Proclamation of the Mexican President.
Jose Jonquin da Herrct, General of Division and
Tresident ad interim of f lie Mexican Republic, to
the citizens thereof.
Ba it known: Thai the General Congress has
decreed, and the Executive sanctioned, the follow
ing: The National Congress of the Mexican Republic
That tiie Congress of the United States of Hie
North has, by a decree, whirl) its Executive has
sanctioned, resolved to incorporate the Territory of
Tuxag with the American Union;
That this mannor of appropriating to itse If terri
tories upon which oiTier nations have rights, intro
duces a monstrous novelty, endangering the peace
of the world, and violating the sovereignty of na
tion; That this usurpation, now consummated to tho
prejudice of Mexico, has been in insidious prepara
tion for a Ions time; at the same inn that tho most
cordial friendship wag proclaimed, and that, on tho
part of this Republic, tho existing treaties between
it and those Slates were respected scrupulously and
That the said annexation of Texas to the United
States tramples on the conservative principles of so
ciety, attacks all tho rights (hat Mexico has to that
territory, is an insult to her dignity as sovereign
nation, and threatens her independence and political
That the law of the United States, in reference to
the annexation of Texas to the United Srates, docs
in no wise desttoy the rights that Mexico has, and
will enforce upon that department;
That the United Slates having trampled on the
principles which served as a basis to the treaties of
' friendship, commerce, and navigation, and more es
pecially to those of boundary fixed with precision,
even previous to 1832, they are considered os viola
ted by that nation;
And, finally, that the unjust spoliation of which
they wish to make the Mexican nation the victim,
gives her the clear right to u-e all her resources and
power to resist, to the last moment, said annexation:
IT IS DECREED:
1st. The Mexican Nation calls upon all her chil
dren to the defence of ber national independence,
threatened by the usurpation of Texas, which is in
tended to be realized by the decree of annexation
passed by the Congress, and sanctioned by the Presi
dent of the United States of the Nonh.
'2 J. In consequence, the Government will call to
arms all the forces of tho army, according to the
a tthority granted it by the existing laws; and, for the
preservation of public order, for the support of her
institutions, and, in case of necessity, to serve as a
reserve to the army; the Government, according to the
powers given it on the Oth of December, 1844, will
raise corps specified by said decree, under the name
of "Dfftndcri of the Independence and of the
President of the Deputies.
President of the Senate.
Approved, anil ordered to be printed and published.
JOSE JOAQUIN DE HERRERA.
A. D. Luis G. Gvevas.
Palace of the National Government.)
City of Mexico, June 1, 1815.
From the New Orleans Tropic, July 8th.
Mexrco. We are indebted to an esteemed fiiend
for tho following inteiesting letter from his regular
correspondent at Vera Cruz.-
Vkha Ckvz, June 24.
The Castle is in eood order: it oiminM 200 lame
guns, and has recently been re inforced by gome 500
Them Will lift S ffpr-larnlmn nf war in m fnno .lava h
ihis government against the United States. Orders
have just been received to have all the public archives
removed to Jalapa, which is six miles in the interior,
for safe keeping. This looks like making prepara
tion. The Mexicans have latelv rpnoivpf! nn addition In
their marine; three large gun boats, mounting each
one24 pounder, built in New York, well finished,
and creditable to American ship builders. They cost,
"mi mo mini,, uoc. Biiacneo, nuout $ IU.UUU each.
Letter from Harriet N. Torrey.
PARKMAN, Ohio, July 12th, 1845.
M. "Eihtob: Not being much accustomed to writing
Jur puimcation, you will pioaise to excuse my awkward
ionnner of introducing myself to the readers of the Bugle.
It is said that this is a land ef Freedom, where one can
not only sit under one's own vino and fig tree without any
to molest or to make afraid, but can also express one's
opinion upon any subject, ism or schism according to the
dictates of one's own conscience. Therefore, without
further prologue or circumlocution. I will proceed to
' make a few remarks. For Fcvural years past, the name
oi Auoy iveiicy has been associated in my oiina with cer
tain abstract ideas of a something which I could not com
prehend, connected with, and belonging to, the world's
seciaj and political position; and appertaining, in particu
lar, to a 'peculiar institution,' which is mysteriously and
inextricably incorporated into our constitution, and which
now wields an all-powerful influence in every department
of our slavery consolidated union. Rumor, with her
thousand tongues, has given as many versions to the say.
ings and doings of Miss Kelley; but those who under
stand the genuine, will find it an easy matter to detect the
spurious cuin. She has been among u; we have seen her
with our own eyes, and have hoard her with our on ears;
and the time may be nearer than w are awt re, when the
utility, and the practicability of those measures which
she so eloquently sdvocatee, will he determined by their
consummation. That she possesses n strong, original,
-comprehensive snd truth loving mind and that her opin
ions are the result of long, patient and vigorous investiga
tion, none but those who have cringed beneath her with
ering sarcasm, or who are tinged with the chameleon edge
of moral cowardice will have the temerity to dunv. For,
surely! it is a fearful thirty for s. woman to question the
wisdom of men. and to break through tho conventional
isms which confine her phyfical and intolieehial energies
within a limited and subordinate sphere, nod to stand forth
as the champion of right, and tho fcarlo-is repudiator of
wrong, in defence of the morbid current of public opinion!
And I am vet to h convinced that, a mere love of display, i
t wish to shew off tulent and elicit observation has ever
drawn a conscientious woman from the sweet endear
ments of domestic life, and given her the nerve to exclaim
against usages and institutions which common consent
has allowed to exist for aces past, in order to gratify the
cupidity of a portion of the human race. It is natural for
woman to cling to some object. Her susceptible nature
instinctively seeks something around which it can twine,
and trust with ingenuous and unabating confidence for
support, for guidance and protection. And if she finds it
not, if she finds man to be an obdurate and selfish being,
averse to the investigation of truth, and unwilling that she
should penetrate beyond the shallow depths of his own
bleared comprehension her confidence is shaken, she
finds that he has no support to give; for how can be im
part that to her. which he does not possess himself! And
when I see a woman publicly, and earnestly exclaiming
against social and political evils, a solemn sadness creeps
into my sosom; tor 1 know that there must De wrongs iu
the world, deep and bitter wrongs, which can thus sub
due the natural diffidence of her nature and call forth her
righteous indignation. Do some say, 'if there are
wronirs in the world it is the men's business to right
them!' .So it is: and that is just what I am going to
sneak about. If man would prove his own humanity, by
pleading the cause of the oppressed, there would be no
necessity fir woman to diverge from her own 'legitimate
sphere.' But, if man proves recreant to his duty, if he
has not the moral courace to assume the liverv of truth
and right, and to battle manfully for the same ought he
not to thank woman for doing it for him.instcad of deriding
her efforts in his behalf, and snoering at the zeal which
she displays in the performance of his own neglect d du
ties! Women acts promptlv and energetically from the
impulse of her own warm feelings, and her quick, yea,
almost intuitive oerceotinns of riuht and wron". while
man deliberates, weighs the policv of his opinions snd
movements with mathematics! precision, and finally in
elines the scale to the side of his largest self interest.
Philanthropy glides from his presence: for she finds a more
genial resting place amid the out-gushing sympathies o
woman. I do not include all men in the above remarks;
lor tsere are many noble executions, many redeeming spir
its whose efforts in the cause of humanity will never be
fully appreciated until the 'wheel is broken at the cis
tern.' and they 'go hence to return no more.' If my re
marks are too severe. 1 will merelv sav that thev were
called forth by the invidious observations of those narrow
minded beings who would divest woman of her intellectu
ality, and consequently rf her responsibility, and make
her a mere plaything, or domestie drudge.
HARRIET N. TORREY.
Our friend's communication is very acceptable: and al
though we sympathize with her in many of her views, yet
:n some things we d'ffcr widely We do not believe it is
man's exclusive business to redress the wrongs in the
world. If he were not recreant to the obligations which
God has laid upon him, but joyfully did all he could, wo
man's "legitimate sphere" of action, would be no less
extensive than it now is, her field of labor nowise con
tracted. Her duty depends not upon the performance or
non-performance of what man conceives to be his obliga.
tions, but she should so labor that it may be said of her,
"She hath done what she could." Woman should act as
the ancient poet spoke:
"Vooent up IJ'ica confine our powers.
Hut the whole boundless Universe is ours."
TIIE BUGLE. '"
NEW-LISBON, AUGUST 15, 1845.
'I love agitation when there ia moon for it the nlnrm.
hell which startles the inhabitants of a citv, saves them
Irnm t-eing burned in their beds."- Edmund Burke.
Transfer of the Bugle.
The Ex. Committee of the Ohio American . S. So
ciety, noon mature deliberation concluded that the inter
eats of the cause would bo betterserved by transferring the
Buele to a responsible publishing Committee, who bave
accordingly taken charge of it, as will bo seen by the following
Upon consultation among the friends of the Anti-SlaVe-ry
Bugle, u was determined to appoint the following nam
ed persons a committee to have charee of its publication
lo select its Editors, and attend to all its pecuniary affairs
Tt being understood that, while the paper is not the official
organ of any society, and that its columns are freely open
ed to the discussion of all questions pertaining to the sub
ject of slavery, it shall advocate the doctrines held by the
American Anti-Slavery Society.
The Committee shall havo power to fill vacancies in
their body; and if deemed advisable, to increase their
number, by a unanimous vote of its members.
SAMUEL BROOKE, "
GEO. OMtRKTSfn-X, i
.UME TURN MTV. Committee.
lUVTDT, OM.BREATH. I
LOT HOLMES. J
The encashments of Samuel Brooko aresnoh that he
cannot act with the committee until the middle of Sept.
Benj. S. Jones and J Elizabeth Hitchcock will have
charge of the Editorial department of the Bugle for the
First of August.
We have just returned from the MarlborV mcoting, and
while the scene is fresh in our mind, sit down to give a brief
description of it, for more than that, we shall not presume
to attempt. The friends of the cause displayed their taste
in the selection of a grove, about half a mile from the vil
lage for ihe place of gathering. A large platform was
erected for the speakers, and seats provided for an audi
ence of one thousand or fifteen hundred. A more pleasant
location could hardly have been selected. From the plat
form there was a gradual ascent, making each seat higher
than the one before it, forming a kind of amphitheatre.
which enabled the speakers to look into the free of each
single individual of the listening multitude.
The table furnished by the sowing circle was tastefully
arranged beneath the green canopy which nature had pro
vided, and formed an attractive feature in the scene. A
little farther back was the rude kitchen which had been
hastily constructed for the accommodation of those who de
signed administering to the physical wants of all who nee
ded a dinner. Near it burned the fire, where was erected
u wooden crane, with wooden "pot-hooks and hangers,"
scarcely as seemly as those with which we used to blurr
the copy bonks in our early echool-boy days. Tho dining
table was made in the most rustic style, and busy wero
those who were engaged in preparing the viands with
which to spread it. There was the young girl who hud
early been baptized into Antislavery, hastening to and fro
with cheeks flushed with exercise tho energetic and erfi
:iem woman, devising;, planning, and perfecting hrr ar
rangements with skill and promptness; while Quaker mat
rons as plainly dressed as though they had just come from
the gallery of the meeting house, cheerfully lent their aid
to prepare food Lr the hungry.
The weather was pleasant, and a rain tw days before
having laid the dust, the traveling was excellent. The day
previous to the first, and during the three days of the mee
ting, the country round about seemed alive, so great was
the moving population. The people came crowding in on
foot and on horseback, in carriages and in waggons. Bug
gies which the maker designed for two, held three and
four. Carriages with seats for four, were expanded into
vehicles for six. Road waeeons which easily accommo
dated eight and can seat ten without much discomfort, I
were in some cases too small until they bad built on them
a platform for sixteen. At the last day's meeting it was
estimated there were not less than three thousand pereons
present, some of them from a distance of seventy miles.
The meeting was opened by Benj. S. Jones, who gave
some account of the progress of the Antislavery cause in
England, from the days of the oung Clarkson up to the
emancipation of the British colonial slaves in the West In
dies. He showed the progressive steps which the friends
of emancipation had taken, adverted to the increased clear
ness oftheir moral vision as they pursued the path of duty,
spoke of the dangers they had encountered, and the diffi
culties with which they had to contend; and showed that
tho labors of Abolitionists in this country must necessarily
be of the same character, inasmuth as they were contend
ing against the same evils and had the same kind of oppo
nent? to deal with.
Abby Kelly added a few remarks in relation to the many
advantages which emancipation had brought to the former
master, as well as to the slave, as instanced in the greater
senBO of security to the planter, the increased value of his
real estate, the decrease ofcrime among the former slaves,
and their growing desire for intellectual and moral instruc
tion. The afternoon was mostly occupied by the tame
speaker in continuation of the same subject, and in rela
tion to the pecuniary effects of slavery noon the North.
S.S. Foster made a few closing remarks. He said he
could not fully sympathise with the speakers who had pre
ceded him. Whilst Americans wore chains, whilst wo
men were sold in our market places, their sufferings so en
grossed his attention and absorbed his sympathies, that he
could not rejoice even though the chain had been stricken
from the slave m other lands. lie thought that tears and
deep sorrow were more appropriate, even on the first of
August, than songs and rejoicing.
The second day's meeting was commenced by a short
debate upon a motion to have read the address of the Cin
cinnati Liberty party convention. When the question was
taken upon this motion, it was negatived by a large major
ity. J. Elizabeth Hitchcock then add res -.;d the audience
upon the pnslavery character of the United States govern
ment, showing also the culpability of Liberty party in par
ticipating in its conduct.
This called out a rejoinder from Isaac Pierce, a champi
on of Liberty party. He took the position that the consti
tution -vas both anti-slavery and pro-slavery, both pure wa -ter
and poisoned water; that Liberty party could therefore
promise to sustain it receiving the pure and rejecting the
impure: He asserted that slavery could only be abolished
by legal power coming to the aid of moral, adding, "lhave
no confidence in moral power, except when it is backed up
by the Ballat box and Cartridge box, by the Bayonet's point
and the Cannon t mouth." A young man who stood near
the platform immediately wrote and handed us the follow
" Resolved, That though we do not doubt that Christ was
honest in adopting the measures he did to regenerate the
world, yet we believe that in not adopting political action,
hefuiled to use the best means to effect bis object."
Isaac did not appear to see the keen satire upon his posi
tion contained in this resolution, but afterward when ad
verting to it, spoke of it as an ai'empt to rioieulc christian
principles. He further expressed a desire that Abolition
ists should not quarrel among themselves, that they should
be kind and charitable one tothe other, use mild language,
and not resort to denunciation. He wound up by
saying that these Disunionists preached treason, and that
"their notions were as wild and preposterous as any that
were ever engendered in the brain of a fanatic." Well!
thought we, if it is kind, and gentle, and charitable for
Isaac Pierce to call us Traitors, to class our doctrines with
the worst of fanaticism, and consequently to class them
with the absurdities of Joe Smith, with the no less wicked
notions of Matthias, with Theophilus Gate's doctrine of a
community of wives, and with the host of mad fanaticisms
whose name is Legion if this be mild and charitable, we
should like to hive a specimen of his uncharitable and
Isaac was followed by S. S. Foster who exposed the fal
lacy of his reasoning and completely annihilated the posi
tions behind which he had entrenched himself.
On the morning of the third day, the subject which first
claimed our attention was the Anti-Slavery Bugle; slips
of pauer were circulated among tho audience, and the
'names of about one hundred subscribers were that day ad
ded to its subscription list, and between eighty and an hun
dred dollars pledged to its support.
After that matter had been attended to, Isaac Pierce
again talked upon Liberty party. Constitution, Govern
ment. &e. Abby Kelly replied at considerable length, oc
cupying the remainder of the forenoon, and a small portion
of the afternoon session.
This subject having been disposed of, S. S. Foster took
hold of thechurches, stripped ofl'their pretensions to Chris
tianity, and exposed their loathsomeness and corruption,
showing them to be churches that sanctioned and sanctifi
ed the plundering of cradles, the polluting of women, and
the imbrutiug of man.
After tho church question was as fully discussed as the
shortness of the time permitted, the audience separated.
The exercises of the three days were interspersed with
socio singing, though we thought we had not balfenough.
WhittierV'Hyinn for the first of August," and "Come
join the Aboiitiouista," were not gut of place there. The
last with which we were favoreJwasa Disunion song,
lftt is thechoruv
"We go tir Dissolution,
W go kr Dissolution
And 'No union with slaveholders'
Shall ring throughout the land."
We wish we could describe the Fair Table as it deserves
be. The New-Lisbon and Columbiana women the
Abolition women of these places, we moan, for it was
mainly owing to their exertions that the tablo was so well
filled deserve great credit for their taste and industry.
Although they had not much time for preparation, yet a
large tablo was covered with quite a profusion of articles
various kinds. There was such a continual crowd
arouud it, that we had not so good an opportunity of seeing,
as if it had been otherwise. We noticed among other
things toilet cushions and needle bosks, work bags and
work boxes, dolls of both sexes and pin-cushions of various
patterns, card baskets and book marks, pigs and rabbits to
suit the fancy of children and shoes to fit their feet, aprons
for the younger and caps for the older, dresses for the little
ones, and travelling bags for those who journyj these,
and many other articles we noticed arranged in good taste
upon the society's table.
We give a few of the mottoes ond verses which were up
on the book marks, toilet cushions, and needle books.
"Tills FOR THE SAKS OF FRREOM." "REMEMBER THEM
in bonus." "Liberty." Trifling as may seem the act
which brings out these words in a form visible to the eyo
of proslavery, it may bo tho hand-writing of God upon tho
wall, which shall arrest the attention of some impious Bul
shazzar, and prevent him from longer desecrating the ves
sels which be has stolen from the temple of the Lord.
They had copied en one oftheir articles, a verse from
Whittier's touching appeal to woman:
"Oh, woman! from thy happy hearth,
Extend thy gentle hand to save
The poor and perishing of earth,
The chained and stricken slave;
Oh, plead for all the suffering of thy kind.
For the crushed body and tho darkened mind."
On another were lour lines from Geo. S. Burleigh's po.
em on Disunion, which spoke the language that true free
men should speak:
"We snap the bond that binds us,
And to remotest time.
Stand severed from the robber land
Where mercy is a crime."
We saw also a couplet whose we know not contain
much truth in its two lines:
"They are slaves who fear to bo,
In the right with tico or three."
Printed upon silk was the following from that sweet pi
etessof Liberty Elizabeth Margaret Chandler whose
boiy rests beneath the Prairie sod of the far went, but
whose soul is dwelling in that freedom in heaven, which
she so zealously endeavored to establish upon earth.
"Whom call ye slavesl are not the cravens such,
Who dare not act with justice! Men who prate
In sweet, smooth sentences, of Christian love,
And with much sympathy, lamentthe fate
Of those from whose s-voll'n limbs they will net strike
One single link in all their weight of chains!"
The next was from Whittier's thunder song:
"If we have whispered truth,
Whisper no longer.
Speak as the te mest does,
Sterner and stronger."
The last which we shall copy, and among the most
touching, is an appeal from the fugitive slave to the Chris
tian) of our land. It called up before our sight the hunt
ed bondman, flying from his prison-house. We saw him
pursuing his solitary journey in the darkness of the mid
night, keeping his cy e fixed upon the north star the fugi
tive's hope and anxiously listening to bear whether hi-"
tyrant master was following on his track. He fords tho
creek, he swims the river, he threads the morass where the
companionship of lizards and snakes is more endurable
than the slavery from which he is flying; through tangled
thickets and woods he pursues his course until his feet
press the soil nf the states, which in the spirit of boasting,
we call free. He there finds the population more dense,
he hopet he is among friends, but tun he is surrounded by
foes; therefore his appeal:
"The fetters gailed my weary soul.
A soul that seemed but thrown away;
I spurned the tyrant's base control,
Resolved at last the man to play:
The Iwuntlsare having nn my track:
Oh, Christian! will you send me back?
"I seek a homo where man is man,
If fuch there be upon this earth,
To draw my kindred, if I can.
Around its tree, though humble hearth.
The hounds are haying on my track.
Oh, Christian! will you send me back!"
Trust tbem not, Fugitive! They have promised to stand
by the constitution and laws of their country, which re
quire your surrender. Look not to the family of the screa
ming Eagle for protection, better seek it amid the Lion and
At the conclusion of our three day's meeting we separa
ted, many ef us feeling it was good fur us that we had been
We would tender to the friends at Marlboro', on behalf
of ourselves and other strangers, our thanks for the kindly
welcome they gave us to their homes. We have been a
guest at the houses of many of our Antislavery friends in
Pennsylvania, N. York, and New-England, and would not
wish to be thought invidous iu saying, that Ohio exceeds
any other place we have seep for wholesale hospitality. In
the East, a house of aidinary size would be considered full,
if the host had a dinner company of fifty, but here they will
entertain an hundred and fifty, and for aught wo know, a
few scores beyond if it were desired. As for lodging.tboso
who have seen community beds, which will easily accom
modate ten or fifteen persons each, will easily comprehend
how provision is made for all. Upon the whole, we think
the meeting did great good, that the hands of many were
strengthened and their moral vision made clearer.
It will be seen by reference to another column, that
the people of Mexico are clanr.oroua for war. They
feel that they have heen insulted and outraged by the
course which the United States government has pur
sued toward them. They are mustering (heir forces,
..nd making such preparation as they cud for hostili
ties. It may bo said as Mexico is weak in mili'ary re
source, ud her government nn iuefTtcittit one, riMh-
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