f": - -
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- ;- - : ''''i .,, ''.Vn'' .Ci'L '---' 'ri .:.'-?.--
Fa a i
1 - V I I II
c ffitrHq - mllq ; Heujsjjapn lfuotfb ta Xiglji Xttrrafarr, HCSfiuv lr altarr, tl?c Slrts unb". 'fifiifpvoil0, "JllrriiaiiirB, Jllarkcts, (Brnrral Iiiiflligrnrf, DiHsrmination of rrnofratif fJrinriplrje., &r.
ASHLANI), ASHLAND COUNTY, OHIO, WEDNESDAY MORN ING, NOVEMBER 8, 1854.
JAS. STEWART A- -Pres't Judge.
A. LI CURTIS-. ----ProBATE Judge.
"J. SHERIDAN --Clerk C.C. Pleas.
ALEX. PORTER- -V-- -Pros. Att't.
"-ISAAC 7 GATES .i -----Auditor.
' JAMES W.BOYD. Treasurer.
JOHN D. JONES --------Sheriff.
" ASA S. REED. -1---Recorder.
ORLOW SMITH-. Surtetor.
JOHN G. BROWN .-- -Coroner.
' LUKE SELBYi ' COMMWSIOMERS.
" AMOS HILBORN, ) ,
DAVID BR YTE, V tL
-PATRICK KELLEY, J
WILSON BOTDORF, ) ViaECTO'ts-
'- KHOOLEXAniNEBS. '
; GEORGE W. HILL . - Ashland.
ORLOW SMITH Sullivan.
" J. McCORMICK.- --LOCDONVUJ.E.
WM. RALSTON Mayor.
-J. MDSGRAVE .-.---Recorder.
E. W. WALLACK Treasurer.
Bi. P FDLKERSON - - - --Marshall.
A. DRUM B, 1 -
-w-rw xkIAn TV TFT? I
8. u. w wixvoxx, i Trustees.
U. AMf.o, I
1. C. BCSHNELL.J
TUB deniCMd wtMicet ta Ik. ttlllle thu he
kuutii lull charge of tfc Hutcl 1. (ke Tiil
- am of Uraan. Awlud uuotr- -l hmnfcfal fr past
feura. k. kupe. mil ul ki old umwuert will !
kirn .MIL K jtliiac will to pjk. 1
wko Krw f cwutariMM. '
tirT A rtwd BwMi wiU si "! o. on k.n.
cU4. 1U JAMIM ALBEKSQ5
iiriM.liy KIMMRUMAN. ProprUtcr; Bow-
Vf karf,AkMu CMtaty
May SI. ! u-tl-
KROS, Ohi.; G. KAYNOLDS, Proprietor.
L jHtrr W. 1B44. i-U.
fT'HB.berfcegleatoii.o-jnce that be
. L pnM -a U jUL. to be called the Miller
ila.ee " airecuy uppuait. the Sainpeelt Huaie,
Mai. Street, Aaklasd, a. reapecuully soliciisa
Kara of ik. public patronage. MlLLtK.
A.hland-Marckttta. I4k. tf.
HATlSC lesaed tk abere. aaaied rrooa. for .
ivral r jean, tke aadersicaed reapecttuUy
Mll.ita bar. l la. puklic paurouaee. lio paiua
will ke pared l eje coarlotlable allUoae wbo
cor ai -Uk.ca,J.uAM ROBlS1.OK.
' A.kla.d.Noe.83. I6S3. "6tf
J9SKPU DKVAKMAK. baving agalu taken the
above Hoaae, will be prepared i accoiuoiouale
ll ateoldfrieuds who aay favor kim with '
L.adoBTUi..Aov 2id.iei3. - SU
jueraey at iaw. Jmstict mf tee Peace,
ILL vrompUy atiead to all unroeea loiruaieu
t. ke cart. iL7 twnca, eo. er of J4aia and
Attorn mt Lair,
' r' OUDOSVILLE.JIehlaod toanty.Oklo. Prompt
- iA atleollou clv.tt to aU kaatueae coaueit a wiui
ac legal prfiun.
Juue 14. US54 3U
,M U 1TMI. . I .Koaua a. raaaaa
Tia, OAi. I -iealaaa, OAie. .
WATWH A; PAttKEK,
ertrya t CmmaUmrt
ex Law If Mr ia CAaaeery;
ww a u I Kr .. rnrnM a
coparlBerehip, will give
CX proaipt altenuoa to all boueaenlNiatedto
their care (a tateaael irnii(
tWeseartr opwoett Ue axupell tiouec. . .. .
Aeblaad. t. a3d, 18a3.
. : tluBEUT BEEUi
4lrra eai Cnrltor at Law.
OWrcB, ow at RWet Weat of tke Sarap
att Horn, Afalait, ubio. . .v.
seuvtk w. tKLLOee. aauiii a abuaoa.
KELLUC6 et ALLISON,
Hariaeyaa Law and Solicitor in Chancrri;
- -TW a .11 nrnleafciunal butinee. CD
- YV- truaied to Iheircaie, in thieaad adjoining
Matiea. Aeklaad.Kov. iga 1H53. tJ
- . J. w. sniru,
. ttlarsey nf Counsellor at Lawt ,
.Avirir-v -r lirur Store of SampaeU at Co. Bail
V -( b tbie and aeighboriug coualiei prompt
aesa ia tbie and aei
ly alteaded to.
Aaklaud. Ko. WdjlSM.
HB.1KT & POBXEK,
TTTILL atleud proupUy to all wiiuewjnirBiicu
If xu tkeir care lit ime auu aujuiu.us
Ode. ea corner or aaia aad t,ourtance.
:II.IUTU. . : I - ' '
. FUJETOIV efc McCOMMS .
w ... Attorn and Coantellor at Law;
-VFIOK oa Maia atreet. oer the btor. oi t
t' U. Ml. Ak Md. AIUllDabWlH.il
TUUMA8 J. BULL
.-n-mKV AT LAW and Justice of the
: A. Pease. Loudja'viile, Asulaud County, Ohio.
i H.veniber fcd. lc3.
J. BOSS. St. !..
Practitioner of Ueaicineand Surgery,
ILL give prompt attenron to all call, in
HayeeTiile, July b, 1S54.
X. 11. ULAUK, SI. D.,
PP1CK orsoelteP. A J. Kisser's Store, Mala
Street. Ask land, Ainiuu muij,u.
Ashland, Feb. It, lr.
1. L,. CiCAJIE, M.
Sara-sea aad Oceiisl.
FFICE.adiuiBiag Millinglo Drug Store
ooDoaite P. ft I. Kisser-s swro.
jtsklaud. Aonl 19lh, Jo4 a4SU
fsu. WJM. JIOEI,
Of the Belmttic Scktml e Mediant,
HAVIX& locaiediu Kuggles fowusbip, Ashland
Uoiiaty, Okio. offeia Us prufeaaloaal rvlces
a. ik. ilaklie generally. Particular aiteuiiou paid
?-;!r,ir diAaaa. KBeamatlsui. Liver aad Lung
iomp id sore., eu, fcanc... hcbirvuu.
.'.rrrri- T.mon removed witkual tke
VTtZnZ: M.y. l8i4aS0U
1A1UJ1AS MAm-ES '
r of Utdicine and Surgery i
Asulandt oaty.tibio Also.Ju.t-
O ia. ol tke Peaceauil Notary Public.
' Js. W. We B1DDLE, '
' . ' : PrasXses4Jsleiuias! ; . .
'-v-s-ril.Laitead to all buaiuesaaoiiuacied with His
. VV nrolession. Omee iu tiie Centre ul troy
, A sh-
land county. Ohio
nan. - J. A
na.PTiTialKKS OF HISDIC1SS ASD ROB
Pltr"'?"oilYo, AshU-d count,. Ohio
If arck Sotk, lL '
y p-itr !-r-7TFrFI.aSI - cteo. . .
yuvenibe M, 1653
1. II. fiOOOFELLOVT,
WATCH MAKKK AAD JEWEL
KK, Healer ia Watches. Jew
elry, clocks, Yankee Motions, etc
Watches aad Clocks repaired and
warranted. Bicbest once paid for
kold Cold and.kit vex. Opposite the
Aatalaad.tibio - " 30tf P.c 14, -IMS -
" ttanuf aeturer of Boot and Shoe t
a f pHttEE door below the Times Print-
F l X log Office, Ashland. O bio. Custom
V : 1 Work doa. to order oa the shortest nouce
aad most reasonable terms.
, . V.TTATCH ASDCLOCHMAKKH,
Ck, nco Building. Main street, Asblaud,
- -Okio.-. Gold-aod Steel Peas, aud a choice
. c'..isJ - 0f jewelry, kept cuusautlyva
s...-.h ea.--ih.S3;- - "3lf.-
ri OBAT THE FLIESI
Tba .ua wae ehiaiag hotly on a fiue Septem
When I board aa angry matron ao bitterly io-
" . 'G-, - -"
Againet tba trthe. f fnaect. that ia Amomn'e
- time ariee;
Sheclench'd ber Ceta and atamp'd her feet, and
cried "Ab drat them flies I "
" There iint no rest, nor quiet, nor comfort to
baliad, " " " " - -
For them nasty filthy creatures ; they're enough
' to drire one mad. ;
Tbey settles on oar noses J they whixies in our
Aad they buswnawuxxfte in our cars ab- drat
them plagoy flies I
There's not t safe that's from an; ao apple-
room withoat, -. .
And, them vexations waepses,-which also is
And one can sting almost aa bad aa t'other when
Ay, throagh a cotton stocking too; ah drat
them vicious flies 1
"Them hjus big blae-bottles blows over all
To lb it degree that motion caa't oe kep a day
' to eat i
Thev swarms ia avery aentrrr aad them ol
fir-spots and spatters evefrthing : ah drat them
horrid flies !
Tbey sticks ta treacle, jollies, preset ves, and
And the breeds their a its. aad Jioppers, and
chopper ia our bams,
Ther intestes every capboardt not a hold hot
where they pries, .
No crink or crauk hut they creepa throogh ; ah
drat them crawly flies !
Tbey drownds theirselves ia milk-jogs, and
gets into the tea.
In every'sugarbasin there's always two or three
We finds -'em in our puddins, we finds 'em u
I've ao oatirnce with the rebels; ah dratlheni
tiresome flies ! . -
"They ferrets into wardrobes ; and tlere they
epiles the coth,
For 'tis my firm opinion 'tis they that breed
And ttll me what you wtlL you won't persuade
" me otherwise, - -ffFw-
No. set alone with yon : 1 say, an irat them
- aozas flies !
" I lays about fly papers ia every room in vain
Catch hundreds and kill thousands, aa many
comes again, .....
Just like them Rooshiao, lacurses, which also
I despise j ';
I cant abear no insex; ah drat all them nasty
flies 1" .
THE BATTLE OF ALU A.
Full Particulars of the Fighting Des
perate Volar or the J- renclt 1 errible
iilau:; liter Gallantry or the High
landers Sliocking Spectacle Scenes
after the Combat The Dying and
the Dead I
British loss, killed aad wounded.. ....... 9.196
French. do do i 1 4011 .
Kussiaus, (supposed) -do ......... 6,10
' Total, ... - 5(XS
The English papers lay the Wasliing-
ton are filled with thedetailsof the bat
tle of Alma. , Lord Itaglan, in his of
ficial report describes graphically the
position the Russian army assumed, aud
the advance of the English troops:
The position of the Russians crossed
the great road about 2 miles from the
sea, and is very Btrong by nature. The
bold aud almost precipitous range of
heights, of from' 350 to 400 feet, that
from the sea closely border the left bank
of the river here ceases and formed their
left, and turning thence round a great
amphitheatre, or wide valley, terminates
"at a salient pinnacle where their right
rested, aud whence the descent to the
plaiu was more gradual. The front was
about two miles iu extent.. Aiross the
mouth of this great' opening is a lower
ridge at different heights, varying from
CO to 150 feet, parallel to the river, and
at a distance from it of from COO to 00
yards. The river itself is geuerally
fordable for troops, but its banks are ex
treniely rugged, aud in most parts steep ;
the willows along it had been cut down,
iu order to prevent them from affording
cover to the attacking party, and in fact
every thing bad been done to deprive an
assailant of any species of shelter. In
frout of the position, on the right bai.k,
at about U0 varus trom the Alma, is
he village of Bouliouk, and near it
timber bridge, which bad bceu partly
destroyed by the enemy. Tbe high pin
nacle and ridge before alluded to was
the position, and consequently there the
greatest preparations bad been made for
defence. Halt wuy down tne neigui ana
aorriHA its front was a trench of the ex
tent of some huudred yards, to afford
cover against an advance up tbe even
steep slope of the hill. Ou the right
aud a little retired, was a powerful cover
ed battery, armed with heavy guns which
flanked tbe whole of the right of the
position.- ' -- - - .'
"-'Artillery,--at tbe same time, was post
ed "a tbe points that best commanded
the passage ef ' the river and its ap
proaches generally. Oa the slopes of
these hills (forming a Bortof table laud)
were placed dense masses of the ueiuy
infantry, whilst on the height above was
hia great reserve, the whole amounting,
it is supposed, to between 45,000 aurj
50,000 men. The combined armies ad:
vanced. on tbe same alignment, her
MaiestVs trooDS in contiguous double
columns, with the front of two divisions
covered by light infantry and a troop of
horse artillery ; the second division) un
der Lieut. Gen. Sir De Lacy Evans, for
ming the right and touching the left of
the third division of the French army,
under hia Imperial Highness Prince Na
poleon, arid the light division under Lt
Gen. George Brown, the left; the first
beir.g supported by the third division,
uuder Lieut. Gen. Sir Richard England,
and the last by the first division, com-
v ia -w a " i ry
mantled by L.ieut. uen. nisit.cyai nign
ncss the Duke of Cambridge. The
fourth division, under Lieut. Gen. Sir
George Cathcart, and the cavalry, under
tbe Major tteueral the. Earl ot iiucan,
were held iu reserve to protect the left
flank and rear against large bodies cf
the enemy's cavalry, which had been
secu in those directions.
THE OPERATIONS OF TBS FRENCH.
' Marshal St. Arnaud sends the follow
ing account of the French operations in
the battle to his Uoverunient:
On the 20th, from six o'clock in the
morunifr, I carried mto operation, with
the division of Gen. Bosquet, reinforced
by eight Turkish battalions, a movement
which turned the left of the Russians
and some of their batteries. Gen. Bos
quet manoeuvred with as much intelli
gence as bravery. This movement de
cided the success of the day. I had ar-
ranged that the Jinglisu should extend
sueir icii, in oraer at toe same tune w
threaten the right of the Russians, whilst
snot"" occupy mem in me ccuurc, uv 8Uch a gauaut chief. Tbe 7thi diminish
their troops did not arrive in line until d olie-half, fell back to reform their
I If a, A FT I 1 1 - J .
uait pBi, ten. xuejr uravciy mane "p
tor tun- uciujr. -a. i.un Fuov "v
line of the allied army, occupying an ex
tent of more than a league arrived on
the Alma, aud was received with a ter
rible fire from the tirailleurs.
In this movement, the head of the
column of 'General Bosquet appeared on
the heights, and I gave the signal for a
general attack. The Alma was crossed
at double quick time, fnuce i apoleon,
at the head of his division, took posses-
sion of the large village of Alma under
the fire of the Russian batteries. Xhc
Prince showed himself worthy of the
great name he bearB. We then arrived
at the foot of the height under the fire
of the Russian batteries. There, sire,
commenced a real battle along all the
line a battle with its episodes of brill
iant feats of valor. Your Majesty may
be proud of your soldiers; they have
not degenerated; they are the soldiers
of Austerlitz aud of Jena. At half-
past four the French army was every
where victorious. All the positions had
been carried at the point of the bayonet,
to the cry of "Vive rEiuperevrr," which
resouudod throughout '-W-tfay.-
At b o clock ia the cveuing, we en
camped ou the .very bivouac of the
Russians. My tent is on the very spot
where that of Frince Mcnsehikoff stood
in the morning, and who thought himself
so sure of beating that he lull his ear-
riage tuere. 1 have taken possession oi
it, with bis pocket book aud correspon-
aence, auu suau late auvuntage oi tne
VS1UUU1C luiutuisiltlll lb tuuiaillB. A ill,
i..v.i :..p -: : - ... : ti,.
Itussian army will probably be aDie to
rally two leagues from this, and I shall
fiud it .to-morrow on the Katzcha, but
beaten and demoralized while the allied
u-iuijr ib ma m muui uu cu.uuo.uou..
At 150 our line of skirmishers got
within ramre of the battorv on the bill,
and immediately the Russians opened
fire at 1200 vards with effect, the shot
ploughing through the open lines of the
riflemen, and tailing into the advaucing
columns behind. Shortly ere this time,
dense volumes of smoke rose from the
river, and drifted along iu the eastward,
rather interfering with the view of the
enemy on the left of our position. The
Russians had set the village on fare, lt
was a fair exercise of military skill
was well executed tooK. place at tne
. . . , ... ...
right time, aud succeeded iu occasioning
a good deal of annoyance. - Our troops
halted when they ueared this village,
their left extending beyond it by the
vertre of the streames our riirht behind
the burning cottages arid within range
of the batteries. It is said the Russians
had taken the ranee of all the principal
points iu . their frout, and placed twigs
aud sticks to mark them. Iu this they
were assisted by the post signboards on
the road. The Russians opened a furi -
ous fire upou the whole of our line, but
the French had not yet made progress
enough to justify us in advaucing.. The
round shot whizzed in every direction,
dashintr ud tue dirt aud sand into the
faces of the staff of Lord Kaglau, wbo
were also shelled severely, and attracted
much ot the t-neuiv s fare. Still .Lord
Rurrlan waited patiently for the develop-
rueut of the French attack. At leneth
an aid-de-cauiD came to him and resorted
that the French had crossed the Alma,
but they had not established themselves
sufficiently to justify us in an attack.
The infantry were, therefore, ordered
to lie dowu. and the army for a short
tiiiM .-: miitft n:iss';vf n: v that our ar -
- 1 . . . J . -
tiUerv Doured forth au increasing nre ot
shell, rockets aud round shot, which
ploughed through the Russians aud caus-
ed them great loss. They did not waver,
however, and replied to our artillery
manfully, their shot falling among our
artilierv as thev lav. and carrying off
lea aud arms at every round.
Lord Raglan at last became weary of
t..is inactivity his spirit was up he
looked arouud, aud saw men on whom he
knew he might stake t:ie honor and fate
of Great Britain by bis side, aud an-
ticipating a little iu a military point of
view, tne crisis oi action, ne gave oraers
for our whole line to advance. Up rose!
the' serried masses, "and passing through
u fi.arful shower of round, case-shot, and
shell, thev dashed into the Alma, and
floundered " through its waters, whicu
wrA literally torn- into foam by the
ilp.ndlv baiL- At the other side of the
" . -e J., ..J
river were a numuer di , Y,Deyurus BUU
tn nnr Riirnriau they were occupied by
Russian riflemen,. . .Three of ; the stall
Raglan in peraon. they advanced, qhee
. mt rinwn. nut. lea dt norai
on thev men. . And now came the
turning point of the battle, in wuicu
Lord Kaplan, by hie saeacity and inili-
itary skill, probably secured the victory
at a smaller sacrifice than would iiave
been otherwise the case. lie dashed
over the bridge, followed by bis staff.
Frdm the read over it, under the Rus
sian guns, lie saw tiie state otthe action.
The .British line, which he had ordered
to advance, was struggling through the
river, and up the heights in masses, firm,
indeed ; but mowed down by the murder
ous fire of the batteries, nud by grape,
round shot, shell, canister, case shot and
musketry, from some of the guns of the
central Dauerj', ana irom an immense
ai.d compact mass of Russian infantry,
Then commenced one of the most bloody
and determined strurrgles in the annals
of war. 1 he !ia division led by Sir V.
Evans, in the most dashing manner,
crossed the stream on the right. The
7th Fusiliers, led by ' Col. Vey, were
swept down-by fifties. " The 55th, 30th
and 95tb, led by Brigadier Pcnnyfather,
who was lit the thickest of the light,
cheering ou his men, again and again
were checked indeed, but never drew
back ; tlleIf onward . progress, which
was marked by a fierce roll of Minnie
musketry, and Brigadier .Adams, -with
the 41st, 47th and 59th, bravely charged
up the hill and aided them in the battle.
air Geo. Jirown, couspicuous on a gray
bo r0(e ;n fr0Ilt of hig j; ht division.
,,.; thr.ni with vnii nnrl o-Pstnro
Galjaut fallows I they were worthy of
columns lost, for a -time : the 23d, with
eiffht oificers dead and four wounded
were still rushing to the front, aided by
the 45th, 33d, 77th and SSth. Down
went Sir George in a cloud of dust in
trout ot the battery, lie was soon up,
and shouted "23d, I'm all-, riebt, - be
sure I'll remember this day, " and led
them on again, but in the shock produc
ed by the fall of their chief, the gallant
regiment sutlered terribly, while par
LiJze(j for a moment.
Meantime tbe Guards on the right of
the Light Division, aud the iirigade of
Highlanders, were storming the heights
ou the left, iheir line was almost. as
regular as though they were in Hyde
jrark. bnddenly a tornado of round
and grape rushed through from the ter
rible battery, and a roar of musketry
from behind thinned their frout ranks by
doicna. It was evident that we were
just able to contend against the Russians,
favored us they were by a great position.
At this very time an immense mass of
Russian infantry were seen moving down
towards the battery. They halted. It
was the crisis of the day. Sharp, angu-
r, "and SoTid, llrey"' looked as--t tlicy
were cut out of the solid rock. It was
beyond all doubt that if our infautry,
harrasscd aud thinned t;s the" were, got
into the battery, they would have to en
counter again a lormiaauie nre, wmcu
they were but ill calculated to bear.
i.,j T?n,;,r. o,.. ri. .liffimilMni f tlir.
8itIiation" ne Bsfcca if it would be pos-
-ir-.l to o-At a r-oiin of jruns to bear ou
e 1 .
l 1 1. , 1. tn -i .'ij I , n -,,rltr w a - V ,iq
and an artilierv officer, whose name I do
nof now know brought up two guns to
fire orj tbe Rnssian Riuares. The Brst
, t misaci but tbc uext, aud the next
ana tbe next cut through the ranks so
1 cleanly and so keenly, that a clear lane
could be seen for a moment through the
square. After a few rounds the columns
of the square became broken, wavered
to and fro, broke, and fled over the brow
I of the hill, leaving behind them six or
seven aisunct lines oi acaa, lying as
close us possible to each other, marking
the passage of the fatal messengers.
This act relieved our nifautry of a dead
ly incubus, and they" continued , their
magmtieeut aud fearful progress up the
hill. The Duke encouraged his men by
voice and example, and - proved himself
worthy' of his proud-command and of
the royal race from which he comes. -
"Highlanders':, said Sir L. Campbell,
ere they came to the charge, " I am go-
ing to ask a favor of you ; it is bhat you
will act so as to instify me - in asking
permission of the Queen for you to wear
a bonnet I JJou't pull a trigger till you re
within a yard of the Kussians. lhey
cha-rged, - and " well they obeyed their
chieftain's wish ; Sir Colin had his horse
I shot under him, but his men took the
1 battery at a bound. The Russians rush-
ed out, and left multitudes of ccad be
hind them, lue uuaras naa stormet
the right of the battery ere the High
landers got into the left, and it is said
that the Scots Fusilier Guards were the
nrst to enter. . nc oeconu aua Liignt
Divisiou crowned the heig' ts. The
b reuch turned the guns on the lull
against the flying masses, which the cav
alrv in vam tried to cover. A few faint
strurrslcs from the scattered infantry, a
few rouuds ot cannon and musketry, and
the enemy fled to the south-east, leaving
three generals, drums, three guns, 700
prisouers, and 4000 wounded behind
them. - The battle of Al i-a was won. It
1 is won with a loss of nearly 3000 killed
- I , -.i.- mi.T
ana wouuaea on our siue. . iuo it.us
siaus' retreat was covered by their cav
alrv, but if we had -an adequate force
we could have captured many guns aud
multitudes, ot prisoners.
JNot tar trom the- Jbreuch ueneral
Prince Napoleon, who made a most
I brilliant debut at the battle of Alma,
had a narrow escape trom death, or at
least grievous injury, uuring iue "me
that the sharpshooters of his divisiou
were endeavoring to dislodge the Rus-
sian sharpshooters, . a ball' directed
against our Hue struck the ground a few
uunurcu --steps iruui tue tnuw, ,ui
bounding on, took the direction "toward
him. Geueral Thomas luckily saw the
I ball, and seeing the direction 'it was
I about to take had time to cry out -'Tak
I care, sir." . iue irince turnea uis norse
rapidly on one side, aud the ball broke
I the leg of Sons Intendent Lcblanc, who
v,u: U T.U...I,..
wuo o"""""?? ucuium. i usuhu
since been obliged to submit to have the
limb amputated. , ; ; . . .
- 1 . It was a terrible and sickening tight
to go ovcV , the ' battle field. ". Till de
prived o'iny horse by a chance shot I
rode about to ascertain as tar as possible,
the loss.' of out. friends and in doing so
was often brought to a stand still by the
lfEculty of getting through the piles of
ouuded liussians, imngled too often
with our own poor soldiers.' The hills
of Greenlch Park in fair time are not
more denl y'' covered with human ' be
ings thanwerc the. heights or the Alma
ith dead and dying. .On these bloody
mounds fell 2196 English
tueii. !andr upwards , ot "3000
while. tbej western extremity was cover-
d with '.tlio bodies of 4TJO" gallant
Fienchmcti7 and of more than oOOO 'bf
their foesL ' 'When Lord Raglan and his
staff, and the Duke of Cambridge rode
round to'the top of the hillj" the' troops
cheered' them. with' thrilling effect a
bout of Victory which can never be
forgoten. ' The enemy, who were flying
in the distance, might almost have heard
its echoes as it rolled among the hills.
Our nien'had indeed done" their work
well, for the action, which commenced at
1,25 -son our part: was over at about 4
Mi- In fact, the actual,' close con
tinuous fighting did not last two hours.
Many' ot the liussians were shot in
three Or four .places; ' few of them bad
only one wound. ' They'seemcd to have
a general idea that they would be mur-
dered possibly tney naa been told that
uo quarter would be given, and several
deplorable events took place in conse
quence, As our ruen were passing by,
two or three ot tucm were shot or stab
bed by men lying on the ground, end the
cry was raised that .". wounded Rus
sians" were firing on our men. There
is a story, indeed, that one officer was
severely -injured by a man to whom he
was in the very act of administering
succor, as he lay iu agony on the held.
Re this as it may, there was at one time
a near chance Of a massacre taking place;
but the men were soon controlled, and
confined , themselves to the pillage which
always takes place on a battle field.
One villain with a red coat on his back.
regret to say, I saw go up to a" wound
ed Russian who was rolling on the earth
in the rear of tbe 7th. regiment, and be
fore he could say a word be discharged
his rille right through the wretched crea
ture s brains,. Col. Yea rode at him to
cut him down; but. the fellow excused
himself by declaring the Kussian was
going to shoot him. This was the single
act ot iuhumanity 1 saw perpetrated by
this army, flushed, with victory and am
mated with angry passions, although the
wounded enemy ha 1 unquestionably en
dangered their lives by acts of ferocious
tolly. ' Jlany of tbe Kussians bad small
crosses did chains fastened around their
m-: :;t .!... r, .l
in their knapsacks most probably re
cruits from the Kasau Tartars. Many
of the officers had portraits of. wives or
mistresses, of mothers or' sisters, inside
tlieir coats. - The privates wore the little
moucy they possessed in purses, fastened
below their Utt knees, and the men, in
their eager search after the money, often
caused the wounded painful apprehen
sior.s that they were about to destroy
them. - Last night all these poor wretch
cs were iu their agony; nothing could be
done to belt) them. . Ihc groans, the
yells, the cries of despair and suffering,
were a mournful commentary ou the ex
ultation of the 'victors and on the joy
which reigned along the bivouac firos of
The altitudes of some ' of the dead
were awful. ' One niaii mii'ht'be seen
resting on one knee, with the arms ex
tended in the form of taking aim, .the
brow compressed, ; the lips., clenched
tue very expression of hrmgat an enemy
stamped ou the. face and fixed ; there by
death; a ball bad struck this man in
the neck, ..Physiologists or anatomists
must settle the rest Another was lying
on bis back; witn tne same' expression
and his arms raised in a similar attitude,
tbe Miuuic musket -still grasped in his
hands undischarged. Another lay in a
perfect arch, his head resting on .one
part of the ground and his feet on anothr
er, but the back' raised high above it.
Many men' without legs or arms were
trying to. crawl down to me water siaa.
Some of the' dead lay with a calm,-placid
smile on the face'J as though" they were
in some delicious dream."
- . . . . f
EQUIPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN SOLDIER.
The Russian soldiers were mostly
stout, strong men. - beveral ot the regi
ments, 32d aud -lbtu tor example, wore
a black leather helinet, haudsomely
mounted with brass, aud having brass
cone on the top, witn a bole for the re
ceotion-of the tutt, leather or plume
others wore simply a white linen foraging
cap. They were all dressed in long drab
coats-with brass buttons, bearing the
number of' the regiment, ihese coats
fitted loosely, were gathered iu at the
back . by a small strap and button, de
scend to the ankles, and teemed stout,
comfortable garments, though the cloth
was coarse in texture; the-trousers
coarse blue - stuff, were thrust inside
tair of Wellington boots, open at the
top, to admit of their being comfortably
tucked down; the boots were stout, well
made, and servicable. 1 heir knapsacki
astonished, our -soldiers. On opening
them, each' was found to contain the
dress uniform coatee of the' man, blue
or green, with white facings, and slashes
like our own, a pair of clean drawers, a
clean shirt, a pair of clean socks, a pair
ot stout mits, a case containing a good
Dair of scissors, marked " barun, an
excellent penknife with .'one large blade.
of Russian manufacture, a ball of twine
a roll of leatherwax thread, 'oeedles
and pins, a hairbrush and comb, a small
looking-glass, razor, strop and soap, shoe
brushes and blacking. ' The general re
mark of our men was that the Russians
were . vervMolean- soldiers : " and -cer
tainly the ..men pa the field had white
fair skins .to justify, the expression. :
Each man hada loaf of . dark brown
bread, of a sour, tasto and disagreeable
odor, in hia kuapsack,'and a linen roll
containing a. Quantity of tioarse brown
stuff broken ;p "into lumps, and largi
grainp, wuiea is crusuea Discuit or nard
granulated bread prepared with ' oil.
This, we were told by the prisoners, was
the sole food of the men. They eat the
bread with onions and oil ; the powder
is. reserve ration; and if they march
they rnav be for days without food, and
remain huugry till they can get fresh
loaves and moro " bread stuff.
perfectly astounding to think they can
keep together on sucltpiet; and yet
they are strong muscular men enough.
The surgeons remarked that their te
nacity of life was very remarkable. Many
of them lived with wounds calculated to
destroys woor thiee ordinary men.
.The immense superiority of the Mime
rifle and bullet, not only over the com
mon musket but even over the' common
rifle, was incoutestibly proved at this
battle. ' -Many of our fellows were slight
ly wounded, but nono of the Russians
were so. The Minie rifle makes no slight
wound. The effect on the Russians,
udging from their dead," seemed awful.
When it struck, it tore and broke all be-
re it. Some of their wounded told us
that men were wounded by the Mime
bullets after they had passed through the
bodies of their comrades, lhe immense
majority of the enemy -were wounded
h rough tbe head, generally struck about
the throat or under the chin, for the men
fired upwards as they were ascending the
ill. . The common musket bullet at
such range would have done no great
damage, put here the balls bad come
out near the top ot tne bkuu, renaing
the bone as if done by a hatchet, lhe
wounds were awful.
jTTJRSERY OF WARRIORS DE
STROYED. The Highlands of Scotland, like the
mountain districts of Ireland, have been
he nurseries of England 's bravest war
riors, xtut wnat riugusn aristocratic
civilization has done in the Highlands
may be learned from the following ex
tract from the memoirof "Col. Cameron,
of Fasifern." in the last number of the
Dublin University Magazine:
When the French revolution menaoed
Europe and the convention declared war
against Uritain and Holland, the number
of Highlanders in our service is almost
incredible. ' During a period of fifty
years the clans furnished seventy-six bat
talions ot miantry, some oi wnicn wero
twelve hundred strong.
As an example of the number of offi
cers belonging to the clans, who served
during the war and escaped its slaughter,
we may state that there were on full-pay
and half-pay commissions, in 1810,
Buchanans, 67 Camcrons, 22 Drum-
monds. 29 Fereusons, 4 1 Forbesea, 49
ClraHams. 90 Frazers. 9 Grants. 144
il Aieans auu it lveuaiea iio viiujiucno,
and other names in the same proportion
How many could the Highlands raise
now? Centralisation, corruption, and
local tvraunv of the most infamous de
scription, bave' turned their beautiful
glens into a silent wilderness, and the
verv nlaced where tjameron raisea nis
company ot soiaiers is now aesoiate ana
bare "I can point," says the aut hor of a
letter to the Marquis ot Jtsedaioane, on
his late ruthless clearings, "to a place
where thirty recruits tbat manned the
92d in Effvtt came from- men - before
whom Napoleon's Iuvincibles bit the
dust and now only two tauiuies' reside
there together. I was lately informed
by a'grazeier, that on his - farm 'a Tiun-
dred swordsmen could - be gathered at
their country s call, and now there sre
only himself and two shepherds." - The
" ,r, -.i
brave Uacl, who crowaea in insoi inou-
sands to the Uritish ranks, saw not tue
reward that was coming! evictions and
wholesale clearings of the Scotish poor
were then nnkuown. y vrod gave tne laua
to the people they believed it was theirs
but the teudel charters nave ueciaea oiu-
erwise, and the clans havo been swept
from Lochnoss to Locheil and from
Locheil to the shores of Lochlomond.
Tbe bills and the valleys are there, but
t.li tribes have denarteu. and who can
restore them?' -"' " "; :
THE PRESENT POSITIOIf OF THE
ARMIES AT SEBAST0P0L.
The London Times concludes an ar
ticle on this subject as follows:
For the present, it is sufficient to
know tbat there is no obstacle between
the fortress and the armies about to as
sail - it. r aa the armies have crossed the
ridge between Sebastopol and Balaklavif
and driven tne cniei nouy ol tuo eueiuj
into the interior, it may be assumed thaaasvsrbast, and think no more of thyself
the high ground in the rear of the placa
itself - will not be occupiea Dy any large
body of Russian troops. Sebastopol is
in reality an open town in the rear, ex
cept in so far as this deficiency in its de
fenses has been supplied by external fire
works or detached forts ; but it has cer
tainly no bastions or wall of circumval
latiou such as constitute a regularly for
tified place, which can oppose a certain
resistance to an army for a given number
of days. . The whole strength of Sebas
topol lies in its forts, and these forts
have undoubtedly been calculated for de
fense by sea rather than by land. Un
der these circumstances, the proverbial
military expression that a place invested
is a place taken," may probably be ap
plied, with great justice. . . Sebastopol
must now be effecually invested by land
and sea, and much more effectually than
if the attack had been begun on the north
ern side of the harbor, leaving the south
coast open for reiuforcements or for re
treat. The plan of the campaign, as we
now more clearly understand it, indicates
the hand of a master ; and, although the
public have been disappointed in that
sudden and unlooked-for triumph which
,thev had been led to hope for'; they will
flud that the ena win De accompisnea
with equal certainty by the more patient
operations of, regular warfare."'
JCS.TThe liquor-dealejs in New York
city, have held a meeting and resolved to
support Horatio Seymodr,' the TJemo-1
cratic candidate for Govenor who vetoed
the Main Law last winter. '
KioTTHC words of the new ballad, Ariette,
by Mr. Chtsteb, which we give below, j ustify
any encomium we can bestow :
The primrose turned its tinted cheek -
To meet the kisses of the moon;
The violet with its eye so meek,
Wept at the brook's pathetic tune ,
The grass, se so A as childhood's locks,
W.th eve's delicious dew was wet,
When I, returned with my fl cks.
First saw and loved niyAritle.
Three years ago the village belt
Rung out our welcome wedding1 chimes,
I can remember now full well
How much tbey seem like peaceful
rhy mea ;
I bave not shed a single tear,
I have not harbored one regret,
- Since that blest morning of the year
That gave to ma my Ariett..
O! many lands have beauties rare
With melting lips and eyes divine,
Hut none among them can compare
With her whose wealth of love is mine ;
I bless the hour that gave her birth,
I bless the moment when we met,
I ask no richer gilts on earth
Than health and hm and Arietta.
TOO EU3Y- NO TIME TO READ.
This is a world of inflexible commerce;
nothing ever given" away, but everthing
is bought and paid for. - If, by exclu
sive aud absolute surrender of ours to
material pursuit, we materialize the
mind, we loose that class of satisfaction
of which the mind is the region and
source. A young man in business, for
instance, begins to feel the exhilirating
glow of success, and deliberately deter
mines to abandon himself to its delicious
whirl. He says to himself, I will think
of nothing but business till I have made
so muoh money, aud then I will begin a
new life. I will gather around me books
and pictures, and friends. I shall have
knowledge, taste aud cultivation, the
perfumes of schollarship, and winning
speech, aud graceful manners. 1 will
see foreign countries, and converse with
accomplished men. 1 will drink deep
of the fountain of classic lore. Philos
ophy shall guide me, history shall in
struct me, aud poetry shall charm me,
Science shall open to me her world of
wonders. I shall then remember my
present life of drudgery as one recalls a
pleasant dream when the morning has
dawned, lie keeps his self-registered
vow. He bends his thoughts downwards
and nails them to the dust.. : Every
power, every nnection, every taste, ex
M cept thgsejhichJiis jarticuaroccu;
patrurrcau into piay, is leit to starve.
Over the gates of his mind he writes,
in letters, which he who runs may read,
"No admittance, except on business."
In time he reaches the goal of his
hopes, but now insulted nature begins to
claim ber revenge.- That which was
once unuatural is now nalural to' him.
The enforced constraint has become a
rigid deformity. The spring of his
mind is biokcn. He' can no longer lift
his thoughts from the ground. Books
and knowledge, and wise discourse, aud
the amenities of art, and the cordial : of
friendship, are like words in a strange
tongue. To the hard, smooth surface
of his soul, nothing genial, graceful or
winning will cling. He cannot even
purge bis voice of its fawning tone, or
pluck from ' his face the mean money
getting mask which the child does not
look at without ceasing to smile. Amid
the grace and ornaments of wealth, he is
like a blind man in a picture gallery.
That which he bas done he mus contin
ue to ' do ; be must accumulate riches
which he cannot enjoy, and contemplate
the- dreary prospect of growing old
without anything to make age venerable
or attractive, "- for age without wisdom
and without knowledge is th'e winter's
cold without the winter's fire. George
S. Ilillard. -
WHAT TO DO.
Despise not religion ; it is easy to de
spise, but it is much " better to under
stand. Uphold truth when thou caus't"
and be willing tor her sake to be hated:
but know that thy individual cause is
not the cause of truth, and beware they
are not confronted. Do good for thy
own satisfaction, ' and . care not what
"wfl. Cause no grey hair to be dis
til Help and give willingly when
for it ; and if thou hast nothing, let thy
hands be ready with a drink of cold wa
ter, and esteem thyself no less. Act
always when thou sayest. Not the ap
parent devout, but the truly devout, men
to His : way. A man who has the fear
of God in bis heart is like the sun that
shiues and warms, though it does not
speak. But that which is worthy of re
compence, and ask none. Reflect daily
upon death, and seek tbe lite which is
beyond with a cheerful courage ; and,
further go not out of the world without
having testified by some good thy love
and respcet tor the Author ot onristian
We clip the following capital hit from
an exchange :
If you wish to keep your town from
thriving, turn the cold shoulder to every
young mechanic or beginner in business,
look upon every . new conimer with- a
scowl. Discourago all you cau ; if that
won't do decry bis work, and rather go
adroad for wares of bis kind, than give
him your, money. Last, through not
least, refuse to patronize the village pa
per, . -
J3"""True merit like the pearl inside
an oyster, is content to remain quiet un
til it finds an opening. - .
CSTThe most happy man is he who
knows how to bring into relation the end
and begiuing of life " ,' y '
fProm the Scintlftic American.
LIST OF HEW PATENTS.
Relating to Agriculture and Domestie
Arts, up to October 1, 1854. -Maize
Harvesters. G. A. Brace's
of Mechanicsbargh, 111 : I claim the com'
bination and arrangement of the oblique
revolving inclined directing shafts, bend'
ing and holding arms and inclined guides,
as set forth.
Plows. O. G. Ewings, of Heart
Prairie, Wis.: I claim the jointed beam
in combination with the adjusting screws,
as above described.
Harrows. 'John G. MoAuley, of
Stonebridge, Va,: I claim constructing;
the double tooth so that one portion may
Operate ou the ground and the other b .
iu reserve, and also serve as a shank to
confine the tooth to the beam ineonn&
tiou with the band and key
Plow fob Planting; Potatoes.
Whitman Price, of Goldsborougb, N.
C. : I am sware that doable mold-board.
and also mold-boards so carved as to
somewhat dress the top of the farrow'
have been used ; these devices, ther-
fore, I do not claim.
But I claim the particular form of
shimmer plate, in combination with thee
mold-boards, tree, and shovels, as set
forth. . . - v
Seed Planters, Wa Rediok, of
Union town, Pa : I do not claim any of
the devices described when used separ
ately or in any combination of them oth
er than represented.
But I claim the specific arrangement
of the cams on the axle, the markers oa
the periphery of the carrying wheel and
at or near the bottom of the seeding tabes
with their several operative part, for the
purpose of causing regularity in the
marking and droping of the grain, re
gardless of the varied speed of the hor
ses drawing the machine, as set forth. .
- Corn Shellers A. J. Smith, of
Piqua, Ohio. : I do not lay claim to any
of the parts of this apparatus except in
their mutual application and relative
construction, as combined.
But I claim the yielding guard-board
haviug its rear edge somewhat elevated
and hinged to the frame, and resting by
its front edge upon the rear portion of
the shaking continuous earner, so a
constantly to fill the varying interval be
tween the said carrier and tbe shelling;
concave, for the purposes described.
Maize Harvesters. Jas. S. Barn-
ham, of West Jefferson, Ohio : I claim
the employment and arrangement of the
oblique self-adjusting cutting and sus
tain ing platform Laving a flange on its
back dge, and cutters arranged or form,
ed on its front edge near either end, a
I also-claim-the employment of tbe)
horizontal collecting reels, having their .
arms made elastic and of eim reversa
shape, in combination with-the guards,
oblique fenders, and receivers or hand
lers, as described
Also, tbe arrangment of tbe receiver
arms or handlers moved by the shafting
lever and connecting rod, for the pur- -pose
of readily effecting the discharge of
the stalks, as described. - .
Neck Yoke. Schuyler Briggs and JV
G. Talbot, of Sloansville, N. Y. - We
claim making two or more sections of a
screw on each of the rods which carry the
end rings in combination with the nuts in
the bar of the yoke, so that it may be
used with one end short and tbe other
Ion 2. or both ends either long or short
as may bo necessary or desirable, as de
; Grain and Grass Harvesters, Ab
ner Whiteley, of Springfield, Onto; I
claim the reel having on one of its blade
a swinging or suspended rake, whose ends
pass between and are combined with ways,
or guides, for the purpose of not only de
livering the grain at the rear of the plat
form, but also better directing the stan
ding crop toathe cutters, as set forth.
I claim the latch with appendages for
the purpose of making the rake gather
more or less grain, as aet forth. . ,.
I also claim placing the vibrating
knife bar and cutters thereon between al
ternately placed fingers for the purpose
of dispensing with the slot guards, and
sustaining the line of cut by throwing the
action of the alternate shear edge of the
blade of said cutters of the upper and
lower sides of the fingers.
Springs to the Knives of Straw
cutters. Joseph B. Stockton, of War
ren Co., Ky.: I claim the constratiors
and arrangement of the adjustable double
spring guide, the moving and the fixed
cutters whereby the moving knifo is
held up to its work, whether the resis
tance opposed to it be at the middle or
at either end. -
Harvesters of Grain and Grass.
J. J. Weeks, of Oyster Day, N. Y. : I
do not claim, separately, having the sick
le teeth working through two fingers, for
this has been previously done.
I claim the track clearer, constructed
in the form of a spiral or screw, and ar
ranged and - operating as described.
Second, I claim having each tooth of thai
sickle work through two of the fingers, Or
combination with the beveling of the cat
ting edges of every alternate tooth, ao
that while one tooth shall have its cat
ting edges on its upper face, that next
to it shall have its cutting edges ou its
lower face, as shown.
Washing Machine. -Joel Wisner, of
Aurora, N. Y. : I do not olaim the em
ployment of a single spindle passing;
through the disk and operating lever. .
But I 'claim the compound spindle
composed of the socket and spihdle, con
structed, arranged, and operating as set
forth, for diminishing the amplitude of
the vertical movement required ia lifting
aad removing the rubber and preventing
the binding, incident to the Said opera
tions when a single spindle is used. , -
JG3"It is said that a pretty pair of
yes are the best mirror a maa can shave
by., ' ,: .- '. . -
Zactly so, and it is unquestionably
tbe case . that many a man has booo.
shared by them. . - .
- .-. -: - -; -,: ' ; v---
!:i J .
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