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EDITOR AND PB O P B I E I 0ll -
JNO. SHEBIBAN ,
THE UNION IT MUST AND SHALL BE PRESERVED."?
ASHLAND, ASHLAND COUNTY, OHIO, WEDNESDAY MOltNING, JANJAJtY 31, 1855.
: lifc j , H, - irrnm.i igi-r-'-w- ' ' h, ' "y
- - . - ---- ,- - ;-y . -V
Vram Mt this dim and gloorar bollow,
Wben kaf the cold elouda heavily,
Coald 1 bat faia the due to fallow. -Hew
eleaeed would the Joaraey be ,
Aloft I eee a fair donrinion;
Throafh time and change all Teroal till ;
Bat where the pewer. aad whcTe tbe plniou,
. To (aia the crer-bloonaiD( kill
A lax I beat their mode riaginc.
The lulling aoaada ofbeaTea repoae.
ed the light galea are downward bringing
The eweeie oi flowerathe moan Lain kiowi
I eee the IruiU all golden glowing. - -
Bekoa the gloeey leavce between,
nd e'er the bloom that there. are blowing,.
Hot blight aor winter's wrath hath been,
- To aona lb at shine forerer, yonder "
O'er Aelds that lade not, sweet, to flee I
The eery winds that there mar wax ier, -
How healing Best their breathing be I
But lo betweea as rolls a risor
A dsath ia every billow raves .
f feel the sMtl within we shiver
To gate npaa the glomy waves..
Jk rocky boat mine eyee discover.
Bat wo, ia ova, tbe pilot fails I
In. boldly ia, nndaunted over I
And trust the lite that swells the eails I
Thoej vast belisvb, and tboa must venture.
In fearless (aith thy aaey dwslis ;
By anericlea alone man enter
Tan glerioua land of miraales I
- (from the Freoeh of Waco.) -:
AU THIIieS PEaCISIX.
AH toaothiag swiftly tend,
, A 11 waste, all vaaish, all have end ;
All siak, all wither : rose soon fadeth,
Palfrey etambleth, cloth abraueth, -.
Man dice, sword rusteth I sverything
. Doth time and change to ruin bring.
Then listen well to what 1 aay,
listen sootbly. clerk and lay ;
. For when death hath driven ye down,
' Wither weodeth your renown 1 - -BY
the hard no record give,
caatly ahaU yor praises live.
:, :..; EWASS OP OPIUM.
Tar arc many inreUrmte ehewera
vni moken, indiTidaals who do not
onlj njy tobacco bat to a certain ex
tent lire upon it. To be without it is
a be miaerable. And jet the habit of
chewing; aa well as that of smoking,
ma J no conaiaerea as oi iittia consc
qanae when compared with the practice
of eating opium or drinding ' laudanum.
The indulgence of tobacco is, moreover,
a fashionable appetite. ' It is a popular
fancy, and no discredit is attached to it
It is indulged in openly, without any re
straint or the slightest sense of shame.
But not so with opium-eating and land
um drinking. These are nourished in
eoret. The appetite is craving and fiend
like, unless it be indulged the victim
writhes in agony.. It is fomented by va
rious causes. Sometimes the use of opi
um or of laudanum is. induced by some
terrible bodily pain, which the narcotic is
calculated to sooth and temporarily sub
4ue. It is found necessary, too, in ma
ny cases, constantly to increase the
dose, so that in time two ounces of laud
anum daily are consumed. Nay, a drug
gist who "resides in the south-western
part of the city iuforms -us that he has
at least ten regular customers lor opium
aad laudanum, 'some of whom consume
incredible quantities. They have reach
ed such a condition by habit and indut-
Esnce that they fancy that they cannot
ve without the -use of either the gum
or the liquid preparation. - Some of tiiem
too, are - in very needy circumstances,
And thus" expend a large, portion of their
daily earnings in obtaining and satisfy
ing thb want, - At times, he says, they
will rush into the store, trembling, sal
low, and in utter misery, and the mo
ment, they obtain the coveted liurso'iu
they swallow it with wild avidity, a if
life itself depended upon the movement.
The extent, inJeod, tj which op?yrn i3
sued, id s ja form or otLer, is- i'msr.
incredible. ' ".We are assureu, moreover,
that the habit is rapidly oa the iuci ease,
and that not a few individuals resort to
the drug in the spirit of the Ciii:.t:sef
and witu the objector stimulating tiitai
Belves into a tort of earthly elvsiuui,
only to wake and. find themselves
'An 'article in a recent number of the
Journal of Phisiological Medicine de
tails some curious facta in relation to
the use and effect of opium. It is stated
that if the drug be taken in compara
tively small and frequently repeated
, doses it produces excitinent andjpleasur
able feelings before it occasions stupor.
The capability -of receiving excitement
from it is probably increased by habit,
somewhat in the same manner that al
coholic liquors give most pleasure to
those who are iasome degree habituated
to them"- Mr. Madden, inJiis travels in
Turkey speaks Of the practice as ex
tremely injurious to the opium eaters
themselves; they lose their appetites,
beeome feeble and tremulous, their necks
awry, and . their fingers contracted.
They are perfectly miserable until the
hour arrives for the gratification of their
indulgence. Dr. Oppenheim, a German
writer, . makes a similar statement,
' The habitual opium eater," says be,
ia instantly recognized by his appearance-;
a total attenuation of body, a
withered, yellow countenance, a lame
gait, a bending of the spine, frequently
to such a degree as to assume a circular
form, and glassy, deep sunken eyes, be
tray him at first glance. Dr. Oppen
hejmrrjentioDS that the habit is almost
Impossible to break, but those who make
th jtttempt ingeniously mix their pills
with, wax and daily diminish the quan
tity of opium until nothing bat the wax
The.case of the celebrated poet Cole-.
is - refere d to, It appears
he beoame addicted to the bofcifof
swing op'mmj nd was earnestly appeal
Uryon lh. mhiMil hv n tripnri. nl r.
C011 , His reply is painfully thrilling,
ana W sudioia nnrlinni nf it bv War of
''The object of my present reply is to
state the case just as it is : - First, that
for ten years the anguish of my spirit
has been indescribable, the sense of my
danger staring, but the concionsness of
my guilt worse than alL I have prayed
with, drops of agony on my-brow ; trem
bling not only bofore the justice of my
Maker, but even before the mercy of my
Redeemer. " I gave thee so many tal
ents, what hast thou done with them ?"
Secondly, overwhelmed, sb I am with a
sence of my direful infirmity, I have
never attempted to. disguise or conceal
the cause. On the . contrary, not only
to friends have I 8tatedmy whole case
with tears and the very bitterness of
shame, but in two instances I have war
ned young men, mere acquaintances, who
have- spoken of having taken laudanum,
of the direful consequences by an awful
expositiono fTits tremendous effets upon
myself. , Thirdly, though before God I
cannot lift up my eyelids, and only do
not despair of his mercy, because , to
despair would be adding crime to crime
yet to my fellow men I was seduced to
the accursed habit iior;ir:tly. I had
heea almost bed-rddeu fur ruanr months
with' swelling in 'my.knees. . In' a rood:
eal journal t utihappily met with iS-
eoant of a cure nerturiiiti J in a similar
case for what appuered to rue sj) by rub'
bing in of ,Iauiianum, at the same time
takine a given dose internally. It ac
ted like a charm, like a miracle I recov
ered the use of my limbs, of my appe
tite, of my spirits, and this continued
for near a fortnight. At length the
usual stimulus subsided, the complaint
returned, the supposed remedywas incur
red too r but I cannot go through the
dreary history. Suffice it to say that
effects were produced which acted upon
me by terror and cowardice of pain and
sudden death, not (so help me God) by
any - temptation - of pleasure or desire
of exciting pleasureable sonsations.-
On the very contrary, Mrs. Morgan and
her sister will bear witness so far as to
say that the longer I abstained the
higher my spirits were, the keener my
enjoyments, till the moment, the direful
moment, arrived when my "pulse began
to palpitate, and -such a dreadful falling
abroad as it wsa of my whole frame,
such intolerable restlessness and incipi
ent bewilderment, that in the last of my
several attempts to abandon the dire
poison I exclaimed in agony, which I
now repeat in seriousness and solemnity
' I am too poor to hazard this.' Had
I bat a few hundred pounds, but 200,
half to send to' Mrs Coleridge and half
to place myself in a private mad house,
where I could procure nothing but what
a physician thought proper, and where
a medical attendant could be constantly
with me for two. or three months, (in
less than that time life or death would
be determined,) then there might be
hope i. now there is none 1 O God ! how
illinglv would I place myseit unaer
Dr. Fox, in his establishment; for my
case is a species of madness only that it
is a derangement, an utter impotence of
the volition and not of tlie tiitcliectuot
faculties. You did me rouse myself.
Go bid a man paralytic- in both arms to
rub thenTbriskly together and that will
cure him. Alas ! he would reply, that
I cannot move my arms in my complaint
and my misery.
" May trod bless you and your anec-
tionate but most afflicted,
S. T. Coleridge."
This, be it remembered, as the case of a
highly iutelldutual man. Nay, so pow
erful became the habit with Coleridge
that he took from two quarts of laud
anum per wees to a pint a aay. uu
one occasiou he took a quart iu twenty
four honrs. Imagine the condition of a
human being bo situated and in needy
ciroumstfiiices. " Hat that cona tion
coald not be more vividly described
than in the language of Coleridge him
self " "
D-ar Sir , for I aia unworthy to ca?i
y ifood eiiian friend, much less you,
whedd hospitality aad love I have abased;
ac-'t-'-f l o.vovei , my emtroattrs 101 J'ur
forgiveness' and prayers. Coue.-siv. a
poor, luj-er-bi' wc-'S jh, . v. ho !or mauy.
ears his beon attuiupti'jg t-j btat cii
pau by a to: snrit recurrence to me
vic9 that pr.--!.!-;M ir- Conceive a spirit
iu liell employe': iu traciugjout for oth
ers the road to that heaven from which
bis crimes exclude him 1 In short, con
ceive what is most wretched, helpless,
and hopeless, and you will form as toler
able a notion of my state as it is possi
ble for a good man to have. , I used to
think the text in S. James, that 'he
who offended in one point offends in all,'
yery harsh; but now I sae the awful
the tremendous truth of &,In the one
crime of opium what crime I ave I not
made myself guilty -of ?-Ingratitude to
my Maker, and to my benefactors, injus
tice and. unnatural cruelty to my poor
children; self-contempt for my repeated
promise-breach, nay, too often actual
falsehood I After my death I earnestly
entreat that a full and unqualified nara
tion cf my wretchedness and of its guil
ty causes, may be made public, that at
least some little good may be effected by
the direful example. May God Al
mighty bless you, and havo mercy on
your still affectionae and, in his heart,
S. T. CoLEaiDOE."
Comment is. unnecessary. There is;
indeed, no more adject wretch on earth
than the victim of opium -eating. His
anxieties and his agonies may be imag
ined, but they cannot be described,
inir to late census returns, there
are four thousand, nine hundred and
seventy one Mormons in the state ot
Michigan, the most of whom are on Bea
He who marries a pretty face only, is
like a buyer of cheap furniture the
varnish that caught the eye will not en-
aure tne nre-siae dius.
The girdle of beauty is not a stay
laco. This is the only excuse for tight
lacing; a good house wip should have
WHY EPIDEMICS RAGE AT SIGHT.
It was in one night that four thou
sand persons perished of the plague in
London. It was by night that the army
of Sennacharib was destroyed. Both
in england and on the Continent a large
portion of the cholera cases, in its sev
eral forms, nave been observeu to nave
occurred between one and two o'clock
In the morning. Tho danger of expo
sure to the nieht air has been a theme
of physicians from time immemorial ;
but it is remarkable that they never yet
cailed in the aid of ohemistry to account
for the fact.
It,is at night that the stratum of air
nearest the ground must always be the
mest charged with the particles of- am
realized matter given out from the skin.
and deleterious gasses, such as .carbonic
acid eas the product of respiration
and sulphurated hydrogen the product
of the sewers. In tho dav, gases, ana
varios substances of all kinds, rise in the
air bv the rarefaction leaves, they fall
by au increase of gravity, if imperfectly
mixed with tho atmosphere ; .while the
cases involved during tuo night, instead
'of ascending," rt.-n.aiu at nearly the same
leve. It is i.-iosvu tnat carbonic acid
at a lovi temperature partake so nearly
the nature of a zluid tbut it may be pour
ed out of one vessel into another. It
rises at the temperature at which it is
exhaled from the Jungs, but its tent en
cy is towards the floor or the bed cf the
sleeper in cold and unventilated rooms
At Hamberg, the alarm of cholera at
night in some parts of the city was so
great, that many refused to go to bed,
lest they should be attacked unawares
in their sleep, bitting up, they proba
bly kept their stoves or open fires burn
ing for the sake of warmth gives the ex
pansion to any deleterious gases present,
which would nest promote their escape
and promote their dilution in the . at
mosphere. J. he means ot satety were
then unconsciously assured. "At Sierra
Leone the natives have a practice, in
the sickle season, of keeping fires con.
stantly burning in their huts at night,
assigning that the fires keep away evil
spirits, to which, in their ignorance,
they attribute the fever and ague. Lat
terly, Europeans have begun to adopt
the seme practice, and thoso who have
tried it assert that they have now en
tire immu-nity from the tropical fevers
to which they were formerly subjected.
- - In the epidemics of the middle ages
fires nsed to be lighted in tho streets for
the purification of tho air, and . in. the
plague of London, in 1685, fires in tile
streets were at one time kept burning
incessantly, till extinguished by a vio
olent storm of rain. Lattarly, trains
of gunpowder have been fired, and can
nons discharged, for the same object ;
but it is obvious that these measures,
although sound in principle, must nec
essarily, out of doors, be on too small a
scale, as measured against an ocean of
atmosphereio air, to produce any sensi
ble effect. Within doors, however, the
case is different. It is quite possible
to heat a room sufficiently to produce a
rarefaction and consequent dilution of
any malignant gasses it may contain,
and it is, of course, the air of the room,
and that alone, at night which comes in
contact with the lungs of the person
sleeping. Westminster Review
L STE0N3-MINDED CANDIDATE
A lady advertising for a ' husband in
the Water-Cure Journal, gives the fol
lowing description of herself. , She cer
tainly has some fine " points i"
I am just twenty, but will not marry
before I am two years olJer. I am a
radua'te of the Marietta Seminary.
can do, and love to do all manner of
umis ;-work, from making pies and bread
to washii'g shirts; I cii do all kind of
sewi'jg, fr'jva 'embroidery to iinsey pau-
:oor.s: Lean pkatn, ride, dance, sing,
r i-iy r.fr'tho l iuno or spinning wheel, or
iiivtrting that oitv reasonably bo expec
ted of my sex. If required, I can act
ih'e part of a duri.;eia society of the "up-
dor tan," or t'i? part of a woiucu among
Women. As tor riding, here allow me
to make a banter ; any man may bring
tro horses, give me choice and ten feet
and th :n if be overtakes me in one mile
I am his : if not, the horse is mine.
Beware ! ,
I am a believer in hydropathy, and
use no tea or coffee,7 neither do I wear
corsets ; but 1 am willing my husband
should do either, if he desire. I believe
in " women's rights " but I have no
right to meddle with politics, or man's
business in general neither have men
tne rigni to nieuuie wnn ours. -n.s tor
appearance, 1 am neitner tail nor snort
large nor small, but I am just as I was
made. I have never attempted to alter
my shape or color, as I am perfectly
satisfied with the same. By fops I aui
styled handsome; by the young men on
whom I please to smile, I am styled
tho height of perfection; by those I
frown upon, " the devils imp ;" by the
wisa and sober lam called wild and
foolish ; by my female acquaiatanoes
' Molly " and by my uncle 1 am called
If I marry it will bo a man who uses
no spirits, tobaco or profanity. He may
be young or old, handsome or homely,
rich or poor, but not in tne extreme, -lie
must have a good common education
at least. He must be industrious; he
must be capable of so bearing himself in
any society that he will be beloved by
all ; bis disposition on after acquautance
must please in every respect. He after
marriage, must allow me to follow the
dictates of mj own concience provided
L do not trample on nis riguts ami no
must follow suit.
Like the colored bottles in a che
mist's window; is tho rouge on the cheek
of a maiden : it attracts the passer-by,
but all know the drug l.hey advertise.
Choose not your wives, as you do
grapes, from the bloom on them.
SOW LOOK OUT.
Thb following communication from
Dr. Buchanan, of Cinoianati, to the N,
Y. JWAune, discloses the fact, that the
whole Rag Money SystCfiTis in . danger
of being blown sky high by ,the magic
power . of Photography. Uounterfeiters
will not be slow in availing "themselves
of the discovery, and then they will be
able to deceive the very elect among the
money changers. Vt, uchanan says:
I have just witnessed somo illustra
tions of the art of Photographio Coun
terfeiting, which I deem highly impor
tant, not only to bank officers, but to
the public at large. Mr. Fontayne, of
this city, on of the best daguerrcotypists
in the world, -has recently made" several
photographic copies of bank notes, which
far surpass, in the perfection of their
details, anything which has ever been
done in the old way of counterfeiting.
When these photographs are carefully
taken on proper bank note paper, they
defy detection either by the naked eye
, or by microscopic inspection.
One of these photocraphs, from $10
bill, was deposited by Mr., S. with other
bills, in the Life and Trust Company,
and was received witnout suspicion, i le
then ir.formed them that there was
bad oill among tueni ; the money was
re-inspected, and he was positively as
sured that it was all good, and request
ed to point out the defective bill ; he
did so, and after a genural examination
by the officers - present, tho bill was
again pronounced good. Another trial
was made by presenting a photographic
copy of a bill at the principal Banking
Houses. ' At the .Hanks of amead, Uol
Lard & Hughes, Gregory & Ingulsbee,
and some others, the photograph was re
ceived, and after careful inspection, was
pronounced a good bill. A still more
rigid test was made by presenting pho
tographs and genuine bills to Mr. Uooth
ana other bank-note engravers. - Alter
the most careful inspection, they were
unable to detect the photographic
counterfeit, for as I have observed, the
minutest details ar perfect under mi
I think it obvious from these facts
that our paper currency is in a danger
ous condition, and that it is necessary
to give the widest publicity to these
alarming developments. If any good
master of photography, can, in a short
time, and at a trifling expense, flood the
country with spurious money, .which
even cashiers, presidents, and experts of
every grade are unable to detect, we
have ho security in our paper currency
m w w w w
It is not only our currency that is as
sailed by this art, but everything de
pending on the human pen is liable to
counterfeiting. One's autograph may
be at any time affixed to a bank check,
promissory note,- will, deed, letter of
credit, or reoomendation, or any number
of autographs maybe affixed to any doc
ument the operator may please the au
tagraphs being so perfect, that the wri
ter himself could not detect an error.
" OLD BULLION " ON BANKING.
No man in this country has enter
tained mere enlightened views on the
subject of banking, or advocated them
with mork consistency and ability than
Thomas A. Benton. His speaches du
ring the United States Bank controver
sy, did more than anything, except the
energetic actioiTof " Old Hickory " him
self, to decide the contest; and much
may be found in them applicable to the
present condition of monetary affaire,
especially to the question of the suppres
sion of small notes, which is now "much
discussed throughout the country. In
regard to the issue of small notes he says :
The evil ot small notes may be clas
sed under three heads : 1. The banish
ment of gold and silver. 2 Encourage
ment to counterfeiting. 3 Throwing
the burdens and losses of the paper sys
tem upon tho laboring part of tho com
munity, who have no share in the prof
its of banking, and should not be made
to bear its losses. ( -
" The instinct of banks to sink their
circulation to the lowest denoaiiaatioa-oiV
notes whiph can ba forced upon-the com
munity is a trait in thoT eystem univer
sally proved to exist wherever banks of
circulation, have been permitted to give
a currency to a country and affect of
that instinct has always been to banish
fold' and silver. When the Bank of
England was chartered, iu the yaar
1694, it could issue no notes less than
100 sterling ; that amount was gradu
ally reduced by the persvering efforts of
of the bank to 50 ; then to 20; then
to 15; then to 10; at last to 5; and
finally to 2 and (,
These last denominations were not
reached until the year 1797, or until
one hundred end three years after the
institution of the bank ; and as the sev
eral reduction in the size of the notes,
and the consequent increase of paper
currency took place, gold became more
and more scarce ; and with the issue of
the one and two pound notes, it totally
disappeared from the country.
" This effect was foretold by all polit
ical economists, and especially by Mr-
Burke, then aged and retireing from pub-
lio life, who wrote from his retreat to
Mr. Canning, to say to Mr. ritt, the
Prime Minister, these prophetio words :
" If this bill for one and two pounds is
permitted to pass, we shall never see
anotner guinea in jiingianu. j.ue uui
did pass, and the prediction was fulfill
ed ; for not another guinea, or sovereign
was seen in England, for circulation,
until the bill was repealed two and
twenty years afterwards. After remain
ing nearly a quarter of a century with
out a gold circulation, England abolish.
ed her one and two pound notes, limited
her paper currency to 5 sterling, re
quired all Bank of England notes to be
paid in gold, and allowed tour years lor
the acts to take effect. Before the four
years were out, the .Bank ot England
reported to Parliament that it ias rea
dy to begin gold payments, and com
menced accordingly, and has continued
thus ever since. fraud inquirer
' HIGH CHURCH" AND 'LL0W
CHURCH." . . ...
A correspondent writes, that in par
a graphs relative to the recent election, of
Jarovi8ional .JKisbop. he sees the. exprel
6 ion a, " low church " and ' high church "
again made use of. He desires, an ex
planation of their original aad present
meaning.- .-I ha. .information sought.
might, more-" properly be expected in re
ligigus journals ; and any attempt at an
answer, in a secular paper, must neces
sarily be brief and imperfect, '
. Thoso who are familiar with tho his
tory of England will remember that
King James II, was a Catholie, and in
consequence of his troubles with his
Protsstant subjects, was deposed, and
was succeeded by William and Mary."
Many members of the Church of Eng
land, who had taken the oath of allegi
ance to James, considered it unlawful
to withdrew their fealty to him during
his lifetime, and refused to tsae the oath
of allegiance to 'William and Mary.
lo such, a number of epithets were ap
plied among wbicb were Jon-jurors,
Jacobites, and liigh-Uhurch-men.-
Nun-jurors .means literally persons un
willing to take 'an oath. Jacobites is
derived from ' Jacobus, tho Latin for
James, and means t lie followers of James.
High-Churchmen-. is au epithet applied
more, particularly to those who rever
ence the authority of the Bishops and
Clergy as of divino institution,. who ad
here to the opinion that their Bishops
may trace a regular succession from the
Apostles down. . High-Churchmen also
adhere with" great tenacity to the letter
of the rubrics and canons of the Church
J.ow.Churobroen are those who profess
to hold religious forms and ceremonies
in low estimation, and to hold quite in
dependent . of external observation the
spiritual value of Christian ordinances.
Bancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury,
and a number of other Bishops, were de
prived of their Sees in consequence of
refusing to take the oath of allegiance
to William and Mary. The followers of
oancrott - were most numerous in Scot
land, and -their separation from the
Church of England went no farther than
it affected their allegiance. The
non-jurors continued to pray for James
and the Stuart family, and it was not
till the asoesston of George III. that
the cause of their separation from the
Church of Jiingland became removed
Of the four first Bishops of the Pro
testant Episcopal Church in the United
btates, one Xliishop Seabury of Conn.
aceiverqitVratioii-at thr bands of the
non-juring Bishops of Scotland, and the
other three from tho Archbishop of Can
terbury, who was the successor in direct
line' of Tillotson, who succeeded the de
posed Bancroft. There was now eve
ry propped that the feud which had
distarbed the Church of England for a
contury, would be extended to this
country. By the exertion of wise and
good men, conspicuous among whom was
tne late msbon farter of Massacbuetts,
such a calamity was prevented. A Bish
op of Canterbury, was induced to unite
with one who had received consecration
from tho Honouring Bishop in the conse
cration of Dr. Bass, the first Bishop of
The terms " high church " and " low
church " still retain their original mean
ing, and have decided adherents in this
century, j ha leading " high church
men " are Bishopy Whittingham, of Ma
ryland, and Doane, of New Jersey ; the
leading "low churchman " is Bishop
Mcllvaine, of Ohio,, who has been de-
nouced as "little better than a Presby
In the Diocese of New York, the ma
jority of clergy adhere to the high
church dogmas, The laity appear to
be almost as decidedly high church ; and
it was probably only tbeif desire to se
cure a bishop, that induced many ot
them to abandan the high church can
didate, Dr. Vinton, and join the clergy
ia the election of Dr. Potter. Tho lat
ter, "however, is by no means a "lo
rchman," as he has been style.: in
iv quarters. On the contrary. lie
Jiaalways enjoyed the' reputation of be?
ing " a consistent bgh churchman." As
" a lover of the things that tend toward
peace, his administration, however,
will be likely to receive the cordial sap-
port of churchmen qi au classes throagh-
out the lenght and breadth of tho dio
cese. -ZV. Y. Express,
MORTALITY IN THE ARMY,
The Washington correspondent of the
Detroit Free Press says t
". An unusual fatality seems to have
attended the army during the current
year;' and it is not improbable that the
losses by death will prove to bo double
the amount of any year in the history of
the country , when not engagca in actu
al warr Many of these deaths have oc
curred by Indian treachery on the fron
tiers, where the failure of Congress to
give the additional rorce actually re
quired by the necessities of the service
has compelled the posting of only troops
enough io excite the derision of the sav
age, and tempt him to murder in mere
wantonness, to show his appreciation of
our weakness. It is a difficult matter
to interest the country at large on this
subject; but any man who will, for a
moment, look at the great extent of our
frontier and then remember that it
has to be defended with precisely the
same number of troops that were deem
ed indispensible before we had acquired
California, Texas, New Mexico, and
Utah, or settled Oregon cannot fail to
see that Congress is insisting on the mak
ing of bricks without straw. Simple
humanity, if nothing more, requires an
increase of the army ; for it is little
short of willful homicide to send detach.
ed parties of a few men only oat of the
regions of civilization, where they can
be of little service, except aa targets for
The stepping stone of fortune is
to be found in a jeweler's shop.
PETRIFIED HUlCfiT BODIES A
Y "' r VKEXTABLI WONDERv '." . '-
" --v.'" . - r-f
'Mr. Georga Lane, who has charge of
" Woodland Cemetry," near this city,
was 'called wpou the other day by JJr.
George P. Loy, wb lives about three
miles south-east of German town, in. this
eoanty, to reniovehe remains of fcfjpifirBt
-wife, av. grand child, .and: othfr 'bodies',''
ICom family burying-ground upouii j
farm, and inter Chesa ir bK lot,Jtn,ihe
.,Gerwantown: Cemetry." t Thi bury
ing ground was made 'many yearn &gb.!
opon the side of a little, hill) in 4 field,
some distance from the residence of Mr.
L., in aecordance with the custom in the
Miama Valley, at that day, when-almost
every property-holder had a burying
plsce upon his farm. " ', -'
The first grave that was. opened was
that of Mr. Loy's first wife, who was im
terred about twenty-four years ago. On
reaching the coffin, it was found . perfect
at least to appearance and the - men
proceeded tq completely unearth it, and
raise it to the mouth of the grave.- This,
they soon nscertained to be a difficult
task, and the emll force engaged at. it
was compelled ; to procure assistance.
The earth this time was completely . ta
ken from around the coffin, and removed
faom under the coffin, as far as it could
bo reached, but still it was found difficult
to even move it. . - ' "' --,'
The assistance of six men "was at
length obtained, -and it required all the
strength they were in possession of to
raise the coffin from its bed, and plaoe it
upon the ground at the side of the grave I
If was supposed by those engaged in the
disinterment, that the coffin was filled
with water, on aceount of its extreme
heaviness, but after it was taken from
the grave it was measurably dry, and no
signs of waiter could be discovered.. The
lid was then with difficulty removed,
when it was ascertained that the body
was in an excellent state of preserva
tion. - Upon a close examination it was
found that tho remains would not give
way under the presure . of a piece of
board which one of the gentlemen placed
npon the corpse, and this strange ' cir
cumstance led to still futher investigation-.
The shroud, and indeed all the
covering which was npon the body at
the time of inetrment, twenty -four years
ago, had disappeared not a ventage of
them remained. The body was perfect,
except the right leg, from the knee to
the ankle joint, where the flesh seemed
to have wasted away, and lay at the bot
tom oi tne comn in a substance resem-
iraahfigjnixed with sand. With tbiJ"! hf for bin' .and T9
exception' ofdeoay, the body and limbs
exhibited the same perfectness of exteri
or they did hen life and animation wore
in the body.
The body, indeed, had been petrifi
ed 1 It was, by some strange quality of
the earth, and other causes of which we
can form no conjecture, turned into
stone of a drab, or more properly speak
ing, flesh color, and the chisel of the ar
tist might imitate, but could not make
so close a resemblance to the "human
divine," The smile which lighted up
her countenance at the moment when
death gently untied the cord which
bound the soul to clay, still seemed to
linger upon the face of the stone ! The
light of the eyes was gone, and they
were sunken, but from the sightless orbs,
the soul seemed to look out upon those
who were viewing, with astonishment,
that human form of stone.
The grave of the grand-child of Mr
Loy was next entered, and coffin " exhu
med, It was also found to heavy, and
when opened, the corpse presented much
the same appearance as that of Mrs.
Loy. It was not as perfoct, however,
although petrified. The body and limbs
pad about the same appearance they
did in )ifs but the exterior had lost its
life-like contour The most remarka-
able thing connected with the remains of
the child was that the hair upon the
petrified skull was, to be all appearance,
the same as in life I Mr. Lane cupped
a small ringlet from the crown and tied
it into a knot. The-other bodies which
were exhumed one or two in number
where only partially petrified, and
were mosuy qecayea,
., , -
A great many persons, attractpd by so
remarkable phenomena, gathered around
these remains with wondering eyes.
The like had been " read about." but
never seen by them before ; indeed we
very much doubt whether as great cu
riosities, in human petrifaction, were
ever before -" seen, although we have
strange accounts coming down to us
through mistiages. Tho bodies of stone
were re-enterred in the Cemetry, at
Germantown, where ihoy will probably
remain until the "ureas JJay, wnen
they wilt be transformed into receptacles
for immortal souls. Dayton nipt re.
Unconstitutional Seats. Two men
Blair and Hubbey,are now holding seats
and voting in the Michigan Legislature,
in defianoe of one of the plainest clauses
of the constitution of that Stato, which,
as applied to them reads ;
" No person holding any office under
the United States, or any county office,
except notaries public, officers of the
militia, and officers elected by townships,
shall be eligible to or have a seat in
either House - of the Legislature ; and
all votes given for any such person shall
be void. "
These two men were holders of coun
ty offices at the time of their election,
and the Advertiser, Whig as it is says
that their holding fn to their scats, in
the teeth and eyes of the constitutional
disqualification, by a Fusion majority
voting down all attempts to bring the
matter before the body, is as outrageous
as it is disgraceful. ; ,
When a maid takes two spaniels and
parrots, it means that her beauty has
gone to tne aogs, ana - mat nenceiortn
her life is a birden to her.
The mouth of a wise woman is like a
money box which is seldom opened, so
that mnch treasure comes forth from it.
gjaasrpaa ,.m rcco-SnfeTTn-g-aV enemy.
JENNY USD'S KINDNESS OF
; . i:, v heart, ;
A 8 TORT TR03T BATLDUm's ATTrftBrOGBAPHT.
' In: Havana, the house ' occupied by
Jdrfriy Lind rjd those who acjpmpaincd
hit from -Europe, fcs icell as my daughter
d Tnyself, - was pleasantly --situated
ear the.Tacon Theatre, just 'outside
wall'a Suruor Vivalla the little
Italian juggler wid platcdancer who, i
fonmeiv years, bad porform'ed under my
ausptcesy caiiea on -me frequently,.- lie
was thus unable- to earn a livelihood, al
-. it --. - w-r
though he Still kept a performing dog,
wljich turned a spinning wheel and per
formed some carious tricks. ' One day,
asI was passing him out of the -front
gate, Miss Lind inquired of me who ho
was. I briefly recounted to herhis hit tory.
Sho expressed deep interest in bis case,
and said something should be set apart
for him in the " benefit " which she was
about to give, for charity. : Accordingly,,
when 'the benefit came off", Miss Lind
appropiated (500 to him, and I made
the necessary arrangements to bare him
return to his friends in Italy. At tho
same benefit $4,000 was distributed be
tween two humane hospitals and a convent.-
A couple of mornings after the
benefit our bell was rung,' and the ser
vant announced that I was wanted. I
went to thodoor and found a large pro
cession of children, neatly dressed nd
bearing banners, attended hy ; ten or
twelve priests, dressed in their rich and
flowing robes. I inquired their busi
ness and was informed that they had
oome to see Miss Lind and thank her in
person for her benevolence.' I took their
message and informed Miss Lind that
the leading priests of the . convent had
eoms in great, state to see and .thank
her. - " I will not see them," she repli
ed : " they have nothing ' to thank me
for. If I have done good, it is" no more
than my duty, and it is my pleasure. I
do not deserve their thanks. I will not
see them." - I returned her answer ,arid
the leaders ot the grand procession turn
ed away in disappointment.
The same day Vivalla called and
brought her a basket of the most luscious
fruit that he could procure. The little
fellow was' very happy and extremely
grateful. Miss Lind had gono out for a
ride. : "
" God bless me ! I am so happy j she
is such a good lady. I shall see my
brothers, and sisters again. Oh, she is
a very eoo4 lady," said poor Vivalla,
overcome by his feelings. He begged
the lruit. Aa fee was passing out lUh4
door be hesitated a moment, and then
said : " Mr. Barnum, I should like so
much to have the good lady see my dog
turn a wheel ; it is very nice ; he can
spin very good. . . Shall I bring the dog
and wheel for her ? She is such s good
lady, 1 wish to please her very much."
I smiled, and told him she would not
care for the dog; that he was quite wel
come to the money, and that she refused
to see the priests from, the convent that
morning, because she never received
thanks for favors.
When Jenny camo in I gaye ber the
fruit, and laughingly told her that
Vivalla wished to show her how his per
forming dog could turn a spinning-wheel.
"Poor man, poor man, do let him
come, it is all the good creature can de
for me," exclaimed Jenny, and the tears
flowed thick and fast down her cheeks. -
"like that, I like that,"' she con
tinued, do let the poor creature come
and bring the dog. It will make him
so happy." I coufess it made me hap
py, and exclaimed, for my heart was
fulL " God blqss you, it will make him
cry for joy ; he shall come to-morrow."
I saw Vivalla the same evening, and de
lighted him with the intelligence that
Jenny would see his dog perform the
next day, at four o'clock precisely, "
will be punctual, said v ivaua, in a
voice trembling with emotion." - " But
I was sure she would like to sep my dog
'For full half an hour before the time
appointed did jenny Lind sit" in .her
window on the second floor, and watch
for Vivalla and his dog. A few minutes
before the appointed hour she saw him
coming. " An, here he comes, he comes,
she exclaimed in delight, as she ran
down stairs and opened the door to ad
mit him. . A negro boy was bringing the
small spining wheel, while Vivalla led
the -dog, and handing the boy a silver
eoin, she motioned him away, and taking
tho wheel in her arma she said.; - I his
ia very kind of' you, to come with your
dog; follow me, 1 will carry the wheel
up stairs ; " her servant offered to take
the wheel, but no, she would let no one
carry it but herself ; she called us all
up to her parlor, and for one full hour
did she devote herself to the happy
Italian, She went down on her knees
to pet the dog mnd to ask Vivalla all
sorts of questions about, his perform
ances, his former course of life, his
friends in Italy and his present hopes
and determinations. Then she sang and
played for bim, gavo him some refresh
ments and finally insisted on carrying
his wheel to the door, from whence her
servant accompanied Vivalla to his
boarding honse. .
"oor V ivalla 1 He was probably nev
er so happy before, hu his enjoyment
did not exceed that of Miss Lind. That
scene .alone would have paid me for r 11
iv. j. : a. ,
"V r.Lui "ifnug tun wuoiu musical
When cats wash their feces, bad
weather is at hand when women use
washes to their complexion, it is a true
sign that the beauty pf their day is
Many powder their faces that their
skin may seem white ; it is a poulterer
tnat sours an old ben, that it may pass
ur a tuuuer cmcxen.
- , v"
How many women have been mined
by diamonds; as bird-catchers entice
the lark from hear on to earth with
sparkling glass. '
delights which tho world besides cannTt
LAMARTE5TE OS RUSSIA, -T -
'- j v ; ..- - .J?W
Is a secenfr work ttfltygreat " Jrenc& Tf..
historian and poet,- Lamaeti.nE, thus - .
speaks of Russia: '." " '-': ' ".-';
" Ruszia, which extends from Poland? "
to Persia and China, already weighs in
finitely too inuch on the globe. If V -such
weight bo added that of the JtSOy
000 square leagues of the. Ottomofa ear
pire- in 'A b! a anddBuropOeaH baTnce of -
forces is at an end? v We should haVe tat-- "
enter on a whole hemispyre, anil on tba V
half of another the fajous;MS " Fpto''
nia., applied not merely to Sartamitia,",
but to all Europe. ..'" "5: A ;'f
"'It is known that Napoleon was ?- -"
customed to say whatever be though t'i ''"'.
is his familiar conversations -ith hi" ' i
friends. Count de Rambuteau, the"
Chamberlain,' and afterward "Prefect of ; V
Paris, was present : ono evening at, . th ,1-,-Tuileries,
at one of these grand imprd-V
visations, in January, 18 1 3,-a period.,,--'
when fortune had removed many an fl- - '
lusion. Marshal Daroust and the Count'-' '
de Lobau, as. well as M. Rambuteau, 1L"' - ;J
toned with respectful interest to the af - ,
flictintr anecdotes of., the retreat from, -
ussia. 'Napoleon aJl at once inter '
rupted himself in the recital of his rey "
verses, and said : " Alas I how the bestt V
calculated plant may be thwarted by
the most unforseeji circumstances I--
Placed in 1813 at the bond of Europo . ,
and disposing or all the forces of the
West, I thought the moment was come- "
to invade Russfa. ' I wanted to raise p- 3'4'
against her a barrier which she eoukfe ' a
never pass. I hoped, at least, to retard
for a hundred years that power J and ir -(
reality I "have advanced her a century, .
If ever she seizes on Constantinople,
she will place Europe awd -Asia wida
the same yoke. ' Ahl if I had khwww:
sooner the importance of the 'Turkish
counterpiiso at Constantinople !"
" And, In fact," says M.' de Ia.rjaacv "
tine, "let any one represent to hkaaelf ' T
a Czar who recruits bis annoes symoDg- - I
millions of men men whose sole- dutjsv i
is to die for their. masteiVsJ&t any one-,
in his mind add to that formidable re- j
cruitment the forty nations-of-Ottomam'.".
subjects, Turks, Greeks," Abaacisrw, Ar-j---
menians, Circassians, Druses and Ma ;
ronites, and then add ta that the twen
five millions, of Persians who- already-' '
tremble before the advanced boats of
Russia and there will bo one hundred-: x
and thirty million a of . men. in ens des- "
potio band, to oppose one bundre4 andi . -k
twenty millions of others.- What po
comes of the Black Sea, that Lake of n
Y a O - Ti. 1- . 4 , '-
gret dock of Russia inwhichr fcor-
niurope auu -o.sia, i . a Decomes ins
fleets will be constructed iu silence, un-C
tii sucn urns as uieir mnumeraoie saiig .-. t
will debouch by the Dardanelles into v,
the Mediterranean, saying to tho winoj .T
like the Barbarians 'Blow where you
will, wherever you carry os the land
ours.' What becomes of PAuabey,
which after having flowed Along freely' .
for six hundred leagues across Germany- (
will find the muscorite blockade at.it r
junction with the seas, it which it went A"
to seek the sun an.d wealth of the East r "
What will become of the Adriatic, m -
which Austria was commencing io exer
cise herself in navigaiion and commerce
by Trieste and .Venice, and wbicb Dal- , r
matia, bpirus and Albania, hencefor- , .
ward Russian, will close up . like a se. "
cond Black Sea to the Austrian flag? .
What becomes of Constantinople, that ..
Hanseatio capital, situated on two, . ,
continents, ou the shores of three seas. .
and of two straits, common doors, oC .
which the keys ought to be in a neutral,.
friendly, or independent hand? Con .
stantinople becomes a Moscow of the- -
Bosphorus, of which tas Kremlin, built,
on the place of the gardens of the serai- .
gio, will cause the ships of war of Eu " '-
rope to. pass under its cannon like slaves,
What becomes of the Mediterranean f
It becomes cither a Russian lake or a
battle-field' &c . .
A SOCIAL BEARy: -
The following curious circumstancfc
which is said to be true in every perticu- '-'
lar, is related in " Lloyd's Scandinaviaiv-'-Adventures."
' : - ;' - .-
" Two women, with four children, . ;
were tending their cattle at a shearing
far from home, It was the duty of one
woman to tend the catile in the forest,
while the other occupied herself with
household matters, and in looking aftpj .
the children. It so happened, however, T"
as usual, one watched the cattle the other . .
absented herself for ft short -time on '
visit to a neighbor's leaving the children, E
to themselves. . - iv i
She had not been long away before '.
they perceived two large grown animals.. . .
which they frock to be cows, on the out-
side of the fence bordering the patch of '
pasture ground and contiguous to th '
hut. All children are carious and in
different in danger. Without considers
ation, therefore, they climbed over the - v
fence, and made up to the creatures. -
When the animals became aware of tha ' ""
near approach of the children, the las- '
ger of the two compelled -the smaller - -
one to lie down at the foot of a tall pine; . ;
and then crouched by its side as if to ,
protect it front danger. Whereupon . .
the least of the children (two years of
age) without hesitation toddled directly ' .
up to the animals, and laid itself down, 1
likewise, with its head resting on the, -belly
of the larger one, humming at the.
same time some nursery song, as if re,
posing on its mother's lsp ! ; . -
xuo ui-ucr cniiarpn reinainsa uts wuus .'
met spectators of the scene, When,
owever, the oldest had lain a little ...
while, it came to the conclusion that i)
was not & cow, but a bear, as was the "v
fact, the child was toying with, and she
became sore affrighted. Meanwhile, '
the infant, who couhl noj remain-long x
in the same position, presently rose fronj , ,
his hairy couch, gathered some blue ber-, . t
ries growing hardby, and gave them to
his bed-fellow, the bear, who immedi
ately ate them out of the babe's hand f .
The ohild next plucked a sprig from sj 1
neighboring bush, and offered it to the. . j
beast, whicb bit it in tvo, allowing tne i
child to retain one half, - , - .-. U
.4 jtJtVS L.