood, as showing the power .of
science, ana the advances maae in' west
ern, lands over anything- thev have in
vented or sees.
. Prom the engine room,' the Commis
sioners went forward to- witness the rap
id hrine oi a liowitEer, (o times' a min
ute) and the size of ttie ship most of
the ship s company being collected on
the deck,; too, and giving it an animated
appearance. J. hence ; they were taken
to the cabin, the companion-way Laving
the American flag and imperial coat of
arms hanging together over it : the lat
ter and Commissioner .Lin s coat of arms
were hoisted. at the fore and mizen also.
At the dinner-table,. Commodore Perry
had Uapts. Adams and Lee, and Lapts
Abbott and Walker opposite each other,
and his son, to meet the- Commissioners.
The Japanese interpreter did not pre
sume to sit, and his employers kept him
talking all the time. .Ihey were curi
ous to know, the Dames, of the viands,
vegetables, pastry,: fruits, &c., offered
them, and tasted pi every dish, more as
a matter of curiosity than appetite.
J. lie wines pleased thein too, and the
fifth-. Commissioner became quite merry,
hugging the Uouimodore most auection-
ately hi his happy moments and. turn
ing the 1'riuce ot Mimasaki out. of his
chair. Toward the end of the. dinner,
cakes bearing small flags, with the coat
of arms of each Commissioner drawn on
them, were set before each, and pleased
fhem exceedingly, thu-,compUmeut being
well received.- .'.Th? health of the Em
peror, and,' in" reciprocation, that of
President Pierce, were drunk: also the
and officers' of the ships.
with' Commodore Perry's, ."On deck,
music enlivened the feast, while foreign
ers and .natives were rather promiscu
ously mixed up, 'for it was fouud diffi
cult' to keep' the latter in their places.
One tpast, That California and Japan
I niight'step fnl and see .each other of a-
morning'," was iv'ell cheered ; - aud where
I all were inclined to be pleased, matters
not-'cxaftlv sCHciUc-. where tlv
K-iVT tr ;.?-. ' Jf i.k ,-
I . i i , i ' . ' ' r . .
iueir Diiariiv. oui none oi tuem iroi. ac
. ... i r- , -:,
tually drunlr, freely, as the . wine, and
s pihr approached, Commissioner
Lin and his fellows moved to- depart,
but they -sere persuatled to wait a little
longer to. hear some singing, 'which
pleased them hugely, aud set the whole
deck m au uproar. Christy s or .Ethio
pian singing has taken much in this part
of the world, and there, are several good
performers in the ship's company. The
good-natured Prince of Mimasaki was in
jrreat glee at the drollery, aud all our
company ot nearly 200 Japanese lett in
fine humor, having had an entertainment
they are likely to remember tor its nov
elty. The officers cordially co-operated
with the Commodore id cloir.g their best
to please the guests, and though there
could be almost no . conversation where
only three or four understood a common
medium, there was ho laekof; interchange
ot sentiment, drinking' of healths aud
other "politenesses. ' .
The1 treaty' between 'Japan and the
United States, called the Treaty of
Kanagawa, from "the name of "the town
where the five Commissioners lodged,
and near which it- had been discussed,
was signed t-day ia four languages
English, Japanese, Chinese and Dutch.
Copies are exchanged, aud the .ratifica
tions are to be. exchanged in eighteen
months,. Its provisions open, new doors
of intercourse witbTthis;. long-secluded
people, . and intercourse will .erelong
probably work itself - a way which the
princes and councillors never dreamed
of. The hand; and .blessing. of God can
be seen iu the degree of privileges and
freedom . which has been obtained, so
much greater than those best informed
upon the spirit of Japanese laws and
policy, .thought -could be secured .with
out a resort, to actual, hostilities. The
purposes of the" B.uler of nations ; and
the 41 Savior of his people" are, we re
joico; to know, , designed to. work togeth
er and assist in the advancement ot the
best ultimate interests of man and glory
of God ; and the step now taken is-likely
to prove an important ope in: the his
tory ot Eastern Asia.
In our iutereourso with; this people,
we have .iouniL them, very inquisitive,
though their quest tans, very- often seem
ed to bo only to say something, without
baying any object; in view Dr uao in the
answer. Everybody carries his inkliorn
at his girdc, .ike the writer in .Ezekiel
lx. Si,) and the answer is jot ted down in
the book carried jua . the . bosom. . . The
courtesy, of the- CdficiaJs shows 'ihe
degree: of politeness in which -the - Ja
panese are txained, and does them cred
it ; society seems to move on in an agree
ably manner among the higher gra es,
but the' servility of the untitled people
strikes one -less lavorabie.. V heu one
of them is spoken to, he kneels. nearly to
the ground as he' sits. Ilowever, each I
grade Kneels and bows to the one next
t .- : I . - 1 ' .1 T-
above mm, anu so mere is no envy, x in
fer, where even justice' is thusdealtout.
All official people wear two sworas thrust
into the girdle in an uneasy manner,
higher ones having a sword-bearer conv
ing atter thein, and no one can
ener thein, and no one can lightly
touch it. These weapons are highly .pol-,
ished, the metal Tseems to be excellent,
and the "hilts' are ofteu richly oruamen-
tear their manufacture is a monopoly,
The people whom we have" seen are
well Ted and healthy in. the main; or
thamic diseases are common," ' and the
small-pox shows its existence in many a
face..",-The officials put on silks as their
common dress, at least, those outwardly
worii, crape forming tbo most usual fab
ric ; the poor wear a substantial sort of
cotton, blue and blackish, and are pretty
well covered so far as' one can judge.
Their houses are, on the whole, in 'vil
lages near , our anchorage, less commo
dious than those of the Lewchewaiis aud
Chinese in similar circumstance; their
roofs ar covered with thatch over a foot
thick; and the wails of the building arf
constructed of sliding panels, one of pa
per and another of board. The floor is
raised as high as the coiridor which sur
rounds the building, between the paper
aud board panels, and laid 'with thick
mats, ou which the inmates -eat, work,
sleep, aud receive their friends. ' In
large apartments", part of the iuclosurc
is . merely.' the- ground welt pounded,
. - J 11 1T1
where agricultural implements and pro
duce are stored, and the cooking carried
on. The en'cets of the constant smoke
from the kitchen are visible on the black
ened rafters ; and iu the better sort,
cooking is doubtless carried on in an out
er building. ' As the inmates do all their
work on these - mats, which are usually
kept commendably clean, there are no
tables, chairs, or beds or ' bedsteads iu
the house, rendering it very empty to
our notions .of domestic comfort. In
dull, rainy aud . cold weather, the in
terior of these houses is still more
gloomy iu our view, for the roof projects
so tar over the outer panels that it in
creases the shade in the house still more
than the paper glazing. Altogether Ja
panese peasant's dwelling would not
please our New England farmers, aud I
hope they may ere long introduce some
of the conveniences we are so much used
to. in their houses. . .
'The position of the Women among
these po.r people is such as you might
expect. They are made to work hard iu
the helds and houses ; hoeing, weeding,
reaping, aud other duties falling to them
as well as to the nice, while the cares ot
the house, weaving, spinning, aud such
work seem all to be theirs too. They
wear a cloth or fancy" kerchief wrapped
around their head in the fields, and . of-
teu,, too, in-doors. . .The custom of shav
ing the eyebrows .of married" women im
parts an odd aspect to the countenance-,
taking away the distinct impresion given
to all the features by that one'; they are
not shaven- until after a child is born.
Another more repulsive fashion among
themis that of blackening . the teeth,
which is .done sa completely, that when
a women is most pleased and laughs the :
merriest,- she appears the inost hideous..,
You, thiuk, almost, she has made uti ink
stand of. her-mouth. I believe this un
graceful custom is not everywhere fash
ionable in Japan;, but displeasing as it
is, it is less"-objectionable than , that ot
cramping the faet as in China. " -
I lie Japanese Commissioners to-day
were iu good spirits at the conclusion of
their negotiation by the signing ot the
treaty; and I suspect are. relieved of no
little anxiety. It would give us almost
an entire insight into the policy of -this
insular empire, if we only knew all the
deliberations , which haiie been' held
among1 its princes and statesmen, since
the delivery of President r lllmore s let
ter last July. They ga've the American
officers ou shore a -dinner, .'such; as the
small tuwi.s around, could furnish, they
saitf, when apologizing for its inferiority
to the one given them ou board.. Ihe
eourses were only five," consisting of the
following Particles, brought on in small
lacquered tables, the plates and cups-al
so being mostly lacquerted. were act be
fore each one, with a pair of chop-sticks
to help himself withal; tea in china
waro cups,, candy tied in the form of a
bowknot, and spongo. cake, formed the
hrst course. Haw oysters, mush-room
and fish soup in lacquered bowls, boiled
pears in slices, sea-weed cooked in sugar,
hard boiled eggs pressed together, and
then cut into long slips in a pretty alter
nation- of yolk and white, and raw gin
ger, made up the second course. Boiled
broom fish, large crawfish, sliced fish,
musuroouis, noiieu waiuuisanu sea-wceu,
blanc-mauge with the word shau) 'long
evity " written' on it in red, bean soup
with greens, shrimps, and sliced . fish,
formed the third course, the previous
dishes being left standing." .Fish soup,
a kind of long yam grown to hold the
same place as our potatoes, sea-weed in
fine threads, boiled bamboo, boiled chest
nuts, and onions, composed the fourth.
luce boiled plain, taro, greens, and some
unknown articles made up the conclu
sion, hot and cold said or spirits, being
supplied all the while. The people eat
but little animal food, yet oue hardly,
knows how they use all the whoat'aud
barley seen growing in the fertile fields
near here, for we see very little of it eat
en. Everything which comes from the
water , finds a market, but cattle, sheep,
poultry, hogs and goats are seldom used
for food. Deer are plenty, and wild
fowl, but to what extent they support
life of man we do not know.
The articles' brought from the United
States for; the Einptror have given much
pleasure to. thousands of his people, es
pecially the miniature, locomotive aud
car, aud the telegraph, both of which
have been put into operation. '' A'large
variety of agricultural instruments, form
part of .the selection . of .presents, and
some of them may prpbably.be imitated :
it Was a good plan to seud these ; instru
ments.' ' By-aud-bye,- the Japanese may
be ready to have the teleg'raph and rail
road among thein, these illustrations will
give them a. good ; idea of .'their actualTour "owu,' by some one or another of the
use, and afiord copies for imitation.
Imi '" - 1 t . . . r- . i
The'circulaf rail-track is 50 feet long,
and the whole machine, locomotive, ten
der and car, went round ' and round at
the, rate of -about eight miles an hour, to
the admiration of everyone. I-hardly
think there are persons in . the country
who will be able to' manage it without
the assistance of foreigners, although we
hear they will try to get up steam in the
engine. .. . -. - .; .
The region of conntry near this an-
chorage is exceedingly fertil, and the
black, rich soil produces two crops an
nually ; the wheat and barley are now al
most reaay to flower in some places.
Aoe rice neias are draining,- and will
soon be ready to receive the shoots, for
here an the rice is trai snorted. Wheat
and barley are drilled, and not sown
broadcast, and the vigorous grain shows
the care bestowed on it. During the
time we have been in this bay the cli-
mate Das been very phjagant, a
medium between too hot 'and too
snow resting on Mount Fusi and other
I:Tgh mountains, but never on the low
Lycd.s.. ,This peak is' considered about
14.000 feet high,, and lies nearly due
vest, of our ships, raising its svmmetri-
c..cojie far above evory. other ..point.
The country .is undulating in this vicini
ty, a succession of ravines, plateaux,, val
ltjW and ridgee, affording'room for forest
Hands ;a&. welLa8 , graiBli Terraces "are
common, some pi . which have cost great
labor to dig them down. . , Oak chestnut,
inaple, pines, firs, and other trees not
recognized in their winter nakedness, are
common; but" the abundance of the
. .1 i i .
camelia, Japonica, growing forty and
fifty feet high, .and not lately covered
with flowers, is the admiration of alL
The Japanese furnished a large supply
of them for the dinner-tables the other
day. The white japonica is not so coni-
iuod, only one or two trees having been
met. .The pyrus japonica is also com
mon and peaches are now in full flower.
I have seen two specimens of pine trees,
the tons of which were forced down and
trained over a framework, leaving the
trunk like the handle of an umbrella un
derneath this canopy of. 30 feet width
The time spent on one was SO, on- the
other 30 years. A pine grafted on a firs
was also shown me ; and if this small
village exhibits these horticultural curi
osities, larger cities doubtless furnish
greater varities. Many of the pines and
pther trees covering the hills are planted,
and we have met farmers putting out
saplings on steep hills, which otherwise
we should never have suspected were
cot natural growth. This shows the
great cost of fuel and the care taken to
keep up a supply. ;' : -'Yours, &e.
It is related of Girard, that when a
young tradesman, having . bought and
paid lor a bag of coffee, proceeded to. wheel
it home himselt, the shrewd old mer
chant immediatly offered to .trust his
new customer to as many more bags as
tho latter might desire. The trait of
character revealed by the 3'oung man in
bt-mg his own porter, had given the nul-
.iiutLare conhdeuce in him at once. 11 is
refutation was iiiade with Girard Uc
became a favored dealer with the enter
prising merchant, throve rapidly, and in
the end amassed a fortune. ,-
No more capital will be so much for
young men as character. Nor will al
ways even capital and connexion com
bined. In our own experience, wc have
knowu many begiuners who have utterly
tailed, though backed by ample means,
aud assisted by the influence of a large
circle of friends. In some cases, indeed,
considerable experience as-well as in
dustry and perserverauce, have been ad
ded to these advantages, yet with out
securing success." W c have known such
persons,' after a failure 'in their first pur
suit, to try a second, and even a third.
yet with no better result, although still
assisted by capital, by -friends and even
by their own activity. Ihe secret was
that they 'missed, somehow", 'making a
-character for. themselves, ' ' i
. Un.tLvo other-. ham!, it is a; common
occurrence to:sec young men begin .with
out a cent, yet rapidly rise to fortune.
They achieve this triumph by establish
ing, at the outset a reputation for being
competent bussiuess men. .beware so
fortunate as to do this by a single char
acteristic act, like the purchaser who won
Cirard's good will by wheeling home
the bag ; for generally neither veteran
merchants are as shrewd as the famous
millionaire, por young dealer as ener
getic as his customer. But a consistent
life of sagacity, economy and industry,
invariably establishes the right kind of
a- reputation in the end. Confidence
grows up, iu influential quarters, towards
the young beginner, Old merchants
shake their heads approvingly, and say,
" he is of the right stuff aud will get
along." Credit comes, as it were un
sought. Connexion follows. The repu
tation of the aspirant winds and deep
ens ; his transactions begin to be quoted
as authority ; trade flows in on him from
every quarter ; aud, a few years, he re
tires with a competence, or remains, to
become a millionaire. All this is the
result of establishing, at the outset, a
character of the right sort. .
We may say to every young man,
about to start in life, make a character
for yourself as soon as possible. . Let it
also be a distinctive one. It is better to
have a name for excelling all others in
some one - thing than to enjoy simply a
notoriety for; merely -general merit.
Are you' a machanic '! outstrip your
fellows iu skill."' Are you a youug law
yer? become superior Lu a - particular
branch. , Are you a clerk ? be the best
bookkeeper your emplo3Ters have. . Are
you iu a store ? make yourself acquain
ted with the various buyers. In short,
become known for an excellence peculiar
to yourself; acquire a speciality, as it
is called ; and success is certain, because
you will have, as it were, a monopoly,
and can dictate your own terms.
Money may be lost, without fault of
accidents of life. Connexions may be
broken up, by death, or failure, or change
of interests. But character remains
through all. It belongs to the individ
ual, and is above the chances of fate.
Thousands, who have lost all else, have
recovered themselves by having a char
acter to start anew with; but no man,
without a bussiness character, has even
risen from the ruin caused by the loss of
capital, or the destruction of connexion.
STICK TO SOJTE OWE PURSUIT.
There eancot be a greater error than
to be-frequently changing ones s bnssi
ness. . If any man will look around and
notice who have" got rich and who have
I DOt out 01 those he stated lite with,- he
1 will find that the seccessful have gener
Uy sttick to some one pursuit. .
x wo lawyers, tor example, begin to
practice at the same time. .' One devotes
ins wno.e mind to his protesston; lays
in siowiy a stocJi ot legal learnmg, and
wans patiently, it may be lor years, till
he gams an opportunity to show his su-
periority. The other, tiringof such slow
worn, oasiics into pontics, taenerally, at
the end of twenty years, the latter will
not be worth a penny, while the "former
win have a handsomcpractlce, and count
nis.tens oi .thousands a'. bank. stock or
1 wo-clerks attain a maiority s;multar
ncously.' ' One femains with his former
employers, or at least in the' same line
of trade, at first on a small salary, then
I on a larger, until finally, if he is meri-
Ia : . l ... !
ujnous, uc is taKen into, partnersinp.
The other thinks it beneath him to fill
a subordinate position, now that he has
become a man, and accordingly starts
in some other business on his own ac-
count, or undertakes a new firm in the
old lire of trade. W here does he
Often hi insolvency, rarely in riches.
To this every merchant can testify.
A young mau is bread a machanic.
lie acquires a distaste for his trade, how
ever, thinks it is a tedious way to get
ahead, and sets out for the west or for
California. But, in most cases, the
samc restless, discontented, and specu-
lative spirit, which earned him away at
hrst, renders continuous apphcatoin at
any one place irksome to him: and so
he goes winding about the world, a sort
ot semi-civilized Arab, really a vagrant
in character, and sure to die insolvent,
Meantime his fellow apprentice, who
has staid at home, practising economy
and working steadily at his trade" has
grown comfortable in his circumstances,
and is even perhaps a citizen of mark.
1 here are men oi ability in every walk
ot lite, who are notorious for never, get
ting along, usually it is because they
never stick to any one bussiness. J ast
when they have mastered . one pursuit,'
and are on the point of making money,
they change' it lor another, which they
do not understand ; and in a little while
what little they are worth is lost forever.
u e know, so res of such persons. Go
where you will, you will generally find
that the men who have failed in life are
those who nerer stuck to one thing long.
Un the other hand, your prosperous man.
nine times out of ten, has always stuck
to one pursuxt. Jrhil. Meuger.
ONE OF THE WITNESSES.
The following curious colloquy took
place not a hundred miles from Fitch-
burg the other day, between the .Com
monwealth's counsel aud a reluctant wit
ness in a liquor case :
(Jaunscl Have you, prior to July
1 Oth last past, purchased any intoxicating
liquors ot the defendant r .
Witness .Not that I remember. . 1
Counsel ITave you obtained any of
his store. "
Witness not that I remember.
( ounsel Will 'you try to recollect;
bare in mind that you are under oath.
11 itness I am trying. (A pause.)
Counsel Well, witness, what do you I
: lYxtnessl havn't 'made any disc'ovr
Counscl--have you not told persons
within a week, that you had bought liq
uor of defendant ?
Witness not that I remember. -
Counsel Did not you tell me yester
day that-you had bought' spirits .of de
Witness Yes, bit.'
Counsel You did. Aha! ' Well' sir,
when you told me that, did you lie or tell
the truth? y
Witness I told the truth.. . i
Counsel Well, sir, then you have
bought spirits of defendant.
Witness Yes,- sir.
- Counsel What did you mean by
swearing that you did not remember ?
Witness 1 meant that J. couldn t.
Counsel Did you pay defendant for
Witness Yes, sir. "
Counsel How rnnch ?'-"-
Witness Twelve and a-half cents.
Counsel What kind of spirits did you
Witness Spirits of ' 2 urpentine.
Religious Anniversaries. The re-
. . XT -tr T I
hgious anniversaries began in New York
on the 7thjhe receipts of the follow-
ing societies have been quite imerai du
ring the past year : American j.racr. oo
ciety, $414,159; American Bible Socie
ty, 39a)00 : American Board ot oreign
Mission, 189,266 American Home Mis
sionary'Society, 191,209 ; American For
eign and Christian Union, 75,000 - Amer
ican and Foreign Bible Society, 44,000;
New York Colonization Society, 27,148;
American Seamen's Friend Society, 26,-
500 ; Female Guardian Society, 22,000
Society for ameliorating the condition of
the Jews,' 14,000 Total, $1,399,282 ;
being an increase over last year, of $120,-
916. -' '; i - ". :
One ofthe Epitaphs. The Nashua
(N. H.V Telegraph says that the folio w-
ling epitaphh as been placed upon, the
marble grave stone at the grave of Miss
Savilla J ones,' who was murdered at IN ew
Boston last winter by Henry N. Sergent :
Sa-illa, daughter ofGeorge aud Sarah Jones.
Murdered by Heorv N. Sergent, Januarj 13,
1854, aged 17 years and 9 month. 1
"Thus fell thia lovely, blooming daughter,
By the revengeful band amaiiciouerjenry.
When on her way to school he met her.
And witb a six selfcocked pistol shot her."
?I"Tom Hood defines public senti
ment as " the average prejudice of man
kind ." Tom had seen a thing or two.
" The most amusing and interesting
sights ot all we saw on the rout, were
the towns of the prairie-dog, which are
I to be found at different intervals along
the whole course of the sandy i'latte
- 1 and though several of which we passed.
' I The first one we cams to so astonished
I and interested us, that Huntly, Teddy
I and myself, dismounted to take a closer
view, while the trappers, being of course
I familiar with snch things, steadily per
1 sued their way.
i " The. prairie dogis above the size of
large grey squirrel, somewhat longer than
a guinea-pig, of a brownish or sandy hue
with a head semewhat resembling a bull
j dog ' Being of a social disposition," they
1 colicet together in large bodies,' and
l build their towns on a gravelly' plain
some of them being miles in extent, and
with a population equalling the. largest
cities of America or even Europe.
Their "earthen houses; which are from
two to three feet in height, are made in
the form of a -cone. - They are entered
oy a noie in me top or apex, wuien ae
Ii 1 1T .1.. ! ! 1
scends vertically some three feet or more
and then takes an oblique, course, and
connects with others in every direction,
1 heir streets are laid out with some
thing approaching regularity, and they
evidently have a sort of police, and laws
to govern them, not unlike those of su
perior and more enlightened beings. In
some of the towns, a house, larger than
ordinary, occupies a central position
which is tenanted by a sleek, fat dog,
supposed to be the presiding functionary
of the place, whose sole employment ap-
pears to be in 'sunning himself outside
I his domicile, and noting wi:b patiarchal
gravity the doings of his inferiors.-
"The town "which., myself, and com
I panions halted to exmaine was one of the
largeT class, and covered an area, to the
best ot my -judgment, oi at least suu
acres. -! On our. approach a certain por
I tion of the little fellows ran to the Daouth
I of their holes, and squatting .down com
I ruenced a shrill barking, not unlike thst
mad? by a toy-dog whereupon the pups
and smaller-sized animals betook them
selves with the utmost despatch to their
burrows. A nearer approach drove the
more daring under cover, whence they
took the liberty of peeping out to ex
amine us, and occasionally ot uttering
a shrill bark,; iis a gentle hint that our
company was anything but agreeable.
" Ihe tood ot these interesting little
fellows consists for the most part, of
prairie grass and roots. They live a life
of constant alarm- being watched and
pounced upon continually by .the wolf,
the hawk, the eagle, &e. They are very
hospitadle, to such animals as choose to
come and live peaceably among them
and the screech-owl and rattlesnake are
their constant? guests; audit is not unu
sual, I was told, to find all three burrow
ed together in' one hole. They are some
times eaten by the Indian and mauutain
eer. Hpendiug art hour or more in ex
amining the town, we remounted our
horses, and soon overtook t!:e trappers.
The Allies Jlere are figures which
it will be well to bear m mind. . -The
whole number bJT French troons sent to
Turkey thus' far, is 47,310, with- 7r85S
horses and mules' the whole nhniber of
Englith troops is '31,660, with 5,000
horses and a- few mules. . The allies,
therefore, number- nearly 80X100 men
r '. i . . ' . 1 1 a
The total of the French laid troons to
De embarked atCalaisunderGen.Bar-
This is in addition to the 80,000; -1 .
Wise Saying -of. a Wise' Ma W; It is"
mentioned in Robert's Life of Hannah
More, that in 1783,. Hannah .More, sat
next to Dr. Johnson, at a dinner party
at the Bishop of Chester s house. She
says,- " I urged him to take a little wine,"
lie replied, "1 can't drink a little child,
therefore I never touch it. - .Abstinence
is as easy to me as temperance would be
The Firm of "Push & Pull.!'
Sam Julius ' whar did you get ' that
coat ? - ' ' XL
Julius Down here to Pushes. '
Sam Whar's that ? ' ' " i
'Julius -Little ways down in' Brattle
street, whar it says "Push" on the door
I pushed and went in. " It said "Pull"
on de odder side I pulled dia-coat, and
runout. Boston Post.
Prosperity has often the same effect
on a Christian, that a calm sea has on a
Dutch mariner who frequently its said,
under such circumstance,' ties up the
rudder,' gets drunk, and goes to sleep
Is this the pure milk ?" asked a
1.. ID fUlB UUV jSyu.AU aVA.aVAs Oii.w m
partiouJar hou8ewif9 in Gotham, of a deal
f .. . ,
Milkman. " This is milk of the- first
water." - ''' - - "
Jlousmcife. " Very glad to hear it,
for by the time it has had three or four
waterings, I shan't want, any of it 1" '
The Erie Canal Enlargement.
The New York Canal Commissioners, in
addition to the three millions of. work
heretofore ordered to bo put under con
tract; have ordered the letting of three
millions more.' ! - - - -'
Dean Swift held this doctrine,
that there were three places where a man
should be allowed to speak without con
tradiction ; namely, the bench, the pulpit,
and the gallows, - , L
TSST Joe says 'Sam, I have lost my
watch overboard ; it lies there in twenty
feet of water. Is there any. way to get
it?'- . . ; ,; '- '
'Yes,' says Sam, ,'thero arc. divers
ways.' . s -.. ..' . .-.
Paste this tjp in todr Mind.t Let
you be ever so pure, you cannot asso
ciate without falling into bad odor., ; Evil
company is like tobaco smoke -jpu.can-j
not be long in its presence without car
rying away a taint ot it.
SOME WORDS ABOUT THE TJtTiTT.
rmoat TnscKca&T's Lrrrxas to a Ton ass?.
I ' . -' 1 . .': - i '
' I do not mean to tell you that therej,
are no women in the world, vulgar, and
ill-humored,; rancorous and narrow .
minded, mean schemers, hypocrites ; but
I do respect, admire and almost worship
good women ; and I think there is a very
fair number of such to be found in the
world, and I have no doubt in every ed
ucated Englishman's circle of society,
whether he finds that circle in palaces
in Belgravia! aud .May Fair, in snug lit
tle suburban villas, in ancient, comfort
able old Bloomsburry, or in back par
lors behiud the shop.," It has been my
fortune to meet with excellent ladies in
every one of those' places wives, grace
ful and affectionate, matrons tender and
good, daughters happy and pure-minded,
and I urge the society of such to you,
because I defy you to think evil in their
company. . Walk into the drawing-room
of Lady Z., that great lady ; look at her
charming face and her voice. She is on
of those fortunate beings on whom it has
pleased hcaveu to bestow all sorts of it
most precious gifts and richest worldly
favors.. With what-a grace she receives
you; and with ' what a frank kindness
and natural sweetness and dignity !
Her looks, her motions, her words, her
thoughts, all seem to be beautiful and
harmonious quite. Bee her with her chil
dren, what woman can be more simpl
and loving ? ' After you have talked to
her for a while, you very likely find that
she' is tea times as well read as you are,
she has a hundred accomplishment)
which she is not in the least anxious to
show off, and makes not more account ot
them than of her diamonds, or of tb
splendor i round - about her to alloi
which she born; and has a happy, ad
mirable claim of nature and poasesaioa
admirable and happy for her, and for
ns too : for is it not a happiness for ua
to:admireher? "" ' '
Now transport yourself iu spirit, ray
good Bob, into another drawing-room.
1 here, si ts an old lady, of more than four
score ytarsjeerejae, kind, and as beauti
ful m her agojcowyagittheryouth, when
History " toasted., Wlat has she not
seen, and is she not ready to tell 1 All
tho tame and witr all the rank and beau
ty of mor. than, half a century, has pass
ed through those rooms where you now
have the honor of making your best bow..
She is as simplenow ts if she never had
any flattery to dazzle her; she is never '
tired of being pleased and being kind. Can
that have been anything but a good life
which, after eighty years of it are spent, is
so-ealm. ? - Could she look to the end of
it so carefully, if it long course bad not
been pure t Respect ber, I say, for be
ing bo happy i now that she is old. Wof
do not know what goodness and charity,
what - affections, . what trials, may have.
gone to make that, charming sweetness?
of ' temper, and complete' that perfect
manner. 'But if we do not admire and
reverence such an bid age as that, and
get good from contemplating it, what ar
we to respect and admire t .. .... .
Or shall we walk through the shop
and sec Mrs.'N. playing with the child
in the back parlor until N. shall come
to tea ? They drink tea at five 'dock.
and are actually as well bred as- those
gentle flolk who dine three bocra later.
Or will yoa please to step into Mxm. a
lodging, who- is waiting, and at work.
until her husband comes -home, from
Chambers? "She iilushes and puts awsr
the work on hearingthe knock, but when
she sees who the visitor is, she takes it
with a smile from behind the sofa cush
ion, and behold it is one of J's waist
coats, on wbicbrshe is sewing buttons.
She might have been a countess biasing
in diamonds, had fate so willed it, anal
the higher her atation the more sh
would have adorned it, - Bat she looks
as charming while plying the needle, as -the
lady in the palace, whose equal she
is, in beauty, in goodness,' in high bred
grace and .simplicity at least I can't
fancy her better or any Peeress being
more than ner peer. '. '
SUNSHINE AND YOUNG MOTHI'-IL?.
Foli.v For girls to expect to sw happy vrlthearf
marriage.. Kvery woman waa maos for a (aetasr.
ousequeauy. Denies are as accessary iv iu
ui ..rmlnd" as health. If yea wiah to look sa
melancholy and indigestion, look ataa old maid.
If you would iak a peep at suaahias, look in the
face of a young mother.
Youmr :mothers;; and sunshme I"
Thev are worn to fiddle-strings before
they are twenty-five l; When an old lov
er turns up, he- thinks be sees his grand
mother, instead of the dear little Mary
who used to' make him feel as if he should
crawl out of the toes of his boots. -Yes ;
mv mind ie quite made up about natrx-
Kj7i it's one-sided partnership.
"Husband" gets up in the morr.in'j
and pays his devoirs to the looking-g l a 3,
curls his fine hair,' puts on an irrunacu! : a
shirt-bosom, ties anexcruciating cravat,
pnrinkles his handkerchief with cologne,
stows away a French roll, an egg, and m.
cup of - coflee, gets into , tne omnious,
looks at the pretty girls, and makes lov
between the pauses of business during
the fornoon generally. : Wife must "her
metrically seal" the windows and ex
clude all the fresh air, (because the be
by had the "snuffles" in the night,) and
sits gasping down to the table, more
dead than alive, to finish her breakfast.
Tommy-turns a cup of coffee down his
bosom; Juliana has torn off the string
of her school bonnet ; James "wants hi
geography covered" ; Eliza can't find
her satchel : the butcher warns to mow
if she'd like to have a joint of mutton ;
the milkman would like his money ; tne
iceman wants to speak to her "just a min
ute": - the baby swallows a bean : bus-
band sends the boy home from the store
to say Am partner will dine with nun ;
the cook leaves "all flying" to go to ner
clster'n dead babv'a wake." and hus
band's thin coal must be. ironed before
noon. "Sunsldns and young mother tn
Where's my smelling bottle lFtm