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VOLUME 'XIIT. NO; 20.
. i . .
WHOLE NUMBER 707;
ATRRli,i Ofr WB8CB1PTIOJT.
" ''tnt1i jrr aiunoi. U paid trlllr la advance 11.60.
naaqnare one week
"oe square three weeks 1 00
"no sonare three moa, 9 0
"no square ( moa. .00
"no square ono year. 00
I equereathreamoe. 2 In
two squares six moa. o w
two aqnares one year S 00
four squares one year ri w
naif oolumn on year 26 00
H i. in... Cards of not over tlx lines per year S 00
TwolTOllnon erWeeCthla slielettef make e square.
Obituary Notloeaofraore than Ave lines, unless of genera
Merest, wll be Insertei at the name rata aa afore.
I I.. , , I .-JOB PHIMTINO.
tararjr description attended to on call, In the mosltastefu
. . . manner. .
, -Physician. ,
tU Vf, M.. FAMES, Fhypician and Sorpeon
' (Into SorffCnn Slut Kir. O. V.) Office and Rfalrlence on Park
' .'Mwr.nfhnalte George Hall's Piano and Melodcon Drrot
''VArtiiahtila, Ohio. ... T w4
0. I. M'DONALD, Physician and Surgeon
located opposite John Mansfield's Clothing Store, Main
f .jsti-eet, Aahiabula,0. ; , . , ;
oTwT FOSTER, Eclectic Physician and Sur-
coon, Oenevn, riti. ; SS
I)U. M. KINGSLEY. IIomocpathiRt, Kinpa-
"f'vrtie, O. I flwvlnf kad aerera1 year'a atperlenoe, he UpU
himpelf competent to irWe natiifactlon Ut all who mar favor
hlrawWh aeall. Referenca llomenpathle merHcal Faculty
neyelatidFTrra.'fteo. Z. Noble, l)dea,N. Y.: O. E. Nohlo,
Peim Yan, N. Y. H B-;Dale, Pond du Lac, VTI. 637
WILDER A FITCH, Attorneys at Law,Fisks
' mek, Aahtahnla. Oblo.
EDWARD H. FITCIT.
.lannary 1. 1fl.
6IIKRMAN ft FARMER. Attorneys and
- ronmellora at T.av, Aahtabuia, Abatahnla Conntr. Ohio.
; I.ahas n. Snr.KtAn, JonK Q. Faiuibb,
J. R. COOK. Attorney and ConnscllorBtTiBW.
and Jnallee of the Peace, Main Street, orer Morriaon'a
Slore, Aahtahnla, O. .
THEODORE ITAT-L. A Horney at. Law, OITice
with Henry Fanett, Mam St. Aahtahnla, Ohio. 670
CHARLES BOOTn, Attorney and Coun
cilor at law. Aahtahnla. Ohio. 41(
vTb7cH APM AN, Attorney at Law
Joatlee of the Peace, Commlaalnner of Deeda for Michigan
and Iowa. Office three doors eaat of the Tremont Hoiu.
ASHTABULA HOUSE R. Wnrmington
Proprietor. Omntbaaee run regularly from thla bouae to
and from every train, aod a hue uf rtagea t eavea ita door
lor JvlTereoa aud other iutorior points. oe7
FISK HOUSE Ashtabula, O. 11. F Cui.-
vbr, Proprietor. An Omnibus running to and from every
train of eara. Alao, a good livery'Stable kept in connection
with this house, to ooorey passengers to any point. 689
HOUSE John Thompson
THE AMERICAN HOUSK. at the Depot
haajnst been pot In order, and being conveniently an
' pleasantly situated, with good accommodations for man and
boast, is a good stopping place for travelers, or thoae from
. the Interior having teams to be cared for while during a
. temporary absence by the llailroad. S. MOWKY, Froprie
, .. tor. Ashtabula, July, I860. .68
ITAS-KELL ft SON. Deulcrs in Dry Goods
arocerlea, Provisions, anrl Beady Made Clothing. Also,
, Dealer. In all kinds of White Wood, Aah, Oak, Hickory
Lumber, and Flour Barrel Hoops, Main street, Ashtabula.
J. W. HarkklIm , 610 , PW Hahkkll.
T EtnEN ' HALL DealpV ' !n Dry Goods
' ' Orocerlea, Hata and Caps, Laatsend Shoe Indings, and gen-
;' era! Mercbandtae, 2 doors South of the Bank. . 643
A. HENDRY, Dealer in Drags, Medicines,,
Chemleels, Palhle, Oils, Varnlahes, Rrushea, Dye Stnffe, e.
,- tUoica Family 0reerles. including Teas, Coffees, ke. Pa-
teut Medicines. Pure W Inee arid Mqjaors for Medicinal pur-
flosea.. Pualclan' prcsoriptlonacarefully and' promptly at
tended to. . 6i
TrVLKioir,X)LIJN 8, Dealers in Dry tiood
nrocr1e.' CroekerT. Boots and Shoea. nata,Caps,&c, e.
' two-door North of Flak House. Ashtabula, O. 416
It. L. MORRISON, Dealer in Dry Goods
- Orocerlea, Boote and Shoes, Hata and Caps, Hardwar
, Crockery, BookaPaints, OUsj kr, Aehiabnla, 0. j 419
GEQROETILLARD, Dealer In Dry Goods
Grocerlea) Hata, Cape, BooU and Shoea, Crockery, Glaaa
waar.aaaanfMtairer of ready-made Clothing. Also, whole
sale apM Atafldeahrrtnllardware.ihddlevy.Nalla, Iron Steel,
'Vmt and Medkctoee, Paiuti, Oils, Dreatuffa, tie., Main
1 1 strert, Aahtabuia. .
IV ELLS..& FAULKNER, Wholesale and
JUtall Dealers in Western Reserve Batter and Cheese,
liried a'ruit and Flour, AahUbaula, Ohio. Ordera respect
fully soUclvsd.and filled at the Lowest eaah cost 470
j. O. WRIGHT. Dealer in Millinery Goods
WorkedCollarsandSleevea,and Fancy Good.. Nextdoor
V to tfl Flak Heaise. 470
, Watcfcen, Jewelry, eVc.
0.AV. DICKINSON, Jewelet. Repairing of
allklndaorWatchea.Clocks.and Jewelry, abop,opnile
kth Ciakaooea.AahUbula, O. . , ;
Vf. PUNGF1ES, Dealer in Clocks. Wotches
Jewelry. and Silver poons. Clocks, Watches and Jewelry
repaired. Ashtabula, O. Foar doora . nortk of the Poet
MAN9FIKLD & BRUCE, Wholesale retail
dealers in lUaay Made Ciotbing, Forniililng Goods, Hata,
'Capa, tic. Aslj lahula. , , B36
i,. WOLFF & CO. Denier in Ready-modo
Clothing and Oeot'i Furnishing Goods. Ashtabula, 0. 644
j-i-r -r :r rrrfasrr- .77.'.'.'. '
CY'UUS AVERY. Mannfocturer of Tin. Sheet
. Iron, and Copper Ware, and dealer In Stovee. Also, Agent
fi.r hitney's celebrated Clothes Wringer. At the Old tltt-
aaar.eaat eidsMuin street, three dooia aoatb of the Bank,
. l.ht.hnbt. Ohio.
GEORGE W1LLARD, Manufacturer of Sash,
Blinds and Doore, on hand and made to order. Also, Plan
Ing, Matehlng, etc., done to order In the best poaaible man
Tier, Aahtahuta. O. , 8
a vunu tr I'flltR . VI annrnr-lnmrn nnil
IVAuuni w - " '
XWVoraln Planed t.nmber. Window Saah, Blinds, floor
. . 1 1 : i . t E...i,i.,H Umu A. Mm l',.
Moululnga, rence iiii.cn., ..vn....
torv and Lumber Yard, corner Columbus and Cenlie Ma.
ri...i.nd Ohio. 64t)
GEORGE C. HUBBARD, Dealer In Hard
ware, Iron, Steel and Kalla, Stoves, Tin Plate, Sheet Iron,
tToanor and Zinc, and manufacturer of Tin, Sheet Iron and
v,:Ji wra. Fiak's Block. Ashtabnla, Ohio. 470
T. M'GUIRE, Manufacturer of Tin, Copper
and Sheet Iron Ware. Strict attention paid to nukiog.sett
inw an and reoalrlne Stoves. Stove-Plpo. Pumps and Lead
Pipe, Kve-Troughs, vonanciora, ew. uiu iron, iwiitrrM
YiU .teste., ukenin Eiehanite. Also Sole Agent for
Ihe "BrUlint Cfcoe Sliree," with tbe latost Improvements.
8 4ors South o( the Fisk lloo.e AabUbula. O. 48
Aj. C. CULLEY, Manufacturer of Lath, Siding
Cheese Bona, (to. Flawing end Matching and 8erowl
gawiug done on the shortest utt(. Shop aouth side ot the
rthodUtCuurch, Aatatabula.Ohlo. 440
J. B. CROSBY, Iron Founder, and matiu-
faeturer A Dealer In Plowa, Plow Caatlnga, Mill Cast
ings, to. Moat descriptions of Foundry Work done toorder
V. Vf. SMITH, Manufacturers of Sole
Upper and Harnaea Leather, and Dealers In French
Calf, and Lining Skins. Cash paid (or Hides and Skins.
W.W. Smith, 643 F. W. Carlisle.
gTeiORGE II ALL, Dealer In Piano Fortes, and
Helodeons, Piano Stool, Covers, Instruction Booke, etc.
Depot an Park street, Aabtaba la. See advancement. 416
DUCRO ft BROTHERS, Manufacturers of t
DeaUra tn fnrnlture of he beat descriptions, and every va
riety. Also general Undertakera,and manufactureraofCof
flua to order, Main street, North of South Pubiie Squara
ataonlfc - "
ivntf fiAVAGKi! Furniture Dealer and Man-
-iwiaaer aa," establLkuneat, North Mala street, near the
. STrt PrTFMlngton- AabUbula, 0, . H
V CULVER, baa removed to the Fwk
i . o f L utThlaa. where he oBem to the eitisene ef AshU
1 tl "uVuat equipped Livery bUble In A.h-
M G. DICK, Bookseller, Stationer and News
Dealer. Alan, Dealer tn Sheet-MuttrTnys. and General
0. H. FITCH. Life, Fire and Marine Insur
ance, and Real Relate Agency, Flak Block, Aahtabuia. O.
.or ary, iu, moj. . M9
J.f IT. WOODMAN, Licensed Auctioneer
HrxR To-Me.ara Wells k Fsnlkner, Honry Fassetl. Col
Ictor, and A.r.llubUrr', F.aq., Carhler. IU2
SII PLANK. 100.000 feet White
Aah Plank, feoro 2 to 4 Inches ttilrlt, for which cash
will he paid by
HhUKICK & BKO.
TIME TABLE OF THE
CLEVELAND & ERIE RAIL ROAD.
Passenger Trains will run as follows .
p. it. !. r.
3. (2.12. 17
l.Va 9 65
r. m.Ia. .
rralns do not tton at Stations where the tlmi la omitted
! n the above tnbleff. i ' . i y
All thronirh Train orolnr Westward. connect si Cleveland.
with Trains for Taitda, Vhirago, Cnlnmhut, C a flBMli, -aiaaopef,
And all tlirniiEhTrtlna irnlncEaatward.rnnnertat Dunkirk
withtheTralnsofN. Y.A R. R.R., and at Buffalo, with those
of N. Y. Central, and Buffalo ft N. Y. City Italli jada, for
A York, jilktmy, Rotttm, fliapara Fcltt. A-c, 4c.
Day Express Eaiit and West ennnerta at (ilrard with Trains
on the Erie 1'ittr.eunrh Road for Linville, kleadville.
Jamealown, fcc. Pa. II. NOTT1KU11AM, Snp't.
CLKTKI.AKD, April 1". 1803.
01 a i.Kx .ao. . x. mo. H KxTAiini
P M. A. II. P. H. f.M. A. ST. A.
4.00 10 00 4.2c . 4.5 Cleveland, 4.4ii'll.6u
11.04 6. a; 104; Palnesrille 8.47 8.4.1
4.57 0.0;, Mnillr-en, H.Ui
fl.ll Unlonville, 8.08
11.3S 0.20 Uenevn, I 7.60
0.31 Seybronk, 7.47
i.U 12.01 0.11 1140 Aahtaoula, 2.6i 7.. '14
' 6f,!, Klngaville, 7.21
12.28 7.17 Conneaut, 7.0.1
7.00 1.V3 8.25 l.M Erie,. 1.16 6.6)
r. N. r . p. . a.. a. u a..
To Discharged Soldiers,
Wounded or Disabled In the Service.
YOU ure enliiled ly a late Aet of Con.
gross Marrh Rd, 18P3 to the Bounty provided by
Act of Congreaaof Julv 22. lteJI. Have Tour Claima forwarded
nt once, in order to get early returns. The uuderMgncd, au-
viiui-xvu i vnM.in Aireni, win iranaaci your dunuiofs at the
Departe ents without charge, uulees tlie cluima are allowed.
W hen allowed and proceeds received, $6 No need of your
going to Cleveland lor agenta when you can have your bul
neas dene aa well, and at less expense, nearer home.
Aahtabuia, March 19, 1803. 601
THE SECOND LOUISIANA.
BY GRORGE H. BOKER,
All still and orderly,
Arm to arm, knee to knee,
Waitiug die great event,
Stands tbe black regiment.
Down the long dusky line
Teeth gleam aud eyebulls sliinej
And the bright buyout!,
Brirtling ami firmly sot,
Flushed with a purpose grand.
Long ere the slmrp command
' Of the fieree rolling- drum
Told tbem their time had come,
Told them what work was seut
..For the black regiment.
"Now,'f tbe rtig-sergeanl cried,
"Though death and hell bulidc,
; Let tho whole nation wo
If tve are fit to be
Free iu this land;, or bouud
Down, liko the whining hoand
Bouud with red stripes of paiu
In our old obnius aguio 1"
Oh! wbut a shout their weut
From the black regiment 1
"Chnrgel1' Trump rd drum awoke;
Ouwaid tbe bondmen broke:'
. Bayonet and sabre-stroke
Vuiuly oppostid their rush.
Through the will J bailie' crush,
With but one thought ufltibh,
Driving their lords like chad,
In the gnu's mouth tbey luugb;
Or at tbe slippery brands
leaping with opeu hands,
Down they tear mau uud liorso,
Down iu tbeir awful course:
Trampling with bloody heel
Over the crabbing steel,
All tbeir eyes forwurd bent,
Rushed the bluck regiment.
" Freedom 1" their battle-cry
"Freedom I or leave lodiel'
Abl mid they meuut the word,
Not as with us 'lis heard,
Not a mere party shout;
Tbey guve tneir spirits out;
.Trusted the end to God,
Aod on the gory sod
Rolltd in triumphant blood.
Glad to strike -cue free blow,
Whether for weal or woe; .
Glad to breathe ooe free breath,
Though ou tho lips of death.
Praying ulas I iu vain 1
Tbut they might fall again.
So they could once moresco
Thiil burst to liberty 1
This wus whut "freedom' lent
To the bluck regiment.
Hundreds and hundreds fell;
But they are resting well;
Scourges aud shuklt-s strong
Never tliull dolhem wroig.
O, to the living few,
Soldiers, be just and truel
Hail them as comrades tried;
Fight with them side by side;
Never, Iu Geld or tent, :
Scorn tho black regiment!
At a cr.eeiiug held at ' Camp in the
Woods," of the llth New York (Have"
lock) Battery, notr Fuiifax Court llousc,
Vo., June 18;b, 18G3, the folllov, ing pro
amble and resolu'ious wero adopted:
Whereas It bos pleased Aliuiglity God
Lo remove from our midst private Andrew
Kellogg, who died Juno 1st, of sickness
contracted iu tho Marine llospitul near
lUltii.ioro Md., and whereas we realizo in
this painful dispeOsatioa of Providence a
soddeo oud unexpected ufllictiou, therefore
it is '
UesolteJ That in the death of the do
ceased our liuttery loses one of its most ef
fective meiuberx, our country an earnest
and faithful defender, nud ourselves au es
timable and warm hearted friend.
Ilesslced That we tender to lha family
and friends of tbe deceased our heartfelt
sympathy and coudoleuca in this their af
fliction. Jit solved That copy of these resolu
tions be sent to the family of the deceased,
to the Albany Journal and Ashtabula Td
egraph for publication.
CHAUXCY B. TITUS, Trea t
OABRIES W. P. GALE, Secy.
A newspaper writer contends that a man
ought lo show as much courtesy to bis own
wife as to bis neighbor's. A debaleable
subject. " , '
Tti rebel papers; at ho South-west bave
got through bragging about Vicksburg
and now intimate (bat tbey expect tbe
worst, j... ... . , -
From the New York Independent.
The Lessons of Invasion.
BY HORACE GREELEY.
Again the tide of War sweeps northward,
and for the first time a formidable rebel force
stands cmbnttled on tbe soil of the Free States.
Last year, Maryland was thus occupied j now
Pennsylvania takes hor turo. We bare had
raids Into the Free States we hare at last an
invasion. What shnll bo its issue f .
Freedom and Slavery are grappled in deadly
strife. The stake is a continent., Slavery has
thus far enjoyed certain mnnifest nod telling ad
vantages. She has the best military officers ;
for nearly all tlioso of both armies were trained
iu her fuith with on eyo lo licr service. ' Sho
had tlio War Depnrtmnnt in her exclusive con
trol for eight years prior to Mr Lincoln's in
auguration, and used it effectively. When alio
set up for berBcIf, JelT. Duvia aud Floyd, knew
precisely on wIiopo services they might contt.
und what those services wero worth. This
knowledge has been ot vaet service to the Ite
bel'ion. ' ,
'J'lio Slavo Power lin9 from the first fnjoyed
the imnieiifO advenlnrro of a clear comprehen
sion of iu own position, pnrpi.ses, nnd needs.
Every tiffieer in 'its armies knows that ho is
fighting for Slavery, nnd rejoices In that know
ledge. I he natural nnd lit subordination of
tbe blnck to the white race hatred and con
tempt for the negro as nn lnTerior being tbe
usH-rlion that tho chivalry were born to com
mand anil to be served, nnd the blacks to labor
and obey such is the fundamental unwritten
luw of tho Southern Confederacy. "
11 14 an assumption ot authority which grati
fies the natural pride and egotism of tho bu-
mau heart, and has always born the fruit or
vulor. ll made lliu Sporiaos long the best sol
diers in Greece. It makes llio Turks of to-day
in spite of the worst government in Europe,
a thoroughly corrupt bureaucracy, very bud
officers, and a hopelessly efi'cto military sys
tem excellent common soldiers.
On our side, we have been fighting a clean tic
rebellion without during to dispute its coutrol-
ing, inspiring ideas. We bave let tho slave
holders make a most effective use of their slaves
Per two years before we overcume our initial
reluctance to let them help us also. We have
thus strengthened our enemies and perplexed
our mends. 1 he laltea have seen wnb regret
ful bewilderment the hands of Esau combined
with the voice of Jacob. They have seen us
puiiiCully stumbling blindfold on a path of great
difficulty and peri), and have vuiuly hoped that
we would soou resolve to see.
The invasion of the North precipitates the
solution of many problems. It powerfully lends
to shorten the war. Here tre some of Us im
mediate issues :
1. It renders serious opposition to our coun
try s constituted authorities plainly perilous
and morally trcnsonuble. Criticism of the acts
or our rulers may still be uppropriuto, provided
its object and effect bo to strengthen tho Gov
ernment for the imminent ortlcul. But what
ever lends to weaken that Government in this
daik hour, is traitorous, and should be sternly
2. It has always been alleged by the disloyal
ulemcnt of the Free Stales that the North was
invading the South. This was In no proper
sense true. The sheriff who goes with the re
quisite documents to arrest a luw-breoker, docs
not invade that law-breaker's domicil by enter
in; it to arrest him. tie is tbe invader who
has broken tho laws and rendered this unwel
come resort necessary. Still, it has been con
stantly urged with e "cot that the pcuce was
broken by our invasion of tho boutb. Thou
sands bavd declared that they would gladly
fight in a war ofseld defense, though not in one
of invasion, Tbey have i.ovv- the desired op
portunity. 3. Millions of Northern paoplo have hitherto
seemed not to realize '.hat we ure involved in a
gigantic, terrible war. They have worked and
pluyed, married and given in niarriuge, bought,
sold, uud got gain, exactly as if tbey bad no
stake, no serious interest,, in the great conflict
at which Kuropo stands aghast, Some of these
must uow realize that this is nothing less than
the life or death struggle of our Republic, aud
will bo impelled to act according.
4. Tho Pennsylvania Democrats have been
among the most vehement opposers of any use
of uegroes in the war for tho Union. Though
their Stute coutuins very many blacks, no uegro
regiment was ever riscd, or attempted to be
raised, by her authorities till uow. The first
company of blacks that rallied to her defense
in 1'liiludelpliia, received a very cold welcome
on tbeir arrival at ilarrisburg. Nobody had
authority ta muster them into the service 1 It
is very ditl'eicnt now, aod will grow more so as
the danger increases. There is nothing like
imminent peril to take the uoosense out of peo
ple. If twenty thousand blacks wero to-Jay to
present themselves to Gov. Curtiu, asking a
chance to fight tbe rebels, his regret would be,
not that tbey wero . loo many, but too few.
Ho already forbids any recruiting of blacks iu
Pennsylvania by agents of other States. He
will soou bo ready to cull them all specifically
to the defense of tuuir own Uotnce, Even the
farmers of tho Southern cotintieB, who wero just
begiuuitig to harvest their crops by the help of
negroes, will have bad light let in upon their
bruins by the seizure of so many of these ne
groes as could be caught, aud their hasty
transportation to Virgiuia. The process inuy
bo condemned by humanity aud tho laws of
war, but it is very congemul t tbe instincts of
chivalry. The doctrine that slaves ore "con
trabuud of war," has thus been eulurged and
authoritatively accepted by the rebels. Let
there be no more cavil about it.
5. Finally, this iuvusion applies a touchstone
to the hearts of the people of the loyal States.
Wo ore inoro than twenty millions, they say,
rich, intelligent, abundantly supplied with arms
and mutinous, and ready to dure, suffer, sacri
fice, and die for our country. If we are, then
tho War is near its end, the Rebellion iu its
death flurry. But if wo are not, theu it is tbe
Uuion, not tbe Rebellion, that lies at death's
door. Tb3 spear of Ilburiel has now its point
touching millions of breasts.' If tho souls there
in contained are those of reptiles, the result
will muke it uiunilest. Let none regret, there
forerather let all rejoice that the rebel
chiefs buve made this desperate venture, for tbe
result must b3 good. . lr wo are what it pre
sumes aud implies, we cannot know it too soou,
If we are a nation of scusualists, egotists, not
troous, let our couutry quickly take her true
place besido tbe Naples of yesterday, tbe Egypt
of to day. But if we are preponderantly true
and loya! if we (ear sbuuu worse than death,
aud love our country inoro than anything be
neath the sky but justice and humuuity then
we may indeed be defeated and decimated, but
we cantot be counuered aud destroyed. So let
the iuvading host of tbe meu-stealers come on I
What is Virtue 7 A student put this
ciuestion to tbe late Dr. Archibald Alexaa
dor. His simple end admirable reply was:
"Virtue coubists lo doiug our duty iu the
several relations tbat we sustain, In respect
to ourselves, to our fellow men and to Uod,
ss known from reason, conscience aud rev
elation." Jajr A delegate to tbe Missouri Conven
tion, being determined to defeat the eman
cipation scheme, stayed so long away from
borne, tbat bis slaves got lonesome without
bim, and took op tbe line of march for Kansas.
From the Buffalo Express.
The Rising Man.
All eyci are now turned on Oen. Meade.
The frequent changes of eorljmsnd over the
Army of the Potomac have added greatly
to the Interest of the present appointment.
Everybody wants to know who Uen. Meade
is what are his antecedents what bis
qnalificatlonj for tho Important trnst repoi
cd in Tiim-wliat his plains and prospects and
what the chances and elements if his suc
cess nt the ticsd of on army that has had
four lenders before him, neither of whom
hns been able to win a decisive victory.
Who ho is nnd what he has been nre eusily
told, but what ho will do to vldicate the
prowess 'of liis fine army and his own nbili
tirs as a leader, is entirely a matter for the
future to develope. . His fortune Is in his
own hands, with' abundant chlmi for
prompt nction.: nnd he milst'liuihl : rip his
on fume from -tho metcriapfurnisriad him
anrl the successes that attend hisefforts.
In order to give our renders' means of
forming nn opinion of Ocn. MCaDK, ns n
man, a general,'" a 'Christian,' hnd ft politi
cian, we have collated 'such facts its ore
available, nnd present them'' as' they are
garnered up for ' the occasion. ' He was
born in Spain, .in tbe ycar .1810, of 'Ameri
can pnrcuts.. Ho was appointed Jo tho
West Point Academy,' from tbo District of
Columbia, in 1831 ; : was graduated nnd
entered the Third Artillery iu 1835 ; re
signed from tho army in the following
year ; in 1842 wns re-commisaioncd in tho
Corps of Topographical Engineer, and was
mentioned in despatches for gallantry at
Palo Alto and Monterey, in Mexico.
When the rebellion broke out he bold the
rank of captain j but was called to com
mand a brigade in -the Pennsylvania ; Re
serve Corps, under Gen. McCull. He was
no'ed for steady conduct In the buttles of
Mcchanicsvillc nnd Onines1 Mills ; was
wounded at the battle ef Newmarket Cross
Roads, but recovered in time to command
the Pennsylvania Reserves at South Moun
tain nnd Antictam. At the battlo of
Fredericksburg be led tbe attack on our
left, and obt-iiucd the only success of the
day. His troops, by a very sudden and
vigorous attack, surprised the enemy, drove
him and penetrated to bis second line
Here, being unsupported, they were un
able to muintaiu themselves, wero attacked
on front and (link, and forced to fall back.
Two days aficr the battle, on December
15, he was placed in command of the Fifth
army co-ps, and in January be was nomin
ated Mnjor General, and confirmed in
March. In the battle of Cliancellorsville
he commanded part of tbe right wing, and
on the let i oil uis corps auiuu as rear
As a man, General MtCAtrg is referred to,
as notable for frankness, courtesy, affability
and a high sense of honor, lie is upright
to a remarkable degree. Ilia intercourses
with bis subordinates, without relaxing dis
online, has always been genial, ana men
who htivo fought under bim possess for him
the same adoring regard Napoleou's sol
diers had for their "Little Corporal."
Without ostentation or pharasuism, Gen.
Meade is a Christian. Ho believes iu the
overruling Government of God,, and in tbe
moral utrd religious obligation of man, and
the sentiment which pervades Ins hrsl or
der is no hypocritical pretense or unneces
sary di-play, but the expression of genuine.
feeling, pervading tho enure character. JNo
one cun remt mat order wituout Dcitoviug
that its author is a true soldiery wuicu in
volves the presumption tbat be must be a
Such ts the personal and military char
acter of the General who has been sudden
ly aud unexpectedly called, at a crisis of
unparalleled danger in the pending conflict,
to take command of the Army of tbe Potomac-
It requires sterliug courago for a
considerute man to assume this comma ud
under the citcumslouccs of the cuso, for be
must know tbut his future balances iu a
doubtful tcale. If be proves equal to the
emergency, then bis name will bo writtcu
high upou tho pillar ot a nations tame, tor
upon him, now, more than any other man
bangs our nation's welfare. ., If be fails to
meet the expectations of his country and
proves inadequate to the exigency, bis star
will set iu tmpci'ciraoie gloom, as have
those of his predecessors. . .
While we have found for General Me auk,
good peisonul mid military antecedents, we
are furnished with an iudex to his political
opinions auu diameter. luit.n, ie oi u
type well cmeuiuieu to inspire couuueuce
iu all except nose wno giory in moir at
tachment to the Copperhead persuasion
Ho is a thoiough and uncompromising Ui -ion
mau who muds by the iutegrity of the
Government. Ue was invited to attend a
mass meeting iu the city of New York, iu
ipril lust to give on impetus to- the Luiou
Leuguo movenieut, and Doing in command
of the army co ps, and uuablo .to attend,
he wrote a latter expressing bis regrets,
and giving the mooting wairu assurances of
syinputhy and cordial attachment for the
principles of the organization. His letter
closes tilts: .
My views, which you ask for, are very brief
nJ simnle. They are, that it :s, and should
be, the uDuouutcd auu unncsuauug amy oi
every citizen of the republic ta give hta whole
euergius, aud to contribute all (be meaus iu his
power, to tlio ueiurniiueu prosecu'ioo ui tuu
war, until the integrity of the government is re
established, and its supremacy acknowledged.
Deprecating, as useless, all discussion as lo the
muse of the war, the fact of its existonce, and
tbe necessity ror its continuance, snouiu alone
occupy us. For its successful prosecution and
tftrmiualion. I am clearly of lha opinion there
is ouly required uuion and harmony among our
t at vps. aud tbe bringing to bear tneu aud means
proportionate to the power aud resourees of
For the dutdoso of securing- union ana bar-
mnnv I kuow of oo means better calculated
than the organisation of your National Loyal
League. Its board aud simple platform is ooe
la which citizens of all parties can readily sub
scribe ; aud 1 bave no doubt it effect will be
most salutary iu proving lo those wuo are iu
arms to subvert the government, that whatever
differences of opiuiou may exist on minor
points, upon tbe main point of there being but
one government aad ooe flag, we are determined
' We bespeak for Gen. Miadb a full mea
sure of charity, until be shall be able to
demonstrate his fitness or unfitness for tbe
duties now devolved upon bim. If be is
aa able soldier, it will appear as occasion
shall cat forth an exercise ot bis capacities,
It is gratifying to notice tbat iiott psper
which bave devoted themselves to tbe most
bitter assaults npoi bis predecessors, Hook
er, , Pope and Burnside, speak of Gen.
Meade with a candid kind ,nnd courteous
consideration, which angurs a more cordial
s ipport than . attended them daring their
terms of service at the head of the Army
of tbo Potomac, With the fervent hope
that Gen. Meade moy prove the right man
in tho right place, we leave him to work
out his own salvation, not with Tear, but
with indomitable conrage. .,-
From the New York Evening Post.
There is but one alternative in the ctso
cither the North and Sooth must - sepa
rate, or the single came of all their pust
nnd present calamities tuiiH bo removed.
But n peaceful separation is utterly imprac
ticable A thousand causes, geographical,
othonological, comine-cial, and 'moral,' de
termine and devote to this continent lo
political unity. If tho people of it have
not been able to live in peace u :der the
sacred and intimato bonds of constitutional
obligation, will they live in peace (the fianiH
causes "of -division remaining) under the
looser ties of mere treaty obligations ? If
with a common language, common : tra
Irion','' common institutions, nnd mii"
vorsul Interchange of social intercourse,
and of trade, uc have fallen out bow
shnll wo agree when other national' re
membrances and aims, other institution,
other laws, social exclusion nnd commercial
restrictions shall prevail : Europe, broken
into distinct nationalities, has scarcely seen
for eighteen centuries a single half'ccniiiry
of peace." Shall we fare better ? i No ;
disunion, If it were possible, would be cure
loss, endless war. . ' -.! i
What, then, of tbo Oliver branch of the
alternative the removal of tho causo of
our trouble, the extinction of slavery ;
Should it not be tried ; The slave stales
by revolting againU the authority of the
national government, by orgnniwug hostile
armies, by fighting battles und by inviting
the nid of foreign monnrchs to destroy, the
republic, have assumed a belligerent atti
tude which places them in tho pjsiton of
public enemies. They arc nmcnablo to all
the rules and penalties of the international
law of belligerents. Uuder that code wc
have a right to confiscate tbiir slaves as
property, os rapidly as our armies occupy
their territory, or to accept of the servicoi
of their slaves as allies. Without doing
violence to lha constitution of the country,
without infringing an iota or title of its
provisions for a state ofpouci, wo m.iy cx
crt the transcendent prerogative of war.
It would seem as if the Divine Providence,
in very pity of our political disabilities, had
cast iiDon ns this military potency. Wc
asked- and commanded to fulfil our native
destiuy by making real tbat glorious idea,
of human freedom with which we began.
Our young republic, heretofore liko Milton's
lawrrv Ikii. pawing to get tree ins niiiaer
parts, may yet break his bonds, ant ram
pant shake his brindled mane. Then, dis
enthralled, homogeneous, nnited, instinct
with a new life aud energy aud goodness,
she would become, iu fae., what sho once
wa, and still is, iu aspiration, the home ol
truly democratic institutions ; the nurse of
ever just and generous policy, domestic and
international the asylum of tho earth's op
pressed ; the hope and model of mankind,
to which the heroes of the old world, in
their stern struggles for larger light and
liberty, would turn for solace, and states
men, in their boldest schemes of human
grandeur, look for guidance.
"Not a Man For a Dollar."
Let all Democratic processions have pain
ted upon their Vullandighum banners du
ring tbe coming campaign, tbe words, "Not
A MAN- NOR A DOLLAR FOR THE ARMY OR
Navy." They are tho words of tbeir lea
der the man whom they have pluced at
tho head of their ticket as their choice for
Governor. In his speech at the Cooper
Institute. New' York, on the 20th of Sep
tember, 1862, he said "If any ono or
more of the States of this Uuion should, at
any time, secede for reasons of the suf
ficiency any justice of which before Gjd
aud tho tribunal of History, they alone
may judge much as I should deplore it,
I never would, as a Representative in the
Congress of tho United States, vote one
dollar of money, whereby one drop of Amer
ican blood should be sued in n civil war."
And in a subsequent published card he
sayis; "I now deliberately repeat aud re-
.:; , . .i... i .i t. t
urn I'm u, . I tlio aoovei rt'soivcu, muugu a
laud uloue, though all others yield und
full away, to mako it good to tho lust mo
ment of my lifu" ;..
I his i tho man whom tuo patriotic nnu
sodicr loving Dumocracy would place in, a
position from which bo could have com
mand aiut toairoi oi me ixicscyo voiuu
leers. Ho boasts that ho never voted to
pay tbem a ceut of all their hard earned
wages, nnd yet the jJcmocrucy would moho
him Govcruor, in which positon, if ho lived
up to his professions, he might prevent
mauy a poor widow or ucpcnueui mowiei
from receiving the scauty moans of keeping
body aud soul together, Ironi Itie soldier
prop of the family. No wonder tho atldieis
abhor him aud the wives aud mothers of
soldier, despise bim. , .;.
If those Vallandigham f-eace preachers
and rebellion sympathizers who hang about
the cornors of the streets eudeavortng to
poison tbe mind ofevoy listener ogainst
the goterBmeut, carpiug at Us policy ana
impuning Its motives but proposing uoth
lug for the salvation or the country, could
sea the loyal men as they escape from Ten
nessee, makiug tbeir way at Dight , Irom
their native State,--through wood. and
brake, over mountain and river, leaving
their families and all their earthly goods
behind them, bringing nothing but tbeir
trusty rifles and stout hearts, clothed in
rags, and with reeking, undressed wounds,
received while escaping from their homes
bunted by bloodhounds and demons worse
than bloodhounds hear tbeir talas of mur
der aud rapine, tbey would either renouoca
their craveo faitb, or cast off Iheir bettar
pail of man aod stand forth despised by
tbemieWei and all civilised mankind.
"Not a Man For a Dollar." A Rich Seene and a Warning to Women
"Not a Man For a Dollar." A Rich Seene and a Warning to Women Who Wear Short Hair.
We yesterday heard of a serio-comic Incl
dent whieh occarerj not it bnndrpd miles
from here, that must hare been decidedly
InMreMing to the parties concerned, and
should prove a valuable story for the ueru-
..I t Inm Ih. 1. .. ..1 . .. .1 rni f ' -
ui juniuiio uusuniiua. a ue tacts given
are ns follows: 1 v - ' "'
One of our most respectable citizens, who
is blessed with, tbo prettiest - nnd best of
wives, and one little "responsibility," had
been absent from home for some dy.
ins sponse during his absence hod dischsrg
el the servant girl and employed in her
piace inn wue oi a soldier who had just re-
uniiuu irom uie war. ine little woman
being lonely in her liushnnd's absence, had
induced the soldier's wife to share her bed
with hor. On the night the loving hus
band returned, the woman had before re
tiring been engaged in rcpniring her Soger
man's cont, und had carelessly thrown it
ndon a chnir in the sitting room. Tho anx
ious husband returned about 12 o'clock
and admitted himself with Ids night key,
found everything quiet nnd noiselessly
struck a light, when the' first thing that at
trnclud his attention was this soldier coat
opoti tho chnir near his wife's bedroom
Instonlly .ihe green eyed monger seized
him, nnd stealthily throwing the light up
on Ihe bed, io saw his wife reposing on tho
sumc pillow with fa mnsculiiio appearing
person. Tho woman who was with her"
wearing her Imir shingled, nnd being coarso
featured. He whs Tor a moment trans
fixed with rngo, bnt soon determined ' to
wreak- the direst rehgennce upon the sup
posed iguilty parr, ' Heisoon 'proenred a
deadly weapon and wHh murder In his eye
advanced toward tho Bleeping couple. ' At
lh!s juncture the soldier's wife" awoke, and
seeing tire lo her strange man approach
ing with savage aspect jumped Irom the
bed with a scream, made a dash for a clos
et where she was for a moment safe. This
of courso awoke the wife. - Her attempts
to learn whut the trouble was, were ftuit
less. The enraged hnsbaud would not lis
ten. He rushed to the closet and dragged
forth tho trembling-woman from her hid
ing place. Upon bringing her to (he light
and discovering her sex, Ihe scene raav well
be imagined, but we shnll not undertake to
describe it. Elmira Press. :
The following paragraphs are from n
speech delivered by tho celebrated John B.
Gough : 1
In walking through ono of your hospi
tals, yesterday, nud standiug np to speak to
those men, I was completely unmanned.
My voice quivered, my eyes were filled
with tears and my heart throbbed almost
to bursting. For some lime I was unable
to npeak. Oh, they are heroes! I tell yon
when 1 look at a man who gives his life
for his country, I look nt a true patriot. 1
honor such a man ; aye, with the profound
est honor. The United States uniform.
however ragged and it It is ragged it is
more influential is at once a passport to
my heart. I tell you, my friends, 1 tbaok
God I live today, though it is a day of
darkness, a doy of blood, a d-iy of war ;
and when 2 pass through tire-country and
at every station see long boxes lifted out,
station after station, weeping friends ready
to take away the body, covered with the
Hug of our country, to bury it in tbe home
sepulchre, my heart is said ; but over the
graves of these brave heroes wc will erect
a monument to tell men how they died,
where they died, and for what they died,
and there is a generation that will come
to stand with heads uncovered,, by the
graves of the dead soldiers in tbo campaign
in ibis day.
Tub Character or a Genii.euav. The
power which, tbe hnsbaud bis over tbe
wife, in which he may include tbe impunity
with which he may bo nnkind to her; the
father over his pupils; tho old .over tbe
young; and tbe young over the aged; the
strong over the weak, tbe officer i over hU
men; tbe master of a vessel over his hands;
the magistrate over the citizens; the employ
er over, tbe employed ; the rich over tho
poor; the educated over the unlettered; the
experienced over ibe confiding; the keeper
of a secret over him whom it touches; the
gifted over the ordinary man ; tbo clever
over the Billy; the forbearing and inoffen
sive use of all tbe power or authority, or a
total abstinence from it where tbe case
admits of it, will show them in a plain
light. The gcnllemun docs not needlessly
and unceasingly remind nn offender of a
wrong he may have committed against him.
He can not ouly forgive but he can forget.
He will never uee the power which the
knowledge of an offense, a false step, or au
unfortunate exposure gives bim, merely to
tiij'iy tho power of humiliating his 'neigh
bor. A true mau of honor feels hnmbled
himself when he caniiot help bumbling
others.- Dr. Licber. -
Fun at Home.
Don't bo afraid of a littlo fun at ' home,
good people I Don't shut your bouse lost
tho sii'i should fade your carpets ; and your
beans lest a'hearty laugh shake down' some
of the musty old cobwebs there ! If you
want to rnni your sons',' let them think that
all mirth and social enjoyment must bo left
ou the threshhold without, wneo tney come
home at pight. ",' When once a home is re
garded as only a place to eat, drink,' and
slcrp in, the work is begun that ends' io
eambliurr houses and reckless degradation.
Younir people must have fun and relaxation
somewhere ; if they do not find it at their
own tearthstones, it will be sought at other
and less profitable places. Therefore, let
the 0-e burn brightly at ' utglit, and ' make
the homestead delightful with all those
little arts that pareuis so perfectly under
stand. Dou't repress the buoyant spirits
of your children' ; half an hour of merriment
rouutl the lamp and firelight of home blots
out the remembrance of many a care and
annoyanee during tbe day, ana ino oesi
safeguard tbey can t wuuiuu lura ms
world Is the innueuc ui a uuftu
domestic sanctum. '.''..
Monarchy the Ohjce of the Rebels.
Jbs intenliou ot tbe seceders to, found
the Confederacy upon slavery. as a oror
atone. was dlsllLOliy , let lorto ov its tue
President,?: Slayery qpgta moBarcoy,(.Du.
it Is ouly lately vm rebeU .ppanty ae
.mIhIm that tbev Intend to establish
distinct monarchy, fasbiootd after that of
the old world. A latt number of the RicH-
mond Examiner has tha following atro
"Tbe establishment of the Confedercy 1
verily a distinct reaction against tha who!
course etiint mistaken eivtiizatwn cflh age.
For "Liberty, , Equality, Fraternity " n
hart deliberate substituted Slavery, Sea
ordixatios, and Government. Those
docial und political problems which rack
and torture modern society we'have.nndar
taken to solve ourselves, io our own way,
and upon our own principles. That "among
rquality is right ;" among those who are
naturally oneqnal, equality is chaoj; that
there art tlatt raut born to urtt, mu
ter races lorn to govern. Such are tha fan
damcnto! principles which we inherit from
the ancient world, which wt lifttd tin in
the fauof a pervtrst generation that Aat
forgotten the wisdom of its fathers; by those
principles we live, and in their defense w
have shown ourselves ready to dfe.' Rev
eren'.ly we .'feel that our Confederacy it 'a.
God sent- missionary to tht nations, with-
great truths to preach. Wa must . Speak
them boldly, aud whoso hath car to heac
let him hear.'". . ..: , ... t .. ...;.!-.,'!
There can be no misunderstanding , of
this languoge or tbe motives which-credit
it.' The object of the Sonthern Iparlnm in
to enslave all labor, while aS well as black,
and their cruay dream, is the re-establish.-roentof
the old feudal state of empire- wttlV
tho simple distinctions of baron aad ot
6erf. The poor craven creatures who are
crying our for: peace,.' bad better bethink
A Paragraph on Mules.
If you want to try tbe calibre of a man's
profunity, get him to ride a mole, and lis
ten attentively to tbe remarks be addresses
to tho animal, wbea, u is sore to occur be
fore the close of the trip, a diviiion of senti
ment "prices on between tha two aa to
which is the proper road to travel. Even
chaplains havo been known to utter small
" damns" under such trying circumstances.
If the reader wauts to render implicit obe
dience to the second commandment, my ad
vice to him if, to keep out of such sera pes
as l got into-on tbo battle field of Cham
pion Hill, which was as follows : My horse
giving decided evidences of physical ex
haustion, I borrowed a male to drive along;
the lines. We (the mule and I) were
traveling toward the left, in the immedialo
r;ar of Hovey's division, then fighting des
perately lor mo ground on which it stood.
Pretty soon llovey bad to fall back. I
tried to indicate to my loon-eared steed
that I wished to do the-same, but heroviuced
a stubborn disposition to advance instead
of retreat. I pulled first one relo and then
tho other, but tho mule wouldn't stir. I
spurred the nnim-al, but it only made him
kick, and I was obliged to desist,' in pros
pect of being lert on the roadside. The
rebels were advancing were already with
in rifle range and tbe bullets were whist
ling ia pursuit of oar men, not of mc, I
thought, for they surely would not hit t
non combatant. And still the molo would
not turn back. I pulled again on the reins
with all my might, but the wayward ani
mal only backed himself op against a tree
in repponse, and resolutelv refused to fall
back. If 1 had had a rat-tail file I should
bave spiked aod abandoned him. lie theu
commenced an unearthly bawl, which I In
terpreted as my funeral dirge, aod which,
would undoubtedly bave proven so, had I
not dismounted and led him to the rear, ar
riving there just in time to save myself. I
nave studiously avoided mules ever since..
and intend to do so for three years, or dott
ing the war. Reader, if you don't want aa
incentive to swearing, don't ride a male.
vuksbwg Correspondence. ,
Aidiso Rebel Prisoners. A few day
since a First Lienteuant of Spears batter.
tbe 15th Ohio, by tbe name of Burdiok. ack-
ed the guard at Ihe Irvin Block prison the
privilege or visiting the rebel prisoners.
the guard aeeing bis instgna ol rank allow
ed bim to do what be required. Shortly
after his being admitted tbe real object -of
the lienteuant was discovered to be a desire
to give aid and comfort to the enemy, that
is if what he bad given tbe prisoner was
the pure stnff. - It seems tbat Lieutenant
B. bad purchased of a druggist a bottle of
whisky for medicinal purposes, and finding
rebel ailing concluded to abaudon bit
shoulder straps for a few minutes and turu
modical practitioner. The rebetof coarse
took the rcmody, and taking it for granted
it was good for 'prison aches' admlntstmd
tremendous dose, and while io tbe act
tbe guard discovered the favoritism; and
in ascertaining tho facts took tbe would be
M. v. into custody. Lieutenant B. report
ed himself to Gen. Lauman under arrest
. - - - - ! , ' .!
Pleasant HEDrELLOwa-rrA diary ofs
prisoner ,of war contains the following sugr
gestivo incident: ."Becoming dro'rsy I bor
rowed a blanket, went into the dopot, and
Gliding a vacaut place between two pros
trate forms, dropped down to rest, aud was
soon lost in forgetfulncst. I have nor
knowledge of bow long I clept, but getting
cold, I partially awoke, and buucuiug ray
right band partoer, requested bim lo roll
over aod spoon, i Ue made no reply, ana
giving bim a tremendous lb map, I again
besouifUt him to spoon, but it was no sro,
Turning oo my other side J shook my oth
er bedfellow aod made tbe same jreqoesv.
lie too paid oo bead to my desire. , Exas
perated at what I coosidored bis anaeoom
odalinu spirit, I dolermioed to bring mate
ten to a onus. . urawiug op my ieu leg,
I trave hint a most unmerciful kick, but ho
was as , immovable as tbe rock of ages. I
was uow inorougniy awaae. slumping pp.
turned down tha blankets, first JM ono
and then on the other, aod by the dim Bra
light beheld ou either hand a corpse. nyt
nap was finished. , In tha morulug I lear
ned that they were Robol daad brought 1
dowu from Marfreesboro for barlaj at Cuet-
anooga, , ; ;,,,',. . . ...
Said a gallant Teonessee officer to at tha
other day; "I em slavsholdar, aud a
pro slavery man; tl, believe una lusiiieaion
is right, but if it be oocesiary to destroy i
to sustain tbe Government, let it be (Us- .
troyed i and more than this, I am ia Iavor
of arming the slaves of tbe rebels, and
fighting lbs devil with fire." We have art
doubt tbat nloety-Dioe out of every hooirf
loyal Tetnetieans entertain the earn
aod fIuS.--JViAi,irV Anion,