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THE ASHLAND UNION
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fctjr" Re paporwlll bed'MHaud ilUll
rrearsgtearopali, except at ouroptloa.
7 MVDICMAM. OMCERB. "
Ooamca ?Un Jsdg. n
.I03IANP.Prob.Ja4je. , ,t
. M. BiKJR,crkCom. Fl'jA.IHit.Cr't
O; W. SiLLt Ftowinlllit Ary, t
" hwji rr orrftmnm.
ISAAC OATI8, Aadltor. . .. , ,
HBMRr HBK8HBY, Tntiurer. ,
Oil If 0. BBOWN, Sheriff. ,
GiOttQB W.UEIE, Eworder. . ' .
JOH KBENB, Burreyor. , ..,
tSREAL MARKLE, Coroner. . . ,
JOHK VAN REST,
J. B. MARTIIf,
WU.OSDORN, ' Aebland. ;
R, 14. CAMPBELL
KLIiS f RACHFBLTGR, 8 itmdib.
I. O. Jniigi,Chier, H.LoTBiE.rr'
Ot ABHLASD. OHIO. .
It OLBBRT LUTHER, I 0. U. TOPriNO,
JACOB CR AM, I J.O. JESKIM08
JAMEI FCBOr, I
! eielntiTetj' BBkiD( biiIbii Boy end
111 Btmra jsxBangHwoiB; vieeouni up-
' lQ K Ttnne Bid PoeUf 8Uimp
2X1 CD "CP X3BQaSS3
JUtLLEil BOVBE i
OPPOSITE the MoNullJ Honse, Aihltnd, O.
II. Miilib. Proprietor. Oood ccommod
tioai and rMsoaabli bills, l'aironige so
licited. ".. z y ' ' " ,
- " jacjrvi.Tr uo vse,
frSI.MoNUI.Tir, rroprletor. gouih Side ol
Maio Strtet. Anklnnd 01'io
JOI1JT V. JOJTES,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, AMand, 0. Tartio
nlar auenllon paid to Colluding and, bu
linesa In Probate Court. Office on Church
street, between Maili and Sanduaky.
T. J. Kimt. 1 ' M. CHIXIll
ATtORNBYS AT LAW, Ashland, O.t Offioe
Church Street in thebriok building im
mediately West of Calm's Btors.
W. T. JOUJTSlOJr.
ATTORNEY AT LAW OfBee orer Wallaek
Si a.Jr..'Hliaa SLora. Main 8lreet,Aik-
laad.Ohio.. Also authorised by lbs Got
crnnent to procure Pension Certificate
ad Calleot Donniy bsu ubcb i j.
ATTORNEY Bad Counsellor at Law, Ashland
Ohio. Offioo lat ilia llriok building orer
Slagei I Hardware Bit re.
ATTORNEY AT LAW. FIRB AND LIFE
Iasnraace Agent and Notary Tubllo. Par
tlanlar attention said to collection. Probate
business, Partition sates an Sxecntlon of
Deeds, Mortgages and Contraots. umce in
Miller's Block, Second Story, Main Slriet,
opposite tho Towa Hall, Ashland, u.
BU I. L. CUAJTE,
OFFlCB On Door West of Qquire's Drug
Btsro, Up BUirs. Resldsnos Corner oieeB'
ire and Washington 8lree'.s, Ashland, 0.
. .. GEO. If. BILL,J1i.D.,
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON, Aahlanu Ohio.
Particular attention will bs paid to the
traatasnt of the following spsclal diseases:
Dyspepsia, disease at the Liver, the Kid
Boys, Borofula and Epithelial Cancers. -
i. p. coirur,J B-,
PHYSICIAN BURGEON, .Ashland Ohio!
Office over lughes ft Htaoher's Dior, op
posits the Towa Hall.
H.Aisiboso, :v " T.B.Hosrsa
I;.,' ARMSTKONdl JkHUNTEE ,
nave associated the octree together for tie
prae-leeef modtauM as rargery nay
Z. ii ul (tutlnltr. Id aslal attention leveled
k. tr.timt ttChr onio Disease. Office
a kWria atrest,
. . . . i . a v tv. . tr
ior 01 ij VBQuytv HI IT.
i .'.3.V cii.i 1 0a3 :;u'
I;-, .f.r'l 'W IMWrs J l .
JEWELLER and Silver Smith, onsdoor West
f Fetter's Drug Store, Ashland, owo.
saoUaad Bust Pons, and eholcevsrltty
f Jewelry kept ooastantly oa ksad.
Highs pile said for old Gold aad Silver.
Reoalrini dons to order, oa Veasonatle
terms Satisfactorily warranted, m ,.
A OaaUemaa who suffered for yea s from
Newvoaa Debility, Proms tar) decay, ad all
tho offeetser jromthfttl indisoreUoa, will, for
tho saffwlag iuasaalty, aead free u all who
oodUt tho recipe and dlreotlonsfor msslns
thoatmplotemedy by whiok he was enied
Soffems Wishing to profit by tho advirtlsar'y
- eipetflenoa, eaa dssoby addrersing '
... .... , ..I.-,; jnHv j.,n!i,
HejlSChambeiw BtA Kow York,
-...a nTaRnT.TiTTnw nnTTfiw
1'iU.I Ti.. . . . v .;, ,o,i
HfiTirit im tiiirebv fflven that the Psrtncrsiitn
heretofore existing bottieeii J. h- A C. C. Ctinu.
. .ii i . Jl I ....I vhJ K . i it I ti a I mmuhI 1
All persons Indebted to, .the abovO ftrm.'ar
- earnestly rexrueswa lo sen auu luaatf iicukoi,
J. L. C. V. CAMVBELk
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W,J'6V " .tScs' Awlit Jri-r '' xVivFIl5Sj3S
' ft. r;a if liiii-? "T' ,,fi in- ' ' t
; i'J.-rV ..... ...X5f
Talk I Roxim t Vwk !
( Let ': (Yarr "DentwreV an! miTlnao
that approrci of tts prtn'oif Ieis of ine
Philadelphia; Con Tontion, talk to bla
neighbor, who ia ii or ; reasoB: with
htm itriry with Hla giro hito no rest
until. lott oontlnofl "Mm ot tli Jangors
whioh airait him in cisa of tho lacoeaa of
the Eadloal psrsy ts--Jor am't take
will yon remain idle whea t gigantic" plot
to dismember the Union is about to be
carried Into ezcoution ; when jour dear
est rights are about to be placed in the
keeping of negroes; when bankruptcy and
rum stare the country in the face 1 Take
courage, men'! ' Work as though upon
your own efforts depended tbe inooess ot
cause'. - Now is your opportunity. Let it
not pass animproved. V
Cbargo Along the Line, Boyt
The recent elections in almost every
part of the eountry show large gains for
the Dcmocraiio and Conservative party.
In Vermont, the gain is orer 8,000. In
Alton, Illinois, the Radicals nave been
defeated, although the town has hereto
fore been strongly Republican. Ia Ken
tucky Congrewman has been elected in
the place of Green Clay Smith (Rep.)
and General Ward, the Democratic candi
date elected almost without opposition.
Gen. Ronssean has been elected from the
Louisville district. So the tide is run
ning everywhere. Charge, boys, charge!
That it is tho Radical Party which yen
must thank for the ruin of the country
end the enormous and oppremvo taxation.
By adopting tho Crittenden compromise
in 1861, secession wouldjmight have been
ore-tented, snd the war averted. ' This
compromise would have stroogthenod the
hands of the Union men of thoso States
The Radical object of the war was an ut
ter overthrow of the Constitution and the
Onion of our fathers, whioh- ia all plainly
manifest now.' ' They denounce President
Jubnson now, because he is crdcavoring
to testoro tho Constitution and tho Union
One year ago all tho leaders of tho Rad
ical party, only required the South to ro
pudiate their war debt, to abolish the or
dinances of secession, and to confirm the
abolition of slavery, snd then loyal men
from those States would be admitted to
Congress. All this the Southern States
have done, and yet the Radicals refuse to
sdmit their Representatives. . After eight
months of Mating, their Congress sub
milled an amendment for these States to
accept, which is to give to the negro the
right to vote. " This they require of the
Southern, but not of the Northern Ststes.
This shows their justice snd sense of right,
WhyT Why are certain ' Northern
Governors buying up all the Sims they
can If they do not intend to plunge the
eountry into another civil war, should
thef sucoeed st the coming election f
We spesk to you not ss a Democrat or
republican, but as an honest, laboring,
earnest self-supporting and government
maintaining man, and wo speak la alt
candor and earnestness.
If you voto for radicalism this fall jou
A dissolution of the Union.
. Another rebellion which will end i
sKneral, terrible revolution, .
. Depriving restored states of their hon
or and rights
To tax a people without giving them
representation; ,' : , ; . 1 .; .
, To educate one section to hato soother.
. Ad t m yourselves the slaves of
-, Yon also vote 1 , ' . . '.
To continue in power the most corrupt
dishonest, Isw hating leaden a party or
eonotrv was ever cursed with, and
To pile op mountains of debts for your
innocent enuoron to psy. . ..
.. Jf yon vote for Democracy and a res
toration ot tne union yon vote lor.
The equality of the States.
, Taxation and representation to go to
HIfVIUVI, . . I .
For a peaceful Union. . . . '
. For, tbe gocd, of an en'ire cointry
ratner wen a small section ot It,
For equal taxation.
. For lessening your own taxes.
' For protecting working men.
For peace, prosperity, the Union, tbe
laws ana tne constitution and common
iustioo. - - -"'i m.. )
It is for you to deeiclo"whethcr you
I ill havs peace or wsrj whether yon will
oe ireemen or slaves. vrout ' JJem.
gcjj The Radical Rump Congress hss
been gtiilty of a gross Violation Of the
leading tiact of its own party, i It has
made is invidious distiaotioh M aeoount
of color. Jt has given tbe Negro' loldioi
i bounty eaoh of three hundred dollars for
two years' service, while it gavo tho white
soldiers'only Sfly Vollirs bdrjrity oa'ori, tor
serving the esmo Icagth of time,
One of the proposed Constitutions!
Amendments wUcb embracVtne if oft-
; "Bio. B. a prs0aaiisii jbeaenator
or RepresenUtjTe ot. Congress, bt fleeter
for President aual-Vke Pntndeal, or bold
aavM:fBee, enJ orsmilitarTf sndax tbe
uattoa stUo itssaoKjMta gtate, mwa,'
having-" previously, .taken 'an oata ua
member of Cotigrees, or as officer of the
United States,, or ss a member of any
State Legislature, or ss a judicial offioer
of any State, to support the constitution
ot the United States, shall have engaged
in insurrection , or rebellion against the
same, or (riven aid to the enemies thereof
But Congress, may, by a vote of .two-
thirds of esob House, remove such a dis
ability. :" ' ,' ' '"' ', ; ' " '
Any person cognisant of tho condition
of sooiely in the South well knows that
tbe above section ezoludes for this gener
ation, at least, almost every capable and
ell imformed man in tho South from
holding publio. positions. : It is a new
theory of government whieb would drive
from tbe legislative halls, from thsbonoh
and from the army able men of tho coun
try, and fill them with incompetents, It
is only another lash to whip and dograde
bravo and f.illen people. No true lover
of his country ' would object to tee suoh
men as Alex.: Stephens brought back in
their places in our legislative Hells.
JOT Tho Baltimore Convention, which
nominated Lincoln and Johnson for Pres
ident snd Vice President, was made up
of delegates from the Southern ss well as
the Northern" States. Tbe South was
sought to be ruled out by Thad. Stevens,
but the attempt . failed. , It was decided
as States In the. Union they had a right
to be represented. Now, Mr. Johnson,
the nominee of that Convention, is called
a traitor by some, because he is for the
admission of tbe Southern Jlopresctita-,
tivcs to Uongress- Tbcy want him to
apply different -rule to Congress than
they themselves, were governed by in
their own Convention."',
tSu Our friends throughout the coun
ty should lose no time fh perfecting tbeir
organization. Tho lime is short. Let
every man bo seen and talked to. Make
arrangements to bring out every voto.
st9 Fred Douglass was in Columbus
the other day, and made a 'speech in la
vor of Shellabarger's re-election.' Why
did not elisor engage him to stump this
district in his behalf f On every occasion
that presented itself he voted for tho oiv.
and political equality of blaoks with
whites. v : ,: , ,,- .
i , , . , Soldler Head. ' .
A white soldier, who fought at Bull
Run, and went with Grant, every step of
his bloody progress from the Wilderness
to Richmond,' loaving an arm at Peters
burg, sacrificing health and physical con
stitutioh fbf lore of eountry, presents his
papers, his vouchers to the proper official
st Wsshington.' 0uunt he rtctive$ hi,
money I Coogress has voted it it ia tbe
gentrout soknowlcdgemoot of faithful sor
vices by a "loyal', legislative tody loving
tbe boys who "wore the blue 1"
The Paymaster General, or whatever
official attends to inch saattors, looks over
tho papert, peers in the man's faeo, sees
blue eyes, a white skin, and fair hair, and
''My rood nan, we can't do anything
for you the -fact is Congress failed to
appropriate the. money neeeasary to moot
.be little claims of .the soldiers but, of
course, if yon are a "loyal",, man you
won't mind that littlo accident and won't
meA aissppointed J.'.-. ,; i ,v, - -)
fof king bort c can get tht bow
T '.'Wen, now, let me see 1 Come
around in about two, threo or five years,
and. we nay have some money whioh can
be wed for you wjite trash., The faot is,
it takes so meA money to psy tho extra
bounties of colored troops the extra, pay
and mileage of Congressmen, aid the in
terest on Government bonds, that I do
not see now w ran get u your ease, rouob
snort or.tnai iims.r' M
ft Drr Congrmh , , ,, . j'-n
"Tut, tut, my man yon must not swear
in a governmtnt office; bopaltent; wait
a. wane 1 von win got tne monoy some
ttms ; good mcrning ; go to work, and the
little plum will drop after a While; let it
ripen : wait, my man : tcaif a littlt long
er l" v 1 -'-'' "'' i !
T Vl.llTJV r-iif
2 Si'noo Genoral Grant BorDorts IhoPrei
idont'e policy,' tho Radicals havo dropped
him like' a hpt "potato.' We do not hear
io muoh talk about him' being their can1
didate fof 'Predentin 'J 8B0.' Thore is
just, now considerable 'aVulit ixp'ressed
whether the Radicals will hate a party by
tha time.Tho signs oortainly indicate
a deciioo to tho negro esutirogo Disunion
Wi ba 04 bitiai
! . -t f If l.
TUC ITIWCDIMT .imrirrpr!trtJ!U,i
,111b 1 1 iiiLunjVM)lM!Y-fcvh),4U
die oflhe Iaft jttS?orric tylg
' finsted WltU" nb Associates'
'ana ; Dctiertberelatlo
Their Se ere la-r I ni nictitate If
fro SntTrago i Negro nsurree
; tlon-Thelr Hala tbjct to Get
LivioK wnuyuj. jtjonest la
Clevilaud, Ohio, Sept 19, '5(5. '
II. G. Norton, a delegate to (he mean
whites . Convention at Philadelphia, and
latelay one of tbe eompaty of . itinerant
miscegens started from the gathering, ar
rived here to-day. He states that be has
been foroed to leave the mixed erowd
through disgust at their designs and re-
pugaaaee at assooistiog with negroes up
on terms of sooial equality. He spoke at
Trenton with them a week ago last Mon
day, and was with them in Albany op
Sunday last. He represents himself ss
having been in their tull commence and
present at their privato meetings. Their
secret designs, he says, startled and -dis
gusted him, . Their main object ho de
clares to be to moke an essy living with
out honest labor, sod to get what - money
thoy can out of the credulous dupes upon
whom tber .can. impose. In order.. to
suecessfuly carry.'out this game they are
ready to make their speeches to suit tnetr
andiooccs, agreeably with thoir instruc
tions from the politicians by wbnrn they
are used in the different localities they
visit. But it is tbeir determination alter
the fall oloctions toinoiteanegro insurree
lion. They say they must hsve immediate
negro suffrage or negro insurrection. Ia
their confidential .conversations the ssy
this is a very good way to got a living to
day ; but when the clootions are over these
people will not want us, and then our on-
chance is to cot the - upper
hand of the Southern rebels by the
aid of the . disfranchisement and negro
votes, or to exterminate them by means
of a negro insurrection and aaother war,
wbicb would be sure to follow, The dis
covery of this design, Mr. Norton says,
determined to break his association with
tbe adventurers. 'He was farther resolved
upon his course in onnsequcnos of their
familisr association witb negroes. Man-
dolph, the black miscegoo, who is one of
the party, eating, drinking snd sleeping
with Jack Hamilton and tbo other.whites.
The. Rev. Hope Baer is represented as
being also disgusted with the company.
lie objeoted a low days sgo to their inti
mate social intercourse with negroes, and
was told he had bolter go away.
Indoed Mr. JNorlou says nothing but
tho free feeding, free riding and presents
they get keep the itinerant miscegone
togoiher. He says they do- not pay a
oent wherever l hey co, and have roceived
gifts of monoy, clothing, shirts snd shoes
st several places. He describes Randolph,
the negro, as the smartest of the band,
and says ho has collected a considerable
sum under the pretence of aid to black
ehurchca and schools in theSouth. non-
sicutt, another of the sturdy! beggars, so
licits subscriptions everywhere for hit
paper, end contrives to sponge a trifle,
here and there,' out of his dopes. Ale.
Norton refutes all Tack' Hamiltons abate
ments about the condition of Texas, and
ssscrts thst be is kept away from that
State, not from Icar of assassination, bnt
of indictment ,
, The desertor lolls some hard stories
about his late associates, 'and ssys that
Hunnieutt, after- preaching in Troy last
Snndavj ' was in a very nnpreaoher like'
condition io Albany in too evening.'
This is all of course tbe statement of a
man who, as an associate of such a eom
pany, may well be open to critioism, bnt
his story at least shows esongh to prove
tbe real character of tne radical misergen
campaigners to induce deeent men oi all
parties to avoid associations with them,
1. Itetohed, Thai the Democracy of
Ohio will adhere in the present and in
the future as in the past, with un falter
ine fidelity and firmness to tbe orranita
tion of the Demooratio Party, and to its
indent and well settled painoiplos as
ennooisted by Thomas Jefferson,, the
creat Apostle oi American Demoersoy,
and ss acknowledged And aocepted by tbe
party from the foundation of the Govern
ment: and , especially of equal taxation
and rcprcsectstioh of all States subject
I. U..l.. ' -"-P. iJ.J-i, .. .1
' 2.v Mofwrf, That the one great ones'
tion of the day is tbe immediate and un
conditional restoration of all the 8tates te
the eierciseef their -rights within the
Federal Union under the Constitution
and thai we will rwdkllyUni lotirsly
support Andrew Johnson, as President of
ine untied otates, in ail aeeessar tad
proper means to. carry out his policy as
dlreotod te that end;,, asd specially in
scouring immediate rfpresentation in the
Sonate and House of Representatives, te
tbe eleven otstes . xrom whioa u U now
unoonstitutionslly and arbitrarily With
held, unless on tne. degrading condition
of inferiority in the Union, asd of. negro
political and eivil equality n forced by
too jfeocrui uuinruuiani, , , 4 . 4
B. Aesowxt, ." 'it tht tun0UH
above id Jorlh we pill corJialty co oper
tit n public moctingt, convention, and at
the nolb.uittt aunt, tottkout ttfm
to pott party ponVi'oaa, scAe hontttlf fd
bf thtiroMtand tte osWai by their
profemont,. tupporl the Irtndcnt in Au
jiving ri.ivi ui'vn u, nini turvr.
btntr ftd if1 .hMiiJr.i Inrr mam 'rir)hn'l'
klMKta risdlncS sdlol Mots siif ovom
ao bstidt tlo ssiiiiflmt lulas'J s-f.ii
I-ol ii.l;;-n---.h JlSLtjd 'ai
IWbje tne Oommttfeee rewln'tioMVoP-'
pointed by the Convention whioh nomin
ated efwlge Welkerfaf rt-eWntlofc Was in
seesiow of tht1 nuiobor preposed
resolution in' favor ef negrti enffrageA-1
WblUHr"qnesdo was pending .Jadgs
vVolker ent rjefdra the eomnuttee and
deOlaKd biuself noquaDfiedly i favor of
wMinotea weero' ounrage, mi DeeTrra
the question to bo toft out of the reaoiu
tions because "(Acre is a Holme county
as veil as Lorain In tk dUfricl" If
Jndge Weiker dare deny this we eaa fur
nish the proof. Eolmtt Cotf Farnur.
&J1 tocept tbl dogma la ill length
and breadth j I look for color, bnt it is
the eolor of the :brsastl" jelled Beast
Bntlesin the Blaek-and Ten Convention,
witb a leer at Mrs. Ebony Doaglasi from
"My breast is too full for utterance f
shrieked Anna Dickinson, grabbing Fred.
Douglass in the wool and shieing bis hat
st the ceiling. :
' Complaisant and happy, smiled Mrs.
Fred , when her "blessed lod" sent An
na's "pancake" end ribbons after it, on
tbo miscegenation soar, '
"We'll be hsppy I WeH.be happy f
O.we'U be happy oliUI''
Jaoobw Rump Salary. What do
you, Farmers, Meohanics and Laborers,
who nod, it difficult to earn your two,
three or five dollars per day, think of the
Jscobin Rump Congress, which quietly
voted to increase the salaries of its mem
bers to $30 day for the time they actu
ally work f . They were already getting
some $20 a day T What, we repeat, do
yott think of tbis strike against yon f
.... ti m , ,
FA. The Radicals call ths Presided
the "Great Usurper," whereupon a friend
of tbe New Orleens Pieeayune remarks
tbst lie will be found tbe greatest use-up-
er of the Radicals. , . .. p
ii ssjnsojsMM s , y
OT Benjaaia F. Butler, a delegate
from MaaaaehiMtts to tU lata ltadioal
Convention, said that "as a matter of self.
protection, the negro must bare a voto.
This is Weiker"! platform.
,. ltuuip ramld-
Fifty dollars bounty for tho two years
white soldiors 1
One hundred dollars bounty to tbe
three years soldier II ;
Three hundred dollars bounty to negro
Four thousand dollars extra psy to eaoh
Rump Congressman 1 1 1 1 . .
White soldier, the nigger gets trom
three to six times ss much bounty as you
do, whilo the destroyers of their country,
the members cf the illegal body calling
itself a Congress, rewarded themselves
with from forty to eighty times ss much
ss they did net give you. The Rumpcrs
first ; niggers second ; white veterans last.
Mow do jou liks it, white soldier I
The1 abuse showered upon President
Johnson surpasses anything ever board of
in this oouotry since the days of Andrew
Jackson. Jackson was sustained by the
people, snd so will Johnson be.' As Hen
ry Ward Beeoher says, "these angry voic
ed come td as ss rude winds through Ihe
trees.. Ihe winds will die, tbe trees will
A Republican caper says t "If tbe
first epistle of Henry Ward Beeeber, the
ona known as the Clevelsnd letter, wss
an Infamons performance, the'seoond, ex
plaining and modifying it, is not only in
famous bat cowardly. What are yon
going to do about it f
&rln tbe 14th District tbe opposing
candidates are Martin Weiker and John
B.Young. In the State of Ohio, there
is no man more over-estimated than this
same Weiker, who is the representative
of "enlightened'' Ohorlin, . in the 39th
Congress ' For a whilo, it was thought
tbe saints would kick tho little follow out
with one term, but he hss been re-nomin
ated on the score that it would be a "rc
buke to Coogress,' 'if this political pee
woe was hot again put in the fluid.. : His
most sanguine friends in his District, com
posed of Lorain, Medina, Ashland, Wayne
and liolmes, do not elaim more than sir
hundred nvjoxity. ., We bclcive thst Mr.
Young, a man of strong praotical sense,
snd aa oli eiUsea of Medina county, will
be eleoted, if the advocates of speedy
and CoBStitatioaal restoration of tbe
States ta thsii "practical rolel'ioos" to tbe
Federal Q overs moat, will ell tarn ant to
tbe polli ana vote en election day. The
soldiers la Wsyss and Ashland, and otb..
tber eoantieo in this District, or at least a
majority er tbsm, will throw their ballots
against Mr. Weiker, who, by bis votes in
Con gross, leeks to undo what they have
aboomDlished by tbeir gallantry in tbe
field. At Ibis stage of tbe gams, Ihe
chances ia the 1 1th District are In our
fcvorr-iam Dealer. ,i,n;:.-
,,;Tjf ,i i wm ii I, - -. -i ' '
m B9" If yon have a neighbor , who
tbrsabtai to scratch one name fioas the
LHmoeratie Ticket, go tr bins and re-
atftBStrate with him ak him if he 'will
vote for1 tbs men'wW dononnoe blur nV'i
iraiior, "Voppcrncau, so. -
10 r!!fl,j! 9Ti!' '
-1970 vlaleivJiittb J Kiwailjii.Tl'jHu J Otf.'l
-In orn'ii! siiiiovs'l fi a f(T .HTmii'
! htowl i f .slrf"3' !!.", S:!f1jifr.;
COVERMENT" XXPENSES i ANO
' ,JniV) Hi!) "pH'iJANGES."3 S'W-- H
!lu noit8!jH p. mutt nir'sU ed i;iw i
! yAn ,s f -oiMrtav,t helper, r
HON. JOHN; H. a AMES,
John 0. Thompeon, Etg.t Chairman of
(As Vemocratxe state Central Commit
let of Ohm r ' ' . -i
Sir At the close of the letter whioh
I addressed you on the I7th Septem-
VCK, A Hill Ub A WUVIU ftUUIDH JUU KgKlU,
and say somethiog of Government sxpea
ses and finanoos. ' .
In I860 the people oi the United States
bad a sound currency and n prosperous
commerce. Tbe mere currency of bank
notes left in the peoples bands as tbe re
sulting balance of trade, was 1480,000,.
000 and this was everywhere equal to
coin at tne place of issue.
The imports of commerce amounted to
$400,000,000, including tbe supplies
brought hither to be- exported again.
The exports of our produets st the ssme
time smounted to 1303,000,000, and this
difference between the imports and the
exports, which seemed to be a balance
against as, wss the messnre of our profits
io buying and selling between our own
eountry and other countries. This $400,
000,000 of imports wss for tho wholo body
of our people io sll the States. More
than two thirds of sll our exports Were
produced by tho Southern States ; the ar
ticles thus sent abroad were the exclusive
products of Southern labor, under ths di
rection of American skill and capital
But at the same lime these products
were made in behalf of all other skill and
capital, and by their aid. The West hsd
famished food, and animals, and machines
the North bsd furnished foreign im
ports and their own manufacture ; and
when ihe Southern products bad reached
the port of shipment, they represented so
much of our united capital, and skill, and
labor. We were then a united people,
not only by political consent, but by the
lews oi trsdo ana or political economy. -
In centra with tbis, two-nurds of tbe
ssme States wbicb made the above result,
now bave a paper oiroulatun of I8UU,UUUr
000, which is not redeemed anywhere nor
intended to be redeemed, until the vol
ume of it shall be t really reduced in
amount, and tbe residue made mora valu
able. This reduction in amount is to be
schieved by collecting from the people an
amount of taxes equal to the proposed
reduction, and then paying an equal
amount-of debt and destroying so many
of the publio promisory notes, which now
pass as money. .. The expense of tbe re
ductioo is to be paid by tho people of one
year for the benefit oi the poople bi next
year who bold the remaining money. . .
Uur imports lrom abroad are measured
in gold our exports are measured in pa
per money the paper dollar being worth
ordinarily about two-thirds ol a gold dol
lar, and with ibis disparity in values it is
not cosy to toll tho present balance of our
trade with other countries.
In 1SC0 tbe people of tho United States
were at neaca amonsr themselves, so far
as it was measured by the absence of
arms, but they were drawing to a olose of
that long sories of disturbances, whioh
were not by any means on one side onl.
snd which finally ended, in war. yv
then had 80,000,000 of people, and tho
expenditures of the Government in that
ysar were $63,000,000, including the in
terest or tbe publio aeou
In 18G1 the people found themselves
in tbe midst of war (as it ia convenient
to call It) between Ihe otates. The sec
retary of State told as, la bis foreign cor
respondence, that this war would be of
short duration ana inas tne sea a or mem
bers then absent from Coogress by seces
sion would scon be filled again.
The Secretary of the Treasury also
tU was- iftstt eaAAAi-flin Ia Ifi Annrl riplii.
VUIV4 aa avwa-'Mg av m owwM-a
eiple of finance, s good part of our large
expenditure should bo paid by taxes, bnt
ss tno war womu do oi non uumuoii, iu
whole charge could bo defrayed with bor
rowed money, and the taxation deferred
to suothtt day. '
These taxes have cot been forgotten (n
the Interval, and during, the last fiscal
year they have amounted to $550,000,
nnn ii... Olid nn nnn f .;.
VVU. AJU ,luviVVUUVV Ul .Ilia U u.
wss eolleoted in cold, that $150,000,000
must be increased by one half to meet the
ordinary premium on g ld, and we have
in effect a total of $025,000,000 eolleoted
from 30,000,000 of people, if we count
the whole Union, or only 20,000,000 if
we count the people of the States which
chiefly paid the tax. ' In the first ease it
makes an average of $21, and in the lat
ter of 131 to esoh Inhabitant of every
sge, condition and eolor alike.
- ,No matter Where these tsxes seem to
be eolleoted, whether in the great cities
at which centers onr : foreign commerce,
or In the manufacturing districts whioh
make tbe articles needed by our people,
thev are all aaseesed as oharoes upon the
articles consumed, and the whole amount
of them, witb profit on tbe outlay. Is paid
by the whole body or tne people, in wnac
ever district they msy live.
Tbo people of Ohio pay one-tenth of
these tsxes J for their ability to consume
snd ' thoir dispoeltkn' to consume, , the
Sroduots of commerce and of labor will
enote them as a proper average of the
nation at this rats,' ssy for their portion
In round number sixty millions or dollars
avoar.'-' " ',-'--'-
. The peoplo ofOhlo1 also pay io Btati
Sates of Advertising Advanced,
3aosflWrensTrk, " t,Wflr
Bsoasiniseojaeat lertJnj itm i-b
.i4teeoBMHUis.il jj 'ti?tr
Okosqa-re, throekoBtSiJgiiSafc.cftMo' ;
I ; plewrare, - - 6,00
Oi square l MlhsSMgTW IT i '
.. on rear. t a JlXfl
van- . . . -.. - !Vt
Doias cards' sLiliaos orli 1
ynt3lj iHfAs1--' 'H' '.w
Adainlstratof'.EixtBtoTs'sag Qaat ' .
dUns' Notioes,. .wSi-v.j;- J-r .M
Probate Notices. '-,' yw JLt
lino, .i."w - v nt ' - If
ST Adv"SJekkl adedy r liwerted
ondortht hoaA ( Special Nolle a, as 4 DoV
le ColucuB BdrertlseaMaM, will bo liirel
tO per ooat'ttl iddlttoae UsAboVo-.
taxes, oohn'ryWen and other Uleii $10,-
000,000 a yeary tbas teakisg total of ;
T0,000,000 snnaltyfottwoanda half
millions of' peoplo. 'I'0e-filbof the
whole sfrber of iababitsnts be rated u
producers, and as'eaatjred witk-eRaVlssp ,
port of the rexnaininf fbnr fifths', the pro
portionate ebarge oa eAeb will $140 a
year ia eases direst, and iV persooai sx-
ponna looreaaca oy uesv ' J v
xooRxnerai jorrrund tre-sure or Uiess
taxes may be TurUier tested ihnst she
8tate of Ohio eontaines in its whole area
25,000,0000 of sores. These annual tax
es make an annual ohsrge of nearly $3 an
acre on the whole continent forest, swamp,
river-bed and hill top alike.. The whole
quantity of land reduced to cultivation is
16,000,000 of acres, and oa this quantity ,
the taxes would amount to more than..
$4,60 an aers.. . -Jj-uy.fi
From the beginning of the United
States Government in 1789,' when we bad
in round numbers 4,000,000 of people,
during tbs period sf forty years, at the
end of whioh we bad 13,000,000 of peo
ple (round numbers), tbs expenses si tbs
Government, including interest e) tbo
publio debt, were at the rats of ono mil
lion of dollars for one million of people.
And as stated above, in i860, at the end
of 70 years, the rate of expense was r
000,000 for 1,000,000 of people. Now
with 30,000,000 of people the same an
nual eharges are more than $20,000,000
to 1,000,000 of people. -
Every man is conscious that burdens
are upon him ; and in everything he buys
or uses, or eats or wears, be is mot with
augmented price. Tho merchant, ths .
dealer of every kind, the lawyer, ths
physioias, the banker, the broker, ths
sgentf the manufacturer must bars a U
eense to follow their lawful business tbs
msnufaolurer must pay n monthly lax oa
all be makes, and a yearly tax on all bis
profits ss income ; the farmer must pay
a tax on all tbe profit of bis lead, ana a
beginning has been mads in taxing tbe
crop itself in tbe esse of cotton and tobao
oo : and the principle onee admitted, it
will extend to corn and wheat ; and grass,'
and tho other vesture of bind, ss they now
claim that timber cut from land, which is
bnt a conversion of capital, shall bs rated
as an annual income and taxed as such. - .
Is Ohio we already bave this tax . on"
sgrieultcre, ia tbe shape of a tax' oa
whisky, which, at two dollars a gallon, hv
more than a.uuu per sent, oa its value at
the plaes when mads. ' Tbs growth of
corn in. Ohio, for wbicb oar soil sad eli-,
mate are so favorable. b"s been c reatly
promoted by the distillation of ths grain j
while the oheaper transportation of tbo
crop in this form, and tbe demand for tho ;
product abroad, gave permanenoe to the
manufacture. The incidental faedinc of.
to whioh the distiller looked for
their profits, gave abundant supplies of
pork for food, and lard to be converted,
into oil and candles, thai preventing oth
er manufactures. Mors than one-third
of all the whisky made was at ones con
verted into alcohol tor use m tbe arts and
fordomestie purposes. Ths tax of two
dollars a gallon on whisky amounts to a.
tax of mors than fonr dollars a gallon oa
alcohol, and thus drives it ontof use, when,
its price is raised to five dollars a gallon
instead of tbe seventy cents at whioh it
formerly sold. This destruction of tho'
use of alcohol is a destruction of that
muob demand for corn, and sooordingly,
the great crop of Ohio and of the wholo
West is proportionately injured. J
The evil of this tax is already felt' bf
corn growers, and is visibls to every one
While tbe market pneo or corn for distil
lation remains at its former aomiaal
rate, and the price of whisky also remains'
at its former nominal rato (the balance;
after paying tax), lbs purchasing value)
of both, is reduced to little more tbaa half
their former value, by tbe augmented)
prion of everything else) and if it bet
MMomd thai thaao ancBMnted nriaea at
everything else sro lbs result of a depre.
elated currency, it mat ten net, to tho set
grower, for tbs prioos of son sad its prow
duots remain srilkoat ekaage-
There is still another evil f for ttis
soormoas snd sodas tax places lbs boarW
ness of distillation beyond) the moans ef
ordinary men to carry it coyae thoy form
erly could ; nod now none ra posoo el
great capital aid targe credit alae, eaa
continue tbs business ; and than ths await
uiacture is earriea on s bus sew pstees.
and the market fur eorais nronortiatiattd
embarrassed. .:.'.., ;, ,;;.,,,..
The views here given are mob as .be
long to a great commercial question.' and
it is here treated in no other view, for, it
is no moral question. Ths oely power
given to Congress for taxation is to hrjf
taxes for revenue. They hare no power
to lay taxes to suppress production or to)
limit consumption muoh less have tbey
the power to oppress the labor of one sec
tion of the eountry for the benefit of
another section, or Jo gratify tbs opinion
of a class on a questioa of morale; .'-'. '
Tbe question of augmented prioes for
all ordinary artislos of eonsurnption ber
alluded to, is oo thai must bs further
pursued, i When this war began', we bad)
everywhere a paper eurreoey of nnifomn
value, snd everywhere equal, to coin' ef
the plsee of issue, becane redeemod ier
coin on domandv Thia quality of rsdema
tion ia paper monoy was ths unfailing
safeguard in ths preeorvatioa of a juo
balanee of trade between en? own country
and other eountrfeav If the btlw of
trade was against as, that talaaos esna4
sn sxport of coin, whioh at onoe prod deed!
a eeotmction in onr bank accounts, a eo
sequent diminution of imports, and
speedy adjustment of tbs dobt imp rov
(concmjdio- ott' rorJnfB aui.)