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a.etklq amUq 6tmspaptr-:--3fcoohh ta Xtgit literature, Unus, ta.lturf, tl;e 'Slrts anb $im5MmsT&umtzi tt JElark, (general Sfitftligniff, tji VisBetuindtimi of Demorftitir :rinnf If, rt.. '-v
" THE TTNI6JT IT MUST AJTD SSA1L BE PEESEEVED."
ASHLAND, ASHLAND COUNTY, OHIO,l WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 28, 1855.
THE CLOSING tCE.IE.
j--: . f. . . . .
; : j - 1TT.DI1 tn.
. Ttt Horth BrltMh Review pronoinccatbU pome
nix best that bu aver beea writea tr u Auriua
.uMhon- .-, j
VMi lUi Mkw rulm t lulcw tract,
-n Tb nimt year inksled the dreamy air,
'Like aoma tanned reaper In bia boar of eaaa,
- 'Wbea all the fields an lying brown and br, .
rj t . .- ....... . -.. . . .
The (raj baraa, lacking from their baxy bills
f O'ar toe dim waters widening in tba vales,
Jgeat down tba air a greeting of mills. .
; Ob tba doll ta under af aiternata flails. .
: All sifkts were mellowed.- and alleonnds snb
! .dneaL V -
Tba hilts aeemed farther, and the streams aaag
" low i " - -
At la a dream, the distant woodman bew'd '
Hi a win wr log, with .many a muSed blow.
Tb embattled forests, erewbile armed In gold,
-"Their banners bright with every martial hue -How
stood, like some sad beaten host of old.
Withdrawn afar in Time's remotest bluo.
.-.--. f ; . . ...
On atamb'rona wings tba vulture tried bis flight ;
' The dove scarce beard bis singing mate's com
'r' Plaint; "
'.Ana like a star.'alow drowning in the light.
The village chnrcb vane seemed to pale and fauat.
The sentinel cock opon the hill side crew ;
i Grew thrice, and allvrasniilerthan before ;
Sileatatia some replying wanderer blew
7 Bin alien horn, and than was heard no more.
Where est the jay within the elm's tall crest
' Made garrulous trouble around tbe unfledged
young ; .
And where the oriole bnng her swaying nest
n By cve.y ltUL wIuU ii a cesser swuug ;
Where sang the noisy masons of the eaves,
- - Tba busy swallowk circling ever near.
Foreboding as tbe rustic mind believes.
An eariy harvest and a plenteous year ; -
Where every bird which charmed the vernal
, Shook the sweet slumber from its wings at morn.
To ware the reapers of tbe rosy cast,
' (And now was soaglisa, empty and foriors,
Alone, from out the stubMe piped the quail.
And crcakM fhe crow loruugu all the dreary
Alone the pleasant: drumtuing in the vale.
. blade echo to distant cottage loom.
There was no bud no bloom upon the bowers
- The spider wove their tbin sbiouds night by
The thistle- down, tbe only gbott of flowers,
-fail ad slowly by -passed noiseless out of sight.
- Amid ail Ihis in this most cheerless air,
And wbere tbe woodbine sbeda cpoo the porch
-It crlmti leave, as IT the year stocd there,
i Firing the floor with, its inverted torch
Amid all tbis. the centre of the scene,
Tbe white-haired. matronfJ with monotonoua
. tread. ...
' Plied tbe swift wbeel, and with her joyless me in
'.Sat like a Fata, and watched the dying thread.
She had known sorrow. He had walked with
her. ; - .;
V Oft supped, and broke with her the ashen crust,
' And,in the dead leaves, still she beard the stir
- Ot bis black mantle trailing in the dust.
While et her cheek w as bright with summer bloom
Rercountry summoned , and she gave her all,
i And tsrioe war bowed to bar bis sable plume ;
Be gave the swords, to rest upon tbe wall.
Re gave the swords but the hand that drew
And struck for liberty the dyiug blow ; . .
Hor him, Wba to his sire and country true,
Fell "mid the ranks of the invading fjo.
Xoagr bos net loud, tba droning wheel went on
' Like the low murmurs of a biTe at noon ;
; Long, but not loud, tbe memory of tbe gone
' Breathed through her lips a sad and tremulous
-Viune. 1'.;; : , .
a At last tee thread was anapped, bar bead was
. Lite dropped tbe distaff through bis bands seroue;
And lovingneigbbors smoothed her careful shroud.
While Death and winter closed tbe autumn
f-;-- scene. "- ; -
? PAUL JONES : ,
.TEE SCOTTEGE OF THE OCEAN".
i'Tha .subject of tLis sketch, John Paul
'Jo pea occupies a position in the historv
" of the Amcrioan marine shared by a few
"others. His exploits were always mark
.' d fcy a daring confidence in his ultimate
eaeeess, and. ho achieved ends in many
cases' with remarkably inadequate means.
( Ho was born J nly 6, 1747, at Arbig-
aland, the periah of Kiribean, Scotland.
His.fathaa'i name was Johil Paul. : The
name of Jones whs assumed la addition
at' a later date. . His father yaiTa gar
dener, and continued, during his life, in
the employ of Mr Craik of Arbigland.
" Tha-eariJ education of Panl Jones
was . limited but. thorough as far as it
. went, ..At .the'early age of twelve he
was regularly apprenticed to follow the
sea-";' His 'master was a Mr," Younger, a
merchant in tho American trade. Ilia
firMt voyage was to America. On arriv
ing at his destination he found his bro fli
er William, who had been a resident here
'for a number of years. - With this broth.
rhe remained during the time he was
'in "port Jones manifested great aptness
' for the profession, and made at this pe
riod several very successful voyages.
'In" 1767, while returning to Scotland
in the John, as a passenger, tho master
and mate died of the yellow fever, and
Jones assumed the direction' of the ves
sel, which he carried safely into port.
He received the command of the vessel
hi had reseaed as his reward.- ; Thus we
t&ai Jones,, at the age of twenty, or" at
least' 'twenty-one, in full command of a j
merchant vessel, an instance of promo- ;
tion, which, with the obscure and tin
patronised, never occurs without the ex
istence of great merit. In the employ
of the owners of the vessel, Jones sailed
two years, at the end of which time the
firm dissolved. Erom this date, op to
his departure for America, he followed
the sea in various capacities, going twice
to the coast of Africa, on slaving expe
In 1778 his brother William died in
Virginia, leaving him heir to bis estate.
In order to attend . to his property he
came to America, and it was shortly af
ter his arrival that he assumed the name
of Jones. The reasons for the adoption
of this name have never been definitely
Jones1 connection with the Ameriean,
navy commenced sometime in December,
1775. He" was ordered to tho Alfred,
twenty-four guns, as first lieutenant. On
board this vessel, at Philadelphia, on
the 10th of December, 1776, ho hoisted
for the first time, the adopted flag of the
Unite 1 Colonies. This flag bore the
representation of a pine tree and a rattle
nake'with thrs moti Don't Tread
. While attached to the Alfred he came
first under fire in an engagement with
the Glasgow, twenty-four guns, of New
port. -The Alfred was badly cut up in
this affair, which resulted in the escape
of the Glasgato into Newport. In a
variety of commands which Jones under
took about this time, he particularly dis
tinguished himself by his promptness of
action, and the ability which he display
ed i.i sc-izi.'.g at cucc on the bnst mod. s
of extricating himself from impending
It was under command of John Paul
Jones that the American vessel Don
Homme Richard, fought the English
battleship Serapis, cn Flamborough
Head. This action particularly noted
for the fury with which it was conduct
ed oh both sides. -Before noting any
of the incidents of this engagement, it
will be well to mention the strength of
the two vessels engaged." '
The Son Homme Richard was for
merly an Indiana an belonging . to the
French, and was called the Due de Du
ras. She was fourteen years old, and
although bought for a fast sailer and a
sound hull, proved to be dull under sail
and rotten in timber. She was was a
long, single-decked ship. Her arma
ment, all told, was forty-two guns. The
Serapis was a new ship, carrying forty-
four guns, and about three hundred and-4
fifty men. .
The engagement took plaoe on the 22 d
of September, 1779. At an early hour
the ships became entangled with each oth
er and continued lashed side by side dur
ing the whole action. They were so
close together that the gunners were ob
liged to pass the rammers into the mouths
of the hostile ports to get into their guns.
Of course the execution done at this
short range was terrific. Everywhere
resounded with intermingled cheers and
groans.- The dead were strewn about
in every direction, and the most awful
confusion prevailed. The Ricliard was
frequently on fire, and at the close of the
action was in a sinking condition. Her
side was almost destroyed by the guns of
the Serapis, and nothing prevented the
quarter and main deck from literally
falling down upon the lower deck but a
few top timbers that fortunately remain-,
ed standing. This left Jones and his
companions fighting on a sort of stage,
upheld by stanchions that were liable at
any moment to give way.
The loss on both sides was fearfully
great. Full onehundred and fifty of the
RicJiartTs men were killed, and the Sec
apis lost one hnudred and sevent-Jenf
The Serapis fiaally struok her colors,
and the bloody carnage ceased, and npon
the heaving wave floated the two shat
tered hulls, freighted with tho maimed,
the dying and the dead. Great efforts
were made to keep the Son Homme
Richard aSoat, but after toiling a whole
day aud night, it faccaaiJ evident that
she nad' jougm ner lasn Dame. tier
men, and such articles as it was desira
ble to save, were transferred to the Se
apis, and at ten o'clock the old DiCC- de
Suras settled majestically into the bo
som of the sea. -.
Paul Jones arrived at tho Texel, Hol
land, with his prize. Here he was
blockaded by a British fleet- from the
Downs. : This fleet consisted of twenty
one line-of-battlo ships. wUch were dis
posed in such a manner as to i!reaten
complete destruction to Jones should lif
attempt to leave his anchorage. - A
reward often thqusand guineas was of
fered for "the head of the famous John
Paul Jones. ; This much songht-after
individual determined to run the gaunt
let and escape if possible. Having ful
ly instructed his men, he availed of a
day when the wind was blowing a gale
off shore, and weighing anchor, came
down under easy sail toward the center
of the British fleet.. .' ' . . ' ,
' ,-IIe directed his coarse bo as to come
under the Ice of the battle-ship from
whence the admiral's-- flag was flying.
His motions were watched by the
whole fleet, who supposed he had come
out to surrender. At this moment
Jones gave the word, his ship, the Alli
ance, became a cloud of canvas, and he
flew past the astonished admiral, deliv
ering . a full broadside after as he pass
ed ! Onward he flew, delivering and re
ceiving broadside after broadside, and
escaped without the loss of a mast or. a
spar. Jonee Bailed at once for Brest,
in France, and while in the channel cap
tured two valuable prizes bound for
London, with which ho arrived safely in
-.- On the 18th of October, 1787, Con
gress voted him a gold medal in honor
of his services. J ones quitted America
in November, 1787, and never again vis
ited its shores. He was afterward en
gaged in the Russian service., being sent
to the Black Sea by the Empress Cath
arine, as - rear-admiral, immediately af
ter his arrival in St. Petersburgb.
April 23, 1788, he joined Prince Potem
kin, who had commanded of the Russian
forces in the Black Sea. His connec
tion with the Russian service is a com
plex history of disappointment and in
trigue. ; .
While in the service he was in many
severe engagements, and showed great
personal courage, though the opportuni
ty never seemed to present itself for the
c-xhibition of any remarkable exploit, or
a quality worthy of his previous career.
He . resided for some time preceding
his death in Paris, where he died on the
eighteenth of July,, 1792, at the ago of
A distinguished writer, himself a sai
lor, in speaking of Paul Jones, sums up
his qualities in the following manner.
" In battle, Paul Jones was brave;
in enterprise, hardy and original ; in
victory, mild and generous ; in motives,
much disposed to disinterestedness,
though ambitious of renown, aod covet
ous of distinction. Iu his pecuniary rela
tions he was liberal ; in his affections,
natural and sincere ; and his temper,
just and forbearing
: . a
THE MENTAL- FACULTIES.
1. The Perceptive faculties are those
by which wo become acquainted with
the existence and qualities of the exter
2. Consciousness is the faculty by
which we become cognizant of tho op
erations of our own mind.
3. Original Suggestion is the facul
ty which gives riso to original ideas, oc
casioned by the perceptive faculties or
4. Abstraction 13 . the faculty by
which, from conceptions of individuals,
we form' conceptions of general and spe
cies, or, in general, of classes.
5. Memory is the faculty by which we
retain and recall our knowledgo of the
6. Reason is that faculty by which,
frcm the use of the knowledge obtained
by the other faculties, we are enabled
to proceed to other and original knowl
edge. 7. Imagination is that ' faculty by
which, from materials already existing
in the mind, we form complicated " con
ceptions or mental images, according to
our own will.
8. Taste is that sensiblility by which
we recognize tho beauties and deformi
ties of nature or art, deriving pleasure
from the one, and .suffering pain from
the other. " " ' , 'Ttn
Loan Raglan's Emolcmests A cor
respondent of the London Times states
that Cord Raglan still receives the sala
ry of Master-General of the Ordinance;
also7 thathe has 1,600 or 1,800 as
Colonel -of the Blue-;, a pension for
wound?, and his appointments in the
East, amounting in all to not far short
of 10,000 per annum. He wasJfcade a
Lieutenant Colonel at twenty-three
years of age, and has for thirty or forty
years had an easy birth at somewhere
about 2,000 per annum, besides a reg
2ir'Two new" vegetables Lave been
latflj introduced into tho Jardin des
Pa-,'tSesrnt Paris, from the Ecuador, by
M. Bouvaef, formerly -Consul General
of Franpe l)ero ; one I? tha red and yel
low ocas, which is 9f the for"? long
potato, and has the taste of a chestnut.
The other is the millsco, which has tho
form and taste of our best potatoes.
These two roots, which - grow in great
abundance in the neignborbood of Quito,
grow iapidly in the poorest land. The
ocas is cultivated in Mexico, but only
succeeds in west districts.
HOW STATUES ARE MADE.
" Dick Tinto," the Florence corres
pondent of tho N. Y. Times, writes
that the inducements for American
sculptors to remain in Italy Powers,
Hart, Crawford and others are that
they have constantly on hand more or
ders than they can execute, and employ
numerous worktaen at cheap wages.
We quote :
These workmen, who actually perform"
the whole or nine-tenths of the chisel
ling, cutting in marble what their em
pi oyer sets before them in plaster, re
ceive Italian wages a small daily pit
tance. If taken to New York, they
would at once triple and quadruple their
Italian earnings, and would probably set
up for themselves as carvers in small
way, or as decorators and ornamentors
of churches and publie buildinga. The
chisel is no longer the tool of the master
sculptor his instrument is an old bitcf
stick, with which he scoops away at the
figure in clay, or " at the mud," as he
will tell you himself. When finished as
nearly as much a material can be, a
mould is taken, and from that mould a
cast in plaster.- .. If neceesary this coat
is still further finished and sand-papered,
and is then hacded over to the cutter,
whose duty it is to execute an exact Jac
swnile in marble. The sculptor proper
may never touch this marble, and wheu
ho is told it is doue ho is ready to de
liverd it to its owner. The workman
in Mr. Power's studio have executed
not far from forty Proserpines from the
one plaster original composed by the
master, and the Greek Slave has in the
sanic'way been reproduced three or four
timci?. The best bust maker in Italy
never tocjehes the marble. .He may sug
gest or order hair strokes here and there,
but he does not handle the s3raper him
self. Iu all this the workman, though
he may executo unassistsdly, the statue,
the head, or the group, is no more the
author of his work jhan is the clerk who
6f RING IS HERE.
Nature is waking from her cold rest
and casting off her dazzling winter robes,
fit but for sleeping hours, prepares her
self for active duty. Forest and plain
and farm will don their drapery of leaves
aid flowers, and hiding honey dews in
their sweet, bells, send sephyrs laden
with their fragrant kiss, to bid the - in
sect world wake to the banquet. -.'..,
. Flowers are but the veils, all beauti-
Hral, that hide the holy lovo of nature,
which, ere all the summer moons have
waxed and waned, will give to earth in
rich abundance fruit and seed for every
living thing, aye for the meanest insect
that doth crawl, giving its sluggish life
to feed the birds that flit above and car
ol nearer heaven j as well as for proud
man, who boasts all things made for
his use, aye boasts himself born in the
image of the God of love. Spring time
is here ; now Ictus come forth, and faith
ful ever to- our -holy trust, faithful as
are the trees, the brooks, tho fields, the
flowers, tho insects, and the beasts and
birds, live out our true life, giving each
power God has canferred an active, ear
nest.life. - Now in the spring time of thy earnest
hope, and if thou'lt prove thyself the
child of God, born in his image, learn
to be like him, good unto a'l, and true
untp thyself taking and giving blessing
all the year"; work with strong hands
and faithful, loving hearts, remember
ing that every well spent hour is like a
ray of sunshine from above, that warms
afthousaod virtues into life, that cannot
die, while love or 'God shall last.
-F. D. Gage.
Legal Interest in the U.vited
A CURIOUS MISTAKE.
A young Parisian traveling to Am
sterdam . was attracted by a remarkable
beautiful house near the canal. He
addressed a Dutchman in. French, who
stood near in the vessel, with : . -
" Pray, sir, may I ask to whom that
house belongs , ."" 7
The Hollander answered him in. his
own language : . . . - ......
. " Ik kan net verstan,' (I do not un
derstand you); -
The Parisian not doubting he was un
derstood, took the Dutchman's answer
for the prop ietor's name.
" O o !" said he, " it belongs to Mr.
Kanifcrstand Well, I am sure he must
be very agreeably situated ! The house
is most is most charming, and the gar
den appears delicious 1 I don't know
that I ever saw a better. - A friend - of
mine has' one like it near the river
Choise, but I certainly give this the
preference !" He added many- other ob
servations of tho same kind, to which
the Dutchman made no reply.
When he arrived at Amsterdam be
saw a most beautiful woman walking on
the quay arm in arm with a gentlemen.
He asked a person who passed him who
that charming lady was, but the man,
not understanding French, replied : ... ..
Ik ken net verstan." -
" What, sir I" exolamed our traveller,
" is that Kaniforstan's . wife, whose
house is near the canal ? Indeed his
lot is enviable, to possess such a noble
house and so lovely a companion I"
The next day when he waa walking
he saw some trumpeter's playing at a
gentlemen's door who had got tho lar
gest prize in the Dutch Lottery. Our
Parisian, wishing to be informed of tho
the legal rate of interest is six per cent;
iu four States it is seven per . cent.; ' in
Texas and Alabama it is eight per cent;
iu'Louisana it is five per cent.; anil in
Mississippi it is ten per cont. " Califor-
aoptes in, ammo iiu.a.ct UJo- fasaziue aiyai J'Xiier,
or the calliffrapnist who engrosses a ses
Ravages qF Consumption . During
the past year, 1,289 persons have been
carried off by this insidious disease in
Philadelphia, 2,290 in New York, 931
in Baltimore, and 760 in Boston. ' By
this, it would appear that the raw east
winds of New England are not' morj fa
tal tq the pulmonary organs than aro fbe
milder airs of Baltimore.
rap hist who engrossi
of resolutions. You can see how im
possible it would be for sculptors occu
pying and requiring in this way the
work of many men, to trausport their stu
dios to America.
! a .as
2 The Sacramento Valley Rail
road Company, which was chartered in
the year 1852, has a capital of $1,500
000, nearly all of which has been taken.
The company has surveyed and leveled,
three-hundred and sixty miks of the
line, one hundred and twenty miles of
which bavo becu estimated upon' one
hundred and four actualy located, forty
miles put under contract, of which half
is to be-finished in twelve months, and
the rest in eighteen months.
PBE91BENTS AND GOVERNORS. Five of
the American Presidents had been Gov
ernors of States, and two had been Gov
ernors of Territories, previous to their
elevation to tho Presidonoy, Jefferson,
Monroe and Tyler were Governors of
Virginia ; Van Buren of New York, and
Polk of Tennessee. General Jackson
was Territorial Governor for a short
time, -and General - Harrison gained
great applause during the long time he
was Governor of the Territory of Indi-
- - ' M'-H t i v. '
Sick of the D arkntss. The leading
Know-Nothing paper in Boston advo
cates inopen organization of tho Know
Nothing party. The articlo is lengthy
and the result of considerable reflection
The editor is satisfied that a secret po
litical order cannot secure good results
in this Eepblic. He is sick of the secret
part and is desirous of trying an open
organization. lie is really getting some
rays of light. Let him persevere.
Tct.n Yom Fence Post. It is men
tioned as a curicus fact that a farmer in
Connecticut who had recently took up
a fence af;er it had been standing four
teen years, found all those posts which
had been inverted from tho way in which
they originally grew were sound, while
all those which had been set as they
grew -were rotted off at the bottom.
Heads down,"thorefore, seems a specific
against decay. .
In conversation with a gentleman
from Western Virginia, we learn that
ie wheat appears very well in that region.-
In te short excursions which we
have made through "the neighboring
counties sipeo the poow ic't us we have
noticed that in roost cases tho youn
wheat looks green and flourishing. i?z.
JK"The editor of tho Alexandria
Gazette, speaking of tho "dinneralities,"
as he called the many good things which
constituted the celebration-dinner at
Alexandria on the 22d February, said
he was almost ashamed to sit down to
snoh a-dinner when our forefathers at
Valley Forge had to eat the soles of
their boots to keep soul and body to
gether. ' ' ' . ' '
.States. In twentv-onc of the StatesJel-tleman s name was "till answered:
. t i i . . i" a 1 T lr l-or rot. TArefon '
" O-I" said he, " this is too great an
accession of goad fortune. Mr. Kanif-
erstan, propietor of such " a fine house,
husband to such a beautiful woman and
to get the largest prize in the lottery !
Tt. .r. Tm, nllngrn f h nr,n m. m a III t
ute aiyai viuerflaxovarefl-
States that permit a hizher rate of in
terest on special contracts, viz : In Ver
mont seven per cent, may be charged on
railroad bonds ; in New J ersey seven
ocr cent, mav be charged in Jersey City
nd in the township of noboken : in lJ-v-mQ whom he inquired.
.nTi. ; a mttr ' nf bStt Cc gracious P' exclaimed
I V iil.ll LilL. ,.vu... ! - ' - 1. . ..
.j - ...--a. -4 b. -
From tbs Transcript. t
" - THE GOSPEL, " " ' , '".
As when prar saorningia the aastera skT- r
Waits the slaa coming of Jars burning eye r '
Sow her soft ilofthtn transparent blue -" " . '
Feela tbe first rosy sunbeam pierce it Ihroujh :
While ate, alow If rising, throws abri(hteniO beam
On azure clouds that skirt the pceaa stxeaia
Peers o'er the wave, till his broad level (laaca . .
With golden glorjr floods the wide expanse
Climbs up the sea-beat cliffs that frown below," '
Scatters tbs mists' that shrouds tho mountain's
' - -brbw . . -. v- t- -:. . - .i - i. :"i - . ' '
Gilds every tree-top in the forests shade,
A nd gems the verdant vestors of the glada
Finds tbe sweat flower, that 'mid tha dim vale's
dew.' " ' --
Smiles a soft welcome with its eye of bins. -:
Throws hues of beauty on tbs secret brook,
And brightness round tha greenwood's shadowy
nook " . ; .. -
Till dewy valley and far gleaming height
And univerial nature. feel delight I
So slow, so stilt, and gentle as the rain '
Whose summer softness bathes the sultry plain, '
So like thegladdeutag'day spring from on high.
Beaming Gospel light on man's benighted eyat 4
Mark the sweet promise of that glorious prima.
In Its slow progress up tha tide of time, '. -: .
Not by man's will or way impetuous burled.
By sword or tempest tnrough a trembling world.
Bat, kept through many an age. tha latest spark
Threw its clear beams where all around was dark;
Lurked in the mountain cavern's deep recess.
Lit the lone hermit through the wilderness ;
Broke like a star, whan that triumphant sign
Gleamed on the blazing helm of Constantlns ;
Though faint, still warmed tha told rvaader's
Laa-t veins,- . . ..
L night hung dark on Syria's burning plains ;
lmr wbere St. (Louis bore tba bannered flow
ers. -: .-'
Cheered good kiag BichaTd tinder Acre's'towers,
Burst forth like living fire, from hislone cell,
Whose conquering spirit strove witbsarthand hell
While mitred priest and crownodking In vain .
Announced the faggot or imposed tbe chain
Eut brightest blazed, whant by tuatsavaga share.
Where tbe embattled storm and ocean roar. -
Long tossed upon tha billows, wintry dark;
Cast anchor down that frail and shivering, bark
As our bold fathers Knelt, la heart felt prayer, '
On the wild rock, and knew that God was there I
-' '" - GcoaoaLcnT.
: a iH .
REVIVALS IN COLLEGES &
SEMINARIES OF LEARNING
- From a carefully arranged diary of
the principal religious events' of the
past year, we compile the ' following in
teresting information relative to revivals
of religion which have taker place in
and seminaries of
tunate men in the world."
About a week after this our traveller
saw a very superb funeral. lie asked
who it was". '
"Ik kan net verstan," replied - the
doubt, in consequence of a late
of Judge Taney, which does not, howev
er, meet the assent of the bar of Balti
more ; in Arkansas ten per cent, may
be charged on special contracts ; in Illi
nois the banks may charge seven per
cent., and ten per cent, may be charged
between individuals on special contracts;
in Iowa ten per cent, is allowed on spe
cial contracts ; n Louisana, eight per
cent, may be charged ; in Michigan
and Ohio, contracts in writing are legal
to charge ten per cent. ; in Texas twelve
percent, may bo charged on special con
tracts, The penalties for a violation of
the usuary laws is differnt in most of the
States. In Michigan there is no penal
ty 5 in Massachusetts and New. Hamp
shire the usuror forfeits throe times
the whole interest ; in Maine the exoess
of interest is not recoverable ; in Ver
mont and Rhode Island the excess mat
be recovered back ; in Connecticut there
is a forfeiture.of all the interest. Baltic
more American. ' -,- '' r'--
-' Pkescription in Latin. The editor
of the "Knickerbocker " ludicrously il
lustrates the' necessity of a reform in
medical nomenclature. Very much con
founded, he says, was Dr. Doane, a few
years since, by a remark of one of his
patients. The day, previous, the Dr.
had presoribed that safe and palatable
remedy, the syrup of blackthorn, and
Ueft his prescription "duly written in the
usual cabalistic characters "byr.
Iiham. Cath. " On inquiring if the ap
tient had taken the medicine, a thunder
cloud darkened her face, lightening dart
ed from her eye, and she roared out,
"No ! I can read your doctor writing
aud I ain't a going to take Syrup of
Rani Cats for any body."
a -H :
5" Of all real "odd fellows," sail
ors decidedly , tako the lead. A letter
from the Crimea says ;
" We have lots of sailors helping us
in the works. . A few days ago one of
them returning from tho trenches felt
fatigued, and was resting at the foot of
the lull some way from tho encampment,
two Russian soldiers passed him ; up
got Jack, and though they were both
armed, captured them, jumping upon
tho back of one of them, and leading
tha other by the ear. An officer who
met this queer e.aralcade asked what he
was about?" " . ' .
" Q" said Jack, " I'm riding this
one, and when he gets tired I'll mocot
the other..?, ' In Jhis style he rode into
Mohtcsque says : I never listen t.Q
calumnies, because if they are untrue,
I run a risk 'of being deceived, and if
they be true, of hating persons wot
worth thinking about; ''. '" -"
Mr. Kcnifcrstan,"who had such
a noble houso, such an angelic wife, and
the largest prize in the lottey. He
must have quitted this world with a
great deal of regret. But I thought
his happiness was too complete to be of
He then went homo reflecting on the
instability of human affairs.
: At the Wostern Reserve College the
annual season of prayer for colleges was
the occasion of the first noticeable
increase of a religious interest, which
resulted in the apparent conversion of
numbers, and in the quickening of the
spiritual lifo" of Chistian professors.-
During a revival which occurred in the
Centre Academy of Manchester, Coon.,
nearly all the fomale members of tho
school beoarne hopeful converts. Chrts
Fusion Retrenchment and Reform.
---The 'DetroitFree Press publishes a
table proving, by figures,' that the Fusion
Whig Legislature of Michigan have in
creased the public burden of the state,
by creating new offices and raising sala
ries, to the amount of $265,130 ! This
is Fusion - ' retrenchment and reform "
A Relic of the French Revolution.
-A man named Fabrice Lepage died
last week' in the neighborhood of Berne
in his eighty-fifth year. He was cook to
Robespicre, and under the Reign of
Terror took the name of Coriolanus,
He retired to Switzerland in 1819, and
has remained there ever since.
: 53t . -
S3T To cujoy to-day stop worrying
about to-morrow. Next week will be
just as capable of taking care of itself
as this one. And why shouldn't it -?
It will have seven days more experi
3T" Why are the colors of the Uni
ted States like the stars in Heaven ?
Because it is beyond the power of any
nation to pull them down.
. j533T" An exchange tells an incredible
story of a boy who caught a hungry .dog
and tied him by the tail, and then coax
him out of his skin with a piece of liver.
-2TThe Paiuesrille, ( Ohio) Tele
graph states that fifty-one lads, connec
ted with the High school in Painesville
have taken a pledgo never to use tobac
co in any of iTs vile forms. "
gZST The New-York Tribune sug
gests to Great Britain to let out the
war by pgnfcact. Y e suouia not tie
ta undertake the job. ' : - - ' :
:' JEST The . best papifal for a young
man is a capital yonng wife, 'j,, T.;
ArfOO a sta -f A-r-r-i 1 aasa
learning during trie yearltJS'4.
' The year opened with a religions re
vival in the Female Seminary at Bar
linngton, Vt., eighteen of the pupils ex
pressing a hope. Tbe good ' work was
accomplished without excitement, save
what resulted from the uso of the ordi
nary means of grace.
In the months of January and Feb-
uary, a work of grace was experienced
in Rochester, New York, -in which .the
University in that . city was greatly.
blessed. : Dr. Deaa, missionary to
Chinay.'visited the University and ap
pealed with great earnestness to the
students,- in behalf of the claims of the
pagan world, . '.. .
In Febuary, an - interesting series of
religious- meetings . was held in -Alton,
I1L, and a large number of the. students
of the College made a public profession
of faith in Christ. - '
. In Febuary, a " a 6casou of refresh
ing" was experienced in Illinois Oollege,
respecting, which, the President wrote ;
" The revival seems -quite- as general
and quite as hopeful of great Nresults,
as tbe revival which visited the College
last winter. , Tbe number of converts is
considerable ; prayer meetings are held
every morning, which are seasons of the
right hand of GodTH rT?r ,
la March almost the whole of the pu
pils of the academy at Waveland, Ind.
were hopefully converted during a pow
erful revival which commenced in the
academy, and extended among all class
es of the citizens.
In the Oglethorpe University, Geo.,
a revival commenced on the evening of
the College Fast which, in the words of
the President, was ," in its operations
like the gentle dew upon the grass."
Numbers were : hopefully converted,
most of the cases being the children of
During the months of Febuary and
March, a special outpouring of God's
spirit occurred at Pennsylvania College.
An interest was first manifested on the
9th of Febuary, after an extended series
of stated prayer . meetings, held by the
religious portion of the students with
special reference to a work of grace in
in the Institution. '
Tho interest rapidly extended, until
finally not a student remained unmoved
and nearl all attended tha'meetiugs of
iuquiry which were held daily. Public
scrviees were held with deepening inter
est, and increasing fruits for nearly
two weeks, during which time about
twenty expressed a christian bope sev
eral of them being members of the high
er classes in college.": ' "'.'- .
- An interesting state of religious feel?
ing resulted from tho suplications put
forth on tho day of pcayer for colleges
in Lane Seminary, and also in Marietta
College and the Female Seminary at
E early in tho spring, Hampden Sid
ney College of Virginia, was visited
with a rich outpouring of Divine grace,
and twenty of the students at the Uni
. . . -.i . . ., . ii i
versity at unarotiesviue, wpr n
judgment of Charity conTerted.-
: (From the Onisi Cultivator. ." '- "
THE INCOMING -"WHEAT
. For the last few weeks we liar Isita
on the lookout for istdligeae ef the sew
wheat crop. -F thia iwrpoee, Wsitlee
personal inquiry, we bare addressed let
ters to riliabl taea" throughout . tb
wheat region. Tha stsbatano ef tlv taw
telligence gamed we give below I -'-
M. Lex, living between Stark aa3 Co.
lumbiana" counties, says he thinks tb -
usual quantity is ia ' crop, and that this
looks-juiusuaJly well, as the snow i
going OS. V. -y.7 tL". '
H. J. Cox, (Member O. 8. B JL,) U
Muskingum Co. says' -
" I have made inquiry of sereral of r"
our farmers who bavo- beeni attending-
the court sow ia session, and from then
and my ewa observation kava Mm
the conclusion, "" - '-"'
1st. That there is not probably by one
eighth, as much ground iu wheat at there
is in general. ; This is owing to the fact .'
that the - drouth of , the past autumn
made it almost impossible to break , up
sod ground, and as a eooseqaeno most of
the ground sow in wheat was either atub"
ble or corn ground, which will probably
not yield with a usual season, more than
three-fourths that sod grouad would...
. 2d. I incline to think the appearance
of the wheat crop ia at good as aa aver
age, at this season of the ' year. . Tke
wioter has bceu much more equal ia ta
temperature of the air thaa usual, the
ground having remained fro-sea for sefi
eral weeks in lucoesaiou, embracing thzva
before and since Febuary. A eoaatd-er
able portion of that time tbe snow, alaa,
protect the growing crop. ' -'
' Another circumstanco greatly iii ft
vor of the crop, is the fact that the frost
has almost entirely got out of the culti
vated fields without rains, which uaal.
ty cause the surface to .clip eff wheat tbe
treat is but partially out of the greuui.
Tbis state of things mot only prtservea
theplaats ia their places, but aavea tbe
rich eorfaee soil ia its place. '.:
3d. I presume that there is aa spring
wheat sown or likely to be this eaa-M.,-
1 Hon. J. S. Km.LT, of MaesUlioaa,
says ; ' ' -.; : '..i -
- " About three-fourths ef ; the asual
amount of wheat is iu : the groaod- ia our
county, and looks much better tbaa this
time last year.' Bat little spring wheat -will
bo sowed for want of seed. - I have
had much inquiry for seed, and could
have sold many hundred bushels. H
J. K. Forbes, of Wayne Co., says :
" After a long and unusually aerer
winter, the snow, which has lain more
than six weeks, is now gradually disap
pearing, , 'and the grain which baa beep,
so long protected by ' its covering, now .
looks forth as fresh and green as if noth
ing had chocked its verdure.
Dr. B. B, Clam, af Ashland; wya
" In answer to your "enquirie,5" J
would say, T ' ' ' .' ' ' J
' . 1st. There is estimated .to be sown.
one-third loss wheat in this county than
usual, owing to the bad condition of the
ground at the time of seeding, last' fall,
and also the difficulty of .procuring seed. " -
wheat. - . .'-:.' V!
2d. The appearance at the priaentx
time of the wheat. crop is unusually. -
good. ...':-.' ' . : . ' . Z
3d. But little spring wheat ill ba
sown in this county tbe coming spring.'
A. L. Grinds, of Richland Co., says ;
" I am not in a fair way to become
acquainted with the farmers and their
interests as much as formerly, but X
have called upon our produce dealers,
and learn from them the following 1 , -:
1st There is from one-third to oae.
half as much wheat sown aa usual ,
. 2d. It looks Tery well. . -. ; , ,
. 3d. There will be considerable springy
wheat sown. Our produce tnea Vara
brioging iu seed from Illinois and Mich
igan to supply the farmer. . Wo are
and have been dependent on Michigan.
Indiana, Illinois and Iowa,, and South
ern Ohio for our flour the paat winter,
and wiH have to import until afex an,
other harvest, at least" . r, f
Mix turn, Alles & co., of Cham--,
paign Co., say. -. ; p . - - i - :. :
: There was about one-fourth less
grain sown last fall tbao usual, ia thia.
county. . , .. r .. ;. ; ; .
The present appearance of tlm.crop U
unusually good. There will be a, Xr$
small amount of spring wheat sowed: . ,
The above information baa been cart
fully collected, and way be relied on.'J
. S. Crisvell, of Greene Co., says :
,.. " Our wheat, so far as looks are coat
cerned, is very badly winter killed, but-
upon closer examination he roots ar; -.
found clinging for dear life. Jceptiug
tho low grounds, . the; prospects, wb a,
favorable spring is fair. , The;. quantity
sown is rathpr beloif tbe arerage amount
owing to the long continuanoa pf tha
drouth, last falL J The; kind town. tj
'unirnil!y' tbotodHierrtn-sain,.,; '.