Newspaper Page Text
fcfct &sjjlm Stitton.
- - OCT. 25. 1C54.
JC2"-The lengthy letters of our Cor
respondents, Lave crowded out several
Vic Ralston. It may not be gen
erally known,' that this ' gentleman has
jasi received a fine and large assort-
f meat of Jewelry of all kinds. AH in
t teres ted will do well to give him a call
and aee his stock-
J'ohks & Allen. Our readers will
.take notice that the Hardware Store
! of -these gentlemen is not "adjoining
the Bank," as appeared n ' their-ad-rextisement.
It is now opposite the
Bank, since the removal of the same,
wher Capt. -Johns will be found ready
to wait on bis numerous friends.
THE 1IHL.IND WIAXUFACTCMIIM Ci
- . COJH PANT.: : : .
'J: i,Thia Company has been organized un-
f .der the general act of incorporation, with
'an authorizing capital of $50,000, and
- (he design -of the Company is to increase
.the manufacturing interest of this place
-They have purchased of Rezxor, Ris
Itt.ft Co., their Factory and Mills, and
-.will now, iff their present organization,
' afford -an opportunity for the subscrip
tion of Stock to those who may desire.
, 4With an increased subscription of $10,
. 000 the Directors propose to double the
r capacity of the Factory, and still fur-
1 Cher increase the business from time tn
time, as circumstances will warrant.
Their present Superintendent, Mr. S.
'M-Smith, we are informed, is an old,
' experienced and practical Manufacturer,
;and occupied a prominent position in
'he Utica G lobe. 31 ills, for a series of
:years. - The fact that he has become in
terested in this Company, is of itself a
sufficient guaranty as' to the future pros
" perity4 of tho corporation. Success
to the Ashland Manufacturing Compa-iHj.;-
ri i . ?: ..: ...
T . - , BANK FAIUBEii. -
Last week we noticed the failure" of
' the Newport Safety Fund Bank, of Ken
tuckyr This Bank has issued largely,
-billa under ? the: denomination of $5,
"nd a we before stated, there is no se
curity on a single dollar, except over
45., Almost one year ago wo warned
the public of this. fact, and proved by
facts and figures that sock was the case ;
and if any of our readers find themselves
VT? axen m," tney can oiame none, but
.-hemse-ves. This is one of the results
vi -nsj unio email noio -jaw. - xne on
ly way We can1' get rid of this worthless
foreign trash is, to drive it right home
Bpon them,.r '..',.' . .7 f-
hi The Kanawha Bank is not considered
'good, j The i-itsworth Bank, (Maine)
Ealamasoo Rail Road Bank, (Michi-
,-gan) Suffolk Hank, Knickerbocker Bank
,aad .Eighth Avenue Bank, (N. Y. City)
-have fulfilled their fearful destiny.
Nearer home we-find the Kentucky
,Trast .Company Bank, in a precarious
condition. " Their doors arc closed ; when
-they will he opened, we cannot say. - The
only encouragement we can give bill
holders is, to ' watch and pray " for the
"good time coming All kinds of Indi
ana money is considered bad, except,
perhaps, the.. State Bank. Recollect,
reader, the whole of itls considered bad,
and most break soon. Those who take
'Indiana money after this date, do it at
, their -own risk. .. .; : i. ..
r The operations of the Small Note
"Law, has been rather oppressive up to
'the 'present ' time, but it is evidently
.bringing about good results. "Tirst, by
idriying home worthless , foreign Bank
paper j- secondly, it brings into circula
;tioa the paper of our own Bunks, and
Ctold an J Silver. '. Previous to the time
she law took . effect, scarcely a dollar of
Ohio money could be -bad, while Gold
and Silver was oat of the question. Now,
however.' we have a reliable currency.
.Truef Change .is. scarce, but a radical
-change cannot be effected in a day or a
month. .We confidently hope that a few
-jnnntha will 1monnrrnr,f tha utility of
-. : - j
the law. We shall at least have money
-,4hat we know something about.
f ' i ' .-. '' - .
The Next House of Representatives
-Elections have been held in eleven
States for members of the next House
of .Representatives, with the following
.esult : ..- -? ...
. Arkansas , - -; -.
. Iowa. w
fiVr'- Total, 24 . . 62
., ,1a the last Congress the. above States
were represented by 48 Democrats to 38
"Whigi."" The i six Whigs from Missouri
jarcr'all iia.- .favor of the Nebraska Uill,
. and Jhe probability ia, that although the
r- Hcmse may:be opposition by a .large
' preponderance, there will bo but a small
majority against that measure.
' " JC3C"TheIarfisbnrg(Pa.) Telegraph
T haa placed at the head of its column the
'same of James Pollock, the newly elco-"'-
d Governor, for President in 1856,
.in. i i j ..-j . . ;,
Correspondence of the Ashland Union.
FIFTH OHIO STATE I AIH.
Dk. Sheridan : I paid a flying visit
lo the State Fair on Thursday last.' As
yours is only a Weekly issue, I shall be
under the necessity of embodying in a
single letter all those things which I
considered worthy of " making a note
on ," and, consequently, will occupy more
spaco than may be agreeable to you or
your numerous readers.
THE TRIP DOWN.
We left Mansfield on the G:20 morn
ing train, via. S. M. & N. Rail Road
drawn by that eplendid locomotive,
" Hocking said to be one of the lar
gest and most powerful in tho State
Our train was augmented to forty-nine
cars before we reached Newark, and had
3600 passengers aboard. Wo were com
pelled to occupy a common box car, as
the Company had not regular passenger
cars . enough to accommodate the one
teutn part ot tne crowd. I ne morning
air was sharp and bracing, and King
Jack Frost showed his utter contempt
for all Liquor Laws, by furnishing the
entire company with nasal protuberances
very much resembling a beet. The
country along the Road from Mansfield
to Utica is broken and hilly, but from
the latter place to Newark is. a level
plain. When wo arrived1 at Frederick
some wag started the story that wc had
run ever a man a mile back. Of course
there was a general " piling oat " to bco
the " remains " of tho unfortunate indi
vidual borno to the station. It turned
out, however, that the luckless individ
ual aforesaid, was under a bridge!
Each gave his neighbor a knowing look,
as much as to "say, " anything green over
there ?" The sell was heartily enjoyed
by all who were not taken in. As the
train ncared Newark, at least 1000 male
passengers, .ourself among the number,
crawled on tP f the cars, to get a good
view of the City and surrounding couu
try.We arrived in town about 11 o'
clock, and was Won mingling with the
great crowd. Amid the hurrying and
bustling of people," the swearing of Je
hnes, and the rattling of vehicles, wo
made our way to the Depot of the Cen
tral Ohio Rail Road, took a special ac
commodation train, and in less than half
an hour was set down at
THE FAIR. GROUNDS. - . ' -
The Fair Grounds proper, consisted
of about 30 acres, enclosed by a high
board fence, wich included the famous
mounds about which there has been so
much said and little known. These
mounds are supposed by some to be the
remains of an ancient fortification. By
others, to have been a place of sacrifice
of some warlike race anterior to the As
tecs. And by others, a 'vast circle
thrown up by the Aborigines the orig
inal - " Know Nothings " into which
they drove the wild game, and slaugh
tered them without mercy. Leaving
these theories to the speculations of the
curious, we will enter
THE fNNEB CIRCLE, '
Upon entering the enclosure, a scene
grand and - imposing - preniulm- itoalf.
Standing on the outer embankment
which was 30 feet high we could take
in at a single glance the whole of the vast
arena. The crowd which tho officers
say wassli!o,UUU on JLnursaay was
moving to and fro like tho waves of the
sea. Sonio were visiting the Stock stalls
somo were in the Floral, Farmer's
Manufacturer's or Mechanic's tents-
some lounged at case on tho ancient em
bankments, while- hundreds of gaily
dressed ladies, with their male attend
ants " fast " young men promenaded
in the shade of the greate oldforest trees,
whose wide-spreading branches and yel
low foliage almost' excluded tho feeble
rays of tho October sun. Thousands of
peoplo surrounded' the Stock ring,' in
which was being displayed the best hor
ses of the . Buckeye State, Hero was a
little group of committee men, vainly
endeavoring to bump their honest pates
against a conclusion in regard to some
disputed point, while there was a lot of
urchins devouring ginger bread ," ap
parently without the slightest regard for
expenses." Everybody looked happy
and cheerful every " body seemed bent
on " going it " at all . ha:
was indeed gratifying, J1
the happy denizens o
ral districts of Ohio;
to honor the Enterprise
our nome otato. it was a luaion
in which" even the '? old fogies " of De
mocracy could heartily join. As we gazed
intently upon the imposing scene, visions
of the. future greatness of Ohio floated
through our imagination, and emotions
of pride swelled within our breast that
wo were one of even the humblest of her
. THE STOCK.
The display in Stock was grand, ex
celling, it is said, all former Fairs. - The
Stock stalls extended nearly around the
entire enclosure, and were nearly all oc
cupied.. Horses. Wo never was, and never
expect to be, much of a judge of " horse
flesh ," and, consequently, shall adopt
the opinions of others in regard to the
merits of the horses exhibited. Among
those which attracted favorable notice
was " Clay Trustee ," raised by Hon.
Henry Clat, and now owned by Dr. J.
Van Pearse, of Lancaster. He took
the first premium at the Springfield Fair.
" Flying Cloud owned by Messrs. Orr
& Lado, Melroso, Seneca county, at
tracted universal attention. ' He is one
of Black Hawk's best colts ; his owners
paid $3000 for him. Mr. King, of Ken
tucky, had on the grounds " Grey High
lander ," said to be one of the best blood
ed horses in tho United States. Mr.
King had also on the ground a three
years old black filly, which he sold fur
$500 ; and a two years old filly, which
ho refused to sell at any price. Mr. K.
took the prizes on thorough brede.
"Top Bcllfoundcr ," owned by James
Peirce, near Looray Licking county,
took the prize for the best " horso of all
work ." Mr. Warden, of Mt. Vernon,
took the premium on the best yearling
Cattle. The display of cattle was
certainly grand. The two great foreign
importations into our -State during the
past year, has had a decidedly beneficial
influence. The Short Horns were well
represented, but were excelled by tho
Ayrshires. Tho Durham cow " Star
Light ," imported last year by Hon.
Cha"le3 Phellis, was much admired.
She is three years old, and weighs 2000
lbs. " Giantess ," owned by John H.
Bbcck, of Petersburg, Highland county,
also deserves particular mention. She
is three-fourths Pattoti importation, and
it is attested that she has given 763 lbs
of milk in ten days 2G lbs to the pound
SJiccp. " In Sheep, the exhibition was
very large, more than four fold greater
than that at Cleveland two yearsago.
In the fiue wool, we have-among exhibi
tors, W. H. Ladd, tho Messrs. Iluinrick
house, of Coshocton ; Batchclo and
Howe, Manon, Kimball, Jewctt, etc.
In long wool, Penny, Chamberlin, Had
ley, Dr. 'Townsheud, &c, &c ."
Hogs. The display of hogs excelled
all former Fairs put together. Tkey
were all of tho finest breeds, and put for
ever to flight all our pre-conceived no
tions of famine and all that sort of thing,
this winter. We felt like exclaiming
with a Massachusetts poet,
Pull must he be who faili to recognize,
The grunting glorica of Columbia's Hties,
Would any Buckejro Moses dare forbid
The use ol pork J they'd lynch him if he did !
Pork, above all, felicitously great,
Squeals to found cities, dies to build a state.
Let other lands their lavorito beasts exalt!
Pigs are the things fur Sucker eong and salt. '
. Turn we now from the Stock, and en
ter the tents.
Floral Hall. Floral Hall, always
the centrepf attraction with tho ladies,
was a complete failure. We saw noth
ing worthy of notice except a largo Cac-
Uus, and that was brought there to sell.
The drouth has made sad havoC among
flowers and green house plants, the past
Summer. We have excelled tho exhibi
tion at some of our-own County Fairs.
The disappointifient of tho fair visitors",
was manifested by any amount of indig--
naut "pshaws," and other consoling
expressions. " There's a good time com
ing girls wait till next year.
Farmer s llcul. Xlio exhibition m
this department was as good as could be
expected. There were somo Sweet Po
tatoes that surpassed anythiug we have
ever seen, and would have proved most
excellent substitutes for brickbats in an
Irish melee. There was also a fair dis
play of Fruit, Vegetables, Honey, But
ter, Cheese, &c.
Mecluinic's Hall. The exhibition in
this department was very good fully
equal to any former Fair. To attempt
to particularize would bo useless. We
regret to loam that Messrs. Whiting
and Mansfield, our
both failed to get their Clover Machines
en tho ground, although eachmado eve
ry exertion to do so. Had they . suc
ceeded in getting them there, there can
bo no doubt as to who would havo taken
the first and second premiums on those
Manufacturer's Hull. This, to us,
was decidedly the most attractive feature
of tho exhibition. It was certainly hard
to excel, especially in the Fine Arts.
Ohio Artists never made a better display.
The Daguerreotypes were positively as
near perfection as t'uey well could be.
The subjects were all handsome, and the
pictures ditto. Faces were there, that if
the originals arc half as handsome, wo
need not hope for a deliverance from su
icides for love's sake during this genera
tion at least.
' GENERAL ITEMS.
' The whole number of entries was near
ly 1900 -about 300 more than at any
former Fair. ' .
- The number in attendance is also said
to have been larger than ever before.
Wc were informed by ono of tho offi
cers, that the receipts would not fall
much short of $20,000.
Pickpockets were as thick as buzzards
on a carcass. One unfortunate man was
relieved of a wallet containing $1000.
The general arrangement of the whole
Grounds was excellent, and did great
credit to the Officers of the Society.
The many kind attentions which the Ed
itorial fraternity received at their hands,
will long bo remembered.
We will now take a glance at things
OUTSIDE THE CIRCLE.
As we passed through the main exit
gate, our ears were - saluted with a
series of noises that sounded worse
than the " confusion of tongues " at Ba
bel. It seemed as' if. the whole army of
damned spirits in Pandemonium had
emerged from their subterranean abodes,
and had came up to dance a hornpipe for
the- special edification of Buckeyedom.
Here was about a dozen different can
vass tents erected, in which were being
exhibited some of the greatest living cu
riosities ever seen by mortal man. The
first was a " French Giant " something
less than twelve feet high, while next
door was a Cow with an extra horn grow
ing out of the middle of her neck, which
seemed to be designed expressly for play
ing the " gouge game ," when she had a
hostile meeting with any female quadru
peds. Here was tho body slave of Gen.
Washington, 120 years old, who was
represented by a painting on the outside
as pushing the General's old " war boss "
back on his haunches, and looking any
amount of daggers at the innocent brute,
by way of displayinghis authority. Next
came , a, band of Negro Minstrels. A
famous " colored pnsson " was giving a
grau-1 '' breakdown ," both heels turned
up like a Laplander's sled runners, whilo
in the back ground a grand " overture "
was being performed by tho balance of
tho Company. The famous " Bearded
Lady ," and Miss Coots, the "Fat Wo
man ," held their levees in the next tents.
Next comes a Mustang horse without
any hair on, who is making a bee line for
tho chaparral in the distance, with John
Gretnbr, of tho State Journal, close in
his wake,, in the act of throwing the
"lasso." The largest . Anaconda ever
captured, was also exhibited in the same
tent. A Monster Ox weighing 5000 lbs
next door. Then comes a grand cosino
rainio view of the Universe, with a paint
ing on the outside originally used to
frighten children with. ' Each of these
humbugs were supplied with a brace of
gassy orators, who gave glowing descrip
tions of tho wonders which could be socu
within for " only a divie " Add to
these Uncle Tom's Cabin, Flying Hor
ses, Swings, the ercrfasting New Eng
land Soap man, and the yelling of about
two hundred Omnibus boys, and you
can form some idea of the " noiso and
reonfusion " that reigned. " outside the
Close by, tho Ashland Boys had erec
ted a very comfortable booth, which we
found under the special targo of " Fath
er Mathcw'." By the way, the old gen
tleman tells a good story on the boys,
which wc will repeat, at tho same time
begging pardon for giving it publicity.
Just -above the entrance the boys had
placarded in largo capitals tho words
" Ashland Boys ." This attracted the
attention of an elderly couple from tho
interior, who were strolling about in the
vicinity. "Ashland Hoars' read the
old gentleman. " La me, husband ,"
exclaimed tho old lady, " I wonder wby
they don't take them up to the stalls,
where the. rest of the hogs arc?''' You
havo only to mention this little circum
stance in the presence of any of the boys,
to send them instautly in search of some
one round, the nearest corner.
- Mounting an Omnibus, we left the
Fair Grounds at 5 o'clock, under a per
fect canopy of dust, and reached the city
justinimo to take the evening train for
home. We were soon " rushing o'er the
plains ," . homeward, at the rate of. 30
miles per hour, fully convinced by what
we had seen during the day that this is
a great country that Ohiol3 a great
State, and.her Fairs " swino pumpkins !"
I beg pardon, Mr. Editor,' for having
occupied so much of your space; but
how could I have said lea?, and done jus
tice to tho best State Fair 'Sfer held in
Ohio? " B.
Correspondence of the Ashland Union.
New York, Oct. 2lst, 1854.
The gloom which fell upon our City
like a visible shadow when the loss of
the Arctic was announced, has not yet
disappeared. It is true that the arri
val at St. Johns, N: F., of the Propel
ler Vesta, with thirty-one of the Steam
er's Crew, and tho intclligcnco that the
HlwlownsmTOj4sCQnil -ateIsboat Andihcrcntain-
mg together forty-hvo persons reached
Cape Raco in b-futy, havo lessened
the supposed aggregato of victims ; but
as nearly all the rescued are employees
of the ship who like base dastards de
serted their duty in the hour of peril,
tho report of their safety creates very
little interest in tho public mind. '
The entire number of lives known to
be saved thus far, is' one hundred and
eight, and tl0 three boats not yet heard
from are estimated to have contained
from seventy-five to one huudrcd souls,
One of these missing crafts was manned
by Mr. Soulie, the first mate, tho boat
swain, and four hands, who were sent by
Captain Luco, to look after tho Propel
ler, and could not afterwards be taken
on board the Arctic. Tho other two
were first class life-boats which might
be made to hold forty or fifty persons
each. Mr. Burns, tho Agent of Adams
& Co., states positively that one of them
was nearly filled with -ladies, only four
men being on board of her when she
pushed off from the wreck. He thinks
this boat had oars. . How the other life
boat was occupied none of tho survivors
who have been heard from, seem to
It is a matter of doubt whether the
family of Mr. Collins wero tilted into
the sea by the breaking of a boat's tackle
or not. They may have been among
the ladies in the life-boat, yet it is quite
as probable that the first account was
true. There is not, I fear, any good
ground for believing they were saved.
The fearful les3on taught by this ca
tastrophe will not be lost upon the own
ers of our Ocean Steamers. The Im
portant fact connected with this disas
ter cannot fail to make an indellible im
pression upon all " who go down to the
sea in ships." Tho Arctic was racing
through a blind fog at the rato of thir
teen knots an hour, when the Vesta
struck her ; she had no fog-bell ringing ;
and with four hundred souls on board
she had not boats for two hundred.
Possible the aix boats might have sus
tained two hundred and fifty persons
afloat in still water, but they could not
have been rowed and steered properly
with more than one hundred and fifty
on board. Of this I am positive, aa I
know the size of the craft. There should
bo a fog-bell continually ringing in a
fog' and the speed checked to preveut
accidents of this kind.
There are rumors about town this
morning that Mr. Collins has-become
insane. This I find on inquiry, to' be
untrue. He is, however, laboring un
der great prostration-of body and mind.
Confusion worscj?ounae( reigns in
the political cffpnero. For the May-
oralityJffito " aro six. Richiuonds in
thc-flcTil," viz : Augustus School, hard
Shell democrat ; Fernando Wood, both
shell democrat ; John J. Hcrrick, whig;
James W. Barker, know-nothing ; John
N. Geuiug, independent ; Wilson G-.
Hunt, reform. " For most of tho Charter
offices there are from three to five can
didates, and who will come right side
up out the Chaos, (Eoirus himself co'ild
not guess. The oldest and shrewdest
campaigner are at fault, as well they
may be, after the late astounding news
from Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana.
The verdict in the case of Dr. Gra
ham seems to give universal satisfaction.
His counsel have given notico of a bill
of exceptions, but if wise, they will not
move for a new trial. Another jury
might be less lenient. Tho maximiuni
of punishment uuder tho verdict, is sev
en years imprisonment, and the general
opinion seems to be, that ho should be
sentenced for the full term. .lager,
found guilty of manslaughter in . the
third degree, has been condemned to
the State Prison for three years. - His
offence was the stabbing to death of a
man named Moran, during a drunken
quarrel. Yesterday another fatal knife
case was concluded in the court of Oyer
aud Terminer. The prisoner, Charles
Graham, was found guilty in the same
degree as lager, and received the eaiuc
sentence. It would seem, however, the
spirit which is rit'o among the rowdies of
this city, has not been checked by tho
lato examples. A deliberate homicide
was committed in Bromc Street last
night by an unknown man, who leaped
upon the platform of a Harlaciu car and
knocked the brakemau off. Tho unfor
tunate man, whoso name was Rickcrt,
died fifteen minutes afterwards in con
sequence of tho injuries he received by
the fa.lL A rowdy who had been en
gaged in a disputo with Rickcrts on
Wednesday last, is suspected to be the
guilty party, but he has not yet ' been
ir'oiiie of the small Banks, of this city
are shaking in the wind. ' The Knicker
bocker, Suffold, Eighth Avenue and
Bank of tho Union, have suspended op
'erations, and their circulation is going in
for redemption. It is scarely possible
that bill-holders should sustain any loss
by the failure of these concerns, what
ever may bo the fate of tho depositors.
The fact is, we have too . many banks of
the small fry class. They do auythiug
but a legitimate business, aud the soon
er they are wound up and their notes re
deemed from tho proceeds of their stock
in the hands of the comptroller, the bet
ter. The Kuickei-bocACr Savings Bank
dlso has failed. . -
The weather hero is warm enough for
August, and the furs, merinos, and oth
er winter goods, behind the plate-glass
windows of the fashionable stores in
Broadway, look singularly unseasonable.
The cholera, which has nearly ceased
its ravages on terra Jirnt i, is making
frightful havoc at sea. Ou board the
Harvest Queen, froia Liverpool, and
the PisaUorc; from Havre, both arrived
t yesterday, the tot aj. number of deaths on
Vthe voyage was one hundred andtwenty-
fiyc.Lj3eycuty-five dead bodies, were
thrown overboard from the former aud
fifty from the latter.
Business continues to bo dull, and.re
trcnchincnt of expenses seems to be the
order of the day among our merchants;
still there are no heavy failures, and al
though wc shall probably havo a "tight"
time this fall and next winter, there is
a fair prospect of a renewal of trade iu the
spring. The Clearing house which was
established last spring by the different
banks, has been the cause of the sus
pension of the banks reported above. If
a bank fails to settle up its account dai
ly, it is suspended from tho paivilegcs
of the House, which causes a general
run upon it, which few banks can gp
THE EUROPEAN WAR.
Details of the JVetcs by the Balt ic. The
Battle of tie Alma.
The following is a copy of a telegraphic
dispatch from Visoount Stratford De
Rcdcliffo to the Earl of Clarendon, dated
Constantinople, September 23d, 1854,
and transmitted by her Majesty's consul
general at Belgrade, under September
30th, 7 A. M.:
"The entrenched camp of the' Russ
ians, containing 50,000 men, with a nu
merous artillery aud cavalry, on the
heights of the Alma, was attacked on
the 20th instant, at 1 P. M., by the allied
troops, and carried by the bayonet at
half-past three, with a loss on our side
of about 1,400 killed and wounded, and
an equal loss on the side of the French.
The Russian army was forced to put it
self in full retreat. "
War Department, Oct. I, '54. .
The Duke of Newcastle has this da
received a telegraphic dispatch from
General Lord Raglan, dated Sept. 21, of
which the following is a translation :
" The allied armies yesterday attacked
the position of the enemy on the heights
above tho Aluia, and carried it, after a
desDcrato battle, about one hour and a
half beforo sunset. Nothiug could sur
pass the bravery and excellent conduct
of the troops. The position was very
formidable, and defended by a numerous
artillery of heavy caliber. Our loss, 1
regret to add, is very considerable, but
no general officer has been wounded.
The main body of the army of the ene
my was estimated at from 45,000 to 50,
000 infantry. A few prisoners, among
whom are two general officers, and two
guns, have been taken by the English.
From other sources we learn that tho
Russian artillery was arranged in three
batteries, and that the Russian force was
quite 50,000 men, including a fair prop
ortion of cavalry. The battle commenc
ed at 1 o'clock in the afternoon, and at
3 o'clock the Russian position was car
ried by the bayonet. Marshal St. Ar
naud and Lord Raglan commanded per
sonally. The English steamers protect
ed the passage of the Alma from the sea,
Gt-u. Tlioniassoii (Fi-cuch)riw.i3 ahot in
the abdomen. uuio;icd fatally, and Gen. I
Caurobcrt was wounded in the .shoul
der. The following, from the " Monitcur, "
is the dispatch from MnrshalSt Arnaud
to his Government r ' ' . v" ""
" Bivouac on the Alma, Sept., 20.
We encountered tho enemy ' to-day
on the Alma. The woody ravine through
which tho river runs, studded with
houses, and having very steep slopes' ou
tho left bank, was occupied by the enemy
in great force. These slopes were strong
ly entrenched, and covered by a power
ful artillery. The allied armies attacked
those difficult positions with unparalleled
vigor. Our soldiers advanced to the as
sault with cries of Vive VIZempcreurt '
and carried all before them. The bat
tle lasted four hours, and our loss was
1,400 killed and wounded. I am as yet
ignorant of the loss sustained by the
English army, which fought valiantly
against au obstinate resistance.
' St. Arnaud."
the battle of kalantai tlains SECOND
-defeat or the Russians,
From tho small number of guns or
prisoners taken by the allies at tho Al
ma on the 21st, wc infer that their (tho
allies) success amounted to no more than
driving the Russians from their position
on the Lights. At all events, Prince
Menohikoft' had managed again to bring
his forces into order, aud on the 23d of
September, he gave battle to the advanc
ing forces in the plains of Kalantai, ou
the river Katcha. After a sanguinary
eugugcnieutu, which lasted sonic hours,
the Russians wore totally defeated, and
pursued to their entrenchments before
Sebastopol. Here they appear to have
made a third stand and to have again
offered battle to the invaders. .
From our scanty materials, we find it
impossible to make anything like a con
nected account of the attack on Sebas
topol. The dispatches published in the
English papers, abound iu repetitious
A dispatch from Onier Pnsha to the
Turkish Minister at Vienna, is reported
to state that ' Sebastopol is taken with
all its material nn& Jlcet. The garrison
were offered free withdrawal, but they
preferred remaining prisoners of war.-
They surrendered on the 25th."
We havo no trustworthy intelligence
of what part the fleet played in th con
flict. - One account says that ten Russ
ian ships-of-war were burned and sunk.
Another says that the fleet surrendered
and took no part in the fight. Yet anoth
er states that Fort Coustautine blew up,
or was blown up by shells from the Eng
lish ships. And a statement is made
which may have sonic foundation in
truth, to the effect that the .Russians
were totally disheartened by their re
peated defeats, and did net make a pro
tracted resistance, as they might have
done. Their fearful loss, (18,000.) how
indicates a sufiicicn
Warsaw, Sept. 27th.
It is confidently asserted that the
Emperor Nicholas will conic here early
Vienna, Sunday, (Additional.) Both
Cracow and Olmutz have beon made
store places for ammunition aud arms,
and every thing tends to show that Au
stria is preparing for a war with Russia.
Should the Frankfort Diet join with
Prussia, Austria is resolved to enforce
the four guarantees, in common with the
Western Powers, without either Prussia
or tho minor States.
THE VERV LATEST THE FALL OF SEItAS-
TOrOL 1 OUBTFCL.
Vienna, Tuesday, Oct. 3.
Prince MenchikofTs dispatch to St.
Petersburg, is doubtless dated the 20th,
not the 20th, for his last dispatch was
eleven days en route.
The local papers published the follow
ing : Five hourn after the bombardment,
Fort Coustautine blew up. Ten thou
sand Russians were buried in its ruins.
Paince Alenchikoit' fled to Fort Alexan
der, where IS, 000 Russians surrendered.
Tho -.illied fleets simultaneously destroy
ed the outer harbor fort; and vanguard
of the Russian fleet. Prince Menchikoft
is reported to have unconditionally sur
rendered on tho 20th.
The Morning Chronicle, after investi
gating the sources from which we deriv
ed the iutellij;onee of the fall of Sebas
topol, remarks that there were many.de
tails of the story which savored rather
too much of tho melo dramatic eflect to
be implicitly adopted, aud asks why the
news sent to Omcr Pasha should not
have been simultaneously sent to the
English and French Governments? Still,
adds the Chronicle, there can be little
doubt that by this time tho desired suc
cess has crowned our offorts, and at all
events it can only be postponed a few
days longer. Tho retreat' of Prince
JJenchicaff with his army would amount,
in fact, to abandoning Sebastopol to its
fate, and although very little is certain
ly known of the capabilities of tho place
for defense, wc arc at least assured that
the term fortress is very inaccurately ap
plied to it, and that it could not offer a
prolonged resistance to the arms of tho
allies. The hope of the Russian Gen
eral would be, no doubt, to receive rein
forcements sufficient to enable him to ad
vance and relieve tho town, but when we
consider that 20,000 additional troops,
including a strong force of cavalry, must
already have joined the allied command
ers, we may feel satisfied that they will
give an excellent account of whatever
hostile army may bo brought to inter
rupt their operations.
- THE NEWS OF THE VICTORY.
When the news" reached Constantino
ple, it was ordered that the city should
be illuminated for ten successive days.
Marseilles' was illunrnatod when the
news was brought to that port. On
reaching Boulogne, the dispatch was con
veyed at once to the Emperor, who was
engaged in reviewing tho troops, hie
hastily perused the cypher, then turned
to his generals and said quietly, " Sottas-
topot est 2rise ! " The announcement
was received with cheers, aud was briefly
communicated by the Einperor to the
army. He said : " This news "was prob
able. I havo now the happiness to an
nounce it to you myself, aud at the mo
ment I speak I have little doubt that
the flags of the allied armies aro floa'ting
On the walls of Sebastopol."'
At Liverpool," Manchester aud other
cities, the news was welcomed by t tho
riuging of church-bells and by the dis
play of flags. -At London, the Lord
Mayor aud civic authorities, shortly be
fore 10 o'clock, on the cveuiuar of Satur
day, Sept. 30th, proceeded to the Royal
Kxchange to proclaim tne victory ol Al-
, . . ' T- v " ' .
THE GENERALS WHO HAVE FALLEN THE
1 1 mentioned yesterday the rumor cur
rent that the bravo Ge:reral Canrobert
had been- killed, i I hav. since learnt,
and it will give satisfaction not uly in
France but in England, that the rumor
is now stated to be only partly true. : It
is said that Geperal Canrobert is only
wounded, but that General ..Thomassou
is killed. r There appears to-be no doubt
that two of tho French Generals are lur
de compat, and that at least one of them
is killed ; but in the midst of so many
conflicting rumors," it may turn o-ut that
there is a mistiko as to the names. I
also hear that three Russian Generals
aro killed. ' -'-- " ': ' '
Tho Chasseurs de Vincenns are said
to have distinguished themselves great
ly. It was that distinguished corps
which Carried the heights in front of the
French position at the point of the bay
onet. As I am mentioning the reports
in circulation, I may state that it has
been asserted here to-day that the cause
of tho unexpectedly rapid fall of Sebas
topol was tho fact that the Fort duNord
was garrisoned by 10,000 Polish troops,
who laid down their arms and . surren
dered tho fort without firing a shot. I
have no means of cither confirming or
contradicting this report ; but even if it
were correct, it would appear a doubtful
reason for tho immediate .surrender of
Sebastopol, if it be true, as stated by
Marshal Marmont, in his memoirs, -that
the Fort du Nord so far beyond the range
of tho place that it is of no use either
for tho purposes or defense of attack.
Morning Chronicle Corespondence.
Tho Invasion of the Crimea-Incidents
of the Cumpalg, &c.
DESTRUCTION OF OLD -FORT.
The place selected for landing is a
low strip ef beach and shingle cast up
by the violence of the surf, and forming
a sort of causeway between the sea and
a stagnant salt water lake one of these
remarkable deposits of blackish water so
frequent along this shore of the Crimea
and which abound close to our present
quarters. The lake is about one mile
long aud half a milo broad, and when
we first arrived its boarders and surface
wero frequented by vast flocks of wild
fowl. There is another sheet to the
south cf us, and there is another to the
north, betweeu our camp and Eupatoria.
The causeway is no more than two hun
dred yards broad, and it leads at the
right or southern extremity of the lake,
'by a gentle asceut,!to an irregular, table
land or plateau of trifling elevation, dot
ted with tuiuoli, or barrows, such as are
seen iu several parts of England, and
extending to the base of tho very re
markable chain called, from their shape,
the Tent mountains. . Towards the sea,
this plateau presents a precipctous face of
red clay-and sandstone, varyii gin bight
from 100 to 150 feet, and it terminates
by a descent almost to the sea level, at
the distance of noiirly two miles from the
shores of the lake. Thence towards the
south thero is a low sandy bdaeli, with a
fringe of shingle raised by tho action of
tho waves above' the level of the land,
aud saving it from inundation. This
low coast runs as far as the eye can'
reach till it is lost beneath the" base of
the jmountaia ranges over Sebastopol
The country inland, visible fiom the
decks of the ships, is covered with cattle,
with grain iu stacks, with farmhouses,
aud seems capable of producing immense
quantities of live stock and fodder.
The stuble fields are now covered with
wild lavender! southern wood, and. other
fragrant shrubs, which tho troops are
now busily collecting for fuel, and which
fill the air with an aromatio perfume.
We could see the people driving their
carts and busy in their ordinary ociu
pations. Now and then some Cossack,s
were visible, scouring along tho roads
from the city of Simteropol, the capital
and down south towards the menaoed
stronghold of the . .Czar, but they were
not numerous. v . -;J . .
THE LANDING OF THE TROOPS.
As the ships of our expedition drew
iu lines parallel to the beacli the French
fleet passed under steam, and extended
itself on the richt, and ran in closa to
tho shore, below t he cliffs of the plateau,
There small war steamers went much
nearer than ours were allowed to go
and a little after seven o'clock the first
French boat put off from one of the men
of war, not more than fifteen or sixteen
men were on board her. She : . was
beached quietly on shore at the southern
extremity ot the red cltn. The -crew
leaped out, they formed into a knot, -on
the strand, and , seemed busily engaged
for a few ; moments - over one spot - -of
grouud, aa though they were - digging a
grave. Presently a flug stall was visible
above their heads, and iu a moment more
the tricolor was run up to the top, and
fluttered out gaily to tho winder. The
French .were thus the. first in taking
possession and seizins tho Crimea.
There was no enemy iu sight; The
most scrutinizing gaze at this moment
could not have detected a hostile uniform
along the coast, . The French admiral
fired a gun - shortly after, eight o'clock,
and tho disembarkation of their troops
commenced. In . twenty-two : minutes
they - say that they got 0,000 men on
shore. Tho ; instant the French , bad
landed, a regiment" was . pushed on to
reconoiter, skirmishers or pickers ,were
sent on in front. As each regiment
followed in column, its predecessor, do-
ployed, extended front, and advanced in
light . marching ; order.. ' 'tirailleur,
spreading out like a fan over the plains.
It was most curious and interesting to
observe their progress, and to note the
rapid nianer in which thev were ap
propriating the soil. In-about an hour
utter their nrst detaenment naa lanaea
nearily 9,000 troops on shore, and their
advanced posts were faintly discernible
between three and four miles from the
beach, like little black specks moving
over the corn fields, and darkening the
highways and meadow paths.. .
The French armv were on board a
line of battle shins, and were at once
carried from their decks to the laud by
tho men of war's boats. The Montebel
lo caried upwards of 1,400 men, in addi
tion to her crew. - The Valmy had in
all 3,000. ... The Ville de Paris and
Henri Quatre were laden with men in
proportion, aud all the line of battle
ships and steamers had full cargoes of
troops. In fact, it was found that their
small brigs and schooners were neither
safe nor comfortable, and that they were
better suited , for carving stores , and
horses than men. t The fleet of French
men of war carried more than 20,000
men. . - Onr. army amounted to 27,000
men, and were embarked in a vast nuni-
bre of transports, covering a great ex
tent of" water. But they were, carried
in comfort and safety, and though there
was still much sickness on board, it was
as nothing compared with the mortality
amongst the closely packed Jb rcucn.
Perhaps no army ever was conveyed
with such luxury and security from shore
inshore as ours, in tho Wboto history
- -bdlft'iO o'cloc
rtui to thettfore of
clock one black" ball was
the Agamemnon, and
a ffunwaJ nre5. to enforce attention to
boala to afsem.e uid ships, for which.
- - B
they are told oh to Ofsembark infantry
and artillery.-. The7C Wa do enemy in
sight, but long before' the French had
landed their first boat's c.Vgo the figure
of a moutftcd officer, followed by three
CoBsaeks', had fallen within the fft f
many a glass.- The Rusians was ffJiB
about 1,1 00 yards. He . -rode slowly
along by the w-ge of the cliff, apparent'
ly-noting the number, . and disposition,
of the fleet, and taking notes with great
calmness in a memorandum book. IIe
wore a dark green frock coaf, with a"
little silver lace a cap of the same color,
a sash round his waist, and lobgkleathcr
boots. His horse, a fine bay charger,
was a strange contrast' to' the shaggy,
rough dittle steeds of liia followers, the
Cossacks tout, compact "looking fcl
ows, .with '.sheepskin .caps,", u'uco'uth
clothing, of indiscHui'matjEj cut y and high,
saddles. -E.iel of thes. C )J3 v?ks CivrrujiP.
a iahco of soma 'fifteen faet.iu length'
and a heavy looking ' 'saber. ; At .. times'
they took rapid turns by thedge of the
cliff in front of us nowlo the left, new
to- tho. rear of their pfucer,and occaimm
ly they dipped out of sight over he hill
altogether. Then they ;arno" ,bick
flourishing their lances; and pointing,- .to
tho accumulating masspf the. French , it "
their right, not nioro than, half a plo
from then on the shorey or scampering
over the hill to report progress as to the
lines of English boats; advancing to" jtho
beach. Their offiecrrcmainjpdj for -Jin
hour withinrango of a Miuie, riffej aiid
when . the Highflyer .stood, in close to
shore lie was coolly making-a sketch,
his portfolio. v', , -. j j.
DESTKUCTIOX OF THfilKUSSUW CAMP.
At -one o'clock utost of tho regiments
of the light division had.moved effXha
beach over the hill, and across the' coin
try towards a village,, near . which tho
advance of the French: left had already
approached. The second ibattaiionof"
the rifle brigade led the i way, (Covering;
the advance with a cloud of skirnrishersr
and the other regiments followed; 4n Tpr--dcr
of their eeniority the artilery, under'
Captain Auderson, bringingp the rear.
By this " timeJ "the Tain began to fall
pretty heavily, and the wind rose 'uoa
to send a little surf on the beach. . The
Duke of Cambrige, : followed by Major
Macdonald, led off hid4 division next in
order, and many of the staff officer who
ought to' have been "liiouuted, marched
on foot,as their horses were not yet landed
Whilo tho troops" weaec disembarking,
one of the reconnoitering steamers re
turned with the news of a Rusian camp-..
situated near the beach about eight miles.
south of the place where we'were land
ing. The Sampson, the Fury, and the
Vesuuius, in company with three French
steamers, at once proceeded to the spot
indicated. . They found a camp of about
6,000 men formed at a mile's distanco
froni the sea. The steamers opened fire
witli shell at 3,000 yards. The French
shells burst in the ai, or fell short.
The Fury and Vesuvius were , little
more successful,, but the Sampsou pitch
ed shell Tight in among the tents, knock
ing thrm over right aud left, and driving ,
the soldiers in swarms-out of the camp,
which was destroyed after lc.-s than aiu
hour's firing. . '" , -' ?
A DASHING). FLEET.
I-have heard of. a dashing thingdoue
by some of the 7th and; the Rifl.;s, who
wero among the earliest, arrivals." " On
reaching the rising' grVmhd they observed
five Rusian bullock wagons, guarded by
somo Cossucks,Tn the distance; thc i-i-mediately
gave ch'asej and the enemy at
once fled without striking a'blow ; on
looking round they saw. a dozen more at
a small distauco which they captuied inf
like manner, making in all 84 j wagons,
containing flour, 1G6 oxen, and six cam
els. Tbesi spolia jrrimia of the war
were probably the baggage wagons of the
Russia, es retreating f rim Sebastopol.
THE FIRST BIVOUACT.''"-
No tents were scut . on shore,', partly
because there had been no time to ' land
them,- partly because there was uocer
tainly of our being able to find carriage
for them. Towards night the sky looked
very black and lowering; the wind ro.-to
and the rain ML The showers increas
ed in violence abont midnight, and early
in the' morning the water fell in drench
ing sheets, which pierced through tho
blankets and great coats of the houseless
aud teutlcss soldiers. It was their first
bivouce a hard trial enough, in alleon
cience worse than all their experiences
of Bnlgaria or Gallipbli, for there they
had their tcnts,'aud now they learned to
value their, canvass coverings at "their
true worth. Old generals and young
lords and gentlemen were exposed hour
after hour to the violence of pitiless
storms with no bed but the reeking pud
dle under the saturated -blanket or bits
of useless water proof wrappers, and the
twenty odd thousand ' poor fellows, who
could not get " dry bits " of ground and
had to sleep, or try to sleep, in little
lochs and water cources no fire to cheer
them, no hot grog, and the prospect of
no breakfast. Sir George Brows slept
uuder a cart tilted over.-: -The Duke of
Cambridge had some similar contrivance.
Sir De Lacy Evans was the only gen
eral whose staff had been careful enough
to provide him with a tent, v In one re
spect the rain was of service it gave wa
ter ; but then it put fire out of the ques
tion, even if the men could have scraped
up wood .to make it. '. The country is,
however, quite : destitute of timber.
During the night it blew trcsnly trom
the west, a heavy sea tumbled into tho
bay, and sent a high surf on the beach,
which- interfered with the process of
landing cavalry and artilery. The most
serious results of the wcttiug was a great
increase m illness among xneiiroops.---SeverSl
oases of ohalarrv ocenred, and
one officer of the 23d died, after few
hours' illness. ' ', i ' ' - v '
Lord Cardigan and his staff landed
from the Himalaya at six o'clock on
Friday evening. Lord Lucan also land
ed on the same evening. The whole of
the English cavalry-' out ncre witn-A
Lieutenant General to command it and
a Major General second in command
with a large staff divisional and of brig
ades, with Quartcrmaster-Gcneral-and
Adjutant-General, with staff dragoons,
with ' aides-de-camp, ; Major of Brigade
and commissariat officers attached, does
not muster more than one' thousand sa
bers.. iLord ! Cardigan . star ted ona re
connoissance next morning, with a por
tion of the 8th hussars, 13th light dra
goons, two hundred and sixty rifles of
1st . battallion, and two horse artillery
guns. . They went twenty : flve miles
saw no -Cossaks, returned very -much
fatigued, and suffered sef erily from want
of water. Tho hoases had nothing to ,
drink.from tho time they left the ehipa
till Suuday moruiug---more than 4airty
hours.. : , ; .