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VOLUME IX. NO. XXXVII
Inaoripri.ca.ori.t in. all tliirLB-s
0. SATURDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 11, 1858.
31 SO ADVANOl
"whole number m.
terms of Bscnirriorr.
Btrietlr 111 sdvanee. ' M-ohlne ns rf moolne,
kt the d ( Ul
One tnes mt Dwl t M I Two stjnars Itiree mo. ,1 Ml
-n s.,,ir three Wekl 1 Ofl I two Miw six mns. 4 00
.., inr fhrea UK. I Ml I On emiar an Tr I 00
On nitllr ait ITKM, 4 00 I f"r Squares OIW year 13 0
im sonar yenf 8 00 I half colnmn on year U 00
Buifnesa "Cards of eol urn alt llneepei year 00
Twelve linn or lest of this stse letter maks a snaare.
Obituary Notices nf man) titan Ave lines, nnlea of (rmrsl
Intoreit, will be inseriea ai ui same rate a anrenuuif mauar
of every description attended to oa call, la the moat tasteful
CM II iM Kits' HANK OF ASII T AlllXA.
From A. M. to li M. " and Fmm 1 to I P. M.
FARIilNGTON Sc. IIALL.Physicifns and
Burgeon Office at the old stand of Dr Fairlngton.
H. . rABaiVHTOJf, M. B.l B. B. IALUM. D.
AnhtabulK, Jo. 1, 18M.
M. D., Mooroevillo, Huron
ITALL, KRIJ.OOO, ft WADE, Attornrj-g at
l-ir, -IXTphkmi, AiliUbnlN C'-OMntr. Olitn. Prt.ctilur Hn
it on paid to Pfcoiion. UeuDtj'-laand, and Pnttt Applioittoiu.
AlbkkT . Hm.i,
429 tKCirM Wadk.
SHERMAN & FA KM EH,
Cminwllnm at Lair, AahtAtmla, OhlOi
OHAItLUS BOOTH, Attorney aud
Bailor at lar, Ahtahnla, Ohio.
V. B. CIIAPM AM, Attorney el Law
.3ut.c of the Penc, CommUttlotiflr of Iee1 for MlcMjrftil
And Iowa. oice tlire doora tAst of the TretnoDt Houne.
0 1 f AFFKh:. & WOODBURY, A ttorncya,
JefTerMii, AhUbula county, Ohio. 419
N. L. CHAPrKa, K. B. Woodbcrt.
FI3K HOUSK, Ashtabula, Ohio, K. L.
. Iiol.aaooa Proprietor. An Oronibna niuntntf to and fro in
vrr train of cara. Alao, a gaoi livary-aUlilo kept In eon
nation with Uila bouaa, lo oonrpy pajtaengera to any desired
' flit. 413
ASUTAUULA HOUSE, Robert C. Warm-
ioirtOQ, AaliUbula, 0.
(J. BEN HAM, Jr., Dealer in Dry Ooods, Groce
ries, Crockery and la Ware, And all tbnae aitlctflt uftnatly
found in a complete and wwl! aippHd country Btorei,. Kew
llullding, aecooil door aouth of tbo Fink ll, Aaktnbula,
EDWARD H. ROBERTS, Dealer ia Fancy
and Swple Dry 0ood, Ladlea Cloaka, Fm, gklrta. Cornet,
Choice Gmceriea, 3helf HarUwaro, crockery, kc, 4:0 k'bk'a
Block, AshUknia, O. 419
TYLKR & COLLINS, DcaU-ra in Dry Goods,
next door South of Ashtabula Houre, Ashtabula, O.
llrocertea, crockery, noora ano nnoee, iiau, uapa, a;o &C,
J. F. ROBERTSON, Dealer in Dry Goods,
i flrwyriM, Hnrdiare, .Crockery, PrOTWoiw, Bootn and
hos, nd e-ry otber clnw of flooda nuuAliy looked for
(a Firtit Clmw Country btoM. Courteny and fair dealing
.are the induotnieuU olfrrvd for a, aliura of public faror.
, Miin atreot, AhUbtil Oblu,
ROOTifc MORRISON. Dealers in Dry Goods,
Orocerlea, Boots and SUoea. Hata and Cnna, Hardware,
Croskery, Book., I'elutr, Oiia, &c, Foat ( Bico Buildlnic,
. A.I.Uhiila. 4.ll
OK0ROB WILLARD, Denier In Dry Goods,
tiroceriea, flat, Cap, Boota knd rlhoea, Crockoiy, law
ware, manufacturer of ready-made Clothing. Alno, whole
anle aod retail dealer In Hanlware, rtadillerr, Niill,lrott,Steel,
Ilruira and tlediclnea, PainU, Oils, Drea lulls, 4cc Mala
MtroHt, Aiibtabula. 41
3. G. WRIUUT. Dealer in Millinery Goods,
W orked Collara and Sleeve, and Fauoy Good. Kcxt door
to I he Pot tiffice. 69
SULLIVAN 4 HYATT, No. 5 Plutt street.
New York City, aoliclt attention to their ttock of American
ELLS & FAULKNER, Wholesale and
llckiil Dealer In Western Itetterve Butter aud Cheeae,
lr,i, Fmit and Klnnr, Anhtabaula, Ohio. Orders rerpect
fnily aolicited.and lilk'd at the Lowest otuheoat. 419
F RE NI ICE A SM1T I, General Grorera and
Do-ilera (n PrnvlJona, Trodure, and s forth. Main afreet,
AahUbnla, Ohio. 416
S. R. BECK WITH, Surgical aud Mechanical
Denllnt. Colbrook. Ohio. 84T
Dk. T. SlcCUNE, Dentwt, Office and Resi-
dunce on Main atieet, Ajibtabula, O. 442
Walclics, Jcivclry, tit.
0. A. AMSDEN, Jeweler. Renaiiinp;" of all
kind of Watch, Clock, and Jewe'.ry. Bkop, oppoaite the
Hk Uoumh AUUlMilai O. 416
t. W. STEELE, Watch i.nd Clock Muker, and
Dealer In Jewelry, Bllrer, ana I'lated WKre, Ab. ilccbanica'
How, Aahtabiila. .
BtltOHAltl A . CO., , Wholesale and , refill
bealera in Beudy Made Clothing, Furnlsiilng Oobda, Bata,
Cp, em. Ahtabiila. 41
3. A. TALCOTT, Dealer in R'eady.Made Cloth
ing, Hata, Cup, aud Famlahing Good, of all kind. Oppo
iUi the tr'amiera' Bank, Aahtabula.
II. FASSETT. Apcnt Tor the PurohancSule, k
Kentiug of Bcal Estate, Instira ea Negotiating Imm, Col
. lection of Bi-bt. Are. Property aold for Conimifiion only,
and ni aule no charge. A sale, dirret or Indirect, ooneti
. tnUti a eommiwlon. Corner Hula aud Ceuter atrael, Aahta
bula, Ol io. Alio, Kotary Public. 41
0. C. DIBBLE, General Collector, and I Man,
and Real EnUte Agent. Eaat AihUbula. Ohio.
aTeXANIHCR GARRTVtnd Apent No.
00 Water street, Clereuxnd, O. Lands for sale In Iowa, Illi
nois, Wisconsin, aud Minnesota, at 12 itO par aero, and up-
wards. - 809
IMa ills laelti rera.
GEORGE 0. HUBBARD, Manufacturer of
Tin, Fheet Iron and Copper Ware, and Dtaler in Eastern
Cooking, Parlor, Box aud Self- Keulatlng, ahaet-iron storea.
Iron Pumps, ehaln pumpa, lead pipe, sheet iron, sheet lead,
. shoot sluo, aheel ooppor, Hbont brass, tin plate porcelain ket
tie, dairy ketttea, Eastern plowa, cultivators and mowt oth
er kiutl of nirining utensils, 'leo, solo Agent for the sale
ttewait'a Celebrated Air Tiiht Bummer and Winter Cook-
' lnT Jttoeo. for Hie CoiibIt of AnliUbula. Ashtabula, Ohio. 419
Jl. TOWER & bON, Uachinieis builtlera of
, Stationary and Portablo Htaam Engines. Saw, and other
Hill Work, and Jobbiug and Kejmu-tug done to order, on
' short out ice, and In a workmsn-Uks manner, south Main at.
6v 0. CULLEY, Manufacturer or Lath, Siding
fuses Boxes, ko Planing and Matching and Bcrowl
- fia,wlng doue on Um sbortiiat notlos. Shop South side ot the
sl.Umdist Church, Ashtabula, Ohio. 440
Ai 3 ABBOTT, Lumber Dressor, and Manu
facturer erf snd Dealer in Kblnglen, Lath, Feucs ntutt, kz. ice.
Planing, and Circular Bawlng doue to order.
near lower's Machine abopt Ashtabula.
t. B CROSBY, Iron Founder, and manu-
fketurae and Dealer In Plow. Plow Castings, Mill Caat
tii, Aa. klot descriptions of l aundry Work Uooe tosrrier
Aahtutnala, Ohio. 5
W. W. EMITS, Muiiufucturer of Bole, Up
per and Harness Laatbsr, and Dealer In Frsnca Calf, and
Xiulng Skius. CaOi paid ur Hides and Skins 419
I i T -
GEORGE H ALL, Deuler in piano Fortes, and
Melodsoms Plane r)tol, Corera, Inatraetion Beoka, ete.
Depot somAT H sis snd Centre tlueeta, rear of J. FssssU's
, AHiilabula. 8we hdvertisemeirta.
J. E. CHAPMAN, Dealer InMuHiculMcrchan-
diss. Book, fine stationery, Toys, aud Fancy Articles, at
bis Bazaar and Curitnity store, H duoi souik) of the Bank,
kUln street, AsbUtbula.
J?CCRO & BROTHERS, Macuructurera of a
sPtira In tun lttreof b brut desHutpttone, aud vrr to-
nrty. A)0 (Pfnertbl Undeifcrtem, ud namuufttd (intra of Cofr
i. U eirter, lUlft UM uU Of tivulU sfuU tuivre,
BAV AGE, Furniture Dealer aiifJ M ai
ofacturr-r, u-m eslablbbnjeni. North Malu strmlL. twar the
?"'..'?!: 'aitnfton k Uall. AeUtabula, 419
.if;f ncerlnsj V Ia KarfyUifc-.
O. B. IIOLRROOK, Piaciical' Eurreyor,
KmI Arbtabuis, Ohio . 40
nonla mi A fthm.
D. rniLLU'S, Bnot and Shoe Store, Fisk'g
ft lock. tlc of the ttla Boot, Anhtahula, O. 4I(
SPENCK1RAN WRITING, A new heet
royal size ol eery correct snd Pplendld Etterchrs
emlmirlng loth BtislneKS and lAdles Styles just pub
lUked, lar-Miiille, from steel plnte, and sent by mall for A6
cents. Pries of the V hole I ,r.ope I'sper Bratem to one ad
dtew poet paid. 1 24, jT More R-ilr (iood Writers
hare oHginsted In this Sysu-nt Uisn la sll otliera.
Andrea P. R. PPKNCER,
4nl ftenern, Aslilsbnla Po., Ohio.
A. RAYMOND, Dealer in Fruit and Orna-
mental Trees, PhrohNry, e, Penfleld, Monro County, N
York. Order solicited.
W. R. ALLEN. Book Binder Books and
Mairarlnea bound In any style dmdred. Blank books msde
snd ruled to order. Jetle-son, O '
H. A. MARSH. BticceMor to E. Howell, )
Dngnerreotrpe and Amhrntrpe Artit. Alao, K. Howell's
new Papertype, recentlr Patented. Ixjckets snd Mluesture
rinsnllrd at reonable rates. Picture taken on patent
leather. If desired. 7 Room, first building south of
the Bank, Main street, Ai.hiallla, t'lHO.
WILLARD ft REEVES, Dealers In Italinn
and Rutland Marble, Grarc Stones, Monomania, Table Top,
A. L. THURSTON, Cartman, has tnkrn
the EtaWlshment of David Camp, snd will gtvs his
sttentlon to Draylng to and from the Depot, and about the
villa-. Ashtasoi.a, April lRf7. lo
EMORY LUCE, Dealer in Sweet Potato, and
other Early riant' and VeirHable.
AUo, Phler lo Treaorred 'ruitn. Tomato, kt. East Afi-
Ubulft. Otto. 4.U
STANTON & BROTH Ell. Livery and Rale
Btame, in connection will, ire t Ink Hoae, AM.Iabalft, Ohio.
An Om nihil i Running to and from every Train f Cam.
Hraea and CarrtRgoa to convey paaaengeni to any part of
the Country. Charge Heflponnble.
LIMB. We shall sell Lime at the
bor th year of IKS. at 28 cents ner bushel, at
r bushel, snd at ths
lennl SI.JU. .tl
f nmmlsslvn Illrrchanis,
HALL A SEYMOUR, Forwarding and Com
mission Merchnnta, snd dealers In Salt. Hour, frish, flosler.
Water Lime, Ac. AHo, Corymlsslon Dealers lo Lumber snd
Staves. AshUbnla Harbor, Ohio. 833
GRISWOLD & SHORES, Produce Commis-
smn Merchant, and wholesale dealers In Cheese aod Fruits,
1S7 South Wster Street, Chicago, I1L
A. B. Gkiswold, L W. Sboxks.
Fl.iKr.in, McKikdlst at Co , - - - - Chics gd.
C, H. Bm'switu. - -- -- -- - - -
Sattkklkr, Cook A Co - - - - -
C. Rartls-tt A Co., Commission Merchants Cleveland.
J. MiuntR, Attorney at Ijiw, ..... Indlnnapolia.
PElitiscORn, Bitrhowb k Co Bankors, - Decatur, 111.
BflORKB, Hawks k Co., Merchant, - - - Atlanta, 111.
Wrlls At FAt'LaKRR, Produce alercbsnts, Ashtabula, O.
Straiaht, Drmino at Co ----- ClncinnatL
IUwi.it At How - -- -- -- -- Kew York.
Ashtabula P. .-Closing; of Mails.
POST OFFICE NOTICE. The Mail
JL going East will close at 10 o'clock and 1A minutes, a. at.,
and mail West will close at 11 o'clock and 30miuntes, A. BM the
Southern Mail close at A. , and the mall to JrlTcrson at 12
M. F.Ik Creek Mail.Via Plymouth, Tuesdays, at 30, a. M.
Office open dally from T A.' at. to S P. N. on week days, and on
8undars. from 12 . to 1 p. M. until further notice.
Ashtabula, May I Oth. 185S. K. C. BOOT, P. M.
On and after 10. 1858.
CLEVELAND AND ERIE R. ROAD.
Leaving Ashtabula—COING EAST.
Day Freight No. 1 leaves at
Conneaut Aeeommodation .
Kifrht Freight. ......
Night Exprtss.... "
... 1 oe r
...11 11 A M
. . . a 48 r
. . . 1 SI A
....12 16 a a
Leaving Ashtabula—GOING WEST.
Conneant Accommodation.. M.......
Day Freight "
Day Exprek. "
. . . S 47 A at
. . . 6 61 A
...10 47 A
. ..12 M) r at
.... 8 29 T U
.... 1 31 AM
Chlcsfro Exprs, East, and Mail West, stop at all stations
except Saybmnk, Cnlonville, Perry, Mlentnr, and Wlcklllle.
VineinaaU Kapress, East, stops at Pnlnesvill aod Kings-
Day ETprers West will stop at Clrard, Conneau I, Ash tab-
on is ana ruinesviiis oniy.
Written for the WEEKLY TELEGRAPH.
BY CEO. W. CROWELL.
vice, can agree,
As right and wrong still onward
Swift cut rents in the human gca,
Forever wurring. side by side.
It is a war!ure, ttrong aud deep,
Where fiercest passions swell the strife,
Where youth, and age, iheir pulses beat,
With all the strength of earnest life,
No toiling slave, in daiksomo mine,
Can feel a deeper sense of woe,
Than muubood in its strength sublime,
When crime hag laid Its ventures low.
lias laid each high and daring plan,
Matured b'y yeurs of toil and care,
Wbich marks tbe true and noble mun,
Beneath tbe spell O'f durk despair;
Ob 1 then be earnest in the right.
And shunt the paths which lead to crime,
And prove the strength of human might,
Aloug tbe battle fields of time.
For virtue brings a rich behest,
And blooms uni'udin In the soul,
When truth is sought with earnestness,
And vice is held in strong cou troll.
From Bancroft's History the American Revolution.
Washington was then 43 years of age.
In statue be a little exceeded six feet; his
limbs were sinewy ond well proportioned;
his chest broad; his figure stately, blend
ing dignity of presence with ease. His ro
bust constitution bad been tried and iuvig
orated by his early lire in the wilderness,
bis hubit of occupation out of doors, uud
his rigid temperance; so that few equalled
him in strength of arm or power of endu
rance. His complexion wag florid; his hair
dark brown; his head in its shipe perfectly
round. His broad nostrils seemed formed
to give expression and escape to scornful
anger. Ilia dark blue eyes, which were
deeply set, bad an expression of resigna
tion, aud an earnestness that was almost
At eleven years old left an orphan to the
euro of an excellent but unlettered mother,
be grew up without learning. Of arith
metic aud geometry he acquired just knowl
edge enough to be able to practice mea
suring land; but ull his instruction at 6uhool
taught bin. not so much as the orthogra
phy or rulea of grammar of bis owu tongue.
His culture wan altogether his own work,
aDd he in tbe strictest sense a self-made
man; yet from bis early life be oever seem
ed uneducated. ' At sixteen be went into
the wilderness as a surveyor, and for three
years continued the pursuit, where the for
ests trained biin, in a meditative solitude,
to freedom and largeness of mind; and Na
ture revealed to biin her obedience to se
rene and oilcut laws. Id bis intervals from
toil, be seemed always to be attracted to
the best men, and to be cherished by them,
Fairfax, bis employer, an Oxford scholar,
aheady aged. bec hid fast friend, lit
read little, but wUa close atteutlon. What
ever Le t04kk In baud, te .tppried himself to
with care; and his papers, which have been
preserved show tow bo almost impercepti-
lly Rnlotd the power of writiniy correctly
always expressing himself with clearness
and directness, odea with felicity of lan
guage and grace. -
Who.! the frontiers on the West became
distill bed, ho at nineteen was commissioned
an adjutant-general, with the rrmk cf ma
jor. At twenty-one he went as the envoy
of Virginia to the council of Indian chiefo
on the Ohio ond to the French officers near
ajuw. a i. hid nnnru upon nun iioiu
his youth, and no one of bis Colony was so
much spoken of He conducted the first
military expedition that crossed the Alle-
ghames, iraddock selected him os an aid,
and be was the only man who came out of
tno disastrous delcut near the Mcnougnhe-
la wun increased reputation, which extend
ed to England. The next year, when ho
was dui lour aua twenty, "tbe great es
teem" in which he was held in Virginia,
and his "real merit," led the Lieutenant
Governor of Maryland to request that bo
might be "commissioned and appointed so
cond in command" of the army designed to
march to the Ohio; and Shirley, the com
mander in cbiet, beard the proposal "with
great satisfaction and pleasure," for "he
knew no provincial officer npon the conti
nent to w hom be would so readily give it
as to Washington." In 1,58, be acted
under Forbes as a brigadier, and but for
him that general would never have been
able to cross the mountains.
Courage, was so natural to him, that it
wos haidly spoken of to his praise: no one
ever at any moment of his life discovered in
him the least shrinking in danger; and be
had a hardihood of daring which escaped
notice, because it was so enveloped bv su
perior calmness and wisdom.
lie. was as cheerful as he was spirited.
frank and communicate ia the society of
friends, fond of the fox-chase and tbe dunce,
often sportive in his letters, and liked a
hearty laugh. This joyousness of disposi
tion remained to the lust, though the vast
ncs8 of bis responsibilities was soon to take
from bim the right of displaying the im
pulsive qualities of his nature, and the
weight which he was to bear np was to
overlay aud repress bis gravity and open
ness. His hand was liberal; giviDg quietly and
without observation, as though he was
ashamed of nothing but being discovered
iu doing good He was kindly and com
passionate, and of lively sensibility to the
sorrows of others; so that if his country
had only needed a victim for its relief, lie
would have willingly offered himself as a
sacrifice. I3ut while he was prodigal of
uimseir, be was considerate lor others ;
ever parsimonious of the blood of his coun
trymen. He was prudent In the management of
bis private a flairs, purchased rich lands
from the Mohawk Valley to the flats of
the Kanawha, and improved his fortune by
the correctness of his judgeiueut; but as a
public man he knew no other aim than the
good of his country, and in the hour of bis
country's poverty, he refused personal emol
ument for his service.
His faculties were so well balanced and
combined that bis constitution, free from
excesi, was tempered evenly with all the
elements of activity, ard his mind resembled
a well-ordered common wealth; his passions,
which had the iutepsest vigor, owned alle
giance lo reason; and, with all the fiery
quickness of bis spirit, bis impetuous and
massive will was held in check by consum
mate judgment. He had in his composi
tion a calm, which gave him in moments of
highest excitement a patience, even when
he had most cause for disgust. Washing
ton was offered a command when there was
little to bring out the unorganized resour
ces of the coutinent but bis own influence,
and authority was connected with the peo
ple by the most frail, most attenuated,
scarcely discernible threads; yet vehement
as was his nature, impassioned as was bis
courage, he so restrained bis ardor that he
never failed continuously to exert the at
tracting power of that influence, and never
exerted it so sharply as to break its force.
In secrecy he was unsurpassed; but bis
secrecy bad the character of prudent re
serve, not of cunning or concealment.
U:8 understanding was lucid and his
judgment accurate, so that his conduct nev
er betrayed hurry or confusion. No detail
was too minute for bis personal inquiry and
continued supervision; and, at the same
time, be comprehended events in their wid
est aspects aud relations. lie never seem
ed above the object that engaged his at
tention, and he was always equal, without
an effort, to the solution of the highest
questions, even when there exi&ted no pre
cedents to guide his decision,
In this way he never drew to himself ad
miration for the possession of any one qual
ity in excess, uever made in council any one
suggestion that was sublime but impracti
cable, never in action took to himself t!be
praise or the blame of undertakings aston
ishing in conception, bat beyond bis means
of execution. It was tbe most wonderful
accomplishment of this man that, placed
opoa the largest theater of events, at the
head of the greatest revolution in human
affairs, he never failed to observe all .that
was possible, and at the same time to bound
his aspirations by that which was possible.
A Elight tinge in bis character, percepti
ble only to the close observer, rovealed the
region from which be sprung, and he might
be described as the best specimen of man
hood as developed in the Sonth; but his
qualities were so faultlessly proportioned
that his whole country rather claimed bim
as its choicest representative, tbe most com
plete expression of all its attainments and
aspirations. He studied his country and
couformed to it. His countrymen felt that
be was the best type of America, and re
joiced lu it, and were proud of it. They
lived in bis life and made bis success and his
praise their own.
Trofonudly Impressed with confidence in
God's Providence, aud exemplary In his
respect for the forms of public worship, do
philosopher of eighteenth century was more
firm in the support of freedom of religious
opinion; none wore tolei ant, or more re
mote from bigotry; but belief in God and
trust in His overruling power, fornavd the
essence of bis character. Divlue wisdom
not only illumines the spirit, it iiiupires the
will. WasUiiivJUoH-wu$ iVKm'of attioo, svud
not el theory or words; hi creed appears
in his life, not in his professions, which burst
from him very rarely, and only at those
great moments of crisis in the fortnncj of
his conntry.whcn earth and heaven seemed
actually to meet, and his emotions became
too intense for suppression; but his whole
being was one continued act of faith In the
eternal, intelligent, moral order of the uni
verse. Integrity was so completely the law
of bis nature, that a planet would sooner
have shot from its sphere, than ho hava dn.
parted from his nprightness, which was so
, luiisiatii, inui n uiieu Keemcci to on almost
They say of Giotto that lie Introduced
goodness iuto the art of puiiitinjr; VVash-
; ington carried it with him to the caniD and
the cabinet, and established a new criterion
of hnmnu greatness. The purity of his
will confirmed his fortitude; and as be nev
er faltered in his faith in virtue, he stood
fast by that which he knew to be just; free
from illusions; never dejected by the appre-
nension ot me cMliculties uud perils that
went before him, and drawing the promise
of success from tbo justice of lis cause.
Hence ho was persevering, leaving nothing
unfinished; free from all taint of obstinacy
in his firmness; seeking, and gladly receiv
ing advice, but immovable in his devotcd
ness to right.
Of a "retiring modesty and habitual re
si rve," his amuuion was no more thaa the
consciousness of his power, nud was subor
dinate to his sense of duty j he took the
foremost place, for he knew from Inborn
magnanimity, that it belonged to him, and
he dared not withhold the service required
of him ; so that, with all bis humility, he
was by necessity tlio' first, though never
for Limself or for private ends. He loved
fame, tho approval of coming generations,
the good opinion of his own time, end he
desired to make bis condnct coincido with
their wishes ; but not fear of ceusnre, not
the prospect of appluase, conld tempt him
to swrrve from rectitude, and the praise
which be coveted, was tho svniDalhv of
that moral sentiment which exists in every
humau breast, and goes forth ouly to tho
welcome ot virtue
There have been soldiers who have a
chieved mightier victories in tho field, and
made conquests more nearly con espondinto
the boundlessness of selfish ambition ; giaieti
men who have been connected with more
startling upheavals of society but it is the
greatuess of Washington, that iu public
trusts he used power solely tor the public
good, that he was tbe life, and moderator,
aud stay of the most momentous revolution
in human affairs, its moving impulse and
its restraining power. Combining tho cen
tripetal and the centrifugal forces in their
utmost strength and in perfect relations,
with creative grandeur of instinct he held
rum in check, and renewed aud perfected
the institutions of bis country. Fiuding
tbe colonies disconnected and dependent,
uBieinuem sucu a weii-oruered common
wealth as no rissionnry had. believed to be
possible. So that it has been truly said
"he was as fortunate as great and good."
Washington. Hold fast to your Business.
If you have a business stick to it.
you "have none get ono as speepily os pos
sible. But iu business, or in the hunt after
one, do but one thing at a time, young gen
tleman, and do it well. Not one, but many
thousands of young men have failed to ac
complish anything in life.simply because they
hadn't the faculty of perseverance a part
of man's phrenology which can be cultiva
ted if primarily deficient, and so the dearth
of which is inexcusable. Nobody ever yet
did a deed to make his name famous or the
world better, that lie did not follow out his
purpose "through thick and thin." It is
the indomitable energy, the pluck, the will
of a man, that causes him to make his way
along the stormy pathway of this little pil
grimage below the stars, and what possible
reasou is there for a man to stop all along
the road to prick his fingers with tho net
tles that spring npon the bank ? That per
formance don't pay. Have a purpose. Get
a business. When yon have it, hold fa 4 to
it, being Grst sure that you are in the track
that nature intended you to follow. " Be
sure you're right, then go ahead 1" said old
Ethan Allen, and so every good adviser
will tell you. But the young man, just
commencing in bis career, who turus discon
tentedly from this to that, and from that to
the other, and back again to this, will nev
er do anv thing to make himself known to
two people besides himself for qualities that
a man Is no man if he lack. And as drones
are not wanted id these pails, among the
men follts- however useful tlio class may be
ahiong the bees it is ft boys privilege to
select his way of making a living. 1 have
Had occasion to trace the progress Of a lad,
who began in tt tery little field, with an in
come that was no income at all, who'; b'y
dint of sticking to his business, made a Vry
comfortable thing of it before he had turned
twenty-Cve. While he was doing this fol
lowing out his bent keeping his will active
enough to hew down difficulties as they
sprang up before him a plenty of beginner?,
as young as he, and with similar opportuni
ties, failed utterly because fortune did so fa
vor them that they could jump at a leap
into position dud power. What chances
there were for the3e people, were "entirely
inadequate to their necessities," they said,
and so went f.nd filibustered, some gam
bled, and some lived on their friends, and
otliera did not live at all, but put an end to
the world and tho shortness of their pocket
books together all which was criminal and
worBO than foolish. There is uathing bet
ter as you pass along through life than to
persevere in what you undertake. Your
acorn is growing all the whilo to the form
and comline&s of au oak.
Influence of Women on Society.
From an accurate accouut of the condi
tion of women in any country, it would
not be difficult to infer the whole stato of
society. So great 13 the influence they exercise-
on tbo character of men, that tho
latter will be elevated or degraded, accord
ing to tho situation of tbo weaker tel. -Where
women ate slaves, es in Turkey, tho
men will be the .same t where they are
treated as moral beings where there miuds
are cultivated, and they are considered
equals the slate of socictj must be high,
aud tbe character of tbe mea euergetic and
noble. There is so much quickness of com
prelwnaiow, so tuucU ardor of atfcctioa in
women, that they cousUntly stimulate men
to exertion, and have,, at the Eame time,
a most powfrM igeucT In swm ?
mm' SS.SBJ BStaaiA bssktas
angry feelings, and mitigaling the harsh
and narrow propensities which are genera
ted In the strife of the passion.
The advantages of giving a superior ed
ucation to women are not confined to them
selves, but have a salutary influence on our
sex. The fear that increased Instruction
will render them lucompetent or neglectful
iu domestic life, is absurd in theory, and
completely destroyed by facts. Women,
a well as men, when ouce establinbed in
life, know that there isnn end of trifling ;
its solitudes and duties mulliplr upon them
equally, fast ; the former ore apt to feel
them much more keenly, and to frequently
abandon ell previous Requirements to de
vote themselves wholly to these. But if
the one sex have cnltivatcd and refined
minds, tho other must meet them from
shamc.if not from sympathy. If am in finds
that his wife is not a mere nurse or a housc-
t. . 1 A I , . I
n.ui.-i;i : in ui, sue can, wnen me occupations'
of the day are ovtr, enliven a winter's even-
that she can convene on the usual
topics of literature, and enjoy the pleasure
of superior conversation or reading of a
valuable book, he must have a perverted
taste, indeed, if it does not make home still
dearer, and prevent biin from resorting to
tavcrus for recreation. The benefits to her
children need not be mentioned;' instruction
and cultivated tasto in a iutlior enhance
their respect and affection for her, and their
love of home, and throw a charm over tho
whole scene of domestic life.
Influence of Women on Society. Fish Breeding---Shad Live but a Year.
it. it , t 1MTT.1. - ! i
a.. " . "
seven roues irom uonaout, on the Hudson,
has devoted mneh time to the subject of
artificial fish breeding. A correspondent
of the Newark Daily Advertiser gives an
interesting description of Mr. Tell's fish
ponds. He says :
"From the pavillion we visited f lie llsh
ponds, which was by far the most interest
ing to ns of anything we saw. There are
eight of these on the place, all artificial and
fed by spring, containing forty-five varie
ties ofircsh and salt water fish, the princi
pal ofwhich are trout, carp, gold fish, sun
fish, pike or pickerel, yellow porch, striped
bass and shad. Stooping from the bank
of one of the ponds, our host rang a little
bell; soon a few large gold fish mudo their
appearance, followed by pearl fish, and the
black carp; then a lot of young shad,
eager for the bread which was now thrown
thein. Still tho bell kept tinkling, and
more fish came, together with two or three
little turtles; then a largo snapping turtle
came, muddying the water 03 ho approach
ed; and last of all came a school of shad,
late to dinner, dashing up in fine style.
They swept the board, and then fought
among themselves for the crumbs like per
fect little sharks. This passion for bread
or meal on the part of the shad is an ac
quired taste; since, in a ttate of nature,
they subsist solely ou nniuialcnl.
"The researches of Mr. Pell as connec
ted with fish are exceedly inferestinir. and
justly entitle him to the thanks of the pub
lic, itie articles now iu the course of pub
lication, in the New York Evening Post,
on the 'Habits of Fish,' are from bis ivu,
and contain many new end valuublo dis
coveries, and many nseful facts, all tending
to tho benefaction of society. Aniimg
other things, he has demonstrated that the
shad live but n- single year. After being
hatched in the summer it finds its way to
the ocean, makes its circuit, returns full
grown to its native river tho succeeding
spring, spawns, buries itself in the mud
and dies. Those we saw in the pond, he
said, would grow by next spring to weigh
nine pounds. Under his culture the .shad
has become a fresh water fiA. The picker
el are in a pond by themselves, ns they de
stroy all other fish; they also are of rapid
growth, but will attain great age and im
mense size. They ore fed on young shad.
Tho tront ore also iu a separate pond, and
are very abundant, large and tame. The
ponds are of medium size and about four
teen feet deep. It would seem that there
is do difficulty whatever iu tho cultivation
of fish, and ns to tho profit, Mr. Fell lias
stated his belief to be, that more profit can
be derived from a pond of a singlo acre de
voted to pickerel, than from teu acres em
ployed in any other way. The time no
doubt is near nt band, when fish will be cul
tivated iu this country for mnrket quite as
systematically as berries or potatoes now
Inherited Penultimate—A Sad Story.
In one of the New England States I
know a lad, now about twelve or thirteen
years of age whose condition' is a most re
markable demonstration of1 the rto'tiiral law,
that itt every case, the child is a faithful
copy of his parents;
The boy is a natnral drunkard. From
bis birthday to tbe pVtseut moment, he has
given all the outward indications of being
deeply drunk ; and yet, so far as I know,
or think it probable, be has never swallowed
a drop of ardent spirits in bis life. Though
in good sound health, he has never beeu
able to walk without staggering. His
bead is always on his breast ; und his
speech is of that peculiar character, which
marks a person iu a very low stage of in
toxication. If nevertheless iu tbe midst
of his rautterings and reelings, something
is said to him iu a way to pass through bis
intellectual being, and penetrate his mind,
he at ouce rouses, like a common tippler,
mid gives proof enough that he is not want
ing ia native talents, however bis mental
are enshrouded. His disposition, nl. o
seems to be extremely amiable He ia kind !
to every oue around him ; and, I may add
he is not only pitied for his misfortunes,
but iu spite of his lamentable ccmlition,
regarded with uimommou interest. He is
looked upon as a star of nomeau magnitude
obscured and almost blotted out by the
mist iu which he ii doomed to dwell, till
he shall pass from tbe preseuttato of ex
ktance to another.
Now, is I understand the law of hered
itary descent, there is nothing uuaatuial
ia tuts boy's case. Every individual ever
boru is governed by the same yriuciple,
which caused them to be what be is. Tri
or to Dittrritt", hi j father hadj been a sc
cret but continued iiwbVtuto f tuid; ibett
the fact became kuown to tho gentle and
sweet ipiritei being, who, but a tw taocihs
i e ; i. l .
ui.re. nad become u. wun, v..e revelation
wa made sudilcnly, nril in a way (he mnct
impressive and appalling. One night,
when he was supposed to be the most im
peachable of husbands, ha staggered home
broke through the door of the sleeping a
parttnent, and fell down on the floor in a
state of wretched inebriation. Four weeks
ho wallowed in nrsirv. During the next
six or seven months, seeing bis domestic
reputation bar! beeu forfeited, ho kept np
almost a con tin nous scene of intoxication.
When at the end of this period, it wag
told him that "he wa tie husband
of a mother," be reeled and staggered on
without much abatement. Months passed
away ; but there occurred no change iu
the habits of the poor inebriate. It was
at once discovered, however, that there
v.ai some hiiiif s ngular iu the appearance o."
the child. When it was three lnontlis old,
there began to be strange speculations re
of six mouths, these speculations had set
specting is among me peopiu. At t lie nge
tied down into a very general opinion, but
not a word was said to the disconsolate
woman, who bad also begun to have lit r
own forebodings. At lu.st, as sle was one
evening looking upon her child, and won
dering what could bo tho reason of its
strange conduct, the terrible idea flashed
upon her soul "My child ia a natural
drunkard 1" She shrieked aloud : and her
husband, who happened to be within hear
ing, came to her. fclie fell npoi fes neck,
and exclaimed : '
"Deur husband, our little Getrgo is born
a" She co-ild proceed no further, but
swooned awny in her husband's anus.
From that hour the father of the bov
nuver taste(i ft dri, of spi.jt,. T
never tasted a drop of spirits. Tlio sight
of bis eyes aud the lieavmgs of his heart,
entirely cured him of his habit. He sel
dom looks npon his unfortunate littlo
George without shedding a tear over that
sin which entailed upon him a life of ob
scurity and t f wretchedness. lie bus
lived, I rejoice to odd, so as to redeem bis
character ; and he is now the father of
five children, oil of whom are bright, and
beautiful, and lovely, excepting only the one
whoo destiny was thus blasted.
This principle of inheiited traits and
characteristics, however, is susceptible of
an indefinite number of illustrations. It
has become a proverb, and it is sustained
by nil history and observation, that the
offspring of libidinous comiectious are uni
formly marked by a strotg tendency to
improper passions, wh lu t lie subsequent
sons und daughters of the same parentage,
where thorough repentance has takeu pluce,
aro in general virtuous. -.L'cA. ptper.
From the Cuba (Allegory Co.) Southern Tier.
Truth Stranger than Fiction.
We paid a flying visit the other day to
the county seat. On our return, npon
caching Belvidere, waiting to take tho
Dunkirk Express for borne, we observed
ated upon the platform of tbe Depot, a
well dressed, genteel appearing mau, with
two interesting little girls, one upon each
side, mere was som.-tn tig in ttio appear-
ance or the group that attracted attention,
and excited curiosity. There was an ex
pression of sadness upon each couutenance
which nothing but some great sorrow could
produce. We approached them and com
menced a conversation with the mau, who
was frank and intelligent, aud from him
learned the following story:
The littlo girls we.e his children, ogoJ
five and seven. He was married to their
mother about eight yeurs ago, and lived
with her in a perfect state of happirjess un
til last full. His home is iu Barton, twenty-eight
miles east of Elmira, on the Erie
road. In December last, a near and inti
mate neigl bor employed a negro to do a
job of work, and for a few days got this
man to lodge the negro in a back chamber
in his house. The negro completed his job,
but still hung about the premises. The
basband ordered him away, and remonstra
ted with his wife, (us the affair hud created
some scandal iu the neighborhood) although
the husband had not a suspicion of any
thing wrong on the part of bis wife at the
time. The wife was indignant wrote to
her brother in Binghampton tint her hus
band had insulted her. The brother came
nud took the wife ond daughters home for a
few weeks, until the difficulty wore away.
She had no sooner arrived there than the
negro presented liiihself, and was lurking
about. Iu a few days the wife, eludiug
the vigilance of tho brother and family,
eloped with the negro, taking with her the
two daughters, the ouly children. The
first clue tho husband or bi olhir b id beeu
able to get of the fugitives, was on the day
before we saw the group at Belvidere, wheu
ho leurued they were about four miles south
of Friendship, iu this county, nmo-ig some
negro inhabitants living there. Ho took
the cars and rcaehed Belvidere that mom-
ijj got a livery and went directly in the
direction of the S ttlement. He was arm
ed with a six-shooter, as he said, to kill the
negro, if he saw him. He soou found the
negro shanty where bis guilty wife was II v
iug with tho negro. The , tkbt persou he
saw was Iris little girl, ill rags, playing
about the but. Tho wife aud the negro
were away iu tbe field berrying. He enter
ed tho t-hauty, auj said it presented a scene
of squalid wretchedness no chairs a Ji
lle straw aud old quilu constituting thu
bed, and a few plates and a kettle, made
up the furniture. He tcok the little girls
and the mother's trunk, and returned to tho
Belvidere station. With the aid of the
landlady, bo washed and dressed np the
children with tho ouly remuiuing clothes
fouud in the trunk, and was waiting for the
eirs to take them homo. He was a mc
chauie caudid aud honest hearted .top-
pearauce, aud in comfortable circumstance.
There was no taint of African llml iu
cither. He showed a dagirerrectyj of Lis
faithless wife. She was good looking, above
the average of her 8e rather prepossess
iug. He said she was educated and intel
ligent, aud had always moved in good so
ciety. Tho Eludes of night were drawing
around, but as we scanned the picture we
thought we could detect in lur otherwise
beautiful face a veiu of low and sensual
pvt-ioo. The little girls were reully prtlty
About tbiv time wo beard the whistlo of
the truia. Ther were soon! on board. W
saw tbo ifarte ia seat,
The iiti's guts
nestled beside the injured father, and
they sped aft ay, leaving the mother to
i i t I I i. ...I
wretci.euuess mT Yjrlirjou.( j.otu.t.uur.
A New Route for a Submarine Cable.
I' tin I n!
A correspondent of the A
ligencer soggests tho prrtcticitbilily of in
ing a siibmifi ino cuMe Let ween Europe n i l
America b'y the way of the A .oris mil
life Bermuda-. The advantage in favor
of such a route are claimed to bo the
smoothness of thi sea over a great pnrt
it, owing to its lying ta the sc'iUli T the
Oiilf Stream, and out of the ial'ticnct., ol
the colli water currents of the north, and
tlicicfore the increased probability of lav
ing the cabh successfully, and also the fact
that life distance between1 any two points
is less thniT flint between Newfoundland
and In land. The writer says : .
"The distance from Berinu.hi to FayaJ
is Ics than from Ireland to Newfoundland.
The Hands stand invitingly off the coasts of
Earopo and America. They stand as her
culean pillars on which to rest thu cable.
If a wire was laid betwecit them, shorter
ones could be carried to the Old and New
Worlds. One wire between these -Island
wo ild servo oil practical purposes - for it
long time to come. The route by 1'ayal
would accommodate England with one
wire, France with one, Spain and I'orttf
jmI with one, and Madeira and Africa with
oao. Os our sido the IKraiudi route
would be convenient for onr- wiro to NVw
England, one for the Middle States nud
the West, one for the Southern States and
California, one for Cuba nnd Mexico, und
one for the West Indies ond South A'nerica.
Trocci E.soMK Scho ab Every tccche'
k'tows that there are tu every school a few
scholars of peculiar lemperaui.'nl, who nr
always iu trouble or are always producing
trouble. They are a source of'3 increasing
p -rplexif v to all order-loving n:n ifcs 1 1 lli
school. T ic theaciier invariably sighs"
whilo the littlo ones vent their spite by
"making months," whruever ono ot these
unhappy children crosses the threshold.'
While we would "do nothing to increase
the number of troublesome children at houra
or at school, ycf, vre must say they are too"
frequently auder-rated and abused. The
aro under-rated because not understood,
their hateful qualities driving attention''
ft om their good one, and abuse necessarily
follows. Yet there is a gem in that rougri .
exterior worth laboring for there is an
element of heroism, or goodnc.is, or iutelli
gence there, which may after Ion? years of
culture a id experience captivate uud exalt
hti!iu.uity infinitely above it present levef.
Tli.it pouting lip and that habitually sulky
countenance may by proper teaching bei:
come the index of "a soul, ' full of all the
good aud noble attributes of humanity.
Tho world needs today ten tluusaml souls
of the loftiest po a ble patriotism, nnd of'
the m s .cinyrebeRsiro christian in'eili-'
genco nud excellency to carry on its variou
schemes of science, literature and benevo
lence. These schemes Uivo beeu devised
by a few great ond good minds, but they
cannot be pnt iuto operation on account of
the scarcity of high luindedness in the hu
We believe that these moojy scholars
can be redeemed. That cloudy brow ' rxn'
wear sunshine. That ntmareutlr malicious
heart may Ih a well-sprinir of kindnem. nnd'
that cur.e may be changed into tho bom--
blest of beledicliotis nnd praise. One of
the missions of the teacher is to ba i'nstru-.
mental iu re iustatine; iu childish innoceusa
and cheerfulness, those who hate fallen into
the troublesome list. lr!i.ir3 thev ure"
there for tho reason that they possess a
quality, excellent in itself hitrhlv developed
along sido of others but mot'e'ritely slrouf :
All they need maybe equalization, or it'
may be, a change of direction to mako
those incessantly troublesoma elemeut-j of
character as incessantly productive of goo J-r
-ness. 1'erhaps, also, if redemption does;
not come at the present lime, thpy may bo
hopelessly lost to virtue end intelligence; '
So fit and useful is niornning devotion,' it,
ought not to be omitted without necessity..,
If our circumstances will allow the privi-
lege, it is a bad sign when no part Of the
morning is spent in prayer. If God fiudi'
no place in our miuds itt that early uud ',
peaceful hour, ho will hardly reciir to us iu
tae tumults of life. If the benefits of tho
morning do not softeu ns, we can hardly
expoct the heart to melt with gratitude,
through thu day. If tLe world then - rush '
in and take possession of os, when we nro,
at Bouie distauce and have bad a respite
from iu cares, how can we hope to shake it
off wheu we shall be in tho utiJst of it.,
pressed aud agitated by rt rm every sid ?."
Let a pairof the niofniug, if poible, ' bo
set opart to devotion; aad to this end wo
should fix tho hoirr' of rising, so that wo
may have un early 1iour at our disposal
Our piety is suspicious if we can re.ioun.-e, '
as ico u in- d , the p osum aud b n fit
of early prayer, ratner than forego thu
seustless indulgence of dua cessary sic p. ,
What I we can rie early enough for busi
ness. We cau even anticipate tho dawu, iC.
a favorite pleasure or nil uncommon gain
reqnest the effort. But wo cannot lir-c,
that we may bless our great Benefactor,'
that we may arm ourselves for the sevci J
conflicts lo which our principles are to bo
exposed ! We are willing tu rush into tho
world, without thauks offered or a bluing
sou-rut I iroinadar thu beirun. what
ought we to expect but tliougatk-osucw aad
guilt. Dr, Canning.
"The KHKiEKERi.'' Oiit o( ti e novel
features of the cable1 e.'l;brition at Ulica
on Wednesday, vva j ehorui of loc tiii'i
tives. The JhraU says: "Just at iho
moment when the hundreds of Korean Can-'
dies were lighted ou Baoo's Stjuaie, tweni v
oue locomotive, ranged on the track of tl'm
Central Railroad, "put in' their Anglo S.i-'
ou voico. They acreecht d, ami si-rcaim-d,
aud tooted, aud yelled. They disturbed
tho air with an unearthly souud. It was ;v
solid ooise and yet divided. The ki.-il.SI
ones shrieked the big ones kiirii-aed, n,v
they oil shrieked together. It vym th,
iniglitiest roar of foii id we ever b' re, .r
or conceived. It went up and thin rr,ii"'
tuHu iifs n, i no very v hu il,-l
repudiate me insuiutii.t, rvt iictht r Lu
nor uinue. n binriita hordes
kind and gentle. H woke xin
but the sleeper; in the Ui' th'
It gntleif, nni rasped, mid out
i -- -
M'lli) y I (
uuliuUUi: ot hearing.
marvel of sotiui of lii .'
It WU.J, in
first iiu-'u.iu j