Newspaper Page Text
4 . aa&LDAS, . Editor. X
ASHLAND; VEDXKSDAY, NOV. 8, 1351."
JT5j"See advertisement of American
A-Rrnm- UioK,,'in another column.
TWisso & Sttbbs Thesegentle
men Jmvft tfiooivcil soother aJJition of
-.Boots. ;ad. Shoes v.Taair. stock at pres
ent U 4minehse.-- Tbcy enter the field
.against .sjl competitors, determined to
luJku others .":lookjto their laurels " in
;iu selling Boots and. Shoes cheap. See
-theif advcrtisonr.eot. '
CLEVELAND. MeHCANTILE Col-LEOE.
We en tho attention of our readers to
the new advertisement of this Institution
in another column. The .recitation
rooms, we understand, have been refitted
for the- Winter' Session, and are ac
knowledged, to be superior, to those of
, any'uaiUar, netjtuttori; in the State.
-M FotsoM, the Principal, is an expe
rienced accountant,' and ' stands at the
-hoad of his profession 'as a teacher. "We
fiave d6 hesitation in recommending tLis
'Jnstitution as 'one i of the very best in the
,State. y, ..-.j :;. ...
COIHT OF COJBMO.V PLEAS
Tlxis Court commenced its sessions
iflj thisplacel on-f Monday ; last, Hon.
James Stewart presiding. The mem '
"iters of the Ashland .Bar ' are all in
attendance. ' : Among the foreign law
' yers id attendance, we lidtiee Col. Give,
"Kirk. wood,' Sheemax, ' Johnsox, . and
Gssjqis... . JJut few .cases, jet, have been
. decided..:: The. Docket is not as large as
usual, yet there are 'many important
'cases;' involving a considerable amount.
. In bur"next 'issue, we shall give some of
.the most important.. ; . -
TMne following are the names of the
Grand Jury for this Term: N. D.
Sweabixgex, Foreman ; Stephen Ew
ing, IIaynes Joses John Doughhty,
...HenetBernt, D. G. Templetox,. Geo.
Hats, Josiah Thomas, Joseph Strick
" iAND; Robert Wiujams, D. C. Dhake,
. Joseph ".Sheets a'iid Thomas' Suther-
land, Kegular Jurors; and. Joseph C.
' The- following are the 'names of the
--xetit' . Ju'rdrsr in ' attendance i Cephas
FaSHE! JONATHAN YoUXG, ' JONATHAN
,'IoTTj .B. IZ FULTON, : Wsf. D. E WALT,
-David Biddinger,. John. McCormick,
-iTlIOS.' Cr.ODFET.TER,. VAUESTINB EbERT,
k -FWv' Coffin nnd Jacob Barwell.
W r ..... -r - -
43 .Take youh couiTr papeu.
Winter, with its. winds and frosts, is
rooming oni . The forest trees are stripped
of their green fo'iajjej and the Autumnal
-J fruits" are safely housed. ' Park lowering
clouds obscure the" sun's rays all day,
7. add the .'world looks cold and dreary.
rj.'The days-' grow short --and the evenings
Jo'ngt and the leisure. hours of the laborei
- increase Brighter glows the lire upon
l the hearthstone, and the time for the
e ioaia gatheriogs and . family circles has
c conxe.i i'.-Now is tkc time when the paper
''-ii-Ute" Cemtity ;paper: 'especially- fresh
'.frfcm he'pTess'teeming with news and
.. sparking ,miscellauy for the'horne circle,
'j -ia aselcodie jnjsseflgor..'; Who of our
-- "readers' 'woold' not rather while away the
long winter evenings reading their county
r-r - cfc
their' elbows'1 on ' their knees and their
4 j, faces ia theve ands,. playing "boo-peep"
t wtbithe fire? :Howu much better would
-V! it. be for 'every young man in the county,
who' .is Just "starting in life,' instead of
" spending bis' evenings at the saloons and
"Ijilaces of amusement, to set down with
-z.&is: young and blooming companion and
peruse his-'-own 'onty paper, thus for--Y:-geVtiEig
the cares of theworld amid the
t" joys, of his "own. private fireside ?' . "
hn-S ,Wq. think. We fiau safely' say, that our
i' '"paper - will, compare-favorably witb the
'.': best of its cotemporaries, either in quan
'"" tity or variety of reading matter. We
endeavor to get in something to suit all
. . crasses of readers the farmer, mechanic
u" or tbe maa of business.. Our report of
''the markets may be strictly relied upon,
i' --nd our general selection of news mat-
8i. teris as extensive as our paper will ad
mit. " We can say with pleasure, that
our efforts to print a good family paper
. have been fully appreciated by the peo-
I : pie of this county. ' When we commeuced
' - the publication of -the Union its cir
Vj" culatiori did not reacn eiht hundred,
r ..while now . it has increased to just one
-1 thousand- Scarcely . a. day passes, . but
. w receive-new additipnsJ . Our circula
"J tion,however,is still too small fur a coun
' '"ty like this.' 1 'should be at least twelve
ci. hundred, ' .We, have had charge of the
v: Umian now nearly oneyear, and without
'-'-' eriy extra effort, its circulation has been
i:t increased at1 least two' hundred. Our
readers caa now form a definite idea as
'..to wbiat kindofaj, paper we shall print
,,;Jiereafter, and we Jiope if they can con--Tscientiously
recommend it to their neigh-'-
' bors,: tha tbey will not fail to do so. It
c would be' a very' easy matter for each of'
. our subscribers to induce a jieigbbor"' to
j ,: take our paper,- and while it' would be a .
f-'J (small matter with - them it would be
great witK ns. . As an inducement to our
friends to jmakean effort i.i bur behalf,
1-j -woiU-sead the Uiim .one ear gratia
0 any person who. .will get 11s up a lub
of ten good, . responsible subscribers.
!'We; smill be haDDv to return our thanks
"x'pubiicalIyo"any wbo' shall thus favor
ns. Who will be the first to have their
namfs placed on the-ro7 of honor ?
THE MOJfET PAHIC-THE CAUSES
Never, within our recollection, has
there been such a general scarcity of
money, as at present. It js 11 at confined
tcriur Whf Sutp-bj any j. means, but
prevails generallyX :'f Misery loves Com
pany," it is said, and never was it more
fully demonstrated j than, at present.
Our exchanges -Jorth, South-Eos and
West vie with each other in inflicting
upon their readers lengthy desscrtations
upon the scarcity of money, and the
distress which prevails in their commer
cial circles. Each, of course, assigns,
his own cause for the difficulty.
One general cause, which has operated
to produce commercial 'distress 'every
where is, the failure of the crops. Iu-
deed, it is the great cause' all others"
grbwing out of it. Had we but had an
average yield in field crops the past
season, times never would . have been
hotter. The war which is now going on
in Europe has ereated au extra demand
for brcadstuffs there, and Europe has'
always looked to America for her sup-
Another leading cause of he distress
which prevails in commercial circles is,
the abuse of the credit system. Our
importations have exceeded our exports.
When money was pleuty, American
speculators, " Young America like ,"
rushed headlong into all sorts of specu
lations. The country was drained of its
specie to pay these foreign importation
bills, and now, when pay-day has come,
there is nothing to pay with. The vaults
of the Bwks are drained of their specie,
and, consequently, are compelled to wind
up, because they have nothing with
which to redeem their issues.
Advantage is taken of the present dis
tress which prevails iu this State, by
fusion Whig politicians, to foster feel
ings of hostility among the people against
the Democratic party. The Whig press
es, the state over, are loud in their de
nunciations of the Small Note Law, and
ascribe to it ths cause of all our difficul
ties. This is in keeping with their
former history and policy. Now the
fact is, and every sensible man upon
reflection must sea it, that the Small
Note Law has been the salvation of the
people of Ohio. Had it not been passed,
our people would have been roundly
fleeced by the foreign shaving shops
which are every where winding up, es.
peeially those which have been doing
a large business upon a small capital.
Docs any person suppose that our Small
Note Law has caused the failure of the
Backs of. New. York and Maine ? ' We
trow-not. And yet it has driven the
whole of it out of the State, and our
people have suffered nothing by their
failure. ; If there is to be a general
winding up of rag-factories, had we not
better be swindled by our own banks
alone, than by those of other States also?
The idea that real money is any scarcer
now than it was three months ago, is
sheer humbug. The supply of money
has not diminished- on the contrary, it
Las increased. ' Our-Binall Note Law has
driven home a large amount of foreign
bank paper, for redemption, and has put
specie In circulation in return. All that
is wanting to make money plenty is our
usual supply of produce, to call the specie
into circulation. The change cannot be
effected soon, but when it is effected, the
people will have cause to admire the
wisdom of the Democratic policy.
. In-coucluslon, we give the following
remarks of the Cincinnati Price Current,
and commend them to the sober reflec
tion of our readers":
.., " We have a, money panic, and there is
a waut of confidence in financial and
commercial circles. .-.These are facts, the
existence of which no one will deny;
Now wh.'.t has caused this ? Money is
scarce, we are told, but the truth of this
depends on the meaning that is attached
to the .word scarce. Literally this is
not true, for if any article is plenty
to-day, it cannot be scarce to-morrow,
unless the supply in the meantime is
diminished. The supply of money in the
country has not diminished, but, on the
contrary, aa increased. The-e is
more money in the United States to-day
than there was a year ago, or at any
former period. But if by the word
scarce, it is meant that money cannot be
obtained for commercial uses, then we
can readily admit the truth of the phrase
'money is scarce,' which is very common
at this time. - It follows, therefore, that
the money panic is the result of errors
iu trade, or, if you please, 'over trading.'
This has been going on for years. .
" A while ago we were rushing on with
locomotive speed on the road ofjipro
gress." The credit system vm? ' 1.
and as debts were being paid .ie'
creation of new obligations, fi'vu nen'
to feel that a day for actual payment
was approaching. Because difficulties
were not experienced then, it was sup
posed that every thing was working
well-that we were growing rich rapidly ;
and that the surplus capital of the world
was being concentrated in the United
States. The war in Europe would des
troy confidence there, and build it up
here ; it would depress, the shipping in
terests of other nations, and advance
those of ours. The state of tilings that
exist -at present, show us to be a short
sighted set of mortala
" The result of our 'progress,' and of
the 'war,' is as opposite to what was
generally expected, as night is to day.
The folly of our-anticipations in this
respect is only equaled by the absurdity
of the ideas' that are advanced now by
those who think they can make money
easy by legislation. It is true, that evils
may bo aggravated, or- in a measure
averted by legislation, or by the proper
use or abuse of privileges : but our pres
ent difficulties- are beyond the reacli of I
any such power, lhe cause is deep
rooted, and to move it will require time,
and the intervention of the great regula
tor the law of trade."
. We regret to learn that the dwelling
house of Mr. J. L. Hartkax, of Orange
township, in this county, was destroyed
by fire on the 2nd inst. Loss estimated
at $1000. Fire supposed to have ortgL
nated by a spark alighting oh tho roof
from the chimney.
. ' THE PUOlni8ED(LAn J.
We have received the first number of
the Herald of Freedom, published at
Wakarusa, Kansas Territory, j It is about
tk4 althf our. own paper," nd printed
on foe w type. L Itls well: filled with in
teresting reading matter in regafd to the
Territory, and is edited with decided
ability. We advise all ;thoso wishing
informationin regard to Kansas Terri
tory, to suDscribe tor tbe Herald, xerms
$2 per annum, in advance. Address,
G. W. Brown & Co., Buffalo, N. Y.
The Ileraid- is devoted to tbe cause
of freedom, and the editor manifests a
firm determination to stand upon his
rights and maintain them. : He says :
" Our great object is to make Kansas a
free State; and to that end we shall la-
j bor by encouraging emigration. It is
j not our purpose to engage in a crusade
agaiust our southern brethren, nor upon
! their institutions, so long as confined
within their legitimate sphere. Our
field is Kansas, here we shall labor, and
here shall erect anew the altar of Lib
erty . bneaking 01 tne meeting at w es-
tou, Missouri, at which certain citizens
of that place proffered their assistance in
removing any Emigrants who might go
to Kansas under the auspicies of the Em
igrant Aid Societies of the North, the
! Editor talks after this fashion : 'We
have no purpose of waging a war on Mis
souri, or of invading any of their guar
anteed rights, neither shall we submit
to any invasion of ours; and as to being
" removed ," from thw Territory, we
have only to say : our business detains
us. here, and it will be exceedingly in
convenient for so many to leave at the
same time ; consequently we shall wait
our own couveuience before perpetrating
such a piece of folly. The truth is, the
country is too rich,?and quite too valua
ble to be surrendered to any '" remov
ing " party which may come among us
desiring the homes we have selected along
the banks of the Kansas and its tributa
ries, and tee sfuill not give them up.
That fact may as well be understood at
the outset ." After reading the above,
who can entertain a doubt that Kansas
will be a free State ? , 3
We regret that we have not space to
give extensive extracts from the paper
before us. We have only room for the
following well written article, which is
replete with information which cannot
fail to interest our readers:
Settle in Kansas. Five hundred
j thousand settlers can be accommodated
with the best lands in the world by lo
cating immediately iu this Territory.
Tne soil is of the ricbest character, vary
ing from eighteen inches to nve feet in
depth ; the climate is salubrious, the
thermometer rarely or never rising above
105 degrees in the shade - . In Penn
sylvania, where we resided . during the
last summer, it stood for days in succes
sion at 106 dcg. from ten o'clock in the
forenoon to three in the afternoon. The
winters are comparatively mild with us,
though subject to frequent changes, on
account of the high altitude of the coun
try. The . productions of Missouri,
Kentucky and Ohio, grow here iu great
abandanee; Apples, peacliesanoT pears
seem well adapted to the soil. JUr.
Walkep,' the provisiona Governor of
the Wyandot Indians, .and formerly
tram northern Lhio, says lie raises
annually the most luscious peaches he
ever saw. Melons grow of mammoth
. ''The agriculturist who seeks a . new
home in the West should not stop to
make a location until he has visited this
Territory. The orgauized omigrationof
the world 13 now turned towards it, and
it posesses advantages on ' this account
rhich are not , offered by any western
. "In December last, the Superintendent
of Indian affairs for the Indian territory,
iu his annual report, said, in substance,
"Aside from the goverment agents,
troops and missionaries, there are not
at this time, three white inhabitants in
all that region lying west of the Mis
souri, and embraced.. in the limits of
Kansas and Nebraska." But ten months
have passed since then, and now, instead
of a population enumerated by a mono
syllable, there are many thousands set
tied all over the country, and hundreds
are pouring . in daily, selecting and
staking out farms, on which they pur
pose locating with their families.
"We confidently predict that iu less
thau a year from this time, we shall
number fully one . hundred .thousand
souls.': The times indioato it. In all
the northern States ; indeed, in nearly
every county, there are movements
Kansas-ward, and frequently the': num
bers are so great as to deteriorate . tbe
value of property, particularly real es
tate. And why not r Lands in many
parts of the north, not favorably located
for a market, or peculiarly productive,
command from thirty to fifty and seventy-five
dollars per acre.
"Here the goverment price is but one
dollar and twenty-five cents, and the title
deeds are from the goverment, hcuce no
question as to their validity.'
"The cost of turning over the prairies
ranges from two to three dollars an acre.
The first crop usually of corn will
pay the expenses of culture ; then the
farmer with his hundred acres of the
richest land in the world, perfectly sub
dued, and capable of raising any species
of vegetation, finds it costing him . but
from three hundred and seventy-five to
four hundred dollars. It is iu a condi
tion which twenty years of hard labor in
a timbered country cannot make it; and
he finds himself enabled to produce a
luxuriant crop of vegetation with nearly
one-third the labor ' required on the
"hardpan" soil of most of the northern
and middle States.
"It is true many of tbe conveniences
of a timbered country are wanting here ;
but these can all bo supplied by tho
hand of labor. "But," says the inquirer,
"what .will be done for fences You
have no timber, or not sufficient, to be
used for fencing purposes, and it appears
to me impossible to get along in such a
country." In some of the western prairie
States they have got along very well
without timber, and here, in Kansas, we
expect to get along still better. The
Osage Orange, which is used for hedges;
grows in three years,' and produce as
natural fence capable of turning aside
the largest animals. The severity of
the winter i n more northern latitudes
makes this useless to the prairie farmers
nf Iowa and Wisconsin : but here it will
i increase in value from year to year, and
is worth more than a dosen rail fences,
which cost such au immense amount of
labor to erect. - ' ;
"It is objected that our market is too
far removed. To those who are not at
all acquainted with our position in .the
Republic, the objection is insuperable ;
but to those who have observed that we
have an excellent water communication
with all parts of tbe world : and that in
two years, at the-furthest, we shall . be
banded with iron, and a railroad connec
ting us with ' Boston ' and New York,
along which the steam borse will be
propelled at tbe rate of from thirty to
forty miles an hour, the objection is
worthless. The whole valley;. : of the
Mississippi will furnish us a market, as
will the government trains which cross
the plains to New Mexico and the Bocky
mountains, to Utah. California. Oregon
and Washington Territory. Besides this,
we expect a large home market for
mechanics have already commenced
pouring in by thousands, and the numer
ous articles which are imported into
other western States will be manufac
tured among us. Agricultural imple
ments of every species which are usually
made iu the eastern States, will be con
structed in the Kansas Valley. We are
already talking of our commercial city,
which we claim is to rival . the growth
of any western town. Chicago, with its
population of 70,000 in twenty-two years,
will find her growth less rapid than the
great City of the Plains, which is to be
the hzlf-way house between tfie Atlantic
and Pacific, ntid the eo"uimerc.al empori
um of North America. ' - -i
"Tbe Pacific Bailway will be com
pleted during the next ten years- It
must necessarily pass along the southern
bank of the Kansas and up ne of its
principal tributaries. While this road
is being constructed the surplus pro
ducts of the rich farms which fancy sees
already, covered with '"bending grain
and golden-rinded fruit," will be needed
to supply the wants of its laborers, and
the money will be required in return to
meet the incidental wants of tho Kansas
Again we say, send on the five hund
red thousand farmers, mechanics and
artisans, and we will pledge them the
most beautiful farms and the richest
country in all the bounties of nature
which the sun of heaven ever shone
A LARGE DE.1IOCHATIC AUniT.
In the recent elections in the three
great States of Ohio, Indiana and Penn
sylvania, the Democratic -party, al
though defeated by a combination of all
the isms, factions and parties in the
country, polled a vote of which it may
well be proud. Iu round "numbers the
case stands thus :
Pennsylvania 160,000 Dem.
Ohio,.. ---- ...129,000 - -;
Indiana,. "... 90,000 " '
Total, I:;.-..-..-. 370,000
The above shows that while a
thousand of the members of - the great
national Democratio party have wan
dered off after " strange Gods,1" the great
bulk of our party are still true to their
ancient faith. No one of - tho various
factions . which composed the Fusion
party, could make any show against such
an army. The Whig party sinks into in.
significance when compared . with it.
These figures show how uttorrrvaia and
futile is the Tiipe'of the .fusion'stsTh it
tho Democratic party has reseived any
permanent check. It could only be de
feated by the united strength of ail the
parties and miserable factions that 'the
country could produce, and the fact now
stands forth, clear and indisputable, that
the Democratic party is ttc great party
of the country. Our party changes
neither its name nor its priociplos. It
stands to-day where it has always stood,
maintaining the liberty and equality of.
the whole people. The correctness of
its policy is evid jacad uppu every p ige
of the country's history. Defeat to such
a party must be momentary: It will
again rise in its majesty and its strength,
while its enemies will melt away before
it like the dews before the golden rays
of the morning sun.
Truth crushed to earth will rise again,
Tbe eternal year or God are hern ! "
Since writing tn above we havo re
ceived the vote of Van Wert county, the
only remaining county. - The Van Wert
Democrat gives the., vote for State of-
ficerc as follows: '
For. Supreme Judge, Shephard F.
Nofris 345: Joseph .R." Swan 456.
Swan's majority 111.
Board of Public Works, Jacob Blick-
ensderfer 452; 'Alex. P. Miller 344.-
Blickensderfer s majority 103.
So that the complete returns will fig
ure up thus:
Swan's majority . 75,525
Miller. ... - 109,263
Blickensderfer's majority. . 74,392 ..
We shall publish a complete Ijst of the
vote of all tbe counties.
Hois.- In the Madison market we un
derstand $4 net is offered by the packers'
The Louisville Journtu, having de
rived its information from the most . re
liable sources, says:
"The prevailing rates now seem to
be $3 gross along the lines of Tailroads,
and $4 25 on time. This is about equal
to $4 50 net. It is proper to say that
some dealers engaged in the provision
trade are of the opinion that tbe market
will open at $4 75 net, and an advance.
"Good corn -fed bogs will doubtless
be scarce, while poor and still-fed hogs
will be largely in excess of any previ
ous year, and will in numbers,' make up
the deficit which may be - cacsed in,
fCTTbe uaory laws id Great Britain
have been abolished. The " abolishing of
them weotjnto effect on the 5th of Au
gust last. - There is, therefore, no re
strictions 'on the loan of money. '
JC2$Hon. Ezea V. Dear, of Wooster,
was in attendance upon Uourt in ous
town on Tuesday last. Young America
in this instance, bag held its own in spite
of the elections.
Correspondence of the Aabland Union.
raoji NEW YORK.. t
; Nsw York, Nov. 4, 1854. :
In the midst- of an exciting political
canvass this city has. been startled by the
announcement of the sudden and almost
simultaneous decease of several of our
prominent merchants, professional men,
and other residents, by a disease resem
bling cholera. As in each instance, the
attack occurred immediately after the
party had partaken of a lunch or supper
of oyster 3, and the symptoms were alike
in all cases, it is the universal belief that
some poisonous property in these shell
fish was the cause of the malady. This
supposition is confirmed by Information
from Baltimore, where oysters and crabs
of the Chesapeake seem to have produced
similar effects. Among the citizens
who have fallen victims to tils strange
disorder, aro Edwin Williams, an emi
nent statesman and forcible newspaper
writer; 'James Foster, Jr., Esq., a
wealthy shipping merchant, formerly
principal proprietor of the old " Dram
atic Siue " of New York and Liverpool
packet ships, ( embracing the " Sheri
dan, " the "Garrick," the "Rorcius"
and the " Siddons " ) and better known
in tho fashionable world as " Count Fos
ter," the musical dillettante , John H.
Cornell,Esq., Cashier of the Mechanics'
Banking . Association, a most estimable
man ; . Robert Smith, Esq., formerly
Alderman of the 5th ward, and Morris
H. Davidson, a respectable member of
the New York Bar. There have also
been two deaths iu Orange county, in
consequence of eating oysters, and many
persons in this city, Brooklyn, Williams
burgh and Hoboken, have suffered severe
ly from cramps, and cholera morbus
superinduced by the same, cause. All
the parties whose names I have icention
ed were alive and well six days ago ;
most of them were elderly men, their
ages ranging from fifty to sixty. Mr.
Cornell I think was in his fifty-sixth
year, and Mr. Foster about the same age.
jomething akin to a panic has, as you
may suppose, been created by this sad
visitation. Oysters arc proscribed, and
the large and 'profitable city trade -in
these articles is literally brought to a
stand still. No more fries, or stews, or
broils, or dozens raw. The oyster stands
are deserted ; the sacrificial knives are
getting rusty, the bivalves are permitted
to rest in their beds undisturbed, and
thousands upon thousands of the sala
cious delicacies that last week would
have retailed at two dollars a hundred,
are now absolutely rotting on the hands
of their purchasers. I undertand that
Mr. Chilton, the analytical chemist, who
is supposed to know everything from
the cause of the milk in the cocoanut to
the ingredients of Pease's candy, has
been asked to examiue iuto the " phe
nomenal condition of the Shrewsberrys,"
and " East Kivers " and report there
upon. ' The oyster venders are deeply
interested ' in a speedy solution of the
problem, and I . have no doubt that the
question." were the oysters of 1854
poisonous V" will lead to a controversy
as exciting and profound, as that on the
great saltpetre difficulty.
As the seventh of .November approach
es the complexities of the political can
vass become more intricate and puzzling.
Evea the Reform Party aro not too im
maculate to dabble a little in the trick
ery of electioneering. Schell, the "hard
candidate lor 31 ay or, has been induced
to withdraw in favor . of Wilson . G.
Hunt, the standard bearer of tbe Re
formers, who is now, the nominee 01
three organizations. The Know-Noth
ings are divided ou mc,u:ijoraiiy, ana
J. S. Herrick, the Whig candidate ex
pects to cet the votes of half the mem
bers of the order of this city. The
Germans support, Fernando Wood, as
the representative of the liquor iuterest,
and he has played his cards so adroitly
iu both sections of the democratic party,
that his election would not surprise me
although I think Herrick's chances are
better than his. John H White, the
President of the Crystal Palace Associa
tion is the Whigoandidate for Recorder,
and as he will undoubtedly receive the
whole Know-Nothing vote, his success is
nearly certain. There is not a municipal
office in the gift of the people to which
there are not at least four aspirants. In
such a crossfire of factions, and with
such a variety of special interests involv
ed in the contest, it is difficult to frame a
scheme of probabilities worthy of any
In the case of Alderman Barr, versus
Henry Erben, the jury have disagreed.
Mr. Erben, as foreman of a late Grand
Jury, assisted in presenting Mr. Barr as
guilty of corruption and malfeasance,
whereupon the Alderman sued for dam
ages. It is understood that nine of the
jury were in favor of a verdict for the
plaintiff for 66 cents.
. Several vessels from Europe have re
cently arrived at Quarantine with cholera
on board. The E. P.' Stronger, from
Havre, lost twenty-three of her passen
gers and crew, op the voyage from Havre,
and the South Carolinian, fifty on her
way from Rotterdam. Both vessels ar
rived on Wednesday.
' The " duel in high life " that was to
have come off in Canada, but didn't,
has led to the publication of several
stupid letters in which only the heads
and tails of the parties names are given,
and it is clearly shown, that neither of
them had any .brains "worth tho trouble
of blowing, out" '
Another stabbing case 00 cured in this
city on Wednesday. A Southerner, put
ting up at tbe ,New York Hotel, had a
dispute witb a hack-driver about his fare,
and . -becoming exsspetated at what be
considered the exborbitance of the
charge, stabbed the driver in the face
with a stiletto knife, wounding him, it is
said, dangerously. A warrant was issued '
for the Jk'rf efSt of the 'offeniier, but I have
not beard of bis capture:
Barnum is" dWdt to sell out bis stock
in trade or t least a portiou of it. He
offers for sale two Giraffes, elevWSle
phants, and an extensive genera assert'
ment of " va'rmiuts.":' r His Autobiogra
phy, is out of the market, having been J
purcnasea oy dames Kedneld, tor 910,
000. So much for Barnum's book and
Barn urn's beasts? The former can
ha-dly fail to prove valuable to all who
have a taste for playing upon human gul
libility, and are in search of valuable re
ceipts for the manufacture of gammon.
The sale to Redfield, has all the ap
pearance of callusion with Barnum, for
the sake of advertising the book. - After
the reported disagreement, Redfield con
tinued the work, as if nothing nad liap
pened. . .
The trial of Nicholas Beehan, at Riv
er head, L. I. for the murder of the
Wickam family, has terminated in bis
conviction. A lame attempt was made
to set up an alibi, but it failed utterly.
The hardened scoundrel ou beiDg sen
tenced by the Court exclaimed "Thank
you Judge, I'll be dead in a week, and
leave you my hair for a wig. " If ever
death was righteously inflicted through
the instrumentality of the law it will
be in his case. . -
Business continues in a depressed con
dition speculators in fancy stocks, and
this includes but two many of our mer
chants, are decidedly in a " tight place,"
and the stringency of the money market
is increased by the non-arrival of the
California mails with the usual semi
monthly remittances, of the " pewter."
All things considered, however, we are
not half so badly off as the croakers pre
dicted we should be, and although the
November payments may break a few
weak backs, the mercantile community
will wether the storm much better than
was anticipated some months ago.
The character of the news by the
Niagara, indicates that" the struggle be
tween the western powers and Russia,
will be a long and desperate one. It
seems somewhat doubtful whether Sebas
topol can be taken before the approach
of Menschikoff, with a sufficient force to
risk auother battle. He appears to have
made a masterly retreat from the Alma,
and a few more such costly victories as
that of the 20th '-' of September, might
place the victors in an awkward predica
ment. . ' ; , . , . .
Nothing has yet bceu heard of . the
missing boats of the Arctie, one of which
is supposed to have had women on board ;
iudeed, Mr. Rathbone, states positively,
that there .were from ten to fifteen fe
males in it, and Mr. Baalham reports
that it was amply supplied with provis
ions and .water. There is every reason
to hope that this boat has attracted the
attention of some outward bound vessel,
and that its precious freight has been
Close upon the catastrophe of the
Arctic -has come, the news of the fate of
'Sir John Franklin, and his brave associ
ates. Terrible as was the doom of those
who went down with the noble Steamer,
it was merciful as compared with that of
the helpless adventurers, who perished
of starvation in tbe region of perpetual
ice. - -.''"-,
The Geo. Law arrived at one o'clock,
this P. M., from Aspinwall, having on
board $1,082,644, and 508 passengers."
A eompauy of emigrants bound for Cali
fornia, had been murdered by the In
dians, aud six hundred head of cattle car
ried off. - Twenty-five Americans bad
perished for want of water.
Reeitablishment - of the Kingdom of
The most important item of foreigu
n-:ws brought by the late arrival is that
which attributes to the alied governments
of France and England the design of re
establishing tho nationality of the King
dom of Poland. . The Paris correspond
dent of the New York Tribune, in speak
ing of this matter, says :
" A pamphlet just published in Paris
which is attributed to Count Persigny
tbe late Minister and old friend of Napo
leon, openly proposes the reconstruction
of Poland as the only possible barrier
against Russia. The naturalization of
Prince Ponistowsky in France; and fa
vors bestowed upon biin by the Emperor,
seem to be in connection witb tbe plan
for tbe resuscitation of Poland, which, as
I am assured, is under serious discussion
both at Down ing-street and inthcTuil
cries." " " - --'-'
The concluding part of tho pamphlet
alluded to is as follows: 1
"Let the Western Powers, without
losing time with useless negotations rec
ognize, by a common declaration, the le
gitimate existence of Polish nationality,
and iu the place of a compilation you
will have found a prompt and complete
solution. Poland once constituted, the
Czar is powerless against Turkey, the
Danube belongs de facto to Austria, ex
elusive domination in the' Black Sea be
comes a chimera, aud every dream of am
bition is at an end."
The Tribune correspondent gives the
following sketch of Prince Ponitowsky :
His grandfather was the last King
of Polaud; his uncle the French Mar
shal who fell at Leipsic was destined by
the Great Napoleon to be the King of
Poland ; the present Prince, therefore,
has just tho same color of legitimacy as
Napoleon or Murat His education has,
of course, not been that of a Pretender,
but of' a great Italian nobleman. He
has filled the place of an Embassador of
Tuscany both at London and fans ; ne
is knowu to be an amiable man, of aver
age instruction and honest private char
acter, fond of music as he has written
several operas dignified in his deport
ment, not suspected of any strongly mark
ed political opinions in fact, be is a man
of that sort of mediocrity whicll makes
good kings. Should the war be protrac
ted until spring, be may get a mrone.
Baltimore. November l.--New Or
leans papers of Wednesday have been re
ceived. They contain accounts of a re
volt in the Baton Rouge Penitentiary.
Twenty-five ' prisoners ' attempted to
escape. Two were snot uu too otuers
& liana Money.
.'Our eye bas fallen upon a full and
elaborate tabic made by Auditor Dunn,
of Indiana-, 6n& 'published in the Indan
sftolia Journal, which shows at a crlance
the hamesf allh6 Free Hanks of Indi-
ana and tbe nature and securities whi6h
th - Auditor bf Sttte holds or .did hold,
for redemption of their circulation.
These securities are In the shape of State
Stocks; the 6 per cents,. Indiana' were
taken at par, the 5 per cents. Indiana at
par, the 5 per cents. Pennsylvania at 83
to 86 per cent ; the 2 per cent,. Indi
ana at 50to 55," and a few shades higher.
The circulation of these Banks is se
cured as follows : ' ' .'...- ; '
The State Stock' Bank Indiana, Mer
chants of Lafayette; State Stock of Lo
ganspert, Gramercy, Plymouth, North
America," -Canal, America, Cambridge
City, Orange,' Bridgeport, Merchants at
-Springfield, . Albany, Traders at Terre
flaute, are secured by Indiana 6 s.
The Bank of Syracuse, Capital, Lau
rel, Traders at Nashville, by Indiana 2's.
The Bank of Attica, Warsiw, Elk
hart, by Indiana 5's and 2's. - ;
The Stark County Bank, by Ohio 6's.
The Bank of T. Wards'h, Rockport,
Perrysville, by Missouri 6's. .
The New York Stock, North West,
Wabash River, Tippecanoe, Indiana Res.
Auburn, Upper Wabash, Huntington
Cuunty, Montecello, Wabash River at
Newville, Central, Great Western, Del
aware County,' Wayne; Wabash River at
N. Corydon, Fort Wayne,- by Virgin
ia 6'S" ' " 'Ti' -' ."
The Bank of RockvHle, Shawnee, Far
mers' and Mechanics' at Indianapolis,
and Salem, by Louisiana 6's."
' The Farmers' at Jasper1, and Albion,
by Pennsylvania 5's ' -
The Connersville, by Indiana 5's and
2's and Indiana Bank bonds 6's and Ohio
The Drovers', by Indiana 5's andln
diana Bank bonds 5's .
The Government Stock, Indiana at
Michigan City, Stock at Jamestown, and
Kentucky St., by Indiana 5's and Mis
' The Prairie City, by Indiana 6's, 5's
and Tennessee 's. '- - .
The Wabash. Valley, by -Indiana 5's,
Indian Bank bouds 5's, Tennessee 6's
and Louisiana 6's. ? : - - -'.
The Southern, by Indiana 5's,-Indiana
Bank bonds 5's, Missouri 6's,'Vir
ginia 6's and Michigan- 6's. '
The Indiana Stock at Laporte, by In
diana 5's, Indiana Bank bonds 5's' and
The Public Stock, by Indiana 5's, 2's
and Virgina 6's.
The State Stock Sec'y at Newport,Iy.
Indiana 5's, Virginia 6's, Louisaua 6's,
The Traders, at Indianapolis, by In
diana 5's and Georgia 6's. , ...
The Western, at Plymouth, by Indi
ana 5's,-Virginia 6's. : .. -.
The Fayette Co., Indiana 5's 2's and
Virginia 6's. - - - :
The Northern Indiana, Indiana Bank
bonds 5's, and Virginia 6's. - '
The Bank of Indiana at Michigan City,
Indiana 5's, and Missouri 6's.
The Elkhari Co., by Indiana 2's, Vir
ginia 6's, Louisana 6's and Nor.h Caro
lina 6's, '
The Green Co., by Indiana 5's, Missis
sippi 6's, Virginia 6's and Lousiana 6's.
The Salem, by Indiana 5's, Virginia
6's, and Louisana 6's.
The Lagrange, by Indiana 5's, 2's,
Tennessee 6's, Louisana 6's, North Car
olina 6's and Kentucky 6's.
The Merchants' at Springfield, by In
" The Brookville,' by . Indiana 5's, and
Virginia 6's. - , '
The Steuben Co., by Ini 5's, 2's, and
Louisana 6's. . '
Tbe Cresent City, by Indiana 5's and
The Indiana at Madison, by Indiana
2's. Mysiouri 6's, and Virginia 6's. '-
The Covington, by Iudiana 5's, Vir
ginia 6's and Louisana 6's. ''''-
The Rochester by Missouri 6rs. Ten
nessee 6's, Virginia 6's, and Louisana 6's.
The N Y. and Va. State Stock, by
Virginia 6's, Georgia 6's and Kentucky
6's ; - ' - 1 .
The Rensselaer by--Louisana 6's.
Pennsylvania 6's. - - . ;- 4- -
- The Wayne, by Ohio 6's, Virginia 6'sr
Tbe Goshen, by Indiana 5 s,- Missou
ri and Louisana.' , ' ' '- . ' . "
The Hoosier, by Missouri 6's and Vir
ginia. 6's. . " " ' ""-' ',
Tho Perry Co.. by Iudiana 5's and
Michigan 6's. . ' " ' -1
The Farmers' at Westfield, Indiana
5's, 2's and Missouri 6's. --. - .
The Keutucky State Stock, by Vir
ginia 6's and Louisana 6's... -f 1
, The State Stock at Marion, by Vir
ginia 6's and Louisana 6's.
The Kalamazoo, .s Virginia 6's -and
North Carolina 6's.
Tho South Bend, by Virgiu'ut 6's and
North Carolina b s.; . : . ' r
The Wabash River at Jasper, by. Vir
ginia 6's. . . -' . . . . " ' , " "
The Merchants' and Mechanics'; at
New Albany, by Indiana 5's, Tennessee
6's and Kentucky 6's.,- "
. The Mt. Vernon, by Virginia 6's
' Tbe Elkhart, by Indiana 5's, and 2's.
' The Atlantic, by Indiana 2's and Vir
ginia6's.;. . :. .' - )
By the . Constitution ' of the State of
Indiana, the stockholders of Banks are I
individually liable to an amount overand
above their stock equal 'to their respect
tive shares.. AH bills are at all times
redeemable in "gold and silver, and no
law can be passed authorizing suspension
of specie payments." ' "Bill holders have
preference over other creditors, and no
bauk is allowed to take a greater rate of
iuterest tban individuals can take. '
. At a bank meeting of the business men
of Indianapolis the report of the Auditor
of State: was read, and gave greet satis
faction. The Journal. . says :..,.,.,
Our citizens feel the utmost confidence
in these Institutions, and will, we do not
doubt, continue to receive the money in
the transaction of their business. .. Those
who control these banks, are returning
their circulation to the Auditor as fast
as possible, and within a very short time,
currency will be too scarce to do the bus
iness of the country.
No person holding this money ought
to sacrifice a single cent on it and where
people will not receive it in discharge of
an indebtedness, why, let them Keep cool
until they can do better 5
In a very short time the panic will be
over and all will go smoothly again.
The banks are rapidly returning the
bills to ths Auditor, and at tho date of
his report Oct. 25th he was cancell
ing from 30 to 50,000 dollars per day.
Auditor Dunn winds up bis report as
follows : - . :'-' r -
It seems to me, from a careful exam
ination of the securities, you cannot but
discover that our banks are well secured,
and with any kind of forbearance on the
part of the public, they would be soon aU
fully prepared to sustain the high pbak
tion they haye attained under a run up
on them unparalleled in the history of
tanking. in "the United States.
' We see it stated that Dr. White, who
was dispatched from Loaisville to exam
ine into the state of the ludiann free
L banks, submitted a verbal report to a
meeting of the citizens of that city held
rm Tbursday, in which he expressed the
belief that the State Stock Banks are all
perfectlyable to redeem every dollar.
Another Infernal Machine.
Dartng" attempt to blow hp a Hotel--,
Explosion of a Keg of Powder in Ea
rle,s, Park Row. --v -
, An" awful explosion occurred yesterday
afternoou, in the office of Earls' Hotel,
in Park Row. Without a moment's
warning, the house was shaken to it
very roof, aud all its inmates thrown into
a state of confusion and alarm. In the
office below stairs, among the. baggage,
an explosion' of gunpowder had ' taken
placer but how; the cause, ;or why, no
one was able to explain: ' ' , -
Fortunately, at the time o the explo
sion there, were but few persons in; the
office. , These-were stunned and thrown
upon the floor, but none of them danger
ously hurt. One man was taken to. jhe
City Hospital, but it is upt considered
tbat his injuries will prove ; fatal.. ;.By
the force-of the v explosion the upjer
ceiling was shattered to - pieces and scat
tered over the floor as if masoos had been
at work -in the room.' The fanes, fit
glass in. the front door were shattered, to
pieces, and one or two of the doors takn
off their hinges. But- for tbe fact' that
the front-of tao office, was' ,glass,'givjbg
a vent to the 'powder,- the whole lio,use
must have fallen from the roofi and- i-H
its inmates been buried beneath its ruias,
which, was doubtless the intention of the
heartless fiend who was the author, .of
the act 1 S w ' Hit t''m
. ,-The OJbief of Police , with a force was
immediately ,011 the premises, and an" In
vestigation, of .the. affair; entered intoi
.' la a small leather traveling . -valise
had been placed a small keg qf ppwder,
holding twelve pounds.,; Jn.one endof
the keg was inserted tbe muzzle of a small
double barrel pistol,- and-against' the
triggers of the pistol was placed an iron
Spring, made-to strike the 'triggers and
ereate au, explosion, ..at a certain lime
regulated by - the runnuig jdown-jof
weights attached to this trigger Bprrog.
.The' valise-was. one of an ordinary-ap
pearance, and could Jae placed as i wasr
m the olhce, among the- baggage, -without
exciting any suspicion, nd at the
hour fixed upon, the machinery would
so revolve within the valise as t perform
the fatal wors intended
The police collected among the frag- '
mcnts the remains of the . valise, the
staves and hoops of the small keg of
powder, the double barreled pistol, and
some of the machinery with which it was
worked, and have them all at present in
the Chiefs office. ' On the premises also
were found spme large .shot which had
no doubt been' placed in, the keg to make
the havoc more sure and deadly. - -i J
-The Chief and bis aids are now sln
dustriously at work investigating - this
mysterious affair, and it is to be boped
they will succeed in bringing the black
hearted fiend who could . devise such a
work4to sure and speedy justice. -
- Additional. At the time of the ex
plosion, fortunately, there were "only
t hree or four persons' in the office. The
infernal mashine was placed behind the
counter of the office, and the 'clerk beting
in-the office at the time. , was sinrulrly
enough, lifted from bis feet and throwii
on the outside of" the counter without
receiving any injury. One of the waiters
of the hotel, named Peter tMourn, was
badly burned about the face and hands
and taken to the City Hospital where
he now lays -. in much pain : but it is
thought Lis life is not in danger. ..His
clothes immediately took fire, and be ran
into the streets covered with flame.' , In
an instant bis clothes were torn from his
body, and but for. this speedy : relief of
bis clothing be might have been burned
to death. . ..
One of the eruests of the hotel. Mr? R.
Dowd, was also badly burned about the '
face, but not dangerously. "
,.: The excitement at" Vhe hotel immedi
ately after the explosion'and during the .
remainder of the day, was very gre;it.
The report of another infernal machine
rapidly circulated through the city, and
hundaeds betook ' themselves to Earle's
Hotel to .learn' the "extent of the disas
ter. Tho wash room of the hotel . was
the worst injured, and it is remarkable
that this room should receive tbe gt-eat
damage of the . shock,. 'situated several .
feet from the machine, and protected by
an entry, way and one. or two doors.
One side of the plastering of the .wash
room' was entirely loosened, and Lung
only by the lath work ; This-is certainly
a diabolical attempt' to destroy n entire
building, and gratify some private spite
or to bevenged upon some particular
party. " ' ".'"
Arrest of a Penitentiary Guard.
" Yesterday J. M. ' King,' one of the
Guards of tbe Penitentiary, was arrested
for embezzlement,- and also for aiding a
convictto escape. ; -;-;
.It, appears tbat for a long time past,
property to a large amount has been
found to "be gradually gliding out of the
shoe shop in tbe prison in some myste
rious manner. - - " ". ''.
Suspicion fastened -upon King some
months ago, and the eyes of the Warden
were kept upon him. . But so adroit; was
his management and that of his confed
erates,' that - detection seemed quite im
possible. ,'' '. - "" '.,
The foreman of the shoe shop, p. con
vict by. the name of Mets, and another
convict, named Adlerj who worked in the
grist mill, were tho confederates of King.
Articles were conveyed from the shop to
tbe mill, and there snugly" packed in bags
of bran. --'- -. - . 1. -.-'
King, it appears, probably as apart of
his contract with Mets, had made prepa
rations for the' escape of the latter, by
providing and placing at his disposal, a
suit of citizen's cloths. ;'; It was through
Mets that the facts were disclosed which
iuduced the Warden to cause the arrest
to be made. " "' L .V. .,";'..
After the arrest, a search was made at
the dwelling house of King-, -where were
found about one hundred dollars' worth
of boots, shoes and leather, together with
a large assortment of tickings yarn, fine
thread, shoe thread, tacks, etc., etc., etc..
It is . understood that the amount or
property missing from the prison is esti
mated at $2,000. ; . ;t .. .
King is from Guernsey county, and
has heretofore stood fair in public esti
mation. He . is said ;to be from forty
five to fifty years of age.
. He was sent ' to jail to await his ex. 4
amination before. Esq. --Field to-morrow
morning : at one, , , qclock. Coluntbut
Fact. :' " ; '- -i