Newspaper Page Text
! 1 I
Y M l
V V IiJ ALU Ji
VOLUME IX. NO. XXXII
Indoponaent in. txll tiling-Q.
0. SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST, 7. 1S58.
WIIOLE ' NUfiBEiUSO
Uk tnd of the
omvhji-c thio nwi. 3 50 tn) )iiar unit war 9 00
on jfjtiftic it tuAk 4 00 I lour wjwnrpn on that 12 0
-f n';iinrt6ni) yr 00 Ii.ilf C"lnnn oci jnr IA 00
Jliitfu'Hifl C.-trtU of ot vr sis lini1 pot y,r $00
- Twwitp tlitc t IfMt of flit if Uttft nuVf nqm.
f wer dcat-rlj'tloB iltontW to 00 ckU, In Ui moit Uttcfn!
in nn nor.
From 0 A. M. to VI M. and From 1 to 8 P. If.
II A a.t. .T'hretntnno nml
fitmnwina Dir... II.. -I J .... , . - . l
ii uiu iiiuiu n ur r ai rinruin.
a. h. rAKmxnvox, u. o .1 rt, . ...
Aalitabula, J,-, j. h,1 , l'
M. D., -Monroeville, Huron
A (tor lie)-.
II ALL, KELLOQO. ft WADE, Attorneys at
l.w, J.fTeraon. A.htnbula Countr, Ohio. Particular atten
tlon paid to reunion, Uoontj-I,.ni), and Patent Application.
ALIIKST n. IIAI.I.,
anyr , ki.i.viuo, . ,
SHERMAN 4 FA KM KB,
Councilor, at Law, A.litaTrola. Ohio.
CHARLES BOOTH, Attorney and
..Moral law. A.M.hnla. (thin.
W. 15. CI I A PM AM, A Itornoy at Law
Jurtioe of Ui Peiw, Coiunilaalnner of PeeoV. for MMilc-an
ami low, office tlirco lioor. eoit. of tin Trtmout IIoum.
V 1 1 A F FKH, & WOOOiTuRY, Attorney.
'n, Anwo'H cooniy, Ohio. 419
N. L. ClIAf KEK,
K. n. ooosrnr.
FISK II0USK. Anlitahnln, Ohio. K. L.
. IfomnooK, Pmprltor. An Omnibii. ninning to wid from
... ver train of cm. Aln, a md litr)r-(ble knpt in eon
wcrilon with tuU bruo,to eonvcj paxMngtn to anvtlenirnl
point " 2
HOUSK John Ihornpson
ASHTABULA HOUSE, llobcrt C. Warm-
vipon, Aimubui, ),
EDWARD II. ROBERTS, Dealer in Faney
and ? tiple Dry Oowl, t,aiH"il- Cioaka. Fura. Sklrta. Cort..
Clioico UrnwriiHi, Simlf llatdware. crockeir. Jic. to.. J l-k e
TYLKR & COLLINS, Dealers in Dry Goods,
OrocRiHce, Crockery, Root and Shoea, lints, Cap, te., tc,
neat door South of A-btabuia Houmj, Aliilnil, O. 10
J. P. ROBERTSON, Dealer in Dry Goods.
. roiric.. Hardware, Crockery, Proviflonj, Doota and
Hhn, and every other cliea of Coo.it imuallr locked fnr
in a FiretCtaaa Country Store. Cmirteay and Kilr dealin
are the tmhicementa offureU Ibra aiiaro of public fkvor.
Uain rtreet, Aahtalnila ohtn.
ItOOTi MORRISON. Ditaler in Dry Goods,
Uroeeriea, note and Shoe, and Car, Hardware,
fmckeiy, liooke, I'atute, Ciie, Ac, l'oat t ILce litildirh
GEO RGB WII.LARI), Dealer in Dry Goods,
Ore ri, Htte. Cap-, Reola and Hhoca, Crockery, Olaw-
erare, Maimfaoturet T reidy-made Clnthln. Also-wliole--
nit aud retnil dealer In Hai ilware,Sdllerr,1Vii.lMnHieo
liruffi and Meiiicinea, Puint, Oiia, Dywtutla, Aa' Main
ttro-t, Athtalnila. 4jg
J. G. WlilGHT. Denier in Millinerv C.nnrU
WorlardCollani and Sieorea. and Faue Cooda. bt door
to the Pout tMHre.
SULLIVAN fe HYATT. No. 6 Piatt utrepf.
Jvew York City, eolicll attenliou to ilock of Aineiican
WELW & FAULKNER, Wholesalo and
Kttitl Dci'en In Western Hosi-rre Butter and Cheev,
l'ri.;d t nilt and Flour, Aalitnhaola, Ohio. Onleia rcipect
firfir eolielied, and tilled at the l)ent cnth cot. 4t
.BEX II AM & JOHNSON. Dealers in v7y
Oioda, OraenHe., (lru and Medirtiien, Orockerr, Root
ttboea, Hate and awne, and eiery oUier article iaily found
-.eo""trl' ,nri nPP"''e the Fi.k Hnnnv, AjbUbl'ila. 1
PRENTICE & SMTTII, G7rTGrrsand
Oeil in PrmUoru, 1'iodure, and as forth, Mlu etre-t,
Aeblabul., Ohio. 41D
S. R. BECICW1TH, Surgical and Mechauical
Pcnliat. Colbrook. Ohio. S47
Dr. T. MoCUNE, Dentil, OOice und
dcuc on Mntu lUcet, AsUtabuIn, 0.
44J Watclien, Jli'i rry, e(e.
0. A. AMSDEN, Jeweler. Itepuiiing of all
kinds ef Watdies, Clocks, aud Jewetir. blioiv, npponite the
Fiak House, Ashtabula, 0; 410
A. W. STEELE, Wutcli nnd Clork Maker, and
Dealer in Jrw.lry, bllier, and Pla'eU Ware, Ae. Mecluuiic.
. Kow, Awbtahula.
BRIG n AM L CO.. W)it..nle and retail
Dealers In Ready Hade CluUiJjig, FaiiUeUiujr iluotla, lists,
A'aps, c. Aaltttvbula. 41tf
J. A. TALCOTT. Dealer in Ruudy-Made Cloth-
log. Hats, C and FumUhliiK (iooibi, ol "all kluda. Ojijw
aiuatke Fanuors' Bauk, Asbtubula.
H. FASSETT. A Rent f.ir the rureliase. Sale, a
Rentiug of Real Ealate, Inaurt, ee, Neirotlatlnn taaoa, 1I
lectino of Orbta. to. Property sold Coiiin.lsio Milr,
suid Di sale do cbarire. A mils, direct or tndlret - onnati-
tutos a cmnuiiifion. Cornm Miiin aud Center irtreeta. Ashta-
buis, 01 io.
Alao, Notary Public. 9 410
C. C. DIBBLE, General Collector, and Loan,
and Real Fttate Agont. Esel Asb tabula. Ohio.
ALEXANDER GARRlOIT.IUnd A(rentNf).
60 Water street, Cley-Iand, O. Lands tor sale in Iowa, 1111
nuis, Wiacuualu, and Mumeaetn, at $. 60 r acre, a-d up-
GEORGE U. HUBBARD. Manufactuwr of
Tiu, Sheet Iron and Co;ier Ware, and Dialer In Eastern
CiHkln(5, Parlor, linf aud relf- l.eulatlnp, abeet'lron stoves.
Iron Puuifni, ebaiu pumpa. lead pte, ihw-t irau, sbe-t lead,
sheet lino, sheat cornier, aucft brass, tin plate porcelain ki;t
Una, dairy kcttlex, K:mUrn tloaa. cultivators sud ntost oth
er kiud. ol C-vrunnp uUolla. 1mj, ule Aceut for the sala
Ktewait's Celebrated Air T;W Suinmer and Whiter Cook-
Store, for the County of Anhta'juia. Anlitabula, Otijn.410
II. TOWER & SON, Machinists builders ot
Mtatinnary and Portable Htoam Euirtnea. Haw, and other
Mill Work, anil Joubine- and Re imiilnar dona to nnlnr on
skort ootice, end in a wuikmao-lik. mauuer, soutli Mais st.
Q. O. CULLEY, Mauafaetnrer of Lath, Sidinjr
Cheese Bnxes, to Plaulng and Slalohln; and Hcrowl
- Hswinffdoneon the sborU-at nolloo. thop riuuthaido ot the'
Viethmlist t'hnnih, Aahtsnuta. Ohio. a
A S. ABBO TT, Lumber Dresaor, and Manu-
farturer of and Dealer in Shins-lea, Lath, Fence Kind, (to. Ac.
,1'laniuf;, and Circular bawtng noue to oror.
near lowers MfAiue snop; ahuuaiuju
it. B CROSBY, Iron Founder, und mano.
faclursr and Dealer In l'kiwa, Plow Cutinea. Hill Cast
ins, Ae. llo.t dcaaiptious of Foundi W otk doue to order
AV. W. SMITH, Munuracturcr of Sole, Up-
per and FTarnasa leather, and Dealer In French, Calf, and
Lintug Skins. Caab pahLfor Hides and Hklus 419
GEORGE 1 1 A LIi, Dealer in Piano Fortes, and
Molodtona, I'ttno Stoola, Covers, Instruction Beoka, etc
Depot corner Main and Centra streets, rear ot 11, liwll l
Odios, Ashtabui-. hf advertihenieuU. 418
J. E. CHAPMAN, Dealer in Musical Merohan-
.tea. Books, Flue btaUnarry, Toys, and Fancy Art Idea, si
Bis naaaar ana iv.ryieiiy store, -i ooor euuui ei liau
Wain street, Aatitaouia.
PUCRO k BROTHERS, Manufactarer. of
Dealers In Furniture ef 'he best doeeilpUona, and every va
riety. Alee general L'udeilakers, and manufacturers nf 0oe
Sua ut order, auub (treat, North of Mouth Fuel e bijuare,
LINUS SAVAGE. Fumitun Dealer and Man-
niaturrr, steam eatablir hMt, Mortb Ma'. a street, near lit
oiboe el Ors. Farruigtou k Hail. Aalilsbula, O. ui
ErgiMeriiiar eV t,utl Surety ii.
CARLISLE A it ALE Civil liiLeers, and
Wi ti.ws.wrt, A4atra,Cte. if
yy. cjn:.y f . c Bun.
ttootn and Mi oca.
I). PHTLLIfS, Bot and Shoo Store, Fik'
ure ma isooi, AnhUI.nl. o. 4
Ki'ftii;MAN WRITING, A new l1Pct
roval fi ol wr rorwt and SrlnrdW ErorrlF-i
llahril, tc-Mnll, rrnm .tr.l plain, nnJ H by n,Ri f,;r ;
e.-n. I'rlc MI holr l.no. I t.rr Sv.tm-tn on ad-d.fM-oa
pnl,l USA. ry-Mnre RTO,r Joo1 Wr(ter(1
.. ... , ,,, , ulm .jhiwui man in all oilion.
' !rM r. n. ni'F.Ncrrt,
Wfnant, A.htnlMila fci,, Ohio.
A. KA i jMOM), DeHlur In Fruit anil Orna-
nititalTiToa, fbnihlwry, tc, 1'pnBold. tlunro County, N.
W:K. ALLKN. Book Binder Book and
WntrarinM bom d in arty ftrto dr.lrtd. lilaak books madf
inn nili(Ho orrirr. Jell.rMin, l.
II. A. MARSH, Successor to E. Howell.)
Iint.nntypa and Ambrn trpa Artint. Alw , K. IIowfII'i
iii-w r,orivi, reentry ralriitm. Ix)-kf I. and Hinratnra
Iin. fill, .t roaninahln rl.. rtrtn tk.n on iwtnt
ii u Vai Ho"B"! nn,t bUding Kuth of
...r ...-, grnm ,Lf Cl-a. f f II ISI 1J I (I, 'Htfl.
W1I.LARI) & REEVES. Dealers in Italian
ana Kntinnd Marb!, Grave IStonct, Monnmrata, Tabla Tom,
A. L. THURSTON. (
tlia EBUliIlflmipnt of Dnvid Camp, and will yim Mn
atl.ntion to rrn,iiP)r to and frMn tin Depot, and about t ho
vm.-igo. Ahhta nt'l.A, April 1S6V. 1
EMORY LUCE. Dealer in Sweet Totato. and
otlifr Early Hunt, and VrpvtanVa.
Aim, i,loi In 1'reacrrcd 'mita, Tomalea, 4. Eart Anh
ttm)a, Ohio. - 4M
STANTON & BROTHER. Liverr and Fa!
tituble, in wnnrrlinn with the Fl.k Honnt, A.htabnla, Ohio.
An Omi.ihita Hunnln. to and from ti .r
Il'irwi aud Carri(rcfl to conv. t piaaongore to any part or
thi? Country. Charge lieuoriahle.
LIME. We shall ell Lime at the Har
bor the year of 1158, at 28 cent nr Im.hl. ard at tlve
IT ALL & KUYMOUB. Forwardinp and Uom-
mimoo Jirrvnain., ana nlcnil'i colt. Floor, Hub, lluter
Water Linie, &c. Alio, ( oirnii'iou lAsalen tu Ltiinber aud
Pta-e. Aalitabnla Harbor, Ohio. a,';3
GRISWOLD & SHORES, Produce Commis-
aion nerchanta, and wholeaale dealeri In Chceae and Frulta.
li7 South Water Street, Chicago, lit.
A. H. UBI8W0LD, L W. Skorei.
FtAXT.TH, frKllPI.ET t Co , Chicago.
C, It. Bkckwitu, - - ......
aATTEnt.r, Coon fc Co, ....... m
C. Hartlktt ax CoCommlaaion Mercbanbi Cleveland.
J. Milmii, Attornn-at Law, ..... Indianapolie.
PKbDECOKO, Rt-RBOmi Co Rankers, - Decatur, 111.
Siiohkr, Hawks Co., Merchants, ... Atlanta, 111.
Wiclls F al'lknc. Produce Mercliants, Asbtabnla, O.
STnaioiiT. Dr-Mixo Co, C'inclnnalL
lla - lit k How New York.
Ashtabula r. O. Cloalug- of MaiU.
POST OFFICE KOTICE. Tbo Mail
irolns; East will cloae at 10 o'clock and 15 minute., a. ,
and mail Wert will clow at 11 e clock and 80 minutes, A. .. the
Southern Mail elorea at 9 a. a , and the niaU to Jefferson at U
ElkCrerk Mall, via Plymouth, Tuendavs, at 8 30, a. a.
Offli open daily from J a. at. to r. M. on wei-k dnja, and on
SuiMlaya, from VI . to I t. at. until further notice.
Aalitalmla, llay 10th, lK'ii. E. 0. ROOT, V M
On and after Monday May. 10, 1858.
AND-EIUE It. ROAD.
fatting Ashlubulaaoiso txsr.
nelgtit .No. 1 Icttcs at 1 08 l M
Hul" II Ham
tvmneattt Acconuuodation. .....w o4S.M
Nlyht Freight j 81 a
iiui impress u la 4 sj
Leaving Ashtalula ooixo west.
Micni KTnreea 1147 a w
innnenut Aaxuutnodatloa-. .. .. " S61 a
rreignt " 10 47 A a
Mall si ...lanora
pre.. ; ..." 2 r a
Ight 1 relgbt "... 1 SI A a
Chlcsiro E.nres, Fart, tnd Mall West stoo at sll stations
Ajoiwii, tnionMiie, rerry, suenror, and nleklitle.
Cincinnati -xpress. East, stops at l.inesrill and KiDira
Pay Etnross Weat ni aton mi Olr-rrt rnnt....l 1 .t.l.W.
snd PalnesvUle only. .
M-rht Express En at," and West, stops at ralnnllle, Ash.
inimcaut Acconiouations fjst snd Wert, will stop at all
stations. x. & IJL BBARI). BUtion Aaent.
Anhlahnla, Jnly 0. IHST. 419
.., uwiunuii iiu unaru only.
Written for the Telegraph.
BY MRS. ELSENA MERWIN.
Though weary lesions I hare learned tinea childhood's years
Though hitler tears Ty of Unwashed, and sometUnei wUh'il to
Tliongh I lei re rrasw. my aching heart, and fancied hop was
every Joy lay shrouded there, and slumbering -with the
I cauuot be unhappy long, for mj heart's a wayward thing.
like the gay-toned wUd-bird, j erer on the wing.
I hare learned that fi lends may cLange and hreath'd the
That those e lene the dearest, are earliest to betray ;
I hart ant the dilliiog look, where yearn' d my heart to
kindly beaming snitle, or look of love for me ;
from a hopeful heart like mine, sorrows wtU pass away,
melt the shlulng snow-Bakes, before the blaze of dir.
I hare had cold, careless words, poured freely lo my ear
Were nought, but fricndbips sweetest tenet, I ever dreanwd
tho' in bitterness of soul, full oft Tve turned aside,
nwiveilug Up, the look W pain, the tearful eye to hide;
Tt learned to pike aflcctlon more, wherever tie truly
deem the humblest earthly love, a Weaning meet br heaven.
I have learned the hearts' best words, may be construed
shades'of gloom enshroud the heart, threatening to ling
er lour, ;
While oieurnful tongbts oppress the soul, which neither yon
arar dreamed to ns oouUl come, in brighter days gone by j
life Is strewn with blessings, there la more Joy than pain,
tho1 dark aloud, will come so outlines, there's more sun
shine than rain.
joys that eoee seemed buried, now seem again to smile,
hope la ever at our side, our sadness to beguilei
life Is dear, affection sweet, and round the social hsakh,
many a voice of sympathy, sd many , Toio, of Birth .
there's a purer fount of love, to mortal beings given.
Lets' tut our thoughts awoy from earth, theie's more to
love In heaven.
East Tui-kbtll, Onto.
By Hon. Rufus Choate.
Delivered at Boston on the 5th of July.
It is well that in car vcar. bo busy.
Rccular, so discordant, there comes one day
when tho word Is. and when the emotion is.
"our conntry, our wholo country, and no'h
ing but our country." It Is well that law
our only sovereign on earth duty not
the daughter of God, not Jess within
"tihcre upreine, custom not old alone,
honored and useful, memories, our heart,
nuve set a time in which scythe, loom and
auvil stilled, shops shut, wharves silent, the
our Bag nurcut -tho flag of our glory
. commemoration waving ou mast-head
steeple and highland, we tuny come together
wallt baud iu baud, thoughtful, admir
ing, through these galleries of civil ereat-
; when wa may own together tho spell
one hour of our hibtorj upon us all
when faulta way be forgotteu, kindness re
vived, virtue remembered and sketchod on
blamed ; when tba arrogance of rofoim,
excesses of reform, the strifes of par.
tha rivalries of regions shall give place
a wider, warmer aud Jnster sentiment ;
hen turning from, that coruari and dark
places of oCtmsiveuess, if Kucb the caudle
lighted by E-liguity or euvj. or censoriou
st iruta i rvejlei aoywhere; wheo
.um.g v,u uitH', woIIWJ go np togeiiitr
to tie ecreno and secret tnomitaiu top, and
tliero pause, oud there nniu in the reverent
exdaruation, and in tho exultant prayer,
"How beautiful at last are thy taljernneles!
What peoplo nt lust h like nnto tho I
Peace be within thy pnlneec, and joy with-
hi mjr Kuici i . uuiiin places are mine,
there slnilt tlioa Und iiroadly. and in-
noccntly, and securely. "
Iluppy if ucla day Mmll not bo cIoro-
cratcd by onr service ! Happy if for us
lliot descending tun hnll look out on ft
moie lovinsr. more elevated mnrn iinJtnrI
Amciica I llicse no less, no narrower hn
the aims of onr eclubration. These always
were tho true aims of this celebration. In
t origin, a recital or defence of the.
grounds and principles of tho Revolution,
now demanding find hermitl'mc no l..r(.n-(v
oil taken for Granted, and -nil had l.v
heurt 'x then soiiRtlmcs wasted
of vain glory, cheap and vulgar : some
times profaned by tho attack and renulse of
pr.rtisun and local rheloricians ; its great
WOlk, its distinctive character nnrl its
chief lessons remain end vindicate them
selves, and will do so while the eve of the
ugimng or tue dying shall vet read on the
stainless ample folds, the mii.freifr.nt .ion
l.T. ...mi ... ! . ... .
uiuin5 Mm 1U njrn,F jjtDerty and Union
now and forever, one and iiisonfirnliln w
T l.. .. .i r ' ..
a . nisiiL'it. increiore. a.4 it was m
uuiy, luaoing mysclt lue honor to join vou
in this act, to give somo direction to your
thought and feelings, and suited at otico to
the nutiou's holiday, and seasonable and
useful in itself. How difficult this uiny be,
know. To try,, however, lo do anything,
is easy, and it is American ulso. Your
candor will make it doubly jea?y, and to
your candor I commit myself.
The birthday of a natiou) old or yonng,
and certainly if young, is a time to think of
the menus of keepinsr alive tho nation. I
do not mean to sav however. beennaA I rfn
not believe that there is but the woy to
this, tho direct and the diductio. For at
last it is the fpirit of the day we would
cuensn. it is onr great aunual national
l,.t.n r..r. ...t.t..1. 1- ...
from it with hearts Iarrrer' h-atinc rl!..,
lurt-icusi nuicuwo Keen : ana it we
wim lL-oimg iinrcr nna warmer lor America
what siirnities it how fru-rnllv or how rirl.lu
or Low it was spread, or whether it was
t. . . ' . " J
strain on tut) organ, the trumpet tones of
tho declaration, lUo prayer of the good
man, me sympatny or tho noiir, or what it
was which wrought to that end 1
I do not, therefore, say that such an an
nivcrsary is not a timo for thanksgiving to
Uod, for gratitude to men, tho living and
the dead, for tears aud thoughts too deep
for te.irs, for eulogy, for exultation, for all
the memories nnd for all the contrasts which
scften and lift up tho general mind. I do
not say, for example, that to dwell on that
one image of Progress which is onr history;
that imago so graud, so dazzling, so con
stant ; that stream now flowing so far and
swelling into so immense a flood, but which
burst out asmall, choked.-unccrtain spring
from the gi ound at first; that transition
from the Rock at Plymouth, from the nu
fortified peninsuala at Jamestown, to this
America, w hich lays a hand on both .the
oceans, from that heroic yet feeble fsjlk
whose allowance to a man by the day was
nve Kernels oi corn, ior inree monttis no
i i . . f . t s
corn, or a piece or hsii. or a moulded re
mainder of a biscuit, or a limb of a wild
10 wuoin a uioutn in opnng was a
and a judgment, and a call for humili
before God, or a war-cry bvoke tho
innocent sleep, or startled the bravo watch
ing, from that handful, and that want, to
these millions, whose area is a continent,
whoso harvest might load the board of fam
ishing nations, for whom a world in arms
no terror ; these two contrasted condi
tions, the Providences tho dominant race.
sober, earnest, constructive, changed, but
.degenerate here, the influx of other
races, assimilating, eloquent and brave, the
fusion of all into a new one : the sweet
stimulations of liberty, the removal by the
wnote wiain or oceans from tho establish
ments of Europe, shaken, tyrannical or
burdened, tho healtnful virgin-world, the
universal progress of reason and art, uni
versal as civilization, tho aspect of revolu-
lions on the human rniud, the expansion of
discovery and trade, the developing senti
ment of independence, the needful baptism
wars, tho brave mon, tho wise men, the
Constitution, tho Union, the national life
the feeling of union which have grown
with our growth and strengthened with our
strength I do not Bay that meditations
such as these might not teach or deepen
lesson of tho day. All these things,
boly and beautiful, all thing3 American,
afford certainly the means to keep
America alive. That vast panorama un
rolled by 'our general history, or unrolling ;
that eulogy, so just, so fervent, so splendid
approved : that electric, seasonable
memory of Washisgtoji ; that purchase
that dedication of tho dwelling' and
tomb, the work of woman ; that rec
of his generals ; that visit the battle
elds ; that reverent wiping away of dust
urns : that dream of her past, nres-
and future ; every ship buildod on lake
ocean ; every treaty concluded every
oi territory annexed every cannon
; every machine iuvented - every mile
new railroadand telegraph undertaken j
every dollar added to the aggregate of na
tion or individual wealth ; these all as
subject, of thought, as motives to pride
care, as teachers of wisdom, as agen
cies for probable good, may work, may insure
that earthly Immortality of love and glory
which this celebration waa Ordained.
My way, however, shall be less ambitious
less indirect. Think, then, for a mo
ment on American nationality itself ; the
outward national life, and the inward na
tional sentiment ; think on this ; Us na
ture, aud somo of its conditions and somo
its ethics I would say, too, some of its
dangers but there shall be no expression
evil omen in this stage of the discourse,
to-day at least the word is safety, or
I'o know tie nature of American nation
ality, examine it first by contrast and then
examine It in itself.
In some of the elemeatal characteristics
political opiuion the Americas peopl
e - r --J" w I
one- Ihese they enn no more renounce I our
substance than tha h!c-he summit of
White Uills, than the peak of the A I-
leghaoits, thea the Rocky J-ouuta.ci caa our
asd cist! Diecjiojvaj ico tj,a se. j
po:uen limes oi aneieiit and mpdiH?vnI free
and , (lorn, Oreece and Italv and ft .,.,. f....
--A w uve-k-V-1. VC a-- mO "uukWl,
gisves; that tbeir laws, their courts,
their militia, thuir police, to so vast aa ex
the ttut protect our persons from violence and
boews frcai plauder; tUt tUiir Uavea
r:te,g our bwve.u j ttr school, fore cur
i nrongn oil their liistorf, from tlio dnwri
of the colonial life to l hi britr!itncs of
thi rising, they linre Mtoken them thry
lmo written them, they ,ve acted 'them
( they have run over with tlairi In all
tages, In all agonies, through all rehort
good and cril tome leaniimr from the'
I a ... " " . II Vlll
ARisTuTt.K, rrom Cicero, and Bttuux-i, and
AlACHMVKL and Calvix ; or later, from
Harbixotox and Sidney and Rousseau
omo lunrtiinir, 'all reinforcing- it ;-..! I J
nuuire ana niitares God : crcrv mli.
cr man, that every iniin was etpial to life,
liberty, mid the pursuit of happiness, and
a conscience unfettered, tlmt tho people
were the source of power, and the good of
the people, wan the political object of so
ciety itself. This creed, so grand, so broad
in its general and duly qualified, so true
planted the colonies, led them through
i..u ut-vcii aim me sea or ante-revolutionufy
life, rallied them altogether to resist the at
tacks of a king and a minister, sharpened
and pointed tho bayonets of all their bat
tles, burst forth from a million lips, beamed
iti a million eyes, burned in a million bosoms
sounded oot in their revolutionary cloouencc
" in v, hiiu in me A7cciaration awoko the
thnnders, and gleamed in tho lightuing of
the deathless words of Oris, Ilcvitr "oud
-vdams, was gravca torevcr on the peneral
mind by the pen of Jefferson and Paine,
as by a steel point on a great rock, sui
lighted, survived tho excitements of war
and tho necessities of order, penetrated
and tinged ail oar constitutional composi
ton and policy and all our party organiza
tions and nomenclature, and stands to-day
radiunt, dcGuut, jocund, tip-toe, on the sum
mit of our greatness, pne anthoritative and
lomier proclamation to humanity by Free
dom, the guardian and the avenger.
. Uut in some traits of oar politics we are
not one. In some traits we differ from one
another, and we change from ourselves.
X? at -a a
-uu may say inesc are suooruinate, execu
tory, iustrumental traits. Let us not cavil
about uamcs, .ut find the essences of things,
Ti.l " . .w Kno.w 11,0 Amcr-
lean nauouamy, r.-: e nr., attemptin
iiu t, uisi., ny couzrasuug it witu
There arc two great existences, then, in
our civil life which have this in common,
though they have nothing else in common,
that they may come in conflict with the na
tionality which I describe; one of t!iem
constant in its operation, constitutional,
healthful, auiiliary, even; the other rarer,
illegitimate, nbuotroal, terrible; one of
them a force under law; tho other a vio
lence and a phenomenon above law nnd
against law. It is 5rst the capital pecu
liarity of our system, bow a coinmfcii-place
in our politics, that tho affections which
we give to country, we givo to a divided
object, the States iu which we livo and the
tmon oy. which wo are confolded. Wo
servo two masters. . Our hearts own two
loves. We Jive in two countries at onen
aud are commanded to be capacious of
both. How easy it is to rcconcilo these
duties in theory, bow reciprocally, more
than compatible, bow helpful aud independ
ent they are in theory, how in this respect
our system's difference makes our system's
peace, and from these blended colors, and
this action aud couutcrnction, how marvel
ous a beauty and how graud a harmony
we draw out, you all know. Practically
you know, too, the adjustment has not
been quite so simple, llow tho Constitu
tion Attempts it is plain enough. There it
is; Litem script viand, and heaven and
earth shall pass before one jot cr titlo of
that Scripture shall fail of fulfillment. So we
nil say, and yet bow men have divided on it.
How they divided in the great convention
itself, and in the very presence of Wash
ington. How the people divided on it.
How it has created parties, lost and given
power, bestowed great reputations, and
taken them away, anJ colored and shaken
the universal course of our public life. But
bavo you ever considered that in the nature
thing this must be so ? Have you ev
er considered that it was a federal system
we had to adopt, onl that in such a system
conflict of head and member is in some
form and to some extent a result of course?
There the States were when we bccauio a
nation. There they bad been for one hun
dred and fifty years; for one hundred and
seventy years. Some power, it was aa-rced
all hands, we must delegate to the new
government. Of some thunder, somo
beams, some insignia, some means of kin
dling pride, winning gratitude, attractino-
honor, love, obedience, friends, all men
knew they must be bereaved, and they
were so. Dut when this was doue, there
were the States still. In the scheme of
every statesmun, they remained a compo
nent part, uDannihilated, mdestrnctiblo.
the scherao of the Constitution of com
promise itself, they remained a component
part, indestructable. Iu tho theories of all
publicists and all speculutists they wtro re
tained, aud thoy were valued for it, to bin
der and disarm that centralization which
had been found to be the danger and the
woakness of federal liberty. And then
when you bear in mind that they aro sovo
reiguties, quasi, but sovereignties still;
that one of tho most dread and transcend
ent prerogatives of sovereignties, the pre
rogative to take life and liberty for crime.
theirs without dispute; that in the theo
ries of some schools they may claim to be
parties to the great compact and as such
may, and that any one of them may, secedo
from the compact when by tbeir corporate
judgment tbey deem It to be broken funda
mentally by the others, and that from such
judgment there Is no appeal to a common
peaceful umpiro ; that in the theories of
some schools they may call out their young
men and their old melt under the paius of
death to defy the sword-point of tho Fade.
Army; that thej can pour around even
the gallows aud the tomb of bira who died
treason to the Union, houor, opinion,
tears, aud thus austaia the lust untimely
hour, and soothe the disembodied complain
ing shade; that everv one, by namo, by
liuo of boundary, by jurisdiction, Is distinct
from every other, aud every one from the
nation: that within thir int-iolnta horder-
our farms, onr home-i. or meetiorr-houses.
Si'SV.1 "rc; their
iaat-8 icea onrpoor; Uieir.mny
..... vnn: ur nlllMier
...v., ...,u(;f, vueir opinions, their literature
frifiip rnnr-litt, .. ,
!,;. I .i., . . .
. I,. u uiuiinu ns ever, a pre
APtlPfa a mnniiiii.iit . n . i i
' - -""., on uiiiKLMiiip rc, ncn
joi. vuiuiui-r line, you ice, iiow practical
and how inevitable is that antagonism to a
miiie iiaiiouui me, ano nnw true It u that
we ouy an onr blessing at a price.
But there is another antagonism to such
a national lire, less constant, less legitimate
It's compensated, more terrible, to which 1
mn.st reter not for reprobation, not for
warning, not even for grief, but that we
may know by contrast, nationality itself
nn i uiai is, me element or sections. This
n la r.l.t . I . t . .1. . . .
,o ..hi, uiult ninn mo males, oiil ne
the colonies, old ns the churches that plant
K.i.t .I. .. -
vu nit ui, oki ns tiumcstown, til l as Ply
mouth. A thousand forms disguise and ex
press if, and in all of them it is hideous
isunauiun if it nigrum hoc tu, IComane caveo.
juacit or. wnite, as you are Americans,
dread it, shun it. Springing from many
causes and fed by many stimulants, rnrino-.
n g from that diversity of climate, business,
institutions, accomplishment and morality
which comes of our greatness, and compels
. i , , .... . .
uuu miuuiu consuinie our order and our
agreement:, but which only makes tbeir dif-
neuity and their merit; jrora that self-lova
and self-preference which are their own
i i , . ? . ,
ninuiittru, exclusive,, incoitTaut, nna censo
rious, of what is wise and hwly; from the
fear of Ignorance, the jealousy of ignorance,
the narrowness of ignorance; from inca
pacity to abstract, combine and grasp a
complex and various object, and thus rise
the dignity of concession and forbear
ance and compromise; Irom tho framo of
onr civil polity, the necessities of our pub
lic life and tho nature of
which forces till men not great men, the
minister in his parish, the politicau on the
stump on election day, the editor of the
party newspaper to tako his rise or his
patronage from intense local opinion, and
therefore to do his best to create or re-In-
force it; from onr federative Government:
from our good traits, bad traits, and fool-
traits; trom that vain and vulvar
hankering for European repotation and re
spect for European opinion, which forgets
that one may know Aristophanes, and Ge
ography, and the Cosmical Unity and Tel
luric influences, and the smaller morals of
and all the sounding pretentious of phi
lanthropy, and yet not know America;
from that philosophy, falsely so-called.
which boasts emptily of progress, renounces
traditions, denies God and worships itSflf ,
from an arrog.nt and flashy literature wb ch
mistakes a new phrase for a new thoueht.
old nonsense for now truth, end is glad
exchango for the fame of drawing-rooms
potior windows, and the side-light of a
in motion, tho approval of time and
. iv e . i . . , ...
w orm; irom - piuianinropr wnicn is
short-sighted, impatient and spasmodic, and
cannot bo made to appreciate that its grand
est and surest agent in bis eye whose life
time is eternity, and whoso periods arc oges,
a nation and a sober public opinion und
safe and silent advancement, reforming
time; from that spirit which would rule
ruin, and would reign in hell rather than j
serve - In heaven; spriucing from, these
causes aud stimulated thus, there is an ele
of regions antagonistic to nationality,
Always, I have said, there was on; always
win oe. it lilted its shriek some
even above the silver clarion tone that
called millions to nuite for independence.
resisted the nomination of .Y.vsmxcrox
command our armies; made his new
hate ono another; assisted tlio ca
bnlings of Gates and Coxway ; mocked his
retreats and threw its damp passing cloud
a moment over bis exceeding glory;
opposed thc'ndoption of any Constitution;
perverted by construction and de
nounced as a covenant with belt tho actual
Constitution when it-was adopted; brought
our vocabulary nnd discussions thei
hateful aud lll-omeucd words North and
South, Atlantic and Western; which the
warnings of the farewell address cx
poso and rebuke; transformed the floor of
Congress into a battle-field of contending
policy; convened its conventions at
Abbeville and Hartford; rent asunder con
ferences aud syuods; turned stated assem
blies of grave clergymen and grave laymen
shows of gladiators or of tho beasts of
glaaiatora, checked the holy effort of mis
sions, and set back the shudow of the dial
plato of a certain amelioration and ultimate
probablo emancipation, many degrees.
might say if culminated later in an
enterprise even more daring still; but oth
ers might deny it. The ashes upon that
are not yet cold, aud wo will not tread
them. Rut all will unite in prayer to
Almighty God that we may uever see, nor
children, nor their children, to the
thousandth generation, may ever see it cul
minate iu a geographical party banded to
a geographical President, and inaug
urate a geographical policy.
Take any shape but that, and thou art welcome P
But now, by tho side of this and all an
tagonisms, higher than they, stronger than
thcro rises colossal the liuo sweet
of nationality, the nationalityof
America I See there tho pillar of fire
Goi has kindled and lifted aud
moved for our hos:s aud our ages. Gaze
that, worship that, worship the high
est in that. Between that light and
eye a cloud fur a time may teem to
gather; chariots, armed men on foot, the
of kings may march on ns, aud our
may make us for a moment turn from
a sea may spread before us, and waves
to hedge us up; dark idolatries may
alienate somo hearts for a season from that
worship; revolt, rebellion, may break out
the curup, aud bo waters of our springs
run uutcr to me taste ana mock it:
3 .1. . ri '
octweeii ns ana mat, Canaan a great river
stem to be rolling; but beneath that
guidanco our way is onward, ever on-
thoso waters shall part, and tund
eiihur hand in heaps; that idolatry shall
that rebellion eball be crushed;
stream shall be sweetened; that over
flowing river shall be passed on foot, dry
in harvest time; and from that prom
ised iaud of flocks, fitilds, tents, mountains,
aud ships, from "orth and South,
Lait and We., there shall swell oue
vet, of vietory, peaoa end the.iik.siv
togf .t ve were seefca tie tatur of the
of c&tioaAiltv, tad w
j,iit 13. this
to nnalvsis. Von
SUliiectivrly fr irrt vi ri. 1 s at am
tlmtjQJeof contemplating tho nation In Its
c.cnce, ana so far .It is an Jntellct.nal con-
vi'iiv",, nini you may cad tt a, feeling to
wards tne iiaiion thus contemplated, and
so lar it 19 nji emotion. In the intellcctnal
exercise u contcmplato the nation as It is
one, nnd as it is distinguished from all other
nat.ons, hiiJ in tho emotional exercise it
loves it and is proud of it as thus it js con-
lempiaicu. , J in yon may call its ultimate
analysis. Hut how much. more is included
in it I How "much flows from it I How
com and inadequate Is such a description if
o leave it ttierc I Think of it first as a
state of consciousness, as a xpring of feel
ing, as a motivo to exertion, as blessing
yr country, and as reaching on you.
Think of it as it fills vonr mind and
ens yonr heart, and ns it fills' tho mind and
quickens the heart of millions around vou.
born, unborn, dead, livinte ultrinnn-i.
Instantly, under sneh nn influence'' von as
cend above tho smoke and stir of this small
local strife; yon tread npon tho high places
earth and of history; you think and fee)
an American for America; her power,
ner eminence, iicr consideration her honor.
are yours; your competitors, like hers, are
kingi; your home, liko bers. is the world-
your path, like hern, is on the Lighway of
lu. io, juur cnarge, uer cliartro is or gene
rations and ages; your record, her record, is
ti'caties.battles, voynires. bcne.ith all the
constellations; her iniaffc. one. Immortal
golden.riscs ou yonr eye as our western star at
evening rises on the traveler from this home;
lowering cloud, no angry river, no lin
gering spring, no broken crevasse, no inun
dated city or plantation, no tracts of sand,
arid and burning, on that surface. Imt !l
blended nnd softened into one beam of
Mnarea rayR, tho image, harbinger and
promise of lite, hope and brighter day 1
Think of it next as an active virtue. Is
all history a recital of the achievements
nationality, and an exponent of its bia
torical and imperial nature? Even nuder
systems far less perfect, and influences far
auspicious than ours, has it not lifted
itself np for a time above all things mean
er, vindicating itself by actioa, br the
sublimity of a brave daring, successful or
unsuccessful, by the sublimity of a work
ing hope ! How loose, for example, and
how perfidions was that onion of the States
Greece in all iin.es 1 llow distinct were
nations of Attica, of Laconia, of
.vaV. Vl jLatwuim, v uti now oueriy in-
m effi'S to
retraia AtluSn3 aod g 1
imiu Aniens ana parta. oi
irom contending, by diplomacy, hr frnnrl
battle, for the mastery I And yet eren
the historical age, when the storm of
fcusiern invasion swept that bine sea, and
thoso Jaughiug islands, and iron-bo und'eoast
over, above, grander and more useful than
fear aud policy which couuseled tempo
rary union, were there uot some, were
there not many, on whose per'at-bed an
towering motives came the thought of that
jre:i', common urecK name, that race kin
-r tncf .l.n...r. ..!.-.
maiuie, mougn ages iiave parted them.
v... 1.1 .. . -
i , ., , - o
,, nmuaii uuill-r. IllOtlo-ri miiuii
guiuctt, aiicioui, polished speech,
inherited ancestral glory, that nation
al Olympus, that inviolatpil ir.rii
separate earth that famo of camps that
of camps which put out the ancient
of Tioy; and was it not such memories
these that buru and revel in the pages of
Herodotus t Did not Soartn n,l Aihn.
ono another, and light one another
habitually, and yet, when those Laced,
monian levies gazed so steadfastly en the
of the fallen at Marathon, did
not give Greek tears to Atheus and
Greek curses to Persia, and in the hour of
Plataia did they not stand together agaiust
barbarian f What else formed tho se
cret of the brief spell of Rutxsi's power,
burned aud 6parkled in the noetrv and
rhetoric of his fricud PtrrnARctt. and sooth.
mo turn nour or the grander soal cf
Machiavel, loathing that Italy, aud recall
mat other day when "eight hundred
thousand men sprang to aims at the ru
mor of a Gallic invasion T" Is not Prus
sia afraid of Austria, and Saxony of Ba
varia, and Frankfort jealous f Dresden,
so through the twenty-seven or eight
thirty States, great and small; and yet
dear common fatherland, tho old Ger
mau tongue, tho legend of IIebmas.v, the
and titular Rhiue flowing rapid,
and majestic, like tho life of a hero
antiquity do not these spectacles and
traditions sometimes wake tho na
tionality of Germany to actiou, as well as
life and hope 1
Rut if you would contemplate nationality
an active virtue, look around you. Is
our own history one witness and one re
Cord of what it can do? This day and
which it stands for did not give 03
? This glory of the fields of that
this eloquence of that revolution, this
ono sheet of flame which wrapped
tyrants and tyranny and swept all that es
caped from it away, forever and forever"
courage io fight, to retreat, to rally,
advance, to guard tbo youug flag by the
arm, aud the youu heart's biood,
hold up and hold on till tho magnifkeut
consummation crowned tho work were not
oil imparted or inspired bv this im
sentiment ? Has it not here begun
master-work of man, the creation of a
national life ? Did it not call out that
prodigious developcment of wisdom, the
wisdom of Qonstructiveaess which illustra
ted ILe years after the war, and the fram
ing aud adopting of the Constitution ?
it not, in tho general, contributed to
administering of that government wise
ly end well since? Look at it I It has
kindled 08 to uo aims of conquest. It has
iuvohed us in uo entaugling alliances. It
kept our neutrality dignified and Jiut.
victories of peace have been our prizad
victories. But the larger and truer gran
deur of the nations, for which they are
and for which they must one day,
some tribunal, give account, what a
measure of thesj it has enabled us already
fulfill I It ha lifted us to the throne
has set on cur brow the name of tba
Republic. It has taught us to de
mand nothing wrong; to submit to nothing
has mad. our diplomacy sagacious,
an.i aix-ornnliihed; it has opcicd tlifl
gate of the liiouQtatn, acd planted our
ou the gr.at, trauqu l ; it has
tie desert to b. sal tlc-maX as t
rone; It has qui.'kcur-c to life ui0 H.,nt
brooder, jwful .arts; it has whitem-d (,tt
and ocean with thn pailes of a tlarinr, nnv
and lawful trade; it bni extended to lies,
flying as clouds, the asylum of our brtter
liberty; it has kept n.i at res.t within a?
onr borders; it has repressed without blood
the intemperance of local insubordinn.ion
it has Bcatttred the needs of liberty nixler
law- snd tinder order, broadc.iyl: it lias
seen and helped American fording to swell
into a fuller flood; from manv a. fi.;,! ,,.t
many a deck, though it seeks no war, makes
not war, and fears not war, it has learnt,
the radiunt flair a'l unstained- it lm.
and honored the ago of tho industry of the
rT'e. , ,
He have done with the nnfnrn nf A r,,.
ricau nationality, with its contrast, analv.
sis and fruits. 'I have less pleasure lo j-e,
mmd you that It has conditions n,i
ethics. Aud what are soma nf tlno
his is our next consul
first of them is that; this national jsxislc.ic.
i, jto an extraordinary C creenot a t-rowth
bnt a production; that thus it has orWin in
the will and the reason, but that the will
and the reason must keep it alive, or it can
uear no We. i do not frget that a power
...uvu 4ii a u s power, a wisdom above man'
wisdom, a reason above man's reason ma?
traced without the, prosumptousuci, cf
fanaticism in tho. foctuues of America I.
not forget that, God ha9 been in our
history. Beyond that daz.Iing- progress of
art, society, thought, which, is of fi;S or
daining, although it may seem to bo a faiso
philosophy,' fatal and ineviiablo flow un
der law beyond this I do not forget that;
there have been, and there may be again
interpositions, provideutal, exceplioiiulaiiii
direct of the Supremo Agency, without
which no sparrow falhth. That. ronLii
mind and of opinion iu Knronc. nnJ
moro than anywhere else, in Envud'
which marked the period of emigration,
and bore flower, fruit and seed after its
kind in tho new world; .that, conflict an4
upheaval and fermenting iia the rm-o - of
Charles the First, and the long Parliament,'
and Cbow well, and Mh.toy, violated na
ture assertinc: herself: that di'snnnnoea'
the old races here. .wastiW so mi cur
iously and so seasonabjy-.that drear dath
giving place aa.in.nature to a .better lif.'
mat long colon.al growth in shade and
storm and neglect, sheltered imperfectly by
relations to tho mother country, and
yet exposed to the tempest aud 'light,
ning of the high places of political indo-
peudence; burlhencd tho poor, but yot
evolving, germinant. prophetic: that ins.-tn
common attack of ono tyranny on so many
jarters; that soccsssion of incompetent Eng
lish commanders, and Englisi tactics ao-jnii
in Hie war; thit one ,sQul brealhiag
a moment, into a continent; .he Declara
tion so timely, and so full of tone; the natde,
services, tho iuflqenco of Washixgtos
these aro " parts of his .wsys and we
may understand and adore themJ ,
X do not forget cither that ia .tjip., great
first step we bad to take that difficulty 6
stupendous, of beginning to mould the;
colonics into a nation, to overcom thn nr-
indices of habit aud fc-norancp tha twt
cavils of the petty, tie envy, the jealousy,
ambition, the fears of great and little
to take away partition wails, rolj
away provincial flags, and hush pro
vincial drums, and jrive to tho voanr, .?
public E rturibus Uvnm, to tet out onl
and upward Ou her Zodi ae n th T r!n!
forget that in this, too, there wero
of AiircusBstances for which no nhi
and no pride pan make ns nnthankfuL '
.Take one. Have vcu ever cons;fW,v
speculating on the mysteries of our nation
al being, how providentially thtj .colonial
iweii, in ouetrespect, qualified for Un
ion, and how providentially ij came to p'as.
independence and natio'iiality were
in one day ? Snppo.se that fro'tfi the
when they wcro planted respeCtjveiyf
colonies bad been indopecdaijt of one
another, aud of every one ioppcae tbi
been o (or one hundred and fifty y'rs,
one hundred and seventy years; that
the eye of pW.ic law they had through)
that time ranked with England, wit a
France; that thrfaugh all that time they
made war, concluded peace negotiated '
treaties of commerce and of alliance, re
ceived and sent ministers, coined rooney,
superintended trade, "done all other tbiu'gl
independent States of right inay
and then that a single foreign p'cWr
songht to reduce them. I do not er-
tht power would have reduced them.
not say that necessity, that prudece, '
is civil necessity, would not !i!tva
taught them to assist pne another, itnd .
in oua sense, and that a just one, they
have fought and triumphed together.
when that victory wis won nnd the
rolled off seaward, would" thesa vic
tors have flowri into a common embrace and
become a .single people ? This long ante
cedent several independence; this loiiy an
tecedent national life would it uothaye
indurated them and separated thorn?
old high actions and high paiom
flowing divers-, these opposed .bauccrs of
fields, this music of hotiio marches,
memorios of aii unshared paf this
history of a glory iu which one omy had
do you tbialt they could Lave bea
melted, softened Mid beaten quite so easily
the unity of a common life ? Might
tho world have seen tiero instead
another Attica and Achaia and Laced.s
monia, and Messina, and Naples and Flor
ence and Saxony ? Did not tUt cul.miut
in its nature, that long Wiutcr aud
lingering Spring discipline and" prepare men
the future cf their civil Ufy, as an A-ril
enriches the earth it stetfj to bury ?
it not k.jep back the growths wLu.h
otherwise hav shot u; into ft'otao
ranknesses and diversities f Ji;i it
uirerk men irom inemse!vi;i to
C. i. 3
another from Masoachusctts an j Vir
. v 1. a .1.- r.... i- . .. .. c
.ice iuii, w in. i.ii Ii:n;,J i,i IUd
America r instead or stunting
enfeebling, did it not enlarge and stvcir iu
ra Aud when that bo-.t flocked to.-yil., r
tasto together the first wtsttii of'
pendent life, aud oue high, common, pron 1
pert adei their lauks, l,fi-; 1 v.-, L;j
.oftened ail "rU at
J J.uhJ Ccrur;tl wui i
JL'utawa, aud a 11 tw Y
. ) ? ; f .
I -4 t
Buittd erm to win tit v
wt8 LOS the waiviirxi ia u
i.v4 .uiue tua .