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...V .1 l ! I K . 1 I I
i-mtklq-mihj 3Stmspaptr--Dtoottb to Xig&t Blmiftny 3hw, 'tiUmi,- Sins anb ititntta, J&orolsj; ffitauits, thr&otktto, (Stntral ; SiHtlligmrt, Ijit Disstiuinntion of Dnnotrdif fointifltytr;
" VOL. IX.
- or I (I 1
J.. ' WAXES OHCE FOBtAKEH.
Tsars l a rtlnf wittaia my art,
" " a MM who moa taalaway,
' It tall a ar my heart caat rests
e - - U'a ftrs that haras, hat gives bo ray.
- v , '
.-- Wkea called to Joy I would By.
-.- Aarfaasks oaarlef U'a eall to obey,
. Bat Mr, alaa 1 hop suddealF dies ;
It's Ar tkai haras, but give bo ray.
Ay. sltr dear, yos amy I'd cry.
Bat this, alaa I I seed BOt Bay,
. - tut all attaaipta to weep axe dlra,
Xfa tfcat karna, kat gie bo ray. .
--" , Tkoack Mead and neighbor mil combine,
A ad aTr aslp, this worm to stay.
It staala, and cria. c JimA
U'a tUro that karna but gives no ray
" Ah, ana I 1 bad that Aiead farewell I
... Aad aaaat loraTer grieve ike aama.
"i It's tais wktsk iiw within, to tell
U'a Are that horn but glvea.no ray
O. Could I tail a once 1 told,
- Won Id tkat Ufa were a ver o gay,"
' ' Tfcaa woald 1 fly from mil the woe.
And (xail the flra, that gives ao ray.
Bat ah I It whisper back to scoff,
' it jt ta ni, " I MiU nnuii,"
Ami all attempt to mar, are naught,
I - lt ra that haras, bat give no ray .
Tkrr weald I grteva and grlavtng die.
Could this Boxioas vmon away ; .
Bat ah I It cries. aird a ,
' , It's An tkat haras kot gives bo ray.
TkT woald I yield, aad Mf glva o'er ;
- Cmm I bat reign this eUng ( day :
Bat bo, it will not let me ro ;
. . It's fu that karna, hat gives no ray.;
Mr kllss la Im. my hope ars fn:
And all atlampta to ar ar vela;
" Thl HI la doa. thoogk Jaat began,
ThsCs Ars that horns, but give no ray,
' Tarrwn all friend, all Meed of love,
I caaaot mat, till in the grave
" Mr body lia. my oul to God,
Wko'U eacne th fire, tnat give no ray,
. ' ... K.P. BKUBAhUlK.
.STORY FOR WEATHES-GRT72EBLERS
BT AC8THI C. DUKDICK.
Thk gnutlf pariah of Fallowdale had
ca for some time without a pastor.
'The members were neerjy all tanners,
and thj had not much money to he
atow upon the support of a clergyman ;
yet they were willing to pay for any
thing that could promise them any due
Teturn of good.' In coarse of time, it
happened that the Reverend Adam Su
rely visited Fallowdale, and, as a Sab
ath passed daring his sojourn, he held
a meeting in the little parish chnrch.
"The people were pleased with his preach
ing, and some of them proposed inviting
him to stay with them, and take charge
of their spiritual welfare. Upon the
.angritg of this proposition thero was a
long discussion. Parson Surely had
signified bis willingness to take op a
-permanent residence in Follow dale, bat
the members could not so readily agree
to have him.
I don't see the use of hiring a par
son," said Mr. Sharp, an old farmer of
the place. " He can do ns no good.
If yon bare got any money to spare, we
had better lay it up for something else.
JL parson can't do any good-"
To this it was answered that stated
Yeligfoos meetings would be of great
benefit to the younger people, and also
a source of real good to alL
I don't know about that," said
Sharp, alter he had heard the argument
against him. Sharp was one - of the
wealthiest men in the parish, and con
aBequently one of the most influential.
"Pre hearn tell," continued he, "of
a parson that could pray for rain, and
have it come at any time. Now if we
" could hit upon such a parson as that, I
would 0 for hiring him."
This opened a new idea to the unso
phisticated minds of Fallowdale. The
farmers had suffered with long drouths,
and after arguing a while longer, they
agreed to hire Parson Surely upon the
rooadiiion that he should give them rain
whenever they wished it, and on the oth
er band that he would give them fair
weather whenever required. DeaconB
.Smith and Townsend were deputized to
snake this arrangement known to the
parson, and the people remained in the
church while their messengers went up
on their errand. When the deacons re
rned Mr. Surely accompanied them.
Sj smiled as he entered the the church,
and with a graceful bow saluted the
people there assembled.
JVell, my friends," he said, as he
sacendod the platform in front of the
aieak, " I have heard your request of
jne, aad strange as it may appear, I have
eanae to accept yonr proposals ; bat I
oan only do it on one condition vand
that is, that your request for a change
weather be nnaniniOus "
This appeared very reasonable, since
very member of the pariah had a deep
interest in the firming business and ere
long it was arranged that Mr. Surely
should become pastor of followdale, and
that he 6hould ive the people rain
whenever they asked for it. When Mt
Sorely returned to his lodgings h'w wife
was utterly astounded on learning tho
nature of the contract he had entered
"Bat you know you cant make it
jrain," persisted Mrs. Surely; "and
you know the farmers will be wanting
aia very often when there is none for
theuu. You will be disgraeed."
I will learn them a lesson," quietly
eplied the pastor.
Ay, that you cannot . be aa good as
7hw word ; and when they have learned
M J turn you oftV' '
" We ghail see," was Mr, 8urely's re
Py; as he took no a book and commenc
A. ThU 'gaal te desist ' from fur
fWf ?.?Ter8.tion on the subject, and
she at once obeyed. Time flew on, and
at length the hot days of midsummer
camo. For three weeks it had not rain
ed, and the corn was beginning to curl
up beneath the effects of the drouth.
In this extremity the people bethought
themselves of the promises of their pas
tor, and some of them hastened to his
"Come," said Sharp, whose hilly
farm was suffering severely, " we want
some rain. You remember your prom
ise" " Certainly," returned Mr. Surely,
' if you will call a meeting of the par
ish, I will be with you this evening "
With this, the applicants were per
fectly satisfied, and they hastened to call
the flock together.
" Now, you will sec the hour of your
disgrace," eaid Mrs. Surely, after the
visitors had gone. "I am sorry you
undertook to deceive them so."
" I did not deceive them." ,
Yes, surely you did."
"We shall see.".
" So we shall see."
The hour of the meeting came round,
and Mr. Surely met his people at the
church ; and they were all there ; most
of them anxious, and the rest ourious.
" Now, my friends," said the paster,
rising upon the platform, " I have come
to hear your request What is it?"
We want rain," bluntly spoke far
mer sharp ; " and you know you prom
ised to give it to us." '
" Ay, rain rain," repeated half a
" Vere well, now, when will you have
"This very night; let it rain all
night long," said farmer Sharp, to which
several others immediately ascented.
u No, no, not to-night," cried Deacon
" I have six or seven tons, of well
made hay in the field, and I would not
have it wet for anything," said another.
" So have I, hay out." added Mr.
Peek. " We won't have it rain to
night" " Then let it be to-morrow."
" It will take me all day to-mprrow
to get my hay in," said Smith.
Thus the objections came up for the
two succeeding days. At length, by
way of compromise, Mr. Sharp proposed
that tby would have rain in just four
days. " For by that time all the hay
that la now out can far got in,-- acd-we
need not cut any "
"Stop, stop," uttered Mrs. Sharp,
pulling her worthy husband 'by the
sleeve ; " that is the day we have set to
go to SnowhilL It mosn't rain then."
This was law for Mr. Sharp, so he
proposed the rain should be in one week,
then resumed his seat - But this would
not do. .Many of tho people would not
have it put off so long.
" If we can't have rain before then,
we'd better not have it at all," said
thev. In short, the meetiDg resulted in
just no conclusion at all, for the people
found it utterly impossible to agree up
on a time when it should rain. " Until
you can make up your minds" on this
point," said the pastor, as he was about
leaving the church, " we must all trust
in the Lord." And after this the pjo
ple followed him from tho place.
Both Deacon Smith and Mr. Feck
fot their bay safely in, but on the very
ay that Mr. Sharp and his nife were
to have started for Snowball, it began
to rain in right good- earnest Sharp
lost his visit ; but he met the disap
pointment with good grace, for his crops
smiled at the rain. Ere another month
had rolled by, another meeting was call
ed for a petition for rain, but the result
was the same as before. Many of the
people had their muck to dig, and rain
would prevent them. Some wanted the
rain immediately, some in one,teorne in
two, and some in three days ; while oth
ers wanted to putit off longer. So Mr.
Sorely had not ye t occasion to call for
rain. ' I
One year rolled by, and down to that
time the people of Followdale had never
once been able to agree npon the exact
kind of weather they should have, and
the result was that they began to open
their eyes to the faet that this world
would be a strange place if the inhabit
ants could govern it. -
While they had been longing for a
power they did not possess, they bad not
seen iis absurdity ; but now they had in
good faith, tried to apply that power,
under the belief that it was theirs, they
saw clearly that they were getting be
yond their sphere. z"1
They saw that Nature's laws were
safer in the hands of Nature's God than
in the hands of Nature a children. On
the last Sabbath of the first year of Mr.
Surety's settlement a Followdale, he
offered to break up his connection with
the parish, but the people would not
liston to it They had become attached
to bim and the meetings, and they wish
ed him to stay.
"But I can no longer rest under our
former contract with regard to the
weather," said the pastor.
" Nor do we wish you to," returned
Sharp. . - -
" Only preach to us, and teach us and
our children how to liveand help ns to
be social and happy.",
" And," addod the pastor, while a
tear of pride stood in his eye, as he
looked for an instant into the faco of his
own happy wife, " all things above our
own proper sphere we will leave with
God, for He doeth U things well."
Poi-mcAi. Pkiests. The Boston pa
pers say that over sizty clergyman have
been tnis year elected to the Massach
usetts Legislature, Two of their mem
bers of Congress are also clergyman.
The Newburyport Herald very truly
says that " clergyman havo usually
made poor politicians, not one hundred
ot them equalling in legislative ability
the poorest deacon that go." The
Know Nothings seem to have a large
portion of the clergy in their ranks, and
the election -of so many of them shows
what they joined the order for..
ASHLAND,' ASHLAND COUNTY, OHIO, WEDNESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 21, 1855.
WHITE INDIANS OF THE SIERRA
A writer in the Mariposa Chronicle
furnishes the following description of the
village and surrounding country inhabit
ed by the tribe of white Indians beyond
the Sierra Nevadas, about which
much has been formerly said by other
" This village is pleasantly and ro
mantically situated in a beautiful and
rich valley, gurded on either side by lof
ty and precipitous bluffs, which from
the evergreens growing npon their bor
ders and variegated colors, present a
singularly picturesque appearance. The
mountains and table land adjacent are
thickly studded with magnificent and
lofty pines, cedars and oaks ; while in
the valley, dressed in her richest and
rarest colors, 'Flora reigns supreme.
We wero agreeable surprised, upon en
tering the village, to observe the taste
and utility displayed in its construction.
The streets were very regularly laid out
in a circular form, shaded by trees re
sembling in appearance tho Magnolia
The houses are partly Grecian in style.
and of very good workmanship. That
occupied by the Chief or King would re
flect honor upon a .more enlightened
people. It is a gigantic structure, built
in the form of a pyramid, and surroun
ded by a succession of eorridors rising
one above the other. Upon the railing
of each corridor which is wide and
grooved for the admission of earth are
cultivated the most beautiful and fra
grant flowers, bo arranged that at a short
distance the places resembles an im
mense bouquet The people seem to
have great respect for their chief, who is
a venerable and benevolent man of about
sixty. We were received and entertain
ed by him during Our stay in the village,
with the warmest and most profuse hos
pitality. A part of his suit was delega
ted to accompany us in our inspection
of the village and surrounding scenery.
In truth, so much attention was lavished
upon ns, that at times I was almost in
duced to believe that a surveillance was
placed upon our movements.
" We were told that the valley exten
ded nearly to the desert, but that a view
of its entrance was obscured by hills of
sand. Of the origin of this people 1
could learn but little reliable. They
have-a tradition, huwevcr,-which may
shed some light upon the subject It
is that their fathers came from across
the great waters ; they mere visiting,
as was their custom annually, a neigh
boring nation, when they were driven by
a gale from the land. Tho gale contin
ued with terrsfio force for a numbor of
days, driving them rapidly to the east.
After enduring fear, hunger and thirst,
until they were driven to dispair, they
came in sight of land. This land proved
to be inhabited by savages, by whom
they were taken into the interior and
held as plavea. Soon after, a plague
appeared among the Indians, which made
fearful ravages. The Indians were
made to believe that it was a judgment
upon them for enslaving the white men,
and they were accordingly liberated.
Their fathers then established themselves
in the valley which they now occupy.
The are evidently of Asiatic origin; in
stature they very much resemble the
Hungariani, and speak a language very
similar. I Lave thought -it probable
that they have sprung from the nation
mentioned by Kossuth as inhabiting the
interior of Asia."
THE PRAYING SAILOR-BOY.'
Thk Cornelia was a good ship ( said
one of the West India chaplains of the
Seamen's Friend Society, ) but at one
timo we feared she was on her last voy
age. We were but a few days oat of
the harbor, when a severe storm of five
days eontinnance overtook us.
L must tell you of a feat performed
by a sailor boy at the height of the
storm. Some of the rigging got foul at
the main-mast head, and it was neces
sary that Borne one should go up and
rectify it It was a perilous job. I
was standing near the mate, and heard
him order that boy to do it. . lie lifted
his cap, and glanced at the swinging
mast, the boiling, wrathml sea, anoWdit
the steady, determined countenance of
the mate. He hesitated in silence a
moment, then rushiug across the deck
he pitched down into the forecastle. Per
haps he was gone two minutes, when he
returned, laid his hands on the ratlines,
and went up with a will. My eyes fol
lowed him till my head was dizzy, when
I tnrned7and remonstrated with the
mate for sending the boy aloft.
" He cannot come down alive. Why
did you send him ? " -
"I did it,J replied tho mate, "to
save life. We've sometimes lost men
overboard, but never a boy. See how
he holds like a squirrel. He is more
careful. He'll come down safe, I hope."
A gain I looked, till tears dimmed my
eyes, and I was compelled to turn away,
expecting every moment to catch a
glimpse of his last fall. '
In about fifteen or twenty minutes he
came down, and straightening himself
up with the conscious pride of having
performed a manly act, he walked aft
with a smile on his countenance.
In tho course of the day I took oc
casion to speak to him, and asked him
why he hesitated when ordered aloft.
"I went, sir," said the boy, "to
"Do you pray?"
"Yes, sir; I thought that I might
not come down alive, and I went to com
mit my soul to God."
' Where did you learn to pray ? "
" At home, ray mother wanted me to
go to thfl Sunday School, and my teach
er urged me to pry to God to keep me ;
and I do." .
" What was that yeu had in your jack
et?" "My Testament, which my teacher
gave me. I thought if I did perish, I
would have the Word of God close to
my hcrt." N. Y. Observer.
"THE UNION rIT MUST AND SHALL BE PRESERVED.
STATES AND TERRITORIES.
Alabama. Formed" out of territory
ceded to the United States by . South
Carolina and Georgia. Admitted into
the Union Doc. 14th, 1819.
Arkansas Formed from territory
ceded to the United States by France.
Admitted into the Union June 15th,
California Formed of torritory
ceded by Mexico. Admitted into the
Union, Sept 9th, 1850.
Carolina, North One of the thir
teen original States. Ratified tho Con
stitution of the United States, May 21,
Carolina, Sooth One of tho thir
teen original States, Ratified the Con
stitution of the United States, May 22,
Columbia, District or Formed from
territory ceded by Maryland and Vir
ginia. Established as a Government,
July 16th, 1790. Alexandria retroceded
Connecticut One of the thirteen
original States. Ratified the Constitu
tion of the United States, January 9th,
Delaware One of the thirteen or
iginal States. Ratified the Constitution
of the United States. December 7th,
Florida Formed from territory
ceded to the United States, by Spain.
Admitted into the Union, March 3d,
Georgia One of the thirteen origi
nal States. Ratified the Constitution
of the United States. January 2d, 1788.
Illinois Formed out of territory
ceded to the United States by Virginia.
Admitted into the Union, December
Indiana Formed from territory ceded
to the United States by Virgioia. Ad
mitted into the Union, December 11th,
Iowa Formed from part of tho ter
ritory of Wisconsin. Admitted into
tho Union, December 27th, 1 846.
Kentucky "-Formed from the terri
tory of Virginia,- Admitted into the
Union, June 1st, 1792. .
Louisiana Formed from territory
ceded to tho United States by France.
Admitted into the Union, April 8th,
Maine Formed out "of part of the
territory ef-JJassacnneetts. --Admitted
into the Union, March 15th, 1820.
Maryland One of the thirteen
original States. Ratified by the Consti
tution of the United States, April 2oth,
1788. - -
, Massachusetts One of the thirteen
original States. Ratified the Constitu
tion of tho United States, February 6,
Michioan Formed from territory
ceded to the United States by Virginia.
Admitted into the Union, Jauuary 26th,
Minnesota Territory Territorial
government established March 3, 1819.
Mississippi Formed from the terri
tory ceded to tho United States by
South Carolina. Admitted into Ihe
Union, December 10th, 1817.
Mis.'ouri Fcrmed from territory
ceded to the United States by France.
Admitted into the Union, August 10th,
New Hampshire One of the thir
teen original States. Ratified the Con
stitution of the United States, June 21,
New Mexico Territory Formed
from territory ceded by Mexico and
Texas. Territorial Government estab
lished, September 9th, 1850.
New York Ono of the thirteen orig
inal States. Ratified the Constitution
of the United States, July 25, 1788.
New Jersey One of the thirteen
original States. : Ratified the Constitu
tion of tho United States, December 18,
Ohio Formed out of territory ceded
to the United States by Virginia. Ad
mitted inte the Union, November 29th,
Oregon Territory Territorial gov
ernment established Aug. 14,1843.
Pennsylvania One -or the thirteen
original Statea Ratified the Constitu
tion of the united States, secern oer iz,
Rhode Inland One of the thirteen
original States. Ratified tho Constitu
tion of the United states, aiay y, uvv.
Tennessee Formed of territory ceded
to the United States by North Carolina,
Admitted into the Union, J'ttneT7T796.
-Texas Independent Republic. Ad
mitted into the Union, Deo. 29th, 1845.
Utah . Territory Territorial Gov
ernment established September 9, 1850.
Virginia One of the thirteen origi
nal Statea Ratified tho Constitution
of the United States, June 27, 1788.
Vermont Formed from part of the
territory of New York. . Admitted into
the Union, March 4, 1781.
Wisconsin Formed from part of tho
territoiy of Michigan. Admitted into
the Union, May 29, 1848.
Hints to Newly Married Persons.
A bridegroom requested his wife to
accompany him into tne garaen a aay
or two after tho wedding. . He thon
drew a line over the roof of their cot
tage. Giving his wife one end of it, he
retired to the-other side, and exclaimed.
"Pull the line." She pulled at his re
quest, as far as she could. He cried
" pu'l it over. a can t sue replied. '
"Pull with all your might," shouted
the -whimsical husband. But in vain
were all the efforts,of the bride to pull ;
ever the line so long as the husband held
on to the opposite end. But when ho
came Tound, and they both pulled at ono
end, it came over with great ease.
" There," said he, . " you see how hard
and ineffectual was our labor when we
pulled in opposition to each other,
but how easy and how pleasant it is
when we both pull together. If we op
pose each ather it will bo hard word,
if we act together, it will be pleasant to
live. Let us, therefore always pull to
RU NNHJG' FOR THE BOTTLE IN
Charles Lanman in 1 is " Ilccoilec'
tion of American. Scenery and Adven
ture" now ioitess, and shortly to be
published, givet icBcription of this cu
rious custonW'-V - "
I spent a flight with my companions
in the dingy-looking hamlet of Peters
burg, where rI picked up the following
particulars respecting an almost obsolete
custom peculiar to this section of the
country. It is termined running for
the bottle, and is a kind of interlude or
episodo in- s xmarriago celebration.
When a buxom lady is about to bo mar
ried, overybody is invited to the wedding,
and two entire days are devoted to feast
ing and dancing, when the time arrives
that she is to "bo taken to the residence'
of her lord and master. This change of
location is accomplishsd on horseback,
and the groom and bride arc invariably
accompanied by their guests, who com
bine to form, as they journey in pairs, a
truly imposing cavalcade, varying, ac
cording to circumstances, from one to
two hundred persons - The day of the
march is of, course a plcasaut one, and
the journey to be accomplished is per
haps five miles. At the residence of
the groom everything is in a state pre
paration for the - reception of the party ;
and with especial care, a bottlo of choice
liquor, richly decked out with ribands,
has been prepared, and placed upou a
high post at the front gato of the dwel
ling. While the cavalcade are on the
move, and have arrived within one mile
of the desired haven, the master of cere
monies steps , aside upon his horse, and
extends an invitation to all the gentle
men present to join in a race for the
bottle, which is known to be in waiting
for the winner of the race, whose privi
lege it will be to drink the health of the
bride on her arrival. Fifty cf the
younger men in the party have perhaps
accepted the invitatiou extended to them,
leaving'the procession, they made ready
and start off at full speed for the much
desired bottle. The road is winding, and
perhaps stony, and stumpy, and muddy
but what matter ? Away they fly, like
a party of Indians after buffaloes.; while
along . tho.road, it may be, cattle are
Deuowing, sheep bleating, aogs Darning,
hens cacklinc, and crows cawing. The
goalis BowinsightJpo&e effort more, and
the foremost horseman is at the gate,
and has received into his hands from
the- hands of the groom's sister the
much-desired, bottle ; then ascend the
huzzas and shouting of that portion of
the peobl'3 a332mbloal to welcome the
bride. Meanwhile the cavalcade come
in sight, headed As before by the groom
and bride, . and, as they approach the
gate, the winner of the bottle steps forth
upon his horse, and, pouring a portion
of liquor into a goblet, presents it to the
bride,, and has the satisfaction of being
the first to drink tho good health of her
newly-married ladyship. Ihe huzzas
and shoutings continue, when, in the
midst of the direst, confusion, the ladies
are assisted into the house, the horses
are stabled, and a regular siege of two
or three days dancing and feasting and
carousing succeeds, withwhich the wed-
aiog terminates. . -.
ANOTHER " INFERNAL MACHINE"
v A DOCTOR SOLD.
Cleveland, Feb. 12, 1855
Editor - Plain Dealer : We had
quite - a stir at one of our warehouses, a
few days since, the occasion of which
was the receipt by Railroad of a myste
rious box about six feet long, eighteen
inches wide and a foot deep, directed to
one of Cleveland practicing physicians,
and billed as a piano, which we all knew
could not be the .case, as the box was
not wide enough, and then it was mark
ad so particular " Dr. , Cleve
land ; this side up, handle with great
care." The lid of the box was well
screwed down, and furnished with rope
handles. Knowing"" "that onr night
watch'would hot sleep in the warehouse
if he saw the box, we had it stored
well out of sight and the next day noti
fied tho Dr. that we would be much ob
liged to him if ho would call, and pay
charges, and take the box away. .The
Dr. obeyed the summons, but after look
ing at the box denied all knowledge of
it ' A number had gathered around and
allBeemed to have but ono opinion ;
one Railroad employee who was present
said he saw the box as it arrived at
Toledo on its way to Cleveland, and that
the men left it under a shed adjoining
the depot, not liking to put it in the
bouse with other freight - Alter a con
sultation, the Dr. consented to have the
lid unscrewed and removed, after which,
on turning down a cloth, there lay ex
posed the white face of an old fashioned
clock, which ono of the Dr's family had
senti preparitory to moving , back to
We would adviso people to be careful
what shaped boxes they direct to Doc
tors. Cleve. Plain Dealer.,, -.B., i
. . . . . .
FZS A boy is vere miscellaneous in
his habits. We emptied Master Smith's
nockets tbo other day. and found the
contents to consist of the following ar
ticles : Sixteen marbles one top an
oyster shell two pieces of brick one
doughnut a pieco of curry comb a
paint brush three wax ends a hand
ful of corks a chisel two knives, both
broken a skate strap three buckles,
aud a dog-eared primmer.
Always have a pencil and a
piece of paper by you. Dr. J ohhson
said that some of his best thoughts were
lost because he was too lazy to get into
his study, and hunt up a little fools
cap. 3T That ; folks are treacherous
should cause no surprise. By referring
to Genesis, it will beeen, that men and
reptiles were created on the same day.
(From the New Hampshire Patriot.)
THE COUNCIL OF TEN.
About five hundred years ago a fear
ful and mysterious tribunal bearing this
namo was established in the repnblio of
Venice. It gradually acquired despotic
control over the government and the
people. Its deliberations and its ac
tions were alfko enveloped in the pro
foundest secrecy. Its meetings were
held in secret ; it received denunciations
against the most virtuous and patriotic
citizens in secret, and in secret it con
ducted its victims, iu silence and in
gloom, to a sudden and mystirious death,
it required, sentenced, and punished
according to what it called "reason of
Stato." The publio eye never penetra
ted its mysteries ; the accused was rare
ly heard ; .ho was never confronted with
witnesses ; the condemnation was secret
a3 the inquiry, and the punishment un
divulged like both. This tribunal grad
ually acquired control of every branch
of the government, and exercised des
potio power over every question. It
annulled at pleasure all decrees, degra
ded members from their offices, and
even disposed and put to death the
Chief Magistrate. It was an object
alike of terror and detestation to those
whom it oppressed under the pretext of
protecting their rights. And yet its
ij 1 d nnnninr nrA?Anrrar1 i Let AYiaf.
6 -w-wv -
once until ine gemus oi ixapoieon pros
trated it in the dust, with so many oth
er relics of cruelty and intolerance.
Peoplo of New Hampshire ! there
exists at this moment among you
Council of Ten, as fearful and as preg
nant with danger to your liberties as
was that of Venice to her oppressed
citizens. You have been accustomed,
in tho bounty of your hearts, to look
upon this republic as beyond danger.
In company with your fellow-citizens of
other btates, you have successfully re
sisted foreign intervention, and repelled
with triumph the conquering legions
of the most arrogant nation on tho earth
You have advanced your triumphant
banners to that proud city which Cortez
gloried in adding to the Spanish empire.
You havo scattered the seeds of civui
vnfrinn tTi rnn rrTinn nmlma Kofnia nntfni-
Ldea-by-BBT-nnman footsTeps but those
of tho Indian. You have seen your
population advancing, your wealth in
creasing, and your country teeming with
the fruits of physical and intellectual
labor. And you fondly think that you
are safe; that each of you and your
children are, for long years, to have a
share in a government the very breath
of whose nostrils is freedom of oppinion
one of whose cardinal doctermes is an
open and fearless avowel of principles ;
and you are proud that you live under a
constitution which permits you to re
ward intelligence and uprightness by
selecting for your public trust those
amorg you who ' are marked by each
But be not deceived I The sceptre
is even now passing from your grasp,
and will be irrecoverably lost unless you
trample in the dust the traitors who are
clutching at it with all the despair of
disappointed ambition. An unholy ca
bal of fifth-rate pettifogging lawyers,
mouldy political hacks, and Mammon
seeking persons,, are seeking to wind
tho coils of the serpent around you, and
to strangle you in its embrace. The
grand council of know-nothings have
sworn by the only god they worship
that is, themselves undying hatred to
political freedom and popular suprena
acy. These decayed aristocrats, these
shameless bigots, these raving political
banditti, theso utterly desperate trait
ors, to tbo country that gave them
.birth, are organizing a scheme whose
details would strike, terror into your
hearts, if fully disclosed. They have
combined to destroy every institution
that stands in. their -way, andrto-rpros
Tfafsrevery institution that stands in
their way, and to prostrate every man
who will not do their bidding. Every
town has its branch of the conspiracy
Secret signs and pass-words and mum
meries are used to impress the imagina
tion, and unlawful oaths are adminster-
ed, binding the unhappy members to
subject themselves like slaves and vas
sals to the dictation of this terrible oli
garchy. Meanwhile the Council of
Ten. the controlling power of this infa
mous conspiracy, squats in its noisome
retreat like a toad sweltering in its own
venom, or a bloated spider spinning its
web over tho State. It sends forth its
decrees to its bond-slaves. " Pros
trate," it says, " this man for ho has
too much education ! Destroy that one
he is too intelligent 1 Ruin your best
friend, for he has too much independ
ence !" And with the spectacle before
it of triumphant tyranny and bigotry in
Massachusetts, it confidently expects a
like victory over the .freemen of New
Hampshire ! But you had better write
your names in characters of blood upon
your thresholds and escape with your
wives and children to some far country
by the light of your burning houses,
than chrouch to this insolent oligarchy !
Why would you live hero when life has
lost all that is worth living for ; when
you may be'stabbed by . an assassin in
the back, or slam by an unseen arrow
from him you supposed .your dearest
friend? Are you content to crawl out
at twilight like birds of evil omen, to
creep into blind alleys, to hover around
the back " slums " of your cities and
villages, to start at every passing tree
lest some honest man should Bee you,
to move ' with muffled faoe and steal
thy step, and doudle upon your tracks
as if you were -a thief with the officers
of justice in pursuit of you, and with
this sickening conciousness of shame to
grope your way to the doa where such
animals herd, and with trembling hand
give the mystic siginal whieh admits you
into this community of sin ? And when
you are admitted, and tho door of pan
demonium is closed, are you content to
leave all hope behind you, and renew
before God the oath you have taken to
do tho biding of your disreputable ty
rants t It is incredible that any-one
worthy of tho name and rights of a free
man can do this. You will not cast this
disgrace upon them others who bore you
and whose veins are filled with the blood
of '761 You will not thus bastardize
your descent from the men' of tho rev
olution ! No, leave that to the aboli
tionists, who, with philanthrophy upon
their tongues, have treason and murder
in their hearts I Leave it to the trait-
tors who prayed that the Mexicans
would welcome your fellow-citizens
" with bloody hands to hospitable
it is supposed that this language is
ho strong, and that these are un warran
table charges ? Depend upon it, the
half is not yut told. No faction in the
history of our country has over struggled
through its voicions life that has been
one-half so dangerous as this secret or
ganization. It unites iu itself all the
worst qualities of the various factions
that have aimed to wound their country
through the democratic party. Its only
avowed bond of union is-a shame and
disgrace. It is a standing lible unon all
that has made 'America the refuge of
tho oppressed. J5y it every man is pre
scribed who is either a Catholio himself
or whose wife is a Catholic 1 - This in
cludes the patriotic Gaston, of North
Carolina; the venerable Charla Carroll
ojf Carrollton, and other signers of the
ljnjtrortal Declaration of Independence,
as well as the present admirable and
learned Chief Justice of the United
States, and many others as pure and pa
triotic men as eau be found iu the coun
try. And every man is to be proscri
bed, bo matter how honest and intelli
gent, who came to this country at the
age of twenty, untill he is forty-one
years old 1 What shall we saythen, of
the devoted Lafayette, the gallant bter-
ling, the chivalrous Montgumery of
Pulaski, tho brave and generous oi the
statesman Gallatin ? of the thousands
of noble souls who shed their blood for
us, and counselled with our fathers in
the stormy days of the republic ? But
no ! ' America for the Americans,"
and " the Americans for the know-nothings
!" - This is the secret spur this is
tho "exceeding great reward," that
the people, and the people shall kiss it
and smile and beg them,' if it is not too
much trouble, to lay it ou a little har
der I This they anticipate, ..and this
they . are determined . to accomplish,
though all the.rights of humanity, the
constitution,' the laws, every publio
right, every private right, shall stand
in their way. The paltriest pctifogger
the shabbiest political hack is of more
value than every man among us who
ever breathed the air of Europe, in the
eyes of this ruthless and intolerant
Council of Ten. -
Hereafter, when this wretched faction
fills a dishonorable grave, and its carcass
reeks with political corruption, how can
any can stand up before the world
without hiding his face when it is cast
up to him that he has labored to intro
duce that worse than Egyptian slavery,
when a free citizen dare not vote ssiie
desires, but obeys the insolent orders
of this tyranical Council of Ten.
What will become of American honor,
at home and abroad, when a mob of des
potic adventures shall make the laws ?
The follies and absurdities of Jacobin
ism in France were bo extreme that it
was said of it that " it would have been
a farce if it had not been for murder."
And so with this faction ; its silly pass
words, its ridiculous ceremonies, its con
temptible . balderdash, would make it
only a laughing-stock if alfthis non
senco did not . conspiracy against free
dom. . Compared with their intolerant
proscription, Austrian tyranny is endu
rable, and police spies become respecta
ble. But, thank God, there is life and
ita1ily-"-ia .American freedom Jet
Altered, indeed, -"radically
must we be from tho principles of our
glorious anccstorrs, if our political lib
erties are to bo delivered, bound and
unresisting, into the custody of such a
set of political jailers. There are des
potisms maintained by such genius and
adorned by such brilliancy that the im
agination is led astray and . the mind
bows to a supperior intellect But what
honor can there be, wheat redeeming con
siderations can there be, in subjection
to a politcal mob which shamelessly
disavows all political, principals, whose
only rallying cry is proscription, whose
candidates for office are selected not be
cause they are men of education, or tal
ent, or sagacity, or ' integrity, but be
cause they are destitute of all these ?
Among the rabble of the Boston dele
gation, to the Massachusetts legislature
we look in vain for one man of charac
ter, ono man of intelligence, one man
possessing anything like the proper fit
ness, for a representative of a great city.
Did the city of Boston, did the Com
monwealth of Massachusetts, 'ever, of
their own free will, elect Buch a legisla
ture as that about to assemble there, or
can wo conceive of their doing so, ex
cept at the irresponsible - dictation of
this modern Council of Ten!
Peoplo of riew Hampshire! Demo
crats of New Hampshire ! To each
and all of you wo say, " touch not this
accursed thing!" It will one day,
should you do so, cause you to cover
your heads . with shame. Like a buble
of deleterious gas, it will explode, leav
ing behind it nothing but a pestilential
odor. The finger of Providence has
pointed out this country as the plaoo
where Catholicism may be nnro-ed nf ii
abuses, and absorbed without harm in
to the system: " Millions of noor B.nrl
humble. men iu Europe are looking hith
erward as the place where they and their
children may enjoy those privileges of
freedom denied to them at home. But
if you are content to kiss the rod thai
smites you. to nlace vour rennblinan
freedom at tho feet of a tyranical oligar
chy If you can forget that there is
scarce a hill or a valley in New Ene-'
r - V
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR,
land but tel's of some struggle of our
fathers against religious and political
intolerance, then is this suck a country,
then are you such a peoplo, as will en
tirely suit the purposes of this obscure,
shameless, and persecuting ConncUof
Ten. , . , , T - -
STAND FROM UNDER." - V I
The Leadr DenallafUag'Uae KaaOT '
The National Know-Nothing organ
at Washington, and the State Know-
Nothing organ at Colum'
ly takengfmiTSd against Seward, Chase,
Giddings, &c., and have read all such
professional agitators out of the pale of
the Know-Nothing Church. Thereup
on, the Leadir becomes enraged, and
thunders back a counter blast, which
not only shatters but scatters to the
winds the Kuow-No things, as a national
and political party. In reply to these
central Know-Nothing organs, the Lea ,
der says : '" ..
: The hollowness and falsehood of the .
plea contained in both extracts is pal
pable. - Why, if tho purpose be to ig-"
nore slavery, are Seward and Halo.'
.Chase and Sumner, denounced ? Why,: ,
if these organs are honest, are sot tho.
aggressors on the side of slavery exclu
deaf That man is blind or perversa
who does not sea through the motives
of these journals, and comprehend their;
folioy. There is no neutrality here,
t is a war on the pro-slavery side, and
a war most perilous, because in part a' '
covert war for the Slave Power. For
on toe are with tliose, be tJiey few af
many, who shall resist iL.n - ?r
- Bravo I Go in, Vaughan I You havo .
plsyed champion ou all sides, as of every ,
other question, but it is mighty little,
harm you do any where. . ,
But why this sudden turn about now? "
Did you honestly mistake this Know."
Nothing party for an Abolition party T
If so, you area KnowNothisg of the?
natural order. In your endeavors to
wool them, thoy havo wooled you.
Whatever your influence has been, it has
aided to put in power and build np men 1
whoso objects far years have been to.
pull the Free Soil organization down. ,.
Yotthaye helped elect in this county
KhoW-Ncthing candidate- who all thoir .
lives have opposed, personally and polit -ically,
. Abolitionism- iu all its phase, "
and you knout it. You deserted- your
professed principles to do it, and you de-.
sert these men now becauso they will
not desert their principles as you did,' '
and support such men as Seward, Chase-
and Giddings, who are opposed t o their .
principles and order. , . , , ,';
An honest course would have saved .
you this dilemma ' JFusionism "which
you preach is but another name for '
falsehood and flankeyism, and no ton '
sistentman can tolerate it for a moment. .
Cleve. Plain Dealer, .. v
. THE HORSE-
New York has. some of the . finest-,
horses in the world. In the way of trot
ters we can defy the universe. We cau
get up a show of horses that will do
credit to the Kepublie, and what we can'"
do, we should do. Down East horse i
shows are all the rage. In Vermont ;
the horse is cultivated with as much .
pride as profit The Morgan horse of
that State, for all kinds of work, has no
equal any where. ; '
The horso is sucu a glorious, sucn a
beautiful creature, that in spite of rail- ;
roads and locomotives be will ever oo-
cupv a position very near every good
man's heart The horse family boasts '
of a very great variety. Demarest givea
ns a list of twenty different families. .
We shall refer to a few of the principal,
The wild horses of Tartary are- sma tier
than the domestic. Thoir hair, particu
larly in Whiter, is very thick, and gen
crallv of a mouse color. Their heads
are largery fn proportion to thTr B53iesT-
(Iran tuose ot tame norscs, ana ineir lora
beads remarkably arched. These horses
are very watchful of their common safe
ty. While a troop is feeding, one of
their number is placed ou some eminence -aa
a sentinel. When danger of any" .j
kind appro-ches, he warns hia company .
ions, by neighing, and they all betake
themselves to flight .The Calmucks
take them by riding among them on very - -fleet
tame horses, or destroy them by
arrows. Tho most esteemed horses are, ' ..
the Arabian. They afe seldom mora"
than fourteen hands high, and more in- '
clined to be lean ' than fat ; they riso ' '
higher from the ground than other blood
horses, and gather much more quioklyv. -.
The breed in Arabia is never crossedl
as in other countries, but preserved uu- '
mixed with the utmost solioitude. The- '
Arabs prefer the mare, as being more ' '
capable of bearing hunger, thirst, and
fatigue ; and these must neither bite nor
kick, or they are deemed vicious; in.
deed, it is no uncommon thing to sco
children play and fondlo about the mare
and her foal without fear or injury. --
Madden says when an Arab sells hia .
mare he rarely sells all his property in, '
her ; he generally reserves the second -
or third foaL The genealogy of a full. -1
blooded Arabian horse must be Droved " .-
at Mecca, for one race only is valued ' . I
which is that of Mohammed's favorite.
inaro. That author always observes, j"
that it is so difficult to get a thorough. "
bred Arabian mare to send out of the J
country that he doubts if any ever ga -'- i
to liuropo: those usually sent aa such.
being Dongolajnares, which are very in-
tenor, being worth only from one hun
dred and twenty to one .'hundred and '
fifty dollars, while an Arabian is worth
from one thousand five hundred to two - ' "
thousand dollars, ' Tho Arabians keen. -T
their horses picketed by the forelegs.
lhey never lie down, night or day, pe-.
ing always kept standing. Even after a' v
long journey they are only suffered to
give a tumble or two on the sand aa
then made to rise. The.x'erauan norses
are much esteemed, but not equal to the
'"'y 'W fnr-.