. ASHLAXD, WEDNESDAY, OCT. WTO, 1854.
T - AHSEST FHOH HOME.
- -Within the last ten days we have had
ttse pleasureof visiting the bsantiful
country situated at the head of Salt Riv
v ?-a:l?J?I9ur- rrivl there,- we were no
.kttlo .surprised to find the activity pre
'.TailiDgln the political circles. Old
Whigs were in good spirits, and just on
tfhe eve of leaving on the same steamer
"ire-vvent up' oh: Hardly had we set foot
uj on" terra 'firma, before the boat was lit
w Orally crowded'.' 4 Oar stay was necessa
rily brief, "but sufficiently long, to im
fo've our general health by salt-water
.Jatiiiag rWe. almost forgot to mention
i -that we saw many of our friends from
hdifierent parts of the State, aud the sub-
'jecfb'f politics was not even mentioned
jthere being an, evident - disposition by
.i-alJl.to talk on literary subjects and the
v European- wai ! There' can ?-bo no ' dig-.
' agulelBg- the-factj ' lhat" polities are not
,f bat Jheyif la tea."- .- -. . :
j.-iW inquired of thol leading men at
(ALa hcad.of -Salt' River -who were all
Wbigs what J would probably be the
length'of' tinio the- democratic party . of
"Ohio-would -spend -there ? The reply
-cTrBj"-b.W oa9 year, generally sufficed,
.5 fcufc they-dreaded the arrival of the Whig
""ariyj as they ' had. been there so long
1 tbiey wWc fally, satisfied., Evil
communications, corrupt good manners.'?
Forhebeat-of others of our friends,
whpwlT.fiiul.it a good plaeo to " drive
dull tote avxiy? we "will state that the
WflaHcasant one,' 'and that there is
dj.ouj aaiiger, judging .from the con
duct pf, the. tW.higS: itt: Ashland -on the
igbt of election an evident disposition
3for"earT0O8ing too much, and continuing I
tii ong aS the whisky lasts. Anoth- j
'er homily on teniperaucc, by a. few Ed
. tors. is Ohio, would have sounded like
music on the waters, before the mixed
- crowd we allude to, ' " "
ThE MAKES AND THEIR SLIME.
VjWe have no desire to say aught against
a fellow citizen in this County, except
when they transgress the bounds of de
ODj. tndi hjjiiorablo treatment towards
ourse'.f. -The coarse pursued towards us
while a candidate for Clerk, transcended
'any. thing which we have ever yet known
4a the annals of political warfare. Un
til too late;;, we were cot aroused to the
ac'tual1 condition of the guerrilla warfare
,wbic.n was being waged against us. The
principal actors- were men of questiona-
Uiuiauwji. ..Wo ctiattungo one of
these gentlemen to say we ever misused
them in a single instance in our life a
single. instance. Nay, have we not al
ways treated them gentlemanly ? And
yet, whea we were a candidate not hav
ing laid a straw in their way -we were
set. upon Hyeua-likc, and treated with a
.brutal, foulness too outrageous to be tol-Vratcd'in-
a civilized com inanity, and
Which-We will not- tolerate any longer.
We. ai made of flesh and blood, and do
notiereafter Intend to be crowded. The
last link 'towards farther submission on
Our part was brekea, when the sanctity
fcfour domestic1 circle' was invaded, and
Vitlainbusr charges were reflected upon
the! partner of our joys and . sorrows.
y In came parts of the County we were
charged with being a temperance man,
and as -having assisted in the row a few
years agoagainst. Anthony J acobs. . . In
others, we. were a druukard; in others,
wa were dishonest; in others, we were
an' aristocrat, &cl;, &c. '' Since the elec
tion is over',' there are men who will say
wltlj ttheVEdltor of the -Times,',' infor
mation wanted" aa to who ever charged
with these-things. ; But ritb the Ed
itor' if ita'Twne we will have tid con
troversy. His courser in this campaign
Is justifiable m 'bis ower raind,"and this
if-.alVsufficint.. -3 , .-..' TJ -, O -'
The charges we have alluded to bave
been'reramped ever sincfe we set foot ia
ibis County, t At ;a dfstauce ' many be-
liev?j a borae no honest, good man, of
either party, can be found to vouch for
their correctness. -'tSach stories bavcal
. ways originated with our enemies.- We
ask every friend of ours iqihe County, if
Bver7.sincle iiidividaal who approached
tbeoa during the past campaign, was not
Dur 'personal enemy Hessians in -prin-wglej
anoT' sBbtild'be in birth. "Look
to jpur laurels " we say, and enjoy them,
yben thej are gained by traducing a man
like com moa felon.
L The week before the election, as many
m ten or twelve persons were under pay
o ride the County, and traduce the
character f Mr. Simon, and oursclf, un
der the pay ef " tw dollars a day and
roast beef-' ' '
"'We regret lis necessity which com
x Jeb us to usei oar columns in our own
defence. We would feel more free to
speak bad we nothing to do with the pa
per, but we cannot endure too much.
ThisUank has fulfilled its destiny by
breaking -or rather suspending pay
ment. Some months ago we ' warned
our readers that it would break and not
to touch it. Our prediction has proved
true. The Bill holders as usual, will be
faad with the Mechanics and Farmers.
New Jewelrt. L" K. Goodfellow
has just received a fine assortment of
Jewelry of the latest styles. Ladies
taket notice and. 'govern yourselves ac
cordingly. M L : ,.:.: . i
A MOBEIi CIIAIIACTEII.
Dr. Hahn, of this place, was one of
our personal opponents during the past
campaign. During his electioneering
tour through the County,, Jie told., an
honest,"mi suspecting farmer, that we were
to blame for the high taxes. To prove
it, he asked the farmer to show him his
tax receipts. He picked up one corres
ponding with the time when Mr. Jen
kings was Clerk, and then found one
corresponding with the time of our be
ing Clerk. The receipt lowest in amoun t
was the atrouut of taxes which he paid
under Jennings' administration, which
was entirely owing to his being Clerk,
and the highest receipt was entirely ow-
insrto our beine Clerk ! Whoever heard
of the Clerk of the Court having any
thing to do with increasing or diminish
ing taxes ? This Doctor is a good mem
ber of the Church, and on this account
we notice him, although we must bo ex
cused hereafter from alluding to him.
What we have stated is true, and is not
denied eveu by himself.
" LOOK AT HTM."
XCorrepondence of the Ashland Union.
FltOTl NEW YOHK,
New York, Oct. 7, 1854.
Autumn is fairly inaugurated, and
the " brown autumnal feeling " which
denotes its approach,, hot noou-times,
arid the demand for. Soda Water, have
gone away together. Tho sunlight
streams slantingly' thro' the fleecy haze
which wraps the woody, shores of the
' Bay " in its blue folds, and dreamily
winds itself: iuto the city.- A dry leaf
occasionally flutters to- the sidewalk,
s sad premonition of the time when all
leaves shall have left. . Peaches have
disappeared from the fruiterers'' stalls,
and the spectral placards warning Pafk
louJ'gcrs off the grass begin to wear a
mocking aspect, as if they regarded what
they were saying in the light of a good
joke. The: Hotels are crowded, from
the palatial St. Nicholas, with its row
of genteel idlers standing at all hours
before the entrance, (for the express ob
jects,- it would seem, of self-exhibition,
and by force of broadcloth, much hair
and more brass,' to sfare bashful lady
promcnaders out of countenance,) to the
less pretentions houses of Courtlaud St.,
where country merchants most do con
gregate. All sections of the country arc
fully represented at these, and a lover of
the picturesque would not fail to be grat
fied at a dinner-scene at one of them
say the Western. As the hour approach
es the entrances to the Hall are thronged,
and at the sound of the gong the scats
are filled in a twinkling, and shade of
Apicius ! what eating is here. Flocks
of turkeys, with brown, shining legs,
and plump, fragrant breasts, dwindle
instantaneously into a handful of bones.
Tomatoes, succotash and sweet-potatoes,
melt away like butter in the sun, and
whole rows of pastry are bowled down
with a ten-strike. The almonds and
raisir.a escape there is no time for des
sert; and in twelve minutes "after each
sat down, he may be seen, tooth-pick in
mouth, making hia way to some business
Among the numerous discoveries of
our prolific age, which are every day ap
plied to generalize luxury and multiply
comforts, I cannot resist the temptation
to notice a substitute for . flag stones
which s just coming into use, and which
promises to form an important feature
at no very distant day, in the beauty
and convenience of our streets. We re
fer to the kind of flagging in which the
mineral substance - called asphaltum
forms the new and principle element.
We have had an opportunity, recently,
of observing the construction of a piece
of side-walk of this peculiar character,
and feel willing to accord to it a superi
or merit. The asphaltum is melted, and
while in a state of fusion certain quan
tities of Silicia,,. and, we believe,' some
other foreign substances, but the ingre
dients, as well as their proportions of
the composition, are held in secrets by
the patentees until the whole acquires a
consistency and peculiar quality, which
fits it for its purpose as a mineral co
ment. A layer of broken stone, of the
size used for McAdemizing, is spread
upon the earth to the thickness of three
or four inches, and the compound is
poured upon -it until the interstices are
mostly 'filled,1 and w'ule the liquid is
cooling the paver's rammer is called into
requisition to consolidate the mass. Af
ter this is fairly cooled, a covering of
the serai-fluid is imposed, from two to
three inches thick, and smoothed, level
ed and pressed, with instruments, so as
to form a continuous surface uninter
rupted by joints to any . extent of area
required, which becomes in an hour as
hard as granite.
It is claimed that this resists all vi
cissitudes of the weather as well as rock,
and that it is no more liable to be bro
ken by the superposition of weights or
the rolling of loaded vehicles, than pa
vine stones of tho same thickness. We
are inclined to admit this claim from
what we have seen of it, and certainly it
forms a most beautiful sidewalk, obvia
ting, in rainy weather, if it be properly
shaped, the disagreeable necessity which
the pedestrian finds of continually plung
ing into puddles of dirty water at every
step. Although its price, at present, is
somewhat dearer than common flagging,
it will probably be furnished at a much
cheaper rate in time, and wo hope to see
it in general use. It will be a fine com
panion for the Bus3 pavements.
The State Fair, which opened the 3d
inst., closes on Fsiday with an address
by John P. IIalk, and the award of
premiums. A drizzling rain, which grew
into a storm on the second day, excited
the fear that the affair would occasion
one of those miniature deluges which
camp-meetings are popularly supposed
to provoke, but to-day is singularly fa
vorable. The Fruit department is said
to be unusually good, especially in Ap
ples and Pears. Of the latter, the old
favorites, the Bartlett and Virgellan,
bear off the palm. The Domestic de
partment appears littlo worthy of notice.
A beautiful Cashmere Gout attracted
much - attention from the ladies, who,
judging from the manner each fair visi
tor stroked his worship's long, silken
goatee, rather considered that append
aire an ornament than otherwise. As a
whole, the exhibition must be considered
as inferior to that of last year.
Yours, ST. CYR.
Defeat ' Momentary Principles Eter
The principles which lio at tho basis
of Democratic taith, ere not ciiangca Dy
the results of an election, They are
founded in human nature, in the desire
of man for happint'Ss, in the inato ideas
of individual independence, in distrust
of class legislation aud birth-prerogative,
in the confidence in the popular ca
pacity and intelligence, and ia the char
ter of our country, which was framed in
wisdom for " the "common defense and
general welfare "of the people. -Such
principles veer not with the gusty pas
sions of the hour. They are not depend
ent for their permanency on mobility,
which reels under the impulses of error.
They live in the light. They are eter
nal. Faith in them will 'carry us along,
notwithstanding temporary defeat. The
Democracy have tho honor to have
moulded all our present laws, by which
we have attained our present distinguish
ed position in- the world, and dissemina
ted so much happiness among men.
Our substantial power has not now de
parted from ' us. Though the whole
force of proscription were now in place ;
though bigotry were seated in tho cham.
bcrs of legislation ; though our Execu
tive were the prince of Jacobinism ; thev
would never dare to disturb that benc
ficient system of policy commercial,
fiscal, foreign aud internal by which
the Government is now regulated.
They would not dare to strike down the
principle which fosters emigration and
encourages nitaralization ; which binds
neighboring States with diverse inter
ests in comity and the nations to our
Union, by the cordialities and interests
of free interchange.
Then let us say to. the Democracy
who have just met the surges that have
broken in upon us, moved by the view
less winds of fanaticism and intolerance,
stand firm by your old design. It has
stood you in stead in darker days. Do
cot desert - it now 1 Faith was given,
not for the time of success, when ilie
very elements wait on us in smiles, but
for tho hour of adversity when tho sky
is overcast ! In the language of the Ciu
cinnnati Enquirer, we say :
" To the Democracy who has firmly
stood the brunt of the battle who have
shrunk not under the shock of passion
and persecution who have been true to
their country and themselves, we say
that time will vindicate their course.
Their patriotism will be the admiration
of all who love their country, do fealty
to the constitution, and venerate the ex
amples of the fathers of Amer'can free
dom. We tell them to be of good cheer.
Not a year will elapse before tho foe,
now so exultant, will " fall before us."
With every possible combination against
us, the old and true Democracy has ac
complished wonders. It is the only po
litical party that possesses principles
which are acknowledged from the forests
of Maine to tho golden sands of the Sac
ramento. No other jxtrty has an exis
tence, aud our defeat is attributable
alone to an untatural fusion that must
explode by its incongruous element?.
" We will not upbraid the Democrats
no" not even the foreign-born citizens
who forsook us in the hour of need.
They are our fellow-citizens. They must
prosper or perish beneath the same gen
ial skies or freezing blasts that encom
pass us We are sure " there's a good
time coming," aud tho sooner it does
come the better for our country, and the
better for those who were once, and will
be again, with the Democracy."
There is "a common bond between
Democrats, the strength of which is on
ly tested in times 'like these. In the
past sunshine of our success it became
too much slackened. Let it now be close
around each Democratic heart; and let
the electric spirit that ever animates the
liberal, hopeful and honest Democrat,
make our brotherhood a circle of poten
cy within which the liberties of the coun
try shall be guarded from all proscrip
tion and every danger ! Slatcsntan and
- The Piebald Party.
: Tho mongrel enemies of the Demo
cratic party have been organized under
the following names from 177G down to
In '1776, Tories. '
" 1780, Nova Scotia Cow-boys.
: " 1787, Convention Monarchists.
' u T789, Black Cockade Party.
" 1803, Anti-Jefferson Impressment
' Men. :
" 1811, British Bank Men..
- " 1812, Peace Men.
" 1812, Blue Lights.
" 1814, Hartford Convcntionists.
" 1815, Washington Benevolent So
" 1818, No Party Men.
1720, Federal Republicans.
1826, National Republicans.
1834, Anti-Masouio Whigs:
" 1840, Log Cabin, Hard Cider, Dem
ocratic Republican Aboli
" 1844. Anti-war Whigs.
" 1848, Taylor and Anti-a: nexat.ion
" 1852, Scott Anti-war Whigs.
" 1853, Maine-law Whigs.
" 1854, Whig Anti-Nebraska Know-
iSotliing ! action.
And this is the party, la the year of
grace one thousand eight hundred and
htty-four, that expects to deteat the in
vincible Democracy, aided by disaffected
Democrats! God save the Common
wealth, if they should succeed !
Alas! they have succeeded!
Ohio and Indiana Railroad. On
Monday evening last, Oct 9, the track
layers reached the state line of Indiana,
and threw up their hats in honor of so
gratifying 'an event. There is now a
continuous Railroad from Pittsburgh to
that point, spaning the great State of
Ohio. Three miles and half of iron re
main to be laid to connect this city with
Fort Wayne. In a few days the road
will bo opened to Fort Wayne connecting
us with a wide-oxtcudod and most fertile
country. Pittsburgh Gazette.
California Election-Fall Details-Great
The San Francisco Herald makes the
following statements :
The late Electiou was probably the
most exciting that overtook place in Cal
ifornia, and iu San Francisco in particu
lar the excitement reached to an alarm
ing bight, and the most serious conse
quences were apprehended. In a resume
of tho political history of California, it
will bo necessary to remind our Eastern
friends that California has always been
a Democratic State. In the last legis
lature tho Whigs were in such a misera
ble minority as scarcely to deserve no
tice. The Democrats had an overwhelm
ing majority. At the last session of the
Legislature one section of the Democra
cy repeatedly attempted to bring ou the
electiou of a United States Senator to
fill a vacancy that will not occur till
March, 1855, and the duties of which of
fice will not commence till the following
December. They were on every occa
sion defeated. Dav bv dav the snlit
in the party became wider and wider,
till at length two distinct factions began
to be formed, and one was designated
as the Electionist and tho other as the
Anti-Elcctionist party. Tho fight was
continued to the State convention, when
a formal split took place, which resulted
in the nomination of two Democratic
tickets. The Electiouists re-nominated
our late Representatives in the National
Congress, and the Anti-ijlecUomsts
Messrs. Denver and Ueibert. The
Whigs, confident of success, nominated
Messrs. Bow ie and Bcnham. Og the eve
of the election Mr. Latham arrived from
Washington, aud having been made ac
quainted with the position of affairs,
withdrew Lunaine, aud the Electiouists
nominated in his stead James Churchman
of Nevada. Thus matters stood on the
day of the election.
The election returns have not vet come
In from all parts of the State, but it is
generally understood that Messrs. Den
ver and Herbert, the nominees of the
Anti-Electionist Convention are elected
beyond contingency. So far as heard
from they are considerably ahead. A
rumor was, however, prevalent this
morning, that Mr. Bowie, one of the
Whig candidates, would be elected by
a very small majority. The rebuke re
ceived by the Electionists, however, in
all parts of the State was emphatic and
decided. In the Municipal Election
matters took quite a different turn
Just previous to the election, rumors
were circulated with reference to the or
ganization of the Know Nothingsall over
the 'btate, and it was c-xpected that
their influence would be felt to some ex
tent. Throughout the State these ex
pectations were realized,but in Saa Fran
cisco they carried all before them. The
Electionist City and Country Couvcn
tions met and nominated members for
the Legislature and county oScers
The Anti-Electionists did likewise, but
another split here took place, and the
beceders organized a third Convention
and put in Domination a kind of hybrid
ticket, composed of the other two, The
Whigs held their' Convention and form
ed a ticket. The association known as
the Cubiados put forward another list o'
names for the suffrages of the people.
Certaiu individuals calling themselves
the People," hung out another ban
ner. Hie Know iNothmgs nomina
ted a ticket of their own, but it having
subsequently transpired that their nom
inee tor tho Meyorahty, Mr, Lucieu
Hermann, an estimable citizen and well
known in tho coniunity, was a . Roman
Catholic, they repudiated the firBt ticket
aud nominated another. So there were
to a certain degree, two Know Nothing
tickets. There was, lastly, a Know
Something ticket. During the election
in this city, the most intense excitement
prevailed. Rumors of corruption, brib
ery and ballot-box stuffing, were-rife.
Several fights took place, and several
persons were wounded. Attoinpts were
made to destroy the ballot-boxes in some
of the wards and the popular indigna
tian became so great that the most se
rious consequences were apprehended.
Suspicion of foul play was directed in
particular to the First Ward in this
city. The lynching of all the parties
connected with the election in this local.
ity was freely discussed, and to protect
themselves cannons were got out, plan
ted at the corners of streets, and loaded
with deadly charges of pieces of iron,
nailes, and ever thing that came to hand.
The gloom which hung over the city
gradually disappeard. The ; returns
came in, and the ivnow JMothings achiev
ed a triumph, having elected their entire
The next Legislature will de consti
tuted as follows : Assembly Whigs,
44 ; ' Anti-Election Democrats,- 34 ;
Election Democrats, 11. Senate
Whigs, 7; Anti-Election Democrats,
23 ; Election Democrats, 13. -
Pennsylvania Congressional Election.
The following are the names of the
successful candidates for Congress in
Reg. Demi. AntS-KobrasKa.
1st Dist Florence
2d " Tyson
3d " - Millward
4 th " : Broom
5th " - Jones
6th " Hickman
7th " , Bradshaw
8th " JoDes . ' ,'
9th " - Roberts ,
10th "' -- ..Kunkel
11th " Campbell
12th " Fuller
1 3 th " (doubtful) Packer
15th " Pearce
16th " - -.Todd
17th " Robinson
18th " --- Edie
19th " --Covode
20th " Knight
21st " Ritchie
22d " Purviance
22d " -. Allison
24th " " .-Barclay
25th " ... -Dicks
There are seventeen Whigs and Jive
on the anti-Ne-
Ihe Next House of Representatives.
We doubt whether ther will be ten
regular orthodox Democrats elected to
the next House ot .representatives from
the Free States. So far as the election
have taken place, we have only heard of
the choice of Hall in Iowa, Fuller in
Maine, and Florence in Pennsylvania '
aud we believe thS seats of the two former
are to bo contested! We may pick up
some stragglers in Pennsylvania and In
diana, put at the present writing the
chances are against us obtaining auy in
Ohio. Again we repeat, wo shall be dis
appointed if all the free States send ten
regular Democrats to Congress ' Read
er, think of tho next House, composed
of one hund-ed ami thirty worthern
Whigs and Abolitionists, being a large
contolling power in that body ! Against
them will be opposed the uuited South,
with its ninety old members. Won't
there be a collision when such materials
meet ! Cin. Enq.
LOSSOF THE ARCTIC.
The first Assistant Engineer has ar
rived at Boston, and by his statement
confirms tho report th t Mrs. Collins,
sou, and daughter, and many other la
dies were put in a boat which, in the act
of lowering, were all save one thrown
into the sea and lost.
Among the passengers lost was Mah
lon Day, whose name is well known as
connected with the publication of child
The Rev. E. L. Magooif? D. D., pas
tor of the Oliver Street Baptist Church,
New York, had taken passage by the
Arctic, but a few days before her de
parture, howeverj iu order to complete
certain researches he was engaged iu, he
exchanged his berth for one iu the-succeeding
steamer the Jiallic.
Mrs Scott, who was among the lost,
was tne widow of the gallant Col. Mar
tin Scott, who was killed in the Mexican
war. Mrs. S. resided at Milwaukee.
Mr. McCracken, brother of Mrs. S., was
also on board. The late .Major Scott,
was well known at the West, and was
the famous rifle marksman.
Mr. Catherwood, the distinguished
artist, who accompanied Mr. Stevens on
his tour to central America, was lost
Mr. F. W. Gale, wife and servant,- of(
Worcester, Mass., were among the pas
sengers, aud among the lost.
Tha statement of Patrick Toban shows
that the first and third mate acted like
men, but that the second ruate, Edward
uaaiiiain acted bauiy. The latter low
ered a boat at two o'clock and hiinself
and sailors got into it, although the Arc
tic did not sink until 4 o'clock. This
desertion crippled the force of experi
enced hands, so that Capt. Luce could
not properly rig the raft. Toban says
that when ho first attempted to leave,
Capt. L. tore tho shirt off his Toban's,
back, claiming " let the passengers go iu
the boat." Capt. L. seized an axe to
force the firemau back, but his authority-
was at an end. Capt. Luce could
have easily saved himself had he been
Toban says :
The steamer went down by tho stern,
and with uplifted hands and a piercing
yell, which I cannot describe, the crowd
of human beings ou her deck shared her
Just before we pushed off to avoid be
ing carried down with the ship, I saw a
number of women in the cabin locked in
each others arms crying aud exhibiting
tho most intense signs of terror and dis
tress. They were all engulphed. The
lamentations of the French and Ger
mans was most painful, as I could easily
distinguish their cries and shouts.
We all regretted much that one fine
young man belougi.ig to the Arctic was
not saved; his name is Stewart llollin.
His father was Sergeant-at-Arms of one
of the ll ouscs of Congress; he could not
be induced to leave the ship ; he kept
firing the gun until the vessel sunk ; we
saw him iu the very act of firing as the
vessel disappeared below the waters.
Just as the water was closing over the
smoke-pipe, there rose up from ' the sea
a sound like a heavy groan, or ocean sigh ;
caused, doubtless, by the steam and heat
in the boilers, but it was a sound never
to be forgotten.
' The Courier and Enquirer of yes
terday says :
Three life boats yet remain to be heard
from, known to contain not less than for
ty persons. It is certaiu that the larg
er portion of these consist of passengers,
and thr.t among them arc several ladies.
Tidings from them will be awaited to
day with unabated solicitude.
Nothing has yet transpired calculated
to extenuate the . dastardly conduct of
the sub-officers, engineers, and firemen
who fled with the boats. The publish
ed statement of the second mate does
not exculpate him from gross delinquen
cy in duty ; and the heaviest responsi
bility of course continued to rest upon"
the chief engineer, who prematurely de
serted his post, and who is now at sea
in a boat containing only some six or
eight of his assistants aud a single pas
senger. . There has been no development
detracting in the least degree 'from the
heroism of Capt. Luce, and we regret
exceedingly to notice in one or two of
our cotemporaries a disposition to cast
censure upon his behavior. He did all
that an unsupported officer could do.
H's follow officers, excepting the first
mate who was absent on duty and his
third mate who remained and performed
his part nobly, and his crew had all de
serted him or were in a state of panio
stricken, uncontrollable insubordination.
His only inefficiency lay simply in the
fact that the treachery of others had
made him powerless for effectual action,
though it could not for a moment shake
his own fidelity to his post.
The only real fault in the manage
ment of the vessel was the failure to
sound a warning steam whistle, as the
boat was holding on her obscure way
through the fog ; and this is a fault not
peculiar to this vessel, but common to all
steamers ot every nation which pass
over the same highway ot travel.
The Mr. Benedict lost on the Arctio,
was Abner Benedict of New York, and
brother of Prof. Benedict, of Burlington,
The Utica Telegraph says that Mrs.
Ward Hunt and Johu B. Miller, of that
city, had near relatives on the Arctic.
The Great Baby Show--One Hundred
and Twenty EntriesCincinnati
Springfield, Oct. 5th. The Clark
Co., Fair attracted a large crowd to this
place yesterday and to-day, the chief at
traction has been the Sain Shoic.
Such a Convention of Babies 2 years
old and under, has never been seeu be
fore. There were one hundred and twen
ty entries though the whole number was
Anions the finest Babies were the
daughter of Mrs. Howe of Cincinnati and
the son of Mrs. Bernard of Dayton, the
former fourteen months old, and the lat
ter six. The first premium for the fi
nest child two vears old, or tinder, was
and elegant Tea Set with Silver, valued
at three hundred dollars. The second.
for the finest child between one and two
years, a Tea set, valued at two hundred"!'
dollars, and the third tor the nnest ohild
under one year, two hundred dollars.
The fourth premium, was a Parsian
Marble Group, representing Christ bles
sing littlo Children. The first premium
was awarded, to. Win, Roouincr, of
Vienda, Clark Co., Ohio; the second to
Mrs. McDowell, of Cincinnati ; the third
to Mrs. Arthur Canon, of Philadelphia :
the fourth to Mrs. IIei;ry Howe of Cir.
eniuati. ' While the babies -'with (heir
mothers were in the tent together, the
following letter from Fanny Ferir - was
read to the great edification of all con
cerned. - -' .
Mr. Isaae Paint, Sir; In. thanking
you for the oiiipliiuent you pay me, by
constituting me one of a Committe to
award the premiums at the convention,
would also express my deep regret that
iy present engagement will not admit
of my leaving New York. Nothing
would delight me more than to visit your
beautiful cit-, which I have so long
wished to see, and the added temptation
you hold out iu the shape of babies, is
almost irrcsistable. God bless their lit
tle sweetness, but how could I choose ; I
who love everything iu the shape of a
child, who believe that they are all that
i3 left us of Eden, who never come into
their preseuee without a feeling such'ns
a devout Catholic must have when he
crosses hiunclf before the image of the
Virgin Mary how could I choose ? I
should turn from black ej-es to blue,
from. blue to gray, from gray to hazel.
I would be led captive by a dimple, fas
cinate 1 by a ringlet, cucbai-.tedby.il ro
sy cheek or a snowy shoulder. My dear
sir, I would be as bewildered as a bee in
a ten acre lot of full blown roses. Please
accept my best wishes for the succeESof
your novel, beautjfid admirable" en
terprise. May tiSsKfathcura' of no dis
appointed mother haunt the sleeping or
waking hours of the Awarding Committe.
Yours, very truly,
Letters" from Mrs. Crittenden, aud
Mrs. Swisshcliu, who was to have read
an essay, but was prevented bv illnesa;
from Mrs. Mott, who thinks black babies
should come in ; from Horace Grcely, who
thinks much attention should be paid to
the developoment of the human constitu
tion. Among tho exhibitors of babies was
an old woman who came with her saven-
teeth child. She claimed a premium
on that ground, and had uo competitor.
The Ohio und Pennsylvania Horse Ex
This commenced on Wednesday and
ends to-day, and was as we learn from
a proof slip with which the Editor of the
Ohio Farmer has kindly favored ns in
advance of his publication a grand af
fair. We have the proceedings of the
first three days. The last day's doings
will reach us to-night, and will be given
to our readers on Monday. The first
day wasmsed iu making entries of which
there were near 200.
The grounds, near the village of Sa
lem, were twenty acres in extent neatlj
fenced, tented, etc.,' etc., and around the
whole, one of the finest race courses in
the country, where the speed and bottom
of the pacers and trotters where, tried,
to the amusement and , cdiiication of a
large number of spectators.
The premiums awarded, so far as we
have received them arc as follows :
Draft Stallions Eire Entries.
1. Premium, "Side llamet," W. Ir
vine, West Liberty, Virginia.
2. Premium, Canadian, Jeremiah
Hippie, Xorth Bentou, Mahoning coun
Draft Horse: Five Entries.
1. L Cape, Smithfield, O.
2. John Alexander, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Marcs leitlt fold by side right.
1. IJoujuniin Ladd, Smithfield, O.
3. General Jarvis, Massillon, O.
Sucking Colts - Seven.
1. W. II. Ladd, Richmond, Jefferson
count v, O.
2. Benj. Ladd, Smithfield, O.
Hcst Yearling FiUey.
1. William Irvine, West Liberty, Vir
ginia. 2. -W. H. Ladd, Richmond, Jefferson
Best two year old Filley.
1. John V. Pierce, Lancaster, O. 1
2. P. L. Hush, Girard, Trumbull coun
Best ' Yearling Stallion.
1. " Tom Benton," N. Andrews,
Youngs town, Ohio.
2. " Know Nothing," J as M. Brown,
North-Blooinfield, Trumbull Co., O.
Best two y ar old Stallion.
1. W. D. Towusheud, Salem
2. W. L. Pull, Youngstowu, O.
Best Sticking Colt Seven Entries.
1. W II. Dadd, Richmond, Jefferson
2. Benjamin Ladd, Smithfield, O.
JMatclicd Horses Ten Entries.
1. W. Doolittle, Elyria, O. :
2. Lucas Dyer, Youngstown, O.
Facers Eleven Entries.
1. Roland D. Noble, Cleveland, O.
No second premium.
Roadsters under s x Years JVineteen
C. H. Andrews, Youngstown, O.
W. W. Woodward, Wooster, O.
Roadsters ovei six Years.
II. Collins, Ravenna, O.
G. W. Willson, Canton, O.
Three-ycar-oll Stallions and Fillies
Sixteen Entries Stallions.
1. John Wiley, Ilopedale, Harrison
2. James M. Brown, North Bloom
field7t)bio, on his horse, " Young Re
1. Thomas W. Ladd, Smithfield, O.
2. A. aud L. Cunningham, Richmond,
Saddle Horses Eleven Entreis.
1. W. H. Ladd, Richmond, Ohio.
2. D. B. Updegratf, Mt. Pleasant, O.
Trotting Horses Fifteen Entries.
1. " Old Jos," G. W. Wilson, Can
ton, Ohio." -
2. " Spile Driver," John Fee, North
The Committees were to report to-day
on thorough-bred stallions aud mares,
and stallious for all work.
The riding by the ladies on Friday
was most interesting. Miss De Ett Pel
ton, of Gustavus ; Mrs. O. n. Cornwell,
of Sale.ni; Miss Peebles, of New Castle
Pa.; Mrs. Eckart, of Wooster; Mrs.
Eunice Hall, of New Lyme, Ohio, and
-Miss Heaton, of Salem, were tho cou
tostors. The ridiug was all excellent;
but the first two ladies on blooded stal
lions rode with the graoe and daring f
S'SI" London has 109 fireman, New
York has 3,000 in the former place the
are paid by the city,, in the latter they
are voluntary. The rates of insurance
are five times as much in New York s
iu Loudon. - j -
The Crisis ih Canada v
' - The principle- branches of industry
pursued in Lower Canada drd Ui cut
ting and sawing of timber and shipbtf ild- 4
mg, both tor tbe Euglish -ontriset, upou
which the Piovince is mainly if not
entirely depcndentf as the principled of
British free-trade require;- .According
ly, when, the market is depressed the
Province is ruined, not having any. re-
sources of its own in the way of varied
manufacturing industry to fall baekupon.N
Thus the price of both timber "and ships
having sunk enormously, in England all
apprehension among the Canadians, and
every mail from Europe, is waited for
with tremulous anxiety j and numerous
failures arc inevitable, '
Since the great impetus given to ship
building from the demand for vessels
which the discovery of gold in Australia
and California occasioned, tjjat branch
of production has become one of great
importance, especially at Quebec the
annual value of the ships built there be
ing between three and four million dol
lars. But tho ships recently sent thence
to England have not realized anything
like the price expected. From 14 a
tun, the price of Colonia built vessels
has, in a very short space of time sunk
to 10. The ship-builders, generally
do business ou capital furnished by com
mission brokers, who charge five per
cent, for indorsing for the ship-builders.
7 While the wages of ship-carpenters
bave been unprccedentedly high reach
ing 3 a day it is quite possible that
the brokers may have advanced on many
vessels more than they will bring when
they come to be sold to English buyers.
In sueh cases the loss will fall on the
brokers who advanced the money.
Agniust the contingency of loss by any I
other means, they take good care to pro
vide by insuring tho vessel while "in
coursJ of construction, and when ready
for sea, by taking a mortgage upon them,
besides insuring both vessel and cargo.
But against such a fall in the value of
vetsels as will prevent their bringing on
sale the amount advanced upon them,
they have no security. These ships,
constructed for sale iu tho Liverpool
market, leave Quebec in the middle or
toward the end of May, laden with tim
ber. They are paid for in bills, genera
ally at six months, by the English hou
ses them ; and these bills arc in danger
of being dishonored whenever heavy
losses have been suffered by the English
purchasers on the vessels.
The position of the timber trade in
Canada is not less gloomy. It is the
practice of timber merchants about a
dozen of whom control the entire busi
ness to go to England in November,
and during the winter to coutract with
English houses for the delivery of tim
ber iu Quebec in tho spring at certaiu
rates. In many cases the timber thus
sold has yet to bo purchased from the
lumberer. It is shipped in the middle
or at tho end of May, and bills, gener
ally at four months' sight, are drawn
against it upon the English house to
whom it was sold. These bills, also, are
just liow becoming duo ; and a3 there
must have been very heavy losses on the
timber from tho extraordinary decline
in the price, fears of failure and the
iiou-payineut of these bills in some cases
are anticipated. , , .
Very little timber is shipped by mer
chants from Quebec without its .having
been previously ' sold to some English
house; and ou such cargoes as have been
thus sent on speculation we learn that a
loss of from $3,000 to 81,000 per cargo
has generally been sustained. Timber
which was purchased at 8d. per cubic
foot, and on which Is. freight was paid,
has not brought over Is." 4d. iu England.
An equal loss must have been sustained
by English houses which purchased last
spring at the prices which then. ruled.
The intelligence of the great decline
ia the prices of ships and lumber was
the signal lor all the banks in Quebec,
whose customers are chiefly engaged in
these branches, to stop discounting at
once. Holders whose necessities oblig
ed them to realize were compelled to do
so at a great sacrifice, Of course the
rich firms refuse to sell in the present
depressed state of the market. Ship
owners are losing niouey, owing to the
low figure to which freights have . sunk.
Last year 40s. load ( 50 cubic feet )
was paid for timber to Liverpool ;" now
the figures are down as low as 27s. Gd. to
30s. The decliue in freights, ships and
timber, came simultaneously, and it as
sailed all the chief interests of Quebec,
.. The prospect for Canadian ship build
ing during the ensuing winter is not very
bright. Ship-carpenters who used to ob
tain less than half a dollar a day, some
years ago, have received $3 this season.
Since the decline in the price of ships,
however, an attempt has been made to
reduce the wages to $1 a day; and al
though it ; was resisted at first it will
have to be submitted to iu the end-- 2V.
Y. Tribune. ' ' .
It will be gratifying to many of our
readers to know that Wm. II. Ladd ex
pects to exhibit the Newark Fair some
of the recent importations of Silesian
sheep, as it will afford thein-aa opportu
nity to judge something of their merits
when compared with other wooled sheep.
We have seen none that we liked -so
much, and we hoped they may not disap
point their dromises. .On their way
through Cleveland last spring, we spoke
of ..them in high terms, but not higher
than their yield of wool fully justified.
Sixteen of the ews clipped as follows :
Part of them were yearlings, and part
two years old. Ihe years old. Ihe
them ten months' growth ef wofd and
the two years old, eleven months, lacking
five days. The lightest sheep weighed
on the day it.was shorn 55 pounds, and
the heaviest 75 pounds, making the av
erage weight of carcass about sixty-six
The lightest fleece, after being thor
onghly soaked, spout-washed and shorn
weighed 4 pounds, the heaviest G pounds
average about 5 lbs. 1 oa.
Considering tho quantity aud condi
tion of the wool, tho yield in proportion
to carcass is very ext raordinary, aud on
tirely beyond anything we remember to
have come under our notice. Ohic
There is a differance of opinion among
sheep growers iu this region as to the
real value of these Silesian sheep. Many
assert that the superiority of thein which
is apparent, is not maintained except by
a care in feeding, housing and protection
that renders . them at last an expensive
sheep. We are muoh inclined to differ
with them. We think observation of
the physiology of them will provo. the,
truth of the assertion that they may b
easier kept in this climate than any of
our flue wooled sheep. Wo may bo,
mistaken, but we think tiKWhecling
The oholera is raging in London.
There were 4,000 deaths, iu tUce,Q we.ekij,
ending the 8th inst, . - J
Fr nt officii returns' it appaira that
in Inland the gross number of acres' da--
der"flijE. tVn ye ir, amounts to 153,233,
against 174,569 in t'.ie prcviom year,
showing a duurano of 15.341 aeres in
Barley is s-;llingat St. Louis at $1 55
1 60". per bushel, which is tho highest
price eve? known in tlmt market.
'Win. Westner, an Cmmieer on tha-
Ohiq.ad Mississippi railroad, Was mur
dered near BE. Lhjuih, oa the 4th int.r
by a gang of laborers-.-
Books of subscription to the stock of
the- New York and Norfolk Air-Line
Railroad are to be opened on' the 22d;
inst., along the proposed route.
Liverpool has seven miles of docks,
and over 3,000,000 of money have just
been voted .by the town council for the
construction of more. . ,
Rev. Dr. Schmuckcr. formerly pastor
of the German Luthern church, at New
York, died in Belair county, Pa., on
Monday. ... , , ,
The receipts of cotton at New Orleans
from September 1st to October 8tb ex
cced those of the same period last year
41,000 bales. ; , . ' ' -
.The vote in California at the late elec- .
tion, a total of about 75.000, indicates1
a heavy increase of the population ino
last year. , ( ... .
Attorney General Cashing has gone to
Massachusetts, to be absent for about
ten days. . . . . , ..-. j . - ;
The 'coinage at the Sau Fracciseo
Mint iu August, amounted to $1,774,
498. " -. . -, !
Mr. Meagher goes to California again
in December. . . ; ' - . -. . . k , . ;..
There arc about eighty persons now ia
jail at Chicago. ' .''-'' J '
There is a pear tree in New York city
213 years old. . " '-
Eighteen thousand . persons in, the city
of New York live under ground. . ,
Prof. Elliott made a ballooa ascension at
Magnolia, a few miles from- Norfolk, on
It is estimated that the present crp of
hogs in Otsego county, N. Y., is worth.
8500,000. i v -; . l . .y
The Connecticut Clock, makers are just
now said to be filling large orders fur Chi
na aud Japan. " .
Cranberries are arriving in large quan
tities at Cincinnati, and selling at $5,50
per bbl. r . lit f
It is said that the constitution f 'tho
only military company ever attempted to
be organized in Nantucket,' began ,wjth '
the following article Article I nine
of tear this company ' shall immediately .
disband.-"' '- -..-.. .
The Know Nothings of New York are
said to have 115,000 voters on their rolls
and expect with these and others that
may vote with (hem, to carry tbe .State.
The bbtoriouj Mike Walsh, pf .New
York City, has been, nominated for re
election. ' - ,
The third candidate for Lieutenant Gov
ernor of New York, Elijah Ford, '. wa
nominated for the same office 1y:"tlui late
Know-Nothing Council. , :r '
The Spirit Rappiogs and. the acepmpa
ryitig revelations ore, to tht rtpit i-n tf
O. A.'Brownson, really Miperajiuuul, -nU'k
the communications of demons of" Intig
and malignant Bpirit to , those' w.b'.havi
uuhappi'y fallen under their-'-iiiflucuce.
A woman h is been elected constable in?
Perry co., 111. : - ; : . -' i -'
The debt nf Philadelphia.! fast verging;
on twenty millions of dollar.
- A branch from a - pear tree in ihrifiy-
condition, over 400 years old, wsj exhibi
ted at the Nfwtou Muss., Horticultural
The State Journal of California chroni
cles a melon in Saeramnt. weighing fifty
ty two aud a half pound.
Miss Catharine Hayes' late conotrt at
the Sandwich Islands, it is said netted
twelve hundred dollars.
The third portion of the telegraph wiro
connecting the Island of Sardinia with tho
co:st of Africa, is already attached.
30,000 militia are to be enrolled and
trained in Ireland next year. .
A Paris correspondent of tho Boston
Post nays he hits seen an . elephant stand
on his head at a circus in that city.
A young farmer of Littleton, Massachu
setts, who is yet hardly "done growing,"
being 22 years of age, at present weighs
280 pounds, and is six feet and 1L inches
ia height. - ' :
The richest man in Providence, It. I.,
is Thomas P. Ives, lie is put down- at
$1,825,700, and is taxed $10,223 26.
He is said to be worth about three mil
WHhelm Schwarz and wife announco in
the Northchn Wochcnblatt "This morn
ing we were blessed with twins, a boy and
a girl for the fourth time.'! ". .
Muggins observed on the' door of a.
house, tie name of a physician and sur
geon, and remarked that it put him in
mind of a double, barrelled gim,' forif ono
missed the other was sure to kill.
At the last meeting of the Know No
things, a resolution was paised against
whiskey punch,, cause why, its basis cornea
from Ireland. s -. -. .
U. S. Senator Jones, of Iowa, bad u
fight in Dubuque last week," with Mr P.
A. Lorrinicr. Jones got severely rutn
niellcd for calliog Lorrimcr a d-d liar.
"Ellis Buffington and Win.-England
Cherokee Indiaus, recently met each other
on Grand River," in the Cherokee Nat'on
and in a fight with pistols and bowe
knives both were killed-. ' - -
In Canada, the ratification of the reci
procity treaty has already given an im
pulse to business, and the best feeling
prevails there towards the United States.
It is said that Arrison, tho Cincinnati
torpedo murderer, has escaped from lows,
where it is supposed he was for some lima,
concealed. . .. . ' -, ."
The . Epidemic at Charleston, Th .
Charleston Mercury of Monday records 2!.
deaths from yellow fever f r the pretding
18 hours, aud adds : . : - r -V;e
"Ther has been a ice oorsospondencft
ia the time of breaking . cut aud the genf
eral progress of the JclSevjt fever; thi ycarH
and tho year 1S33- The sickness reaches,
its climax then, iu the wci k ending tho,
lGth of SepteuibcB. The last week will
also be found this year to have cx ceded
in any mortality any preceding one. Bufc
the reports of tho last four days have,
shown a regutar falling off from, the high-,
est mortality, and we have now every rea-
foji to believe we have passed, the climax,
and that henceforth the course of tbe epi
demio will be downward.'
The New; Albany Daily, Tribun, of
Monday, says, "some twenty-five' nsgiA
slaves, passed through our city 'on Saturn
day last iu charge of a slaveholder from
the Southx c route for bq ctritory of
Ka,uus,t . -
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