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THE ASHLAND UNION
II JSSCID IV1ET WIDXISPM IT .
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r-ry ir 'ZjrZl
"J! Q. W. 0EDDE8, Common Pleas Judge.
E. INGNllNl), Probat Judg l. ' t, v !
Si M.. B AEBJBK, Cl'k Com. m 4 Diet. en.
GJW.HI'.U, ProatouUng Attorneys ,
o - e : j tjjrrr ,' orricjEBa. ,;
18AAd'0i'E8, Auditor. fa"
BBNEV HF.H8HEY,TreuaW -5) !
JOHN 0. BROWN, Sheriff.,,, oi, v.Ji (,'t
"EOB6BW. DIIIB, Recorder. ,
JOHN KKKNE, 8ureyo'r. " ': " V 0
JOHN WOODBUENf Coronor. . ':' f
JOHN BERJtY, ) '"' ,'', -'' .''
JOHN VAN NEST, jConmiislonari"" ;
HENKY WICKS. ' 'J'.-' '.5.,iy ; ,,..!
JAMP8 MoNAOLL, T '
WM. CRltG. t - VlaSraiary Blraalort.
j. s.-HAatiN, Si-ti ;,.).... -,,3..i-is ; V-. v.-;
RafTX.R. NORTON. )
Eer. JOHN ROBINSON 1-Examiner!.
R. m.;campbk.ll. v J - . ' -
J: O. -Jinmixo!, Cashier, H. LulBaa, Tr't.
' . alcr. t .,
HOLBERT tUIIIER. I O. H.' TOPPING,
JAOOBCRAU, J. 0. JENNINQS
Iambs pubdv,) t A v
9o aVoluiiraly aBanking buiinaa. Buy and
(UBaitera Exobange aodCoiBi Viaoounl VP'
u Individual security. ' .. , .., .,. ,;,
tSf Bell. Bevenue and Poftage Btampi.
OPPOSITE the'McNulty House, Ashland, 0.,
at. Millie, Proprietor. Good aeoommoda
I tiani and Reasonable Will.. Jalrooagt to-
ftiik.a - -
e- t w.. . - ..,.),.;..
WM. McNOLTY, Proprietor. South Side ol
Main Btrcet, AiUland UM, ;.
V' "1 AMERlCAjr rioVSE,
bpPOSITB the Town nail, Ashland, Ohio,
-l Arahih.td FinleT. ProDrletor. i now pre
pared to accommodate all hie old lustomera
.''nd ai many now ones ks may ; be pleased
to ne nim a can. , ,
j ,il I, I h i , t .
tn,. .rJOUJr. IK JOJTES, ,
.ATTORNEY AT LAW, Ashland, 0. Partio
' " ular attention paid to Collecting and bu
einess in Probata Court; Otfioe on Church
(k sireet, bo(weeaMia and Sandusky,
f i. Kir. u.v f : B. M. CaiirBiit,
" ' 'KE.-r.ri CAMPBELL.
" ATTORNEYS AT LAW,' Ashland, 0.; Office
.c,-on Church Street, in the brick building lm
mediately (Vest of Cahn's Siore.
ov T.joujrsi ojt.
kATTORSBY AT LAW j Offioa orar Wallaok
'. A Andrews' Shoe 8tore. Naln 8treet,Ash-
n; land, Ohio. - Alio authoriied by the Got
T rnment to procure Pension Certificates
and Collect Bounty and Back fay,
''"J. ' It. JOcCOJlBS,
ATTORNEY and Counaetlor at Law, Abbland
Ohio. ' Office in lha Brick building over
'-' Stngor a Hardware dm re. ; ,
t- ' ' rBr. I. L. CRAJTE, . .
OFFICE One Door Waet of Qquire'i Drug
. Dtore, uooiairs. neaiaence Uorner ofeen
' tre and Washington Btreeti, Ashland, 0,
GEO. n UIL, jn. v..
mVSICIAN & BURGEON, Ashland OMa.-r
Partieular attention will be paid to the
treatment of the following special dbwaaea:
. iiyspepaia, disease or the Liter, the Kid'
nays, ooroiuia ana cpitneiial lanoen. ; .
o !" ' X, J. CO irAji; JW. D-, i u
-PHYSICIAN ft 8UROEON. Aibland Ohia
Offioe oter Hughe A Stacker' Store, od
. .' . ,1. ... an , , . r
pom in iown nam - 1
JEWELLER and SilVer Smith, on doer West
vf ftUtft Drug Store, Ashland, OMo,-
'Gold and Bteel Pen, and a ehoice rariety
(4flytwtlr- keBt oniUntl an hand.
'Repairing don to order, oa reasonable
a o..t . . . ....
- w Muaiwjioriiy warramea.'
' HAS A LiRGB ASSORTMENT OF FURNI-rni-u
tar, consisting of Tables, Bureau, Bed
steads, Chair of every description, Ao.
.'He keen oonstantlr on hands a lot of M
J.'talii Burial Oases and Caskets. Having a
. new Hears he will attend promptly to nra
.,,. aral la any part of the county. Furniture
mad to order. Boom on Doot East of the
Port Office, Up Stairs. (vl9n60)
Y.-Tia Waal ocf tla .
(lat th North American,) ,
. . pnoraiBTon,
. 'March8,18tt-89tf :. . . '
; Twoberg-1& HotlM . ,
That an eiamlnation will b held at 1 cud
' aavllla aa lha aaennd fl&iurdav of Dfttah In
: " ' ' : By order of the Board. '
, E. M. CAMPBELL, Clerk.
GEX. CEO. W. MORGAN,
Dcmocratlo Candidate for GoT-
ernor of Oltlo, DellTered at
IyrlsW Lorain Coanty,
' ; September IS, 1865. :'
rt tfti ' 1 .... s . "" ,
Telegraphlo Cbf. Cincinnati tJommerolal.
UtHTiLAND, BoptemDer io.
(im. CI Wi Morean ooened', th onm-
riilgn,-pB h pemooralic tide,kvEIJrlk,
Lorain coacty, to-Jy. , J-ne meenog was
Urg, toniideiing iba faot that the Gen
eral's ooming wag unheralded, and that it
took nlaoo only debt miles from Oberlio
There were several hundred persona pres
ent, and a good deal of enthusiasm was
manifested. The ucnerai was lniroauceu
to the audienee a "the hero of , Cumber
land Gap." He spoke as follows:
Mr- JYeaMenf and Felbw-Cituent :
Before proceeding to disouae the im
portant political issues now submitted for
the Judgment or the people,, paraon me
for recurring to scenes la which portion
of this assemblage were participants. '-
Thia. Mr. President. I rank among the
hannv dava of biv lite, for it has enabled
rue to grasp by tne nana some wi.u wr
my comrade wbi'e battling for the Con
stitution and the Union j to greet and
' " ' . ..- . x.
welcome their fathers, brother1 and
friends to this council of the people.
Comrade is a sacred name, and speaks
of common dangers, privations and toils,
all mot and all conquered in a common
cause, end that cause our country's.
There is no body d Drotnerhooa so strong,
no tie of association more enduring, than
that which binds together the hearts of
of those who have shared common perils
and rejoiced over victories won under the
starry folds of our brave old nag, .
7 VERSOS AIi EXPIRIKNCK.
More than a quarter of a eentury h
rolled away,. since I first shouldered
musket and Daoked mv knapsack as a pri
vate soldier. " And it is with emotions of
pleasure that I recall those early days
when 1 abandoned tne college nan to
hasten to Texas to aid our countrymen io
driving back Ihe mongrel hordes of Wei'
ico not Spaniards, but a savage and de
generate race, compound of Indian,. Ne
gro and Spaniard- suoh a race of mon
grels as will exist in Ohio, if Negro Equal
ity bo.ejtnblished. But I must not di
gross, for I Was speaking of comrades of
by gone years, comrades long since aeaa ;
of Houston and his heroes. How often
I recall their memories those men of
1836-7-8 and 9. With them 1 first com
menced mv soldier-boy career I first
learned to understand the brave, gener
ous and sometimes haughty oharaoter of
the Southron : it was there the great
truth was impressed njon my mind that
''the black and white races are from the
antipodes of the human family." .
Never again did 1 expect to grasp the
musket or the sword ; but bow little we
know of tho fu'ure. I had become
citizen of the Buokeye State a 8 (ate
which bos produced a constellation of he
roes, whose brilliant deeds have shed im
mortality nton our country s name.
Again the war-drum beat, and the tocsin
called aloud to arms to repol the invader
from our Southern border. Again 1 De
cline a private soldier. By the voice of
my comrades I was made their Captain,
and their eoldier-like bearing caused me
to be chosen Colonel of the 2d Ohio Vol
untcers. A year passed away; battles
were fought, and viotories won ; and as
a recognition of the gallant services of
my comrades, I was promoted to the sen
ior Colonelcy of tbe eight now regiments
of regular in tan try, mine tbe brave loth
1 bad bean one year with Taylor, but
waa now with Hcott. step by step tne
veteran warrior drove the Mexican from
mountain gorge to mountain gorge, down
into the lovely valley of Mexioo the E-
den of America. - Five bloody - battles
there were fought, nd five victories
crowned our arma. , ' 1
' Peace once more imiled upon our land
and. bv the treaty we obtained, the ces
(ion of territory nearly equal to tbe half
of Mexioo; and from . Ualilomia alone,
we received gold enough to pay all the
expenditures of the war, and give us it
aurplus of more than six hundred million
'' Time passed; broken health caused me
to seek distant shores in search of new
life and new strength; and I was still
abroad when the eoho of fraternal war
came moaning serosa the waters. Amer
icans who were, in . Eurona crievod
Americans no where else could grieve.
Surrounded by the gaudy trappings of
Kinga and Courts, the towns and cities
filled with an armed police, and every so
ciety, from the church . to the theater,
contaminated by the presence of doteo
tives these suple instruments of despot
ic power and we all thanked Ood that
we belonged to a JKepubuo, that we were
the children of Cemooraoy, and that our
kernes were unstained by brothers' blotd
by brothers shed. To us, thon, the shock
was terrible, though not Wholly unexpec
ted, and in one instanoe an Americas fell
dead in his tracks, on hearing that our
lag had been fired upoa at JToit Sum
ter. -. " ":"''' .'.
- I came home, and onoe more was in
the field, surrounded by as noble a band
of men might batter say ''boys,'' but
"boys" with the hearts of heroes as ever
ftoeda foe upon' an ensanguine battle
field. TAnnlauscI Mv eomradei were
soldiers ia the highest, noble sense, for
every true soldier is at heart a gentleman.
lApplause.J Patient ana enduring, on
the march, , cheerful and orderly in camp,
heroie ia battle, and generous, after vie.
tory ; such was the character of tbe men
with whom I had the honor to be associ
ated, suoh is the real type of .the Ameri
can soldier. was it strange, then , tnit
I learned to love them a my brothers 7
And I say to you, - citizens, cherish these
brave young mem for they are your bright
est jewels ; they are joui sons and broth
ers, i. But all are, not. here.. . How hall
we speak of the absent ones those dead
heroes whose graves marks so many bat
tle fields, but whose names and deeds
shall forever live io our hearts and mem
oriesalive in their immortal deeds ;
alive iu the hearts of their countrymen j
and ever shall their example live to nerve
the arms and stir the souls of freedom
when danger threatens our liberties our
flag r Then let their names be oherished
as waa the memory of La Tour d' Auver
gne, by the grenadiers of France. A
score of times he had won, and a score of
times had refused promotion ; but his
proud title was, "The First Grenadier of
France." At length, on a desperate day,
a fatal bullet pieroed his breast, and he
died, as be had lived, a soldier. But by
an order of the Emperor, his name was
retained upon tbe rolls, and at ovcry in
spection and review the name of La Tour
d' Auvergne was called by the Adjutant
in the presenoe of the army, and it was
the privilege of tbe oldest grenadier to
step to the front and answer to the name,
"Died upon the field of honor." And
let ua ever remember that our absent ho
roes they who sleep the' long sleep of
death that they, too, died upon the field
of honor. Applause ' . .
fat CITIZENS A WO HAS HI8 DUTIES AND
HIS PERILS. -
In time of political convulsion, there
is nothing which so- intoxioatoa the mind
and unsettles reason as the exercise of ar
bitrary power ; it develops the worst pas
sions of the heart, and brings into aotion
elements of personal character not before
known to exist. The late conflict has been
no exoeption to the rule, and the cause of
the Union was more than once put in
jeopardy by the violent, unconstitutional
ard tyrannical acts ot those io power.
Unfortunately lor the country, an indi
vidual was appointed to the War Office
who has proven to be as destitute of patri
otism as he Is devoid of eonscieoce. Cru
el by inatinct and a tyrant by nature, he
trampled the Constitution beneath his
iron bed ; violated the liborty of speech
and the press ; insulted the intelligence
of the army by excluding from circulation
such journals as his caprice might pro
scribe, and thus denied to tho soldiers
the opportunity of forming an impartial
judgment opon publio questions under
discussion before the people.
.The country was thus menaced by a
two-fold danger : armed secession threat
ened tho integrity of the Union on the
one hand, while bad men obtained a dan
gerous influence over tho President, on
the other; the States were reduood to the
dependency of provinces, and life, liberty
aod property were held subject to arbi
Ihe Democracy desire tbe overthrow
of the rebollion, and, from first to last,
contributed a fair proportion to keep full
tbe ranks of the army, and maintain the
integrity of the Union. Applause.
Acting upon the maxim of Jefferson, that
error ot opinion may be tolerated, ao
long as reason is left free to combat it,"
tbey insisted upon the right of free speech,
free press, and the invaluable right of
trial by jury.
Taught from my orsdle, that withont
free discussion, eivil liberty must perish,
while yet a boy, at my native home, I was
one ot seven persons who protected an
Abolition leoturer from tbe assaults of an
infuriated crowd, who would have torn
him to pieces , although I believed the
dootrine'taught by him to be tbe both
dangerous and unconstitutional. It may
then be well understood that while being,
in heart and soul, opposed -to the mad
scheme of secession, that I was ready to
denounce oppose every attempt to amoth-
sr vuo lueeumauiB ngut ui iree uuoussion,
Wedded is Mr. Stanton to arbitrary
power, so adverse is he to the establish
ment of oivil liberty, that he continues to
interfere with the bayonet to control eleo
tions, until at length the jVeio York Tri-
hum, the . Cincinnati Commercial, and
other distinguished journals of tbe JRo
publican party, have denounced these
usurpations with equal courage and abili
ty. But the evil still exists, and the peo
ple alone can apply the remedy, for these
and like abuses have grown into suoh
common use, that one violation of tbe
Constitution is cited as a precedent to
justify another, and many or our publio
men hat seemed to believe that their
arbitrary will is paramount to the Con
stitution. - Thus, Gen.' Cox. the distin
guished nominee of the Republican par
ty, in his speech at Ripley, on the 27th
of August, complained that the Demo
cratic party maintains that State rights
must be maintained, and the Union of
the States only exists through the Con
stitution, and that the National Govern
ment has bo authority over the States, on
ly wk it is delegated by tbe Constitution.
Suoh is clearly the doctrine of the De
mocracy 1 such, too, was the dootrine
taught by Washington and Franklin, by
Madison and Jofferson, and" by all the
early fathers of tbe Republic ; bur while
we believe in 6tate x'ghts, as defined' by
the Constitution: we deoy that a olata
IX, MUST AND SII AjLX. BE PtHJStellVlEI).' ,
WEDNESDAY j SEPTEMBER 27. 1865.
has the right to secede from the Union,
or nullify a law of .Congress."' ' "" '
God, CoX maintains that the Toderal
Government that Is, in his meaning, the
President can d aa ha wills, without
reference to tbe Constitution, or in other
words, that the power of the Presidont,
like the power of 'an absolute monarch,
is without eontrot "Pot each, I km glad
to believe, are not the view of our patri
otio people, and if they desire to preserve
free institutions, as a legacy for their
children, it behooves ffiem them to re
buke end" resist the) irfcreaohmenta of des
potic power.- Applause. ...
, uen. uox is at tois moment military
commandor of the State of Ohio, and his
views a) to arbitrary power are the more
dangerous, as they are backed by the
sword. , ., - . .v.-;.,', V ..
RESTORATION OF TH1 UNION. .
The bloody oontest whioh has just
closed has cost the country 14,000,000,
000, or about one-fourth of all the real
and personal property in . the United
Styles, and the lives of 1,000,000 of our
best and bravest citizens. This is no fio
tion, but a stern reality.
For what, fellow-citizens, was all this
lavish expenditure of blood and treasurer
Too answer, for the Union. - Yes, and
such is the response of the surviving he
roes of the war, What, .then, will you I
say to the men, who, after all. this sacri
fice, are opposed to the restoration of tbe
Union until five, ten, twenty or thirty
years, Or suoh other future time as it shall
please the people of the South to place
tnemseives upon an equality with negroes
And such, mv countrymen, is the DOsition
of Gen. Cox. . In substance, he says, it
is true we lost a million of men, aod ex
pended one-fourth of the wealth of tho
nation ; but, what of that J We have
more men and more nioney.and the Union
must not be restored nntil white men are
placed upon the equality with negroea.
On the evening of the day that Gen.
Cox was nominated, General Schenok, a
distinguished loader of tbe Republican
party, entered the arena aa his chief cham
pion ; and from the steps of the Capitol,
accoruing to tne report of tbe Uicinnati
papers, r.e said :
"I would notbringthem (the Southern
States; back this year, or tbe next year."
' "Iwonld wait
till new woods grows," and by "new wood"
the speaker meant until a new generation
sprang up ; and that, thus, the brave men
who bad fought throuvh the four years of
war, should not be allowed to see the
Union, for which they had fought, re
stored. -1 , .
What is the Union 7 It is an associa
tion of States under a Government of del
egated powers, and those powers clearly
defined by the Constitution.. Each S'ate
is entitled to an eaual rerresentntion In
the Senate, and a pro rata representation
in tne iiouse ot llepresentatives, but the
politicians who support General Cox are
opposed to allowing the Southern States
a representation in Congress; or, in other
woras, tncy oppose tbe restoration of tbe
Union ; for, until all the States are al
lowed a representation in Congress, tbe
union ii uoc restored.
The Arete York Tribune, from whioh I
read, in an ablo editorial of May 17th,
1865, says : - .
"What is called the 'South' that is,
the slave power is thorouchlv boaten.
and frankly admits it. There never was
a more complete . defeat, nor a franker
confession of it. On this point the testi
mony is consistent and overwhelming.
The Tribune then gives the following
extract from a conversation between the
correspondent of the New York Herald
and General Hardee, of the late Confed
erate service : '. e ' "
"General, do you think we will have
real peace I" .. .. ;
"1'do. I think that the people of the
South are anxiona for it. They wanted
peace two years ago." ''' ":' '
"Do you think, General, we will haye
a euerrilla warfare f" j -.-
"If we do," the., General replied, ,"so
help me God, I am willing to fight to put
an end tolt."
General Hardee . expressed the wishes
and feelings of the people of the South,
and tho irtbune well remarks :
"Here is manifested a spirit which ev
ery generous mind most respect. Tbe
South, so-called is beaten, and acknowl
edges the fact. Slavery has made an is
sue or life and doatb with the Union
haa been worsted, and submits to the de
orce of Providence. General Hardee
says the peoplo of the South want to live
in peace with the people of the North,
ana will do it will do it cheerfully if the
Government does not resort to harsh
measures. This is language," says the
TVioune, "which all can understand, and
it appeals forcibly to sand statesmanship,
as well as to every magnanimous impulse
oi tne numan nearc
Hero, then, my friend,- we have the
testimony of the loading' Rebublidan
journal in tho United' States that tho
Southern people wish to renew fraternal
relations with us, aud onoe again, in spir
it as well as in law, form a part and par
cel of the Union. If, then, you are u
I believe you are truly friends of the
Union ; if you desire the old Union of
our fathers; if you wish the scars of war
to b healed, and peace, prosperity and
happiness onoe more to amile upon ouV
land rise above tbe prejudices of parti
Sins, and act alone for ouf country. Ap
pleas). ' ' . - -u . ,
' , The questions at issue are too grave to
be Controlled by mere partisan drill.
Their decision involves the life of the na
tion, and' it behoove ua sll to aot as Dal
riots, and not aa partisans. : And In this
spirit I am determined to yield to Presi
dent Johnson my cordial and hearty f up-1
port in every . constitutional measure to
restore all tbe States to tbe Union, and to
sustain him in all other constitutional
measures in administering the affairs of
th Government ; and, in ao noting, I
will but move in concert with the two
hundred thousand Democrats of Ohio. .
MR. STANTOH 8 IDEA IS SUBJUGATION
"AND NOT RESTORATION. ,
While our young men who went forth
to battle were inspired by a pure and
lofty patriotism, the single desire to pre
serve the Constitution and the Union, the
Sumnera, and Wilsons, and Chandlera,
and Beechers, and the Stantons of the
North, only regarded the war as a means
to destroy slavery, without caring wheth
er the Union survived or perished io the
conflict. They used every effort to pre
vent the overthrow of the rebellion until
slavery was a' olished, thanked God for
our failure to take Richmond in 1862,
and opposed every advanoe made by the
South, to secure peace and Union by ne
gitiation. In 18C3 Alexander H. Ste
phens sought for permission to visit
Washington to treat for peaoe en tbe ba
sis of the Union, but the President, over
ruled by Stanton and his adherents, re
jected every proposition to end the re
bellion by negotiation.
In the .New York Tribune, ot August
16, 1865, from whioh I read, speaking of
the propositions to negotiate, air. urceiey
"l! ad this wise ana brave course ne
gotiation) been taken when Alex. H.
Stephens first pnblioly eolioitcd permis
sion to visit Washington. I beliove it
would have saved a quarter of a million
lives, and an awtul amount or Devasta
tion and niihory. and loft our National
debt a full billion less than it is today."
And. acain. in the Tribune of August
24, 1805, in speaking of tne Dau pouoy
of refusing to allow the South to propose
terms, he says :
"I would have weloomea every over
tore looking to pacification, and if com
colled to have refused the proposed terms,
would have shown the world why I must
do ao. I think this course,
wisalv and studiously nersisted in would
have been worth an army to tbe National
cause, and would have saved a full year
of the war." - -
At the outset of the insurrection, it
was well known at Washineton. it III
nroolaimed bv the Republican presa, that
a majority of the Southern people were
opposed to secession, wisdom ana pa
triotism would have dictated a policy cal
culated to inspire confidence in the hearts
of that portion of the people who remain
ed loyal to the Union, and . to conciliate
all those who were not in arms. Unhappi
Iv an ooDosite oolicy was adopted, and
there was a settled purpose on tbe part of
Mr Stanton and other leaders, to lorce
the whole Southorn population into the
vortex of oivil war.
Every loldior, from the General to the
private in the ranks, appreciates the ad
vantage of having intelligent friends in
tbe sphere of active military operations
Information, guides, supplies, all oonie
from such a population. But, instead of
conciliation, the only idea at Washington
was war not against armed insurgents,
but against every man born under a
Southern sun ; provided he had a white
skin. Tbus were tbe innooent and the
guilty condemned together, and thus did
Edwin M. Stanton prove himself to be
tbe most effioient recruiting officer for
Jefferson Davis. Applause. It bad
onlv to be known at Washington that the
nW motive, which inspired the conduct
of a General officer was tho restoration of
the Union, and that officer was, as far as
the War Office oould make him so, a
doomed man. Henoe the defeat of our
army in front of Richmond, in 1863, not
by Lee, but by Stanton. , uence the as
sassin s blow wnicn was aimea at tne
heart of Sherman, and whioh only failed
to reach him, beoause his army formed
ahield sixty thousand deep, through which
the murderous blow oould not pnetrato.
No feeling of personal unkindocss, no
vulgar prejudioe, controls my aotion in
opposing negro equality. I have ever
regarded, and how consider the negro as
an obiect of commisseration, and not of
hatred or contempt, Ho is not responsi
ble for being a resident of America, but
his misfortunes neither gave mm sum
oient intelligence to become a citizen, nor
do awav with the insurmountable obsta
cles against his boing placed upon an
equality with the wmt man.
. And although Geri.' UoX declares in
his Oberlio letter "that the white and
black races are from the antipodes of the
human family." vet he substantially aaya
in the name tetter that if a majority of
tha Renublioana dcelare in favor of ne
surfraea. he will deolare in favor of
nlaeinir black and white men on the
ame politioal level. With two or three
exeentions, all of the Republioan paper
have", since tha nomination Of General
Cor, declared itt favor of negro suffrage ;
but finding that the dootrine was offen
sive to the soldieis, : the mechaoias and
laboring men of Ohio,' tho Republioan
leaders now soek to evade the issue, ; in
certain localities, until aftof the eleotion;
and then, if they Carry the State, tbe
firsf steps will be taken toward nogro
equality. Io the northern part of Ohio,
where the Republicans arc united in fa
vor of the negro and againit the white
soldier and the laboring man, their uoun
ty and District Conventions have explic
itly declared in favor of negro suffrage
; The Cleveland Leader, thetuost prom
inent Republican paper in Northern Qhio
tuusaennes .,- . ,, - ,
THB REPUBLICAN PLATFORM i " v
1st. The rightB of suffrage should be
extended to the colored men of the South,
2d. The State Constitution must be so
amended as to give equal suffrage to
whites and blacka. .
"The word "white" must be' stricken
from the Constitution," and that doctrine
ia endorsed by the loaders of the Repub
lican party generally, la bis opening
speech in this oampaign, as reported by
tbe Cincinnati Uaztlte, a prominent iva
rjublkan naser. General 8ebenck declar
ed, that thre were three classes of per
sons in the South, the aristoeratio plant
ers, tho poor white people whom he calls
"white trash," and the nogroes, and that
be would prefer giving tbe negroes the
right to vote to either of the other classes
And this, too, notwithstanding it is no
torious that the poor white people of tbe
South were always loyal ; and yet, this
Republioan loader would take the vote
away from poor white men and give It to
negroes, beoause tbe white men are op
posed to negro equality. Will the white
men of .Ohio endorse such a policy t I
hold in my ' bands two campaign docu
ments published by the politioal fricbds
of General Cox, and now circulated to
secure his election.' -The first is entitled
"Miscegenation" that is amalgamation,
and is written by tbe Bev. Henry Ward
Beecbor, an earnest advocate of the elec
tion of General Cox. This book, which
I now show you, was published in 1864,
and is still being circulated, care being
taken to whom it is given. I will now
read, or invite any person bore present
to read for me, from page 18. It reads
thus : ' -
"It will be our noble prerogative to set
the examplo of this rich blending of
blood. It is idle to maintain that mis
present war is not a war for' the negro.
It is a war for the negro, not simply for
his personal rights ar physical freed un
it it a tear if yon, pleate of amalgamation
to called, a war looking at iu final fruit
to the blending of tbe whites and
I will now read from pages 49 and SO
as follows : ' -.- '
"Tbe onlv anomaly in our blaek army
is. that it has white officers.'.' This-will
disaonear. as 'time-passes by, -and th
block private and nou commissioned off
cer shows bravery and skill .enough to
lead not only men of bis own race, but of
the white raoe. It viU be a tad mil-
fortune if thit tear thould end without n
battle beina touqia by a btacie uenerat
in command of a while ot mixed body of
Should any one desire to obtain this
book, and if tbe Republioan leaders will
give you a oopy, it can be had for twenty-five
oents, by writing to H. Dexter,
Hamilton & Uo., 113 Nassau s'-reet Mew
York city. . . .
If further proof be needed to show
more conclusively that General Cox and
the Republican leaders are in favor of
negro equality, I will now produce it.
Here is another Republican campaign
" Universal SuvraAor, and Complete
Equality of Citizenship.
This pamphlet is bding circulated by
thousands, and is mainly composed of
speeohes of Henry Ward Beecher and
Wendell i'tiillipj. uo page v iur. ueecu-
"ladvocato the giving ot an men,
black and white, the right of suffrage."
You will observe that Mr. Beecher
nuts the black first, and on page 10, in
hneakinz of the negroes, he says : " 1 hey
(A negroes) are morejaunjiu, tnun
.'. " . . ... j-
toldien on guard auiyr xub onwuwi
the armv under tbe bayonet ot tne DiacK
man is safer tian under the bayonet of
the white man. That is, says Mr. Ueocb
er, the white soldier will steal, while the
blaok soldier is too honest to do so. And
not yet satisfied with this wanton insult
to our soldiers, . Mr. Beecher goes on,
"And when coming from the plantation,
without having the advantages of educa
tion, tbev ("the negroes) maintain them
selves side by siae wun tne wnua oca
that have been brought up in tne com
mon schools." That is, says Mr. Beeoh-
er, the common Held negro without edu
cation, is equal to tbe educated white
man.- ", ' v - -
And in bis 4th of July oratioa at Far
minoli.m, Wendell Phillips deolared
that "In this war the palm of virtue,
gallantry and patriotism belongs to the
negro. - ' . - ,' t,
' ' GENERAL' OOt AT OBBRLIrf. , ;
When General CoX was at Oberlio, he
had ah' at Mr. Beecher would Call a nils-
oegenttio audience that is, blaok and
white ihterihix'ed.- Arid to aoid the po
sibitity of doing injustice to Geaecal Cox
I will read from the Cincinnati Gasette
and Ohio State Journal, both his ardent
supporters. ' ' " ' . ."
Th Gaietto read thus : "The Gene
ralallnded to the ehargea that, he had
wavered from his earlier antislavery vilws
but claimed the right to brand with lala
it ah v ehareres' of apostasy. He was i
eraduateof Oberlio, and would not be of
any other ir no couiq. t
The great dogma 6f tbe abolition party
ia tbe equality of th taoea, aad General
Cox lavi that he brands with falsehood
any obe who charges him with having
chaHged' bit views.' V-; J," .
.'And-so determined waa the General to
b understood, that be did not stop berey
MBawMaeaiJlMilwaMaeaM 1 11 i II I fX,-."..-. ... "
Rates f AdvertlitlBg AdTft&tii
One iquar'e, bbe neck, " ' "" : S 15?
Eaoa euoaeqnent insertion, icu ma
thro months, - . r
Oat square, three ttihths, disenable
. at pleasure,
One sq tiara aix mouths, changeable ai
, . pleasure, : i-
yeerljr advertisihieiit thrc square
fine rear. . - - - .
yearly advertisement four square 1
Business carls, eil line or Ices, n
' year, ' ...... .
Adninietrator', E Jeculom' au i Guar
i diaBi' Notlore, ; . . . - : ..-.,
Probata Notices, . ' ' ''
AllEdiU-laland Itibal Sotibes, per
2,f - '
ISf- AdTBrtlaeaaenta leaded, or Inneiitsda
under the bead Of Speoial Notices, and bonbia
Columfa advertisement, bacbaigvd &0
r oeal. in addition to the aboye. :
but declared" "1 HAVE been Mack;
TROOPi FIGHT MOBLY, AND I SAY OV AT.L
THAU THEY WHO WERE GOOD INOUOlt
TO FIGHT WITH US ARE GOOD EftOUOlJ. -TO
STAND ON THBj UNION PLATfOR
WITHME.'! v.'-,-; '.,,; ,. . . "''
A The Obi0 SUte Journal aavs i "The
General took hia seat in the mi(14 of 4 .
Stoml ;Of applause, -which had scarcely
quieted down, When Mr. Hale, a negro.
raised id bit Seal anil sr-Sed pernusmoo to.
aik General Cox a question. Permission! , .
was granted, and he proceeded: l want
to ask Mr. Co if he it elected Uoveruol .
of if Ohio, he will be in favorof betotoih
npon the colored people of this titiuo
saying nothing about what h would do, "
lot tnoso in tne soutn tne rigai oi sui- , .
frage." ;'-, :-;..-';- .;': ,. ,- '
General CbX. according to the Journal .- '
replied : "That if the question bad to be . ,
determined Dy eaen race lor iiaeu, ana .
the Worth for itself,- his determination,
Would be here fin Ohio'), for tbe full art-. :
plication of the righto bf man which hit
had described. The reply Waa feeeive, ,
with enthusiastic applause, : and with '
some announcements tbe meeting ad- '-
journed.'' ' . : :C-: ' -' ;';.
Such lathe report or the republioan . .. ,
State organ, whioh goee to oa say,. -u-f , ;
"When the General moved towards tha '
dcor, the oolored men pressed forward ea-' -
gorly, and as they took 'General Coxy......
hand, Were earliest In their-Wngratula". r
tions." - i-""-v-:--V '" V-t -. j,
Now, Why the enthusiastic applause if ...
Oberlinf Why did 'the negro eagerl
press forward, seise bim by the hand, ana
earnestly congratulate hilb f Simply be- -cause
General Cot declared la .favor,, 6? '
negro suffrage in Ohio." ; '-' '! .- t
It has been said by some persdnt that ,
the distinguished candidate of the repubi -
lican party "tries to ride two bortes ;alj ,
the same time, and that be will break lit, ." "
r.eck in tho experiment." . I make no . ',;
ach charge.; Fat1 .be" it" froth . tee td'
charge General Cox with duplicity. " Oa.
tbe cootravy, I give him full credit' for
meaning what his words clearly' express "
that he is in favor of negro auffrag Ittj
Obio; and that the negroes acted -Apoa
instinct when tbey grasped his hand .and
earnestly congratulated him. But this t
will say, that however skillful aa eque- '
triaa a person may be, It la not, eaaj ,to,
ride two horses at the same time, and the
more especially wheB on horse ia on A t'
full gallop towards the Ohio rives,: and
the other on a frightened canter towards
the Lake shore-. , -. ,' V-ii .'
No sir, it will not do. Our people wilt
not be satisfied with th double tongue of
a Delphiad Oracle; ind .looking,, twio
one way, and then twice the other pay,' ,
will not satisfy the intelligent freemen ot
Obio. It will not satisfy "the .boys itf i.
blue," nor tbe sturdy farther at his plow,'
nor the skillful mechanic in hfl Workshop.'
Otlrs is a brave; manly race, and Aartrt
cans like a square, open fight, or bo fight
at all. - '' - ;--"-."-'--' .
". r CAPITA! AND LABOR. ?, ' . -
The a' temm to place tb white maa'
upon a level with the negro, ia but anoth- , ,
er icheme ot capital to oontrel Jabor.- ',
Tbe man of wealth does not dread negro '
equality, because bis riches may keep' '"
bim beyond in influence, though tt sasV. ;
affect the destiny of hi ehildrva after ..'
bim, form tnu country loriune,, tases .
wings and. flies away. Aad if the ne
groes of the South come to Ohio in large. "
numbers, the effect will be to reduce th " '
wages of labor, and thus prejudtcd , tt) .
interests of tbe white mechaoio, artizanj' ;
and laboring man, - It has been asked,
why did not tbe repeal of the black laws'
have that effect f The answer is a plats'
one. i he negroea wera tnea Slaves - - . '
now they are free.- Then there waa aJ ,. .
law to arroit every frigitive alavo ': tW ;
there is no snch law Upon th ,atatute : '
book, that tbe negro can' come into Ohio' ,'''"
aa easily aa the white man. , loetead'j of
degrading labor, our true polioy is to dig- . ' .
oily and elevate H, M labor' ti the kJ - -blood
of tho nation. .r,i,;. ; '..i ,t , .
Th atmcala hetwenn can'rtal and la
bor, m as old as civilization, and' unforW- ;'
nately fof mankinoT, capital is almost uui-'' J
nateiy for manaina, capital is almost t
versalll ttlumpnant , '.. i. ;.
Capful is entHliedf to i fair5 profit, i
rccompfnse for tbe risk of investmt
but labor should be well and honestly re- - ,
quiltidforiU skill and foil'. J ' ., .
i -' In Great Britain with' a population 2t '.' .
thirty million soiils, there are only thirty', .
thdsand' land owners,' and' about one
fifteenth! of tne entire; population' are'
paupers,-or are hovering upon th verge? .
ol pauperism., And' thai yjj are, hasten '
ing to the same end,' there is too mu'otf
reason to' believe, but the feni'edy r"ents
with the people, .if it be applied in time.
'. , ; Hit ksi' ritiiAiON.
General Coi and - poliUcians of Lis ;"
school, claim thai a' "national debt ia ' . '
national blessing." ; This, we deny1. A' .
nation iibuta combiha'tionof individuals,' '
and if ite a blessing for the whole com
muhity'to be id deb'thbd' the same, must '
be true of evArj member of the dooimu
nity, and'aceoVrtt'njr to that doctrine, h - i
the most blessed, who owes' the most
mbney, and the most fortnna'e nit's it he
vilio pay the heaviost taxes: ' ,' .-' t - ,
But whether tfie theory bis tfn or .,
falife, th debt exists', and th taxes have -to
be' paid', ahe? the more prbpWjj there
is td bo taxed, ttie less" wilT be the bur
then on eaoh iridividdul. ' , ? ' " , "'
In I860, the 8outh produced out thon'-
sand million' pounds of cotton, and u
the Southern States tre restored to t!'
Union, and right and order ar M-esith-j ,
l'uhed, the aanib amount cm be produce i
adnually,- A'nd that amtjuhtof coitoj V