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ii -;S5wHq ' arailq Jitmipaptr----3fcuofeb. .to Xigfct Xtfmiinrt, fern, "Slgrirnltorr, tje Mb anh" Imnas, . ffiorab, J&tfymts, t Iffiarkto, (Stntral SnfrHignitf, ty insemination of Dtmofraiic. rinfifite,:
"THE UNION IT MUST AND SHALlV BE PRESERVED."
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR
ASHLAND, ASHLAND COUNTY, OHIO, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 21, 1855.
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teio WosMaftoa SeaUaol.)
Lift 19 tTBITTEJI . VNDEU
. FLi WfBl CAPITOL. '
Tkr sr I aot love taea.
U of y aatie laad ; "
Waoss mstsor-rolds above ae ;
To the free breeso axpaod ;
T hroAd stripM froadly (tretmlng ,
-An4 thy itui M krigkUy 4tail.
Tkcy uy I wU toiukl lk.
ShMl4 mam dtk crisis lawn ;
: Thst, recnsat, I hosl msks tks
Crouck to a (orsif a Power,
' Sescnd by Uosnsa mpls,
Oi tkee, blast fi to tramplo.
They say, taal bolU oftbaDdsr,
, Cast la taa foi-js of Uomm,
. Mar risaaad rin( tkM aader.
Flac of aiy sitin hoaao, .
a wita aao Mow llmiir
Jiy aasrt from the forsrcr.
' Falsa ara tbs words they attar ; -
Unfeasross tlnir braad :
' A ad rash the oaths they matter.
Flag of my aativa laad ;
Whilst still, ia hops, aboTe ma
Thoa waves! sad I Iot tbsa I
God's my loe' trst doty.
To whoso sternal Barns
Bo praiss for all tho baaaty.
Thy graadsre aad thy fame ;
Bat STcr bars I reckoned
Thias, aatlro flay, my saaoad.
'Woo to taa foe or etraa-er,
"Whose oacrelicioaa haad
. Weuld toach thea, or aadaBcsr,
- Flat of my aativs laad ;
Thoagh somo would mla discard ma.
Mine shoald bo raised to front thee I
Thea wm, thoa first cf baaaera,
Aad la thy (ealal shade.
Let creeds, opiaioaa, maaacra,
Promlscaoasly be laid ;
A ad there; all discord saded
Oar bearte aad souls be blaadcd.
Ktream oa, stream oa before us,
Thoa la bars m o night,
IVhile ia oao general chares.
Our tows to theo-ws plight ;
"Unfaithful to tbeetaerer:
lty Bsteelag (srseer! C. C
'Wasmswroa Citt, to. U. UU.
THE LANS 07 THE SAEACy.
" BT BATAKO TATLOB.
taate of Bayard Tajlora'a new book,
rhich has just been published bj Put
Bam. APPROACH TO JERUSALEM.
But when I climbed the last ridge,
and looked with a paipful suspense, Je
rusalem did not, appear. We were two
thousand feet aboT the Mediterranean,
whose blue we could dimly see far to
the west, through notches in tho chain
of hills. To the north tha " mountains
were gray, desolate and awfuL Not a
shrub or a tree relieved their frightful
barrenness. An npland tract, covered
with white volcanic rock, lav before us.
We met peasants with asses, who looked
(to mj eyes) as if they had just left Je
rusalem. Still forward we urged our horses,
and reached a ruined garden, surround
ed with hedges of cactus, over which I
saw domes and walls in the distance.
I drew a long breath and looked at
Francois. He was jogging along with
out turning his bead ; he could not have
been so indifferent if that was really the
eity. Presently we reached another
flight rise in the rocky plain. He be
gan to urge his panting horse, and at
the same instant we both lashed the
spirit into ours, dashed on at break-neck
gallop, ronnd the corner of an old wall
on the top of the hill, and Io ! the Holy
City! Our Greek jerked both pistols
from his holsters, and fired them into
the air as we reigned up on the steep.
From the description of travellers, I
,had expected to see in Jerusalem an or
dinary modern Turkish town ; ?bnt that
ibefore me, with its walls, fortresses and
idomes, was it not still the city of Da
vid? I saw the Jerusalem of. the New
Testament, as I had imagined it. Long
lines of walls, crowned with a notched
psrapet and strengthened by towers; a
few domes and spires above them ; clus
ters of atyprexs bera and there ; this was
tall Hint was visible of the eity. On
etkher side the hill slopes down to the
two deep valleys over which it hangs.
On the east, theMoanfof Olives,
crowned with chapel and mosque, rose
high and steep, but ia front the eye
passed directly over the city, to rest far
'away upon the lofty mountains of Moab,
beyond the Dead Sea. The scene was
grand in its simplicity. The prominent
colors were the purple of those different
mountains, and the hoary gray of the
nearer hills. The walls were of the dull
yellow of the weather stained marble,
'and the only trees, the dark cypress and
the moonlit olive. Now, indeed, for
one brief moment, I knew that I was in
Palestine:. that I saw Mount Olivet
and Mount Zion ; and I know not how
it wai my sight grew weak and all ob
jects trembled and wavered in a watery
film. Since we arrived, I cannot restore
Un illusion of that first view-
;"- i BATH IT THE "DEAD- SB A.
proposed a batb, for the sake of ex
j-ment, dm u rancois
tt. L . t-lmA St and noth-
-TVU be more disagreeable ; we
Stptliai - fever, nd, besides
'.WooaTs of daneerous travel yet
But bv tnia time we wercy
a, and soon were noaung
fcituminoBS waves. The
beach was fine gravel, and shelved grad
uailv down. A Kept my turban on my
head, and was careful to avoid touching
the water with - my face. The sea was
moderately warm and gratefully soft
and soothing to the skim It was itn
possible to sink ; and even while swim
ming, the body rose half out of the wa
ter. I sbould think it possible to dive
for a short distance, but prefer that some
one else snonld try tbe experiment.
With a log of wood for a pillow, one
might sleep as on one of the patent mat
tresses. . The taste of the water is salty
and pungent, and stings the tongue like
saltpetre. We were obliged to dress in
all haste, without even wiping off the
detestable liquid ; yet I . experienced
very little of tnat discomfort which
most travelers have remarked. Where
the skiq had been previously bruised,
there was a aught smarting sensation,
and my body felt clammy and srluttn
ous, but the bath was rather refreshing
THE JEWS IX JERUSALEM.
The native Jewish families in J era-
salem, as well as those in other parts of
Jraleatme, present a marked difference
to the Jews of Europe and America.
They possess the same physical charac
teristics, the dark, oblong eye, the
prominent nose, the strongly marked
cheek and jaw, but in the latter these
traits have become harsh and coarse.
Centuries devoted to the lowest aod
most debasing forms of traffic, with the
endurance of persecution and contume
ly have greatly changed and vulgarizod
tbe appearance of the race. But the
Jews of the Holy City still retain a no
ble beauty, which proved to my mind
their descent from the ancient princely
houses of Israel. The forehead is lof
tier, the eye larger and more frank in its
expression, the nose more delicate in its
prominence, and the face a pure oval.
I have seen tho same distinction in the
countenarces of tho so Jewish families of
Europe whose members have devoted
themselves to art and literature. Men
delsohn's was a face that might have be
longed to tbe house of David.
On tho evening of my arrival in the
city, as I sot out to walk through the
basaars, I encountered a native Jew,
whoso face will haunt me the rest of my
life. I was sauntering slowly a!oDg.
asking myself " Is this Jerusalem?"
when, lifting my eyes, they meUhose of
Christl It was the very face which Ra
phael has painted the traditional fea
tures of tho Savior, as they aro racog
tiiied and accepted by all Christendom.
The waving brown hair, partly hidden
by a Jewish cap, fell clustering about
the ears ; the face was the most perfect
oval, and almost feminine in the purity
of its outline ; the serene, childlike
mouth was loaded with a light mous
tache, and a silky brown beard clothed
the chin ; but the eyes shall X ever
look into such orbs again ? Large, dark,
unfathomable, they beamed with an ex
pression of divine love and divine sor
row, such as 1 never betore saw in hu
man face. The man had just emerged
from a dark archway, and the golden
glow of the sunset, reflected from a
white wall above, fall upon his face.
Perhaps it was this transfiguration
which made' his beauty so unearthly;
but, during tbe moment that I saw him,
he was to me a revelation of the Savior.
There are still miracles in the land of
Judah. As the dust gathered in the
deep streets, I could see nothing but the
ineffable sweetness and benignity of that
countenance, and my friend was not a
little astonished, if not shocked, when
I said to him, with the earnestness of
belief, on my return : I have just seen
Jl. BATH IS CESIESARETK.
We untwisted our turbans, kicked off
our baggy trowsers, and speedily releas
ing ourselves from the barbarous re
straints of dress, dipped into tbe tepid
sea and floated lazily out until we could
feel the exquisite coldness of the living
springs which sent up their jets from the
bottom. .. I was lying on my back, mo
ving on my fins just sufficiently to keep
afloat, and gazing dreamily through half
closed eyes on the forlorn palms of Ti
berias, when a shrill voice hailed me
with: "O Howadji. get out of our way!"
There, at the old stone gateway below
our tent, stood two Galilean' damsels,
with heavy earthen jars upon their
heads." " Go away yourselves, 0mai-j
dens " I answered, if you ,want us
to come out of the water. " " But we
must fill our pitchers, " one of them re
plied. "Then fill (hem at once and be
not afraid; ort'leave them and we will
fill them for you." Thereupon they
put the- pitchers down, but remained
watching us very complacently while we
sank the vessels to the bottom of the
lake, and let them fill from the colder
and purer tide of the springs. In bring
ing them back through the water to the
gate, the one I propelled before me hap
pened to strike against a stone, and its
fair owner, on receiving it, immediately
pointed to a crack in the side, which she
declared I had made, and went off la
menting. After we had resumed oar
garments, and were enjoying the pipe
of indolence and the cofLe of content
ment, she returned and mado such an
outcry, that I was f.iin to purchase
peace by the price of a new pitcher. I
passed the first honrs of the night in
looking out of my tent door, as I lay, on
the stars sparkling in the bosom of Gal
ilee, like a sheen of Assyrian spears,
and the glare of tbe great fires kindled
on the opposite shore.
JEWISH MARRIAGE FESTIVITIES AT ALEPPO.
Atone of the Jewish houses whioh we
visited, the wedding festivities of one of
the daughters were being ceieDraeu.
We were welcomed with great cordial
ity, and immediately ushjred ' into the
room of state," an elegant apartment
overlooking the gardens below the city
walL Half the room was occupied by
a raised nlatform. with a divan of blue
ilk cushions. Here the ladies reolincd,
in superb dress cf blue, pink and gold,
while the gentlemen war ranged on the
floor below. They all rose at onr nv
trance, and we were conducted to seats
among the ladies. Pipes and perfumed
drinks were served, and tbe bridal cake,
made of twenty-six different fruits, was
presented on a golden salver. Car fair
neighbors, some of whom literally blazed
witn jewels, were strikingly beautiful.
Presently tha bride appeared at tbe
door, and we all rose aod remained
standing as she advanced, supported on
each side oy tne two steoecnmei, or
bridesmaids. She was about sixteen
slight and graceful in appearance,
though not decidedly beautiful, and was
attired with the utmost elegance, lie
dress was a pale blue silk, heavy with
gold embroidery ; and over her long
dark hair, her neck, bosom and wrist,
played a thousand rainbow gleams from
thejewels which covered them. The
Jewish musicians, seated at the bottom
of the hall, struck up a loud, rejoicing
harmony en their violins, guitars and
dulcimers, and tbe women servants,
grouped at the door, uttered that wild,
shrill cry, which accompanies all such
festivals in the east.
The bride was careful to preserve
the decorum expected of her, by speak
ing no word,, nor losing the sad, resign
ed expression of her countenance. She
ascended to the divan, bowed to each of
us with a low, reverential inclination.
and seated herself on the -cushions.
The musio and dances, lasted some time,
accompanied by the zughareet. or cry
of the women, which was repeated with
double force when we rose to take leave.
The whole company waited on us to the
street door, and one of the servants sta
tioned in the court shouted some long
sing-song phrases after us as we passed
out. I could not learn the words, but
was told that it was an invocation of
prospsrity upon us, in return for the
honor which our visit had conferred.
In the evening I went to view a Chris
tian marriage procession, which about
midnight, conveyed the bride to the
houso of the bridegroom. The house-it
appeared, was too small to receive all
the friends of the family, and iomed a
large uumber of them, who repaired to
the terrace of the .English consulate, to
greet the procession as it passed. The
nrst persons who appeared were a com
pany of buffoons; after them four jan
issaries, carrying siiver maces; then
the male. friends, bearing colored lan
terns and perfumed torches, raised on
gilded poles; then the females, among
whom 1 saw some beautiful .Madonna
faces in the torchlight: aud finally t
t h e
bnde herself, cohered from head to foot
with a veil of cloth of gold, and urged
along by two maidens ; for it is the eti
quette of such occasions that the bride
should resist being taken, and must be
forced every step of the way, so that she
is frequently three hours in going the
distance of a mile. Wo watched the
procession a long time, winding away
through the streets a line of torches,
and songs, and incense, and noisy jubi
lee under the sweet starlight of hea
ven. HOSPITAL FOR CATS AT ALEPP3.
The other remarkable thing here is
the hospital for cats. This was found
ed long ago by a rich, cat-loving Mus
sulman, and is one of the best endowed
institutions in the city. An old mcsque
is appropriated to the purpose, nuder
the charge of several directors; and
here sick cats are nursed, homeles cats
find shelter, and decrcpid cats gratefully
purr away their declining years. The
whole category embraces several hun
dreds, and it is quite a sight to bcbold
the court, tho corridors and terracos of
the mosque swarming with them. Here,
one with a bruised limb is receiving a
cataplasm; there, a catcleptio patient
is tenderly cared for ; and so on,
throng tbe long concatenation of feline
diseases. Aleppo moreover, rejoices in
a greater number of cats than even Je
rusalem. At a rough guess, I should
thns state the population of toe city ;
Turks and Arabs, 70,000; Christians
of ali denominations, 15,000; Jews,
10,000; dogs 12,000, and cats 8,000.
A BEAUTIFUL INCIDISNT
A correspondent o? t'e Preston (Eng.)
Chronicle gives the following anecdote :
A good while ago a boy named Charlie
had a large dog which was very fond of
the" water, and in hot weather he used to
swim across tho river near which the
boy lived. One day the thought struck
him that it would be fine fuu to make
the dog carry him across the river, so
he tied a string to the dog's collar, and
ran down with him to the water's edge,
where he took off all his c!othes ; and
then, holding hard by the dog's neck and
the bit of string, he went into the wa
ter, and the dog pulled - him across.
After playing about on the other side
for some time, they returned in the way
they had come ; but when Charlie look
ed for his clothes he could find nothing
but his shoes ! The wind had blown all
the rest into the water. The dog saw
what had happened, and making his lit
tle master let go the string, by making
believo to bite him, he dashed iuto the
water and brought out first his coat and
then all the rest in succession. Charlie
dressed and went home in his wet clothes
and told his mother what fun he and the
dog had had. His mother told htm that
he did very wrong in going across the
river as he had done, and ho sbould
thank God for making the dog take him
over and back again safely ; for if the
dog had made him let go in the river ho
Vrbuld most likely have sunk and been
drowned. Little Charlio said, " Shall
I thank God, now, mamma ?" and be
kneeled down at bis mother's knees and
thanked God; and then, getting up
again, he threw his arms around the
dag's neck, saying, " I'll thank you, too,
dear dozarie. for not lattin? go. Little
Charlie in now Admiral Sir Charles
' Hiaxth ahd iautt. The yohng la
dy who is nuabla to sport a riding habit
nea:a gtz mio a waiting cap?.
BISHOP MCLLVAINE CARRIED OFF
BY ICE ON THE OHIO RIVER.
Wa present to our readers the follow
ing letter from the Rev. C. M. Butler,
late Chaplain to the U. S. Senate, de
scriptive of the recent narrow escape
from death, of tha Rt. Rev. Bishop
Mcllvaine and a large party of fellow
travellers. Wa find it in a recent number
of tha Western Episcopalian :
Cincinnati, Feb. 5, 1855
On Thusday morning, Jan. 30, Bish
op Mcllvaine started for Cincinnati, on
nis return iroui a visit to xiouibviiib. -He
took the steam ferry boat at Louis
ville for the purpose of orossing the "riv
er, and taking his seat in tho Jefferson-
ville train. The day was bitter cold, and
the Ohio was full of running ice going
down in largs fields to the falls, which
lie just below Louisville. J. he boat be
came nxed. in the middle oi the river.
in a large mass of t olid ice, and could
neither advance nor recede. Instantly
she was at the mercy of the eurrent, and
began to move toward the falls. Tbe imm
ence of the danger became at onoa ap
parent. There were about two hundred
passengers on board mon, women and
children besides omnibuses, wagons,
horses and their attendants It .now
seemed almost certainthat all must be
Under Bishop Mcllvaine's cara was a
daughter of Bishop Smith. The Rev.
Mr. Sehon, a Methodist minister of Lou
isville, and his wife, were also on board.
It seemed impossible that a soul could
survive if the boat should be wrecked on
tha falls. Tha current, the cold, the
breakers, tho eddies, the ice breaking
over the falls, would have rendered es
cape even for tho strongest and hardiest
swimmer, impossible. Help from eith
er shore could not be extended so long
as the drifting oontinned. Nothing
could roach the boat in time to rescue a
single person. Inevitable death was all
that the most fearless and confident could
see before them. The boa aud passen
gers wore given up en the shore. Where
was help to come from f some there
were on board who did no where to look ;
and did look there, where all true help
is found iu time of need.
The Bishop then said to Mr. Sehon
that be would go into the room where
the women were and draw their minds
to prayer. They went together ; but
though the utmost caution was used to
Ipjev 6 ut,aXrxtu t h o w crd prajror waa no
sooner uttered, than the lamentations
and cries made it impossible for the pray
ers to be heard. After' endeavoring in
vain to calm these poor people, some of
the calm ones .with Mr. aud Mrs. behon,
aud Miss Smith, gathered close around
the Bishop, as he offered a brief but ap
propriate prayer. After this there was
more composure. And now the hand of
the Lord appeared. Man could do no
thing. The boat was drifting on to its
apparent inevitable wreck. Bat was
it not God's guiding in answer to prayer ?
she struck the hidden reef at the com
mencement of tbe rapids. That was the
salvation, though it was not then known
or recognized as such.
How long tbe boat could bold that
place against the pressure of the current,
and the prodigious momentum of the
acres ef ice which constantly struck and
ground against it; how soon she would
be pressed over, or lifted up and turned
over, or crushed under the accumulated
mass of ice, where no help could reach
her- no one could say. Each new onset
of ice was watched with intense anxiety.
But that which was terror to those on
board, proved to be one of God's instru
ments for their safety. As the ico struck
against the boat, it formed such a mass
that" it rested on the rock beneath and
formed a breakwater ; aud the more vio
lent was the onset of ioe, the more strong
and massivo did it become. The boat
lay, as it were, under tha lee of this hill
of ice, though some of her length was stilj
In this passive resistance to the as
saults of the current And ice, tbe boat
lav about two hour.' before help came.
Meanwhilethe passengers could not see
that any movement for rescue was being
made on shore. They were too far off
to see what was doing. '
From the Louisville shore they were
distant half a mile, aud on the Indians
shore there were no inhabitants. Du
ring this tiuio high rewards were offered
on the Louisville side, to any one who
would attempt a rescue. The clerk of the
Jacob Strader had a son in tha stranded
boat, and offered a large price for his
deliverance. The life-boat of the Stra
der was launched, and three men came
out in her, and took out the youth and
two young women connected with the of
ficers of the Strader. It took the boat
an hOur to get back.
la the course of another hour, tome
feur or five boats, capable of containing
each from four to five persons, came out
from either shore. Meanwhile the wo
men had become qui to composed. Ma
ny of them behaved in a very exemplary
way throughout tbe whole period. As
soon as these skiffs came near to the boat,
the determination seemed unanimous
that the women should all go first, and
this determination was carried out. - I he
colored women were as kindly cared for
as the white. Whoever came first enter
ed the boat first. The last woman that
came was a white woman. Such as had
husbands were allowed to have them with
them. The Rev. Mr. Sehon, went, as
was proper, wiih his wife, in tbe second
boat, and Bishop Mcllvrine consigned
to him the care of Miss Smith, aod bade
Our Good Bishop was strongly urged
bv those in the skiff and on the boat to
go with tho lady in his charge, but ho
resolutely refused to avail himself of the
privilege which all seemed anxious to
accord to bis age and character, una
or tro colored men were allowed to go
in tha skiffs with their wives. Not a
word of interference or remonstrance to
this arrangement was uttered. " 2La
nemh tU ArW iu heard aj the
women wire put in. All the while
the. ioe was crushing against the boat
and none knew how soon she would be
driven where no boats could reach her.
At length, the last woman as it was sup
posed, had been put on, and the boat
was not full. At the urgency of those
who were most active. Bishop Mcll
vaine ct nsehtcxfv to get into the skin.
But before it bad pushed off another wo
man was found, and he at once called to
her to come and take his plaoo.
The next relief was a flat boat given
by Messrs Gill, Smith & Co., of Louis
ville, to whoever would take it. It was
manned by a gallant crew, who knew
that such a oraft must take the falls.-;
Two falls pilots came in' her. One steer
ed and tha other commanded. Captain
Hamilton a cool and intrepid man took
the command. On our flush -deck, which
waa even with her sides, and covered
with straw, about fifty men, of whom
Bishon McIIvaine.was one, were placed.
As there was not room to stand, because
of the ears, nor room to sit, they were
compelled to kneeL By this time the
boats which had put off had been carried
down, and were just ablo to reach the
island at the head of tho falls, where
there was much suffering from cold, and
whenoe the women with difficulty got to
the Kentucky shore.
As the crew of the liat boat started tor
their fearful trial of the falls, Captaiu
Hamilton ordered silence. " Let no one
speak but m, said he. He ordered
the draught of the boat to be measured.
The answer was : " It is fifteen iuches."
He answered : " It is a poor chance ;"'
and evidently though the case very des
perate. He had not expected that the
boat would be loaded so heavily. His
effort was to reach a particular chute of
the falls, as that which alone afforded
any hope of a passage. All this had oc
cupied but a minute or two. The pow
erful current had brought the flat almost
to the spot where, iu another instant, sh "
was to bo wrecked, and all lost in the
breakers and ice, or they were to be
safe. There was perfect silence. What
solemn moment ! How appropriate
was tbe kneeling position which was
maintained ! The Lord saw those hearts
that were before him in a correspond
ing attitude of prayer aud faith.
Our beloved Bishop sheltered poor
shivering colored boy under his cloak,
and commended himself aud his fellow-
voyagers with composure and confidence
to tia eoroBant Lord and Saviour. In
tbe crisis of pa65lug dow trite ciuts the
boat struck.- It seemed then that all
was lost ! The silence was unbroken.
Grating over the rock, 6he was a moment
free, aud then struck again. Again she
was free, and again struck. Her bot
tom grated on the reef, not a word was
spoken, tho boat floated on, the captain
cried out," " Try the pump !" " No
water," was the answer. God had de
livered ' them ! The gentleman who
kneeled next to the bishop heard him
solemnly murmur, " The Lord be prais
ed for his mereied !u
Now the fearful eddies and breakers
were a danger not to be thought of, af
ter what had been passed. Ihree miles
below Louisville, at Portland, the pas
sengers were landed safely, with a great
sense of gratitude to the intrepid pilots
and their brave crew ; and roost deeply
indebted to the mercy of God. ' They
bad been about four hours on the water.
After this successful passage, a larger
boat,' capable of holding more freight,
and without too much draught, took off
the remaining passengers, and passed
the falls safely. The ferry boat, with
the omnibuses, wagons, and horses, re
mains on the rock: and the last news
speaks of her as being, at present at least,
in a position of safety.
IAQIR BSCS AND PREACHING.
The opposition to Mayor Wood's ef
forts to suppress Sunday drinking ""in'
New-Yorkxall out the moat desper
ate shifts and devices. Ouo scheme is
to have "stated preaching" in these la
ger beer saloons, and tho proceedings"
in ono on last Sunday are thus described
in the Herald : '
Tbe saloon, No. 142, Chatham street,
the Police found about fifty persons
present, drinking lager ber. At one
cod of the apartment a billiard ' table
fitted up like an altar, upoa which lay
an open Rible. Mr. Douchel, who offi
ciated as minister, was dressed iu a long
black clerical robe, black skull cap, and
white neckerchief. The services com- i
menced at 10 o'clock, which it appears,
was somewhat later than usual, and for
which the minister made due apology to
is congregation. . He would, he said,
havo commenced earlier, had it not been
for the absenco of his two deacons, who
had, like many other clergymen, been
drunk over Saturday night. As they
did not make their appearance, he was
obliged to accept the services of his two
barkeepers ,who prepared themselves for
the perforrnar.ee of clerical duties by
tying two tables cloths around their
necks. Mr. Douchel then read a pas
sage from the Bible, and delivered, in
German, a terrible philUppio upon the,
Mayor, exhorting all who loved their
beer to stand by it to the last drop.
They were all free thinkers, aud they
had a perfect right to be free drinkers,
if tbey chose. - During the intervals of
his sermon, be refreshed himself with
copious draughts from a mug of the bev
erage beside him, advising his audieuce
to do likewise, .
In tho course of tho evening, about
four hundred persons were presont at
his ministrations, which, were kept up
till a late hour. The Mayor intends to
close up such places of worship here,
It's a fact but you very rarely
sea two women playing at chess togeth
er. Wa suppose it ia because, with such
a partner, there ia but little amusement
j to either in bn j mated.
ASSASSINATION IN CONSTANTINO
Tha following letter, though wa have
reason to believe its details to bo perfect
ly true, reads like a leaf taken from the
" Arabian Nights:"
Constantinopb, Jan. 20. Many of
our readers will doubtless remember that
this capitol has for some length of time
beon tbe soone of many misterionsly per
petrated robbers of bouses, and the
eiually mysterious and sudden disap
pea ranee of many an English private of
A. U. lhis "killing" work reached
its climax about May or June last, at
the time whon so many troops were quar
tered in and about this city. Some
people regarded these aots of bloodshed
as nothing more than the result of some
midnight brawl, others considered them
the works of Moslem fanatioism. But
tha fact was never satisfactorily accoun
ted for, nor did the many investigations
of the polioe ever succeed in obtaining
any due as to the perpetrators until very
latoly, when the mystery of theso deeds
was cleared up. And it is a great bless
ing that tha vi'lians have been at last
secured, as tha cases of murders were
again beooming very frequeut. ' On the
2d of January a gipsy came to the chief
canvass, or superintendent of police, and
offered to disclose the haunt of a gang
of murderers, on payment c-f a reward
of 1,UUU pustres. Though immediate
ly secured, he refused to divulge a single
tact without the promise cf tbe above
sum. rue threat ot immediate execu
tion was next tried on him, when the
gipsy, in order to save nimself, declar
ed the whole as a got up story. Here
upon he was sent in charge of a cahvass
to tbe prison, but neither vans nor hand
cuffs are iu fashion here, and the gipsy
managed to make his escape again.
Next morning ho was found dead in the
opeu street, with four deep gashes in his
breast. It is supposed that the gang
got wind of the gipsy s intention to be
tray them, and, accordingly, quietly dis
patched him, to reuder biin harmless for
In the evening of tha 3d, as soma
eavaases were making their rounds in
one of the streets of Galata, they observ
ed two men carrying a large bag beteeu
them, apparently with much difficulty.
The policemau suspected them by their
manner to have committed some theft,
and accordingly, to escape observation,
got into the shade of a dead wall to allow
tbe-others to approach.. Bat this plan
tailed, for the moon that moment reap
pearing from behind a cloud, threw her
light lull on the dead wall, whereupon
tbe two men let fall their bag, and took
to their heels. The bag was found to
contain the body of an Lnglish soldier,
with a bullet through his head.
Ua tbe mgbt of the 6th three French
soldiers, walking through one of the
streets at Pcra, suddenly came upon two
Greeks carrying the body of an English
sailor. Suspecting the commission of
foul deed, the Frenchmen nnslung
their rifles which hung at their sides,
and gave chase to the txreeks, who in
stantly dropped their burden and rau off.
The chas3 continual, up one lane and.
down the other, for some time, when tbe
pursued suddenly halted, aud gave a
loud shrill whistle. Suddenly the -previously
empty lane was crowded with
dark figures, who rushed on tha unfor
tunate Frenchmen who had thus nobly
endeavered to avenge tha death of the
English sailor. They fired, and made
a gallant stand for somo time, until tho
overwhelming numbers bore them down,
stabbing and clubbing them without
mercy. Soon after, some cavasses pass
ing by, tho ruffians disappeared again as
quickly as they had coma to the rescue
of their fellow murderer, but n -t with
out leaving two of the Frenchmen dead.
I be third lived just long enough to make
his statement to the police,-wu ioatant"
ly .searched air the neighboring houses,
courts and valleys, but without finding
anything suspicious whatever.
A former member of tbe Baden vol
unteer corps, who has been obtaining
a scanty livelihood here by executing all
sorti of commissions, whereby he not
uufrequeutly came in contact with some
of tho scum of all nations volunteered
to find tha haunt of this mysterious
a a a -ii
gang ; and as ne couia do generai'y de
pended on, his tender was accepted, and
a dagger and a revolver given him for
protection. On the morning of the 9th
be was found dead outside ot .rera. A
Cavass, who had also volunteered to
solve the mystery, likewise fell a victim,
and was picked up one morning covered
with dagger wounds, and perfectly dead.
On the II tb, however, the mystery
was solved. It happened as follows : A
Pole of tbe name of Glabacz, and an
Italian, Pisaui by name, happened to oc
cupy the same room. The Italian led
a very free and easy life, was seldom at
home, aud does not appear to have been
novice in gambling cither. After!
having been out all night, Pisahi enter
ed their commou dwelling on the morn
ing of the 10th, with dejected look,
which caused his friend, the Pole to de
mand of him what ill luck he had had.
Pisani answered, that he had lost all
his cash that night at play, and had
ereu to leave his gold watch as secu
rity for a borrowed sum, adding ('I shall
go and redeem my watch directly or the
rascally host will change it and L would
not loose that watch for the World.
llaug these nameless streets and "num
berless houses 1, I should despair of
finding the cabaret again but for a clev
er trick of mine ; as I left the house I
out a largo cross on the house door with
my knife that ia my only guide, but
it is a mark which the old rogue cannot
easily efface." ' He took all bis monej
aod every valuable trinket he possesed,
and departed determined to lose all or
win his money back.
Glabacs had a presentiment that some
thing would go wrong, and determined
to go in search of bis friend if he did
not mako his appearance by next morn
ing. Morning oaame, but no Pisani :
ar.i Glabacj tharefore set out to carry
his resolution into effect, - He had wan
dered about fruitlessly for about an
hour, when he entered a small cabaret
to refresh himself with a class of ram
He gave the host a piustre, and demand
ed his change in para. " In one of
these paras he had only tho day before
scratched bis name with a nail, and
recognized it as belonging to Pisani, who
most have given away that para. lie
therefore entered into - conversation
with tha gin-shop keeper, asked him
whether an Italian had been here lately,
and whether he had played at hn bouse
The man evaded the question, and his
manner appeared altogether so odd, .that
Glabaci took his departure in order to.
have a look at the street door. Sure
enough, there was the oross hurriedly
scratched on the outside. Turning in
to the next street, he met a file of police
men attending on seme arabas, which
contained the bodies of those who had
fallen victims in tho past night. There
were 14 corpse; of those 7 were English
4 Frcnoh ; Pissaui lay lifeless there too.
No doubt could now exist cs to who the
perpetrators of these crimes were, and
where their den was ; and on that same
day the whole premises were surroundod
by millitary, who effeoted tha oaptura
of 15 men aud 8 women, all of whom
will no doubt meet with the punishment
they so richly deserve. English paper.
It is stated by Naturalists that the
cuckoo cannot hatch its own eggs, henoa
the nrcessity of its depositing them in
the nest of other birds. The oause of this
peculiarity has not been satisfactorily
assinged. It has been said by some
that the old cuckoos emigrate so early
in tha season as to have . no tima
to complete their parental duties, and
so devolve them on the titlark and other
species. But this is only stating an ad
ditional singularity, and is not truly an
explanation. There is nothing in the
physical formation of tho cuekoo, so far
as can be detected by anatimioal obser
vation, to debar its fulfilling tha paren
tal functions, and several speoies of the
genus, closely allied in struoture, build
uests, hatch their young, and rear them
to the best of their ability, like other
respectable parents. N. Schlegel, a well
known Dutoh naturalist, ia tha last, so
far as .we know, who has attcmptod to
elucidate the point in question. ' Ha
maintains that the principal causa of
this peculiar habit of the cuokoo is to
be found in the nature of its food, which
is known to consist almost entirely of
hair-clad caterpillars, such as tha larva
fcof the tiger moth. The hairy bulk of
these caterpillars, and tha enormous
quantity required in consequenoe of their
mutritious nature' to innate tbe stomach
as to debar incubation. The ouokoo
from an instinctive selection of an indi
gestible diet containing few nutritious
particles, teels such a constant craving
as to be continually on the search for
something more; and tha undue devel
opment of the stomach seems to influenoe
that of eggs, which are very small, and
aro laid, at lengthened intervals of six or
eight daysl M. Schlegels' theory then
is, that the ouokoo, ocoupied inoeasantly
in tho soarch of food, cannot attend to
the duties of incubation nlth suoh con
tinuity as would ensure tha development
of the offspring; that it could never, in
addition to its own cravings, satisfy tbe
requirements of from four to a half-a-dozen
ravenous young ones; that the
laying of its lull compliment of eggs
would occupy five or six weeks, and so
the first egg would be spoiled before the
last was deposited. Finally, that the
young, do not get suthcient growth aud
strength to euable them to migrate,
as they require to do in autumn. Henoa
instinct teaches the cuckoo to leave its
eggs and young to the care of a stranger.
FEMALE COURAGE. '
There is a branch of general educa
tion which is not thought at all necessa
ry for women ; as regards which, indeed
it is well if they are not brought up to
cultivate the opposite. Women are not
taught to be courageous. There are
na any woman of the present day, sensi
ble women in other things, whose panic
terrors are a .frequent source of discom
fort to those around them.- Now it- is
a great mistake to imagaina that hard
ness must go with courage, and that
the bloc m of gentleness and sympathy
must bo all rubbod off bv that vigor of
miud which gives presence of mind, en
ables a person to bo useful in peril, and
makes' tho desire to assist overcomo that
sickliness of sensibility which can only
contemplato distress and difficulty. - So
far from courage being unfeminine, there
is a peculiar grace aud dignity on those
beings who have little active power of
attact or defence, passing through dan
ger with a morral courage which is
equal to tbe strongest. We see this in
great things. We perfectly appreciate
the sweet and noble dignity of an Anne
Boleyn. a Mary, Qeeu of Scots, or a
Marie Antoinette. - Wa sea that it is
grand for these delicately -bread, high
nurtured, helpless personages, to meet
death with a silent and a confidence like
his own- But there would b aa similar
dignity in woman's bearing small terrors
wun iortuuae. . .
EST During Tyler's administration
Congress passed a bill into law in spite
of the president's veto. - "It was an act
respecting the building of the revenue
outtars. After tha veto tha vote in the
senate stood ayes 41. noes I; in the
House tho vote stood aves 127. noes
80. Is there another instance of the kin d
in the history of our Government?
Iet a girl be aver so young; tho
moment she ia married aha becomes a
woman. . .
JKST The game of fashionable life is
piay haerts against diamonds.
Legitimate Sport. Those who fish
for ooniplimentg deaervo to get a bit a.
PROCESS OF JSXAKEfO HAPLE"8XT .
' GAR. !: : jyj
Ira Goodhue, t Westminster, "Tt.t '.
sonde tha New England Farmer bis
process of makimg Maple, Sugar. Tha
sugar season has now arrived,; and tha
following suggestions may be useful tor
mDJ : '-:';.', r -rr-,r - -
This is performed with a half-inoh bit
to tho depth of from 2 to 3 inches ac
cording to the size of tha tree., A good, .
sound, thrifty part of the wood ia select
ted, without much regard to the side of
the tree. - The buckets ara made perfect
ly clean and sweet by scalding, both at
tha commonooment and close of tha ssa
son, and ara attached to tha tree by' at
small nail driven np elose, so as to level
tha buokat, - The spouts ara mada of s
dark colorod wood, with a small ' orifice.
so as not to attract tha sun's rays, or dry .
up, and sharpened in such a manner-as
only ta crowd at the aurfaoe of .the tree.
Tha ssp is gathered with a team. "i
holdors standing upright on a sled, and
is drawn directly from them by means 'of
a spout with a strainer attached, in tha
sugar house, which built on a side hill
to favor tb is Operation and save labor
and prevent wate, ' The sagar-hoaso is-
ventilated by doors and windows, and
capacious to hold all tha fuel and also"
all the sugaring apparatus. The.boilin
is performed in two sheet-iron pans, of ,
tbe eapaoity of I J bbls. each, set on end
to end in a brick arch, 1 foot high in tha
door, with the chimney in the rear, and
a cast-iron door at the month, and., an-
other smaller one in the middla of ona
side to put in wood and give a' proper
draft. Such an establishment is capa-
bio of boilinawav one barrel nor hour.
and will require about ona half cord f
wood per 100 Its of sugar. r'A
When so far boiled down as to apron
from a tin dipper, it is removed to a
smooth oaliron kettle, set in an indipoo-
oentaron on ona side on the chimney j
and while still warm, about two. quartet
of skimmed milk per 100 lb3. of sugar is
well stired in, and then it is raised to
boiling heat, and- passed through, tlrer'
trainer frame. It is the put immsd-
ately into a brass, kettle (set in auothar
arch on tha oposito side of tha chimney "
in a moveable manner) and boiled dowa
rapidly, until, when blown in bubbles
from tbe sugar trier,' it will rattle dis
tinctly on tha boiling sugar, when it is
taken on partially cooled in tbo kettle,
stirred a little, and ladeled into the oa. -king
moulds to prepare it for market.-
. APPABATt 8 ttSED. '- -
A dipper made of double tin, holding'
ono gallon. ' .- , :';'
A strainer frame made of four upright
pieces of soantlin (something similar to
the frame of a table) with strips' of
board nailed on tha top, and at the
sides to hold them together. Nails ara
driven into the . legs, to which .threw
strainers ara hung, one above the other.
by loops at tha oorners ; tbe npper be
ing a common milk strainer, the next
thicker, and tha bottom a very thick
flannel Tha syrup passed through this
apparatus will be ao perfectly pure that
sediment will settle if it should stand
ever so long,' and there will be no need
of boys to hold strainers till tha patience
even of a young, Job " would be- ex
hausted. . a : .- r -
A sugar-trier ia merely an alasiitf
twig, with a knot so tied in tho cad? aa
to leave an orifice of the size of a " nine
penny bit, This, is thrust into tbs
boiliug sugar, and makes good fun for
the ohildren to blow off the bubble,
If used as above reoommended thero ia
no need ct failing in sugaring off lost
right, enca in a hundred. ' '
Caking moulds are made with a bot
tom of zinc, with s rips oi wood nailed
on around tee sides aad lengthwise, into
which are put particles of sine crosswise
making oblong cakes of any sixa and.
number on a neuld which, the m annfaCv
turer may fancy. . .v
By tha above method tha sap is never
cooled until the sugar is entirely doa
consequently a saving of fuel, labor and
syrup is made, and iu my opinron tha
quality of the sugar is better.
A half mch bore is better than a lar-,
gcr one, as it does not injure the trea ,
so much, and it will afford full as much.
sap, taking tha season through. . Tha
flow of tbe saccharine fluid depends-'
mainly on the depth of tha : bore, . not pn
its xtz as many imagine. t ;
A nicer aad whiter sugar n4y bo-
made by doing it down slightly, and'
draining in a tub with a wet cloth ot
the top ; but the flavor of the article ia;
not so good as that of cake sugar un-
drained. I come to a point on which,
I hava the misfortune to differ from most'
writers for the agricultural : papers. -Tha
prevailing.' opinion seems to-be7'
that all tha san will make enuallv)
white sugar with the same care and au,
tontion." I am satisfied " both front,
analogy and observation, that" this is a'
mistake, uy opinion is, that the na-'
ture of the soil has as much to do with,
tha quality of maple sugar aa it has'
wisn tnat oi wheat or any other vegita
ble production. No two things ia th
vegetable kingdom aro in every respect'
preoiaely -tha same. Their character1
depends in a greater or less degrea upon
the mineral and other substances ia th
soil, Tha sugar maple growing in -limestone
soil takes np lime, as any ob-1
serving man can easily discover by set-'
tling pure syrup strained as above da1
aoribed. I have sugared off the botton f
of such syrup, and found it to be mora .
than balfpuro lime, in a fine state of -.,
lution. It is very white, but will not
adhere in aoake. Nearly all tha very '
white sugar which has fallen : under tnjr !
observation- at our fairs oanie from B. i.
limestone soiL - The preacnOa of gypsam, ::
undoubtedly would have the sauiy effect"
whila iron would havo aa xtpponta ona, .
and so of other minerals, according to
their oharacter. In selecting the gro - I t
for ft sugar orchard, therefore, the pi .. , ,
erence should be given to soils as hv
for a base, mineral substaaea afariB
J light aoiejf,.
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