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Poetry. HYMN---For the First of August.
Poetry. HYMN---For the First of August. AIR-Bonny Doon.
O, holj- Father! jiiFt nnd true
Arc all thy works, anil words, and ways,
And untntiiee nlono are due
'1 hanksgiving nnd eternal praise.
As children of Thy gracious cure.
We veil the eye wo bend tlie knee,
With broken words of praise nnrl prayer,
father and (Jod, we coinetoTlieu.
I'or thou hast henrd, O God of right,
The kieliing of the islnnd slave.
And stretched for liiin the nrm of might,
Not shortened tlint it conld not save.
Tin! luborer situ beneath lua vine,
The shackled soul nnd hand are free
Thanksgiving. for the work i8 Thine
Praise, for the blessing is of Theo.
Ami, oh, we foci thy pretence hpre
Thyawful arm in judgment bare!
'i'hine eye hath Keen the bondman's tear
'1 hme enr hnth henrd the bondman's prayer.
Praise, fur tho priila of man is low.
The counsels of the wise are nought,
The fountains of repentance flow;
What hath our God in mercy wrought!
Speed on thy work, Lord God of hosts,
And when the bondman's chnin is riven,
And swell from nil our guilty coast
The anthem of the free to heaven.
Oh. not to those, whom Thou hast led,
As w ith thy cloud and firo before,
lint unto Thee, in fear nnd dread,
Ue praiso and glory over more!
We have altered the chorus of the following song by J.
D. Robinson so as better to suit the time
We Go for Dissolution.
Wo are coming, we are coming, freedom's battle ia begun,
No Kami shrill furl her hannnrere hor victory be won!
Our thields are locked for liberty, nnd mercy goes botiire:
Tyrants, tremble in your citadel, oppression shall be o'er.
W'a go fir Dissolution,
We go for Dissolution.
And "No union with slaveholders,"
Shall ring throughout the land.
"We hnve hatred .dark and deen.f ir the fetter and the thong;
Y bring light for prisoned spirits, for the captive's wail a
We are coming, we are coming, and, "No league with ty
Is emblazoned on our banner, while Jehovah leads the van.
We go for Dissolution, c.
"We aro coming, we are coming, but we wield no battle
brand: in our hand,
e are armed with truth and justice, with God's charter
And our voice which swells for freedom freedom now and
Shall be heard ns ocean's thunders, when they burst upon
Wegofor Dissolution, Sfc.
Uo patient. O. be patient, ye suffering ones of earth,
Pemed a glorious heritage our common right by birth;
With fettered limbs and spirits; your battle shall ba won,
O, be patient we are coming, sutler on, suffer on.
IVc go for Dissolution, )yc.
We aro coming, wo aro coming; not as comes tho tem
When the frown of desolation sits brooding o'er Its path;
Ilut with mercy, such as leaves his holy signet-light uoon
The air in lambent beauty, when the darkened storm is
We go for Dissolution, 4'C
O, be patient in your misery; he mute in your despair;
While your chains are grinding deeper, there 's a voice
upon the air;
Ye shall feel its potent echoes, ye shall hear its lovely
'We are coming, we are coming, bringing freedom to the
We go for Dissolution, e.
From the Broadway Journal.
A Commission of Lunacy.
BY HARRY FRANCO.
I was onco called to decide upnn the case of a per
son who was thought bv his friends to be insanu. He
had been sent to a mad house, and in ono of his lucid
intervals had demanded a trial of tha county judge,
and a trial was granted. A jury of six men, of whom
1 wbs one, were to decido upon his ense. He was a
healthy looking gentleman, with nothing unusual in
his appearance excepting a restlessness of his eyes,
which might not have been observed had he not been
accused of insanity. The proofs of his madness were
very clear, but he showed so much coolness and clear
thinking in his cross questioning of witnesses, that I
felt some hesitation in pronouncing him unsound of
mind. His case was a very end one, and he melted
the hearts of all who beard him w hen he appealed to
'J deny that I am insane, gentlemen,1' he said.when
Ihe judge gave him leave to speak, "but that is a mat
ter of course. No man ever thought himself insane;
iieimer can any man ever think himself so; for, hav
ing no standard of soundness but what exists in his
wn mind, he eannol be unsound to himself, though
he may be manifestly so in the mind of another. But
who shall determine what is msdness and what
is not? Ba careful, gentlemen, how you pronounce
me mad, lest to morrow I be called to pronounce you
so. The proofs that have been offered to you of my
madness are to me proofs of entire soundness of mind.
1 would be mad were 1 any thing different from what
1 have been represented. They have brought three
physicians, who ell say that I arn mad. el 1 will
compol you to admit that the madness is i.i them and
not in me. I was very sick, very sit:k, sick at heart,
for you must know that 1 have lost my Besny and my
little boy.'" IJore the unfortunate man hesitated and
seemed to lose himself entirely. -"I said that I was
sick, but it was Bessy. But it must have been rm.
Tea, I was sick, very sick, sick at heart, for my little
boy and Bessy. Bessy again. Yes, Bassy had been
ick, but now it was I. I was sick, and they irought
me a physician. He felt my pulse, he looked upon
me with his cold grey eyes, and then reached me a
tumbler half full of a nauseous liquid, which he said
would quiet me, and do me good. But all the while
I was quieter thau a rock, end colder, and harder. 1
thought that he needed the stuff more than myself, so
I caught his head between my knees, and though he
f Irugglcd hard, j et I poured it down his throat, gen
tlemen, and he was glad en.iugh to escape. Then
il.cv brought another tn me, who gave me a lill!& glo
bule of sugar, a pin's head was n cannon ball beside
it, and told me it would cure my fever. Do you blame
mo for thrusting iho nindmnn out of my chamber?
Then they brought me another, who would give tne
no medicine at all, but ordered them to swathe me in
wet sheets. Hint, too, I drove from my presence, the
lunatic. Yet these are the men who came here to
swear to my insanity. Ah, gentlemen, I om not mad,
hut I wonder that I am not. The combined powers
have token away my Bessy and my little boy, nnd I
shall ntvor, never, never suo lliem more. Never."
It was a perfectly clear case of lunacy, and a pitia
ble one. But when we retired to tho jury-rootn, one
of the jurnrs would not agree with the other five. lie
strr-tclied himself upon a bench, threw a handkerchief
over his head, and requested us to waka him when
wo had come over to Ins way of thinking. For my
self, I was not disposed to he bullied nut of my opini
on, so I ton lay down upon a bench, determined not to
vicld an inch of my right to think for myself, and in a
few minutes full fust asleep; but I had belter have kept
awtilie, fur tho moment that my eyelids fall, I hud to
perform the part of a juror again.
It was the same iil-lighted room, the same dull judge
who si?pt through half Ibj trial, the same clownish
spectators, the sumo every thing, except Ihe defendant
who yet seemed to la the samu person in a different
He was a go'id linking youth, indeed, I have never
seen a finer; his dark chestnut hair and sandy henrd
wero equal to a patent of nobility, for they proclaim
ed his S.ixnn blood, and proved him of a race thai
came upon tho earth to conquer it. II is eyes were
grey and his complexion fair. But, poor man! he
was out of bis mind. II is father was a merchant, and
ha wept wh'le he gave evidence to his son's insanity.
He, thown, would wear his beard, ami this was the
proof of his madness. In spite of the jeers, the sneers,
and tho laughter of the world, ho would let his beard
grow as nature intended. Poor fellow! We nil piti
td him. Sj intelligent, so gentle in his manners, so
hiippy circumstanced, mid yet mad! He had the har
dihood to declare in open court, that he saw no reason
why he should deprive his face of ihe covering which
Uoil had put upon it.
"N reason," cried his mother, "O, my son, does
not your father shuvn, your brother, all the world
shave but yourself? No reason for shaving? Olmy
"True," replied the unfortunate youth, as ho stro
ked his beard with ineffable content, "irue, but they
aro all mad or they would not. I nued my beard to
protect my face and throat from the wet and cold. It
holps lo hide the sharp angles of my jws, it makes
makes mo mure comely, adds to my strength, and
keeps me in health. Do I not look mora like a man
than my father, with his smooth, pale face, who has
nothing but his clothes to distinguish him from a wo
man? Look at him, he has scraped all the hair off
his chin, and placed another man's hair on his head !
Beautiful consistency. To shave his chin and put
false hair on his head! What a mad outrage upon
nature. Hair is not always necessary to the head,
for it often falls offas we grow old, but it nover drops
I rom tne cum. j appeal lo this honorable court "
"Silence!" cried the honorable court, who at that
moment woke up.
"Justice never sleeps, excepting on the bench," ob
served the youih in a low voice.
"Go on," said tha honorable court, whoie business.
when out of court, was horse dealing, which filled him
in an eminent degree lor ihe responsibilities of his of
"I appeal to the honorable court," continued the in
sane youih, "I appeal lo ynu, gentlemen of the jury,
and I would, if it wero permitted, appeal to these fair
ladies , (there were several old gossips in the room,) lo
say wnetner i am not more sane than my father."
"I can 't allow such audacious remarks as those in
this p'aco," said ihe honorable court, rising and wi
ping his honorable lace with a dingy handkerchief.
"This thing must not prooeed any further. I don't
know, gentlemen of the jury, as 1 have ever been more
seriously affected in my nfe, than I have been by ibis
"Probably not," said the maniac.
"The rourt will allow no interruption from no one,"
said the honorable court, fixing its dreadfully stern
eyes on the madmun, and stretching out its stumpy
fore finger in a threatening manner. "My heart has
been melted by Ihe scene we have witnessed."
"A very little heat will melt ioe," said the mad
"My feelings is too much hurt for ne lo prcoead,"
continued the honorablo court. "I resign the esse in
to your hands, gentlemen uf the jury, only remarking
that the young mun is mad, and so you must give in
The poor youth was immediately put into a strait
jackel and dragged away, yet he still seemed to stand
u 1 1 in haa I... I . - I . .
uo,, uui uis aJBuruncs was cnangea. He wore
abroad-brimmed hat made of oaten straw, a linen
blouse which reached below his knees, and a shirt of
snowy whiteness open at the Ihroat, so that his manly
neck was fully exposed. His complexioG was brown,
his eye clear and bright, his laughing mouth display
cd teeth of a pearly lustre, and he appeared lo receive
ereal pleasure in snuffing the fragrance of a bunch of
field flowers which he held in his hand. I thought, as
I looked at him, that I had never seen a youth who
bore so mony matksof unequivocal soundness ofmind
and body, But he was mad, notwithstanding all. His
own father wns the first witness examined. Pnnr nlH
man! he could hardly articulate the words which a
sense of duty towards his child compelled him lo utter.
'Nothing but a hope thai judicious medical treat
ment may restore my son to his senses, could induce
me lo this dreadful alternative," said Ihe old man af
ter he had been sworn. "My poor son has been afflic
led with his disorder for two years. We have tried
all geiulo means to cure him, but he grows worso and
worse. The proofs of his madness are so elarimr Inat
be cannot be kept from ihe mad house. He is uow in
his twenty-fifth year; he has had a good eduction,
the best that money cojld procure; he baa made the
tour of Europe; he has bad all the advantages which
my extensive busines connections could give him, end
yet, gentlomen, regardless of my wishes, and bis own
welfare, he has married a poor young woman, and
gone to bury his (plendid accomplishments on n farm.
Is it not dreadful, gentlemen, to witness such n sacri
fice? I offered him a share in my business, I propo
sed to establish him in a splendid distillery, but such
wns the poor creatine's derangement of intellect, that
even this brilliant offer could not drnw him from the
obscurity of the nojnlry. Look at his dress, cenile
men; if the court please, is not that prima facie evi-
ucui u in ins insanity r
The court thought it was. but would not eivo n de.
cided opinion without first looking into somebody's re-
"Look 8t him, gentlemen, would snv body believe
he was iho son of a rich merchant? That disgraceful
blouse, like a rommon laborer's. That coarse straw
hat! O, gentlemen, pardon a father's weaknesi! 1
can say r.o more. '
Ihe mother of the insane man appeared next, but
her distress was too great to admit of her giving her
evidence in a straight forward manner.
She believed her son loberrazy. Had first sus
pected it on his return from Pun?, on account of his
plnin clothes; he hnd left offroffee and ten, nnd drank
nothing but rold water; he talked strangely about Ihe
country; quite unlike her other children, who were
fond of style, nnd lived respectable; insanity not pecu
Imr to the family; was not influenced by her husband;
had seen hur son laugh with the roarhmap; had op
posed bis marriage; thojght it a decided proof of in
sanity tu marry out of one's own circle; had been the
first to proposo sending her son lo the insane retreat.
After the witnesses delivered I lie i r tcs'imoiiv, the
court told Iho maniac that be might address the jury.
"I have nothing lo say in regard to the testimony,"
said tho youth, "but that it is all true. I prefer the
sweets ol a country liTe to the bitter toils o( business
I ha ve a wife whom I love; she brought mo no fortune,
it is true, bul'sha helps me daily in earn ono. I have
a little farm which yields more than I need; I have
good health, n quiet conscience, and two lovely chil
drcn whose minds nnd bodies I am striving to rear in
conformity with the dictates of niiluro. For these I
prefer a mndcrato lortune in the country to an immod
erate ono in tho city. Besides, I Icok upon the judg
ment pronounced upon Adam in the light of a coin
ennnd, and I wns never happy till tho sweat of my own
brow seasoned my daily food."
The jury pronounced him mad without leaving their
"A righteous wordick!"said the honorable court.
Hd was led from the court room, and yet he still
stood there, such are Ihe inconsistencies of dreams.
Ho was now dressed in rusty clothes; bis counte
nance was subdued by thought; he was unhappy, but
not uneasy; his eyes were cast down, his lips wore
more closely pressed together, nnd t'le vigorous look
of youth wns changed for a gravity of demeanor that
sat upon him well, though it seemed too grave for his
years. There was literally a cloud of witnesses to
his insanity. He had been henrd to pity a condemn
ed felon; he had said irreverent things of the law; he
had spoken against ihe clergy; he had abufed physic;
ha hnd given his money to vagabonds; he laughed at
the fashions; he had cried at a wedding; ho was op
posed lo war; he hnd been struck without reluming the
blow; he had pitied a slaveholder; he had but
the jury would hear no more. They pronounced him
mad with one voice. All Bedlam seemed now broken
loobe. No sooner was one maniac pronounced upon
than anoiher occupied tha stand. The obscure little
court room began to look like Ihe ante-room of Iho rew
olutionary tribunal. To expedite business, a whole
lot of maniacs were put up together and judged in a
One was a young girl of eighteen who had married
her father's poor clerk whom she loved, when she
might have married her father's rich partner, whose
money her friends loved; a W0 street broker who
who hnd refused usury on a note; a grocer who hud
recommended a customer not to buy his 6ugor bo
cause he could buv cheaper elsewhere; a man who
corrected a postoflice error when his letier had been
undercharged; a political orator who had refused an
office because he did nol think himself entitled lo one;
a lawyer who refuged to advocate the cause of a rogue
on the pretence of conscientious scruples; a critic
who doomed his own infallibility; a lieulenant of ma
rines who gave up his commission and earned his
broad by his own labor; an editor of a newspaper
who had never called names; an English traveler with
out national prejudices; a midshipman who had nev
er damned the service; an artist who painted from na
ture; an author who was satisfiid with a review of
his book; a young lady who was offended at being told
she was pretty; a poet who considered himself infe
rior lo Shakspeare. These were all pronounced mad
Li lit the noise of ihoir removal awoke me, and finding
that the other jurors hnd gone over to the one who was
lor rendering u verdict of nol insane, I too, instructed
by my dream, concluded to coincide with them, lest I
should establish a precedent by which I might at some
lu'.ure day be pronounced mad myself.
From Catlin's Work on the Indians.
Anecdote of Catlin and his horse, Charley.
"On this journey, while he and I were twenty five
days alone, we had much time, and Ihe best of cir
cumstances, under which to learn what we had as yet
everlooked in each other's characters, as well as to
draw great pleasure and real benefit from what we
already had learned of each other in our former
"I generally baited on iho bank of some little
stream, at half an hour of sunsel, where feed was
good for Charley, and where I could get wood to kin
dle my lire, and watsr for my coffee. The first thing
was to undress 'Charley,1 and drive down his pickot,
to which ha was fastened, (o graze over a circle lhat
he could describe at the end of his lasso. In this
wise he busilv fed himself until nightfall; and after
my coffee was made and drank, 1 uniformly moved
him up, with his picket by my head so lhat I could lay
my hand upon his lasso in an instant, in case of any
alarm that was liable to drive him frcm me. On one
of these evenings, when he was grazing as usual, be
slipped ibe lasso over his bead, and deliberately look
his supper at his pleasure, wherever he chose to pre
fer it, as he was -Tolling around. When night ap
proached, I look tho lusro in hi.nJ unl endeavored la
eaten him, but I soon saw lhat he was determined lo
enjoy a liula freedom; and he continually evaded me
until dark, when I abandoned the pursuit, mnking up
my mind that I should inevitably I. so him, end bo
obliged lo perform the rest of my j urney on fool.
He had led me a chose of half a mile or mure, when
I left him busily grazing, and returned lo my little
bivouac, and laid myself on my bear skin and went
"In the middle of ihe night I waked; while I wn
lyin,j on my back, and on half opening my eyes, I
was instantly shocked in the soul, bv ihe hugu figuru
(as I thought.) of en Indian slanding over me, ot.d in
the very instant of taking my scalp! The chill of
horror that paralyzoJ me fur the moment, held mo
still, till I saw there was no need of my moving that
my faithful horse 'Charley' had 'playid Bhy' till ha
had 'filled his hellv.' end had then moved up, from
feelings of pure affection, or Iroin ins'inctive fear, or
possibly fmrn a due share of both, and taken hi
position, with his forefeet at tho eilgo of rny bed,
with his bead hanging directly over m , while ho waj
standing fart asleep!
"My nerves, which hid'been most violently shock
ed, wi re soon quisled, and I fell asleep, and so con
limitd until sunrise in tha morning; when I waked,
and behold my faiihful servant at some considerable
dis!ance, busily at work nicking up his breokfist
amongst the cane-brake, along llu bonk of the cm.-lr.
I went as busily to woik, preparing my own, which
wns eaten; nud after it. 1 had another hnlf-nour of
fruitless endeavors In caich Charley, whiUt he seem
ed mindful of sucetss on the eveuing before, and con
tinually tantalized mo by turning around nnd around,
and keeping out of my reach. I recollected the con
clusive cvidonce of his attachment nnd dependence,
which be had vnlutarilv given in the night, and I
thought I would try them in another way; so I pack
ed up my ihings, and slung the saddlo on my back,
trailing my gun in mv hand, and started on my route.
After I had advanced a quarter of a mile, 1 lockul
back, and sow him stai.ding with his head and tail
very high, looking alternately at mo and it the spot
where I hnd been encamped, and left a little fire burn
ing. In this condition he stood ond surveyed the pra
iries around for a hile, as I continued on. Ilo tit
length walked with' a huniedatep lo the spot, Ai see
ing every thing gone, began lo neigh very violently;
und at last started t.fT at the fullest speed, and over
look tne, passing within a few paces of tne, ami
wheeling about at a fow rods distance in fiont of me,
trembling Ike an aspen leaf.
"I called him by his familiar name, nnd waiked up
to him with the bridle in my band, which L put over
his head, as he held it down lor me; and the saddlu nil
his back, es be actually stooped lo receive it. I was
soon arranged, and on his back, when he started i IF
upon his course, as if lie was well contented ami
pleased, like his rider, with the maroeuvre whic h
had brought us together again, and bflurdrd us mu:u
al relief from our awkward position. Though this
alarming frenk of Charley's passed off and termina
ted so satisfactorily, yell thought such rather dan
gorous ones tn play; nod 1 look good core after that
night to keep him under my sinct authority; resolving
lo avoid further tricks nnd experirm nis, till we got to
the land of cultivated fields and klcady habits."
Thomas a Eecket. "Thomas a B.-ckct may have
inherited a romantic luro. of mind from bis n other,
w hose storv is a singular one. His faiher, Gilbert
Becket, a fljurishing citizen, had been in his youth a
soldier in tho crusade, and being taken prisoner, be
came slave to an errtir, or Saracen prince. By de
gress ho obtained the cor.fi tence of his master, Bnd wtm
admitted lo bis company, where he met a person whu
became more nitnehed to him. 1 his was tno emir s
daughter. Whether by hor means or not does not ap
pear, but after sometime he contrived lo e6cnpe. Too
lady with hur loving heart followed him. She knew,
they say, but two words ef bis language. London and
Gilbert, and by repeating the former, she obtained u
passage in a vestal, arrived in England Bnd found her
trusting way lo tho metropolis. She Ihen loi.k to her
other talisman and went from street lo street, pronoun
cing 'Gilbert.' A crowd collected about her wherev
er she went, asking of course a thousand questions,
and loall she bad but one answer 'Gilbert! 'Gilbert!'
She'found tier, faith in it sufficient. Chance, or her
determination lo go through every street, brought her
at Inst to tho one m which he whu hod won her heart
in slavery, was living in good condition. The crowd
drew the family to Ihe window; his STvani recogni
zed her; and Gilbert a Becket look lo his armsjand his
bridal bed, his far came princess with her solitary
fond word." Leigh Hunt. '
Paint me as 1 am "Paint me as I am," said Oli
ver Cjoinwell In youn; Lely. "If you leave out thn
scars and wrinkles, I will not pay you a shilling."
Even in such a trifle Ihe great Protector showed good
6ense and magnanimity. He did not wit.h all lhat was
characteristic in his countenance, In be lust in the vain
attempt to give him the regular features and smooth
b!o iming cheeks of the curl-nated millions of James
the First. He was content that his lace should go
forth marked with all Ihe blemishes which had been
put upon il by war, by sleepless nights, by anxiety.
and perhaps by remorse, but with valor, policy, author
ity, and public care written in all its princely lines. If
mentiuly great knew their own interests, it is tbuy
they would wish their minds to be portrayed. Edin
Tobacco. One of ihe German periodicals give:
"The chief German physiologists compute, that of 20
deaths of men between 18 and 35, 10, lhat is one half,
originate in the wane of constitution by smoking.
They declare also, with much truth, that tobacco
burns out tho blood, ihe eyes and the hrain."
Tobacco "induces dyspepsia, by weakening the ner
vous energy and muscular contractility of ihe stom
ach: hence jt weakens the appetite, impairs digestion,
corrupts the blood, vitiates the secretions, produces
nervousness, palpitation of the heart, and injures iba
nice discriminating power of ibe senses, especially of
lasle and smell."
John Frost, Printer.